Newspaper Page Text
MEMPHIS DAILY APt BAL--STJ3Sri!fei:Y, DECEMBER
GAXXAWAY & KEATESG.
Terms of Subscription. Daily &. TS'cekly
r nno iaoRth.br raa3.... 8 O0
CnS em. ell by mart.-3S2
One crpr . one urem ww -
One copy, one inonth. In aty -
one copy, one rear-- 1 s
Une copy, six months.
iip2nien copies etntfrwo! eaan. .
OOTSall-bodts are kept by potcOees, and not bj
Individual name. , Tmrtnffleeto
R&tn of Advertising
first Insertion, per square n 9
rfuteeouent tnserttons, per Gwe.
aSHlne lolld noapire!! makes one square, and
twite lines make on Inch. .
Local Notices are twenty cents rr .no Bret Inser
tion, fifteen cenu per line per wee. .
Wanu, etc.. are ten cenu per line totton,
Eve oats per line each "SSiSoaSa aad
Ixath and Slarrtase notice mel notices aad
Obituaries, are charted at reeJlarrates.
We will not accept any adrerUsesieo: to follow reafi-
OTTonta pace advertisements, itirion&ry,
XOTdtiruS Bffls for emoonu lew than Jive Dol-
in niMi bs mu lor mm uixiwm
vrtU be sSlctiy adieredto.
To Contributor and Co rrefipon dents:
.,,. um itnfi rmnmuclcatlonsupon subjects
ot general interest, but such must alsfajJ ba ao-
cotnp&niea vj a irawauuw .
n-. ilt wtiTTi rvtartMl rrunmcntCAilanl.
All letters, connnmitouions, or anything else for the
AptuL &uuua l nuaintacu
1L C. G iixi WIT, I 282 Second street,
J. iL KuiTiso. i Memphis. Term,
SUXUAT HORXIXG, DEC. 31, 187G.
THE AI'PEAX, FOR 1877.
The ArrEAL is so well known to iie peo
ple of Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi and
Tennessee, who hare been patrons end read
era for nearly forty years, that it is only
- necessary for us to say that it will continue
mu sung poucy.wnicn nas piaccaat ueyonu
"io-Boum. ine probable electi
will invest the Democratic part'
iraponsiouities which this
eposes, and the Aiteal will
operate with the National Dei
wonc or reform and reconi
I rift a-Ai?. rm
xwhj. ine momen:
win transpire during the
77 will im-
; uiLcrc&i io a n
wes, fun of thrilling in:
cussea and decided, and
laitaiulJychrOBicle the o
.Pire. The occurrences of.
upon each other, anr?
the history of thotimes,j
L will give
..8 l oo
.. io oo
. 1 IO
uae cop j, om
.. . 1 25
, and notbr
uuuier, me t
i postoffice to
his seat by
id out to se-
on Hayes in
L with good,
none in the
ires in con-
It and great-
ley of post-
I in congress,
for iti! ob-
- the nrina-
I em people.
ople do not
pn of Hayes
ingpolilicd difficulties is not orcr, unfortu- Victoria, besides her home territories of the
natdy. "EreTy one kaows that whaterer the .Britiah and Channel islands, and the outly
final decision may be, the pronunciation of . .ing possessions of Gibraltcr, Malta, Aden and
thai decision will constitute a ensu, aau it a
-;.'nvi ihit rri.'ii wju over. .Many say to
themselves, "When it is happily orur, I will
freely venture my capital in business; until
then I will stand aside and await crents.
urns hesitancy and over-cautiousness is a
necessary consequence of the present state
of things, and must be patiently borne
witn as sucfi. just in proportion as
harsh, provocative, and exciting language
is avoided by leaders and officials, confidence
increases, apprehension becomes feebler, and
spirit in business more daring and eager.
Another misfortune is, that the agricultural
population about us hare caught the alarm,
and instead of investing the profits of the last
year in improving their fences and buildings,
buying better farming implements and im
proved stock conduct that would end in a
good return for their money they are buying
gold at a premiam, in order to hoard it where
it will bring no cent of interest, and they will
ultimately have to sell it back to the brokers
from whom they lwught it at less money than
they paid for it This is a clear loss, a loss
which our people should know better than to
wilfully encounter; it is a self-imposed tax,
which will answer no good end nor promote
any useful object The obstruction to com
raerce offered by the unusually severe winter
we are suffering, also, is affecting ue to an
extent we hare not besn used to
this portion of the country. At this
moment many thousands of bales of
cotton that have been sold are
lying in the sheds and cannot be shipped.
The railroads were already complaining of
being glutted with freight, but the present
detention of trains will terribly intensify the
difficulty. With a stock of 92,000 bales of
cotton on hand, this interruption of cotton
going forward to market will be a tightening
of money. The strait would probably have
made itself felt by this time, but at Christmas
the heavy call for money from the country,
whicn nas been pressing upon us tor many
weeks, fell off, and the surplus thus left has
come at a time when it was much wanted.
"We may expect a strait, however, an A it is as
well to be prepared for it All the difficul
ties we have spoken of aro no more, at the
furthest, than annoyances and obstructions-
they are temporary in their nature, and the
embarrassments flowing from them will soon
pass away. The new President will be in
augurated, and the public affairs of the
country pursue the even tenor of their way;
the snows will melt and spring will
come, and trade resume its pre-eminence,
cast off its shackles, arise
like a giant refreshed, soar away from any
further effects of the 1873 panic, and, made
wiser by hard experience, and moro enter
prising by dearly-gained but invaluable
knowledge, will transcend all former achieve
ments. The very economy now exercised, the
hoarding, and the universal desire for more
settled times, will add to the coming pros
perity, and be means aiding to add to our
wealth and to make certain our success.
It is known to our readers that Hon. B. H
Hill, of Georgia, has recently been the sub
ject of much severe criticism because of his
conservative course in congress, especially
from papers in his own State, where he is
generally regarded as one of the most eligible
candidates for senatorial honors. His atten
tion naving been called to some of these crit
icisms, Mr. mil addressed a letter to JUr. A.
B. Culberson, of Atlanta, in which he recounts
all that he has done that could excite the ire
of his opponents. He says:
What haTB I docs or said that "Mends should be
alarmed and enemies encouraged," as numerous
letters sar? Without coins Into details (as I will not
be coTtardlj enough now to do), I will state some
1. Since the assembling of this session of con-
cress the Democratic members of the house have
met tnree times in eeneral caucus. I nave made
put one motion in ceaerai caucus, and mat motion
was adopted unanimously. There was not a dis
senting race not otm. i accompanied teat motion
wua a anon speecn, me temper anu spirit or wmcn
even man In the caucus aoDrored. and the main
point of which was warmlj agreed to br a large ma-
joriij. mcjuttine. oeiieve. everr memtter irom me
southern or late Confederate States, and certainly
even one present irom ireorjria.
i e nave naa frequent conierenoes, com
posed of a limited number ot Democrats, from five
to twenty to a conference. To geva-al of these I
nave Deen invited ana attended, in tnese confer
ences I have made several motions and suerestlons.
Every one I hare ret made has been adopted; and
sometimes nnanlmously adopted. On one or two
occasions my suggestions have been received with a
consideration mat was pleasant and adopted wltn
expressions mat were rauenng.
Tnis is my worx. w nst am I cnanrea witn ?
First It Is said that I have exoressed distrust of
northern Democrats, and speeches to this effect are
filling the papers as It made by me. Hot a single
wotu puousaea on uus suDjecx is true not one.
Second it Is said that myself and other southern
men have lost faith In the election of Mr. Tilden,
and hare made, or are making, or are willing to
make, some bargain or trade or arrangement with
ilr. Hayes. All Intimations of this kind are simply
manufactured manufactured by sensational hire
lings for Republican use and benefit. Mr. Tilden
and the Democratic party are reduced to asadhope
of success If the silly or designing Democrats who
affect to believe such charges are to be accepted as
tne oniy trusted aensers oi tne party,
This is direct, straight to the point, .and
hoaest as the man himself. 'More could not
b; asked. It is a plain, clear and simple ex
hibit of work done, and an answer to the as
sailants of tho brilliant Georgian that they
will find it impossible to answer. Mr. Hill
does, his duty as he finds it to do, and though
he may make mistakes, as who does not, will
always be iound steering as close to. the prin
ciples of his party as any other of its leaders
in or out of his State.
THE INTKltNATlOXAL CAXAXi.
President Grant, it will be remembered,
some months ago appointed a commission
consisting of General Humphreys, chief of
engineers; Commodore C. F. Pater
son, of the coast survey, and Darnel
Am men, chief of tho bureau of navi
gation, navy department, to examine
the several reports of surveys which have'
been made at the expense of the United
Slates to ascertain tho practicability of an inter-oceanic
canal across the Isthmus. This
commission having completed its labors has
reported " that the route known as the Ni
" caraguan route, begimiing on the Atlantic
' side at or near Greytown, running by canal
" to the San Juan river, following it by 6lack
" water navigation to Laka Nicaragua, across
" the lake to the Rio del Medio, and thence
"by canal to tha Rio del Brito in the Pacific
" coast, pessefses, both for the construction
" and maintenance of a canal, great advant
" agea, and offers fewer difficulties from en
"gineering, commercial and economical
" points of view tuan any of tlin ether routes
p shown v be practicably bv yirv jy suffidfmt-
v in d'jf iUl to enable a ftidwnsnt to be
"femed of their relaav meritj.'
The cost of construction is es
h'maisd nt $100,000,009 and the time occu
pied it, completing it ten yean. ThoPresi
dent has indorsed the report, and, "as we learn
m the New York Tribune, believes that
respect of an early beginning of work
canal is very favorable. Under his
n communications have been sent to
cipal powers of Europe in regard to
ubject, directing attention to the satis
fy results ot tne surveys which have
made, and to the views set forth in the
above report as to the best route. Replies
have been received 'from screral of the gov
ernments thus addressed, in which they ex
press themselves favorable to an early begin-
S of the work, and seem to approve the
idom oi making it international in its
er by an equal participation of the
eat commercial powers In its construction,
d the maintenance for it of an inviolate
utrality. When replies have been received
the other nations communicated with,
President intends to submit all the papers
correspondenco to congress with a special
sage in wmcn he will urge that the
5ted States take steps neceisary to the ho
ming of this great enterprise.
EMPRESS OF IXpi.
Queen of England, according to the
"parliament by which Disraeli won his
Fol Earl of Beaconsfield, will to-morrow
f Impress of India on the plain
Ide of Delhi. The ctrn' at-
kd with all the pomp and ?2?tance
1 on great public occasions in the east,
I will be handrtl down to future genera-
as the most gorgeous pageant ever wit-
red even in India, the land of wonders.
rgthehing her title to the highest honors
; earthly power can confer on any one. we
i that the mod mothered. wiiow, Queen
the African colonies and South Sea islands,
reigns over an area in India of 1,430,319
square miles, having a population of 239,
9J8,C95 souls. These aro divided as follows:
93,000,000 males and 92,000,000 females; 07,
000,000 children under twelve years of ate,
and 123,000,000 older persons. Religiously
wo hare the following division: 139,000,000
Hindoos, 4 1,000,000 Mohammedans, 3,000,000
Buddhists and Jains, above 1,000,000 Sikhs,
and 900,000 christians. Besides the vast hivo
of India, and turning to our own continent
wo find the Dominion of Canada esthnatin;
its area at about 3,500,000 square miles, more
than half of this vast country having been ac
quired bv purchase from tho Hudson Bay
company. About 375,000,000 acres of this
purchase are said to be agricultural land
which is outside tho federated province of
Canada, and yet to bo brought under culti
vation. The population of British North
America is stated at 3,743,857 in 1871, ex
elusive of Indians. There remains to be ad
ded the "fifth continent" Australia with
population described as only 2,233,100 in
1874, but with an area of 3,116,042 squaro
miles. No empire of ancient or modem
times can compare with this, and not one of
them, or all of them put together, has at
tempted the good accomplished by the British
supremacy thus acknowledged. Next to our
own land and people, England and the Eng-
lish are the freest and most enterprising on
theclobe. While admitting her mistakes
and misgovemment in this country in colo
nial Iays, and in India and Ireland,
is impossible for an English-speaking man to
fail of admiration of the empire on whose
flag the sun never sets and the echoes o
whose drum-beat never dies away. Hail!
Empress of India!
Tho Proposed Title For the Empress of
India Preparations for the Proc
lamation of Its AHSnmptlon
An Imperial Paseont.
All the Dignitaries and Petty Princes
or India Harrying to Helhl Dis
cussion Over the Title and
Preparations on a magnificent scale are
making for the proclamation of Queen Vic
toria as "Empress of India" here on the first
of January (to-morrow) at Delhi. Native
princes and chiefs are arriving daily to be
present on the occasion. The assemblage
will be held somewhere on the plain outside
the walls of Delhi, "almost in sight of the
famous plain of Paniput, where five times
its Moslem invaders hare contended for the
empire of India." Arrangements have been
made to receive the princes and chiefs and
other native notables with the highest dis
tinction. They are. it is stated, to be the
cuests of the viceroy, and entertained, while
at Delhi, at tho cost of the State. The day
is to be observed as a holiday and festival
throughout India, special presents irom the
queen are to bo made to the leading princes
and chiefs, symbols of their quasi-feudal rela
tion to the empres3, and of her protecting
power, and these will doubtless be handed
down from father to son as the most revered
of the family heirlooms. The viceroy's throne
will be placed on a dais, and the leudatory
princes will all face him. in croups, on sepa
rate platforms, according to the provinces to
which they belonsr. The natives are very
particular about enqueue, especially in re
gard to precedence, and often great difficul
ties occur in properly disposing oi them. At
- ,1 1 1. 1 .1 ' IDT! 1 IT. .. 1 . A . T J 1 T
is. uuiunx ueiu iu ion, u tue liuu ixiru jihu,
the raja of Jodhpore refused to attend, and
remained in his tent, because ho would not
accept the place which had been assigned
him. Again, when the Punjah - and Rajput
chiefs met Lord Northbrook at Delhi in 1874:
it was found impossible to stt them to sit to
g ether; and when the Prince of Wales held
is durbar in Bombay the marharana of Udai
pur remained standing all the wbile rather
than sit below the guicowar. But the princes
never raise disputes as to precedence over
others belonging to the same province as
themselves. .Besides tte punctilious ob
servance oi etiquette, especially as
reeards titles and Tireccdence. it 'n
believed that tho viceroy will
gladden a few of the native chiefs by conced
ing them additional guns to the salutes to
which different classes of chiefs are entitled.
Some of the most distinguished ones have
been soliciting the privilege of an extra gun
to their salutes for years past. "Until the first
of the present month the only native feudato
ries entitled to a salute of twenty-four guns
were the guikwar, the maharajah of Mysore
and the wizam; but as a mark of special honor
to the maharaiah of Cashmere, his. salute has
been increased from nine to twenty-one guns.
The ceremonial will be made as imposing as
possible. Each chief will proceed from his
camp to the platform assigned to nim in a
separate elephant procession. There, will in
uus way oe one nunurca eiepnant proces
sions; and, when they have assembled, tho
viceroy and governors and lieutenant-governors
of India, and all of the other hiirn of
ficials entitled to accompany him, wilf pro
ceed in a similar manner to take their places
on tho central dais. Behind the viceroy will
be the array of the assembled troops. When
all have taken their places, the proclamation
will be read, and the royal standard of Eng
land will then bo unfurled, to an imperial
salute of one hundred and one guns, the
whole body of the assembled troops presenting
arms, and the bands playing God Sare the
Queen. At the same time the queen, will bo
proclaimed empress iu every civil station
and camp, and an imperial salute will be
fired from every fort and battery in India.
The viceroy will next deliver to each of the
chiefs at Delhi the special presents which
have been sent to them from the queen. It
is anticipated that there will also be a a-en-'
eral distribution of the stars of IndiaTon the,
occasion, to Europeans as well as natives, to
thoseabsentaswell as present.'and not only
to the distinguished civil and military and
political omcers, but to selected representa
tives of all classes, who have served by their
labors and their influence to buildup and
consolidate the fabric and extend the author
ity of the British government in India.
lho London l xmes, having some time
since announced that her majesty's Indian
title would be Kaisar-i-Hind, the Times of
India, n paper printed in Bombav. took ex
ception thereto, and in a long editorial ex
posed its incongruity. The Athenorum soon
after came to the support of the Bombay pa
per. "What does Kaisar-i-Hind mean?"
it asks, and answers as follows: "It means
the Ccesar of India. Kaisar originates in
Latin -Gwsar. It is masculine at its source ;
masculine in its various uses at the piesent
day. From the Latin the word passed into
Arabic and Persian, and thence into Hindu
stan. Tn no other lantruace of India, save
that of the hybrid Hindustani, is the word
Kaisar known. And the only subjects of her
majesty in India who know" of tho title are
Mussulmans." Further on the Athenasum
saya: "About a month ago Scindiah, in Gwa
lior held a grand banquet The chief Eng
lish residents in the vicinity were invited.
Tie crcatetformaliiip-) and pomp were ob
served. Sondinh rose and tcaxtod the
queen. Ho wished, he said; to ' ba
the first to t'ben.1 his knee' to the
'empress of India.' He then called upontho
assembly to drink" her ma jetty's health. "Vyu3
it by the name of Kaisar-i-Hind? Nol He
called her Kishcurahind. This word appears
to ue an attempt at aa amaigamanon oa
tween Kaisar and Ishtciint (Lord): but, at
least, it seems to. prove that one of the mo?t
loval raiahs of India tried his best to intro
duce something of HIndu-dom into tho title
which the emprwss of India has had foisted
upon her. The Lady-Cajsar, of India,, as
Scindiah dubs her, is certainly better than
the" outrageous Cassar of India, which is ad
vocated by the India office,"
Concerning the proposed medal commemo
rative of the Delhi assemblage, the Bombay
Times of India, of October 2d. savs: "Wo
hear from home rumors of an empress medal
for the imperial assemblage. The services of
a well-known English sculptor are said to
have been engaged, and the Prince and
Princess of Wales are represented as taking a
warm interest in the prosrress of the work.
The matter is wrapped up by the India office
m a good deal of mystery. We nave been
told, however, of four thousand pounds worth
of medals, gold and silver, with gold and sil
ver clasps, and nearly three-quarters of a
mile of scarlet ribbon edtred with crold. We
hear, too, of a small difhculty about the in-
- i 1 T - - t, I Tl
scrjpuon, wnicn is ui uiruo uuijfUHKva, rci
sian, Hindi and English. Somebody wrote
to the well-known English sculptor complain-
inc" that Kaisar-i-Hind was masculine; and
the sculptor retorted mat me genaer was
nothing to him. and referred the man to the
India office. The India office, however, said
that the well-known sculptor was responsi
Mr. Heller Las arran ced a new programme
for the holidays, including oricinal won
ders of legerdemain, new tuw.c by the
croblin drummers m1 himself, the second
sight of Miss Heller, wi2i tho sealed packet
mystery, and for the first time here the drama
Vftm punch, whp will Ja almost as popular
as Santa V1 w wnom, ce is reafiy yeiaiea.
Sonn noses, catarrh, tn throat, a sure
cure is Dr. J. II. M'Lean'a catarrh snuff, . It
is a new antiscepiic principlo, never fcil",
Trial boxes, by mail, SOclDr.l: HlH.lLean,
814 Chestnut street, St LotrJ, Mo.
Janet Tuckey In "Temple Bar."
A lake-side dweller, young and fair.
The dearest little maid In Kerry,
With blue-gray eyes and blue-black hair,
Atid Ups as red as any cherry.
No shoe nor stocking to her name.
Which was but simple Kitty Brady
And yet a lord from England came
Imploring her to be bis lady.
She had another worshiper
The boldest boy about KUlarney,
With only lore to oiler her.
A little cabin, and the blarney.
ho hniml him with many a glance.
Until the lord came on the tapit;
She smiled on him at wake and dance.
And Paddy as a king was happy.
The lord was just a trifle plum
The moral ot an English lover I
But sure, it he'd been deaf and dumb.
His llngiing gold could talk one over.
"In silk and satin you shall dress.
And I will give you Jewels," said he,
"To twine In every glossy tress,
Eweet Kate, it you will be my lady."
Och, but them word3 were eloquent I
Poor Kitty was no moro than human,
And very fond of ornament.
Like every raxmable woman.
" 'TIs true. Pat coorts me best, but still"
Thought she "though with the talk he's ready,
Arran, let roues say what tney win,
It's mighty One to be my lady!"
And so she wouldn't look at Pat.
In vain ho watched for her and sought her.
Until one evening, when he sat
Just Qlnglng pebbles in the water.
Ills downcast face and heavy sigh
Might have moved even stones to pity;
And the passed, gayly tripping by,
nis worse thau stony-hearted Kitty.
She tried to pass, I mean as cool
As any cucumber or melon;
But though In love, Pat was no fool,
lie sprang to meet his truant Helen.
She wouldn t take his outstretched hand;
"An" Is It you. Miss Kitty Brady,"
Says he, "that's got aostlfl an' grand?
Good-morrow to ye thin, my lady!
"But Kate aera, now stop and spake,
If but to tell me what's come o'er you
Or Is It that your eyes are wake.
An' you can't see me here before you?
Orti, sure, alanna. you've no call
To murder people for your pleasure,
An' I can't live at all at all
Without your purty self, my threasure.
' That Engllshcr has wealth, galore
A rlnt-roll longer than my aim;
Why should he stale from me. asthore,
That's nlver done him any barm?
Just give me something he's not got,
And that's your own thrue heart, my honey;
Sure, then I wouldn't change my lot
With him for all his dirty money."
And what Is little Kate to do ?
Shelaughs, and frowns, and sobs, and blushes:
"Och, Pat. I give It up to you.
you'd charm a blid from off the bushes!
Well. Just to save your life, machree,
An' not because I care about you,
I'll think It over" so said she
"But I could live an' thrive without youl"
And now to tell the lord of It
No wonder If he's rather crusty.
But little Kate has Irish wit
That's never suffered to grow rusty.
"Sure If your honor I refuse.
It's well for you oca! botheration
Whin it's yourself can pick an chooso
From all the grandeur of the nation.
"An' I would look a holy show,
Drest In the beautiful lest bonnet,
Even If all the Mowers that grow.
An' feathers, too, was stuck upon It;
An' In a sthreelln' satin gown,
I'd still be on'y Kitty Brady
Sure, thin. If I'd the (Queen's goold crown,
Twouldn't make me a raat lady."
At first his lordship felt the cross,
Being unaccustomed to rejection,
But thinking. "It's the girl's own lossl"
Found comfort In that wise reflection.
And ere he left our Island green,
He saw a wedding at KUlarney,
An' drank, In genuine potheen,
"Success forever to the blarney!"
TBLE EASTERX QUESTION.
The Hlsslon of the Harqals of Balls
bury and Its Results IVhat Prince
Bismarck and Prince Gorts
That Proposition that England should
Occupy Constantinople, Austria
Bosnia, and Itussla Bulgaria
English Public Opinion.
Now York Trlbune.l
London. November 25. Lord Salisbury's
movements are followed with a watchful
eagerness that denotes how much, in the
opinion of the English, depends on his mis
sion, ine numDer oi minutes as spens wiui
Prince Bismarck and with the emperor, the
hour at which he returned to his hotel, at
which he dined, at which he set off for Vi
enna; these and similar facts are recorded
with attention. One of the papers gives a
pretty full report of his talk with Prince Bis
marck. It can hardly be presumed that cor
resnondents were admitted to this interview.
ana the enterprising gentleman who supplies
this narrative omits to state whether ne ob
tained it from Lord Salisbury or Prinm Bis
marck. There is nothing in it which a well-'
informed writer might not guess at. That
the interview was cordial, that .Frince Bis
marck expressed good feeling toward Eng
land, but remarked that Germany is bound
by family ties, intimate relations, and senti
ments oi grautuue to rimperor Alexander
surely there needs no ghost come from the
grave to tell U3 mb, nor even our own cor
respondent going to the expense of tele
graphing it all the way from Berlin to Lon
don. Prince Bismarck may or may not have
said that Germany could not take part
with England or give advice to Russia.
As tho attitude and policy of Germany
have been for months an attitude and
policy of rigid abstention, not much is risked
by saying it over once more. That Germany
will support England in t all her efforts for
peace is an assurance which, if made, has a
flavor of Prince Bismarcc's cynicism; the
efforts of England for peace having thu3 far
resulted in bringing her protege, Turkey, to
the ragged edge of a war with Russia, a war
of whioh. if Enrrl.md will withdraw her sun-
port from Turkey, there i3 no longer the
slightest danger. These startling revelations
conclude with a declaration that Germany, in
the event ot war, will observe a strict neu
trality. Really, if Lord Salisbury learned no
more than this, it was hardly worth his while
to take a journey to Berlin. The same chron
icler, descending to more domestic details,
tells us that at one o'clock Ladv Salisbury
lunched with Lord Odo Russell at the British
embassy in Wilhelm-strasse. But when we
hear that Prince Bismarck, "in full uniform,"
culled on her ladyship at her hotel only two
hours later, ani found her at dinner, with
lcrd Udo Russell as a guest, the tax on hu
man credulity becomes too great.
it is ol course most unlikely that anything
is known of the conversations between Prince
Bismarck and Lord Salisbury. Some hint of
the general tenor of it may have been com
municated. From the source most likely to
be well informed no report comes, except safe
generalities that the prince assured the mar
quis of Germany's pacific intentions, of her
inendly neutrality in the event ot a amis
sion, and ot his hopes lor a settlement,
coupled with an intimation that he regards
the circumstances as menacing. Kemember
ing the doctrine of friendly or as the phrase
then was. "benevolent" neutrality put for
ward by Germany in 1870-71, it might bo per
tinent to ask toward which side German be
nevolence is to be shown.
Much more to tho point'.than all this vague
gossip and strictly private conversations is
the letter of Prince Gortchakoff to Count
Schouvaloff, dated November 24th. This is
written more than a fortnight after the lat
ter's pacific declaration to Lord Augustus
Loftns and ten days after Lord BeaconBeld's
swaggering speech at the Guildhall. The
rnnce reiterates the assurances ot his master.
He sees "with profound surprise" that ideas
about the Russians coveting Constantinople
and the will of Peter the Great continue to
haunt the minds of some people in England.
coiuess. savs irTiuce Uortchajcoii. "1
thought three absurdities bond belief, and
-dismissed, with the conquest of India by Rus
sia, t. the domain cf political mythology."
He urges with force that the natural combi
nation for Russian interests is to leave the
keys of the UlaWc sea iu feeble hands,
like thoso of Turkey, too feeble at present to
close to Russia that commercial outlet.
Would England in the place of Russia have
any other wish than that? Then why deny
to Russia the practical sense which English
men have themselves?
It 's curious to note that Mr. Bright,' in his
late speech at Llandudno, puts a. similar
question; and though Mr. Bright, by his op
position to war as a war, weakens the force of
his demonstration against the particular war
the government is suspected or meditating,
his speech has made a deep impression. He
knows far better than Lord Beaconsfield the
temper of Englishmen, and there is solid
ground for confidence when Mr. Bright savs
he believes the people of England will not be
dragged into war at the bidding of the prime
minister. The lesson of the Crimea has nol
been lost on England. Englishmen, indeed,
still permit themselves to bq ruled by a gov
ernment capable of suppressing a momentous
declaration of the czar, m order to keep np
the delusion that the czar wants war. I
think it a pity no wiser stepi are taken to
bring out the real strength of this anti-war
feeling. Men are slow to come forward. If
Tories, they must keep step with their paity.
If Liberals, they shrink from the reproach of
weakening theliands of thejgovernmentin its
dealings with foreign powers a foolish re
proach, no doubt but sure to be made. The
conference to be held in London at an early
date may do some good, but the names of its
conveners are not the names of men whom
the "nation will follow. They are, for the
most part, names wll known to the world of
letters, but hardly known to the mass of the'
people. -MTi xrouae, uanon, liiuuoa, air,
drowning, Mr. FretXn. Mr, Willicm Mor
ris. Mr. William Black, Rev. Stopford
rjrooKe-TQoes an joouy suppose uias a nation
which is", before all things, practical, is going
to take a decision on a question of peace or
war at the bidding of historians, poete,
novelists and jjfCachers, no matter how fa
mous ? Tn the "whole list there is not a single
name which has any political significance
hardly one man conversant with affairs or ac
customed to" "Jrttbla Jifn. It is headed, in-
duke is always a considerable person. The
iUftV f , COUUUML' 13 UUC ui um UIUUIM
man in t7m.lo.irl ITib fl. n. nntn. '
proach, and ho is a political nonentity. Prob
ably Mr. Edward Jenkins is another promo-
ter of this conference at any rate, he writes
to the newspapers on the question. What
can Mr. Edward Jenkins" contribute to such a
movement? He can make it ridiculous, and
he can deter better men from joining it.
The hope of an irresistible popular demon
stration against a war for Turkey is not to bo
r J lTL T 1? 1- Til- ,
luunu minis uirecuon.. it lies m tne Knowl
edge of certain essential facte which slowly
out sureiy must become universally Known
and must have their duo effect on the con
science and judgment of the nation. The
Turkish organs among the English press
have but one answer to the czar's pacific as
surances. He gave similar assurances that
Khiva should not be annexed, yet Khiva
was annexed. That it was annexed against
the wish and orders of the emperor they ad
mit; but they say the same thing may hap
pen again. The Russians must find a diffi
culty in replying to the argument in such a
way as to reach the minds of people gener
ally. The circumstances which are held to
justify the annexation nay convince a man
familiar with military and political exigen
cies, but such hiceitics do not filter down to
the popular level. The mere knowledge is
wanting at that level, as well as the capacity
of judicial deliberation. Russia has undoubt
edly lost more than she has gained in Khiva,
for Khiva can never be worth to her so much
as the measure of confidence she has forfeited
by seizing it.
But if you admit that, and still ask the anti
Russian to point out what there has been in
Russia's conduct all through the last twelve
months' negotiations inconsistent with the
present professions of hjr emperor and Prince
Gortenakoflv you get n specification at all.
it nussia wants Constantinople, why did she
propose that the maritime powers should
occupy the Bosphorus, an arrangement which,
as the emperor say3, would have made the
English fleet the dorainant power there?
What stronger guarantee than that could be
offered? Prince GortchakoiT may well ask.
"What proofs is it necessary to give English
ministers of disinteredness founded not on
political virtue, but on reason and good
sense?" According to that proposal Russia
was to occupy Bui Igaria, Austria to occupy
Bosnia, England to occupy Constantinople.
Why did England refuse ? Lord Beaconsfield
tells us he is guided bv English interests. If
he in asked what interest England has in
the Eastern question, he answers, her road to
India must not be barred or threatened by
Russia in possession of Constantinople. Then
when Russia offers to put Constantinople in
his own hands, in whose interests is it that he
refuses? In whose can it be but those of the
Turks? For them and not for Englishmen
does an English prime minister incur the risk
of war. But the number of Englishmen
who share Lord BeaconsSeld's solicitude about
those interesting clients of his on the Bos
phorus is not great; surely not enough to drag
England after them into a war for the pro
longation of Mohammedan dominion over
christians. Lord Salisbury can hardly be
supposed to have gone to Constantinople on
such an errand as that.
Peculiarities of Climate.
When the thermometer was ten degrees
above zero in Brooklyn, and from ten to forty
uegreus ueiow.zero m tne nonnwesiern otates.
it was thirty-seven degrees above zero in Hal
ltax and at bt. Mary s, iionda.
This is a
very lorcibie ulustranon ot air
That the coast of Nova Scotia and New
foundland should enjoy spring temperature
with Honda may be looked upon as singular.
but when the influence of the Gulf stream, with
winds blowing from it, is considered, tho
mystery is understood and tho surprise van-
ishes. Tho heated waters of the tropics,
which flow between Cuba and Florida, in
fluence the projecting points of the Atlantic
coast very materially. The eastern end of
Long Island, the capes of Massachusetts.
Nova Scotia and Newfoundlland possess a
mean temperature about equal to that of
Charleston, South Carolina. Even Ireland,
England, and the coast of Norway feel the
effects of the Gulf stream very sensibly. Lon
don, Dublin and Glasgow, which are respect
ly six, eight and nine hundred miles further
north than New York, import their ice from
Iceland. The frequent fogs and rains which
visit Ireland, and the genial climate which
there prevails, impart to vegetation that deep
richness and verdure which has justly desig
nated Ireland as the "Emerald Isle." The
same influences are observable on the western
coast of America by reason of the Pacific
equatorial stream, which prevents frost in
an r rancisco, permits ot the profitable cul
tivation of the fig in the latitude of New
York, jmdjapensjipath to the Arctic sea at
Behnngs strait, on a HnanorU-o ti--.i
Tho winter temperature of Vancouvers island
seldom descends below the freezing point
Jay Cooke's theory of a warmer climate
through the northern passes of the Rocky
mountains than through the middle passes
traversed by the Central Pacific railroad, was
founded upon fact. It has become a foolish
fashion to laugh at the Northern Pacific rail
road. We cannot laugh at the thermometer
record in Halifax and on the Columbia river.
Sending Portraits by Telegraph.
The Paris correspondent of the London
Standard writes: "It hasoften beensaidthat
the science of telegraph is as yet only in its
infancy. What it will do when it reaches the
age of maturity it will be difficult to say cer
tainly, but some idea may be formed from an
extraordinary telegraphic discovery just made
in Paris. It appears that some inventor has
found out the means of sendmg portraita by
telegraph. The modus operandi has not yet
been disclosed, but experiments have been
made, and if we aro to believe the papers
with complete success. The trial was made
by the police authorities of Paris and Lyons.
The portrait of a Lyons official was forwarded
irom fans by the new telegraphic apparatus.
and at once recognized. In return the Lyons
police telegraphed to Paris the portrait, ac
companied with the usual description, of a
clerk who L ad just absconded with his master's
money, and that the Paris police, thanks to
the telegraphic portrait, were enabled to ar
rest the thief on his ab'ghting from the train
at the Lyons railway station. These facts are
published on the best authority, and, incred
ible as it may seem, are no doubt authentic.
So far the ingenious discovery is only being
employed fur'the detection of criminals, but
it is evident that the police authorities will
not be able to monopolize it, and that it will
be turned to account by society at large, and
more especially in the cases of deserted wives
and husbands, missing heirs, disconsolate
lovers, and similar interesting beings."
I put thy hand aside and turn away.
Why should I blamo the slight and fickle heart,
That cannot boldly go, nor bravely stay
Too weak to cling, and yet too fond to part!
Dead passion chains thee where her ashes lie;
Cold Is the shrine ah! cold for evermore;
Why linger, then, while golden moments fly,
And sunshine waits beyond the open door?
Nay, fare thee well, for memory and I
Must tarry here and wait. We have no choice,
Nor other better Joy until we die
Only to wait and hear nor step, nor voice,
Nor any happy advent come to break
The watch we keep alone for lore's dear sake.
CofTee-Houses and tha Press lu Vienna.
Mr. Hassaurek, in a long letter published
in the Volksblatt, describes the coffee-houses
of Vienna in conspiracy with the Austrian
government against the press. Nearly every
house in Vienna is a coffee-house every
tradesman's house is. When a man goes to
find his shoemaker or tailor he goes to him
in his own coffee-house, or sends for him to
somebody-Pise conec-house. liy the way,
we have nothing in America like-the Vienna
sold, but no other food. Those are the Dlaces
for card-tables and billiards. The inhabitant
of Vienna does not patronize the coffee-house
in proportion to the time he spends there,and
the wonder is how they all h, People come
there to read the daily papers, and the de
mand requires all the large papers t) issue
two editions, morning and evening, to satisfy
it The people having read the papers at the
coffee-houses do not take it at home. Thus
these hou3e3 operate against the circulationof
the papers. Besides, the government by its
restrictions puts the finishing blow on the
newspaper business. Colportage is forbidden
by law in Austria, so that the newsboy does
not exist Papers can be had in the coffee
houses, but never from a newsboy selling them
on the streets or at hotels or depots. Of
course the Austrian press is no great shakes;
it is impossible that it should be.
A Itat Story from Pittsburg.
Tho PiKburg Telegraph of Monday tells
the following: "A banker of this city had a
valuable cow, which gave a large quantity of
miltr and was held m nigh esteem lor general
good Qualities. All at once the supply of
-lacteal fluid grew smaller by degrees and
1 1 f Tl , I ! J T '.1 I ..1
ueauuiuuy less, unui me yieiu wua sauixiy
worth having. The family were greatly sur-
Erised at this, as the animal was in perfect
ealth, and in the hight of her season. It
was hinted that some person whose love for
milk overcame his scruples for stealing was
at the bottom of the mischief, and that, like
a thief at night, he entered the stable where
bossy was kept and relieved her of the milk.
The hired man was aardmgly instructed to
watch for the thief, and his vigilance was re
warded by a most singular discovery. Just
alter daylight in the morning, he 3aw a very
large rat co ne forth from its hiding-place,
and going to where the c w was lying, It
stood on i left, with, its forepaws on
tho cow's udder, and ap?jwg itemouthto
one ol her duw, gucked its fill of miin. nen
it was satisfied another rodent took its place,
and so on, until the supply was exhausted and
the family swindled by the cunning rats out
of their morning's supply of the much-coveted
fluid. The story is well vouched for."
ie-nouse. it sells coltee, lemonade ana my hed, an 1 could no mo a spoke an
liquors, and (Midials and cigars, but scl- a flew, rm one of em sez, "Oh! is dis de
oeer and wiue. Rolls of bread are also
TWO "IVOKIiBH-THK OXD AXl THE
Peace, in her palace over the Atlantic,
From the New World deals her awirds around.
While war's leashed hounds, a etraiii, for bloodshed
In our Old World can scarce held In bound.
Lo! here, each nation armed against Its neighbor;
Cross In the face of Crescent reared for nghl :
There to the blessed battlefields of. labor
United States that all the world Invite.
For a different shock from the Implnglngs
Of broadsides 'twlxt a 'Chesapeake" and "Shan
non," The strife of Corliss and hu monster engines.
With Cyclops Krupp and Essen's monster cannon.
Happy young Titan that between two oceans.
Thy guardian Atlantic and Pacific,
Orowost apart from the Old World's commotions
With room to spread and space for powers prolific
Wisely exchanging rules, swords and rammers.
For spades and ploughshares, axes, saws and
Thou puttest thy strength la engines and steam
And thy gun-metal mouldest Into medals.
Earth has no clime, no sky, but thou commandest;
No growth, but thy wide-spreading soil can bear;
No ore, but the rich ground on which thou standest.
Somewhere or other, bids thee stoop and share.
No hlght thou hast but all thy sons may reach;
No good, but all are free to reap Its profit:
No truth, but all thy race may learn and teach.
No lie, but whoso lifts Its mask may scoff It.
Oh, happy In thy stars, still rising higher,
Happy e'en in thy stripes so lightly Dome,
How far may thy meridian growth aspire.
That showest so majestic In thy mom?
To. what hlght may not Heaven's high favor lead
In cycle of the ages yet to be.
When these first hundred years of life have made
For arts and strength, the giant that we see!
Baltimore Weekly Sun.
Oh, go 'long! Don't talk to me bout no
scntenyul! Ef dey was ter hav de" nex wun
nex week nobody need'n ax me to go no mo
ter see a passe I o' people a pushin' an' a
crowdin, an a treddin on wun nudder's feets,
an a diggin uv der elboze in oder folkses
sides; an.a squirmin, and a squeezin, an a
terrin uv de cloze off o' enn body's backs, jes
to look at a passel o' pickshurs an ole wall
eyed folks made outen white rock; and some
on em did'n cben hav no arms an legs: an
aem wnat aid aid n nave no cloze on em;
which it takes a sassy nation o' critters to go
an look at em, ' peers to me. But my lor'
dem Fillydevus don't lack for sass! Fus
thing I seen when I got off de kyars were a
string o' men wid great long whips in der
hans, stannin oa de side o' do street a jab
berin an a hollerin like crows in de com; an
wun uv em shuk his whip in 'my face, an he
say: "Gwine down, for wonnuts?" I turn
right roun, an I sez, sez I, "You lemmc
lone, you po white houn. what dat to you
whar I gwine?" Yes, my lor! I sassed him
Den dem street-kyars! Lor, chile, kuntry
folks dunno notliin'! Strcet-kyara ain fc
nothin' bat swelled up omlibusses wid little
teenchy wheeu, an two little horses wid bells
on 'em, like the rode-wagons you kuntry nig
gers is usen to. But good Lord! You jes
ort ter see how many can git in! Ani arter
its jes as full as it kin hold, an' folks is
jammed as tite as dey kin squeeze, an' is
holdin' to dem strops in de jice, an' rollin
'bout like dey was drunk, an rakin' folkses
heels null to drive 'em 'strated, de kyarstops
an' mo' folks ran across de street, and ue
man at de do hellers, "Alove upm tront!
plenty o' room!" ar.' sho nuff, de mo' comes
an' de mo' gits in: an' de man slams dc do'
like he were tryin ter brake it, much as ter
say, "Ef you don't move up indar, you bet
ter!" Den de kyar stopped, an' some o' de
folks jumped up iike dey jes heem de nex
man had de smorl-nor. an' looked nuick at
wun nuddcr. like devwasfredo' wun nudder
an' shoved up gin vun nudder like dey was
mad an' did't keer whoknowed it, an' pushed
on out o de xyar. An some on em sotstill
an' looked like dej didn't keer who got de
wu on it so it warnt dem! Once, de man at
de do hollared out "aeben chestnuts!
and folks was gittin out, and I thort
I might's well git my sheer while
dey was gwine, an' so I gits out, too; but my
lor: i got ter see dc lust chestnut
Twarn't nothin' but a trick to make some
body git off: an' dar was I. stannin' in de
street, an' no chesnuts nowhar, an' de kyar
out an gone! Uood Lord! out at de grounds
gittin' loss were as easy as ketchin' a fly wid
lasses! i seen a white ooman clrap down on
ono o' de benches, jes' a lumbrin'. P'leesman
walk no mo, an' I bleeve I'se axed a hundrt-d
weenie if dev has Kfifid enzzm Kmr nn Mr.
-Ilrw, r Ci-r-i4l.iulcr Urngn .An' ono uv
em axed me ware he a doctor uv loomsv. an
most of 'em didn't say nothin', but jes' starred
at mo iik.0 aey was mjuis or was aeei, i arm-
no which, ana i uon t Keer. Une uv em
aix me whihte I go home and let cuzzin 'Riar
take keer uv huself, likewise Mr. Brown, and
I tolc him I dunno whar I live; 'peer' to me
'twere Bum kind o' tree. Den he call all sort
o' trees, but I couldn' pick out; mine, so he
jes' laffed, and say to nudder man, 'Come to
de galry to see de gals, I spose.' I don't see
nobodv here from my country. Most o' de
peeple peers to me to bo strangers."
"Yes," sez de pleesman, kind o' laffin,
"dere is a good menny on de grouns sum
times which I isn't pusnully 'quainted wid
'em mysef. An' you don't know whar you
"My son do, case he tole 'em whar to kyar
de trunk; but he s in Kichmun, Vergmny.
Pleesman jes bust out laffin. an' sez. sez he
"Well, ma'am, de bes' I kin do for yon is to
telegraf to yo sen m Verginny, and ax him
By dat time I wus as hongry as a dog, and
I ax a man, I say: "Whar kin I go ter git
sumthin tsr eat?" an' he say: "You better
go to Kalyforny." I say: "How I gwine ter
nauiorny an it s mone hity mile trom here t
You can t fool me. Dat's whar 3Ias Jack use
ter go to git gone. You mus' think I ain't
got good sense!" (When I tole Riar dat she
say: "Course he knowed you didn't hav good
sense, dout he war as big a fool as you is; an'
Lord knows I ain't see nobody dat looked
like it") Den I got mashed up gin a great
big pickchur uv a great big ooman fightin buz-
yards. fane done killed hve or six men an
hung 'em up. I hearn a gemman tell a lady.
"Dat's Rizper. How you like it? I calls it
gran'. Den she stick a little fat spy-glass
wid two chimbleys to it in her eye. Time
she got it up sumbody knocked her
elbow clean out o' sight. Dan
she try agin, an sumbody gin her
shuv an skint de ride of her noze. Den she
take aim again on sumbody ram his hat gint
it an like ter put her eye out. Den she say
how itizper were sweetly pntty, and gin
up de spy-glass. I keep long o'dese two cos
de man peered hungry, and I heem him say
he were bode, and 1 kaowed boom house were
a eatin house, an I thout he might; be a goin
to it Prcv... - hole her head on one side
an rite in auttte book an he ax her, "What
you sayin bout dese two? Dev is world-de
round pickchurs." She say. "I marked dat
dey is small but ha.3 hevy frames." Heklard
his throte an sez, "Less go look at theGin
rul's karridge." So I keeps up wid em, an
gret day! Tarn't nothing but a ole yarller
hack which Miss lxmlie wouldn t a toch ner
foot to it! Freshly de man say how he could
bow down fore it; so it say to myself, "Ef he
dat big a fool, he mout be fool nuf to go dout
his dinner, bo 1 goes on. Jess as I was lel
en em, a man cum up wid black specktickles
on, an a string hangm over his noze, an a lit
tle ritin book m Ids nand. He look right hard
at me an he say to nudder man, "Here are a
five specimen of de Gipstim mummy!"
'Recklv he say dat de crowd gin to po roun
me and stare at me, fell de harriz up all over
my? Dey tell me she's ober hvo thouzin year
ole!" Gfet day in de mornin! I were dat
skeered de cole chills pode down my back an
I took out! While I were a mnnin I sez to a
man, "How you git out o' here?" "Fra de
gate," says he, like I didn't know dat, ef I
knowed whar de gate wor. Lor! dem Filly
devils ain't got no manners an a fus3 class
Well, I run to a place whar dey called it a
gate; a kind o' cage dat turns roun', anil I
went de wrong way an it but me spang in de
eye, an aman say, "Look sharp push on!"
Den de piece o' gate behind niGgimmo a shuv
in de back, an 1 looked aroun to see who
done it; cos I knowed I had'n drne nothin to
nobody, an I see no people gittin caught in
de same trap, an here de man say "Hurry up!
hurry up!" an de thing gimme nudder shuv,
an good lord! fore I know'd whar I was I
war landed out in de street, 'long o' hosses,
an omnibuses, an folks in kyars, an ole crit
ters sellin apples, an sassy little boys dat it
warnt mom twelve-year sence dey was !om,
an dey was fifty in how dey looked, an a hun
dred in what dey knowed; and some on 'em
was pokm gokes at you, and some had pape.s
on der arms an was hollerin bout de "lauic3
patches!" (ul-mannered beings) an great big
men was sellin little bit o' buckets, an baig
gin you ter buy lether strops, an you ain't got
no manner o' use for em; an tryin ter sell
you tops, which you did'n want no top, an
everybody a pushin, an a crowdin, an a hur
ryin, an rhixm up wid dd horses an de omni
busses, an de street kyars; an jes barly not
gittin knocked down, while dey was tryin ter
keep from being run over! Yes, chile! You
i3pintelyget ter "look sharp," an "hurry
up," an "push on" in Fillydelfy.
No, honey! Dbn't talk to tne bout no mo
Augusta Chronicle and SentraeL
A few months ago an elegantly dressed
woman, the wife of a rich merchant, was so
drunk in a Baltimore street that she could not
stand, and a policeman arrested her. Her
husband secured her release, and the inci
dent was made a secret jhe promised never
to drink intoxicating liquor again. Lately
she was found lying drank in a gutter, and
this time the husband would do nothing to
hide her shame. She was publicly fined m a
police court, and discarded by her family.
We can't say that the husband was nbt right;
no man likes to have a drunken wife, we sup
pose, uai suppose every woman whose hus
band was found drunk m the street should
cast him off, what a fine crop of grass-widows
mere wouia pe in the united btates.
From the Spanish of Jose Rosas, a Meacxan poet.)
THK OIAb AXU THE SVS.
wiLuut ccllex BRTAyr w "cmmcn raws ."
A dial, looking from a stately tower,
While from ner cloudless path In heaven the sun
Shono on Its disk, as hour succeeded hour.
Faithfully marked their flight till day was done.
Fair was that elided dlslc: but when, nt last.
Night brought the shadowy hours 'twlxt eve and'
No longer that fair disk for those who passed
Measured and marked the silent flight of time.
The human mind, on which no hallowed light
Shines from the sphere beyond the starry train.
Is Itko the dlM's glided disk at night.
Whose cunning tracery exists In vain.
THE BEXGAXi CYCJLOXE.
Particulars of Its Destructive Effects
Thousands or Sleeping Human
Uelnsi Swept into a Watery
Grave An Overwhelm
The Poor Crcntnre Overtaken at Mid
night by the IlathlcsH Destroyer
Au Iinmentio IMntrlet of the
;Country Covered with
the Ilodlen of the
The Calcutta correspondent of the London
Times, writing under date of November 17th,
furnishes the followingparticulars concerning
the appallijig cyclone in Bengal. He prefaces
thA narrative by saying: On the night of
the thirty-first of October Eastern Bengal wa3
visited by one of the most destructive storms
on record. The districts which suffered most
are so shut oat from the rest of the country
that it is only within the last two or three
days that we have received any authentic de
tails of the disaster. Indeed, it is as yet im
possible to estimate accurately tho loss of life
or the damage to property. But the return
of the lieutenant-governor from Backergunge
and Noakholly, whither he had hastened on
his first hearing of the calamity, has put us
in possession of information which, if not yet
full, is at any rate enough f ' ve some idea
of the havoc wrought bj stem.
THE DISTRICTS '-nMEKQED.
A glance at the map of I cngal will give a
general idea of the positions of the districts
which suffered most, and without some such
idea it will be diflic-jilfc to follow the story.
To the southward of Dacca the eastern chan
nels of the Ganges, uniting with the Brahma
pootra, form a broad estuary known as the
Meghna. At the point where the Meghna
joins the sea it has on its western bank the
district ot Uackergunge, and on its eastern
shore the district of Noakholly. Near the
point of the junction of the sea and the river
are several islands, three ot which, viz., UaJc
hin ShahabazporOj Hattiahand Sundeep, con
tained a population of three hundred and
forty thousand persons. The district of Tip
perah lies to the north and west, and that of
Chittagong to the southwest of Noakholly.
All the districts named are thickly inhabited
and prosperous. Blackergunge was excep
tionally well to do. It has long been famous
for its rice crops, and thPharvest must be an
unusually bad one when this district does not
export a large quantity of food, after having
amply provided for its own wants. The whole
country is covered with paddy fields, the vil
lages standing among them like islands in
the ocean. As a general rule these villages
consist of from eight to twelve houses, and
stand at intervals of a mile or two. Dowlut
Khan, in Dahkin Shahabazpore, is the only
village of any size in the islands, and ia the
station of a deputy magistrate and civil court.
ORIGIN OF THE CYCLONE.
The cyclone appears to have had its origin
somewhere in the eastern portion of the Bay
of Bengal, probably a little to the north of
the Aaamans. Proceeding in a northerly
direction, it first struck the land at the island
of Sundeep and on the coast of Chittagong.
It would then appear to have gone north, and,
after getting to some distance inland, to have
turned round and swept down the Meghna,
carrying with it an enormous storm wave, or,
I should say rather, a succession of storm
waves. At any rate this description of the
course of the cyclone is apparently the only
one which will account for the differences in
the marks left at Dakhin, Shahabazpore and
Hattiah from those to the east in Sundeep
and Chittagong. In the two first-named places
the lic of the trees and rains would seem to
indicate that they wero blown down fcr ro-i;
rooted by a storm or wave irom the north,
while m the other two the destruction seems
to have come from a southerly quarter.
APPALLING SCENES AND TEIUUFIC LOSS OF
Be this as it may, there can be no doubt of
the lact that about midnight, and without
warning of any kind, the three islands of
Dakhin Shahabazpore, Hattiah and Sundeep
were entirely submerged. A number of the
inhabitants, startled from their sleep, took
reiuge in the trees, which most tortunately
surrounded every village, and they alone were
saved. Many, unable to reach the trees,
climbed on to the roofs of their houses.
There they found only temporary safety, for
the water, rushing into the houses to the
depth of twenty feet, soon burst off the roofs,
and the receding waves carried them out to
sea, with the unhappy wretches still clinging
to them. Some few of the people of Sundeep
were drifted on roofs or planks across the
channel to the mainland, a distance of ten
miles. Every soul who was caught by the
water before he hail made for a tree or a roof
was drowned at once; and it is hanlly an ex
aggeration to say that the early morning of
the hrst saw all the survivors ot the popula
tion of the three islands I have named, as well
as of the seaboard of the adjoining mainland,
perched in the trees whicn alone remained
visible above the water. It is difficult to say,
and perhaps it will never be accurately
knowu,what was the exact loss of life on that
night. The first reports we received in Cal
cutta put it at twenty thousand. Subse
quently the number wa3 said to be
forty thousand, and then one hundred and
fifty thousand, but since the return of the
lieutenant-governor's party I have learned
that, after a careful examination of reports
from the several police stations, the loss of
life cannot have been less than two hundred
and fifteen thousand persons. When we re
member that three islands, themselves con
taining at least three hundred and forty
thousand souls, were almost in a moment
submerged under from twenty to thirty feet
or water, the storm-wave from the sea meet
i g the storm-wave from the Meghna, a ter-
i ic gale blowing au tne time and not an men
i high ground on which to take refuge,
x Jthing, in fact, but the trees when we re
member all this, the only marvel is that a
single person escaped to tell the tale of the
awful night. It was remarked by the lieu
tenant-governor s party, during their tour
through the districts and islands, that in
every house at which they made inquiries
they were told that one or more members of
the family had perished.
niOBABLE OUTBREAK OF EPIDEMIC DISEASE.
It is some satisfaction to know that this
calamity i3 not likely to give rise to much
material distress among the people. If the
people of Backergunge and Noakholly can
only tide over the next two or thrpc week3 no
appiehension need be entertained. Mean
while relief centres have been established,
and the officers of government have bee. ;u
structed to give assistance to all who reily
need it. An outbreak of epidemic disease is
what is now most to bo feared,and it is said
that cholera has already made its appearance
in Noakholly. Seeing that dead bodies of
men and cattle, and debris of all kinds are
scattered over" the country, it seems likely
that the disease may spread to Backergunge.
Chittagong and other districts. Among the
other inconveniences suffered by the people is
the I033 of all thei. boats no slight calamity
in the Gangetic dslta where wheeled con
veyances are unknown, ihe cattle, too,
have been almost all swept away. Society
was, for a time at least, utterly disorganized.
The police were drowned, almost to a man,
and most of the civil officers on the islands
perished. In former days the psople of those
parts bore an evil name, and were reputed to
be given to robbery and theft. For a few
days it appeared as if, among the general
confusion, the survivors were about to fall
back on the ways cf their fathers. But the
energy ot the district omcers, backed by a
large body of police from the neighboring
collectorates, soon restored order, and now
everything is quiet and peaceable. I do not
know that the history of India records any
storm so instantaneous and so disastrous in
its effects a3 was the cyclone of the thirty-first
of October. The details which have como to
hand show that the cyclone of the thirty-first
did infinitely more damage to life, and per
haps to property too, than any other storm
that has been known in India within living
The Shaughraun is well suited to the
Christmas season, it is so full of merriment
and good humor. Mr. Boucicault's kmdly
genius supplies "Conn" with touches of
pathos even in Ins most irrepressible humor,
and the entire performance cannot but add a
pleasure to the Christmas week. On Mon
day an extra performance will be given. The
Shaughraun will be withdrawn from Wal
lack's next month, when Forbidden Fruit
will be revived. This will ba followed hv
AU For Her, in which Mr. Wallack has ap
peared with great success in Boston.
Ruff's T1POT BtJTTlMhrtin- 7- ll. IT..
,. 7, .".(muiij , j,, ,c ymij was
hissed down at the Lpinsin ClcTrx7r?nrf,.
cert cf October 26th. At the concert of No
vember 2d a concertino for the trombone, by
Ferdinand David, was played.
Great Excitement at Mycenre Over the
Tomb Treasures High)- Interest
ing Account of nn Ancient
All Genuine Students of Ancient His
tory Are Rejoiced that UIn He
searches Should Have Been as
HucceuHfuI as They Are.
Tho London Times has a correspondent at
Leipsic, who, under date of the ninth in
stant, makes public the following interesting
particulars concerning the treasure trove at
You will have a full account of tho treas
ures found in the tombs at Mycenaj as soon
as Dr. Schliernann can leave the mouth of the
rich mine which he has opened, and change
the pickaxe for the pen. The excitement at
Mycenas is great. Hundreds of people were
present when the rock-cut tombs were
opened and the treasures brought to light,
one after the other. The Greek government
had thought it necessary to order the governor
of the province to be present, and the governor
nas required me presence ot two more ornoals
from Athens. All this causes trouble and
delay, and Dr. Schhemann has no easy task
with his navvies and photographers and offi
cials and governors all bnzzinfr about bin
trenches. No doubt he may be considered at
tne present moment the luckiest man in
Europe; but it should not be forgotten how
i .t.- , - , ...
muun in tuts gionous aiscovery 13 uue to nis
tact, amounting almost to diviniation, to his
perseverance, and to his generosity. I give
a iew extracts irom ni3 last letter to me,
dated Mycemc. November 27th:
"You will soon receive a more complete re
port, but in the meantime a foretaste of what
is to come may be agreeable. In the same
tomb of which I wrote you in my last letter I
have just discovered what I take to be- tho
skeleton ot a woman, judging from the small
teeth and the female ornaments -with which
the bones were covered. The two earrings
are treasures in themselves. There were be
sides pendants of precious stones (red), hun
dreds of large and small leaves of gold, every
one entirely covered with Boiral ornaments
and circles. When, after having dug out
mountains oi eartn, i began to remove tha
8tone3 and rubbish of the lower layer, I
struck on tho large gilded silver cow-head
(sic) with a pigeon on each handle ( who does
nottninKoi .Nestor 8 cuprj three cups with
only one handle, and an enormous vase of
pure gold, richly ornamented. I found about
two hundred gold buttons, very large and
splendidly engraved; an immense golden
telamonne, richly ornamented, which I first
mistook for a belt nine silver vases, one or
more of them gilded, ten very large vessels
of bronze. All this was found before liardly
one-third of the tomb had been emptied.
The bones which I found are like the bones of
giants, of extraordinary size, and the teeth
very large, ihere were close to them two
large heaps of lances and swords of bronze.
Manv swords shnwpd th rcmnina nF
wooden handles, ornamented with innumer
able gold puis. The handle of one sword
was entirely of gold. There is no end of
smaller objects, all of gold, which had been
wjv. i ui kwiu, y,! m uucu
. V. ..... 1. V V. .1VM1J LU1UH1UV.1LU MUU1C9
of the roval deceased. For instance, n man
with a pigeon on his head, a sea-horse, a lion,
a man whose physiognomy resembles the
Medusa wmcn .Perseus kills on one ot the
bas-reliefs at Selinuat two warriors fighting,
etc. Here is an epoch of art fully recovered
which was hitherto hardly unknown except
bv the three friezes in fht British mnspnm
Tho tomb is the tomb which the tradition of
the ancients assigned to the king of men, the
noble Agamemnon, to Cassandra, to Euryme
don and their companions. I say no more at
present. henry sctiliehann."
Dr. Schliernann sends us the fifth and sixth
instalments of his report on the previous ex
cavations at Mycena;:
'MV lnaf. lpffAT- wad nf fTin ciMrnnfl, Jnafnrif
and I have confined the excavations ever since
with the utmost vigor, employing constantly
one hundred and twenty-five laborers and
five horse-carts. In the treasury the difficul
ties were far greater than I anticipated, par
ticularly as the delegate of the Greek govern
ment opposed the removal of the fonnd-aHnna
oi it rteiiemc nousc just Deiow me lower part
- tt 11 - i - , , , , . .
of the 'dromos. Thus I have been unable
to clear the latter of the rubbish, nine feet
deep, which still covers its pavement, and
have only succeeded in clearing out the thirteen-foot
long and eight-foot broad passage
of the entrance, and the central part of tho
treasury, comprising a space of sixty square
teet, around wmcn i leave a nine-leet high
and ten-feet thick border cr rage stones and
ruDDisn. as soon as tne ureeE government
t t ft it r
consents to the removal of th.1 afoiesaid rnin.
which has not the slightest value to science.
I shall at once do the remainder of the work.
out certainly not sooner. iX3 xwo-'Toramns-
to the right and left of the eni ranee were not
quadrangular, as I supposed, but fluted half
columns, one of which four feet three inches
mgh and one foot four inches broad was
lonnd in the passage near the door. At nine
and a half feet below the latter the 'dromoa'
is shut up by a five-foot high wall of square
calcareous stones, ine door ot me treas
ury has the enormous hight of eigh
teen feet five inches, and is eight feet four
inches, broad. Un me threshold, which cons
sists of a very fine calcareous stone, and i-
two ieet nve inches broad, 1 tound a very
it 1 1 - r f tm rm m .
mm rouna ieai oi goia. ine noor ot the
treasury was covered with a coating of sand
and chalk, traces of which are visible in
manv places; it slopes toward the center,
which is one foot below the threshold. There
was found in the treasury a large fragment
of a frieze of bluemarble,with an ornamenta
tion representing a circle and a row of fish
spine; further are blades of bronze five and a
naif to six and a half inches long, and a Juno
idol, of the usual form, with two horns.
Treasure may be hidden in the large border
of stones and rubbish which I have been
forced to leave behind, but I hardly belief
it. Considering that very ancient fragments
of pottery were found exclusively in the
'dromos,' and on the other hand a variety
of potsherds of different ages in the treasury
itself. I feel convinced that only the
Jdromos' and the entrance were covered up
in high antiquity, that tho treasury remained
empty, and that the fragments of vases new
found in it were contained in the thick layer
of rubbish which covered the upper vault
when, fifty-six years ago, Veli Pasha, the
son of Ali Pasha, tried to force an
entrance by this way. In the acropolis I
have entirely cleared out the passage south of I
enormous threshold of the latter, which con
sists ot a htteen-toot ion.
)ng. etrbt-toot broad.
very hard calcareous block. The ruts caused
by chariot-wheels, of which all guide-books
speak, exist in the imagination ot enthusias
tic travelers only, but not in reality. The
different monumenta which I have brought to
light in close proximity to the Lions gate,
such as tho immense double parallel row of
closely-joined slabs, the gigantic sepulchres,
etc., have since a very remote antiquity barred
the access of chariots to the acropolis. No
doubt the fifteen small, straight parallel fur
rows, which are cut all along the threshold,
have been mistaken for ruts of chariots. The
opening of the gateway widens from the top
downward, it is ten and two-thirds feet high,
and the width of the door is nine and a half
feet at the top and ten and a half feci below.
In the fifteen-foot long and eight-foot broad
lintel arc the six-inch, deep holes for tho
hinges, and in the two uprights, which is
covers, are four quadrangular holes for the
bolts or bars. There is a one-foot three-inch
long and one-foot broad quadrangular hole in
tho jaidst of the threshold, where, the two
wings of the gate joined. The threshold
further shows, on its east side, a cne-fooi
bread, artifitiallyjcut, straight furrowj and on
itj west aid'', another which forms a. curro;
Iwth seem to have served aa channels for tbn
rain-water, the rush of which munt havfb'ien
great, the threshold being lower than tLi
rock of the passage, which gradually rires.
In the side of the threshold which faces the
north is a long, artificial hole af a peculiar
form, which in some way or other must have
been connected with the gate, for a cutting
of perfectly the same form exists in the "Jarge
flat stone in the midst of the Scffianoste at
Troy. On the Buffix of the gate stands a tri
angular slab of gray calcareous 8 tone, ten
feet high, twelve feet long, and Wo feet
thick, upon the face of which are represented
in high relief two animals, hitherto thought
to be lions, standing on tneir. long-stretched
hind legs and resting with their fore-paws on
either side of an altar, in the midst of which
is a column, which becomes broader toward
the top, and has a capital ornamented with
four circles,, inclosed between two horizontal
fillets. This ornamentation is peculiar to
Mycenaj. The general belief that tho heads
of the two animals are broken off is wrong, for
on close examination I find that they were
not cut out of the same stone together
with the animals, but-that they were made
separately and fastened on them with bolts;
most probably they were- of bronze and
gilded. The straight cuts and the borings
in the necks of the animals can leave no
doubt that they were pnt in separately. Qw
ing to the narrowness of the c the heads
must have been exceedingly i.v-1' ; d must
hare been facing the spectator. As ated in
my first letter from Mycena;, the great re
semblance of the homed animal m one of
the bas-reliefs in the acropolis to the ani
mals on the gate makes, me believe that the-
latter were also fantastical antrcau with
horns. At a distance of ejevn and a half
feet from the threshold is on cither side of
the pahag, as m Troy, a Quadrangular cy-
clopean masonry," two feetbroad and high!
una three leeviong, wmcn marks the' site of
a second, gate. -nENHX ecexiemann,
Mtcbcs. - , .
JJT haiig Teltgravfc- Priam's wkpl.e
treasarc-houseVrftr aVordiceuldV hardly have-held-U
more brave store than that wmctx-thu
determined archaeologist has rpoted up. out ot
the undulating turf where, tradition declares
Mycenas to have stood. He has not, it is true,
yet succeeded in lighting npea tho chariot ia
which Apungmnon returned from Troy; the
tenpenny piece or bous megos, with which,
according to iEschynie, his wife bribed the
faithful sentry; the bath into which he was
persuaded to gut, the net that was thrown
over him, or tha ax with which he was slam.
On the other hand, he may console him lf
with the reflection tliat nobody ever expected
him to find these particular relics, and that
all genuine students of ancient history are
rejoiced that his researches should have been
as successful as they undoubtedly are.
HAZARDOUS HATES ENTERPRISE.
Another Plan for Bulldozing Tilden
through the Aid or Monthern Mem
bers of Congress. among them
Hon. Casey Young.
A Libel Upon Our Hemnhis 3Iemberof
the House-Object of the Conspira
cy and 3IortouM Chances for
Spoils A Xlce Game.
In giving place to the following letter,
which we copy from the New York Herald,
it u due to Hon. Casey Young to say that he
is as far removed from participoncy in the
scheme herein proposed as Governor Tilden
is himself, and that he could not be induced
to lend himself for a moment to so gross a
wrong to his party:
Cincinnati, December 24. I have had a
long and full conversation with a gentleman
who has, within three or four days, loft
Washington, whither he went to take part in
the movement so much spoken of lately to
win some southern men over to Gorernor
Hayes, and the following account, which I
take from his conversation and from that of
influential and intimate friends of Governor
Hares, may, I beliere, be relied on as correct
and authentic. Briefly stated, these are the
main features of what Governor Haves and
his friends hope to accomplish.!
There have been in Washington careful
negotiations with different southern men to
bring them over to the support of Governor
Hayes. Some of these have failed; Mr. La
mar, for instance, is counted out ; Mr. Ben
Hill, though a promising subicct for a while.
is no longer depended on. Several Tennessee,
rtorth Carolina, Missouri and Mississippi con
gressmen, prominent among th -m Mr. Casey
Young and Senator Alcorn, are now believed
to be willing to lead a break from the Demo
cratic ranks, and the design is to push the
work of making converts until at last twen
ty-five, and, if possible, thirty southern Dem
ocratic members shall agree and bind them
selves to commit their fortunes to Governor
Hayes. Members with Whig antecedents
are sought oat as being most likely to sym
pathize with this movement, and 1 judge that
every member of either house of such ante
cedents has before this been sounded, and a
considerable number are at least thinking
over the propositions mad-? to them.
These propositions "include for prominent
men the offer of office under the governor's
administration; for all. tlie energetic support
oi me reaerai administration under i'resi-
aent nayes,witn an understanding mat those
now give their aid to the governor shall
tike thf TllilPPS Of Hip prirTVtlllfTmM In ihr.
Federal offices in the soutu, and that the car
petbag governments shall have no favor
shown them. It is understood that Governor
Hayes will make a clean sweep of the leading
men under the present administration as soon
as possible after he becomes President
But the governor ha3 been advised tn mnlro
no public declaration on the subject at this
time, nor until after he has been declared
elected, because it is thought imprudent for
him now to challenge in this way the hostility
of influential persons in the present adminis
tration. While, therefore, I have certain as
surances that the governor is in entire har-
mony with his zealous friends, and has given
them full authority to act and promise for him.
he has not in any public way committed him
self, and will not
The obiect of securincr twentr-firo or
thirty members southern members of the
I uicuiiraa auuuiciu U1CJ
house of representatives is this: It is planned
by me governors mends to insist on the
President counting the electoral vote.
It is believed that the deliberafion3 of th
joint committee can be so managed that it
shall make no report until the riav set for the
counting of the vote. It is then expected
that the Democrats in the house will either
refuse to go to the senate for a joint meeting
or that having met there, thev rrHl resist tha
oner oi me vice-rresiaent to coant ana ae;
clare the vote, and return to their own cham?
ber. In that case, either tho Repnblicana"
will refuse to go with them, or train"-, thev
"will move irr UjC Louse- that ifc-j Vice-I'rai-
dent shall count and declare the vote. In
either case the southern Havio Ddocrata
are to act and vote with the Republican;,
and by doing so give them a majority.
Supposing a full house, it would rennire a
change of thirty-five votes to overcome the
Democratic majority of seventy; but the
house of representatives is rarely full, and it
is taken for granted that some Democrats will
be absent on this occasion, so that thirty
votes may answer. It is also believed that so
many men changing at such a time will de
moralize others and lead them either to ab
sent themselves or to follow what will appear
to be the winning side.
SECURING A REGULAR COUNT.
Supposing the plan successful so fur. of
course the Republicans will hare a majority
in both houses, and this majority will, by a
vote of both houses, give the counting of the
vote to the Vice-fresident He will there
upon go on to open, count and declare the
votes, determining which are the proper re
turns; and, while the recent developments in
Florida seem to augur trouble m the vote of
that State, the Vice-President will hold that
he cannot go behind the regular returns, and
will fling himself upon the two houses, While
these, both having under the supposed case a
Republican majority, will refuse also to go
behind those returns which the Vice-President
will have read. In this way; if the
southern votes can be got and held. Governor
Hayes will be declared President without in
formality or irregularity of any kind, and the
Democrats will have no peg to hang resist
ance upon. A regular and lawful majority
in each bouse will carry and rastifv everv
step of the proceedings.
. -- n - -,- - - - -
THE CHANCES OF SUCCESS.
I remarked to my friend that there wna .1
certain amount of risk in Uus plan. For in
stance, if it were discovered. Messrs. f!himl-
Jer and Cameron might not favor it. He re
plied, "Governor Hayes and Senator Morton
had a KSg talk when Morton went out to In
diana me other day. llayes satined Morton,
and I guess he'll hive to let him in, and has
told him so, for Morton is happy. Of course
somebody ha3 got to be left out But the
danger is not so great as yon think. The
Republicans of all sorts will have to come m
whether they want to or not Party disci
pline wQl keep them from kicking out of tho
traces, and, beside, where can they go? They
may not like Hayes, in fact they don't; but
they hope for more from hlin than they could
from Tilden. I have not much renr on thst
fcoad; let us only get the southifm men, and
I beLove we can get them. They're mighty
hungry, and the eld Whigs down south don t
agree well with the Democrats anyhow."
PRETTY A3 IT STANDS.
It seems to me what thoy cai' on the river
a pretty fine game; but after -ui it may suc
ceed, it the governor plays it uae enough. If
he can bag his southern men, he tan go in
under the constitution, and he toliaves that
if he does ncigo in itv.aibo bwi.ior the
pocr negroes down nrfh, znd that ic nut
nim iit tne Whito Fciif voulrt !j an actof
hnnuuiity. For my part, i bc'irjve tie gov
ernor means well, and if he gtli in he
will do his best to make a good admmistra
tion. Fairbanks Scales,
ORGILL BROTHERS & CO., Agents.,
310 and 312 Front Street.
A NICE assortment of English Double-Barrel
Guns and Wostenhohn-'s rocket Cutlery, Scis
sors, Bazors, etc
Orgill Brothers Co
Direct Importers. 310 and 312 Front Street.
Hoffman Patent Steel Plows,
W. Clore's Genuine farjtt&vxs
rnrn Hoffman Faat SteefTvw HatsM tnven-
jl ventlon of i. 4" "vr
on sight. It ha a cutter attached tor plowing ta
bard ground..-nd also fOTbsartosoff cotton, tor
loose group plowing tho Cutter an be readily re
moved, call and see IS at
OKGLLXi BROTHERS & CO.,
Solo Agents for Wm. Gore's Plows,
31 o and 31S Front Street.
Avery Plrjw Agency. J
HAYTVr) beer apBOlntea B7 netucs. a. r . atctt
Sons their soIeAients for the-sale of their
Flows and other unplemejis la Memphis, weiuo
bow prepared to nil orden irom thts-j pointer Lo9i
Tllle. 4000 now J11 a tore Frompi andean
fi! tSenUon to an ruersv" -
ORGILL BROTHERS & CO.
Hardware, Cutlery and Agrlcultura
S10 and 312 Front Street, Memphis,