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11 A Hi V "A PPH A I . I TrocxcNOU,KrrroCJE-TT4rf' 2, i.ibt-I. the cyptrine business, firms V D'rt UndJ f 5. J? JSJi ."LI AhAmtetr iJmmtikM. F "How knew you I wu t,tl grand than- ,it8r RECEIVED r JP.Jf. r&trjn i i '
THR ArrXAt.lt aEaOlABAV OlttOItTIJTDATTHt
exu or -me Tiur r aid rea, cam bxhstwed
Atl. LETTEU EKCLOII-O BXM1TTJ.XCES TO THII
mci arujl r JtccitTEKEsy othewise the
PsaraiETO&s .wllx. Jtot nam tk exsxi.ves ae-
BFOKStBIX FOB ASTV LOSSES THAT M4T OCCVX
M EMPS IS. '
SUKDAY IIOESKG, JULY 19, 1S57.
WILLIAM T. AVERT. .
ran thb katb, "
HUHPHBtEY. 11. ATiE,:
rem eocjrrr ErEsnrrATiTrs,
WILLIAM C. D0NLAP,
e. w. ar. king.
A TElIPESr IS A TSAJOX.
We are more than gratified to perceive that
the Muster and vaporing indujed in by a very
respectable number of the Democratic presses
Jn the South, over whit they termed the trea
son of IValke in Kansas, is beginning tTad
uallr to subside. The movement was hasty,
Ill-timed, onnecessary and tisjusUficDle. The
rebound is likely to prove more powerfal than
tbe momentum, and those who persist in the
position they have assumed, will very soon find
themselves In company with that fraction of
jiartlzans In the South who favor the disruption
of the-.National Democratic party, and the or
ganization of a purely Southern aeettona! par
ty. The Charleston iUfrmry aireaay occupies
Jbis position, and it was the 3ftrcory, with the
Kew Orleans Dtlta, thit first led off in this
war pen Waixxx and the Administration. In
lU-issae of the 15th InsL, the Ji&rcitry devotes
l'tHH- and a half coluranj to the question et
" The National Administration and the South
is Kansas." The article i written chiefly in
reply to the Richmond .EranJter, and is Jn
Jiaded to show that tbe South has been stifled
inKansas from first to last, through the instru
raealalKy of the past and the present Admin
istration. The article concludes as follows :
"Another act in tbe grand drama of South
era discomfiture and humiliation'is beingplaved.
Aa Administration the South has placed in
power, by a course of Ueacheryand ingratitude
unsurpassed in the annals of history, uses all
t power for the overthrow of her rights and
interest in our Terrifies. California has
II Uol. rrea-ofii,
instead of Mr. Buchanan the Black Republi-
fan, Instead of the Democratic party oaaoeen iajjitution has been year after year grow-
,Srt?leita Ti lB W,sshiaS;on' .'ll". ing open the pabkc confidence until it has at
'the South woaM have been safe sale in Kn- iu ,,... .j..(,,i
aas eafe everywhere. We would at this time ' uiwd an eminence as high as any educational
tave been a great and indepeaeent people, or j tthlisbment in the Sotb. For Its high
we would have settled our rights and interests . . and cipzciXy for usefulness it is
S:TO""U',,k-.M.! to it, late President-Hen.
" Will the people of the South not learn from ! Aoccstus B. Loncmeet.
this last bitter experience, how futile has been ' James H. Deale vas recently killed In
all her sabmissioa lo wrongs on account of the I jf03Cnbee county, Mississippi, by Mr. Geoege
Uston7 IVilltiiey BotMarn xnae no nauonai
party which must look to conciliate ail pans
XT h TTninn Mn ! tni. In . rainoritr whose
interests are beset br a raaioritv ? Will tbev
political orgaaintion is the only means by i Van Vacter of the Canton CommonvtaUh, met
which they can be respected at Washington or j across the river on Sunday kst-and.exehuifea
save their institatioas? They must cote to ! hostile notes and were to have fought yestef
this, If they are resolved to protect themselves diy morning at 0 o'clock, but could not agree
either In or out of the Union: and the sooner oq the weapon. Both are man ot family, and
tt is efficiently reamed, me Dener ior uitir
peace, safety and dignity."
These two paragraphs embody the pith and
substance, and explain the object and intent of
the whole article. The purpose is plainly to
bcild up a disunion party In the South, and
again to raise the cry of secession in the event
Kansas comes Into the Union as a free State.
Sach a movement at this time, and for a cause
so untenable, can have no sympathy from us.
.Kansas is merely working out her own des'Jny
merely patting in practice a principle for
which the South has battled from the day tbe
Kansas bill was first introduced into Congress.
Asd shall we now, because she may, forsooth,
exclude slavery, shall we stultify ourselves by
taking an opposite direction to that which we
bate heretofore pursued? The idea is puerile
and absurd. The Mercury asserts that it would
have been better that Fremont should have
been elected instead of Buchanan. This looks
seted instead of .Buchanan. ATiIs looks
reed deal like the madness of faaati-
to as a
rfsn, and ls-well calculated to rob the Mtmry
of tbai-wholesome Influence which it has here-
tofore wielded as a safe and reliable Southern
It seems a little singular to us that there
Bheaidbe even the fraction of a party in the
country favoring secession in tbe event Kansas
comes in as a free State, when it is admitted
very generally, that in the course of years,
Missouri itself may become a free State. An
emancipation candidate for Governor Is now on
the stump in that State, and tbe probabilities
are, that hereafter the pro-rilarery party will
hare to labor ax bard to retain slavery in Mis
ssari, aa they wrH to utalliti it in Kansas.
Who could complain if Missouri should abol
ish tbe institution? Ko one. Who can
liWmur, then, if Kansas does sot establish it?
Sarely not the South, for the field has been open
to us and to every slaveholder for the past two
y ears, and If they have not emigrated there In
saficient numbers to control the policy of the
tew State, the fault Is their's and noone else's.
Ke, we will sot favor a dissolution of ths
Union on this Kansas question, and we exhort
the Democracy of the Saath to stand to their
colors, and defend them, whether assailed by
prof essed friends or open fee. When this par
ty proves faithless to its pledges and false to
its creed, it.will then be time to set on foot a
MOW DO THE K50W-KOTHIH6 CAKDIDATEE
"Seme ef our Know-Nothing cotemporaries
have-of late exhibited a feverish anxiety to
know bow the Democratic candidates for tbe
Legislature stand on the Senatorial question
and bare taken for granted the preference
wiitch rumor had assigned to them was correct.
Now they will not, being remarkable for their
qefck and keen's ense of justice, object to one or
two jsaH interrogatories on our part, bearing
upon the samevexed question. If Messrs.
Domlass, Small, Batxc and Looket are
elected wil! they, or wtH ibey Bot, sapport our
townsman, Boecrtso.v Torr, Esq., as their first
j&afce for the U. S. Senate ? Are they not al
""xeady committed to Jlr.Torr? If not Mr. Torr,
then will ear cotemporaries be good eaough
tatd esignate the favorite or favorites of their
candidates for the Senate? Don't all speak
B5FThe Eagle of yesterday copies from the
Richmond Stalk, the following bard ?story on
Gov. Waixer. If the facts as stated, be true,
th. conduct of Gov. Walxek merits tbe cen
demnation of every just and honest man in the
ceantry. It is, however, aereral years since
Walees wisja-ibe Senate, and it strikes us
as a littlefngular thatbis enemies should have
waited until this late day todivuige these facts.
Jlieyjought to havebien made known long ago,
iKH at anyirate, they should hive been pub
lished tofthe world when Walker was spoken
of forIrJPoLx's Secretary of the Treasury,
eras Governor of Kansas ondsr Mr. Bdciiak-A-r.
Here,is the story :
AwhSmobert J. Walker was Senator from
Mississippi, he ascertained that an old gen- er, seized upon tbirty-seven muskets belong
tlemaaln'Middlesex comity In this State was j ,BR to government and placed themselves in a
disposedgo sell a large estate in negroes. Ac- defensive attitude. Itcnoers and expretjtes
cordingiy, in company with a colleague in the were dispatched to all quarters for recruit.
Hon5of Representatives, Walker made the J Speeches were then made by men belonging, to
old gentleman a visit, and after a protracted ! sides.
regotiaUorSsnceeeded in purchasing the slaves. I On Monday night, armed men, belonging to
AhloTvthejnongoodtermSjfortheoldgen.l"18 Free State party, were stationed out all
tleman a devoted Democrat was charmed around the city. Line's excuse for his course
by the graceful Condescension of the distin- and conduct is, that he understood the pro
gulshed Senator. .The aggregate price of the slavery men had sect for tbe Rickapoo Rang
segroes was something- more than forty thou- er '"d be pursued 'his course for the benefit
Band dollars, for. whlcE Walker gave a note or of a" concerned. Col. Thompson and Mr.
draft payable in Nfw Orleans. But the old Middleton, of this city, bad an Interview with
gentleman would not 11 his slaves except on Lane, and used th'ir utmost endeavors to dis
condition that theywere to be kept together f uade n'm om his course. He made faithful
on a plantation in the Sooth. promiees to capitulate, and then proceeded to
u Weil, the slavtsHvert taken to New Or- I raak afiaming speech to his excited comrades,
leans, were put upon the blotk and dispersed to";ln which he stated thathe and bis men were
the four winds the purchaser realizing a con-; Bot afraid to meet the pro-slavery men in aa
slderable profit iylhe -transaction.' Tne"r?ole";,n're T form that they would meet them
or draft matured, was presented for payment, i single-handed, in a fist figbt, or with bowle
-was protested, andlfrora that day to the pre- I knives, swords, revolvers, rifles, or in a body
senttimenotaceafhaB been received either i twenty-five pounders, that they knew no
by the old gentliraan or bis heirs, for fifty 'fear nine Free State men could be mustered at
thousand dollars "worth of negroes! Mean- I nJ , 10 ,two pro-slavery ones. He con
while. Walkerhag'llved in affluene t. and is be- , eluded by making a proposition which all par-
llered nowto be a millionaire. Will some one I
V .. .7 t , . I. . ,
of Walker'jijapptoglsts impeach the correct
ness of mlwry Let them try it The sub-
utantlal tTufflji4me Biaiemeni snail ee veruied
by testimOEyyrhTch nobsdy can question."
This story Sarsis marks of malignity, up
on Its face, and goesilar to convince us of what
we nave -y v
-gea agaiU.. -J - -- -- r
South lias PCi: " J -
jK?e jjarn, wiih great pleasure, tbat4he )
-reported tragical difbtwf n Mesirs. Cox j
. -jB ? tIot'v"Tbev have hid no serf-'
JiLle or Jentroveriy j and it is to be hoped j
SB dispute or Jl.1
' :BA.f fndatlotTrhey have tad no serf-
- i BUCQ f -r"lv -uivauw.i aisi) jrsr- 1
wuh the canvass wiuiout aatwing uie
IWatlon for Jhe idle stories of gos-
zlso in lrr"""
tints ia Urlu uvu"
whole DtBcratic pr
vnite in Txprniioni 'f Brati'fieUotf:''t the
..otalnatlniffof Mr. fhu.k for ConcreBS. The
Hernndo Prtti hthejfillavdns
iTi-tht vre ire tileated with the ttti'
UonabutconveylnafaUitldea of uhat we
feet int uiDTf iiuou uii uuin , -...
..ti.fi.rf Hist ih drw made bv it will b
ndorsedjj' thJtuk and file, at the poJU, Uh
increaied votes. Mr. L.iinar i
a Georgian, a gefttJwnoJSfteat tartai' ob
of a cood sire, a profound achvlar, a debaterof
v.. ..f .l.ao tttarmrAln all thinrs pertain
H,-1 ....innit'.mfiri-i'Sfales Ifirtts man of
. mn.' When
ihDemocraCTef tStnVworlach cham-'J
Wi cfip Ufe -aanred foa itr lUpey 3Xro-
Coi. !. Q. C. Lamar. With hearty good-
o-iii rVmi.Mh mm of this rentleman, me
4-Democrac Komitee for Congress In this Dis-
trieL He ir every way wormy me oiaiK
-bestowed vpoatowi. Thouih a comparative;
siraneerlnTnisen-i oi me utiuwiiw ..--
long Remain so: iligb-Uned- aDd chivalrie in
chMactetyyUh.r.ataral-abilitres of th. first
order, ar4 attainments unsurpassed, pe will,
maVearepreseutativeof whom any eonstiw
ency may well be.proud. Any djaappaintmeBt
which the partial tnecds of any recent aspi
rant to the honor of the nomination may feel in
the result, should now give way to a. generous
emulation, each and all determined to give to
the gentleman aeleed a cordial, warm and ac
tive support. The hich repute in which he
stands wherever he is known, and our knowl
edge of him so far as it goes, well warrants us
in saying that his public career will amply vin
dicate tbe Convention in its action, and justify
the confidence and the hopes of the Democra
cy. So " take off j pur coat, and roll up your
sleeves," and pitch fh for the Democracy and
its whole ticket.
The two Democratic presses at HoHy
Spriag also made highly complimentary o
tices of the nomination. So It caimot be
doubted that Mr. Lam"a will give satisfac
to tti TlMnoeraer of the first district. He
xbt more admired .as he is better known U
the diatrict, and we predict that when elected,
ashe most unquestionably will be, by an over
whelming majority, he will take isitten
en the floor of Congress a debater and a
steadfast friend to the South, Btcod to
DtSBBXIEJIEKTS FXOX TUX TREASURY. The
disbursements of Mississippi for the year 18M,
according to the Auditors report, were
Omucxckmckt in the UNivrasiTT.-We
learn that notwithstanding the extremely hot
weather, a large crowd of gentlemen and la
dles, embracing thejintelligenee and beaoty ef
Mississippi, were In attendance at the Com
mencement which took place at Oxford during
the past week. The examination of the classes
was as satisfactory as asaal, and the addreses and value-in a word, that mey aesirea 10 au
was ias saiisiauwiij ' ... . ... v 1 minister it in a manner so as to secure the
of the graduating class creditable in the Wgh- . Bl..,,, &nd applause. Let
eEt degree to the speakers and the University.
tim,. utUt hig oeen to
bail in the sum Ot i-.WJo.
A Duel. iVeablt. Mr. J. F. Boswortb of
Oiiizzu.. and Mr. O.
friends intervened to prevent a duel, but were
fnl in their effarts. and after a cor
respondence between the seconds, ti affair
has been indefinitely prorogued. We are glad
no blood was shed, .is editors, like brothers,
ought not to quarrel with one another. Vidit-
6rg Snlttei, Jtij !.
Sr. Loots, July 9, 1857.
Editor onllErvoLicAir : Please oblige the
Okie and Misttsslppi Railroad Compaaybytbe
insertion in yourcolanwsof tbe feUowingeardt
ISAAC WYMAK, Gen. West. Ag'L
A. CARD TO THE PUBLIC
A handbill -purporting to emanate from the
Ohio and Mississippi Hailread aac aimile of
tbe genuine, but without signatures, and a bate
impoiition has been put Into circulation in
Missouri and the Southern States with this
clause interpolated : .
"To Free-State men in particular ! we wish
to recommend this Northern route, running on
jTU ,oil ihrovga fret StaUt, i anu'ruded
! A anti-tlaztrv mtn. No Barder RallM con-
nected in any way with this road."
We need not askthe poMfc judge bwwrfu
j ?erate nol be the ntetttilUt or haw wtprwi-
pled nl be themana;tmet of any competing
interest, -wherever it may be, when it resorts to
a strategem like tne aoeve, wntcn wrti yet
cover its paternity with mere ignominy than
We have only to prenousce tbe above Rained
handbill araujulmf fabrication. It bearslhe
imprint of the Democrat, bat by the St. Louis
Democrat is disclaimed, and, we believe, train
fully, and we now offer a liberal reward for in
formation which will identify either tie impat-
ter te&o wrote, the press that printed, er tit hauls
that have pat it in circulation,
The Ohio and Mississippi Railroad is truly
national in Its character; makes so appeals to
sectional or political prejudice i knowsno North,
South, East or West; and will prove itself to
be the broad kijhvcatj oflthe States, on which aa,
icitioal distinction, will receive the most cour
teous usage. No bills of this road are genuine
unless signed by the responsible officers.
General Western Agent, O. & M. R. R.
As UirrALATABLE Remedt. The Demo
cratic Address to.the voters of Shelby county,
seems to have given mortal offense to our city
K low-Nothing cotemporaries and their corres
pondents. .The only solution we can give to
this extraordinary expend tare of ink and gas on
their part, is to be found in tbe fact that it
made some borne thrusts which were not alto
gether acceptable to "profoundly Intense
Americanism." We are net at all sarprlsed
that the dose is, like all other good medicines,
"bad to take;" bat our word lor it, if they
will but hold open their "mouths and swallow
it down, and then patiently await Its effects,
a it iciU do them cood." No cure, no pay, for
CHEAT EXCITEMENT AX DONIPHAN.
EUMOES OF WAR A CnAIXKN'OE FOR A DUEL
CIVET AND ACCEPTZD FARTIKS ARRESTED
AXD BOUND OVJtR TO KXCT THS PEAOB TWO
SPEECH OF GSX. LAKE.
Tnm tbe St. Jolfi Jaurasl, July IB.
Col. W. B. Thompson, of our city, who ar
rived yesterday morning from Doniphan, K. T.,
brings full accounts of the late disturbance. It
appears that a man named Mitchell, who fig
ured rather conspicuously as an officer during
the difficulties last fall, took exceptions at some
remarxs made by Mr. Boyd, in his oration on
the Fourth. Mitchell sought an explanation
from Boyd during which time some IbsbU was
!i W,t '
wim Lis nst. t .. .
Acnanence was men sent dv Jiucaen to
Boyd and readily accepted by the latter. Sec-
onds were chosen, the distance measured off
,oC.n th. Mil,!,.. m..nr PT 1
and the maskets presetted, when the civil au
thorities arrived on the ground arrested the
belligerant parties, who gave bonds for their
good Penavior rora limited period of time. The
minutes before Mitchell renewed the challenge,
out rjoya declined, saying mat ne naa Given
bonds, but as soon as the time expired he would
The pro-slavery and Free State patties then
tooxttnp. uen. Jim lam, -witn nis rouow.
tlM canceled to, which was, both parties sur-
nU. nn Hi. I. - 41.. -I ..J 1 -. c,:.. .
. u u . . "J. AliJ iu iUC IVll UiUll.iC8 ,
which wss done. Tuesday a runner was sent
to Gov. Walker, requesting him to issue
proclamation. vnen ourmrormant lett Tun
day, nine o'clock at sight every thing was
quiet, bot how long it will remain to time only
can lei I.
Tbe ClneinnaU Tine., referring to per-
rM , rec4nUy ,ent to the Insane Asylum, y,;
Dr. N. S. Sawvier examined Hekrt Johks oh,
aged forty years, a native cf Tennessee, and
ound him insane. He was employed on tbe river
uana, aiu epucjiut uu ior a
ntraber of years: "He has hitherto been unable
M.lr. fcM.- .1.11,..
y o.1.5 VSttb H.isi.aivs ay u j J- vna vivwcb,
or keep his wages. He was .convicted and
f . i- a . 1
Aoocxstiok. At the recent Catherine at
Islington. Ky., It was suggested by several
military officer that a grand review of all tbe
.volunteer companies In the United States be
held 'It some -suitable time on the prairies of
Illinois, and be reviewed br the President of
'thTUa6e4 Rata a4 Gen. Scott nd Staff.
...hM.iTin.rnn oveiland mill between the At
Untie and Pacific oceans ths first act es
lEow distant points, since the acquisition of
California, over our own territory, lo under
stand clearly the scope and direction of this
law, it is proper to cite so much of it as ac
,w.r .inrrrtion and limits Its exer
cise, which may be found in he foNpwiog
words " " i
"Slctios IO. That the Postmaster General
be, and he i. hereby, authbrlied to contnwUor
the conveyance or the ent!rV WteV mail from
.,wnrrfnt on the IWIssissIppi river, as the
..l-t. to San Francisco, in
y,, Sute9t California, forsixyetrs, atacost
not exceeding three hundred thoustna floiura
tZr ..mi.monililr. four hundred and
.fifty thousand dollars for weekly, or six hun-
. p4.i tnnuiinn ruiiiaiH ivi Btituinvi-wj j
to be performed aemi-menthly,weekbor seml
weekly, at ine opiion ot """
""Sec. 11 That the' contract' shall require
it. t ir?Drmed with, eood four-
UiC DUIIVI. w W ' ' a . . .
rnjrhes or sDrlwr waons, suitable for
the conveyance of passengers as well as ths
safety and security of the malls.
Sm 13. That the saiJ service shall be
performed withm twenty-five days for each
..j ii.. t Kfnn? cnterlBir into such con
tract, the Posimaster Geaeral shall re sa'ltfitd
of the ability and disposition of ths parlies,
ft... .1- ikJ m irood faith, to perform the
said contract, and shall require good and suffi
cient security for the performance of the same,
the service to commence within twelve months
.rt.rtlif iinineof the contract."
The proposals issued by the Post Office De
partment, after specifying the material pre
visions ef tbe act as suited above, and inform
ing the bidders that the contractors ehould
hre the rirht of pre-emption to three hundred
tureniv acres of nflnosM land at
aph noiat accented as aetatian, directed that
.11 .hnuU be nresented at the Contract
Office otil 3 r. M.. of the iirst day of
The law, and the preliminary action under it,
are thns subsaltted. This subject, concerning
as it does the ftitare relatlOHS zai- intercourse
of remote an4 important pirts ot me uqisn
sol fnvolviiur. also, larse pecuniary interests.
aside from the commerce jind incidental bene
fits to result from the connection, has necessa
rily attracted tbe most careful consideration ef
the Department, as it hs likewise elicited
aa unusual share of comment and criticism
throughout the country- Whatever our politi
cal nrmliloctions mar be. it is to be presumed
that all administrations in their public conduct
start upon the principle, an well as the policy,
of conducting the affairs of government in such
a master as snail insure raosi ecuciai
t., nerhaDs. most personal credit.
These are ta-iecepted motive of all parties,
thowh there may Dc examples in mai
j.n. in o. i.tir ourpose has been as
serted, but without any sp'eciii evidence of its
justification. .. .
Consequently, It is only fair to suppo? th?t
the motives of all connected with this trust were
at least corresponding to its raoman, dignity
us begin, thref ore, with this just assumption.
Having taken some pains to inform' myself in
regard to alt tbe essential facts of the case, I
think I am prepared to state their bearing and
application. It was officially announced this
raerniag that the Postmaster-General, with the
approba'ioa of the President, had decided to
accept the bid for carrying ttie mail frem the
Mississippi to California, beginning with St.
Louis and Memphis, by war of Little Reck,
( Ark.,) thence to the Rio Grande, thence to
Fort Yuma.aod finally through tbe best passee
and valleys to San Francisco. The contractors
are the great express raanaeers of New York
and tbe Eastern States, and they are to re
ceive $595,008 a year for a Beau-weekly mail.
In brief, this is the subject of tbe arrange
ment. Looking to the projected railrosd enterprises
by various roates, and the supposed prentice
wHjicij either might acquire by receivine the
mail, It ii easy to explaii tbe keen and excited
competition wjjich was manifested for this con
tract from the vifiotu sections of the Union.
Capital, and maea-emeftt.anU influence of all
rfa u-ue enlisted, in order U secure the first
Bichwar to tbe Pacific, as a mean f anking
k the entering wedge of future speculation and
successes. The extraordinary xeal of many,
newspaper, North and South, pro-slavery and
Republican, American and foreign, may be cer
tified through ibis rational verification. They
were enlisted as political forces, and worked
as such to a given end. Disappointment may,
perhaps, acidulate their natural amiasltity, kit
vp. afjall see, as old Mr. Ritchie used to tif, tn
his siest" reach.
For & anth past the Postmaster General has
devoted btmeo tbe arduous awl thankless
doty ef siftiag tfce Wjoos b Ws proposed, to as
certain the ability of parties offering; their
bona fide intenUona ; tfcc viliMfit their securi
ties ; the nature, climate and cfctrr,cjtr of their
and the practicability of all tMSf ne-
cesaarrauaHfications united. A more tteti&ale,
respHwtbI or nnlBviting task, was, probably ,
never before px-wented to any pubhc officer.
He began with th tcnyictioo that, decide how
he might, or under wfcaUver feelings of duty
and justice, be must iaevttaWf Aiwottirter a cer
tain aniauSK ot prejudice, mu fwanr
be measared by the degree ot diaei in
terest. Three roates were most urged, all in a meas
ure etsrtiag from St. Louis, the Northern by
way of Salt Lake, in Utah, the Middle by Al
baquerque seareaatare and the' Southern
by way of Little Rock, and thence westward.
So far as the first was concerned, the records
of tbe Department proved that tbe mails to
JJtah and from that Territory to ttie Pacific,
were so utterly deranged from all sorts at
causes, natural and artificial and accidental,
that no reliance could be placed upon any prop
ositions, bwFer well sustained, contemplating
that route. This aeiat settled, then the ques
tion was narrowed 4cve between so-called
Central and Seuthersroates, cod the conditions
were that 1he service should s established
witbin twelve months after the eatUrut jr.js
signed, and be performed within twenty-fire
was tsirore necessary to take Into ac
count all tbe vicissitudes likely to be encoun
tered, all Ibe influeaciisflf the climate, the to
nography of tbe country take passed over, ami
the various probabilities eetmecttA with so
great OM undertaking.
Ine uttrvetMBg mountains, rivers, pawe,
elevatioac, rf;tances and obstacles were to be
estimated, acttfdjng to the reliable or imper
fect information (e rKM'ession of tbe govern
ment, Tbe Central t&tt began by descending
immediately south ta feprsngfreld, Mo., ana
thence with a southern curve to ti, westward,
until four and a-half degrees were oepome,
before tbe iUcific slope was reached, rfce
Southern rente. Jakin" Memphis as a starting
point, did Bot dfjjttf more than two and a-balf
degrees soum; ana twLy Hiese routes uniteaat
tbe pass in the coast boueiiss near the Pa
cific a fact which i worthy necial notice.
The reason assigned for the striksg .defection
of the Central route South, was tbat tratffra!
obstacles interfered which must be overcom,
for the law required "passengers" to be re
garded lu. tbe contract as well as the malls.
Thus, we se that what is called the Central
started by ULit u southern direction, which,
according to tbe o&dil chart, is followed until
the Pacific is reached, wj.wj it turns upwards
to seek San Francisco, on Deny &e same par
allel with St Louis. Along that eur Hts gov
ernment bad forts and depots, and procure.!
seiestific observations. Consequently, the al
titudes, the variatiofis of the thermometer, and
the nature ut U)t country are well known in
this way, and iao by the ofScial surveys for 2
railroad ordered bv CosrxaflS.
Upon comparing the Ceotiaj wjth the South
ern route it was found that the rjttuBLlin alti-;
tades of the former exceeded the latter, gtiur.
ally aboat three thousand feet, and when it is
remembered that tb taercury rises a degree
with every three hundred au4 twenty feet of
elevation, tbe climate difference tnty be readily
eetieeated. TMc mad is to penetrate a7;bjer:
nese wiier there am limited relays, no static
houses vet. deubUW inurtainment, and
. . - -. . . . . t i
J tbro J
Sy ive coMecutivelay
t all anJ startin?from St. Louis with tie
-----. ..,. .7,.,. .. ..
S?X """K . J . Tt
lotl wn.iii. f
for a fortnight, supposing bira to pursue ths
central route. TakiDgUl other, he descends
at once Into a more geuial latitude, and follows
Hantil the- temperate climate or t Pacific is
nearest. Between the two, there is ait e im-
menae difference in these respects, which di.es
not asBear to be comnensated by anr other
Batural xirantages in favor of tbe Central.
Arid so far as aggregate distance is concerned,
there is but tbe nilj consideration of ten miles
between the two.
Fro in Ketr Talk by 81 rsa ta tin Prjo-
elMia, .., .miles, 1,007
Ytftn Kear Tark ty AHniaerqBC t Sax
SlT7a la torer af latter 10
Aeeerltai ta tbatwt IBtormsttan In re.len at the
Ger-TBarat, tba tadi4 arr. rrpreatat tfce dlitsaers
ea4h eratral and Soetkera rutes ;
Van SI LeuU, via Springfield. Anttlapf IliOs or Can
aUan JUver, JttnittTqut. i-c, to San iYanpUCD.
Fraasi toaistehaadei ralarrtoOreek. attrt, CCS
Kraas kaaCU PafatMa Otaek y Saarrao
elacB, ru TaWaaasrvpah y.il - t.8
Tia Carton Carteut, ar ss Antonli, Arte Mexico.
Fern St. Laols to CtopbaK Pass, ! . .
Gasjalea... vt..,-, ve.. )&
FronilexptostttSan franeiseo, via a Palo.
Tnm Vtuttefs ta Prestaa
Press rreatee to W.cj Tsakt............
FrataWtea Tasks ta Fart rMaere.u...
rraei fart Tritmore ta J'yuli VWi .
Froo rwaa TBtasec to FWrt Toms.....
Frees Vert Tama te St. Bemadino..
Fjwii St. BrBadine4e Sin rraoaJ.i, via
OanJn rS Catutdaoa I TJra. and
.The Postmaster General, in decldinz for the
route by El Paso, has made the great terminus
at St. Louis, with a stem to Memphis. Prac
tically, therefore, this matter may be summed
up in this wise. New Tork and tbe Eastern
Exnrers Companies have cot the contract for
carrying tbe mail, amounting to a round sum of
three and a half millions of dollars. The
Kortbwestbaa'get tbe great depotat St. Louis f
and me aoum oaa gcvme roan, ueograpnicaiiy
speaking, this is a fair distribution ; and it re
mains to be seen which division has got the
best of tbe bargain. Sly own impression is,
the Yankees won't lose much; and If the South
gains much, it will not be according to the old
order of things in affairs of this character. Tbe
idea that this arrangement will or can deter
mine tbe route of the Pacific Rtilrdid, is elm
ply absurd. Money influence, and catcral
demarcatlons will decide that connection, and
all tbe mall contracts, existing or contemplated,
would cot be able to etiape lis main projec
This is the largest contract ever awjr
theeoveroment- Tbe parties accepted,!
wn-e preiHwlvrgHMed-fTPTSttl 'gntgeTT while
none other than pnxttcal, substanMal and es
tablished men. were considered,. We. art now
at the beginning of a great tnd, ana It becomes
.1. !! tn nnh ths fntpmrinc forward wUlt a
lusty zeal, iu brdii'.fbit a success ccnrspoTid?
ing to the vastness of the' uqdertaklez may be
achieved. Suppoit! lift iolli-hss obta'ireda
nominal gain, wljatdoes t compare wta m
many millions of uitiltarved patronage that are
annually and unjiiWjy laTbhed at 4h sipgl
pbrto't'NewrYorklr The govemmentexpends
there alone, every .arJqalt'two-tQJrei of this,
entire coftractlor six. years, in the shape of
ocean mail service. Nrw York neejmot grum-
. . It .TV L - A: - K. nr.nl
Die, especaiiv as nrr nutc-ui titu
millions is larger jiow "ui w -"jr
Stale or section. She can affurd to be silent
under this lispenSitlnna's many of her most
dlstingulsted and proresseaiy zsaious uppnuu
cans know her tn be discreet, when their pock
ets are filled by Southern speculations.
PAYHE8IB AT THE IRE AS DRY.
The iVafioa! efrilrjesccr gives the follow.
ipg InteretUng account of the checks and safe-J
CTiarda which have been thrown around the
Treasurv of the United States to secure the
honest admlnistratleaof tbe finances.
V.vrrv demand or account srainst tbe United
Slates, is first presented to ths proper Aaditer,
fufwhora there are six.l wuu ainutMftn
awl vouchers, who folly examines it la all Ms
bearings, and disallows any item iuh aa
lar or not supporiea oy propoi m
ih.n Alia nn a rtrintnl blank certllviwj tbe
mnn.t.lui. ij-. and passes It with alt the pa
ptrs, to the proper uoinpirouer, ot uem luric
aiul. if found correct as pussedbvths
Auditor, the Comptroller certifiea tbe same and
It ihpn ros to tne Jtesisterior iwraiu.
hi m it is raised to tbe warrant olerk, who ex
amines bis ledger to see that there ie money to
ih rrmJit nf tbe proper appropriation to meet
the demand, and, If sa,he fills up a blank man
date or warrant, to be signed by the Secretary,
aid addressed to the Treasurer of the United
States, dirtlBg him U pay A. B. such an
amount, for such an objeet, and out or such an
This warrant" has then lo go to the Comp
troller, to be examined and signed by him, and
th. in t the Register for examination and
record"; and it is then ready for the Treasurer,
who gives bis draft or check upon one of the
Quhfra aiiref ar tber public deoosltedes, at
nt n mar be convenient to the nartv
receiving the meney. But the forms do sot end
here. The cbeck must go to the Regis'er to be
examined, aad compared with his previous re-
. j umI ir i-nrn-rt. h countereisns it, and tt
is returned to the Treasurer, wbo hands it to
the proper owser, taking his receipt for the
i -. fi.Untixl clerks are selected in each de
partment as disbursing agents to pay salaries
and other expenses of the departments or of
their separate bareaus. Towards the close of
eicn month tbese dlsbarstog agents make a
n.,;ai. :-n for the araooftt required to pay the
salaries ana o.jn ""r.-"--' - o -
. i iu .vuu.o iialnaltnir vner.
ally the different iletns. xo okuduh rrqui
sttion it must go through all the above forms,
..x-irin' th aiirnatures of the Secretary,
UomptnHier, auojuji, ii.c6i ..-.-.,
and when the check of tbe latter is given the
IVU HI1- lUi. . " , ,
ii. l . t. . ,K. .um.V i .
money is not actuary
j.ruuiiait lo the credit of tbe disbars-
im: agent, tbe Cashier of the Treasury thus
mere removing that sum frem the general mass
of money in the treasury to the individual credit
f IK. The latter then cives his check
on the Treasurer, in favor of tbosa entitled te
salaries or other demands, and those checks are
charged to him, and his account is kept by Use
T,..r,r in nrMiaelr th same basis as 1b-
dtvfdoais keep their accounts with incorpo
rated banking institutions, tbe deposites and
checks being regularly eaterad ha a bankbook.
It tt from this diebarnog agent that the
Secretary, in common with the clerks of bis
office, receives a monthly ebeekfor his ry.
giving bis receipt for tbe same At the end of
each quarter, tbe disbursing agent states bis
aetwC, charging himself with all bis requisi
tions, and crediting all his disbursements, with
a separate and r.itIar voucher for each pay
ment, showing tbe taUte he may have on
band, which balance must eorrsi?nd with the
sum to his credit with the Treajr'j cash
ier. Inese accounts ana Toucun i' p -.4
i.ry ibi came as other acroi its, by the
Anikw, fcc., and settled in co..: arnitty with
the books cfi Treasury,
li not st all ii'isual that, tn the setHe-
m.f aeeoants at Kit Treasury, a balance is
found to be due partus far liei than a dollar,
the wm ant for Uieayment;or wuuu -ue" a
must go through all tbe preceding forms before
tb aiantv can be obtained from tbe vaults; and
wereHtc( bearing a former Secretary say
that on one otcsion, when signing a batch of
wairants. he bad it put his signature to one
for nearly a million e eaUars, and the very
next succeeding one was for fwenty-seven
cents. This might be called frfl W sn-
II i frt tba ridieamiUS."
It jg anetbtr proof, added to many others, ef !
tle ffiiwrjor genius of Haasikea, that all tbe
pre: JaW. 'i'i checks, and balances ef
tbe Trtassf v-xjoa$;nt originated wtth bim,
witbeut bis bivtbg xuadent or model to
wark iram, and tnit, itifi M vprl3t of
ntir nan. no iierroven-4 Ci.ei made,
though no doabt many have beea aiftlfij. or
ateafeiid, upo hia origiaal plan.
f5tea 3ff Later frsn Calirorala;
By the aUaaC&F Pddl MTS ,ie
Picayune-, we have CUa $Hr Francisco pa
pers to tbe 20th of June, $ &f days
later than we previously bai.
The Mta Catlifersuz, of the 20th, fasiehe
a t3raary ef Carifornia ews for tbe P1'
fortrdgW, Cams which we extract the follow
ing, being tH tint it of. interest to readers on
this side ef tbe cottiBefitf
Th Know-Nothing party is n.-iaaHy ex
tinct, and tbe great mass of tbe members of
the Ule organtzattoa nave gone over to the
Democracy, or enlisted in the Republican
Mining natters, as usual, monopolize the
attention ot tc great majority or tbe inhabi
tants ot tbe Interior, Cuarti mining enter
prises are resulting mors cararsbjy, and exten
sive arrangement are in progreat tor parrying
on mas description of raiBisg, in a early iH of
the interior counties.
4. convention of the quartz miners of tbe
Stats sonyeoed at Sacramento on the ISth. Tbe
result of itg &M.beratiens is anticipated with
great interest, an important bearing
on;tnis department, or uoct tngastry.
Continued and successful vxtiit Lo wagon
road enterprises have occupied the attention of
very many of the people of the State. A
sU coach, laden with passengers, has made
the tttp (to? Oroville, through the Sierra Ne
vada, te Hooey fke Valley, the western ter
minua of the Nation j Wagon Road, and has
safely made the trip, to ana ta, botween Pla
cerville and Carson Valley. Tbi rfierry and
liberality displayed in those counties lotilnt&i
will probably eusare the construction of two
or i'i good wagon roads, to intersect with
the JUU&at Road in Utah. The Superintend
ent and ottur pAvtirji ofScers, having ebarge
of the western division the general road,
have left on.their tour of exptsratjon and sur
vey. They are to locate the Hue u tlt road
as farast as Salt Lake.
The crops throughout the State promise to
be more plentiful, and harvested in better order
ttiis anticipated a few weeks ago. They
will net ts.'J jacch below the average of former
years, owing to & rler quantity of soil
3UWI1 IDU phltkru.
- Of tbe three indictments touK&f. against
Henrr Bates, ate State Treasurer. (& apt
has been temporarily disposes of, and oa to: 8
the lurv failed to acrec iue omer to are
sfill 'pendiog, but -will come to trial In Ja-
ly Tilt accused is aeantimn at large, on
E. A. Itowe, Deputy Treasurer, who has
been confined rix months' on bt-f -tl the Prison
Brig, at SacrauteU 0, has finally 'eefcvfiVed to
pure himself of contempt, by aniwbiug .
such uue.ins as may oe propourmea, toacu
ing the mvatwiaos disappearance of the
treasury moneys, flit pu r Sessions not
being in session, the Judge Uvcffd bis applica
tftt-jtf jrtivity prevails at iUare -Island, and
the Goverhi.;r is expending large sums of
money In navy yard improvements.
The U. S. surveying t-wi?. to locate tbe
boundary line between Wa.s!itnj(w Jerritory
and the Enelish possessions, have left to. sort
for I'ueet Sound, on the Government steamerk
.titfae, where Ibey unite with tbe British
party, they together proceed oti their
Iu tbe So'itberopiit f the State, the drouth
has neriously irjnred the' ttfisg, and In fact
erery species or vegetation. Tba fattle have
sofTered gieatly. and many have die itczi
hunger arid timet
NTo furtber news of Interest from Sonora.
Alliibtl of the total annlliilatlen ef tbe
Or abb expert; titToteta are at an that.
Communication tttsexn Ibln State and Car
son Valley is bow of daiy rreaee, and an
ac4lve ana rapidly Incresslnrlr jMinglng
up, which will prove beneficial to ear lerfiifl-
ill neighbors, msny of whom are desirous of1
betnt; uuvxtd to CaWforoU.
Ait liatcf murderers, fenotr ami acel
rlentfl, for the fort mU, 1 a ipallliig ; far greater
than for many montbk pait,
Tbe floarUhlnc talnlne precincts Ilrvtown,
Amador county, waa almost totally diatrvycJ J
t . I- .V,. tut, loan 7t rVWV
Uy mo (ill iu. .. i) twfvv 1
ifortlier fads have cpme to light upoalhe-
rurr.crec .detjjcation 01 t;ou iiaraszmy. ei iue
Mini, it ! Co1- bt made ov,r
a suiBcienCamoant of wjW t9 the Uni
ted tiUtes District Attorney 'tsewer (be al
leged defalcation, and expresses tJimhslf If a
ready nnd willing to court an Investigation of
bis accounts. ....
' lke JJrannajfan, one of the expatriated, ar
riridrhere on the 7th inst., on board the Ham
burg bark JPUAeimina, ff djp Cuatamala. Xm--meJiitelv
on bis arrival he cracurrd a White
hall boat, and escaped to -SacraBuoU, where
he is now engaged in 01s OKI
A meeting of settlers was
Garden, on the evening ot tbe
series of reeolntlons was passed, among whieh
was one pledging themselves to support no man
for onice who was cot pledged to;earry oa. me
settler policy, Le.'
Considerable excitement 'was manifested
throughout the city during the patt fortnight,
on tbe subject of the comet. . For several days
previous to ibe dreaded 13th, a telescope was
erected on be pUxa, and thousands of persons
badfi peep through it by paying twenry-five
cents each. They saw tbe pl&nats Venus and
Jupiter, and were better pleased than if they
had seen the veritable comet, tail and all.
LATER FEOtf OMCOX AXD IJ8 SAXDWlCm
The San Vranclaco Mto California, of Juse
t iv - ji w vn'mrr'. sl
r - ' joaumt'ji-
3'Wm' lr-!la Ko. a.rt's VarUe Block, Jf.ta .trret.
. - . i , i ... . . -. f
U0M. wnere-toe lnnaDiiams were immi
v, i., th. .,.,.. a warm recei-
tion. ' "
tATfnwiciiTsi.ANn8. By tae arrival or toe
llnhvliilii In Miv -l
ii.. M.in.'i armm.iiiii t
Ptarl had arrlvad front Cl!30 and the Amerl
can origanlineJlrvfiij5irfrom'Bos.'n. This
vesl, is is weii-unown.-eieicmss to syuc iuw
sands of Sabbath SJhoo! cbjldren. in Bostftn
and vicinity. She VisI'warmly received at
fTnnnlnlil. TIi rhililreinof the Sundav schools
turned out In' precrmfonl aid presented the
many shares nf atqckf:
Far Um MerapliU Xtpttl. W
Wfc is tnat ett nirterlilVBfi!C
Wto'Kk', sit 4t7 Ills DOd,
Osinlpatsat slS-wteeall-wtBSV ' " " ' -.
TTka t It ti.lt. wtU arieJBl .tsg;
&ie4aMs Bo t Jisttis ustnytf
Wa taskM pat illls tt fall
is IfW Gi?
IRu Is It t t (tajts U!or
Bat (az KittilMitit -rlfrfc'a na
TWt, Mfirajn rtaee"Dajr irw?
Js Iffinsl C4t;.
; .-.'''r -
WtaMrK n tbrtr tees to sund, . -
Xa etrarte er tlejlrjjef iuOsbedt
WaU aDeadsBW ast'fbr hiiHf
FrttB ttrt rMafafrhU Etaajnx Jnnul J
A COITAOE Vt A LITTLE GLEN.
truer, eowabp c. jovss.
A OWtiprln aTlMl cHo, "
Stat baeU OiBjiW jUtt pen, ,
A knt Mta Msnrlrr tU,
Wbwa reBiir hvc a tsisk HSL, ,
Astf aVe room U SMU.
aBM titM Ireas Oeeaa, rstBbar.drl,
Sasse HtUe seas M Art
Aad TtfM traa thBi4w sHt.
T seotae a wMrj-htart.
And. wBlfauSM aJ, a twe,
Ab4 tare, aad tKaea, hay same.
Lilt ftariB4Jwds at SMrt tint f,
Itattartttt srew tlxerliaaa.
Safe U bw treasaM! stere Bdset be,
.rarlaau' raUm suea i
CaM bm Beta faBtrjor to mt.
Of artie Ia beeat.
TtMSK tat gb tt cbiMfaaed's relet, '
OhaaWmtw jaaetaa: QktM.
Gfre aaBstHMia tar beutb.
Oa. HanteVa smr nHKit Ms btHt,
Ereatas aw. Ha eetta,
Aaic0a, Hlai lta awaaaeit UH, -UanUaa,
dirt lta ptaka.
1 n datata aad IB tfttaakas f part,
nswirK Jfcaa t avrtet eaart,
UfMt tla men Hi .
A aeM.se toeaiMec aH ar wM,
XT -etMatflan aad aim,
Wk alaTa irtui ta snfaiW,
Fas racktaseuf to Isbk.
WHk aateearatrrrrH eaaM I
A anaMaa irave u au,
Wtiaa daareaes laser oaaK baaie
OM miss unSlsaata aw atbl.
THE ORIGIN OF THE C2USADES.
From the Xw Terk OkraaMe.
The wars af the (Jresaders form one of tbe
most importaat epoebs In the world's history.
Beginning at the time when Europe was just
gaming repose frem the long contest witb her
barbaric enemies from tbe South and West,
they found tbe nations already inflamed with
religioas and patriotic zeal against the infidels,
and but a little breath was needed to fan tbe
fire into a universal blaze. A few frenzied
words from a fanatical hermit, a glowinc
'ram the Pone and immediate!? all
Europe was in arras, ine neart or me nations
was shaken. Saefa a general ardor throughout
all countries for one object, was never kuown
before, nor has It had a parallel since, we
think we can do the readers of the CA ran trie
no better service than by giving a few sketches
of remarkable scenes and events of those
wars, wfcich, however vain and superstitious
their design, for so many generations absorbed
the mightiest energies of the world, and roused
aatoag the nations of Europe a spirit of enter
prise, of intellectual and practical activity,
which has never since quite gone to steep
again. From Wilkins' large and eompreaea
aire work o-j tile Crusades we shall draw most
ot our material. Tbe present article Is trans
lated and condensed from bis account of the
orisin of those wars.
While Henry IV., of Germany, and Philip
of France, were engaged in bot dispute with
the papacy, a strong feeling for the deliverance
af t&e Ho)y Sepulchre arose among the cem
Bten people ail afer Europe. A hermit Pater,
ef Amiens setted ofos ie idea, ami zealously
stirred up the people of Ghrisieisdera to carry
it int exirtitiwi.
Peter bad been a seidier; bat preVenteil bv
physical weakness frem bearing arms with
honor, be exchanged tbe corslet and helm for
'ffte feiry gown and cell of a hermit, and fixed
his ira ?a the South of France. He can-
.Umn-d hiaaieiT iit.t tnno vervsaintlv refimen.
abstaining only fre thj use of bread, fori
which be took a seaerous recz$in4e of meats I
and wine ! Yet be contrived to w'in L.er; rever- i
from all who knew him than did ever
biihap or a!bot.
Added to bis saintly claim
(0 .aor, there was a strange power in biB
la b.BialD,higird countenance; and in
hu -aady efcwuence, parried everything
before it .'- Wlhi5 fe.'1?"!
Bt wishing to otnecv a.Hf.v? " T"
M-lm.f. In 7. -.i
year linwi-eier went on a 'f Cru.J
salem. There he learned with - "i.i-i.i,
. . . - i.ii.i.u.u.. .v.i
allies suffered by Christians from theu
oppressers, ad soon, io his own experieace,
nad good reason to oeiieve mem. turning witn
iuli.ii,HrtB h.MRitlit njif lh Palrlarih irhnm
indienation.hesouirbt out the Patriarch, whom
he Hterly reproached, fnr idly tooking on
while inndels desecrated tne coiy places, ap -
propriated tbe gifts and misused the persons of
devout pilgrims. Tbe Patriarch lamented the
feeble condition of the Church, which he said,
must soon be dissolved unless the Christians of
tbe West came to its support. He gave Peter
letters to the kings and nobles of Europe, en
treating succor for the unhappy Mother of
Peter accepted the mission with fervent zeal.
One erening, before his departure, as he stood
in the church of the Resurrection, praying to
Qcd and tbe Saints, he grew weary and fell
asleep, iu Z dfeam be saw Christ appear, and
heard Hlra spealc ttjese words : " Up, Peter I
hasten to accomplish yaur work! 1 will be
with yoa: for the time Is at bang for the de
liverance of the" holy places and the succor of
My people." Peter woke, and fioishinghis de
votions, hastened to acquaint the Patriarch
wittV te glorious vision, and then immediately
set out tor Some. Arrived at that city, he at
ence delivered tn Utfera to Pope Urban, con-
firmine them by his own krr;iion of what he
. 1 1 j :. T .1
nau witnesaen arm expeneucca iu r, usaicui.
Though barely secure of power, and evea of
his life at that time, Urban gave instant h:ed
tflje letters; for the greatest enterprises of
the Popj were often -projected ami carried
through wuea tiitr power In Rome was at the
lowest ebb. He estci&d Peter's zeal, and sent
him forth with letters ta fha Cfcrjst'an powers,
as an ambassador from the ChurctTat Jerusa
lem and from the Holy See.
Peter was not a man to delay. He began his
mission at once. Passing tbrough all Italy, he
probed to immense and frantic assemblies,
lhJaif f iie Christian world to deliver tbe
holy places Jrpp; jrdl tyranny aad desecra
tion, lie re ".a iue isb k iue rauw.iai,
thsm by bis owu sccjjfcMt,a,Tl related
how the Sen of God had appeared to biii i the
vision. He even exhibited certain letter;
which (as he declared,) had dropped frem
Heaven; their character mayreadily be guess-
d. si? was regarded as an Inspired messen
ger from ijoi. 2b people loaded him with
presents, wbtth ui'giig JT to tbe poor. He.
! la nnirar In nr.iir - -eaee and un-f-
tv in the cemmunities where heprJ. So
rrasf was the reverence or the peopje, tt.t ft
X,:7t...l .n tn the verv clothee he wore t
and happy ta f man who possessed a .hair
from the taie or ins wt;
At th -riMt council ecLvit! bv Urban II..
it Pisaranra. fnr the nUtDOte of 'cLtSiDS the
itsubordinatlon of the king of France arUtJtt
EnipBWf Germany, the influeoceof Peter's
ZealOU tHrnuiUf wan u-canj uuiiieiu jLuia
council, from the fraiqrjjace f its objects.-was
ths most imposing tbaf AV "i assembled.
There were present foarthacsajou eccealtstics
and thirty tnousaoa laymen, tjo piv1"1?
could hold them, and they met in the o.
wallet Constantinople. Durban iuppojj.ehke
. -ii.i. .. ..ut, .11 ,v,. ,s.n-.. t m. .in.-iiny
IIC. ...ill "l . 1 1 imv I. vj " . . u.o
.aj .t. .ff.rii.allv. Ihat in n abort lima a lare-e :
tvviar rieelareil themselves ready to march
, . ." . . - . ..tM..4Vi. rip .T O . i f T-
. ' f ' . . . . .
li iHT.n SJ,ir" ,u,iukj w. umiii'.......j
Hut to perfeet u cheme. Urban convoked"
another council, to me H0ijnoDt,ia France.
Par nnt nnlv had the French cSoJ.ii greater
zeal than other Mtlons in the causa, bst taer,e I
was another reason for this course; with all",
lut bravest and truest saPDorters withdrawn I
from tile indera, Philip could be more easily
be brought to ittiijfi After preliminary gaih-1
erings of lhe clergy iBaiictis cities, on the j
eighth day after the feast ofVt Xartin, the :
priesthood and laity were met in gecera'Axwa-;
UrOeU uau liuia. j'lrpaiar
. t t 1 ......... 1
i..ji.... Aniri.f mill-r demanded 1
for the sexuritrand peace of tbe lapal xbsir. j
TVsex fr' auiKIIo ImmiTi tVitlCll th
movement i'ii4 3t the council, was from waist about worth sjT Tiana WOT"' 1
Ibe Greek Eropeter or & adjust the Turks, had great misgivings If f cow fcOyiit tht
...i. ,.hlt tli.tr .VZ,1tt .l.ll varv I noesessor of all tbese attractions to gDV'ta
ifoBi t in-ure this being the largest ana most : cercest pr ouueif. lecosteti tne object ot
magniliupt ct alt councils. All priests were J my love, aBttfn a'rsflmeryttSey pcre Impelled
e-amandedfundra8je,eDenaIty,toappear;!patmeln a galbspade. 'Ifer' cheeks were
hi. Kl..na vera admonished ts icd'ice tbe no- i rl ashed with tbe exercise, and eer iyes darted 1
. .... .r V- . ....... ' V'.llrfVi. ' ti'd an nun me
zealously stirred by ths tvrancoing ot'Jt'et&, wilch
ni IT17 1 ri nn te.jcjM. .i.uv. " . :.. . v
ii,,f t,eaide fourteen archblaSp. twoiiun'.-T raonster.
1 " ... ... "1 , .
i'abioU nd great numbers of the Infertorl I ifept close to'ihe Wacfc Jo-abio,wellinow-he!4
at ass J clergy, l,Ssb.;opf the laity was Incalcula-, Ingttat vrfjdreyer thepSnaafSra'
irwK intV A 1 1... s-', " at the depot at which they woaH wind off. She
Urban gatheraJ the clergy and laity tipqnatcifCTMiaUon took place
broad open street, asdina long speech, dls- tIslD.minl1idihe
eio.. the miehtv nlan for the deliverance of 0 1 know It,7 was tut Moly, "r have watch
Jerusalem. The eloquence of bis vrpnis mayjedlilm: You must stay by rae ,t2 rcjtof the.
have been often excelled, ont certainly tjp
eculd boast of results so great. With fervid
speech and action he described the condition of !
the oppressed Christians in the. Holy land ;
one woull nave inougsj. no aaa wiidhku ouu
experienced their suaeringa himself. Sighs
and tears frequently stopped ills utt.erAcce.
He spoke, too, of the sanctity of the plaws
desecrated by ths heathens of the' . stones
which crowned Stephen with the crown of tbe
first martyrdom ; of ths Jordan where Christ
wss baptized. Then he reminded lhe people-of
1 .v.. Iter.
"re hernee of the
' "-Iqug son, who icaUered lhe
1 Kl-es iflca .iTw.,
if- the Church war destroyed. TO tnJe WHO strain intrigue mat t erer te-u m pvujr v. i , . "- wT, i.i'r r.afSXT f .?
tin., arwrtm h. mjU 9 niMlnnll annHl tn nsft I
- - - 1,- i'.i .
thelrjweaDOua n.the high service of,ChritUnT j
ii n iuiujue .l.u. . a r u . w.u ... i
... a - .riiii. n,.inf in ail tim aMnl.
In anv wavJhalull foreiveness of sin. -Eccle-
slMtics were hoV allowed" to join in the expedi-
Hon wfthoiit ,tb jr b'isbop's permission. Then,
in closing, he bade the clergy return to their
church?, aw) preach the Crusade, stlrrioe up
the nations to the deliverance ot the Hcly
nnlsbed fa discourse
Archbishop Adeatar, of Pay, pressing forward
Lwlth eiger counttnanee, entreated a blessing
frjpm the Pope and permission to engage in me
Holy War. Both were granted, and the great
er part ef the clergy then followed bis example.
Then the pilgrims all kneeled on the ground,
while one nf the attendant cardinals made a
icpfifeeeion of sin in the name or all, and Urban
a - j il . -iji.i a kIa-u....! fi-n.B
pratjaaticNi jhii auswfunvu. iinnwi-i vi
was attached to the right shoulder of each pil
grim. During the excitement nf all these ceremonies,
word was brought that Coaat Raymond, of
Tuloose, was preparingforthe Crusade. Many
ksdjjfats bad already repaired to bis standard.
Beaftiie were offtted to all who would join.
The accession of a warrior so reaowned gaye
an impetus to tbe cause, aad many now enlist
ed who bad been unmoved by the eloquence of
The Pope himself was pressed to lead me
Crusade. Bat be wtselv refused toe Internal
troubles of the Church affording a plausible
reason. He promised, however, to follow as
soon at the condition ef the CHurch would per
mit. After proclaiming uatversil peace among
Christian Bailees, tie coupe!! was dissolved,
and tbe clergy dismissed, to preach the Cru
sade I, an me eau reins. iae nine mi
the Qxpeatflatt to depart was left umleternvhied.
me seed oaa ranen into gaxxi creunu. r ium
Clermont the clergy and laity hastened home,
preaching and stirring up their nclgbbers with
fiery enthusiasm. Urban bistself traversed
t,iv nraariiiar an ne went. cxiraeraiaarT.
few boasebolds from which ene member, at
least, did net join tbe Crusaders. Wires sent
their tsatbands, mothers their sons, nay, en
treated them to go, end wept wbea they could
set induct tbein. Many laughed at first, call
ed it foel-hardy and of Be benefit; but a few
slavs, and those very persons were in the ranks.
Priests left "their altars, monks foisook their
cells (swetly, if permission could not be
graoted,) even the old and laarm took the red
rvuui. rcriminala seized the occasion to escape
paBlsbBMot by joining tbe great army. Many
branded the Cross in their flesh, and pretended
it was done by tbe band ef God.
Tnu arose the first Croeade; thus was gath
ered a motley army of undisciplined, frantic
rasa, who imagined themselves chosen to de
liver tie Holy Sepulchre. But tbe fate of tbe
mighty tbroae; which, beaded by Peter, first en
deavored to reach Jerusalem, mast be reserved
for a future article.
2 HE MASQUERADE.
t had stopped at tbe last relay before enter
lac BetHa, expressly for the purpose of view
lag the town by daylight. It wae a useless pre
caution, for K sBOwed as I never saw it snow
before. Tbe sleet was perfectly Wtodiog, and
nothing, I am convinced, bat tbe din ef the
postiliioti's born, saved -s treae being run over
a b aad red times.
I ordered tbe coachman to stop at Kysheer
aaoieki's, a restaurateur to which I hsd beea
refiaeBmeoded as a comfortable abode for bach
elors, where dinner was furnished a. la minute,
where tbe napkins were of a respectable white
ness, and the attendants ready and civil. I was
deceived, miserably deluded ; bat as it is ot
my object to dilate upon the numberless nuis
ances which at this time abounded in a great
inn of a ereat coatlnentateapttal, I pass Hover.
Mynheer possessed one advantage, for tvhieh,
however 1 felt then, I now feel that I ouebt to
have overlooked all its inconveniences. It was
situated oa the strasse, one of the finest
: streets in tne worm. iin.i, ip
aces, aeadetnv of design and science, college,
and arsenal, ill kuilt of tbe costliest stoae,
and of the tnoet elaborate deeisrn : its gayetv
and animation, its constant glitter of splendid
eauipecea aad dazzling uniforms, nited in ren
dering it tbe most attractive picture my eyes
ever gaxed upon, and induced see te lemaia la
the town nocb longer tbas I bad originally in
teflded. Of course I bad a vtsUt-de place What is a
stranger ia a strange town in a foreign land
without one? An excellent lackey be was,
too, a denizen of tbe ydsee, and tboroagbly
initiated In its localities, intrigue-, end araase
ments. It was the time of tbe eeraival j and balls,
routs, plays, processions, punch and masquer
ades wete tbe order of both day and eveaiiag.
Tbe king and princes of the blood attended
some of tbese antaeeaMSts, aad it was rare in
deed that you did not see at least one of the
royal family at the opera, daring the course ef
tbe everting. Frequently they all atteaded and
reseained through tbe pertWennce. I was
pleaead to see it. U eadred tsss Mar to the
people, and did more to firmly seat him apen
hit throne, by itoplantiaK bis image in the
breasts of bis soaJecU, thaa the secluded
grandeur ef hmiereeB of riotoas artvate eater
Uiaaents to the nobility Moist eyef bare ef-
I entered the grand opera at ten, Just as the
prince royel and his wife, with a crcwd of
starred nobles, were quitting tbe royal box.
, They had just nniened one or apeoiint-s grand
opeic.ani the night was to be ended with a
masquerade. TRepithad been boarded over, and
wben I entered, tbe wtttie ImnieBse area was
crowded with a grotesque a weakly of hfrle-.
qniDa, colombines, actors frem tbe recent opra,
Cossacks, bears, tumblers, fools, Indians, moa
kevs, demons and angels. A splendid band
I .... . t. tt i u-o KaAuraino' anrh mnatr aa
.. r.a 111 c-tf-Muuni., vmw. ....
one oaly tsarj when amongst the most musical
I people lo the .world. I came for am-isement,
erim tTwAoto,M4 W oblite-
, sea. 68rkercble? B invtr? !
t .1 ir.r tviiii - . ... Ja-.... ,f .
! ratine wiiu '' "B"VV"'. .IY..yj ?.
smlwbenl wasselze: SES
leu rpsitd in i
! a reartul wmx w:to irasi, .,7.1.
Benees, eeeaieu t cttoici.h ut u.
The nextmoaeatabaarhad me in bis clutches,
and drove me down ia a salopade wtth a rush
which nearly annihilated sur senses. As we
. j . ... . ..t -a h. u
came down upon tbe stage, my biraue partner
turned shortly, and letting me go, sent at by
I the irrisistible conirifngal impulse Into a side
j scene, wbieb gave way and deposited me upon
' the boards, not much hart and considerably re
lieved. It was while raised on my arm, gazing
leisurely at the teetotum twirlers,that my at
tention was riveted by a beautiful figure hang
ing en the arm of a maa i a tlicifoBtloo. I
was up Instantly.
Strange." said I, "that I sfeoald dlseover
the finest shape I ever saw in this incongruous
country of music and sourkrout."
I walked by them ; ebe observed me. As I
turned round J saw her speak to her companion,
and as I lived I Usougbt I saw her mouth
which was the oaty feature of her face visible
smile. Now,thougb I havesieca iecsoaoush
to convince me that travelers speak tea lightly
of Gersean manners, f was not then so credo,
lous, which will account for ray proceedings in
the cexeel, that might otherwise seem strange
Tbe waltr.es and IMS were now in their
highest twirl; so was mv totaft at the small
waist and those delicate feet.. I kept instant
ly near the object of my solicitude, constancy ;
looking at oer, ano constaetiv oiusning very
red as 11 id so. It may have been conceit, but
I tovcgfct her altered looks assumed the shape
and exprneioi; of an interrogation point.
" Why don't yen iAmef dance ?" seemed to
be ths inquiry. Iue customs ,yf a German
ball-room, I thanked heaven, dispense, yith
a formal presentatioo, an 1 enabled a baehftil
I stranger to approach tbe object of his adora-
1 tion with some cootweBce. so,maicinga nasty
c"latioo of the probable result of a personal
corneal rataer, or orotner, or i.over, or
whiebevefOe' -ompanying her,' I boldly
mads up to the faceHvliingjajh and staca mer
er oat as elegant a reooes: lnliertjiii if my
knowledge of that laagaage allowed.
With an air ot s.otcal ladifference her com.
1 pa nien released her to me. I wasglc
Jor I dislike trouble, and I knew thst
revaet :t the German's phlegm woul
was glad of it,
iv thst in tbe
ev.Ct ff :t the Geman's phlegm would have
th ailvafrtjje bt merrurral strength.
As 1 gaxed on foe -n.gfrb- countenance of
my partner, and whirled her'iV&t i-iify maze
of the waltz, the most romantic fancies fcttcd
my imagination I concocted in my brsin the
wie rtan of an elopement; pictured a lovely
cottage os, &banVs of Maggiora and I believe
devoted tbe rest it civ existence to the moon,
the muses, and a cresna"rtdiCe, or a guitar.
Bat my heart sank atraia as I looke it tbe
smooth and nicely rowided rhm and the lips tf.
. cny aajTier,wuicu n-oaiiiuTe cnviceutuo ibubi
I attic pl'if from therairtstand most fragrant
floww ia zTeitlou. SM Uib tbe little taper
' me : and besides there was iDepuiegtaauc man
in tbe- black domino. It occurred to me that
77 . f ... . . . ,
he 2Lt otrtat too: but I decided that if aif
1 1 1 1'" . .UK.
woaW coajeaLjijUT weMU haye lo waive his ob
My head was Sllcd with tbei pvtflf Jatagl
nations the waltz was fioiabiMl much ioojcer
than I wished. I felt "that I must relinsuita
her, and with a sigh I passed ber over to
pfelegEttic black domino, whom I felt
muth irse ruchir-f u the Tibs.
The mnsic atopijed, and i Uf against a
column which supportea trie bra XtW y .bases, !
to enjoy the misery of beheWwg my !nctijjUti,i
promenadisg with the stoical German phantom,
Ajain the band struck up, and the dance was
1; I l. .
A tall Spaniard, with
r ' n.r
through tbe little black vizard 3 stance
made me curse the bog-!eeged Spapleh
yi.y resolve to secure her hand again,
soon apDeared, panting and flushed. The Gerr
man stoic led her to a scat, and a murmuring
And their followed a conversation-, daring,
which I dioyerec! that, though I had not soo
ken to a female tj erfaap, or any female what
eversince I entered Berlin, stu hneiv intimate
ly my every motion arid almost evary jvprd
since I entered the town. Curiosity now added
fuel to my passion, and. with una fleeted bold
ness (approached and again asked her hand
for the dance. "Jler companion set his teeth
and tried to retain bur arm, bat she adroitly
slipped hertaper BegeTs through hTs, an,d in a
moment I waa again whirling with her'in the
dance. (As we fiUabed, I walked Into a cool
receH,atd, Uiflg aetgiom oana, Htai
indeed, were tbe resuHs of all these efforts. IntTiad run agaiast
Frknee and the countries adioining there were wheel.
uriirinfmniu " jiit T
.J.' Fair Incognita, said I,
that since I
b.rtii.la favor which has not torn my heart
with jealousv. Delen to remove your mask
- - .
anil allow me to gaza on the face it invidiously
' N'o. I cannot." she renllfl.
"At least remove this glove, that I may have V
the pleasure or holding your nana, asa not a
couple, ofounees ot Frescb kid."
The servant brought some bonbons, aod she
was about complying with mv request, mote
from convenience than to gratify me I thought,
when a" sharp intonation surprised s both arid
turning round I saw ths horrible German ogre
just raising his hand from gtvisg ray companion
a little blow cpen the shoulder. In an instaat
the glove was oa, and I was alone before I
could realize It.
I was not much disheartened by this sudden
mane iver, but resolved that when the was again
nndet ray wing I would take her to the super-
roora. wnen i nattered myseu bob wwb ui
;undei the necessity of removing her maaKle'
nartaklm: or some refection. 5x i watcneu tee
1 . ... j -
iiruKing ot soraereiecuun. ow
Ik. .l..mnUu r.HTDl IX Jl 9h,ArbNl 1ft A.
p'f . .7" , . . 7". ,
metaAhvilcal discos eieet, I supposed, wtth a
,fir. Shi. ate annnar with a eood deeree
e ir,A.t mnJt naivete u-nicb eaattvated me : I
tasted a little Rhine wine, and took ices, tt
did nothlnr to eratifr mv cmiositT bat Hit be
smallest noasible Dortlon'of the little crspe veil
which fell from tbe nose of tbe nsask, dteclos-
ting merely me moutn ana upper up. nwns1
I could do woald laaaceaer to expose urriicc. ,
I almost felt as if under tbe direction of OvW,
wbe rewtdmewts tearing the bracelet from my i
lady's arm, and was almost ImpMled to se4ie I
tbeenvieas mask. I restrained mysetCtbouab, I
-j i . i .11 iri:H a-r '
tnkaawa partner till two o'eteci. iu ute worn-
f . . nli. .J ikit It vji
time to retire homewards. The domino went
for his carriage. Tbe coacbaaB, la taming,
a USBP poet awl SBMBH a
... u , u b.
" 1 shall only be too ba pay," I said, to give
liirm thn use of Bltne."
They protested. ..insisted, aad earned tbe
day, asiurlag thea that it was bat a few steps
to my lodging, and I could trait.
IV tta a naatt BariHtaiiaar wuu an sen eora-
tlons excited by the eveniaft's advenlare, I ceo-
dacted tne peautsrat ana Masawg lair aae to
my own carriage, saw her entr, and gave her
hand a sentimental squeeze. Tbe doauBO fe.
lowed ; the carriage door closed oa my hopes,
and they were off. With a heavy hea rt I walked
towards Myabeer Zamoiski's, reached it, aad
siw my carriage at the door. I was surprised,
(or 1 nau been toM mat me recent o eject ot my
passion lived oa the Linda i. I ran up to my
room and was confronted by the Mack doariao.
Tbe scene was fast drawing to a close, task
ed bira what he meant by the intrasioa, when
taking off bia mask, I discovered ray lactcej-it-place,
who humbly asked me if I had any fur
ther use for tbe bones! I bad beea making
love all nieht to the pretty jiili-Jt-ekambre of
Mynheer Zamoieki! I had walked boaae at
two o'clock in the morning la the cold wiad and
snow, to accommodate tar vaJtt-de-pin and bis
lady-love with a ride ! Tbe saestioa of a mas
querade ever after threw me lata fits.
Connlerreiis or Holloway's Fills j
and Ointment I
Aral the market. Lea, ta tka kjtfe at dlrectiaas. If
tke paper aa hjck laT are anatad a water-laartad
Hork,7, X Task aad I.aalna," the aiitlala. ia
feaalsw, eafSMf tihmeise. Ia kaaklaa far the w.Sas
Eaark, lawhLske aaaar betareaa taa eyas aad tka uaad.
SaM at the ssaaalsssary, Ve. W VaWaa It, Xrw
Tork, aad ay all drafCtsss, st 36a., es., Ud kt per res.
For One Dollar
A as sea caaaatchaaa a kettle ef the 5eeM American
Tntr amd Apse Aeiwdav wdsiMek fee aar aattraty
a. idaraU amy reataye a that awaaad ate .. the Pwer
ad Alr. laaraaaeof the artetar, B. A. Ixosabd
at Xav Tark. .hiald kt held aa te the awrht as aae a
Sin cteslest eeeefastert f the sfe. Jar, vrith sasiaaly aa
aasafdtsa. thare Is no medatuv taawa tAat .a.eld ka
anre bWNi yrbed than IkM, tram the tut that rt dars
ail It dalsM, saJr, " t eartaaa sod yciaiaaal cara ter
Sw His adrertlieneat ta aa afaar gart af atss paaar.
Soracrrillc .ilodel School.
IbaBeztrfeatkdSeaalaa af tka Taaes Ladaaa'Xadal
Seanol, at g.annlBi, Teaa , wffl naai.iran aa HO-N-DAT,
t lie "IB sf Seratmkar salt, eadav the aaatlaaad
satxrtlalaaat A. B. Slaaa. t
Zj arder af the Batid af Traitaa.
HON'. 3. 0. HCJ4PHRET3, Treat.
Edwih piccixiex, Seey. fS-Ji-r3
It tbamsa was taak a OaaVs Xaaesjar Iseai nftntu
east recktt ie UaasaMs, iissilkai (a Xay tut, skat aet
natareUsaea, l ahal be aaator la Tnwitlanf taartay
hUavatetaSraraWkyak)sssi'hmtBaa a aaaaaar
as wstl Bat be actMekia kahaaa, Sid I d0 alaetake ethar
Bseataraa arslatt btas. Ha la kat Da are, a&tayad ntf,
aspact ta assofc.
JylO-lv If. B , af Jack aaa, Taaa.
A "Word to the Afaicted.
70S ."BfSyQTJS TON'IC h aaw reassded hy s
seteetafe ste ta ba saperr ta ear araearatloa erer a
fT yravJ W .BOartaK l.iuatUTt f if Btartsa
ntsat IfiSamce aa tht aytaes. the nuinitihBily Sa ftt
eaae is saatanad. Aad ta thaae swssiajial aa raeaaCsd
atlstks of OUKt, Fever aisaT Afu. ar any ttad at Titer,
this TSSMdy ahaald, by all saeaas, he aaed. Aad If thaae
rezyistta satasaMtte etstrt la, vhara Jtf s' . af tMa
aksi.caer ar y.ya jacldiat te tba stlaste, thy shaaat
new be vtat ,t,
Cholera, Diarrhea, Blood y FIs,
TUXBS Is ce disease that reMtrates hemaa brtaa. sa
se short a tiae, aad thatnadm the syetaaa as aaeae-
. "" '
-e- i - 7"
MS.'' At seta e yu ssel the tiktr leal .imaUraeT
Warikea. elSt'i f " C r T.
.i..cr.,T, i.l. i V tQ Ifl IKM, wui yt -
Box as -ae hare she arWaacn ta tt the net. .
For Colds. CoukIi. AMhnja, Brou-
CUIUS, uuniUHllllllrn, A.:.,
Use Dr. SUIDaK'S HOAKQOn0 PtO?AL. AO
f tbe aWre are f.r sale stall the Dns SChb akdeaea
Hatviir hj.j be feeal In aU the tairm. ar.J Ttltog-r.
j. ii. slkbge St co.,
Sete riepisetors, UeankK, Teaa.,
TekvaSrjer3tVit be addieaerd. JyS
THE STAR OAMJCST new eCeta tor eblh;alan the
anest eoBecttoa of OIL FAINltXGt of aEyCilliry te
Tke IMPERIAL mOTOSB APS Is eee ef the leidlee
pMStea of the day. Made oaly by PARK t FP-
Tbe HALUiOTy??cx iranderfai pletaree '
aide can kc tees at tbe STer plKfTf- " 89
other GsBery In thecBy. 8eaf as. nfftl
Thi'e Teeth, Perrumcd Crcath
and Beautiful Complexion,
CAS be aoaatrtd by uss the "Balm tr A Taov.
Situ Tcwxxjs." What hvty er sjenHeaisB vaaht re
main K&aec tin SSP "t dieatresaate breath, vhen, ay
using the "Balm ar a Jt6ftya Flower. " u a
dcBtriatr. woaM cat oaly arader it sleei, i Jejve the
trevh whKeasatobaatar? Msay pstaeas da not knew'
tbetr breath Ja bed, and tbs takjeet la so deDeate tbetr
rrltads vat nerer BHOtloa it. Beware af coantetfetts.
3e fre each bottle ts svfaed,
FBTP.IDGE X CO., New Tark.
gV" Far sale by a.1 aIas.sA. s17-l9dty
It'orth Alabama, Middle 'x'tmujfJ
sec and Xorth Mississippi Trade;
THE BaUIOOBAT, Hsaurkea, Asabaava, pektUbad by
-X-1TBKKI.CLAT. Bdlr aad rieerirter, is Beutr
tWrt-Ire years eel, aad la saash tbe laiaest paper ta
Kara iri1'.;.! V iu mpetator teaVves It LtlMaklaat
and has the eest'beat sseera! etnaSarJea el ay
Alabasa paper m the Swshera vumtiti a HJm-,
aeasee; theceeatSMof Jtehsea. KfXala. Kadtian, Hit,
shan. Uateeteae, It art .l, Bkaanl, Haaaetk. Lawieaea,
LtaAaraale, Fraatlla sad Walter aaaaUn, la AJibiava,
and tbe Kortbera ooeaHra af MtMaatPfl. AeTertlse.
tjestts 'ef at the JTuiriHi ArrBAL IMur I with Jaaaes
Peau'. Wh,-, .r ftrarled dlrecu, to -Te DeaMrat,
ntintsviUe. AuJf fnAtlr inserted at reueeubte rates.
AtuTi;, 1847. -
"Woodland Cream," "
A POKADE for beaBtirybvC the UAIK-ably per
fsmed, aaterler te say French ajlleto lcaaealrd, aaJ far
half !-. -rke. For dreariM Ladlos Hair ft has sa
eqBiCltlTle'x IJSbt,tsoT strae. Keanes
GestteBKs'sllBlrSecB'rl In the aioft sat vol Baaeer.
It resaresdaadrBO, always gfrmx the Hair the tfprr
asce ot betar fresh .himpoo! Price oary Stly oents.
Ton ERntate sales slfsed, 7KTRIDG2 h. 00.,
" kms.r- of the "KAUa of a Ttweaaad Plewers."
Per ssli b aen-deedlr
For Spring and Summer of 1857,
' l.skta aad CasslmarS HATS, n-
KLE(AST .-ei lsdta sad Caatlmare HATS, re-
relted st WHHltOii
, sSe three la
vast of a satn and tlialBbtt HAT w
Ce.MlA-.U7 on hand sal receivtff IM larpnt sad anest!
Stack ot SOFT BATS la tie city at
WHXATOX'S.TS rreet Eow.
W. E, AilLTON-
26 Madison gtreef. kJl UtcSvs,
fob aouB orrns best
l&uins jjsnraace Compania in Un5 United
Excltanga and Totenrotar.
I win attend to the ntca&tbn or'.S
AI5D BILLS OF EXCHANGE.
E"JijB J- s. xvwxuos.
Qudoarjton eajntjafaia 4" Union tit.,
' (ri S11US.J
PARTXCULAS atteolion-paM torecilTlnt and forwards
Ui2 Geals. seglsr Grain, Bacon, aad aU k toils rt
Prodeoeani iucslactared GoM.
OnierstrcBiaarcastesitrlJKedattbe lowest tairtat
rate.. Prmjnse lUBDed OS ett EOftd SUSatVaStA OOTerill
tycur p.Jlcy, tiDleis osrJtnl'notlaiBtad" ea Hie- tiH
otUdins. AD CettOR la store liynrrf saiess oHtenmo
Our bn.lna'S betas; oauiwj caramasvoa. sea oar
time da7tedte the enlfare of oar sttrsaa. are fret a.
tared ii.il are can St well praaxte tielr leterest as say
txnte la the cjlf .
c. r. vawce... ........
TAXCB & JtSDEIlROX. -
I TTOKNET AT Law, unaBsnX, Iran. oae en
Lix Vcnea stHritbstoKa Uamasd Sasasd stmts.
..J. r. MAKSRALL.
lAllJjiwivii) jiiigiiauu vmwj
S3 COTTON FACTORS,
Com ml as Ion and Grocery
SO. tt FUOST ROW, TODEIt COU. BOTSL,
jt-i Memyhls, Tenn.
ueaTo.i..i- s wsoDDrLt,
C. 31. HORTOX
&. CO., .
Commission and Forwarding
.... n n n . mi . .T . im .inn I . rpni
33, riiu, L nun, mr.uii'iiis, luin.
. - - I
"V'-Af'rta Sanaa aM BaiaotBf oaaaaa
,; aaaataauv aa h4 Bsa
Kmc. aad naatatloa Saaaisaa aaaa-
17110 F. PHIlitH'S.
TT7IU. east aweee aa MPAT, Jala loth, U Mat ran
yy aw ne aa UM Ktcaca a( P4.rrla aaartaa
t-tmtT iaiaas.iT aaaeoar a- a par aay, ma s
A. at., far to rr-?' . J?r
J." .TZTtt "dSS.
araea aoid v uad. la raaaMita: iaJirwa ar
taiatlasa. aePreSauae wtH awortf aaaa tliata ts-ot-
. 9natuef Itsmm attwr ao yrm u. MaaMr
' dtcffa. rrasa wMrk vat W audaud daa Banwalar
arafaaalaa far whsak eca woaat ba aaeat pre aaaaaaas,
i isd tt abtai aioaM amr wawt,
i tiM aaaaoaial im aa eatsftaaaad or e:jnad ks roar M
tka fleet oar aH aas rat af Um alcal. aeaBAsl aad
al aaaa Tmc aaa wtn atw ba laatracsad fa Ike
' leiaasi at ad-aa, im iw-eir Kaaa m mams au
par day. fiae tea dat'afa aaoa, aayawa kale sa adaaaaa.
I Br Urta araWta at wmasr. a raack tutelar la akao-
1 SST, r.ih.ari in t. w.taa rua.. tZ
I win r aaV t wrt. awaaart4"ra aaw.es
, tw T2V'1. ?
j 7. . Mum. ka Sa. AH taautwa attradad traa at
1 extra caaiaa
Xbticc of Dissolution.
TRK r AHtSESMHIP aarrtalara aadatsaf kl-aa tka
aaVnlaaid ISA Oatksac a-d PaiaaTaSa. vaaa
ar, aadar Ska awea aad stale or Kallar a. Jakassa, as
tfcia day daaaataad ky aaataal oaaaant
Tka fcuiaaas 1 M Sras wtat k-Ulad aa by ear Mas
Jakana atske akt alaad. .ai aSaaa l. aatkarisad la s(
HettaaoatssaadlacdaMsor laautdB'm. .
VnnMa, Jaly t. M6T-rtB-lai
Bricfc. Warehouse for Rent.
THKBm Brtrt Wtkaaaa aa tka caaatr at
K.a jsaia aa aaai atraraa, tn m aa ay r-aa. as aar
l!a r tea aaaaias sea i.e. rsssasilsn ft-a
ltaaaaadtavtaty. Artsy u
j,lH-lrT7 VII. NCCBON.
. . TKB akaaa ra ard will aa atra-i kt y aaa aa
tS datiwiSK la aaa. teqrmUa. gaaikart at CaaBrm a,
it. taru b .ya. BOB aad JOHN. iT t.krBMS ad tkeSSasa,
iiad t-ity'a dattara at takaa as taa Staaa, ar
lja d ta any jail warn I can tn ikeas.
BOB la at eaeer calar, akvoi I-' y-ara aid, akeet IMS
:iKkaklB.aBdkaaakiadur boaktas IB ha. ar
JOBX U af daik nasi- akaat 11 rears aM, (
aasaaatataxe aad wtB akav irarft wkaa tetasalia, 1
tknik. Addrese at Oxl ram'. X Bda. si la.
tylT St HABSMOK OWSB?.
Cash Tor WlieaU
W8 araaaytac'Br Mcsast naarkat arlae ear WheaS,
dsttmed at .Va 7t riant Kaac, ar at the -3tmt-rels
Jyl8-dMaa COOC A CO.
A COM8itU.B aaUB Baaae aa Veaet
itrrl, iSa.aslaPt. f&a ,fadiaw eaatalalBC
rksht Twmmt, gaad aenaasa' aaasa. Ave. raa.e..
aaaapwasssajistslily. Aay aa
m 1K1HBBTT k. ATM T.
OKE HatlfBBBO saaks araau Walttt Oasa ;
M aek bNub skd caeaaaM am ;
Sf SilarOaatay Basa i
tt haaa Indta BaKiax:
Par aass hv te th ttada ky
DOCOUKKTT A ATBtKTT.
JysS Bsak Aacaac, kat. Xadiaaa tt Maaeae tU.
Sugar, Coffee, 5iC.
!0K ICWm kasa Rsa CaBar J
ie ka Hack Ceafer :
S aeta. Craakad aad Pan hull 3arl
to kkta. aad hakf hWa OK Baart.n wkfaty;
lOOaaat SaaaHad Whisky ;
1 MB , kill aa4 aaarSrr kTi?. Caadt-a ;
liar sale Jaw ay DOaTSaBarrT A ATtHJsTT.
syhi gut .t , aat. M.aH.n andMaaraa aaa
WS ARK XOTaamuoa;at am . btcaaa m oaaM nt
adbrdtaasa aoraVhialf ware, flat wa have a
hue aad vartrd aaaamaaat af
Ready-Hade ClothlB, Fatnlsfjin
Goods, &c, &c,
Oahaad; aad la aadartaaas-aa a tea Faal Mstt.wowaa
aadskaB' sf ebaa a thaw whs ara artltmf a7 at east.
xaaraktteaaaaaaattTaa. B.aa. ufastj.
tar. x. nr ; 08.,
and ca tavra wtB ia fata re and sae m ahe
here I awaad ar .lsaii'dSaiasTsh.a a. aay
aa' .t.ad. ahaea
f thMl T. TAWstf.
Gointj Snt pnd Xortht
WILL Bad APrLXTOjrS SalUaftASl OCI2S
saast aaasat btwk lby can sake aba.
Price 25 ten's.
UBON'ABB sVOaqp, James last ;
6UEVOOKBV Layer's taa;
TJO.Vy XXaT, 2ft-a ValsaVs laH;
KR.RB9B or etuKLDfrxrr. Ssfaffla. aMaWtaMM' Bait.
; Putnam's Railway's Ciit;i08, yir
iK7iy3s sxrrcH boos, cheaat
IRTUiO'S TALK Of A TaVAVBLM, ab.a;
S ALVAGC.NW, caasp ;
LITTLK BORRITT, oaaaaMe i
; wjn teoara mad.iruay the teaaai or tni.
Oaii aaa tbajl. yeaneHea sx
9dB Ifhla street, aar ifadit
Gardening Situation Wanted.
AfWXTUUfiX weB etaa4et -arilh aH that par.
UfeM ta iBaaapajlaat. I etnioae to ok lata a atreatlan.
Tathjsaelawsatef aaejpsiaaanid ftaraev.rip.kk af
BaaymklsSf aba s aortal ataaa rant ef a eeaatry ant.
i altaa1avF-aa alra o the Aiuatlc
aaars iiaspiaaaaniaan. os we aajBcai eraar. ut aas
i rtr larther MrtKatara airaee KT.," st Ibis
a aoCk A." ITaa AliWraa .teaai. t7aBSmru
I J'J " 2f' iratldalM "
J U-2r tt'rlti tTTit tea
; tke Otan- nrai te s ' "
J!? H TOtxi.rn.ve.
mtATXIl OR SOLR.f rraaa Ike inVmaar
m tti" eaybt of tee iw Deeeab-r last a h-oa
irey M AE. akoat t years oet. K ee 1C bjmes
BKfc. wt.h a saaall laaB opea her yetber, tmnnr to be
cestedtty ssfale. Seat Kara was wttklhai at tae
TkeakaeerewndaNlkoMM dejeery. or no. lot
af teiMeaalarit skat wBI kai so tka rea aaer ef thaVare.
H. H. TAUS,
JatT'twawSr LaGraaat, TieaOesos.
Q-Bsfe aad Baeialrertjay.
rS or akeet tie tat day ay Jaaaary kaa., tar I aa'aaae
J ossaii si Its t -newly eilitme U rMa stir te
aslaaTSai s-yki of , k A. W DXJCir, was alenUea'
bf mat aet oaaeeBt ar J(-rt-e thJb
jate ie. i aar eyit-aw joyam ej atsry.
BtraaBLS Wheal weaard Vy
s si. nMMOK on..
2Ce. tSt Jf ara street, ap slalra
df CASXB b at 8 .aidkf ii. r sale be
a5U j V, tlM8:T A CO ,
y!7-1ta tsfKi t.w. -,$ bp statrs.
BBL3. Hat JTerok Casa-BX tar saleby
0. s BotuKSfKr & oa..
JV17 In Ka. 31 Kasa Mmev v ataln.
jilT-lm Ka Kl Msla i
uCiftilF9 tbe Life of Tnier
THE GREAT SOUTlXERiV
Xo. i Monroe street,
ivr ivt- :xi3, tebtat.
HATtN estaknrlieJ tbe LAttGXST JOB PR,
RACiI mtke Sealk. aa-i arutarrS all IS
Anereeed Pre-ws, aad eeiufeil be serrlctk ef the h at
Frta'er. la tke eawvtri . ire are prepare tf to exaeata at
Ui e 7-iaStee'la tke Beat el and b-sl atrle We
tiirr r.1. it E e&rr.,,ar--dhlStraBsJok aad Beak i
Pmwa,tkelrttaajoaiioajaaaer'FMjhia i&i cjrjl
asdarHhrislseinties far trnco sat oofrretSjesa, w-elaW
eaabled teyrtat drcaurs, mil hws uaaoet M. sussP
Bailroad and Steamboat Work,
NBA1EX, CHEUrjat AND TISTSIt
Th al, tl, ofy-nuWoaedp-aaaM In the, cHy eemMaei
H.ii.niMi..i iiu wae iTnipis
KJi U nfxlM ot prlailBl ItfO Miff p. isfiaH
Our Poster Beparimcnt
lyUtetnosteaaiBleteor asy lo the cHy. asd for eler
ZBOW or incATjis trtmiBg wa csanouM twpaaseii.
We are kt tterbtng the I. rent sd eestSeleetcd
stk of CarMt, Suery- stu Esss; efe; fe;it
lit siahla .
S- We xetora think, to oar nitrons for east favors.
1 as fceDabytrletaltnUea to boeinees to merit their
L tXBpatt ami patreasce la the ratuie.
lylt-tr W. M. nUTTOyaCOP.enilttots..'-
tlflempliis Slaw vllill'
' yon sa1&5. "
TT7B aPw oar releodH MfB prprtr'teT sale. .fctostetT
V V oa Waif rirer.Jc.t aboTo the JJaey TUrtf. 'TVe'WBl
sail wltb the JfBJ, ir rro.olred, ' '
Tiers of Timlier.
Th&i(VH baa'baan a. onhr tbont elcht montat.oeiaz
nearly sew aad la pertert order We arbeee It ta TStf
Drtcct aiKlcocnikteMUlon thMlnr)i4p-il river.' Two .
r i.v 1 . - rt
4' little Caih raialrtJ baliDce ea etjy time. .
Are preaptry enrrd 6y
TtMPiUO sadiaM. ar ITjf BCTLDIlfO TA1
JT Siftt of Ncjra aixVsfict oa a dim. street, aes
Ullread Deit, VemphU, Teaa.
tarrels Xo. I Xolasaes. for sale by
feet on rutins ateaK. ua tin m aa
antfllJ Ifrtan TWrl i-smt, dtaMad !hto lata
paetv aaarv. naw pai!ie.
Twastrase lascacata, aaiinaa la ia aad
nn-. A. wallack;
BUT YODR CARPETS
TTTK attn caatnaata Mfcr oar law
V V SsrOOaX. aadaaaaraarjaatUoa eaar
TatvOariiat,at ft ataarraM;
Banatla da at Mesa. - '
at vartMS Maan.
Far frtat $n?ia aaL aajaa tBa t-x ar Mr. a
Fifteen Fer.Ccat. iuti
A BT aea-ia jmr ' orat-w- at -aVKlXKBaa.
VA H rc.'a fc-fa ta Vat aJala aaaV. 0id.
KSlmrtk of FAaAUOIlABUI SBBmrftfaB i nf. IW
' 'im dtar Mb- be IS. Kiaak-v k. Ha., -I (fHa)' l 1
Ktraral. trua tkaoike a-u.ianc ta ur4-r s u asaeac
faa aianaaa t IMS aa li. ( Laab U rOar aaa seat,
and call at 31c XIX Staff JaOU.'S JJl-miaBa XMaaSl.li-
BT aayia aaav orai-w. at UrKlXKKau
aaaiS WXaao-a, ttaaaoaaj f jaatt
J. E. sJliADWICK a AHVBRTl
Will Always fee Faead Ik Ttsta
AT arkat aa aaay ant ta bay far any of
win fee sat Sa Bad tt a, to kaat casaaia.
rAHR. B Maker ikat, and
r kaatuar aa aar tke aap.r.
ABfeaawaa-KraesadtM aaa win o
haRy aad arttk dwaatcfi.
Olflee Msillwa Mreet, aaairaa Va4n
UietntAXCE, MAX. M9TATB AM
ZEtna Fire nml Inland 3:
tion InfiHnmce Cm
CATftAL AXD SCBIUB
Hartford Fire Idsutiib
CAKTAl. AND SrkTLCB. -....
Charter OaK Life Shk
CAPITAL AXIS sITllBUaU...
X Sty tOfuuA sal aaiiaatykaaS.
FOR Si I.E.
A LKASC OF A sUnWCl BJBtOS
faar roan... XUttaaa aad lirnaea Bf- ni
Btakfc. S wM W waarr. aad ase acr of Stoa IMakta
uaaVvtthaaa.taeckaaKrralsaa. mtaaaas aaaas i a
aaaaarnaaCa-rtBawarr. Passu ua lTn'Jat B.astaa
bar. AMtrS. 1. t. calpiTI.
AIMA BBAOTtrm CXWTAOX Mil PBm (aa-, i
aaat af ias raaaaa, tlnkaa. aartaat' t r . ra. ! aad
aaaaa.at CM , arttk afcea taiaa Jaartb ,1 an; ana t
Laad. aataawd taa aet af tte rtlr Jir Vesaaaak-a
yraaa lal Bleaa.r. A baraa caa ba tf aaaaaaaaj
Arerr w J CMrwc.
ALSO, a kaaatifal BLBUU BTTX. .taujniaBB-aaa
er-j. ul llaiSn t; aataaSe a- uu :r ear 1
Oratsat Aaeaae aad Ias Avaa a, dtnesly Saaa.ll
ha tetMaaaa ot Jadea alama
AUUt a aaa aaTlUIUIS LOT. ceniaiMBC rut mem.
wtu aaaased artth Baa krwa ttaase co taa mrifeSsoaW
rtaearat u.1 saw an tka
r tanas efply t
j. x. cntDwirx.
OBsmaita ran 1
Marshal's Sate f Taluhk
aa. fcaaK, ta
BT VIBTCJI Of MS XXBCCTW i.S in
taw a W. laaddy A Ce ami
ii.BSB.aa. sua id faass k raaaral
i . 3l-1" i i
I " '1L . ,-
lOBOacraaat aalaaklc laad. lyiaa it. ilit Ctt
tisctaf Bm eaaajsy, Tia. mi' ; il.li Sun- ra
trtct. Haaee 11. aadSauiaaS: grant d ir it BSala ot
Taaeaafak J JassanB ay araai, M li 714. lS
adaatae Watkr WdUaaas fc Hih-a -.-a
ad W B. JaaaV attooe tract, aad on itx II I ay Ifca
OkSsa rim, aad X Aiaaatrjaa'. oeu acr l-.tl
aaatad aaaa tka atefany at aaal Sp-vu u.
tsaattavaa tv ',
aad a a ad fralaaa akaae
. McCLAit tfTAS
(7 8 Ur-Li:
' BL9-1 kaa 1 1 il .til ncetv on cf,n.'.;ra.'
t tu tba trao by
Imported Oinejer ITiHe.'
0AS uaaar aa .- Way (a c-
thia aaarbw) neMactaaaVSac aa '
j. B.ivr is CO
ft A IMS. Caarry Braady, a y aarl.r
neataad ai.d Sar aal by
J BOTH k CO.
To the Trtvvrfinfj Public
mBst aademsart r naalis a um or i e ar-
I Paat Cm thaa rem Ta) nasatls, Ai, ., ta.kTisW,
kaa . aaakias (aaa eaaaectlM atsa) t V at-
lasilliasi Baalsaad at Ta.miaaWa. aatallh ht '.
e aaf Alabaaaa Xailroad at najasaaaya BSf.,
tkaaach laraea, lis , La ihiUbjb a
aaaa., Bialtm tke trh
gram Tussciablii ta yeerveaU t hiya.
IhU la th abort at, beat aad CWKJSjmt SB rtoas
Xemakis Sa XashTUfe.
ream Sdraaaka. ta Tanaaau. ra.B U
' TBmsatna aa XaahvaBr SB
VaBMkatttaaaaaKUaa, bvaa Miaadils ta Miajeki.
WWaaaaay aad rrWar. avamiac ttaia
OAS BV THUaiAB K IIVI SSB.
THK PlftK OF rSBUW t. rBJHB h tkla aar da.
aalaed by aKtaal canaras. Mr. lkrria KU1 aaa aaaa
ike baeta a... aad wll cast ct all daku da tat ka ana,
at nsme all ar lta IiabUtftea. B fB-'kMI
JaaB.et. an. :'.taU.
Yroaa Uw ahava It wr ba area 1 bare aoid aot jar ia
tanat a Ska Walei si ar Waaka t say aaitaar. Br Vm
larrts. Ia na.rae fr tba kaataas, 1 ran a icr
thaaks ta lie saedjc 6ar Hi- Ir laaacal aatroas, ami tofi
abas' wall csattaaeh ta aaa aiin i aas.
JaBts.iaST. fiyie-laj 0 Piiyioy.
THB aaasaraaa aartiee wbe kaa ptirr'i- ' Itaea t,
SBmfS 9AskadebyBwaraea.i.r 1. a-
taesdhj sail inyad t eye, naeat tea' see; l- Bre snatf
aawtttavt. We aaa 11 Ut saette .eek. ae-a . tke bbo
:te laBetaBy, te aa htseactaW cf Mr. I X' aaaee' 3ii
aa taeea traai ikeraasaer hit ssare, aM. au I tharaaaj
! Asaainaa ana. aaa aiaar aataac.
Taaa let s ussa ta .taabaadbaas
f sags si Ian jt ikeiaa)' aaa aaaMt
i eaharssed aad sailiet aaaetlbafaf Aa
Awaioah the In iki aaS ether eaeaaka reaanM
asnak v -a karr
'left St .t aad it
faatadty aetaUlafc ate eeaerier rnarraefaslBfcnr a.
abeash tbe beet had hsaa aBMed ta rea uas
.The Sate retenad to any be saaa aa tre stab watt, la
Heat at aar law ia. Xea. ataeal af Feaat Bkee JSeaaaku.
jasda xqw!ca caaattii. . co
taae fnr itotaste anMaai ior."
Imrroesd and vacant Lots In and sear Heme
' plus, ni tJBvi ia Sfce lj coaty, 1W.
THB ITMBmttOKBsV, kevoc abont to ' Bllavt ta .
a IB ai rauspr-je, rnuitut a lare oaaatat,
head laiatisaal aa clew eat a' lew btvb aad oa SBeun
bjtBnsa.the retue Hat f p.' TT berala naaaaf, to
watch) h- lueltra the oeriK-at r atbatkmef aantcaAalah
faille snreiaoo Beh and bx.tij lk.ak.rid BajLr.m
tajas. cj.a u ui; uf te.-l.nriasbeiliee at rh flktiaa
Lsaaiiaiiituii) by rzkniihead . cj;oaj.a tbe
ycartesa ar i--iflW. to-rf.
'JVtri e:ac.eori. sn ,e afcetkae.
vi' bio a i n.l'i' -t rriot -,wr u featr at
r . IT. l U'!B MiTeq-iip Wis, taate s
Htlt-rMtad . .nai Mi fr ..: lis sail,
aa la Ba-t u.k ul ( St 1'r.m. ,- CxacKaat
moibiBai kir 1 r . cituc S4, in v ari..h ; 4, s r k. ranee
4 JUeti aa.1 Wnl M( af m.w. If ia ' resaiB .
yar S nr sr J Ka-:. c.ttrajen r. tiuty
lOjfacee , ' 1 1,03.7. mi ix 1 .!- ' 'k9 ?tli
eTikaBMSiri.. V.arLii. ,j ': V o. . .r .-.
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