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Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, September 22, 1914, Postscript Edition, Image 8

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EYEffIN& L'EDGEB-PHILADELPHIA', TUESDAY, 3EPTEMBEE 22, l0l
EVENING &S& LEDGER
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CTntJs ii. k. cwnTig. pbidnt.
Otn. W. Oche, Secretary: John C, Martin, Treaaureri
Charleii H. Ludlnglon, Philip 8. Collins, John B. Wll
llama, Directors.
EDITOMAL HOAIID:
Cincs H. K. Ccstw, Chairman.
f r. IT. WKAtEr Esecntlve) Editor
JOHN C. MAnTl.V General Hmlneia Manager
ri B&. uuijohcu uh,jv, except nunuy hi tni.ii; j.id
jIR BulMInK. Independence Square. rhliAde1phia
AtLiSTIc Cut , rrcst-Unlon Bulldlnr
Nnw TnK , 170-A, Metropolitan Tower
Cmciio S17 Horn Insurance nulldlng;
Lokpom 8 Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, S. W.
N'DWSIlUnEAUS;
ITir.KiSBCBO riCBKiU. Thii Patriot TJullcllnpt
WimiiMdioN Hdut Ths Post Bulldlnt
Nw Tons Desalt) The Time Bulldlna-
BMtl Heme CO Frle'!rlchtraa
London BtiBBAO , J fait Mall Eat, 8. W.
Pi eh Braaio. 32 Hue Iouls It Urand
sunscnitTioM terms
Brrarrler. Diilt O.vlt, elx cents. By mall, postpaid
eotalde of Philadelphia, eirept tthere foreign postage
I required. Daiit Only, one month, twenty-five cents s
Dial Oiar. on year, three dollara, All mall subscrip
tion! payable In advance.
BELL, 3000 WALNUT KEISTOE MAW 3000
E7" Addresl oil communication to Evening
ledger. Independence Sguare, Philadelphia
irruciTioN mips at TUB rututDU.mu rooTorricB roa
KNTttT AS BBOOND-QLAaa MAIL MATTIH.
rniLADEi.riiu, Tuesday, sepiumheh 22, 1914
"They Who Offer Carrion for Meat"
PENROSE organs, whose moral perspective
in 00 blunt that it might as well not exist,
ara attempting to persuade) their readers that
tho Evbkino Ledger has become Democratic.
Was thora ever a candidate who hid so
closaly behind tho party emblem an Mr. Pen
rose? "I am a Republican," he says, and all
the ltttlo satellites solemnly echo: "IIo is a
Republican." Apparently Republicanism Is a
ea without which the senior Sonator could
not hobble twenty yards. Tet he is not a
Republican. His organization was denomi
nated by that two Republican, Senator Hoot,
" criminal conspiracy," a masquerade. It is
vtrtm garment. In which this coterie of poli
ticians havo wrapped Penroseism, a pretty
dresx. Tear It aside and a stench of corrup
tion deadona the atmosphere. There are tho
trembling; limbs of graft, the tricky fingers,
tho dripping revenue from rum, tho lone
Capitol scandal, the vicious debauchery of
voters, tho Indescribable alliances with vice,
the wholo composite body of social parasites
and hangera-on, combined in a vast con
spiracy of loot.
If that la Republicanism, then America Is
done with Republicanism: and the world Is
done with It! and decent men and women are
dono with it. But it isn"t. Not a bit of it.
On the contrary, the vital principles of the
party that savod the Union, first from dis
solution and then from economic calamity,
still live. They aro the principles that thou
sands of men want to vote for, but will not
vote for If at the same time they must be put
on record as approving as Immoral a set of
political adventurers as ever gathered to
gether on tho publtc highways or In the back
rooms of corner dens.
This nation will havo Republicanism with
out the fraud that Penroseism attaches to It
or It will not have Republicanism at all.
That Is a patent, obvious fact. Men who
imagine that tho destinies of this nation will
ever again be entrusted to statesmen who
cannot stand daylight are eternally mistaken.
tlon In one of his poems. Ths fly, however,
fared somewhat better In general esteem
Until science and education changed tho atti
tude. Fifteen or twenty years ago children
in kindergartens sang llltlngly of "the fly in
baby's milk." Selected by Professor Qulller
Couch for "The Oxford Book of English
Verse" la an excellent poem of William
Oldys, beginning
Busy, curious, thirsty fly I
Drink with me and drink as IS
Freely welcome to my cup,
Couldst thou sip nnd sip It. up.
But the fly is now our enemy, and tho rat
la more knowingly dreaded than ever before
There Is safety in fear.
T
Enmeshed in a Definition
HE most brazen of all tho antl-morallty
organs in Pennsylvania said this morning:
Facing defeat In their various districts,
the pitiful appeal of Congressmen, "Let Us
Have Pork," has changed to tho insistent
demand. "Wo Must Have Pork!" It Is a
tough outlook for mushroom statesmen
whose only stock in trade is a faked prayer
and a trunkful of broken promises.
Pork or no pork was the question before
the United States Senate yesterday. By
some strange freak of fortune, Mr. Penrose
happened to bo in his seat. Putting himself
in a class with "mushroom statesmen whose
only stock in trade is a faked prayer and a
trunkful of broken promises," ho voted for
the pork.
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
Checkmate the Municipal Court Grab
ANEW Municipal Court grab, involving
eventually a million Instead of half a
million dollars, Is in process of accomplish
ment. Tho Mayor haa boldly challenged the
men who proposo to put this burden on the
municipality at a time when common senso
requires the husbanding of resources In order
to make the way clear for transit. The
Mayor's veto of the ordinance condemning
ground as a site for the projected buildings
should be sustained. His argument against
it is conclusive. There can be no satisfac
tory answer. The city cannot be loaded down
with white elephants at this time without the
people understanding clearly the purposo of
the program.
Men's Patience is in Their Pocket?
IT IS a mania of Congress to play with dy
namite. The American people will never
-hr. content with war taxes In time of pro
found peace, in a year when nature has been
magnificently prodigal nnd bumper crops are
the rule. Millions which were formerly got
from the customs houses we.ro being taken
directly from the pockets of citizens before
the European war broke out. Now it Is pro
posed to secure millions more from excise
taxes. From being tho most prolific source
of revenue, the tariff Is rapidly being made to
assume a minor role In national finance.
Direct Imports are taking the place of In
direct levies. American history and American
temperament are against this procedure. The
Administration Is preparing to drlv itself
into an inextricable labyrinth of unpopularity.
New Hose Must Be Got.
THE Are underwriters have sustained Di
rector Porter's charge that a large part
of the hose owned by the city Is unfit for use.
It would be idle now to quarrel about who
Is responsible for the situation. The thing
of Importance Is the fact Itself. It must be
remedied, not next year, but this year. There
is no other matter which so urgently requires
the attention of Councils.
THE wonderfully blue waters of the bay of
Funchat, olt the coast of Madolra, glit
tered translucentiy. In small boats a party
of American tourists landed from tho nteam
Bhlp. McNab, who had a mania for collect
ing outro things, announced that ho would
buy tho finest old Madeira wlno on the Island
and, with that, he disappeared on his hunt,
the while the others saw the sights,
And then the Unregeneratea laid a deep
and wicked plot to commandeer that wlno.
So they got back to the stoamshlp well in
advance and awaited events. Just aa tho
whistle blew its "all aboard," McNab hove
In sight in a small boat, lovingly caressing
n basket. He tied it to a rope, mounted to
tho steamship's deck and began to hoist up
his precious burden.
But tho wicked ones wero prepared and
when the basket was passing a certain port
hole, a hand protruded and two bottles, cob
webbed and nnclont looking, wero lifted
bodily Into the inner recesses of the steam
ship. Whereupon tho ship's surgeon brought
flno cigars and the first mate nuts and bis
cuits. Then tho purlolner, after a more or
less neat speech of triumph, pulled tho corks
and poured out tho clearest, nicest water
over seen!
McNab had paid to each for the bottles, but
he never knew the unregeneratea had just
enough self-respect left not to tell him the
awful truth.
IT HAPPENED last week, when the Bun
shono brightly and the poesy of autumn
was in the air. I wandered far afield Into tho
lands beyond Collingdale over the hills and
far away, until I came to u tumble-down
stone building, decayed with age and redo
lent with historic memories. There arose
visions of Washington, of Grant, the heroes
of our wars. Memory painted pictures of
love and intrigue and bloodshed and the pur
suit of peace and then came the most an
cient Inhabitant.
"Pretty old building?" ventured the writer,
seeking Information,
"Pretty old," responded the man.
"It's probably played an Important part In
our country's history?"
"Not that I know of," responded the old
man; "it's been a cow barn nigh all Its life."
Whereupon I beat a masterly retreat.
League Island Gets a Chance
SHIPWATS at League Island will enable
the Philadelphia Navy Yard to demon
strate absolutely its superiority over every
other yard in the country. All things that
go into the building of ships are centralized
in this city. Private shipyards along the
Delaware testify to the unexcelled advan
tages hero offered. When next Congress is
asked for an appropriation tho Philadelphia
delegation will be armed with so formidable
an array of facts that opposition to support
of the local yard will be swept away. A be
ginning has been made, nothing more, but
it la a beginning that is a promise of far
gTeater thinga to come.
Open Markets Are Cheeks and Balances
THE open markets recently established
in New York city may be mado perma
nent, though there Is some opposition from
the middlemen, and there is complaint
from other quarters that tho market
privileges have been abused by vendors who
are not farmers. Ko far as the abuse of
privileges is concerned, the remedy lies in a
Byatem of careful regulation, and as for the
middlemen their Just profits cannot bo at all
endangered by any number of open markets.
On the consumer side, only a compara
tive few of tho housewives of a large com
munity can utilize open markets. It is a
question of convenience and raj-fare, and the
corner grocery Is not menaced beyond the
limits of reason.
Open markets, the parcel post and similar
ithort cuts, which reduce several transactions
to one transaction between ona seller and
one buyer, will never apply to a very largo
proportion of the business of marketing pro
duce, but they will ba exceedingly valuable
in restricting the middleman to such proflta
as will compensate him for the service which
he actually performs. They will serve both
the producer and the consumer aa an alter
native when the middleman becomes too
exacting a tollmaster. They are checks and
balances.
Art "Made in America."
THE European cataclysm has at least tem
porarily affected the buying of books and
attendance at the theatre. Book publishers
and play-producers are unanimous In their
opinion on that point, but they predict a
"boom." American novelists and dramatists
will havo the field to themselves.
No one has ever contested the supremacy
of France In the short story: 't ths
much-vaunted French writers, such as Flau
bert and Gautler, acknowledged their In
debtedness to Edgar Allan Poe. The short
story has reached a more perfect form In
America today than it ever haa in France.
We havo not yet produced a Shakespeare, a
Mollere or an Ibsen. Nevertheless, England,
France, Germany and the other continental
countries can boast of no living dramatist
whom we may not hope to duplicate, if not
surpass.
"The adulating Imitation of Europe's
middle-age art has brought about mediocrity
in our own," recently declared America's
famous sculptor, Gutzon Borglum. "There
is no reason why we in America should not
produce an Angelo or a Da Vinci."
Let us have a declaration of independence
in art.
Roll of the Thunderbolt
THE history of representative government
Is the history of the gradual assumption
of power on the part of tho people. The French
Revolution, which Victor Hugo called "the
most profound thing In all history," would
never havo left Its imprint upon the social
and political soul of mankind had it not been
for the current of life and action supplied by
tho people. They made real the teachings of
the French materialists of the 13th century.
Rousseau and Diderot and Voltaire, nnd the
entire coterie of Philosophers and thinkers
of that period, would have remained dead
letters had It not been for the dynamic power
which the revolution supplied for the realiza
tion of their Ideas. Their thoughts were but
the rustling murmur of a new day. The
power supplied by the people was a thunder
bolt that has since rolled around the earth.
HEINRICH HEINE, the German poet, lay
desperately HI In Paris, an exile from his
native land, shunned by members of hla race
because of his change of faith, disliked by
those of his new religion. But though
paralyzed, his mind was as clear and acuto
as ever and his wit as cutting. Dally he
wrote for a French paper; incisive, rapier
like, cutting and sharp were his remarks.
And the butt of his dally joke was one of tho
Rothschilds. For months this had continued,
and then Rothschild could stand tho Jibes no
longer. He sent a friend to Heine to offer
him a life of ease if he would forego his
satirical attacks.
"Stop?" asked Heine. "Stop tho attacks on
Rothschild? What other pleasure havo I left
In life? Tell Rothschild that all his millions
could not buy health for me. Tell him that
my lampooning pleases me more than it hurt3
him."
So to the day of Heine's death, Rothschild
had to endure.
X w
PARIS, Heine had married a French
woman of dubious antecedents and utterly
at variance with the spiritual nature of tho
poet. She was a good nurse, however, divid
ing her time between Heine and her parrot.
One day she disappeared and a friend, con
doling with the sick man, suggested that she
had eloped.
"Is her parrot still here?" asked Heine.
"Tes."
"Then she'll come back." And come back
she did.
Our Enemy the Rat
WAR haa been declared on the rats
of Philadelphia. They have not yet
scourged this city with the bubonic plague,
but science and education have convinced the
modern ugo that they are menaces to tho
health of any community. Philadelphia will
probably do at once what New Orleans did
after the rata had been the means of destroy
ing many human lives. This is a wise maxim
for cities, "to take warning from others of
What may be to your own advantage."
The rat never enjoyed the popularity with
which the fly used to be favored. Shakespeare
and Cervantes both referred to him in slight
ing metaphorical phiase, and Browning gave
liim prominent but not complimentary men-
No Quarter to Political Plunderers
OL'T in Kansas City tho friends of good
government are quoting what Hugh
O'Brien, a former Mayor of Boston, aald In
an official message after hie re-election in
1SE6:
If political parties put unscrupulous men
to the front, they ought to be voted down.
If political parties make combinations with
men whose morality and Integrity are ques
tionable, such combinations should be dis
couraged and discountenanced by every
good citizen. If no quarter Is given to men
who have no moral principle behind them,
who connect themselves with leading
parties merely for plunder, they should be
stamped out, and then the business of the
country will be conducted, like any other
large corporation, on business principles.
These words apply to all combinations for
plunder in municipal, State or national poll
ties. They point to the responsibility of
every American citizen,
ROMANCE is a thing of the past. Our
childhood dreams and fancies have been
relegated into the scrapheap of materialism.
Tho thrill of old is replaced by the certainty
of knowledge. What Is It all about? Oh, yes,
Robinson Crusoe's isle has been connected
with tho rest of tho world by wireless! Can
you conceive it, Robinson signaling to Fri
day to come to his aid? Or some one far
away punctuating tho air with electric flashes
to warn him that the savages were coming?
Gone are tho days of the buccaneers, the
rovers of the sea!
Robinson Crusoe's isle has been annexed to
the rest of the world!
Doctor Brumbaugh Is immune to spltballs.
A man with a feather In his cap usually
has an eagle in hla pocket.
Was the recent eclipse of the sun an Eng
lish plot to deprive Germany of her well
known place therein?
The Mayor has done his duty in the matter
of the Municipal Court grab. Councils will
have another chance this afternoon.
There Is no question about what Mr- Pen
rose stands for. The record shows that
through his Organisation he has stood for
anything.
Mr. Roosevelt says that Mr. Plnchot will
not retire, hut what does Mr. Roosevelt know
about it? A man is not addicted' 'to coffee if
he has never been able to get a first cup.
Regular steamship service from Philadel
phia to the Pacific la a good sign. Shipping
goods from so fine a port as this to New
York to be loaded on vessels wus a kind of
extravagance which sound business could not
long endure.
This war tax on gasoline is a direct blow
at ths poor, down-trodden automobile owner
TD
JD dral In Vienna, which may yet bo taken
by the Russians, Is a labyrinth of catacombs,
nearly equal to that of Rome. For miles the
subterranean passages twist nnd turn in
Cimmerian darkness. When a very small boy
I was taken into tho depths by my. father,
accompanied by a guide who carried a torch.
Somehow or other, I went astray and wan
dered off. The reflected light of the torch
showed skeletons of Capuchin monks, ar
rayed In the hooded vestments of their ordpr,
standing In silent, gruesome rows against
tho damp walls: horrors were multiplied In
my childish brain.
"Papa!" I yelled, and the echoes sounded
and resounded In quavering tones, dying
away In ghostly whispers. And when I was
safe with my dad, a moment later, I was the
happiest youngster in all Europe.
WHEN William C. Relck was editorial
manager of the New York Herald it wa3
well-nigh impossible for any one from the
outside world to see him. But Harold J. Llt
tledale, an English newspaperman, accom
plished tho seemingly impossible, and here Is
told how he did It. He sent word into Mr.
Relck that he had a story which he would
tell only to him. Mr. Reick sent a reporter
to see Ltttledale, who declined to reveal his
story to any one save Mr. Relck. After a
Jong wait he was taken into the august
presence.
"Well, young man, what's your story?"
asked Mr. Relck.
"It's a hard-luck story; I want a Job," said
Llttledale, and then he was ushered out.
BRADFORD,
CURIOSITY SHOP
It was John C. Calhoun, who in a speech
delivered May 27, IS36. coined the phrase,
"cohesive power of public plunder," saying:
"A power has risen up In the Government,
greater than the people themselves, consist
ing of many and various and powerful in
terests, combined into one mass and held to
gether by the cohesive power of the vast
surplus In the banks."
That other well-known phrase, to "die In
the last ditch," originated with William of
Orange, who, on being asked by Buckingham
whether he did not realize the Inevitable ruin
hanging over the Commonwealth, replied:
"There la one certain means by which I
can be sure never to see my country's ruin.
I will die in the last ditch."
Dorr's rebellion took place in Rhode Island
in 1843, the bone of contention belnj; a de
sired change In the old Constitution, which
dated back to Charles H. Rival factions
were formed the- "Suffrage" and tho "Law
and Order" parties. Each elected a set of
State officials and each sought to gain con
trol of tho State Government. Thomas W,
Dorr was chosen Governor by the Suffrage
party and attempted to seize tho Govern
ment, but was sentenced to Imprisonment
for life, being pardoned subsequently.
Cold slaw, a dish essentially American In
Its popularity, Is said to havo been Invented
by tho early Dutch settlers, who called It
kool-slaa.
John BuII'b sister Peg Is really Scotland
a poor girl raised on porridge and water and
quartered In a garret exposed to the north
wind. In Arbuthnot's satirical "History of
Europe" she Is represented as madly In love
with Jack John Calvin.
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
Popularity Assured
That proposed 'bus lino on Broad street
should become Immensely popular with tho
young folk, for bussing has ever been a
popular pastime.
A Ultter Dose
Petrograd and Jaroslaw,
Budapest and Crecy,
Kaiser Wllhelm, General Pau
Drive me nearly crazy.
But the worst Is yet to come,
Tasting rather plll-y,
Reading like prescriptions alt
"Take some Przmysl-y" ( Chooso your
"Take somo Przymsl-y" j own
"Take somo Prmzsyl-y" Spelling.
'Twouldn't bo Tolerated llcre
From the Buenos Aires Standard.
"Again I was welcomed by my cheery host
ess, and once more partook of her simple
yet palatable face."
Casualties
From Allied sources wo learn that 4,366,711
Germans wero killed, 11,699,326 wero wound
ed and 900,467 wero taken prisoners, In the
last four days of fighting.
From German sources we learn that tho
total German loss to date was 11 slightly
killed, 43 seriously dead and 66 compre
hensively wounded.
' Fowl Play
"Why havo you given your hen such an
outlandish name as Footpad, Jinks?"
"Because she's laying for me."
The Natural Sequence
It now behooves all good exchange editors
to dig up the Ingoldsby Legends and reprint
"The Jackdaw of Rhelms."
Heartburn, Probably
From the Glkton (Mil.) Democrat.
"Flro of an unknown origin totally de
stroyed the contents of Clarence H. Krauss
one night last week."
Huh!
Mai-y had a little lamb,
And then I heard her holler:
"What docs that waiter think I am?
He charged me half a dollar!"
Cincinnati Enquirer.
Domestic Discord
"My husband used to call me his lovely
lute."
And now?"
"Now he picks on me." Louisville Courier
Journal. What's In a Name?
"We're giving our pastor a new drawing
room carpet on the occasion of his jubilee.
Show me something that looks nice but
Isn't too expensive."
"Here is the very thing, madame real
Kidderminster." London Punch.
Altruism
Teacher Johnny, you have been writing
your own excuses.
Johnny I know, mum; It takes all pa's
time to think of his own. New York Sun,
A Fall Time Singer
Golden punklns gloamtn' bright
Yander in de patch.
Never seed a purtler sight
Laying In a batch.
Trouble dls way's frald to steer
"Come right in an' have a cheer,"
Dixie Land's de land fo' me.
No whar else I'se boun'.
Possums roamln' roun" so free.
Nuff to make a darky grin
"Bring yo' folks an' call ag'ln."
Jacksonville Times-Union.
Sign of tho Times
A Baptist Church In Paterson has spoken
the last word In business administration of
religion. This is the sign erected in front
of the edifice:
Love and Sunshine Company.
Wholesale and Retail Christians;
Distributors of Joy and Goodwill.
In Essentials, Unity; In non-Essentials,
Liberty; in all things, Charity.
The Church with tho Royal Welcome,
A Villainous Joke
Who is tho Villa of Europe?
Which of the embattled emperors is the
friend of the Euro-peon?
Tliis is Too Punny
We labored hard to pen a pun.
An hour passed, and it was done;
Wo nearly died of sheer surprise;
Wo pinched ourself and rubbed our eyes;
For, as we looked on It In pride
And, as wo said, so nearly died
Wo found we'd mado a double hit
(Of wisdom. Infamy or wit)
For then we saw, and not till then.
We'd penned a pun that punned a Penn.
A lot of fusH over a little thing, perhaps,
but It occurred to us that William Penn
looks rather inky compared to the rest of
the City Hall tower;
One Dad Turn
Brown (whose new cook is worse than the
last) It was you who recommended that
new cook to my wife, wasn't It?
.Tones (with diffidence) Yes, old man.
Brown (vengefully) Then, I must ask you
to come home to dinner with me tonight,
London Sketch.
A Prayer
God of the warring nations,
God of the ways of peace.
Hark to the pleas of women
And bid the warfare cease!
Hark to the prayers of children,
Their small hands lifted up,
And from the world forever
Remove this bitter cup!
in years of peaceful living
Thy servants have forgot
The grief that follows carnage,
And now, their blood grown hot,
They challenge each the other,
And with no heeding for
The necklaced arms of loved ones
They clatter forth to war.
Oh. God. remove this madness,
And make Thy servants sane!
Remove the fields of carnage.
Where wounded and where slain
Are trampled to gory remnants!
Our God, of war and peace.
Remove from men their blindness
And bid the warfare cease!
A wife stands all forsaken
And peers into the storm,
Above the smoke of battle
She marks the vultures swarm.
No loved one hears her pleading
And to her succor flies
Beside where she stands weeping
A baby starves and dies,
God, lift the burden from them
Who bear the burden most!
God, touch the hearts of rulers!
God, turn each warring host
From ways that lead to slaughter
Back to the paths of peace!
God, hear the plaints of women
And bid the warring cease!
Judd Mortimer Lewis, in Houston Post.
A FRIEND put into my hand the other
day an old pamphlet written by John
Roach, tho shipbuilder of Chester, which
describes rather fearlessly the causes of
the decline of the American merchant
marine and donounces In positive terms what
has been called frpu ships. Both these ques
tlons are uppermost In the minds of tho peo
ple at the present time, and It Is curious to
noto that they occupied a somewhat similar
position 40 years ago.
Roach was an Irishman, who came to this
country as a boy early In the 30s, and first
went to work In a foundry for 25 cents a
day. In the course of his long career as a
ship and engine builder he failed four times,
and, had ho survived, undoubtedly would
have successfully passed through his fourth
failure to fortune again, He built four of
the warships which wero known as tho Whlto
Squadron, tho beginnings of our present mod
ern navy, and It was due to his suggestion
nnd advice that the United States ventured
upon the development of Its navy along mod
ern lines,
IT WAS this venture that finally caused
tho death of John Roach. First he aston
ished tho Naval Advisory Board by making
his bids, on four ships far below their esti
mated cost. When the Dolphin was com
pleted the new Secretary of the Navy,
William C. Whitney, would not accept it.
Although another board conducted a Btrln
gent test and also rejected the vessel, Sec
retary Whitney changod his view. His action
came too late. Roach, with so much of his
capital tied up, stopped business for ths
benefit of hlB creditors. He declined In health
from that time, and two years later, or in
1887, he died, a broken-hearted man.
Roach was responsible for a large propor
tion of the iron steamship tonnage which
carried tho American flag after tho Civil
War. It is said that his yards built in all
114 ships of the most modern typo for their
day. Ho was naturally a. stern advocate for
the protection of the ship industry in this
country, and ono had only to mention Clydo
bullt ships to him to start him off on a
tirade.
IN ROACH'S pamphlet which my friend
handed me, I find an explanation of tho dis
appearance of our flag from the merchant
marine of the world. "When our Civil War
began," the shipbuilder states, "we had a
large commorco but a small navy, and tho
latter, to protect national life, purchased
215,973 tons of our best steam tonnage. The
War Department absorbed, by charter and
otherwise, 767,611 tons more. Of the re
mainder, to avoid war rates of Insurance or
destruction by Clyde-built cruisers, under the
rebel flag, 801,311 tons sought refuge under
the flag of England or other European bunt
ing, while 104,605 tons were actually destroyed
by tho Alabama and other pirates.
"Of tho ships of all sorts employed thus
by our Government few were afterward of any
commercial value, though resold at compara
tively low rates, partly because of the altera
tions they had undergono In the process of
adapting them to war uses, but more on
account of the revolution which had taken
place in commercial naval architecture and
in the application of motive power."
ROACH comments upon this procedure as
one of the most extravagant and ruinous
methods that could have been devised for
supplying the United States with a navy.
But at the opening of the Civil War, as at
the beginning of every other war In which
this country has engaged, something like this
has had to be done. Wo always have been
. unprepared. Indeed, the method appears to
be tho approved method of augmenting naval
services all over tho world. Wo chartered
ships during the Spanish War, and Eng
land, Germany and Japan, with their subsi
dized lines, also have found it convenient to
take over certain vessels from their merchant
marine In war times.
It has been generally understood that it
was during the period of our Civil War that
England and to a lesser degree Germany
took advantage of our preoccupation to
snatch away from us the commerce-carrying
trade of the world. From 1830 until the open
ing gun of the Civil War was fired our for
eign trade Increased regularly and enor
mously, and In I860 it was questioned whether
the United States merchant marine was not
first. In any case, it waa a close second to
that of England.
DURING that long-continued strife, how
ever, England had her opportunity and
was keen to take advantage of It. Some per
sons may havo thought that our present con
cern to regain our proud position on tho seas
while Europe Is busy is a trifle unethical,
but-ko the persons who feel that way about
It Mr. Roach 40 years ago supplied the
answer.
Listen to this: "England saw the oppor
tunity thus afforded her and availed herself
of it to tho utmost. She spent millions on
millions in subsidies under various forms;
she used even the agonies of our strife for
her own advantage, and the Clyde builders
were enriched in tho construction of blockade
runners, not to speak of the Alabama and
other representatives of the 'British neutral
service.' Unobstructed and unrivaled by the
only people who had shown a capacity for
competing with her upon the sea, she mado
the first fruits of the great naval revolution
all her own."
becomes a murderer,' the drunkard beco !
a liars the liar becomes a coward. cont
ijeneaict Arnold did the most convehW
thine'! It tnntt Inn muM. ... .''''"lent
Inconvenient thing. And that's oxaotiS rh 1
altuatlon with the teller of tho "wwts VHll
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPlcsJ
Contributions That Reflect Public Opiji
iou on ouojccis important to Citv
To the Editor of the livening Ltdetr:
In reading your erriolent newspaper I ium 'I
article entitled. "Hrlllah Tlr,1m.t n!aM .1
Wilson on tho Mexican Policy." The Brltus
Ambassador, Blr Lionel. Garden, was nothles
but a warm partisan of tho Huerta relm.
At ono time I was a Huerta sympathizer umii
after he committed murder-tho klllln .
Francisco I. Madero. n '
Sir Lionel Carden cannot by nny m,,., J
pnmnnra nttli tti rnnt rrnnl,l.n. mi!..'' I
troops wore ordered from Vera Cruz. Whvt
Because tho President knew that ha wi,
loavlng the situation to an honorable ntid tin
cated man. Sir Lionel's statement Is nssjnti
Senor Carranza, because ho ordered that ha (SI
Lionel) should leavo tho republic for belnr 1
Huerta partisan. So let me explain, in a f.
words, that Sir Lionel contradicts himself b
saying that Carranza has no sort of Govern.
ment.
Ho must know that If Senor Carranza hjfl
no sort of government he would not have tolJ
Sir Lionel to leavo tho republic. '
J. R.-MEXICAN CITIZEN
Philadelphia, September 21, 1914.
FIGHT TO THE FINISH
To tht Editor of the Evening Ltdgerl
Sir A campaign Is on In this Commonwcillh
which la being watchod throughout the length
and breadth of our land. It is a flRht to 1
finish between tho discredited old machine and
tho forces which must prevail If the old Keyttoni
State Is to be lifted Into the place It mutt
occupy If we as PennBytvanlans aro to stand
erect as men worth while.
The issue Is Penrose as tho embodiment ot
practices which no longer have any proper
placo in our political nnd Industrial life. Then
aro tho dayn for the valiant on both sides ot
tho ocean, and the call of duty Is Just as cleu
as If It were "To arms" Instead of to the ballot
box. When the Eve.vino LEDQEn enlists In thia
campaign, aggressively opposing this blight on
our national life, It, In my Judgment, performi
a great public duty and mokes a contribution to
tho cause of good government second to none. '
DAVID J. PDAnSALL .
Mauch Chunk, Pa., September 15, 1911.
GIVE HONEST POLITICS A CHANCE
To the Editor of the Etfnlw Ledger:
Sir I have read for many years ana hstt
appreciated deeply tho splendid work which
tho Public LEDOEn has done toward the puri
fication of Pennsylvania politics. Another
great opportunity has now arisen for it and the
Evening Ledoek to continue this service, to thi
udvantago of both State and nation. I refer to
the opportunity of defeating Mr. Penrose for
re-election to the United StateB Senate.
WILLIAM I. HULL
Sworthmore, Pa September 14, 1014.
WESTMORELAND AGAINST PENROSE
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir As an independent Republican, Interested
In raising my party to a higher standard of
citizenship, I am glad that you are opposing
Penroseism. You deserve the gratitude of the
good citizens of Pennsylvania. Our county wa
strongly ontl-Penrose at tho last primary, and
the sentiment against him continues to Incrcio.
E. E. ZUCK.
Mt. Pleasant, Pa., September 14, 1914.
PENROSEISM NOT REPUBLICANISM
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I am a reader of tho Evening Leomr
and like your paper, but I am a Republican.
As I believe that is your policy. I cannot
see how you can consistently support Palmer
and a Republican plutform at the same time.
He does not stand for Republican prlnclplei
and, therefore, should not be supported by anf
Ropubllcan. JOSEPH RICHAKD.
Slatlngton, Pa., September 18, 1914.
IT MUST be remembered In reading that
sentence from Roach's pamphlet that It
was written less than ten years after tho
Civil War, when the wounds and prejudices
of that strife had not yet been effaced; nev
ertheless, It la likely to make us feel a little
more comfortable about seizing the present
opportunity to get our flag on the sea again-
GRANVILLE.
THE IDEALIST
Did you ever tell a "white lie"?
After you had told It, did you feel any
less mean, small and disposed to creep
snake-like Into the nearest hole than when
you had told a real substantial one?
It is curious how we grease our con
sciences In the ''white lie" habit. I sat In
a man's office when his messenger presented
a visitor's card. After a quick glance he
returned it to the boy with the trite in
structions to "tell him I'm out."
This fellow forthwith established his repu
tation for wilful Inaccuracies among two
people, the boy and myself; perhaps In it
uelf not a serious handicap to his standing
but Just aa a drop of aniline dye will tint
a hogshead of water this man's lack of re
Bpect for pure truth will gradually permeate
his entire environment. This Is as Inevitable
as the law of gravitation Is Inevitable,
Doubtless the mental process Is: "Well I
don't want to see this visitor and I don't
want to insult him by telling him so. Hence.
I abstain from making him angry by leading
hlrn to believe I am not In my office."
Did you ever see a sin marching alone?
Never! Always It Is found in the company
of its own bone and marrow. The thief
Praise From Sir Hubert
From the Boston Transcript. ""
George W. Chllda himself might havo issued
the order under which, with the beginning, of
this week, an Evening LEDOEn flashed upon
the Philadelphia public and the communlty'"at
large. It was a liberal move to extend In thert
hours of retrenchment the expense of publica
tion. A false Idea prevails that In "war circu
lations" there Is great prollt. Circulation In
Itself Is of no valuo. It Is only as It commandi
rcapect and thus advertising patronage that It
is even self-supporting.
ThuB tho expansion of the Public Lhdoer at
this time le purely for tho advantage of Itf
readers, though let us hopo in the long run It
publlaherp, too, may reap tholr reward.
The Infant marches like a veteran. It Ii
edited by a "distinct organization," which w
may bo suro in this case does not mean that
pleaso-everybody policy "support" 'In the
morning, "opposition In tho evenlnE-w
"catch them coming and going."
A newspaper "without a history" Is as happf
as tho proverbial "country." For the jears of
Its existence the Public Ledger's lias been
most brief. It was conceived a thoroughbred
and thoroughbred It has remained In spite of
the temptations of mongrellzatlon by voting
contoets, money prizes, tango teaching, etc,
etc.
Its history is the personality of a few clean
mlndod, public-spirited Individuals with a trui
sense of what "enterprise" really Is. Never
has it been nearer Its best than today.
Silence Not Golden
From the Chamberaburs (Pa.) Valley Spirit.
A strange, weird silence falls upon the lips
of tho Republican candidates when the name
of Penrose is mentioned.
Not ono of them has so far dared to declare
himself either for or against the machine that
seeks to continue Its corrupt management of
this State for Its own advantage,
Welcomes Evening Ledger
From the JbwIbIi Exponent.
The Evenino Ledoer Is a welcome addition
to the ranks of Philadelphia newspaperdom.
There Is no better paper in the United States
than the Public Ledobr, and few as good, 1'
the evening edition keeps up the fine tradition
that the Public Ledoer has established, l
will be a potent force for ffood.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
Along with the day of prayer for tho peace of
Europe it might with propriety be eugsested
that a day be sot apart for a popular memorial
to the Interstate Commerce Commission for
Just rendering of the public account with tee
railroads. Chattanooga Tlraea.
Nothing can bring back the glory of Rheum
Imagination is touched with ths hat of p'
slon when armies heedlessly deflower a country
of Its noblest church, and It recoils with scorn
and loathing from the guilty horde. New lorn
Tribune.
The struggle In Colorado ia sure to b re
newed, unless the State takes back Its obAlcut
authority, resumes Its forgotten duties, sno
hnth mnlaa nnrt .nfnrran la-wa which Will Pr0
mote ptaoa In tho mining regions. Chicago
Journal,
Every well-Informed commentator on the
problem of building up our trade with Souin
America agrees that It Is mainly a question 101
establishing a proper system of whang,
whejeby ample credit facilities may ba exten
to the Latin-Americans and payment of traw
actions carried out with faclllty.-St- ul
Pioneer Press.
Railroad men should lean on themselves wore
and on the Government less. They should n'
stand back helplessly without economizing j
ask the Government for a llcenB?., ,vm
shippers and railroad passenger. MUwau"
Journal. .
The extension of American banking fac'"e
to South American cities should bo folk"? "
tho establishment of cheaper rates of postage
New York Times.
If President Wilson and the D"1"!
leader desire to go Into tho coming Jl'"Z,
with an indefensible grab even ft w'w.
appropriation to their discredit, they hv,
denly become loss careful of tho Pmic 'h!7a
pects of administration than they have "
heretofore. New York Tribune.
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