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F. A. TYLER,
OCT. IC. 1869.
On the 31st of March la'., tlie closing
day of what netrrpw men ail concede
to be the busies', quarter of the year, re
turn were made by the iwveral newspa
per eonoerna of this city, akowine; the fol
lowing rwult :
. fs. ll
Ix a compilation of editorials from
the State pre, under the heading,
The Protest,'" the Nashville Banner
of the 14th Inst, attribute? an article,
bitter in it oppoaltiontoex-Presidciit
JOKiraox, to the Appkat. This Ls a
mistake which we hope our contem
porary will do us the justice to cor
rect. The article In question coui
tnenetsj, ' We bsveheretoforeentered
our solemn protest in behalf of the
" people of Tennessee, against the
. 11 election of Axdrew Johssox." No
iuch article ever aprxarod in our col
umns. Whatever we have siid
that could be construed into op
position to Mr. Johnson was jiven at
a time when we felt it our duty to call
out expression1? of public sentiment a
i necessary to a defiuite conclusion upon
the Senatorial question, and in liu- in
terest of the whole people. We have
repeated charges and used argu
ments against him; but we have
supported Mr. Jonssox's claims irom
the momont we were convinend h.'
was the man the people Uelrv.l -huiild
represent them i:i the Senate. And
Wupport bim now becatise, looking
o the gODtl of the State, we find
troagcr rea!or.-5 for it than we can
d lor supporting any other mat).
." hi mt-v-tif to the Legi-laturc,
, Senter may be presumed to as-
he best reasons he has to give
j,' irro suffrage. They are thet-e:
honor and justice mak solemn
lrt'' against depriving the dis
ni race of the suffrage: that
iiality before the law" would fx1
luted by it ; that it would produce
"shock, threatening to the public
terest, even if it do uoV endanger
wvnlsion;" that degradation from
e suffrage " wouid render them, as
Irens, dangerous to the public in
rests;'' that it ''strikes at the whole
ea of reciprocal obligations and
ghte fundamental to this representa
jre republic;"' that "impartial jus
je will demand the proof of charges
hkh may be brought to degrade"
e race, and will not ' be satisfied
th less than the demonstration of
perknee;" that, while the majority
the Northern Suttes may be again?!
, it ie " the voice of the country, sp--en
through its iawiully constituted
authorities " tho Congress having
. " foruially proiRised tlio Fifteenth
Amendment;'' that It Is important lo
"secure die colored population against
apprehended dangers;"' that adoption
Of the auiendment "would at once
tend to inspire conndi ntT with the
Northern people, create a friendly in
terest in Congress, and perhaps win
the strong, helping hand of the Gen
eral Government in our many wants :"'
and that it is commanded by the
"emphatic declaration of the people
of Tennessee, at their Inst election."
These, stripped of their verbiage, are
the reasons, and all the reasons, it
aigned by the Governor. We will
answer them in their above order.
"First, that " honor and justice make
aolemn protest," etc. Now, as to
honor," we say that is not con
cerned, unite- we are under pledge
Dot conditional. If we have made
pledges,- those pledges were "condi
tioned that the negro population
should vote for re-tntraiichisemt'iit of
the whites. But nine-tenths of them
went off with Hiokex, aud voted
against it! They did not perform the
condition. We deny the promise.
If any was made, we deny the per
formance of the condition, which
alone could make it obligatory. As
to "Justice" in the matter, we deny
the right of any to claim a uew and
unheari-of privilege, without qualifi
cation for its exercise, on the grouie I
of being resident wf the country.
Foreign w lilted resident among us
have as mu-'h right, combined with
unifications necessary to its health-
xercine. Aud so of many other
Suffrage is not the right of
tj; but has always in our his
j Jirtirt.BUted and lestrieted to the
best informed j.ortToTrHf the white
opulaiion, or to adults over twenty-
one years of age. There w as no imu- , :. rjnined upon his removal. It is
tice in tbe-e restrictions, and their r-wj! known that they threatened him
moval is a dangerous innovation. To j with deatp, tnler the plea of com
the proposition that "equality before : plicity with l.ixcen.x's murderers,
the law" would be inlriuged by refu-' ins-sosei hey could not 'jse him, be
sal of the suffrage to negroes, we an- j cause lie would not be used by them
swer tliat if so, refusal of it to any in their nefarious plans fir plunder.
other citizen or resident of the Vnit.-d
States would be the same thfrhige
tneut. By mat rule, French, Irish,
ltaiian, German and other foreigners
have no "equality before the law,"
and are entitled to instant enfranchise
ment by the same rule, aud without
ail restrictions. To the oroiiosition
that it woul
ennag to th
ice "a shoot threat- j
r interests," we an- i
sw or that is as much as to say that tered and those he overcame when,
reiu-al to innovate on our accustomed j i faring the two years before Impeach-""''---'
trimeotal. i rat, bo was urged, prompted,
We-deny that it w ill produce any ! begged and beseechod to say and do
worse a "couvuKioti ' in thn country sor Radicals) m that Its power might
to refuse negro suffrage thai to refuse' be pwpetuabed, and the nation be
German suflrse or Ir: 1, Mitfrage, as I
we have psasistently u ,:i for years ,
without material injury. Tke "con
vulsioa" will be all confined to the
Radical party, and to Lat Congress
Which assumes officially to represent,
but reaily iryjire iiu the wishes
of this country. To the affirmation
baa wisal of negro suffrage will ou-
t we answer,
only so be-;
W cause the iiHHBF1 1 1
aWBaawdt weoauy friends
that it is m ri - -:iryto his eontlnutd
liberty and happiness. The nep.ro
know.-, what he wants only as he is
instructed. He needs hog and hom
iny, clothing, comfort and good treat
ment with protection ol the laws, and
no more. To the assertion that refu
sal of the suffiage "strikes at the
whole idea of reciprocal obligations
and right-," we answer that if this is
true, ami none Irot voters owe any ob
ligations to the Government, then the
w hole franchise system should lie re
nioddeied and all permitted to vote
in order to fix their obligation to obey
the laws. The franchise laws of the
1' lilted .states have, according to Gov.
Bnttnti leen an outrage from the
beginning of the Government, and
ought to tail at once. To the
assert ion that "iinpartial justice will
demand the proof of charges," etc., and
" will not In- sati-iiisl with Itsw than
the dcDMMisiratiwa of expi-rience," we
answer that "ehargiM" are brought by
none but net, patent to the obser
vation of the world, and which cannot
be denied. If three year's experience
of negro suffrage, with its fruits in
base otlicialt;, misuse of the public
moneys, and constant maladministra
tion, is not a sufficient " experiment,"
we are puzzled to tell what would be.
We have tried it on, and got no better
fast. To his olscrvation that the ne
gro "amendment " Is the " voice ol
the country," we reply that the Con
crt's.s was not elected on this question,
and does not express the voice of tin
country, and that no Congress should
assume to eutabHah any new funda
meutal law at the behest of any pany,
but only on being instructed thereto
by a nnijority of the people. To the
asseveration that negro suffrage is nec
ewsary to " sivure the colored popula
tion against apprehended dangers,"
we affirm that the intimation of such
a necessity to Tcnnesseeans isslander
ous, and ridiculous for its falsity. No
man can rationally entertain such an
idea; and if Sentkr wa- not the Gov
ernor of a great State, we shtiulil sus
ptcttla' nectsssity for an inquisition
lor lunacy, from the very fact of such
an idea getting into his cranium.
Again, he atnrms that adoption of the
negro amendment will " inspire con
fidence with tiie Northern people."
How is it that he expects to " inspire
confidence in the Northern people"
by a course to which be admits a ma
jority of the Northern States are op
posed? Must we oliey Congress in or
der to win its "friendly inter
est?" Is it the business
of Congress to command, or to
obey the people? Will the " strong
helping hand of the Government be
withheld froui its iieopie for exercis
ing its independent judgment? He
speaks for Congress, the Imperial
voice! Has the tune come when the
people must, and -hould in prudence
kneel and obey the mandate from
V.'.ishiugtou? Or are we yet free,
and dariutr to maintain the ancient
rights of a free people to command
their servants and "rulers?" His
i.ist rettsou L- that " the people of Ten
nessee at their la-t ejection" have
commanded negro suffrage. We have
the authority ol the people for saying
thi- is untrue. Tiie Goveror ought
to ix more careful of his facts.
'1 bus we have given and answered
every substantive argument and pro
position oa which Gov. Se.stkk rests
ii -ommetxlation to the Legisla
ture, and we scud to it in reply this,
our own message, greeting. We rest
our opposition to negro suffrage on no
such tiiinsy arguments as the Gover
nor brings to sustain it, but on the
great considerations which concern
the future well-being of Tennessee.
We regard no promises which can be
avoided without dishonor, no consid
erations HflVcting individuals or class
cr,'but those which are for the greatest
good of the greatest numler kr the
present and all coming time. The
infliction of negro suffrage will be an
eiidHis- and internal curse to the State,
abke injurious to whites aud b.acks,
a iniH-stone on its neck with w hich it
w il! not rise to greatness aud happi-
It is amusing to reflect upon the
numbers, disposition, peculiarities,
hobbies, waul- ainl wishes of those
opposed to the election of ex-President
Johnson to the l.'nited States Senate.
They combine all colors and shades of
.Liberal and Radical politics; old and
young, and rich and weak-kneed. A
few warm-hearted, genuine and thor-ough-k'oiug
henu rats uppoau him on
personal grounds, or for something in
his course ihey do not Ibrget or for
give, but all the' Radicals, ami the
meanest and most virulent ol' the
Northern and Southern Radicals, are
.)., .se, to hint. Wall street ami the
liond holders are opposed to him, and
an- among his bitterest enemies. The
ox-meinbjrs of the Freeilmen's Bu
reau are barking at his heels. The
enemies of Dtsnoetaejr iti and out of
the Stab tire threatening him with
i . .tisr-iiences in hm- of his elec
tion to ihe Heoate. Our independence
as a pimple is assailed by the enemies
of this inaa who stood in the breach
lietwx-n the South and a very ava
lanche of Radicalism and negroism.
Toe jssiple forget whatever on his
pari is nbjeet jiinable, and promiunce
fur AxuKr.w Johnson as their true
friond and the persistent opponent of
despotic, disgraceful, robbing and
plundering; Railicali-m. They want
him Ios'sum. they i-an rely upon him,
urn) because a mairity of the people
of the In loo are elamorou for
him. They want htm liecanse Wall
street ean't baiy him, anil because the
bondholders can't force him into their
flngs jr to participate in their corrup
tions. They want him isicause, un
like Grant, he cannot be bought
witb hotisi-s, lands, carriages or
money. He ha no Coruins for
brtithers-in-law. He is honest, and Is
thert-'iore feared by the horde wlio call
themselves th" iold A-ociation of
New York. Th' Radical leaders in
I . -resi can make no argument that
h- jannot answer. He i the defender
otbe Couotitution, the friend of his
or.uaury and of the people who have
boaAied him through a long life.
His imieaehment w as brought fcbout
e-y the Radicals, avIio finding they
smi l not manipulate and ase him,
because he would not be Used in their
iacitic Railroad and other schemes,
because ho would not permit himself
to be bought by gifts of Ijp s and
money for the admission of States
:md because he would not come down-
from his high estate and bow down to
the Moloch of liadicalisui. None
bat those in Washington at the time
can realise the difficulties he encoun-
ruined. He stood in the breach and
refused all advance. He was
purcha.-ahle. Not even threaferyf
oeath could mov him trout his pur
pose to be true to tii? people of the
Vnited States, and defend with the
Utmost of his ability their Constitu
tion and laws. Notwithstanding the
ersonal abjections urged to him. we
believe he is an incorruptible jjatriot
whose fallings, whatever they mav
be, are buried eat of sight of all true
of the country by the very
ol duties he has faithfully
people of the Cnion
tactw, ana ankiiviaf
u)l their u.: 'it tlmtAimfim capital no iong-cr pro
THE MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL.- SATURDAY, OCTOBER !(,, 1869.
c ionize them, and w ith voice and pen ' they raised the taxes, the more eapi
and hearty effort pronounce for him tal, and thu the power of collecting
and send him to the Senate as the nn- 1 taxes w-as reduced... A rate of taxa
tion's defender and the friend of the
Constitution. The people will it that
A.MiRr.w Johnson shall go to the
Ax intelligent Mississippian s nds
us a communication, which apcars
in another column, in which he advo
cates the election, and sets forth, in
m improper spirit, his views of (Jen.
Aiadkx. Citizens Mth of Tennessee
and Mississippi will take an interest,
one way or the other, in the issue in
Mississippi, and we therefore give the
communication as matter of news.
)ur correspondent t h inks that by what
ever votes Atx'oRX may be elected,
he has the disposition, and the strong
est aspirations of his nature will be to
redeem the errors of his life, and leave
to history a name not to be aspersed,
lie has the advantage of Dent, in
lieing greatly the intellectual superior,
as well as in being an old citizen, and,
in the event of his election, if he
should pursue a magnanimous course,
be would lie able to secure equal if not
greater good for his State, than is to
be expected from the candidate really
dictated to the people by Oen. GkaJTT,
and would have it quite as much, if
not more, in his power to remove the
disabilities under w hich many Mis
sissipplans labor from tho XlVth
Amendment. We would be far from
advocating his claims. We can advo
cate no man standing on such a plat
form. And yet thousands ofMlssissip
piuns are saying that if Mississippi,
under the Iwyonet, is to swallow ne
gro suffrage, they would rather take it
under the lead of an old citizen, who
has at least been once in sympathy
with them, and who, once elected,
will have the strongest motives to
their service, than with a carpetbag
ger imposed by the Government. All
in all, this seems to be the substance
of the news from Mississippi, and
expressive of the views of many. We
think tliat, if a citizen of the State, we
should, under the circumstances deter
mine to go for a new Convention, -and
an out-and-out Democratic candidate.
We now know that we might have
ione so in Tennessee, and won w ith
the sawe certainty we did with S..
ter, and probably with nearly the
same votes. Mississippians may do
the same, as against the two nomina
ted and both Radical candidates on
Radical platforms, for aught we see.
A third party might win; and if it
did not they could hardly Ik more in
jured by defeat than they are likely to
be as the case stands, let the election
go which way it will. But it is not
our privilege to advise them.
Tin: Aeulnnvhe of yesterday sjieaks
of the Appeal as no very formidable
opponent, aud as having little power,
and yet devotes two mortal columns
to rt-ist its influence. The gigantic
erf. irt seems out of till proportion to
the occasion, if he dms not underrate
it. The Arnlttiu-he seems to beniuch
better acquainted with "Bingen on
the Rhine," the "speech of Nmrv.U.,
the bucolic vouth who fed his lather's
-Ins-p upon the Grampian hiUs," the
"biography of Ham Patch," with
"l-'ux's Book of Martyrs " and other
"narcotics" from the "musty pile of
stupidity," than we claim to be. Our
neighbor seems rather to be the "old
logy," after all. We generally dejiend
upou plain English, ami the language
of coaimon seuse, in preparing mat
ter for our readers. If we support
Johnson, it is Iss-ause we believe to
day it is the best thing we can do for
the country, without reference to past
war records and charges, many of
which we now find are false and sus
ceptible of explanation, consistent
with the conclusion that his evil acts
were forced by Radical pressure, and
that he has always endeavored to obey
the Constitution and protect, so far as
he had the power, the rights of the
people. As for Mississippi matters and
Dent and Aixkn, our position is
w ell known. We condemn the plat
forms of both parties alike, and shall
therefore support neither. We give
freely, for the benefit of our Missis
sippi readers, anything for which we
have room, that either party have to
say. There is a rumor that the Con
servatives of Mississippi may call a
Convention, and put forth candidates
and a platform, in our view, more wor
thy of support. The only reason we
can see for any preference here is, that
the majority of our mends are for
Dent, and that Auxirn, like Stok.es,
depends on negro votes. But why
one should not do as iuuh good for
the State as the other does not appear.
We find also the following in the Iuka
.Miss.) SoarMl of" the l'tth, a Demo
There is a rumor that there may U'
some arrangement made by the Al
corn party to make their ticket more
acceptable to the people. This should
have been done at the start, if that
party expected to get any respectable
part "of the white element of the State
to vote for it. There is uodoubt but
if Alcorn's party had not got mixed
up with that internal, drunken, ras
cally, Jim Lynch, it might have found
favor with many while persons who
would not now touch it with a t.iair of
Ifthirk is anything which men
of moderate means, and poor and la
boring men, should lie vigilant about,
it is unequal and oppressive taxation,
which drives their richer neighbors
away, upon the use and retention of
whose capital among us their employ
ment and living depends. If they
fully appreciated the results of their
situation, there would bo a clamor
against such taxntion as we have dis
tressing the State, w iiich would be
heard in high places as the voice of
many w aters, and the coming torna
do. They see that there is little de
mand lor their labor. But they do
not enough see the cause in high taxa
tion, which prevents investment of
capital and drives it away. Why
have we not two thousand buildings
in process of erection to-day in Mem
phis, calling for twenty thousand me
chanics anil laborers? Why have We
not mechanical enterprise, and facto
ries for cloth, hats, shoes, furniture,
tanning utensils, etc., in large num
bers aud on a large stale? We have
plenty of money two hundred mil
lions of dollars annually coming in,
w hich is no longer being used for the
purchase of slaves. Why then Is it
not used, and conjoined with labor,
and made the instrument, combining
with hundreds of thousands of work
ing men's services, for. the develop
ment of all the industries, and of
building up town and country? It
will not do to answer it Is because
men are mean with their money, it
is a right, and human nature, to use
it to the best advantage. Not where
the money is, but where it is used, is
there a demand for labor. If our
money was used freely to make im
orovemerts. is there any limit to our
progress and population? What
number, of men would find
work and come to do it
in ai'mulM, if twenty millions
liars was here inviting labor to
it? We liaveVe ttifify. notwith
standing so much hav611 driven to
seek batter investment out of the
State. Why then is it
lalr procured, to ail tho
tol can tapnly the deiunnd for ft
answer, It is the result
tlon. Men prefer to invest
taxes are low; and where their
will pay them better; and tli
do it. Crowned heads, who had
i unite,! iMiu.-r At tax their
have found a law saying to
" thus Jar shalt thou go, and u
ther." They have found that w
tafatiou wax so high as to make
riW "eu have, a
tlon which will not build up a coun
try, and leave all its people prosper
ous, win never pay off public indebt
edness. We have now in Tennv.ec
a new, and, we trust, a stable and bc
nificcRt Government. Let us now
have a breathing-time, n removal of
oppressive penalties for dilatory pay
ment of tax .-s, and taxes reduced, at
least low enough so that men can live
in Tennevwee and use their capi
tal and make money freely; and
let measures be taken to post
pone the just public debt, and
all the rest be repudiated, as it ought
to be, ami we shall grow to le the
greatest State of the South working
men will come in by the hundreds of
thousands, and rich and poor will
thrive together. Nothing short of
such legislation will now restore a
good and thriving condition of
things. And in this matter the
working men are even more in
terested than the wealthy. Their
demand should be " down with the
taxes! we have found by exerience
of four years that high taxation goes
with high prices, small profits and
light demaud for labor. We want
work, and that capitalists should
thrive in order to lie able to furnish
it. We demaud of the Legislature
such reduction of taxi's as will leave
it possible that all should live to
gether." The Radical rulers, in order
to plunder the Treasury, have assessed
heavy taxes on the people, and griev
ous to be borne, and then impudently
declared " poor people don't pay the
taxes." But their declaration is false.
The poor at last pay indirectly, and
pr.ncipally by the tariffs, as ail sensi
ble men know , the whole burden of
taxation. It conies all at last from
the sweat of the brow. It is the work
ing men who iay the taxes. In the
language of the acute, discerning and
able Philadelphia Age:
" Who does pay them if not the
workingman, the laborer, the real
producer of wealth? There is not a
loaf of bread placed on his table, a
pair of shoes w orn on his own or the
leet of any of his family, nor a shirt,
nor a coat, nor a dress, which is not
covered with tax bills before it reaches
the jioor man's hamls. If real estate
is taxed, the tax is added to the poor
man's rent. If manufactures are
taxed, the amount of tax is added to
the price of the manufactured article,
and the poor man has to pay it.
Taxes fall more heavily upon the
workingmen than ou any other class of
Ot'K attention has been called to a
memorial, presented by Dr. William
W. Lea, president of the Tennessee
Central Railroad Company, to the
Legislature, suggesting and urging
the construction of a continuous line
of railway throughout the State, to be
connected eastwardly with the direct
route to Norfolk, and westward! i
with the great inter-oceanic railway
to the Pacific This through line, it
is proposed to effect bycompletlag the
Tennessee Central road from Fulton,
at the first Chickasaw Biulf, on the
Mississippi river, to Huntingdon,
where it will conuect with the Nash
ville and Northwestern Kailroad,
making a continuous line to Nash
ville. From Nashville the Tennessee and
Pacific Railroad is progressing with
energy towards Lebanon, and thence
surveys are being prosecuted on sev
eral routes for its exten-don across the
coal measures of the Cumberland
mountain to Ea-st Tennessee, touch
ing the East TonnesMV and Virginia
Railroad at Knoxville. It is proposed
to amend the chafer of this company
so as not to require the road to touch
at Knoxville, but passing north of
that city, up the southern base of
Clinch mountain, along the Poor Val
ley, to the Virginia line, and a con
nection with the line of railroad
through that State to Norfolk, soon to
become the great oniiorium of the
South. But if a more Southern line
of railway, from Norfolk, shall be
built, as proposed by Commodore M.
F. Mavkv, in his admirable pub
lication on the canal and rail
road transportation of Virginia,
so as to pass along the line
of North Carolina, then it will be
come necessary to turn the Tennessee,
Central and Pacific Railroad from the
Poor Valley, in Hawkins county, by
Stanley's and Carter's Valleys, to a
connection with the East Tenin .
and Western North Carolina Rail
road, so as to connect with the direct
route to Norfolk near the White Top,
the extreme northeast corner of the
This (if the western terminus Is lo
cated at Memphis instead of Fulton)
will unquestionably tie the most di
rect, and is said to be thecheapest and
inot practicable road to the city of
Norfolk, and if completed, .as pro
posed, will be the most direct liue of
communication across the continent.
A correspondent calls attention
to the deficiency in execution of the
road laws. The subject is one of im
portance to city and country. A fair
is about to be held, aud we understand
the road leading to the grounds is a'
most impassable, as well as most of the
roads leading into the city. The com
mon roads are as important as rail
roads, and must be kept up. We call
the attention of our legislators to this
subject, and to our correspondent's
views, as follows:
Editors Aptyt: I sec our legislators
are working like beavers to remodel
the laws that have proven to lie so
ruinous tc the best interests of the
State. Among the rest our road laws
need amendment. Would it not be
well to have a a poll-tax for road pur
poses, and no man allowed to vote
without paying it? Three-fourths of
the labor of this State cannot be com
pelled, under the present road law, to
work the roads. Make their right to
vote depend on their road receipt, and
we shalt soon have our roads iu a pas
sable condition. If we want immi
gration we must put our public high
ways in a condition that strangers
can traverse every section of our State
with ease and speed. Nothing
will disgust strangers with a
country n ore than lad roads, aud
to-day we have not a road leading
into Memphis that is safe to travel in
the winter five miles with a
buggy. In their old laws most of the
States have some restrictions on the
right to vote. Massachusetts requires
one year's residence in the State, and
the payment of a State or county tax.
Rhode Island, a freehold possession of
$18, or the payment of $7 rent, with
one year's residence in the State, and
payment of $1 tax. In Connecticut,
payment of a State ta,, or a freehold
ot the yearly value 7, gives the right
to vote. In New York, one year's
residence in the State, six mouths in
the dainty, but colored men must
have a residence of three years, and
have owned and paid taxes ou a free
hold assessed at $250 for a year. In
Pennsylvania, one year's residence
and the payment of State or county
tax is required; and so of Feuusylva
nia. Virginia, freehold in possession,
or a teuant-at-w ill worth $25, or the
reversion ot a freehold to vest on the
termination of a life estate, and worth
fifty dollars, or a leaseholdjof yearly
value of twenty dollars, for a term of
years not less than five, or the pay
ment of State or county tax within
the year. In North Carolina, one
year's residence in the State and coun
ty gives the right to vote for a mem
ber of the House of Commons, but
the voter must own fifty acres of land
to vote for Senator. In South Caroli
namust reside in the State two years,
freehold of fifty acres ol laud,
. . I na liiust Teniae in ine Mate two years,
t l- . .HsbsssssssssssBe -IHslllK n
jBSSBBBSBBBr SBSbIsBBBBSBSBBBBBBBSBBBBbB U V
vote at the precinct where lie lives,
and to show his road-tax l twrpt be
fore fie can vote.
Such u law would !e licneflelal to
the whole State. We would have
gissl roads or less illegal voting. We
would need no Registrar's paper-i to
protect the ballot-box, and by disiteii
siug with all registration, we would
save thousands of dollars to the peo-
file, and a great deal of trouble and
oss of time. SKNKX.
The New Vork Tribune has an ar
ticle on the history and prosjiects of
cotton culture in Hindustan pre
pared by a gentleman highly compe
tent for that purpose, and who has
been officially connected with the
British administration in that coun
try, and has devoted much attention
to tho subject. By great efforts the
supply from Hindustan has been dou
bled. Yet it is now slowly falling off,
and the preponderance of the United
States in the Manchester- market is
being ngained. We copy as follows
from the Tribune:
India haa jnat the kind of soil that is
bent tor cotton growing, but much of this
soil is useiean without an i-xiOnsivo v
tein of irrigation; and though the Oot
urninent in liuia will probably construct
the nect.-M.sary works, little or iiothiuglius
beou done aa yet, and not much tan he
expected for a number of years. More
over, it ia no easy matter to pursiiad-.i tho
native cultivators to abandon their fo.,d
crops and undertake the raising of a ala
ple which tluctuatea in price, ami from
which they have heretofore sutlt-rist heavy
los.ea. Tue curious and complicated aya
lem of land tenure operates as a bar to
any great change, and renders it at the
Maui.- lime fin p.isaible tor white settlers to
obtain plantations, ahould they feel dis
posed to engage in cotton growing. The
work must ho leu to the uatives, and if
ihey are not disposed to enter heartily
into it, there is no power to make them.
Th great difticuliy ut the start was not
to get enough of the cotton, but to get it
clean. It came to market in such a filthy
state, in consequence partty of the rude
method of separating the seed from the
woul, by w hicij the seeils were crushed
and so stained the tibrc, partly of careless
packing and transportation, that its value
was seriously diminished. With Immense
trouble those difficulties were partially
overcome; but thcu the American supply
was cut off by the war, aud curiously
enough this circumstance, which was ex
pected to powerfully stimulate tho India
cotton trade, had a decidedly unfavorable
effect. The demand h.-cameso active that
the poorest qualities ot cotton found ready
purchasers. The natives returned to their
oid slovenly methods of preparing tlio
liut lor market; the reputation of India
cotton fell; and when the war was over,
and the Southern States began to export,
hardly anyliody would touch the Hindus
tan article, anil a panic was the conse-ijuein-e.
The India planters have never
entirely recovered from tho effects of this
widespread bankruptcy, and it will lie
lung before they consent to devote a
larger share of their farms to a crop from
which they have suOered so severely. It
may safely be predicted, therefore, that
the di i icri Slate will retain the first po
sition in the cotton markets of Great Brit
ain which they always hold before the
war. aud surrendered only for a very few
The Senatorial Ring to be broken up.
A Confederate Note Case The
THK SENATOBf Ah B1NO 10 I!K RRQKBN I'P.
It Is asserted In Senatorial circles that
such is the dissatisfaction of a large num
ber ot Senator- M tho Kadicai type, with
the officers elected at the last session of
Congress for tho Senate, through couibtn
atious effected by Senators Kenton, Mor
ton and Perry, that an attempt will be
made at the commencemeut of the next
session to get rid of them. The "ring'
system in the Senate does not seem to
meet with favor, and there is hardly any
doubt that but a c Range will !. made and
sevft-al of the oi-i officers replaced. The
opposition to the present Secretary is led
by Senators from the Pacific coast, and is
of au intense character. Judge Bond, of
Baltimore, is talked of for the position.
A CONFEM5RATK NOTE CASK BEFORE THE
8CFBF.ME COl'Kr THI I n.NSTI Tt'TIOJt
ALITV OF THE COTTON TAX.
Associate Justice Field appeared to-day
in tiie Supreme Court of the I'niled States.
All the Judges are now present.
The case of Thnrniugtun vs. Smith Jt
Hartley, involving transactions in Con
federate treasury notes at the South dur
ing the war, was argued by Mr. Phi dips
for the appellant, the appellees not ap
pearing. The action was upon a note for tlO.OOn
made at Montgomery, Ala., November.
1861, by the appellees, and payable one
day after date. The defense was that at
the date of rhe note there was no lawful
currency in circulation in Alabama; (hat
the medium of exchange was at the time
treasury notes ot the Confederate States,
and that the contract was made witb the
understanding and agreement that it
should be discharged in such Confederate
notes and not in money lawful or current
by the I'nited States.
Tuo note was made, by its terms, a lien
or mortgage on certain real estato for
which it was given iu payment, and the
action sought lo hold the property for
$lii,Uflu lawful mooey. T ,.-Court admitted
certaiu parol evidence,' n consideration of
which it came to th? conclusion that the
dollars expressed in th i note meant Con
federate Treasury notes, and loand for
defendant, hotdiug the contract wholly
illegal and void because it was payable iu
Confederate Treasury notes.
The ciso was tried n the I'nited States
District Court tor the Middle District of
Alabama, from which an appeal was taken
to this Court, Hie appellants contending
that as the contract was not entered into
fin the putposc of giving currency to
these notes, and thus indirectly attempt
ing to aid the rebelliou, il is not affected
by the circumstance that il did give cur
rency to the eMeea. If there was no ilfegd
design, the contract was neither immoral
nor i it'-gal. There was no olher currency
by which tho daily transactions of busi
ness could be carried on, and it had tieen
imposed on the country by irresitible
force. The necessity for using this cur
rency was almost the same as the neces
sity to lire. No protest or resistance no
rejection could avail anything.
The usee of Karri m; ton ts. Sunders, from
West Teaiiossee, is to bo argued soon. It
involves the question of the constitution
ality of the cotton tax.
' 'HE ui.df niiivl having eBllifbeU a
J. brunch yiirJ on Htroiul Mtrnet, nrir Madt
M)n, ur- pi r pared to deliver coal in tiny quan
tity, frwti on barrel npwtmK, nt lowest tnar
PIUI.EY, METXEBBB CO.
n-u tfttovth Court street.
REFRESHMENT STANDS AT FAIR.
N'OTirE Is hereby gdM tuatJhe Refresh
ment stuutt- for tiie (omIntrFalr will be
rented r the highest hidden, at the Agricul
tural Fair U round, tour miles from tlie city,
on the Mem phi and (harles'nn Kailroad, on
Monday next. October is, at U)1-, o'clock a.tu.
A npeclAl train will leave the depot at 1"
o'clock, lor the Fair Ground; fare 25c for the
LEON TROrttDALE, ,
a. e. mrxiKLY.
MURRAY & RIOGELY,
31 MADISON STREET,
K;.st !' i'hrk's Jewelry Store,
Main Street Store for Rent.
LTPON timely application and sufficient ln
) rfacemeot offered, we will rnt for one
year from 1st Heptem her next, the Front Ktore
Room now octrupied by uh. corner of Main
and Jefferson afreet, with part of basement.
ROYKTKK. TRRRV A NT A CO.
St. Clair Nurseries. Summerfield, III.
Ci X M1LFS from St. Louis, ou 0. and M. R.
J.J R. F. BAB. DTK, Proprietor. Two
Hundred acre In the cultivation of Fruit
Tree. Applea a raHgnlncent Ktock of 2 and
3 year olds. Including all the leading and
moat popular southern varletlea. obtained
troio reliable growern South Fear, Peaches,
Plums, Apricot. Nectarines, Cherfles, Quin
ces, (jimpe. rtrawotrries, rtaspoer ri, etc.
in great variety. A choice collection ot Hos-
( truiimental Evergreen and Deciduous Tree
Flowering shruha. Herbaceous Plant. Bulbs,
etc. Brunch Office. U and 13 Moroe atreet.
he. cUw UEU. U. BItOWN, tien'l Agent.
THIS plecant and popular Ball, wntralljr
sitnatod on Main street. btwen Poplar
and Washington, bavins; been put In splendid
order. Is now open to engagement feor
BALLS. PARTIES, FAIRS, ETC.,
To Rnpertable and Xepulable Parttet On).
For terms apply to
L. r. LOEB, at the Hall.
Hnppers supplied to Italia and Parties, aell
Let Epicures Uemembei that
Always bas on band at bis Mest Store
On Mill St..
Tlilrd and Fonrth. Woslts.
tbe butt I
Kossis. Butter, Eirzs. Chickens.
sold In Memphis, at the lowest
RENEWS THE HAIR TO ITS ORIGiNAL
COLOR WHEN GRAY.
ews me catKfWnatt;r -vaicb nourishes
i the Growth 0 tft Hai jaj.
the brash, wiry lialr u suken
iCTIFUL HAIR DRBgSiyO.
HALL i.tj-, NHSbua. . U., frt-prlolors I at thui once at r 7
16 MADISON ST., MEMPHIS. TENN.
Fire, Marine and River Risks.
CAPITAL STOCK, $300,000 00
Stockholders Notes Secured.
No Liabilities whatever, except aaasssrf
necessary to Reinsure Outstanding
Rislu, say $25,000 00.
w. b greewlawTjames ELDER,
J. A. SIMMONS, Sec y.
W. B. (IRKK.SLAW, Wl. M. KaBBISOT s
James to. C. W. Uovxt,
Jobs ovkkton. Jb, S. m. Bbl'ce,
ks tcutst XiltmiT.
BANKS AND BANKING.
THE DeSOTO BANK
JAM KM KI.nER.
T. H, KAJlNrtWHRTH,
W. II. WOOD,
M. H Dt'NN-OMB,
JAMES ELDER, : : President
W. H. WOOD, : : Vice-President.
T. R. FARNSWORTH, : Cashier.
No. 6 MADISON STREET.
Tlioa. Piiilier, Proa't.
SELLH Klght 1 " - on Ireland, and Three
nnd Sixty Days Sight on London, at New
York ratea; and can draw In sums to nult
purchasers on all the principal ritlea and
towns In Continental Europe.
Also, transact a general Exchange and
Banking Bustnesa. oeU
Dot a Gentml Ranking and Exchange
Oolteetion made at afl point and
A MO WOODRrrT, A. T. I.AI'KY.
J.K. MKHKIMA.V. TUi.W. K.S.,TTH.
H. T. TllMI.IJCWON. A.J. WHITE,
H. A. PA UTEK. J K. W A TK fNH,
W. II. THEUHY.
H. A. PARTEE,
I. 1. FREEMAN.
And Gen ! Insurance Company,
Cor. Front and Madison Sts.,
0. B. N0LL0Y. President.
aaS FERDINANO M0LL0Y, Cashier.
W. W. THATCHER'
W. P. PROCDF1T.
W. W. YOI'NU,
W. R. MOORE.
J. W. JEFFERSON,
IlA v l.
J. T. FABli.YSON,
O. H. JTUAH,
J. . OUVER.
a. r. smith,
F. S. DAVIS,
W. THACHER. Cashier.
338 MAIN STREET,
I am now rci-Wvlug dally my Fall.
Snn of Boskkts and Hats In Velvkt,
Pi.rsH. Frs, 1'aitts. Straw and Satix; also
Children's, Misses' and Boy's Fancy Hats.
Velvbts In Si lb. Royal, I'.nci-t and T.vbbt.
Ribbons of every design and ijuallly. Silks
snd Satins, Pi.thes. Feathers, old Ladles'
Caps and Heaii-Drkshbs, In end less variety.
My irood havr been selected personally
Iron. lis latest French Importations, and the
lin k is complete 111 every renpect. Country
merchants are respect folly Invited to rail
and examine our stock before purchasing
W sines- ol
NOW OVR COMPLETE
HATS & BONNETS
LATEST PARIS STYLES
OUR OWN IMPORTATION
Tlie moNi complete -tijrjs of Iresta and ;mn a.
TrLmmlaji and Huti-n.
The bat ktM-k of fine Laea and Iace iools.
The largest amsorX tjieut of tine Kaathera and
Flowers our own importation.
Ladlea' Uarmenta new fttyles.
New Jewelry New style Chignons and
The richest HMb and Bow Ribbons, Km
broideries. Handkerchiefs, etc., etc.
Tbe best styles of loth and Velvet Cloaks.
New Hedoulns, WalkingSulU oar own lin
portntion. We rt rll at th LoireM Market Prices.
ocS BOB SAaln Street.
Southern Emporium of Fashion
ar mlres to call the attention of ber lady
friends and tbe public to the fact that she I
NOW RECEIVING HER FALL STOCK
Of the latest styles of Millinery, Fancy Good
and norsittss In TRIMMING.
aw Dress sad Cloak Making, In all It
branches, at S47 Mala street. sels
Notice to Cotton Factors.
STBSCRIBFRS TO THE COTTON PREMI
utns wtU please osU at the office of
Stratton, Soyer & Co., No. 228 Frwst St.,
On or before the SDtb Inst., and pay the
amount of their subscriptions.
oeM JOHN t. HTRATTON, Treasurer.
Mississirn a.td Tin n rears Ra.' lboad, 1
8BCBBTAKY AD TKBASCaiK'S OrFICK !
MsvPHis, Tens., October 11, UBw.J
o TS-H KHOLUKR.H In
hereby not tied that the ancuiil slectlon
to serve the ensuing yesx, will
ie Peabody Hotel. Memphis, on
11 o'clock a. rn.
the lVth November nest, st
" B. H. LAMB. Secretary.
NOTICE TO COTTON SHIPPERS.
THE Charleston Steam Cotton Press. M. and
C. R. B, Depot, Is open tor business, at
Sivisti riv Cbnts Balb fob Co-
rBSssiNO. Ample rcom for handling
cTi H. A. MONTGOMEK
. 9up t.
Mlasiasti-ri asd TKjrussegg ILah-hoaJ),
Secretary and Treasurer's Office
T.,r. Mvnl Ml tSSS
rtOUPONS of the First Mortgage (7 per es T
tasm per Mat. bonds of this ooaapei..
oVrnlst October nest. WLU be paid
Direct Importaf n
FROM THE LEADING
MARTS' OF EUROPE
We would respectfully Inform our patrons
sad the pablle generally, that wa are now is
receipt of an Immense new stock: of
FOREIGN & DOMESTIC
As we are now importing most of oar Foreign
Goods DIB.ECT from the
We are enabled to, and will
SELL THEM AS LOW
As any house In
Kew Torlt Oity.
Harhic recently irroatly eoJarred ourbnlld
lns. we have lsrsly udded tooor already IM
MENSE HTOCK nF
propose to sell
at nch. figure
AT HOME OR ABROAD.
242 & 244 MAIN ST.,
244 Main Street.
COTTON GINS !
BOLE AUENTR FOR
E. CARVER &, CO.'S
IMPROVED COTTON GIN
WHOLEHALR dealerh IH
IRON, GUNS, CUTLERY, Etc..
270 FRONT STREET,
TEXN ESSE F.
PlaANTERS or mPT-'hanta rtwUrnlns to pnr
rhaat Uln 0tanfla will do well to bwr In
mliul Chat w ar.' v.le Agenta for " K. AK
VER CO. IMPROVED COTTON" ltS.
The anequalMl beauty of the stle nf rtttoa
ulDned on Ujeae wetl known tiin Stands, the
flgiitnea of their improved rnonlQ uh,- : , tn
creaMerl yteltl of lint, and ntauj other ac
knowlesltfetl advantages, make tbt-m inoru
deairable than In former yeara, wben.aa now.
tDey were the favorite. Jjn
rT,RE copartner-hip hereto forty listing; on
1 uer iri'
name unit Myle of Mr-Combs. Kel
Memphis. July 10, !.!.
McCOMBS, KELLER & -.'.YRNES
322 1-2 and 324 Main j'Veet,
Agricultural Implements, Etc.
EAGLE COTTON GINS.
We are tlie Hole A4jenta for th
unrivaled vtn Stanoa. For bea
light net of draft, and, quantity
ale of th
y of staple.
nir!iM out per :.iv. tny are
Reference can be safely mad? t every plan
ar who bas glventuuma fair trial, wbei
mule power la used, they make a saving of
rroui one-quarter to oue-tniru ine aran over
any other Gtm.
1 All E ALSO AQMim FOB
Hall's Fire and Burglar Proof Safes;
National Plow Co. 'a, Caihoan and oilier
Wheeler, .Madden A Cleinson's Circnlar Saws;
Label le Nail Works, Wheeling, Vs.;
Straub's Single and Double-geared Urist Mills ;
FalrK'ink's ft. R. and Warehouse Hrnlea. Jyll
In the several matters following:
H. A. Wolf. W. H. K. IIobji.
A. kuhn, Morrlzwnlf,
I. . C. riiinlwlcB, John HoMlbnrlnn,
lien fl. Fidel. ley, Anderson a Sy,
Joseph L. Olover, Price A YektliiHii,
J. H.Vhsw. Joe Wolf.
M. I.. Williams. Oho. M. OreeleT,
6. F. (JateM, Jus. A. elni'.
W. O. Campbell, firm of W. U.Campb.11 Ji Co.
On Wednesday. October 20, 1369,
In front or the Weldran Block. No. Main
street, Memphis, Tenn.. at 11 o'clock. a.m., r
will sell to the highest bidder, for cash, all
the right, title and Interest, 1icmI and equita
ble, which ts-lougiMt to said several bank
rupts at the dateof filing rhelr respective
talons in bankrnpti-y In attd toibe following
personal property, Ui-wlt: All notes, JSAlg
ments, choses In actlou, books and book ae--ounts.
Terms of sale Cash.
ocm IS ai O. WOOI.DRIPGE. Assignee.
In tbe District Conrt is the Unttsu States,
for the Eastern lilstriet of Arksnaas.
In the matter of Felix O. McUuvock, Bank
rupt. ON Tf'EHDA Y.October W. 1SDS, t M o'clock
a.m.. at tbe hall of the Chamber or Com
merce, In tbe city of Memphis, 1 will offer for
asle, to the best and highest bidder, for auk,
all tbe eqnttsble rlgbt. title sad Interest or
the above mentioned Bankrupt In carta in
notes, book accounts and 1 hoses In action.
W K. PICKETT,
oca II is Assignee In Bankruptcy.
R.BLOCH & LIOTARD,
244 Second Street,
MEMPHIS, : : J: TENNESSEE.
Opu Day and Night; 50 cts. per Meal
V SevoraJ Farms, of esch 100, 180, MM to
00 acres, on the Memphis snd Charleston
Kailroad, from German town u Ssslsocry
sur Also, on Memphis and Louisville, from
Wells to Humboldt.
awe- And on Mississippi and Tennessee Kail
road, from White's to Bsteavlile.
act DONOHO, JOT CO.
WALNUT AND OAK LANDS
DOXOUO, JUY 4 x.
OF MEMPHISJENNESS, pROM CAJDiZ-
M. J. WICKS, President.
W. F. BOYLE, Secretary
Assets over :
Annual income over
It 1. with much pleasure the MaruASsr of IhU Company t "''
ami the public their eongratalalicna on iu success for the past two -lion
ana future prospect. Pol let. Issued ou all (be Unproved pasm
refer the fsnarsl public to oar policy hoiaers. (
M S I
H C 3
UU KMTsPEBjsfeBBBsV '
TJ "I ?
xi : l i J
z z j? 2
rfe w J C3- m
sm S' r
? CO f
map ' a
(ft CO i
Great Commercial Alliance !
The Dry Goods House
A. SEESSEL & SON
Haying Completed Arrangements with Parties in
Manchester, Glasgow, Dublin,
Lyons. Brussels, Belgium,
For the Manufacture and Immediate Exportition, to Order, of such Goods at
Napkins and Doylies, DUBLIN.
Towels and Towelling.
of Pim Bros. L Co.
GLASGOW. Barnsiey Damasks.
UNPRECEDENTEOLY LOW PRICES
CORNER JEFFERSON AND FRONT STS.,
1 1ST OjrDjNraR..Xj I.H.T OF CIT
M, ALLEN, PROPRIETOR.
Of New York.
V. J. PORTER.
PORTER, PACE CO.,
Nc. 140 Pearl Street, New York
Is guaranteed to be In all respects a
FIRST-CLASS COOK STOVE.
Call and examine tkem. t or sals by
CHARTER OAK STOVE
Owsfien. Wi-o nmuii the Orst Charter Oak
A -urwer.-a. F F'.lley. of Be Louis.
V. - When was It first made?
A. In the year ,
Q. Are they good StovesT
A Tbe " hs in the world."
Q. -How are they mads?
A -From the best (juullty of Iron.
-Who isys they are good Stoves T
All th j- that use
a How KMfiy were told 1b 1SSS?
A.- i her t sure j..'a, sola.
Q. How many out of that number failed?
A. - Not Ol e.
v. Who sails the genuine CliarterOsk !n
a.-j. r. actABXL t co.-, sr maixst.
ft.-Are th -r.- Imitation stovesof last name
A. Yes; plenty of then.
Q. How can purci- n tell the cenulne
A.-By 1 sswssj ot U. F. FUlwr on
each -4uve, "w
Q.-How should parties or-jer them-?
T Teat vour merchant to net r'Ulev's.
y -floes J . V sc.'I vsko. a Co. have a good
A.- Tm; IssvasU Arm m WheUtoit and a
Uol. and ins) TIN WAlMM, CAJtTI.Vfie, ete As,
J. F. SCHABEL C0 7
957 KAIM ?sTRF FT MEMPHIS. .
J. T. PETTIT, Yi
J. H. EDM0NDS0
13. I7- TJCTB
State Aeent t
J. W. PAGE, j.,
iatie or mm
54 aiKj 56 Ba! Strwt,
Corner of Secon.t .
CHEMIST AND DRU6SIST.
ami written reverts ftli liswiert
V Having made arrani;emenu with
slan and German Houses, I am nrpsi
ftirntsh to tbe trade and nubile ceaerally the
FINEST AND PL'RJSWr PS&FvTmES), at Im
SSr- i)N HAND, a largs
Fancy Articles. Bmsbes.
A. VACCftsHO ilk CO,,
WjNta, LlUUunb, WbAr
Z - as
- -j jir"
r Skle by all t-- Jkm 'mtt!
. LAWL, irciuni SB
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