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JANUARY S3, 1S67
2" The Affeal is regularly discontinued
at the emi of the tine subscribed for, unless
renewed ie aveee.2
G2K. QUITHAirS SPEECH.
A large portion of our space this morning is
occupied with the able speech of Gen. Quit
man, awJ we invite attention to it.
MEMPHIS AKD LITTLE SOCK &AILR0AD
THE PKOSPECT BRIGHTENS.
"We met es the street yesterday our esteemed
friesds, Judge E. W. M. King and J. Ksox
Walker, jast returned from Arkansas. We
are pleased to learn from them the most cheer
ing prospects in regard to the Memphis and
Little Rock Railroad. Net only has the Leg
islators exteded the time for the corapletition
of the first aad stcoed divisions of this road,
Imk Uie etty 01 .Little iioct, by a unanimous
vote of the CoBKilprenewed the subscription
of S 108,090, -which had previously been re
voked, and ordered an immediate assessment
of taxes for the payment of interest on her
bonds. Little Rock is sow out of debt, having
within the last few months paid off the last
dollar of her indebtedness. Ml kail, Little
TRANSFER OF THE HERMITAGE.
It has already been stated that Gov. John
sox has formally tendered fire hundred acres of
the Hermitage property, including the family
mansion and the toab of the illustrious hero,
which were purchased by him in pursuance of
an act of tbe Legislature of Tennessee, to the
gever meat of the United States, on the condi
tio that tbe Government will establish a branch
of the West Point Military Academy there.
Of course the utility and cost of permanent
ly supporting an additional military school by
tbe Goverseaeat, will form a large element in
Xhs discission, as to tbe propriety of accepting
the donation with the view of carrying out the
Heretofore the Military Academy has been
severely criticised and violestly assailed by
many who have maintained that it was an aris
tocratic iftstitatiM designed to educate the
friends and favorites of men in position at
Washington, and for many years it maintained
but a precarioas existence against tbe coagres
sioaal straggles to abolish it. Time and expe
rience have, however, desoustrated that some
such iaotitatioa is necessary, if not absolutely
indispensable, to the maintenance of the milita
ry spirit and the general diffusion of military
knowledge, aaaag a people whose polity and
principles forbid the employment of a large
standi: army, at an enormous cost to the Gov
meat and at apprehended danger to civil supre
macy. Oar gallant little army, officered by the
eiett of West Point, has proven itself the
nacleas of our military strength and the bul
wark of oar military operations in time of war.
Their esprit d corps engendered a laadable
spirit of eaiulatioa among our gallant and im
mortal valonteets during the late Mexican war,
and greatly heightened the enterprise and effi
ciency of both arms of tbe service. In addition
tothis, West Point furnished for the volunteer
service, bosk of the most gallant aod distin
guished leaders that now wear the laurels ac
quired by that glorious conflict The regulars
acquired the dashing abandon which character
ize our volunteers in an eng-igement, and the
volunteers promoted their efficiency by rivalling
the discipline and steadiness of the trained
Such discipline, each gallantry, such effici
ency, such devotion, it must be admitted, were
procured at a small cost, when it is remembered
that Us stimulus and tource were the Military
Academy at West Point, and when it will be
as readily conceded that but for the long and
thorough traiaing of the officers at that School,
our victories could never have been so complete
and glorious, nor the results of the war in the
aggregate near bo satisfactory without a much
longer, more bloody and more costly contest,
Accordingly the former opposition to this
Schol, which has existed in some quarters, has
entirely disappeared, and the West Point Acad
emy is bow one of the permanent institutions of
the country. In a mere pecuniary view, the
Government has already saved vast sums from
the consider ations above mentioned, and the
extension of tbe system may well claim the at
tention of CongreM. Our population has more
than quadrupled since the establishment of the
Military Academy and our commerce, wealth
and territory have expanded almost beyond cal
culation. Oar exposed frontier and coast de
fenses require additional skill aBd science for
their protection, aBd our more general and com
plicated intercourse with foreign nations de
mand store enlarged preparations for conduct
ing hostilities. An additional military school
to excel between the
MISSISSIPPI : INTELLIGENCE.
T. Freeman his annouticed'his intention
to start a (Baptist paper at Grenada, on the 1st
of March next, to be called the "Mississippi
The Coffeeville Intelligencer, of the 24th,
says: " Inere is at present (Friday night)
about one inch of snow on the ground and bUII
A petition to the Board of Police of Lowndes j
county, Miss,, has bee recently got up and
very numerously sigaed, the otject of which is
to have a new bridge built across the Tomblg
bee river at Columbus.
The Columbus Democrat thus speaks of the
Mobile and Ohio Railroad :
" In a recent speech in Macon, Judge Hop
kins, the President of the road, stated that the
iron for the portion of the Mobile and Ohio
Railroad in Kentucky had been purchased, and
that iron had also been provided for most of
the road through Tennessee. The road from
Macon to tbe Tennessee line would be pushed
ahead as fast as the means of the Company
would allow, and track laying be resumed.
This is good news. Bntwhat about our branch
railroad to this place, and the railroad bridge
across the Tombigbee? We earnestly hope
that this matter, so important to us here, will
be taken up at once by the Board of Directors
at their next annual meeting, and acted upon
HON. JOHN A. QUITMAN,
On tht Towers ef 'he Federal Government rtllh regard
to tie Territories Delivered during the Debate cn the
President's Annual ilestoge, in the U.tnte tf Repre
sentatives. December IBM, 1S5C.
Mr. Speaker : When 1 ross on yesterday, it
was my intention merely to explain my posi
tion on two noints of the pending .Jiscussion;
but since I have tbe floor ihis morning, by the
courtesy of the House, and have had a night to
reflect upon the subject, I .shall avsil myself
more fully of the opportunity, and devote tbe
allotted hour to such notice of the various
Suestions, involved in this debate on '.he Presi
ent's annual message, as my limited Ume will
The most striking feature of this debate con
sists in the differences of opinion which exist,
not only between the several political parties
represented on this floor, but, to some extent,
even betweeu members of the sam party, on
the subject of the relations which the Territo-
i ries and their inhabitants, bear towards the
i Federal Government and towards the States.
This arises, sometimes, from eroneous concep
tions of the theory or our covernment, and
more frequently from the attempt to apply
rules of action to particular cases, without re
ference to any theory whatever. It is my pur
pose, tbeiefore, 'o go back to the fountain head
and source of these differences of construction
and opinion. While I shall endeavor to pre
sent my views of tbe true theory of our politi
cal svstein. I know that I must do it briefly.
Frozen to Death. We learn that Mr. au J confine myse f to a meie glance at the sub-
Camebon, of Warrtnton,had a negro man fro
zen to death near that place on last Saturday
Accidental Death. The Yazoo OSrrrr
learns that a negro man belonging to Malcolm
Lemons, of that county, accidentally shot him
self, a few days since, while out hunting.
We copy the following from tht Vicksburg
Found Dead. We learned that a man
named Jerome Yandenburg was found dead on
a raft, in the Yazoo river, on Monday. He had
been at the "White House" that morning, and
got his breakfast. When heleft, itispresumed
that he got on the raft, and from a scar on the
side of his head it is iaferred that he fell and
hurthimseir so severely that he was not ame j or one endorse his language. Yet, I do not
io rise, anu wuue in uiai condition w:b mean to say mat you, Air. Speaker, or others
to death. J here of your party, directly propose, in the
I-Mrs. Juan Paschal, a Cuban lady, ords151 the P"i.dent1 ll eSfta ch,ane !,n
-s' , ' z 1 the relative condition of the white and black
was burned so severely last Friday night , races in the shareholding States." I mean to
And here let me premise that, although desi
rous of hastening to the consideration of that
subject, I feel it proper to notice, in passing,
one or two other points of this debate. The
first is. tbe declaration of the President's mes
sage with regard to tbe present aspect of tbe
slavery question. In my opinion, that able
document on this subject proves itself. Mailed
in truth, it stands impenetrable against all the
assaults that can be made upon it I regard it
as well-timed, and its conclusions as strictly
Had I before entertained any doubts of the
ultimate aims and objects of the anti-slavery,
or self-stylei" Republican " party, the devel
opments which have been made in this discus
sion would have removed such doubts. Tbe
President Bpeaks bold, but with due caution.
Charleston, in consequence of her clothes tak
ing fire while retiring to bed, as to cause her
death, after lingering in agony till Tuesday
g" The Territorial Legislature of Kansas
met at Lecompte on the 12th and organized by
electing the Rev. Thomas Johnson, President of
the Council, and W. G. Matthias, Speaker of
the House. Gov. Geary sent in bis message on
the following day.
The Illinois Bank Suspension. The Chi
cago Journal, of Saturday evening, says:
There was quite an excitement on the street
Yesterday, growing out of a rumor that several
of the Illinois Banks had failed, which ob
tained additional currency that oue or two were
thrown out by our city bankers.
Upon Inquiry, we learn that there are no
materials for a bank panic at the present time.
The People's Bank of Car mi was thrown out
by the bankers on account of the failure of its '
owners, and the Stock Security Bank of Dan- I
ville, because a portion of its issues are based
on California stocks.
say, that the avowed objects of your political
association would, snoum you oecosie success
ful, lead to such a result ; and I mean to say
further, what no man will dare to contradict,
that there are many distinguished members of
the anti-slavery party, constituting the very
soul of that party, who have openly declared,
that their great purpose is the ultimate de
struction of the institution of African slavery,
intertwined as it is with the social systems of
fifteen sovereign S.ates of this Union. Your
platforms, it is true, have not threatened direct
interference in the affairs of the southern States.
No party dares do that. The North, the whole
North, dares not directly assail the institution
in the States. Were the North to make such
an attempt, under our present system of gov
ernment, we would not Btoop to argue the point,
but confident of our own strength, would treat
tbe assault with contempt and ridicule; and
such, Mr. Speaker, would be your course, and
that of your political friends, were the com
bined Sjuth to astail any essential domestic
policy, which you gentlemen of the North
think fit to entertain in vour social svotems.
Believing that it can be very clearfy shown
; that negro slavery, as it exists in the South, has
, not only been hitherto one of the chief sources
The bills of both, however, are amply se- i of our national prosperity,
cureo, anc tue woioers or tuem neeu suomitio
no sacrifice. Or diligent inquiry this seems to
be the extent of the Bank failures in Illinois.
The following is the circulation of the sus
pended banks and the description ana amount
of stocks deposited with tbe State Auditor as
but is, and must
continue to be, an element of moral and mili
tary strength, I have never been disposed, -with
some timid politicians, to shrink from the dis
cussion of these questions, when obtruded upon
us b' the ignorant or designing. But, during
the present debate, such discussion is unimpor
tant : u is, at least, not trie real issue, me
a guaranty for their redemption : , practical question is, whether the slaveholding
People's Bank, Carol, $15,000 Virginia, I States, and the inhabitants of those States,are
$218,000 Missouri, S23S,000 Louisiana, S29.O00 ' or are no' entitled to an equal participation,
Tennessee, S500,000 . stocks, $464,515 notes j not merely in a portion of the advantages of
iBued. oar system of government, but in all those ad-
Rushville Bank, $35,000 Missouri, S43,500 I vantages, in all acts of legislation, in all places,
Louisiana, $31,500 Stocks, $73,300 notes is- always and everywhere, as well Within the
sued. limits of the respective States, as in the Terri-
Prairie State Bank, Washington, $02,000 torie, Ihe common property of all the States
Missouri, $22,000 Louisiana, $31,000 Tennes- ! whether, I repeat, we jjhall not have an
see, $115,000 Mocks, $104,160 notes issued. i e1ul participation in every right, both direct
Stock Securitv Bant. S55.000 Virginia. S52.- cuimiciai, uicu may oe luciuent to me
would engender rivalry
professors and sbaieats ef each, and there is
nothing which so stimulates the military spirit
as a laadable feeling of emulation. Regard
should be bad, too, to the claims of the great
sctioB8 ef the country and to the climate, not
transferring natives of one climate to a more
rigorous and severe ose during the trying and
tendei period ef youth. It is worthy of ihe
consideration of Congress whether the diffusion
of these schools would not intensify and ele
vate the military spirit of our countrymen and
produce, to a larger extent, the results which
have rendered the West Point Academy a fa
vorite with the people. It is far better and
cheaper to project tbe present system than to
resort to a standing army to protect our fron
tiers, gaard ear coasts and meet the first shock
If these views ehaald be deemed sound, what
more classic or glorious ground could be se
lected as a seat for the branch of the National
Academy than tbe abiding place in life and th
resting place In death, now that the great Com
maader-ia-Chief has called him home to th
Headquarters above, of the immortal hero of
New Orieaas, the victor over the best discip
lined troops of Europe, and the chastiser of the
savage foes who invaded the hearth-stones
of oar Pioneers.
Tbe youthful soldier, as he performed his
evolutions over these hallowed grounds, or
mused beneath the willows which pensively
bend over the hero's tomb, weald catch a spark"
from tbe indomitable spirit ef the place that
would inflame his heart until it burned with
the resolution of a true soldier and raised his
soul teethe standard of a patriot-hero. Mill
tary glory is itself an inspiration, and what
fitter spot is there on the earth to drink of its
intoxicating draught than the home and tomb
of Jackson ? Marathon and Thermopyla; send
forth their inspirations from the page of His
tory; but here is a spot whose halo encircles
the hearts of our own South and West and
warms mem wim a generous glow and pure
fervor that the raea'jon of no battle field can
excite. Let the Hermitage, then, be made the
Mecca towards which the military spirit of the
Sooth and West will make its pilgrimage,
gj?" John B bough, Esq., haB.been re-elect
ed President of the Bellefontaine and Indiana
equality or tne states, we claim trie privi
lege of equal competition for political power
in the government, unrestrained by the action
of that government We claim the right of
expansion as essential to our future security
and prosperity. We may hereafter require
more elbow-room, to guard against the possi
bility that a system of labor, now so benefi
cent an i productive, might, from a redundant
slave population confined to narrow limits, be-
000 Missouri, $45,000 Louisiana, $15,000 Ten
nessee, $53,000 California, $200,000 Stocks,
$183,470 notes issued.
Election or United States Senators in j
Indiana. Faction has about played out its '
hand in Indiana, in reference to the election of
United States Senator. On Tuesday the two
branches of tbe Legislature met in joibt ses
sion agreeablvto the Constitution, for the Dur-
pose of caavassing the votes for Governor and i come an ultimate evil. We claim peace and
State officers This being done, the presiding tranquility from this war of hatred, malice,
officer declared the joint convention adjourned ' and uncharitableness.
Hfctil the 2.1 of February, at 10 o'clort, p. m. For these reasons, I cordially thank the
At that session, United Stales Senators will I President of the United States for the bold,
undoubtedly be elected. The Democrats have , clear and manly tone in which he has rebuked
a large majority on joint ballot : this anti-slavery organization. Instead of
The State Journal, at Indianapolis, waxes ; meeting this insidious and ill-disguised war
very wroth at the turn affairs have taktr., and i upon tbe South with weak efforts at concilia
intimates an intention of contesting tbe eiec-
tion of Senators if tbev are chosen at the ad- !
journed session. No use, Mr. Journal,the pro- i
ceedings are legal, and tue lilack Republicans
in Indiana will have to ssbmit to the election j
of two Democratic United States Senators.
tleman's opinion. As his objections to the neu
trality laws, in his speech of yesterday, were
limited to the mcde in which those laws have
sometimes been enforced, and did not seem to
extend to the laws themselves, I feared that I
might have misunderstood him. I shall rejoice
to have his efficient aid in adapting our legisla
tion to more liberal and expanded views of
policy. We are the great power of this con
tinent, and have the right to adopt a policy
purely American. I am utterly opposed to
moulding our national policy in regard to Ainei -ican
affairs, to suit the views of England,
France, or any of the great powers of Europe.
Wc want no treaties with them to fix our re
lations with American States, or to define and
regulate our connexion with, or our duties to
wards those States. Great Britain does not
design to consult ut, in reference to her rela
tions with the empires of Asia; and why
should we administer to her pride, by making
her a party to our intercourse with adjacent
Mates ot Wis continent
The point of most interest to us, at present,
is Nicaragua. I do not propose to pass an
eulogium on General Walker, but I do regard
him as one of those instruments, which in tbe
hands of Providence, are used to facilitate the
march of civilization and improvement, and the
spread of liberal political principle through
out the fairest portions of the world. Shall
our government, then, throw obstacles in tbe
way of his progress ? Should we not rather,
by all proper means, encourage such desirable
results? Had a lizeral policy always been
pursued, and had not our government, by ttt
enactment of stringent and severe penal laws,
adopted the narrow and suicidal policy of pre
venting our citizens from embarking in enter
prises, neither unconstitutional nor violative of
our neutral duties, the liberal party in Nicara
gua, of which Walker is now the chief, would
beneacefullv and firmlv established in Dower
and authority, instead of being threatened with
annihilation by a combination of semi-savage
foes, mat party would not De left to lay the
foundations of civil and religious liberty, and
to develope the vast and varied resources of
that rich and beautiful country resources,
constituting mines of agricultural, mineral, and
commercial wealth, which will for ever lie
buried, unless brought to light by American en
Although, Mr. Speaker, I find the minutes of
my hour rapidly gliding away, and although 1
have not yet touched the principal subject I
rose to discuss, 1 cannot permit the opportuni
ty to pass without nn allusion to another mat
ter, which, though of little practical conse
quence in itself, derives some importance from
us connexion witn tne great issuearor toe day,
On Monday last, a member from Tennessee
Mr. Etheridgel introduced the following res
' Rttolved. That th ITo of Representatives regaid
all suzcreiisBs ail prupotiUoac of eTery kind, bj wbos
cocrer raadr, (ur tbe reTiral of the African slave trade.
aaabocticetd the moral gentlmeat o ihe eolUhtened
portion of manViod; and tbatany action on the pirt of
CongreM owiBivingator lerattzing that horrid and in
hnmiB traSle, moldjastly fubject the government acd
ciliaeM at the United Slate the repraaca and rsecra
ttooor all eirlltied and Christian people throughout tbe
Upon objection made, the rules were suspen
ded, and the resolution passed under the pres
sure of the previous question. Debate, and
even explanation, were thus cut off, and our
constituents, as well as the public, were left to
guess at the reasons of our respective votes.
After the passage of this resolution, the gen
tleman from South Carolina, Mr. Orr, who
had iu vain attempted to amend the former res
olution, intruduced another proposition, in the
"Resolved, That it la inexpedient, unwise, and con
trary to the tcttled poller ot the United Stitea. to re
peal the lava prohibiting the African dare trade "
Ihis also passed byadpcisive majority;
only eight members voted" in the negatue. de
bate and explanation having been again cut off
oy tne application ot tne parliamentary thumb
screw. I voted against both resolutions; and now
take this first opportunity of stating th rea
sons of those votes. Both resolutions were, in
my orinion, as objectionable in substance, as
the mode of forciug a vote on them, under the
pressure of the yrrnout quttlion, was improper.
The prominent features in the propositi! n of
th! member from Tennessee are its sinister ex
pressions, and the intensely virtuous indignation
manifested, not against the revival of the Afri
can slave trade, but against the wickedness of
those who would have the hardihood to nuke
suggestions or propositions in relation thereto;
and, as if to deter all good patriots from even
harboring such suggestions, it invokes tbe re
proach and execration of "the civilized and
Christian people throughout the world" upon
the government and people of the United States
should Congress, by any action, connive at or
listen to nuch .suggestions. It denounces
thoughts, propositions, and opinions, on the as
sumption that they are shocking totheinoral
sentiment of mankind. Now, sir, I find iu the
written chart of the duties and powers of this
House no authority to take charge of the public
or private morals cf the good people of the
country. It is a vain and pharisaical arrogance
or superior virtue in us to assume such censor
shin. I intend no personal disrespect when
say that this House, constituted as it i?, is one
ot me last iriounais to which questions of pub
lie morals or of private honor should be refer
red ; and yet, sir, the resolution of the gentle
man irom lennessee, lr it sprang from any
higher motive than that of entrapping political
opponents, was a mere attempt to denounce as
immoral and unchristian
nrMereSr,i0n8''if ihe,pneman from Ten-'Governments arc the creatures o'f the State I From that Instant they stand as the peer of
r-'fusing to susnenYthl r '"I 7- J3 J?" c P omer . .. "e sovereign power passes
-r -- u u uii. i luun iiDLauuiu uk mi inn. iiiiniiiini.
request of my
Orr, to enabl
amendment, which would have brought the
ixouse to a direct vote, on the expediency of re
ViVln? til Afri, . .
it, i .?m Sout.h Carolina JMr. i ganic law. They are therefore, subject to a that government cannot hold it) but by the
- K"vauun v vuv i Miaui i' v ti 1. 1 i 1 : 1 1 it nnt. HiircrtTiiic ui nuvrr i rraiinn nr ina nrnap srtfas t n aAnrnrmirtr tc-i r r j
t " " " w f-- - - '''iwil v mw vui.i fcjbta, V. 9y IU bVUluiUil
Washington, January 20. Senate. Mr.
Clay introduced a bill repealing all laws or
parts of laws allowing bounties to vessels
employed in the Banks of Newfoundland or
Home. The House passed the bill extend
ing the land laws to the lands lying east of the
The House then took up the adverse report
on tbe petition of the inhabitants of Arizona,
praying for the establishment of a Territorial
Government and other business In accordance
with the special law.
Ihe sergeant-at-arms of the House has sent
a telegraphic dispatch from Philadelphia sta
ting that he has arrested Mr. Chester, who re.
fused to appearbefore the corruption inves
tigating committee, but both were detained
in consequence of the effects of a snow
Air. Giddings was In tbe House yesterday,
and apparently well.
Mr. Chase, an ex-member of Congress, was
before the corruption committee this morning.
He was asked whether he, as agent or in
any other capacity of any company, ever ex- i your churches, for a
The persons charged with being con
cerned 'm the election riots at Baltimore have
been tried and acquitted.
g" Mrs. S. P. Hamilton, formerly editor of
the Georgian and Journal, has been appointed
nary agent ar. savannaa.
Fatal Doel. It it reported thata dael took
place on Saturday week, near Columbia, South
CaroliBabetween Messrs. Bryan and Pope, two
Members of tbe house from Charleston. At tbe
first shot, Bryan was killed, asd Pope shot
through the thigh. ,
ecuted any bond or obligation to any land or
any other valuable consideration to any person
or persons, on condition that any railroad bill
passed or pending in the Congress should pass.
Mr. Chase respectfully denied the right of
the committee to inquire into his private deal
ings with persons other than members of Con
gress, and declined to answer the question, as
he was advised by his counsel he had the nght
Bangor, Mn-. January 19 This afternoon.
Sheriff Gillmore forcibly broke open tbe vaults
of the Exchange Bank and seized $6,000 in
specie, on a writ in f tvor of John Dewerit of
Boston. Mr. Dewerit holds bills of the Bank
to the amount of $7,0C0, pledged to him as col
lateral security by A. K. Norris of Wisconsin,
and, failing to get satisfaction, attached the
specie. The bank officers refused to give up
the keys of the vault, and the officers had to
work some hours to get an entrance. The pro
ceeding caused considerable excitement.
Boston, January 20. Tbe ship California,
Known to o entertained by sime of our fellow'
tion and compromise, he has repelled the ene- I citizens, and to invoke, in advance of any pro
mr with an open defiance. I like the temper I posed action, horrid imprecations on the conn-
in which this is done, and my judgment ap- try should Congress in any way connive at such
proves the policy of such a course. The prin- sentiments, by any political action. I surely
ciples of this sectional anti-slavery organiza- do the gentleman no injustice when I say, that
tion leave no middle ground for concession or his object was not merely to obtain an exprcs-
compromiae. There is no half-way house for 8,011 r the opinion of this House against the
amid or time-serving politicians. The nrinei- .rurican suve traue. tie win nardir venture to
pie must be squarely met with its direct con- say that that alone was bis object. It went
verse. It is a battle for victory or death. In obviously further. The studied praseology in
this struggle either you must conquer, and which the resolution is clothed, going to the
crush ui, or tee must succeed in defending the very verge of parliamentary licenseiniUcates
rights and privileges of our section. As the tbe purpose of obtaining the influence of this
contest now stands, it is a war to the knife. House to put down and stifle opinions and pro
You are the aggressors; you have brought positions on subjects of legitimate inquiry, on
about this issue, l am aware that the leaders tue gro:inus mac they are imamous and detes
of the Black Republican party I qualify tbe table, it is a precedent full of mischief and
term to to distinguish this new organization danger, which X regret especially to see intro-
from the Republican party of Jefferson's day nuced by a Sourn man. Under it, what is to
I am aware, I say, that the leaders of Black prevent the introduction of a resolution declar-
Republicanism have Btudiously denied the irg the holding of slaves to be immoral, inhu-
charge of aggression. To meet their dfnial. it man, and contrary to the snirit of Christianitv.
is enough to point to the broad basis of their I There are probably some on this floor ready to
i party, woicn, i am ready to admit, deserves present, suca a proposition, and, from the cora-
tne designation or " great," applied to it by piexion or mis House,! am not certain it would
tieir orators and presses. It is, unfortunately, not pass, if propelled by the brute force of the
great in its numbers, great iu its power for evil, previous question. I repeat, the precedent is
and, more than all, great in being founded up- dangerous, and, in my opinion, more pregnant
on a wide-spread sentiment of hostility to of evil, than the " suggestions" so much con-
siavery. upon mat sentiment, Air. Speaker, uemnea ny me mover. I regret that it should
and not upon the Kansas act, nor upon the re- have received the sanction of a single Demo
peal of the Missouri restriction, rests your po- "at on this floor. Were we sitting as a board
micai power, and that of your party. That i censors upon the morality of practices afiec-
sentiment, inculcated in your schools, and in ting human happiness in genera, I would de-
quarter or a century, is Bre to inciuae in our censures the cooley trade,
tbe cement which unites discordant political
elements, and constitutes the grand oasis of
the organization of Black Republicanism.
Even had this party never tendered political
issues, or adopted a political platform, it would
still deserve the rebuke of the President for the
now practiced by our refined and virtuous ally,
tingiann; tor, oy tna: trade, white men, ir J
may so designate thi Chinese, are carried into
the worst kind of slavery. I would wish also
to embrace in our deprecations, the " shocking
anu uncunstian" practice or immuring in the
war of opinion which, from its constitutional unhealthy and fetid prison rooms of a factory
elements, it wages against the social systems for eleven hours of the day, white children of
or tne south, mat alone, under a common ooin sexes, and ot tender age, thereby destroy
gavernment, in which public sentiment pos- log the health aJ elasticity of their bodies,
sesses so much influence, would sow the fruit- and blunting and stupifying their intellects, by
ful seeds of alienation of feeling between the the constant employment of watching the inter
sections, and would, therefore, lead to an minable whirling of the spinning jenny. I pro
eventual separation. test, Mr. Speaker, against this House estab
Thtre is another point in this discussion, Mr. Iiihingany code of morals for the country ; but
Speaker, upon which I must not forget to touch, if we are to have one, let it be general.
While expressing my hearty concurrence with Mr. Etheridge. Will the gentleman yield to
the views of tbe President on the slavery ques- me for a moment?
tion, I will not conceal my regret that I can- Mr. Quitman. My time is so short, that I
not also commend the course of the adminls- would rather not be diverted from my argu-
tration, in regard to Central American af- ment
fairs. Mr. Etheridge. My object iu rising was to
1 listened, yesterday, witn mucu pipasure to ass me House to extend the time of the gentle
I A 1 it . it f . I .. I 1. e i w . .
from Surinam, which arrived at Gloucester a I the eloquent remarks of the gentleman from man, and give him an opportunity of discussing
r j . : , , , . . i , i , : . . i rr i it n il.. , . , , it. . t p 1 1 J o
few days since, dropped out of that harbor
vesteroay uurmg me gale, with three men on
board, and went ashore last evening on Cobas
setroeka. The vessel is a total loss. The
crew were saved.
The bark Tedetco, from Cadiz for Boston,
went ashore at Swaapiat during the gale Sun
day night The vessel and cargo and all hands
fj We make the following extracts from
the Lecompton (K. T.) Union, of the 25th
Extraordinary Escape from Fueezing.
Capt Jenkins, member elect from Marshall
county to the next Legislature, has iust arrived
in our city, after a most extraordinary escape"
He left hotae in company with Gen- Frank
Marshall ; when some eighty miles from home.
riding ahead of Gen. M., he lost his way, and
was out five days and nights, without food for
himself or horse. All the injury he received
was iroBted cars, riis mend had almost de.
Alabama ( Mr. Walker) on that part of the these questions fully.
message which refers to these matters. In Mr. Quitman. I will now go on ; and should
most of the views presented by him I concur, my hour expire before I shall have concluded
The policy which has generally been pursued what I have to say, I would be happy to accept
by our government In relation to Central Amer- the proffered courtesy. I do not otten occupy
lea has been too narrow, too timid, and tio tbe time of the House, and would not do so now
much warned by European aipiomacr. My nad i not been incidentally drawn into this de
judgment and my heart iiave always responded "ie.
to the noble sentiments uttered oy air. uiay, oeiore i leave these questions of ethics, I
In 1818, when the question was before Uongress cannoc pass without notice a singular bill which
as to the recognition of the young republics quietly and silently glided through this House
than springing into existence on o.ir southern the other day, apparei.tly unobserved by the
viguan; guaraians or the constitution who sit
borders, aod the propriety of adopting penal
laws to restrain our citizens from aiding those
republics to secure their independence. But
having fully presented my opinions on this
subject in a speech delivered during the last
regular session or uonzress, on a Dili intro
near me. I allude to the bill presenter! hv th
chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means,
("Mr. Camnbell.l forbidding. nmTor nnii
lions, the introduction of obscene, indecent, or
iwuiuidi inuim, Biiuuary, c. While therm
duced by me to modify our exhting neutrality vate motive may be proper, such a bill belongs
laws, i will noi now repeat iuem. i am uap-i uciuijiuuu ui legislation upon which 1
py to hear the gentleman from Alabama ex
pressing his agreement with me so far, at least,
as to admit that those laws have oeen con
strued too broadly, and enforced with too much
rigor ; and I hope lhat when the time shall
have been commenting, and, in my opinion, in
troduces a mischievous political precedent In
the first place, who are to constitute the cen
sors? I doubt not that the Committee of Wavs
and Means would admit many specimens of
spaired of his safety; but nox are rejoicing Lome to act, that gentleman will be found stand- art, at which a portion of our sturdy country-
1.:. tl: t , , r
uv ma uciivcij. xiib juss wuuiu nave oeen a
serious one to the .Legislature; because.com
oinea wuu taieni, ue possesses the enernrr
T.I . , OJ
wuicu manes a. wuijLiug lucmuer.
Two Men Fboze to Death. We learn
from a party of men just returned from off a
surveying- expedition, that two men belonging
to Mr. Coburn's company of surveyors, by the
name of William and John Purcell, were fro
zen to death a short time since.
Our informant says that every exertion was
made to save them. We extend our sympathy
to their bereaved parents and friends.
Ing by my side, in the effort to repeal the odi- men and women, wita a taste less artistically
rms features oi an act wuicu nil ioo ion icuuiu, uui uuuaua iiu uuic ui urein nuniv.
been a itpmbling-bloclc in tne path ot our na- woum oe suocicea. tve nave statuary about
tional destioF. end obstructed the progress of I this Capitol, upon which some of my fair con-
ctztiizauon ana liberal government on this con- stiiuenis couiu not iook without, a niusn. nut,
I beg leave to assure therenr
tieman from .Mississippi, that 1 read nts argu
ment with Infinite pleasure; and I believe that
I then told him that I stood side by side with
him on that question.
Mr. Quitman. I remember the remark, and
aw happy to hear this reitaration of the gen-
sir, 1 would asic the chairman and Committee
of Wat s and Means, whence do they derive the
power of supervising the public taste or morals?
If they possess it, I also commend to their at.
tention a bill to suppress the exhibitions of
model artists, now so fashionable in our great
I return, however, for a moment to the slave
prised, in u, 8equel,to find the gentleman from
bouth Carolina refusing a similar privilege to
me. After the passage of the obnoxious reso
lution of the gentleman from Tennessee, my
friend from South Carolina, with a view, no
doubt, to put himself and friends right upon the
J.KUr" illtrodaced 3 isolation differing from
that he had originally proposed as a substitute,
the firs, proposition would have been accepta
ble to all of us; tbe difference consisted in the
3 a" r tLe words "3ni contrary to the
settled policy of the United States." The pre
vious question having been called on this reso
lution, I appealed to the mover to permit an
amendment, striking out the words "contrary
to II "Med policy of the United States," in or
der that I, and those acting with me, might
unite upon his resolution ; but the gentleman
refused to d0 for a political friend, that which
ne complained had not been accorded to him by
a political opponent This want of courtesy
compels me to make some explanation.
Mr. Orr I did not complain of tht refusal
or the gentleman from Tennessee to let me offer
an amendment to his resolution ; I merely re
quested that he would afford me an opportunity
so to do. rl J
Mr. Quitman, addressing Mr. Orr. Well,
I recall the word " complain ;" but, in making
a. request of a political opponent, you implied
Uiat it should have been granted. Now, Mr.
f PeakJr my position on this Bubject is simply
this : I am not in favor of the revival of the
African slave trade. Not because I look upon
it as " shocking, horrid, or deserving the exe
cration of the civilized world ;' for I believe
it has resulted In practical benefit to the negro;
not that 1 believe the transfer of a slave from
benighted Africa to America from the do
minion of a cruel and despotic negro master, to
a. kind and humane white master, does any
uum to mm, or to me world ; but I am op
posed to the revival of the African slave trade
because, in my judgment, it is inexpedient, im
politic, and adverse to the interests o the sec
tion of country which I represent. Such, too,
I believe to be the prevailing sentiment at the
South. I should have voted, and am ready to
vote, for any proposition which shall confine
itself to a declaration against the policy or ex
pediency of the African slave trade ; but I will
not, by any fear of consequences or miscon
struction, be driven to adopt the affectedly de
nunciatory language .of the gentleman from
Tennessee. It is the language of cowardice or
ui ujpoensy; nor. mat ot plain-dealing. J
speak of the resolution, not of the gentleman,
I should not be much surprised to see it follow-
ed by a resolution condemning the internal
slave trade. I say again, distinctly, that, had
thes resolutions simply declared that the re
vival of the African slavery was inexneilient.
and even against public policy, my voice would
cave Deen nearu strongly in the affirmative ; but
I am opposed to lectures upon the morality of
iuai, nauc. mere i stand ; and I cannot be
coaxed or dragooned into the support of reso
lutions which I do not believe to be true.
The resolution of the gentleman from South
Carolina, Mr. Orr, was also objectionable,
though not in the same degree. It proclaimed
-mc acKica jioncy oj me country" to be agains!
me repeal of tue present laws. Now, in the
first place, in a progressive countrv lit vnr.
where public sentiment sways the public poli-
.... t, ... ;.. ... : 1 1
vj, lutit is an iiujuujjiieiy m any uongress
resolving what shall be the future or settled
policy of the country. Every Congress will
have enough to do to adapt its action and leg
islation to its own proper term or authority
and power. I regard such language, to say
iue least oi it, as empty declamation.
In the next place, it being admitted that
treaties are laws, this language of the resolu
tion goes to the extent of approving and per
petuating all our treaty stipulations in relation
to the African slave trade; and of some of
these I do not approre, but, on the contrary,
believe them to be unwise awl impolitic Such,
for instance, is the stipulation to aid Great
.Britain m watenmg, with a naval force, the
coast of Africa. Neither am I prepared to sav.
though opposed to the slave trade, that it ought
to be treated as piracy. I doubt much whether
the horrors of the middle passage do not arise,
mainly, from the false philanthropy of exagge
rated punishments. Resting in this uncertain
ty, I could not, by my vote, declare tbe laws
and treaties on this subject to be our '" settled
policy." For these reasons, now civen. be
cause explanation was refused when the reso
lutions were offered, and because I regarded
both resolutions as useless and unnecessary, I
And now, Mr. Speaker, I come to the princi-
al object 1 rose to discuss, to which my mind
as been led by observing the d -ences of
opinion that exist, not only between the great
political parties in this House, but between the
members of the same party, on the constitu
tional powers of Congress over the Trrritories.
It is the fashion of the day to discuss pending
questions rather as technical lawyers than as
statesmen, and to treat them rather with refer
ence to their political bearing than as parts of
the true theory of government. The discordant
opinions to which I have referred arise from
different views of our political system. They
could not exist, to any considerable extent, if
elementary principles were well understood.
Instead, then, of discussing, in detail, the va
rious opinions that have been advanced on this
floor, I proposa to go back to the fountain-head
and examine some of the cardinal principles of
our system. If these be correctly understood,
the conclusions which fljtv from them must
either produce more uniformity of opinion on
these subjects, or, at least, bring ua to the
poirt of divergence. There is a proneness in
the human mind at all times towards strong
government One proof of this Dronenens i
the prevalence, in all ages, of monarchies over
iree representative governments. In our sys
tern, this feeling manifests itself in the tenden
cy to centralism. It arises from the necessity
of continuous intellectual efforts to maintain
free government. Thsre never was a mere
truthful remark than that uttered by Jefferson
"Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty.'
A people cannot sleep, and remain free. The
ris inertia must be counteracted by frequent
oguuuuiis oi elementary principles.
In treating of the theory of our e-nvernment
the great source of error lies in not defining and
locating the sovereign power. I shall, there
fore, endeavor to show what it is, and where
it reposes. Sovereignty is that high po
litical POWER WHICH CAN CONTROL ALL
other political powers. It can have no su
penor and no equal. If there be any other
jiuuucai power in me system, higher or great
er, or more potent, then the former power ii
not sovereign. It admits of no rival. It p.
not be limited ; for limitation proves the exis
tence of a controlling power. It mar art
through different agencies, but eannnt itplf h
divided or parcelled out There cannot be, in
me same system, two sovereign powers. Thi
is, in politics, as great an absurdity as the ex
istence in mathematics of two longest lines, or
two highest numbers. In the moral wnrM
there is but one sovereign God
in every distinct political community the
sovereign power must exist somewhere. It in
impossible to conceive the one existing without
the other. Ihe moment the social compact is
formed, lhat instant tbe sovereign nower r.
poses somewhere. If it were possible to im
agine a people springing, suddenly and at once,
from a state of nature into political existence,
the sovereignty would reside in tbe males of
full age. It mi?ht be Interesting to trace the
existence of this high sovereign power among
tue civinzea nations or me earth. 1 will a
lude to several, merely for tbe purpose of il
lustration, in Kus3ia, the sovereign power is
in the Autocrat. There is no powerinthat po
litical organism to control his will. From the
Ukase there is no appeal. He can reverse
dicial decisions, confiscate property, take life,
auu tu.iugc iue urganic law. uespect Idr the
revolutionary action of his subjects may re
strain him ; but there are no means of enforc
ing a political right against his sovereign will.
In Great Britain, again, this high power rests
in Parliament, comprised of tbe three great
estates of the realm King. Lords and Com.
mons. An act of Parliament is supreme. It
can reverse the decisions of the courts, take
away titles, confiscate estates, depose kings,
destroy life, and change tbe organic law. There i
rests me sovereign power, under that organism
of government. Englishmen may talk about
their rights j but they have none that may not
be annihilated by an act of Parliament
In the nations to which I have alluded, this
high controlling power is so prominent as to be
readily seen and fixed. In our system, the
elaborate work of a more enliphtenerl r t
the world, and a more advanced utaee, nf h
. - -a-
numan intellect, tt is not so easy to trace clear
ly the losation of the sovereign power. It ex
ists; but where? Does it rest in the federal
government? Let us annlv ihe tet at ihe ,t.
finltlon I have given. Has the federal govern
ment power oyer all otherpowers ? Not at all.
..... i ..utii.) uiuueuj circumsprined by
tbe most rigid limitations i forbirl.l en. fiv itn
organic law, over which it has no control, "from
exercising manv of th-
butes of sovereignty. It can exercise no sov
ereign poweraJlV its own intrinsic fnrre, Tr 1.
merely a part of the machin
through which, as through an agency, some of
ius-uvtii ueiourinrf to sovereinirtv ar nut
uo me state Governments nossess thfa hi?h
sovereign power? A mre t?lance at their
structure shows that they do not. The State
eign. As in the case of the federal govern- their rnnititntfnnal rnmnirt. rWvrhtrri hv em.
ment, they are merely the agents through which ! powering Congress as their common agent to
the sovereign power is exercised, and have not admit new States upon an equality with them
that high attribute of themselves. We must selves, they have bound themselves to cede
look further to find the deep sources ot politi- their joint sovereignty, until that moment re
cal authority. The origin, formation, and his- J tained, to their new sister,
tory of our Bystem of government, a3 well as I From the principles I have laid down, Mr.
the frame-work of it, show clearly where this Speaker, the inference clearly follows, that
high power exists. It reposes in the sovereign i Congress, possessing merely the power of mu
States of this great confederacy not in the nicipal legislation to prepare the Territories
State governments, but in the Slates. I empha- j for admission into the Union, has no power to
size the distinction, because the two are some-1 exclude or abolish slavery in the Territo
tlraei confounded." In a recent debate in the . ries. Much lean have the inhabitants of a
other wing of the Capitol, a Senator, in allud-1 Territory, possessing no inherent sovereignty,
ing to the opinion of the Supreme Court, that ! and having no political powers except these
Congrcsspossesesovertheterritoriesthepowers derived from Congress, this right
of the Federal and State governments, drew the A glance at the condition of the inhabitants
Inference that Congress bad power to establish I of any portion of our common Territory, be
or change the organic law. Now, neither the fore the establishment of any Territorial gov
Federal nor the State governments, nor both of ernment, may still tend to illustrate my views,
them together, have any such power. The de- , What is the condition of the residents now
cislon referred to does not, therefore. go to that , upon the Gadsden purchase the inhabitants of
extent Neither the legislature of the State of i tbe rich and fruitful hills and dales of Arizo
Mississippi, nor that of any other southern ! nia ? Are they in a state of nature, like the
State, can change or alter the status of a slave. 1 wild savage without a political status, without
The State alone, in its sovereign capacity, has ; laws to restrain them, or without rights to be
the power of changing the organic law. Ne-! protected? I think not ; for I differ from my
gro slavery constitutes a part of the social sys- I friend from South Carolina, (Mr. Orr,) in the
A Desirable Business House for
TI1Z Hams I now occrrsr wilt In rented to
coal ttiast, on earlr application to
J. W. XCGKAW.
JaaZS-tf S95 Miia-tt. , na door aoath of Uanit.
tema of these States, and, although their gov
ernments may regulate those systems, the sov
ereign power, which alone has the entire con
trol of the organic law, can alone establish or
destroy them. The States of this Union are
Slates, In every sense. I refer not only to the
usual American sense of that word, but to the
acceptation of the term as used by writers on
uie law or nations, iney are separate politi
opinion whichhethe other day advanced as to the
state of a Territory. This, is, sir, in my opin
ion, a common law, which exists in every por
tion of our common country, as well in the
States as in the common territory, from the in
stant ot its acquisition; and the law is the Con,
stitution of the United States.
J Mr. Orr. In speaking of the common law, I
j had reierenee to tne common law or England.
cal existences, each retaining within itself the 1 1 stated expressly, that, in my belief, the Con
eniirety oi its political sovereignty, and exer- atitution extended over the Territories.
cislng the powers Of government, in Part, sen- i Mr. Onitman. I then nn.W.rnrv.1 th. rnH.
arately, through its State government, and, in j man to take the ground that no law for the pro
part, jointly, wilh the other States, through , tection of property "existed in any of the ierri-
tunes, uaui laaue uy iue territorial legislature.
the federal government, but all exercising their
highest sovereign power only in convention, or
I think that I now comprehend his idea better.
J. S. WHITE, HI. D.,
LATE of IJardecaa conntj, birl&t rtsioTftl tj if a
pb.(j,of.eri bla prof mionai aerrieei to ti eitl ai.
Oac on Court Square, oat door wen of WaSaee'a X ac
tion boq. Bcaideica oa Pontotoc itrtet, fonts a ,
betwwn St. Patrtefc an St Martin. jan23 t
SHELBY MALE HIGH SCHOOL,
NEAR GERM ANTOWK, TKNJT.
THE lixth ieiilon of thla School wlit co&mtne eat
MONDAT. rebraarr ta, 1S57. The ezpenaai par
leiaton. Indcdlac Tnltlon and Board, are S5S to $70.
For rorther particular, auaraia
A, X. 2AFTSX, Principal.
J. P.. XVAXt, A. B..Ailatant. JanSS-dawlia
I OFFER ar Btaidrnce, on jUataraa atraet.
nearly ossoalte Mr. Beattr'i. Lot fronting H
feet, and rannlnr tacit 172 feet. Good nw
Bona, with fonr rooms, feral ciaurs and icar
Also, Lot in Sontk Menclli. oa Holini ttrwt. frontlrur
C3 feet 4 lnehra, and roaalnt back 130 feet.
Alto, iso acrta nnlmproTtd Laad la Tlppaa corner,
ior Uraa appiy at ny of3ct oa Cocrt itrett.
I. W. SAXaSTEO.
K. B. A tarsals will t siytn la exchange for X
Farm for Sale.
I AM extremaly aozloni to tall onto!
the best Parma 1 SeSoto conaty, Mfaa.
a or ror aan ray anurt tract, con-ut-
int of 12S0 acrii, on which thara 1. en
exceptionable iraproTcrnenti, at hat
la la reality a ridnced niiu 415 car
acre. Or I wQI, la the treat that it wsn!4 aclt th ptr
chatieUasiaUcrpjrtlsaaef tha laae, (sot ltaa iaaa
160 acre ) at $M per acre. Th. Pana la aitaaUd iliim
mile from Memphis, and eleht milea from Hernando,
The Memphla and Htrnando Plankroad ran directly by
the dweliinx. whUe tht Mluluippl and T-sntaie JUH taJ
a!ao blaecta It about a half mil atlll weat of the dweldnt.
It would be writ for any oa who mlzht with to porch,
to make tt known rar.y Terma f aalt, oat-tbirvl cth
the resrdoe 1 on and two yean.
Addrcaa the anbacribr, at Bora Lake, Mils .
J. A. MANNING,
JanI3-lw frE.S. Mannlar.
such other mode as their constitution or organic ! I maintain, in the first place, that the Inhabi-
i4w luiii presence, i Know not, air. speaKer, I tants ot such, portions ot our territory have all
whether I make myself distinctly understood. I the rights, privileges, and immunities provided
The opinions that 1 advance are the results of , or reserved in the Constitution. Furthermore.
much reflection ; but they are uttered without every citizen of any of the States, from what-
aurmowus iJieparauun. ; ever section or we country he goes, taking up
I have thus pointed out where, in my opinion, j his residence on the common Territory ot the
sovereignty rests in our complex system of gov- States, carries with him all the essential rights
ernment. which he possessed in his own State. The
I know that opinions on this subject are States being joint proprietors and co-sover-
'videly different : but all must admit that, when i ei-rnf. the citizen of each Stat .ranrW if
- . .... i i ' , ' ' . i - . - , . faut4i lkw fcwcitory
the tie was severed, which had bound the colo- ' were, upon the sotl of his own State, as much ' Dweiuny, Gia Honao, Pre, am ait the necnry
nies to Great Britain, there sprang into exis- j so as if he stood upon the deck of an American 1 0?' a,e,t unt well of water, to orcaarf.
tence thirteen sovereign and iiirlenelentSt,t on ih- hlh Th. .... . , eI WJ5.,'?,?1 variona other frnita.
. . .. . r ; j ... , tv..... jjii.ti.i- Alto, nneea jsiiBOB, of all lexnasdaiei Man
having with one another no connexion, save 1 plea of law that are commo i to all th i3, : ironm niri. inj rMr.r..i .v. . J
Plantation and IVegroes for Sale.
tus tastcrtber, ttTlnr ha Pay
ette county. Teaaeasae, abort four J
mua aonia of Hickory Wythe.
l!Ja.od &to northwest ef Macoa. -
sell to lha highest biddar, oa th
25th of February Koxt,
fire hundred acres of excellent LAVD, belnrthi traaton
which I now rtaid ; 330 acrea dearad and in da aut ec
Improremenla constat f a askttaatial new two-tlorr
that produced by the presence of a common ; founded oa usage and general conformity, pre-
"uS"' iucj o,iuu tuniiua hub awnuer as i van in anu constitute tne common law or me
separate, independent, friendly nations, each ' Territory. There may be no judicial organiza
claiming for itself, and conceding to the rest, a ' tion to enforce that law, but it has vitally, and
distinct national existence. This character is I exists ; and, upon the establishment of judicial
stamped upon them, not only by all their politi- tribunals, would be recognized and acted upon
cal, but by their formal acknowledgements to i without positive legation on the subject of these
one another. In the articles of confederation, j rights. Prominent among these rights, is that
enter Into shortly after the conclusion of the ot property recognized by any of the States,
revolutionary war, at the time when men, "When that right, as in the case of slaves, is re
North and South, understood the structure of cognized by the organic law of nearly one-half
our government certainly as well as they do I of the States in the Union, and at least in one
now, this language is used : , instance acknowledged by the Constitution of
"Each State retains lit aoTereliraty, freedom, and in-' the United States, it not only exists and is avail
d.pendence, and eery power, jarisdkiioa. ard richt. able in the common Territory of the States
ZhlgF before the establishment of civil government
c-- , . .. - . - , there, but is far beyond the reach of both the
ani"" ,0"rB'J''A"("n'1 federal and Territorial governments when
e eintv "T fwnd onthe comtaon Pessions of the States.
iSffi! P vif r .if1 a, separate There is but one power that can destroy my
sill we Lu5lot these delegated, right to my slave, and that is the ftae in whict
SSlffld Hste awl rights were r -hoU hi or t'Q whieh T voluntarily carry
sSby the ' oTereiS J" refhim- " e federal government does not pos-
am in .Tr ? J l . e ..J the right, it is absurd to say that one of its
Grt Bri ai'n Tow were tVi ? Vaf W"h departments 'has it With it concede to thai
iSt fc tf'.S"M then - 1 high tribunal, the Supreme Court of the United
garded? Although connected with one another I c.. ,k. riUf j.,.rmi. t ,J
brthe articles of rnnf.ilorarinn lli, ri.- r i . . ' . "b"' - .....,.."- u.,, ,, ui,t,
Kinpr of 1 of law ami equity which comes within its iu
: Star?. . n .- T V . ..i .... . ...
England treated with them as distinct State. VJ:?...
!twVn5!B l?:0?- We, "e l tions which involve the political rights ot the
rnn,ii,f.., if! .ou"e!, uuuer a. teuerai states. The Constitution is the work of the
M? Xr" it Z I States,and they must construe itfor themaelve.
other nation, h 'o,, ' HEon a ,"s"ons ailec ing their rigl
ih. .Jitu -ihese wou 4 cease to be rights, if subject to
thev mar. with mnri nronn.fv onnlt. tl. ...... .b . " : J
4i, ,.,.., : the antagonistic power against which they
7?? Y?'?" lmaod. It is absurd w suppose that
W .AiS thl T . . ,n!,8,n5u,aVn,"m- States, in the formation of the Constitution,
rTTnfnSfM- natI0?'!.aB bti t0. jealoni of their great essential political right";
our Lmon of States, i one of the evidences of i JWm.ld have left them at the merer Tf theV.
place all the Cora, Foddar aad Oat. Borses, Malta. Cat-
ua aa-a jiorrj, uans, nazeas, oin, aad aH aad .very
a pedes ot property oa tbe Plantation, iadadlni aboit 15,
00 pounds ot nnt quality BACO.V.
Tejims OnMhird parchaae meaey fr Land da next
ii:a December, th balance in one and tw ysara from
that time, la ro.ua! instalments. Xezroes and aH othtr
property wilt be sold a a credit to S5th December, f.r all
sams oior $10; that stm, aal onder, caa.
Persona wishing to eiamins th premista wHl call oa
me. on the place, or my son, L. P. Daprea.
3" Knqnlrer copy and tend bill t B. Re Id k. Bro.
LAGRAXGE FEMALE COLLEGE,
THE Sprlnj Seulon wid coauaenc WXDNISE1T.
Ftbrmry Ith, 1857.
D. B. JOHN'SON', A. M , Presideat, and Profesi?rT
Mental and Moral Scieace aad Xrideacea ot Christianity.
J. a. BACCRLTOX, A. M., Professor ot Anciant Laa
Caaces and Preach.
Rev J. W. SHELTOK, A. M., Pretrtaor of InrJUX
Literature aBd Natural Scieace.
T. B. JOHNSON', Professor of Pore aad MIxvl Malhs
matiea. E. CTRIAI, Prafstsor of Toe a and lastrnmsatal Mu
sis, aad Teacher oa the Harp.
J. KOEHLKR. Assistant Professor of Mnsle.
Mrs. X. K. JOHNSON, Governess.
Mis M. W. XASH, Jastructreaa ia Tocaltadlastrt
MImXLIZA. M. BASTL2TT. Instructress in Natural
Scieace and Htcher Eailiih Braachea.
Miss SLLZN M. BARTLZTT, Iajtructrea ta Inrliab,
Miss M. A. BBNT, Instructress la Drawmr aad Pjlnt-
r I . . ir Tnnv.rt.- ti , . .
v. . " ' imyuiu oi ia jrreparaiory ua
the tendency of the public mind to political
centralism, ihe first article of the treaty of
peace wilh Great Britain, signed at Pa
the 30th November, 1782, uses these significant
ART. I. Bis Britannic Malritr ..Vnaviv... k
saw unuea atates. Tlx: New Hampshire. Massachusetts
power against the encroachments of which
they were erecting a barrier, it is yet more
absurd to suppose that they would have left
them, by construction, to-poe department of
the government and that department, both
from Its mode of appointment and its tenure
io iic irre, soTcreiga, ana io epetxli.t STATES: i r . i!. A '
that he treats with tbnu ai saeh; md tor himself, hi "'der the Constitution, the right to carry my
hnirs and succeisors, relinquishes all claims to the cot- i 8lave into either of those Territories. I know
IIS"r'y p,rtrthereer Urr't'rU, risb" of t"s "nw' that th!s r!snt lf acae " be made on it, may
Ana 83, jlr. bneater. vmi mnv nnrnne fht I nt th Qrr-orsk rVi,-- K. TT...i ci.t
ulstonc record of the formation of ntir nlitt. tiw tht .wio. i u l
i ..gini!t i"1 Iook in ra,n for any act hy i fi"3'- I wuld abide by it, as a settlement of
which that high power, which must exist in i the case decided; but I am not willin" to let it
every political community, has been cededfrom go to the world that I would respect the prece
lts original possessore the States. The Con- - dent, or that I would surrender the principle
Btiiuuon or tne united fctates was acceded to that tbe assertion of such essential rights be-
sovereign capacitj-, entered into the compact.
it the delegation of some of the
Music oa Piano aad Guitar, each.
Music ea Hart)
Use ot Instrument 5 CO
Modra Laaanaies, each....... .................. u oo
Drawing and Palatine u oa
Iaei&ntal Tax i oa
Board, iaeladiaz all csntinceataxpenaes.. ....... SO 00
One-haltvof the Beard and Tuition snuat.b paid in ad
vance; the remainder at the close of th seMlon.
, no X. WINSTON.
Jaa23-w3t Presideat Board ot Tn.at.rf.
IN coHserjuene- of the continued had waathar, tie sas
of Mrs. Law's Suburban ResMene Property la pos -poned
uatU WIDNKSDAT, the ithday of Pebruaryiaut.
whea It wiil positirtly take place. '
Jaa27-tda G. B. LOCOt, Auctioneer.
0 Oil Paintings at Auction.
N WKDXESDATNEIT, the 27th instant, at 1 -docs
a. Ji , I will aeU at my auction rooms, a Urx
collectloa of OU Paiatl-ia . Thi ia the Iarzest aad best.
. ...t,mI I... , I . t. , -i . ...
t . . . , , . . ,o . - w. in. wuc.vu iu .mi tiiy. iauuouc ar In
Innnj vr-lnBivltr tn 1 1, Qf4f-fl i . .1 t I . . .. , . . . . " "
" " r. - . . J w.fcj Qiic. cu uy ..u .viu xsn examine mem ana attend. thersae.
We find in
powers of government, but no cessions of sov.
ereign power. That rested originally with the
States ; and there, I contend, it remains to-day.
It It does not rest with the States, where is it?
a uiivc snown mat mis trovernment. beins nos- !
their violation. The Supreme Court, in my
opinion, possesses no jurisdiction to decide
finally upon the political right of the States,
I am still old-fashi.ned enough to stand rnuare.
ly upon the doctrines of the Virginia and Ken
tucky resolutions of ll'JS-'S!).
At last, iur. bpeaker, this whole subject re-
G. b. ioch. '
Auctioneer aad Beal Estate Broker.
sessed only of limited powers, for specified . solves itself into several rrreat mientiona rnnl
purposes, cannot be sovereign. That high ' nected with the theory of our political system
power, I repeat, remains where it originally Is this essentially a tioitonrt j-overnm.nK nr
rested in the States of this Union : andwhen
ever ie is called into action, it must flow from
its pristine source.
I may, Jlr. Speaker, in the attempt to mate
myself understood, be charged with unnecessary
repetition of the same idea ; but our political
system is very complex and much .misappre
hended. In its complicity, however, I recog
nize the great frame-work of the liberal age in
which it was constructed ; for that complicity
was necessary to secure liberty by the protec
tion of every interest involved.
I come now to apply this principle of sov
ereignty to the Territories. At the time of the
formation of the federal Constitution there
were not in existence any such municipal com
munities as those we now term Territories.
Consequently the laniruaee of that instrument.
which confers upon Congress theauthotity " to
dispose of and make all needful rules and regu
lations for the territory and other property of
the United States," was not intended to convey
to Congress tbe right of legislation over the
Territories as subsequently constituted. This
is clear. The context itself shows that the
word " territory " was palpably used in the
sense of property, for the disposal of which
Connress, the common asent of the States, was
to make the "needful rules and reeulations."
such as to survey the lands and to provide for
their sale. This is further shown by the
stronger ana more explicit language used in
conferring the power of legislation over such
cession as might be made by the States for
the seat of government. Whence, then.
then, is derived the power of Congress to leg
islate for a Territory, as we now understand
the term? Before I proceed to answer
this question of the power of municipal
legislation, I should state, what necessarily
follows from the views which I have already
presented, that the people of a Territory pos- j
ness no sovereign power, iney occupy the
common territory of all the States, over which
the States jointly not only possess the einine-t
domain, but also the ultimata sovereignty. The
inhabitants of a territory possess no more sov
ereignty over it than if they had established
their residences in the Russian Empire. AH
the political powers that the people of a terri
tory possess or acquire must come from the
States, either by the common nrant of all the
States, or by cession from their agent, the fed
eral government, under the Constitution. How,
sir, having fixed their true relations to the
States, I shall proceed to answer the inquiry,
Whence does Congress derive the riht of leg-
folnfinn nv.r fll. rTi i-ri t n.i O Tf . In n.
opinion, implied in the power delegated by tbe
States to Congress in the Constitution, to ad
mit new States into the Union upon equal foot
in:; with the original States. This right ne
cessarily implies the right of Congress to pre
pare the people or rather the inhabitants, for
the term " people" technically signifies a com
munity, politically organized, and cannot, in
that sense, be applied to the inhabitants of a Ter
ritory j for admission into the union as a titate.
The major includes the minor that is to say,
under the power to admit," Congress posses
ses the right of paving the way for that act
of making the preliminary arrangements for
the important change of the political condition
of a Territory. It is under that power then,
and not under the right to make rules and
regnlations " for the disposal of the common
territory that Congress can legislate for the
Territories, or establish mu-icipal governments
therein. Hat, Bir, mis authority is limited to
TUB partnership existing between BOTD it ANDER
SON ia thi dar disiolrxi h-r mt.i .
business win b coatinued by the undersljaed.
Kcuipun, jaa, so, lt7. J. BOTD Jr. CO.
rpiIE ucderslzar d will remar their stock ot Grertt
J thia wek to J. Bora's old atanJ. No. ito lr.in
nearly opposite their present location, where they w b
pleaed to aee their old patrons. Their present locattjn
is it a union of sovereign States?
Does tbe sovereignty, or supreme nower. re.
side in the central government, or the mass of 157 Mala street is tor rent, low, to a rtsponaisia
the people of our country, as a nation, one and ?iw""oa 19 J-.BarD CO-
itiuivisiuiei or uues n jet repose in me sov-
So 170 MIa street.
The solution of these great questions have, at
various penoos or our political history, occu
pied th attention of the best statesmen of the
Kuuiury. xue rauicai principles involved in
them divided the gigantic intellects of Calhoun
and Webster. Almost all the differences of
opinion that exist, as to the action of the fed
eral government, on the practical issues which
spring up from day to dy, grow out of the va
rious solutions or tnese questions. Therefore
they are, indeed, worthy of repeated discussion.
I had, Mr. Speaker, intended to notice some
, , I, .1 I .. . I . .
mauc u wc gentleman irom , ilitt' i im...s.
Kentucky Mr. Marshall on the subject of fTlTH
"squat'.er sovereignty," hut I find that my U J x !i U
wished to say in in this connection, I must, i.5 Par,?r and Chamber Setts,
perforce postpane the accomplishment of my VV rrluumL"
'outa uuui Buuic luiuiei: uccddiuu.
Memphis Female College.
THE sixth aessioa will commence oa February Siiu
PnptU ia the Brat aad second "reparatoi j Ctassta.
(aeconllns to catalojue,) wiU be taken ht $15 per sts.l.a.
Chane otherwise uachanied. Dr. MiBlaxton, on U
the ablest Chemist ot the ae, wilt by posltlr axr
ment,deliTeracourseaf Lrctnm. dnrinrt,. .
Natural Philosophy and Chemistry. Ail th pupHs wta
J-ectnre, which will be Illustrated by x?r
lment. with the use of a nr ntrmlT. a-in-ti. it
is the design of the Coilece to aSbrd all the faetHtleo
which can be had ia any part ot the Uaioa for a practical,
and thorough education.
JaU3TUt;wxt C C. MACPHJI2S0J.. Prea'U
A FEW SBDerlor Instrument
"wmiKr!, rraiy warrantea, at
JaaM Corner Mala and Vaiea-stf.
Voal : Cmil :
TT'OR sale, one-bait r three-tuuriba if the GREEN
-l. r.nr.ii tuiu aiMS. These Ulnrt ar situated
in Ohio county, Kratucky, troutiesoa Green rir.r, one
win mow inc oia or itwa cretk, aua nltymilea
trun tho raoath of Grea nrr. This rreperty Cuntaina
oee thouand acre of Goal Liad There an- two reins of
ui wiiDirs ei.niyyaras or im riTi-i nr ere feet thiek,
th ' other near four reet thkt. aburr high water. The
Coal 1 of the best qsallty Grn-nri.ei Ulockrd and
dammed, and is aaeicaMe at all sauns. Coal ot the best
qaality caa be furnished In Memphis, ia aay qointily
nau iur an purposes, i win .en .me-halt or more to a
company or any one of capital to carry it oo. PersSis
wishing to make a safe larrstoent and gwd profit wond
u,i wrii m can oa me, ai me ijruuierctil Hotel.
jan;T-3t L. COOKK.
A COOK WANTED.
A GOOD COOK, is wasted lr a small family. An oM
wuraan preferred, and one that haa r children. A
fair rrie wUl b paid, if ea-ly appUcaticn is made at th
HOUSES FOR SALE.
CV A PAIR of young c--aU- C.MIRIAGE nOBSKS,
U3?.parchad la Baltlmor list summer, for sale on
time, if application b mada ooa. Inrjalr at
uubiAflu,a aiau.. janv,-lt
fTUS CIGAR-ilACKRScan and emplotment at J. C.
L J COBI i. CO 'S Manufactory. Apply lrantediate-
ijaijo jajiaia sirrcr, Jaa27-lw
Continuation or tbe Sale of Leases
NAVY YARD GROUNDS, &C.
ON SATtntDAT, the 31st ef January, the remaining
portion of tho Kary Yard Grounds, Balldings, Ax.,
uiav wh oTrr iroru mo nrsi letting; wiu
b leased. In conformity with the directions of th
Board of Mayor acd AH ! . The property east of the
Terucai wa,i aas om&iiid en inu tots of suitable size lor
re-drKs or bnine houses. The other cropertyhas
um ua wuu a ti.w m raaaaraciurisg purposea,
The lease are to expire oa the 31st of Decemher.liss!
Tbe rnt is to be paid semi-annually on the liih of Jnn.
I and December of each year the payiaeat f the aam to
i be secured to the sattslactiaa of th Mayor and Finance
uxuiaiiiH. acu is irac so coniain
I of failure oa the pari
Sash. Stairs. Baniifen.
AND a thousand aad oae neful articles, too tadicat
to mention, can t had at
GXO. PLAHEaTT & BSO.'S.
Janraer Mte al DalCU ,tTeeU' Jf,"PId Tens.
Desirable Store for Rent.
DESIGNING ta remove to the large store nowf
eccspin by Hobtavoa Jc CHntea. we tZir our
Str House, eoraer Court aad Mala, for Bent,,
far aa uaezsired lest, or tm -r.r. ..j ....X
months. This is uecidfdly f.t tut stand in fJI cltyl
To a good teaaat for a srAT retail busiaeas, aa laducJ.
msat wHl be sien. Apply ta
lZ5-4t WINSTON-, CHURCHILL k. CP.
J. C. JACOBI & CO..
(N. 328 Mala, bet. Union and Gayoso-sta,)
Importers and Manufacturers or '
HAVAjCTA & DOMESTIC
CI&AES AID TOBACCO.'
CONSTANTLT oa hand, a lars assortment of th ast
rarorite brands, at moderate prices.
J. E. CUADWICK'S ADTERTISEMEXTS
"Will Alwajt b Fnnd la Thla Claaan.
PXR30N3 wlshla: t know what h. haa to Mll.ce
what h may want to buy lor any of hla eastomer.
wilt be sure to find it la th last eolnnn.cm tfceSXCONB
PAGE. Bemember that, aad tar yourself th troubter
of looking all OTtr th paper.
All hoalness entrusted to mo win b attended to txn
fully and with dispatch.
Ofile Madlsaa Street, appeslU TJal.a KanU.
INSURANCE, BJtAL X STATE AND GKNKSAT.
Etna Fire and Inland Xa-ritrr.
tio'u Insurance Company,
CAPITAL AND SUBPLC3 ai.000.OC.
Ilartford Fire Insurance Co..
CAPITAL AND SUBPLUS 100,000, "
Charter Oalr. Eife Insurance Co.
irs to eontaln a forfelturo la ease ot,k,t.
of i he lessees to comply with the I T)OLICIES issued oa reaaoaable terras. Losses ralf4'.
terms thereof TTIOMAS B. CARJIOLL. Marar.
Meraplta. January 27 tUt
oy arA'i' 1 1 -t -it
Exhibttsa ia lisnpnis Xor a Ttvr Days Oaty.
Can h seen, for a few days oiy, th wonderful Calf,
legislation, and does not extend to the exercise i (Vf Ttu laontbs o.J htTlne SIX ItKGS, md other
of anr Dower nroDerlv anDertaininc to sover-i ina":iiy c.eiped-oneof the raieat cnrio-
eignty, ruacb less to the delegation of such at- ! Also, the cHebrated anSual,
tributes to the territorial government. Tie I C AMANPTTV
power or iegisia on, ana that or maxing or. , bom with only three legs. ,lr about three Tear. m
n.ll. I,, J , . . . . '
panic laws, are distinct things the one may
be exercised by the legislative branch of the
government the other is the exclusive attri
bute of the sovereign power. In the whole
process, this high authority is brausht into ac
tion in only one instance -qn tbe admission of
a new State. In the act of admission Into the
Union as a State, the. people of a Territory are
at once collectively inverted with sovereignty.
and otherwise fully derelosed.
Also, that beautiful nondescript Pig,
a pertect Hernuparoitte, and a perfect corioilty la hi
Tht akore all form
MUSEUM OF NATURE
rarely to a met with, aad can be witnessed at the low
jik m aweniy-aire oeaia.
Call in and se the curiosltli i. JacTT-lif
JT biy adjusted and promptly raid.
FOR SALE The lot oa th Northwest corner ot
Gayou and DtSoto street. Siie, to by (0 feet, costal V
ing a good Iran dwelllnr. with fonr lumiisi (....
ment, and grocery stand oa ihe comer. Trill b soia hw.
if taken aooa. Apply to J. I. CHAD Wicr.
Memphis Land uae, Madlaon-tt., opp. Caioa Psnk.
FOR SAXE Anexcelleat Pramed llonae. ecntalnisr .
Nine Booms, cn Pontotoc street. Has a good Cistern at.
tacbed. Posaeasloa glTen immediately.
FOR SALE Seren Acres of Land. eoTared with ft ia
fruit Tree, within half a mil of th city Holts, oa the
Hernando Plank Bead. Inquire of
J. . CUADWlcr, Memphis Land OSce,
Oppoait Vuiem .'
FOR SALE. A Threo Tears' Laaaa ef a nl uot"
eonTenlent Prame Dwelling, containing tear rtBscaV
kitchen aad serranu' room, with a good wea ot watet
about 40 choice Prult Trees, stable, and abant w
of fin tillable Laad, suitable for gardening purpose at
within oa and a half mile of Court Squirt, laaalre i
. X. UIIADWICX,
Memnhla L.ol new.
"P' . Oppoit Union Ink
OLD KTH WHI3CT, far sale y
HARNETT tt W ALUS,