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title: 'Memphis daily appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, December 22, 1857, Image 2',
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TUESDAY ECRHIKO, DECEHEE2 22. 183T.
SPEECH OF SEKAYOB DOUGLAS.
WutleTwte the larger portion of ourtpacethli
roiag to the speech of Senator Douglas,
-,,. ereal tithe Senile on that portion of the
PresiJt's Messige baring reference to the
Kn.sas question. We rtgietthst we cannot
ge Jse whole debate, but it is too lengthy or
..r tpaoe. We wilt give the remainder of the
i-. .ate to-raerrow, and shall have to ask our
Wffkijr waders to sasptnJ any judgment cr
oftr.oa apo the subject until they shall have
rt ad the debate in canaection Kith the speech
lie giabjact is one of rast and vital importance,
i, . we bape all into whose lunas oar paper
nay f.H, wMl read carefully every paragraph
si tie an erMtca.ly every position taken. In
ttus Mesrtatt juncture we feel sensibly the
er.tiral positten we occupy as public journal
tots, aad desire to say once for all that we
Bi'-ie IX ar-aesttion to lead astray one single
miai. Oarwkele and sole desire is to discover
ta njbt path and to Malic iti it.
,Tu taje DaeeLAS has hitherto been a bright
it miMry hi tbe brilHaut gall tzy of Democratic
nta:ia, but be ought to remember the fate
of -.hove fatlw stars which ottce shone as
brightly he Yak Bob.e:i and Biktok, to
ht Mthise of the lesser Uchts which froia
time to tiase have gone out.
With aH dae deference to Ike expansive mind
mad eesspreb entire ialelkct of Senator Doug
uj, we tfelak Hs long speech is fuHy answer
ed by the feHewiat; few remarks of Senator
x Mr. Davi'i. Mr. President, I think it is
presMtare to rfiscass the metsnge. I do not
Hiaawjc fn da s. Tae remarks of the two
h J We Senators a say right seem to be Ji
lectori eatiretj to the action of the convention,
aad ta atM-aee aasot the people being left
free to far, their inaUtatioes in their owe
way. I ceald scarcely institute an argument
i a propoMtioa so plain as that the people
mar act either by popular vote or through their
delegates ; aad it is a denial f sovereignty to
the asanle to say ther have sot the pawer U
elect shear daiectes, and to invest them with
autbaritr ta farm an instrniaent which tthall
be biodfae an the bady-pstitic They might.
if thay eham, bf papular vote, settle Ihs whole
qaaatian. They did choose to have delegates
in cearaatiaa. They might, if they had so
rtbaa, have directed these delegates to refef
the qaa-tioa hack to them ; and so might tbe
body-palUie direct the Legislature to BawtfrH
evary act to a papatar rate. It rests on these
to decMe aac way ar toe otner. l do not uo
dentaad the dactriae to the extent of the re-
nwfks that are BHde."
This is solid sease and sound logic, and will
a Htrrke the aiod of every rcilectiog reader.
fbawarad with H, saach of Senator Douglas'
arewseat is aaare saahistry. The truth is, in
taking the pasitien he has, he is placing him
self ia the pesitioo of a mere fadioaisi. He
fas it hts plan is adapted, the KaBsas troubles
will be Battled in ninety days, but what evi
dence has he that ninety days hence the Jim
La e party In Kansas wtH treat his " enablirg
act" with any more respect than they are bow
diseased to shaw to the Leeempton Constita-
tton7 Waaa Be nreseats mem witu tin " ena-
hUat; act H they wilt offer bia their Topeka
Caaulttatiaa, aad tkas the ezcitesMat aad agi
tate W(U aa kept up natii the Kansas qaes
tiaa hrrsirn wore difficult of .olutioc than eren
that af Utah.
Oa this o abject there is much ssMd reason in
the iwflawiog argnateaU af the Baltimore Sut
oat af the atast discreet independent journals
in the caaatry. The Sua says :
The gaad time' for the final adjustment of
the anaa affair as a national quesuoa is new.
It m tiwrefore with regret and apprehension
iitat we and a sain so emta-at as Mr. DragUs
arrayed Against it. If Mr. Douglas were clear
ly aad oaqaeetiaaabiy right in his views, we
aaaaid respect his zal and admire his resalu
liaa. Sat aecapying debatable gresnd, be
thraataai the natiaa wttu a prolonged issae
which hist mate, fame, talents and a perverse
easrst in the Itorth and East to respond to his
eatsaieats, say pre vote to disaster. We
i.aa!d have preferred that the Coastrtation of
Kashas, a farated by the Lecemptea Coaves
ttan, eheald have beea snbaMtted to the people, i
tboagh it had been voted down, and another
' agaa' of the same sort been duly inaugurated.
But it would susxie Mr. Djagias not less than
ooreetong, we 'cnees,' to inform the nation
wtaaa it waaid please a considerable number of 1
" the paaale af Kansas to vote for anything ua
tier a Territorial government appointed bv a j
Dsaiacratte adaiimstratioa. WHh Cel. Fre
mont in the Presidential chair, a-d a Territorial,
Covumnienr mat woakl give to i-reesotlum full
xasngto its prejadices, its advocates wouM
prohihry have eoadescended to vote. B it even
hesu the saost extreae fanatical sentiments
woald alaae have satissled many. Aifd ia view
ot tavMf ciscstances the Kansas is
deiiaared up ta Ms own State authorities the
bettor ar the people there and tbe nation at
luge. Tie Freeeail party then can manage
ttnatm ' in their ewi way, aad deal witfa )a
very aad everyttiat; else to their entire satis
" Bat we da aat advance these views at the
r.ictase of policy ar expediency merely. We
Lara icfraiaed from the subject until we could
diethwrly appnhead it, and having done e we
raa by no ateans cob ear with tbe position af
Mr. Dettglas. Aad the afliir beingjust now af
eai itaaortance with a view to the disposal of
it, we are induced to speak earnestly and hope
fully toward: aa eed."
It Bie icaaantas Constitution is not ac
cepted, we doubt whether another Convention
can he ascssaHed in Kansas, to frame a sew
one. The rassplicaliac ot affairs there, caused,
by the convocation of the new Legislature,
wbaee set Ian wM come in direct cenfiict with
that of the Caetsdtattosal CenveaUoa, renders
it extreanaty prohaWe that civil war has al
ready begun, aad nothing but the arms of the
U.Jted 8Utea, ia ear jsjdgssent, will ever re-
Bataare'ace forbids farther comment on
this subject to-day. After we shall have pub
lished the debate in the Senate, we wiH then
follow it ap with comments from some of the
leadiag journals in Ihe country. In tbe raean-
Uane, let as Dope t&ttt sueii councils may pre
vail as wlH ttMaat4y settle tbe question ami-j
cabty and prevent that division in the Dusocra
tic party, aad eooseiyient danger to the Union
tow sa laisalniiajtty threatened.
BOY. "WALZEE'8 LETT EE
Ia a Bather cotuniri will be found tbe letter of
Gov. Walker, addressed to Secretary Cass,
resigning his oEace as Governor of Kansas.
We have no room for comments this aorairg
THE TIFPLIHG ACT SET-TED.
Ve received tee following dispatch from
NnsrnriUe jeoterday. from which it will be seen
tbat the TtppUag Liw of 1846 has been revived" government, and hence, that tbat excep Ion
k. d..dWbatmr. I ,tHuk! be repealed, and tbe slavery question,
by S!e31ttetre I Hke .,, Mlrr. n,,.,litM. ,hmiiAj i., ih.
XxjinriLt-E, Deefmkr:i. 1FS7.
ArrEAU Tbe TlepliSE Act e( 194 bn
WeaetTlMa, W lata taxt I-dj.
B r. IHIX.
Use Oasanswid AmtrUan of the 17th instant
Tax Amess-ik KcrEAZED. Upon yesterday
the Sesate receded from its poaitfan cf aen
coacarreace ta certaia House aiBtnaments, up-
n Ihe bolls to abolijti the orS-e of Ux asses
sor." The far tar ti no sisrr .' Toe bill
as adapted provides that the -county court at
its January term saii appoint revenue
mi4Miera far each civil district in their coun-
lv wsthswoiier neaatttes to enforce a perform'
4nee af their duties apes tbe part of said em
uiitiaieners. R next fixes the dty tbat proper
ty is liahle aad subject to taxation, in the
liaads of the then owner. The 10 i) of Janua
r is the day named. In ibis as well as-all
o'tharpaaalilaas.'the bill ii'ibstihllly reiten s
tbe old aeade of assessing tbe taxable proper
ty af M State.
Sou of the counties of tbe State bare al
ready had their property assessed by the tax
aaeessar, others are without this being dose.
The is rsedld by the bill adapted se as to
a the irat nasned counties of expense, aad
the otfeaM are pemtttod to provide for tbe as-
Mr. Vtc bank MM was oa tbe same day re
jected hjrtbe'faHewiag vote : yeas 21, nays 4S.
And aa the state day, Mr. Rewi.Es' substitute
wns rejected, yeas 21, nays 37.
The Jiaae non-eoncurred in the Senate
.ameadam to tbe bH authorizing a cunty
.jaa far the counties of Davidson, Williamson,
Shelby, HaxdasMM and Montgomery s far as
WflRasasao eeunty is corcerned. The question
of aaaciirraac was pending when the House
a dj earned.
y.iiM BftMajerraATiex is N.w Yoasr
The !?ew York Dty Book, of tbe lath says
" ArraaemBtt are in progress fur a grand de
aaaetrattoe aa Thursday night, in this city, ia
behwtf if the President's Kaneas policv. Peo
ple haw fcscaaie aaaat sick and tired of Kai -cm
"shrieking," and think K the duty or all
wha duatre the question of - slavery " settled
n Kansas to rote as tbe 21st of this mokth,
when the eppertMrty is offered tbeei. Waile
tbe Dssserxato af ibis city, like the 'President
would prefer that tbe whole Constitution
boead be submitted to the Teople. they wouldJ
ece Ka -sue made obc sport of the Black Re-
pjbiicaaaartwo ar three years yet to Mmav'i
- - - 4 " 1
Thc Ca.f9irTi'JS or Obegom. The vote '
ia Oreca oa the State Constitution egilwt j
i ... !
Uvery has tathec 4Happmled expectation. .
In sn rouatats tfce vote itas, for slavery 252,
itiinit 1.394. Ia Monroe county, not included
f-tbe above eosmt, there is 800 majority against
. . .. J . J . . I
svery. me rate lor excluding me colored
'.rso'ia from the Territory is just as large,
"ae policy f Jbt TerrjUry tttmt to be to keep
.at nil tuferier races from a free State. Ore-
ton ri donb tlr ss be admitted Into ths Dnltn
ender this CoBstitutisa.
THE JIDMIKISISATIOX AKD TQK IXCOnTXON
coKBTrrcnoxAi. cosTmrnov tFEEcn of
ne.H'. stkpiien x. BocGLia-ajfaas Ui'rrxD
STATS3 8KSATB THE DBSATE BEnTEXK IES-
AIOES BIG LEU XSO D0DGLA3.
Washisotok, December 9.
Senate. On motion of Mr. Douglas, the Sen
ate resumed the consideration of the motion
made by him yesterday, to print the President's,
Aieesige ana accompanying qocsdmus, wiui
fifteen tnousand extra copt's.
Mr. DOUGLAS. Mr. President, when yes
terdav tbe President's Message was read at
the Clerk's desk, I heard it but imperfectly,
and I was of the impressioq that the President
of tbe United States had approved and en
dorsed tbe -action ot the-Lecomptca Conven
tion in Kansas. Udder that.lmpresjion, I felt
it my duty to state lust, wnile 1 concurred to
the general views cf the. Message, yet, so far
as it approves or endorsed tEer action or inai
convention, I entirely dissented from It, and
would avail myself of an early opportunity to
state my reasons lor my dtssant. u pon
careful and critical examination of the Mes
sage, I am rejoiced to find that the Pf'dent
of the United fetates has not recommended tnat
Congress shall piss a law to receive Mnsas
into the Union under the Constitution formed
it LecoiLpton. It Is true that the tone of the
Message indicates a willingness n i the part
o theWsidrnMo sign any bill that Congress
may sass, if we shaft see proper tf"ne
reciifw- Kansas into the Woo under that
Constitulion. Bat, sir, It is t het of gr"t
sienificance, and worthy of consideration that
the President has refrained from the endorse
ment of tbe convention, and from any re
commendation as to tbe course Congress should
pursue with regard to the Constitution there
The message of the President has made an
argument an unanswerable argument in my
opinion against that Constitution, which
shows dearlr. whether intended to arrive at
that result or not, that, consistently with bis
views and bis principles, ue cannot accept mat
Constitotios. Hg hastxprr ssed bijsdeep tnor
jfication and disappointment that tie Consti
tution Jtself has not beea ssbmlttedjt. the peo
ple of Kansas for their acceptance or rejection.
He informs us that he has unqualifiedly ex
pressed bis opinion on that eubjett in his in
structions to lioverner waiKr, assuming, as a
matter of course, that tbe Cooitttotien was to
ne submitted to the ieople before it could have
anv vitality or raHdrty. He goes farther, and
tells us tbat the example set by Congress in
the Minnesota case, by msertii-g a clause in
kbe enabling act requiring tbe Constitution to
be submitted to the people, ought to become a
enjf orm .rule, pot to be departed from hereafter
in any case. On these various propositions I
agree entirely witb ihe President of the United
States, and 1 am prepsred new to sustain that
uniform rule which he asks us to pursue, in all
other cases, by taking tbe Minnesota provision
as our example.
I rejlce,tJ8acareful perusal or the message,
to find-so much less to dissent from than I was
under the impression there was, from the hasty
reading and the Imperfect hearing af the mes
sage in the first instance. In effect, he refers
that document to tbe Congress of the Uaited
.States as tbe Constitution .of the United
States refers it for us to decide upon it under
our responsibility. It w proper tbat lie saould
have thus referred it to us aa arcAtUr for Con
gressional action, and not as au Administration
or Executive measure, for the reason that the
Constitution af the United States savs that
"Congress may aim t new States into the
Uuioo." Heoce we and tbe Kansas ceetion
oefore us now, not as a i Administration mea
sure, nor as an Executive measure, but as a
measure coming before ui fr our free action,
without anv recommendation or interference,
directly or indirectly, by the Administration
now in peeseestoti or me reoerai uovernmenc
Sir, I propose to examine this question calmly
and fairly, to see whether or not we can pro
perly receive Kansas into toe Union witn toe
Constitution formed at Lecoapton.
The President, after expressing bis regret
aad mortification and disappointment, that the
Coiistftatton bad set been submitted to Lue peo
ple in parsuance of his instructions to Gor.
Walker, and in pursuance of Gov. Walker as
surances to the people, says, however, tbat by
tbe Kansas-Nebraska act the slavery question
only was required to be referred to thr people,
and toe remainder or toe Constitution was not
thus required to be submitted. He acknowl
edges that, as a general rule, on general prin
ciples, the whole Constitution should be sab-
nrtted; but aceorawg to uts understanding of
the org-tnic act of Kansas, there was aa imper
ative obligation to submit the slavery question
for their approval or disapproval, but no obli
gation to submit the entire Constitution. In
other words, be regards the organic act, the
Ae'iraska bill, as having ni'de an exception of
tbat question in a mode different from tbat iu
wntcu otner domestic or local, as eoatradislia-,
gaished tross Federal questions should be d;
Sir, psrratt me to say, with profound respect
for tne f resident ot Uie uaited Mates, taat 1
conceive tbat oo this poiat he has committed a
fundamental error, an error which lies at tbe
foundation of his whole argument in this mat
ter. I can weH understand how that distia-
cuished statesman came to fall into this error.
He was not in the country the time tbe Nebras
ka bill was passed ; be was not a party to the
controversy, aad the discossiou tbat took place
during its passage. He was then representing
the honor and the dignity of the country witb
great wisdom and distinction at a foreign court,
fhus deeply engrossed, his whole energies were
absorbed ia conducting great diplomatic ques
tions tbat diverted his attention trust tbe mere
Territorial eoestteaa and diseuesions then go
ing on in the Senate and Hoase of Representa
tives, and before tbe people at boas. Under
these circumstances be may well have fallen
into an error, radical and fundamental as It is,
in regard to tbe object of the Nebraska Mil,
aad ths principles asserted in it.
Sir, what was the principle enunciated
by tbe authors and supporters of tbat bill when
it was brought forward? Did we not come
beftre the oouotry and say that we repealed
the Missouri restr'cttoo for the purpose of sub.
atitutioe: and carrying out as a general rule the
great principle ot self government, which left
tbe people of each State and each Territory
free to form and regulate their domesuc insti
tutions in their own way, subject only tj the
Constitution of the United States ? In support
of that proposition, it was argued here, and I
bare argued it wherever I have spokea in va
rious Stales of tbe Union, at heme and abroad,
everywhere I bave endeavored to prove tbat
there was no reason why an exception should
be made in regard to tbe slavery question. I
bare appealed to the people if we aid not all
agree, men of all parties, that all other local
Slid domestic questions should be submitted to
tbe people. I slid to them, " We agree tbat
thep-ople shall decide for themselves what
kind of a judiciary system they will have ; we
agree tbat tbe people thai decide what kind of
a school system they will establish; we agree
that tbe people shall determine far tuemselves
what kind of a banking system they will bave,
or whether they will have any bauks at all;
we agree that the people may decide for them
selves what shall be the elective franchise in
their respective States ; they shtl! decide for
themselves what shall be the rule of taxation
and the principles wpoi winch their finance
shall be regulated; we agree that they may
decide for themselves Ihe relations between
husband and wife, parent and child, guardian
and ward; am? why should we not, then, allow
them to decide for themselves the relations be
tween master and servant ? Why make an ex
ception of the slavery question by toeing it out
of tbat great rule of self-government which ap
plies to all the other relations ot life? " The
very first proposition in the Nebraska bill was
to show tbat tbe Missouri restriction, prohib
iting tne people iromdecMing are slavery ques
tion for themselves, constituted an exception to
a seaerai rule, in violation of tbe principles of
pie, to be decided for themselves.
Sir, tbat was the principle on which the Ne
braska Mil was defenderby Irs friends- In
stead of makihg the slavery question an ex
ception, it removed an odious exception which
before existed. Its whole object was to abol
ish that odieai objection, and make ths rule
general, universal, in its application to .11 mat
ters which were local and domestic, and not
national or federal. For this reason was the
larguage employed which the President has
quoted, tbat tbe 8;b section of tbe Missouri
act, cemmonlv railed Ihe Mi'vouri Compro
mise, was repealed becaps it was repugnant
to the princtpleof noa-IttUrvectioB established
by the cotanroailee raesrtres of 1869, " it be
Mg e ir r i cteni ami meanmg or ibis act ast
to legislate slavery into any Territory or State,
nor.to - exclude htiherefroci;bUt"to leave the
people thereof ierfectly.freeJOiform and rsgn-
late their domesticrlnstitatrons in their own
way. subject onjy to" tbe Constitution of the
Uared Spates." Wt repealed tbe Missouri
restriction because that was covfiaad to slave
ry. Tbat was tbe only exception there was
to the general principle of 'self-government.
Tbat exception was taken away for the avawed
and express purpose of mating the rale of
self -government general and universal, ao tbat
tue people ehosfd form and regulate all their
domestic institutions in their own way.
Sir, Wbat would this boasted principle of
popular sovereignty be worth, M it applied
onfv to the nerrn. and (M not rxlead t the
white man? Do jou think we could bare
aroused the sympathies and the patriotism of
this broad Republic, and bave earned tbe Pres
idential election last year in the face of a tre
mendous opposition, oa tbe principles of ex
tending tbe ngbt of self-government to tbe ne
gro question, out denying n to all tne relations
affecting White men. No, sir. We aroused
the patriotism of the country and carried Ihe
election in defense of that great principle, j
wtiicb-allowed all wnte men to rorm and regu
late their domestic SasOtstiens to suit them
selves institutions applicable to white men as
well as to black men institutions applicable
to freemen as well as to slaves institutions
coscernlBj: all the relations of life, and not the
mere paltry exception of the slavery question.
Sir, I have spent too much strength and breath.
and money too, to establish this treat principle
i tatne popular Dean, now to see tt rnttereo
appues to the negro, aad does Bot extend to the
benefit of the wbite man. As I said before, I
can wel) imagine bow tbe distinguished and
I eminent patriot ana statesman now at tbe bead
cf the Government fell into an error for error
it Is, radical, fundamental and. if persevered
tuoversive ot watpiairorm upon wbicn ne
stated JWeucyof ths United
Then, If the President be right ia aiylsgthat
b? ,he Nebraska bill the slavery question must
ne submitted to the people, it iollows inevita-
My that every other clause of the Constitution
"e Vfopit. The
Nebraska bill aaia that ihe people should be
UH u -cUy free to form and regulate their
domestic instltut opn in their own wsy' not
V 1 . L.' - LI.4. . .
the slavery question, not tbe Maine liquor law
SU.' U,,.Vlk,"S V'0"' "e
school question, notlbe railroad trneslijo. but
i "their comestlc iastrtu'lena,
UihaT cpatMc j.stHu'lena," meaning each
I and all me questions which are lacal.not na
ticnal,Stata norederal. I arrive at tbe cor
elusion that tbe principles tnanelated so bold
Iv. and ehfercea wltn so raViiri'abirrtv hv.lfia
Preiident-ot the .United States, requires ua.oatl
or respect :o mm ana tne piaixorn onweucb
he was elected, io send this whole q'lestios back
tothepeopleof Ksusas, anl enable them to
tar MDetner or not ids constitution wuicu u ,.,... .
been framed, each and every clanae of It meets ; power to create a Mn"nn to frame a Cor.
their approbation. solution, as a lfgnl constitutional body, yet, If
me President. In bis message, oas roano au
unanswerable argument in favor of the prinei-
-nle which rrnnirenthlentiestlon to ne sem um.
It is stated tn the me-sage, with more clearness
and force than any language wnicu i
mand ; but I can draw your attention to It and
rrerer yoa to tne- rgumnw m - ; " 1
hoping that you will take t as apar. oi j
speech-as expr'ss'r or Idea more focAlf
than lam MiUtavnniy TVtmt
thataques ion of great interest, like the ila
rery question, cannot be fairly decided by a
conVentlon of delegates, and for the reason that
the fielecatee are elected in districts, and in
some dWrlcU a delegate is elected by a small
majority; so IhatU often happens that a ma
jority of the delegates are one way, while a ma
lorityof the people are the other way; and
therefore it would be enfair, and Inconsistent
with the great principle of popular sorerclgnty,
to allow a body of delegates, not representing
the popular roiee, to establish domestic Insti
tutions fcr the mass of the people. This is the
President's argument to show that you cannqt
hare a fair and honest decision without sob
rruttinf it to tbe nonular rote. The same ar
gument Is conclnsire with regard to every other
question as well as wim regan ia slavery.
But, Mr. President, It Is intimated In the
message that although it wts an unfortunile
circumstance, much to be regretted, tbat the
LecomDton Convention did not submit the Con
stitution to the people, yet, perhaps, it may be
treated as regular, because tbe convention was
called by a Territorial Legislature, vrbleh had
been repeatedly recognized by the Congress of
the United States as a legal body. I beg Sen
ators not to fall into an error as to ths Presi
dent's meaning on this point. He does not say,
he does not mean, tbat thW convention hid
ever been Teeognizsd by ths Congress of the
United States as legal or valid. Pi) the con
trary, he knows, as we here know, that during
the last Congress I reported a bill from Ihe
LCommitUee on Territories to authorize the
people of Kansas to assemble and form a Con
stitution ior lueinseives. saosequentiy, ine
Senator from Georgia, (Mr. Toombs.) brought
forward a substitute for my bill, which, after
having been modified by him and rnystlf in
consultation, was passed by the Senate. It is
known in the country aa Toomb's bill." It
authorized the people of Kansas Territory to
assemble in convention an 1 form a Constitution
prtperaury to their admission into the Union,
as a State. Tbat bill, it is well known, was
defeated in the House of Representatives.
It matters not, for tbe purpose of tbts argu
ment, what was the reason of its difeat
Whether the reason was a political one,
whether it had reference to tbe then existing
contest for the Presidency; whether 11 was to
keep open tbe slavery question; whether it
was a conviction that tbe bill would not be
fairly carried out ; whether it was because
there were not people enough In Kansas to jus
tify the forming of a State, no matter wbat
the reason was, the Hou-e of Representatives
isfused to pass that bill, and tbus denied to tbe
people of Kansis the right to form a Constitu
tion and State Government atitbts time. So
far from the Congress of the United ' States
having sanctioned or legalized Ihe convention
which assembled at Lecompton, it expressly
withheld its assent. The assent has not been
eiven, either in express terms r bylmpliea;
tion ; and being withheld, this Kansas Consti
tution haa just such validity and just such au
thority as the Territorial Legislature of Kan
sis could impart to it without the assent, and
in opposition to tbe known will of Congress.
Now, sir, let me ask wbat is tbe extent of tbe
authority of a Territorial Legislature as to
calling a Constitutional Convention without
the assent of Congress. Fortunately this is
not a new question ; it does nt now arise for
the fiist time. When the Topeka Constitution
was presented to the Senate nearly two years
ago, it was referred to the Committee on Ter
ritories, with a variety' of measures relating to
The committee made a full report upon the
whole subject. Tbat report reviewed all the
irregular eases which had occurred in our his
tory in tbe admission of new States. The com
mittee went on to tile SHDnosltlon. tbat when
ever Congress l'ad passed an enabling act au-
therizing tbe people of a Territory to form a
State Constitution, tbe convention wasjegular, J no authority, to form anl establish a Govern
and possessed all th authority which Congress ment, but had power to draft a petition, and
bad delegated tn it, but whenever Congress had that petition, if it embodied the will of the peo
faiied or refused to pass an enabling act, the pie of Kansas, ought to be taken as such an
proceeding was irregular and void, unless vital- ! exposition of their will, yet, if it did not eia
rty was imparted to K by a subsequent set of , body their will, ought to be rejected having
CaneresB adoptine and confirmlue it. Thi.Ishoii these facts, let me Droeeed and iiwuire
iriends of the Topeka Constitution Insisted Lghat was the understanding of the people of
that although their proceedings were irregular the. people of Kansas when the delegate were
tbey were not bo irregular but that Congress T elected V 1 understand, from the history of
could cure the error bv admitting Kansas witb the transietion, that tbe people who voted for
tbat Constitution. They cited a rariety of delegates to the Lecompton Convention, and
cases amongst others tin Arkansas case. In those who refused to vote both parties under
lay report, sanctioned by every member of tbe stood the Territorial act to mean that they were
committee on .territories, except tne senator
from Vermont. Mr. Collamer. I reviewed the
ed tbe doctrine established by General Jack
son's administration, and enunciated In the
opinion of Mr. Attorney-General Butler, a part
of which opinion was copied into tbe report
and published to tbe country at the time.
Now, sir, In order to ascertain what we un
derstood on the 12th of March, 1856 little
more thai; a year and a half ago to be the true
doctrine on this point, let me call your atten
tion to tbe Opinion of Mr. Butler in the Arkan
sas case. The Governor of tbe Territory of
Arkansas sent a printed address to President
Jackson,m which he stated that he bad been
urged to call together the Legislature of tbe
Territory of Arkansas for the purpose of al
lowing tbem to cali a convention to form a
CensMtution, preparatory to her admission
into the Union as a State. Tbe Governor
stated that, in bis opinion, tbe Legislature bad
no power to call such a convention, without
the consent of Congress had first been obtain
ed, but he asked Instructions on that point.
The President referred tbe case to the Secreta
ry of S'ate, and be asted for the advice of tbe
Attorney General, whose opinion was given,
and adopted as the plan of action, and com
municated to the Governor of Arkansas for
his instruction. I will read some extracts from
that opinion :
Consequently it is not in the power of the
General Assembly ot Arkansas to pass any
law for the purpose of electing members to
farm a Constitution ami State Government, or
to do any other act directly or indirectly, to
crea'e such new Government. Every such law,
even though it were approved by the Governor
of the Territory, would be null and void. If
passed by tbem, notwithstanding bis veto, by
a rote of two-thirds of each branch, It would
still b equally void. .
'If lam right in tbe foregoing opinion, It
will then follow tbat tbe course of the G ov
er -or, in declining to call together the Territo
rial Legislature for the purpose in question,
was such as his legal do'ies required ; and that
tbe views be has expressed In his public ad
dress, and also in his official communication to
yourself, so far as tbey indicate an intention
not to sanction or concur in any legislative or
other proceedings towards the formation of a
State Government until Congress shall bave
authorized it, are also correct."
Tia is what I have understood to be the set
tled doctrine as to the authority of a TejTito
rial Legislature to call a convention without
tbe consent of Congress first had and obtained.
Tbe reasoning is very dear and palpable. - A
Territorial Legislature possesses whatever
power Hs organic act nives it, and na more.
The organic act of Arkansas provided that the
legislative power snoakl be vested hi a Territo
rial Legislature, the ame as the organic act of
Kansas provides tbat tbe legislative power and
Authority shall be vested in the Legislature
Kit wbat 1 tbe extent of tbat legislative
power? It is to legislate for that Territory
under the organic act, and in obedience tp It.
It does not include any power to subvert the
organic act under which it was broufht into
existence. It has the power to protect it, the
power to execute it, tbe power to carry it Into
effect; but it has no power to subvert, none to
destroy; and hence tbat power can only be ob
tained bv anptrine to Congress, the same an-
horltr which created tbe Territory Itself;
But while tbe Attorney General decided, witb
the approbation of the Administration of Gen
eral Jackson, tbat the Territorial Legislature'
bad aa power to call a convention, and that Its
action was void if it did, be went further:
No law has vet been passed bv Conzress
which either expressly or impliedly gives to the
people or Arxansss tae autaoniy to form a
rwor nas taere been any in regard to Ktnssa
TSlV'Z! ? .il
alike In ail particulars so far as this question
involving the legality and tbe validity of the
Lecompton Convention is concerned. The opin
ion goes on to say :
" Far tbe reasons above stated, I am there
fore of opinion that the inhabitants' of that
Territory bave not at present, and that tbey
cannot arq ,ire otherwisa than by an act of
Congress, tbe right to form such a goveip-,
Gen. Jackson's Administration look - the
ground tbat the people of Arkansas, by the au
thority of tbe Territorial Legislature, had not
tbe power, to hold a coavention to form a, Con
stitution, and could not acquire it irom any
source whatever except from Congress. While,
therefore, the legislative ret of Arkansas was
held to be rold, so far as It assumed authority
to authorize the calling of a convention to form
a Coastitutiou, yet they did not bold, in those
d Jj s, tbat the peopla could not essemble and
fras-e a Constitution in the form of a petition.
I will read the rest of tbe opinion, iu order tbat
tbe Senate may understand precisely what was
tbe doctrine on this subject at that day, and
wbat the Committee on Territories understood
'd h-t tbs doctrine oa this subject in March,
ISStl. when we put forth the Kansas report as
embodying "bat the Nebraska men understood
to be our doctrine at that time. Here it Is.
This-was copied into tht report:
" But I am not prepared ti say that all pro
ceedings on this subject, o tbe part o' tbe cit
izens of Arkansas, will be Illegal. Tbey un
doubtedly possess the ordinary privileges and
... . iL . Tf..!l -, C.I
immunities or citizens ot uie uim ouiics.
Among these Is the right to assemble and pe?
ti'.ion the Government for the redress of griev
ances. In the exercise ot tbts right the inhab
itant of Arkansas may peaceably meet togeth
er in primary assemblies, or in conventions
chosen by such assemblies, for the parpos of
petitioning Congress to abrogate the Territori
al Government, and to admit them Into tbe
Union as aa independent State. The particu
lar form which they may plve to their; petition
cannot be ' material, sa. Jon as' Ihey confine
themtelves to tbe mere light of petitioning,
and conduct all their proceedlcgi in a peacea
ble maaner. And as tbs power of Congress
over the whole sebject la plenary and nnlimited,
tbey may accept any Constitution, Iioverer
framed, which in their judzment meets" the
sense of the people to b aifected by IL If,
therefore, the citizens of A'lrtnsas think pro
per to accompany tbelr petition With a written
Constitution, framed and agreed on by tbelc
primary assemblies,o:iiy a convention or dele
Rates ehosen by sueb'assemblies, I percelrr no j
icgai objection to tneir power to mo bp, ifor loi
aay measures which oiy he. taken li collect
tne sense of the people in respect to It provi
ded always, that such measures be eommencrd
and.prosecutedinia peaceable manner, in strict
subordination "to the ezisttne; Territorial Gov.
erncent, and in entire subserviency to the
ipowsref Confess to adbt, reject, or dlsre
, gard! them .at their pleasure ..
. vy -- -
of the Legislature for the purpose of petition
Ing for redress of grievances, the assemblage
was not illegal; it was not aa unlawful assem
blage.; H was not such an assemblage as the
mtlitarr nower could be usd to disperse, for
they had a rlgtit under the Constitution thus to
assemble and petition, nnz ir luey assumes
to themselves the right or the power to make
a government, that assumption was an act of
rebellion which General Jackson said it was
his duty to pat down with the military force of
the country. If you apply these principles to
the Kansas Convention, you find that It has no
power to do any acts as a convention forming
a government ; yon find tbat the act calling it
was null ana void from the burning; you find
that the Legislature could confer no potver
whatever on the convention. The convention
was simply an assemblage of peaceable citi
zens, under the Constitution of the United
States, petitioning for the redress of grievan
ces, and, thus assembled, had the right to pat
their petition in the form of a Constitution If
ther chose : but still it was onlr a netltlon
Having tbe force or a petition wblcb congress
could accept or reject, pr dispose or as it saw
That Is what I understand to he jest th ex
tent of the power and authority of this con
vention assembled at Lecompton. It was not
an unlawful assemblage like that held at Tope
ka ; for the Topeka Constitution was made in
opposition to tbe Territorial law, as I thought,
Intended to subvert tbe Government without the
consent of Congress, but, at contended by their
friends, n)t intended to subvert the Government
without tbe cinsent of Congress. If their ob
ject was to subvert It without thecoisent of
Progress, it was -an act or rtoeuion, wnico
ought to hiyeijen put dssvn by force. It it
was a peareable'assemblage simply to petition
and abidelhe decision of Congress on the peti
tion, It was not an -unlawful assemblage. I hold
tbat this Lecompton Convention wtsnotaa un
lawful assemblage; but, on tbe other hand, I
ho'd tbat they bad no legal power and authori
ty to establish i Government. They had a
right in.that petition to ask for the change of
Government from a Territorial to a State Gov
ernment They had a right to ask Congress to
adont the instrument which tber sent to us as
their Constlt'airbn ; and Congress, if It thought
that paper embodied tbe will of the people of
the Territory," fairly expressed, might, .in Jt
discretion, accept it as a Constitution, and ad
mit tbem into tue union as a state, or u uon
ness thoueht itdid noteniloJv the will of tbe
people of Kansas, it might reject it tor if Con-
eress thought it was doubtful whether it did
embody tbe will of tbe people or not, then it
should send it bick'and sutoit it to tbe people
to have that doubt removed, la order that tbe
psnular voice, whatever It mlsht be, should pre
vail in the Constitution under which the people
were to live.
So far as the act of the. Territorial Legisla
ture of Kansas calline this conveation was
concerned, I have always b;en under the Im
pression tbat.lt was latr and just in its pro
visions. I have always thought the people
should havorbne tbze'her ra -nam and voted
for delegates,. so tha the voice expressed by the
convention suouia uave oeen iue unqursuoueu
and united voice of the people of Kansas. I
have always thought that those who staid
away from that election stood in their own
wron?, and should bave gone aad voted, and
should have furnished their names to be put on
the regisfered list, so as to be voters. I hare
always held that it was their own fau't tbat
they did not thus go and rote ; but yet, if they
rhose, they had a right to stay away. They
had a right to say that that convention, al
though not an unlawful assemblage, Is not a
legal convention to make Government, and
hence we are under no obligation to go and ex
press any opinion about it. They had a right
to say, if Ihey chose, " We will stay away un
til we seethe Constitution they shall frame,
the petition they shall send to Congress ; and
when they submit it to us for ratification we
will rote it down if we do not like It " I siy
they had a right to do either, though I thought
and think-yet, as good citizens, they ought to
have gone and voted; but thai was their busi-
' tbe convi
notintae. Having tbus suown tbat
convention at LecomDtoa had no power.
to be selected only lo frame a Constitution,
( and submit it to tbe peaple for their ratification
I say that both parties In that Terrrtorr. at
the time of the election of delegates, sa under
stood the object of tbe coavention. Those who
Koted for delegates did so with the understand
ing mat tbey bad no power lo mate a govern
ment, but only to frame one for submission,
and those who staid away did so with the same
understanding. Now for the evidence. Tbe
President of the United States tells us in his
message tbat he bad iinequlrocally expressed
uis opinions in me jorm ot instructions to uov.
Walker, assuming tbat the Constitution was to
be submitted to the people for ratification.
When-we look at Gor. Walker's letter ot ac
ceptaice of the olfice of Governor, we find
tbat be stated expressly that he accepted it
witb the-uedersUndlng that the President and
bis whole Cabinet cor.curred with him that tbe
Constitution, when formed, was to be submitted
to tbe people for ratification. Then look into
instructions given by tbe President of tbe
United States,- through Gen. Caes, the' Secre
tary ot State, to Gov. Walker, and you there
find tbat the Governor is lastructei to use the
military power to protect the polls when the
Constitution shall be submitted to tbe people
bf Kansas for their free acceptance or rejec
tion. Trace the history a little further, and
yoa will find that Gov. Walker went to Kansas
and proclaimed In bis inaugural and in bis
speeches at Topska and elsewhere, that it was
the distinct understanding, not only of himself,
but of those "higher in power than himself
meaning Ihe ' President anl his Cabinet that
the Constitution was to be submitted to the
people for their free acceptance or rejection,
and tbat he would uss all tbo power at his
comumd to def eat its asceptance by Congress,
if it "were nortbus submitted to the vote of the
people.' Mr.Prertdent; I'm not going to stop
and inquire bow far tbe Nebraska bill, which
said the people should be lelt perfectly free lo
form their Constitution for themselves, au-
toorized toeu'reaident, or tb.i Cabinet, or Gen.
Walker, or ai.r-other Territorial officer, to ln-
interftre a-d tell the Convention of Kansas
whether tbey should or should not submit the
question lo tie people.
I am not going to stop to inquire bow far they
, were authorized to do that, it being my opinion
ibat the spirit of tbe Nebraska bill required it
to be done- It is sufficient for my purpose that
Ihe Administration of tbe Federal Government
itnanimoiialv, tbat lbs admims Jation of the
Territorial Government, in all its parts, tunni
mously understood" tbe Territorial law under
which the convention was assembled to mean
that the Cons itution Jo b formed by that Con
vent ion ehoili b submitted to the people for
ratification or rejection, iuJ2 if not connrmeii
by apsjirTtfollhe peqple, ihouldbe null and
. void, without codling to Congress for approval.
Not only iid the National Gurerument and tbe
Territorial Government so understand the law
st the tims; bu as I hire already stated, the
people of tne Territory so understood it. As a
further evidence on that point, a laige number,
if northe ra-ij-Hity, ot tne delegates were in
structed in th nominating conventions to sub
mit the Constitution to ths peoble lor ratifica
tion. I know that tbe delegates from Douglas
county, eight. iu. number, iMc, Calhoun, Presi
dent of lh Convention, being- atriong thm,
were not only Instructed thus io submit the
questlim4utluy signed and pubbshed, while
xandiilatet, a-uritt.n pledge thatHhey would
submit It lo the people for ratification. I know
tbat men bigb lit aulbonty and ia the confi
dence of tbe Territorial and National Govern
ment, canvassed every part of Kansas during
the election of delegates, and each one of tbem
pledged blinself to the people that no sr.an
judgment -was to be taken; tbat tbe Constitu
tion was to be submitted to the people for ar.
cepiance, or. rejrcuou ; ma. It Would be void
unless Jtaat was done; that the Administration
S Pn U aT C7n of the
pnn ipies on wnirn it-.came Into power, and
thaPa Qempcrltrc .Corgresswquldbarl it from
their presence, as an i insult j'o Democrets who
stood pledged to see tbe people left free to form
their domestic institutions for themselves.
Not 6n!y thai; alr.'iat up to the Urns' when
tbe 'convention arsembled, on the 1st of Sep
Jemberso far as I can learn, tt was understood
everywhere1 that the Constitution was to be
submitted for ratification or rejection Tbey
met, however, on tbe 1st of September, abd
adjourned until after the October election. I
think It wise and prudent thtt they should tbus
have adjourned. They did not wish to bring
any question Into that election which would
hlivide the D'mocratic party, and weaken mir
chance's of success in the election- I was re
joiced when I saw that tbey did adjourn, so as
not to suow tueir nana on any question that
would divide-and distract the party until after
ihe election. During that recess, while the
convention Jris adjourned, Governor Ransom,
tbe Democratic candidate 'for Congress, run
ning agalnsY the present delegate from ihat
territory, was canvassing every part of Kan
sas in favor of the doctrine ot submitting the
Constitution to the people, declaring that the
Democratic party were in favor of uch sub
m ssion, an ftbat It was a slander of the Black
Republicans to intimate tbe charge tbat the
Democratic party did not intend to carry out
mat pledge in good wim. luus, up to tbe
time of tbe meeting of the convention, in Oc
tober last, the pretence was kept up, tbe pro-
lession was openiy mane, anu neueved by me,
and I thought believed by tbem, thai the con-
f-vention intended to submit a Constitution to
the people, and hot to attempt to put a govern
ment in operation without such submission.
The election being over, tbe Democratic party
I , ..., t . . . j
oring urieaieu oy au ovcrwneisaing vote, tbe
opposition -having triumphed, and got posses
sion of both branches of the Legislature, and
having -.lecled their TerritorlardeTegate, the
i cenventioD assembled and then proceeded to
coraniete jneir -woru.
Xotvuet us stop to inquire bow they redeemed
lbs pledpr to submit -the Constitution to the
peopte. They first go and make a Constitu
tion. Then lhymake a schedule, In which
they provide tbat the Constitution, on the 21st
of D'C'bber ths" present month shall be
submitted to the htraa-fiit inhabitants of the
Territory on that day, for their free accept
ance oc rejection, ia the following manner, to.
wit; -tliue acicnowieogm;-. mat iney were
bodnd to submit it to tbe will ot the people,
coneedinr that they nan. no riimt to pnt it into
operation without suhiniltfi p; It to Ihe people,
In tbe tnttrumentthat it-btould' take-
efiVet from ami after.lhedate oLits ratification,
a ...4 n. La'-a alil.u.(nall.tKa?r!AnaillAn
dertvesiits viullly ln.tbelr'rytastiQn. norframJ'
, I. 1: , i a it.-. T" i f i - L.i r. rt.Ii-
iu aiuuuii.y ol uic yuuvcuiioii, uih ium iubi
votalbfthepaople.to which it was to he- botw
mltted for their free acceptance or rejection.
Howls It to be submitted? Itnhall be sub-
milled In this form: " Constitution with Sla-
very, or Constitution i with no Slavery." All
or Constitution with no Slavery." All
oen must vote for tbe Constitution, wbetber
tbey like It or cot, in order to bi permitted to
vote for or against slavery. Thus a Constltu-
tion maae oy a convention mat iaa autnority
to assemble and petlt'on for a ret.ress of griev
ances, but not to establish a government a
Constitution mada under a pledge of honor that
lt should be submitted to the people before it
took effect r a Constitution which provides, on
its face, tbat It shall have no validity except
what it derives from such suball slon is sub
mitted to the people at an election where all
men are it liberty to come ftrward freely
without hindrance and rote for It, but no. man
is permitted to record a rote against It.
That would be as fair an election as some of
tbe enemies of Napoleon attributed to him,
when he was elected First ConstJ. Hs is said
to hare called out his troops and bad tbem re
viewed by his officers with a splecb, patriotic
and fair In Its professionr, in wblcb. he said to
them: "Now, my soldiers, yot ars to goto
'he election and vote freely jusi is yoa please.
If you rots for Napoleon, all Is well) rote
against him, and you are Instancy to be shot."
Tbat was a fair election. Licghter.J This
election is to be equally fair. Ail men in favor
of the Constitution may rote fur it all men
against It shall not rote at all. Why not let
tbem rote against It 7 I presume jou have asked
many a man this question. I hare asked a
rery large number of the gentlemen who fram
ed the Constitution,quite a number of delegates,
and a still larger number of persons who are
their friends, and I have receive, tbe same an
swer from every one of them. I lever received
any other answer. What Is that? They say
if tbey allowed a negative vote, ths Constitu
tion would have beep voted dowji by an over
whelming majority, and bencethu felloes shall
not be allowed to vote t all. Ltiugbter. Air.
President, that may be true. It Is no part of
my purpose to deny the proposiUon that tbat
Constitution would hare beea 'foted down If
submitted to the tople. I believe it would
have been voted down if submitted to the oeo-
pie. I believe it would have be.;n voted down
by a majority of four to one. I am informed
by men well posted there Democrats that It
would be voted down by 10 to 1 ; soms gay by
But is it a good reason why you should de
clare it in force, without being submitted to
Ihe people, merely becaase It would have been
voted down by five to one if you bad submitted
i 1 What does that fact prove ? Does It not
show undeniably that an overwbe.ming majority
of tbe people of Kansas are unalterably op
posed to tbat Constitution ? Will you force it
on them against their will simply because tbey
would have voted It down if voj bad consulted
them? If you will, areyougoing te force it up
on them under the plea of leavlnr them perfect -
ly free to form and regulate their domestic in
stltotlons in their own way? Is tbat the mode
In which' I am called ipon to carry out. the
principle ot self-government anl popular sov
erignty in the Territories' to force a Constitu
tion on tbe people against their trill, In opposi
tion to their protest, with a knowledge ot the
fact, and then to assign, ss a reason for my
tyranny, tbat tbey would be so obstinate and
so perverse as to rote down tba Constitution,.
u i aaa given taem an opportunity to be con
sulted about it if Sir, I deny your right or
mine to inquire of tie is people 'what their ob
jctlons to tnat Constitution are. They have a
right to judge for themselves wbsther they like
or dislike it. It is no answer to trll me that tbe
Constitution is a good one and ur objectionable.
It is not satisfactory to roe to have the Presi
dent say in bis message that the Constitution
is aoalmirable one, like all the Constitutions of
the new States that bave been recently formed.
Wq tber good or bad, whether obaoxioas or not,
is none ot ray business, and none of yours. It
Is their business and not oars.
t care not what they have In their Constitu
tion, so that it suits them and dees not violate
the Constitution of the United '.States and the
fundamental principles of liberty upon which
our Institutions rest. I am not jplnjj to argue
Ihe question whether the banking srsiein es
tablished in tbat Constitution is wise or un
wise. It says there shall be no monopolies,
but there shall be one bank of discount in the
State, with two branches. All I have to say
on tbat point is, if they want a banking sys
tem, let them have it; if ther do not want'it,
let them prohibit It. It they want a bank
witb two branches, be It so; If they want
twenty it Is none of my business; and it mat
ters not to me whether one of thlzn shall be o
tlie north side and the other on Ihe soath side
of tbe Raw river, or where tliey Bhall be.
While I have no right to expect t) be cons'ilted
on tbat point, I do hold tbat the people of Kan
sas bave the right to be consulted and to decide
It, and you have no rightful authority to de
prive them of that privilege. It is no justifi
cation, in my mind, to say that "Jje provisions
for tbe eligibility for the officeii of Governor
and Lieutenant Governor require twenty years'
c.tize-iship in tbe United States. If men think
that no person should vote or hold office until
he baa been here twenty years, tbey have a
right to think so ; and If a mijority of the peo
ple of Kansas think tbat no man of foreign
birth should rote or held office unless be has
lired there twentyyears.it is Ihelr right lo
say so, and I have no right to interfere witb
them; it is their business, net nine; but if I
lived there I should not be willing to have that
provision in tbe Constitution without bein;
beard upon tbe subject, and allowed to record
my protest against it. i bave nothing to say
about their svstem of taxation. In which ther
have gone back and resorted t tbe old ex
ploded system tbat we tried in Jllinoli, but
abandoned because we did not like It. If they
wish to try it, and get tired of It, and abandon
it, be it so; but If I were a cltizjn ot Ktnsas
I wouM profit by the experience of Illinois
on that subject, and defeat it if I could. Yet I
bare no objection to their harii g It If tbey
want it. It is their business, not. mine. So it
is in regard to the free negroes. They provide
that no free negro shall be permitted to live in
Kansas. I suppose they have a right to say
so if they choose, bat If I lived there I should
want to rote on that question. We, In Illinois,
provide that no more shoHld come there. We
aay to tbe other States " take cans of your own
free negroes and we will take care of ours."
But we do not ear that the neorn- nnur
there, shall not be permitted to live in Illinois,
and I think the people of Kansas ought to u ive
the right to say whether they will allow them
to live there, and If they are not f;o!ngto di so,
how they are to dispose of them. Si yoa miy
go on with all the different clauses of the Cn
stitution. They may be all right ; Ihey may
be ail wrong. Tbat is a question on which my
opinion is worth nothing. Tbe opinion of ihe
wise and patriotic Chief Magiitrate of the
United States is not worth anything as against
tbat of tbe people of Kansas, for they bave a
right to judge for themselves, and neither Pre
sidents, nor Senators, nor House of Represen
tatives, nor any other power outside of Ktnsas
has a right to judge for tbem. Hence, it ia r.n
justification, in my mind, for the violation of a
great principle of self-government to say tbat
the CoQSti'u'ion you are forcing an Jhem is not
particularly obnoxious, or is excellent In Its
provisions. Perhaps, sir, the rams thing might
be said of the celebrated Topeka Copstitation.
I do not recollect its peculiar fro visions. I
know one thing: We Democrats, we Nebras
ka men, woald not even look into 1 1 to see what
its provisions were. Why? Because we slid
I: was made by a political party, and not by
tbe people; tbat it was made indrfunce of the
authority of Congress; that if it was as pare
as the Bible, as holy aa the ten commandments,
yet we would not touch itnntil it was aubmlt
ed to and ratified by the people of Katsas, in
pursuance ot the forms of la -v. Perhaps tbat
Topeka Constitution, but for Ihe mode ot
making It, would have been unexceptionable. I
do not know ; I do noi care. You have no right
to force an unexceptionable Comtltution on a
people. It does not mitigate thr- evil, it Joe
not diminish the insult, it does u t ameliorate
the wrong that you are forcing a i;ood thing en
them. 1 am not willing to be forced to do that
which I would do If I .eft free to judge and act
for myself. Hence I assert thu there is no
jus ification to be made for this flagrant viola
tion of popular rights In Ktnsaj.onthe plea
that the Constitution which they have made is
not particularly obnoxious.
But, sir, the President of the United -SUtes
is really and sincerely of opinion that the sla
very clause has been fairly anc-Imnartiallr
submitted to the free acceptance or rejection of
the people ot Kansas, and that, inatmncb as
that was the exeiting and param j int question,
ir they get the right to vote as tliey please on
that subject they ought to be satisfied; and
possibly it woali be better If we 'Jvould accent
it, and put an end to the question. Let tas ask,
sir, is tbe slavery clause, fairly nabmltted, so
tbat the people can vote for oi against it?
Suppose I were a citizen.of Kanslts, and should
go up to the polls and say, " I deilie to vote to
uuk K-esis a Slave State; here is toy bal
lot." Tbey reply to tue, " Mr. Douglas jaat
vote for that Constitution first, if you please "
" Ob, no 1" I answer, " I cannot vote for tbat
constitution conscientiously. I am opposed to
iiausc uy wuicu you
locate certain rail.'
roads in nocljja way as to sacrifi:e my county 1
and my pit of Ihe State. I am opposed to j
Vf" """."'S -jrBir.nl. 1 am opposed-to tnat 1
Know-Nothlirjror American claute In the Con- 1
stltutlon about the q ialiGeatlon for office. I
cAHiio. vote ior it." lQtniluey nnswer" Voa j
Uhen siy, " I Want to mte it a Free State."
-,.. m .uie uii uidi.111 u j.iave atate."
mey reply. Vote for that Constitution first,
and then you can vote to make it a Free SUte :
otherwise you cannot" Thus thev disqualify
every Free S:ate man who will not first vote for
the Constitution. No matter whether or not
the voters, state that they caniot conselea-
tinil.lv VYlT for Ihn.a nrAvitt... , . I
You cannot vote for or arjainsf slavery here. !
Take the Constitution as we haveade it. tafce
------j - -- - - p,v,iaivii3, lull JCltlV. i
w.o naiituioc aa we uayi eataoiiMied 1
it, take the railroad lines as we have located
tbem, take the iidieiarv svstem aa u a hi,.
formed it, take it alt as we have f xed it to suit
ourselves, and aalc no questions, bit vote for it,
or you shall not vote either for a Slave or a .
tree State." With these views well known to ihe Presl-
In other words, the legal effectof tbe sched- dent anl Cabinet, and approved by tbem I ae
ule is this: All those wboare in iavjr of lh, I cented the annnintmat f nw.m- r v.
Constitution mir vote f r or asraisst 'i
they please; but all those who arj against this
Conitltutiou are disirat.cbiied, n.ii shall not
vote at all. That is tbe mode in which tbe clave
ry proposition is submitted. Eviry man op
posidjto ths ConsLtjtion is dief.aneb.Uel oa
tbe slavery clause. How minv are ih.v-9
negative vote. This shows that a .majority are
against it. They disqualify and disfranchise
every man who is against it, thus referring the
slavery clause to a minority ot tbe "people of
iwuiaa, aoa iravin tuat minority ires to vote
for or against the slavery elause.as they choose.
Lt me ask you If thit Is a falrnade of sub
mitting the slavery cUu ? Doeii Ihat mode
of subroutine; that particular clause leave the
people perfectly free to vote for or acafr-ot
slavery, s tbe cboos?? Aui.I ifr- ta vote
as I cbtfbs-bn the slatvrr o'lestlolrif vriitiiU
rae I shall net vote on it until I sots tor the
Maine liquor law Z. Am I free to. vote' wi.the.
sisvery quesuon, it job tell me I tliall r.ot vote
oitfier tray uatil I vote f or a batjc ? '. Xs It free
dam ot elecsiion to make your rir,hVto votn up
on ane question depend nnon tbe mode fn whlrh
'yob are going to vot- on some other, qdeajlor?
"which has do connert o.i wlttflt?" isthatfrs'e-
dom of election? Is that tbe great fur.da.ocn
tal principle cf eelf-government, foi' which we
Ther tell VOU ther la a mamrlrtr ri- ,K.-, 1
VI r- .f. V. ii. t M-yy .""j oijr i i fu. j.ji.nuy, ,UCJ uuui oe,proiecte J in ih
the Constitution wtll be voted down Instantly, I exercise ot their riphts of rotio? for or aiilrTit
by an overwhelming mabrltv. If vou altaw a I that Jnstrnment. Thr f.i- .-a..i. T '.I
I combined and struggled, fn this body, and
throughout the country, to establish as the rule
ot action In all time to come?
ot action in all time to come ? Tbe President
of tbe United States has made soma remarks
in bis message which It strikes me, it would be
very appropriate to read ia this connection.
" The friends and sunnartera af lh Kana
ka and Kiosas Act, when struggling on a re
cent occasion to sustain it. nrn.l.;n. ha
1 fore the great tribunal of the American people.
umiimauvui u true meaning on this
subject. Everywhere throughout the Uolon
they publicly pledged their faith and honir tbat
tbey would cheerfallr submit tbe question of
slavery to tbe decision of tbe bona ride people
of Kansis, without any restriction or qualifi
cation whatever. All were cordially united
upon the great doctrine of popular sovereignty,
which is the vital principle ot our free institu
" Had it then been insinuated from any quar
ter that it would bave been a sufficient compli
ance with the requisitions of tbe organic law
forlbe members of a convention, thereafter to
be elected, to withhold the question of slavery
from the people, and to substitute their own
will for tbat of a legally ascertained majority
of their constituents, this would hava been In
Yes, sir, and I will add further, bad It been
then intimated from any quarter, and believed
by the Am-rtcan people, that we would have
submitted the slavery clause in such a manner
as to compel a mm to vote for that which bis
conscience did not approve in order to vote on
tbe slavery clause, not only would the Idea
hava been rejected, but tbe Demoerael candi
date for the Presidency would have beeu reject
ed ; and every man who backed htm would have
been rejected too.
The President tells us la bis message that tbe
whole party pledged oar faith and oar honor
that the sla-ery question should be submitted
to the people, without any restriction or quali
fication whatever. Dies this schedule sjbmlt
It without qualification? it qualities it by
sarin?. " vou mar vote on slavery If vou wl
f vote for the Constitution ; but you shall not do
so without doing that." Tbat is a very Impor
tant qualification a qoafffieation ibat controls
a man's vote and bis action and bis conscience,
if he is an honest man a qualification confes
sedly In' violation of our platform. We are
told by tbe President toat our faith and our
honor are pledged that the slavery clause should
be submitted without qualification or any kind
whatever; and now am I to be called upon to
forfeit my faith and my honor tn order to ena
ble a small minority of tbe people of Kansas
to defraud the majority of that people out of
Uteir elective ira icniseif sir, my honor is
pledged ;aud before it shall be tarnished, I will
Uke whatever consequences persona Ko myself
! may come: butnever ask me to do an act
which the President, la his message, has said
is a forfeiture of faith, a violatioa of honor,
and tbat merely for the expediency ot saving
the party. I will go as Tar as aay of you to
sare the party. I have as much heart in tbe
great cause that binds as together as a party,
aa any man living. I will sacrifice anything
short of principle and honor, for the peace of
the party but If tbe party will not stand by Its
principles, its faith, its pledges, I will stand
there, and abide whatever consequences mat
res.lt from the position. Let me ask you, why
i jrce this Constitution down tbe in r oats or the
people of Kansas, m opposition toibeir wishes
and in violation' of our pledges Wbat great
object Is to be obtained? Coi boric J Wbat
are you to gain by it? Will you sustain tbe
party by violating its principles? Do you
propose to keep the party uaited by forcing a
Stand by the doctrine that leaves the people
perfectly free to form and regulate their insti
tutions for tl-emselves in their own way, and
your party will be unitedand irresitlble In pow
er. Abandon that great principle, and the
party is not worth saving, and cannot be saved,
after it shall be violated. I trust we are not
rushed upon this question. Why thsll it be
done ? Who is to be benefitted ? Is tbe South
to be the gainer ? Is the North to be ths gain
er? Neither the North nor tbe South has the
right to gain a sectional advantage-by trickery
or fraud. But I am beseeched to wait nntil I
hear from the election on tbe 2lst of Decem
ber. 1 am toW that perhaps that will put itali
light, and save tbe whole difficulty. How can
it '.' Perhaps there may be a large vote. Thare
may be a large rote returned. (Laughter.)
But I deny tbat it is possible to bare a fair
rote on tbs slavery clause ; and I eay tbat It is
not possible to bave aay vote on tbe Constitu
tion. Why wait for tbe mockery of an elec
tion, when it is provided unalterably that tbe
people cannot vote ; when the majority are dis
franchised? But 1 am told on all sides, " Ob,
juat wait ; the pro-slavery clause will be voted
down." mat does no. obviate any or my ob
jections; it does not diminish any of them.
Too have no more right to force a free State
Constitution oirKacisas than a slave State Coa
titu ion. It Kansas wants a slave S ate Con
stitution, she has a right to It ; if she waLls a
free State Caosliluttoa, she has a ngbt to it.
It is none of ray business which way Ihe slave
ry cl use is decided. I care not whether it Is
toted -down or voted up. Da you suppose,
after the pledges of my boner. that I would go
for that principle and leave the people to vote
as tb-y choose, tbat 1 would sow degrade my
self by voting o.'ie way it the slavery clause be
voted dowu, and another way if it be roed up.
I care not how that rote may stand. I take It
for granted that It will be rated up. I think J
have seen enough in the last three days to make
it certain tbat it will be returned out, no mat
ter bow the vote may s and. (Ltughter.)
Sir, I am opposed to that concrn, because it
looks to me like a system of trickery and jug
glery to defeat the fair expression of tbe will
ot tbe people. There is no necessity for
crowding this measure, so unfair, so unjust as
it is in all Us aspects, upon us Why can we
not now do wbat we proposed to do ia the last
Com r 9S ? We then voted through tbe Senate
an i nabllng ect, called the " Toombs bill," we
believed to be just and fair in all its provisions.
pronounced to be almost perfect by tbe Seni-I
tor from Iew Mampebtre, (.ur. Hale.; onlr be
did not like the man then President of the Uni
ted States, who would have to make the ap
pointments. Why can we not take tbat bill,
and out i f conlimet to tbe President, add to
it a clause taken from tbe Miua-sota act, wh ci
he tbiok should be a seceral rule, requiring
Ihe Constitution to be submitted to the people,
and pass that? Tbat unites tbe party. You
all voted, with me, for that bill at the last
Congress. Wny not stand by the a line bill
now ? Ignore L-compton, ignore Topeka, treat
both those party movements as irregular aad
void; pass a fair bill lh one tbat we framed
ourselves when we were acting as a unit have
a fair election, and you will have peaee In tbe
Democratic party, and peace throughout the
country, In ninety dava. The people want a
fair vote. Tbey wMl never ba smsfis 1 without
it. They i.e. er should be satisfied without a
fair vote on tbeir Constitution.
If the Toombs bill doe-s not suit ray frlenJs,
take the Minnesota bill of tbe last session the
one so much commended by the President, in
bis message, as a model L-t us pass that as
an enabling act, and aliow the people of all
parties to ro-n together and bare a fair vote,
anJ I will go for it. Frame any other bill tbat
secures a fair, honest vote to men of all parties,
and carries out tbe pledge thu tbe people shall
be left free to decide on their dom -stic institu
tions for themselves, and I will go witb you
witb pleasure, and with all tbe energy I may
possess. But if tbts Constitution is to befoiced
down our throats, in violation of Ibe funda
mental principle of free Government, under a
mode of snbmiaion tbat Is a mockery and in
sult, painful as it will be to me, I must break
all associations or connections rather than for
feit my principles. I hare no fearof any party
associations being severed. I should regret to
see sorltl and political ties severed ; but if it
muat be, If I cannot act with you and preserve
my faith and my honor, I will stand on the
great principle of popular sovereignty, which
declares me right ot an people to be left per
fectly free to form and regdlate their institu
tions in their own tray. I will follow that
principle wherever Its legal and logical conse
quences may take me, ai d I will endeavor to
defend It against assault frast any and all quar
ters. No mortal man shall be responsible for
my action but myself. By ray action I will
compromit no man.
BE513ITATIO.T OF GOV. WALKER.
Waihisotox cur. Decern!! IS, 1S6T.
Hon. Li wit Can, 5ecrtUr f Slate: '
I resign Ihe office ot Governor of Ksnsas. I
bave been most reluctantly forced to this con
clusion after anxious and careful consideration
ot ray duty to tbe country, to ths people of
Kansas, to tbe President of tba United Stales,
and to myself. The grounds assumed by tbe
President in his late Message to Congress, and
in his recent Instructions In connection with tbe
events transpiring here and Ir, Kansas, admon
ish tbat, as Governor of that Territory, tt will
no longer be In my power to preserve peace or
promote tue puouc weirare. At tne earnest so
lici'atioii of the Prejiden-, after repeated refu
s!s. the last blfa?in writinp. I finally o-n'.I
tills office upon his letter showing the dangers
and difficulties of tbe Kansas question, and the
necessity ot my unueridKiog tue taaK of its ad'
Under these circumstances, notwithatandln"
tne great seeriacss to me, psrsonal, political
nu pecuniary, 1 teic mat 1 could no more re
fuse such a call from my country, through her
Chief Magistrate, than a soldier in battle, who
o viucicu iu ctiiauianu a. toriorn liope. 1 ac
cepted, however, on ihe express condition that
1 should advocate the sabmi'sion of tbe Con
s'ltution to a vote of the people for ratification
or rejection. These views were clearly under-
They were distinctly set forth in my letter of
acceptance ot this nffice on the 2r3,h of filarch
aiuuu oy tue rrraiaem aui all tits UabineL
last, ana rei eratea 111 my loauErural address on
tue 27th of Slay last, as follows: "Indeed. I
can'; doubt that tbe Convention, after bavin'
pissed a SUte Constitution, will submit it for
ratification or rejection by a msjorl'y of
bona file resident settlers of Kansia
1 a . w www vawt w Jbau
sas. iwy lDstructiona from the President,
through the Secretary of Siate, under date of
the 13th March Iast,ustaln the reguhr Le-ls
lature of the Territory in assembling a conven.
Hon to form a Constitution, and tbey express
the opinion of the President that when such a
oonsuiuuon snail be sabmittedito thu DeoDle
nf ,ha Ta,,Aa.. 1 1. " . , . . . 1 '
popular will must not be interruntml hv
or violence. I I epeat, then, aa my clear -con-vletlaVtbat
unless the convention ehould sub
mit the Csrrstitntion to the votes of the aetual
resident settlerj of Kansis, and the election be
fairly and justly condueteJ, tha Constitution
wlllTis and ought to be rejected by Conereis
Tbe Inaugural most distinctly asserted tirat
it was not the qnestlon of slavery, merely,
urhlah f ( . 1 1 . ... .1 I. . a , ... J ' . . . J'3
"I'tnu au ui ot uttie practical im-
portance, then, in its application to Kictat.
u uio vvuamiuion, waicu snouia be submit-'
ted .to the people for ratification or rejection.
After quutln frem the'Presldent's iaaognrat
Gov. Walker refers as followa to bis course as
Governor of Kansas, and Its gord effictj j " '
The power and rtspo.sib.li(y .be'ng de."
volved exclusively open me by the President:
of using; theTFderai amy In Kansas tdup-.
tlne:li rirea.rlerl In mo ho ..,i.., :
tinci7pre,.c;eawmB oy que.ionpropoan-
yiat- ii.ouuocMuu, uie alternative was. on
ded at Topeka, of arresting revolution brthe
slaughter ot the rwonte.or of nreventine- ft. to.
gether with that of clrfl war. which must have
extended throughout tbe Union. My solemn
assurance was then given that the right cf the
people to frame their own government, so far
as mr nower extended, should he mmtlne1
and but for this assurance, it Is a conceded
fact that the Topeka State Government, then
assembled In legislative session, would bare
been put Into Immediate and actual operation,
and that a sanguinary collision with tba Fed
eral army, and civil war, mast bave ensued,
extending, it Is reared, throughout tbe Union.
Indeed, tbe whole Idea ot ah Inaugural address
originated In the alarming intelligence which
had reached Washington cityof perilous and
Incipient rebellion In Kansas. This Insurrec
tion was rendered more formidable on my
reaching the Territory, by tbe near approach
of the iiuraMlx . .k. ...l..i:... c.,-
auu me very numerous mass con
ventions by which It.was sustained. In truth,
I had to choose betwesn arrestlnc that insur
rection by whatever cost of American blood
by the Federal army, or to prevent the terrible
catastrophe, as I did, by my pledges to the peo
ple of the exertion of all ray power to obtain
a fair election-by the rote of the people for
My inaugural and other addresses were,
therefore, really In tbe nature of proclamations,
so often issue ! by Presidents and Governors
with a view to prevent, as they did In this case,
clrll war and insurrection. Now, by my oath
of office, I was sworn to auorvart the Cnn.'ltn.
tion ot the United States, which I have shown, '
in my judgment, reqalred theaabmisslcn of the
Constitution to a vote of tbe people. I was
sworn also to take care that the Kansas
Nebraska bill should be faithfully executed,
Which bill, in my judgment, as heretofore stated,
required tbat ths Constitution be submitted to
the rote of the people, and I was therefore only
psrf onning my solemn duty as Governor of the
Territory,, to wbese people my first obligations
were due. I endeavored to" secure to tbem
thess results. Tbe ida entertained by some,
tbat I should seethe Federal Constitution and
the Kansas-Nebraska bill overthrown and dis
regarded, and that by playing the part of a
mute In a pantoavme ot ruin, I should acquiesce,
by mr sileoe, in such a result, especially
where sacb acquiescence involved, as aa Imme
diate consequence, a disastrous and sanguinary
civil war, seems to me rast preposterous.
Not a drop of blood has been "bed by the
Federal troops in Kansas, during ay adminis
tration, but insurrections throughout the coun
try were alone prevented by the course pur
sued'by me oa those occasions, and the whole
people, abandctlng revolutionary vMeace,
were induced by me to go, for the first lime,
Into a general and peaceful elertioa. These
important results constitute a sufficient cause
lation for all tbe unjust assaults made upon ae
on this subject. I do not understand tbat these
assaults bave ever received tbe slightest coun
tenance from tbe President. On the contrary,
his message clearly indicates an approval of
mr course up to ths' present mes. nafertunate
difference about the so-called Ioraatoa Qan
slltutlon. inasmuch, however, as this diaVr
ence ia npon a rital question, Involving practi
cal results and new instructions, it is certainly
more respectful to Ihe President on mr part to
resign tie otnee ot Governor, and give him aa
opportunity or titling it as is rigat under the
Constitution with one who concurs, rather than
go to Kansas and force hie to remove me by
disobedience to bis instructions. Ia ray judg
ment it would be Incompatible with proper re
spect for the Chief Magistrate of the Union,
inconsistent with the rules of raara I rectitude
or propriety, and could be adopted with no ad
vantage to toe rights ot tne people.
Boar. j. waickr.
FORthoaawl-ht c taasbarx la a wria aai praalakl'
Ury GA trad-, we sow tr?r retire itackaf
-apte u4 Paacy Gecda. vail tiwrtrf, sa4 la the vary
b-at tssdiUaa. Oar toeatHn la oe ar tba bca la tbja
dir. W wth u cfcaae br th l.t Jaasirr
d-rS-tKL-wlt &PKBD atSTSIKRK.
3IO.EY I.OST :
Tncrfeethtwlhafoi a haaarf l U-I'ar arte, ao the
B.Bk or lUaabart, S9tb Carolina. Na. 937. Ibe
SaJ-r wHI ba renl -I bv IutIik it wrth
HABRta. WORM Kt-UT h. 00
dKR-St Xa 8 mat Rwr.
TO ARttVK t.sse aaeka Cow S.HtfOO taaka Plea
Calt, bv ,UaBera A4rlalle arrl Oat- t MaaanMa.
ha a ti. wooMcrur Jtoo.,
d-c!3-t g praat Raw.
BOXCa Larr asl MaUra JtikfSM rt re
eatrad aat for aa.e bf H. H FHTrWt,
14 Miba atrrrt.
it wlih ta hire 16 nacre mm aad ba-a t,r lie -ear
ISS WiU firs tba hisboat warn. WU kv
w ri-d latbeeeeBtjr.
darSS-'lar " A. STKS5IT la CO
STRATEO. ita Br lb. MtBpata aM
Cbanaavas RaUraad Daaat. aa Saalaf
eiaiioc, tba SMh UJt., two j -ana Beraoa
na.la a M'Pl ally to jaariaM tt urie
haaditk-- i atar ta tba lenefal b4 mm awTk
atlfr 1 a anrt sart e oart , atar In la tarrarart. aad
aiad feet white
Ta abato rrwart vSP b- pant far tbrlr aatlTirj ta
J-rV Lirerr "tak e, oa Adaaa atrtal. or a Mb; at n
ward far any mJorautiaa ao 'hat I ca r i thi
JAM S A ESt.
F.-aaklta coaatr, Ala , M'n raUoa raatb af RBr:'vina
n Odar Cr-i. three mllaa tr-xa the QM ?&at.i.
a3 Va? &3&&J&&a3,
I JIK OFPBRlXG
Fine ISrcss SHlcs
WORTH $frl FOR ftS.
Aal lowar prktel 5ft at ormpooJioi seia. aad
KieeaM bait prior,
MANTLES AND CLOAKS,
LT5 THAS H ALP P ICK.
Plain & Figured DsLalnea & Caslimerc?,
CaKATLT BSUlW 006T,
Aad a moU-atKrba. alack f MERCHAN'DISB at loa
W. G. CRAWLEY,
0-t , gMtta attrrt. oppylteCIk'i.
- - NOTICE.
A LLP rioaa ar neliad aat to trad fa- a aa
fi. If n to Jtesb nab, brH baadml aad tw-SMr-Sre
ael-ara, at 'be eaaaM-ratkoa for wbkh Ihe Bole v.,
(Ine haa fa Hod. aad I daaot lalead lo par it.
LIVINGSTON'S 15 YEAES-
MB3TASO S1RT-NKW SOPFLT.
Rides and Reveries of Sir. Aesop Smith.
BT MR. X P. TDPFBR,
Bomantic PAssaees in Southern
S0GS AXD BALLADS OF THE SOltTH.
aaOriUoudallrerrd atlha ,Tlas ot tba Oorarritoab
or im mnoau xaamt
TO HE WRY CL.1Y,
BT RK V. DR. BKeCEIXRiDdS
AI ta be lud at
d-c-t GEO PATTISOT : CO'S.
TltinUTE. Of HESPHirr.
A i a ii a turauvt of Bnoa Lolsr 2j ro
f Free anl Aiorst-d Maaoaa. b-ld oa ibe
tib ot IM-mbrr. 1S9T the Uki b( praasiMa
aad roMlatlanf aaalBMBilr ado wl :
Wheieai Oar Saprrsir Ortd Mailor, ta tbedta
pfBiatioa ol Bia all-wi r PraaWnKe. haa rrmortd from
aioorK a ear U-Iercd mod aad bnHtr. H. O
BcMrnncv, who di'd at his rati oaee ta tbia altee
(Saolaborr.Joa tbo 19 h af Otor tail. Drwaaba
WTrd aad a.rard bj all knaw him i a ataecie
lnrod ; a d-rotrd haabaad an agTllaaato f atbar ; a
IotIdic aad tH. iM croth-r. Aa a Maun, ha waaaror
rradj- to work opoa tba Urat sad act ojan tba 14a ire.
Retotvti, Ttat wo do aw-t ateerrrry irmpathbtbs tbo
d"P af3Ktwa aatit noa too berearcd widow arpeaa
chlht oa of oar deraMi brjtber. aad tbat we do acokf
oatr them oar irm...thr aad coa -lore ate oa tbo Irresan
bl loaa Ihry bata aa'talaed.
Kttolcrd That we win wr th-trrsiliaJxeof num.
iBf fur thirty daya sal tbat iba rsrallara aadiowaiaot
tba Lodia be clot .od In tmcniiar, for lb- aara- t-Ktb of
tunr, aa a tok-n of raipeet far oar OXeaa-4 biatbar.
Rtto'.ted. That Im membera of thi ij.. man .nta-1
tho fao-rairf oar decnacd hrotbrr, K. O rJojtrnaET,
wow hit aan lao rAmreaiarxe of tla taatny
ReS9lVtd. bit tbo forvEataa-rjraambto an4 ravaantiam.
bopUcolanlbaalnateaorihoLoirgvaad that soap);
of the aarae b) iIjbM aad Dra.-ontad t -ka r,-i: .r ,k-
OecfivKj, sad tbat a copy at tbe aame ba sret te the
xciDf qi Apfai ior Daoucatlen.
O W. nARHU. -
r n OW-r I
n v..-. ' J-OsmailtKf.
wt.. U1.IL Pi I, laAJWKItr I
Till DOTE OF RIKPEIlT.
AT a tcdiauouat "t Bariia L-diIW .
Free -d Arc-ptrd Vaaea', tuld at (knr
alal,oDtletlkof Djc-oiber 161, tbafaUawlit ftV"
pre-ratHe aat retulatlini ware aauinna.
wnxsxti. It haa ptrated the Sepreae RbI-t of the
-. m a"Tr iioto no oar wfu---oTea aad worthy
brotbtr. K. B. BvumiET, who died at hla n-tdroea
aear ihia ptaea, ( Liaiakary.) on lb- Sitmlt ; anl, where,
aa. intbedaith of Brjth- UCMritxcv, tbl W(-u
caHsdapn torsoarnibaloaaer a wurli raeaibrr ; the
wiJow aod falhecleaa a trno trteal, la diet re m i hla wile
aa4 chtM aa bffactlantlo babad aad ladnlirai pareatt
and tee osncoaitya sad aod oral ctUtte. Tb-retore
Raolttti, That wo tfwptr aym jilblia wttk the afl ded
fAa-iiy of var drceaa! brotbar, la their aad b-raatr-Qant
Ritotvtd, Tbitaaa mark of reap -ct, wo w wear Uto
a 'Bl hig , of mw Bias for tho apaaa ot JhirUr dayi
Rttolttd. Tbat Iba a -raso-s of thi Ldi wtlt att nd
the nuoralof.obr decsaad breta-r. a.B. nc-arimirr.
at aeh tira. a taay i alt Iho OMrrclrBm of bis fHly
Raoittd, That .ha above preanbla aal ntvUttitO be
prcad A Iho miantea at tbU L!ja aad ba pabtlaaid
iu tae It opals Appeal, aad. thit a copy of tho aasie he
ont lo da'wlAiw cf otarelmaerd brolbrr
O W. H tRnii. -1
J c. pmwiirr. I
B, L 1.AXX. J-Comarttee.
dec20-4wlt SAK'L LAWBERT j
TniBirrjEr or hespject.
A TaatitedneeUasof Barila Lodia So. JM. i
Xi. or vrte aal Arwpt'd Kiwi, arid on tho f
tbof DrrMber. 8.7 Iho CuUawinc proaaiblo
aaa reaettirnina wro a amtiai -
Wotuil, It baa p'.aaaed out SsprrsM Grand If ailer
1?J T. nM1- ,oso rtlaty. alalia aprs.a.
ilea, of Ul Prv.denco. t resun ry it an. .,:.
-woM-balorrd friend abd hrolher. Or. B. ii. imocm
Ala friend, he waaaUcaio, dUla.eretol aad Irnoi aa
JPtljeB. BatrMleacd pabUc-apuibrdt aa a haibaad.
K Tkd faarwl aval a m A Jt -. . .a - . . . T '
m uku a. ui. rriiaenoa rear Man thnn . ,..... .. .
X. - . . . -jra a avar a ad 11 a Waa ley,
k r.raaful add.oieds as a f.llwr, trcdarlr atr c-
v - man oa o' uie aa waa ampalaaaly
rxaeiinlBi Ulacbarfa of hUdott-o. s rtekradiwals
tho Mo.ni ..f manhood aad nondlaa of h airf ato a bo
-.-tiauea 10 I an WOO amia tbo leara and tamairtxllae.
J urroira nirsas. Taerr'ore
jtatvra, Tbat tn tho drain of our Uto worthy
brother. Dr. D C Akarcctt. hia ptofr aloB hab Icat a
- aia.ai.uru iilC'UUCr. I jJS CaDHBUaliy a UaWE. ritlaOB.
aod afatonrr a failbroi bnaikar.
MntuttJ, Tbat ai a Utbata of tripct ta .the rarmory
ot OUT decaaa-d bcalh r Iho aaaanhara .1 Otia Tyadre wear
Raolvei. Tbat oar cotaaol nro la tec. Wed ta tbo
wifjwaade lid of oar doooatod brother
RaalttS, Thai a cop r of tbo abort prremM- aad rrr
lntunabt p and aaoo the nlSBita of th'Lodzaad a
ropy tae lonrardrd to lo edlto-of m it an bit A3jat
for pcKrcattoo. and that tha Secretary prepare, and tar
ward a copy af tbe me to tho wietow a&4 orskan of oar
droKaaed brother, with Iba ajasrasea that a llasaa'a
widow aad orphan wlllrrer tecrtn a afaioa'i trltcd-
aaip aal protaaiw.
ui . I1JHKIS. T
J C PKSWKIT, I ...
& Ta. LACK, J-CcitaUM.
dr-dawl. atMT. LAMBtHT.J
AFKw DAT BOASOSBSwrHbs taken at Vn. rjUT
OAN'S, on Third treotloppoalte the Fmt Prro-
lie' i in unnrra. dc?fa.w
C. bf .
V. ih RCTIIERFORD Ji L0.G,
OPPJCB So. laSalchti-lt.iod ArtaaPatiitr, (
-..', NKar 0BLBAK3. . ." ."
C PS Cl AL altnllon fives to the tale'ef Ram. pilrtU
kJ wn aapnauc. Harlof ample qurtera for-lW
,) - . 117 caroniejont. d-eso-d-a i
Crisp's aciy. Theatre.
, JtSaTiaa Strait.
Lmm ul VanaJtrr
Ceedectar or Oretwttra ..
W Tt GRISP.
Jlr BKirtAX BSWSQX.
Xt. X. C. LKUOTNK.
...... .Protestor HKMIXO.
See3 appeiraae la lf.pM f th m'ml Tour
jLmtr ICaa ' tapdUn.
MR. EQtyiS BOOTH,
TTTHO-,S (rand lmte'toaatta, lat ntsU. tt Sit
V V pear', c Mi-batted (mat, pn far Msa Ik
raUiiMtulle lal trmm a er.w-W u. slikti
ateeee. Oa TCISDAT KrKKING. DcfittT zl. 1847.
wjlt " STIS-at. Bltwtt't pUr 0 KICHE-1BC Men
ma, Mr. K ' win E -o-.h Orrrur br tea Orcars
TJi p-vf rami UI alde w tas puu camfl, t
THS MIDOT AJHOtS Ta-m ,mw tvlz Mr. Bouta
wiil appear la or kit firorit cbu.etws
V-r inl ".rltenMn. see bf. of tb-rtir. S3fr
Tremendous EnUiusinsui I
1 HE r
Monkeys and Dogs
ARS ill talk, and sa htmrfr- hire bres niU) ta
Tit lb txh M'km, tbs .time-Brat ban ce
MfttaltaresMM THUS NIGHTS MOSS!
Monday., Tuesday & Wednesday.
AIM. WEDS MD IT AVrKRN'OON'. at 1 o'etoek. ro
wktoa'cctuMa DoacUi'aorltrul Mrt -Ma! Blrasi)c
Dissorriag Views of tbe Eiusiaa War
Wilt tx'rcMb'UJ for th- Vlfrt T.rs la Mrasftl
E"AaaMtM taty (0 etsta tlMhlrin imilirllt rnn
FIRE CO. NO.
n. H. FATKTEB.
M. T. COOeKR.
J. T. BVKATT0X,
cn A3. ptmxR
a. g. JOTKZK,
M. K OrWKSAS.
A W LKltB, -
rear. T. MeniE's Ba4a.a at far U armaa
Ibe Baa4 at Na. I p aya ta ral Battasoe al for
IP or JZent.
TBK plana w.tal. Ha, m Iw
year, eaatalacTr r Aera, :
be UatSa mt B' -WW l.-tr m iw art, Jmrm
t, aa , ap vaa wanaiMit-M a
eau, aa, TTart-r rtrM an t u-rtb Tt;aeahwn
naara-M. an a a a sa- wit.- of aNaot- ar- va.'bnr
'rait, buiyaittaiafraK, -ierals Mai : prrtor
rain . . -. i - j in., aa "Ul faraatag;
taj-u .. ' aa x-nn wag I -a- ArUMt
tattir rn the .eaM. JX X13 KOSMMMi .
T HAVX far Mkatwe A N.. 1 Bolt TaWaa at halt
A." " JAMAS BvTD.
3IISD YOUR STOPS!
Tflttayou are rassingHlain street
TTE la aw aaakax ptai-m tbat ar ul, ti at b-1-XI
tar, tka r lb- atm R aatai.tr, ba haa t
txaeatra McM a ihia cilr tor the Mciaaaatrp Pa Mai.
alTtectputarathat wit acavr faaa. dat-a
IX aareilaeavra ataea wWba (au sMa- aholee aa-i
TaaabV atlbafea aaltaaf the M pnau, aM It
T" wh ta Tntt iy. ar aMata a -atessM
Ukaaaai r( a trw-rt, w caa rarata vaa-rUhaMa
Paar. Kaanaetaa'a Za-wtraeSM. rithrr m a f .rl leekat.
Ma, Biaci-t, Rbmjti ar aa t)at cro.
r H CH8K fc. CO .
rSe-lir V I riart'i Marbat
VALUABLE RBSIIIEVCE FOR HE.NT
On Shelby Street.
T WIU. an THCRSDiT MORSISS next.
X 3Hb taat ,
ta frost alar labor la lb cMr at 6;;I
Mraaphla, at It e'e-ack. practi ba raat U tba
bt,baat b-r t -r tbr a-wal roar. ISW. atpabHsaa
baa, A TALCABL- bRICT. RESIBBNCB aa Mrtlbr
Hrrrt tor-arn- otcapicd br 9tawa Bnd(M4, sew b
X T. Ptraewwrth.
Tbe taraaa aadroaitHioaa win h aaaaaaerd aa Ihe dar
tt nrnnms JOfLV C. LA.N'ISK.
d C.rrk aad Maaler.
rp 0 b-,r tHWittar sea or $t OSS worth of ahar-a
X ta the .wiokAhi I-Bt Oaaasaar. AMrcsi et-
tar I B , M-maaia P. O J-et9-!wa
PAPER! P.I'BS! EWELOPES!
MKOOIIASTS aad oth-r' n4t M aary of aay
kiad, will 4 HI to r.- at aa n-lr aaB. u we
are totm4 lo a:.a. ni k- Im tmmvy
AltPX SDR i WHH,
Ml9 Iw UjOr)r Md-papHra' HaO.
.orthera Hauk er Mississippi
MONK . WSTED
SKBOOO LHeiMVt,a ia a ia Ha-x ; To
Hae-T Rora-a. Tw., p eonaei M tr a lor Tk
atoao maaiy tak-w al p-r
FUKRemr, oacnm k li.ici.
-rH-dlw:U ik Mara atr-at.
A GOOD OOOCANtl WAUHBtt, bar wbbsh load rrasaa
, will ba slaaa. Tat bar aww ar oa lkr lit ' Jan
aarr. lffj K H. r-QITHK.
-. H WILLIAMS. ItL .... .......... L. B. ncUSICK.
WILLIAMS 1t MdilSlCIC,
t TTORSKTjS jit LAW, Maapbis, Traoaaa. O&cr,
TTBO wfh fa T' tM h tfcetr rnrk or VBT BfrOtH,
I V un w !.. la-vcryh'ot ioibh 1 wd,
ar-frrahaBi. ia no"d order, aad Boot V ohMed oat la
ih- --at ihatt- ar alvly dayi.
i-eioro od olhrro caa bo aoroanaoiUlM ia tbo way
"t Ba-ket (bribe pair or bae) b-tbd aad brows
Koaaralloa, Prill, t"ptd Oenaborg Ca trora. Orlalara,
Heriatotaililk aad L. C Haakartbiefa. Sbo-iiaaa. Ttei
kbta, ic . it-., .fewo UBattaaa, y-rdlai aitd Inroad.
aat mad wtll b - aM
. dl.1 al N'e. 26 (wiatatdo) atain alreot, ur aTAIBJ,
ibr-.doanaeaiaof MaAaa atrtot, oa
dee dw T SHOD8S.
-VOTES OF AIL SOLVENT
OF THE WHOLE UN'IOIY
PUT MY GOODS ATA LOWER FIGURE
GUNS & PISTOLS.
GOLD-AND SILYEU WARE ailNV
FAOTURED AXD REPAIRED.
A JfOKQ IIYSTOCCTOB WILL P1KD A LAME
il A3MJBTMKMT OP
CX31EO, " '
MOSAIC A"D . 1
PLaAIX COLD PI1V8,
Heavy Gold & Silver "Watches.
AND PLATBD VARE,
Castors, &c., &c
. T03RHZB. -arrea s vakiett op oao&a
Or -4.11 Doaoriptioas.
277 1-tain Etrcot,
WHO IS YOUR
GOOD TIMES !
' TJSACTirALOBTFBIt AND BO-T-XAKS, who aH
I i saaaraciaro au orwra aa aiw a.sa; pri.cz. waas
Protuh Talf Load Soota trwrd lo order, f to
Preach Oalt Laaef Boati. p-ned. Ri
Loaf Haota. (towaal) aawad, 5 as '
Loai Boota, (rootedf p.f Jed, a 00
Laco Shoro. Si0
Loai Boota, (halfwelrd anJ bretrd) 1 3
LBfBdO laal'-role-l) potf-d,
WS Mala at .between Poplar aad Extbaase ita.
100 Negro Hands Wanted!
MEMPHIS AND CITARLEST0NLvc4r.f.
TUB ralxerlher, prerie to hire OSK H17N0BED t
II A N I3 . to be etfibaaied an ta a a. It. af 1 a 1
at tee devt ot the hteapttfa aad Obarteaton Kirlrvad t
vwr-am, uarioaiow y-ar tasa. ,
ThamerT trill foroiab aaei hanl with one win t-r I
and two Snraaoer SaHa af RtaahiBar ...1 fnr ..la. ..hr-a !
per annosi brad 1 basket of ileal 33 loa. of Baeun. I fal-
en aToaara, I Hi. Tot are a-d 1 lb. !b p meneMy. .ch (
hand U r-cie. ob rood hehttb,r. M ornta per month, i
and exlra pay for aH work oat cfUme. i
me company will ab-orarnlib nairlsa ami medical ; "J piavr.r a pu-ere "a jtcttbib ba
atfanH .as. .pat l a .u itmr af Ardmarr aiekneaa. Tbo i Ilea If 1 caa dad a prhaor bar aae taarffcam araha
awner to loae only rnaaway and ekk tttae when lh- ne- ;
fro it at heme, and that moftttt rroea otara.e or hi
chroolc and cob S-mad character: . , r I
Tae Compuy fnrlhermure ar"- to pay, at a fair ral-
nrttoa. tor loaj er Itf" ur IrtsK of bt net re In tbe acute,
and (aiUlaiate rapkrys-nt ot tbe road, tnleao aatd loaa ;
orlajaryalun haTotarcacaeatedby tho Iaal. or nt(U-
f mea of tbe araro.
Porfanb-rlnforsiaUoa epptp IcsKdlatelr ta any oner
ot tbo andtralrned.
r o. Aiucs.
aart."B-etTB Pltlllm, bTerepalf,
w j K0S3
deeU-tltnt Sapt. Eaalern Ptrlal-o HaotartHa
TB. BATODKaS'oBceavJ. it.
Blare, near tho Pott COco. marl-
A'AVY YARD GfclMDS
Foil IjH&se :
TniS DAT. at U ..'dock, a M , I will L oa tbe
prtsatee, r r thkrt f -art, all fn Lt axt SM
ti tattwMKKraij KATr TARD. Im Wit
el'btai art Ma i .alt pnreaa-ar. Tba Inia IsaeMna;
a Ohltkaiao au-t.r alamatr adp4e4 far Afvabw-
- Tbe OmaiailaM'i rte w will b Mat t at
tbe aara ttm Tml m om or IM best inn aaj
awl aavatBt aai aoaMarUMo raMtam m InaOMUi
Tha tot. ! bulfiMi w-,t r tbs verUeat iraH.7ra-
a-at ra Mmmu tot aaaaaractnrix atrpuM.
Tk ' aa-l amwik f Miaabl aarJ tk e.eattaka t
auraaj.. aaap VtK. BOM HO H Qt , fO mAa9
lacwm, auaurpa.-nl la ak-e 14k. ftt T liter. Ta
praam j wUI a t kvdapvt-d at racirMao UwHSn.
W WBBilEtSAT tlM 331 Kit., 1 WHf
Baa ai H IM potVbtM. twan, proposm'
trori tt tk a mi a .f Utrr aad A-dara-a. '
if. B Mtaxa,
AmH n-w in" H-i a.ii.a. r lbs.
GSE1T IDtrriOX SALE -or
CLOCKS, . ."
Splendid. "lEolWay Gifts, &c;
TD . -3 . 1IAR111S',
I WILL teD OX WEOXMBAT. at M aeaek. at jar
Kart. aoobh aMa Ooart Saaaro. (oar food Ko-vo S-r-raau
rBdan PaaM Baaaa. Ai, a valuer U PaaaaV-i-re
nmm Kaaaa, a.a , ka.
'-t A. WALLACE. AwoHaortr..
WBMHBAT. tao can s.y or Joaaary box, at M
o'ul-ok. I win att M mat of M O Cara-k.aaH
A.B taaa Boom, tba property af Waa. C Tush as.
Vorawd owaaa-lbas of tbw fvilowtat aetao-a aa-.a
OsoSwoaaadlwaaa aa Ha a Kraot, aad a aaaaapir of'
Siaae spaaarta Uw Sapoaa ifeaa. Alaa. two nban i.
a Beixr. SH Waub.ae Waiaaoba, oaa Baak
aaaoaaTraak, aadaaoaoataoii aniooa.
Tabxi-AM aaaaraaaaarfSSeaab; all orrr S aa
aaarr $U ate ; ooor $194 twotve aiiTtbi. wsbhi
aoWa MttsfaciortiT oadorawi.
TtHW a VAW5KAW, HMbibib.abM.
3 M C CATC S X soot, Amutmrm.
T7. S. WELLS' PL Aft T ATI OH!
XEGKOES, STOCK, &C,
I WILL Mil o TMUS iBAT. Iecoaaar Mai, nam ai
ibum oi,k. oa th r atea rba wor.kaawa
PLAkTATtUK af w. s. Wada. sltaatad oa the JaaaaaMb
aad IMbao Kai r al kan-m oa WILLS' STATlJjr. Sm
atatMctaf Ml AaVW la thro pantr Uaata. aw
tra-to-aioaao SO aaraa; m Uacteaa barad aawl r-wa.
ty-lar (ra) acroo, aadaaatrac f krit I adaaai
ao (OBb, aaraa Back uact ha two Ira m baa,
. aaw Sa-d. Md Lb. Veoauaia 4 Haa IbaShai.
wb a-ac-o tract baa . baa'. t a-r-.et-M iaf aaohit
aaco 1 uaabar. Oa laa aa-ro uta bbaaa a a
tarfa wUib howaa hailt ta lav .trie aJMBaaV
aoaoke baw-a ia--h aae raabuus at-d toraa tmtm wK
a iparartw T-wa orcawad. ab.oi M ja aa asalac
c tr'kJ aaat ibo baaaa- at lhaa r. Ti Mua
Waet ha- a aa aad anal at b -t.H-a, caaBBav arbba.
be . aai a a r kuc.'a, , a.rab k ya-a
I wui ai, a.u, at ibi eaaao 4oao afplaa,aoaaaak af
OATTLB oawa aad aiva, wiMbaac an. bar pi. iaal I.
bti, KraatBC otaon.. wasaa.. rar-o nrrj troji. havt-tte-,
hawh-. aad biiA-a, fanaian, aad avsaMaz,
perianraii to a aa l a
Ala, ttr.- b Baua l-a. woaa-a aad eaaa aoaa. lb
J -a-w a jti e Ab, I. BOB fci.bal. at
OtmN. Ac. , ae
fao Laad wui ba a-M at II aotook oo oaart aWOb
tratae fraaa Bttrwaa-sao. p-r a. aaoaaj "
ea toaooaa tho rar. at 7i o'c m, a M. lliln b
a4ndthrawK U " " " "
TEtats Tha N-srooa, stack, Parabuato. Cm, ...
will kJ paid I t cask . tho Land oae -.Barter e a hbt
IBlT W S. '
o-'a A W A LUCK
Forsytli, Jameson & Bro.
WHOLESALE G HOC Kite AND
Ko. 88 Pront How,
KaBPaiaitiBBp-aB baad a larao aad wa aoiealed
abaakaf GROCtiRISaS. A aa. awarta lav abo aaio ot
tba (tlarbaotn City MU1 aad Satl. XUbt rum. JM
af whteb wo val aaat haw to tbo etly tiado aad Oaley
atmhaosa aaol da-t
THI aadarinail uko oawrsa of l a
OelVXaaClAL HUTBL, atoaaahte, Teaa , JESS
oa M- at af Jaaaary a -zl aad wmo- ta Mr HHa
afwea or iwaary Bota aaroaaU, aad tar-o g?"g
'oar aarat ooata aad two paatrv oaoka far Iba aat poof,
for wt-h jo-d wasoa wtu bo poM Bwatblr.
BnTlS-txal a. I. U ITCH ELL.
Bosewood Parlor Suits.
(taVKXAr. a.a.nt -1
Parbar ssilo SsCaS!
I. tare ,wt rr- ft J 'OHfl
riiim ib a j a
Pfbaaafroai jeHS t jsee., t, wbkrb wa bnaw ah apeea
att-ti -.too of parebaaaro. Prlaro vorr "w, at tbo acw
aad iaaavaae ealattEaBtaiBI o
J- MrrifWwT fc 09.
A NW atr at BedolaN. wry Saw aad baedoimr,
L i -tber wirh . u the diaWoat -rarlori-a af Ieaoh,
Hlth-po-t and ratta Sarteaa. Sraat ladaaitai.au
are i.avrod lu prcaaera theee ktobt lhajo. at
XeKIifMhrr hi OeVS. a
OCR, aaa-vtaeat of reh aad eWaat
i fa-hKiaabla Pa-aMaro iaaao' be aa
laaaMleWbor ra ou kty ar oa, nutjL
Partttwlar aMteeaa-a la btnaod ta a.
frwfc-Uof 'Bl r otaaraco-r aad Parker Pars40a-o.Bvaa
af ac ared la Kw Turk aa d Baotoa. tor oar aw Infa.
Traltorak'iheeliyaa aktaaaiad bo bxt abosaeh osr
Bow aw 'rnmo .ao eataMtaLavrat.
a-ts x-giwgr ia aa.
Clieap Carpets, &o
MSDALLha.T Tor-et Carprte ;
Tap-atry VelT-t Carprta J
Tapratrr B'aaar a Carpete
iBaaerlal Tbree-Pty Carpati ;
Rajpuh hHrala Carpata j
Aat ei tear for rata Otrwta I
Tapeal y Ve Irat Slow Catrpetf i
Taeooary Braa eaa stale Oarpeta ;
Twuiad Stair rarp-ta. Vi. I. aad -l yard w4o
Oranb Cotha. S t M 1.H 4,11 f, i-t aaarSe-t, do
imiumm. raTtaaa; aa macst-aiia ;
suw-r riaaao aoa sraa.
Hairat a T-r-alyl mi .M-rt- nutlet CiryrO,
all aw and rmh aad hoacht ttoea tbo deoMeo, wo ao
nett thr- atteallra cf paiehawta, ad rttf aarielaea to
kI sta!o at a r-ry tBattpnott aad lira peefoot aakta
factioa ,n all caaoa. L'arpeta B.ade aod pat drwa.
aoog JfctlNSBT a; Ca).
BBOC ATKL' K, Satin Marar. Woralrd BaaMak.' Sat
ton rvnak, Ijacaand Mnalln Cart alaa, TriBopawnt
Sbadea, BaffQaHaada, Wladew Oorala-a. Cw taaa Baad
aad PMu. Stoit artlote or Boota and Ti laiailaaa aaata
ary t-deearata a Ooltaro or Palace, rpb itabiibkf aad
Oartata Haaglag neeatad by aa exp-rtaacad "NraekBUB
from Now Totk City.
bts ifcgprarr at. tse.
Pianos, Melodecns, Furniture,
I HATS rat, rHoraed
with mforrd braHh, tnm
lb North. bre I bar-
9n lb North. whro I bar- aPlgyal
ukea macb nai&a to ae- -awf,?am-!"9
reetlsat a aapertor aMortBKBt af Ptaa-s Piuiiiaara. 6u
peta. Oartarn Gooda, SbaJm, he , wbtoh I am aaw ro
"lTior tad 09rtrirlo an who p oato ta taoor ato wrth
tb-trpatreaafe My oariaoot wiob ta to famHh toed ar
I hare eacafed Profoaaar a T. TnSKL, wbt wtj
atload te aU ordon for teatag aad innli iiiBlailiaaarmi
aad war ob Ihoao who bnrae wth aoaO.
All kbadaof KaHroaaea buiIo ta order.
TT ir aaAawmvabn
F. Ai KDEFFXER, 3I. D.,
HOMatOPATHIO PRTSKMAK AXf lOIbIMf.
wuhra la larann Iho ortrereaof MeBttahaaaaa Mo
-feuHty, thai, ha haa located blaaa-ir at tboaoaabaat
rarcorod aaiao aal Second atrerla HataK bad aa
antpto apaortBa ty or BKdtcal apoleaeo ta the Soerb
darleg a parted r two yar la Jack-oa, Alfcaa.. aad af;
foaryaan.laChailoileB, S C. waero bo Uoaiad (aaat
MM ta 1661 tho yejow Kt-r. aa rptataaMaaf laofBMS.
pax W.KBM tbo tory rrrero eTadrauoa o arlpaa aad ia-
Boaa., tla-, u-.t?- rataCtt-, BtO.1 raOpeCff 0ty. tbo Pt-
naaaae of aa -uixhteBed eseawSBHy, aod Hhoo ho ctopa
lay lahatiB,lkaowa,beiaaaTeo.r afewrejaaaka
MepaO t K.
Haicraaalkyia dertred tra-a tho Sreok wotda ba
Kaloa rataetB.' aa -Baton aatlar taaorbait Hahaeaaaaa,
ib- ladiBloBi Paaader of tbe aybrta, dia ntbund la bhat
kmd if BKdtcal Kamc wbrcb alava at the aaoo of a
(Ilea dttoaa by awaaa af a re turfy of wmedttOa whltai
tt takraby htaMby poraaaa Is large doaoa. haw piadaaidi
Vtbraaaah jedaaea' Ierva.eouthaivJ a Haorf aoaroar ar.er
lf ayaraaaaa to. tb aroorora
The wrrrtat at Blpaocratct. Parorfoa.,
othari. ahe-af taf ba earea Kraarsod wMb
whbB are aato to prtadnoa- atotttar atfHi wbh -bat of
tba aa l-a 'a ted BahaanMtn ta tea oaatajiloa ntaba-
Lh-h-a-at of tbe prlita4aloor "Hke earea ate,-" oa-tii
fiaattawttr rarsarar a laa l'm aaa iteeiateat aitaooc
KoauF apathy brtac ee-rywbere tbe fa-orHe of Iho oa.
IKhlra-d part of IbeoMBaweltr. the 'onbilUe ea" bait
want .ay aa aoqaaajKlaiton -v-ttb Ha praa,ine ba biaame
warxaadaeeat-aef IV bHe the MitbatleaeaV' ba tea
aa -nail dooea hare altewel tboBMoreea ta bo uefcla
fn-raed, aad nnaot, bherrfarc ba faapirtlal Jadjaa.
ThaM aaaeittaao are aonotaarated by taealaabbin ,ia.
atjta ot the lytapb M tbe rat a w pax mi all tabu, aba.
Ifpat'too to the -Met ateadar, aithoefb aaaob eororof
ral -p-x aBdeMO.br tha pjpalar pr iMiie tt JatMaaf
the bora Hd nar ta Ue 1 1 ar if rabaatc btm
thBa with aaaw; whae tbe doabt la tba toner of aauX.
aoaeo t ref by refererae. to tbo pbiak laiiloal fooknt,
too blsbb aed nitBiy af the aema of a akak arpaa.aa
aHfaVaiad on H. expvaare to exleraal oaparaa. aaat area
la aatatal rttmari tv he paaforsaBoo of IrfrrrEaxla
fwaealona Toa ww broad da -Meat to be able a era-er
read eaaoafortaaW yoa rratre of oae whaaowtees-a nr,t i
p,k ahaal to ho asater-t.o-t by yoa, y- yoa baoa vera
frleado wb a" Hand from ttdimnttloo tf the ao-a, aad
aaad not bear tad apMBVat ray t f rtahb) or froaai'-Aaa-
mliaa of Ihe ear. and coeAd rari b ar a whtaaer
w to will .dealt, whoa a nalaral lUeanlaa. aa Haat ai
aad ar antae. eaa helatrarka rh ibea-rTOt fM0ti I
tbey are by arokaraa. ar-3il aera. aa apealoaaoBaaAi
ee aaaoa ataia ao. ana that lark ooaea ai a
beoME soibiero-aedr woaMeradaaeaanawJ
rciaoaof twaeilartlsi etaVlat are Dot a peeia
plhte r-i-Mtrw aa faaravatten, la ether watda a aow-
dtseaaaa. before aatar eaarrcorar e-seM f r-a tb-i aa- V
tack of the b edtciaal axeat. aad eatahlbb ttntary re
actaoa Lo. a care. There'oao the ra-rea-Hy r am aft
ooa-aof atrditine If yoa deal with atoctdoa aa tabe-
ISce heart na 19 o'etoek In themoratei, beiweeatS
I aaai aAJMon.avMoeiae.nsanaTHitbeewtar.
Honor to tfhoin noBor is Dae.
TK-order ta enable too to pay taxoa
-av --a ua aia iiui aw aaw,
iwceaauyaaf offjrlnf ler Mla I at a aairiaoel aar aH'l
pr.prrryt'kaTe In tba city- ra- -rWlaalT. 1- watt
aen a aaare-aad id oe -tdanta tUert.f-oaliaz.lUao
aoaao rate at aat i artoe. raaamt MS frtt. iTba
hwoeonuiaaetkhtrooaia; two etalema aad aal other .
w v'"g'i- ' the awiog, OOrTAG ,
property. I only reilra one-ihud caab. Uaa-tVaJaaejo vn
a aHrraal.r as- zm oat f tbar-oredat ryalfsia.
" eanrtaqia Brrearteriooeei tt ---- imialii
J foe taab. (uretpecliir ,r prrtone.) -r. lo badadealajy
naleratood, ao fooda will be OHreied at afcy ttoab aalfc. .
I am aware ttat many of my old ptlraae. wtbo aara
alwaaapaM their accoaaU when prraertad, aaaaybawta
altt!, hnt to make tbe prtanpie raetal, aa dbbori-al
lUI'Wl (aa DO IliWJ .
j a i na ereni or inair rnapprMalta: of aaat frrm I
prrter IooIbi tbrlr trade, to deeLate tran taatalo i
4 MyteTmMe-hrrearlere-.beTT-trt a7-aaaooo't
faakcrrdlt Aot p-rota akfoy arts akM rr-ate tba
iaf tr-aee of daabtlsc lay tcraoaiy.
Ttaab fal lor paat f atora I am, ill IWakll
1UU rrrti PLODRXOT. tVanvaa i. t
M jalo II I mini HI gr