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EVENING LEDGEBOPHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, SEPtCEMBEB 21, 191g.
EVENING ti$$ LEDGER
PUI1LIC LEDGER COMPANY
CmtS H K. CtmTIS. Pbmidknt.
Qeo. VT. Cchu SMretnrr, John C Mftrtln, Treasurer-,
Char) H. I.udlngton, rhlllp S. Collln, John B WIN
EDITORIAL BOAP.D I
CtiEi II K CrRTiB, Chairman
P. It. WHAt.Br KterutlTg Editor
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APrltCATION JtAtiK AT TI1R flllLAtin fltll rO'TOFItCB JOB
rstHi a a ari-oND- t ts vmi jiAttrn
ritllADHl'IIH, MOMH1, HTkVIIIHI 21, 1011
Tear Down the Mark Hag
TIIK country will not fnll to appreciate
whero Pctinsjlvanln stands If Pcnrosclsm
Is repudiated iintl Doctor Urumbaugh la trl
umphantlj elected It will bo a message to
tho Villon th.it the Keystone State Is per
meated with devotion to Republican prin
ciples and her Ideals Imbedded In a molality
that cannot be bought or sold. Every hopo
of Republican rehabilitation is fixed on the
Pennsjlvanln campaign. This Is the crucial
State, for hire It It that discredited leader
ship Is making It final stand for vindica
tion. 'With the disruption of Ponroseism
tho last of the parasites will be torn loose
from the p.artj body. It will at length bo
free, free to grow, freo to btenthe. freo to
absorb Invigorating elements, free to fight,
ns tho joung giant onco fought befoie, for
a great and vital economic program, Penn
sjlvanln Is tho only fitato left with a black
flag nailed to the ma&thead of tho party
organization, and Pennsjlvanln is going to
tear It down.
Tragedies of the Commonplace
TIIK great dramatic moments of llfo do not
ordinarily tako place In earthquakes nnd
shipwrecks Nor are tho tragedies of nonnal
exlstenco confined to million-dollar thefts,
sudden death and bloodshed "Tho gieat
American play must deal with problems that
confront every man and woman," declared
Miss Helen "Ware the other day, through the
columns of this newspaper Miss Waro cited
tho domestic debacles which result from ex
travagant living as being tho basis for mod
ern tragedies of Shakespearean calibre
The time has assuredly come when tho se
rious dramatist should eschuw medieval
romance and tragedy for tho even greater
romance and traged of present-day life.
How can tho Imbroglio of a ICth century
klngdomette compare with the colossal drama
of our national finance and commercial war
fares? Tho great drama, the trenchant mu
sical corned j, the apropos sketch-satire must
deal, if it bo In tho spirit of tho times, with
themes familiar to evcrjday life, as Intimate
to every man and woman as knives and
forks, soap and water, neckties and hairpins
It Is tho Fmall things of llfo that aro of
prodigious Importance A fly in the coffco
may poison th nectar of love It is not Im
possible by anj means to Imagine the bland,
complacent husband, addicted to his evening
newspaper, whipped to a truly Shakespearean
thirst for murder by tho bridge or euchre
obsessed wlfo pestering him nightly to play
a game The egg cooked a mlnuto too long
dally and the neglected laundrj persistently
lacking buttons might readily bring a bliss
ful couple to tho divorce court, and the want
of kitchen or general economy drive an
ctasperated husband to tho saloon, tho club
ortheuseof a concrete rlub, oreven murder.
One of tho leading sulfragf-ttes in America
was goaded to deert her spouse, and thence
to become an opponent of militancy, by her
husband's falling to agree with hr In regard
to tho rights of labor unions' Cortes,
comedy material worthy of a modern Aris
tophanes, or the highest flights of Bernard
Shaw or George Cohan!
Too Big a Price to Pay
WHEN men of the stamp of McKinley and
Dlngley wrote tariff bills there was no
doubt of the country's devotion to the prin
ciple of protection. Tho nation wants pro
tection now, but thinks, and rightly thinks,
that Penroselsm la too big a price to pay for
'r. Pennsylvania can pauperise tho party in
the rest of the nation if It wishes, by elect
ing Mr Penrose, but nowhero elso do men
believe that progress can bo made by back
stepping An ambassador to Washington
who represented motlej elements of organ
ized corruption Instead of tho peoplo of
Pennsylvania m'sjht talk loud, but ho would
tall; vainly In tho Capitol There is a Chinese
wall between the millions who want protec
tion and protection Itself. That wall is Pon
roselsm, and until It la battered down tho
freo traders will continue their experimen
tations at Washington.
"To All Lovers of Fair Play"
FOP. a good many yeara Prof. Hugo
Muensterberg has been a welcome so
journer in this country His Interpretations
of Amorltan life from the dual standpoint of
a German and a psy hologtst have been mot
Interesting and valuable. We knew him as
"Professor Muen&terberg of Harvard" and
wish a long duration of his ambassadorship.
Uo has Just published a new book, called
"Amerha and tho War." and dedicated It
"to all lovers of fair play." In it ho de
clares that tho American people have fanned
their opinions concerning the European wor
with the unanimity of sheep. He sajs that
their anti-German attltudo Is akin to tho
American ponchant for lynching, and that It
Is the product of auto-suggestion, induced
and fostered by colored news from England.
Trance and Belgium. Popular Ignorance Is
tho cause of this hostility. Professor Muen
sterberg Implies that sjrapathy with Ger
many is the outcome of education and
Whatever may ho the. faults of American
public opinion, this attack on It Is not likely
to further the purpose of the book. More
over, It probably would turprise Professor
Muensterberg to know to what extent
readers of war news In this country have
taken Into account the sources of it. H is
an American habit In forming opinions to
consider where tho information comes from.
When President Wilson told tho Belgian
envoys and cabled tho German Emperor that
the Government In Washington would not
attempt to render Judgment on the ques
tions that had been presented to him he was
speaking officially, but he reflected the gen
eral sentiment of tho American peoplo In
favor of neutrality of thought ns well as of
speech and action, so far ns such neutrality
Is consistent with a man's respect for his
A Professor Describes n "Machine"
possmrjY Professor William Mllllgan
Sloano, In lecturing beforo German stu
dents at Berlin and Munich on "Party Gov
ernment In the United States," had Ponroso
lsm In mind when ho said: "Where tho or
ganisation of party Is known as tho 'ma
chine,' both place and money bribery abound,
and tho sllmo of tho serpent Is on every po
litical and social Institution becaitso It la on
the hearts of the men and women concerned,
tho people who set up nnd work the vvholo
mnchlnery of llfo Tho fountain cannot rlso
nbovo Its sourco except by artlflco, there nro
times and places where party machinery bo
comes so foul that It Is clogged and stopped."
Spending Money on the Wrong Things
THE Municipal Court has niado ono record
which Is not likely soon to be broken:
Its p.xtravngaiico has become n standard of
ineasuiement. Not content with tho lux
urious quarters now assigned to It, It wants
a building of Its own. Tho acquiescent Com.
mltteo on I'lnnnco has provided In tho loan
bill tho sum of $400,000 for this purpose. It
would bo a lino thing for Philadelphia to
have a new public building, or several of
them, and when some of the constitutional
restrictions of tho city's borrowing capacity
tiro removed It might ho good policy to build
thorn. Hut Just now there are far more exi
gent needs for nil tho cash available. It Is
very obvious that sound business policy does
not dictate In nil Instances tho financial
program of Councils.
Facts Their Best Argument
FACTS will bo fighting on the side of tho
Eastern railroads whan, nest month, they
go boforo tho Interstate Coinmoico Commis
sion to renew tholr petition for freight rato
advances. If befoio they could mako a
strong showing, they now cm mako a
brilliant one. Tholr cao Is substantially
A year ago tho main difllculty that con
fronted them was tho high eost of eapltal,
resulting from unsttlsfnctoi, net returns.
That Is tho main dilllculty today, but mean
time tho cost of capital has mounted oven
higher. Not only hnvo net revenues dwindled
because of a shortage In Import nnd cpoit
tialllc, not onlj have Interest, In general,
trafllc, not only hnvo Interest rates, In gen
eral, risen, but a market for tho salo of now
securities Is now non-existent, while upon
the reopening of tho New York Stock Ex
change foreign holders of American lalls nro
likely to flood tho maiket. Higher freight
rates point the obvious way out of this
New Words in An Old Lan"iinc
WHEN, in his study of science, a man
achieves something which is now to the
world. It often happens that his name Is
attached for all subsequent timo to the dis
covery which ho makes or tho theory which
ho formulate!, Tho namu of Copernicus thus
becomes an adjective In rufeionco to the
Copernican theory Tho name of Darwin ac
quires a suilK In discussions of Darwinism
Tho name of Pasteur is perpetuated In a
verb It is llkewiho In philosophy, In politics,
in religion, with such terms as Hegollanism,
Ltncolnlan statesmanship, Christianity A
man who makes a great contribution to the
world'H thought and the world's history rep
resents somo Idea or principle or achievement
which is so distinctively his own that perhaps
tho language appropiiates his name for its
Sometimes, however, thero is nothing com
plimentary In this philological recognition
To speak of a Machiavellian piopos.il, for ln
ftanco, is not to praise either the proposal
or Machiav elll The gerrymander Is not itself
In good repute, though tho word has a defi
nite and useful meaning Another word of
similar origin, one which is woll understood
all over tho country and even elsewhere, la
Penrosolsm So much for future fame'
True to Their Conventions
THROUGH tho hideous red war-mist two
facts stand out plainly.
One fact Is that Great Britain, with sin
cerity that must be conceded carried out her
wiltten promise, her treatj -plighted word, to
Belgium She knew thero would be a fearful
price to pay, feho didn't falter
Tho other fact Is that President Wilson, in
sisting that this country carry out its
solemn promiso to Great Britain regard
ing non-discrlmlnatlon In Panama tolls,
facing honest difference of opinion as to our
baslo rights, set an example of international
probity and good faith, of the Anglo-baxon
regard for tho sacrcdness of tho spoken und
written promise, which was a splendid fore
runner of Great Britain's action.
That the two great EnglLsh-npf iking na
tions have declared to the world they are
ono In demanding the observanco of interna
tional obligations, no matter what the cost.
Is tho strongest guarantee that future agree
ments will mean what they say ond shall not
bo "scraps of paper," to be torn and tossed
to the winds at the cynical caprice of any
After all. In falrnees, it should not bo for
gotten that there was a time when Elsuss
and Lothringen were original acrman
It Is not so dllTlQult to credit thoso ru
mors of atrocities committed by that bond
of Germans In Belgium German bands aro
famous for their atrocious music.
It is worth while to swallow a wholesomo
Democrat In order to vecure a wholesome Ro.
publican majority in WW
Tho effect of tho decreased Immediate do.
mand for cotton Is not localized in tho South.
It affects the welfare of the entire United
States- The buy-a-balo-of. cotton movement
will not cure the situation, but every little
In these modern days it seems that It
would be more up-to-dato for tho armies to
Now that the New York police have put
a quietus on that man who was renting
babies to criminals for uso at their trials,
he will doubtless complain of it as another
blow at our Infant industries.
Within a year New York city will have
between BO and 60 miles of new subways
ready for operating, within a year Philadel
phia will have to remove about GO or SO miles
of red tupe und other obstructions between
her and the new bubvsujs.
PASSED BY TIIE CENSOR
THE visit to this country of a special Bel
gian Embassy recalls the time spent In tho
United States by LI Hung Chang. Chinese
statesman and admirer of General Grant.
It was his devotion to tho memory of the
American General which nearly precipitated
International complications between tho then
Celestial Empire and old Erin. 1,1 arrived
In New York city nnd, according to the
by-laws of his natlvo land, was not permit
ted to touch his slllt-clnd feet upon heathen
foreign soil. So, wherever ho went, regal
carpets wero laid, or tho old gontlcman was
carried In Sedan chairs.
It was eo when ho visited Grant's tomb on
Rlvcrsldo Drive, New York. Stepping from
his carriage, ho onterod a waiting Sedan
chair. Kour husky Irish pollcomon stepped
forward, red of faco and III at caso. For a
moment thoy hesitated, nno or two essayed
to speak, but emotion ovcrcamo them. Thoy
grasped the handles and Now York wit
nessed tho amazing sight of a Chinaman
carried to an thing but a patrol wagon by
four Irish policemen 1
THEItE was yet another delegation from a
foreign nation In this country, tho threo
Boers, who sought aid In their war against
Britain. No sooner had they landed than nn
enterprising weekly paper commandeered
them and brought them Into a spoclal room
in their hotel, whero tho sun was bright,
and had a photographer tako an evon do?en
pictures In various, more or less graceful, at
titudes. And when tho twelve plates wero devel
oped, Just ono pair of magnificent coattalls
appeared to view! Tho plates had been
light-struck, and tho delegates were on
their wny homo!
IN TIIE dajs whon Brooklyn was yet a
municipal entity, David A. Boody was Its
Mayor. Mr. Boody Is a gentleman to his
linger tips, and was completely out of touch
with tho political gang which ruled tho City
of Churches But ns a Major ho was not al
together a success, for tho "gang" took
great plcastiro In "putting things over on
him." So it was no wonder that ono day
tho telephono In his office rang violently
and nn eclted volco at tho other end of
tho wire Informed tho Mayor that nt a cer
tain number In Bajmond street thcto was
eongreguted tho greatest aggregation of
thieves, cutthroats, burglars and criminals
over gathered under one roof. Tho Major
at onco passed the news to Chief of Pollco
Campbell, who sent u wagonload of pollco
mon to the place.
On a dead run the patrol dashed down
Raymond street nnd drow up beforo tho
Rajmond street Jail!
DURING tho dajs preceding our own war
with Spain, General Wejler was nearly
ljnched In a newspaper office, only he did not
know it, and It Is doubtful whether his
ignorance has been dispelled even now. It
was at the time whon tho chromo news
papers weie out-yellow lug ono another to
tho fullest extent of their Ingenuity nnd
regardless of their financial wounds The
jcllowest ot them all conceived the Idea that
it would be a splendid thing If It could get
Wejlor Into the hands of the Cuban Insui
rectos, obtain his last Mntcment, have him
ljnched nnd then photographed Men were
sent to Cuba to visit the revolutionists, and
all the arrangements for the kidnapping wero
completed, when the proprietor of tho paper
In question backed water, nnd declined to seo
the "enterprise" through. When pressed for
an explanation, ho gave volco to tho follow
ing ctyptic utterance:
"I don't mind being jellow, but I'll be
dashed If I want tho woild to think that I
STILL., being ' purple" is not nearly so bad
as being born to the purple without the
needed financial backing, as was the cao or
I'rcdorlc Lomaltre. tho great French actor
Lemaltro vvnh In debt from tho day of his
lihth to tho daj he died not ordinary Indebt
edness, hut overwhelming flnanclnl obliga
tions. So he spent most of his waking houi3
evolving plans for raising money. And even
now. In its spaie moments, Paris remembers
A now play was billed. Lomaltic was
tho star. At 7 o'clock In the evening, an
hour before tho curtain was to go up, tho
manager received a note from a pawnbroker,
Informing hlm thnt Lemaltro had pawned
himself for 20,000 francs and that thero
would bo no performance unless ho was re
deemed. IIo was.
Another tlnio Paris was amazed whon it
saw Lemaltro driving down tho Bols In a
magnificent equipage, drawn by four white
horses. A friend hailed him from tho side
walk. "You aro a fool, Lemaltro. buying such
an o.penslvo carriage, when you aro head
over heels In debt. Why did jou do it?"
"I had to," responded Lemaltro, sticking
a torn shoo out of tho window. "How tho
deuco could I afford to walk tho street
looking llko that?"
A SIMILAR character, but American, was
John Stotson, tho Boston theatrical man
ngor. Ono afternoon ho arrived at tho
Trcmont Street Theatre and saw a sign
2 P. M.
"Who in blazes Is Sharp? Put Stetson
there," ho thundered, nnd no amount of ex
planation would Induce him to change his
mind But It was whon Baron do Grtmrn,
tho aitlst. stagnd Rider Haggard's "She" for
Stetson, that the latter broke all grammatical
records. In tho play was a lino:
She, who must bo obejed," and Stetson
argued for three blehsod hour?, that It should
havo been "Her, who must bo oboyed "
MRS. ETHEL CAUGHLIN, of Moore's
Flat, Novada, Is desperately anxious to
resign her olllce, but Uncle Sam has declined
with thankh and bo sho i still postmistiess,
a mile from tho nearest habitation, with her
huhband a hundred miles away. Tho Gov
ernment can get no ono elso to tako tho place,
which pays only 110 a month Theio must bo
some ono In charge of the office, so the pleas
and wails of Mrs Caughlin have been un
availing Now she has Induced her bondsmen
to withdraw tholr securltj-, hoping that this
move will force her out of an office that
sought tho woman and, having gained her,
kept her ft Federal prisoner
The Field of Forty Footsteps according to
the legend w us a moudow in old London, on
whoso site the British Museum now stands
It vvus also known as Southampton Field
During the Monmouth rebellion two brothers
espoused opposlto sides and fought a duel
on the meadow. Both were slain and, accord
ing to the story, 40 footprints wero vlslblo
for many ears, for no grass would grow
whero the fratricidal blood had stained tho
Oxtail soup Is of olden origin, dating back
to the Protestant refugees who fled from
Franco after the revocation of the Edict of
Nantes, in 1685. In tho extremity of want
they bought tho tails of oxen from tanners
and made soup therefrom. Accident brought
tho edlblo to tho attention of an epicure, who
liked tho broth so well that ho proclaimed Its
Virtues Until It became a fashionable dish.
Tho title of Prima Minister waB not
ofllcially conferred, but was given In banter
to Sir Robert Walpolo. On February 11, 1712,
ho said In tho Houso of Commons:
"Having Invostcd mo with a. kind of mock
dignity and styled mo n "prlmo minister, tho
Opposition Imputes to mo an unpardonablo
abuse of, tho chimerical nuthorlty which they
only created and conferred."
Somewhere between heaven and earth Is
susponded Mohammed's "stepping stone,"
unless the Moslem legend Is Inaccurate. Ac
cording to this source, when Mohammed
mounted tho beast, Al Borak, on his ascent
to he&vcn, tho stono started to follow him,
whereupon tho prophet laid his hand upon It
and bade It stnj where It was. Hence, to
this dny, tmo believers may see It susponded
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
Tho War Gnmo
French troops check Germans.
Gorman army checks Russians.
Austrlans checked In Gallclo.
Sounds llko tho baggago room of a rail
We'll Leave This Entirely to Our Renders
Correspondent, writing on a letterhead of
tho mental detention room of a local hos
pital, asks whether tho following could bo
called a "poem":
"Glvo credit whom It duo Is
To tho whiskers of Ilnm Lewis."
Wo would NOT call It a poem; what wo
really think of It shall go down Into tho dark
and dank gravo with our mortal remnants.
Wonder Wlint Was Meant
"Tho only homes I want nro Paris and
"Well, jou'd better mako tho most of
Wish Wc Knew a Caption Harrowing Enough
To Do Jmtire to This!
Somo parents think an heir a crying need.
And that's tho waj' ho usually turns out.
From the News Columns
The fall bride Is a wondrous thing
Of furbelows nnd lacis,
As pretty as tho new blown rose
Tho wedding page sho graces.
Tho bridegroom doesn't count at all;
Tho future, glum ho faces;
An ordlnarj mortal, he,
On checks, his name he places.
Honest, Tliis llcally Happened
Wo walked Into a barber shop to havo our
luxuriant curls denatured, dhnlnutcd. sinned,
massaged and otherwise maltreated. Tho
barber went to work with a will and scissors.
Ho clipped and combed and clipped. Ho
spoUo not. Then ho brushed off tho epur
gatcd hair, combed what remained, took off
tho towel about our swan-llko neck; wo paid
him nnd walked out. Strange? Most ius
suredlj', fot he never evon once, much less
oftener, raised a mirror behind us and asked
whether or no tho cut bulted out aesthetic
News Notes From The Aquarium
"Principal Tish About to Resign." Wor
cester, Mats , Gazette.
In The Sanctum
"Havo von a consulting editor?"
"No, nn offlco boj"
The Blow -Out
"What happened to Babjlon?" asked tho
teacher of her Hrookljn el.iss.
"It foil'" cried tho pupil.
"And what became of Ninoveh?'
"It was dostrojed."
"And what of Tvio?"
Western Visitor (nrcosting citizen Can
jou toll mo a good place to stop at?
Cltien Ceitnlnly' Just befoio tho "at."
Good daj, sir. Boston Transcript.
"Havo jou had any experience In tho
'Oh, os, sir; I was for ten j-oars with a
furnltmo van." Baltimore American.
"Yes, I may say I have an Ideal hus
band." "An Apollo for looks, a Chesterfield for
manners," rhapsodized the girl.
"Those things don't count In husbands,
my dear. Mine stajs fairly sober nnd brings
most of his salary home." Pittsbuigh Post.
'K V Flmw, new Chinese Minister. nrrles -with
fle children ami a retlnuo ot twenty-seven"
Poor Persia mourns her nwful loss,,
Tho Shah no longur rules ns boss.
II'b In this land, wo read, because
(And here for rhjmos we're forced to pause')
IIo represents tho land of Heaven
Of family (and horvants) thoto nto 27.
Hurrah for China and Its Shah,
Who ot Ilvo children Is tho pa!
Pronounce to rhymo with "bOM."
Mr. McNab (to urchin) What's tho mat
Urchin I've lost my 'nponny!
Mr. McNab Aje, dlmm grlovo. Hero's a
match to find It. London Opinion.
"What It tho Eclontlllo name of tho small
eieaturo who Is mining jour fiuit this
year?" aslud Mrs pubbs.
"It has no scientific name," loplled Mrs.
Illobbs. "But It Is vulgurly known as Jimmy
Dobbs." Washington blur.
THE OLD IT.VG
Ity II. C. lluimcr
Oft with our hat us tho flag goes b-,
And lot the henit have Its bay!
You're man enough for a. teat In jour cjo
That jou will not wipe awa
You're man enough for a thrill that goc3
To your veiy finger tips.
Aje, tho lump Just thun In jour throat that
Spoke moio than your parted lips,
Lift up tho boy on your shoulder, high.
And show trim tho faded shred,
Those stripes would bo red an tho sunset tky
If death could havo djed them red.
Tho man that boro It with death has lain
These twenty jeurs and more.
He died that the vvurk should not be In vain
Of tho man who boro It befoio.
Tho man that bears It is bent and old,
And ragged his board and gray.
But look at his ejo lire j-oting and bold
At the tune that ho hears them play,
Tho old tuno thunders through nil the air
And strikes light into tho heart.
If it t ver calls tor jou, boj, be there
Be there und ready to sturt.
off with j-our hat as the flag goes by
Untover the youngster's hetd'
Teach him to hold it holy and high,
For the soke of the sacred dead.
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
WHEN I read a fow days ago that two
lots of tho Glrard Estnto in the vicinity
of Third and Porter streoto had Just beon
sold by the city for more than $34,000, it
Instantly occurred to mo that that was only
a lltllo less than a third of tho total valuo of
tho realty owned by Glrard in old Passyunk
township nt tho time of his death.
Glrard was ono of tho first men hero to
realize tho worth of realty as nn Investment.
Thero had boen land speculators befoto him
In tho field, of course, but ho was cautious
and, unllko Nicholson, who, at one time, had
an ownership In about one-sixth of tho State,
Glrard, for the great part, had his holdings
In Philadelphia. His ventures outsldo in
cluded his coal lands In Pennsylvania, which
aro still very profitable, and othor land in
IIo loft to tho city for tho support of his
wonderful college for orphan boys somo of
tho most valuablo land In tho central part
of tho city. It Is truo that pieces of this
property, owing to tho changes of business
contrcs, nro not now so profitable as they
onco were, j'ot those properties In tho neigh
borhood of tho river, as Glrard understood,
never can censo to bo of valuo so long as
wo havo ani commerco at all.
WHEN Glrard died ho waB tho richest
man In this country. Tho inventory filed
by his executors showod that his total prop
erty, real and personal and ho had a great
deal of both was valued, in 1832, at moro
Wo have become so accustomed to tho
mllllonnlro In our day and, in our convoca
tions nt least, nro oven now flirting with
billions, that wo do not realize what $6,000,000
meant In 1S32.
Thero was no othor man In the United
States at that tlmo who could hold rnnk
nnj"whoro near Glrard In tho point of wealth.
Tho Immense fortunes with which wo nro
so familiar are of much lator date; thoy
aro oven of our own times, when tho work of
exploiting tho resources of tho country
GIRARD'S fortuno was piled up labori
ously and slowly. It was not specula
tive, in tho modern senso of tho word. He
was a keen buyer; ho knew values, whether
It was of wines, which ho Imported by tho
shipload and bottled and sold, or ot real
estate, which ho bought and rented. Ho was
constantly Importuned to tnko stock In the
various new enterprises of his time, but
whero ho merely desired to oblige tho seller,
ho bought but a fow shares. It Is evident
that he regarded these as conttlbuttons and
For instance, wo find his executors enter
ing ono sharo each In Lo Courrler des Etats
Unls, tho French newspaper; In tho Do
mestic Soclotj. in tho Susquehanna and
Lehigh turnpike and In the Downlngtown
nnd Ephrata turnpike, but thej did not plnco
any value opposite them. These wero not
regarded ns Investments by a man llko
Glinrd, but wo do find him owning 2200
shares In tho Schujlkill Navigation Company-,
and theso wero valued In 1832 at
$261,000. Ho held nenrly a million In Penn
sjlvania G per cents, and $113,500 In City S
His coal lands, which consisted of nearly
30,000 ncres In Schuylkill County, wero
valued at $17C,246 at tho tlmo of the lnvon-torj-.
Now they return a profit of more than
that everj' jear.
Ills Philadelphia holdings wero listed at
$1,1S9,631, and no other man owned so
much nt that time. Tho Glrard Estate has
now threo buildings worth more than that
amount, to snj nothing of tho collego Itself.
ALTHOUGH Glrard's holdings In tho south
Ti.crn part of tho city contained consider
able aereage, and ono of his parcels of land
In Pnssjunk township contained his "plan
tation" or countrj- place, thej' were valued
at less than $112,000. I should not llko to
voutuio upon an cstlmato of their valuo to
day, for on tho site of pnrt of his plantation
rows of houses of tho most modern charac
ter havo been elected and rented And still
there Is moro land to bo Improved.
Threo buildings, now covered by tho Mar
iner and Merchant Building, at Third and
Chestnut, wero rented in 1832 at $1C03, $1805
nnd $1603 respectively a j-ear. Ho had a
daily faun in Mojamensing district that
rented for $900 a year, and a whole row of
dwellings on Fnirmount avonue, then Coates
.street, that wero rented for $257.G0 a jear
J 'oi tho old Dunlap houso, ot tho south
east torner of Twelfth and Market stieots.
Gharri leceived $70S a year. This was ro
gaided as a largo rent for that locality in
thoso dajs, but I think anj' person would bo
willing to give a good many times that
amount for such a corner now.
I'tom all his city properties Glrard re
ceived only a Httlo moro than $-10,000 a jenr
In rentals, and ho was tho richest man In
tho United States in his day.
BY that htrango perversity of human na
tuto that sometimes nffeets men of gi out
ness, Glrard deslied to be remembered as.
a mariner Instead of a merchant, although
us tho latter ho Is, of course, better recalled.
It may not bo known that Booth's greatest
ambition was to bo a comedian, jet It Is as
n tragedian that ho beenmo famous On tho
othor hand, his brother-in-law, John S.
Clarke, who was u comedian of tho buffo
type, believed ho had failed In llfo because
tho woihl would not accept hlm as a trage
dian Napoleon nt flut dealt cd to nchlovo
fume as a novollit, but If ho did not nchlovo
that position, ho succeeded In pi nv tiling nt
mosphcio for countless pieces of fiction,
I feel suro that Phlladelphlans nro likely
to forgot tho mariner In Glrard In thogtoat
nebs and far-sightedness of tho man of bus
The Primaries a Vain Hopo
Prom Ilia SlllnnMlaa StntlnO.
Ono benclUiiit feature of tho direct primary
Is th.it It elohes un uigumuit. U HoBti i
.Sullivan wero tho nomliieu of a Deinocintlo
State eonvuutlon a protest would mount to tho
skies fioin Metropolis to llelvidire against such
hotrajal of the plain people In this e.mo tho
plain peoplo wem to luvo dono it. Chicago
No doubt. But "closo an argument1" When
did u diieut primary over close an argument'
Wisconsin )ius had much t-xpeilenee in that
line , 'lho sum of It Is that the cry ptopio
who Invented tho direct primirj us tho one way
to s.et tire an umiiguable verrtkt ate always tho
ury ones to go on aieulng and kkklug and
trjliig lp uiiset tho verdict oveiy time it goes
against them Ihey aro doing it now,
Tio Emperor of China assumed terrific
obligations. Among them was the absolute
guaiautee that he would make tho sun eomo
up each morning.
It is nut a matter of record that the sun
over failed to put in appearance. But therein
lies the reason for tho immeasurable faith
which the people of tho land put In their
ruler. To them ho was an earth-God.
Somo folk think that tho profound t,1
Bpcct which Is paid a big man is born so1m
of the suporlor ability ho possesses. He cab
do things that I cannot do. Ho can sway i
mob, whereas 1 lack tho power to change thl '
mind of a Blngle Individual. Hence ha ii
well entitled to my reverence.
T hnvn tiiaf ranrl nn InfnnaAt,, lMiAK....
account 6f ono of tho country's strong
public men. It was not proven therein that
But It was proven that he never broke hla
And flint la nrnntlw tvl.nl nn.l ..
anclont Chinese rulers the terrible fear anS I
leets ... ..,..... u,.,u,,b inuir Bub.
Among us nro Innumerable corrupt mnn
who assume leadership In public life. GooS
folks view their ascendency with fears ,
to what tho world la really coming to. Scarrh
far enough and you'll find tho reason for
their power. r
In tho obituary of most every unprincipled
man of power you will find a hackneyed "H
never broko a promiso."
PerhnrtR fin nnlv Inniln n a. T... ..
fcMSS ""L0!1- " Ah 1 Chine";
i"-" ,nu uuiy Himrumceu ino aaily no.
nearanrn nt h an --.I .,ii.i "' .?
. . . iviiu jjuiiiiii& more, that i
would have been quite sufllclont to keen I
him On tlin nnrlnatnt nt ............... . . ' KtV (I
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions Thnt Reflect Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important to City,
Stnte and Nation.
To the Editor of tht Eientna Ltigcrl
Sir As nn Independent Republican, Inter
ested In having honest mon elected to oftlM
and the standard of my party restored In Penn
sjlvanla, I am writing to commend jour oppo.
eltlon to Penroselstn. By so doing, through tin
agency of your excollent paper you render a
great scrvlco to tho citizens of our State Th
anti-Penroso sentiment Is very strong through
hero In Westmoreland Countj. and only by tht
elimination of Ponroselsm can our party hop
to return to Its onco high standard.
Mt Pleasant, Pa., Septombcr 15, 1911.
INTEKESTS OF PEOPLE THROTTLED
To the Editor of the Elentna Ledger:
Sir Permit mc, as a reader of your publica
tions, to express my observations of tho scntl
ment of tho peoplo of this community.
Tho non-partlsnu Judiciary and tho uniform
primary nets are rupldly educating tho peoplj
In favor of independent political action and
non-partisan voting. You will recollect that
the latter net provides that a voter Is entitled
to a party ballot where ho has voted for a
mijorltv or tho candidates ot that party at the
preceding election Theso acts can have no
other effect than to place the best Interests ot
the Stnte and county boforo tho peoplo at
Tho Interests of tho people of Pennsylvania
aro throttled by tho fact that almost all our
largo dallj' papers aro controlled by politician!
that are Inimical to tho good government of
our State and counties.
DON G. CORBETT.
Clarion, Ta., September 15, 1914.
TIIE TUNCTION OF A NEWSPAPER
To the Editor of the Evening J.edatr:
Sir Tho truo function of a newspaper Is tcrr
Ice to tho public. I bellcvo that jou are slncors
In jour opposition to Mr. Penrose, and I belli.
that tho forceful editorials which have appeuroj
In tho Evening Lcilfrer, and those whlcli I bt
lievo shall come, will contribute to a marked
degiee In bringing about his defeat In Novem
ber. Keep up this service' W. II. K.
Philadelphia, September 16, 1911.
TROM A JOURNALIST
To the Editor of the Eicntna Ledoer:
Sir Being a former newspaperman, I feel
Impelled to writo jou my congratulations after
carefully watching jour issues for tho first threo
dajs of publication. Tho phj-slcal nppearanca
of the paper commends Itself, it seems to me,
nbovo ever j thing else. Tho nows Is presented
not so that the reader may read, but so that he
To cntch tho eje of tho reader Immediately
Is ono thing demanded from nn afternoon
papei T'lls jou havo been able to do. Tin
Keiicious uso of pictures, which seems to bo
joui pollcj, nhnost needs no comment I'lctutei
to most persons convej- a moro lasting Imprct
sion than almost anj thing they read, and vhen
the public see tho pictures, tho paper will l
thehs. A FRIEND.
Philadelphia, September 16, 1911.
FRANKLIN'S FIRST NEWSPAPER
To the Editor of the Exenlng Ledger:
Sir Philadelphia is a veritable treasure city
for relics of earlj' American literature. Anr
ono not afraid ho maj" meet the Khoat of on
of tho Rldgwny family can see In tho great
llbr.irj down llioad street original Issues of
tho press here, llko Bradford's Mercury (our
llrst newspaper), Franklin's General Magazine,
and man j moio A librarian's card on ono of
tho old-tlmo publications reads something like
Tills Is tho first number of Ben Franklln'l
newspaper It shows that the newspapers of
inrlj- times wero Just as modest ns they are
Thnt card Is misleading, for tho old-time
publication Is the first number of Samuel
Rnlmor's paper, the Universal Instructor of
All Arts nnd Sciences and Pennsylvania Ga
zette This paper came out on December 21
17.8. and ran for three-quarters of u year, and
wiih hold to Franklin & Meredith for a small
Bum about August, 17?J Franklin cut off the
"Unlvejsni Instiuctor" line of the heading and
called tho paper simply tho Pennsylvania
SAMUEL W. HOSK1NG.
1323 Parrlsh st , Philadelphia, Sept. lb, 1SU
"Intelligent and Forcible"
Trnrn West Chester (Pn ) Dally Local Ne
Two Issues of tho Evening Ledger of Phil'
delpbla havo appeared, nnd in ull Its many
featuics It demonstrates that skilled newspaper
talent Is emplojtd In Its making ot nn evening
neuflimner for thn noonle Its 1G Tiaces reflect
all tho news of tho world that Is vvoith reading;,
and Its every depaitment, notablj thoie forth
home circle, tho ladles, tho. sporting folk.
carefully considered with much elaborateness of
Editorially the Evening Ledger Is Intelligent,
foicible, Independent and educatlonul
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
The nlcnslnR Information comes from Wash
ington thnt tho "pork" hunting Senators have
hem lepulsed. and that tho 93,000.000 river and
hnibor bill will be reduced, probably as much
aw uiiii-hnlf, by cutting out of it all ' question
able" ItomB. both new and old President Wil
son has nppai ntlj onco moro proved hlm'1'
a much acuter politician than ho has been com
monly credited with being He does not dwell
In that atmuspheie of academic aloofness front
cnnim-m things tint somo havo hastilj billevfj
him to. it's "good politics" right now t i
tho padding out of nil public pujiolln Tr
people aro aroused as never before to he '
cchslvo coat or n lot or unat nn pus-
"government" In this country Chicago Heraw.
In fighting nsalnat tho rivers and hnrbori
bill as It camu to the Senute, tho filibuster',
although they uru Republicans, have rcaw
been doln- valiant s-crvlec foi tho peniocruu
Nothing would have constituted such a vui
uoiahle point of nttuck against tho dominant
puty In this full's campaign as uu old fa
loued rivets und harbors bill Now York Lve'
If .Senator Ilurtou and those acting with W
., .,... i i i i.,..., i.oi nr force
cum iiuir.il wtu iivwia miii imiwuia w... -- -
a heavy reduction of tho appropriation "'
will render a great scrvlco to tho country
ami uls.0 to tho Democratic party inuia,
. . . . . . ....... .. ..teh
If frcsldont Wilson Is to become "ino """,,
dog of lho Treasury" ho will Und a faoud u
....! .., ii...t.in.tn.i SttnT
WAR AND TIIE ROYAL INVOCATION
Ulamo not tho C'hrUtluu faith fur tins W
Christ never spoko a woid that made it right
To minder men in blttot luiU
And turn a suit-lit wot Id to dark- "'
W J r-
mummrwfirm-iiiimMrTTvwiM imi muimmmmmtMmim
wgjjg!gL "" '"itbi" "tiii i"niir"" itr"i
iiiiii'iiiTtfAtf fmmiimimltmmiHt- iiiSSMfc