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o-r wi -k -
tv dlseoti iln-
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CI VII 4 V APPiMI
; Ir i "
r. A. TYLER, - -
NOV. 7, I8S3.
THE ytERCITAXT'S '1 AX.
The following letter, addressed to
the Vice President of the Chamber of
". , ,,
Commerce, in the alwenee of the Pre--
ident. has been sent to us for publica-
tion. Never was there legislation
more damaging to commerce, ami
' . " . . ' .
more detractive to the interests of
ttM country, than that under which
the merchants of our cities are groan-
inc It i worse and more crippling
a . u- .. . 4K -.ii-.u
to Memphis, even than the raibroads
w hich discriminate against and take
business from our doors. For men
vill go, at some inconvenience, to
.uy where they can buy ehea.t and
he comiietition necessary to reduce
prices is impos-ible where enormous
and unreasonable taxation weighs
down mercantile business like a
millstone. Large dealers and heavy
amount.-of capital will Ik' driven out,
or will not come in,-under such cir- acts f Congress n'fcrring to fhran, laMl
eunisUnces, and the smaller dealers that it was the property of the l nit-1
can only live on augmented prices. "J ,, thi. am,lavit that the
Thus business is crashed out, the poor ..ro, 0f attachment issued, aud
classes especially pay iucreastsl rates sih-iiis to have been in some u ay re
tr.r all ihu- ocnJiime stmt the receints earded a- a svi.ure, not of the cotton,
, ..rt-r... .. a. ..r....,.,
from taxes fall oll'for want of property
to tax. This legislation is suicidal,
against sound public policy, and ruin
ous to the State. It builds up other
cities at the expense of our own,
which it is the duty of legislators
especially to protect. There is really
no good reason for it whatever. It
benefits no one class. It cannot bene
fit the planters to so tax merchants
that they tnttft miff their pricrs to an
mount ecjual to the extra tax i!aitd
upon them. In such circumstances
they cannot cmpete with other
cities. The pktttCH will pay them
more in this way than they would
pay altogether in taxes if merchant
were exempt from taxation alto
tret her. The bill In-fore the Legisla
lae capital empioveU in me
houest business of commerce,
ju-t a it taxes all other
lK-rsn, neither more nor
less. WlMt else d'jes any just mau
want? Let poor men look to it.
They are the ones most interested and
injured. That is the reason they are
ayiug high prices to-day, when they
might buy at nine dollars what they
now get for ten, but for the present
onerous law. If taxation on mer-
chant was msde equal with that on
others, we should have immense
quantities of gwids in the city, and
low prices forthwith. AM IITa-isrinpi,
Arkausas, Alabama and AV.-st Ten-
nesee would come here to buy, and
the intlucement lurtnsiieu to unng in
goods would bring them here in quan
tities sufficient to bring prices down
to those of New York, (less only the
difference of freight,) in the briefest
possible period. The business of Mem
phis and the tax on capital here would
increase the product to the State four
fold. Men from surrounding Slates
w ould no longer pass our doors to
buy, and prices are always lowest
where the largest business is doue.
The uiemliers of the Legislature
should be inttnu-tcd by the people on
this subject. We shall never have a
city in the State on such a principle as
is involved in the present law. It
drives all prosperity away, and re
turns u- ti the backwoods, and to a
barbarian condition. We encourage
our railroads, ami yet drive off th
business which i to furnish them
freights! We legislate for planters,
and we impoverish planters aud the
whole State! We have already arti
ficial and natural advantages which
should result in boundless prosperity,
and we put the ban on all the condi-
tions of growth, aud, in the name of
equality and serving the people, are
no short-sighted anil blind as to im
poverish the eople! oor men
who want great cities, low prices, well
rewarded labor, growth, greatness,
wealth and happiness, beware how
they consent to class taxation, and
legislation which favors any one busi
ness against another. liuild up your
cities and towns to the utmost, and
the country and the poor will reap the
advantage. In New York wages are
now higher than they are here. There
is work to do, and capital to pay for
it, and prices of living and articles of
consumption are low. This matter in
terests our whole people, and we hope
they ill -how that interest and pour
out by thousands, and crowd the
Chamber f Commerce out of doors.
Jm Ki ter, K; i.-e-President t iiani-
b-r of I'oiunn rue:
flBrv You are h-reby requ"s!-d to
call a m's-tiiikT of all interested, at the
Chain-s r of Commerce on Monday,
the k:h in-t., at 8j o'clock p.m., to
tak - further action in the matter of
the Slate tax upon merchandise.
M. L. Mea -liain,
V. I!, i. ill-re it h,
H. T. I.emiiion.
... s. Menken,
J . Schw.il!-,
G. 11 Judah.
W. M. harrintton,
Mh laeao .v Co,
V. W. Gray,
T. II. Terr,
ST. I. s ithart.
L. lliii-.ii r,
j. l. rsirallou,
K. Ma vi r,
.J i.-'-li I'i i--.lni.or,
W. S." Mruce,
K. M. Mahao,
.1. a tioodluir,
U M. Woleolt,
And msnv others.
STlE.Si.X COTJOX CASE.
The case of the Cnited States against
V. K. Stevenson, came up on writ
of error, before Nki,six, C. J,, I'nited !
States Circuit Court, Southern District, j
The suit is an action of trover to re-
cover the value of a large quautity of
cotton, alleged to belong to the plain-
tiff aud to have been converted by the
deiendaut to his own use. Before the
fury in the court below it appeared
that defendant w as a resident of Ten-
net-see, took part with the insurgents,
ran the Nashville and Chattanooga
Railroad in their service, and white
thus engaged, bought cotton aud ship- non-commuuicant members of thecon
ped it to toreign ports, in violation gregations, the union thus forn ed will
of the United States blockade. , represent actually two or more roil
xio. also concealed other cottons from Hons of people. It is a great occasion
capture t.' i'nited State- forces. No for Presbyterians, and their religious
proof existed that any part of the cot- press is jubilant over the great result.
Urn was ever in iosse-sion ot the A similar reunion has heretofore
I'nited States, or that it hail any title , taken place between the Old and
m 1.1 within ikon Slates. The couri
Mow directed a verdict for the tie
Ffmiianl The act of July, HO, made
it iuwful for the President to declare
non-intercourse, and that goods com
ing from the insurgent States shou d
be subject to seizure. The act of May,
tM2, authoriz'-d the Secretary of the
Treasury to require security that goods
should not be carried so as to give aid
and comfort to the insurgents, and such
transportation to work a forfeiture.
The act of August, 1861, provided
that goods bought or Bold with intent
to ajj the insurrection should be prize
and subject to Cloture. The act of
July, makes all property of per
sons in rebellion, after sixty days'
wanting, subject to seizure, and the
duty of the President to seize. That
ot March, lSisl, authorizes the appoiut
aient of agents to collect captured and
abandoned projKTty. .Jti-tiee Nh
son, delivering the opinion ol the
" We need hardlv say that neither
nf tliee statutes, nor anv provision ill
the.... have any JmS.
as dl-elo-ed .11 the (51-?, or atfonl anj
lrround tor an llilereiiee or conclusion
thai the cotton in question, sold and;
converted to his MM use by the de
fendant, belonged to the United
States. Certainly not, unless all the
property of citizens or people in the j
i ,-.!. lerate States belonged to the
-"-j- ..... .... ...... ,v ..a.
( hikii .-i;m uuimj; u.i i
is alio'.lu-r nraiicii oi mis iu--.- nuu mi - ;
ofehes, pcrna-is, the ground- for its i
. . 1 ins.; ution. which. as ha-
, , jn r ,,, utU.ry faile.1.
"The original information, as it was
called, went on the ground that tie
defendant hail fraudulently converted
the cotton to hi-" own use, and that the
i,r,,.-.siis were disoosed of with intent
i,i secrete the same and defraud the
Government, and prayed for process
' of attachment against the property of
the di'lendant, whereupon proeers ot
attachment issued, and a large amount
of real and iiersonal estate was at- !
tachtsi atid still remains under saiti j
" The affidavit upon which this pro-
cess was i m4 is remarkable w hen :
compared with the facts of the ease a-
proved before the jurv. Ilie alhant
ffig,,,, wa.s the person who!
file) tl,e information against the de- I
fendAat, wMch was oat tae 17tk ef De- j
cember, lm That MM bales of the
cotton, or then-a bouts, being in the;
SxStrtQ, Alabama and Ten-
nta5JW( Wt.r(. the jiroperty of the Con- 1
fcilortln States w hen the defendant
took pii.essioii of it, and that, in the
summer of lsfs'i, M transported the
th Southern District of the same, to I
t s,,ii and disposed of at this city.
and converted the cotton into money,
an', rvivtMl .1(1 h;w am verted the
same into real or ersonal estate in
the city; that the cotton was brought
into tlie State of New York from the
insurrectionarv States in violation of
the proclamation ot the President of
t .. i,;;h o! Au''U:, lst'd, and of the
but otthe real and personal estate of
the ile.re:id;yit as a substitute for the
same, and yet the case has been triiil
:is a simple action of trover and con
version in palaWM The case is
tried in the courts below, and as ruhd
bar the iearntd Judge, is a very sim
ple and fttlm one; and in every aspect
in Jii- h it has beta presentitl, on
the testiiiiony, can lead to but one
result, and that is that the I'nited
Stabs -how . d no tithe to the
property or praMMtiOa of which
was imiispt nsatiie to maiuiiiiii tu;
action. And as it is shown tht
me aiiiuav ii on wrncii sac mwsiw w
attachment issued wa wholly untrue
and false, or mistaken, the process of
attachment must beset aside and dis
charged. 1 n-tt-.ni - if the cotton lielong
in:r to the Coniederaie Mates, it be
longed to thedefenda.it; and instead
of being shipped to New York in vio
lation to the acts of Congress, it was
snipped iroiu a omeueraie pun 10 a
w . : - . . r . ,
loreion couiiiry, in viomie.in 01 me
Moekaala of tlie port of Wilmington;
but this fact eoultl not change the title
ol the proicrty, or work a forfeiture of
the same to the 1'nited States, unless
sei.ed M prize ot war. The judg
ment below affirmed, and the process
ol attachment et aside and dis
charged." Thk Democratic party of the coun
try is opposed to all special, unequal
antl class legislation, while the Radi-
(-a, (.ir(v l(irNlHlps fr javorites aud
huild op a few at the expense of
t!le mallV- Ti,.lt is the whole secret
of uu, iuat Hlut shameful legisla-
tj()1 wilh wtlU.h we ,wv, t, ri,,,
M in ,his sta(, jt u ihe IJle
all over the country. Radical legisla
tion has been for classes, for the pro
tection ot the rich rather than the
pMr, and the Government has ex
empted from taxation and buik
up a boudholding aristocracy,
which is paid gold and gts-s
untaxed! It is not strange the
taxes should be high on the
three-fourths of the property of the
country which is not exempt. Thi '
1 1 idiea! policy will result in making'
the lew rich richer, and the many
poor, poorer! We shall have natiobs .
and paupers, and shall not be long in
rivaling Great liritain on this prinei
pie. Late statistics show that of I
twenty millions inhabitants of Eng
land and Wales, eighteen millions j
live on a shilling a d;fy, and the class
hich receivis thirty-tive shillings or
MOB, numbers only four hundred
thousand. Farm laborers ordinarily
receive only nine shillings a week, I
and hardly sufficient for shelter and
fiod. In England the legislation is
i I n -, i : 1 1 I - b,r Tin- Iw'i. tit nt tho ri,-li
and ,he fui u immnM WMtlth'
to the few, and grinding pov-
erty to the many. The same
is the tendency of present Radical
legislation in the Cuitcd States. '
And the carjiet-iiag legislation of our
own State has been still worse, as the j
vampires were more hungry. We
look to the pre-cnt Legislature to re
form this stale of things and restore
us to old siyie equality of taxation
and economy of administration. We
a-k the Legislature to legislate with
an eye to the interests of no class
whatsoever, but with justice to all.
We do not ask them to legislate for
j the rich, nor the poor, for the mer
chant, nor the planter, for any one I
class or any other class, but simply i
that all should Ik made equal in the!
race of life, and all equally taxed ae- j
curding to their property, rather than
according to the energy and industry j
with which they use it which ought
to Ik- encouraged by exemption.
A lkttf.k from Mr. Gko. Wh.kk.s,
now in Paris, addressed to the Phila
delphia Inquirer, conliruis the cable
dispatcfi in regunlto the hesiith of the
i'rench K nK-ror. The letter emixsl- j
ies the opinion of Seuuakd, one of I
the ablest physicians of France, and I
represents the disease of Napoleon i
incurable. When his advanced age !
and debility are considered, it is j
thought probable that his demise may
take place within a few months or
; weeks. With him the reign of the
: Bonai'aktls may terminate, and a
new order of thiugs be established in ,
France; whether with new stability
or uiiicn win uc "cvu.
On the 10th instant, at Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania, the two General As- '
semblies of the Presbyterian Church
North, one called the Old School and
the other the New School, will meet j
together for the purpose of reunion, t
These bodies represent and com pre- j
hend the whole churches of the Ires- j
byterian faith or a total of 2. Presby- j
teries, f.l Synods, 4229 ministers, and '
l.lt, M53 members. And as these mem-1
tiers represent each some four or five j
New School Southern Presbyterian
churches, and now the Presbyterian
church of the United States is divided
only North and South. The day of a
naenl raanloa will be still greater
than this. Previously to 137 the
Presbyterian church throughout the
States was one body. It divided that
year, on a question of church govern
ment, into the two schools, and re
maining so divided until the war, was
.gain severed by that event. The di
v ision liefore the war was on matter
not deemed vital t the organization
by many ot its most eminent men,
and was deplored. This reunion is
one of the most important events
which has occurred in our ecclesiasti
Of more value to tho commerce of
the world than the dlip eanal at the
Isthmus of Suez wojiltl be that across
the Isthmus of Panama, which has
been so lung deferred alone by ol
siructions thrown in the way of the
designs of enterprising Americans,
w ho are ready to do the work. Tt N
now reported that the Legislative As
sembly of Colombia favors the prop
ositions of the United States Govern
ment, and that the French influence
in that quarter is on the wane. The
subject will doubtless come before the
next Congress, and we hope not will -out
REMINISCENCE OF MR. BENTON.
An Incident in Gen. Jackson's Presiden
tial Life The Lnpcoit Act of I33S.
by m. w. m 1101 I
For the Sunday Appeal.
In the summer of 1887, while in
Washington, I received a card bear
ing the superscription " Mr. Hentou,
C. St." The Mr. Uenton was no other
than the Hon. Tho-. H. Benton, of
Missouri, for twenty years a member
of the Senate of the Cnited States and
for two years a Representative from
tin' St. Louis District. E was indebted
for this distinction to tho fact that I
had written a favorable notice of the
first volume of his Abridgement of the
Debates in Congress, which had just
been published by the enterprising
linn of AppletoT.s in New Y'ork city.
Mr. Benton having observed this no
tice, inquired who wrote it, and be
ing informed, honored me with a
call while I was absent from my
lodgings, and left his card, as stated.
In a few days after 1 returned the
courtesy, and was soon ushensl into
the presence of the great statesman,
who received me miu erreiaoui' in
his bed-room, in the second story of his
residence. All of his family wereab
sent, and he was alone, with the ex
ception of the servants of his hoii-e-hold.
After greeting me cordially, he
excused himself until lie had finished
putting up the manuscript of the
third volume of his "Abridgement,"
which he was just then about to send
off to his publishers. I was struck
with the bungling manner in w hich
he made up his packages and the free
use of mucilage with which he be
daubed it all over, causing it to stick
to everything that touched it, and
giving him no smalt amount of unea.-i-ness.
He finally concluded the job in
a style characteristic of jiersons en
gaged in his pursuits of life, and un-liK-king
a closet he look from it a
silver half-dollar, and handing it with
the package to a colored s-rvant-girl
who was waiting, instructed her
to forward it by express to the Me-srs.
Appletou. Turning then to me, he
-aid he wa-at leisure, and was h .ppy
to have the opportunity of conversing
with me. Any one familiar with the
great Missnurian. must appreciate the
fact that he did all the talking, and
that 1 had but little spa's-to indulge
any talent in that way which I might
At that time a proposit ion to deposit
the proceed, of the sales of the public
lands with the several States, in
effect to divide it out among them
without the purpose of ever asking
its return, had passed the House of
Representative, and had attracted to
its support a large number of Demo
crats. Jn fact it was tlie ojhmi
ing wedge to a revival of
the scheme for the distribution
of the public lands, which at once be
came the prominent question in the
canvass, in the .Southern States, for
Congressmen at the ensuing election-.
A similar aet to this priqiosed Depos
it Act had passed Congress in t&M,
and had received tho ui'ecutive ap
proval of Gen. Jackson. The art of
is:i nail been me sunjeet ol a severe
criticism in the book entitled " Thirty
Yesrs in the Senate," of which .Mr.
Benton was the author, aud I was
curious to hear how lie wolf Id reconcile
Gen. Jackson's approval of it with
orthodox DemiK-racy and with his
tMr. Uetitou's, Jackson's great friend)
opposition to the measure. 1 accord
ingly asked him bow Gen. Jackson
cane- to sign thjit act, to which he
It was that woman Lucy KiiiQoy,
sir, ho caused it, sir. Did you know
Lucy Kinney, sir? No sir, you
didn't, sir; it was before your time in
Washington, sir. Lucy Kinney, sir,
had a worthless, vagabond son, who
wrote infamous, vagaboudish dogger
el, sir, which 1-ucy had printed, and
cotii'iellcd people, by her importuni
ties, to buy, sir. It was a resperlaMe
mode of iKgg'mg, sir. Well, it wa a
hot summer day when (Jen. Jackson
received the Deposit Act, sir, and he
had caused a table, paper, pen ami
ink to be put on the south portico,
siryou know theou!h portjro of the
White House, -ir. w here he could re
ceive the bree.e from the Potomac,
sir. Seated at this table, sir, he bi-g in
to frame the skeleton of a message
vetoing this infamous act, sir. He
had not much more than concluded
his proper address of it to the body in
which it originated, sir, before this
internal woman, by some hook or
crook, got acci-ss to him, sir actually
got 000001 lu him, sir and forced him
to read some of lier sou's feeble dog
gerel, sir. Gen. Jackoti's kind heart
yielded to her importunities and he
iierinitted her to abstract him, sir,
irom his purpose lor more than one
hour and a half, sir ninety minutes,
sir. This gave time for news to reach
the Capitol that the President intend
ed to kill thi vile act, sir, and the
1 K-mocrats who voted for it to tremble
in their boots, sir, for they knew, sir,
that if he did veto ittheirpolitic.il
graves were sealed, sir. Buchanan,
sir, who is now up there in the White
House, sir, as President, sir, was one
of them, sir. Lucy Kinney, confound
her, sir, interrupting the veto, sir,
gave Buchanan and a score of his as
sociates, sir, time to reach the White
House and beg Gen. Jackson, like
dogs, sir, to sign the bijl, sir, else it
would be the political sacrifice of all
of them, sir. Van Buren went along
with theui and put in his oar for
them too, sir all in this time, w hich
had been (rained to them through this
wench, Lucy Kinney, sjr. The ap
peal of tln-se weak-kneed legislators,
who had always stood up to Gen.
Jackson, was effective upon him, for
he loved his friends, and rather than
sacrifice them, he precluded his own
purpose and signed the bill, sir. But
like Cranmer, sir you recollect Arch
bishop Cramer, in history, sir, who
when brought to the sacrifice, wished
that his right hand, which had signed
his recantation of Protestantism, sir,
might be consumed first, sir so did
Gen. Jackson so much reprobate his
approval of the Ieposit Act of 1S36,
sir, that he wished, every time he re
ferred to it, that the hand which had
signed it might perish first when his
mortal frame had reached its time of
" It was Lucy Kinney and her son's
doggerel that caused it, sir. She gave
the backsliders time, sir. Had she
not interrupted Gen. Jackson, aud he
had got good into his veto message,
sir, all the Buchanans and Van Bu
rens in the world could not have
changed him, sir."
Japan must be a cheecrrul place for
a man of settled convictions to in
habit. Mr. D. B. Simmons, who has
resided in Y'tddo, and still lives there,
gave a lecture on Japanese earth
quakes the other night, in the coarse
of which he said they were of frequent
occurrence. On an average, there
was one every ten days.
Miss Prudy LeClere has bei n ordain-ed,-et
M idison, Iud., as preacher in the
Cniversalist Church. That demoui
natiou Ls committed to the experi-!
roent of introducing women into the !
For the Sandov Appeal.
TO MRS. JENNIE C. BEAUCHAW1P
I know that from the Erth,
Alili'lii uftl I'uaim s.ji forever fled!
That thy sad hear: m hroo.Mns 'er thy dead -
That sorrow eruWM thy hearth !
I know ihnt then woe.ldst prHs
Once more thai form miioihlneaclilnsheart
And, mid the ittUaMil nit'ht will stmt
Tars thou cjust not r. press.
Aur 01 the lasi. sad saze
TI:at rested on thee from Ihes jjentle eye,
The last look given ere Ihe spirit file.
Or Death the ortt c glaze,
I know It hanntathef" now,
That thou, all powerless to aid thy child.
Couldst only look and weep In anguish wild.
And on her pale, cold brow,
Tog. nlly lay thy ha.id
And shrink in awe, f.w oh ! tby child wa gone !
Yos, she was gone: her b;.ed spirit isirn
Unto that other bind!
lostre,w with flower rare
The lonely grave in which thy dear one sleeps,
I ler spirit now the Jsrkwmr tomb o'enweepa.
Not there 11 dwells not there!
'Tis thore her body Ilea,
The earthly garnitnl her bright -pint wore,
i'hat she has cast aside and Mash no more,
No more beyond the skies!
Aye. strew thy offering there
Fpon that altar where 'lis meet to bow,
ii, there! where atigel-winc may fun thy brow
And Is ar aloft each prayer!
A lark In tie- BMah '.r the lanile.l vine,
A bee that drew : la trie Osp.l wine,
A flv In the .-ur'isliiin srn-h is mnn,
All iliinijs iiiim eici, as uli liegair.
A little is-iin, a little i.h-a-sure,
A Mule Iie:i.iii-;-iit of treasure,
Then no more aitzin uixm the s-in.
All tiiinirs uiu-t end that have b. nun.
When Is the time for hsM r OmM,
A puff of the wild, anil Ilie is ut I
A turn of the wheel, ami n-sr is won
All thilixs must em! that have Im-buh.
OosSsw inornina ai.il purple wig-lit.
Life that falls a txh t ,e .aillna Hunt,
liealh is I lie only ilrr.thless one
All tolaojp must end that have Is-an.
r:aiiisr wait afc the brief beginning;.
Is the prir.e worth the stress of winning?
K'eti in Hie dawning llicduy is done
All things mast end that have l-iui.
Wery wailing and weary striving,
Glad ouls.-tlliifi and sad ai'riving:
Whal 1- It worth when Hie rtoal i won?
All things must end that have b.-un.
gam illlj fades the morning (litter;
ls.ve grows irk-. -me te! wine go ws hitter;
Two ure parted from what aas one
All rhinos must end that have Is g-.in.
Toil and pain and the evening rest,
JOV is weal v and s!e,-p is i.,-st.
Fair and softly the day is d im
All things must end that have begun.
UNDER THE THORN TREE.
lit KELKS .MAl'.ION WALTER..
When the silvery bio ass was on the eorn
lisi year, we soi by the se-nt'-d thorn:
i iv. r head was the robin's nest,
. mi the pure white bUlKsouis tl igrsnl fell
On the golden bead of m ailll!y Hell
As she lay on my throbbing breast.
I '.i-ki .1 with law
Tiia' turned oil H
1 1! glorious ei lit
In these starry eyes,
it..- tic- suriMiier skies
flouting me out b
Hie moon-lit slior
Of I SI n Tl iove that I iiud no mere.
So fond, so tender, so true.
Pear Bell is gone, anil forever at rest;
We told.- 1 her hands on her marble breast.
And low li.-s that head of gold;
Reside the oftfthorn tree's dr.;. .ping liade
My own sweet darling, the dea, st, is laid.
And my heart Is stony ami void.
I sit in tlie.l.-epoi the twilight gloom,
aad rli- tender rsirii is again in bloom.
In heaven my own dear I. ride
Locks alar from bt-r home of jasper and gold ;
Soft ret new her liari.is my own 10 SftsSM
And dra-as me again t'lit,r side.
Ruskin on War and Women.
Mr. Iluskin, at the close of a lecture
on war, addn-ssed to the royal mili
tary i iiIIsq!, Woolwich, made the fol
Inwian; pungent remarks to the ladies
" You m;iy wonder, perhaps, that I
have spoken all this niejht in praise of
war. Vet truly, if it mie;ht be, I, lor
one, would fain join the cadence or
hammer-strokes that should beat
swords into ploughshares; and that
this mn Dot he is not the fault of us
men. It is your fault. Wholly yours,
t inly by your c.nii.iiand, or by your
permission, can tiny contest take place
000000; us. And the real, final reason
lor till the poverty, misery amlra'j'e of
battle throughout Kurope is si in ply
that you ommjen, how ever 404 and
religious, however sx-1 sacrificing for
tho-e u lion, you love, an1 too selfish
and too thoughtless to take pains for
any creature out of your immediate
circles. You fancy that yun are sorry
for the pains of others. Now, 1 just
tell you this; that if the Ojnai course
ot war, instead of uurooiini; peasants'
houses aud m vagi tig peasants', fields,
merely broke China open your own
drawing-room tallies, oo war in civil
ged countries would hist a wirk. I
tell you more, that, at whatever mo
ment you choose to put a period to
war, you could ilo it with leas trouble
than you take any day to go out to
tanner. You know, or at least you
mitrht know, if you would think, that
every battie you hear ot has made
many orphans and widows. We have
none of us heart enough truly to
mourn with these; but, at least, we
might put on the outer symbols of
mourning with them, xjo) 1)4'
every Christian lady wiia has
conscience toward Oisl vow that
she will mourn, at least inwardly,
for his killed creatures. Your pray
ing is useh-ss, and your church-going
mere mockery of God, if you liave
not plain obedience in you; but
enough of tilts'. Let every lady in
the happy classes q t.ivilized Kurope
simply vow that, while any cruel war
proceeds, she will wear black a
mute's black with no jewel, no onia
meiit, M OMsjee lor an invasion into
prettiuess; I tuli you again, no war
would last ;i ween. Awl bvtls, sna
VOOaea of Kngland are all now shriek'
ing with one voice you and your
clergymen together because you hear
pf your Bibles being attacked. If you
choose to hey your Bibtea, you will
never care who attacks them. It is
just bscause you neyer fulfill a annte
downright pri-cent of the book th tt
you are so careful tor its credit; ami
just because you don't cure to obey its
whole words thai you are so particu
lar about the letters of them. The
Bible tells you to dress plainly and
you dfb ipad for finery ; the Bum tells
you to MVS piiy on the poor and
you crush them und ryogr carriage
"wheels; tho Bible teils you to do
judgment and justice; you do Bot
know nor care to know, so much as
u tot the Bible word 'jUfJMCU ' meaus.
Do but lean) so much of t'od's truth
as that comes lo; kuott' what He
means when He tells you to la" just,
anil tenet your sons that their bruvery
is but a fool's boast, and their deeds
but a fire-brand's tossing, unless they
are ims.-d just men, and perfect in the
fear o;' (.lid ; aud yoq will sin have
no more war, unless it i indeed sucli
a.:, is willed by Him of whom, though
Prince of Peace, it is also writteu,
' In righteousness He doth judge, and
make war.' "
The Morals of Pari.
Parisian lorettes do not become so
degraded as ours. They do not, from
the top round of temptation, tumble
to the lowest round of sensuality and
thence into the kennel of despair.
They do not sink from one impure
condition tu an impurity until ail
seuse of shame is lost. They do uot,
very rarely, at least, seek oblivion in
strong drink or opium. They do not
show indecency in the streets. They
do not tight and make public specta
cles of themselves. They do not steal.
They are not arrested by the police
and'seut to prison. They far less lre
qucntly than our unfortunates commit
suicide or die miserably in the hospi
tals. They are much oitener reclaim
ed by genuine affection, and not sel
dom" they are married to men who,
knowing what their past has been,
forgive the fault for the sake of the
There are six spheres In the deiui
numde of Paris, each distinct, each oc
cupied by a woman who, being in
one, not very often enters another.
The first are women of education
and refinement, orphans or illegiti
mate daughters, instructed at the ex
pense of the tioveruuient, who, com
pelled to earn their own livelihood,
are thrown into conflict with men in
a different grade of society. The girls
form an attachment for the men, who
are foud of them, but not w illing to
marry them, because the French do
not take wives or husbands out ol
their own station. The girls, who
have probably looked forw ard to some
such connection, become the mistress
es of their lovers.
There is no concealment of the fact
on either side: for this community
admits of and negatively sanctions
such relations. The two live together.
She is loved, for she loves. He sup
ports her, often in luxury. She has
society of her own, but not his society.
The connection continues untU he Ls
married, frequently after, since mar
riage in France (and this is a fruitful
source of such intimacy; is determined
by mere worldly ronwefc rations. The
separatiou is uot so painful as might
be supposed, for it has been anticipated ;
though occasionally, sad to relate, it
makes a tragedy on one side and life
long remorse on tlie other. Much
more frequently men refuse to marry,
and live with their mistresses until
If the mistress surrenders or i
abandoned by her lover she goes into
a shop, which she can cadly do, as no
tradesman in Paris inquires into
moral antecedents. Consequently she
is not, as with us, shut out from earn
ing her own livelihood if she desires.
Her first passion may have exhausted
her heart, hut that seldom happens.
.She is not long in finding a protector,
whom she accepts either for financial
or sentimental reasons. Her new
friend may or may not be in easy cir
cumstances. Whether he is not, she
follows her calling; has apartment
with him; takes care of them; is his
companion at the concerts and the
aters and on the evening promenades.
This Is the -second sphere, which to
many poor and unprotected girls is
The mistress' new relation does not
change her outward life. She labors
and loves; her mind is employed and
her heart is tilU-d. She is as happy as
other women are, for she does uot
feci hers:-lf polluted or degraded, antl
she has the society of other girls
whose circumstances resemble hers.
It .sometimes happens the excitement
anil vanities appeal to her so strongly
that she grows unwilling to labor.
She wants more money and more
pleasure. This is regarded by French
men as evidence of disloyalty, actual
or prospective, and so when she quits
the shop he quits her. She then lie
comes a mere adventuress, a mendier
of the third sphere, or a representa
tive of the fourth, which is a moral
The adventuress is the most glitter
ing and seductive phase of the nnej
iiinnile. The women are usually pret
ty, tactful and clever, who have sub
stituted art for nature, aud whose
only end is pleasure. They are -women
capable of better things, but who
need excitement as a stimulant, w hoso
continuous reveLs are to them what
brandy iawto the inebriate.
"The Marble Heart," familiar to
our playgoers, was designed to de
pict such a being. Marco was harder
antl more selfish than the original,
but even she melted when it was too
late, and felt pity and affection when
she saw the ruin she had wrought.
i In- notorious Cora Pearl and Mabel
Orav, though both English by birth,
are types of this class. They have lie
come entirely Parisianized, and sel
dom leave the city during the season.
I saw them at Baden-Baden about a
fortnight ago, and they seemed to be
borne on the highest crest of success.
The adventuress is often an educa
ted girl, who has been so wronged by
some man as to nearly crush her
heart; or she may be a2creature of
such high animal spirits, so sensuous
and fond of excitement, that she is
willing to purchase ease and luxury
at any pritv. She is a power in
France, and she enjoys her sense of
power keenly. She is singularly
sharpened by ner constant intercourse
with men of the world. Posst-swed of
quick instincts antl a clear under
standing of human nature, able to
dissemble on all occasions, to counter
feit every emotion, she bnj9 a vantage
(.'round she never quits. Though
everybixly Imnwi what she i, shrewd
meal are constantly deceived by her.
Those who boast of their skepticism
and their indifference to women, be
come infatuated with her and open to
her their purses as freely as they do
their confidence. While their nionty
lasts they are entertained. That gone,
they are' permitted to see what dolts
they have been.
The adventuress has a shining but
brief career from eighteen to thirty
tjve. Alter that she finds it difficult
to trade upon her tailed or failing
charms, though sometimes she pre
serves herself so admirably, and is
such a consummate artist withal, that
she appears younf at five-and-forty.
The life she leads does not wear her
out, as , night be expected. Unnatu
ral as it seems, it is natural to her.
Having little conscience of heart, she
ages slowly, and soft couches, dainty
diet and purple swathing keep her in
fine condition. She dees not perish
wretchedly, as sensatiouists declare,
but with a precaution and prudence
that comes to most of the French
when they are no longer young, she
provides for her future; goes into
graceful retirement; smokes her cigar
ettes; grows pious, perhaps; is kind
to the poor; kisses the cross with an
unuttered epigram upon her lips, and
sleeps in Moiitmartre under a marble
figure of the Resurrection.
Orators and Physicians.
The Xew York Mttil publishes the
two subjoined letters", which are well
worth the attention of young men:
.uivifE to Yorst; mkv.
The anuexed letter from Wendell
Phillips, our most finished orator, con
tains some valuable advice to young
men about publ.c speaking:
" I hi' r Sir Your note came in while
I Wi out West. I Ijasten to reply,
now I'm at home. 1 think practice
with all kinds of audiences tha best
teacher you can have. Think out
your subjects carefully, read all you
can relative to them, jilt your mind,
and then talk simply and naturally to
OB audience. Forget altogether that
you are going to make a speech, or
that you are making one. Absorb
out sell into the idea that you are to
strike a blow, carry out a purpose, ef
fect an Object, impress an idea, recom
mend a plan; then, having forgotten
yourself, you will be likelier to do
your b'.-st for your purpose. Study the
dam of books your mind likes; when
yjiu .j,, outside this rule study those
which give you f.vt'rs on your chosen
subjects, and those which you find
most sujjg.slivp. Jteu.ember to talk
U) to yor audience, not thnvn to it;
the commonest audience can relish
the bjst thing you can say, if you
know how to say it properly. Your
discipline heretofore (Oj a journalist I,
and if you continue it, it hotter than
any college, especially at your ae.
" Be simple, be in earnest, and you
will not tail to reach the masses, es
pecially if your heart is taiga enough
and sympathetic enough to receive all
truths and all struggles. I think your
QMS of a LibetoJ churelj is excellent.
Fit yourself for it by taaing part in all
the movements that interest the
masses, and you'll succeed. God
speed you. Wemiei,!, Phillips.''
KKAiUIREMKXTS TO UK A Pil VSH I A X.
Oliver Wendell Holmes some years
ago wrote as follows to a young man
w ho roiiucsted his qdvice about be
coming a doctor:
uJ6f Ietr Friend: To be a physi
cian the following requisites, if not
absolutelo necessary, are very desira
ble: "1. A sound constitution. The
wear a:sl tear are very great; and
cares, broken rest, irregular meals and
exposure of all kinds demaud great
"2. An unselfish nature. Yon mast
always think of your patient's wel
fare, not of your own comfort or
""J. You must be content to wait a
long time before you establish a pay
'. Maeh of your work being dis
tasteful, wearisome, wearing to the
body, and almost fruitless to the mind,
you must gradually harden yourself to
the routine, and lor this you oujrht to
have an easy and accommodating
" o. You must be in constant famil
iarity with suffering of all kinds,
which must either make your feelings
tough or keep you in distress.
" Medicine is very exacting. I don't
believe much in literary doctors. I
would not have one that was in the
habit of scribbling verse or stories, or
anything of the kind.
M Yours, very trulv.
"O. W". IIof.MES."
The Washington correspondent of
the Baltimore Gazette, treating of the
recent decision of the Supreme Court
legitimating the issues of the Bank of
"There is a very large amount of
State Bank of Tennessee money held
by parties all over tho South, the
value of which has hitherto been nom
inal. The effect of this decision is to
declare the State of Tennessee bound
for the legal Issues of the bank, not
withstanding the School Fund has be
en, ne intangible; and hence, as these
issues are receivable for State and
Bounty taxes, their value will be
...... ,..,- I . , ,,, .,a 1 unil Kroniyht utmost
.at I , , iiiii.u.vu, . u..'.... ........ .
This ilooision will entilil irreitt I
l . . -.il . ; .i . . . ... r,
loss upon the State, but will be glad
tidings to the bill-holders. Altogeth
er, the concatenation of events sur
rounding this School Fund, its peripa
tetic tour in the South, the honest and
commendable surrender of the resi
dae, its conversion into Government
bonds, the legislative corruption by
w:hich it was hocus-pocused into the
Memphis bank, the suicide of the
State Treasurer, the arrest and indict
ment of President Butter, the com
pounding of legal proceedings, by dis
closures, the white-washing report,
the discharge of .Butter, and, lastly,
this decision of the Supreme Court,
present the strangest of combinations,
and should be commmemorated by
Victor Hugo in his next novel.
Dr. Arthur J. Lott, who killed Bur
ret Barnes, Ksq., at Oakland, Miss.,
some weeks ago, has been arrested,
aud is now lodged iu jail at Cotteevilie.
The Roman World.
Eztratt from a letter on tfif Areh of TUiu
and it Sticred Memories, Delir rrcd by
Hon. Jtaeisa1 W. Weili, tt Vea .Jer$ey,
at aktm, Mt.
It was a lovely afternoon in ihe ear
ly spring time of Borne that I stood
musing beneath the world-reuovned
arch oi Titus. I hail just descended
from the tower of the modern Capitol,
from whose lofty summit I liad fn
tracing with absorbing interest the
boundaries of the ancient anil misieru
city. That v iew united it u mont re
markable degree the charm of a mag
nificent landscape with that which
springs from historic association.
Through the cloudless and transparent
atmosphere of an Italian sky, a large
part of the Litian plain was visible,
with its luxuriant pasturages and
thickets fading away on one side into
the faint line of the distant ea, and
rising on the other into a stately am
phitheater of mountains, -teep and
lofty, studded on their verdant slopes
with towns and villages, and towards
their more southern extremity, clothed
with the rich green of ls;iutiful woods.
The classic Tiber, stai nisi to a deep
yellow by the fertilizinrr soil washed
away Irom its banks after entering the
Cmbrian and Klru.scan vales, lay glit
tering like a belt of gold along the
plain in that bright sunshine which
irradiated with Italian clearness the
scattered trees and shatlowy hills. On
the far-otr mountain sides could be
discerned Tivoli, " where the Dryads
haunt;" while that glittering space
beyond indicated the locality of the
Sabine farm of Horace, where the poet
found a calm retreat from the heat,,
the dust, and the noise of imperial'
Borne. There, too, but faintly, might
be discerned the white tronts of the
buildings that now occupy the site of
Tusculum, the coun try -seat of Rome's
greatest orator. Towards the sea,
stretched the long line of the Appian
Way, with its fragments of ruined
tombs that highway whose well
worn stonts were the same as those
pressed hy the sandalltsl feet of the
Brent Apostle to the Ocntiios, when
he approachi-d the city w here he was
to the, accompanied by the brethren
" who hod gone out to OJOOl him as far
as Appii Forum and the Three Tav
erns." To the southeast, stretched in
eloquent desolation , the Campagtni,
where the long line of ruined aque
ducts iooked like troops of mourners
passing to a nation's grave. History
had consecrated that mighty waste by"
the memory of heroic deeds. Imagin
ation had hallowed it hy the sjaell of
poesy, and superstition with her most
gioneJW fantasies. Rome iu her in
fant greatness had filled out that vast
plain with her shadows - making it
the bloody stage on w hich to practice
for the suhj'igatiou ot the world.
Bight beneath nie, and within the
city walls, lay the fragments of the
Bo mnn Forum, aoeJaNK even in its
de-olation, and crowding" the mind
with memories of a grea'ness and
grandeur that now only erven' "to
point a moral or odotn a tale." Only
a few steps from the base of the mod
em Capitol rose the eight Ionic col
umns that onto bused, the porticos of
the splendid Temple of Concord. The
archof SeptimiusScverus stands near,
forming at once a inouu merit of victory
and crime. OnonrrigM is the Pala
tine Hill, the hill w hose narrow limits
served tor tin- city of Bomulus, but
could scarcely con lain tlie palace of the
Caesars, whose crumbling remains of
Imperial pomp and grandeur still peep
forth from amidst the vines and brush
wood with which it is covered, Un
pr left is the Lsquline Hills, covered
with the ruins of temples, bath.-! and
palaces. And these hills hem in on
both sides what was once the Boman
The Triumphal 4rtA f Titqs spans
the way that runs down through the
Forum, and murks its extremity in
that direction. Before passing beneath
that arch you may read the old Roman
inscription that tells the simple story
how the Senate and the Roman peo
ple erected this areh in honor of the
deilidi Titus, and yeu remember,
thouirb the arch issi!ct;t hern that it
was erected lo 'commemorate the tri
umph of Titus when general over the
Jewish nation, and his destruction of
Jerusalem. l had Ikh-ii reading that
very morning, in 1 keutcronomy, the
prophecy so sublime in its conception,
so majestic in its language, in which it
Is declared: "The Ufd "Rail uiii'g a
nation against thee from afar, trnm
the end of the earth, as far as. the eagle
flyeth a nation whose loonjnnjton
unit not understand, nation offeree
countenance, which sholj natejgpnrq
the H3caous bf the old,' or sI,ow layer
to the young. Ad he shall besiege
thee in all thy gates, until the high
and fenced walls come dow n.
And thou shu.lt eat tlie fie.-h of thy
sons and ilaughters in the siege. And
the Lord shall scatter this- among all
people, from one end of the earth even
to the other."
And there, in that beautifu', pring
afternoon, id the middle of the nine
teenth century, was 1 standing be
neath the very structure which, un
wittingly to it patiii builders, com
memorated the commencement of that
prophetic denunciation, and still
stands a mute but eloquent witness of
its most perfect fulfillment. The Ro
man general himself was blind to the
great results he was accomplishing.
Little did he suppose, when he left
not iiii atone, upon uiiothet of the
glorious temple of the Jews, that he
was only an instrument in the hands
of the Kino of kbit's and Lord of lords.
Nor did he discern the omniHnont
hand leading his wretched captives,
as they crowded with shrieking, trem
bling hearts behind the sacred VosOOs.
of their temple, as the triumphal pro
cession swept uuward antl onward
over the verv ground now spanned by
this nobly atca, up to the temple of
Jupiter, the Avenger, whose brazen
tiles then glittered from afar, on the
Capitoline Mount. Their fathers de
fiantly "and madly had invoked that
fearful curse, liltledreaming what they
were doing, as tho trembling prelate
weened his hands of tlie blood of the
Just One. " His blood be upon us,
and our children." And oh how fear
fully had the sins of those fathers, and
that terribly invoked curse been vis
ited noon these their children. His
tory has no tale of Hon or ei,ual to that
told of the sufferings in the siege of the
Holy City. Truly, it. the very words
of prophecy uttered centuries before,
"Was the eye of the tender and deli
cate woman evil towards the husband
of her bosom, and towards her son,
and towards the young one that Com
eth out from between her feet, and to
wards her children which she shall
Uar, &T s'le shall eat them for want
of all things in the siege."
The Sacred Temple of the Jews,
from which the vessels whose sculp
tured resemblances are to be seen
upon this arch, were torn, has long
been overthrown so that there is not
one stone left upon another above
ground, that has not been pulled
down. The rain of that land, of
w hich it was the pride and glory, has
long been what prophecy declared it
should become, "powder and dust,'1
and her people lor centuries a bye
word and reproach among the nations,
and so they must continue till they
welcome with blessings the long re
jected King of Israel.
And yet, what a striking contrast is
their state, even jn ttjeir present fail
and disperson, to that of the uon
querors who erected this arch to com
memorate their domination over
them. Though no longer enjoying
political existence, they exist as a
people iq almost every country of the
world; in regions where their con
querors never reached where not
even the Roman naupj was kuown ;
bearing about with them the same
distinctive marks of race and religion
as when Titus led them through the
streets of Rome in fetters. "They
abide," as it was predicted: " they
shall abide many days Boot the days
of eighteen hundred years without a
king, and without a prince, and with,
out a sacrifice, and without an Image,
and without an ephod, and without
a teraphim." Well did Professor
Gellert answer, when asked by Fred
erick the Great, what he thought of
Jesus Christ? " Whut thinks your ma
jesty of the destruction of Jerusalem?'
Curiosities of American History.
American political history is full of
curiosities and siiigulur incidents. For
instance, three of our Pnsjidents, aU
of whom participated in the Revolu
tion, died on itsgreutanniversary, the
Fourth of July, vi; John Adams,
Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe.
Gen. Washington, when he retired
from the Presidency, was in the sixty
sixth year of his age. His successor,
John Adams, when he left, was sixty
six years old. After him, Thomas
Jefferson, James Madison aud James
Monroe. Mr. Jefferson was sixty-six,
James Madison had just pasted his
sixty-sixth year, and Mr. Mouroe was
in his sixty-seventh year when they
respectively left the Presidential chair.
Gen. Harrison was sixty-seven years
old when he was elected, and died in
the Presidential office.
From 1801 to 1826 the Presidential
office was tilled by Virginians.
During the same interval, with the
exception of four years, the Vke
Presidential office was held by citi
zens of New York. John Adams ne
gotiated the treaty of peace that, con
cluded the war of the revolution with
England. His son, John Quincy Ad
ams, was a leading envoy, and uego-
tiated the treaty which ended the
second war with England in '.sis?.
His son, Charles Francis Adams, at
the third great crisis of our history,
was the Minister to F.ngland during
the reeent war, from lsril to isi:j, the
per si which covers the Alabama
elii .is, out of -which another war is
all gether possible with the mother
In 1WK), John Adams was on a lead
ing Presidential ticket. Twenty-four
years after, his son, John (juincytwas
aLso a Presidential candidate. Twenty-four
years from that time, Charles
Francis Adams, John Quincy'saea,
was an important candidate for Vice
President, with contingent Presiden
Of the first six Presidents, four of
them were taken from the office of
Secretary of State; and the other two
Unrig the first elected, could not per
form its duties. From this fact rose
the precedence that makes the Secre
tary of State the first officer in the
Cabinet, instead of the Secretary of
the Treasury, which Is the case in
SO less tlian five of the greatest
American statesmen were born in the
same year, 17M2: Daniel Webster,
John C. Calhoun, Thomas EL Benton,
Martin Van Buren and Lewis Ca .
From fstXi to JSC;, a period spanning
from the second President to the sev
enteeth, only two persons filled the
office of Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court of the Cnitisl States John
Marshall and Roger B. Tancv.
Mark Twain as a Pioneer.
Mark Twain sent in his entogrnpo
to the California Pioneers at their late
banquet at Delmonieo's. Here is a
I went to Esmeralda early. I pur
chased largely in the ' Wide West,"
the " Winnemucca," and other fine
claims, and was very wealthy. I
fared sumptuously on bread when
flour was BM a barrel, and had beans
every Sunday when none but bloated
aristocrats could afford such grandeur.
But I finished my feeding batteries in
a quartz mill at ilo a week, and wish
ing I was a battery myself and had
somebody to feed nts. My claims in
Ksmeralda are I here yet. I suppose
I could lie persuaded to sell. I went
to the Humboldt District when it was
new. I became largely interested in
the "Alba Nueva," and other claims
with gorgeous names, and was rich
again in prospect. I named a vast
mining property there. I would uot
have sold out for less than 4'Hl,m)0, at
that tithe but I will now. Finally I
walked home sirrne 'Ki n)hVn portly
for exercise, antl partly because stage
fares w ere expensive. Next I entered
ujion an afflu 'lit freei In Virginia
("uy, end by a judicious investment
of labor and the capital of friends, be
came the owner of about all the worth
less wildcat mines there were in that
part of the country. A ssessments did
ihe business for me there. There were
1 17 assessment to ur.e dividend, and
the proportion of income to outlay
wusV little against me. My financial
thermometer went down to thirty-tw o
degrees Farenheit, and the subscriber
was frozen out. I took up extension
on the main lead extensions that
reached to British America in one di-n-ction
and to the Isthmus of Panama
iu the other and I verily believe I
would have been a rich man if I had
ever found those infernal MonOsOne.
But I ijidn't, I rith tunnels till I
topped the Arctic Ocean, and I sunk
shafts till 1 broke-through the roofs of
perdition, but these extensions turned
up missing every time. I un illiiig
to sell all th;'t Rojporti and throw iu
the Improvements. Perhaps you re
member thu celebrated "North
OphirV" I bought that mine. It was
very rich in pure silver. You could
take it out in lumps as big as a filbert.
Bu when it was discovered that tho-e
lumps were meltisl half dollars, and
hardly nutted at that, npejpunnaB
of. "saltiu" w!i tu-pufv id, and tlie
ljlirOHtgHia ailjourKea to the pour
iiou.se again, i paid UH-etsanieuts on
" Hale vV Non rosa" till they sold me
out, and 1 had to take in washing for
a living and the next mouth that in
famous stock went up to $7,ooo a foot.
I own millions and millions of jeet ijf
affluent silver leads Nevada in
fact. J pssn lite e.ifire undercrust of
thill country, nearly, aud 11 Congre,
would move that State off my proper
ty, so that I couid get at it, 1 would he
w ealthy yet. But Be, tjioro sin- MaonG
end facie am i. Failing health it
suailts me to sell, ff you know of any
one desiring a permanent Investment,
I can furnish him one that will have
the virtue of being etoraoj,
I have been through the California
mill, with all its "di-is, spurs and
angles, variations and sinuosities." I
have worked thereat all the different
trades and eonfteojeni known to the
catijlugue. 1 have been everything,
from a newspaper editor dow"n to a
cow-catcher on a locomotive, and (
am encouraged to N!iva that if there
hud been u few more occupations to
experiment on, I might have mule o
dazzling success at last, and found out
what mysterious design Providence
had in view in creating me.
The Jewish People,
The Hebreic Xational, of London,
says that there are six millions of Jews
in the world. It is a remarkable fact
that the numbers) uf this wonderful
people have not- materially increased
or diminished since the time of King
Solomon. Persecuted as no other peo
ple have ever been, they have main
tained their ancient faith, and though
for hundreds of years they were liable
at any time to be exterminated in al
most any kingdom of Kurope, and
thousands of them were put to death
every year, by the most cruel torments,
yet thee-were not very much reduced
in liowiln I' during all those dark ages.
Now that their persecutions have been
generally stopped in all civilized na
tions, this fact does not OBOOi to have
caused the desendonts of Israel to in
crease much, and not many moreof the
race adore Elohim iu the (lays of pros
peaity than in those of adversity.
There is a reason for this difference
in the increase of the Jewish people
compared with that of all the families
of the earth. What is the cause of the
strange phenamena we cannot yet tell,
but it will be explained to future gen
erations. In the mean time the House of Is
rael is a standing miracle a record be
fore the eyes of this unbelieving nine
teenth century of the truths of the
prophecies !rom thoseof Moses to those
Butier Recommended to an Artist.
Poor Ben Uutler has been inter
viewed very often, but never so cru
elly as recently, just alter his dinner
at Wtiniiley's. A certain Prussian
celebrity is a regular diner at "Worm
ley's, and a regular bore of Benjamin
F. He is one of those people who
can never see anything but their own
importance, no matter how little it
may be recognised by the outside
World. The Prussian ir question is a
baron something or other, t barons are
plentiful as blacklierries here, and is
iu the constant habit of boring Benja
min F. For instance he accosts Ben
at the dinner table thus:
"My dear general, I am zo glad to
ice you, I am always a 'appy to aee
you. I like your career in aee war zo
much. Your action as general in zee
SouUi was zo grand, zo wise, zo right,
dat everybody mus admire you."
Butler has a magnificent contempt
for humbugs and flatterers, and has
been in the habit of receiving this
Baron's heavy doses of admiration
with lo-conoooloji disgust. But the
Baron, as 1 obserVed before, is one of
those people so wrapt up in his own
misfortune as to regard it as impossi
ble that anybody could look upon
him in other than a favorable light.
With such people it is difficult to deal,
and the Baron has proved one of the
few whom Ben Butler has been una
ble to vanquLsh. He has, therefore,
been obliged to endure the Baron
nolens volens. The other day the
Baron put the coup de grace on his ad
miration for Butler.
"General,", said the Baron, "you
know my great regard for you. You
know how mosh X esteems and lofes
you, and admires your oareer. And I
know you vill pardon me ven I makes
a leetle remarks. Der is a frient of
mine in New York, one very great ar
tist, who has done venders in Europe
and dis country. He is one artist of
zee eye. He can cure anyding dat Ls
matter mid de eye. Now you go zee
hims, you know. I tell you and you
vill pardon me I know you call to
him and show your eye. He vill fix
it straight as doder one, and you viU
pless meund him."
The eflect of this advice upon the
listeners, who were-many, will be im
agined and need not be described.
Ben himself, and the Baron, who was
perfectly sincere, were the only un
moved parties present. Ben, instead
of getting "riled," looked sharply out
of his best eye at the liaron, and said:
"Thuok you. Baron, 1 will take
your advice. What did you say was
the distinguished artisi's address?"
The Baroai gave the required direc
tions, which Ben gravely noted; then
bid the Baron adieu aud left.
FIGHTING THE TIGER.
How the Beast Got Floored by a
No. -564 Broadway is a two-story
building. The basement is used as a
free concert saloon, the ground floor Is
used as a drinking saloon, and the
second for an open irarneof faro, where
a mot ey crowd, who light the danr-r-ous
tigi.' duriiii; the day at 17 Ann
street, assemble around a dimxy table
to resume operations for the night. It
is not a snap game, as a proverbial
cheat game is called ; yet, if a coun
tryman with a flush purse comes
along, the regulars, who pass their
livi around the table, disappear until
he is relieved of his funds by a few
deals of stocked cords, when they re
appear and keep up the game until
A few nights since there lounged
into the room ( 'aptain Foster, many
years ago a Teas ranger. He Ls a
man thirty ix years of age, but anv
pears to be scarcely twenty-five. lie
was dn ed in a -tyle half Mexican
and half American. He could not
have appeared more verdant hail he
h -en just from tin Onondaga county
farm. He came here to purchase
arms for a revolutionary faction of
the State of Tamaulipas, Mexico, and
curried fttn, ihjo in large denominations
of greenbacks. He w alked around the
table whereeightor ten gamblers werp
rattling their ivory checks, and in an
easy manner fell into a chair at th;
left hand of tie- d.-alw. In a earelew
way he asked them if they did not
play monte. The dealer, ofcouse said
"No," when ( aptain Foster showed
his fat roll of currency. He selected a
hundred-dollar note and passed it in
for t- ' chips. He laid them down
in a clumsy manner, jreneratly drag
ging ca. h stack or partial stack over
the table, and took his own time to
place them in order. He asked a
question now and then regarding the
way to bet, and as luck would run he
won, won until he was paid in Ave
dollar, then higher up in twenty-five
dollar chips. In less than a hour he
had tl,:?) before him in ti" tilue ivory
Tlie bank showed no little alarm,
and hy a wink the players one by one
beir.in to leave their seats. Not acting
as though he noticed what was pass
ing. Captain Foster gave them four
stacks of twenty-five dollar chips, and
re- eived BOn in exchange. There
remained only the "call turn" in the
1kx a king, deuce, and five-spot. He
had two hundred dollars in chips on
the king, calling from that to the five
spot. It was beyond the " limit" al
lowed by the bank, yet as they had
lost heavily, they decided to "let it
stand. The cards were pulled, and.
king out, deuce showed on top. Four
for one was ( aid, making another
The dealer c h.t - i the "deck;"
seeing which, Captain Foster handed
in his two full stacks of i"S chips, and
wos paid l, ma). The new and
stocked" deal started. The Captain
had an odd four chips; one titter tin
other was picked up by the dealer, un
til the four were lost, as would have
been all the money he could have laid
down. The dealer hesitated for the
Captain to pass in more money. He
hesitated also, w hen he was a-ked it
he did not mean to play more. He
led by picking at his vest pocket,
pulling out some stamps, and saying,
" I will take a twenty-five cent chip."
The liatik-rs saw they were-tdd Tor
jui-t iJiHH). Two . them sprang from
their -oia aa though they meant to
uacvent (.'apt. Foster from leaving the
house. He hud suspected that also,
and carelessly threw hack the lappel
of his coat and " took down" one of
Colt's nine-inch revol vers, fie walked
to the pw jet opposite the fcl!o, nnd
while standing with hi- hack to the
wall, with revij-r.'.r In hand, rolled a
tinofefta nnd walked out of the room,
down the stair-, and thence to the
Fitth Avenue Hotel. The gamblers
saw that their supposed irreen cus
tomer knew all the ropes of their den
aud it.s machinery. They swallowed
their loss as only gamblers can when
they find their game I bent Twenty
minute-, alter- t-apt. Foster had lett,
the same motley crowd of men were
again uround the table.
The PreshyterUn Church.
The New York Olnerver of Thurs
day says: ".More than two-thirds of
the presbyteries in both branches of
the Presbyterian Church having ap
proved the overture snt down bv the
tssSJOOnj A-scuil'ly, the work is dime!
It is the most interesting and impor
tant cc'-lea.tt.stical event that hits oc
curred iu this country in thirty years.
It marks an epoch in the religious his
tory of a leading denomination, and,
without doubt, it will have a powerful
influence upon the religious history of
the country, and we hope also of the
" Thirty years ago, when tho disas
trous rupture occurred, the Presbyte
rian Church in tlie I'nited States in
cluded a less number of presbyteries
and synods, ministers and members,
than either of the two divisions now
number. And from both of them
has gone into another body the entire
.Soutln-rii Presbyterian Church, so that
it may be fairly said that during the
separation the Church increased al
most three-fold. The reunion brings
into one body these constituent ele
Proshj teri.-s Ml 1111 2Sa'
Synods 27 24 51
Ministers J. 'si 1,2.9-
Members -iV.m 17ajmi ttl.tttt
" Both the assemblies meet week
after next, Novemlier loth, at Pitts
burg, 1'eiin., to receive the returns
from the presbyteries, to record the
result and tute the necessary steps to
-i t the United Church into operation.
The assemblies are not to vine upon
the question of union; that was done
ai the last meeting in May, in this
city, when it was sent down to the
presbyteries, the fountain of power in
the Church; oojd their ratification by
a majority would have been sunVient,
but the assemblies ordained the union
in the event of two-thirds of the pres
byteries iu both branches approving
the proposition. That number has
bei-n obtained, arid many more will
be reported at the assemblies from
whom return- have nut been received.
"This reunion will, we trust, be
rijoanHnnJ by sonic suitable and gene
ral thank-offering; some memorial of
an event over which angels rejoice.
If it should take the form of a com
plete endowment of Ohe schools of
theology, it would be a great work
I well done. If it should result in the
' erection here in the city of New York
of a ' Presbyterian House,' which
should be the center of the operation
of the United Church, it wouiu bea no
ble consecration. There are schemes
i.f church e.xt .'nslon and-foreign mis
sions, which might be set forward
twenty or thirty years by making the
year 1870 the Memorial Year."
Charles 0' Conor.
The New York f&rwU is giving a
series of interesting sketches aiut
some of the men of note in that .-ity.
The one of Charles U'( 'onor, the Nes
tor of the Xi'W Yurie bur. is n.n honor
able example of the triumph over
eauj yi:n.y. inn I ijwi as B
poor newsboy, then as a soldier, and
then of his forty-five i ,irs of practice
and labor at the bar, and the great
cases he has conducted, form a most
iuteresnntr story of the triumph of
talent and industry over cir-umstan-ces.
It is by carefully studying and
emulating the lives of men who have,
unaided, risen from obscurity to fame
and opulence, that the young men of
the day who are struggling against
overwhelming difficulties wUi be en
abled to take courage and bear up un
der the reverses of fortune. Do such
as are making an honest effort to get
on in life, the examples of good men
who have been all over the hard road
so many are wearily plodding are
worth following. They should re
member the words of the great Lee,
that " human irtue is and ought to
be equal to human misfortune,'' and
that " the noblest word in the English
language is duty."
The London Globe thus traces out,
for the benefit of "the girl of the pe
riod." the results of high heel shoes:
"Imagine a leg with little or no calf,
long lieel,-thiek muscles in front, ten
dons strainod into a straight line from
the lower part of the leg to the root of
the toes, producing the effect of an
extremely high and straight instep,
no arch to the foot, the heel being j
thrust up, the toes bent at an acute
angle to the foot ibselt Nevertheless,
this is the effect which the high-heel I
boot is likely to produce. Like too j
manv of the vagaries of fashion, the i
present high-heel mania originate in
a mistake. It is an unconacious imi
tation of the effect produced by the
ballet dancer's foot, but it should be
remembered that the ballet dancer Ls
perioral ing on a stage, the plane of
which Ls inclined towards the audi
ence. Moreover, she is trained to
walk on her toes, which ladies in or
dinary life are not. This makes all
the difference, and what.is a conveni
ence hi the ladies of the corps de ballet
will be a source of serious mischief to
unprofessional "girls of the period."
nau sale or
MONDAY MORNING, November 8th,
AT 10 OT7UXK.
An entire new line T'om flrst han.N eon
islio .vi I'! ruli. Vivet. Salln, Chip. Fait.
Beer ail .-straw Ladles' and Cblklren's
Trimmed and t atrlni i."! Hat. Embroide
ries, Rlboons, flowers. Flames, Trimmings,
GOTTLIEB 4 EZEKIEL,
nV, Aoetion'rs. i 'nr. s ,., and . Llama SU.
Splendid Marble and Slate Mantles.
N"K LAJBQN WTOy VAtWOJ, MJsOO
t iKioli-s. LI'lfllKlt. etc, on the premises.
" ii.- nf leasehold on Chickasaw and Proms-
-o V. oni IfsT.. ATS O'CUS'K.
u.-i W. H. PAHSMonO 4 I IX, Auctioneers.
Peremptory Trade Sale of $20,000
Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots,
Shoas. Hats. Caps. Etc.,
Fiotu it bouse der.iatner biulaoM
TUESDAY MORNiNG, November 9th,
AT 10 O'CLOCK.
WTKIt.MS CASH. -A!.E POSITIVE.--
GOTTLIEB & EZEKIEL,
A art ton?
GREAT FURNITURE SALE
TO THE TRADE.
BY W. H. PASSMORE & CO.,
Jll Second street. Jefferson block,
Taesday liorniag. 9tb Inst . at 10 o'clock.
04 Irrle End Bedstead,
M I.arij.' lirr-sslne: Bureaus,
S l Ifflee I leeks,
!'.. tc - .-,. stands, and a
General assortment of flrst-clas Furniture.
BY W. H. PASSMORE & CO..
Tuesday Afternooa. 9th iast. at 3 a 'deck.
OS THE PREMISES.
'E w;.l s,.t t. d.s.lra'.le Lease of part of
Lot N'o. . Nnvjr Yard property. Tliel.it
front on le.lii pr. ruenade and Uhlrkasaw
street, wi. Ii :i pth of IT" feet from Htreet U
str-l. and adj., him Ihe r-siJ.-n-.- f It. H.:iaii .
Kmi. Tlte improvement consist of a new
one-:ory Brick U. use, with .-rllar and tin
The leans has IT years I o run from April f.
is' I. Terms of an:- made known on Jay of
e. IT. II. rAJSnafORE am ,
GOTTLIEB & EZEKIEL,
Corner Second and A i lams street.
REGULAR TRADE SALE OF
Dry Goods. Clcthing, Boots,
Shoes. Hats, Caps. Etc.. Etc.
e v un'v
Tuesday & Thursday Morning,
AT 10 O'CLOTK.
A. S. ROGERSON. Auctioneer.
Lauderdale County. Ala.
THIS eeli'hrated Watering Due, fitn tfce
Hotel ainl l ..fuses, rantalus-sfl IJUsleep
inir. Hiumis. 1.,-si.!.- I'.r ..rs. Hiill-r.ami. Illnlnil
Hall. Kitchen. Bar un.i Bitllanl Kiwiiu an.I
Office, tiui-ther with ala.ui .i.thh of lan.1
aitjimiine the sprinir imt, and all the
Ht.aseholil and Kit. -lieu Furniture. Bar anil
Alley ROMs . Mules. I at tie. H.ifcs, Sheen.
! WU1 be Sold lPutoUoly
Knr iliTlslon between owners.
On the 15th Day of December.
To the highest and he-t bidder. The houses
i slid titrnilure are in ims! etinditloit, ami ese
i rythmic ' in re:i.lim-s to .-ontiutle bustllesss
r'or further in:.
sen t i a ... paooat
id i-irenlar do
Country and City Merchants
Etc., Etc., Etc.
Having purrhaaed these iliasis during
We are prepared to offer
Unusual Inducements !
Close buyers would do well to giro us a
call before purchasing elsewhere.
B. Lowenstein & Bros.
242 & 244 MAIN ST.,
Wholesale Entrance, 244 Main St.
aw We would also bin laave to rail tha at
tention of Jobbers, as well aa Retailers, to
the faet that we are the exeloslTe agents for
West Tennessee, N'orth Mississippi and Ar
kansas, for S. W. H. Ward's Paper Collars
and Culls, and sell tbem ai manufacturer's
To Cotton Planters & Stock Raisers
THE Memphis OH Company wish to pur
chase, during next ftill and winter, a
large quantity Cotton Seed, for which they
will pay the toarket price, furnish sacks, and
have Heed correcUy weighed on their large
piatfoi-m iXairbank'sl scales. Tbey urge their
friends not to store their Seed In large quan
tities, and thereby have their value destroyed
or Injured by HgaTiso. Planters who wish
to wake cou tracts for delivery of Seed wUl
pK-use call st OH w org, i enter turning.
V OH Cake anil Meal Tor sale in anv quaa-
0nCg HgRASIXJ IXSCRAXCg CO..
IT Madison Street, October Ut, IIOL 1
T a meeting of the Board of Directors of
A this Company, held this day. a illvi.iend
or five tS) per cent, was declared upon caw
capital stock, the same to be credited up. .a
the stock uotes. '. M. XKLSON.
ocli laser (ars.