Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY MORNINC, TEBRUARY 6, 1857.
STATE CONVENTON POSTPONED.
Ib coapliance with what appears to be the
uBaniisous wish of the Democratic party of the
State, the State Central Committee recommend
it,..- w- Cff rtAni7ntinn hA nnarnnnpd nntil
the 15TH DAY OF APRIL NEXT, and meet
on that day. C K. WINSTO N,
. Chairman State Central Committee.
Nashville, December 12,1856.
DEHOCEATIC COTJSTY CONVENTION'.
After consultation with some of our Demo
cratic friends, we feel authorised in naming
, , , ' , . , . .,, 4SI
MoBday, the 2d day of March, as the time for
the meetisg of the iiext Democratic county con-
vcrUm upon which will devolve the doty of
appointing delegate to the State and District
r J6 "I5 ' . . . .
coBveatioos. There are three District conven-
tiens te be heW, viz: a Congressional, a Sena-
t?i,: D..ntiiir. Mnn.
w t. n m J
c uu DCC "j
friends may not, at the same county convention
proceed also to nominate candidates for the
Legislature from Shelby county. This, how
ever, can be considered hereafter, if there should
he objection to this course.
Tk. MamttT f Mat. haa lioon ono-pctprl I
byeof our Hankman friends, we under-
etand, f or the meeting ef the Congressional
District convention, and we think that the time
a ih. ,-,vi. t.thm n.n.nfnrrof
the whole District.
The proper effect of Divine worsb ip is greatly
Improved" and rendered more salutary and im- j
pnslng by a correct and espressive vocal per-
etU. 1,,,. Tfa Tr,3crir
isSdeBce upon the minds and hearts of wor
shipping congregations, in bringing them to
saber and solemn contemplation, and in pre-
r,tyir,rr ilian, fnr on aftentir anA nra vpr f 111
heari of the Word of God, is universal ad-
sttted; and we cannot conceive how it is pos-
sM4e for any one to feel a deep and lively
Merest in the culture of morality and religion,
and, at the same time, entertain feelings of in
dtfereoce in regard to the general cultivation
e-f sacred vocal music, which, in all ages of the
world, has, very justly.
been regarded as the
hand-maid of virtue and piety.
That the moral and religious portion of oor
cmity attach due consequence to tHis im-
pertaat subject, we do not pretend to doubt ;
hwt, that there is a universal deficiency in the
Bwsic ef ear churches, no one will venture to
AaMv. Thn it bprnmea our liiltr. if possible.
BJ4, 14..nU6 U1. c r
certain the tree cause of tne dencieney, ana to
take early and efficientmeasures to remedy the
evil. The means of acquiring all necessary
inflation on this important subject are now
i j tk. r .ItKr.h-
pidccti niiiiiuiucgianji ui uul cuiuc uimm 1
going population, and all others interested,
thresgh the medium of a series of two or three
iltastrative lectures, proposed to be given by
Pref. L. C. and Dr. A. B. Everett, in each
of or churches the object being to prepare
the way for the establishment of congregational
classes for dementmry and practical training.
One ef the above gentlemen, Prof. L. C. .,
gave an introductory lecture to an unusually
attentive and delighted audience, in the-Cum
berland Presbyterian Church, on Tuesday
night last. The force of the Professor's argu
meats and vocal illustrations upon this occa
sles was such as to convince, we believe, even
the most skeptical of his audience of the feaai
hittty of his propositions, and the prompt ac
tio ef the interested audience in the formation
ef a large class gave abundant evidence of the
Meb. decree of satisfaction realized from the
These gentlemen enjoy an enviable and well
merited reputation as composers and teachers
of sacred Music, and are conjointly the au
thersef two valuable works on this subject.
The first of which know nas "The Progrejive
Church Vocalist" issued two years since, of
which several large editions have been ex
exhausted, is still held in very high estimation,
wfeHe the second, entitle-1 " Thesaurus Musi
cs," which first appeared in August last, has
rue through an extensive edition, and is des
tined to become the standard work of the
Seath. From the various notices which we
have seen of Prof. L. C. and Dr. A. 3. Ev
erett, we have become deeply interested in
then, aid feel much anxiety for the success of
.the laudable and praiseworthy enterprise in
wMch they, in connection with two of their
brothers, are so zealously engaged. They
'have associated themselves together for the
purpose ef elevating the standard of Sacred
Music in the Southern States ; and, being south
erners themselves, (hailing from the '' Old Do
minion ") and possessing the highest qaalifica
ttes in their profession, they richly deserve
the universal patronage and ce-operation in
. this great work of every community in the
South ; and we are pleased to see them en
dorsed by many of the most eminent clergymen,
and other prominent citizens of onr section of
the Union. Ws would here add that in order
t the successful bringing about of this impor
tant reformation they have employed at their
ewn expence a large number of highly quali
fied assistant teachers who are at present la
boring in various parts ef the South "for the
promotion of the cause. "We esteem the op
portunity now offered the citizens of Memphis
. for improvement in this sacred and too much
neglected science as one ef rare occurrence
and which should be eagerly embraced by all
whose circumstances will admit of their so
Kr fee Memphis Alfw!
Messes. Editors: In your paper of this
meming there is a suggestion that the Democ
racy ef Shelby meet at Raleigh on the 2d of
March, for the purpose of appointing Delegates
to the J ash ville Convention, fcc, Ax. Youalio
suggest that the meeting on the 2d of March,
make the nominations of the candidates for
County Representatives. This, sir, I think is a
' bad idea. Because there never is a full repre
BeataUen at the primary meetings. Andthen, it
J s too soon to make nominations for the county
Yoa dtd not suggest at what place the Conven
' tioa should meet for the purpose of nominating
a candidate for Congress. But, I suppose you
considered mat of course it would be at Som
ervllle, as that has always been the place of
meeting, and the most central point in the Dis
trict. Now, I wish to make a suggestion to
the Democracy of this Congressional District,
and of the Senatorial and Floating Districts,
and also for the County Representatives. It is
that the Democrats of each CipiZ Biitrid, or
precinct, will meet together at some place in
their diBtrict,and consult together and speak out
and declare who are their preferred men to be
nominated for the different offices in their gift;
ina aiso to appoint delegates to attend the dif
ferent conventions, and represent the sentiments
of the retnj democracy. If we begin right we
will succeed. And we should especially avoid
IettiBg a few make the nominations for the whole
or if you please, dictate to the party who shall
be candidates. The Democratic party should
therefore take such action as to prevent any
possibility ef such dictation.
I think the first Monday in June will be soon
enough to make the nominations for County
Representatives. This is Intended as a sugges
tion in all kibdnecs to those who may differ
with me. lours, &c.,
Febeuabv 5, 1857. " SILAS."
5?" A member of the Ohio House of Repre
sentatives, named Slouch, was expelled from
that body on the 29th ult., for striking Mr.
Caldwiia, another member.
- : i
Assagjlnatiea of the Archbishop or Fan.
DETAILS OF THE CHIME.
Froci the Trt Moalteor, Janaary 1
A dreadful crime has been committed in the
nhiireh of St. Etienne-du-Mont. After the
nrocession had passed, a:id at the moment when
It was returning into the sacristy, Monseigneur
the Archbishop of Paris was stabbed with a
dagger by a priest named Verges, who was re
cently lnteraicteu irom umiiaiig.
The Arcno.suon was earned to tue rresuy-
terv of St. iiUenne-du-iMont, wnere, almost
i aojj - i
We cannot daacrine the deep emotion ivnicn
was felt by the numbers of the faithful who
were assembled in tue cnurcii, or ine raourmui
impression which was caused throughout Paris
last eveninrr. when the news spread of the
death of this virtuous prelate.
From tbe Journal des DttuU.
M. ue Torres, cure oi ciieune-uu-uiuui.,
n-. D,eiate. and invited the assistants
M. de Borres, cure of St Etienne-dn-Mont.
to kneel: he remarked a man upon his right
who remained standing, but whe, upon a sip
fromthe curt, knelt with the others. The
Archbishop, having returned on the left side of
the to bless the children, this man sud-
jeniy rose, seized M. Sibour forcibly with the
riohr .hand, made him turn round, and then
Ploneedadagger into his heart, Theprelate
.ta-Ssred some stens backwards, exclalmin
T mnlxtireux m'a fu.'" and then sank
the ground. An extraordinary tumult arose.
ip-nation were raised bv the as-
itnta mfuif nf whom were women. The
mi thinlrine that the Archbishop had been
seized with sudden indisposition, exerieu mm
oif tn rslra the assistants, and advanced to
wards tn. Relate,; who ' flBj0"!;
rMli tne agsas3jD, who was siezed and bound
toe sergens de rille, and taken to the mayor-
aitv of the arroudissement To-day the church
aM.S... that the Archbishop of Paris, hav-
in? been faUlly wounded by 'he hand of a
?iat. the church will remain closed until
ft exriaUoii has been cele
brated ; the assassin has declared that he had
been watcniog nis opportunity muw,
walkins: round the
lnC: 300 Uc HdH IKVU
church, clearly for the purpose of selecting the
fittest place tor coH.miu.iug . cmuc.
Paris Ja. 6) Corrpaieo of tb LosdonTimrs.
The Metropolitan Chapter met tJ-day, and is
nrnhablv f lUlDF at tne flour I wrue, w ucnuc
r . J .L. j ; 1 JJran tn 111
people ot ine Arcnaiocese 01 101 uici
hojy end 0f their metropolitan, and to ap
ris on the mel
point three Vicars-uenerai in tne room oi
those whose functions are necessarily oroueut
to a close by the death of the Prelate. The
consternation produced by the unprecedented
crime has not diminished ; it pervades every
rank, from the highest to the lowest. The as-
sassin's name is. it appears, erger, ami uou
Vi. as staled at nrsu lie is a man oi avc-
and rather thin. At the moment
nj tje crime, he wore a black cloak and a black
great-coat. JIis leatures are regular, ue is
closely shaved, and his forehead is high and
frp from hair. Just before the blow was
struck. M. De Borres, Cure of Sat- ttienne-du
Mont, preceded the Archbishop, requesting the
neon e to Kneel uown. ue reuwKeu on u
rieht a man who remained standing, but who
a8teBfroB him, bent the knee also. The
a,.,,,, having turned toward the left to
p-iVe his blcssin? to the children, this nan sud'
denly rese, seized the prelate by the right hand
- - tturn I-t'j,I th pung-
prelate staggered oacic two or mrec siepi
and cried, "L malkeurtux tn'o foe .'"and he
sank almost without sensation. The cure
thinkiee: that the Archbishop had been taken
suddenly ill, (for being in advance, he had not
seen the assasin give the stab,) endeavored to
calm tne congregation, ami men turned to
wards the prelate, whom he found lying on the
pavement unable to speak. The assassin at
tempted to strike a second blow with the knife,
but was prevented ty the Abbe Surat. It was
me of the sergeants de ville on duty in the
Church who first seized the assassin.
It bad been stated, and the statement was re
peated in almost alt the Paris journals, that
Verger had made himself remarked for his op.
position to the dogma of the " Immaculate Con
ception;" that the woids he uttered when stab
bing the Archbishop, were "d bat la Dense!"
in alius on to that dogma, and that he commit
ted the crime, and exposed himself to certain
death out of zeal against the new dogma. 1
have made inquiries in various quarters on the
subject, and I am assured that Verger uttered
no such exclamation on committing the crime;
that he was not suspended from his functions
for preaching or writing against the the dog
ma; and that the repeated interdicts imposed
en him were occasioned by misconduct, gross
in any one, but particularly so in an ecclesias
tic lie was for six months the cross-bearer
at the Cbapel of the Tuileries. which belonged
to the parish of St. Germain PAuxerrois, and
for some time before bis removal had exposed
himself to censure. Various anonymous let
ters had, it seems, been received by the Arch
bishop, in which the most scandalous charges
were made against bis superiors. After much
inquiry these denunciations were traced to
It, a case of poisoning, which was tried some
time since, and in which the husband was the
criminal as the wife the victim. Verger was ex
amined as a witi ess. In the course of the trial
he addressed the Court in a violent manner in
favor of the accused. He was censured by the
Judges, and subsequently by his ecclesiastical
superiors. Shortly afterwards he published a
pamphlet against the Procureur Imperial, in
which he lavished upon him the greatest vitu
peration. For these reasons, as well as for bis
repeated irregularity of morals, he was suspen
ded by his diocesan the Bishop of Meaux. Ver
gr appealed to the metropo'itan, the Arch
bishop of Paris, who has the power of remov
ing the punishment inflicted by the suffragan.
The Archbishop required that all the proofs
and documents on which the Bishop of Meaux
founded his censure should be laid before him.
They were submitted and examined with the
greatest care and deliberation. The result was
that the Archbishop, in the mildest terms, in
formed Verger that, with such evidence, he
ceuhl not relieve him from the censure of the
Bishop of Meaux. He at the same time treat
ed him tvith much kindness. He entreated him
to be cautious of giving scandal, amend bis life,
te avoid in future the errors which bad brought
down punishment upon him ; and he hinted that
the restoration of his functions would depend
on his own conduct in future. In the meant
time the Archbishop gave him 300f. to provide
for his present necessities, and informed him
that he should do all in his power to save him
from falling into destitution.
The Archbishop on subsequent occasions
relieved his wants ; but still declined, from con
scientious motives, to remove his suspension.
It is stated that Verger very lately wrote let
ters in which he acknowledged the kindness
and cnarity of the Archbishop, while at the
same time, according to his own declaration,
he was preparing for the crime he has iust
committed. 'Whatever reasons he may now al
lege for his conduct, I am assured that his sus
pension was s mply owiDg to the irregularity
of his life. The Utiivtrs implies that Verger
is insane. It is true that no man capable of
such circumstances, can be pronounced in a
perfect healthy state of mind. But it may be
doubted whether he is more of a madman
than the generality of atrocious criminals.
The answers given by him in his preliminary
examination do not indicate much derangement
of intellect. He appears cool, clear and reso
lute. As I have already observed, his previous
conduct gives evidence of a perverse, lllcondi
tioned mind. I have not as yet learned that
proofs are alleged of his being a man who is
irresponsioie lor us acts.
The body of the Archbishop was embalmed
yesterday. It will be laid out in stae to-mor-
rrow, and will remain so till Saturdavl The
i , it, .. -
puoiic wui oe permuted to view it every day,
from 10 to A, No day, I believe, is yet fixed
for the interment.
The Papal Nuncio, immediately on hearing
ot the assassination, went about six o'clock on
Saturday evening to the residence of the cure
of St. Etienne-du-Mont, where the Archbish
op's body lay. The Nuncio was much affected
at beholding the inmate remains of one whom
ne Had only seen two days before, at the Pal
ace of the Tuileries. in full possession of health
and lacumes, and from whom he felt so great
The Palrie states that
"The assassin Vercer passed several hours
in the Church or St. Etinne-du-Montthe day he
committed the murder, to chooBe a place -where
he might strike his victim more securely. His
nr8t intention was to stab the Archbishop when
seated on bis pontifical throne. For this pur
pose ne ottered tue beadle money to allow him
to take his seat during the sermon near the
stalls occupied by the clergy, and which place,
he said, he occupied every year during the cer
emonies. The beadle refused. Verger then
thought of a bench whence he migh strike the
Archbishop ia a narrow passage The prelate
passed close to the assassin on his entrance.
Vereer waited for his going out, but the Arch
bishop went cut by another door, and Verger
was again disappointed. It was then he went
to the nave, where he accomplished bis fearful
THE SEXSATIOK IS PAW3.
Proa GiltfnBt' MrucBcer.
ine sensation produced m I'ans yesterday
was even greater than on the preceding evening
and the melancholy event was alm.t the only
subject of conversation. All admitted his great
ability, moderation in religious teBts, m
uauBtiDie cuaruy. nis wriuuga "
highly praised, and, among others, his impor
tant work Lis Institutions Diocesaxnes, which
has become the great authority on the subject;
while others again spoke in commenaation oi
his pastoral letters, inspired by the deepest
Rentiments of cnristian iceiint. iuu cutti
proluced by the untimely and sacrilegious
death of this eminent man was the same in
every class of society, and it is not witaout
interest to state mat at court me regret ex
pressed by the highest personages in the Em
pire was of the deepest character. The Em
peror was on saiuraay evening 10 uavc euuo iu
event His Majesty sent word mat nc.snouid eoi
attend the representation.
TI1E APPOINTMENT OF LORD JTAPIER AS BUIXISn
J11S1STER TO THE UNITED ST.VTRS.
From tbe Lonlon limM, Jnurj 6th.
Lord Nanier has been appointed British
Minister at Washington. The direct diplomat
ic communications which had been interrjp
t.l in to untoward a manner, are thus to be
resumed again, ai.d again we are to have a res-
ident UntisH aumsier to me unueu amies.
The result of our former experiments haa not
been very encouraging. The great subjects of
difference which have arisen between this
countrv and the iWlh American Confedera
tion, from the Boundary Question to the more
recent entanglements concerning Central Amer
ica, have been settled eimer at nome or Dy
special mission. Our regular negotiators would
3 jem rawer to nave emorotiea us ratner to
have given occasion for offense than to have i
smoothed the paBsage from irritated feelings
to the kindlier emotions of friendship and good
will. Why should mis be ? Why, wnen we
are so closely united by every bond of interest
that the prosperity of the cotton districts in
the States means the prosperity of the man
ufacturing districts of England, that a plen
tiful crop in the Western states ot me un:on
means plenty at a cheap rate throughout the
British Islands, that the commercial transac
tions of the Northern States are so intricably
bound up with those of our own merchants
mat they may almost be considered as identi
cal, although carried out by different hands ?
Why, we say, when these things are considered
should it be a difficult task to keep the peace
between the States of the North American
Union and the British Crown ? The Londoner
who lands at New York cannot convince him
self that he is among "foreigners," nor could
we readily believe that the traveler from New
York would walk the streets of London with
no other feelings than those which would affect
him in tbe Lindenstreet of Berlin or the Boule
vards of Paris. It can only be by the grossest
blunders of our respective Governments if we
are ever dragged into an unwilling conflict with
each other, lhe British Minister at Wash
ington should have the easiest task of any
member of the diplomatic body, save the Uni
ted States Minister in London. How is it,
then, that more than once a directly opposite
result has followed from that which might
have been anticipated under the circumstan
ces? 'lhe answer, we fear, is, that the choice of
the British representative in the State has too
often been unfortunate. The mission to Wash
ington should be regarded as a most impor
tant one, a post which requires the presence of
a very considerabel man, or It should be alto
gether suppressed. We have hitherto dealt with
it, practically, as one of the second order, or as
even lower in tbe scale of diplomatic dignities.
But surely permanent friendship and alliance
between Great Britain and the United States
of North America are, to say the least, as im
portant as similar relations between this coun
trv and anv Continental Power. The exis
tence of that great Confederation of Republi
can States, which is spreading so rapidly over
the North American continent, adds enormous
ly to the authority with which England can in
tervene in favor of liberty in Europe. Al
though the States should never man a ahlp-of-war
or fire a gun in anger, there they are, an
enormous counterpoise to the despotism which
sullenly lords It over the eastern and southern
portions of tbe Old World.
No Englishman who respects humanity and
glories in tbe achievements of bis race can ever
be indifferent to the progress and development
of liberty in the North American Union. The
peculiar constitution of these countries, how
ever would seem to point to me necessity or a t
oe'uliar principle of selection when we dis-
patch to them a Minister who is to be the rep
resentative of Eugland. We would rather see
him selected jfrom among men who have risen
to Parliimentary eminence who have won a
high place in the estimation of their fellow
countrymen, and who have habitually breathed
the air of the Brituh islands. We would know
hua versed in tha doctrines of economy, science
and well acquainted with the laws of com
merce. Of wtiat great avail to the English
Minister at Washington can be the habits ac
quired and the faculties cultivated by familiar
intercourse with despotic Courts ? What can
an English Envoy have learnt at Vienna or St.
Petersburg that he would not be compelled to
unlearn before he could serve his country with
effect at Washington? There is little need
there of this insincere smile and the reveren
tial whisper. Diplomacy in the States is di
plomacy in the glass house. The value of se
cret information in that quarter would not be
worth the paper on which it should be in
scribed. The public journals inform us of all we re
quire to know, and of more that is perfectly
useless, save to gratify curiosity. On the
other band, with regard to any important nego-
tiations communications are now so frequent
and bo rapid between the States and the old
cuuuuj -.u.i iucj uuiu UCIC3501IIJ ..v, ..... ?iepn pTfpnTCQ, and it is only necessary lor me
on in obedience to instructions received fio.n OW(.rs to adopt and sign it. Russia has con
bome. What we really require at Washington , ;tiiiJ, in advance, to abandon Bolgrad, and to
ia the presence of a public man of sufficient ali0w that liiue town to be annexed to the
weight to influence tne opinions ot puDiic men
by daily intercourse wi'h them of one who
has the ability to stand forth as the exponent
of English views, and to hold his own among
the most distinguished statesmen of the Ameri
can Union. Nor should we lay much stress
on the time-honored objection that a public
man in this country is necessarily a party man,
and that a party man could not be trusted in a
diplomatic post. Party men make excellent
Chancellors and Judges, why not Ambassadors
This is the only ground on which wa see any
reason against the . appointment of Lord Napier
as British Minister at Washington. By his
previous career, he would appear to be admi
rably fitted for any diplomatic appointment in
the gift of the Crown, save only the mission to
Washington. He has been well taught. He
has practiced the craft of diplomacy In Vienna,
Teheran, Constantinople, Naples, St. Peters
burg, and again at Constantinople. He is
therefore well adapted to represent Ins country
in the East, or at any of the despotic and mili
tary Courts of Continental Europe. The
very assiduity, however, with which he has la
bored in bis vocation at such posts proves that
he has never had time to gain an insight into
the working of free institutions. He has now
to complete his education at Washington. A
better selection might have been made, but cer
tainly many a worse one, as diplomatists go.
enjoys a very high reputation for capacity ; but
we object to the system. The choice of our
Minister at Washington should be an excep
tional one, as the case is exceptional. A
straightforward public man, accustomed to
popular forms, with an English tongue in his
head he needs no other would be the best
representative we could send across the Atlan
tic. Let us nope mat a wiser system may in
time be adopted with regard to these diploma
tic posts, and, meanwnue, wisn ixird isapier
iav a t his appointment. If he forgets well nigh
alt he has ever learnt, and takes warning by
the example of his predecessors, he may do his
country good service, even at wasnington.
Latest Atpect of the Prniio Swl Dlipnte
THE SWISS ULTIMATUM MARCH OF SWISS TROOPS
TOWARDS THE RHINE.
PirlJ (Jn 5) Correspondence ot the London Ticui.
The probability of a pacific settlement of the
Neufchatel Question continues the same. It is
certain that the Federal Council have commu
nicated to France and England their ultimatum
the utmost they will grant to the demands of
Prussia, ire uZfimatum 1 neneveto oein sud
stance this: Previous liberations of the prison
era on the united demand or request of England
and France, with the condition, however, that
the two governments shall previously engage'to
obtain from tbe King of Prussia the formal re-
. . ... - . . 1 a B
nunciationot nis ngnts in me canton 01 ineut
chatel: or. rather, that they shall guaranty
that renunciation. This,in fact,is the pith and
marrow of the question. The mere assumption
of theititle of Prince of Neufchatel without
any power may or may noyiatter wis majes
ty's vanity; but the point is one on which I be
lieve me uoniederation win maKe no dimcuny.
ine maintenance of a title, without me saa
dow of authority or right over the Territory
which gives it, would be just as unmeaning as
that of King of France, which the English sov
ereigns kept up until the Peace of Amiens, or
me lotty and sounding designation or King of
Cyprus, Jerusalem, tec, which I believe are
still among tbe titles of his Sardinian Majesty.
Tbe questions of the property belonging to the
King, or to Prussian subjects in Neufchatel,
are also secondary points, and will be settled
without difficulty. On the main point, namelv.
tbe liberation of the prisoners, and the guar
anty of France and England, a communicition
has been made by the Federal Council to the
Jinglish and .trench Governments. The an
swer from London has not yet been received,
but is every moment expected. It will then de
pend on me King of .Prussia to end at once, or
prolong the present uncertainty.
The following private telegraphic dispatches
have been received :
Berne, Sunday, January 4. An uhmatum
is expected from France and England. The
new levy of troops is for 14,000. A rigorous
service of serxeillance has been established on the
frontiers. A proclamation from the Federal
Council Is expected to be published very shortly.
Berlin, Sunday, Jannsry 4. The Suabian
Jfercury of the 4th announces that tho Perma
nent Commission of the Chambers of Wertem
berg had declared' unanimously on the occa
sion of the demand made by the Deputies, In
favur of a protest against the passage of the
Prussian troops. The Commission had, more
over, demanded a communication on tbe actual
state of the negotiations on the subject.
Tbe Assembly of Citizens had addresssed a
petition to tbe King, begging him to remove tbe
ranger which menaced the material interests
of the coun:rv.
A letter from Munich states that M. Furrer
had an interview with the President of the
Council and the Minister of Foreign Affairs."
A letter from Bellin7ona, on the 20th ult.,
states that (here are 2u,000 Swiss troops
marching to the frontiers in the direction of the
Rhine ; 50,000 have responded to the appeal of
the nation. The entire Federal army iB ready
the drum and trumpet resound through the
cantens tbe arsenals are busy, and camps for
drilling the troops are being formed. The
hymn of war finds an echo in the valleys. Zu
rich intimates an example of Berne in the
unanimously voting an unlimited credit. Mili
tiamen, full of energy, spring up in the cantons
of Schwylz, Uri, and Vaud, and offer fifteen
battalions above their federal contingent.
There is no longer any controvery in the jour
nals, but everywhere this cry : "Neuf chatel is
Swis and must remain Swiss. The Swiss na
tions forms but a single man a single heart."
THE ENDEAVORS OP THE AMERICAN MINSTER TO
A letter from Berne, of the 28th ult., eives
some details concerning the late attempt at ar
rangement made there by the diplomatic corps:
" Mr. Fay, the American Charge d' Affaires,
and Mr. Gordon the English Minister, assum
ed the initiative in endeavoring, for the last
time, to see whether it were not possible to
bring about an arrangement and avoid a disas
trous war. To that end Mr. Fay invited his
colleagues of the diplomatic body to meet at
the Hotel de la Couronne. Every one entered
heartily on this difficult taskand finished by
drawing up a plan of arrangement to be sub
mitted to the Federal Council and to Prussia.
According to this project, the Federal Council
was to engage to propose to the Federal As
sembly the release of the prisoners : and tbe
diplomatists in the name of the Powers of
which they were the representatives on their
part engaged to interpose their good offices
with the King of Persia, to solve the Neuf chat-
al question according to tbe '.vishes and desires
. t " t 1 1 i ...
ui owiuenauu. xuia project was commuuicd
ted to M. Stcempfll by Mr. Fay and Mr. Gor
don. M. Stffimpfli, not finding in it sufficent
guaranties, required that it should be express
ly said that the Confederation, " in tbe exer
cise of its sovereignty," consented to release
the prisoners ; and that it Bhould be added that
tbe Powers would interpose their good offices
to obtain the cession of Neufchatel."
The diplomatists yielded, although some of
them loudly declared that such a wording of
the project would not be signed by tneir re
spective Courts. In the end the project was
accepted on both sides, but, as the diplomatists
had instructions ad hoc, they were obliged to
apply to the ratification ot it from their re
spective Courts. The Belgian Minister, who
does not appepar to have any cipher, would not
trust to the Swiss telegraph, and set off for the
French frontier, in order to correspond with
his Government by the French line. His sud
den departure gave rise to a rumor that he had
left for Berlin on a mission for the diplomatic
body. At last the replies came one after me
other, but I am only aware of part of them.
Belgium refused to interfere In the matter, and
Russia, Austria and France formally refused
their signatures. The dispatch of Count
Waleweski to M. de Salignac Fenelon still
gives some hopes of maintaining peace. If I
am well informed, it was as follows : " You
will not sign the declaration ; we maintain our
propositions, and we re-produce them to the
Swiss Parliament ; the other Powers are at lib
erty to join in them."
INTERESTING PARTICULARS OF TOE FIRST MEET
ING OF TOE PARIS CONFERENCE.
The Journal des Debats is the only Paris
journal that offers an account of the proceed
ings 01 me nrsc sitting ot me uonterence.
Tbe Conference met, as previously stated, at
li o'clock In the afternoon of Wednesday, un
der the Presidency of Count Walewskl, and it
comprised all the secondary Plenipotentiaries
who bad participated in the labors of the first
Congress, with the exception of the second
representative in France. Count Kisseletf, the
Russian Minister, was not .resent at this sit
ting, and bis Court was represented by Baron
de Brunow alone. The Journal des Debats
The President explained the motive and the
object of the meeting, stating that, when it was
sought to carry into executive article 20 of the
treaty of the 30th March, difficulties arose
which obstructed the operations of the Dele
gates charged with the establishment of the
new frontier between Bessarabia and Moldavia.
These difficulties referred to two points the
possession of the Isle of Serpents, situated in
tbe Black Sea, opposite tbe mouths of the Dan
ube, and the possession ot thetownof Bolgrad.
TI11. nnwurti. hp arirlpfl. har rnrni tn an amica.
j Die arrangement with respect to the means of
; termtnatins these difficulties; a protocol has
Pr'icipality of Moldavia In exchange, she
will receive a strip of territory situated about
20 kilometres from the Danube, between '.he
river Yalpuck and'another river of lesser im
portance. In the midst of ihis strip stands (he town of
Comrad, the population of which amounts to
about 3000 s juIs. It has been stated that the
Conference, in order to prevtntnew difficulties,
would itself fix, before separating, the .details
of the new line, by means of documents al
ready furnished by the delegates, or that, at
tbe least, if it were not sufficiently enlightened
on the question, it would refer the settlement
to these same delegates, and would fix upon
a period which should witness the termination
of their labors. This might have been of great
importance ; tbe delay which has taken place
in tracing the line of frontiers has authorized
Austria and England to maintain their respec
tive occupations, and this motive would have
ceased on the day when the frontiers would
have been established, and the territory hand
ed over to Moldavia by Russia. The con
ference, it is said, has delegated to the com
mission the charge of definitely establishing
tbe frontier, and it has not thought proper to
institute a delay, as had been reported.
Meanwhile the occupation of the principali
ties by the armies of Austria, and the oc
cnpation of the Black Sea by England, will
continue. It is, however, added, that Austria
has renewed her declaration of the 4th April,
with respect to her intention of speedily with
drawing her troops into her own territory.
The Isle of Serpents will remain in tbe pos
session of Tursey ; the light-house established
there some years ago, in obedience to the reit
erated demands of commerce, will be main
tained, and kept up under the eyes of the tem
porary commission instituted by Art. 17 of tbe
treaty ot peace, to watcn over me safety or
the navigation of the Danube and of the sur
rounding sea. It appears that no detailed pro.
tocols of sittings will be drawn up, as was
effected in the first Congress, but that every
thing will be confined to singing the protocol
already drawn up."
THE POPE AND THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
From the Vienna Correspondence ot the London Timej
In a secret conclave held at Rome on the
15th December, the state of the Roman Catho
lic Church in Mexico, South America and
Switzerland was taken into consideration, and
an allocution since published by his holiness
on the subject clearly shows that the Papal
influence is considerably less in those coun
tries than in this. The Pope compiains bitter
ly of tbe new governmen: of Mexico, which
has completely set aside the ecclesiastical ju
risdiction and sequestered the property of the
church. We are told that the monastic estab
lishments have refused to permit tbe "visita
tion" of the bishops, and that some of them
have, in open defiance of the canonical laws,
sold part of their property. The permission
given by the government to all sects publicly to
practice their religious rites, is denounced as
'an abominable measure, which is calculated
to undermine the most holy Roman Catholic
After summing up the various backslidings
of the Mexican Government, his holiness de
clared all the measures which it has taken
against the authority of the apostolic chair to
be null and void. The Mexican statesmen are
also reminded that the church has the power
severely to punish those persona who disobey
her behests. That the behavior of tbe major
ity of tbe South American States to the church
does not give satisfaction will be seen by the
following address to tbe bishops : " You will
see, reverend brethren, that we must necessa
rily condemn and abhor the attempt of the
civil power to overthrow the spiritual authority
and discipline, and to insult the dignity and
might of the apostolic chair." The state
of Italy makes Pius IX. quite disconsolate.
"so numerous are the encroachments of the the
.t.ll ...11 in.. . , . . , T It
.it auiuuruies on tne ngots ot tne cnurcu, i
and of her hlshnn anil oprranta " After I
hurling his thunders at those priests who obey I
me laws ot me countries in wnicn tney live,
ratner man me instructions forwarded to them
from Rome, the holy father entreats the Most
High to enlighten the minds of men, and to
bring back those who have one astray Into the
right path. As a matter of course the Weiner
Zeitung gives the allocution in extenso, al
though it is a very lengthy document.
ADDITIONAL FEOM NICARAGUA.
interesting Statement? of Officers of General
OPERATIONS OF GENERAL SPENCER O.N
xuis SAN JUAN.
The War of the Two Trantlt Companies Scene
urauaan, jkc.. ate., ice.
Prom the New Tork Herald of the 27th.
ABRIVAI. OF 2T5 RECRUITS FOR WALKER FROM
NEW ORLEANS PROJECTED EXPEDITION UP
TBE RIVER PROCLAMATION Civ PREMPEST
Punta Arenas, January 12, 1857.
You are doubtless already aware of the clos
ingoi me transit route.
The number of re
cruits for Walker now at this place is 275, all
toia, and tney are in the best condition well
icu, wen ciouiea, ana in good spirits. We are
waiting here for a steamer to take us up the
river, and expect to be able to start on Thurs
day next, the 15th Inst. Our object will be to
hi j e I .e polnts at tne Se"Piqulj which
will, undoubtedly, be crowned with success, as
the Costa Ricans are few in nnmher- nnt mnrpl
tba.n ("fry or seventy-five, and these badly fed
and clothed. From thence we proceed to the
two points above, both of which are poorly
garrisoned, so far as men are concerned. The
probabilities are, however, that we will meet
General Walker coming South, and, in fact, it
is reported, but not authenticated, that he has
already taken San Carlos. If this should prove
to be the case, we shall see him in a few days.
it is wen tor me to say mat everyming is in a
state of doubt up to this time, so far as the
time required for the openffig of the river is re
garaeu, out mat mis win De euected wimm a
month there is no reason to doubt how much.
sooner I cannot tell.
We have heard that the announcement of
General Cbillon, who 13 at the head of a large
force, havinc declared for Walker is confirmed.
The Costa Ricans, on the other band, are doing
all in their power to produce desertions from
his army and to prevent others from joining
him. The following proclamation of the Presi
dent of the republic of Costa Rica has been is
sued wim mat view:
The Prttident of the Republic of Coita Rica to the
Soldltrt of Walter's Army :
Impressed with a well founded belief that the
greater number of foreigners who are now in
the ranks of the usurper have been deceived,
and aware that they are now fighting in a bad
cause against a people wno nave given no
Cfiuse of offense, and who are only defend'
ins their country, their rights, liberties, and
their homesteads from the criminal attempts of
an unprincipled adventurer to subvert all that
rree men revere; and convinced that many, if
not all, who are now aiding that scourge of
humanity would willingly quit his discredited
service it only assured of protection and sup-
j rj to r"c 'helr,na"ve CWY-
Now, "I," President of the Republic of C 33
ta Rica, pledging my honor, offer to any or all
of the officers and soldiers of Walker's army
now in Nicaragua, a free and safe passage to
Greytown, and thence per steamer to New York
Given at the National palace at San Jose,
December 1U, lasb. J UAN K. Mult A.
Correct and reliable news from RIvas gives
Walker 1,300 men, with his army in a much bet
ter condition man tney nave ever been before
in every respect.
Operation! on the San Juan
STATEMENT OF CAPT. KRUGER BBLATING TO THE
TAKING OF TOR FORT AT SAN CARLOS
On the 30th Dec.atlnlf-past ten o'clock, the
steamer Ptrgitt hove in Bight coming up the river,
ana giving tne signal, as usual, mat all was
right, we answered from the fort by a cannon.
I, in company with tbe boat's crew, put off to
board the steamer, as is generally the case, to
receive orders, send dispatches to headquarters,
When I went along side the steamer Mr.
Spencer said, " Is that you, Captain Kruger?"
I said, " Yes." He told me to come aboard,
and asked, Don't you know me?" I said,
"No." When I came on board I was surround
ed by at least one hundred Costa Ricans, who
before were crouched behind the bulwarks.
Mr. Spencer then told me that I must surrender,
as it was impossible to bold out against the
overwhelming force he had. I then asked leave
for my First Lieutenat to go ashore, but was
refused unless I first signed the surrender of
the fort. Mr. Spencer then told me (when I
hesitated) that tbe innocent blood of my men
would fall on my head, as we would certainly
be put to death by the Costa Ricans. On Bee
ing the determination of Mr. Spencer and his
superior force, and not being able to parley or
maKe time till 1 could send dispatcnesto Kivas,
a distance ot one Hundred and twentv-bve miles
I concluded to surrender the fort. I was then
handed pen, fee, and wrote the following, which
1 nanded to my i-irst Laeutenat
" Henry J. McMahon, you will embark the
men on board the San Carlos steamer and sur
McMahon then got permission to goon shore
to embarK tne men, me nrst officer or me Vtr
gin accompanying him. When on the fort he
said he might easily sink the ship, and asked
the men to assist him in turning tbe gun and
firing on her. They told him It was useless
He then ordered tbe men to get their things
ready and leave, as we were prisoners. He
then told them the circumstances of their po
I guion the Captain prisoner, and fi.-e of our
number on board the I irgm, leaving but thir
teen able-bodied men to defend the fort. They
were all anxious to tignt it out, and said
" was'nt it better to die fighting than be at the
mercy of the Costa Ricans, who were prover
bial for giving no quarter?" He then stated
that I had confidence in Mr. Spencer, in whose
hands we were. Thinking that though he waa
a base, treacherous man, still he would not
have the hardihood to allow us to be executed
if we surrendered. All went on board the
Firgtn, where we lay until the morning of the
dlst closely conuned.
On the 1st of January we were ordered to
take a bungo and depart for reytown, which
is one hundred and twenty-five miles from San
Carlos. Mr. Spencer, I believe, thought to
drown us by insisting on our leaving at 8 o'clock
in tbe evening in the bungo ; we had no re
source, and made our minds up to be dashed to
death in the rapids which we certainly would
have been but for tbe humanity of an English
man, an officer named Hardy, holding the posi
tion of Captain in tbe Costa itican army, wno
allowed us 10 walk on land around or past the
rapids. Mr. Spencer told me he received 40,
000 from Air. Vanderbilt to assist the Costa
Rican army to take tbe Transit steamers on
the river and lake, which be qualified after by
statini that it was left him that amount in
stock in the Transit Company, and mat Mr.
vanderbilt told mm in xsew lorK ne would pa
all expense, and that their stock would be al
rieht when Walker was exterminated. He told
me this when I appealed to him as an Amerl
can. and remonstrated with him for joining the
enemy. This Mr, Spencer was an engineer for
vanderbilt up me ban uarios ana oerapiqui
rivers. Mr. Spencer did not deny to me that he
teas the agent of Mr. Vanderbilt, and had or-
ders to assist the Costa Ricans to taiee the (ran.
ji eamer.which he has succeeded In doing,
He also told me (when I said that Walker
would retake them) that he, Spencer, if he saw
the slightest probability of that would blow
them all up.
We arrived at Greytown on the 4th of Janu
ary and there met Col. Lockridge and Col.
Ludrar, who ordered me to get into a boat and
proceed to the point, and take the steamer.
We were about a hundred yards from tbe shore
when we were loudly hailed to return, and then
told it was useless, as the English commander
of the flag snip Urion said ne would blow up
tbe first attacking party. It Is in my opinion,
which ia shared by all Waller's men, that the
sympathies of tbe English captain whose name
is fcrsune, is witn me uosta means. 1 men ap
plied to the American Commercial Agent for
assistance, tie distinctly refused any aid. 1
was told he was intimate with Spencer.
then applied to the English Consul, Mr. Green,
who treated us kindly, promised to send us
home, &c. We shipped on board the Texas, to
go to New Orleans, but waa afterwards trans
ferred to the James jSdgartot New York.
Tbe names of my company, who all reside
In New lork, are as follows: Henry J. mc
Mahon, 1st Lt., Thomas Hagan, 2d Lt, Dan'
iel Kehoe, John McKeever, Patrick Kane,
Malchy Healy, Patrick Connolly, Thomas At
kinses, Francis Adima, Geoge Brown, Charles
Condit, Thomas Kerrigan, Thomas Dunn, Dan
iel liufly, Albert uiarke, jonn i-iucn, 11. v.
Handley, Joseph Horton, Jonn Jonnson, Frede
rick Moore, Francis McCuIIogh, William Mc
Auley, Dominick O'Donnell, Joseph Wallace.
The San Carlos fort is at the outlet of Lake
Nicaragua., and situated on a hill commanding
the lake and river transit. Its armament con
sists of two guns, and is a very important po
sition for the Costa Ricans to hold.
The Sin Carlos and Ftrgiti steamers are the
two lake boats ; the others are all river boats,
and are below the rapids.
While I was at Punta Arenas, Mr. Morgan's
agent treated us yery well, and we unloaded
Bark Goremor Hubbard, that had come
fc- n , 3
irom new uneans.
The steamer n.,Ursr ! filling nnf nf Pun fa
Arenas to retake the river and the boats, and to
open communication with walker.
Incidents In the SIf ;e of Granada.
A CONVERSATION WITH COL. JONBS, THE PAT-
MASTER-GENERAL OF WALKER'S ARMT.
From a conversation with Colonel Alexander
Jones, we have gathered the following particu
lars ana incidents or me lighting at uranada.
The narrative is not given in the exact words
of the Colonel, but it contains the material
Col. Jones holds the office of Paymaster-
General in Walker's army. He was with Hen-
ningsen during the whole straggle and fighting
at Granada, and while recennoitering the po
sition of the enemy, on the first day of tbe at
tack by the Costa Ricans, he received a ball in
bis thigh from a Minie rifle, which broke bis
thigh bone, and conseauentlv incapacitated him
iroin taxing any active part in me detense ot
the various positions occupied by Gen. Hen-
cinzsen's command, in nis reconnoitenng ad
venture he rode right on to a detachment of the
enemy which waa secreted in the bushes
reigning up his horse he glanced at their posi
tion, inen;turneu to retire, wnen a jiime Dan,
supposed to have been fired by a deserter,
pierced his thieh, and broke the bone, as be-
fore mentioned. Without making any move-
ment which could discover to tbe enemy that
he had been wounded, he rode slowly away,
wnlle some Hundreds or natives levelled meir
rifles atlhlm, the balls all passing over his
head. He returned and reported the position
of the enemy, then rode to the church and
i-qIIp.I nut in fhtn tn fnma ami tal-p him from
his horse; they laughed at him at first, and
and would not believe that his thigh was bro-
ken, but soon found it too true. He came to
New York by the James Mzer, on a furlough
of one hundred and twenty days, at tbe end of
which time lie will return to tils duties m Nic
lhe Incidents connected with the fighting in
Central America have a peculiar interest,
showing as they do the individual characteris
tics of men, and their Idiost ncracies while suf
fering irotn wounds and tne various stages of
disease. During the fighting in the trenches
and new mere were men on our side wbo fre
quently displayed tbe most dare-devil and reck'
less courage, wane me niinie bans were
flying around us like hail, they would stand
out in an exposed position and coolly pop off
an enemy, being at tbe same time a target far
tne snot ot hundreds of central Americans.
In tbe place where the sick and wounded, the
dead and dying, were gathered together, there
were scenes very comico-tragicaS incidents
most diverse and opposed. A great many men
were almost mad from the effects of omnia
they lost the entire use of their legs below the
knees. They would ait there araongtbecorpses
of tbe deao, and amid me moans of me dying.
acting so fantastically and droll, that it was
impossible sometimes to keep from laughing.
They were tormented by a burning, parching,
quenchless thirst, like that of the Sahara, un
der tbe meridian sun. Sometimes in crawling
about to get water, they would meet or obstruct
one another; then they would attack each other
and tight furiously, lignt like madmen, which
they were. At the same time near them, or
perhaps almost under them, would lay a poor
wounded man, howling trow me intensity ot
his pain, or praying for death, while big agony,
with torturing hand, grappled bis quivering
form. The maddened men would thus fight till
separated, exhausted, or one overcame the
other. Sometimes they would chant tbe frag
ment of a rabble song as a lunerai dirge for me
There was one poor fellow lying beside me
wbo had his leg terribly shattered by a ball.
forgot his name, but will call him Aniorson.
A delirious man near him kept crawling about
for water, and in doing so came in contact witn
the wounded man's mangled limb, which, of
course, made tbe latter suffer great pain. Aa
derson bore it patiently as long as he could,
and then swore that the next one who got on
his leg should suffer for it. Again, the deliri
ous opium eater, parched with thirst, crawling
along seeking for water got upon me wounded
leg. Anderson raised himself up and pitched
into this tormenter, wbo with the instinct of
madness defended himself and returned tbe as
sault. Tbe fight grew furious, they pelted each
other right heartily ; the one assailed as fierce
ly as tbe bloodhound docs the stag when held
at bay, the other defended as savagely as the
tiger when blind with rage and mad with
wounds, he rushes wildly al everything in bis
course. At length sense or weakness over
came strength and madness; Anderson tri
umphed, though like many who battle for the
right, more injured from its defense linn he
would have been by its loss ; but he obtained
peace at least from one madman for the rest
of that night.
I slept on a lounge or raised bed which was
scarcely a foot above tbe floor, yet one night
two crazy fellows got in contact under, when
a fight ensued in that confined position ; tney
battled it out. I bad tbe legs of my bed cut
off, so that they could not get under there any
more. A burning tbirBt and an instinct of
self-defense seemed to be the great character
istics of the men when maddened from tbe ef
fects of opium. They take tbe opium when
they are attacked by cholera to save tbe in
from the pain and effects of that disease ; but
the drug generates a burning thirst, and it tbey
drink water they are sure to die. If tbey do
not drink water, opium is very good medicine
There was a native Njcaraguan w'th us, who,
having been attacked with the cholera, took
opium for bis cure. As usual, a consuming
thirst followed ; they would not let him have
any water. There was a well near, and every
day he would go out there, sit down, and look
languidly at the water. The well was about
fourteen feet de?p, with four feet of water in
it. The top of the well was surrounded by a
wall two feet hign. fcvery day lie would go
out and sit for hours looking down into ine wa
ter, until the water became so enticing and his
thirst overpowering that be plunged in bead
first to get a drink. Help was immediately
called, and they barely succeeded in saving
him from drowning. His fall did not hurt him
much. He got one good drink and died.
The death of Owen Duffy, editor cf the Xica
ragvenieytook place under very peculiar cir
cumstances. He was left with Gen. Henning
sen's command at Granada, and did good ser
vice in tbe field as well as in the chair. During
the" siege he was seized with cholera there
was no medicine to be found in the place, till at
length they obtained some opium. Six pills were
made of opium, containing a grain, and given
him, with the direction that be should take one
pill every hour, to destroy the effect of the
cholera. Fearful of tbe disease from which he
was suffering, he took the six pills at' one dose.
The immediate effects of it were to put him in
a deep narcotic sleep. He lay there as if in a
trance all night and nearly all the next day, the
poif onous weed having benumbed every faculty
of bis mind and body.
In tbe latter part of tbe next day tbey at
tempted to wake him up; thay took "him out to
the well and poured cold water over his head,
and all over his body ; they rubbed him, shook
him, and halloed at him, till tbey succeeded in
waking him up sufficiently for him to under
stand what tbey were doing, and what was
going on around him. We kept him in this
state a Bbort time. I talked to him and tried
to interest him. He was very sleepy all the
time, would fall into a half doze and nod his
head, then rouse himself. Thus he continued
his efforts for a little while to keep awake, and
then fell into a deep benumbing sleep. During
the succeeding night he lay partly asleep and
partly awake, ne nad set uown against tne
wall and had fallen into a very uncomfortable
position, the opium having so exhausted his
physical powers that he bad not sufficient
strength to raise himself. All night long he
sat there in that position slowly,soirowfully,
patiently breaming out " Won't some gentle
man put me jn a more comfortable position?"
lt was thrilling to hear him, as be lay there all
night long, piteously repeating these words, and
not be able to help mm, and Know mat no one
there could. Mr. Duffy must have had some
opium about him, for next day be was up and
.appeared quite smart, ine vis meaicainx na
lura alone could not nave wrought such a
change. The next day he entered the trenches
and fought furiously. He was captain of tbe
volunteer forces. He died standing in the
trenches, his rifle in his hand.
But few good men are attacked by the cholera.
The most of the men who have suffered and
died In Nicaragua where theskum of loVgrog'
eries men wno were usea up ana broken
down before they' went there. If healthy
young men, of good habits, go there and live
correctly, mere is no aanger or tneir aymg.
But no man can eat fruit, ripe or green, and
then drink liquor on it, without killing himself
immediately. If you put a pineapple into a
vessel of brandy, the apple will swell up to
four times its size, and turn black aa a coal, for
fermentation instantly takes place when tbe
liquor aad apple come in contact, It is just so
when the pineapple and brandy are put in the
stomach. I knew a young man who came from
California, stout, healthy and hardy ; he lived
there without the least svmntotas of disease :
tbe climate agreed with him; but one day he
said to me " I gues3 I'll eat a pineapple, I see
they have fine ones here." He went out and
bought a fine large one, pealed and eat it
feeling tbirstv he went out and drank some
brandy ; six hours after he was dead. .He was
attacked with the cholera, when that disease
was not about at all. It waa not the Asiatic
cholera, it was more like a terrible ssvere
diarrhea. There is so much acid in the frut I
there, where it grows rank beneath a tropical
sun, .that it is dangerous to eat a large quantity
of It, but it is magnificent fruit when fully
ripe. The natives never begin to eat it till this
inonm,mey say it is not Healthy before.
lbere is no place in tbe world healthier, or
that has a finer climate, thin parts of Nica
ragua, but of course where the vegetation
grows so rank, and tbe water overflows the
land, there is constantly going on a decomposi
tion fatal alike to tbe health of man and beast.
The swamps, lowlands aad rivar banks are
generally visited'-at the peril of one's life.
Vol. Jones brottgat us nana nasoei ot lemons
as a specimen of the fruit of Nicaragua. They
were certainly the most beautiful and largest
specimens of that fruit we have wen in New
York for many a year. If Niearaeua can
grow abundantly such fruit as this, and her in
testine wars arc ever endd, so toat tne soil
a nA ncrTUiiltifr1 aria rapHVp thir iIua rai nf I
attention, then New York will becocaa tbe grat
patroness of her industry, ami tbe mart for her
rich produce. We will gladly exchange our
-' .... . I
manufactures for her delicious fruits.
STATEMENT OF MR. JOHN 6. MtTCHHX.
Mr. Mitchell, who ia one of tbe passengers
by the James Mzer, gives u.j the following par
ticulars of the condition of things in Nicaragua
during his passage through that State :
Vt e arrived, he says, at San Jnan del Sur
from San Francisco by the Sierra iVihwda, with
about four hundred passengers. Of tb3 it
was said some seventy-nve or eighty were re
cruits for the army of Gen. Walker, and were
provided with arms, ammunition and all the
necessary equipments. None of these, it is
true, were to be seen, but it was cooMeatiy
stated by those who professed to be posted m
me matter, mat tney were well provided wtu
arms. It was also understood that the Sierra
Ntveia bad a very large supply of pvisotw
for the forces under General Walker, and that
in this supply were five hundred sacks of Sour,
each weighing nrty pounds.
Un our arrival at an Joan del bur we met a
party of Walker's n, to the number of tbir-ty-five
or forty, all of whom were well mowited
and well armed, lney looked in excellent
condition, and appeared ta be in the best of
spirits with regard to the prospects of tbir
General. They were all dressed m blue satrts.
od the breast of which the initials " M. ft,"
signifying Mounted Riflemen. Speaking ef
Walker, tbey expressed tbe couMaiit belief
that he would not only be able te retain pos
session of Rivas, but that Leon would alo fall
into bis bands. The object of their visit to
San Juan del Sur was not precisely known, but
it was thought that tbey bad come there to
meet the new recruits from California, wbo, it
appears, were expected by the Sierra Nevada.
Leaving San Joan del Sur. we were accompa
nied by a considerable number of these mount
ed riflemen, and on our way to Virgin Bay we
fell in with others. They 'informed us that we
were within nine miles of the camp oi Gen. Walk
er, wno, it is reported, bad eight Hundred effi
cient men under his command. Theie were a
considerable number lying sick, but these are
not included in tbe above estimate.
The Mounted Riie&en remained with ua till
our arrival at Virgin Bay, where we embarked
on board the steamboat and were conveyed to
Fort St. Carlos which is about eight miles from
San Juan del Sur. From the fact that tbe flag
of Walker was displayed at this place, it was
supposed that it was in possession of his for
ces. On becoming more intimately acquainted
with tne place and those in it, we found that it
was but a rue, as it was really in tbe bands of
a band of some fifty or sixty Costa Ricans,
under the command of a man named Spencer.
This Spencer, we afterwards learned, waa the
agent of Vanderbilt, and a such, and acting
under tbe authority of the government of Cas
ta Rica, had seized the steamboats, and other
property, which bad been confiscated by tbe
order of Gen. Walker to the State of Nicara
gua. He exhibited a certificate of authority
under which he aeted, and which purported to
be isued by the government of Costa Rica.
It was to be the effect that he was duly author
ized and empowered to protect all American
citizens crossing the Isthmus, and to disband
or dismiss all who might be found in tbe country,
who were suspected of being recruits or mn
diers of General Walker. Spencer himself ia
accused of being a deserter from Walker, and
having gone over to Vanderbilt, whose agent be
has sinc.e become.
He came aboard the steamer near Fort St.
Carlos, and took posseseion of her in the name
of Commodore Vanderbilt. He informed us
that there were five bnndrei Nicaraguans
stationed at tbe Fort, and one thousand along
the route, all in capital condition, well armed
and commanded by able and efficient officers.
Those I saw did not certainly bear out this
statement, for there were not more than fifty
Nicaraguans, and tbey were in as bad and as
ragged a state as it is possible to cooceive.
The notice or certificate with which he was
provided warned tbe pssengrs against taking
tbe steamboats, which, it appears, being well
armed, tbey were capable ot rioiag. He in
formed ns, in addition, that we were bis prison
ers, and he should be obliged to detain us for
some time. He then placed us under arrest,
in wblcb we remained a day and a half.
Having established myself in bis confidence,
1 learned tbe following facts: lie leu Kivas on
the 30th of December. Walker was quartered
there with tbe main body of bis men, number
ing about one thousand, four hundred of wbom
were sick or wounded leaving only i x hun
dred men able to fight. Henningsen was with
him, with the men who had fought under him
at tbe siege of Granada. At Ma saa y a there
were about 3,1)00 of tbe allied forces of Cen
tral America, and Walker was unable to leave
Rivas without taking the main body of bis men,
with him. lie and bis men wre badly oil for
provisions and clothing. Their means of sub
sistence were very precarious, and as for cloth
ing tbey were ragged, and some bah naked and
without tbe means of refitting tbemseivee, ex
cept from New York, New Orleans and Califor
nia, which were their whole reliance for relief.
Tbey had plenty of arms and sufficient ammu
nition for present purposes, and had made ar
rangements for casting balls. Tbey had nine
pieces of cannon, but the place was not forti
fied. Tbe men were dispirited, and were fight
ing with the desperate hope of being able to
return to tbe United States.
We finally succeeded, after being transferred
from one steamer to another, in reaching Grey-
town, where we were boarded by an officer be
longing to on of tbe four British men-of-war
lying at San Juan, wbo interfered about our
baggage, ordering it to be taken oif the teaer
during a heavy rain storm. It was considera
bly damaged in consequence of this and tbe
rough treatment it received. We we e four
days at Greytown when the steamship Texas
arrived, and we were presented with the oppor
tunity of going to New Orleans, and cf b- ing
sent from that city by another steamer to New
York. It is needless to say we accepted the
offer, but we met the Jawns Jtiger tn our way
out. and came on by her.
The steamer Texas brought out a considera
ble number of recruits to Walker from N?w Or
leans, and these were engaged in fit ting iif a
small steamer to ascend the river, wiih the
view of retaking the p sts which bad been cap
tured oy spencer and tne loata Ktcaria. After
effecting this they intended joining W iker. It
appears that Walker was ignorant ef ihe six
ure of the vessels by order of Vanderbilt. Tbe
men under Spencer were Costa Ricans, and were
somewhat similar in appearance and character
to tbe Greasers of California. All the men wbo
had served under Walker, and who came with
us as passengers, spoke in tbe highest terms of
praise of his conduct, lney bave tbe greatest
confidence in his ultimate success, and of the
bravery and determination of the men compria
ing his army.
gsT" On the 29 lb, a fire occurred at Chicago,
which destroyed property valued at $$QjM0.
SS" The pristine office of the Peoria (III.)
Ifeios was destroyed by fire on the 29lh ult.
On tbe 21st ult., Mr.
merchant of Weston, was marsieiod bv a man
On the 23d tit, Messrs. Hum &. Bros,
were arrested at New York for sfsunliae: The
authorities seized upon $150,000 worth of pre
cious stones, which they are charged with
smuggling into the United States-. Mesers.
Hule Sc. Bros., have been held to bail in. $7,600
ploughs: PLOUGHS I!
TT7E ate raaaaracturiB; toe 'Bolivar" and 'Lrrina.
V V tea" Plough. Pkmm waatimc ihem will re as
a call A. STaSBT & CO.,
fteo-dawJra Pupfer street.
A TTORNET AND COUNSELOR AT LAW. Menmbta.
t Trail. Office, Xh ski - ot Cosrt 3 mare, one deer
west ot Wallace's Aacuon House, ae nun.
Liberty Fire Company Xo. 3.
tiik omcers and narntoers at LIB.
.ERTY FIRE CO. NO 3 are hereby
notldtd to attend a rtgnlar raetlac k
-JW Compear, at their Hall, THIS
EVENING, at 7 o'clock.
By orarr of the i'rrsMHU.
LEWIS AMIS, Jr., Sec'y.
, VT. ALEXANDER
Saint Xiouis, ICVXo.
J. J. Murphy, Memphis ; Cock &. Co., Memphis ;
Barnett St Walker, " Todd i Gojer,
Cartes Potter, ftW-Sm
D. T.ASH, -
H. Ii. JOHNSON,-
FAREWELL BESEFIT OF TBE FAIRY STAR,
MISS MAGGIE MITCHELL!!
FIRST NHJKToT ' In-e-E ! " A tesatital tad t
FRIDAY. Pebrmrr tk. wM b ptonnted th Omm
rtia of PtrfteHon ; or. The AMI Mututer. Kata
VBSUo, (wiu Hns,j Miu M. MUcMl ; Ofearin. Mr.
TtiU. Afiar wMsk, Tfte LaHts Strateftn. MarsS,
(with Mum team) Mlu MMeMl ; S. 6re. Mr.
7a to BowfioMi wtts (ant ibbp) t&e sua aar
Mqae entitle Jr-m-km. la-go-an, Mlts M. M
Prttrt, Mr. B T. Ath Fot-l-ifear, Mr. J.
Acv. Ur Ca olsrld.
To-morrow UhK atgM of MiH MMcML
Taradar ant, Grand Cosoflinetiiry Btseslt tB. T.
ADMSISION. Bosn, $t ; Faniaettc, $1; Soaaad
ClaM, M emu ; Colored 61117, ocMe.
LECTURES OS" SPIRITUALISM.
HUN. WAJtRBN CHASB lactam aa this afMrtoM
and latrrejtia? object es FRIBAT KVKNING.
FeOraary Sta, al 1 o'clock, and aa SONBAT, February
8th. at ltA. M., and 7H r. X.
3 Aoail4k. forxaeoM, tweatr-flTeecsts.
ALL tbOM radtbtcd to tbe late Arm at D. C. W1LMR
. &.CO.. an hercbr notuVd te can at y oOoe. aad
nettle adore laalM day of March, or aaatr atates irtlltK
set in salt. J. S. LONSDALE, Triateo.
Ornci or the Memphis Gas Light Co.,
Fe6raarr4th. tSST. t
A Dl VI DSN P tor the laat its aeaihe ot ae aeratal.
waa sc!afd this day, pajaMa to Tbe atottaiUiu ja
Onaaad. at the aa. WM. RCFF1N,
ROOM enoagh brims aa yoar i araltart aadertcyifcing
e'a yoo wot the vaiao for. NottHMC Hoe to da bot
ta wait on jfou it. C. CATCB &. SON,
LOOK SHARP !
m mt have fur tale a No. I NBSRO GIRL, atihteea
a yean old. Cook, Waaer aad Ireawr. Bant alt
JT laeak at once, hat saeac ales:.
S febS-3 H. C. OATCK & SON.
FOF& BRICK TBNKMKNtS aa the earner o
HernaBdo awl Sooth afreets; esse BRtCE HOCSK
on DeSeto. between Taaee atreet and Btown'i
Aeenne all two atarie hath, with two iarr
porchea, lattu-ed and all new, with No. t iamBraeeavnts.
Also, a small FKAMB BJILMNG. on South street, and
tosne See hundred reel of Taeaat crowed oa the Owrtea
tract. If this property is bo seM by SATORB-AT, ta
SSth ot yebraary. at private sale, H win b soM oa too
premises at pobtK sale Term liberal. For aay infor
mation apply to A Wallace, or
THOMAS B. CARBOLL.
A. Wallace, Anc"r. reM-tds
GtREAT SALB Of
PINE YOUNG MULES!
WB will fell on TCBSDAT. Fearnirr4th at
Xo. 3 MarHaon street, MeaspMs. IMtfy w-11
broke y.Mg MULES, well seteeted, all In fiaa
-enter, having In.t dosed a cntraet at Wttibz
ihe Tana Pa, Miss AI.O, thirty CARTS aad BAR
NBSS. Dearly aew. Now H tbe time for PUateri and
Railroad Contractors and others, ia want ef Xo. 1 MaKe.
all yoaaa- and aaaad New look barp! Step on a boat
or cars, and be in time for one of the lncky Banter -
get bargains. Tetntscash.
M. C. CATCB & SON,
ftf-neral Auctioneers aad Beat Estate Brokers.
Q Baum ror and Beentns: News aaay. Jebl
Clerk's Sale of Real Estate in the
City of Memphis.
BT Tirtne of a Decree of the Law tee of Xae Comraets
Law aad Chancer Court ef the City of Memphis, as
IU Netvmbt-r Tirni. isss, in the rate ef R. E. Chew ar. t
others, rx-parte. I wttl ten la the highest Udder, at pel.,
lie aoctuin, in front of my otBce, acthaat earner nf,
Coart Sqoare, on SATTRDAT, Febrmary Ula, ItsaT, ua
following described property, to wtt :
.Twenty-one Feet of Lot No. 192,
an Mam street, is the rt'ref MesaaAss.
Term One third caab ; tbe butane m ese aad Iwa
years, with li tereattrom dtte.
Jan2S MAKCP8 J. WReSgT, Clerk.
TN pnraaBee ot a Deed of Treat, exeeoted at
1 James L. Hill and J.hn B. BBL for the benefit of
Bradley. Wilson & Co.. datH 38h of Mar, Kde, aad .la y
maw did in the Bestister's OsBee ot the eswaty at Shelby,
aad State of Tvnneesee, I will proceed sa seN for cash, a
pahtie sale, on toe premises, at 11 a'eteek, on T9B9DAT.
Ftfbraary MXh, 1967, the I ollowtne: reseribed iraperty,
with the improvements thereon, betas; the North half of a.
crrtam lot trusting on the Bast side of Second sir- l.
seventy- oar fret three inches, rwatrjng back EHwa dir.
and at rtcbt angles with Secoed street one hundred ali.I
forty-eight f-et six Irenes, betas; that certain lot ot
grotrad known and deswrnated on Bias or map of the cur
of Memphis at lot r amber three hasdTed aad 8fty-ev n.
open which Is a denote three-storr brick dwettins; boaso,
togi-tber with all Beerssary conveniences, c.
The UtV to the above property fet tnatipoUgse, bat t
will eonvey only snrh title as ia Tested m ase as Trustee.
All risdt of redemption ia expreaslr waived by the term
ef the Ded of Trust. W. A. JONBS,
Chancery Sale of Tvro Valuable
PURSUANT to a Drecreo of tbe Chancery Ooart at
Mmpbts. rendered November Tana, 185. in t'j
ease ef Joseph Leaow and Archibald Wright. Adm'ra ot
Albert Q. Underwuod, dee'd, aad others, er-parte putiMoa
taaeB Slaves it, IwUloa
Tuesday, 24th February, 1856,
in front of my office, in the city of Mimphll. pteeeei ta
sell to the hbthes t bidder for cash,
Two Valuable Liegroes,
brtooalnc to the Estate of said A. 6 TTadortrood, dee'd
via : Negro Hm named HBN.1T, a No. 1 Plasterer, ami.
hi wife AtiN KS, an excellent Hon or Kitchea Servant.
Sale at lt o'doek a. k.
jan24-1awtds JOHN C. LANIER, C. &. M.
iETXA lASURASCE COMPANY,
OirrtT-tcx-ocl ixx Z819.
CASK CAPITAL, $500,000 :
INSURANCES can be efftxted with ts agency Jn tbi
place and polwus issued wlthont delay for thlscki and
fvorbty known Company AOAINST THB DANGERS
OF PIRJC on dwellings and contents; stores aad merchan
dise, mills and machinery, manstfaciories and stock, Al
leges hafts, brMces paMiC bnUdtnao, hosts, esugoes and
personal proper y generally; the perlH of inland navtga.
lion ; of boats, cargoes, or freights and charges os lakas.
bays, rivers, canals, railroads, or other modes ot trent
poitationef property in transit. All at as reasonaWn
rates of prcminsas and liberal rates as the daagen ss
1 eased permit far motnal safety aad reimbts tedecsnjir to
Looses eojnitaUy adjnated and promptly paid at this
atonectal attention given to the Insnraaee of dw)Hngs
and cuatents, for a term from one ta flve years.
Ail bnslnese transacted With Uratch and SisuMtj. Ap
ply to J. B. CHADVTIOK, Agent at
JanJ.ly Memphis, Team.
ALL porsons who leased property at the Navy Yard
are uotiaed to close the same at one. The Otty At
torney ran be fonnd at the Mayor's otBce, nsM Satsrd.y,
7th with the Leates prepared far the parties ta sign.
frbt-H THOMAS B. CARROLL, Mayor
THRKB MULB3, two Carts and TIanes.
. cheap for cash, or short paper. Apply tn Dr.
I KOBGEXS. on corner of Main and Tarbott
itrrets. Sooth Memphis'. feht-Iw
THE fine residence heretofore occupied by Col.
VT D. Brown, near St. Agnes Insulate, a.n
Ute ing live acres of groand, is for rent. Pos
. session given immediately. Ape y to
HATES Jt TfJRNAGS,
fb4-diw Comer of tTatngton and MstB-sts.
TSE strength of onr Arm was increased on tbe ftrit
da,-of tbe present year by theaMttJanof three of.
FRANK G BiNGRAM of the Sales department;
SAM M. JOBS, of the Watch department ;
GEOBGE V DICKINSON, ot the Mansfaeterisg de.
We aradoterarned not ta ho fosad lacking in energy or
aoeeramodatien for the benefits aad waau ot oar oas
Oar s-'ock will alsrayt be fonnd law and weM assorted.
Oar means arc ample for the miaataetare ot snca ar t
ejas as belong te ear line and are not Bsnallr kept in
store, each artiees as are somewhat foreign to the tash
isn, or snchrtkam as may be needed to salt any peca
The style of onr arm will b, as heretofore,
f'bft J E. MEURIMAX k CO.
E. W. RUCKER,
Surveyor and Draughtsman,
OFFERS has MrTSses t the pabtts. and wBI giv
prompt attention te any hnotBeas ensmected with his
vocation. Be may he fonsd at Us efflee on tbewst
side of Main street, seath of Dates, (Sreentaw's Ba tid
ing,) anises abwnt tn professional hnsiaess.
J. B Chad wick, Henry G. Smith,
J. M. Pre vine, Robertson loop,
B B Wadd.fl, PMflp H. Thompson,
John S Claybrook. feb5.1y
WILLIS AND MAEEYATT.
Parts of Life Else Unfold,
BT N. P. WILLIS.
Tiifo mac!. "FiTfcl atonco,
BT EMILIA MARRTATT,
And others, at GEO. PA1TISON &. CO.'S,
Main street, one door seath ot Walker's Block.
HICKS, TERRY & ANDERSON
Hive last received, direct from the manufacturers,
GEXTLEMEXS' CLUMP SOLE GAITERS
A New Article; also
Gents Fine Pump Boots.
A RARE CIIAACE
IS now offered to-a man v th a. small araonat of mon-r.
to easage In a profitable business, on one of the prin
orBarstreeU of the cl'.y, which has a good ran of eastern
er. For farther information lncralra at the Aw-i-.t.
office. Term) cash, cr good notes.