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Memphis daily appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, August 09, 1862, Image 1

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BY M'CLANAHAN & DILL.
SA.TRUDAY EVENING, AUGUST 9, 1862.
, VOLUME Xlfl, NO. 189.
I lJJ3 LIS IJCfcG 13
X)fvKy, Tri-"Weelxly and Weekly
BY
JOHX &. HcCTAUAHAN BEKJAHM F. DHL,
Outer tbe fins and style of
McCAiAIIAiY
To TrtjE ill letters ob bsitata, or otserrrfct, should
be aejiressed.
Terms ot'ajubncriitioa.
Dalr per snath SL50
Tit Weekly pw swath 75
Wky per annnn 200
itaiiy Kates of Advertising'.
Per mo iqnare M ton Umw or lew, one Insertion. .81.00
MILITARY ORDERS.
OFFICJ AL j
HSADWAXTJiSS 1st 1IS TRfOT, DEPART-
F1
XS!T NO. 1.
TaseteaHOLi Jwly 14 h, 1?3L
ucnerai uraora -so. .
I THH 00 S jlfT.i m 't pribrt of Bart sod
JL Weet Mir in aa4 Rm' B.m Reese, -will avem
Me wttboat 4 lay et O iv B a;b, n-Rr Clinton, fctd
reaett to Cel. Pret oa Pond, oorat-iA-dlog temp c f Is
arete
11. The ccMftripU in tbe pari, be.1 of St Helena RiJ
Wftaetae; oa will Mmbt- withoa; dly nt Tangipaho,
u reewt te Me4t.-OoL Sam Herd command!
HC Th eooterurtt hi tee psrhh of St. Tra-By
aatl Uvtgtoa vrll' aaeeeasie mtbent d ay at Poeeaa
tfnn, et e&ap of ituttuetioc, aad rejro.t to Capa'-a
IV. Th Ce-MMBliig Genera' It jsscrcd lht maty
wne cpom aader ihs prov modi of tM onatcript Iit
aee.k&4 Iht opffcr.nuitr cf eijpU&ae vita 1U
(ftrn-BMMa. i4 rovr that otcpt oi Iwtroetten r
DeedBttT eje igL&'M sod r competent eozasaidr,
t&ev rt I rpir lo te st -Bee and pHe" tfcmelTe
is tk frs rasVi of ibelr eim&try' d'ea4en.
V. If, bostev M-, fnn naforsea elrcBTiMta'Kej, tbe ox
rameWary apMs-a-de ithoBll nresoat Itself tu th 7ei
ef fci Trarl. ci iz-a soMters o' L aUieoa fall to
raAy raUutanly to thm cofrBe f tfceir Lbtrde a ad
a co lift of tr , provwt s-arrsa'.i of
pan , ac r4 of ; ae iui I w, CiV.l nwicwu-aMi, aad
iii Mwr iTU eae-ri are ciwm to Uk pfst aad
tieOf moa-o tn enaMs dclxqaaiiU to reach tfeelr
eanvo eacaou tb'Su
Bj eecamasd of Brie -G-a 'KccaiXS.
r. O. haKDIU r,t C. R A-,
JfKtrtw AAA aed Iivpeor 0"Bral
iiTiCE !
BKAiniUAHTfiRS ! mTICT, 1
Vickdc'. Joly .8 1361. i
"TOTICK le hereby ?' wio are b-
JLH ) tte aotioa of the Coo-erit Act, that thve
vrkv v-4uat lri-poat iraiUsc to h eBrHIrd oader
the law, w-n be allowed 'a alee' their m coeap-apy
oad rofieaoat, ft m fcel- Stao fr tm m Jc tb verl
(Vj HT hM Bngadi). oocapoeed of tbe f Hovrinj regi-
M'4 Tic :
Ptfat Kogiaioct loal(iaBa Art-Bory Coteael a A
TwOer.
Kirth BettaUoa I.-Mii lama Ardttwy Lteut.-Co'oie:
W. Ptay
Poartt K'ciooat TjoaWaaa Vo'.aateen Cokaei II.
W Alen
SevaieBA flialunat Iroablaaa Votentoon Col
X Ki'hird'oa.
Twariy-nsth Xgiateet LoaMeaa Yol2'.r Coi.
A. DedoaM.'
TTejtyTMh likciioept Leijtea ViaGte3
OoL L D. Xuk.
Twenty oifbtli Keftaaeai I nahlnia ToJanUeri Col
AtaaTaeoMM
Tteti SegeseM VtejlrMrpl Votaaleen-OoL T. A.
SetloB.
tttith KutaBoa Mhnatiiopl Voiaateers L!eo.-CoJ.
j.w. bohmk:
Oea- mv of Saaaon aad Mhteep Csft D. Wlntler
Bj- eoauaaad ef Srig-.-Ooa. M. L. &yiTM.
J. 1. URIMES,
lyMlea A. A. Genril.
ioifjriciAi.i
A Peiitta fros tbe Citizens of Saint
TwiiMiay Parish, to be Allowed to
Trade wit Netr OrleaBS.
ICopy.
"To GenerHl Kuge'esi
Conimnsdins :
rp aaderiiod, e'tiieci or nnotnti &aiat
L TaaiaMoy larUh. 1. 1 . rf petfu('y beg- leave to
rearet thn toMowiaff iacs :
- Oar eoaaaaamty it b aa ajr'eahars op, but lai
airafK hea d-p&aet-t ea Nor O.-l sui fur fod. sap
at la axehMife lor vtood. brick:, laa ber tic A
.nddoa aad total urmiaatioe of "i-i tiais, eopscially
wliaaat erevioat ont.-ee, iracJd pat ni in dasher o!
KtarTaHea
- We are arrvr that hi 'ine rf ttr - there heold be
too rade betw.ei bl i eatt, b it taere are exeept'oa
to tat at Trail aa te alt other general nI. An eseep
tea bee a n -iy been t.ade in favor f ear cl-teea in
Xetr 01eeJM,t tbe ez'eat of famrbiBg ih-m uri'b
tiorr ar a e. we aerive to be a EiTea t o-jf er
a a? by the c atiauaiee ef a limited trame toeb a
hereeerote extatwg, we obtaia neteSmiea cf life, ia tbe
a'-ape ef provfcaais ia eaehcBe f"r tece cnele,
wo-jd lomeer, et' , wbish are mer raobUh oa o -r
baedi, TbOi Sea hem Coalera y er dea ly gial by
aaeh aa x harae Again, we wou'deal lo )ooxBiid,
GBer-4, te iaet t'itt m bih i4er- of fait, nediecei
aai tber t n! for oar arere hire cotae thrngh this
i haannl Are e to roionta ily throw away aa oppor
tunity vrfcieb the avariee of our enemy Loldj out and
vciR coaiiaae to oeue ti u. t We tare no oYJcetion
to each afoFna dNi bias Pwed aroacd tuh traLe at
to Bike it aosajEde s4rantfttiil to oar tide. We
therefore pe:iti a yo, GfOeral, ti perm't lie eoatinii
nam of arestilc d trade w! nin each iaH a your
yduace mfj mggeet. aad we 'eromsieod tb" le r-r
of tak, Oap a a Pe-e Qeatttlaet, a a proper perwn to
rveelve j oar eoBde'(e la thi mtt-.er a rata of fctiiji
latel y ard n-aciaJt l-yal y.
"M. B. Head. U H. ha id, Janet Drncaa, Hecry
Ksioer. K O. Rarai X Ktoge', Raiaad WW ec, N.
eHlatas, K. Morf, B. K etor, J. R Smith, Jam-i T.
Moiate , Gerge Rbbor, T. 11. Gel t, T. M. Har',
now. Of ltH. X At raatiB, J. H KadeoeV, W.Hi m
Bolr, tf. J nt; Aa. oiuoa. S B Stepier, H. M. Le
aeA J. Jf. TkoaweB W. Borkeli Ti o-. Eeer.iC 8. J.
IV. Hartan Lit. . M. Oalatat, A. L A. Bah n.
T. Saleiaan, T. Kefftett. 1
I verity tbe ahoee to be a tree copy.
It D. SAI-DIDOE C 8. A ,
A. A A and Icapeeter-GeneraL
pnjr D4 strict Fitovoar IUMhu. Genbral's
:".
OrncE.
TaNMPAHOA. July 11th. Iget.
Te Mnr1. M. B. Hand. Thot. GWnpi' and e.'Atrr, rfri
Vn V rw f Tmmai,
IM.mUCMBti : ltr yatUom, aeaiaf; permit 4on to
opes trade wi h He eaioie f ytr ejonlry. who oow
oaapy Hew trierat imA B iton lluoe, the oo amerc &1
aad poOaoal ep.tali of yoor S:ate, bat been received
by General Saaif-asd I us dir-x-tsd by hhn to ieilf.
lode's eo I bee leave 'oc&H yoaratteciioa to Grn-rtl
Order No I. k mb tb. e Heaq a ten and to prKr.ph
let, of ttea-ra! Order 'o 0, from Department Ilead
4artH, p eblttt ar aM ia(erccur.e and t'uffle wits tn
mrtry or penoni w this bie lii.e-s aad ennoaseieg the
jiogel'j nf iTti a aaaiait I fco-n itboeDfag'Init Coplea
if law- are h-jrr w.th icc'oed for your information.
Iben erd -n have btea ea'ledJor by the cters n-cet-ahl-
lof the t ate' ani it it bejleved Mve met the al
aaiit calve-sii approval or the loyal f l'iieai oi the
i taa:ry. X-r li tiS.e iDt"ht!)ff rvovel 1h tae lega'ti'loni
-Sief preM-ibe. ar the peahlrhw ibey anaoante. Tby
bt oWmt. aa1 cl the vtlth ;eaal atsetiost doetrioei
Ions; etab Uhel aad aoietlly reroaii'id.
Been ;n 3 oar e xamaci Mtlou, wbUe Mkiaz to b: ex
tapt f.asr their p oviion s yoj i'e '"guise :belr Ion Kl.
fo- yoa ay : " We a e aw re tuat :a dm- ot wxr tawe 1
oaoald bn ao trade betw ei be ' ge Kit yon
cfejta jm it a axorp liaal et. Hd iha. 'o en
4are -h a ai wit d en -ct yw t great fesfdebip.
Far tow more tha teWve n ojtiw yoar c natty laj
boes eettnred in a g (raot:t atrorgt fo.- exit eace Her
jaable aple have poa-ed eat their trearstva aa wMer, I
aal Hk the aad eat rau-iareri. have not eroa wi bbeld
tbatr ahfld ea f om ibi tee .Sc bat bare chen folly
rao Mbeai iorth to ecemcter the toMt of the K&e , tLe
dai afe'af the etnp, and the p ii? of the baule ftiH
Hoatl edcof them have fHr-a by tbe f&y-Me tat-n-ji-nde
bar' liaarred and - led ia tbi bmrit. U. many of
hoti far tbe im of mcdMnet whlah rojld be tb.
".aised ; aad tbttai'ad wore have penobrd'on the fit Id
of hittle lut tboir thlnn-d aad wseted ratikt have
aora ftjodby o h r. cafr.ry irer g fo'.ard to take
the aJara ot the faUen ; ao to dy yaarfl g ia Broadly
hnraeje the f tee of a b biad tbe t e by men bait
cloobrd halt fed, and who. ftr montai, hare aot kcon
v rode eoasfurtt of a eel lief a teat, hor b&s tbe
anay Iva akHe la th reiped ; every daw of cosiety
bek 'o a jreater or let extent, been Mil jected to liarc
bipt and pravatieat. nciah to taelr li.ilu? be n r be It
add, have betsn Sf-frlr and even cheerfully born. And
It, seetleat-a, the time atw eas. vtlen yon are eaNed
opeatotafce yoar p-rtioa of thb trnle-sptead doffar
in the riawirrl c-iuma&dioc, bo pit acd b-Uevei that
roe vrt 1 aot be fwna waa'iaff In eorir;t and fertitoda
to bear It She men aad petrl rt.
Tm iJr that If aot prrmi tod te dlpos et yoar
tiHaka, invibar, ele , they vrUl be " mere rubWa on
year haaaa." Yoa eanaot be iga raat, grnttrmea. tbat
fa tk'i yaa bat aha e t'je tomtun file of yoar feile w
dtiaeat. Xe tbaa two hand ed jbIHoi ef dotiimi
rarthjaf prodaee It tow held by tbe f aulo-Je pfeniern
of taraal4ente Hlfts ana o far Jrjm teeaing to
e4 or b ater thlt, tbey s an-1 edy 10 deuo, asd
bare ta many icatasre vo ooUrily applied he to ch.
tad vrkb a toKaer fie-ag devatiM -worthy of men who
wake, to I free eain.y teen It redoe -d to aibes, ratber
tbaa cell, ea at the noii exboiiment rates, to tbe en
eat ttJk their eoon ry. Ami, .f yoa will bat tare your
ye to a nelffaborina; paHeh, yon may thrre see the
-very aMteriab) which yjn fe&rwil. bteame Tnbtiai"
ua y.ar hand hcBfJi Lnt recer-t'y formed iat com
fortebte dvrel iegs owl ht! entigr beiptrca vtcm;n And
aaaMciBerBjid t heapc of 'raibUh" and uhtu,
-WTjrS taeir iamsva have s Writes -o the woodt aad
rieprived ct &U ice a i of ul.iauo.C3. yvsd tb 1 h s
rH"i dene by tbe very rasa with whom tub wooll now
Mta ewtaveiotel inle-eoarw ; to wioio avariee yon
T0bf t-tlnitr aad wbate vrauu yoa oald lapp'y.
rr. lateral eemotttod rw. direett B in eooeltuon.
t tar tkat rfCrth s I15 prohibltioni ct trafSs wth
eoaatry. be It deMrxefeed rigW'y t- enforce tbtm ; and
that ay aae vrbo mix be Aeteoted m attempt n; lo
vai- or vKN'a tr-eia, vttll be promptly btosgbt to
coadica pun .l.a nt
k'ery rtrpeo!laHy,
JAVES 0. FUQUA.
Di trlct rrertft ilmbal UeaeraL
Social 1
i) Sf' i"or, C S. A., A. A. A.aadlBpahr
Geqe si . . " Uj23lwiV
PABTIMAK SUCCESS IX JtRtClIVSAS.
C.II'TVJSE OF .1ICTI1' STORES.
Fedrrala Routed Three Timca in Osc Day.
From tbe Meatpbi (PederaJ) BnHette, 7th.
Various accounts that reached ub lead us
to believe that tbe guerrilla system has beon'ir!
augurated in Arkansas, ob a somewhat czteu-si-se
scale. We be&r of three instances in which,
on Sunday lastby means of surprise, as many
parties of Federal troops were pounced upon
and worsted. We are informed that oa that tiny
two regiments of Federal troops we're escorting
some two or three hundred negroes, or perhaps
mere, and about sixty wagons, containing provis
ions and material toward some locality wbore it
was intended to establish a post Near L'Aa
guille bridge, beyond Madison on the St. Fran
cis river, tbe party was attacked by -n over
whelming force, which rushed upon them from
various points. Little cr no resistance appears
to have been possible, and after firing one volley
the Federals and negroes were dispersed, some
of them being talten prisoners. A party of
twenty-seven men, which had been detailed for
daty at a, distance from the main body, escaped,
and a portion of them have reached thw city.
On the samo day a party of Federals, escort
ing twenty wagous, coniejng provisions and
camp eqaiphge, were Midtlenly attacked by tbe
enemy A fight ensued, in which seventeen of
the Federals were killed and the cavalry accom
panying them was dispereed. The wagons and
their contents became the spoils of the enemy.
The party attacked were on their way from
Jacksonport. The statements 1 in 1 1 1 liymifttT af
fair are very meegie.
Also on Sunday last a party of nicety Fede
ral soldiers, who were on duty et a point in Ar
kansas, fifteen miles up the river rrom Heteoe,
and eight mi'.es back lwm the river, were sur
rounded by Confederate troops and completely
surprised. It is stated that of this party all
were killed, wounded or captured except two.
About forty wounded men were taken down to
Helena yesterday (Tuesday) from the spot of
the engagement, on tbe frrytlMtt Belie.
As we bmv observed above, the aceour.fs riven
are meagre in details, being gained from the
statements of individuals wfes, though on the
pput, had little opportunity, amid surprise and
cisastw, of learuiL'C pai timers. Farther i&ior
nation may erea'.iy modify Ibe accounts now
given. BrthCol Fitch aad Copt Osterbaus,
who are now at Helena, are understood to bare
adopted musutss which wilLaauuteract the ope-
jotiotis of the guerrillas, antf cripple or destroy
their power for evtl.
From the game.
SKIRMISH XEAK MADISON.
It seems that the skirmiah near Maddon, Ar
kansas, last Sunday, was a more serious affair
than we had been led to believe. We had seven
killed and thirty wounded, and lost twenty
wagons with stores. Immediately after the tfldir.
messengers were dispatched for and to General
Curtis' headquarters, and to Colonel Duieis.
Daniels sent his cavalry force, and Colonel Fitch,
with his crack Indiana regiment, were sent out
on the Jacksonport road to capture the guer
rillas, and, at last accounts, they bad not been
heard from, though there seemed to be no doubt
ef his overtaking and overcoming the Confede
rates. Prom Gen. 1'opv'n Army.
CorreapcodeBce of the Philadelphia loqnirer.
Camp Near Madison C. II., Ya., July 29.
Than far have we chased the rebel Itordes ; trn'y
did Gen. Pope say become from the West, where
they were accustomed to see tbe backs of the
en-;iy.
We hear of the rebel cavalry ; we see rem
nants of rebel camps ; but every forced march
only brings us at daylight as far from the enemy
as wo were the previous day. They must keen
on their retreat bfyoud the Virginia Central
railroad, or stand and meet us again. We are
now as far South as any of our troops have
been. -We are about ten miles east of Fort lie
public, and hare an eye on thy Shenandoah vai
ky. We hive complete possession of the coun
try north of the Kipklan river. Here it te easily
folded in a large number of places.
i he country is lertile, and nearly Uie whole
section, from Front Eoyal down, has been
planted with grain and potatoes in profusion.
Ihe wheat and nay lias been mostiy iiT vested,
and the oats are being gathered. There is a
great scarcity ot laborers, so many have gone to
the rebel army, but whites enough are left to
act as overseers over tue slaves, wno are worked
day uud night. In most instances all tbe wo
men are set to work in the field. Further back,
we inquired and found that nearly all the best
of the slaves who were not sent South have run
off toward our army.
Among tho luxuries for the sick and faint now
taken from rebel garners and fields are flour, ice,
potatoes, sheep, poultry, etc Aluug Ilidge
mau's creek, Carter's Itun, and other streams,
ice lieuses were found well fi led.
Tbe country is flooded with bogus seoesh
money; it is impossible, in mxny cjseg, to tell
good iroru bad. We went into a small store at
"Oxlear's" one day, where they wore selling
"fip calico'' at thirty-five cents pur yard, and tho
whole contents of the store you could carry
away In a bushel baskot, and frund the pro
prietor was taking all tlie paper offered. On
looking over his " pile" we tound lour different
kinds of Richmond ones, and two of fives
Many were the most worthless o: imitation.
Ho was very isdignaut at "Banks' men," whom,
he alleges, parsed it upon him.
We find that it is a prevalent idea that John
Brown was merely out on a kind of reconnais
sance, and that bo was the originator of the
present war.
From Fortresa .Honron.
Ta the Anoclat d Trow. North.)
Fortress Monroe, August 1. It is rumor
ed and believed here that the new Merriraac lias
come down as far as Fort Darlhirr. Oue thins- is
authentic, that the Federal gunboats have pass
ed up the river beyond Harmon's landing.
A dotaenment ot mlautry and cavalry from
McCiellan's army mod a reconnoi6tuce down
tbe Ubicsahomiuy, and came toward mliianu-
burg till they met otir pickets. Tiwy then re
turned, reporting that they had nU seen the
eaemy.
Last nin!, between twelve aad-oee o clock,
tbe rebels opened fire on McClaUau's center, for
about an hour snd a half, freon f iur batteries
flying artillery opp'.iie the landing some above
aitd scan bslow. Not one-third 0;' the simIU
exploded. Several vessels were struck by fjfeg
meuts of shells, but uo one ou tbe fleet was in
jured. Nine soldiers were killed and tan wound
ed. After a hi'.i hour delay, our siege gnus
opened, and in Ii-m than forty minutes the rebels
were st!encd. it the motive of tbe rebels were
to draw our gunboats down the river, they were
disappointed, as not one made its appearance.
Nothing further has been heard of the rebel
Merrimac
li" The Kiehmond correspondent of the
Cea ties ton itfercury says:
Mr. Crocker, strperistonden. of the Army In
telligence 1 Sice, states that bis books show be
tween 11,000 and 12,000 wounded in the battles
before Richmond, and thinks the whole number,
including those in private houses not reported to
him, will be abent 12,500. Gen. Lee, I am told,
estimates the killed at 3,500; to these must be
added a ureal many who were disabled by ex
haustion, want of food and bad water, so that
tbe sum total would amount, perhaps, to lb,000
or 20,000. The percentage of deaths among the
w Minded h8 been heavy, owing to the hot
weather.' J have hoad it put at 60 per cent , but
this is foolif.li. No case of amputation above
the kncelrsaM to have recovered, but this also I
doubt.
BP Our city is beginning to exhibit signg of
actual life agafn. The people are flicking back
to their homes, stores are being opened, and tbe
pulsations of business have gained a fresh im
petus. The houses which were struck by (
enemy's shells are being repaired, the streets and
sidewalks that were torn up aro being made
passable, drays and wagons of every description
throng our thoroughfares from " earty morn till
dewy eve," and ultogether Vicksburg presents
a busy, bustling appearance. Hotels and reetan
rants are preparing to reopen, bankers are brush
ing off .their counters for business, and soon wo
expect to be able to tall pur readers that tho
long "beleaguerfd city" fa herself again.
Ittkslnrg H7.
Punctiism.
Some numbers of tho London Punch we have
lately seen, have some good hits at the lankees.
From among them we transcribo the following:
Mr Telegram from America.
TR1FU5U ERRATUM.
For "the Federals gained a splendid victory,"
read "tbe Federals sustained a terrible defeat,
etc" Union jsurnuls please copy.
INDEXATION" meeting verses.
We have recFived a very indignant lettor from
aa American correspondent, who states that, in
his opinion, poets have no right to compose
verses which will not lead themselves to para
phrase. He han-been trying, he says, all the
morning (and with his coat off) to fit the Lau
reate's Balakiava poem to the subject of the ad
vance of the grand army of the Potomac, and
in a perfect fury he encloses this specimen, as
alt that he has been able to mako fit. He con
aiders that two conduct of the English at Bala
kiava in being only GOO, and that of the Lau
reate in not making verses that would do for the
far more glorious GOO.000, are quito offensive,
and bit threatens that when the South is put
down, we shall hear more of it. Meantime we
hasten to try and assuage his fiery wrath by
printing his lines :
THU VALLEY OF MUD.
luto the Va ley of Mad.
Went the a hamired thousand
All f f them avvful y
Splasolng their trowaera.
Offieori on the rkht of them,
Acr on the left of tbeei,
Oiacern In tbe middle f them,
lilttatered ami thondtred.
Mrt la that Virginian pluck,
Ktiisy each lero stack
And all at MeClellaQ' J.luck,
GKrloutly woudered.
In they went, on they went
Fat Miles and tbiu bonei,
'I'll! tbey tank over shoe.
And, indeed, over th ir ibln-bonrt.
Here ocr correspondent, eppsrently in tbo
fame case aa the heroes he celebrates, sticks.
We can but print his verses.
CONFEDERATES' LATIK FROM TUXCH.
Gen. Beeun-gard has telegraphed to our office
to stale thai there was a mistake in supposing
that he. seid near Purdy, purtli di diem, fur he
neither l't tho d-iy nor made the speech.
But what hn did say, and a message which he
Ix-gs to nend with his best beaurepards, fr tho
ben-fit of Gen. Grant, is, nor cuivis eontingit
adirr COKlSTliUM
Moveturut of JlcClrlinu'a Army.
Kumor is aain winding its mysterious mazes
and tickling the credulity of the people. The
past vietotks have ascended to their place in his
tory, and the. popular spirit burns again for
renewed contests and fnwh chsplets. Rumor
ha been busy in irritating this avidity, and
stories of battles in the Valley, and battles to
come, and rf treats effected, on the Jamos, have
vaulted suddenly from nothing into the sem
blance of leality.
The report that McCiellan's army is evacu
ating Eastern Virginia, is not substantiated by
fact. It is true, however, that largo portions of
his army have been sent away from the present
line of his operations, and it is quito certain that
their destination is to the lines of the upper Rap
pahannock. To mass a powerful force at this
point, already held by Gen. Pope, is an object,
tbe success cf which will place the Fedtral army
in a position of exceeding advantage. Their
aim is evidently to capture Gordonsville, and
thus destroy our communication with the lower
Valley, aud virtually possess themselves of all
that region, at leajt for a time. McCiellan's
position on the James is unchanged, and is not
likely te be changed unless a reverse elsewhere
demands it. It must be remembered that his
position as general-in-chief has been modified of
latr, by the action of thf Federal administra
tion, and henceforth ho will only co-operate
with, and not command, the Federal army in
Virginia. His present condition will admit of
tho withdrawal of large numbers of the forces
heretofore tinder hia supreme command, and in
time, hoald the Federal cauro prosper which
we rather think it will not wo may expect to
hear cf him again in tho neighborhood of his
oW lines before Richmond. Uiamond Enquirer,
JvlgWtk.
Sisjriusr, iuto Itichmoml.
A letter from MeCIellan'3 cainp says the most
noticeable fact there just now is the arrival of a
vast amount of intrenching tools. It adds :
Of course, none bat our chief officers can toll
precisely what we will be made of them in
other words, whether the new defenses which it
it proposed to construct arc designed lo protect
us in our present position, or to assist in resum
ing tho advance to Richmond. I venture the
opHiion, however, that the Richmond Enquirer,
which thinks that McClellan means to "dig his
way " to the Confederate capitol, is substanti
ally correct. These tools aro not njeded in our
fuep at present. Unless the.Confederates suc
ceed in obstructing the James rivor below us,
wbkh it is not believed here can be accomplished
though strenuons efforts are making to rtnder
navigation dangerous, the picks and shoveU
and other instruments we have received need
never be used htjre. Oar camps aro so situated
that tii-e gunboats can shell the Confederate far
over over heads, and while they are too far away
to do us particular harm, whatever thoir num
bers; besides, our vast artillery, protected by
strong earthworks, would play havoc among
them, and perhaps beep them ct bay without tho
aid of our infantry force, now quite equal to I
wfiai it was ueiore tne Datues.
A. Dangerous JLndy.
Loiters to Northern papers from tho Valley
contain very little of importance. One thus
describes a very dangerous lady :
Mrs. Charles J. Faulkner is the wiliest and
most experienced diplomat In the Valley of Vir
ginia. She is more dangerous than Bclio Boyd,
because she b more adroit, and has larger social
influence aud greater means of accomplishing
her purposes. She is evon now almost nightly
inviting coteries of our young officers to hor
house. She and her two daughters lavish their
mot courtly blandishments upon them, and,
etc thr-y know it, re .hey have perceived their
purpos.-, all the intelligence they desire is ex
tracted. As a matter ot course, our plans, our
Ciovementg, tho natnber of our troops, and tho
direction of iheir march, of the number ia gar
rison, are duly transmuted to Richmond by the
by-waj past-routes which the rebels have all
tlirougn tfcis Valley.
Ought r-.c.t these dangerous women, with their
precious in ight of intelligence, skill and seces
sion proclivities, bo sent, under honorable oa
eort, through our lined a-s far as Gordonsville,
and be kindiy permitted to join their relutives at
Richmond .' Many a valuable hern of informa
t.ou which now fluds its way to Sionowall Jack
son, would ntver bo sent in case they were qui
etly forwaidod, per express, to those with whom
they so deeply sympathise.
HcccaaioaiaU in Waahiutou.
Oath-taking is becoming so popular in the
North that Lincoln is even going to require t
m his own domieli. Tbe Washington corres
pondent of tho New York World writes :
Another vigorous movement in tho right di
rection is about being promulgated. The Con
federate sympathizers in Was'higgtoa are to bo
brought up under another of Popa's orders, and
if they deciine to take the oath of allegiance
they aro to be sent far beyond the linos of our
army. Thero are hundreds in this city and
Georgetown who needed looking after months
KO-
Carryhmj-Away the Stolen Negroes.
The Federal troops on Edisto Island, South Car
olina, having been sent to reinforce McClellan,
the negro "refugees" there were sent to St.
Helena Island. A correspondent of tho New
York World says':
They wero removed en masse. Nearly one
thousand enme here at one time . on ono of our
smaller steamboats. The scene wes heart-rending.
They wero literally stowed on tho decks
and between decks. It was a shadow of the
middle passage. Several bfrths occurred during
tho trip.
CW A Texas editor starts a paper, and in or
der to place .his sheet within the reach of every
body, propeses to .print money at a rcasonaDio
price for thoso who don't have it ! That is cer
tainly liberal
A CSnllnnt Kxploit in Jntnca Kiver A
Sfeuerai irannporl ueatroyeu.
On Saturday morning, a party of five of tho
Prince George Cavalry, Captain Marks, consist
ing of Corporal Teller Cocke, and Privates
Thomas Martin, William Daniel, Alexander
Dimitry, and William Will am3, conceived, and
carried out successfully, a private little enter
prise ot their own. which resulted in tuo burn-
iue: of a lsrea Fediral transport, capture of her
comminder, the consternation aud surprise of
the Yankee Meet in the immediate neiebborbood
The party left Coggin's Point, on the South si!e
ot James river, hve miles oelow uity l'omt,
about ono o'clock, Saturday morning, in an open
boat, armed with naked 6abers and their revol
vers. The Federal fleet of transports and gun
bouta lay all around thorn. One gunboat was at
anchor about ono hucdred yards above them,
and another half a mile immediately below,
while soveral others, invisible" at tho lim, were
off in various positions. Tho transports lay
scattered along tha channol, some not twenty
yards apart
After gettiDg amidst them, tho party made a
recontioisanee to discover tne largest, and nnaiiy
selected u splendid looking schooner, of two
hundred tons burthen, which proved to bo the
Louisa Rives, of New York, loaded with corn,
oats, and other articles of forage and commanded
by Captain Johu A Jones. As they approached
her a doc; on board commenced barkiuir furious
ly, but they plied their oars vigorously and qui
etly, and, reaching the bow chains boarded tco
choouor without faltering. The crew were
sleeping souudly, but tho captain, awakened by
the dog, rushed on deck from tbe cabin, and was
met at the very door by Martin, (himself a sail
or) who seizsd him by the collar and placing a
pistol at hia head cautioned him that to speak a
word was death.
Taking tho surprised captain back into his
-cabin, he waj allowed to dresa and secure what
ever valuables ho wished to carry away with
him. Tho mattresses were then drawn out, rip
ped open and fired, the door locked and the cap
tain et cor ted to the boat. Iu a few minutes, the
party reached tho shore, when the flames burst
from the fired vessel, and the whole fleet was in
commotion. Small boats pried about in every
direction, hawsers waro .attached to vessels, an
chors weighed ar.d a general pulling and tug
ging cDmmtucsd to keep clear of the burning
vessel.
In tho meantime, the crew of tho Louisa
Rives, awakened by tho smoke, yellsd " fire ! "
and scampered over tho deck with buckets of
water with all the volubility and uimbloness of
New York " plugs." A bo1; was sent from eno
of the adjicent vessek to their relief and assist
ance, and for the additional purpose of saving
tho schooner if possible. Bat the crew had
scarcely mounted the deck before a shell and
some iiflas, which were in the cabin, exploded.
All hands commenced a general stampede, and
tumbled over the bulwarks in the utmost con
fusion. No further attempt was made to save
the vessel and she burned to tlie water's edge.
The heroes of this achievement, concealed in
the woods above Coggin's Point, watched tho
event with the utmost satisfaction, and then car
ried their prisoner into quarters.
They stated that they would have taken tho
whole crew, but their boat was leaky, with a
hole in ono side just sbovo the water line, so
that, if they had taken tho crew in, all would
have gono down together. ' Had they stopped lo
lower a boat from the vessel, tho maneuver
would doubtless have been observed, aad their
capture the consequence Richmond Enquirer.
The Capture of Mnrfrectboro' 1 he Wo
men in iiotile.
The Bristol (Teun.) Adtocatc gives some
interesting particulars of the capture of Mur-
freesboro' by Col. Forrest. It says-:
From thirty to forty of our men were killed,
and from forty to fifty wounded. This was done
principally by tho battery, and from the court
house, in which large numbers of ths enemy
had taken shelter. Our men broke a hole in tho
court house, and were about burning it with its
contents, when they loarnod that the Yankees
had & number of the citizens ot Murfreesboro'
under arrest in a large upper room, in order to
try them for treason against tho Lincoln dynasty.
Never were soldiers bailed with more enthusi
astic expressions of gratitude and exultation
than were the Confederato soldiers hailed by the
citizens of tho town. Numbers of tham, includ
ing not a few ladies, joined in the bloody con
flict, and with pistols and everything olsa with
which thev could fierht, assisted in dealing dis
may ard death upon tho hated invaders of their
homes and their rights.
It was yet early in the morning when onr
forces commenced tho attack, id many of tho
ladies cf the phce could not be restrained from
rushing into the streets, with disheveled hair and
in their sleeping attire, cheering Qur soldiers ;
nod when any would fall, or were wounded,
they would clasp thorn in their arms, assisting in
bearing them to their houses and ministering to
them as lo delivering angels, and when our offi
cers would remonstrate, telling them that they
were in danger from the shots oi tha enemy,
they would reply that tho Lord would defend
them, and that it was no great r peril than that
to which thoir gallant defenders wero exposod.
We failed to mention, in the proper connec
tion, that Col. Whorton the brave confederato
in arms of Col. Forrest was wounded. As he
was able, however, to superintend tho guard
which brought the Yankee prisoners through tho
mountains, it is hoped he will soon recover.
In Ihe jail at Murfreesboro wore several of
the daring band of Col Jack Morgan, who had
been taken prisoners sorno timo ago, when that
bold ranger met with his reverse at Lebanon.
Our soldiers released them from prison early in
the action, and they fought like Spartans till tho
affair was ended. Nona enjoyed the victory
with a better Telish than did these liberated he
roes. Among tho prisoners we saw was Brigadier
General T. A. Crittendon, of Indiana. Ho was
a sour, beefy, crest-fallen looking fellow, with
no marks of manliness and but few of intelli
gence about his faco. Wo had a shoit conver
sation with him at Kingston, where they staid'
on Friday night. He wus evidently an inferior
m.m to some of his colonels and other officers.
Tho humbugging government must have put him
imposition because his name was Crittenden, act
ing upon the principle that the name makes the
rose smell swe?;tly.
The JLocoHioiire "Victory."
Tho . mechanical enterprise and skill of the
"Macon & Wes urn railroad repair shop," at
Mason, we had gratifying evidonc-i of, a day "or
two ago. in seeing the handsbme locomotive
'Victory" en one ot the railroad tracks near tho
depot in this city, proudly challenging, as it
wore, toe critical examination of our experienced
machinists, while it was commanding tho admi
ration of our citizens; for though tjloy, as well
as ourselves, have seen more powerful engines,
noHe have seen more bright, a more beautiful
"machine." Wo" loarn that the work on this
was commenced about eight months.ngo ; that it
was dono in tho "Macon & Western railrcad re
nair shop :" and that, with tho exception of tho
bell, safety balauco, steam gauge, aud water-
gauge, it was completed in that snop ; ttiese, too,
would hove been made there, but for tho fact
that they wore already on hand. We also learn
that the brass mountings of tho engine wero
cost at the foundry of tho shop in Macon, by a
Macon mado mechanic. AH this is highly credit
able to tho rtachinists ot tho shop, where the
"Victory" was constructed, for, if we aro cor
rectly advised, and we believe we are, there is
no locomotive shop in America, that docs all the
work, or finishes all the material, of a locomotive
tho brass mountings, wheels, axles, etc.,
being all purchased for their machines.
Tha "Victory" Tveighs 23 tons, and cost
a little over 8,000. Sho is now being run by
Engineer Joe Hartman, and was constructed
under the supervision of Mr. E. Crockett, tho
master machinist of the shop.
Wo see in this evidence that the Sjufh can go
on and build her locomotives. She posseses both
the mechanical skill and ability to do so. If sho
will only be qfergetic, and persovore, she will
achieve anotwr victory over the North.as import
ant in its resulb, as victories won upon the bat
tle field. Tha machicists of Macon have shown
what they can do. Those ot Atlanta have
already demonstrated their ability to turn out
work of the samo description. Savannah, if she
has not nl ready done so, can with her machin
ists do tho same. Lot us then have no moro
Yankeo locomotives after this revolution Is en
ded and our indenondonce won. but let us con-
stmct them at homo, in Georgia, and thus
achieve a victory in mechanics over tha world,
rind especially over the Worth. Atlanta Intcfli-genccr.
Heulh of Ulnrtlrt Van Hurt-u.
From the Richmond (Va) Knq 'irer, July 99.
Martin Van Buren. ex-President of the Uni
ted Status, died t Jvinderhouk, New York, on
Thursday, tho 24th inst., in tbe eightieth year of
his nge. Mr. Van Burn was born at Kinder
hook, Columbia county, iu the State ot New
York, on tho 5th day of December, 1782. His
farther, Abraham Van Buren, was a direct de
cendent of a Dutch farmer, who established him
self in tho early period of our colonial history in
the ancieut settlement of Kinderhook. His
mother was also of pure Dutch descent, so that
the late ox-Presidont, thoir oldest sou, may be
regarded as ono of tha few representatives of
the unadulterated Knickerbocker atoi k who first
brought industry aud civilization to the ancient
colony of '-Manhattan."
On the 22J of May. 1832, Mr. Van Bareu was
nominated as a candidato for the Vice-Presidency
by a convention of tha Democracy of the
Union, held at Baltimore, General Jackson being
at the same time renominated for the Presidency.
Jackson and Van Buren were, at the subse
quent election triumphantly elected, aad were
inaugurated on the 4 th of March 183;?.
At tho noxt conventiou of the Democracy
(held in Baltimore. May 20, 183G) Mr. Van
Buren was nominated for the Presidency with
Richard M. Johnson, of Kantucky, for the Vice
Presidency. The Democracy being signally
successful in his campa'ga, Mr. Van Buren was
inaugurated' .President of tho United Stttes on
the 4th of March, 137. His Cabinet consisted
of ti e following genticmen:
Secretary of State John Forsyth, of Geor
gia. Secretary of tho Treasury Levi Woodbury,
of New Hampshire.
Secretary of War Joel R. Poinsett, of South
Carolina.
Secretary of tha Navy JAmes K Paulding,
of New York.
Postmastor-Genoral Amoj Kendall,- of Ken
tucky. Attornay-General Felix Grundy, of Tea
nessee. Mr. Vau Buren was nominated fofre-election
in 1810, but was defeated by the Whig candid
ato, Gen. Harrison.
Mr. Van Buren's public life wid serviees may
bo sumtnod up as follows :
Sarrogate cf Co'nmWa coun'y ISOH
Member of Xew York St-ite Seattle lil2
Member of tho Court of Krrornuf injpcaeluoeol8....1r,!3
nuoTOcj-u aerai crtat- Mate or New Xr lelO
Urgent of tbe U Ivertity of the State or New York.lftS
I ultedStaies.Senntorfrom the StatoofKew York. .1821
Governor of t'ae State of New York !t?
Secretary of State tor tbe United State
United States- 33Iiiiter to K:'gUnd Wi
Htcretiry of tae united State Trratary lf.K
Vice President of the United Statea KiS
Preidentif the Unittd States 1.-U7
Mr. Van Buren died a widower, having sur
vived his wife about forty years, and has left a
family oi three sons living John, Smith, and
Abraham. A fourth son Martin, died in Paris a
few years ago, whither he had gone, accompa
nied by his father, for the benefit t f medical ad
vice. The disease under which Mr. Van Buren has
suuk was originally an asthmatic uttack, from
which ha has been suffering for several months,
but latterly became a malignant ca tar rah, which
caused great suffering. Daring tho latter days
of his sickness his mind occasionally wandered,
and he seemed lost to all transpiring events
cround him.
A Rebel Operator liendx Gen. HalleckN
Dispatches for fonr laj.
A Memphis correspondent of the New York
Times writes on the 18th as follows :
Tho telegraph line between Memphis and Cor-
inth is exceedingly important. Gen. Halleck's
messages to (Join. .Davis, Ueu. (Jartis and tite
commandant of this post have all passed over it.
Little of tho line is guarded, but of lata the
robeb have refraiuod from cutting the wires
Their unusual amiability is now explained ; they
found a hotter use for it !
For a week the Memphis operators have de
tected something wrong in the woikioe of the
instruments, and surmisod that some outsider
was sharinir their telegraphic secrets. They
communicated this suspicion to the superin
tendent at Corinth, who promised to keep a
sharp lookout.
1 esterday they discovered that their uninvited
confidant-could talk as well aa listen. The
transmission of a passage was suddenly inter
rupted by the ejaculation, " O, phaw!" A
momtut after it was azain broken wi:h " Hur
rah for Jeff Davis !"
Individuality shows itself as well in tele
graphing as in the footstep, or in handwriting.
Mr. Hull, one of th oMempbis operators, instaut
ly rocognized tlie performer, not by his tune,
bet his time, as a young man formerly iu Buffalo
and other Northern office?, but now employed
by tho Confederates. Mr. Hall surprised him
by replying promptly, " Ed. Saville.if you don't
want to be hung you had bcttsr leave ! Our
cavalry ia closing in on both sides of you!"
Thero was a little pause, and then the reply :
" How in the world did you know me ? How
ever, I've been hero four days, and learned all
wo wont to know. Aa this is becoming rather
a tight place, I think I will leave. You'll see
mo agaia when you least expect it. Good bye,
boys!"
Tho rebel operator made good I113 escape. He
had cut tho wire, inserted a piece of his own,
and by a pocket instrument had been reading
onr official dispatches. Some of the utmost im
portance, giving the very information most de
sired by the rebels, were passing, and as they
wero not iu cipher he must have received them.
Ona from Gau. Hovoy, commanding at this post,
in reply to a question from Geo. Halleck, stated
the precise number of our available m-tn in
Memphis and their exact location.
From Ihe-Kappahnuuech.
From the position of affairs on th& Rippah&u
nock tho impression prevails that active opera
lions cannot be long delayed. -For several days
past the enemy have been making such disposi
tion of their forces as to induce the belief that
an advance is early contemplated. Fassengers
by the Central train, last evening, represent that
the main army of Pops has moved up from Cul
pepper into Madison, and that a considerable in
tantry force had been advanced in a southwest
erly direction eo far as Stanardsvillo, in Greene
county. This point is on tbe road leading into
the Valloy, through Swift Run Gap, and only a.
few miles from tho foot of tha Bma Ridge,
The depredations committed by Pope's army
in Cnlpepper ara without parallel, even in this
war of unh?ard of atrocitiM. The infamous or
der of tho Yankee commandant of that depart
ment, has been put into practical operation, and,
as a result, largo numbers of horses, cattle,
sheop end hogs, etc., have been stolen from their
rightful owners, aud the stock of wheat, com,
and othor necessaries of life, constituting the
sustenance of the people, have been appropria
ted to tho use of the invaders. In some in
stances families have been left upon the verge of
starvation. Acts of tho mo3t infamous charac
ter enacted upon the negro womon of the coun
try, in the presence of ladies, are reported, and
in" some instances deeds of violence have been
perpetrated on respectable ladies themselves.
Citizens aro daily arrested and sont off to Wash
ington, thero to be incarcerates. Among others,
the Ray. John Cole, an aged mmister of tho
Episcopal Church, was arrested on Sunday last,
and taken from his pulpit, for praying for the
Confederacy. Thoy stole from Captain John
Taylor, an officer in tho Confederate army,
twenty-eight negroes, burnt hia house and all
the outbuildings, carried off hi3 stock and evety
tbing else of value, and dosolatod bis entire farm,
ona of the finest in the county. Richmond Dis
patch, 2d inst
The Navy. Tho Richmond correspondent of
tho Charleston Ncrtury says :
Our navy lifts its head again. We hear of
sundry iron-clads at Southern ports " in a state
of forwardness.'' Tho Arkansas remains quiet,
becansa of repairs and the necessity of getting a
new crew that which manned her on her way
down being only a temporary crew. May be
so ; but it is the rule, I believe, for every Con
federate vessel and-army to keep profoundly
quiet for from ono to nine months after a fight.
A good story is told ia this connection about Mr.
Mallory. He was showing a sharp letter ho bad
written iu regard to the early completion of a
ship, and telling plaintively of a number of
such letters ho had wiitten before to tho same
firm. The gentleman to whom ho showed the'
lettor said.'quietly " D n it, man, quit writing
and go down aud cuss 'em, cuss "em. Thoy
care nothing for your writing cuss 'em. cuss
em."
FEDEEMI, REPORTM FBOM MEM-
vsim.
Corrfepondenee of tbe Obieago Timet. I
M&Ml'lltS SECESSIONISTS FIRM.
Memphis, July 30. Memphis is. very mch
excited about current events. Tho rigorous
measures of Gen. Sherman, in compelling the
secessionists to take tha oath, have net in the
least changed their preferenees, and tbey are as
much secessionists as ever; consequently, thy
rejoice as much as ever at those little incidents
winch they style i ederal reverses. Tho aban
donment of the siece of Vicksbarir. with rumor
ed auccasses for the rebel arms in-Tonuessee,
are considered omens of favor, while tae air is
filled with prognostications founded upon
uragg s expected advance.
federal danger in TIIK WSST.
There is ground enough' for all these rumors
and prognostications. My daily telegraphic dis-
patcaea irom bero have oontamed foots which
continually .pointed toward the results now
reached, but thoy have not arrived at their des
tination, and tho tacts have not become to c-ener-
ally known at tbe North as they should be. As
my luiormauuu uas come mrougR tne most reli
able rebel source?, it has been important, but on
that account alona it may have been suppressed.
Government censors seem to think that the
Northern people should be kept in ignorance of
waat. roey nave to meet, or, pornaps, deeming
the exigencies at theEas1 sufficient t j force upon
A . LI! f . 1 .T. . a. I
me puouc minu, mey wooia conceal trie exigen
cies at the West until the blow itself falls I,
at least, do not coincide in that opinion. I be
lieve that the people should know tbe present
truth, and receive enlightenment on the future so
tar as may be.
The situation of affairs in the southwest is a
somewhat critical one. The rebol army .has been
swelled by the conscription to formidable dimen
sions, and is rapidly organizing into a well-
equipped force. Every man in tbe States of
Jlissisiippt and Arkansas 13 a sokher. schools
of discipline are located in different places, at
which conscripts receive a brief training, and
then aro harried into the army. Iu Arkansas
not a man is exempt from duly, and iu her sister
State nose under iorty-uve tuo. allowed to re
main at home. Ia Louisiana the saute vigorous
measures are adopted, and, as a consequence.
the rebel army is to-dy ovea in the incipient
stage ot the conscription most formidable in
strength. This is what tho North should kno-.
USTIMATE Or THE CONFEDERATE STRENGTH.
There are in Mississippi, at the present mo
ment, not less tbtta a hundred and twenty thou
&and well armed and equipped men. These
have been raised sine Beauregard evacuated
Corinth and took the flower of hu army to Riefc
mocd. There are fifty thousand more who ara
in a state of preparation, or already engaged in
the guerrilla warfare. To this army the three
above named States have contributed. General
Bragg is in command, with sixty or seventy
thousand men at Tupelo, (ian; Van Dora hi at
Vicksburg, which puce ha will soon leave, with,
twenty-five thousand men. Gen. Price k no
body knows where with twenty-five or thirty
thousand more. He will be heard from within
three weeks, opening the ball in a style which
will open the eyes of the North pretty, speedily.
You may depend upon that much. Ia addition
to this,' Gen. Hindman has an army of twenty'
thousand men iu Arkansas, which he is prepar
ing to use for his own unscrupulous ends when
everan opportunity offors. Now, the rebels are
not going to lie still with such a force. Price
will get possession of the country north of Mem
phis, and blockade tha river, and then cross iuto
Missouri and sweep thatSrate like an avalanche.
Hindman will hold Curtis in check, aud Bragg
and Polk will march on Corinth, and possibly
on Memphis. He now holds Giand Junction.
It would be treason to tell your readers how
many men we have here to fight our battles.
They are few enough, God knows.
WHAT IS TO BE ACCOMPLISHED.
The substance of it all is and tho North
might as well know it that we ara to be driven
out of the Southwest, and the Mississippi river
wrested from our grasp, unless energetic meas
ures are taken to sirengthen our army. Mem
phis will scon be cut off, except by gunboat navi
gation, from tho North, and the country will
airain bo overrun by a rebel army. Tensessee
and Missouri will again become the theater of
partisan warfare, and the boundary line of tha
South will not confine guerrilin depredations.
All this ia certain to occur, for the rebels have
acquired the strength, and they will not be slow
to use it. Th North has been asleep to the va$t
consequences which were involved in tho new
agent conscription and, if not too late, must
wake up and meet the danger.
CURTIS IlF.rUSES TO OHBY ORDERS.
Gen. Curtis refused tj obey Gen. Grant's or
der to go to Vicksburg, except on an express or
der from the commander-in-chitf of the Federal
armies. His reasons- for doing so are unknown
to me, but he was right in the abstract Four
weeks' campaign before Vieksfcurg wsidd re
duce his army one-half, as it has already reduced
the fket, and, before tho summer w out, he
would not have a man left. The wan counte
nances of our people who retarit from there are
sufficient evidences of the effects of the climate.
Nearly everybody is sick.
TIIG GUNBOAT FLEET
The gunboat Sect will be brought up here to
patrol the river from Helena to Cairo. They
leave the Esex down there, nnless she can run
the blockade, 'which is not at all likely. Six
months have been spent in reconstructing Ler
and equipping her in the most effective manner,
and, on her first trip she was thrown away. Ot
course she will bo sacrificed to tbe Arkansas or
sent to New Orleans, either alternative being of
equal benefit to the river fleet. While our boats
are patrolling the river, the Arkansas will take
her hand in tho business and capture or disable
them singly. Patience is exhausted in contem
platingjhe stupid folly which left her at Vicks
burg, when we had a force of steam power col
lected there which could have picked her up and
carried her off bodily, if it had been controlled
by men who daied to do such & bold deed. She
might have sunk two or three boats iu the, opera
tion, but she is sure to sink thorn all now, if
they co trie in her way. If history dees not take
a fit of 8apreme disgust when K cornea to the
record of our naval operalious before Viekabarg,
it will not be Hue to the facts.
I" rom tho Valley.
Reports were in circulation, on Saturday that
a body cf Federal cavalry, supposed to be a de
tachment of Gen. Pope's ar ny, had made their
appearance at Conrad's St'.re, near the lino of
Rockingham and Greece counties, and it was
conjectured that a raid upon the Central railroad
was inteuded. From C nrad's Store to the
Blue Ridgo Tunnel the distance is only teme
twenty miles, through an open country. Whilst
some anxiety is felt that depredations wiU be at
tempted upon this road, there is ground for tbe
fullest confidence that our force along its line ia
amplo for its protection.
Tho rumor with reference to the evacuation of
Winchester by the Yankees b not confirmed by
our latest information from that quarter. The
enemy still hold the bights around the town,
which have been strongly fortified. The ac
counts which reach us of tbe outrages commit
ted upon the people of the Valley are in keeping
with thoso that come to tu ftom other localities
where the despotic rule of Lincolnism has been
permitted to have its sway. At Winchester,
after one of the battles in the Valley, the Yan
kees took possession of the boarding houio of
tho Mis3es Brtedin, four orphan sisters, compell
ing tho lady boarders to rise from their beds at
2 o'clock in the morning, and in ono instance
refused to give ayoucg lady time to dress herself,
but forced her to walk in her nigbt dress to the
room of the ladies of the house. They filled the
building with wounded Yankees, and took pos
session of every article of furniture, sava that
bolocging to tho chamber of the Misses Breedin.
Tho Yankee commandant assured them that they
should be paid for the loss sustained, and ap
pointed a committeo to assess their value, con
sisting of three Federal officers, and two rank
Union citizens of Winchester. This committeo
refused positively to allow compensation, alleg
ing as a reason that ths ladies were sincere sym
pathizers with the Southern cause. This is, but
one instance of Yankeo honesty and Yankeo
justice, as displayed iu tho Valley. Richmond
Dispatch.
ESSince the Yankees have left tho river here
it has been very quist an the old father of water3
Tlie ferryboat is very much needed here, and it
should bo brought down as soon as possible. A
grsat many paesengers aro crossing here' every
day, and ike ferryboat was- never in greater de
mand, Vicksburg Citizen.
fntc !oiIp from tVnahinglon
Correspcndenee of Xbe Cbleaffn Timet.
THE CAPITOL CONSIDERED SAFE.
Washington, Jniy ti. ion will see la a
few dajs, ia the papers, statements to the effect
that tbe rebel have in contemplation an attack
on Washington, with a vie w to capture and bold
that city, and take captive Mr. -Lincoln, Jir.
Seward, and Mr. Stanton; and that in order to
accomplish this design, tbey are now making
and will continue to maka a great many demon
strations en other and far distant pointa,ith
trie-intent to dUtract the attention of the gov
ernnent, to scatter and dissipate its energies,
and to make it necessary for the United States
to keep large forces of troops at points distant
from the capital, in order that the latter may fall
a more easy prey to them. These ' stories have
originated with secesionistd. They are being
circulated here, and will of coarse, in time, find
their way into print. I need not say there is so
truth in them. If the rebels conld, by any pos
sibility, get pogseseion ot the city, tboy could
and would hold it. Bat they know, its well as
our own commanders, that for them to get pos
session of Washington is a physical impossibil
ity. The distanco they would have to march
would be the first, and, of itsrlf, an insuperable
obstacle . Before ti ey could anarch half the dis
tance, tbey would be attacked i.i front and on
both flanks by Union armies in overwhelming
force, and utterly cat to pfeees. Even if tbey
could succeed in bringing an army before, Wash
ington, they could never take the city. Its de
fenses are perfect. Literally, "our castle's
strength could laugh a sietre to scorn." The
I thirty-two forts around the city are in perfect or
PA iL.:. :.. r..it -i l 1 .1.
un, ik unH?!i9 in iwi 0txcaiay auu lira
gunners well trained. The exact condition of
the defenses of the city are perfectly well known
at Richmond. Diagrams of all tbe forts, and of
all the reads and approaeltos arouiftl Wash
ington, axe in the posaeasioa of the rebel war
criice. it u toe knowledge thus obtained, of
the enorinou strength of the defeases of tho
city, that will deter tne rebeb from attacking it.
AIM OF THE CONFEDERATES.
I am eonvinoeO, from a careful observation for
many weeks, that the rebels design, first of all,
to ait&ek and Annihilate MeClei Urn's army, then
to attack aud retake Norfolk; and at the same
tims ti regain possession cf Tennessee and
Kentucky. The events which are low taking
place in these two States are only the precursors
of what may be expected a month henee. A '
rebel attack on Cincinnati and St. Louis, and
even on New Orleans, is much more probable
than an attack oa ti is city. General Holmes
lias been sent to command tbe military depart
ment west of the Mississippi Unless there is a
large force of United Status troops at St. Louis,
ke will probably trgsnize an exoe dition baiice
in view the eaptare of that city. Those of your
readers who have exaiuiaed that city with a mil
itary eye will nin :mbrr that it is a place easily
defended by s proper force. If there is such a
toree tbere new, 1 cocrse the rebels will not
dare attack it. If there k not, and the rebels
take it, they will be sure to place fruch a force
there'. Tnen there is Norfolk. Its defenses are
not what they ought to be. Whatever they aw,
they are fatly known to the rebels. One letter
currier from Norfolk to Richmond was arrested
lwtweek. But a dozen others had preceded
him. and got safe with their letters to Richmond.
Therefore, I say, if we want to retain Norfolk,
more troops vaght to he sent there.
PRECARIOUS .SITUATION OF M'CI.KI.LAN.
McCleUaa's army is really in great peri, and
the administration is catpabie in cnceaHtisr the
fact from the people. It is a humiliating feet,
but it ia a fact, that he la dependent upon the
presence ot the gunboats alone for his safety
from day to day. Tbe bulk of the rebel army
at Richmond is still near that city, including
50.000 troops on tbe right bank of te James
river, below Manchester, and as far down as
iort Dariisg. Bat 50,000 of them are between
McClellan, tbe White Oik Swanp, and the
Chickahominy: 20,KX) of them are at City
Point, and 20,000 at Dacciiig Point, the mouth
of the Chickahominy. .When they are ready.
when tbe three iron-mailed vessels which they
are building at Richmond are completed (aud
they are very near done now) what is there to
prevent the rebel flotilla from engaging our fleet
while their land forces, iu overwhelming
strength, make s. furious attack on McCleHan's
little army? I place this warning on record
sow, as I placed on record on the 16th of Jane
a warning which, if it had been beaded, would
have saved tu the disasters cf'tbe lueiiiorabL
Saves Days It is time to speak plainly. The
country is being lolled by tha siren song that
lUcUleJlftn lias been reiotoroed.
The country may be deceived bv this assu
rance, Imt tte enemy are not. Tbey know Me-
Clclluu'a force almost to a man. And they will
profit by that knowledge. Whatever force con
stitute Gen. Pope's army ought U be sent to
Harrison s landing at once, by way ot jfc ortress
Monroe. There are no other troop that can be
obtained to reinforce McClellan The troops in
the West ere all needed there. The troops near
the Camberlasd Gap, at Vkksbar?, at New Or
leans, iuNorta Carohoa, and northern Virginia,
are all needed where they are. It is idle to de
pend on any part of the 300,000 troops ealld
tor a month ago. iMneteutbs 01 them are form,
ing new regiments, and will not be available for
six months. Nor can Gen. Pope march overland
by way ot 1 redencksbnrg. lie would find a
Chickahominy in the Noith Anna, the South
Anna, and the Pamnskey, before he reached the
veritable Chtckahommy. The rebels have
enough troops to keep McClslUn where he is,
while they annihilate Pope's separate command,
if it comes by that route.
What, then, is tha path of saft? Let Pop?
join McClellan, and then let an immediate ad
vance be made oa Richmond. If Richmond U
not taken before winter, wa will loo? all that we
have hitherto sralned by th wr.
Attack on Crnralt I'oiut i;rpule ot the
We announced, a day or two since, the arrival
of fonr Federal gunboats in Ojsabaw sound, aud
subsequently that they had steered np the river
and come to anchor nearly within cannon shot
of our batteries on Genesis point. It is supposed
their object ia to pass the batteries if possible
and reach the Savannah and Gulf railroad bridge
over the Great Ogecbee, for tbe purpose of de
stroying it.
About daybreak, yesterday, heavy and con
tinuous firintr was heard in that direction from
ear eont button near the city, indicating that
tha Federals hid matured ail their plans and
opened on the fort. Tbe firing was heard for
asm hours, bat nothing was heard of the result
until late in the afternoon, when messear-eis
arrived from Beau lien, from wfaieh print a pretty
lair view was bad oi tne entire engagement
across the marshes.
It appears that the gunboats, after a continu
ous catiiKHHicKug of several honrs, found the bat
tery more than a mateh for tbe is, aad inconti
nently backed down aad retired to their anehor-
age in the sound.
FURTHER.
Late ve4erdv afternoon a courier arrived at
headquarters with a letter from the ooatmander
of the post, substantially confirmiar; the abjvu.
The quarters in the fort were considerably dam
aged by the shells, but not a man of tha garrison
was hurt. It is thought one of the gttnboats
was considerably damaged, though aethint; cer
tain Li known of her condition. Savannah Rt-
pvMita, "30th
1
Humboldt The Bridge-BursbR. A letter
from Cairo, in the Cincinnati Commercial, dated
the .slat ultimo, contains the follewinc para
graphs : ..
There was a car load of cetton harried bv ac
cident near Columboa yesterday. It was
owned by Becbam & Carpenter, of Columbus,
nveuiy-sn ushm were Bornea; no lasar-
ance.
Gen. John A. Losrau had auuraved the sent
ence of the court martial iu the case of the rebel
bndee burner, at Humboldt. Tbe scaffold was
erected at tha bridge whea the train from Cor-
lath passed on tbe evening of tbeth. He was
to have been hung ia two hours after.
The Tatum brought passengers through from
Corinth via Jaekson. The bridge burner had
not been hung yet
The Finale of the Eastern Question.
By recent advices from Canstaatiaople it"1 ap
pears that the jealousies between tho latin and
Greek churches, about repairing the church of
the ioiy sepulchre at Jerusalem, tne pretext ot
the late Crimean war, have subsided. The
Porte by right of jurisdiction, Russia as protec
tor of tho Greek church, and France of the Latin,
havo cOmbinod the patronage, and the works
ara now going forward, under tin supervision ef
au.Arowaian architect.
-Agreement for an Bxehanse of Prlaaaera--Copiea
of tbe Article C'oncladed BclntfH
lur two Government.
HlXALL S LA.XDINS, OX JAM'S RIVE V .
Jal32 lbC2
i ie undersigned having bees eaaamissiust ?
by the authorities thev resueettnll- ranraent. l.
maka arraagemeats for a gemraf exchange .
pnsaaets ai war, have Agreed to tha folic wir sr.
articles :
ARTICLE 1 It is hereby agreed and stip.
lated that J1 prisoners of war held by eitc"
party, including those takea aa private a;.l
armed vessels, koawa as privateefav, shall be
charged upas the eeaditioos aaai tanas foil. -ing:
Prisoners to be exchanged nan f jr mm at I
officer for o racer; privates ta beptaetd upon li
footiug of officers and bhu of tha aavy.
Men aad officers of lower grades may be ex
changed for officers of a higher grade, and me;x
aad officers of ditfereat services nay be rx -
changed according ta the leflewiag- scale -..
equivalents :
A eeneral eommaadiatr-u-chief. or admra .
shall be exchanged for officers of equal rank,
torty-aix privates ot aomman saanten.
A flag-officer or major-general aaali b ex
changed for officers of equal rank, ar far forty
privates or eomraoo se&aee.
A eamaMaore carrying a broad pennant or a-brigadier-geBeral,
shaH be exabaagad" for office.-",
of equal raak, or twaaty gav&twf ar common
saamea.
A captain in the savy or a cotoBaT shall La
exchaaged for ofSoers af eqaal raak, or fifteen
privates ar eameaoa seaaaaa.
A liectenaat colonel or a conunander iu
the navy shall be exchaaged for officers- .'
equal rank, or for tea privates or common ,c-
BMO.
A lienteaaat eoauaaader ar a aajv shall be
exchaaged for ofSeers of eqoal xaaJt, or eight
privates or commoa teamen .
A lieutenant or a atastar fat tbe Bary or car
taia in the army or raariBes abaft he exchanged
for officers of eqaal raak, or six privates or cum
laoa seaaaen.
Master's mates in tha uxvy, or lieutenants an J
exsigns ia tha amy, shall ha n changed fo:
officers of eqosl raak, or four ariratas or coa
mon Mm
Midshipmen, warrant effirs ia tbe navy,
masters of merchant vewak aad eoaatanders u '
privatears, shall be exchanged for aCcers '
eqoal rank, or thrae privates or cornea -n sea
m"a; second cap-ams, lieutenants ar rut tea ' :
merchant vessels it privateers, and ail peay orfi
cars iu the navy, t ud all aoo-eominimi-med 51
cers ia the army or marine shall be eeve-aiir
exchaaged for person of equal raak. or for tw
privates er commoa seamen; and private so,
criers or commoa seamen shall be exchanged ioc
eaek other, maa for ana.
Art. -2. Lseai, Stale, civil aod anlitla rank
held by perOB3 not in actual military gervic-.
will not b3 recognized, the basis of exchace
being the grade actually bald ia the naval ani
military sarvks of the re pec tire partie.
Art. 3. If citizeas held by either party -k
charges of disloyalty or any alleged civil offense,
are exchaaged, it shall only be foe titisars, cap
tured sutlers, teamsters, and alt eiviiina in th
aetaal service of either party, to be exchange-.!
for panoas ia similar aasttioe.
Art. 4 All prisoners of war to ha discharged"
oa parole in ten days after their capture, and
the priaoaers now held aad those hreaft
takea ta be transported to the paints mutual! v
agreed ubmi, at the expense ot tha capturing
party. The surplus prisoners not exeaang"!
shall not be permitted to take up aims agtuu,
nor toeerve as military police or cons'ta!ar
force in say fort, garrison or sold work h-sld bV
either of the respective partitM, nor as guards o"
prisons, depots or stores, nor to discharge ai.v
duty usually perforated by soldiers until n'
chaaged uihkr the provisions af this carvi.
The exchange is not to be considered eomp!i-tf
until the officer or soldier exchanged for ha-,
haan actaally restored to the lines to which he
belongs.
Art. 5. Each party, apan tha discharge o.'
prisoners of tha other party, is authorised t
discharge an equal number of their own cSL-era
and men from parol?, furnishing at tha same
tims to the other party a Hit of their prisoner
discharged and of their own efa'ears aad men r- -lieved
fiom pafole, enabling- each party to re
lieve from parole such of their own officers an I
men aa the party may choose. Tha lists ;!:us
aattuaUy faraished wiU hasp bath partfe ai
vbad of the trae coadition uf the axchaige rf
prisoners.
Art. 6. Tbe stipulativns snd
above mentioned to be of binding; obligauoa
during the continuance of tbe war, it mati-rs
not which party may have th? snrphM of pr to
ners, tbe great prit.ctpiea involved being:
1. An equitable exchange of prisoners, js .rt
for man, officer for officer, cr officers of higher
grade exchaaged for officers of lower grade, or
privates, acoonUitg to the scale of equivalent
i. That privates- aad officers, and aaan of i-S-fee
eut services may ba exchaaged according to
the same rul of eqnivalaats.
3. That all prisoners, of whatever arm of ser
vice, are to h exchanged, or paroled ia tec lays
from the time of their eaptare, if it be practica.
to transfer them to their own lioes ia that time 7
it not, aa soon thereafter as practicable.
4. Tint no et&cer, soldier or raptoyee in tko
service of either party ia to be coowidJmi as ex
changed aad abiolved fraa ins parole nnCl hu
equivalent has actually reached the fines of hit
friends.
5. That the parole forbids the perninnance oi
seld, gankwa, paiiae, or gaard, ar caastahulary
daty.
Sfrned John A. Dx, Major-Gacerai.
Sighed J D. IE Hill. Majot-General.
Confederate States Army.
aCrPLKMENTARY AKTiCLRS.
Art. 7. AH prisoner af war now held oa
either side, Had all prisoners hereafter taken,
shall be sent with all reasonable disrates u A.
Aikin's, below Datch Gap, oe the James river,
in Virginia, or to Vkkshnrg, on the MississipiL
river, in tha State af MiMM'ippi, and there be
exchaaged, or paroled aatil sach exchange can
ba effected, notice being- previously given by
each party of tbe number ot prisoners it will
send, aad the time when they will be dsfivf red
at thse poiats respectively ; and, in eas tha
viciss'tndea of war shaii change tbe mi itary
relations of the places obsignated in this artU-i
to tha contending partioi, so as to render the
same inconvenient for tha delivery a,nd exchange
of prisoners, other place, bearing- as nearly a
may be the praseut local relations of said places
to the lines of said parties, shall be, by mutual
agreement, substitute!.
Bat nothing in thi artiole contained shall
prevent the commndars ot two oppoaibg armies
from exchanging' prisoners or releasing them os
parole at other points mutually agreed upon by
said cesaaaaden.
ART 6. For the porpaee of carrying into
effect the foregoing articles of npasmnnt. each
party will appoint two agaata, to ha called
agents tor the exchange of prisoners of war.
whose daty It shall ba te coamunicate with each,
other by correspondence and otharwier, to pre
pare the list of piisaners, to attend to the delive
ry of the priioners at tbe plaeas agreed oa. and
to carry out promptly, effectually, and in good
faith, aK the details aad provisions of the said
artieles sf agreejitest.
Art. 9. And in case any mieaadTstacd.ng
shall arise in regard to any elanse or stipulation
in the foregoing- artieles, it is iMtoalty agreed
that sack nmafiderstaadiRg shaH aot interrupt
tbe release of prisoaers an parole as herein pro
vided, but shall be made the subject of friendly
explanatitns, iu order that the object of tir.s
agreement shall neither be oVrea lad or postpone!.
Signed John A. Di., Mcj. Gen.
Signed DH. Hill, Mcj. Gen. C.S Ju
A Swkmr of Rsdpath's. The New York
correspondent of the Philadelphia bnpartr aayar
" Redpath is in town to-day. He has another
scheme in his head for the ' relief of the negro.
He proposes that all the free colored person
who are anxious to lend a hand to pr.t down tha
rebol Hon. band together and go with him down
to 'Dixie.' Landuig semawhera ia Georgia,
say, and trusting to Providence for raising the
slaves, lie thinks he would be able to strike tha
rebels a Wow hi a weak spot" It is to ba hoped
tbe ruffian will succeed in getting- np his forces.
He and his sable band ot marauders will bo
summarily ($falt with.
E?" Dr. Smith, surge of this pasttiia re
ceived a dispateh that the wounded ef tha ttittla
of Baton Rouge will be left at CKatoa, La., for
the present. Tbe reason of this is, riiftwl of
wed men to ctlend-lfe'm to this place otmti sot
ba spared feast tae.eoraaanl .TfUwwijfjfcu
tug j jaf.-i ji i me ESQggSgg''-

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