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Axi Lettxks rircLotiao tixnTitcii to the
Orncr. aeiT Br BEOirrxaro, oibiwiic the
rsOrKIETOU -WIU. HOT HOLD TRUICLTtl BX-
trexilBix rex. jjct uouc that mat occur-
"WZDSEfiPAT HaBSDfO. DECEKBEB SO.'OT.
AXEKD KE5TS 10 THE 34.5K Z1LL.
The .BBlieiia of TtsteT.rhts a well coasld
erri article oa the Hcuse amendments to the
Bask Bit! of the Senate. The amendment to
the seventh section effectually neutralizes that
feature of the original bill requiring the banks
.ai their branches to pay out none out their
awn Botes, which may be redeemed at their
respective counters at any time. If the amend
rtwt stands, tbe notes uttered by the branch
hi A at KBaxville rfll very soon Sod their waj
late the braach nt JStemphis, and vice versa.
By such an amendment, the present evil, so
ImwIt tad generally complained of, is not
reached or touched, and it wouM be belter to
feaveAO legislation on the subject. We are sure
tfeat the eril is very much Increased-, inatmacb
as tie basics are prohibited from paying out the
Betes of any foreign banks, eras those of Lou
isiana, which at this time command a premium
ef same ten per cent, over oar own bank notes.
We trust and believe that the Senate Kill not
cecorwith the Houss ameadmant, bat that it
ritl adhere to the original feature ef the MM
is this particular.
DOIHGS OF THE K&.MSAS LKOISLAXITBE.
By means of depriving pro-slavery members
of their seats and placing Black Republicans in
tbeir stead, the Legislature of Kansas has coi -verted
itself into an Abolition body, bidding
d6ace to the veto of the Governor. The up
per House or Council, has thirteen members,
rise, of whom are AboHtioaists and four Na
tteeal Democrats; the representatives are
tWrty-s4se ia cumber, of whom twenty-fort
are AboUtieaisU and fifteen National Demo
crats. In the Senate, the AbolHiooists had
ever twe-thirda; but not in the other branch.
The first step after its organization was to in
vestigate the claims of the Democratic mem
bers from Ltavenworlh ceuty to their seats,
werkh investigation resulted in their ejection
ai the admission of the Abolition contestants.
The Haase then consisted of thirty-two Abe-Ittte-ists
and seven Democrats, thus makieg
the Legislature entirely iadependest of the veto
power of the acting Governor.
The programme dictated by the mass cor-
i sattuB ef the Abolitioa party that assembled
at the terrMerial capitol on the same day with
the meeting ef the Legislatare has been fuHv
earried.ettt. A bill calling out the militia to
preserve the peace on the 21st had been passed,
prf4d4ng for a major general and Rie briga
dier gsaorals to command the troops; alto an
set jo submit both thi Topeka and Leeompten
CnstHttess to a vgte of the people the one
rjcf iriBg a majority to be seat to Cosgresi.
We ctip the following items from the West
pert,(ilQL-Sar of Empire t
'-John HaMermtn aBd the Leavenworth del-
egauea were throws oof ef the Legislature oa
aeto'imt at the Ktckapeo vote. The Atchisoc
delegattoa rasigaed immediately, leaving the
whole matter in the hands of Tie AboHtioaists
Lute is walkiBg about tows, making speeches
aai giving orders. Stantea is nearly crazed
aaf -refases to furnish the Legislature with aav
store peas aad ink. They are all down en bira.
.Beheld the reward ef arortacy! Great ex-
citeaKBt prevails at Fort Scott, the AboliUetv
tots tatreateaiitg to barn thn town, becaase ef
rome arrest made by the 31-trtriaI m that aeteB
lurhood. The Vaited States troops passed
tow to-dar to allay the disturbaeee. The
AasHtieaists have deiermieed net to rote es-i
THE STATE OF KISSES DT A.
AMbMgh not formally admitted into the
ceTecracyf says the Washington Union, aBd
tajfVeferc sat recognized as one of the States of
the confederacy, yet the progress made in the
aeWl estabHthmeai of a State government
j3tKei the assertion that .Minnesota is a State
aat within the Union, it is true, bat still a
State. At the same time the State Constitu
tiea was adapted by the people an election was
KeM, if ptwsaaace of its previsions, for Gov
ernor, si am tiers ef the Legislature, and other
eScers ef Ike Stole. It directed, also, that the
&t& eeaossB ef the Legislatare should meet at
the ity ef St Paul oa the first Wednesday of
December, (last.) Accordingly, the Legisla
tare caar-nul ea the 21 instaat, aad imraedi
aaeiy proceeded to perfect its organization,
taws aetaaNy rwUirte the legislative depart-
aawet -f the State geveramaBt is fuH ferce.
The ergaatzatiea ef both branches is Demo
cratic. The CeaeUtatiea contains lb: follewirg
etaase relative to the exercise ef the execnthe
aatamity, Ht MlaoeseU. is passiag from tie
i naaStlnii ef & Tenitery to that ef a State of
"All territorial officers, civil and military,
aw taMtag their offices wider the autboriiy of
the Uafted Slates or the Territory of Minoe
sata, tMitt ceatiaae to hold aad exercise their
respective cgk-s uatil they shall be superseded
atbe aMberity of the State."
The Mlaaeseta Pinter says that this pre
vistse was intended te secare the services of
executive eficers uatil the State shall be ad
aasetea late the Oaies, when the officers al
ready elected will assame the responsibili
ties of the pasitioBS fer which they have been
Three members of Coagress were elected
at the same Urn the CeosiHotion was adopted,
aad we presume that the Legislature will
seen "select two Uaited States Snatrt, com
pkCsg the Ceagrsssional represeataUoa of the
Tbui we see the peaceful transition ef Min
nesota from the condHien ef a Territory te that
of a sovereign State, supersediBg by her own
settee the fermer gevernment by a sew ose of
her own choke. No conflict of authority is
apprehended ; bo alarm is felt, there or else
where, ceaeemiAg the suspension of the leni
terial aad. establishment of a provisional government.-
Anew Democratic State is organ-
reel ta a raaaaer becoming the dlgsity of free
dtizees St te govern themselves. What a con
trast dees R pr.ssent to the tumults aad vio
lence of that other Territory, In which, for
the past fear years, the Black Republics or
have delighted to defy the iegal awtherities,
aad which has beea the theatre for Abolition
?retldeat ,Buchanass Adaisiitratien Hobly
Sajtitnei by the Democracy cf Sew Tort
The Democracy ef the Empire City held tact
ueka,giorious meeting In the open sir acd
enthusiastically rallied around the able, con
servative aad patriotic Administration of
Jamm BcriAitA. Rich axdSch ell, Esq.,
ffeeatoi elect, presided, and elooaeat speeches
were delivered and strong letters read from
BaehB9UBtl and sterling Democrats as D. &
DicElKses, G. C Baexsox, Jsdge Aausx
rABKrB, Attorney General Tkejcak,, John
Kclw, J. Cochbas, UuzetIVabd, W. B.
aUcrxT, H- F. Clabk and J. G. Hatch
The,reeolutions will speak for tberaselvrt, aBd
pteve tbat the Democracy f Kew York are
entirety -true t the AdmlMstratioa,' to" the
SjUte.Kigfcts Democracy and to the Union.
Rcielfirf, That the Democracy of the city of
I?ew Y'kkjioea endorse, approve aad support
theAMmtmstration of James Buchanan, Preti
deBt of the TTatted States ; that in the forma
tion of the Cabinet, whereby he called around
bim some of 'the ablest and most experienced
statesmen of one party men who "Were de
voted to jsatieoal sentimeate, untinetered by !
sectionalism, and pledged by their -past Uvy
sad repatatioa to the unchangable principles
r thr ntecratic faith he cave to the Ameri
can DeerAe abondant assuraBcea of the high
A.nrfrrof his Administration ; and that, tn
bis seble inaugural address, tie afforded tlll
further evldnees of the wise, safe aed honora
ble policy by which be wouM be and has ever
beengwded. . .
" RctUcmi, That in President Bachanan!s first
raaasage, recently delivered to Couresa, we
recogBise the language of a patriot and a
statesman and the principles of a true national
Democrat; and that now, as at all times since
the fortunate day when the sctfreges of his
feiiow-citizBS elevated him to the high posi
tion he fills, he justifies their preferences by bis
prudence in council, his decision of action, and
his unfaltering adhesion to the Cincinnati
platfoim; and that we pledge the unchanging
support ef the Kew York Democracy of the
forty-one thousand good and true men who
BtanH by iheir colors alike through good -and
through evil report to a chieftain so worthy
of our regard oad esteem.
aBd wmlBsist without excepUon, that wher
ever an official hoWing under a Demorratic
Admirfstratlon, opposes, whether optnly or
seeretiy, whether by vote, by personal infla
eace,or by pecuaiary cootribuboas, the candi
dates, the interes9 or the measnres sustained
by the Democratic organization, his instants
nu remoral from office should follow: and
that we emphatically approve the promptness ;
and fearless aeton mui rjesweui
Buchanan and his Cabinet have commenced to
act upon this principle, inreeent instances.
n..r.i.i Tht while we tohI have prefer
red that the entire Coos'itotfon proofeT for
... c.-i- i-.-... .hoif hare Leen KiiSmit. ! or
tedte popular approval we congratulate the
people of that Territory ura the opportunity
tw presented to them of pawing upon the '
Question which has a long disturbed their!
. .... . T I : . ,
Peace, and destroyed toeir material uiueiirmy
sad progress that nothing but the wicked, fac
tious pertinacity vi professional agitators can
new' etand In the way of the early admission
oT tHa.ne wUtate into the Union, with ths nn
quahfiei power remaining in her people to alter
nl.aend1its Constitution thenceforth as to
tbtra may stem beat ; and that while we fully
... . .i ... i. j i
and unresetveaiy concur in mis view or we i
case, we desire to arge npon ail Democrats toe
necessity of coocillation and good feeling
among brethren, spec this and all similar
questions ; that especially upon the floor of
Congreei and in the newspaper press, no ani
mosities be engendered and no division lines
drawn, which mav militate against our future
harmony and success believing, as we do, that
upon the eseendency of Democratic principle,
mainly depend the safety and perpetuity ef our
Rtrelrt That In remarkable contrast to the
preferences whlrh our political opponents
make that the people ef Kansas are deprived
of the right of self-govemzneat, we point to
their leeislative enactments with rtspect to the
city of New York; that our chartered privi
leges and immemorial franchises, granted and
respected even by British sovereigns, ha ve beeB
wrested from ns by-theee identical partisans,
and the voters of the first municipality In
America permitted to exercise no voice tit the
approval or rejection of any of the unjust ads
forced upon us by a tyrannical Legislature
that the city of New York, though oppressed
beneath theee burdens and grievances, stands
ready, with her forty-one thousand Democratic
voters, to renew the battle for principle at all
tames, to contribute to future party triomsha
.and to sustain our Democratic President.
J&ioW. That the recent defeat of the Dem
ocratic party of this city, in the person of ital
able r.BO popular cniei miginrai, rtnumiu
Wood, was brought about by the open treason
of same, ani the connivance or indiSerenco of
others, whom our party bad in times past fos
tered and elevated to cosspicuous and influen
tial positions; that while we regret their de
fection to the enemy, nd accept the inevita
ble separation from them as political associates
whih musfensue, we point with pride to the
mighty phalanx ef voters upon whom their ex
ample and exert lone had no influence, and that
we tender to our worthy Mayor, in his defeat,
the assurances-of our cordial a) mpathies and
The letter of Judge B ronton, ea -well known
thro (shout the Uaioo, breathes such a fine
spirit aad is marked by sach common sens
views, that we make an extract:
"The only leading 'feature ia relation to
which there ran be any diversity of opinio
among Democrats is that retatirr to the affairs
of Kansas. I shooU have been better pleased if
the whole, constitution, instead of the slaverr
clause alone, had been submitted to the decision
or trie people of the territory. But as it is.
they will D4ve the opportunity of passing unea
the question which has so long disturbed their
peace, and agitated the people in other guar
ters of the country; aad I cannot doubt that
us puBiic wenare win ce oest promoted t
giving Kansas a -State, UisteadoT a Territorial
organization, without further delay. It will
transfer a troublesome question from Congress
to ttie decision ot the luuabtUnts of Kansas,
wbo. like the people of other States, can then
reform their constitution at pleasure, and make
their institutions euen as iney deem best aaipt
ed to laetr condition.
" While I fully agree in the policy of the
Administration on this queatiea, I wiH sot
quarrel with brethren ef the same political
family who. though they may entertain and ex
press a t merest opinion, Ate, acvefitteicss.
ready to acquiesce in the decision of the raa
writv. Let 'is have no needless divisions
The peace aad prosperity of the coantry de
pend, ia my judgment, upon the continued as
cendency of Democratic principles; anal, witn
a formidable party arrayed aramst us, we
ought to exercise .a tolerant spirit among our
Wecaaaotforhearfrem referring to a pew
erful reseesse from David L. Setmodr, of
Trey, in which he declares his full and uaqaaH
fied approval ef the AdmiMst ratio, as devel
eped. in the President's messajre. After dwell
isg apon the high-teaed and sed views ef tb
I'reetaenc apoa ear (erelga policy, Mr. sxt-
MOtr speaks tbas beMly aad wisely, of the
Kansas question, and, we doubt Dot, he fairly
represents the sentinwets of the New York
Democracy in thin critical matter :
" Kor have I any doubt that the country will.
with equal unanimity, adopt the declaration of
the message that ' iCaneas has for seme years
occupied too muen ot toe pnoiic attention
Ater a 1m g and. exciting cor.fi.ct the Kansas
Aeorasica act was passed or Uongress. Iv
friend of the Union of the States can desire
te revive the bitter and seotional jealousy which
arose out of the passage of that law, and the
action under it. At tne last residential
election, the Democracy triumphed upon the
great principle ot popular sovereignty an
aounced in that act the power of the people
to organize and eetaoiiNi uiew own govern
ment. This power was given te the Territory
ef Kansas by the organic law. With sedulous
care has the President prnvMedfer the full and
tree exercise or tots power in the Territory.
Able and experienced men were appelated to
Ms chief executive offices. The military pow
er ws's present in force seSclent to preserve
emer auo assure to every legal voter the free
exercise ef the elective franchise. The ballot
box was opened, and the peeale ef Kansas in
vited lo exercise the ssverHgnty soured to
them by the organic law. Those who chose
met in their primary assembliea and exercised
at the ballot box this sovereign power. As
mustTttcesearrly be ia a larse Territorv. thev
delegated their powers to their representatives
anc me constitution iraaed or them is ac
coming to tne uieory ot an republican govern
ments, the Mvereiga act of the people af Kan
sas, through their representatives. The sub
mission of the coastitetioa te the people was
not rf quired by the organic law. That made it
nqnitue lo tnbmit only the qvtttion of tlartry
at a oewrxic iiMiasiren Of au neis aneie.
idis suDmieeion tne convention his nro-
vided for according to the law. Whether the
ether provisions of that constitution should be
submitted to the people was not declare L
This question was left with the convention, to
be decided by them. If the opponents of
slavery in Kansas have neglected to exercise
the power given them by the elective franchise.
for the prevention of slavery in the new Scale!
and Dave J or any reason cuosen to leave the
election ef a constitutional convention ta their
political opponents, surely neither (he Presi
dent nor uonrresa is resneasiuie lor the result
The Presidest is net called upon te interfere
between the people ot Kansas and tbeir reire
sentatives. He has nobly discharged bis du'y
under the law. It only remains for the .iconic
af Kansas to act upon the proposed question of
slavery ana me wore is none Kansas is an
Independent State of the Ueion; and who will
then say that as an independent State she has
not the iiue power over.all her domestic insti
tutions, and her people the same attribut" a ot
sovereignty, as the people or Virginia or New
lore Dave to-day? the inexorable dec lira
tien of President Buchanan, ia his Inaugural
Address, " it is tne imperative duly or the
United Mates to secure to every resident in
habitant the free and independent expression
ef his opinion by his vote,' has been faithfully
carried out in his administration ef the affiirs
of Kansas. The beneficial effects of this
policy hare already become apparent. Sec.
tiofcal agitation and the fanatical appeals of
disuitioniets no longer occupy the public mind
te the exclusion it all other political cjnside
rations; but they have giveu place to that love
of country which holds sacred and imteiate
tiie rights of each and all the States anVer the
Constitution. Agitators, disunionis's and fa
natics may deprecate the restoration of peace
and harmony to tne country ; but tha wise
pefeyof the President wHl be sustained bj
the intefKeene-and patriotic mastee. alrile all
attempts to withdraw from him the eoefi4enc
or any portion or tne Democratic party wil
meet ceiiaemaation as prompt ami deehjed at
have the rffjrts ef our political anneaeiis to
ergnajhe a seetteaal- party and M sew the
seeds of disunion."
ggrit is said that a ceaferecce af the mar
itime powers of Europe wHl shortly beheld in
Lmaoa, to discass the African eaigratien
scheme, and its bearisgs upoo the African
Ik a Nct Shell. A Washington corrrs
poatleit of the Pnntylcanfan explains the
Kansas question as ft now stands, and the
position af the President apon it, with graphic
ferce and effect ; bo that all nay comprehend
it at a glance. We eaete so much ef bis expo.
sitlon as is necessary te shew where the Pree
ideat staads, and why he is fesad standing
there. That his position is that ef a sound
patriot and sagacious aUteeaian, will be com
pFahended by aH oaptajadiced and really geed
citizens who reflect ea it as stated in the letter
in question, as fellows :
" The President's policy consists in admitting
ivaBBaa lis kwq as pu3ioic mu uic union, txui
as a slave State or a free 3tate, but as an inde
pendent State, which may regulate its domestic
institutions as may suit the majority of the
peupie. ine moment n.insas is atfeMUed as a
State; the United States tioona will be with
drawn, and if the free State men, as it is sai
by the Black Republicans, have a majority of
uve to one, can any one oouet mat luey will
have it all their own way, the moment they
are left to themselves? If, then, there is any
disease in Kansas, it will be local, and not en
danger the whale system. The question wilt
co longer be agitated in Congress. L'gielatian
for the Territories will be longer Interfere
with the financial aad commercial wants of the
country, and our foreign relations wnl have a
chance of receiving a'preper thare ef attention
from the National Legislature. Theee are the
views of oar old statesman President, at.d thus
recomraenH themselves, like everything else
that emanates from him, by directaisfs of pur
pose, facility of execution, aad certainty of
jVe give the f oHowtng, from the Wath
iotortibrresponaeoee'of the Hew York Herald,
for what it is worth :
' WashiSBTos, Dceaber21. An important
movement is oa feet ivhich premises an early
settlement of the Ktesas acitation. It is in
tended, when the Lecerapten neastitutlen
comes oa, to tatf it up, ny tne mends of the
Adtninintntlion. both as a nartv measure ttnA
as a formal assertion or the Democratic prin
ciple of popular sovereignty. The Constitu
tion will be pissed, wrtha proviso that it shall
be presented io the people of Kansas for final
acceptance and ratrjeatioa. It will cot be
thrown out or discussed, for the proviso of final
submission to the perpie will silence the oppo
sitidn. While it csuries the great polot aimed
at by the Aumioistration. it localizes the Kan
sas imbroglio, and allonsthe Kansis people
to treat the question as tbey see fit. There
will be no excuse thereafter for the further
interference o' Congress, and no agitators, in
out of Kansas, can re hash it into an im.
national issue. To guard against such
a possibility, and to avoid every excuse for a
disruption of the Democratic party, an enabling
act will be Incorporated in the mw bill as an
lt.r.lm in .... th. T Miinliitna PAnitlliilin.
is rejected by the people of Kansas. This will
provide a safe, direct, and unimpeachable mode
of framing such a Constitution as tbe people
of Ksnsas desire, under the formal sanction of
Congress, and surrounded withallposslble and
constitutional and popular requirements. TU
moTtntnl it a Sevtkerrcrte.
Debate in the Senate,
BEXTOE3 3IE53RE. D0UGLA3 AHD
0.1 THE rABSiS dUESTIOH.
Mr.Douglas. Mr. Presldeut. I have listened
to the Senator from Missouri Mr. Green
wiui usieignea pleasure, mere nas lecu t
fairness in his ton and in bts line of argumtnt
which shews be has been arguing from fits snrn a constitution dta enfiody the will of the
convictions, with the view of stating what he, people. If I should aeetpttfCn such terms,
conceives to be the true, eound aspect ot tbia 'tt would fc because there was satisfactory
question. It is gratifying to me tobtar tljjevldence that it was the will of the people,
subject discussed in that spirit and tone' before THatwrlrembodied In tha coEatjtutlon is the
the Senate. I bat do the Sinator justice when
I say that he has presented the question, wan
marked ability and clearness; and I am inclineil
to think that the best view1 of the S abject his
been presented to-day which we shall hive
from the Senator's tlft,
I sboald net utter a word, but for the fact
that the Senator has misapprehended my mean
In; and my position on one or two points, and
I deem it due to myself tc restate my views oa
those paints, In order that he, the Senate, and
the country, may see what the true position Is.
I acquit him ef any Intention to misstate; there
was only a misconception. This may have been
occasioned by my own fault, as I spoke rapid
ly, witboet preparation, and bad no opportu
nity to revise the report of my speech. The
Senator is under a misapprehension in suppos
ing that I have assumed It to be a fatal objec
tion to the admission ef a State into this
Union that there was no enabling act giving
the ceeseBt ef Cengreaa la advance to the for
mation of a constitution. I took no suctrpo
sitioe. The Seaator is also mistaken in supposing
that I took the ground that it was a fatal ob
jection that the constitution was not submitted
to the people befure being seat to Congress for
acceptance. I did not assume that position,
aiy grount. was this : the regular mo le of pro
ceeding Is by an enabling art, arid if the Ter
ritorial Legislature proceed to call aconvrniirn
without first baring the assent of Coegreas to
do so, it Is irregular, but not ea irregular that
it necessarily follows thr constitution cannot
be accepted. I argned and cited the opinion of
the Attorney General In the Atkaftsas'case, to
show that, although a convention called oy a
territorial Legislature without the previous
assent of Congress, was irregular, yet it was
net an unlawful assemblage, but "was a body of
men having a right to petition under the Con
stitution ot the United States, and that having
been assembled in convention, more force ought
to be given to the mode of assemblage, but that
it was not a ceastrtolieaal body, autborized'to
institute government. In other words, I con
tended that a convention, eonsriUted tb obedi
ence to an enabling act of Congress previously
giving assent, Is a constitutional body of men,
with power and authority to institute govern
ment; but that a convention aes'aiblfd under
an act of the Territorial Legislature, without
the assent of Cengreaa previously given, has
no au'horitv to institute government. It has
power to petition; it may put -its pttitionin
tne term or a consutunon ; ana wnen it comes
hers we are at liberty to accept or reject that
This was my position in regard to the eilect
of an enabling act. t then went on to show
that, there having been no enabling act passed
rr n-aasas, toe L.ecomptoa convention was tr
regoiar. I argued that it was not an unlawful
assemblage, bat might present a petition te us
ia the shape eta constitution, which wa should
be at liberty to accept or reject, as we pleased.
It was a convention authonzd to petition, but
not to establish or institute government.
I was aware that in the history ef this Gov
ernment some new States bad been admitted
without the passage of an enabling act by Con
gress in the first instance. I must be permit
ted, however, to spoil the cflVot of one or two
of the Senator's cases those upon which be
dwelt with the greates pleaeure and most sat
isfaction to himself. He tells ua there was no
enablii g act for Michigan. If th. Senator will'
look back into the history of Michigan, lie will
find that the authority existed under the old
ordinance of ITS?. That ordinance, which
was the organic act of Michigan, provided that
the Northwestern Territory should be divided
into not less than three nor more than five
States, and each of those States was, by the
ordinance, authorized to be forme! and admit
ted iuto the Union when it should have sixty
thousand inhabitants. Thus an enabling act
was incorporated into the ordinance of 17S7 for
thtffire Ter tfcweetern States. This is the rea
son why it was not necessary that there should
be an enabling act for Michigan, nor fer Ohio,
nor for Indiana, nor fer Illinois, nor for Wis
Next, with regard to Tennessee. The Sena
tor ouotes the uamea nf Wahinino arJ Jai-t.
son names that raise a thrill of patriotic feel -
ing in the bosom of every American when
they are mentioned, aad to whose examnle
we should, cf course, yield the tribute of our
appresauoa. mow was tt with Tennessee?
The Senator Bays it was the first aew State ad
mitted without an enabling act. Tennessee,
when cut off from North Carolina and formed
into a Territory known as tbe Southwestern
Territory, was organized intoa territorial gov
ernment by an act of Corgreee, which extended
to it all the provisions of the ordinance of 1787.
except the slavery clause. Thus, the territo
rial organic .tct of Tennessee contained with
in itself an enablingact, declaring that the peo
ple of Teontseee should have authority to
form a constitution and State government when
ever the Territory should have sixty thousand
inhabitants. Being thus authorized, the Leg
islature ef Tennessee took steps' to find out
when they had the sixty thousand inhabitants.
wnen tney ascertained that fact bv a census.
they called a convention to form a constitution.
tVhen they applied to Congress for admission.
President Washington, in that beautiful letter
which the Senator read, referred to .thefact
ihat in the act organizing the Territory of
Teaaessee there was an enabling clause, guar
antying to that Territory the right to come into
the Ualea whenever it should have sixty thou
sand inhabitants. The Governor ef the Terri
tory having famished the evidence showis
that there were then sixty thousand inhabitants
in Tennessee, according to tbe cet.aaa - that
people had a right to come into the Union tot
an equal footing with the original States. These
facte dispose of the alleged example of Wash
ington and Jaekson, for they shew that in the
very case in wnicn botn acted, the assenCsof
congress Dad been previously given. JfeJ
I am aware that in the Florida care and. laft9! ' George Washington and Aa-lrew Jack-
otlier cases there was not an enabling act in
the first instance. The rale upon which we
acted was, that, althoegh this was an irregu
larity, it might be waived of insisted upon ac
cording as we thought public policy and public
amy ivquircu. I iook mat ground in tnj speech
last week. I said further that, where
abling act had been passed and a convention
had been organized ia tlw manner provided for.
it was a constitutional convention empowered
to institute government ; and hence stood on a
diffsrent footing, that atstinction -has been
clearly taker, elaborated and established by
the benator from Missouri iu his stretch, lr
he is right and I am right in this argument, it
follows that the convention which met at Le
eompton and formed a constitution, was "not a
body properly constituted and empowered to
institute a government, for the reason that it
had not the previous authority of Congress,
but was merely an assemblage of chizens
regularly collected for the purpose of petition
ing for a chenge of government from a Terri
torial to a State government, and when that
petition comes nere we shall be at liberty to
accept it or to reject it to disnose of It a
may see fit
Again, sir; tbe action of the convention
hows, ia my wdgment, clearly, that thev tonfc
the same view of the subject ; for I must ttlll
insist that the convention did not assume taat
they had a right to institute government by
rutae vi iu power wuicii tney possessed, but
only to frame a constitution to be smbmlttwl in
the peeple, and go into operation when ratlfiM.H
me senator in ought I was mistaken in this.
Let ua refer to record and see which of us is
mistaken. The sixteenth Eactien of the sched
ule provides :
"This constitution shall take effiet. and be
ia force, from and after its ratification by the
people, as bereia before provided."
If not ratified it is to he void ; if ratified itis
to take rffeet from that time, and by virtue of
that ratifi -ation. This clearly shows that the
convention did not claim to be a bodv emnaw.
eredto inetitute government but simply a body
authorized to frame a constitution in the shape
of a petition, and to pray for its acceptance
by Congress. That was the distinction.
Aeain, hi the seventh section ef the rhtnl.
" Before this constitution shall he sent tn
Congress fer admission in the Union, an a Stat
tt shall be submitted to all the white male in
aabttiifts ef this Territory, for approval or
disapKevtl u fallows:"
It tiien nu m to Mt ihm tnrr
M,tttu4l.in -with Dib.rvn..U. rt.'..r 'i
w.-.i-.j, wi cvuavMUMOn
with bo slavery;"' but before it can be sent to
Congress the schedule says H shall be submit
ted fer approval or disaonroval. Can 11 hi,
said, in theface ot this Iargaage,that the con
vention declared the constitution in force with
out submitting it to the people? Can It be
said that tb constitution can ever takt eifact.
unless ratified by a vote of tbe neot.l? If I i
can understand the plain meanii g of language 1
which appears to be uneauivoeat. it nnt n. !
ceptible of doubt that the conttitutlon la xe-J
feired to the people for acceptance o.'Teiee-l
I mA fh.t n-l. . I ..... il .1 1 . y. . 1
to have, will be received from the people's rat-
lion, auu uj ua..c ict rdiiuuv or VliailLvldB
ucilioc - ir i am rignt ui this position it
brings me back to the eld point, that tne aab-
m las ion Is such as net to give an opnortnnlt'v
fer a fair vote on the nlavery or any ether
I come next to tne position wnicn i assumed
with reference to the submission of a constttu
iea fer ratification. I did not co'&Uruf thai a
constitution might not, under any eircumstan
'es, be put in operation unless -submitted loth
people for ratification. I -said before, and I
sty cow, that lb constjfr tion must be tbe act
and deed of the peeple ot Kansas ; it must em
body the wilt of the people of Kansas; co con
ittntinn ahonld be receivrd bv Congress, anrl
none can fairly be considered reptlblfcaa which
dees not embotly tbe will of the people who are :
to be governed by it. and Is not formed by their j
act. Having assumed, as an essential funda
mental principle, that tbe constitution must
embody the will of the people, the next ques
tion is, what is the best and must appropriate
mode or ascertaining iuji mm upon uiu
point I concur with tne r resident or ut united
States in his message, that the best mode ia to
refer it to the people for their acceptance or
rejection by a rair vote. The principle being
ihat it shall embody the will of the people, its'
submission to a popular vote is only a means
of ascertaining a fact, which fart, namely, that
it embodies the will of the people, gives it vi-,
taltty.aBd makes it an appropriate constitu
tion. I regard the argument of the President
of the United States in favor of that mode of
ascertaining tbe people's will as conclusive.
The President's argument is. that delegates
represent districts, not a majority or Uiedele
gates may represent a minority Of the people,
in cobs ouence of nome beiiig elected by large
majorities and others ay small majorities-;
b'nee the President sayn a delegate election is
not a fair test, but you must refer it to a vote
of the whole people in order to ascertain tbe
vital, the fundamental, the cardinal - point
whether er not tbe constitution is the embodi
ment of the will 'of the people. I advocate
submission, as a means of ascertaining an end,
not a s, principle. Uio cot., t ay that there
could bo do possible case) in which I would
iS04!" a veo,1?tt,l'Uon wUhoa.t ,lj bv!n'
Sit'ut.on h dbV. ! ..t !
' and there was not a mttmur agalrit it, not a
j protest, not the sl'ghteitresson to believe that
ant body dissented fronjjt. and the only cues-
j tlon in dispute wssthe siffielency of the popu-
iuvu, i u uui iiDBjnoiiuooniawnve
lbs irregularity, and takajt for granted that
tiroinai principle wmeu is. or should be. a
simeottnaon 1(1 Ibft establishment of gqVern-
ucuii mr tuc aumission o a Dew state.
This 11 the point of difference between the
Senator trom Missouri and myself. As he evi
dently misconceived my meanlag on the mat
ters to which I have referred, it has seemit to
me tn be due to him to restate my views, espe
cially as ha has treated the subject with a can
dor and courtesy that deserve to b followed
and imitated. Certainly they wilt leave their
impression en me lo conducting discussions
with him. I shall endeavor to profit by the
example be has set this day in tha mods of de
bate. Mr. Green. I am sonewbat surprised at
the position taken by the honorable Smator
from Illinois. He uudertakes to prove that
the State ot Michigan was authorized lo form
a constitution by an enabling act, and this by a
process ot reasoning which I had not espeoted
from him. He undertakes to prove it by the
ordinance of 17S7, which contained a provision
that th Territory should be divided Into not
less than three and not more than five States.
So far as ibis division Is concerted, he is well
aware of tb fact that it has been violated.
The Territory is made Into mure than five
States but does the ordinance give authority
to the people, of a Territory to form a consti
tution? Does itconyeyfrom Congress to the
people authority to create a government? He
says yea. Congress did not so consider when
they passed an enabling act for Ohid. Con
gress did n-t sa consider when they passed an
enabling act for Indiana. Congress did not so
consUer w&en they passed an enabling act for
Illinois, the geatleman'i own State. Jour out
of the five S'ates in, '-he Northwest Territory
formed their constitutions only after enabling
aets3td been passed by Congress.
But I nroposa to show that, if that process
of reasoning be submitted to prove the exist
ence of an enabling power to create a &ate
government for Michigan, It exists in Kansas
in alt the perfection it ever potsessed iu Michi
gan. There was, saya tbe Senator, an enabling
act in the cose of Michigan, because the ordi
nance of 1TS7 said the people, when tbey nam
bered sixty tbbusaud, should be entitled to
turn a State government. NoW the Louisiana
treaty, bySvblch the United Slates acquired
Kansas, contains similar provisions, and the
law of Congress, passed to give effect to that
treaty when the United States took possession
of the Territory, contains an express stipula
tion to that effect. The opinion of the Attor
ney General in relation to Arkansas, which tbe
-Senator read, is as follows:
41 The treaty by whith Louisiana was ceded
to tbe Uptted States, thousU undoubtedly, for
many important purposes, a part of the su
preme law, must, therefore, he laid out or tbe
present question. It is true tiat the third ar
ticle 'Imposts on the United States, as a na
tion, the duly of incorporatiig the inhabitants
of the ceded territory into tie Uoion of the
United States,' and of admlttrg them as soon
as possible, accordliig to the principles of the
Federal Constitution, to the enjoyment of all
the rights,, advantages, and inmunitiesot citi
zens of the United States; ind, in the mean
time, they are to be mtiittatted and protected
it the free enjayment of thet" liberty, proper
ty, andjtbe religion which tier profess And
It must 'also be admitted thai Congress, by the
seventh section or the act if the 3d March,
1805, .'providing for the government of the
Territory of Orleans,' have construed this ar
ticle as pledging the faith of the United States
to admit the inhabitants ot Louisiana into the
Union of the American S.ites as an inde
pendent State, or States, and on the footing of
the original States, wbenevet the proper num
ber of free inhabitants shall le found therein."
Now, we have a treaty stipulation, which is.
toe supreme law or the laau, providing, pro
spectively, for the people of Kansas to form
their constitution. We havsn legislative con
struction by the Congress of tae United States,
guarantying that right to than. If the mere
ordinance of 17S7 conferred in the people of
Michigan the power, (which is disproved by
the acts of Congress ia four tases out of the
five in the Northwest Territory to which the
t ordinance of 1787 aBDlied.1 the same arm
1 snt proves that an enabling let does exist for
That is not all. The Senatcr said he refer
red to it for the purpose of taking away one of
the Instances to which I referred with so much
gusto. I did refer to tt with pleasure; but he
fails to take it away; or, if he does, ne sup
plies an enabling act far Kansas ; and he may
take his choice of the positions. If he does
not take it away, tbe argument I before made
stands unanswered. If he does take it away,
he proves the existence of an enabling act for
Kansas, which is the very question we are
talking about. He may take either hornof the
Hs says I misconstrued him ; that bs did not
mean to say this, that, or the other, was con
elusive why we should not admit Kansas I
did not, I hope, represent him as saying that
either one of those objections was conclusive
why we should not: but he ureed them as ob
jections to the admission ot Kansas, and I an-
snercuuis orgscirone. nena not say in his
chain of argument Ihat the want of an enabling
act was conclusive why Kansas must be re
jected, but it was one of the links of tbe chain,
and I thought it best to break each link, one
at a time. I broke the link of an enabling act,
or tried to do so. I broke tbe link of previoos
-submission of the constitution to the people, or
incu to ua n, ana, as a conclusive example, l
instanced his own State, tbe constitution of
which was not submitted to the people. I have
shown by examples in the government that a
large msjorily of the Slate constitutions were
never submitted to the people before they were
admitted as States, and, hence, I am urging no
new drortine, I am propagating no new theo
ries. -TVe'stand upon the practices of our re-
puoiican lauiers, an but follow in the foot
But the Senator s ys, when Territories have
no enabling act, aBd the constitution has not
been submitted to the people, Congress may,
or may not, admit them into the Union as
States. I understand him as taking that posi
tion. Very well. There is no physical com
pulsion that can bebrcuihtto bear ia any case
to compel Congress to admit any State. There
is a moral obligation, and that appeals to us
I hoM that that moral obligation exists not
only as strongly, but, perhaps, forty thousand
times stronger, La regard to Kansas, than any
State uhich has ever presented itself at our
doors for admission No armies tould march
to this Capi!of, and compel Congress to admit
Texas, California, Illinois, Missturi, or any
other State. There Is no physical compulsion
on ua to admit Kansas into this Uiion. There
is no legal objection, there is no prudential con
sideration, why it should not be done. Is there
not a moral obligation to do it? That is the
q-iestiorf. That moral obligaticn ex's1.! as
strongly in regard to Kansis, asever it did in
regard, to Illinois; apd if the constitution of
Kansas has not beea submitted, neither was the
constitution of Illinois, neither was the consti
tution cf Missouri ; and It would be very un
fair to Kansas if I sought to apply a rule and
a principle to it that were not apnliej to my
own State wben it was admitted.
Missouri came and asked admission into this
Union, baviog formed a State gevernment In
compliance wtth what gentlemen are pteasd
to call, in this latter day, an enabling act,
which impaits,asl befc-e remarked, no new
power to-the people. All It does is to give in
advance, the assent of Congress, which may be
given swbsequent to the foiiaation of a const!
tutipn for admission. The one is as 'regular as
thcother ; theione Is as legal as tbe other, and
the tatter is the safer of the two; for, as the
Senator admits, and'as I contended, if Congress
give tbe assent fn advance,tbat State stands as
an Independent 'Sule.ln -spile of the Federal
Union, aBd nothing but physical power can
ever bring her intothe Union, except her vol
untary action in conjunction with yoar volun
But again: the Senator thinks I miaannrr.
hei.-ded htm in regard to the submission of tbe
constitution, ir l make any blunders. I will
KT' pleasure in correcting tnem. 1 un
dertook to sbow that the mare technical phra.
seology of this iustrumest was not tbe subject
to bedetermined. Itwas its legal coLstruction,
and that we, as judges or statesmen, must pass
sentenceou its purport and meaning. What is
us purport ar.a. meanlng7 That but one single
subject is submitted for the consideration of the
voter; that the whole subject was before them
when they voted for the members of the con
vention; that if they staid away, they staid
away In their own wrong; that they did their
duty when they voted for members of the con
vention; mat that convention was as legal and
regular b anrnhat ever sat in the whole limit
of 'h'. Coiiederacy,; and that this one question
submitted to them ia preseii'.ed tn fh m fr., .
mat cpnalderation of propriety and policy, and
ni)t troa 'S' compulsion whatsoever
auia was mv posiuoo.
Notr.jrthe fair construction of this clause
of the sihedule In accordance with tbe position
I tal:e ; or U It In accordance with the position
assumed by tbe Senator from Illinois? The
seventh section ot the schedule says :
"That this constitution sball be submitted
to the Congress of the United States at the
next ensuing session, and as soon as officii! in
formation has-been received ihat it is approved
by the samej by the admission"
For that Is the only approving they have to
or aue state er h-ns as one of the sov- j
erefcm SUlesof the United S'ates, the president
of this convention shall issue bis proclamation
to convere the State Legislature at the seat of
government within thirty-one days after-puhli-
cation. Should any vacancy occur by death,
resignation, orptherwiee, In the Legislature or
omer omcr, nesuau order an election tn r.11
BucbW-acancyPForIiiW, however, in eass of
refusal, absence, it disability of the president
of this convention to discharge the duties
herein : imposed on him, tbe president pro tem
per of this convention shall perform said da-
urjf ana m cane or aotecce, rerusar, or disa
bility of Ibe president pro tempore, a. committee
consisting of seven, or a;majority of them, shall
dlscharga the duties requl.td ot the president
JTben tomes, the section marked "eleven,"
which has reference to the .mode .of submittioe;
to the Deople of Kansas whether thev will
have elavrry Jn the constitution, or whether
slavery shall be stricken out of the constitu
tion. It is in this lanscaga :
' Before this constitution sball be sent to
It never takes effect nntil the admission of
the Slat by Congress. .Before it atiajl be enl
td Congress Cf rfslin tbfnes sball be doe. Tbe
qaesQon on which I Intended to correct the
.-orator was, tbat tbe constitution, as tbe con
stitution of a State eoverntnent, never is to tike
effect iiute8s( Kansas be admltteil by Congress
Into the Union.
Before this constitution shall be sent to
Congress for admission iito tbe union as a
SUtVit shall be saSmltteti'7
-WlwUs to bs p8,td ufopf . I,.t us ses. .
" to all tha white male Inhabltanta of this
Territory for approval or disapproval, as fol
lows:" What Is to be approved? It is submitted to
them to be approved or not approved, on what
point? Why,4 as follows." What does fol
low: "The President of this convention shall, by
proclamation, declare that on tb 21st dry of
December, 18o7, at tbe different election pre
cints now established by law. or which may be
established, as herein provided, In the Terri
tory ot Kansas, an election shall be held, over
which aball preslds three judges, or a major!
Ityof them, to be appointed a follows i The
! President of this convention shall appoint three
commissioners In each county la the territory,
whose duty it snail ne to appoint inreejuages
of election in the several precincts of their re
spective counties, and to tilablUk prtcintte for
voting, ana 10 route poll ro ot Oftntu ai ih
rar at lAv mav dtttk vrener in tktir rttptt-
;. .Ii.i.i. ...!. i. ii. ..ii
framed by this convention shall b submitted."
"To all the while male Inhabitants of the
Territory of Kanaas In tb said Territory npoK
that day, and over tbe age of twenty-one yei'
for ratification or rejection, In the follo"DC
manner aad form."
The term "ratification" and the ter "re
jection " are both used, but to whatsd, lbtV
reference? " For ratification or itlon i In
the following manner and form." U,J" " fer
ence to the one thing submllteyto them. What
" Tb voting shall be by"01 The J0JSM
of said election sball c 'OD k'nt two P0'1
books by two clerks hf them appointed. Tbe
ballot cast at said 'lotion aball b endorsed,
constitution with slavery "'
Not "for contltutlon" and " for slavery."
There Is but o vote east not far two things.
It Is for One tllngi tbe vote Is east "constitu
tion with ibvery," or on the other side, " con
stitution vita no slavery." So that there is
but one thgle point submitted to the pedpls on
which fAey can vote, or were intended to vote,
by th mode in which Ibis question was sub
mitted. I remarked on the word " ratified,"
thatlt did not mean the whole constitution
should be ratified and fixed and determined,
bat that the people were to fix, settle, and de
termine that which had not been fixed, settled
and determined, to-wit: nhelher there sboald
be a clause sanctioning slavery in the consti
tution or not. The last section is as follows:
"Sec 1C. This constitution shall take effect
and beia force from and after Its ratification
by the people, as hereinbefore provided."
Its ratification means settling and determin
ing, as before remarked ; but it is to take effect
"as hereinbefore provided." It ia provided
that it shall not take eff. ct until Kansas his
been admitted by Congress as one of the
sovereign States of the Union. The people of
Kansas have never proposed, and do not pro
pose, ia this constitution to erect a government
in opposition to Federal authority. They have
been pursuing Federal authority from the in
ception of their movements down to the present
period of time It met the sanction of the
local government; it met tbe sanction of the
executive power; and they have thus beea act
ing in conformity with the Federal Govern
ment. When thus finished, it ears it shall not
go into operation until admitted as a sovereign
State. Do they propose to elect Governors
and judges, who are to be sworn Into office and,
administer the government In opposition to tbe
Federal Government? Dj tbey assume ihi
sovereignty of the Territory embraced witbii
their boundaries? Nothing like that, what
ever. We must not stop on a simple phrase or
a single sentence, but take the whole scope of
it together, and give it a fair coi alruction : not
the construction of a critic, who is bunting for
something to which to find objection ; and that
construction Is in strict conformity with what
ri t . . .... .
i uave oerore stated it to oe.
Wben the Ssnator says he wnta a constitu
tion that will reflect the will of tbe people, 1
respond to him as heartily, and say 1 want no
oioer Kind or constitution. I must say, bow.
ever, that wben his bill says to the people of
tue lerntory toey may nx this constitution in
their owb way, and they have seen proper to
take a way he did not approve, he has no pow
er to supervise them ; unless, indeed, he is pre
pared to trample u ider foot the very principles
asserted in that bill.
I have also asserted, and agala repeat, that
tbe people can act as effectually, and complete
ly, through delegates representing them in con
vention, as in any other way. Who in this
Government would rile and say that the pre.
sumption is, not that tbe laws passed by Con-
gress are app.oved by the States and the peo
ple? Who would rise aad say the presumptisn
is that the laws of the State Legislatures afford
ne latenaraeni mat toey emanate from the peo
pie? It is subiersive of the whole represent.
live principle ; it strikes at the foundation of
republican government in this great Confedera
cy. Even ff another way be preferred and be
believed to be most in accordance with what
Democracy requires, still it is for tae Territo
ry and Bet fr the Federal Gav.irnraent to
to be coktinoed.
Terribls Iragedy in Staunton.
UA.lt SHOT AN IJfSTANTLT KILLED BTACaTH
iif in irikst rinfiT TmTwpvi i-
Item the Stintca Sp-ctatar
ua Saturday night last, about hair-past
seven o'clock, our community was thrown iato
a stale of intense excitement by tbe announce
ment that the dead body of a man had been
found by passers-by, lying on the pavement in
front of the residence of the Rev. Daniel Dow
ney, Pastor of the Roman Catholic Church of
Dr. Downev bad recently purchased and re.
fitted the brick bcildieg on Augusta street,
nearly opposite his church, and be baa occu
pied it for several weeks, his family consisting
of two individuals beside himself, viz : a young
woman named Margaret Leigh and her uepbew,
a little boy about ten yeara of yge. The
man found upon the pavement was at first sup
posed to be intoxicated, but upon examination
it was discovered that he had been shot in the
breast with a pistol ball, and was dead.
Lights were immediately procured, and the
dead man was recognized as William Mullen,a
native of Ireland, a stone-cutter by traJe, who,
so far as we learn, has borne a good character
in the community, for honesty, industry and
sobriety. The poor man bad been bleeding
Erofusely, and upon close examination the
lood was traced to the front door of Dr. Dow
ney's residence. This fact, together with ru
mors afloat ia regard to Mullen and the jming
woman, Margaret Leigh, led to the conviction
ia tbe minds of everybody that the lean bad
been murdered In the house and subsequently
dragged out and left Oa the pavement. Here
It may be well to state that Margaret Leigh,
wbo is now said to be taceinfc, had instituted
suit against Mullen some davs before for
breach of marriage contract. Actlne npoo
toe apove racts. tn officers of the law deter-
mined to enter tbe bouse.
The front door was locked, but an entrance
was tffactcd from the rear of ths building.
Blood was found at the frout door Inside, and
tbence traced through the passage and front
room to a small back room onrthe first flior, in
which room, near the hearth, there was quite a
pool of blood. At this spot it waB evident the
man had been shot, and upon searching a dress
in the corner of the room next tbe fireplace,
one of Colt' five-sbooters were found, two
barrels loaded and three diaeh
were but two individuals found in the house
mrs. Kose Ann Crickard, widow of the late
Peter Crickard, and Dr. Downey himself, Ihe
latter prostrate on tbe floor or the front room,
apparently in profound slumber, the result, In
tbe opinion of physicians present, of thirougb
G. P. Wood testified ihat he had seen Mullen
enter the hotite ; a few moments afterward
witness hsard the report of a gu or pistol.
He Imme iiaiely entered the back chamber and
saw Mullen ia a reclining position on ths floor.
Mullen held ut bis hand to McAlear, but did
not speak. Witness and Houihan tben dragged
trie deceased from the house and laid him on
tue pavement, witness remained with the
body, and Hunihan went for assistance. The
young woman, Margaret Lelgb, came out of
.. rhwui urryaru arm requested Mc
Alear to accompany her down strtet.
The Jury brought in a verdiet in accordance
with the above facts, and the evidence elicited
being deemed sufficient to jaatify the arrest of
Dr. Downey, he was committed to jail about
twelve o'clock on Saturday night, while still in
a state of profound stupor. The witnesses were
On Sunday morning, when Mr.Downey awoke
from bis slimber aad found himself in prison,
we learn that he promptly admitted that be had
shot Mullen ; but denied that itwas done Inten
tionally. His statement, as reported to us, Is
to the iollo wing effect:. -That Mttllen had In
jured the girl, MargaretLeigb, and after re
peated promises to marry her had failed to do
o. mat muiieunad come to his house on
Mturday night, and he invited bira into the
back room and told him tbathe must marry the
girl. That Mullen immediately made at him
and s'ruck him a blow, which enraged him
very much, and in the reckless and careless use
of the pistol It was undesignedly discharged.
He protests that he had no Idea of killing tbe
m u." ii is p oper to aaa nere tnat there Is a
siignt orutse on the prisoner's forehead.
THE HOMICIDE OF HULLK.V.
The Staunton eorreano-Hlant of IhARirhmnmt
Dit patch gives some furth-S particulars of the
tragic affair by which th' vfinnemin .Mullen.
t w..ki i-. i... if- i.r. "
v. i, muihuu "iy ioi urn tue ;
Dr. Downey, he save, is the resident minis
ter ot the Catholic Church. In Staunton : and.
as such, Is the spiritual counselor of the Irish
aoorera employed on tne railroad and other
public works ot that section of country. Intel
ligent, liberal and sociable, be has made many
a irienas, wno deeply lament toe unfortu
nate position he is now In.
William Mullen was an Irishman by blrtb,
and atnn.rtitlir hvtraifa. Ttn im m Ir4 in'ti.
been a steady, industrious man, and reepseted
Dy Loose wno Knew mm.
Some years past an Irish orphan girl, named
Margaret L?igb, came to Staunton, and was
employed as a servant by George A. Arman
trout, tbe jailor. Attentive, InaVtrlons, and
mooest, air. a. inougDiverynigniyorner.and
spoke of her good dualities to bis neighbors.
ivreiveor eigoteen rnontus since anas t.'gu
became acquainted with Mullen, and doubt
less oeing pleased with mv-appearjnee, accept
ed him as a suitor, and was regularly visited
by bun up to the time of his death.
About the 1st of October last, Dr. Downey,
who had purchased a house oa Augusta street,
opposite the Catholic Churfb, and refitted it
for his own use, needed a housekeeper, and
snowing tne coaracter-tnat Alias Leigh bore,
engaged her services, with tie consent of Mr.
ArmactrouL Some short tftne after Ibis, a
friend of Dr. D. hinted to blm that Miss Leigh
was on -Ultimate terms wiin air. Mullen
whereupon tbe Doctor denounced the Insinua
tions in unmeasured terms, declaring that the
young ncyjvas entirely virtuous, and had al
ways borne an unexceptionable character. A
few days after tbia occurrence, the same Inti
mation was made to Downey relative to the
girl, coupled with ths aasertion- that hfrwas
tnetintt. Fearing that something was wrong,
Downey oa returning home, minting Ml;
Leigh as to tha founnaticn of tbe rumors he
bad heard, when she frankly confessed to him
that she had been seduced by MuDeo, under
the solemn promise of marriag, and that , she
expected to be a mother in tha roura nf thr
months. Hoping to be able to save tbe -Toung
Udy froc, itBttj Dowaev aouSbt Mol:j,;pf k"S3fr!iVp,ra " '
prised him of her situation, and nrgxl him to
marry her. lou, aiuiien prcmieif'o ao, cut
continued to postpone tbe event Ky after day,
until Wednesday last, when Jrt ke'eb, re
ceiving an intimation that hewas about to de
sert hr, secured the servleof lawyers Har
man and Bell to bring u" agalnat him for
" breach of marriage eoofract," the Initiatory
sup to WQlcli were pronpuy ua.cn.
Dr. Downey agala aaugbt Mullen, and urged
blm to comply with hi engagement io Mis
Llg(l, and Ulus save oer irom suams sea ju.
my. Mullen gInproreiad to do so.
Un Saturday mTmng last, uowney sent to
Mullen and ha th unfortunate girl ready
urith u-ith.r In order to perform th mar.
riage teremaoy In .aie Mnllep Would consent.
Downey Invited Jiinicn into nis aea-eaamoer
adjoining the parKr, where the two convened
tog'thrr for sevfal minutes, but not ia tones
sufficiently discct to be heard by those ia the
adjoining ro""- Downey was next seen to
return Lo U sitting-room, go to Lis bookcase.
took oi something, which bis visitors sup
posed (o be a book, return to tbe chamber, and
in short time thereafter Honihan heard some
one propound the Question. " Will vou marry
the girl?" Mullen's reply was, "I am willing
to ;o before a magistrate and mnke a clean
confession." What followed, the wltheas
could not say, but In a short time be beard tbe
report of a pistol or gun. On entering tbe bed
chamber, Mullen was found shot imd he soon
Many rumors are afloat In Staunton In re.
rard to the affair. Downey, though over fifty
years of age, I charged with being the seducer
and destroyer ot Miss Lelgb, and it is urged
mat ne expected to compel fllnlien to marry
ner through his influence over mm as " spirit
ual conr'tsor," and thus old his own shame
Finding that Mullen coald not be driven to
auch a course, he became exasperated and
killed him on ths spot.
The friends of Downey, in reply to this
charge, say It is utterly false, and reason thus :
Miss Leigh had only been in his seivlce eight
weeks, if he had been her destroyer he would
have known her situation, and, instead of
trkingherto his own house, would have sent
her off, and thus bald bis owb secret, A man
ot his sense would not have trapped himself
Dy pursuing tne course ne aid.
ff59"Ths "Republicans" have ordered ose
hundred thousand copies of Seaator Douglas'
sprecu. iroy Hlttg.
0. course tbey have; not, however, that they
care anything for Senator Douglas, for tbey for
years nave pourea a continuous stream or vitu
peration and malignancy upon him denounced
him as a traitor, a Nero, a Benedict Arnold
and burnt him In effigy ; and new tbey praise
im, not Decaus ot any particular views he
entertains upon tbe Kansas Question, but be
cause they fancy they see in his present course
a movement leading to tbe disruption of the
uemocranc party, mtjis is nuts ror the Ke
publicans," for it renews I heir hones of sue
cess. Of course tbey will circulate such docu
ments, and compliment and praise the authors :
but what are the consequences, and where does
it ieaa r tt. i . ivtiei.
CirrsspoDfe&ce et tbe Star or Xmpite
LrcoMeTO.i, K. T.. Dec. II 1887.
Deas Mace : Thinking that the numerous
readers of your paper, would wish to hear from
the Capital of Kansis, more especially at this
time, as our "Capital presents rather a novel
feature, namely : a Territorial Legislature in
full blast, styling themselves Free-Staler t.
It is known that at our last October elec
tion, owing to Gov. Walker's throwing out
some of the precincts, a majority of both house
or tne legislature are illact Republican.
Secretary Stanton (now acting Governor) fully
sympathizing with these, and at their urgent
solicitation, called an extra session of the Leg
islature, which met here oa Monday the 8th of
Just picture to yourself, oa this day. Gen.
Jim Lane, bicked by some five hundred armed
men, wi ll music aid banaers, marching and
counier-marciung la oar streets cheered oa
by tha Honorabtes elect: now cheering for
Stanton, now groans for the Democracy, ami
finally to wind the story up in style. Jim Line
mounted a step and addressed his admiring au
dience in ms usial blood and thunder style
The Honorables elect, feeling unwilling to
tear themselves away, could not succeed in or
ganizing until tbe third day, when they finally
got themselves iu a position where they could
burl their thunderbolts ef wrath oa the devoted
Democracy of bleeding Kansas.
The first bill that was passed, was an act to
bold an election on the 4th of Jaauuv. I85S.
for State officers under the Leeompten Consti
tution, and to vote for oragamat the Lecompton
The next bill passed was ah act declaring
uic Liccompion isonetiiunen nun and void. So
you sec that one bill is diametrically opposed
to ths other.
But tbe crowning feat ef the season, the
crusher, the extinguisher of the offending De
mocracy is tbe Militia Bill, got up to order te
sun Jim Laae, t and oy the way Jim Line fig.
ures quite extensively with the members, as
they have Invited him on several occasions to
address tbeir assembly.)
Tbe bill creates one Alaiar General. ( Jim
Line, ot course,) eight Brigadier Generals,
and Colonels and Captains ai liiit am, and no
man to oe excused trom military service, save
ministers of ths gospel aad executive officers.
Ihe Commander-in-Chief, (being the Gov
ernor,) the Major General and Staff, constitute
a Military Hoard, (that is a majority ot them,)
and have full power to call oat the militia
wben they think proper, ptoritied the Legisla
ture is not in session. When in session that
body reserves to themselves the right to decide.
So you s:e that Jim Law. has it alfin hi own
bands. Look out, ye devoted Democracy, for
tue nrsb time you attempt lo resist this arbi
trary power, your spirit will be crushed out by
Jim Lane's robbers and ircendiaries. for they
will no longer be calle I by that name ; bat the
militia of tbe land, and can kill, burn and steal
under the cleak of law.
But poor Fred. Stanton vetoed th bill, hnt
alasl too late for his new made political as
pirations, bis new made allies having tbe
power in their own hands, no longer naid hom
age to the cringing instrument wbo created
them a power ; they passed the bill over his
Tbe lower House to-night received a copy of
President Bucbanaa's Message, and to do it
suitable hoaor, they look a recess and resolved
themselves into a mass meeting, makiag
one of their body chairman of the meeting.
Ion cannot imagine tbe uproar and confusion
of the meeting when tbe import ot the message
was understood. Curses, i roans, and hisses
were mixed up generally. One member moved
that the message be kicked out ot the window,
another moved that it be consigned to a very
I hot place.
f Finally they all come to the conclusion that
it deserved ibree groans, aad gave thim with a
win ana a tiger too.
A prominent member after considerable dif
ficulty gained the the stand", and ottered the fol
lowing resolution :
RetolceH, That James Bocbanan, President of
the United Stairs, be entitled to the name of
Muggins, and that a copy of this resolution
be sent to blm. The reselation passed amid
araienmg cnetrs. iDlouing toey nail done tne
message sufficiently, tbe Heose was called to
order and the Legislative wheels once more
moved on. ! come to the conclusion that I bad
sten And heaid eno'ih for this time, and left.
wondering wnat tney would try next.
DH. K. Ii LASKY,
riiyslclan, Surgeon and Accoachcr,
WaafclDiton Stmt, batweea Mala aad Secead,
OSce hoars rrom 7 to 9 o'clock, a ai., aod fram S to 4
o'clock, r. ai.
THAKXFUL lor th kind pairoaaf naretafore ex
tended to rae, I take aanre to tatora my caatom-
rra am iae pobtic in senerai, uat 11 la not tar tn-eatloo
ulcere thU dir. aa ha beea reported, and tha'. I an
ver r rail 7 to atuai ti all cxaee or lateraal and external
dleaea, aad that I am pr pared lo aadertate tlie mJat
dtSl.nlt opera! Ion 1 and aeooachm. at, and that I dj not
11 calomel or any prejiarailva or merrerr la disease
Secret dlaeaara are cwred la rr on n melbod, la auch.
Eunnrr aa n 4 to laierfrre wlih he bnalaraa ot tbe pa
tient, aad tbat I do not aa aay m-rcnr? in the trat-
m-oi ot iae uae
For Ihe rollowlni : Bbeamatljai, Arthrltla, Krcralnla,
Xcrrona neadache aod T-o-ta he, Farnr.ia. Dnptp.U,
Toipidllr on the Urer. Spisai Oai r-lare a.l Wcaknea,.
ui.u. iwwn uijiwo, 1 rwn . aioob or w Dl-C swiu
tat Dealnraa, aa wall a an daeaaeaor the K -e aad Ear,
AtaeaarrDora, uaioroaaa, setintf, Spermatorrboea, B.C.
Ac. or aar dlaiaae that reqatre an estlr reavuilea ot
be fluid sod nerroas aralem. t Bra the llatneUe-Xltctrtc
treatment, which la nnlrereattw known for lta pracuca-
Arter a practice of ten Tears at Staff Phjiktan aad
Director or aereral Imeltal la Germ .nr. aud eicht
Tears practi'e in tbe Datted State oy rrpntation as a
PhTtlctan, 8snrten aad Aeeoaeher 1 acffldtntlj estab-
tuoea oa tosxaorariaer cwanaear. -
drtStHlawlj Dft. R. L. AtXT.
GROCERIES OF ALL XHiDS
C HJB A F3 :
TO CITY AND COUNTRY MERCHANTS,
tfBBS. FOSSTinE, JAMMO'T A BBO , Ko. M
i JL Front Bow, h it ree tred and krep constantlT on
bahd. one ot the lanreat, rrrab-st, aod meet complete
toca or uhui EKIS3 rrer Dreamt to mil laartet,
wblch the effar Sow to the town trade acd cocntrr
Tbey are the agents far the aalo of tbooe two noted
Trafce-aeebeaadaot Fbmr. the ' Oalleto" and 'aarta-
vireCltr Ml I." mil aappue or wi.ich the ki oa-
aiaaiirui nana. 01 wnoieaaM and reuii.
detlj d' wtr
THE FINEST AND BEST
FflRSYTHE, JA3IES0Y & BR9.,
Ho. SS Front Row.
TTT A. IlltATXI & CO., Caadr Kaaafaoinrcrs, lat er
TV. Jew lore, n iw or aieuipaia, bavo omjlltated
M -xi. Funrrbe, Jameroa i. Bro.. Ko. 69 Front Sow.
their oceaie. aod taada their hm a depjt lot Ihe sale or
thrir celebrat-d Caidl a.
Xrtar Fori) the, Jam-ajo a Bro , an abe to fer
nlah Ibrae nnrlialedCondiea t the trade atlower pricea
than tber can be boigM at anr other piace In MemBhla
ta fact at New Orleans an 1 Saitern p Ice. The
ateaara. Beath'e farae aa ruanafac nreraof Candr. la wl
known, and onntrr dealer, andcTen city catomera.
would d well to call an aleaar. Fors.the. Jamraona.
nro , Derre pnrcDasioa euewnero. drc13- strwtt
A. LA KG IS aa eortment of ROSR-a
WOOD PARLOR UutTJ OF FUR WL
NtrtJBR carered with B t-a telle PVl
and Pteah. Alao rich Karblebm'l
Bedrooea Baits, Jaat received br
OfO-lm TI BT CRfWVaWOR.
CORNER WATER AND ADAMS STS..
O. C. BARXETT, PraprUtar.
rRIS riou'e hi recently undergone thoronch
rrpilr., ini BUM np ror tho accusaod-
tlon of tho tiareltnc poblie Ths table ta aoe-
plled with tb beat th" market affirda. The
Prop -e tor awzroa tba pnbila that tber will and aa food
aroomroocUIkm athe aboT place aa anr boos lathe
a iy. a. row omriers can Do acsoamodaiea 07 tmrno
dl r aprtleailna. deeiMlrn
Tn place oa wklch I lire, lor tho eninlsc
year, onlalnlncTwntT Acres, dtnrsr
tmlandaotDr 1 W Walker on th rait, John
Trias. Ran . on Ihe oeath. Orleans street ontfjo
eatt, arid Walker at reel on the north. Tto place it welt
tjnprorrd.'eMt, fea a line orchard of almost every variety
of f rait; beside ftrtvberr.ee, rupberrlia and snperlor
oti reraona reatrti;, can be raraurjoi wiin ranaint
siesau Ulil cn Airasrs. uraxseny ar. Aycieu
Sale of Ptw3 Id Calvary crtureh.
TWK.Vtv.nyit or TniRTT PEWS H1 oM ta
Oalwr Ctarea,n 3TTfRDAT NXXr, tte S4 at
Juiai7.at3r.if. Terms wl'l b- mktokaown at th
tie. Br ororr ol ifa Vulrr. thui wSa d. not own
Tew; 'Bit r,T4 to p it )it Sfij per crat mot
for tbe rent tt Pm than tba aixsasint ea ths lord
Fewf, ar er ttanext aaasal mat tint on K.f-r Xanimj.
AyKQHO WOM AN aa i-nrw to atriK on jear of.
X vaman fortr Tear old la nrefrrrvd Sha naat b
wttl ToncttJ for. UVrat vim wai be sail wteklT.
mcrolllr. or jrarlr aa mar ba dralnO.
""-"i Jl. C. (UYCX . SOW.
CtnUTXD OR STOLttf. aa Ire trrr Harae.
U rrom im A MS I'm sure of r JOHNSOX X
Cl.. oa Jronl Raar. oa ftatsrtir. i h. tan, u,..
Ht4o a aaiKOe aa4 bfjl- - owaim.ii a4di e4 Terr
stroaa- brMI. I wut gin $19 fortba Harm iMtiml to
me. or i tn asy Ufarmattm tkal win w,i to bla rt-
i"TX CHARLES K UBELL,
a OMiwIw Three niuca aoutewatt af Keootnnab.
Building and Loan Association.
rpriK !ortr-d UKtallmrat or tba BalMlnt as4 tea a
j. Atwxiaitea "tti be ait a FKIDAT. Jamarr
1SBT, patabte U tbe Trraaarar at J. S CHADWIOCS
tat. cwrnrrer Madlaec Street aM Bask Avium.
Tbe reiMa win - leean aaoae eraMas at 8 ettoek at
Kaaalre Hm'a efflre. North aM or Gnart Sseara.
X. B. Koim bat baikab raoda win be receivrd bere-
atieriiperaaenlol data Br order ef tbe Beard.
decis-oat J X. OlIAfWICr. SKretarr.
Lavallette & Davidson,
(Saoaeaaora to LaTaBette, SMrtey tt Oa J
Steamboat and Kailroad Agents
AND GENERAL COMMISSION
raEiorrr agents for tux
aiernphis and (harleston Railroad,
Otaw No. SI rreat Row aad Oewrl Square,
WASEIIODiE OS Wilis 8TXEET, WALTA BLOCK.
Xcatrrtii Jarr 1 ISM
Tm ownnKrcttl trials new a roe the coast ry dictate
a dlffireet nam to be Dr.a-d m aa? beatena
We haee heretofore airaed at a STRIOTLT CASH BB
StXXSt, but time haa been extte4 to tea or ear pa
trooa wbo maaireatod a dbnasftloa ta patreclie ca oa
Fr ra thla date w sbVI eetl KnLOStVRLT FOB
Uli'i, ana snan net oepait rra tt ta asr taHaaoe.
we asan oe arewea to retain tbe palreaare t oar
friends oo Ibeao t-nna.
those Indebted to ni will erae forward and aoMI as K
wtaiavo natbetx?enaeet sesdnia; aeen-cter.
POPE X BltrmlRRS.
dfe Sa 5J5 VHi alien. afmjAli. Term.
J? T-oa., about tae 8th mt..mr Bffra bee TOM.iO
aaedaboatrH.treaeeara. lie 1-aertxhlraa'atte rji
wtlh tbkk IwabT b'id of hilr. I wil mi lttril.?
reward to aj oao d'Herlos lh aaa bor to ra at sar
pieniauen. ereof new nira m J use I set film aaaia
jlt ri inace ia naaooips, Tesa
drt9-lw SKORSE SHAIT.
O A BBLj Ken Baiter:
U 100 boxes Caweaej
S caaka Hastj
100 hatkata Piper's noHoahk OaaaaTai
100 b -xea Wort e'e SeMeiaiu Seaaapear
0 bb a. Horraa' Ale;
SS bts. Laser B-er;
S4 bMs. OHT In'kn aa Ere WM-Vjl
IM aVe Deta',1 il Dater'i Wsttkri
203 kef Fia Feet:
IS boxes Taesata Ketch;
ion boxes uairtot Ptekls
63 croM Gerrett'a Saxdt)
300 brxes Star Caadiee;
23 beta. Fie XK Oraeken.
Al., S-r.r. Mimm, (J(Ve. TeOaaoa, Owiri, Oraoi-a
a iisojiie, .sim. o rtllslt. a...
, Foraalebj J. T. FRANC.
!ert9 Ko. 3S rwl rime
N E W
Twentr-Soir varletrrs or Su acd Sljle fer tb
Aad other porpojer.
call and get one at
Geo. Pattison & Co's.
F A. KUEKFSEK, 31. D.,
HOVrBOPATHlC FHTSIOIAX AXD SBRnzOS.
wtaar to iafona the eMaoa of Xeankto aa I It n.
omit, that bo baa kieated ttoa-tt at lh(Meefaaat
terser of Hatoa aad Ucoaed atreeta.
OOee boara aatli 9 9 elect la tbe mora log-, between tt
aadt at Do.. tvA aetvees t a4 7 lo Ute eiestoit.
BEianstES Julie 8akee; Ror Bmwb. of Mr.;
Net-oa atltcavrl. K., et Cbrratea, SdjBn Her ox
a. tJ'po, or roJa etfvhla, aad nr. CatsaiL ct LoaUvlUe.
fK the ilth ta.t.. tn Kp a. or an the Xlaaeorpoy
V- am irsaeiin nimeH, m waflwio. VI
woo: Trrr i all or tniti. mad H nabor abort. It bos a
allver bead wim ta, letter, rt H A ene-ared sn H.
Alu. an troa rerrel on It Tbe Seder win b ItFeraBr ro
warded tj aVif It at titli oaVar. or Tetor.il- I'm eistr
lo ae. R. S. AKDRS5AK,
d37tw 0nfabei Mho.
Xeerlt ofHite Ike Dnot
of the MttrMt m
Jt. F. Co. BKOOKS--
niuprwM wBaesBtBf4ate teams: iMa atj- an-
X l.Barlei row, tie proalaaltr f tti. II owe k. Ibai
d'Pot, crrjrs adraalaies wbrea aw. otaer bo.e ta IM.
citr caa poo.iair e-mai.nl. Those wbo arrlre aa tb
eeenrwc tralo wl I aad K Bttlrl aTrr so Ibetr ar t root te
i'-op i icn aol atwall nA Ux lbesaoreo br
V6.1aa oaoreaatraket. F- reeo wbo rMl irenoaia
aid in -end leattae aa the Cbarlestn rood, ioit sarr
"w 07 wtm mm aiaaeir ao lata llee. rtare a
rateaot tare an an b ceeebtr tbaa 107 other beoae of
eejoai reipeclabtrHr lo ih- rttr.
JT- B Oar loaaea alwari readr to roarer paaaraxers
rrom thia H Ui to aar part or the ntr.
Macon Co legiats Institute.
rO. XZRKDITfl'SThiidSeeetea watopeaoa Ihe dob
. or J.naarj. and OMtlnao au montka. At a Sae
kcatloa ror a F-mile School el huh order, ataxn baa
man adraaUar. Oar sew cneiMattoa le eoe bo to
new atyle or teacher are ao lodarfrraws that lur am
BtM tan lota iBds.ttMa baVMa uc.wire. r p.pe
are m eoooosaical. that a girl eaaoot bo eitraTaaasf
wHboal leekaxr IHKTH.O. or beard la ao cheap, that
aoo.o are beard-rig on oa a aaatter ot 1 rnnaia 1 . At
Toooz !-, who weeM like ti hare ttxlr braUa ar-raac-d.
rowtete-l, or dose np In the ra.t asrwred
jljle are na.t d te sire as aa earlr eal. aadieare
their h-ada. Tumi per aaoath at rotlewa :
FriotiarT DeportraeBt ? 00
Oetertate 4 r9
Modern Laeruatea eo
linac oa Plan aad aao tt laeiraBiMU.... S 00
(tartar j ol
Brd u SO
PataUac, .nibroW-rr. ' aI wioeo.
xo extra eatrte ror ABCteat Labiraae
Pa'l chargt rrom tbe tteae 01 .at. rtnc to the end or
the Seartoa. Xo dednettona Bfule except tr raaea tt
K'tractod atctBeaa. Tattloo parable at tbe oad or Ihe
aeaaloa S. J. KRKL Preaadeat.
J J Wii.ua.mio rVrretarr deesrRw
MISSISSIPPI AND TENNESSEE
CH15GE OF SCHEDULE.
OK and arter TnrjRSDAr, Deceraber 11, 1SST, the
Tralna on thla road will ran aa tallows :
Tho Hail and Faaieoser T aln win leave Memphla da By
(3Bnd.yaexcep.rd) at .00 a. at., and arrive at Paaela
at 9:00 a at.
Relorrtni. wHl leave ranota at 9:10 a. at., and arrive
atlfraphiaat 2 40 m.
The FnUhtand occosrsedallon Train leiras Fasata
dUy(Sadaysexcep-.ed)a.S.i3 a. at., aad arrtv at
Jf empale at ll:ts a at.
RelnrnlBC, leare Jlemp'iti at IM r. St., and arrive al
Paaola at 8:00 r. M.
Persona traverlas en Ibe Acrdtnmnlartoa Train caa
pend nearly two hwa and half In Xerabla aod re
ts, n cn the aameday
raa-enrer Train aaakea di-rct ornaertloc at Xerapata
with the MeT.ptita and Chtrlestea Railroad rotec Kail ;
an djae c oaectran with the Xrmphta aad Ohio RaH
road KulocKarth. It alaeeooneola.both way at Panola
with Stage to aad frm the IoTowIok pare: Oakland.
Prtatoo and Grenada. Here maktsr; eonoeoiloa with
Stage, throoth CarreHton aad Lextectcn ; theiKe to the
Lortbem termini at tbe til alsalppl Central Railroad fer
Canton, J.ckaen a&d Xew Orleaaa.
Threari Tickets for Grenada ran be cbtatard at the
aVmphia D- pot
This ia moch th shortest route, and pweer-rere lear
lnz Mempbla by Ihe mo'nicg train arrlre at Grenada the
ease ereoliif, hirist dajtljht the whole way
it W. NBWRLL,
ecS9-r General SrsierlnterMlem.
Forsytli, Jameson & Bro.
WHOLESALE GROCERS AND
Com mission Merchants,
lTo. 88 Pront Bow,
KKSPconaUnttyoa hand a lir'e and weH tetected
lock af OROOKRIM. A'ao, aze-tafer tbeaale of
tho Cta-I STtBe City KM aad GaBeo MOT FLOOR. AC
of which we wHtaeU low te the city trade aad Oeastry
M-rtbsi.ta aerSS din
THS aadersUned will take charts or the
COMMCRCIAL nuTHL, Vempbla. Toan.,
oa the a at ot Janaary n-xt and wlate. to hire
artreaormnly Hotel aerrant. inl three or.
lour meat coot aad two paalrr cook (.r the next year
tor whfch iod waae wHl bs paid monthly.
noTlS-tlant G. D MtTOHHLL.
VALUABLE RES1DE.YDE FOR REtW
On Shelby Street.
twill oa TDrRSDAT VORNISG next, the
X xitn inat , In Iront or rcy coce tn the city ot
.Memphis, at II o'clock, proceed to rent to the
iikheit bli t-r far tbeeoaamt year, ISS3. alpnbllaan -
lino. A IAI.UAD1.S DIVIUO. KEHI'KIIOK an SoetoT
ireei rc merry occnpiea y atmen Bradford, sow b
Tbe terms and eoBditloni wffl be asssaneed an Om d.e
01 ir.nra. WUU. u. IJtaiEK.
ae0-id fierk and Master.
LAXDITETII'S CABDE.V SEED?.
A COWPLXTR anpply or the above celebrated seeds.
x-a. warTBDiea i r, jail rccetrea osa r.r aaie mcoie-
laie ami rriau, cy WARD1JOSIJ,
MISD YO PR STOPS!
When you are Passinsilfain street
HKlanaWEaklnr rkfr-a tht arenal,ir cot bat
t lh.n .tn m ts ftlea Srmoaiaer. ho haa Tha
ex ..1 naive rltht or Ihla dty ror the MeUlnocype Farent a
atyle ol picture ihat wit! never fad iK?Q
To Merchants i
WBO wish to repleatib ueir iw uar uuuira,
can now do ao on the very beat term The ko da
ar frrah and In toad order, ai-d matt bo dosed ent 1
tba next Ihirtt or HitT daya.
Planter a'dotneracas oe accommonatia In tb war
of Btaikel yrnpair or oae.j cearn-u and brows
Domeatlca, DrtB, trlped Oanabnraa. Callcoea, Drialnrs,
Merlnoea, Silk and L. O nankertblefa, SieettDn. Tlci
In, Ac . Xs , down to Battona, Xeedles aad Thread.
It a.l end win be eoH.
CadatKo. 273 (weatalde) Mala street, cp STATU,
three danra tontaot Madlaen ttrtet, on
decs diw . " V RHODRR.
ALLtctjcs Indebted to the eatateof W. ST. Vniban,
drceaao.1. are rneatM to com torwa-d and aoltlo
tne a -oe J aad all those bavins cuisi afalaat the tit ate
wirj p-eaent then, daly iibenLlcatid, and ia th time
thoUw direct, or ih.y win be barred agalnat thtm.
dt3 THOS. B TACGDAK. AdmtnUtrator.
.... A CAKD.
rrjITE Sneat atock o( Braidiea, Wine; Ac, rrer tfihred
JLetn'ttemphli. will ba.sold at cost for cash atrl
THOlfPSOSaA.; COT'S StJH, No. JJ Jtffirsoa street, to
ctntjntitttltxt. aaja - C3t-w .
Crisp's Galely TCUcatrc.
Imki aad Xuur.. j..
Stan Masaacr. ...
.... .. .-.w. b. caiSF.
..ar QRATTAX DAWIOX.
Mr. . C. LXMOTNS.
...... JrortMor RKS6IKG-
Oattdactoret Orebeatra ..
Lwt alffet bet two et tbe ealntnl jtmt Amerlnn
SIR. EDWl.t BOOTH.
lamenwi Beeeea! Crowd -d Ties a. snikf peart
traaearo! OtbtBo." Mr HwiaBjatb aa ' li.lt."
Gialua Dawjoa a OtbRe."
VTTJtDNBSDAT KVKjn.SO, De-ratwr lett, 'tSST. H
VV t aool SbaktpearaU abHma tnir et OTM l-
Ml. or. Tin .leer ar vnK : iafe, jir aawra seou ,
Oibtto. 3( Oraitaa Dawant. arter lb traced?, 'no
iTrrterataGamlHebvthaOrcaMira. Ttte perfenoance
teaa4e with the excerHasr uaeatag musical lane
or JfiXlfT LIND
Ta-sierraw r its Mr Mr. Xdwia BMta It ese er ai
9mt tiB (aruaaaan, e pan or toe aav. ae- a
"The Campbells are Coming1."
FIFTEIlV STAU FERF0IU1EP.S I
Commencing Monday December 28,
GREAT TROUPE OF ORICIXAI,
HAy ' tb- a a- to onaoea' a -etet et tbHr ohaate
aaatawsntar aerroraae-o neeoeoeaov. aa new
ora-n led oai4la or ik. be-t latMat ta lax sMted
State, all -er tbe :ho tunuu tt aba wot M-eaowae4
CfFer iMrtaeeaUra se b rlo or Ibe dir.
X3 Bwt oaea at f a cleek.
tic ' nr. F. . St, 'wl,
GRAND BALL AND SUPPER.
Liberty Fire t'ttapsny lYo, 3.
jj G RAND BALL AND SUPPER
EVB.'al.'Va OF J.1MJ tRY STII, to.
TUwwtohVbe aaov oebrtt tete watraoire of Ibetr
tftasott ia th p k I
StrMcsdor otal Usc.-ml, ord Beatabet soM at the
CAMM1TTIE Or A RSAIWEMCXTI
TV. J. WTtoioell, Ju h 0ae.
0 O. Sorflrlod. W. W Jkcabf
TTAVIVS aitad a to boo., of Jlr J C. Anoataosr.
XX oa the wort art. u( Tkirl Mroot, botwo-a afal-oa
aa4 Mdarae 1 w aiw -e. . ed occ jaaa dote aooors'
f-ootejaio. wttk b.-tr faov.i-. Aieo. tea or Iw-leaiij-
"era lQTai ij au X Jt. w K3T.
Foit i.K.i set
FrrS2Kkaared aorro or LAhB wlibls from
two to thfee asMoo ot Uae ettr. with tn rr.
wm-uu.. bwh av .AmwaniHaHraavQOiwBa vvs
wbe. U eoxare Is tJ Vok bMs. l-rjtr
dee31-Iw B. B. WABORLL.
Memphis lots and Houses for
IRATK aemo rery dootraba JteaaMs Fnrpertr, whloh
I waj exbaa0 for Keaneo.
HBVRT G. HtT1.
GSXUISS; jtrrUC Cir& reread lr Ike .an. a ttr
H H. FOiTXK,
deeST If ate street, above tbe Worabaaa Bom.
TWOtaacweoaa reeotae JAMAICA RUM joat r-orlred
aodforaekr H. H. POTTRa
deeW Motnatreet. aVre the Worahaw Bool.
BT TtrlM or aa ratertoeateer Choaoarr doree at
Bkoarr, Teao., tt Ma aa oaea bar ion. S7, I will
edt ea the Brat MONDIT In Febrsarr next, at the
Uoart Roowodoor. to aald Iowa, to the bteheot Moder,
aerea haadred aad aear-a aad a boH acre I Load,
rytm ta Lalerdal aoeatf, teoafoc W Fraatte T Rtd
There ta oa tba Lad oboe oao haii am r tea red
Seed ha-e& eod atelaaa.
Tekhs f l.eae e.aa: 'hobiliaeata awaatlwe rear.;
aa, wttk sdaewtte, ami rao-od ot la-aer.
M- M. K!rTHBK)N'.
deeSrr.Hwd (fleet aod afaooer.
TC KIRS (jodCa k, WaoOKr tad footer.
TOft the next Iwotoe aoaawba. twj nirle
Jl XaSMXHK. OaoaSM Brack Xaa the!
aaer o a-iei ilea.- aaora er. For tanher ba
aoaaat . aowdr to
X 3 TvHrvMK. Semoiitown
G-. F. CARD ON A,
T XPHCTFULLT aaraa' the oikltc tbat ba areaf
IX Xt. St. ARttrOrt bo iawi amred ra Xaw Orleaaa
rroaa Baraaa wtaa ae.ar aaasoF t
CigaWS ani licar Tobacco,
whteh wttt b In M-roahM la a few daye. aad whoah he
wme feet VOW FOft CAdH Hoo aa Jefleraoa street,
saoiete the Oamaaarcal Hotel.
PeroBf rBdewted to nr, ee rrbaaly thee who hare
borrowed m,r7 rnoa aae, wttt aoraa can aad settle.
deelS-lw fl. F. CARBOKA
E. BAHINDS tSc C0.3
WILL HOLD LADIBS AITCTtOotS
IN THEIR BOOMS UP STAIRS,
Kvcry Tuesday and-Friday.
FR03I 2 TO 5 O'CLOCK,
BVSIXa TBS MONTH OF BBwKUBBR, COSIME.V.
C1XG OS ItlXt
8TH IKST., WHB27 TEXT WILL OFFXR FOR SAL
Drcsa Goods, SIi.titISj
MILLINERY CLOAKS, EMBROIDERIES,
Tn m IngH, Iiacos,
Aad a varlttr et ether FA NCT AatlOLBS. tbaa ilvles
the ladles a chaaee te bay good at
THEMJi OWH PBICES.
S BARIND? L 00.,
Ho. S3 Ktla ttreat.
Ia the atero tber win eenttnBO to aetl remarrr at eoat
prices tor th bataacs et th seaaoa. Jt. B. St CO.
AFBtrDATBOAROERSwatlheukenat Mrs. LAK
GAN'S, ea Third I reel, eorte the Pent Pree-
asteriaa unnrrn. dects 2w-
TTTS erepo-e reatinc to reesoooibra oar.
VI We, tweaty-are or thl'ty JfBW
PIAKOS far twelve months, and let the;
rent apply la p yraent fer tbe Piano.
at the exptrataea of hat time, paitiea may wish ta pur
chase Coil soeo at
declS-laa d if cnXKET Jt CO'3.
ROCCO TO UIS PATROXS.
ITtRUSMDd aad pttroaa, far aad near,
; Step and read Ible aotic tt-n,
Tla Rocco rpeaka to thank yea alt
Foe patronage, srrat or aaal .
Saw patrona. that my thaaka yon bare,
Ooe moment Hsten. jet I or are.
I wtah 10 teH yoo, '"one" and aB,
I've haadeos. good tor every xat.
I have, ot every "kind" say.
Of dfSerent atyle. for tlrl or bey.
I'teiey alto, to ptease tba Babies,
Aal flnait tioU ot jooOa for lieira.
I've "eakea" for Christ aaa. dm acd very aw.'
! ererythtnc kept In my Ho,
From caretlr np to 'pendM irntt.
Ea came aad get anch sood ta earl.
The anest, beat ant "Aeapeat," aare,
Rrer fonn 1 In any store.
Ho, lor Raceas 1 that'a tbe cry,
Krery oae foea there to bay. dees
RltH ASD DMQOE
XJiroot from JPturie.-
S(5 to SlO Each.
Fancy Hair Pins,
IS TOSS EACH.
BREASTPINS, EAR DROPS, &C.
XTZRT TARIETT AKO PRICK.
T. J. HARRIS,
277 Slain Siteet.
r. aanaiHtrr ...........-.-r. ju atoxKa.
ar teiee eiaewu ' w. e-fa
Ea. Xla.liM.arlFi" Cb -.,
iSaceaiaers to S. R. RacueJ
ISA-PORTBRS AKD DRALKRS IX
FIXE BR1XDIE', iTISES tt LIQUORS,
itio, rnt QttAttTT
BREATHITT AMD STJ.VKR'S KRW BrnLDJJTt,
-rrjST RRCKIVBD Tho flseal Brandie, Wises aad
J LHnorTer3tredla Jleaphla.
Old Caitattan Brandy;
OH Henry Xannle X Co Brandyr
OM Has uae arandr;
OM arartetl Brandy;
OM Xaratt X Ca Brandy;
Old Larroode Brandy;
Old Fraaeis t. Brandy;
Old Rxhell Braady;
Cha-npxno I. X L ;
Oreecest and Rotal Grips
Cram de B hit;
Jamalea and St. Croix Rita;
It"h and Seotah WbUkta;
At L TaOJteSOt AOnAi,
Or Exohanee for Nreroea-
I OFFER for aalo my SArr S.rr HttUttnee. This
p-eeerty cannot be atrpaawd in tbecii'r. tor beaorr
of location, or lta eonrenlrncet ror xpri vatt city rat-
tenet. Cbanslax my locarVn from a cl j. to tha of a
co.nily ore. 1 ta ony isdacement tn ptr with thla '
pro my. Fa- terms, Jta, whlcl are rtotmobU apply
or to X B. LOrrSOALK. Km., da-lu mv aWnre
mm the dry. aret-la
CHEAPER THAN AT ANY OTHER PLACE
I IV. ME iTl PUIS,
" OAX BS FOCITO AT
Z ' . INQHA.HAM & LKEJS,
ila - itOXR0E,STREZT,
csbo., cjo.t dtscsr
BAHE AND VALUABLE WORKS
ALL THE GREAT POETi I
All llic Standard Works!
AN DNPRBCBDEXTBD SALK OF
T. J. HARRIS.
Central Antlinn awl CimtnUttivn Merekant,
T7 maijt stHKrr.
GSEVT ADCTIOX S1LE
Splendid Holiday Gifts, &c,
TJLUS GIXT I
m 3TAIX BSKtmt, MMFSlew.
Grand Junctou Town Liots
OX w-ENK8AT. the Mta dar ot Jaawr axd. I
wM ae at aaettea atalraad Jaoaiii. aowot foMJR
HUX&ar.OT'lW.'i Ltag aad a !' FWU
TiBMf-Ote-tbart l- aartobev. if) 8, Bote toe
Wrtremdoraedi oaa Ibard 1 onojear. aod ia 1 ihbHaa
Grand inatUm ta aatoatod St Bailea aeoea ireoaawbaa.
at tboroHn at th,MnaH a dOhartaaoea tbeHlo
steeteat OeaHral, aad the MUetaalaad aad Teaa'awe
RaUimda The atto aa be thy aad we 1 odiaaid lor ree-
mewcp, ooam-oa aaa i.pnaarrni a.
6 H IdtttSK,
derSt-dawtda Aneateae r a od B-i ato r bar.
VTED.VirgD IT. tbe Stad.f of Jeeeorr axa- ot
1 1 a'ctack. I will sell in treat ot Jt C O.jaw it Sea I
AO-hob owsae. tae raerir of wan. K. Toai
deeoad bjaatactaz of the Inlaiiiia. ar-Ma a.
OsoaaoaiaadTorla .aa Kaa aareoa. aad a aaaatltr ot j
"ow ooaoore ia leovoai auae- aiob tvo a
oae Beafr. o e tratl Watch. ..aw Waidroba. oaa
caae, oae Trunk, oad oooao aoaa.1 onida..
Tabms-AII snaoa naraar tSaoeh; ar ewer aad
wwbi aw ouk mnmnsti over Slow iwelvo
aotea aotarlaotorUr eaOirae.
TH;S 11 TttTettAN", Ad
eB X C CtTCM&oOl Aacttnaawa.
W. S. WELLS' PL&liTATIGH"!
XEGSOE', STOCK, &.C.,
wiu. aetl oa raDSwAt, Baaiaaaarblat,
A IM at M 'awat.oa the priBaeea. tb wel. loown
PLASTATtOK at ST. a. Weft., oltasted oa tbe "- ipili
- www. i uwww aa w Murn- nanvs, 1
atacof Set ACRSS. ia tare- eauaw ttao. 1
tract eeataaa 88 acre; aae tract oa baadrad tttt tmm.
J-Se (IS) aoreoi aad oae traot Soar baadn d'aad ate,
are (iM aove. Xach tiaot baa tw leoa no tare
oenaaaaowa sua. a tbe Moaaaan aad Oaao TliHaiiil.
roe auo oi-i- iracv ao 1
anoo in ne t-ooo-r. lea tbe- ba-aeee lr-rt tk-re m a
aarwe aweiuna-oiai. lojall a aoad eteta 111 1
eaaoce aoo-e wa-ajaoe cabu. 4 a Ur goiaaa wttfe
a aowwawa yowc oreaof. aaoat
ca ttvoiiiB aad lb bilaaro ia th
tract baa a aaw aad aret
-. w a aiteaacataaa Sar a brack ra-d
I will also sell, attWaoaaeataoaadptooa.laeaaaokot
CATTLR eowo aad ootvoo, woektac oxea. bora a, naaatav
bt; rarnrra; ateaaaT.. wocoa. cert, carry laii. aaBf.
re . hoaaebgM and kilibia farattn, aad t lilbUi
AI e, kVroa NBMitOA two weaa and ewe aeaa. Ttrt
raaa ta a tret-rat aagloeer. Abo, l.eos eibil. of
CORK. Ac . Ac.
The Load wui be a-M at 11 a'atoet.er an aril' at od the
traiaa from Hrawaavine. P-ra anaac frooa Meatptaa
caa Ieareoa the car at 7 e'e act, a at. Rrtreah
mentsoreTery deaornUoa wit) be prepared eMrboaowb.
attend th I tie. ,
TrasH Tho Ktrae, oek, FamUnre. Gorn, Aol.
win be saMfor eAn. tbe Load one o,nrter c-b 1 an
boiaaee Hi io.I iaatoaBMat of I, , S awl t aeon, wtah
in'erest V a. VKU.
aecu-w A WALL4CR
'ess tmakuifj :
RSW rtOT FtJLLT aaaoaaee to tbe ladaee O-
t Xewpat aad tbe aarranadta coaatrr.
tbataseboa rilaraed to th cfcr wtiaf4
riow ot oatabih az heraeM neroataeoiUa. aad wao a
bor to riecote arl e !er te b.r line ot boaaa.ia, wetb
maiaeia am Leeos-xa Ber roooM are ea at
H r tt bteCaM itreet, near the Gaooeo Boar.
MERETO & HOJOUX,
"Watch Makers and Jewelers,
OORNXR OF ADAMS ANB MA1X 9VRREM,
AMDRRW KBRkrrOba. eaa'ed with htm,
rn av abx.ee baotara. MAKCtTS RIUOVX.
Ta baaiaeaa WW, hereafter, be ooadacied aodor I
the aoore atyle. at tie oed etaad. waer tbaa
former caaWraero : Andrew Mereca arc naoaaiawe
to eon deeJM-M
TBK aaoecvlberweatreo to aeeero ihe aervace of a aood
kl caea Gatdeaer far tbe cenkax Tear, at aha Baav-
UpSprlnsa, Rardeaaa emty, Ieaa A aaoa wth a
amall family prererra-1 To a aooeraBdtdaoirloaaaaB.
Hbrral am wltt be aaid. AoMreu. th aW at
Grand Jancttoa Tobb., or A. K. Avery WBerlaneetrr,
MeraphU. J. . KADBI.lt AN.
dec2t-lw Graad Jnaten.
TN psrsnance ot a De d or Treat, execated
to sae by
X Tho. K Cearieaar. on tbe 11th dar or niaw.
ISM aad recorded la tba Resleter ecace at Tf ilub Sa
Bok Jf. 28, p IIS aai US, for tho parpae thoteta aot
forth. I wlln-rfora.e to tb haaheat tiildir. taroaaoi
oa 3COSDAT. Jaaaary ttb. Mot. at the Koaxhmat aar-
ner of Oonrt M.ore. in the Ctar ot Meaapalo. Lot Ko. tt
oidiock ao , oa uaoaey afreet ta Siata Meeaabe,
wna Bonae and aa laaprovewMst tberea aiaanpanc.
areaa m UK' Ki g frKfrT Traatee.
Sugar, Molasses and ColTee.
1 A HUBS Prime Ctwleo Sugar,
LJ IS bba Prime Malawi j
S baza Prieae Rao OoSrct
0 caaka Pare Leaataa Porter;
boxe Star Oaedtr;
box- Prime Sean:
For sale low ta the trade by THOM A3 TROaTT,
oerajjset gl Frsat Raw.
A. VACCARO & CO.,
Foreign and Domestic Liquors
WINES, CIGAES, FKUITS, &C.
No. 298 Main Street,
BXtt Layer aad Jfalaira Rataaaa jot re
ccevdllera.ebr H. H. POTTKjR,
171 Mala aereet.
TTTK wath to hire 16 aeaa aa aad baa far tHe year
f r icos win sta tae
hlfheot wage. WM b
worked ia (he eoaaty.
A. STRWRT A Orl.
AT50C3E AKD LOT oa the omer of Reato
aadLaaderdale.ineta. The Lot ia MS saet 1
en Bralo, and aboat 14' feet on LaaaV rdole ta I
Garoao Itreet rxteded. The R ao coataaM i
flee looms, al. atten enreoient, food aaalaaii awf
wear, am aerac ahraobery aad rrat ei tbe priaaa.
TKKMt Oar-toarta ea h ; balaaea ta 1,1 aad 3 year.
witbiatrreat Farther laternattaa caa be had treat tho
naderataaed. Foil -office BatMtat;.
decrb-tw THOe). OWaeSK.
Bosewood Parlor Suits.
i Rosewood Farter Sail
' of Faraitare. Jaat re
I coired. raaciac an
price from tMO t $?00., to which wo matte tbeapeeaa
attention of pnrcbasera. Price a Terr ar, at Iae aew
and immense cstabtWhmnt a
bot MrtlKKKT A Oe)
Ajnrw stTte or Btdteas. very Oae aad handsome-'
Ufether with aD the draVreat nrtettea of FreaeeV
Bbh-poat and Oettas Bedaleado. Steal aadaermeaas
are offered to parcsaeera these tasa llni'i. t
nor jiciivstrr x eys.
OCR aaoortaeat ot riah aad elosaat
faahaanabte Farattar taaao' be
laeeed either taqaaiity ar oaaoaey.
Particular artteatlea to tweeted ka o
tew seta or aaprtb character, aad Parlor Pwadaro aaaa
o factored ia Kew Tort and Boatoa. for onr own UaaVv
Visitor to the cut shook! not lad te kvik tajaas oar
aew sa hameaae eatabliahmest.
noT JtciItVSir it aM.
Cheap Carpets, &c
T TRBALLlo. Telret Carpet o ;
IVX Tapestry Tetret Carpet t
Tapestry BrnsseJa Carpets ;
Imeerlal Tbrej-Ply Carpeta ;
Rngitah tntrata Oaepeta I
Amerlcao laxTaln Cartetei
Tapestry Terret Stair Carreta ;
- Tapestry Bras-ela Stair Oaryeta ;
. TwHIed Stair Carpeta. n. s and 4-4 yard water!
Cra! Ctotfia. 3-t. 10 t. 1, It 1, ls-l oaeVSJeM, do.
Drarxet. FeMlss and Bocleeo ;
all new and frrah. and bonaht slsce Ihe I aaia. we aer
licit th attention ot porchaarr. and eerwfr onraetria ta '
hwi u a nri uau prni and areo I ill' it satta.
taction In aR caae. Carpeta made and pat aVa.
" McKlSNTVr A oa
B ROC ATE LLK, Satin DeUtoe, Weratrd Dtauak, 84.
ton Dvnaik, Lace and XaaMn Onruta, Traeitarfnt
Snade. BoffHalUnda, Window Oorateea. Cwtata Bead
Via. Xvery arttelo ot Gola arl Trtraatan aece.
' oecorata a Uottat or Faiaca, ppbotetettae aad
Curtain Banftnc executed by aa experieaad rkaaa
rroca ew xors city,
rwri McSIKXKT A OB.
Pianos, Melodeons, FTirnitxire,
1 uati oa(mnrnei,
with radored heUth, from!
fl fl th North, when I have i
a a taken mseh aaln In ae- '
lectlnv a inferior aeortmnt ot Piano Fnrartor. Oat
peta. Curlalri Goods, Shades, Ac , which I va sow re
cciTtat and offirrlnx to (.11 wbo p ea to fa-roe sa vita
their patroo.ro My earaeat wlah hi to rarnath (tot ar
tide at reaauaah'e price
I hare encaged Frefcaoor C P. WntKLBS, wa vg
attend to aB orders for tastes aad leealt rOtteaatraseBt
aad wal oa those wbo lirarn wHh;.raB.
AD kiadx of Xattresevs mar!a in onion.
. H. Hi GSartTRaVB,
CtBt . aSAlBtTi
, al tlfl I aWafattafVi
1. . at