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FRIDAT MORNING.. -JANUARY 30, 1857
gg7"The Appeal is regularly discontinued
at the ed oi the time subscribed for, unless
C0XME2CIAX PEOEPEEIXY OF HEKPHIB
We baTe bo idea of inflicting upon our read
ers a foraraable array of figures to establish
what are the exports and imports, what new
sources of trade and profit are daily opened up
to coi&merotal esttcrprisf, and what has been
the increase in tbe receipts of our great staple
ia Memphis daring the present prosperous bu-
"We only desire to mention a fact or two
which to the minds of business men will be as
ceactosive, as to the success of all the branches
or lattesiry aad trade in this city, as the ther
mometer is indicative of the state of the wea
ther, or tfee barometer of the state of the at'
mespbere. "We refer to the amount of protest
ed paper daring the present month, the most
trying period of the year upon business men
because tne great buifc ei commercial paper
matures at this time. It is a fact, then, that
the araottflt of notes protested here during the
present raesvth, is considerably less than during
the case month in any year for the laet
years. Our notaries have compared notes, and
fid that their fees are growing "beautifully
less," so as to leave but a poor prospect in ad
vance for them in their strict notarial func
tioBS. The fees of one of them alone
eighty dollars lesa than they were for the same
meath laBt year, and there is an equal falling
off ib the office of the other. This can but be
regarded as a vast decrease in that branch of
busiRess, and indicates unmistakably that the
prosperity of twr merchants and mechanics is
gradually diminishing the demand for notarial
writs. We hear a similar complaint among all
oar chit Magistrates. They state that the peo
ple this season are distressingly punctual in the
payment of their debts, and that their civil
dockets nave sarivelleu down to mere memo
randum hooks. Of course constables
the same distressed category. If the thing goes
OB in this way, they wilt have no one but them
selves to serve their writs upon. Meney-bro
kers, toe, may suffer amid the general paying
up. How the array o attorneys will fare, we
leave te the imagination of our readers.
WMfe tfee exception, however, of the classes
named, there is indubitable evidence that the
great masses are marching onward to a com'
aercial success and prosperity unprecedented
in the history of our city. There is field
enough for enterprise yet open here to receive
and reward the hosts of magistrates, consta
hies, money-brokers and lawyers, in the event
of a geaeral stampede among them, and should
thevhe reduced to the necessity (of which
there appears a reasonable prospect) of la
aeatiag, like Otheiio, that their " occupation's
ge.w Despair need not, therefore, settle up
ob taetr hearts as wag as there are so many
honest pursuits and profitable "openings" b:
fore tfeees. We will point out a single branch
'of husiaess is which there is "ample scope
and verge enough " for activity and enterprise.
The Dry Goods trade, though supported by
as intelligent and enterprising merchants in
Memphis as any other city in the Union, affords
room for more capital and enterprise yet. JSot
withstanding the fact that three new houses of
the largest class have imported goods to th
amount of $100,000 each during the present
season, in addition to our old, extensive and
well established dealers, yet, we learn that th
stocks on hand are mostly scanty, and that they
cannot replenish their supplies sufficiently to
Bteet the growing demand and accommodate
easterners. We heard of one house which
eotd last week $6,000, in goods in oae day
$4,900 on the succeeding day and $3,000 the
third day, mostly at retail. Our first class
houses have generally increased their business
from 25 to 100 per cent, and there was never a
better e)d for the jiroatable employment of ad-
. ditienal capital in the same branch by substan
tial men. These are facts well known to mer
cantile men, and which argue the very highest
state of prosperity in the different bxanches of
business and labor both in town and country.
There k no rule better established in political
economy than that the increase of wealth and
prosperity in a community superinduces an in
creased demand for articles of comfort and
luxury, thus giving a wider impulse to all
branches of trade, production and manufactures.
The application of this principle in our midst
conclusively establishes the fact that our com
munity is prosperous in a very high degree and
that its prosperity is based upon the solid basis
of substantial profits and unprecedented suc
cess ia every branch of business. If its pros
perity were fictitious and the mere result of a
loose and baseless credit system, these gentle
men triw Sourish in tieies of commercial disas
ter, notaries public, magistrates, constables and
lawyers, would make other and different re
turns than these we have enumerated, and the
incubus of debt would bang over the country.
When we consider the causes which have
contributed to this flattering condition of affairs,
we unhesitatingly award the chief credit to our
magnificent railroad system, which is just be
ginning now to return us its rich rewards for
the large expenditures that have been made to
sustain it. Undoubtedly, the high ruling price
of oar chief staple and the easy condition of the
money market, consequent upon the general
abundance of money, have had their share in
developing this result. But this could not have
precipitated so sudden and marked an increase
ia business and profit, without an expansion
of our trade to sectioas hitherto trading to other
points, which has bees brought about by the
agency we have named. Oar citizens are now
reaping the rich harvest which they had sown
years ago, and from this they should learn how
valuable are the Time, Faith and Energy which
create and control these marvelous agents of
wealth and commerce.
Shot in a Duel. A duel was fought on the
Metarie Ridge, near New Orleans, on the 16th
instant, the 'parties being Mr. P. LeBlanc, a
deputy sheriff, and Mr. G. "White, a clerk in
Folser's iron store. The weapons were
double-barrelled gaas, distance twenty paces:
and LeBlanc was killed at the first fire. The
cause of the duel was; a gross insult from
LeBlasc to White, the former having spit in
- the face of the latter, who gave the challenge.
It was a bloody expiation of so contemptuous
Narrow Escape or an M. C The "Wash
ington correspondent of the New York Evening
Fost, reports that Mr. Cadwaleader, Demo
cratic representative from Pennsylvania, was
ahot at on Saturday night while walking in the
street with a friend. The ball passed close to
Death or Ex-Senator Prentiss. A tele
graphic dispatch from Montpelier, Vermont,
announces the death of Hob.'Saibee Pren
3ss Judge of the United States District Court,
and far many years United States Senator from
gST At the municipal election in Pittsburgh,
ea the 14th isst, Henbt A. Weaver, Repub
lican, was elected Mayor. The vote was as
follows : "Weaver, 2,704 ; J. D. "White, Dem
eerat,225 j Daniel McCurdv, American, 242.
The Clarksville Jefersonian learns that
th-."JulIen Minstrels were lately mobbed at
Bowling Green, Ky.
-A- Dew difficult' has been discovered in
Arizona. Of the thousand inhabitants in the
purchase,, it is said that enough who can read
and write cannot be found to form a legislature.
From Our Hisiluippi Correspondent.
Jacxsok, Miss., January 24th, 1857.
Editors Appeal: Did you ever have the
pleasure of attending a Fancy Dress Ball ?
Nol "Why you certainly must have a faint
idea of what may be comprised in the word
Fun. It is the most delightful arrangement
that was ever invented to make a man realize
what Byron was wont to call " the poetry of
motion, " and if ever you have an "invite" laid
upon your editorial table, accept it at once and
make yourself one of the gayest of the gay.
On the evening of the 20th instant the " rbunir
Bachelor's Club" of this ilk got up a Fancy
Ball that was hard to beat, and a more joyous
assemblage never threaded the mazes of the
dance. The gentlemen were very gallant, and
the blushing demoiselles unusually attractive,
while the costumes were selected with an ad
mirable taste, highly creditable to all present
But the scene presented was one which Might
make a laugh steal imperceptibly almost, over
the face of a retired undertaker. In one part
of the room " a jolly young waterman" was
naviBC marked attention to the "Pride or tne
Harem." and near them "Aminidab Sleek"
was offering his arm to the gay awl laughing
" Beatrice ; " " Richard the Third " dancea me
the Redowa with a "Sister of Charity," wnue
" Paul Prv " and an " Indian Maid" led off a
Polka in approved style. "Harlequin" was
infatuated with "Lady Sowerby Creamley;"
while the lovely "Columbine" promenaded
vrxth the , whose fantastic mask, and an
odd wav he had of igniting his cigar, by
t...,i;nr 9 mouthful of fire UDon it, created
serious doubts among many as to whether the
old gentleman liimgelf had not taken it into bis
head to be present, by way of looking up his
old customers. It was a gay festival, and will
lonp-ba remembered as "one of the times we
Professor L. C. Everett and his brother,
A. B. Everett, M. D., who are now tempo
rarv residents of your delightful city, have
really raised an uadue excitement in this some
what quiet town, and have produced a greater
anuuint-nf pnthusiasm with reeard to isacrtd.
Music among the religious portion of our com
raunitrfhan can be readily estimated. The
various choirs who have been under the espe
cial tutelage of these thoroughly accomplished
musical teachers have exhibited a narked im
provement, attributable, doubtless, to the fact
that their beautiful work entitled iiiesau
kcs Mcsiccs" has completely taken the place
of the works formerly used by them. "While
here, both of the above gentlemen were held in
deservedly high estimation, not only as eminent
composers and teachers, but as affable, cour
teous and accomplished gentlemen.
Last evening a public exhibition was given
bvthe mi wis of the "Jtvlumfer the Blind"
at the Hall of Representatives. It was an ex
hibition eminently calculated to interest visi
tors, and reflected great credit upon the officers
of that praiseworthy institution, who certainly
are amply qualified, (if the great proficiency
of their pupils may be taken as a criterion to
judge from,) to impart a great amount of valu
able information to that unfortunate class
who, by the inscrutable decrees of Providence,
have been deprived of that greatest of earthly
The Legislature of this State are son- in scs
and doing an inconcievable amount
business, for their constituents, for and in con
sideration of four dollars per Hem, and mileag
inclusive. They are a smart, capable and effi
cient body of men, that will compare favorably
with any other legislative body in,the Union.
In spite of the dignity usually appertaining to
modern law givers, a joke is as well relished
here as elsewhere; and net unfrequently, the
the whole House may be found indulging i
hearty round of laughter, that would send the
manager of " Crisp's Gaiety" into extacies
Our citv is about losing one of our finest
citizen;, in the person of Dev. William Par'
ker Scott, who has lately accepted an unani
mous call from the vestry of St. John's Church,
Mobile, to become their Rector. Formerly
distinguished member of the Mississippi Bar,
he become extensively known as an advocat
of no ordinary ability, but conscientious scru
pies led him to enter holy orders, and he is now
winning a permanent reputation as " a Soldier
of the Cross," that is fast identifying him
one of the men of the age that cannot readily
be forsrotten. His sermons evince a thorous,
knowledge of theology, and stamp him as
bold and vigorous writer, whose talents as an
accomplished orator are only equalled by hit
humble, unswerving piety. Those who really
know how to admire fervid, impaasieued elo-
quence, that rings upon the ear like the notes
of the war bugle upoa the tented field, while it
awakens the better part of man's erring nature
to the duties he owes to his creator, will recog
nlze in a clergyman like Mr. Scott, an am
ambassador of Christ, who exemplifies by hi
life and conversation, that he is indeed a faith
ful teacher of the doctrines taught by Jesus
Our streets are as white as a lady's bridal
dress and old Boreas seems determined to con
vince every body that winter yet remains. If
your city is half as cold you are greatly to be
pitied. .truly, yours,
1ATEK FBOai HEZIC0.
By the arrival of the steamship Calhoun,
we have papers from the City of Mexico to th
8th inst., being nine days later than we pre
viously had. We gather the following intel
ligence from our files :
The ministerial crisit, had undergone a sec
ond phase. The President of the Republic
could not accept, without modifications, the
programme proposed by tne minister of Ft
Senor Lerdo, the latter retired definitively on
Saturday, January 3. As bis successor, Senor
Alatagnarre was BpoKen or. la tne meantime,
Senor Urouidi had charge of the portfolio.
Public opinion, says Le Trait d' Union, of the
&th inst., is yet alarmed on account of the re
tirement of Senor Lerdo, because of the long
list of ministers who have been charged witti
the portfolio of finances. He is the only one
who has done anything to extract the country
out of the ruinous condition in which the pre
vious shameless Governments have plunged her.
Tha revolutionists at San Luis were in the
most discouraging condition. General Parodi
with 5,000 men under his command was march
ing against them, as was also Gen. Vidaurri,
with 1,100 of his troops.
President Comonfort has authorized the im
portation of provisions for one year at the port
of Coatzacoalcos, Isthmus of Tehauntepec, at a
Gen. Yanez had not as yet reached Sonora.
The Yapins Indians had at the latest accounts
entered Guaymas, and committed great blood
shed. Gen. Merino bad entered upon his functions
as Commanding General of the State of Chi
huahua. Small-pox has been raging for six months at
Durango ; 207 children of both sexes had al
ready fallen victims tothe epidemic
The Revolutionary Government at San Luis
had ordered another forced loan of $52,650,
making a total of $126,250 raised in that man
ner. Two day's time was only allowed to
The Agricultural College commencement of
Mexico took place on the 7th inst.
The Constituent Assembly elected Leon Guz
man President, and Isidor Olvera Vice Presi
dent, for the month of January.
The insurgent Indians of Chappalla had giv
en in their submission to the Government.
The rails for the Guadalupe Railroad were
hourly expected at Vera Cruz.
Gen. Alvarez has dissolved his forces and
gone back to Guerrero.
A new ministerial journal is announced to
appear, under the title of El -ino Kueeo, at
Mexico, as also another named L'Eco Na
eiodal. New Orleani Picayune, Zith inst.
Theatricals, Sx., in Europe Mr. and
Mrs. Barney Williams are re-engaged at the
Dublin and Royal Theatre.
Catharine Hayes was at Dublin, concertizing
under the direction of Mr. Mitchell, the well
known Opera Librarian of London.
Gen. Tom Thumb is holding levees at the Re
gent Gallery, Quadrant London.
Ira Aldridge, the colored tragedian, has been
playing "Dred" with great success at Belfast,
Charlotte Cushman is in Italy, whence she
will embark for the United States, probably. 1
ARKANSAS AND THE BAILB0AD.
TtEPOM OF MESSRS. KINO AND WALKER.
To the Honorable Mayor and Beard ef Aldermen of
the City of MtmpMi :
been requested by
your honorable bodv to visit the city of Little
Rock, in reference 'to the construction of a
Railroad from Mempnis to unit .uuca., w uu.u
respectfully state : ,
mat tney lett xuempuis uu muuua; n..b,
the 12th inst., and arrived at Little Rock on
ho 15th the dav desicnated for the
adjournment or tue ivegisiaiuic juuj"
four or five hours before the adjournment. The
time for the completion of the first section of
the Road viz., from Jiempnis io iue oi. rran-
cis river had, as you are aware, oeen extent
!.n months t. Until iue isioi .ueccm
ber. 1S5S ; as also Uie seconuuivision viz.,
until the 1st January, 1S60, a copy of which act
we herewith furnlsn you.
We nresented the unanimous petition or tue
rtirretors for an increase of the number of Di
rectors from five to fifteen, which petition was
indisDcusablv requisite trom tne provisions oi
the original chirter. This petition was favora
bly received, and the application ordered by a
. . . i L. -. Ik. TT.....
large majority oi iue diciuucib ui iue nuuic
nreent : but. unon a count, it was ascertained
that there was no business quorum present, and
the body remained without a quorum until the
adjournment or uie legislature.
We found a verv eeneral, indeed almost unan
imous, dispotition on the part of the Legislature
and people of Arkansas, to grant the modifica
tion of the charter asked by the Directors of
the Board, and to afford every facility for the
speedy construction or the Road.
1 . . Hi Ai?t XV .III
It was a special saiiMacuon io una iue citi
zens or Little Rock fully alive to the impor
tance of this work, and mot cordially sympa
thizing wiih Memphis in every effort to build it.
The subscription of the city of Little Rock
for $100,000, heretofore made, had been, as you
are aware, reconsidered, and the tax assess
ment for tne payment ot tne interest on me io
year Bonds suspended.
During our stay at kittle hock, a special
meeting of the Mayor and Aldermen was con
vened, and at a full meeting this subscription
of the citv was revived and renewed, and the
tax for the payment of interest ordered to be
assessed for the present year by a unaniraoiu
vote, and with a cordiality and earnestness evi
dencing a cordial co-operation in this great
A certified copy cf theBe resolutions of the
City Council of Little Rock we herewith hand
In conclusion, we wouia venture to assure
you, that if the parties in charge of this work
will now take hold with energy, there is a most
favorable disposition of the Counties on the
line of the road to aid every manner within
their power, both by county subscriptions and
devotion of the Internal Improvement Fund at
and under their control.
Very respectfully, etc,
E. W. M. KING,
J. KNOX WALKER.
At a meeting of the Common Council of the
city of Little Rock, held on the 19th of Jan
uary, 1S57, the following preamble and resolu
tions were adopted, viz :
Wiie&eai, Th JIror and Aldermen of th cHj ot
Little ltcxt. bare heretofore, to tnt: on the 20ih of
JUrcb, IS5S. ordered a subscription ot One Hoadred
SbaiTicf !h-Cpl.i Stock of the Xtinphii and Little
Kock Railroad Compaty, and filircUor or ordlnanet the
lMoaBC of the Brads of said City to said Railroad Com
pany, upon certain conditions therein expressed, and al
proceeded to lery a tar Jot the payment of Interest of said
Bonds: Jnd whereas, for reasons saUsfactory to tha
Board, th- 'axroUected for the year 185J, was, on the 16th
of January, 1866, ordered to be refunded, etc, and bo
m re collect ons of such tax be made, nnlU the further
order of the Mayor and Aldermen; therefore,
Be Ureiolved bvthe Board of Aldermen of the City
of Utile Rock, That the ordinance of the 20th of Karen,
166, as aforesaid, be and the same is hereby appnired
and rTlv.d, as well as the Ordinance of same date levy
ing a tax lor Railroad prpoes ; and that the Mayor be
astcerteed o Issue the Bonds of the City, as in said Ordi
nance directed, and. upon the condition i, etc., subject to
prof istons of sard Ordinance, and that in the assessment
for the present year, the tax for Railroad purpwe be col
lected. Resolved, That the Major and Aldermen be directed to
open correspondence with the l-resident and Directors
of said RaUroad Company, and to lusse said Bonds, when
they shall consider themselves tcfilciently advised In do
ins so, with said Company, when they are aaUifled of the
energetic prosecution of said Road, or measures to se
car the same.
Ruelved, That we fully appreciate the Importance of i
a suet-ay cvmpieuon cx a noaa irom loiitiij- wj me an
eisuppl river, In which our Ulster city of Memphis Is cow j
so energrtically and thoreuc nly aroused, pledging our
selves, as a Board, to use all legitimate means for the fur
therance of that great enterprise, and in our private capa
city so leave no means undone to secure the immediate
commencement ot their dlvisien ot the Rad.
Adopted In Council, 19th ot January, 1857.
A. J. SMITH, Recorder.
Approved 19th of January, 1S57.
W. K. ASHLEY, Mayor.
The State ot Arkansas,
City of little Rock.
I hereby certify that t&e above and foregoing is a true
copy from the Record, and In testimony whereof I have
hereunto set my hand, this 20th January, 1S57.
A. J. SMITH, Recorder.
Alf ACT to amend "An cct.'o aid in the construction
of the Eastern Branch of the Cairo and Fulton Rail
road," approved 181A, January 1855.
Section. 1. Be It enactta by the General Atteatly of
the State ofArkaniat, That so much of the second section
of tM act as limits the time and requires the Company
of the Memphis ant Little Rock RaUrjad, to complete the
firtt Division of said road, before the first day of Janu
ary, 185S, be and the same is hereby repesled, and that
the time in which said Company shall be required to com
plete the same, be and tUe same is hereby extended and
axed to the Crt day Is December, 1S6S.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That so mnch of the 6th
section of said act, as required said Company to complete
the second division of said Memphis and Little Rock Hail
road on or before the first day of January, 186U, be and
the same is hereby repealed, and the time in which the 2d
section er division of said road shall be completed by said
Company shall be and is hereby extended to and fixed at
the Sist dsy of January, 1661.
Sec 3. Be it further enacted. That this act be in forte
and take effect rotn and alter Its passage
Approved, Sth January, 1857.
Newstapeb Cabkires and Pcblij hers. In
Albany, a newspaper carrier sued a publisher
for taking away his route book. Justice Par
sons decided that the route belongs to the pub
lisher not a carrier, and the publisher has,
therefore, a right to do as he pleases with the
g" Mr. Monroe has given notice in the
Ohio House of Representatives that he will soon
introduce a bill to amend the constitution of
that State by striking out the word "white"
theiefrom. A petition was also presented pray
ing for the passage of such a bill, and "the re
peal of all laws making a distinction on ac
count of color."
The U. S. Steamer Wasash in a Stohk.
The New York Timet has an account of the
cruise of the United States steamer Wabath,
just returned from Aapinwall, from which we
take the following:
On the outward voyage, some heavy weather
was experienced in the latitude of Hatteras;
the sudden change in IS hours from a tempera
ture of 40 deg. to 82 dec., caused their rigging,
which was new, to suddenly slack in the midst
of the gale the connections of tbe iron bands
of the bowsprit gave way, and for a time they
were in danger of losing thtir masts. In the
midst of this mishap, one of the men was kill
ed by being struck by a snatch-block, caused
by the sudden parting of the strap ; and Com
mander Engle, during the heavy and sharp roll
ing of the ship, was thrown violently against
the top of a brass stanchion, cutting a' bad gash
in his head, and nearly precipitating him back
ward down the batch. He narrowly escaped
with his life ; the wound was healed, but an
urgly ecar, three inches long, remains on the
side of his head. Lieut. Quakenbush was also
injured, though not severely. The man killed
was an Italian, and shipped under the name of
James White. As soon as the rigging was set,
the ship behaved admirably. They were able
to carry double-reefed topsails and whole
courses when other vessels were hove to, and
could carry nothing. Her steaming qualities
are first rate ; ber sea rate is about 8i knots ;
her speed is 10 Knots.
P" We clip the following items fioa the
Knoxville IFAtg, of the 22d instant:
Snow. Snow fell to the dpth of six inches
on Sunday night. Sleigh riding and sliding
down Alain street, seem to oe tne employment
of the city at present. A stranger would readi
ly conclude from the excitement which exists,
that Knoxvillians are a fun-loving people, for
old and young seem to enter into the sport
with equal relish.
Extreme Cold. The weather has been
colder for several days past than ever before
within the memory of the " oldest inhabitant."
The thermometer has been fourteen degrees
Wrecks at Key West in 1856. The
Charleston Mercury has a letter from its Key
west correspondent, giving a mum ot tne
marine accidents occurring in that vicluity du
ring tbe past year. From this statement it ap
pears that the total accidents to vessels there
reached 72. Of these, nine were totally lost,
with nearly all their cargoes ; seven arrived
leaking and were condemned, and the remain
der received assistance from the wreckers and
paid salvage. The appraised valuation of the
vessels and their cargoes was $4,850,000. This
is a larger amount of property than has ever
before been jeopardized in our waters duripg
a similar period. The loss to underwriters
cannot be less than $600,000. The total losses
have not been numerons.
The repairs and expenses at Key West have
been large. Tbe salvages paid and the general
expenditures have made business good; $262,
000 have been paid out more than in any two
THE STATE DEBT OF CAUPOBNIA.
We give below a letter from Gov. Johnson,
of California, in reply to one addressed to him
by a banting house of San Francisco, making
inquiries in reference to the effect of the late
decision of the Supreme Court of California
as to the legality of the State debt :
Sacramento, Dec. 19, 1850. J
Gentlemen : I have received your commu
nication of the 16th inst., having reference to
the present condition of our State indebtedness,
consequent upon a recent decision of the Su
preme Court of this State, which derision inti
mates the opinion that the larger portion ef
our State indebtedness has been unconstitution
In common with yourselves, it is the occa
sion of extreme regret with me that the credit
of our State should by any act ever have be
come dishonored. The occurrences are so re
cent, when the State had made ample provi
sion for meeting the payment of Interest as it
matured on the funded debt, yet by the criminal
negligence ot the State agents in New York
to appropriate such means to their legitimate
use, those matured obligations were permitted
to remain for a time unpaid. We cannot for
get the effect thus produced in depreciating-our
credit, and dishonoring the fair name we should
enjoy among the sisterhood of States. The
position we are made to occupy by this decision
of our Supreme Corrt, I greatly fear will de
stroy all confidence in our integrity for the time
being. You ask, "what ourit to be done?"
" What trill be done by the people of the State
in relation to tne existing indebtedness so de
clared illegal ? " My answer to both questions
is, fay it." I shall urgently present at the
forthcoming session of the legislature, to that
body, the propriety and necessity of speedily
passing a Jaw ratifying and adopting our fund
ed debt already created, and to make ample
and certain provision of means to pay interest
and principal as it may mature th.s law to be
submitted to a vote of the people at our next
general election, (in September,) and the re
sult cannot be a matter of doubt. The peoph
uillratify it. There is among the mass of the
people, the press, and the legislature elect, but
one in sentiment "Pay what we have already
contracted to pay, but go in debt no more."
Such are my own views ; and you may be as
sured I shall employ my utmost efforts in ac
co Lplishing such desirable results.
I will likewise add, that from the ample pre
cautions adopted by our State treasurer, I pre
sume no difficulty will be experienced in meet
ing the payment ot the interest on the State
debt which matures the first of the ensuing
... ... ...
month ; neitner is it proDabie, notwithstanding
the decision referred to, that any delay will
occur m meeting tue payment or interest on me
est money has already been paid into the State
treasury, and will be appropriated by the treas
urer to the specific purposes for which the col
lection was made.
Your obedient servant,
J. NEELY JOHNSON.
To Messrs. Drexel, Sathes, tc Church,
San Francisco, California.
"SontiTHEBN Extremists." A writer in
the Augusta Comtitutiottalitt, under the above
caption, draws the following truthful picture of
a wing of the Democracy:
The South has always been cursed with a
class of politicians of this order. Whenever
our section is menaced with danger, these men
crow boisterous and spring up questions that
never can accomplish any good. They are
always raising difficulties, throwing stumbling
blocks in the way of cool, considerate and re
flecting men. If there is an unlucky subject
happily out of sight, they hunt it up, and pa
rade it before the public They stic . to it with
the tenacity of leeches. Nothing can shake
them from It. They are forever in the pursuit
of some exploded system, or impracticable ob
ject. The African slave trade was stowed
away with the "lumber of the past," till Gov.
Adams raked it up, and threw it a firebrand in
to the midst of our angry controversies. The
national Democracy have given us the best pos
sible ground on the slavery question, yet South
ern extremists are beginning to swear at them.
Everybody must subscribe to their ultimata.
They stickle for the last cent in the dollar if
they cannot get this, they will have nothing.
We do not intend to impugn the patriotism of
this class of men. They generally have an ex
cess of this article. This very excess is the
cause of their obstinacy. If the South cannot
have .unqualified justice, they are willing to
risk the consequences of the wildest experi
ments. They injure the accommodation of
grave controversies by their extreme politics.
They leave no ground for compromise, and in
defense of their opinions, they wage battle
against the most frightful odds.
Railroads in the World. The Albany
Time has been boiling' down some facts and
figures, and dishes up the following:
The whole number of miles of railroad in the
world on the first of July last was inside of fif
ty thousand miles. Of this amount, more than
one half (twenty-seven thousand three hundred
and fifty miles) is in the United States. Rail
roads were started in England, yet in ten years
we passed her. At the present time the model
Republic haB three times as many miles of rail
roads as Great Britain and France united. Tbe
following table, showing the miles of railroads
in the different countries, we clip from a report
made in Congress some three weeks since:
In the United States 27,350
Above we have the miles of railroad in vari
ous counties. Let us now look at a few other
matters. The average cost of American rail
ways has been estimated to be forty thousand
dollars a mile, which is rather over than under
the mark. The English railways have cost, on
an average, two hundred thousand dollars a
mile; the Belgian railways, ninety thousand
dollar jj the French railways, one hundred and
thirty thousand dollaxs; the German railways,
fifty-six thousand dollars. Many reasons may
be assigned for these variations. The German
and American have in general but one track;
the French and English two. The principle
pursued by the English engineers, who also
built most of the French roads, was to avoid
abrupt curves and steep gradleuts,lby grading
and cutting; hence a large incrsase of expense.
In this country we dread neither curves or
grades. On some of the Pennsylvania lines
locomotives have to ascend eighty feet to go a
mile, while on the Erie road we find curves so
short that to go around them at full speed would
throw you off yo ir boots. Again, the cost of
land in England and France was considerable,
its real value being frequently exaggerated by
speculation. In America and Germany it was
comparatively small ; on many of the western
roads it was insignificant. Finally, in England
large additional expense was incurred in Par
liamentary and law fees. It is said that tbe
fees to counsel for obtaining a charter for some
short roads, amounted to as much as three hun
dred and fifty thousand dollars ; all of which
was of course charged against the road, bo as
to increase the cost of construction.
Murder is Warre.v County, Miss. Tbe
Vicksburg Times, of the 21st inst., announces
the murder of Francis J. Coleman, in the up
per part of Warren county, Mississippi. The
He was found in his bed, weltering in his
gore, about 8 o'clock on last Wednesday night,
with seven horrible wounds in his head, inflict
ed by a tortahawk, which was found by the
bedside, stained with the blood of its victim.
Mr. Coleman was the keeper of a woodyard
on the Mississippi river, and was highly re
spected by his neighbors as a kind hearted and
As yet no clue has been obtained to the per
petrators of this monstrous crime.
It is supposed that the deceased was murder
ed by some of his own negroes. It is however
a bare supposition.
He has no relations in this State. His broth
er, Jesse W. Coleman, resides in Lowndes
(JFrom an editorial in the Charleston
cfntne: JVftri, of the 15th ult, we take this
little morceau. Tbe editor, after commenting
upon one enect or Mr. Cameron's election by
the Pennsylvania Legislature, says :
"The second is, the final annihilation of the
American organizational a national party. Its
total defeat at the South by the Democracy, and
its absorption at the North by the Black Re
publicans, will obliterate even its name. It is
but a possibility that its peculiar principles will
live in some legislative modifications on natur
alization and suffrage."
It will be remembered that this cenfession
comes from one of the otnt'narifr of tbe party
one of its speakers at the great ratification
meeting in New York last year. " Alas, poor
Yorickl" Mobile eSUter. 1
THE C0TT0K C20P.
We took occasion a'few davs aco to warn
our readers against speculation in cotton, at
the hirrh prices, and expressing our apprehen
sions of an adverse result. We have taken up
tne statistics of the last six years, and give
them as follows :
Total reeelrita of aattim at the nnrf in
isstmsi exclusive of atocS, Sept. I ,mi,w
Receipts up to third week In January
as maae up in lie Tore i,u,uvu
Quantity recd. after 34 week, In January. 1,293,000
Total receipts in 1851-62
Kecetved up to 3d week in January..
Quantity received after.,
Total receipts In 1852-61 3,221,000
juoelved up to 3d week In January l,S3,OOB
Quan'lty received afUr 1,628,000
Total receipts In 1853-64
Received np to 3d week In January
Quantity received alter 1,82,060
Total receipts In 1851-55 1,781,000
Recelredop to 3d west in January 881,000
Quantity received afterwards 1,803,000
Total receipts in 1S55 65 3,439,600
netvej up to 34 week In January 1,56,080
Quantity received afterwards
Quantity received after third week te
January, 1851 1,293,090
" 1852 1 877.080
;' 1S53 1,1123,000
155lt.tif ( 1 1 65, 00
" 1855 1 803.090
" 1S5G 183,000
Total for tlx years..
Average for one yar.
Receipts this year as Der nrices enrrent
In January 16 1.71 1 .396
Would make a total for 1856-57 of 3,431,166
W e do not think it probable that the receipts
of this year will come up to the average indi
cated, but even with the lowest receipt of the
last six years he'neeforward, the present high
est estimate would be reached, say 3,000,000
bales. While, if the larcest figures should be
touched, the total would be nearly 3,600,000
The stocks in the interior are considerably
larger than at the same time last vear, an-l the
receipts now pouring into the Gulf ports heavier
than ever before at the same Deriod. Yet.
planters are holding back for higher prices.
oar. jupuoiican, Jan.
New York Cotton Market and Brokers.
Correspondence ot the Xew Orleans Picayune.
New York, January 7. 1857. The cotton
brokers of this city are getting to be very un
reliable in the matter of reports of the market,
and in most instances these reports are of no
reliance whatever, being framed only to suit
their own personal ends. Hence, if they have
a large Btock of cotton on hand, they keep
quoting the market " active and advancing;"
and if, by so doing, the moment arrives when
they can sell out for a snug profit, they quickly
ao so, ana arranee for a new "operation.'
so, and arrange for a new " operation
You ask one of these men the next day the
state of the market, and he will tell you it is
flat ; " that " prices are too high, " and must
come down, and jet nis opinion tne previous
day was richt the reverse! And why.' In the
latter case he was a large holder and seller of
cotton ; in the former he was a buyer.
Such a condition of things is to be regretted,
and ofteu causes the deepest perplexity and
loss to persons at a distance. The Southern
ers, for instance, will read in the pipers of
their city a dispatch of the New York market
quoting cotton stiff say at thirteen cents for
Middling. The person'who reads this perhaps
holds cotton in New York, and tbe price being
a good one, he forthwith telegraphs to his agent
to sell. The agent goes into the market, oilers
the cotton, but finds that instead of thirteen,
the best offer he can get is twelve-and-a-half
cents ; now the origin of the thirteen cents dis
patch may be usually traced to some person
who is full of cotton stuffed to the very ears
and he started the dispatch in hopes ot caus
ing an advance in tbe particular city to which
it was sent, tbe news of which might cause a
bona fide advance here, and thus enable the
sharper to slip out.
Take our own daily press, and you will find
scarcely two journals in a week that will agree
as to -the condition of the market. The cotton
men will get hold of the reporters, give them a
statement or the market, tell them they can
rely upon it, and must print no other, and in it
goes. By this means each reporter gets into
the habit of going ta a particular broker, be
lieves all he says and prints it. The result is
seen. The Herald will have cotton dull and
declining, the Times active and advancing, the
Courier an eighth cent higher, and so on. This
was not so when the brokers were in associa
tion, for then they met regularly at half-past
three, exchanged opinions, sales, tc, and
pasted the result on a bulletin in the Ex
change. Interests, however, were too conflict
ing for this association, and it collapsed before
it had got fairly started.
At present, therefore, it is almost impossi
ble three times out of ten, to tell what is the
exact state of the market, while the giving of
sales is simply guess work, and for the reason
I have stated above, that each broker keeps by
himself, and grinds his own axe. Not halt them
go on 'change at all, and the cotton trade on
that important spot is represented by a batch
of green clerks.
If ever there was a moment when reliable re
ports of the cotton market were wanted, both
at home ai.d abroad, it is now, and yet for rea
sons already mentioned, (personal interest,) it is
almost impossible to obtain them. Just now ;
few speculators have got poesessionof the mar
ket, and carry everything their own way. Its
a desperate game, but from appearances, they
are determined to play it out even at the sac
rifice of honor itself.
In my humble opinion, the true criterion of a
market is what the article offered for sale will
bring. If cotton is quoted in the papers or cir
culars at 13c, and sales cannot be effected at
over 13c, the latter is the correct price. The
market has been put to this test several times
of late, and thousands of bales have changed
hands at a larze reduction from the quoted
rates ; yet such is the influence of certain par
ties who happen to be large holders, that these
dales are smothered up, and nothing but a firm
and buoyant market reported.
An instance in proof occurred on Saturday ;
a large nouse nere sum a line ox one thousand
bales Middling Orleans at 13c, and Uplands at
12c. These sales, however, never reached the
papers, and both were still quoted at 131132c.
The German Turners. In the Supreme
Court of Massachusetts, on Tuesday, in the
case of Valmuth vs. Hathway, the plaintiff
anu several witnesses being tiermans and mem
bers or an association Known as tbe German
Turners, Mr. Dana, one of the counsel for the
defer se, 'inquired of a young German witness
if he was a member ef the association, and he
replying in the affirmative, Mr. Dana then in
quired it ,r:r? had not ben a vote passed by
the society not to admit any member who be
lieved in vi. lhe witness replied that be bad
not been present when any such vote had been
passed, nor had he ever heard of such an oc
currence. In his own words, each member was
allowed to " believe just how as they are a
Relations or Master and Seamen.
Capt. Sears, of the ship Wild Ranger, was
mulcted in damages for confining two seamen,
in the United States District Court of Boston,
last week. This is a portion of the evidence
adduced on trial :
One morning a violent altercation and fight
took place between the second mate and Gra
ham, the libelant, in the course of which the
second mate was seriously stabbed by Graham
in four places. It appears that there was a
permanent difficulty between Graham and the
officer, and that the latter was not inclined to
favor him in any way. In the present instance
Graham discussed with the officer the propriety
of the order given him, and hence arose the
trouble. The captain was not present during
the affray, but was called, and afterwards nut
! Graham in irons, and so kept him in a state
room in tbe cabin until the ship arrived at Bos
ton. The Court held that the captain should
have made an investigation of the matter at
the time, and if it seemed necessary to -confine
the man, it should have been done, but with no
greater severity than was absolutely necessary
ior ms saie-neeping, mat no cnange should
have been made in the man's diet, and that he
should have been made in all respects free from
unnecessary restraint of his person.
It appeared that Graham, in the present case,
was ironed around the wrists, and had also a
small chain around one of his legs, which af-
e 1.1 Li 1 l .... . ., . ,
lurucu uim auuui six leci scope, and mat lie
was in irons aoout eignty days. The captain
in his defense, took the ground that the offense
was so serious that La could not act as iud?e
upon the case; that Graham had made himself
a criminal, and as long as the affair occurred
out of the captain's presence, it was no part of
his business, in so serious a case, to act in any
judicial capacity; that consequently he placed
uranam in a comfortable state-room, and se
cured him only so far as was necessary for his
safe conveyance to the United States, and so
soon as he arrived, delivered him to the proper
authorities : and that this was his whole duty.
The Court decided against the master, and gave
the libelant $145 damages.
Trees on Farms. There is no country rich
er in trees than America: their superabundance
has produced a vague impression in the public
mina mat thev are-superfluities, verv eooa ir
maKing lumDer, rails or nrewoou, out nowiae;
1 . m j . jLI
more, it seldom occurs to anybody that ues
cumberers of the ground fulfill an essential acd
important office In the economy of nature; that
regions deprived of woodland are almost exclu
sively oarren wastes and deserts ; mat trees
exert an equalizing Influence upon toe climate,
that can only be appreciated by those who
have traveled over the burning sands of the
desert, or braved the cokl winds from polar
Every oae knows who has been on our prai
ries, that there the sun's heat in sunnier ia
greater, and the winter's cold more intense,
than in the wooden countries, in the same lati
tude, even when not influenced by altitude or
bodies of watr. Hishly woodea countries, in
a low degree of latitude, are more inhabitable,
as far as temperature is concerned, than many
of those in hicher decrees that are divested of
trees. Where arboreal vegetation 1b abundant,
there is always more or less moisture in the
soil. During no period of the year is the ground
completely dry, so that it is evident that this
class of plants does not extract more moisture
from the soil than the smaller plants ; while
the shade which trees give hinders the evapo
ration produced by the direct solar rays.
Cleared land always suffers first during the
prevalence of drouth, where the drainage is
equal on that and wooded. In the winter,
frosts do not penetrate so deep into the earth
in woods as they do in the open clearing : the
soil in the former remains soft, while that of
the latter is ice-bound for a foot or more and
this independent of the layer of leaves and snow.-
ine observation is a common one, mat me
woods are warmer in winter than the clearings,
and during the whole year the temperature of
the soil is more equal in the former than in the
latter. Tract3 of barren land suffer the great
est extremes of temperature. In the Arabian
desert, in Bummer, the burning simoon sweeps
over the sandy plains; in winter, uie com
Northern winds do the same, eoveriag tbe
mountains and hills with snow. This is pecu
liarly true of that portion, once the kingdom of
Assyria and Babylon.
Trees have, to a certain extent, the sane in
fluence as mountain ranges, attracting showers
of rain : our own country is an example of
this; In the vauey or. uie Mississippi mere are
no extensive elevations of land; nothing to at
tract showers or condense clouds, with an ex-
ceDtion of the trees. The Ilocky iVloontalns
on the West, and the Alleehanies on the East.
dry the winds from both these points by con-
. . . ... L t L .Wit
densing tne moisture usey contain, so mat mm
valley has to depend almost entirely upoa the
South and North winds, with a few points of
.variation, for the necessary amount of rain.
Belts of trees running from feast to veit
would no doubt intercept the moisture of these
clouds. Mature has, to some extent, aeteu in
this manner: the belts ot timber upon our
Western prairies, generally have this direction.
In Eurone. plantations of trees are consid
ered quite essential for protecting the land and
crops from sweeping winds ; hedges have, in
fl t thltbe inhabitants of countries with a
lesser decree, tue same enecu tiueti were-
... it,,i .. h,n ,r nun rMkir nrh
protection indispensable, it becomes an abso
lute necessity that we should adopt aeans to
produce a like result. Evaporation from the
surf ace of the soil must be retarded; a dry
wind will, in three hours, absorb more than
the sun will in ten, and return none' in tbe form
of dew. The rapid changes which the plants
composing our crops undergo are very injurious ;
a certain mean of temperature and moisture,
with little variation, beioz essential to the
most perfect development of the plant and
seed. Oto Farmer.
Thorough Cultivation. Oa this subject
a writer in the Homeilead says : An erroneous
impression prevails quite cotaraoiy, that a
farmer cannot afford to hire help to a great ex
tent i. e., be might better aifofd to let his
fields lie uncultivated, than to employ any ex
tra help; and if a man has store than one
hired man for his hundred acre farm he is on
the road to the Independent's weekly Hat, as
fast as possible. Tv'ow I shall on tbe contrary
claim, (douH run,) that if a man has a good
feasible farm, easily tilled, he cannot aSbrd to
let it be in this uncultivated state, no bow ; and
that there lies within the first eight or ten
iuches of this farm, wealth, if sot quite equal
to California, much more sure, which will not
yield any return, unless it is judiciously
There Is a man of my acquaintance who has
this season, taken a crop from three-fourths ot
an acre, and sold it for $150, or at the rate of
$200 per acre, and on this he expended in la
bor, manure, etc., at the rate of $50 per acre.
Now allow me, first, to enquire, which wodld
be the most practicable to lay out just as lit
tle labor and capital as possible, say five dol
lars on an acre, and in return get ten, or, as
this man did, put on fifty and take off two hun
dred. This may seem an extraordinary case.
Grant it. But the principle is not this cor
rect? No, brother farmers, don't be afraid of
putting on more labor on fewer acres. Do
thoroughly what is done, and your profits will
The Yellow Loccst Tree As a rapid
growioz timber tree, the locust is of high value.
No other hard wood can be raised as quick at
least, we are acquainted with none. Its use
for posts, for carpenter's work, for fuel, etc.,
Is not very extensive, because though a few
trees are grown in almost every neighborhood,
it is seldom found in any quanti'y, to supply
such demand. It would be well to olant it more
extensively, to fill sp tbe waste ' inters of our
farms with it. Once planted, it propagates it
self by sprouts and suctters, and retains pos
session or. tne sou, unless special pains are ta
ken for it3 eradication. They can be produced
from tue seed.
The leaves of plants should invariably be
kept clean and free from dust ; if they are not,
you cannot expect success 111 plant growing.
The leaves of a plant are like the lungs of an
animal ; tney must be kept tree, or it will uie
By properly checking tbe growth of a plant,
you increase the vigor of its leaves, and size of
(13 A negro belonging to air. hatcher, in
Laurens county, Georgia, confessed to bis
master that he bad during three days swal
lowed twenty-five gold dollars which he had
The Yazoo and Mississippi River Rail
boas. It will be seen by reference to our col
umn of legislative proceedings that a bill intro
duced by the Hon. P. B Starke, Senator from
Bolivar, chartering a railroad from Skipwith's
landing, on the Mississippi river, to Yazoo City,
and thence to some suitable point on the Cen
tral Railroad, has passed both branches of the
We understand that the projectors of this
enterprise are men of large capital, and are
determined to press it forward to early coaple
tion. It is certainly one of the most important
works of the day. The route over which it is
proposed to construct it, embraces a region of
unbounded fertility not surpassed by any ia
the State. Indeed, it has been frequently, and
not without reason, styled the "garden spot"
of the cotton State. The wealthy and ifouriaii
ing settlements known as Steele's Bdyoa, Deer
Creek, Sunflower and Silver Creeks, will all
be affected by it, and are directly interested in
tbe work. In addition, it will be the means
of opening up other fertile and salubrious re
gions, now lying waste fcr want of the means
of transportation. This road will bring these
lands into cultivation and add vastly to the re
sources and wealth of the State. Besides, it
will connect the interior or middle counties
with the Mississippi river, and afford them ad
ditional facilities for travel and traffic. Mis
Largs Stock or Cotton. The late heavy
receipts of our leading staple, and the compar
atively light shipments, have pretty fully test
ed the capacity of our cotton warehouses, and
with upwards of 200,000 bales in the city and
on shipboard, tne pressmen nave been not a
little bothered to know where to stow it. The
presses and warehouses are nearly all full, and
many of the vacant lots contiguous are covered
with immense piles of this valuable product.
In their strait many are compelled to deposit
upon the side-walks in their vicinity, ami all
along Royal street, from St, Anthony street to
the railroad depot, and on the streets from Roy
al street to the river, very little else appears m
sicht but cotton, cotton, cotton. For lurnber-tn-
tin the sidewalks, four Dtonrietora of ware-
honses were arranged before the Mayor, but
upon condition that they would embrace tne
earliest possible opportunity to clear the walks,
.i 1 . i r.. 1 . - j j .- r ,
Uiey wcxccacuhcu. uutiicwaurcriiarrj ai. at.
Arsest or Supposed Abolitionists. Third
Sergeant Thomas Price, of the Mounted Police,
arrested in this city last evening, in the vicini
ty of Drayton street, an individual name James
Marshall, who was delivering an abolition
speech. From his appearance it was supposed
that many imbibitions or. southern red-eye bred
up his Northern feelings, and he undertook the
r 1 1 ; i a . . . . i r 1 1 f
responuouuy ot. giving to a tew nine nicKcrs
his opinions of Southern Institutions. They
were very much amused at him, and when he
was airested gave three hearty cheers at his
success in getting lodgings at the Police Bar
racks. Another gentleman of the Bame stripe
was also arrested in the vicinity of the market
and was locked up. They will be quietly sent
from the city to their Northern homes, and
should be thankful each at having escaped a
coat of tar and feathers. Savannah Georgian.
D. T. ASH, Manager.
BENEFIT OF THE
Protean Actress aHd Fairy star.
MISS MAGGIE MITCHELL!!
Friday Evening, Jan. 30,
OX watt occasion abe will atlr in tkirt at W ia
v.rtte pitc. Pet of U Mtaeaala, MmM at lie vnt.
toe PaM, an hrr own ptoc ot Catty OSjkcU.
ADXM3IOA. Boxra, 51 ; rarqaau. jl ; Stcaorf
CUM, St ocsta ; Colored Gallery, 93 emu.
TBRXB wtrl fc a ipaeicl ntoetlnc of tk Botrtof Mayar
ami AMenm fewatakt i 7 o'daak. ta atoaaaa Ike
Hnapbis and Little Back XaUroad qaestioa. A aaactnal
THOat AS a. CAKKOU. Xayar.
UropUa, January XOth, Its; II
it. s. r.iuiiAr,
LAWTSK, Urataat. OIKaoa Jiata street, ipaiilto
Clark's XarMe Block, aa slatri, atora Jaaaiaa'a
drac atore. JaaM-daartir
A FIXE TOVKB MA NO for aala my
cheap. a the owaer wuar la break aa
aoaarkreptiic. A pply at tall
Classical and Mathematical fccheel,
A SCHOOL nf the character aboea
V ofMDCd ta this place on taw Kb ef Mratn, 1867.
The cvamotiMtractaoa wilt be tbe mom a that pursued
at the UBtverMty af vkcu la, aaa adapted t the prat-
rattoa of yoath tar tbe Uattrrstty, ar the beeaaea par
son of life. The dueteat araache Iba wfj b laatht
la that iWiaal are:
Eagisth l.aagnam and 1.1 Wf at are;
Moral Philmopby and Klhri ;
Mathoaaatic and X at Ural 8cace ;
Break Laagase aad lteratara;
Latin Ijncaae aad Liierstaie;
Modern Laacu:es act Ltlarataa.
Havlait attee ed tbe Lectern ta Iba Utmry and Sci-
eatlac Eepartateats uf the CaaeensV of Vl'Ctou; ub
taiaed tb decree of Bachelor ef Art, and beea aeeeral
eutaeacaaBd ialsirhiaa;. I aMSer MTSrif wttb Ik- hope
that I v ill M abje to ate aeneral seJi.ttcSaea ta the atf
f event breaches which I profess to teach. A regards
ajaalUcatioBS. mora! character, and Isn't rag. I can refer
sao Ffafeeeors of iae uaiverstry, SM t taucuiaeae of
CbarloOeaTllie. Ta., from whoas I have aialn seltais
Terms $40 per whim of tvai eatae, atysate bwa-
rlahty h adnata. Kodedaclioa aaade esxeatiacaae uf
proti acted Ubse-s.
Par farther perMcaiars, ee pruned orcaiar, or call on
te, at the Cjoaawrriai Hotel.
JaasO MmS M. JOMBS, A. B.
Clerk's Sale of KenI Estate.
WUUara V. AacVrMa, ) Kz. r.rte PrUttea to Met Seal
ACao'r of Thee i Stare- V aetate.
oa. dee'd. aad etbrs. ) la Clrcail Coart ef SfceibT Co.
PURSUANT to a Decree af tha (Tirottt Caart of Khelby
Oottsrty.TeadtndoathegMday of Jaensaey. 187. ta
the abate caese. I will, ea tbe srst XOXBAT, betax tha
M day ef March oral, aa front ot the Ctart Huaas doer ba
Italetcb.Traneeace, proceed to sell to tha high ret tedder.
at paauc asanas,
20 ACRES OF LAW D,
h in C to. the Mth Aorveyer'a aVstrirt af Shelby Ccnty.
la Kaaze . Secslone 1 aad f, a tbe oaafh Nde of Wolf
river, hetos; the saaseLaad of which Thomas 5. Siatpeea,
dee'd. seiiad and aoaseaoed.
Terms Oas half cash; tha rastdaa ea a credit of six
months, wath bead aad aeenriry fnr Mae dbjai led aajastat.
X. D. L. SraWAKtVaark.
TTK. K. roarox, A try fur Fetirlsaii re.
nuildinr and Loan Association.
ntHE thirty-i. I tnataiavut of theltraaphisBaiMitttaad
.1 Loan AeeoCiataosi will be dae 00 satudhy. January al
1S57. payable at the efflea uf tbe TrresBrer, comer of
jsadlaoa street ana nana .vei-noe, (an stairs.) Tha rs
win peoltteery bo )oaa-d aaiu 1 (Teniae, at T 'clack, at
Raq. Horne' office, Co art Sqssar.
lascS-at J . CRADwICK. Secretary.
Want eel Immediately,
A SITUATION as Book kVeaar ar as Ckna ia a Hole!
XX. or any anaai am where a yoaac aaaa, by
alt nation to aad Interest in the boalaeas of has eata-toyer
will enable tbe latter to pile np the dinars, and at the
aasae tinse glee the forsaer a chance to aaaxe a aasst a
rery aatail pile tor htaaaclt. Address B. S. nTRTOV
tk roach the Post Ofltceor inqairo at tne Mreapki Pr
bssOs OnUwt, Adaaas street. Jtefereaoes can b air' a. if
rvo ti:i::k fxtsxiIo:
The Madison Street
Sash, Door and Blind Pactory.
mil aBshi'lhm'd has takes the stand recently
JL pled by Xosre 3c. Halt lead, over the Plaaisu Mill of
Whipple, xccauash at Co , and la prepared to all all or.
d rs for Sash, Soars, BUasV, Frames, Oaetags, JlseJeV
M, Xanta-s, tec.
Particular attention paM to dressing aad ripping Lonv
Mr, fur tne uarpentars and Matdsrs,
Jac deni P.. TtmegsOK.
To City S Country
TTTl are wUlinii to dose nt the ema'adrrnf sn- Win-
V V ter Roods, at rxtresx ly low pric s, baring a
aoeortawBt left ef Blanket Kerseys, Liaseys, Satinetts
Twetds, Jrans, Flannels. Waotra Dr- Reoda. and Dark
Prints. Merchants wtshiDe to recruit tb-ir stocks wtu
fled it to tbHr icUrcst Ij !! opon us. One ef oar arsa
bae bsea engaged the past f ur weeks In baying an-l ship
ping a SPRING STOCK. Wa are pertacala.ly anxious to
Bsabe room for It.
Also an hand a heary stock of Osnabnisj, at mane fac
ts rs' priors ; Brown aad Rteaebed Sherttaga and Shirt-
cossirr, bill a. talxaw;.
BT AKPB.BW JOH1SSOX, SOTOCXOK OT TCKX.
TO whs shall sac these Piisasats Crest nag :
Wheuas, It has been nude known to nae that
THOMAS D. HOFFL3B,
charged with baeinc: committed a font aad atraeioas
Marder, oa tbe 7th aWr of October. 1SSS, anon the body
of JM. yt. Brown, lata ef war coeatty af Tipton, has Bed
frose jnattee, and ra now nrarrrng at laras.
Raid Thomas D. HehVr is aboat forty or forty- tee
years ef in; about are teet six or eight ansae- high
strahrbt baitt ; eery dark cmalt ctrd ; dark hair and eyes;
downcast look ; large meat It and ery white teeth; he
00a verses very freely at tiny, and waea phrased in can-
rtrssfisa has a peculiar wa.se.
Xow, thai flora, 1, Imtw Johhsok, Sereroer as
atbraatd by einne of tn power and authority re me
-vented, do bsrreby oavr a reward of Three issues ed Vol
tors tn any person or persons who aay app-rh-nd lbs
said Tboaaaa . H mer, and aetivar htm 10 the Herts' or
jailer of oar cosmty of Tipton, hi order that jasUca in that
behalf amy be had and executed
la leetinioTry whereof, I hare hereunto
aa b a state to be assYsed at NatarUle, ea the
3lh oar of December, HN.
jr,! Uvvrroor : A.VWtEir JOHXSOK
F X. W. BcnToa, Secretary of State).
A Desirable Itwiites House for
TUB House I no occupy wtu hs
good Uaact, on early anntscatiaa to
j. w. .HCCKAW,
jaatS-tf TnSMiB-t . one door seat h sf Meore
I OFFKK ary BesitV-noa, an Hits str-et.
nearly aapoolta Mr B-attya. Let rrentaae; 16
ft, and raaaing back r73 tret. Saad new
Hobm, with Mar rooms, good cnMta and gar-
Alan, tut, in Peath Monaahie, ea alias: street, front in
SB feet -f ke(s, and tuning hoc IM feet
Ann, dfOvaasas aniaapmud Land m Tippah eeanty,
Per terra apply at my sdhce, oa Cnert street.
J Te S.tKGoTBB.
.V. B .A bargain win he given aa ex. kaane for XV-
Voal ? Comi !
FOR sale, one half ar t'ar-i..arihj if tbe ORBKX
RlTBJt COAL MIMKS. These Mines are ailaatrd
in Ohfc connty, Ontncky, iroutia; on Upe rir-r, uc
ails ajove the month of hooch creek, an-l fifty mil-
trvmiho month af Sr. en tieer. Ttiii rr.uerty contain,
ana tnaomad acres of Cool l.ai! Tb-re arc iw veins of
C jot wiihan obyhty yards of . be rlerr ar flee feet thick,
the other near mar feet thtcs. ature high water. The
Coot la of Ike beet anality. fire-a atari at lorbrd aad
dammed, sad is navigable at all seaas. Cost of tbe best
quality can bo tarabhed in Memphis, tn say quantity
aad lor all parpens. I wi't sell ae-half or snvre o a
eamnoav or ear one of caP'tal Io carry it oa. ftrtonn
washiagtamak a safe inovseat and good nasgl wwald
do wWl to call on me, at the Conierctal Hotel.
Jaai7-.pt L. uuut.i.
Cufitiauation el Ike Saio .ef Leases
NAYY YARD GROUNDS, fcC.
AS SATTJeWAT, the gist of January, the remaining
W paction af the Xavy Ta d erand bHdsaan, ax.
that was Irft ovr froia the Brat letting, will
b lea led. la conformity with the diiwctlaas of the
Board ef Mayor aad AloVrasen. The property east of the
Tenieal wa I has brea laid off bats lots of suitable a a- .or
re idenow or ba.rtees bonoes. Tbe otbr . roper ly bas
been laid off with a vtrw to mansfactnrtnjr parpoeee.
The lea.es are to expire oa tbe Stat of Deer mot r, 1988
Tbe r-nt is to bo paid seml-ananally on tbe lath ef June
and Dseeaabar ef etna year tbe paimaal of tha same to
be secared ta the aatiaract-oa of the Mayor aad Finance
Caamittoa, and the teaa- ta eoataln a forfeit tare ia cae
of fail are on the pail of the ksaees to coaapty with tbe
terms thereof. THOMAS B. CABJtOLL, Mayor.
Memphis. January T7 cat
oof jstSl.'X'- u x cjh: :
Exhibited la Xmp!ii for a Few Dys Only.
Caabeaeea, forafew das only, thewead MCalf,
XTOW seroa months srd, bavtag taXaUMS, aad ether
1 wi remarkably devciuprd caobf tan rarest Aiioa
Mlesofthedsy. Also, the caatbrat. d animal,
bora with only THBBB LBOS, now aboat lines jcai s oat,
aad otheesrtso faDy aevehaned.
Also, that beaorifol noadeosrlpdPtg, ,
a perfect Heimsphradtto, aad a netfect sarlsiKy Is bis
The abort aU iavm a
MUSEUM OF NATURE
rarely to be met with, and can bo wltBeesssJ at tha law
pi ice of Tweaty-Fiee Cents.
Call in aad see the cariosities. janS7-lw
Memphis Relief Association,
AT a meeting of this A soclaMsa, heM at lee office ei
A. P Merrill, pursnaal to notice, the laHowlas; gea
tlenen were t!ectd oUcers ft tbe year :
Prttui!X. P. Meirilx..
Secretary J. Uxox Walker.
Treasurer A. n. tCiTMcasraON.
Ztteutivs CoamitteeL. Shanks, J. B. Mxskimax
and Tn os. J. Fikxic.
Applications for. aht may be isada to any ef tbe abort
office, ettatr lor Bteaey. peavisioas. caHaeag, or wood.
Any person knowing of oUnts at caarKy ea, by hw
klnctbeireatekaewa t one of tbe eatears. hare the
matter brocjht fccftfre the AssoeUtlro and relief aSbrdetl.
JanSJ O. B. GUTHRIE, &Cy pro. ten.
nra af tto osatiBBeJ fead "wtaiher. the ills
at Hn law's Satorban Rraidtnce Pneir pet-
aatt WZTUntSDAY, the -ttnOar orFetmarr st.
wan tt will jMitrrtir take place.
JaaS7-ta) 6. B. LOCZZ. Agctfeneer.
Cltaiicery Sale of Two Valuable
POTtSPAJfT t a Dkctm of the Cbaacery Court at
Mrmpbia. rcadnwl Kovriaaer Term, iSSQJa the
eat of Jowpa Lnovr aad ArcMaakl Wrijat; Adair at
Albert fi. TJaaorwoed, atcM, and ataati, ex-pert e ptMaa
Tuesday, 24th Pebruaryir,1858j4
ia troat f mj oOc Ic tk city ot Mesabls, proceed to
Ml la Uk Mgheat llddtr for cub,
Two Valuablo Negroes,
o tea Wn tatfca BMate of aaid A. G Uodanreod, dooU,
via . Negro Man aaawd HBNKT, a No. 1 Pinter?, aad
aia wife AGNKS,' aa exeeUeat Boom or Qtas'ardSerranU
Sett at II o'clock A.M. ,
jaaSf-dawtda JOHX 0. UUTIZR, 0. fcM.
Chancery Sale of Valuable Real
PCTtSOAXT to a Decreeot tht Cbaacery Coert at U.m
abis. rendowd JfaTsaaber Terat, 18M, iatfee easeet
Vealey Blakrasere a. Sarah Carathers asd IJa Qarol a
ore, widow aad htr ot Ja&es H. Carathers, dsceaae.1, 1
SATTODAT, JAMJART 31st, IES7,
in troat of say odaer. tn the city of Mimahti, proceed to
sen lathe hidhest bidder, tbe foaowtae -rateable Seal Xs
tale, hTlaa near tbe city of Mrarpiia, W H: onz-Raur
f a crrtaia Tract or parcel ot Lasd, sHsnud la 'Sfaetbr
coeaty, Tftaacsies, near tbe city of Memphis, ksewa and
drsignatrd oa the aaaa of Lota laid osT by E. S. Todd fur
vruioaghby WUUaass . as Ma Noa. TS and TI. OS Her-
uaodo Xoad, begmatBg at aitate en Use Korta shtee(
Waiter street, aad the West safe ef tha BefmaBdo Bead,
nuniaf theaca North with the ttae of tafct Heraawlo
Head stxteen c betas aad thirty seren Nats te a stake at a
petat saaosits to where tha. North sad ot WMtaaa' A r
eaoe ratrtcts the Meraaade Head, theses West with tko
Kae of V. aad J. Harberts' lot oae chaba aad serfkty.
sevea links to the Bast axle of Ortaass street, ihsa.-a
Scatt with tbe Bast Uae ot Orleans street rawteea
is and leeeattT Uaas baa stake, at the corner ef
Walker street, theaee Jiaet vriO the Bae ef Walter
street csfbt chans and nishaj oas steal to tha
lKiaalag, coalaiaang seren and one half aarcs. Tha
aaid one-half tberaut betas thclassaauaariudtheretaby
issos H. Carathers.
Snbt Tract or aarcei of Land wM be seMHtded Ine?
two eaaal nsreeia, and the pert lea tanllrd te Salalo at
Jaatesll. Carutberc wall be sold ia Lota of ee&Teattst
t aait parens i era, a psaaef wnsett win be eihaslli t
a tha day of sale.
Tersee of Seae The above tarnrsinn Real Sstate was.
be aoid oo.a credit at aceea aeoalbs, panhaser to esersts
bond with avptoeed secattty, and a Kes soaalaid on tha
Sab-at 11 o ctotl a. 2T.
Jaal-dawtd JOHXC. LAXUR, C. M.
CHAXCEUY SALE OF A
Corner of Linden and St. Martin Sts.
PtTmSD ANT to a decree of Jhe Chancery Cent at 31 a
phas, KBdcred Xorember Term. :8S4, la tb case ot
nee B. mntps and wife, gnra ramps. Jfarsaret
McGinn and others, heirs of A. B. Mrfiinafs. eWd. a-
pana petilesa ta sen Seal Betate and Stares, I waa
Saturday, January 31st, 1857,
ta treat ef say eatoe ki the 'tty ef X3e!, proetftl to
tU to the htcbrst header,
A Valuable Lot in Sostk
Situated 00 the SoethwyH corner of Ltastn aad aavMar
tin streets. Said Lot fronts ea South stae ot Thsl .n
street MM feet, and raw back with St Ifartht street ta
Weet aide 1S feet to an alary.
Tnrns 0 Safe. One-third of psirhiiiii mosey taez&i
baUaoe ta renal instalawate at oae and two years, wMH
inseresi jreaa ante, rsreaaser to exoens news wrta ap
provedMcarity for the deferred pjyoeata.
At the tame tUse and place, tn pnrsaaace of saktdecree.
I wtu sen to tbe highest bidder for Cash, a raJaaVie Xts
omen aaasta Jane, Deieeg.nc u sax estate.
Sede tocesnmence at 11 e'docl, A. It.
JOHX C. LAXIER.
dfecaej-dawtd Oatx and Kasier.
Cleric's Sale of Ileal Estate in the
City of Memphis.
BT rtrtae of a Decree ef the Law aena ot the Quiimin
Law aad Chancery Ceort of the City of w 1 ipbl , at
its November Term, 18K. ia the rase of R. E. Ckew sad
vbers, cx-paite, I wul sen to the highest baMefaatpab.
lie a dc! ion. in front of ary edsce. Bareness), eosner uf
Co art Saoare, on SATlKDAT, ebraary 14th, PS, the
follow tag described property, to wit :
Twenty-one Feet of Lot Hb. 192,
on Xatn street, in the ciy of Memphis.
Tcuauoo-third casta; tha lt alt are ha osoaadtwa
years, with U tercet from d tar
JanM MARCTJS J. VBhgHT, One.
TX patsaanee of a Seed of Tmst, eaeanted to
X James U Hill and John B. TtHL lor th hKet of
Bradley. VUsoa It CO., dated Mth of Xiy, MM, m feir
recorded tu tbe Ersister'a Oflke of the eesulj el Sexdby,
aad Stats of Tennessee, I will pis end to seOaar eaah. at
pontic sale, on toe premises, at 11 o'clock, 0aT8B9fLiT,
febrsary loth. 1S7. the fnUowine dessttsed issplctr.
with the lmpruiuinmli thereon, beans the North Sab? of a
certain lot treating an use East aide ef Second street,
ten nty- our feet three inches, raaaing back Sastwsidly.
and al right angles with Second street one hundred anl
farty-eicbt feet aiz laches, being that csitasa lot uf
rrcund known aad designated on plan or map of the city
of Mempbia as sot eamber three haadi i aad gdtgwsrven.
upon which is a dcable three-story brtek dwelling tease,
toasthsr with all nssseeery toamibuiees, fcc
The tits- to the above property Is awHsyeiaMe. batt
wilt coaeey only sack title aa l rested t as as Trailer.
AH right of redemption is ex pre sty waived by the terms
cf the Deed of Treat. yc. A. JO NHS,
DISSO LUTIGIV OF PART1YEHSII I
TUX partnership existing between SOTS S. ANDHR
SOX is this dsy dtevorved by masnal asntsat. Tha
bnsineas win tn con tinned by the sails. Hall.
Memphis, Jaa. 36, MS7. J. BOYD k. GO.
TPs anaotetgnsd will remere their ileal: ef gioctitcs
late week t J. Boyd's old stand, Xb. lW Main street,
nearly opposite their present locatisn, where they wU ba
pleased to esMthrtreM patrons. Their present localvaa
Xa. 17 Main street to lor rent, lew, ba a respehsibks
tenant, by applicaiiaa to J. BOTD It OO..
JUaST-J w Xo 17B Main ttreet.
Memphis Female College.
TBS sixth usalea win commence ea Febrsary 9th.
rBprv la the first and second Frenaratoty Ctaasrs,
according to caial-igo,) wUI be taken at $15 per session.
Charges o'herwtse anchnaged. Dr. MilliBgtes, one e
the ablest Chemists of the age, win by pesttire agree
ment, deiivrr a coarse of Lectnros, dnrmg the stssiea, oa
Natural Phitorophy and Chemistry. An the pspBs will
atter.d tbre Lecm-es, which will be iUnstnted by exper
iment, with tbe sae of a very extensive Apparatas. It
H tbe design of tbe College to aabrd all the faeMtir
which can be nad in any part of the Union for a praetical
and thorough education.
janM dtt.wZt C. O. MACrBgB80N", Pret't.
A few saperior luatramtnts, from
I beat maker., fairy warranted, at
6EO. FLAHERTT it BRO.'S,
Jantft Corner Mant aad Cstss-sts.
Fine Parlor and Chamber Setts
TTITK a general assortmeat or yaraaaro, at
GBO FLAHB2TT a. BBO.'S.
Saslt, Stairs, Hamsters,
AXD a thousand aad oae useful articles, too tedious
to mention, eaa be bad at
GBO FLAHERTT k BRO.'S,
Corner Main aad tTaioa streets, Memahts, Tana.
J. Co JAOOBI & CO.,
(Xo. 328 Main, bet. TJafcn and Gayete-lts.,)
Importers and Manufacturers of
HAVANA & DOMESTIC
CIGAES AM TOBACCO.
H)XSTAXTLT on hand, a large assortment at tha taost
V favorite brands, at aML'sravc prices.
J. E. CHADWICK'S ADTERTISEHEM3
Will Always be Found in This Column.
PBKSOXS wishing to know what he has to scH,tr
what he may want 10 buy for any at Ms easterners,
win be sure to and tt IB the last etoasn, on IbeSEGOXO
PA6I. Remember that, aad save yaarself tha trouble
of looking all over tbe paper.
AU business entrusted to mo win be attended to can
fully aad with dispatch.
O litre Madison Street, opposite Union JJaak.
IKaWRAXCB, BBAL BSTATB AXB dEXKXAI.
Etna Fire and Inland Xavigi
tion Insurance Company,
CAPITAL AXD SUP-FLITS $1,0C0,C0.
Hartford Fire Insurance Co.,
CAPITAL AXD SntPLTJS S0j900.
Charter Oalr. Life Insurance Co,
CAPITAL AXD ;CKPLCS $100,001.
POLIC1BS issued on reasoaabie terms. Losses equita
bly adjaetfd and proaiptlypaid.
FOR SALX Tii- lot oa the Xerthwest corner ot
fiayueo aad CeSoto s '.reels. Size, 69 by 60 feet, eostaln.
ing a good fra ue dwelling, with fear rooms and baae.
meat, aad grocery stand oa the corner. 'Writ be sola lew,
if takea sooa. Apply to J. E. OIIADWICK,
Xeaanbis Land Osbce, ilaJtaan-iC.oyp. Union Bank.
FOR SALE An exeahVnt framed lien tc, eon t ate fag
Xlne Koobm, oa Pontotoc street. Has a good (Kstein at
tached. Fossesoteagtren lanaediately.
FOR SALE Serta Acres of Land, carered with flea
fruit Trees, within half a arils of tbe ctty tesiU, oa tad
Hernando Ftaak Baad. lnqoJre ef
J. B. CUADWK3K, Memphis Land OSes,
Opposite Onion Bank.
FOR SALE. A Three Tear' Leass ot a nice and
Praane BweUlnr, eeataisnvr. fanr roots.
aad servaats' room, with a caod weH ot water.
It shales Fruit Trees, s taker, aad about tlx acred
af Ine tillable Land, suitable far nardealng purposes, al
wlthta one ana a aair miles or ueart square, inouirs a
j. s. oHADricr,
Hemahis Land Offlce,
ip3 OpaeaMe Union Bank
JPrugs : JBriigs :
Ward & Jones,
W9 MAIX STRBBT, MEMPHIS, TIXX.,
IT'SiJ constantly en haad a very heary stock of goods
a. in the j line of trade
itnutrr dealers. nhvafcclaM. and others win find It f
their ialerest te purchase of them ratter than from
-Xert&etaor jusiera cities.
ibe raped iHereaae of trada ta Xemcbls dnaagds of us
as ceatgeto with other buxsr cities . TlV artidit rrnini i
to io it
Jj-Xoaebutpanetail mec sr ctaa customera-need
HAY1XC qsaltfitd at Diccmbtr Tera, 1SSC, of. tha
Caaaty Caart of Fayetta eeanty, Tnn,,.aa Adminis
tratrix ef t ha estate of the late John W.-EonJ, deceased.
I hereby notify all persons baring claims jisalnst said.
Batal te presret them for payment rrrtbln tha Una pre
scribed by law, and aB those Indehtod. to sildXataWta
Tome forward aad nuke immediate payment.
JinST-dawlm at ART F. BOXD, AdralnUtratrlx,