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SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 22, 1857.
As the most acceptable service wc could ren
der oar readers this morning, we present them
with the Farewell Address of Washingtok
U. his countrymen, on Ws'voloatary retirement
from the Executive chair of the Government
of the United States. The recnrrence of this
anniversary always brings with it glorious
rrrnllrtiM. It shotttd be the nrovince of
every lover of his country to turn these patri
one inspirations to some useful account, by
nculcatin; sentiments and enforcing precepts
which all aekMwle&e to be conducive to the
honor, welfare, asm" durability of these admira
ble institutes f Govern tnt, which have so
far secured thenveal and glory of our common
country. Tlie principles proclaimed in the Fare
well Address of Washington, are acknowl
edged by all to be the genuine inspirations of
a pure patriotism, aud the sound teachings of a
mature judgment, a comprehensive statesman
ship, and a long and varied experience. The
vilest demagogue is compelled to listen to them
with homage. The deepest prejudices of party
or section dare not assail or controvert them.
Reason, honor and patriotism, alike approve
and exalt them. Tbe character and history of
their author, the time, manner and solemnity
of their delivery, and the important interest
which every citizen of the Republic has in
their theme, all appeal to our judgment and our
sensibilities to unite in abserving and enforcing
them in the lofty spirit with which they were
uttered. Every friend of free representative
government throughout the earth, is deeply in
terested in their observance. Next to the Con
shtution. thev should be paramount in the
hearts and consciences of the American peo
Die. as a political community. Of all unin
spired writings, tbey desen-e the deepest stud;
of American Christians. They are not the
work of an inspired author, and hence cannot
claim the authority of inspiration, or of iiaal
hbility. But tbey are next in toe order of au
thenticity to the writings of the Apostles with
every Christian of the United States, because
the open tip to this Heaveo-favored country the
avenue of peace, safety and permanency, and
point out to succeeding generations the paths of
honor, usefulness and innocent ambition. Their
author was at a mere man of words, but ex
emplified by his deeds every lofty attribute
which adorns o .r frail humanity, and rescues
it from ridicule, contempt and execration. The
true type of here, statesman and patriot, he
was the Moses of our American Israel to lead
our hosts to the promised kin 1, to teach them
the law which would preserve their nationality.
to inspire them by his heroic and 6e)f-sacrific
105 devotion, and then tj be "gathered to his
fathers" with his last prayers in behalf of his
much-loved country. .
Let us emulate bis pure and patriotic exam
ple though this is easier to write about than to
perform. At least it will be a useful exercise
to look into our actions, and, with shame, con
fess how far short we have fallen of being
governed in onr public actions by the same
iofty and disinterested motives which actuated
the "Father of bis Country."
If public men of the present day were all
measured by the rules which he prescribed for
Ltmself, bow few would there be who could
stand the touchstone? If his motives were
commended to tbem, how many could bear the
scrutiny? If bis principles were made the
standard by the people, how would factions,
sectional organizations and narrow creeds
sbriak frem the public gaze, and hide their
shame and their criminal agitations in the mys
terious darkness of their origin, and in the
polluted chambers of those breasts in which
tiiey had their begianinr!
The people have it in their power to crush
out treasonable and sectional factions by the
magic influence of his great name and his greater
precepts, and to restore the country and Us in
stitutioM to pristigf purity and influence. This
they can 00 by making his principles and ex
amnleihe touchstone of public merit. Will
they do K
In the Senate of the United States, on the
12 Ji inst., "Senator Jones, of Tennessee, from
the Committee on MilkaryASairs, submitted
a report, accompanied by a Mil, which was read
and passed to a second reading, "to accept the
tender brtfce State of Tennessee of the late
residence of Andrew Jaoesd.v as a site for a
branch of the United States Military Acade-ir-v."
The bill provides that the President is author
ized to prepare, and report to the next Con
gress, an estimate and plan in detail in regard
to the needful buildings and organization of
such military school, including the number of
pupils, the mode of appointment, the- period of
probation, ie MgaUtions for their government,
provisi&Hor tbbJr matptojMnce, and the terms
on which they stall be appointed cadets; and
appropriates five thousand dollars to carry into
effect the -provisions of the act.
EDGES A. PSYOE, ESQ.
This talented gentleman has retired from the
editorial chair of the Richmond Enquirer, on
account of pecuniary matters. Mr. 1'ryor is
one of the ablest and most accomplished writers
who has for many years been connected with the
Southern press, and his withdrawal will be a
matter of jtniversai regret among his brethren
of the press. We trust that it may be a agree
able for him to resume his -connection with the
Democratic press again. Toe Charleston
Jf-Tcury says that it is an error that Mr. Pbyor
contemplates any connection with that journal
(2?" Ob the night of the 6th inst, the joiner
shop of Robert Courtney, at Franklin, Tenn.,
was destroyed by fire. Loss $2,300.
(g?" One fact, relative to the murder of Dr.
BuRgEix, is that the aggregate circulation of
the Ne w York press has increased over 200,000
since the first particulars of the horrible affair
was made public.
Mrs. Pollt Totes, engaged in nursing
a sick man in Salisbury, Vermont, inhaled, by
accident, the odor arwinfefrom aa'aopcorkedi
bottle of strychniae, aad in a few -hoursshe
(ET To tfeejadiea of New Bedfordosgs
the credit of Instituting thejajest and'Tiigheet
order of surprise parties. JThp objects of their
visits are poor families to whom they take sup
plies of c4othiftyMl food and stay and make
the family happy for the evening.
g" The Massachusetts Legislature has re
pealed Ihe act of fB52 relative to thsstn'tence
of deatn, providing that at least a year should
elapse after conviction before the execution,
and requiring a review of proceedings and a
new order of the Govarnor to effect the execu
tion of condemned .criminals.
gJp"The Stitr, the new London penny pa
per, reached a daily sale of some 27,000 copies,
while on extraordinary occasions, as during
the Palmer trial, or the day after the Spur
geon caJfiEtrophet rises to 40,000 and 50,000.
It employs an editor at $50 a week, two sub
editors at $SS, a foreign sub-editor at $35, and
four reporters at $20. These salaries are less
than are paid by the larger and dearer papers
Hox. Edward Everett. This gentleman
b'JH continues his noble exertions for the pur
chase of Mount Vernon. It is stated in the
Richmond JJsfatrer that he has already placed
in the hands of Trustees $12,060 at 7 per cent,
interest, and $500 at 6 per cent, interest the
proceeds of his oration for:lhe benefit of the
Mount Vernon fund. j
LIFE IN "WASHTHGTOir,
CorrefposdHintot Uie Charleston Courier.
Washington, February 4. In sketching
rapidly the characters of some of the princi
pal members of the Senate, we must premise
that we propose to sneak only of those whom
.- haw heard sufficiently oiten to eaten me
peculiarities of their mind and manner; ana,
with rerard to these, we bee to disclaim all
pretensions to adjust their comparative merus
There are few men in the Chamber whose
bodilv and mental lirteaments make so distinct
and detinue an imprcssiuu on me jjuum. wiu
Jud-e Dousrlas. "ills fieure short, stout
and thick would have been fatal to the divini
ty of the Apollo Belvidere, but is precisely
befits a man of the people for the
physical classes ever look with double affection
Upon a leauri nuu " " "
son, the qualities upon which they rely. His
ph siqgomy, too, is rather Btern and heavy, and
if you ever bad any hint lhat there was a vein
01 actimf-ny in uis cuaiaciej, jiou tttu dcc iiu
indication of it, unlesauyou fall to imagining
what expression that Ren eye will take, and
that heavy eyenrow ana mat nrmiy set mouiu,
when he is belaboring Ihs Republican party.
But when he rises to speak, you soon feel how
trivial are externals in comparison with genu
ine ability. You listen but a few moments be
fore you "forget everything, except that a man
of ability is before yoa. He is a bold and in
dependent speaker, andhas the power of thrill
ing his hearers through and through indeed,
rapidity and boldness of thought ar his insep-
arauie aunuuir. jicuica uu nui
strong points of his auoject, till they ring
His laniruasre is the perfect organ of
bis mind always sharp, and clear, and strong,
and knotty; never soft seldom beautiful. In
scenes or slme or aaiiger wuerc iraib .
proved, and energy exercised, and fortitude
taxed this gentleman would speak and move
the leader and superior.
It is the natural fate of such men to be mis
understood and to be maligned. There has
been the last two years raised against bim a
storm of rebuke and misrepresentation. Pub
lic meetings have denounced his ambition,
Northern speakers have held him up to scorn,
as the very embodying of national evil armed
with abilities only to delude, and successful
only to ruin. Northern journals have poured an
incessant hail of accusation against him.
But with Ihe whole storm of unpopularity
roaring around him he sternly pursues his
course, breasting the storm, combatting the
sur"e. and flincins back to his assailants his
calm contempf, stern wrath.or stinging ridicule.
future President, with the "White House" in !
m,,rh hi. future as the "Tuille- '
ri.a that of the Imperial infant, or "Windsor
Hastle" that of the Prince of Wales, let
...... . . . T - P ( J' I
there are those who very much doubt the reali
zation of this future.
This gentlemen is one of the self-made men
of our country, whose elevation is in itself a
proof of the admirable nature of our Constitu
tion, which allo ws the lowliest to rise to its dis
tinctions, while it compels the loftiest to labor
and competeior those which are the most cov
eted, because they are derived from the trunt of
their countrymen and achieved by the duties
which the sense of responsibility entails. It is
a glorious fact with which are embalmed the
springs of our national greatness that here
there aft no barriers of caste, no terms of de
scent, no dep'hs so low that enterprise cannot
rise out of them, no heights so exalted that ge
nius cannot attain them. The Judge's bench,
the Senator's seat, and the President's chair,
are attainable for the poorest and humblest
child in the land. No hereditary gallery leads
to them; only the broad road of. the people.
No piled up wealth, no station reaches as high
astheniritualnlaneunon which every human
being stands by virtue of his intellect. This ; remembered t your praise, and. as an instruc-iiw?,-,...,
h nnM. nriviiia and the nroud-! tive example mom aunals, that, under circum
est supremacy on the face of the globe.
Affi, , tmriB TilIitb nnmrlaa has
reached a table-land, from whence he can look
down calmly on the path before him. The poor
bey, self-taught, self-aided,-has risen to the
security of intellectual power.
The Chattanooga .idrerststr says :
" We learn from the President and Contract
ors that this road is going forward as fast as
circumstances will allow, ai.d that it will be
in operation in the course of twelve months.
The invoices of the iron are looked for daily."
The.ro.ad alluded to is the Chattanooga aud
The Corrcition Investigation. We learn
that the committee of the House of Represen
tatives, now engaged at Washington in investi
gating the charges and suspicions of corruption
against its memoers, uave struct, a iraii n uini
will lead to some
rich developments, ihey
have "bouiced" four of its members positively,
1 il . - C 1 1 "TO... ... ... t
anu are on uie seem ui murra. iuc iiiciuucib
are implicated are Gilbert, Edwards, and Mat
toson, of New York, and Welch, of Connecti
cut Tbey are all Republicans of the first
One of the most astounding discoveries, how
ever, of this investigation, is that of "Old
Drab," commonly known as Horace Greeley's
involvement in a lobby transaction, wherein he
fobbed a fee of $1,000 for merely helping for
ward a bill which never passed. Cin. Enq.
The Xcrder Calendar.
The horrid murder of the late Dr. Burdell,
the dentist of San I street, naturally recalls
other murders which in their day created hardly
Twenty years have elapsed since the city
was startled by the news that Helen Jewett
had been murdered. She was a prostitute, or
had been one; for some time she had been a
ssrt of misUess to a -young man named R. P.
pRobinson, who, after living with her for some
time, now desired to leave her ia. order to get
married. Before severing the connection be
tween them, he desired to obtain a portrait and
letters which she had of hfs, and earnestly re
quested her to surrender them. With the te
nacity of a female who was herself on the
point of being discarded, she clung to the me
morials of her liaison. She refused to yield
anything. He insisted. She remained firm to
her purpose. Such was the state of their mu
tual relations at 'he time when she was found
murdered in the house of Rosina Townsend.
After the coronet's inquest, Robinson was ar
rested. His trial followed; and after a full
and fair hearing of the evidence, he was ac
quitted of the murder, there being nothing but
circumstantial evidence against him. .
The case of Adams, who was murdered by
John C. Colt, near fifteen years ago, In this
city, will occur to every one's memory. Colt
taught book-keeping ; Adams was a printer.
Colt wrote a book on the special business to
which he devoted himself. Adams printed that
book, but did not get paid. A sum of three or
four hundred dollars remained due from Colt to
him, greatly to their joint discomfort. Adams
was anxious to obtain the money; Colt dis
liked excessively to be dnnned. This being the
state of affairs bctwee.i tbem, Mr. Wheeler, a
writing-master, who occupied the next room to
Colt, heard sounds in that room which alarmed
him; he communicated with the police, but
they thought light of his apprehensions ; finally
he saw Colt packing something in a box, and
pressing it down by kneejingon the lid. Mean
while the printer Adains'ijvas missed. It was
known that be had 'an arnolntment with Colt
at his office on the daydgi which he had disap
peared, it was discovered by the evidence or
Wheeler that a scuffle had taken place in Colt's
room that day. It was ascertained by the dis
closures of his carman who carried the box
from Colt's office, that it had been shipped on
ooara me juiiamazoo. mat- vessel was still in
port, H r hold was searched and the box found.
It was opened and the dead body of Adams was
discovered, salted dawn. Colt was put on trial
and convicted. Notwithstanding the most se
vere pressure, a pardon or commutation of his
sentence was withheld: and l'ust before the
time when he was to suffer the penalties of the
law, be committed suicide.
Dr. Part man's murder was scarcely less mys
terious, and for a similar cause In either case,
as it seems, $400 would have saved a human
life. He was murdered, like Adams, in the
room of his debtor, in a sudden, violent and
savage manner. The improbability that a man
could take a brother professor's life for such a
trine clouded Uie case in mystery for a long
uue. uut wuen uie irutu came out, it was
made apparent that from the first the eeneral
conviction of the public was correct, and that
suspicion had been properly directed toward
the guilty party. Dr. Webster, as is known,
was righteously executed at Boston for his
A still later and better remembered case is
that of Dr. Lutener, the oculist or aurist, of
orana street, inis case is very similar in
some respects to the one which is now absorb
ing attention. Dr. Lutener was a man of gal
lant habits and amorous inclinations. His am
orous acquaintance was large; and though the
eye anu ear were tne organs ne proposed to
treat, he was successful in the management of
others also. He made the acquaintance of
Mrs. Hays, from whom he obtained in some
way a package of curious private letters. She
asked Dr. Lutener to restore to her this pack
age. He refused. She insisted. He. for what
reason can only be conjectured, persevered in
his refusal, and was found, like Dr. Burdell,
dead in his room, having been shot by some one
who escaped. Mrs. Hays was tried for the
murder, and acquitted.
laicing everytmng into consideration, the
present case of Dr. Burdell is as startling and!
terrible as aDy of the old ones, K Y. Herald, I
GEOHGE WASHING!? OH,
PRESIDENT, TO TI1B PEOPLE OF THE UNITED
STATES, SEPTEMBER 17, 1798.
Friends and Fellow-Citizens: The pe
riod for a new election of a citizen to adminis
ter the Executive Government of the United
States being not far distant, and the time ac
tually arrived when your thougnts must be era
ployed In designating the persongwho is to be
clothed with that important irusUUjappears
to me proper, especially as It triayconduce to
a more distinct expression of the public voice,
that-I should now apprize you of the resolu
tion 1 have formed, to decline beins considered
amoiip- the number of those out of whom a
hnir fn ha made.
I bee von. at the same time, to do me the
justice to be assured lhat this Tesolution has
. i ' ... : . .t - af-iff r.inr.l in all
the considerations appertaining to the relation
which binds a dutiful citizen to his country;
not open taken witjuuv u. n. vfuu ...
and that, in withdrawing thextender of service,
which silence, in inv situation, might imply, I
am influenced bv no diminution of zeal for
your future, interest ; no deficiency tf grateful
respect for your past kindness ; but am sup
ported by a full conviction that the step is
rnmnatibte with both.
The acceptance of, and continuance hitherto
in. the office to which your suffrages have twice
. . i : .....if C ;
called me. uave uecu a uiuiumi sacnucc ui in1
clication to the opinion of duty, and to a d
for what anncared to be vour desire.'
I constantly honed that it would have been
much earlier in my power, consistently with
mAtlvAa whlrh IwiR not a tU ihprtv t n t isrerard
to return to that retirement from which 1 had
been reluctantly drawn. The ttrei.gth of my
inclination to do this, previous to the last elec
tion, had even led to the preparation of an ad
dress to declare it to you ; but mature reflec
tion on the then perplexed and critical pasture
of our affairs with foreign nations, and the
unanimous advice of persons entitled to my
confidence, impelled me to abandon ins idea.
1 reioicethat the state of vour concerns, ex
ternal as well as internal, no lonser renders
the uursuit of inclination incompatible with
the sentiment of duty or propriety ; and am
persuaded, whatever partiality may be retained
for my services, that, in the present circum
stances of our eountty, you will not disapprove
mv determination to retire.
The impressions with which I first undertook
the arduous trust were explained on the proper
occasion. In the dtscnanre of tills trust,
will only say, that I have with good intentions
contributed towards toe organization anu au-
ministration of the Government the best exer
lions of which a very fallible judgment was
capable. Not unconscious in the outset of the
inferiority of my qualifications, experience
in my own'eyes perhaps still more in the eyes
of others has strengthened the motives to
diffidence of myself : and every day the in
creasing weight of years admonishes me, more
and more, that the shade of retirement is as
necessary to me as it will be welcome. Satis
fied that if any circumstances have given pe
culiar value to my sen-ices, they were tempo
rary, I have the consolation to believe that,
while choice and prudence invite me to quit the
.... ..... . . lf I !L
political scene, patriotism aoes not ioroiu it.
In looking forward o the moment which is
intended to terminate the career of my public
life, my feelings do not permit me to suspend the
deep acknowledgment of that debt of gratitude
which I owe to my beloved countiy for the
many honors it has conferred upon me ; still
more for the steadfast confidence with which
it has supported me ; and for the opportunities
I have thence enjoyed of manifesting my in
violable attachment, by services faithful and
persevering, though in usefulness unequal to
my zeal. If benriits nave resulted to our
I country from these services, let it always be
stances In which the passions, agitated in every
direction, were liable to mislead; amidst ap-
i pearances sometimes dubious, vicissitudes of
, fortune often discouraging ; m situations in
which, not unfrequently, want of success has
countenanced the spirit or criticism the con
stancy of your Bupport was the essential prop
of the ettorts, and a guaranty of the plans, by
which thev were effected. Profoandlv pene
trated with this idea, I shall carry It with me
to my grave, as a strong incitement to unceas
mg vows, mat Heaven may continue to. you
the choicest tokens of its benificence; that
your union and.brotherly affection may be per
petual ; that the free Constitution, which i:
the work of your hands, may be sacredly main
tained; that its administration, in every de
partinent, may be stamped with wisdom and
virtue ; that, in fine, the happiness of the peo
pie or these states, under 'he auspices or lib
ertv. may be made complete, bv so careful i
preservation and so prudent a use of this bless
ing as will acquire to them the glory of re
commending it to the applause, the affection
and the adoption or every nation which is yet
. J J
, stranger 10 11
Here, perhaps, I ought to stop: but a solid
tude for your welfare, which cannot end but
with my life, and the apprehension of danger
natural to that solicitude, urge me, on an occa
sion like the present, to ofiVr to your solemn
contemplation, and to recommend to your fre
quent review, some sentiments, which are the
result ot much reneclion, of no mconsulerabl
observa.:on. and which appear to me all-im
portant to he permanency of your felicity as
people. These will be afforded to you i"h th
more fret d m, as you can only see in them th
disinterested warnings of a parting friend, who
can possibly have no personal motive to bias
his counsel; nor can I forget, as an encourage
ment to it, your indulgent reception of my sen
timents on a former and not dissimilar occasion
Interwoven as is the. love of liberty with
every ligament cf your hearts, ho recommend
ation of mine is necessary to fortify or confirm
Ihe unry of government, which constitutes
you one people, is also now dear to you. It is
justly so; for it is a main pillar ju the edifice
of your real independence the support of yoar
tranquillity at home, your peace abroad, of your
safety, of your prosperity, of that very liberty
which you so highly prize. But as it is easy
to loresee mat, irom diuerent causes and from
different quarters, much pains will be taken
many artifices employed, to weaken in your
uiiuuB iuc miiviuiun ui mis iruiu ; as uiis la
the point in your political fortress against
which the batteries of internal and external
enemies will be most constantly and actively
(though oftencovertly and insidiously) direct
ed it is of infinite moment that you should
properly estimate tne immense value or your
national m.ion to your collective aud individual
happiness; that you should cherish a cordial
habitual, and immovable attachment to it; ac
customing yourselves to think and speak of it
as of the palladium of your political safety and
prosperity; watching for its preservation with
jealous anxiety; discountenancing whatever
may suggest even a suspicion lhat it can, in
any event, be abandoned ; and indignantly
irownmg upon tne lust dawning o every at
tempt to alienate any portion of our country
irom tne rest, or to enieeoie tne sacred tie
I which now link together the various parts.
.tor mis you nave every inducement of sym
pathy and interest. Citizens by birth or choice
of a common country, that country has a right
to concentrate your affections. The name of
American, which belongs to vou in vour na
tional capacity, must always exalt the just
pnue or patriotism, more man any appellation
derived from local discriminations. With
slight shades of difference, you have the same
religion, manners, naoits, and polical princi
pies. You have, in a common cause, fought
and tuumphed together; the independence and
libertr vou possess are the work of joint coun
sels and joint efforts, of common dangers, suf-
lenngs, ana successes.
iiut tnes considerations, however power
fully they address themselves to your sensi
bilities, are greatly outweighed by those which
apply more immcdialelyjtfb'your interest; here
even- nortion of OUrCOuhtrySfindn the most
commanding, motivejjfor carefully guarding
and preserving the uniomof the whole.
1UC llUlbUi 111 a. uillvoilttlHtti UllClkUUlDC
with the South, protected by the equal laws of
a common government, finds, in the productions
of the latter, great additional resources of jna-
' 1 ". Vn.th In 4n iinrAa(r,in.il inla.nnM.
materials of manufacturing industry. The
South, in the same intercourse, benefiting by
the agency of the Norm, sees us agriculture
grow, and its commerce expand, lurning
partly into its own channels tne seamen ot tne
North, It finds its particular navigation invigo
rated: and while it contributes, in uitlerent
ways, to nourish and increase the general mass
of the national navigation, it looks forwaid to
the protection of a maritime strength to which
itielf is unequally adapted. The East, in like
intercourse with the west, already finds, and
in the progressive improvement of interior
communication, by land and water, will more
and more find, a valuable vent for the commo
dities which It brings from abroad, or manufac
tures at home. The West derives from the
East supplies requisite to its growth and com
fort ; and what is perhaps of still greater con
sequence, it must, ot necessity, owe me secure
enjoyment or inuispensaDic oniiets ior us own
productions, to the weight, influence, and the
iuture maritime strength of the Atlantic side
of the Union, directed by an indissoluble com
munity of interest as one nation. Any other
tenure by which the west can hold essential
advantage, whether derived from its own sepa
rate strength, or from an apostate and unnat
ural connexion with any foreign power, must
be intrinsically precarious.
While, then, every part of our country tbuB
feels an immediate and particular interest in
union, all the parte combined cannot fail to
'find, in the united mass of means and efforts, j
greater strengtn, greater resource, piuporuona-
bly greater security irom eAifinoi uau-ci, a
less frequent interruption of their peace by
foreign nations ; and what is or inestimable
valuejjhey must derive from union an exemp
tion from those broils and wars between them
selves, which so frequently aunct neignbjrtng
countries, not tied together by the same govern
ment; whicn ttieir own rivaisnips aione wouio.
be sufficient to produce, but which opposite
foreign alliances, attachments, and intrigues,
would stimulate ana imoitier. xience, iikcwisc,
they will avoid the necessity of those over
grown military establisments, which, under any
fnrm of government, are inauspicious to liber
ty, aid which are to be regarded as particularly
hnnHto to rennbllcan liberty; in this setise it is
that j'our union ought to be considered as a
main prop of your liberty, and mat me love or.
the one ought to endear to you the preservation
nf th nlher.
These considerations Bpeak a persuasive lan
guage to every reflecting and virtuous mind,
and exnioit tne continuance UL tuc umuu as a.
nrimarv obiect of patriotic desire. Is there a
doubt, whether a common government can em
brace so large a sphere 1 Let experience solve
To listen to mere speculation, in sucu
case, were criminal. We are authorized to
hone, that a proper orgamza ion ot iue wuoie,
with the auxiliary agency of governments for
the respective subdivisions, will aitord a nappy
l?sue to the experiment. It is wen worth a
fair and full experiment. With such powerful
and obvious motives to union, anectmg an
narts of our country, while experience shall
nothave demonstrated itsimpraticability, there
will always bereason to distrust the patriotism
of those, who, in any quarter, may endeavor to
weaken its bands.
In contemplating the causes which may dis
turb our Union, it occurs, as a matter of seri
ous concern, that any ground should have been
furnished for characterizing parties by geo
graphical discriminations Northern and South
ern Atlantic and w estern: whence designing
men may endeavor to excite a belief that lh:re
is a real dillerence of local interest sud views
One of the expedients of party to acquire in
fluence within particular districts, is to mis
represent the opinions and aims of other dis
tricts. You cannot shield yourselves too much
against the jealousies and heart-burnings which
spring from these misrepresentations ; they tend
to render alien to each other those who ought
to be bound together by fraternal affection.
ihe inhabitants of our western country hav
IaUly had a useful lesson on this head ; they
have seen in the negotiation by the h.ecutive
and in the unanimous ratification by the Senate
of the treaty with Spain, and in the universal
satisfaction at that event throughont the United
btates, a decisive proof how unfounded were
the suspicions propagated among them, of a
policy in the General Government, and In the
Atlantic btates, unfriendly to their interests in
regard to tne .Mississippi: they have been wit
nesses to inn rormation ot two treaties mat
with Great Britain, and that with Spain, which
secure to them every thing they could desire in
respect to our foreign relations, towards con
firming their prosperity. Will it not be their
wisdem to rely for the preservation of these
advantages on the Union by which they were
procured i Will they not henceforth be deaf
to those advisers, if such there are, who would
sever tbem from their brethren, and connect
mem with aliens f
lo the tiheacy and permanency of your
Union, a Government for the whole is Indispen
sable. No alliance, however strict between the
parts, can be an adequate substitute ; they
must inevitably experience the infractions auc
interruptions which all alliances, in all time,
have experienced. Sensible of this momentous
truth you have improved upon your first essay,
by the adoption of a Constitution of Govern
ment better calculated than your former for an
intimate union, and tor tne emcattous man
agement of your common concerns. This Gov
ernment, the offspring of our own choice, unin-
Uuenced and unawed, adopted upon full inves
tigation and mature deliberation, completely
free in its principles, in the distribution of its
powers, uniting security with energy, and con
taming witnin itseit a provision tor its owi
amendment, has a just claim to your confidenc
and your support. Respect for its authority
compliance with its laws, acquiescence in its
measures, are duties enjoined by the fundamen
tal maxims of true libcity. The basis of our
political systems, is the right of the people to
make and alter their constitution or uovern-
raeiit: but the Constitution which at any time
exists, till changed by an explicit and authen
tic act of the of whole people, is sacredly obli
gatory ujmhi all. The very idea of the power,
and the right of the people to establish Govern
ment, pre-supposes the duty of every individual
to obey the established Government.
All obstructions totheexe rution of the laws,
all combinations and associations, under what
ever plausible character, with the real design
to direct, control, counteract, or awe the
regular deliberation and action of the constitu
ted authorities, are destructive to this funda
mental principle, and of fatal tendency. They
serve to organize faction, to give it an artificial
and extraordinary force, to put in the place of
the delegated will of the nation, the will
of a party,iOften a small but artful and enter
prising minority of the community; and accord
ing to the alternate triumphs of different par
ties, to make the public administration the mir
ror of the ill-concerted and incongruous projects
of faction, rather than the organ of consis
tent and wholesome plans, digested by common
counsels, ar-.d modified by mutual interests.
However combinations or associations of the
above description may now and then answer
popular ends, they are likely, in the course of
time and things, to become potent engines, by
which cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled
men, win ue enaoiea to subvert me power oi
the people, and to usurp for themselves tbi
reins of Government; destroying, afterwards
me very engines which had lifted mem to un
towards the preservation of your Govern
ment, and the permanency of your presen
happy state, it is requisite, not only that vou
steadily discountenance irregular opposition to
its acKnovviaged authority, but also that you
resist wim careuue spirit ot innovation upoi
its principles, however specious the pretexts
One method of assault may be to effect, In the
forms of the Constitution, alterat ons which
will impair the energy of the system, and thus
to undermine wnat cannot be directly over
thrown. In all the changes to which vou mav
be invited, remember that time and habit are
at least as necessary to fix the true character
of governments as of other human institutions
that experience is the surest standard by which
to test the real tendency of the existing const!
stitution of a country ; that facility in changes
upon the credit of mere hypothesis and opinion
exposes to perpetual change, from the end
less variety o' hypothesis and opinion
,and remember, especially, that for the efficient
management ot your common interests, in a
country so extensive as ours, a Government of
as much vigor as is consistent wiih the perfect
security of liberty, is indispensable. Liberty
itself will find in such a Government, with
powers properly distributed and adjusted, its
surest guardian. It is, indeed, little else than
a name, where the Government is too feeble to
withstand the enterprises of faction, to confine
each member of the society within the limits
prescribed by the laws, and to maintain all in
the secure aim tranquil enjoyment of the rights
of person and property.
I have already intimated to yoa the danger of
parties in the State, with particular reference
to tne lounding ot mem on geographical dis
criminations. Let me now take a more com
prehensive view, and warn you, in the most
solemn manner, against the baneful effects of
the snirit of party generally,
This spirit, unfortunately, is inseparable from
our nature, having its root in tne strongest pas
sions of the human mind. It exists under dif
ferent shapes, in all Governments, more or less
stifled, controlled, or repressed; but in-those of
the popular form it is seen in its greatest rank
ness, and is truly their worst-enemy. "
The' alternate domination of one faction over
another, sharpened by the spirit of revenee.
natural to party dissension,, which, in different
ages anu countries, uasperpeuiiieu tne most nor-
, 1 - T 1 i. A i . T.I ,.
ridenormities,is itseit a trignttui despotism. But
this leads, at length, to a more formal and per
manent despotism. The disorders and miseries
which result, gradually incline the minds of
men to seek'security and repose in the absolute
power of an individual; and, sconer or later,
me cnier ot some prevailing taction, more ab(e
or more fortunate than his competitors, turns
mis disposition to the purposes of his own ele
vation on the ruins of public liberty.
Without looking forward to an extremitv of
.11. i . i i. 1 1 -1 . . .
uiis Kinu, wuicu, ueveruietess, ougut not to
be entirely out or signt.i me common and con
tinual mischiefs of the spirit of party are suffi
cient to make it the interest and duty of a wise
people to uiscourage anu restrain it.
It serves always to distract the public coun
cils, and enfeeble the public administration. It
agitates the community with lll-fonnded ieal
ousies and false alarms; kindles the animosity
a i a .1 . , "
oi one part against anouier : toments. occa
8ionally, riot and insurrection. It opens the
door to foreign influence and corruption, which
find a facilitated access to the Government it
self, through the channels of party passions.
Thus the policy and the will of one country
are subjected to the policy and will of another.
There is an opinion that parties, in free coun
tries, are useful checks upon the administration
of the Government, and serve to keep alive the
spirit of liberty. This, within certain limits.
is probably true; and in Governments of a mon
archical cast, patriotism may look with indul
gence, if not with favor, upon the spirit of
party. But in those of the popular character,
in Governments purely elective, it is a spirit
not to be encouraged. From their natural ten
dency, it is certain there will always be enough
ot mat spirit ior every salutary purpose. .n.uu
there being constant danger of excess, the ef
fort ougnt to be, by rorce or public opinion, io
mitigate and assuage it. A fire not to be
quenched, it demands a uniform vigilance to
prevent its bursting into a llaine, lest, inBieau
of warming, it should consume.
It is important, likewise, mat the habits ot
thinking, in a free country, should inspire cau
tion in those intrusted with its administration,
to confine themselves within their respective !
constitutional spheres, avoiding, In the exercise
or me powers or one department, to encroacu
upon another. The spirit of encroachm.nt
tends to consolidate the powers of all the de
partments in one, and thus to create, whatever
the form of Government, a real despotism. A
just estimate of that love of power, and prone-
Less to abusa it, wntch predominates in menu
man heart, is sufficient- to satisfy us of the
truth of this position. The necessity of recip
rocal checks in the exercise of political "power,
by dividing and distributing it Into different de
positories, and constituting each the guardian
of the public weal, against invasions by others,
has been evinced by experiments, ancient and
modern- some or mem in our own country, ana
under our own eyes. To preserve them must
be as necessary as to institute them. If, in the
opinion of the people, the distribution or modi-
hcatlon or me constitutional powers oe, in any
particular, wrong, let U be corrected by an
amendment in the way which the- Constitution
designates. But let there be no .change by
usurpation; for though mis, in one instance,
may be the instrument of good, it is the cus
tomary weapon by which free Governments are
destroyed, ihe precedent must always greatly
overbalance, in permanent evil, any partial or
transient benefit which tht use can, at any
Of all the dispositions and habits whiclrlead
to political prosperity, religion and morality
are indispensable supports. In vain would that
man claim the tribute of patriotism, who should
labor to subvert these great pillars of human
happiness, these firmest props of the duties of
men and citizens, ihe mere politician, equally
with the piou3 man, ought to respect and to
cherish them. A volume could not trace all
their connections with private and public feli
city. L.et it simply be asiced, Where is me se
curity for property, for reputation, for life, if
the sense of religious obligation dtterl the oaths
which aro the instruments of investigation iu
courts of justice? And let us with caution in
dulge the supposition, that morality can be
maintained without religion'. Whatever may
be conceded to the influence of refined educa
tion on minds of peculiar structure, reason and
experience both forbid us to expect that na
tional morality can prevail in exclusion of re
It is substantially true, that virtue or moral
ity is a necessary spring of popular Govern
ment. The rule, indeed, extends with, more or
less force to every species of free 'Government.
Who, that is a sincere friend to it, can look
with indifference upon attempts to shake the
foundation of the fabric?
Promote, then, as an object of primary im
portance, Institutions for the general diffusion of
knowledge. In proportion as the structure of
a Government gives force to public opinion, it
is essential that public opinion should be en
As a very important source of strength and
security, cherish public credit. One method ot
preserving it is to use it as sparingly as possi
ble; avoiding occasions of expense by cultiva
ting peace, nut remembering also that timely
disbursements to repel it; avoiding, likewise,
the accumulation of debt, not only by shunning
occasions of expense, but by vigorous exeitions
in time ot peace to discharge the debts which
unavoidable wars may have occasioned; not
ungenerously throwing upon posterity the bur
den which we ourselves ought- to bear. The
execution of these maxims belongs to your re
presentatives, but it is necessary that public
opinion should co-operate. To facilitate to
them the performance of their duty, it is es
sential that you should practically, bear in
mind, that towards the payment of debts
there must be revenue; that to have revenue
there must be taxes; that no taxes cJn be de
vised, which are not more or less inconvenient
and unpleasant; that the intrinsic embarrass
ment inseparable from the selection of the pro
per objects, (which is always a choice of diffi
culties,) ought to be a decisive motive for a
candid construction of the conduct of the Gov
crnment In making it, and for a spirit of acqui-
i .. " e ii.- ;
escence in the measures for obtaining revenue,
which the public exigencies may at any time
Observe good faith and justice towards all
notinns nti It t fif r a r a inr hsrrnnnv ti-i t Ji all
religioii'and morality enjoin this conduct ; ami
can it be lhat good nolicr does not equally- en-
join it? It will be worthy of a free, enlight-
ened, and, at no distant period, a great nation.
to give to mankind the magnanimous and too
novel example of a people always guided by an
exalted justice and benevolence. Who can
doubt that, in the course of time and things,
the fruits of such a plan would richly repay
any temporary advantages which might be lost
by a steady adherence to it? Can it be that
Providence has not connected the permanent
felicity of a nation with its virtue? The ex
periment, at least, is recommended by every
sentiment which ennobles human nature. Alas I
is it rendered impossible by its vices?
In the execution of such a plan, nothing is
more essential than that permanent Inveterate
antipathies against particular nations, and pas
sionate attachments for others, should be ex
cluded ; and that, in place of them, just and
amicable feelings towards all should be culti
vated. The nation which indulges towards
fl another an habitual hatred, or an habitual
fondness, is, in some degree, a slave. It is a
slave to its animosity or to its a flection; either
of which is sufficient to lead it astray from its
duty and its interest. Antipathy in one nation
against another, disposes each more readily to
offer insult and injury, to lay hold of slight
causes of umbrage, and to be haughty and in
tractable, when accidental or triding occasions
of disputes occur. Hence frequent collisions,
obstinate, envenomed, and bloody contest The
nation, prompted by ill will and resentment,
sometimes Impels to war the Government, con
trary to me nest calculations or policy. Be
Government sometimes participates in the na
tional propensity, and adoyts, through passion,
what reason would rejtct; at other times It
makes the animosity or the nation snbservient
to projects of hostility, instigated by pride,
11... I r :
auiuiLiuu, auu uiuci siilisiei dim liCilllClUUS mo
tives. The peace often, sometimes perhaps the
I : t. - .. - . t : I. l 1 1
iiuciiy, ul iiduutis udH uccti me victim.
So, likewise, a passionate attachment of one
nation to another produces a variety of evils.
Sympathy for the favorite nation, facilitating
the illusion of an imaginary common interest,
in cases where no real common interest'existB,
and infusing into one the enmities of (heiother,
betrays the former into a participation, in the
quarrels and wars of the latter, without ade
quate inducement or justification. It leads al
bo to concessions to the favorite nation of priv
ileges denied to others, which is apt doubly to
injure the nation making the concessions; by
unnecessarily parting with what ought to have
been retained, and by exciting jei lousy, ill will,
and a disposition (o retaliate, in the parties
from whom equalprivileges are withheld ; and
it gives to ambitious, corrupted, or deluded cit
izens (who devote themselves to the favorite
nation) facility to betray, or sacrifice the inter
est of their own country, without odium ; some
times even with popularity; gilding with the
appearance of a virtuous sense of obligation, a
commendable tleference for public opinion, or a
laudable zeal for public good, the base or fool
ish compliances of ambition, corruption, or in
As avenues to foreign influence in innumera
ble ways, such attachments are particularly
alarming to the trulv enlightened and indenen.
dent patriot. How many opportunities do they
aliord to tamper with domestic factions, to
practice the art of se'duction, to mislead public
opinion, to inuuence or awe the public coun
cils! Such aa attachment of a email or weak.
towards a great andapowerful nation, dooms
the former to the satellite of the latter.
Against the insidious wiles of foreim influ
ence (I conjure you to believe me, fellow-citizens)
the jealousy of a free people ought to be
constantly awake; since history and experience
prove that foreign influence ii one of the most
baneful foes of republican Government But
that jealousy, to be useful, must be impartial
else utLuiuca luskiuujGiib uj. tue very in
fluence to be avoided, instead of a defense
against it. Excessive partiality for one foreign
nation, and excessive dislike for another, riiim
tbosa whom they actuate to see danger only on
ons side, and serve to veil, and even second, the
arts of Influence on the other. Real patriots,
who may resist the intrigues of the favorite,
are liable to become suspected and odinnc
while its tools and dupes usurp the applause
and confidence of the people, to surrender their
The great rule of conduct for us. in rei-ard
to foreign nations, Is, In extending our com
mercial relations, to have with them as little
political connexion as possible. Sj far a w
have already formed engagements, let them be
fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us
turope has a set of nrimarv intereitg. which
to us have none, or a verv remote relation:
Hence she must be engaged in frequent contro
versies, the causes. of -which are essentially
foreign to our concerns. Hence, therefore, it
must be unwise in us to iroDlicate ourselves, bv
artificial ties, in the ordinary vicissitudes of
her politics, or the ordinary combinations and
collisions oi her friendships or enmities.
. Our detached and distant .situation invites
arid enables us to pursue a different' course. Jf 1
we remain one'people,under''-an efficient Government-,
the period is not far off when we may
defy, material injury from external annoyance ;
when we may take such an attitude as-will
causae the neutrality we may at any time re
solve upon, to be scrupulously respected ; when
belligerent nations, under the impossibility of
making acquisitions upon us, will not lightly
hazard the tgiving us provocation; when we
may choose peace or war, as our interest, gutd-
ea oy justice, snail counsel.
Why forego the advantages of so peculiar a
situation? Why quit our own to stand upon
foreign ground? Why,by interweaving our
destiny with that of any part of Europe," en
tangle onr peace and prosperity in tne toils ot
European ambition, rivalship, interest, humor,
or caprice r
41 is our true policy to steer clear of perma
nent alliances with any portion of the foreign
world ; so far, I mean, as we are now at liberty
to do it; ior let me not be understood as capa
ble of patronizing Infidelity to existing engage
ments. i uoia me maxim no less applicable to
public than to private affairs, that honesty is
i i li.i- - K .l . " .
always the best policy. I repeat it, therefore,
let those engagements be observed in their gen
uine sense, nut, in my opinion, it is unneces
sary. and would be unwise to extend them.
Taking care always to keep ourselves, by
suitable establishments, on a respectable de
fensive posture, we may safely trust to tempo
rary alliances for extraordinary emergencies.
Harmony, and a liberal intercourse with all
nations, are recommended by policy humanity,
and interest. But even our commercial policy
Bhould hold an equal and impartial hand : nei
ther seeking- nor granting exclusive favors or
preferences; consulting; the natural course of
things; -diffusing and diversifying, by gentle
means, the streams of commerce, but forcing
nothing ; establishing, with powers so dis
posed, in order to give trade a stable course,
to define the rights ot our merchants, and to
enable the Government to support them, con
ventional rules of intercourse, the best that
present circumstances and mutual opinions will
permit, but temporary, and liable to be, from
time to time, abandoned or varied, as expe
rience or circumstances shall, dictate ; con
stantly keepingjn view, that it is, folly in one
nation to loot for disinterested favors' from
another; that it must pay, with a portion of
its independence, for. whatever it may accept
under that character; that by such acceptance
it may place itself in the condition of having
given equivalents for nominal favors, and yet
of being teproacned wan ingratitude for not
giving more. There can be no greater error
than to expect, or calculate upon, real favors
from nation to nation. It is an illusion which
experience must cure, which 'a just pride ought
In offering to vou, my countrymen, these
counsels of an old and affectionate friend, I dare
riot hope they will make the strone and lasting
impression I could wish; that they will con
trol the usual current of the passions, or pre
vent our nation from running the course which
has hitherto marked the destiny of nations ;
but if I may even flatter myself that tbey may
be productive of some partial benefit, some oc
casional good: that they may now and then re
cur to moderate the fury of party spirit, to
warn against the mischiefs nf foreign intrigues,
to guard against the impostures of pretended
patriotism ; this hope will be a full recompense
for the solicitude for your welfare by which
they have been dictated.
How far, in the discharge of my official du
ties. I have been guided by the principles which
have been delineated, the public records, and
other evidence of my conduct, must witness to
you and the world. To myself, the assurance
of my own conscience is, that I have at least
believed myself to be guided by mem.
In relation to the still subsisting war in Eu
rope, my proclamation of the 22d of April,
l vj, is tne index to my plan, sanctioned by
your approving voice, and by that of your Rep
resentatives in both Houses of Congress, the
spirit of that measure has continually governed
me, uninfluenced by any attempts to deter or
divert me from it.
After deliberate examination, with the aid of
the best lights I could obtain, I was well satis
fied that our country, under all the circum
stances of the case, had a right to take, and
wan hnnnrl in ftiiti- ami ititraf in fat-i. a nii
ral im.itinn H.uin tal-.n it X .W.rmln.,!
. , " ---"";-
at iir as suuuiu uepena upon me, to maintain
it with moderation, perseverance and firmness.
loe considerations which respect the right
I to hold this conduct, It is not necessary on this
I : ... i hi i . l i v. .
uccdaiuu iu ueidii. i mil vuiy uuaervc, ludij
aeenrrline to mi? iindVrtam!ino- of Ihp milter
according to my understanding or tne matter,
ttiat rignt, BO far irom Oeing denied by any Of
the belligerent powers, has been virtually ad
mitted by an.
ine duty or Holding a neutral conduct may
be inferred, without anything more, from thai
1 -obligation which justice and humanity imposed
on every nation, in cages in which it is free to
act, to maintain inviolate the relations of peace
and amity towards other mtions.
The inducements of interest, .for observing
that conduct, will best be referred to your own
reflections and experience. With me, a pre
dominant motive has been to endeavor to gain
time lo our country to settle and mature its yet
recent institutions, and to progress, without
interruption, to that degree of strength and
consistency which is necessary to give it, hu
manly speaking, the command of its- own for
tunes. Though in reviewing the incidents of my ad
ministration, I am unconscious of intentional
error; I am, nevertheless, too sensible of my
defects not to think it probable that I may .have
committed many errors. Whatever thej"may
be, I fervently beseech the Almighty to avert
or mitigate the evils to which they may tend.
I shall also carry with me the hope, that my
country will never cease to view them with in
dulgence ; and that, after forty-five years of my
life dedicated to its service with an upright,
zeal, the faults of incompetent abilities will be
consigned to oblivion, as myself mist soon be
to the mansions of rest
Relying on its kindness in Tnis, as in other
things, and actuated by that fervent love to
wards it which is so natural to a man who
views in it the native soil of himself and his
progenitors for several generations, I antici
pate, with pleasing expectation, that retreat
in which I promise myself to realize, without
alloy, the sweet enjoyment of partakltfg"Jun
the midst of my fellow-citi2en9, the benign in
fluence of good laws under a free government
the ever favorite object of my heart and
the happy reward, as 1 trust, of our mutual
cares, labors, and dangers.
United States, 17th Saptember, 1798.
The Official Vote for President and Vice Presi
dent of the United Statei.
From tte Wathlngton Colon, Febrnary 12th
The two branches of Congiess met in the
hall of the House of Representatives yester
day, and proceeded through their tellers, to
count the electoral vote for President and Vice
President of the United States for a term of
four years from the 4th of March, 1857, with
the following result:
Fur President. For Vice Prti i
" a . Z
2 5 I
New riimpshlre.. .......... rr
N. rth Carolina,
Mlsvourl.,. ...... ......... 9
Arkansas. ....... ......... 4
8 174 109
No action yet taen In regard to the five electoral rotes
of Wisconsin, which were cast fsr Mr. Fremont, bnt not
on the day designated by law.
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
Pabllc i 1
AN ACT to anthorfie the President of the United States
to came to be procared, by' parchase.or otherwise,
suitable steamer as a revenue cotter.
Bait enacted by the Senate and Hsute of Representa
tives of the United States of America In Congress as
sembled. That the President of the United States be, and
Is hereby, authorised to causa to be procured, by pur
chatt or otherwise, a suitable steamer as a revenue cut
ter, and that ttr sum or one hundred and fifty thouslnd
dollars bs, and Is herebyapprxprlated for that purpote,
out ot any mcneys now in the Treat trry ot tho United
States, n t ottierwise appropriated.
Approved February 6, 1857. " ftb22ilt
B OIES Freih Caceae ; forsaleby
MEMPHIS - THMTB,?.
D. T. ASH, ...
H. P. JOHNSON.
StooDd ppersnce ot th ctltbraUrf Antrlcn Trjlc
MISS ELIZA ILOGAJ I
AT0KDAT,7H)nurji3d,lS5T,wm b pmrated tfce
J.TJL. Deanuiui tJ. in ore , or LOVE'S SACRIFICE;
Or, tttt ninl Mtrehintj. ll.rum Rimore, MUj E.
Lnftn; Eugene De Lormt, Krerdt; St " Lo, Tyrrell; Jna
Bmr, Smith; Hertn-Die-. ill DmlfiS. DAN'OE, MU,
SipcUlr. Tocnoclode with the elegant Barleita, TUB
DAT AFTKB THE WEDDING. Jdj KlUibtth,
Dttrmr, Cot Frertere, Hi. Tyrrell;. Six. VstU, Slit.
Toc5dr. third appearance ot ilift K. Locin.
ADMISSION'. Boim, Sf; ParqiHlte, it; Scocd
Cum, M cestt ; Colored GaUtrr. 25 kU.
A LIBERAL tr ice mu lMiiT.-n ta lame mi for toaeirw?
XjL.1veoty.flT or thirty tretr, at my rctLttac ou th
MfiJ-U - Jf. M. TREZKVANT,
1 UPPER- f.r sale uu and a half acres of mr I
W.tnt It .. Vl.t, A.. v..in.. . II 1 I I
with a bunt ioty choiee Prsit Trees enjt, asxTea-
- cio'l iio x guo punk -fence It lies oil tk$
north Mde t Bass street, oue-tbird of mile east cf the
corporation llBe. Inquire on the pn-misrsT
feoSZ-dlm CtlAS. F. IIEIDEL.
FOR SALE OR RENT.
rpriS RESIDENCE recently oocoMed by James T. Pit-
JL I t, on the Xew Stat; Line roaJ, with foerteea actes
or lant, or more, it cieitreii.
ALSO, an- Frame Dwelling, with slz-coafortaMe
rooms, good garden aad oat-bonne, on Central ATeaue.
oprosita the resilience of Gen. If G, IUrru. Apply to
j. jr. suaw a.-uo., or j as. a. causes.
YOU WILIi PIND
SPECTACLE3 ! Slnsie Temper, goM.
SPKCTAC1 K3 1 Jack Downing Slices, gH.
nrnoTAuLKS ! llraey Sltdlee, goM.
SPKCrACLKS t Wire Temp e j, gold.
bPECTACLKS ! Torn Pin Tvmpto, ;M.
SPECTACLES ! Extra Pino Tenrples, gold.
SPECTACLES! Gold PrameY Frrtscoptc Glasses.
SPECTACLES I Goid Frames, Doab e CVnei Lew.
SPKCfACLKS! Gold Frames, Cauvox Lena.
SPECTACLES Gold Frame, $6 to $tO.
SPRCTACLES! SJvsr Fran. Silver-Tcmntrs.
SPECTACLKS ! Silver Frames, Jack Dowaiag SIMM
SPJil-TACLKS ! Silver Fr m , nary Sfid.s.
SPECTACLES ' SUrer Frames. Perucostc L-bs.
SPECTACLES! Silver FrBies, d'MeOoBTCxGlassm.
Sl-KCTACLffcJl Stiver Frai es, Coocat Ljas.
SPECTACLES-! SUver Frameo, $2 to $1.
SPECTACLES ! Steel Frames. PerlsasaM: Lars
SPECTACLES I Steel Frun-i, Doome Oan-rex Ltas
SPECTACLES ! Steel Frames, CbBoave Glasses.
SPECTACLES! Steel F kj, S.rgle Temples.
SPECTACLES ! Steel Fraates, Tarn Pin Temples.
SPECTACLES ! Steel Frames, with Clerical Byes.
SPBCTCLBS! Steel Frames, Blae Glasses.
SPBCTAt LBS! Steel Frames, Greea Glasses.
SPECTACLBS ! Slee! Frame.--, Grey Glatse.
SPECTAC LES ! St -el Pram, s, wiih DoaMe Eyes.
SPBCTAC LBS ! With fine net ware Protector.
SPECTACLES! Gold Frames, with SfTiftgs.
SPECTACLES! With Sprints, Shed, (Wan.
SPECTACLES I With Sariagt, SMI. convex.
SPECTACLES! With Springs, Silver, oval.
SPECTACLES'! With SpnoKs. oval. Steel.
SPECTArLRS! Wiih Spring,, roaad Eyes.
SPECrACLKS! Hand Spectacles.
SPECTACLES! WHa nott-hsHsrs.
SPECTACLES! Por yean x per sobs.
Sr-KCTACLBS! For middle ae.
SPECTACLES! For eM p-op4e.
SPECTACLBS! For t hart sight.
SPECTACLBS! Far weak ixtt.
SPBi TACLKS! For cataract eyes.
SPECTACLES' Far ladies.
SPECTACLES! For servants.
SPECTACLESI For all kinds of e;es.
SPECTACLES ! ' With no aaaeease ahast them."
SPECTACLES! Of the Sparkler " variety.
SPECTACLES! For Railroad Offlc.s.
SPKCTACLKS ! For Railnd traveaats.
SPECTACLES! Tnat will salt VOB.
Everything rife in on line that yua may be in waat of:
W. testes. Jewelry, Silver War, Plated Ware, Gass,
iaaes, ikmbs, wm sum yoa.
Come and tee! J. E VERRIlf AN' it CO .
263 3t.iin-t. Union Blatk,
feb-K dawlw Uetnpal, Tmn
MISSISSIPPI CENTRAL. AND TEX-
-J- A -p -T T" " A sT
j"!, A B 1 J Ik, 1 ) A I ) - AM
' - - ' J
rvr.S from Jmiction with Memphis and Charleston
J Railroad to Black's Station four an 1 ow-half aides
! ?',h 0,
and twenty two mika Soalh from
. jacrioB, ivuu.
Leaves Bolivar DA1LT (Sundays exorptfd) at &!;
Arrives at Junction at 6:30,
Connecting wih 7 am. Train iota Xemsaii.
Retarnin;, leaves Junction IO a. m., ar aa arrival
i"m Jitrntmn, -trlTiBt at Itssei's StsUoe
lt lfM0. ,,,,,,, M ttutp.mt with wtV hw af
, Coaches for Jackson and XanhTtlle, ts LIsnimttaH. aad
wild arweo4'3 linear Coaches ta Jacksoa aad Nashville,
ria Lexmg oo;ctilton, Waynrlro, Ml. Pleasant, Ca-
iujuuia. and from Spring Hill i-r the Teanrssoe and Ala
bama Rtllraad AU, with R. K. Smith's ltae tt Ac-
Ivare, Black's Station dany (tnndara excasaedl at 3:M
r m , oonrctiat; H'UriM J jactt.a with Mali Tram,
arrivme at Jtenpats at 7:tft r M.
Retarniat leaves RrandJnnriioa oa arrtral afA
modattoa Tra in from .Memphis, at 6:16 p. M , artiviac at
Passengers for any cf ihe abaYe named pawls by this
route win nave lees staging man by any oth-r.
febSO R. p. XEELT. Sap't.
Prof. '3h A. Audieier
TXTILL opn a GUM for the Inslntctloa irf the FRRNCH
f I I.A.;UAGK, tar Oeettrtu-n, on .MONDAY BVS.V
IN'O, tb2J.l last at his room, No. 39 Uaeftsaa street,
earner efMala. tip stairs Cla will meet at 7 afclack.
rivt., an Middays. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Frtaaya af
e&eJrVcez, st which time and place aassHeatlaas can he
ma'ie. Lessens will be given ta ladles and families tn
the jfai-IUao, at their res(onas. Apply at Lamb,
in an: x. uo.'s, or Alexander f white's, aovtsefjets.
A LISKLT NEGRO Br, a tamrabfcTaed TUi-
rer. Apply to
J. L. TERSER.
fM9-lw N 17 Fruat Row.
ON UNION STEEET.
mnBSDbtcriber respectfully intrmshis i-ld friends and
X ALL the pontic, that he as" opened a m-w R-staa-
rani oa union ireet. wxt h- Is pr. pi-- I la. inrnish
the best vijndi lhat can he fonnd in Ihe m irket. served
In tbebest Parisian sijl-s. Oytters Game St sk. Salt
and Fresh prater Fish. Birds in fact, every i kluf saiwd
to ine naesi ana most iiiote epicurean tate
Girs miTa call I hire six U liferent room for the ac
commodation ot Private Parti's. I win sv.t be oatdaee
in any branch connected with my bnsfese-fet20-If"
GENERAL LAND AGENT,
TI7 ILL attend to any land business in Sontr a.tera
V t Arkansas, with promptce s and fldeU
Florence, Desha connly, Aikanvss. t
ETCIIAVARXE & BRO.
NURSE EY MEN,
SITUATED In Fort Pickerinir, wi the
: TT iTn Tjifc Raf Ttv i,n h.iJ s fli. . -
sortmenc ot aiiKUBHHur. la ewiy uo-c
partmentf.cot.sisllns l part of
appl.es, peaches, plums,
Apvicots, Xcet:vucs, &.c.
Also, Raspberry, Strawberry and Grapevines, m va
rieties, with itKowd supply of JSvergreess", Green lloase
Plants Balboa Roots, Ittiba b and Asiaraanas
Orders from a distance, accooipaBie with draM a-or-if
der on a respectable merchant a' Memphis, will br-aac
tna'iy aiirnaeu to, ana an nsnis graarantieii icruw:
and drliTered to any part of the city, free af chate.
We attend to arranging and layta; off Gardens in town
or country, at the shortest notice.
f.W0-2si KTCnAVtRNR Jc "RO.
TO REST. ,
A FAMILY RE3IDSNCS, Trtth fourrraais.
kitchen, stable, cittern. &e. A n In
J V. FUSSKLL, N. 47 Fr..tit Ri.w.
IebI9I3t Memphis, Tsan.
CASKS BotUt Sedfwick's Iedon Cerllal
Gin, by H II. POT ft it. Mala street.
Third door North W tshtm Haase.
J hi a
CIGARS, wiae very .uperini.
. U. POTTBR,
TTA3 remuVi-d his GENTS' BUFNIS11ING E3TAB-
UL LISHMBNT t the Boase lorm-riy ocenptea aj
Mess- s. ChcreolU. -Wlestoo Jc C , oa the earner of Main
and Court streets', where he Intends hoping at aU times
a f nil assortment ot r
Gents' Fashionable; Furnisbin Goodi.
toiether with a larrcTftfcl? of FINE CLOTuING, and
every article for the ToUet'. ferians is mil ol anyot
Ihe above roods, will do well by tailing st the corner be-
rorepurcbasleg elsewhere, ashls sso are all fresh, aad
will be sow really low forca-n iei.-jw
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.
ON MONDAY and TUB3DAT, the 2d aotl 3 1 of March
at xt. tho undersigned will let out to re-npetent Con
tractors-the traiklln; of several Br ck TtaenMnta on the
Unrl'y Groondt near Oxford. Miss
The number and site of s.id Ildasrs are not definitely
agreed on, but they will b-of such character a to war
rant the attention or tnose woo who io anneriace.
J. TBOMPSOM, )
A. H PEGL'ES. JEr Committee.
feblS twawtlM JAMES BROWN, J
.City Tax Payers.
-JiTr TAT PATERS ar a -tlSed lhat Ihe Tax Book for
I j the current corrorato year is now made out. and
will be kept at IhtofOceof the Mayor, where all persons
interested are earnestly Invited to carUaad settle.
fabll JOHN.XKWSOM, ty Tax Col
NO. 2 HOWARC'S
ROW, M EM r II 13, TENN.
;' v.din Sates.
IVEGROES AT AUCTION!
ON TH0RSDAT NEXT, the lilh lait., I wiU leU, at
my -Vueiioa Iloonu,
Cenibtlns ol Ken, Women, Bays and GUIs
G. B. LOGKJSf r
Auctioneer and Beat EUate Broker!
X. B. Additions to lale solicited.
M!2 G. B. TV
, tBo4thJS,ot5Jfarefi nciiJiIV8l-
J seH at Aoctton on
Emoraerd la the Gro.n!aw aitdilMtT'to-lfecipHslh'
tot front oa 2od. 3rd. 4ib and 5thtreits- 4. "
Ttla prapertr elagiMy l.wateT5nTOeBcanc!t3nVato9
are rapHly than any properriHfcTfy'otfrinlty of
Jiempau. - Wi? B.- LOCKE,
Auctioneer and Real Hitate- Broker.
P S AiMitkm to tele solicited?
G. B. L.
l H. A I .
E S'TA-T"E .
I WILL sell, oa TTKDXB-DAT, February 25lh, atW
o clock, at sty Hurt, toath .de Oosrt Sqaare,
Lot SS frel iraM oa Commerce street, roaator hack 60
feet, b tomiff to the beirs of W. D. Haakre. deefd.
Terms oae-hatr cash ; balaaca in Bine months.
IK feet e& Bailer street, lasmiag back 83 feat, dirtied
ln.-o threw loU. Saw BorltiTC
Trs Mt-tMrd cash; balance m 6 and KudIIb. with
out Interest, with a lean.
A Lot on tha aM Ralriga Raad. final sag 390 freliaa.
sal Rad,- raanti g back 4W r t tneBewRabHth
Ra, this side ot Hoffmaatowa, with a Haate asnlalnvstg
fear rooms-,-kitchen, well, be. Graved lease ot sight
years, witboat taxes or graaad tent.
J3" The abar property win positively ba saH.
. A. WALLACE. AactiasMer,
f Xegra and Real Betate Beatfr.
F6H7BBHICC TEN EVENTS an Use earnerof
Heroanee and South strets;on BRICC IIODSS
ea DeSoto, betwen Vane street and Brown's
Arena all two stories hush. wik two aamr
porches, latticed and all new, with So. I rmravetsm.
Also, a small FRAME BJILM.NU, on Seaia street, and
soma ve haadred feet of -vacaat Kraaad an the Orarssa
tract. It thts properly is not eokt bv SATOKBAT, tha
38lh at Febrasry, at pt irate sale. It wm he soN aa tb
jwrmii's at paMK saw. Terms liberal. Far any tafar
matton apply to A Wallace, or
TMOifAS B. CARBALL.'
A. Wallace. Aoc'r. neft-hts
IUMEDIAIKlT after, and ouly vBa llrek from OM.
T. B. CsnDlfs property, I will sen a Mty teat Lat,
on the carBor at "a ce anu nrmanda streets, with nitao-
bkj mr j d-w, wim air Becesianr. sntpwrr-
raents. aadbaantifnlly located. The lafcSSTOI ieetdeeBi
ALSO. aCaha same time and alaee. fwa Vacant Ttek-
adhtiati g lew above, froatlnz n Heinaa4a street. Eafe
positive. 9rrma oaw-thiru cash, or nlnetTaar safe, saU
i;ctary 'Hutu! ; aalanc- in 6, 12 and- JjjBKkatWJ'
with UtereiU' Bnance ot teimsat sale. S .teaa-2b4& et
Febrasry, aflSsclock, on the premises same time af
the sale af CaL Carroll's property.
jr-WJ-tas A. WALLACE, Aaar.
nacrrxaias: ivrxT2ia 33 js:
GREAT SALE OF "
PINE YOUNG MUIiESl
WE win Mil on THURSDAY. Fearsarr ij.at
Ka. 22 Madiaoa street, afrmpMa. natty wt.
arose yvoag jtuLao, well selected, aa ta Sm
'ardor, having last dosed a c Btrat a( frrsaaz
iba Taija Pass, Miss Alo, thirty CARTS and HAR
NESS, aearty new. Kow is the time far Plasters and
Rallraaa Contractors and ethers, in want of Xo. 1 a(etes
aH yaaag aad soaad New kwx harp ! Step an a boat'
or cars, aad be la time for one ot the larky aemtxr to
i get barsaiSM. Tetms cash.
Atsa, aaaad : 8 stales; i Carts and Qarctss: aa 60 or
1 96 days time.
V. C. CATCE &.SOX,
General A act loiters and Real Estate Brokers.
3" EsviBlrer and Bveninz Xews copyjy fet4
Adsms Street, Memphis, Tenn.,
IS now puna ml to du all kinds of Mictuae Wat k; aiea,
Stesraboat Woix ot every desenpt tea. Steam Bagsae,
Sw 11.11s ot everr description. Cotton pad Waat Ma
catneiy. Gin Gearing. Plaaing Itachiaes.llaTtL Brats
Foawlery, Casting and FimshMZ. Steam Gsage 0Mks aast
Caitin at every dVscriptwa, heavy Wromrnt Uaa.Fa: -
injr,WroachtlroB Grabses for Jails, Bank Taata, M-
lar aad SMe-Wait Grates, Iron Fencioc of erary Jtseriy.
tknasatwonkr. Alto, Hvnae Fronts, wlssaavr Oaus
! aad Sdls. at virion- patterns. In a word, I am ptBani
i to do every description of work in my line. .
I nave now in shop tne latest and most lmaaaxad Bit-
Urns of Steam Bactues. ISAAC BBSUm
3. McKesxa. Sapotntendent. tfeBrB-ly
BT one af onr agents la the LhTfctniag Rod baseness,
abont the 24th alt , between Bsawnsvina and Har
ris Ferry. Aik., a Pocket Ac,aB4pBok, eosstalBsBg twa
dra'ts payable to onr order, aa Xew Orlraas; aae of
$ 33, drawn by James Snith. aad the ether $10, by
Be aach. Persons aro notified Bat ta trade f -rsaat
drafts, ar orders. CMrathhTe.su in tbebeakv Any arte
farwarnasit taas at tMs ptjts (UtmpMs,)wMbo suit
ably rewarded. It is valSMMa ta us. -m
fb8-dawiw T B. TKRAM.S.CO.
try- Little Rock Trae Democrat win ls.Ve-T twite
ana tend bin to this eface.
Hcccivctl This Day, and fort Sale.
BBL3. Sassasstne Fluar: .
100 bbl3Extr FamBy F'oar ;
190 " Fancy BllBols '
SO " T Harrises s "
SO " Caps Jasaamht " , t
IM keg Na. 1 L at Lard ;
S casks now Bacoa llams ;
230 huxat, ah- aad aaartor baias OBniaVs r 1
IM razes Waste h Raserva Chasj' :
SBSbaa UbSsbs, Rta, Laratra, Si. Jagarsjtd
110 hbds Safari ;
60 bM Crashes! Sssgars ;
16 bbs Powdered Sapal s ;
36 bbta OeS-t Soiaxij
6 bbts aad M half baraamVsiasMs;
3t bws aad half s.lSKfer's WWjljr
3m tecs bast Bauera Nails
Plaster Pans, Cement, Lime, Soda and Barter saTMk-
ers, Cbamaaf.Be Wlce and CMer, Pieisw, &ilisfM,
rSaaees, Brit.nsora Oysters. Lobsters, Tobscca, Qbjat.
Matches, B oeaas, Backets. Tabs aad eeasytbtar. keaatia
a Grocery Uaax. aB of which we will sen, wholesale- ar
retail, cheap, to the trad-.
HANCOCK, CLARK & CO.,
feblS No. IS Front Row, Memphis.
rpHB undersigned bavins oath 1st Janaaiy Uetas
1 sodatrd with a-t Mr. ROBERT BANKS. BadeZ'Sasa
strleot MOORH, HALSTKAD & CO , are now bnMlBjC
an oxtensire establisiimeni for the marafactnre ot
Donrs, Snsli, Ttlimls. ilXouItlings,
Turuintj, Scroll Vorliy &c.
Ws haee alo addnl machinery tor dfissiag FteossQC,
Wether Rjardin;, an-1 every descriptieagt'baWalng raa
terisl. with all tee latest lmprovementraasl tBventwns
a an-nl t onr line or boslness.
Their Xtte EtlabHthmnt is oa Second street, tanae
dtiteiy Saaih at Unioa, aad will be tatty nnder way by
the ls:h March next.
Ibankfal for past farora they respectfully seritltn
eantlananca or the same.
f.b!8-dawlm MOORS fcgaLSTBADJ
A Great Bargain in Reftl Estate?
FOU SALS, FOR CASH.
A ROUSE aad LOT on Adams street, ias'tha
city of Memphis. This Is part f IM Na. 477,
oa the Seath sWe of Adams street, and i tpaiii i
the lot apn which the wbitemore Hansels : this
iut f ts fifty feet ta Adams street and I act hack 119
feet, s-x iecbrs to sa alley. Tne lioata cafflatns fasar
a-ee rooms, a nil! and dining room, two taadTaTOasiui, a
and cittern, a stible," wood and coal hsase. Tat Is
X d -s.rsb e resHnce lot f or any on- wishing ta rfchase,
and a ill be s sd law for cash It is the praseat resiecate
ut Xr Danert, aad : csoessioa will be given as seea as the
m n t is paid. Th title is good, bat the parchaaer wsH
.,f carte satisfy himself. App;y to VM B. GRERK
L.W. or JBSSB M. TATS,
LV 1I0S0R OF THE ILLDSTRIODS
frTiAWTi TVTTT.T.T ATHY AT.T. !
jjfeoNDAY EVENING, PEB?,V5
p THE WASHINGTON RIFLE COMEANTaf
rfJ 1.3 1 maila MtMim iuwM,til..nt fn rtfhrv
r.VC,'09 BIKTII-UAT ot hlra whose name tbf
' bear, with a tmnd aad niaznlficent BalCal
he sbjve aami d place.
4 g? Ui-sslng'scelehiaUd Brass and String BandwBt
-1 h ,i atieiulinett- -sr
Price ot admission $2 CO. Tickets tola bad at .
Cipt F ElNGWALD, "WM. MILLER.
jo. spKcrrr. is.v.tc stbauss
A TBUMEL. JO KiLLBR
i rusincij- xia.AKaHsjsoit at tae uoora
febB dot ' - .
IN sedition teear large steck we. lure recelvnl a as of
Copenhagen Watches made to onr order the flaest
Watch ever offsrsd iu this markst.
feb!5 Tt. IT. CLARQi CO.
TUSThrrajrd, tjr asortmenSjt saperlorGOLD
maflBfxpresslv for Mbjainot JHBjiy
W II. DESIIONG. 131 Matatreet,
Opposite the Worshjam Honse.
J E. CHADWICK'S ADYERTISE3IEXT3
'Will Always he Fonnd In This Column.
PERSONS wishing ta knew what be has to seU,tr
what he may w..nt to buy for any ot his customers
will be snre to and it in the last column, on theSECOND
PAGE. Remember that, and save yourself the trouble
of looking an over the paper.
All business entrusts! to me wm De-attended tocare
fully and with dispatch. i'
Office Madison" Street, opposite Union Bank.
INSURANCE. REAL ESTATE iXD GENERAL
iEtna Fire nntl Inland Navifrs
tion Insurance Company,
CAPITAL AND SCRPLFS .,V.-.Slf000,CO4 .
Hartford Fire Insuranafc6.,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS .?S..$lT0,0OO.
-, . -
tjiiartcr van. tunv insurance fjo.
CAPITAL AND ;CRPIiUS ? 3400.001.
POLICIES Issued on reasonable terms. Losses equita
bly adjusted and promptly paid.
FOR SALE 3vea Acres ot Land, cavered with fist
fruit Trees, wtthht half a rave of the cMy ttsn!u..oa I til
Hernando Pfcuik Road. iMBlreet
J E. ClIADWKJEMeaaphls Land Offlte,
septs , nssasMHr rratan Baar
' : 7-
Ftno Teas aud Chocolate. ..
TT7K have recevtd a snpaly of 5as and Chocolate,
V V which we eaa reeeramend as One. Far sale by
:eoT-sw , w Aim x jy.M3,T-.jiiain-i