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Memphis daily appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886, August 11, 1862, Image 1

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MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 11, 1862.
VOLUME Xin, NO. 19U.
BY M'CLANAHAN & DILL.
s
J
1
DeOIy, Url-"Weokly and WecJily
3Y .
JHI4i X. HoTJLAXAHAN . J3EKJAKDS T. DUX,
Under the fins tind ty!e of
Te wees sit leUes 8s fcnaisesi, or &tferrk, taosM
be addressed.
Titniw ol" SubHOrix-tion.
Ia"b- per month
Tri Weakly per aionth
Weaky r aanam -
SUM)
75
aw
ifrsixiy Kaics of Advertising.
For m .aar of ten lines or one lrartloa..6LW)
tjMw pciviu m pt 'I'lii'-uaarMaM i
MILITARY ORDERS.
OFFICI A.T..
HEADQUARTKKg 1T niSrRIOT, DBPAKT-)
XtfT X0. I. S
TAKeePAHO L J-lj 14 a, 1892. )
GreoerHl Orders ZN"o. ".
XTHtl CO ' SUKlPT.S tii 'Lj pribe of KaU and
. WeetJrVnrHaA aad Btet H.o )teo. wilt assem
ble wtthsa'. d lay at O lv Baa-in, B-ar Clint oa. acd
rprt to Col. Fr oa Pond, eomnacdiac camp of In
M. The aa orlpti in fie mrib.' of St. Helena and
Wnlhr'm w3t aemhl" vitbaat iLlsy at Tuigipabo,
aa teeart to IAeot.-CoL 5 Beyd eoaunandfiie.
III. Tin wtHm is tha partahM of at.KMitcaay
wiUlhiMi wilt aaaaiahle vrttkewt fU'my sTftwoka-t.-Ht,
at a earn ef iaatraetioa, and repe-s to Captain
MctUm.
IV. The OownairrngGewra' U iswirtd Ihst xaasy
hn um nnder :hs prov sio of t ooatoriptlavr
l.ave not had the oppcrauitr of ewopManee wita iti
iwiittfMBU, and sow tha-. eaipi of ln traction are
mwdattr d-3-ia-t.ft'ed acd r competent amsudtn,
thev nil repair m tbe -a at once aad place tbmilre
jo lb front ranfc of -heir eountry'j decendero.
V. If, howavw, from anfcimn tte-eanwaTtei. the ex
raordiBarr pc aebs Kbcolf ttreaeat itwif to tb ryot
tdnU,ikai eHimsoIdtoai ri,iaUiaBa fall to
raVr TMlnaaanly to ib dfeae f tllr ltbrtie aad
li.VUaa. Kimaail ri af troaw, provoit war4Ai of
piriafe, oV n of lae ui 1'Jb, cv l eltrAiw. aad
h athM-ctrfl ofBofn ar cjninei to tka inpt aBd
t ffjaatoc laairat to oaaHle Ivl-xqucM t6 roaeii tbatr
ixyxlltt eanaianarxiU.
Bjraetaausd of Brij .-Ga. roeLEs.
I D. hAMX OiiH, U. P, A.,
JyfffArrlw AAA aad teye ;or Qaaral
MOTICjB I
HEA1XJU. S DISTRICT, I
TlCKfSDKS, Jaly j6 loo!. 5
"VfOfllCK i heraay (pvca to all p irjiian who are rub
J toat ta tk aetiaa of the Oiedat Aat. that tbe
who yalaaiw wltamtt waitiac; to an eaalid Hader
Wr. will he aUewad to Mlact toeir own cespary
acd inlial, from their Sta'e front af the tevtral
torpi of Iks Brigade, coaipoaed of tba fullowisg rest
xoaa. via:
fnt Kegiaaoat LoaJaian Artdtory Cotesel C A
Tnitor.
KiirVth Battoliog Lioai iasa Artitiary LteaL-Coloael
IV. Flakaf.
PMrth Rag'jaoBi Loalaiaaa Va'.aatovn-Cak.al H.
VT Al1?.
)fmwik Rfglaiert babiiaa Volaatoerc CoL
K. KtcQi wf a .
Twaatpfcnh SeaJaMat Loajtnan TalBBteen-CoL
TwMtyPvacth Segiaaeat LoaUiaaa Ycloalen
Cot. Lu I. Karkt.
Tvoaty aaghth Haajaaiat Laaifana Tolaatoen Co,
AlMTtoBM
Thard Xoricaaat Hhnlnrfarn "Hoiastoers-OoL T. A.
Sixth BttoA:a Mfcaiifaii Tteeer Lteat.-Cel.
- J.'
ar.
f awafvis aad Visors Capt D. Wlatier
Mr eaaaaMBM at Jrie.-H. . j. miih.
J. F. GRtMKS,
iytt-tat A. A. Oeaorat
A Mitta frow Uk Citizens of Saint
TtMty Parish, to be, Allowed to
Trade with New Orleans.'
(Copy.
Xo 3 enernl DBtagsles,
Com in Rii d i n K :
' ''.TtcnC aallirTliT-. or rraideaU of Saiat
j Ta.aiaay rarbc. 1a . reipe4fally bg leuve to
reprooarttlw laUawiaiffcota: .
oo,. eomanalty k atM aa ar ealtoral eoe, bat l ai
n'wwtf htea dadJot aa Kew 0bm for food, aap
2,14 aa at aachuara for o&d. briekn. laa-br. vte. A
vaaaaaaal total frmhaatioa of thi 1iai, especially
without prevkMi note, would pot ut in daaet el
atorvatloB.
" r are arrarj that ia tiaw (f there ahoalJ be
no met hetwrei bet i.e eet, bat ttir are exeepMon
i otMeaaweUaataaU other (aaeral ralea, Aa exeep-iioahar-nawady
heaa aade in favor if osr ci'izeB ia
New O.-toaag, to the extent cf fnrn Mug tb m vrttb
ttuar Oar cae. we c. wniiTe :o be a maeh utiooger
ae a by the evatiaaaDos of & limite J traffic, aoeh a
bfretofora osMtaf, we obuda neceMaiKM of Itff, la tbe
xaoe'jf prorMaos. ia esebanre for mere eoBTenieceei,
wood. lanor, etc , vthfeh are mtri raablah oa er
baadL The Jjoathorn Coal ederary evidently biqj by
iraeh as txfcane Again, e weirTd ea'l to oar mind,
rlieaonl, l2 taet tbit icmenke atorrs of rait, tcedieiers
nd aaher rtnrea for oar arsue have eoan thruagh thii
ihaiiarl Are we to volnnta-ily throw away aa oppor
tuHr whtoh the avarice of our tnetny told oat ad
wiH ot'.iuae to keenre tj u I "VVa bave bo ekjeetion
to aforoaTd ViQfT placed oroaad tuch traffic a
to k it Ac a fide advantagroan to oar tide. AVe
lherafore potlli an yen, Gonrrof. to perstlt tie eostina
aeee o"a reeuieiod trade vrf bin nch Unit, ai year
-wie saey wfjeeat, and we eeoaitaead th te rrr
Zi ha, Oapia-n lir Ooatillaei, a, a proper person to
TMwee our eoafaVoce ia tbU metier a men of strict
jT Bond. I. M. Kaad, Jamet Drncais, Henry
- -- K. G. MaraHr. X- Ktoge', Kalawi Win ea, U.
JiVatos Hot. H. K a-r. i. A SorHh, Jams T.
The.. Ollwpfc. X. Arputfn, J. IL Xadaotk, WJli'm
j TimuMi. W. Beikett. Tto. Secrolk. R J.
HweaHrLeheaC . K. GaUtaf, A. I A. Bah.n
-7. XWbmb, T. Neaiett. '
I aetaVv the above to b4 a trae copy.
D SAKDIUCE a S. A.,
A. A. A. aad laepeetorGeaeral.
Paaif ruanncr pitorotT Xxumxt. Gw-kkal's
TiualfAHOA. Jaly lltb. 13di
Te
tt. B. Mmmd, Tkot. GiHetpH trjcn, cut
Am Parimk mf Si. Tammmi
latr MLtion. wiling pennwdon to
vt I h the enw f yoar eMBtry, who now
V.nr iw (rl)H and Baton Roage, the cesaereial
. Ui af voar State, nil b
. . . i . VMv fltctt haw bra TMMTea
r, ffaanrrl R. nd I ra dirocte-i By mm to iep,r;
:T , .TT ,.n -roar attention to flBrI
VSIrite 8 franWhiae Helq -a-1er and to parrpU
- - A&Wrtlar alii HllfllCVUl ouu aww a . -
SF avrroni w.thto iiM Ht.e, aad i.BBneUig tbe
poaal'v of doa-n afint I bo-e who easage in it Cp.!
ol an are ao--- rf -
1T fa H-afi-i icr br Ibe jtiafH nc
u-? nlrr-a. approval of it. loyal .1 Hiw Uhe
m. - t ak. f aiirl it al Minvra iuvv-mto m
- umt tBMriho, or the poaaitie. tb-y anaeante. Ther
iMA eictbrwita vanctwiit aoctriiie.
.leatablaadnnKoraaUyriteognia.
Kl iilajnir cMnmoctattioc, wU.e fatting to be ex.
iJjtbir Mwmkwt voi reniie their toriot.
, aoav t "Wot awao toat ia liine at war there
. -. . j aM ...jii'IvilI ma aad lbat to en.
aa w&e wimo cfitjbv -
K .T,. fij mi'il ntl-Wt va ti treat hardship.
Kornow than twelve iLoathyoar c-nnUy taJ
heea enOMt ta g" "rnie' for ei ante. Her
-Staaorir i.ae pMred oat their trwarfi as water,
"iTukVThe an.B ratnareb, have nt even wiAbeld
Lot ta lorth. to djwouter lua toil, of the nare t he
"Share llaseSd anJ tied to hoabUali. maoy of
.WMt fjajntdteioM wtieh coU not be tb
iSST athW-fcw tew period on the ld
!'. T "k fi,, montbt have not kno a
'4eaXrJarrteBt. Aorl-tJ-beWaloBe
in ttht recr ; every eia of eoaiety
X aadrtvti. wbie3 i''",r "
tlu;hB,ha -l7 and even rt-erfally frorns. And
.... . in era l.UFf"tl
I. sastlinun, ane nnc ow ouaro. j- , . -
' T rhl widtMtitread 80ifr-
2J i. OoaarTlTeoatmandakZ. hope and b'Bevea that
jg -rrtl at he fnnd wjujrtWf Is ctBrJ3Bl foitrtaae
'.ZZxmr ,1 Hhi man and nalriatc. 4
Yoa aay that if not penai ied to Mpo of your
laTtlllf- liiifr-- ate , they nH he " tneta rnoBuaeo
zEaMH Sou crniiot be ign'rant, grnUrraea. (tat
ZrTvLxl jrtwiihii n the touuuvn fte of your fellow
imaf Maraan twoluto ed m liioui of dollars
rf wnance i now held by toe vuttUde planitrn
f the Pnijif-r State, and to far Ir m neektng to
or btajer tail, taey a'aoa lecy w imub', u.u
- t MSvJaiiUiieM vo.unUrilr aptlkd ibe to cb.
i uh a self aaer.fia-jic devotion woftl v of men bo
iijuhri to he free, ealnliy eaaatft redaW tu aahea, rather
9Kb sell, even at the taelt ehrbitaBt ratet, to tbe en
aM of their poan ry. And, if yoi will but iura yocr
to tunimirtTsg parish, ycu uy tstrp (a the
Verr aHCtartaBmnch yjn tear wii: d. eome - raowtfa
.. haL-ftoub bn recertly farm id tntn aum
Jortohto dwtl Uc. r 'O'J , r!.0 btpt woffl(.nana
vrn.1 UJt1aMeilave been tdma. to the wod and
jt kt .it nutuii of aabaigtrEC). AsA tti i h i
bead done by the very men with whom you aoot l now
oven eammoreui intweounw ; u nuv.. i
Wold miniater aad vrbMe weut yoa vt oaM aappty.
The GaaerU eomnutad Bg. tMrnat eondmSen,
-a.thatiog.rlb.gtlira- probio!Uon rf tnjii with
ST.- otay. fa e)Otl to the BCOai d-enie of the
,';r he U datormioed ilgidly to raforce them; mid
T TV a Tho nay b, detected in attempt ng.o
eryrel JAVBS O. FUQOA.
I1 ItlU I'rtst Msrabal UeaeraL
Tj.
1). fiAM'IHOE, C. . A,,
A.
A. aad IaieeUr
fyS9 StawSflr
ficneraL
THE ISSUES AT THE NORTH,
Sjrrerh of lieu. William .5. IZlcltnriiiBH,
of StlinoiM, at the Urmoa atic .Vatt Coh
cenliott, liefil at Indianapolis, Indiana,
July SOA, 18G3.
a
My Fellow Citizens: It Las been my
pride aud my pleasure frequently to allude to
tke greatness of our country, and tbe prospority
snd liappinees of our people. The sun of heaven
never shone on a people so prosperous and hap
py t we were two years ago. Our people, from
tbree millions, h&d increased to thirty millions.
From & little line of population along the At
lantic, we had grown and spread until our
shores were washed by two oceans. We had
stretched out our arms from tbe lakes of the
Korth to tbe Gulf of Mexico. We embraced
every quality of eoil and every hind cf produc
tion. Tbe sails of our commerce whitened
every sea, and the happy American tar, stand
ing upon the deck of his vessel, looked proudly
up at the stars and stripes floating gloriously
above him, and felt that in that flag he had
safety and protection everywhere. ATOund
every fireside was contentment, happiness aud
plenty. But what is tbe scene thatmeeta oar
eyes ut the present tim T From the plow and
from the anvil from the physician's office and
from tho halls of justice wo are hurrying to
arms.
Tba Union has assumed the appearance of
one vast military c&oip. The taz-gatberer, too,
will soon be upon us, to wring from us oar sab
s tense. There are grave and important quea
liens for us to t ejide. How can we return to
that happiness and prosperity ,aifah we once rtr
joyed 7 I would answer, it can only be done by
-ii forcing; everywhere the Constitution as it is
and the Union as it was. Whatever amount of
power i3 necessary, and in whatever form, to
enforce that principle, ought to be and must bo
employed. A reb?liiju embracing thousands of
our lormer fellow-citizms now arrayed in arms
against the government must be jmt down by
force of arms. And, at the same time that this
is being done for tbe rebellion in the South, that
class of our fellow-citisens in other parts ot the
country who are seeking by other means than
those of cannon-shot and bayoaet to destroy
the eovernment, must be driven ant of place
snd power, and other men, who will acknow
ledge their obligations and perform tutir duty
to tbe country must be put in their places.
To accomplish that object depends upon you
and upon me, but more npono'011 tnan upon.
me. You will have to begin the work right here.
It yon have already begun this gtetl work, as I
trust in God you have, let rae urge you to keep
it up by every means in your power for, re
member, the government, the very ex&tence of
the country depends upon it.
1 am aware, my leilow-ciusens, that loose
persons who have deceired you heretofore will
endeavor to do it again. Tcey always promise
what your interest seems to demand, but their
performance is very poor.
l.et us inquire a little into ine past insiory or
these men, and see whether they deserve to bo
true ted for tbe luture. lou remember that tt
few years ago we warned the people that tho
formation of Eectional parties was dangerous to
the Union and the Constitution. Yoa will recol
lect that these men then sneeringly said to uh
that we were " Constitution and Union savers."
They told you then that all our talk about dan
ger to the Union and the Constitution was the
merest bragadocia. They asserted that there was
no danger of the South seceding that you
could not get them out of tha Union their slaves
would up and murder tnem. Well, we aid not
find that exactly the case, did wo ? These men
cheated you then, didn't they I Some of tnem
cheated themselves; others, and by lar tbe
largc-st poition of the paity, did not, aitbougu
they cheated you.
Well, we passed along as usual, and what
turned up nest ? When there began to be signs
of trouble in the Southern eouutiy, we conser
vative men stepped forward and s&id, " Let's
coniMOnaLee." They replied, "No', we will
never compromise with rebels in arms." They
prolt-ssed toe protouueest couiempi lar tne
Sjuth said our women should go down there
and drive them all together into the Southern
ocean it was a mere breaklast spell. Again
thrv cheated vou. Asrxin they proved ialae
prophets, and, like false prophets of old, tbey
ought all to be stoned to death. Cheers aud
laughter. No, they would not compromise.
They wanted a little blood-letting it was abso
lutely necessary wr tue iutu:e peace, mey
said it would not come to much these people
down South would not fight at all : and when at
length your President called for an army of
seventy-five thousand men, you were told that
t 1 1 . t r t,n u;.n T,
iBey WUGIu lutxnc JPJJIU nuiivw . kjwtiv.u. a
was to be annihilated at a single blow. So said
theee men. Well, how doos the matter stand
now I We liave already mustered in six hun
dred and ninety-three thousand, and still there
is room for more. Laughter. Ah, my friends,
these men were nover more mistaken in their
lives than when they assumed to place such a
slight value upon the strength of the rebellion
aau uie ccuraga oi mo pwuie ui i wuiu. t.
is no particular credit to any American to say
that he will fight; that is one quality that is
common to the whole American race. They
have always displayed that characteristic
wherever they have been. Tbose men, there
fore, when tbey told yon taat Douinera peopio
would not fiirht. either did not exactly under
stand the subject, or they willfully misled you.
Well, what next 7 Tney come now siter mey
have found out that the Southern soldiers will
fight, tbey come to yoa again aad cry, " We
have been mistaken this time, but we have it
now jast arm the negroes, and the work will
be finished in short order." Fellow-citbwsns, as
often as I hear a man talking in that way, I
come to the conclusion that be wants to find
some excuse for changing the isue so as to get
some one eke to do tbe fighting. He don't
want to volunteer. Laughter. No man of
common intelligence can be induced to believe
that tbe negro, naturally an inferior race, and
debased by ignorance as ha is, can ever com
pote with the white man upou tho battlefield,!
any more taau be can aaywnere eise. st.iuem
against each other, three to one, aud tho white
man will be all the time the victor.
In Mexico, where our soldiers fought a mixed
race, they wero victorious on every battle field,
although outnumbered in the ratio of fire to one.
Now, if the African is afraid of auything on this
earth, it is gunpowder. In what estimation can
vou holdthat man who tells ycu that tbe liberty,
independence, and constitutional government ol
tbe country depend upon a tew miserable, igno
rant, cowardly negroes? We have a population
of twenty millions of white people, and immense
wealth; properly directed, wo are capable of
beating any army tbe world ever-saw or ever
will see, ana ne wno lias tne enronrery w say
that we cannot maintain our government with
out the help of negroes utters s libel upon the
American nation.
It is false that slavery is the cause of the
present unfortunate condition of things. The
cause cms not lie there ; it lies in another place
The mischievous legislation of Mitwe abolitionists
in Congress is tbe cause and tbe only cause. X
speak plainly, but I speak precisely what I
think. $ow .one thing.
When we mt ona year ago in Congress, both
brandies pledged tbemaelfe tbat toe war
should be prosecuted for the preservation ol the
Union and the ComttitattotL and for that alone.
All of these abolitionists either voted for the res
olutlos which was adopted embodying that sen
tirnont, or r.n oat of the House to avoid voting
at all. Well, the reaoiction was adopted. The
President issued his call for volunteers, and six
iundrW and ninety-three thousand rushed to
arms uDon the filth ot tbe solemn pledge which
Congress had given to the people. Time rolled
on, and success seemed to smile upon our tff irts.
flnr Western armies had won great and glort-
victoria. The Souibsra people were stilt
u-Mwl .Trial at line luncturo Congress meets.
Tho dominant p3rty goes immediately to wor
tn nrulr. siM the wi8 lesl6W Of til Galled
session. Every proposition that is brought for-
wcrd js for the negro. It aoon became appa
rent that lh majority in Congress was no longer
bound bv the UOnsuiutiOR xnsieau ui jimn6
fvT-t rrl up!
they came with confiscation, fire and sword, and
by Uu2e measures icoy ai once meu aim
i tliA liAnriu af the Southern oeonle.
Thna far wo conservative men had gone hand
in h-inrl with thata hvnOClites.iu ?00d faith ; but
hT.i wa left them. Wb Darted from them with
great sorrow and pain. Then it was that I be
came satisfied that the meiarity of the con trolling
Oonr-ress meditated the detraction ot tne gov
emment-ihat they preferred a djyided govern
mm' wiib ohawMJ of power and plubdef.
History It 9t f?1 'V
that governments aie never destroyed by means
of either rebellion or foreign foes without some
fault upon the part of their own rulers. iou
may turn to the scriptures, and you will find nu
merous instances in point. The children of Is
rael wero not, nor could they have been, divided
by tbe wickedness of Jeroboam, the son of Ne
bat. who rebelled against tho government; but
it required the mad folly of Rehoboam, thtTr
rightful sovereigu, to divide them.
When the wise men who had been for many
years the faithful advigers of his father camo to
Kehoboamaud endeavored to persuade him to
respect the lights of all his subjects and admin
ister the government without partiality to any,
ids answer was : " My father lashed ycu with
whip, but I will lash you with scorpions, and
my littlo finger shall be thicker than my father's
thigh " From that day forward Israel was a
divided kingdom, shorn of its glory and its
p,WcT. This last Congress has done for us, as
lar as was in their power, the very same thing
that Kehobouin did for tho kingdom of Israol.
As I have said before, one year ago there was
a large Union sentiment in the South. In view
of this fact, what should have been our policy?
Should we not have endeavord to convince these
people that beneath the flag of their country all
their rights of property wore secure? I da not
know how you are "going to reconstruct this
Union without somo basis to place it upon. Such
basis we might have had in this strong Union
element at the South. Who does not know that
two-thirds of tha seceded States wore carried
into the wickedness of secession absolutely
without the consent of the people and against
their will? .
The hearts of these people were for the old
government, is which they had always trusted,
acd tho old constitution, which they had always
revered. Suppose our poliey had been to foster
and oncouragR instead of driving off that Union
sentiment. There would have boeu no army in
the field tc-day. But, in lieu of that policy of
conciiiatijn which would have been our salva
tion, we adopted the policy of meeting them all
with fire and sword, and the fatal consequences
are not yet all told.
Now, I agree that it is right acd proper in
every government that, where you put down re
bellion like this, you should punish tho leaders,
but no government ever adopted the policy in
relation to the people themselves that ours has.
A lew years ago the Hungarians rebelled against
Austria. That is cne of the most despotic gov
ernments on the face of the globs. Tho govern
ment succeeded in overthrowing the rebellion
how 1 They executed a few of the leaders, sont
the remainder into exile, ana passed amnesty to
the residue who were not leaders in the rebellion.
There never was a government that has not uni
formly let tho burden fall upon the leaderj,
while tlie great mass oi the peopio wero per
mitted to return and resumo their allegiance to
tbe government. And I will venturo to assert
that if, after the battle of Fort Donelson, the
government had adopted this policy of concili
ation, there would have been no rebel army in
the field to-day. But instead of that being the
case, they are at this immeut confronting us
with an army more nuuiarous and superior to
our own, and we are compelled to call lor more
volunteers. Now the volunteering now going
ou, in view of the doubt already cast upon the
subiect. siancs Ian; but it is evident that our
people are not rushing to arms with tho spirit
and in such numbers as they did when tho for
mer call was made, when there was a hope that
the war was to be conducted upon more humane
and conservative principles. In this State and
in Illinois we shall probably succeed after a
while in raising our quota of volunteers, but in
many of tho States they will bo forced to draft
The congressional legislation of late has been
fata, to us in every way.
I hear a good deal said now and then about
tbe "stategrceu" of this I'epubiiean party, but I
have never been able to put my finger upou any
of their statesmanship. I have served along
with them in Congress, end I have found it in
variably the case that, whenever any man called
by their name begins to rise to the position of a
true statesman, they crowd him out of the ranks.
Take Mr. Cowan, of Pennsylvania, as ou exam
ple. I hey hate that man worse, aud denounce
nlm more bitterly ovan than tliey dome; for they
say Richardson is an old sinner anyhow, aud
they do not expect much of him.
1 am afraid that when the future historian
comes to write of our times, cs he will do, he
will group these men, with respect to statesman-
stnp, ana win soy "Here is a sei oi one-iuea
lools. who permitted tho government handed
down to them by their forefathers to fall to the
ground rather than give up an absurd notion
which could never be roalized or carried out."
You cannot administer government success
fully with one idea, and let mo tell you that
these men, when, in the pursuit of their one Idea,
tbey come to mane tne negro aoeveryimng ana
have everything, dwindle down, down, down,
until tliey become totally incapable of auything
like trus statesmanship. Last winter, when I
saw my venerable friend here from Kintucky,
together with Mr. Crittenden men who had
been associated iu days gone by with Clay and
Webster and Benton occupying seats upon the
floor of Congress amongst these intellectual pig
mies and ono idea men, tho poetry of Moore sug
gested itself very lorcibly to my mind as pocu
liarly applicable to their situation:
' I feel like one who tread, al me.
Some banquet hall descried,
Vhos llgtaU are gone, who sceets era fled,
Ai.d all but be departed."
Whan we pass into the page of history, as we
soon shall, I fear that not one of all tho Repre
sentatives of the Republican party now in Con
gress, will ever have been found to Juvo produced
paper to nave ueen guniy oi a luuugm
that is worthy of the trreat causo and the groat
interests that are committed to their charge.
Now, if you send these msn back to Congress,
the history of this republic is written. Our days
, 1 J1 .1. .
are numoerea, ana we aro numuereu viiu tue
past. Infamously, ingloriously, without a strtig-
boy's Ule tha wonder of an hour."
I have heard good deal about the " conserva
tive Rapublicans in Congress." Those so-called
conservatives are excellent men, judging them
by what tbey say; indeed, they talk the best to
vote so badly ef any set of men I ever saw. We
did think at first that your Representative from
this Congressional district would vote with U3 all
the time, but we were sxdly disappointed when
the time for talking passed by and he was called
upou to vote. That is tho way with all of these
men. For a time thev would in alee rood Union
speechss, talking tolerably coiftervativo all the
ume, anu voting junt, uatu uao aj-j , t-j uj uu
his friends.
I came to the same conclusion about these
conservative " Republicans tbat & Yankoe once
came to in regard to the biameso twins, ibo
Siamase twins had come to Boston, and tho old
Yankee liad paid hi money and went into tho
show. He examined the ligaments tbat bound
the young men together, and, as soon as he had
sstisfied Limaelt tbat it was a real thing and no
humbug, he said, " Well, I rather guess them
follows are broibors. iuso, my lenow-citi-v
. , ii j .i
zeus, 1 nave been compeuea to conciuuo mat
these "conservative" Republicans and aboli
tionists are brothers. Chcois and laughter.
One is iost about as bad fw the other, or, if there
is any difference, it is in favor of the abolition
ists. Love-joy avowed his policy. I like a bold
man. If he is wrong m principle, 1 can at least
admire the courage which enables him to avow
himself, J always conld understand Lovejoy,
but I never oould understand your Representa
tive from this Congressional district. .Laugh
ter. If, during thi last Presidential ejection,
th6 " conservative Republicans had avowed
the sentiments they expressed by their votes,
the country would not have been in tho condi
tion it is at present. Now, let ma urgo you, if
you. are g)ig to sand Republicans to Congress
at all, let us nave ine luii-oioouea iejiows, ana
none of thosa men who talk one way and vote
another. I know Lovejoy will not cheat mo. I
hate to be cheated, so I would rather have the
fall-blooded abolitionists to deal with. I under
stand their portion. Tho danger cf tho country
arises not from those men, beoauso yoa can strip
thom; bat it arises from theso " conservatives ,"
raaiely so called,
there is a daw of men who aro always very
busy who go about tho country denouncing
every man who does not agreo witb tnom, as a
traitor to the country. You talk to ono of theso
man. and ask him what ho is for, and he will tell
vou, if ho tells the- truth, that he is for diverting
this war from its legitimate object, so as to make
it a war of emancipation. Ask him then "Aro
you for the constitution"" Ha will answer,
"Oh", no: the constitution is played out; tho South
ha' nvttrthmwn tho constitution." Sir, that
ibsh is no more nor loss than a traitor, and w.heur
ver becomes his jnurostj no matter wuere no
may be, North or South, Est or West, he will
betray tho country. Such men occupy a double
relation. In the first place they are cowards; for
thoy will not enlist in defense of their princi
ples; and, secondly, thf-y are traitors to tha con
conftitution of their country, for they declare
that it is no longer binding upon them.
Now, it is plain that if we wait for such fel
lows as these and for the negroes to put down
the rebellion', we will all die before it is done.
When this rebellion is put down, it will be put
down by men who are devoted to tho Constitu
tion and the Union.
One thing is certain if theso Republicans
maintain the power in Congress, our govern
inei t, with constitutional liberty, is gono for
ever. If yoa return to tha next Congress con
servative men, who are anxious only to preserve
the Constitution, we aic safe, and tho old ship of
Sialo will laud in a safe harbor, where wo can
find protection.
Tho stake we are playing for now is iufinitoly
greater than wo ever played for before. H the
Republican party is retained in power in Con
gress, we are gone. If we send a dlfferont class
of men, they can but lose all, and they may
save all.
This much I will say for Illinois wo intend
to maintain our ground in that State. We shall
advance our line somewhat ; and I think that
when wo Ehall com to present these great issues
to our people, duty to the dead, duty to ourselves
and duty to those who may coma after us, will
rally around m men onough to drive men from
Congress in the Stato of Illlinois.
One thine; I know will ba done lAe issue icill
be presented. It will be presented iu no cow
ardly, truckling spirit. It will bo presentod by
men who are not afraid to speak their true sen
timents, with the pendply of American citizens
around them.
My follow-citizans, Icanhardly express to you
my feelings when I havo 3oen theso terriblo dis
asters coming upou my country, and when I re
flect that her free institutions wore all the heri
tage I had tobestow upon my children. I have
seen moro of tho good ro3ults that have flowed
from our institutions, mora of prosperity and
happiness among my fellow-citizens than many
men of my day. And now, iu tho decline of
!if?, with a sou tending toward the twilight, no
longer with a vigorous arm to defend or assail,
I shall endeavor cheerfully to accept whatever
the Almighty may place upon me. Bat, if it is
in the providence of God that he is to punish
us with afHlctionB, to destroy our government,
then I caro not how soon thd summons may
come to go hence. I would not desiro to live
longer. Hence it is that I say that in the dis
charge of tho duty before our people, thcro is no
power ou earth that 3hall prevent me from tell
ing plainly and candidly what I think ought to
be dono for the welfare of our belovod country.
But not only does every consideration of pa
triotism urge us to the vigorous prosecution of
this war, if restricted to its legitimate objects,
but every consideration of interest also.
As for me, I feel that all that I hold dear is at
stake all is involved in the safety of ray coun
try, and I would be willing even now to close
my eyes forever if I knew that I was bequeath
ing to my children, unimpaired, the civil liber
ties which I have enjoyod under tho constitu
tion. I desiro to live loDg enough to see peace
restored over all the l.tnd, Irom the great lakes to
the Gulf of Mexico. I desiro to see all my coun
trymen worshipping ones more at the same altar,
and all united ia tha effort to transmit to poster
ity unimpaired the glorious privileges won for us
by the blood of our patriotic ancestors. Loud
cheers '
Mevr tSuubotits.
The St Louis llepuUican of tha 4th gives a
description of tho three new Fedoral gunboats
now building on the upper river. Itsays :
Tho Chilicothe is nearly finished: When we
visited her on Thursday, at Cincinnati, she had
all her machinery in, her deck plating completed,
her turftt more than half plated, and much of
her bow and stern plating on. Ifur side plating
would not be put on until she had passed through
the canal at Louisville, her width being such tha;
she can barely go through without tho platos.
She was so nearly done that Captain Brown ex
pected to take her down during tho present
week.
Sho is the smallest of the three, built strongly,
with sidewheels. working iu a recess ; is entirely
iron clad, sides, bow, deck and stern her deck
iron being one inch thick, and her hull plates
two-inch. Her tower is covered with threo inch
plates, carrying two guns of 1G3 pounds caliber.
Willi all her armament ou board sho will draw
but thirty-four inches. In length she 3 ono
hundred aud thirty-two, with width of fifty
feat. Her officers; rooms and machinory are all
below deck, and prrfectly protected from shot.
She has two steam capstans, of great power,
which, in shoal water, would be able to haul her
over a bar with two feet water. She has made
a trial trip, and easily makes live wiles per hour
up stream.
The Indianola is a larger boat, being one hun
dred and seventy by fifty feet, with a nine foot
hold. She is powerfully and heavy built, with
side wheels, aud, in addition, two propellers.
She has five large boilers, and four engines of
great power, which will propel her without trou
ble tea miles per hour up stream. She also car
rier one hundred and sixty-eight pound guns, in
a shot-proof tower, covered with fhree-inch iron;
her hull, in every part, bow, sides and stern be
ing protected with two-inch iron, and her deck
covered with one-inch platos. In every respect
she is a war vessel of formidable strength, and 13
designed for ease and spoed in handling, as well
as for the crushing power of her armament. Her
machinery is all in, and within six woeks it is
expected she will bs ready for service.
The Tuscumbia is being built at New Albany,
her sizo being such that sho could not.be carried
through tho canal. She is ona hundred and sov
enty feet by seventy, with a seven foot hold, and
will carry ono hundred and sixty-eight pound
guns. She is, in every way, like tho Indianola,
only larger, having side wheels and propellers,
with immense engines, in size and power capa
ble of taking her against the current ten miles
per hour. Her draught will not exceed forty
nine inches. She will bo completed within six
weeks, and her proportions, strength and invin
cible power w,ill be far in advance of anything
now on the Western waters.
We have spoken of the towers on these ves
sels in which the guns are to bo worked. They
aro not, as in the Monitor, revolving, but sta
tionary, with sloping sides, and a ball proof iron
grating overhead.
The threo vessels have a hot water apparatus
for the benefit of the enemy, Bhould he attempt
to board daring an engagement.
From rVniHiiu, N. P.
N"SW YoKK, August U. Nassau advices stato
that the gunboat Adirondack chased tho British
steamer Herald, Cpt. Coxetter. into that port.
She had run the blockade of Charleston. The
Nassan Guardian speak-j of the matter as a
flarinc outrare. and states that the British flag
wa3 shot down, but replaced, daring tho chase.
Nassau was ereatlv excited coring the action.
Tne Adttrtiser gives a report that Capt. Ganso-
voort, ef the Adirondack, apologised to tbe cap
tain of tho British ship' Greyhound.
The sloop Elizabeth, from Havana, bound to
Sibine Pass, with an assorted cargo, was cap
tured bv tho rrnnbont Hatteras. The ,nglisb
schooner Orion, bound from Kingston, Jamaca,
to Sibine Pass, with salt, drugs, otc., was cap
tured by the gunboat Qaakor City. Sho ran
ho blockade in April last, witb tnreo nunareu
bales of cotton.
The Fnycttcville Aracunl.
Tli Confederate arsenal and armory at Fay-
ottoville, N. C, may now bo taid to be in full
blast; at least there 13 nothing pertaining to tbe
Minnie nils and sabre bayonet tbat cannot be
manufactured there. A good deal of the ma
chinery, and many of tho tools are now manu
factured on tbe spot, and equal to any in tne
world. A few days sinco a large lot of rifles,
manufactured at tbe armory, was sent to tne
chiof of o.dtun-13, Richmond, Vn.
Besides making new and altering old arms,
tho force of the armory has been engaged lately
in restoring and puttinrr in order saveral thous
and Enfield and Belgian rifles, sword", sabres,
and bayonets, and also several boxes of pistols
received frooi the Modern Greece, considerably
damsged. Tbey will soon be restored to their
original appearance and condition by the Indus
try aud skill of the mechanics engaged.
CThe hosDitals continue to show the most
gratifying diminution in the number of wounded
inmates, asd the empty cots aro moro numerous
than the ooc-apied ones. Numbers continne to
leave for their homes, provided with thelproper
furlough. Ummqnd jsxammcr.
Affairs in Virginia
From the Richmond Dispatch, of tho 4th inst.,
wo copy tho following paragraphs :
Skirmish at Okasgs Court norsK.
Oa Saturday morning last a portion of the 7th
Virginia cavalry, Robertson's brigade, under
Col. W. E Jones, ougaged the first Michigan,
5th New York, and 1st Vermont cavalry, at
Orange Court House. Oar men fought with
desperation, not having more than 100 at any
one time in the fight, while the enemy's force
was between 1200and 1500. Ten of theenemy,
including a major, and eleven horses, were
killed, the doad bodies of tho latter remaining
in the streets of Orange Court House after the
fight was over. Four carriages wero pressed by
the Yankees to carry eff their wounded. Sev
eral prisoners wero captured, six of whom (Ser
geant J. S. Trowbridge and two privates of the
Gth New York, and two privates of tho 1st Ver
mont,) wero brought to Richmond by the Cen
tral train last evening and committed to the
military prison. Some few of our men were
captured in the skirmish, but none killed. Major
Berry, of the 4th Georgia battalion, who was
near the scone of action, informs us that the
onomy, retreated by way of Tamil's ford across
the Rapidan river. Oar troops occupied the
town on Saturday night
TUE ATTACK OF MAJOR Ii.ULP.Y-
The daring attack of Major Bailey, with a
small squadron of cavalry, upou the garrison at
Sammersville, Nicholas county, wa3 made in
tho morning at daylight, after our troops had
traversed a long distanco over tbe most ragged
portion of our mountoiu country, and fully one
hundred miles within the enemy's lines. The
Federals wero taken by surprise, but fought well
for about two hours, when they displayed a
white flag, laid down their arms and surrendered
unconditional'y. Their loss in killed was eight,
wounded twonty-fivo, aud prisonois sixty-two.
Of Mtjor Bailey's command not a man was
killed, and only threo slightly wounded. Ord
nance and commissary stores were found in
groat abundance, all of which were destroyed
except five hundred Enfield rifles, which were
placed iu wagons and bronght back to the Salt
Sulphur Springs. Tho notorious Dr. Wm. H.
Rucker, who holds ft lieutenant-colonel's com
mission in the Yankee army, is reported to have
committed excessos, such as shooting prisoners
in cold blood, burning bridges, etc., thnt will
entitle him to moro severe treatment than is
usually accorded to prisoners of war. On his
arrival at the Salt Sulphur, General Loring had
him placod in irons, and then dispatched a mes
senger to Alleghany county for evidence of his
former crimes. His trial wa3 to have taken
place last week.
- AFFAIRS OX JAMES RIVER.
We have received but little additional intelli
gence relating to the artillery engagement at
Coggin's point on Thursday night. It is, how
ever, confidently asserted that the enemy's fleet
suffered considerable damage. A leport reached
us from Petersburg last evening that tho Fed
erals had landed a force on the south ide of the
river, near Coggin's point, probably with a view
to prevent auy further demonstration against
their fleet from that quartor.
The Folcrnt Indian Sxpetliliett.
From the St Lonln Republican.)
From an arrival at Leavenworth, we get,
through the Consercatice, some interesting in
formation in regard to the expedition. We con
dense the most important items. The rebel force
at Fort Divis, (on tha south side of the Arkan
sas, four milea below Fort Gibson,) is about
throe thousand strong, under Colonel Cooper.
His command consists of Indians entirely
Creeks, Ckoetaws and Cherokees. Up to the
19:h ult, thero wa3 no cannon in the army,
though some artillery was expected from Pike,
wha was roported to have some thirty pieces
near Fort Wachita, one hundrod and forty miles
southwest of Fort Gibson. In the Creek and
Canadian countries, Federal scouts found no
enemy.
Tho sdvanced Ui.ion force, under Col. Furnas,
was, on the Si:Jd ult , on Grand river, thirty-three
miles north of Fort Gibson, having fallen back
from the latter post. Col. Furnas' command is
said to be short of supplies, and may havo to
withdraw further back on tbis account. The di
vision of Col. Jewell, consisting of the 5th, 10th
and a part of tho 9th Kaasas regiments, with
two sections of artillery, was sixty-threa milss
north of Fort Gibson. Col. Silomon's com
mand, (formerly Weer's,) consisting of the 2d
Ohio cavalry, 9th Wi3coasin, and Rabb's bat
tery, was eight miles in the rear of Jewell's,
and both tha latter were expected to form a junc
tion on tho Noosho, at a point fifty miles south
of Fort Scott, on Sunday la3t, where Col Salo
mon designs remaining for tito present, joined by
the 2d Kansas regiment.
Tho Kansns City Journal gives a letter, or or-
der written by Col. bilomon to tbe commanders
of the different corps comprising the Indian Ex
pedition, dated July 18, which h of considerable
interest in this connection. The oxpeditiou,
when it set out, was under command as will be
recollected, of Col. Wm. Woer, wlio succeeded
Col. Doubleday. Col. Salomon has arrested
Veor and assumed command himself. Among
the reasons for this action Col. S. charges his
predecessor with having taken the troops one
hundred and sixty miles from their base of oper
ations through an enemy's country without com
munication being kept up in the roar; pressing
them forward by fatiguing marches under a hot
sun, without adequate object. A council of war
wa3 convened by Col. Weer, which docided that
the only safety lay in falling back to a point
where communication might be opened with the
commissary depot. This was overruled and an
nulled by Uol. wcer, whereupon uoi. oaiomon,
nexi in command, placed him uuder arrest and
took tha responsibility of assuming charge of the
expedition. Wo give the colonel's letter m full
in another pir.ee.
The New Tsx Jjaw.
An Ohio pap er says that, a friend writing to
the editor on business, from Chillicothe, Ohio,
under date of July 14 th, closes his letter as
follows :
The tax law is beginning to bo appreciated
hero. Emmott's two distilleries afford a market
for all the corn of the lower Sciota Valley ; in
them 1 0 has been using, this month, 2600 bush
els per day. They will average at least ?12,GO0
per week, uur Danks couia not iarnisu uie
currency to pay thom. Ho informs me he will.
stop when the law goes into effect. Corn has
already lallen lour to nve cent3 a ousoei in con
sequence. He says with this tax ho cannot
attird to run, it com weie given to mm, ai iesa
thau thirty cents per gallon. Whisky must
bring forty cents to enable him to go on. But
he inform3 me that such is the quantity on hand
that it cannot bnncr that for a year. Willi no
market for corn, what are our farmers to do ?
I feared that a law proposing to raise so mucii
as tbis one does, basea upon us principle, ur
rather want of principle would simply result in
breaking up many branches of business in the
West witnout Dnuging ine money.
Renegades at the Gap. The miserable
renegade East Tennesseo torios, congregated at
Cumberland Gap under tho name and style ot
Federal troops, are about to starve out From
information reliable, and from a sight ot the
grim, woo-bogono, hang-dog faces of soma pris
oners lately brought in, they are verging on
starvation. Hunger, that forces the wolf to
prey upon the flocks of tho valley, urged these
self-exiled Brownlowites to ravage the unpro
tected country in the vicinity of their uncom
fortable camp. May they starve till there i3 no
flesh left on their treacherous bones for worms
to eat.
For this their onviable condition let Morgan
bo praised. That gallant captain cut short their
ill-gotteu supplies. Knoxville Register.
The Exchange of Prisoners It is un
derstood that the necessity of the repairs of the
railroad botween City Poiut and Petersburg has
delayed tho exchange of prisoners betwoen the
two governments. The city prisons, however,
with the exception of the officers' prison, are
nearly emptied of the Yankee prisoners. Noarly
five thousand are accommodated on tho island,
and these aro making preparations for their
journey North. RicJunond Examiner.
Prisoners. Several hundred prisoners were
sent over yestorday from the island to tho Libby
nrison. Thev wero principally tho slightly
wounded and the sick, who have'eontraotod
disease sinco thev arrived there. Iboy will
probably fro down by truco boat to-day or to-
Trinrmtv llirhmond Examiner.
THE OOVSUNMBrVT AND BETAIjX
ATXON. We published the other day a synopsis of tho
order of Gen. Cooper, in respect to retaliation,
the following contains the matter in fall :
Adjutant axd Inspector Gknerais Office,'?
RlCHMOSD, AajtMt 1, 1882. i
General Orders, No M.
I. The following orders are published for the
information and observance of all concerned :
II. Whereas, by a General Order, dated July
22ad, 1662, issued by tho Secretary of War of
tht United States, uuder the order of the Presi
dent of tho United States, tho military com
manders of that government with'n tho States
of Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia. Florida,
Alabama, Miosisbippi, Louisiana, Texas and
Arkansas, are directed to seize and use any
property real or personal, belonging to the in
habitants of thb Confederacy, which may ba
necessary or convenient for their several com
mands and no provision is made for any com
pensation to tho owners of private property thus
seized and appropriated by the military com
manders of theenemy;
III. And whereas, by general order number
eleven, issued on the 23d July, 18C2, by Majors
General Pope, commanding tbe forces of the
enemy in Northern Virginia, it is ordered that
all " commanders of any army corps, divisions,
brigades and detached commands will proceed
immediately to arrest all disloyal male citizens
within their lines or within their roach jp rear of
their respective commands. Such as are will
ing to take the oath of ullegiancn to tbe United
States and will furnish sufficient security for its
observance, shall be permitted to remain at their
homes and pursue in good faith their accustomed
avocations. Those who refuse shall bo con
ducted south beyond the extreme pickets of tha
army, and be notified that if found again any
where within our lines, or at any point in the
rear, they will be considered spies, and sub
jected to the extreme rigor of military law. If
any person having taken the oath of allegiance
as above specifiad be found to havo violated it,
he shall bo shot, and his property seized and ap
plied to tho public use.
4 And whereas, by an order issued on tbe
13th July, 1862, by Brigadier-General A. Siein
wehr, Major William Steadmaa, a cavalry offi
cer of his brigade, has been ordered to arrest
five ef the most prominent citizens of Page
county, Va., to be held as hostages, and to suffer
death in the event of auy of the soldiers of said
S:einwehr being shot by "bushwhackers," by
which term' are meant the citizens of this Con
federacy who havo taken up. arms to defend their
home 3 aud families;
Aud whereas, it results from the above
orders tbat some of the military authorities of
the United States, not content with the unjust
and aggressive warfare hitherto waned against
an unoffending people, and exasperated by tho
tauure 01 their cnorts to subjugate them, have
now determined to violate the rules and usages
of war, and to convert Uie hostilities hitherto
waged against armed forces into a campaign of
lobbery aud murder against unarmed citizens
and peaceful tillers oT the soil;
0. And whereas, this government, bound by
the highest obligations of duty to its citizens, i
thus driven to the necessity of adopting such
just measures of retribution and retaliation as
snail seem adequate to repress and punish these
barbarities ; and, whereas, the orders above re
cited have only been published and made known
to this government since the signature of a car
tel for exchange of prisoners of war, which car
tel, in so far as it provides for an exchange of
prisoners hereafter captured, would never have
been signed or agreed to by this government if
the intention to change the war into a system of
indiscriminate murder and robbery had been
made known to it; and whereas, a just regard
to humanity forbids that the repression of crime
which this government i3 compelled to enforce,
should be unnecessarily extended to retaliation
on the enlisted men in the army of the United
States, who tray bo unwilling instruments of Ibe
savage cruelty of their commanders, so long as
there is hope that the excesses ot tbe enemy may
be checked or prevented by retribution on tha
commissioned cflicors who have the power to
avoid guilty action, by refusing service under a
government which seek3 their aid in the perpe
tration ef such infamous barbarities ;
5. Therefore it is ordered that Major-General
Pope, Brigadier-General Steinwehr, aud all com
missioned officers serving under their respective
commands, be and they are hereby, expressly
and especially declared to be, not entitled to be
considered is soldiers, and therefore not entitled
to the beuefit of the carrel for tt o parole of future
prisoners of war.
Ordered, further, that in tne event ot tne cap
ture of Maior-General Pope, or Brigadier-Gen
eral Steinwehr, or of any commissioned officer
serving under them, the captive so taken chall
bo held in close conbnement so long as tbe
INorders aforesaid shill continue iu force and un
repealed by the competent military authorities
ot the United btates. and tbat m the event ot
the murder of any unarmed citizan or inhabi
tant of this Confederacy by virtue or under
pretext of any of tho orders hereinbefore recited,
whether with cr without trial whether under
pretence of such citizen being a spy or hostage, or
any other pretence, it shall be the duty of the com
manding general of tho forces of this Confederacy
to causa immediately te be hung, out of tho com
missioned officers prisoners as aforesaid, a num
ber equal to tbe number of our own citizens thus
murdered by the enemy. By order.
Signed S Cooper,
Adj't and Inspector-General.
From Sreilericltbiirs.
Wo have late adviees from Fredericksburg.
The ouemy's pickets extend three miles on this
side of Spotsylvania Court House. Every by
way and bog ptb through tha woods is picket
ed, showing that an attack from this quarter is
apprehended.
Last Saturday eighteen hundred cavalry and
four pieces of artillery left Fredericksburg by
the Orauge pl&nk road. Since then considera
ble bodies of infantry have daily moved in the
same direction. There are now iu the to ah
only three companies of soldiers, and the force
on the north bank of the Rappahannock is
thought to be small. But on this latter point
nothing positive is known. A large number of
tents and other appearances of a great encamp
ment are still visible from the town.
Gen. Patrick is pursuing a policy directly in
opposition to the spirit of the late orders of Gen.
Popo. lie has obliged several runaway negroes
to return to their masters' house; also, other
property they had stolen and brought into the
town.
Since last Monday no white man has been per
mitted to enter the town without first taking the
oath of allegiance to the Lincoln government
About one thousand runaway negroes are so
journing for thpresent at "Sandy Bottom," the
.. .1 t u r f ,j.:ii, !:,.. u
svuiimu suuuiu ui x icuoiik,&nuui. jluuj aua-
sisi upon Yankee crackers, blackberries, and
whatevor they cm steal from the loyal citizens
in the town and the surrounding country. A
Yankee named Watkius James, formerly a su
perintendent t the Welford Iron Furnace, on
the Rappahannock, ten miles wost of Fredericks
burg, is cow making preparations to resume
work at that place oa a large scale. He has
about him between a thousand and fiftaen hun
dred runaway nogrocs, whom he has variously
employed. Tho greater number are catting
wood and making charco&l, while others are
cutting grass and makingthe crops on the fur
nace tract.
A Mrs. Danlop, formerlyof Manchester, whose
husband owns a farm tbree miles on this side of
Spotsylvania Court House, has been to Freder
icsburg twice this week. On the first trip she
brought back four negroes that had run away
from her husband. On the next, she went after
a stolen horse, which she was also successful in
recovering. When sho arrived at the town and
demanded the horse ot Gen. Patrick, he informed
her that the animal wa3 on the other sid& of the
river, but tbat sho should have him even though
it required a whole brigade to bring him over.
The conduct of this general is truly inexplicable.
If all is true that is told of him it is impossible
he can be a Yankee. IlirJmond Examiner, 1st.
From Goudossville. A number of per
sons arrived in this city yesterday evening from
different parta of Orange county. They being
no specific picco of news. There i3 a general
belief about Gordons ville that the enemy design
an immediate advance. Thero was a rumor in
that town yesterday that tho Yankees had ad
vanced in force to a point six milos northeast of
Gordonsvillo. Picket firing and slight skirmish
ing between tho advance guards of the opposing
armies is said to do kept up continually. ific
moud Examiner, 1st.
Throe hundred recrafts feof'ono of Andy John
I son's rfgiaieats loft for Nashville, on tho Oth.
son's rfgimeats loft for Nashville on tho Cth.
A "Fnct Clearly Aaeortainrd.
From the Mobile Advertber and Begbter.
"We shall deplore the necessity of retaliation,
as adding greatly to tha miseries of the war
without advancing its objects ; and, therefore,
we shall act with great eircu inspection, aad only
upon facts clearly ascertained ; but if it is our
only means of compelling the oboervance of the
usages of civilized warfare, we cannot hesitate
to resort to it'when the proper time aniTes."
Secretary Randolph.
The quotation we have given above relates to
the protection to be afforded to citizens of Mis
souri, but we do not know tbat the lives of Ar
kansas or Teoneaseeans.or Virginians have
less claim upon the care of tbe Confederate gov
ernment than those of Missouri ns. A para
graph has l-i'-u copied from one newspaper into
another, headed "guerrillas hung," thts reading
which shews tbat it is not guerrillas at all that
were haag, but quiet citiatuie, by Fitch, the man
ihat8tarted to relieve Curtis aud couldn't do it.
The facts are fully detailed in tbe following ex
tract from tbe cormspoiMbtnce of the Chicago
TrihuHt, dated "Gaywso House, Meraph'H, Jnly
12th, lStt"aiid published iu the Tribune of
July 2Jst:
GENERAL FITCH RETALIATING.
It will be reeollected that in a recent letter I
stated that Gen. Fitch had eaptured seven of the
prominent residents in the vicinity of St. Charles
una held them as hostages for tbe good behavior
of guerrilla bauds kaown to bo on the river
bsuks. For a time, after these men had been pa
raded upon the docks of the transports, dressed
in Federal Uniforms aad exposed to all the dan
gers of the common soldiers who kept them com
pany, the rebels did not fire upon the steamers
as they plied the stream above and below St
Charles, lint snbsequentiv. from heedlessness
or reckhHsoess, or because they had not been
made acquainted with tbe general's promise,
some guerrillas fired upon the Lexington last
ween, anneal instantly Killing ner nrst engineer,
who chanced to bs sitting at an open port at
the time. A3 good as his word the general im
mediately selected two of the most rabid rebels
of the seven hostages, and hung them by the
neck until dead, in sight of the Aikanaas shore,
aad undoubtedly in view of their own neighbors
hbu inanas. it was a herd duty lor a man ot
Gen. Fiteh's immune nature to perfonn. Bui
he had given his word of honor that be would
do it, and he was not the man to swervA to the
right at to the left when duty ealled. Fair and
timely warning- had been iriveu the people all
along the shores ot WhiU river where tbe boats
had been, tbat the men would be hune should
another Uaien soldier be shot by them, and it 13
not for any man to say that the sacrifice was un
called for and unmeri-ed. After a few of their
best men have suffered the death penalty, per
haps the country will be aroused to the necessity
of At least aiding the Union forco to rid tho vi
cinity of their cat throats and midnight assas
sins. We are anxious to know, and shall look earn
estly for the action of the government that we
may Know, whether our government considered
the fact clearly ascertained that a Yankee gen
eral, who cauuot find his way where fight' ng is
to be done, has first resorted to tbe cowardly ex
pedient cf kidnapping Confederate citizens and
making their bodies his shield against tho bul
letes ot an outraged and indignant people, aud
not finding that a sufficient protection has ac
tually huog them.
This is ;ar from being the first act of this
kind we mean the first act of downright mur
der, committed upon oar citizen, not by law
lees soldiers, bu'. by the direct act, or uuder the
authority of Yankee generals. If the soil of
France or Eoglaud were either to be invaded by
the armies of the other, would France or En
gland submit for a moment to such outrages
upon all the laws of warfare aad of humanity ?
No, at tbe first intimation that uch a deed had
been perpetrated, Napoleon or Lord Palmer
stoc as the case might be would speedily, if
not clearly ascertain the fact, and ten lives
would immediately atone for one, and that irre
spective of any consideration how many priso
ners the enemy might have in his hands.
Oar people are impatient for a demonstrative
assurance that the government of their own
choice will protect them. It is bnt a day or two
since our citizens flocked to look upon two gal
lant Arkansas regiments, which were pronounced
the finest regiments that ever passed through
Mobile. They were bound for a distant theater
of war. With what heart can they tarn their
backs upon their homes, knowing that their
brothers and fathers are exposed to b3 murdered
in their absence, and that ne hand if stretched
forth for their efficient protection ?
We but speak the universal feeling of the
Southoru heart, when we say tbat they look to
the Confederate authorities for prompt and sig
nal Retribution.
Intc and JntcrextiHS from the North.
The Richmond Dispatch cf the 4th inst , gives
the folio wing account of a gentleman directly
from Baltimore :
From the s-une source we learn that recruiting
for tbe United Suites army is " an up-bill busi
ness " iu Maryland. With all the efforts that
had been made, and pathetic appeals through
tho war newspapers, not more than .twenty men
had enlisted in Baltimore up to the 23ch of July.
There seems to be a pervading consciousness
that the State's quota cannot be raised without
resort to a draft. Yet it is feared that this step
cannot be taken without danger to the abolition
cause. Already large number ol young men
are preparing to leave should tha alternative be
adopted, and of those who remain there will be
found but few who can be depended ou to fight
on the side of the North.
JJ.-serters from tbe Federal army daily pass
tfrrough the southern coautiea of Maryland,
going home, and tbe people help them along on
their way very willingly. Some of these men
say that tbey have beeti deceived that tbey
didn't enlist to fight for nizgers ; but the ma
jority declare that tbey have seen enough of the
elephant and are tired ot tbe war. They oc
casionally effer their revolvers for sale to the
citizens at a low price, and our informant pur
chased a very fine Colt's pistol of one of them
for three dollars. An incident occurred recently
in Calvert county which ia worth relating. Two
deserters from the 1st Massachusetts regiment
visited the house of a gentleman and begged for
food, which he readily gave them, aad while
they weri eating he recalled to mind the faet
that on a previous occasion his dwelling had
been plundered and many valuable articles, in
cluding his wife's watch, stolen by the Yankees ;
and he now recognized in his guests two of the
party who were engaged in that nefarious trans
action. He mentioned the circumstance, but
they stoutly denied all knowledge of it ; they
had never been in that neighborhood before.
The gentleman then called his Irish overseer and
asked if he had ever seen thane individuate, and
could remember any incident in connection with
them. Patrick gazed at them for a moment and
exclaimed " Faith, they aro the same bloody
thaves tbat stole me only pair uv shirts !" Two
negro men were then quietly stmt for, and the
hapless Yankees, having been stripped and tied,
were subjected to an indefinite number of
stripes, w-ll laid on by the willing hands of the
" contrabands." " Now,"' said the gentleman,
when he turned them Ioojo, " go and tell your
master, Lincoln, that two negroes have flogged
you from your heads to your heels."
JlriHinnt Hhiriuiohing ia North Alabama.
On the '.Kith ult, a detachment of the 1st
Kentucky cavalry, commanded by Captain J.
K. Huey, assisted by Lieutenant-Colonel Rus
sell, cemmaadiog Partisa 1 Rangers, amounting
in the aggregate to sixty, engaged two hundred
Federal cavalry nearly opposite the month of
Coon creek, and but a few miles from Stevenson,
Alabama. Notwithstanding the disparity in
numbers in favor of the Federals, the success
was decidedly with tbe Confederates. Eight
Yankees were killed aud fifteen wounded. Our
loss, none. In addition, oar friends captured
tho horses, guns, pistols, and sabres of the killed
and wounded of the enemy, and forty beef cat
tie tbat tbe Federals were driving in. Tbe
direction of the eattle was changed by Captain
Hney, and safely driven into his camp.
On the 26th of tbe same month, fonr of Capt
Huey's men crossed tbe Tennessee river aad
engaged twenty-five Federal cavalry, within
three miles of Stevenson, killing three Federals
and patting to rout the remainder. Captain
Huey's command has, within ten days, killed
nnd wounded fifty-one Yankee, with only one
man wounded, and none killed. Charleston
Courier.
A wwespondent of the St. Louis Dwo
erat s?s that a regiment is organising rapidly
af iSSjpg. Missouri, who are pledged to
ftage'rtcfUMcafion, damnation, excommunica
tion, aud emancipation against all reLob."
fcATfU VHODI HUKOfg.
.IrriraJ of the Steamer .trabit.
Ta the Aumriand Pro-., Narthv)
St. Jop, N. F r August 4 The stemuhip
Arabia, from Liverpool, July 26th. wim Qoeeo
towo, 27th, was boarded off Cape Km oa Sa
day, en route to Halifax aad Boettte. Her a d
vices are 04ie week later.
Tbe question of putting Canada in astau- t
de fense, had been debated in the House cf Com
mora. It was generally eontoaded tlre wa
no danger to be apprehended from tho Unit 1
States.
Lord Palmers ton said England had est ai
the troops to Canada that she could, and that 1
rested with the CanacKaM ta supply whatev- r
eM was reqaiaile.
It is denied that Garibaldi coataaaplat-
another expedition.
Breadstuff active. Floor ftl higher. Whe. t
2d higher. Com (id Is higher. Provision
dull and unchanged. Cooaok dosed ox Frida
at 93j9Sf.
Latbst. Bradstais active and still ad vail
ing. Provisioas qaiet aad unchanged.
London. July 26, p. m. Consols closed iu-
lay at 94 J I. C shares di.t
coant; Erie, 2728. Mesors. Baring Brothers
report American securities prttmd for sales an 1
quotations are difficult to give : Uaitad States
5's 6375; bonds, 6&a6-i.
Liverpool, July 27. Tha TeatouU front
New York, arrived at Southamptcn on the 2i:U.
The Surprise at IAnuiIle Xridfe.
11e ferry boat HamHtoa BtU arrived at ou
lauding this m grains: with about farty-f ve mru
of the 1st Wisconsin regiment, who we.e
wounded daring the affair at L'Anguille Bridgv .
beyond Madison, Ark., on Sunday last. One (h
the men informed us tbat they were a party ch
between ninety aad a hundred mounted men .
Taey were stooping whan tho enemy, who wrr
Texana under tbe command of Geoeral Parson,
swooped down upon tbetn from three tEfforeut
points, ine trederal soMiers slept with then
arms at their sides, and, hastily seizing them,
they made a desperate though indfcettnl resis
tance, lor the enemy was not leas than five or
six hundred strong. They express thcaise ve.-i
confident that the loss of the tmetay in killed
and wounded was at least equal to their own
Each man fought "on his own book," and titers
was no flinching.
The Confederate loss was betweea brty-fivt
and fifty woaaded of whom tferee died om tin
boat, fourteen were killed on the spot, oad about,
twenty prisoners carried.ou". When the intelli
gence reached Helena the liars:! ton Belle al
once proceeded to the place of action and
brought away the woaaded.
The enemy had carried off all tho banes, arrr.i
and ammunition, a portion of the wagons,
amounting in all to twenty-live or thirty ; what
wagons they did not drive off they deeibroyed.
In an hoar from their first appeanaee, the Tx
ans had performed their bloody work and wet -3
gone.
The gunboats before Helena, with eae excep
tion, had gone down tbe river for a point n jt
positively known. When they earns up from
Yicksbarg there was considerable ikknesi
aboard ; daring their stay at Helena probably
medieal atteadaace and freeh provision had
brought about an improveSeat. Thace were
movements of troops going o& that makes it
probable that important operations will soon ba
heard ef. The proceedings ef Sunday hav
aroused all the land and water faree below
to renewed eaerf y and a bitter determine tion ia
expressed to retrieve tha little rebuff of SuaJ-iy
last. Memphis Bulletin.
Sale of Ucaun2arl SeSI.
The four hundred and eighteen bells sent ta
Boston from New Orleans, were sold at Boston
on Wednesdcy. These bells were seat into New
Orleans while yet it was a part of rrbaldom, by
rebel Soatberaers, in response to Beawegard's
call for brass, with which to fabricate cannon
for use against Union men. When Batler cap
tured New Orleans these fell into his hands, and
Boston became the recipient of the trophies.
There were bells from church spires, school
bells, steamboat bells, and fietory bells, iarg
and small, many of them iu the best order and
finest tones. With only a dczen exception,
the bells bad upon their rites or tops, tho names
of Northern makers the Buckeye Works, ol
Cincinnati, the Allaire Works, of Fulton foun
dry, Pittsburg, and of the foBBdrys of Troy, oi
Louisville, aud other places. The largest bell
weighed fourteen hundred and seven pcunds.
The bell was finally sold for $330. Previous to
the sale CoL Thompson made a moat eloquent
and patriotic speech, which was warmly ap
plauded, showing how very deeply ia earnest
the South is iu this war, as was instanced by
tbe bells before us, aad ceiling for aa equal ear
nestaese oa our part, if we would hap a te pre
serve oar country in its integrity. Strtium
Exchange.
What they Think of Cufft. Tho corres
pondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer, writing
from Westover landing, ou James river, says of
the darkies :
The contra bends at aad arautd this point
have been mustered together aad placed in a
village. From the number of wedge ten's they
occupy, there mast be at least two thousand tt
not more of them. They are well fed, and thtt
tents give them the proper shelter. For all thi
the manager has to deal with them as though
they were animals to keep thea in proper trim.
Tbey are up to all kinds of dodges to keep from
work. They imagine they should do nothing;
bat eat, drink asd sleep. There is no disguising
the fact, they want tbe whip daily. The fear of
it would act like a charm. Tbe negro women
seem to have more energy than tbe men.
A Card. John W. Kees, of Circlevillf , Ohio,
lately arrested and sent to Fort Lafayette, but:
since released, has published the following card:
I wish, through the Herald, to Mtam my sin
cere thanks to the Democracy of drclerille and
vicinity for the prompt manner with which they
denounced my illeal aad uoeooetitatioBai ar
rest and imprisonment; also to express my grat
itude for their genetous gift to my beloved wife
of means to visit me, and admlnhter to my
wants in sickness ami persecution. 1 am once
more at liberty, without trial or aectisers, and it
I shall regain my health, hope to nttm to Cir
cleville in a few weeks.
JOKK W. KKES.
' Curtis' Army. The Memphis comspoadent
of the Cincinnati Commercial, writing under
date of the 1st inst, says:
Nothing new from Vicksburg. Curt" army
is going to . That seems to be settled,
and it will move very soon. This mnat'lM to cut
off and destroy any expedition that may be gath
ering with the intention of making a raid oa t.
Louis. Such a move has always been a favor.' 4
idea of the Secesh, and now seeas likely to ba
carried oat, since' they have changed their tactics
irom resistance to invasion
Gen. Pillow's Lossss. A dkpatch from
Gen. Pillow to a friend in Brando states that
Curtis' army have driven off, by force, nearly
four hundred negroes, killed one ef bis overseers,
and got three others in jail, and literally laid
waste his magnificent plantations. He is thos
nearly reduced to poverty at eae foil swoop of
the enemy, for his devotion ta Southern rights.
EiPAt a late meeting of me New York com
mon ceaaeU, Mayor Opdyke sent in a message
urging-hnraediite steps to eo-operate with the
Federal government ia pet feet ing the defonsea
of the harbor, and recommending me afpropri
tioa of a million of dollars for the ceastructioii
of iron plated batteries and shipping. The
news from Europe is frightening the merchant,
princes of Gotham.
(Pennsylvania lravingireeeivedfeermiasioa
to furnish her qaeta of the ftfst tasse headred.
thousand by men enlisted for nine moo the, the
State authorities expected to have the reghneMtg
full to-day.
ETA Fortress Monroe letter te the New York
fsf says Gen. Barns "da's eerpe has embarked
and is moving eff. Abo, the gunboats aad
mortar boats are all under orders, aud when,
thev strike the splinters will fly.
A

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