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EVENING LEDGER-PHIL'ADBLPHIA; WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 23, 1014.
RUSSIANS SEIZING JAROSLAW PRESS ON TOWARD CRACOW. AUSTRIA'S GIBRALTAR!
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I "Whfi ill
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trenches' 3ammed with German troops
walj-hig for fcrdtrs to charge the Brit
ish IlitA twlee they essayed to do so,
but the British Are was so accurate,
so deadly, that all Anally had to crawl
bade to the frail shelter of tho earth
works. When the British finally charged
there .was hardly a single unwounded
German left In the lines. Thousands
were dead. Tho wounded and the dead
tvero so mixed that It was hard to
rescue thoso who yet had a chanco to
recover. But the movement had been
a complete success from the British
viewpoint, and the position marks the
first real ground gained against tho
these trenches It will bo pos
sible to check any further attempt to
push southwest, and It gives tho Brit
ish a strategic position on the hills that
command the roads from Peronne to
Gonzeaeourt and on to Cambral, where
the British suffered so severely thrco
weeks ago, and from Peronno to St
Qucntln north toward Betltcourt, and
north by cast toward Guise.
It Is believed tint as a result of this
latest success the British will now be
ablo to push the Germans entirely from
tho neighborhood of St. Quentln nnd
rcoccupy that village. It is considered
certain that the main German forces
have already left It, as the unofficial
reports place the British advaneo guard
In that city's suburbs.
GERMAN RIGHT TURNED
AND IN PERIL, FRENCH SAY
BORDEAUX, Sept. 23.
Tho positive declaration that tho
flank of tho German right wing has
been turned and that Von Kluk's army
is lh danger of being cut off, was made
by the War Office today. It was stated
thaj while reinforcements are being
rushed to his rescue from Belgium, they
will not be able to alter the situation.
They will not bo able to rrcvent tha
German right being encircled and
forced either to retreat In haste to
ward Belgium or meet an attack from
all sides by an army of vastly superior
The British and French columns now
outnumber tho Germans two to one in
the western section of the line. There
arc more than 1,000,000 French and
British engaged In the battle along the
entire front, and nearly half that num
ber held In reserve should they be
Although the fighting in the neigh
borhood of Rhelms continues without
Interruption, It Is rtatcd the French are
now occupying a much better position.
They resisted a German assault In
force last night, driving the enemy
back In great disorder. The bombard
ment of the French position continue
with the Germans using their heaviest
aitlllery. It Is believed that under
cover of this fire they arc already with
drawing the major portion of their
The Germans nrc making a despcrata
effort against Verdun and tho lower
lines of the forts In an effort 10 reduce
them, but the official report? reaching
here say that all are still Intact
Bumming up tho entire situation, it
was stated at the War Office today that
It has never looked so promising since
the commencement of the war.
For the first time slnco the begin
ning of the war official and authentic
Information as to tho identity of the
commanding officers of the Allies ha1?
been given out. The right wing in Lor
raine Is commanded by General Pati;
the centre is directed by Generals
Maunary and Duvall; the left by Sir
John French, and the extreme left by
Generals Decurlcrs and Decastelnau.
FRENCH CENTRE RETREATS,
SAYS BERLIN WIRELESS
WASHINGTON, Sept. 23.
Fearful losses have been inflicted on
the French by tho German guns, and
the French centre on the long battle
Hnt ,p northern France appears to be
weakening. This was the gist of a dis
patch received at the German Embassy
today from Berlin. The dispatch fol
lows: The Trench offensive Is weaken
ing in spirit. Tho French losses
, are enormous. Their centre is re
treatirig. Verdun has been successfully
bombarded; tho offect of the Ger
man mortars again was tremendous.
The Paris papers show a down
cast spirit. Colonel Rousset com
ments In La Liberte on the strength
and actual position of the German
army as being quite unique in his
tory and warfare.
The English cruiser Pegasus de
stroyed the German survey vessel
Maeze, but was attacked and sunk
subsequently by the German cruiser
Tho Colonel Bousset referred to In
the dispatch Is said to be the military
expert of La Liberte's staff. The naval
battle was said to have taken place oft
the African coast.
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AGENTS ORDER U. S. RIFLES,
PROBABLY FOR THE ALLIES
GERMAN ADVANCE STEADY,
BERLIN WAR OFFICE SAYS
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BERLIN, Sept. 2' (by wireless
through Sayville, L. I., to the United
The War Office today officially de
clared that conditions at the front con
tinue to show the steady but neces
sarily slow advance of the German
The War Office again places all of the
responsibility for the destruction at
Rholms, and especially of the Rhelms
Cathedral, squarely at the doors of the
French. It is Mated that tho Germans
withdrew from the town to save it, but
that the French not only reoccupled it
but posted much of their artillery,
especially their three-lnch guns, there.
The tower of the cathedral was occu
pied, the official report says, by
French general officers who from that
point of vantage signaled the range of
the German positions to the gunners
In the streets and on the outskirts of
When the deadly character of tho
French artillery lire became manifest, It
was discovered that these officers were
In the tower and the signal men could
plainly be seen. It was therefore neces
sary for the Germans to open Are on
the town and to drive the observers
from their point of vantage. That the
cathedral was damaged is a matter of
deep regret to all Germans, but It Is
Insisted that firing on Rhelms became
n matter of the most urgent military
necessity when the French themselves
turned the pity into a part of their
The sinking of three English
cruisers is the big news featuro here.
The morning newspapers all place cm,
phaals on this victory. They explain
It will serve tu reconcile the sailors
with tho policy of repression which the
falgh naval authprltles have Imposed
upon them. Officers and men alike
have .been chafing because they were
not permitted to go out and fight, but
now It Is believed that tjie men will
be satisfied If successes M. this charac
A hostile aeroplane Stropped two
bombs near the Dusseldorf airship hall
yesterday, but did no damage.
Special messages from the western
front say General von Hindenburg
pursued the Russians until thoy
reached the shelter of their fortresses
at Kowno. The roads are now Im
passable. The rainy season has set In
and torrential rains have mado all of
the territory close to the frontier quag
mires. A number of special correspondents
make charges that the Russians are
violating the Red Cross. Thoy assert
that they personally saw n Russian
train of between 40 and CO cars loaded
with rilloa and ammunition, but with
the insignia of tho Hcd Cross displayed
on every car.
The noted Bavarian socialist. Mi
chael Schwab, has been awarded the
Iron Cross for bravery in the fluid. He
was serving in the landwehr.
Tho German press emphasizes tho
loyal American attitude of neutrality
In refusing to make a loan for France.
At tho same time the papers say that
so far as Germany Is concerned thete
is no need of any war loan from abroad
at this time.
The letter of 8 high officer on the
Bavarian Btaff was made public by the
War Office today reciting details of
French atrocities. The writer declares
that he was un eye witness to the
French systematically firing upon Red
Cross ambulances carrying wounded
soldiers from the flnng lino.
It Is also stated that a captured
German ambulance corps was .stoned
by a French mob and all of the oill
cerfe" valuables stolen.
It Is officially announced that In tho
battle near Lannenberg the Russians
had 150.000 killed and 52,000 captured.
The report of the Belgian art com
mission says that all of the Mate art
works and monumental buildings In
Liege and Lou vain have been baved.
tho only exception being the library
building in Louvaln.
100,000 Guns Sought in New York
by Secretive Bidders.
NEW YORK. Sept. 23.
Somebody ii In the New York gun mar
ket with nn order for lGO.WO lilies mid
50,00000 rounds of ammunition for ship
ment abroad. Loral gun dealers have
bcn appro iched by tommifeslon agents
dining the last week nnd asked If they
could till a substantial part of tho order.
Tho agents failed to state who their prin
Tho agents wero authorized to buy
100,0 0 guns and sufficient ammunition.
This Is taken to mean 500 loundb for
each lille. The agents want as modern
rifles as they can get, but are willing to
tako fairly old-fashioned arms.
They would have to pay from $3 to $10
for nn old rifle, and up to JJ0 for an up-to-dato
arm. They are willing to pay the
higher price. If they get all the guns
at tho higher price the cost will be ,
tXO.iW. It is doubtful if there are IOO.OjO rifles
in the country for sale. JIoxIco, during
the trouble down there, took all tho arms
the American manufacturers could turn
out. Tho manufacturers-thero are only
two in tho country who could till tho
order have not nearly that many rifles
It is probablo that these agents have
men scouring the country, billing half a
djzen hero, twentj there, and eentuall,
arcordlns to one familiar with the gun
situation, thej may get together 15,000
oi :'j,0"0 rifles to ship abroad.
WOMAN, FAST IN FROG, GIVES
FOOT IN PREFERENCE TO LIFE
With Member Gone, She Calls to
Workmen and Faints.
'rasgin,' lieistlf 100 feet after a
freight iar Imcl cut off her right foot
at the ankle, Mrs Anna tJ'Donnell, 15
ears old. of 1J13 Houth Napa street, called
to several nun working on the train and
then fainted No one of the several iloeu
men working within 100 yards of tho acci.
i ut ?aw It
While it cost her tho loss of her right
font below the ankle. , les plucky woman
would havo been giound to death beneath
the uh'ds of the heavy train. Mrs
O'l-ionneil was crossfiiK Gras' Teny ave
nue at 3lst street about 3 o'clock this,
afternoon and In trvlng to get across
a'lead of tho train she missed her step
and hei foot was wedged in a switch
S-'eerur that she could not get her foot
out uulch enough, she lay down nnd
stretched her bod as far as. she could
on the ground She then waited for the
appioaching car and (aw her foot cut off
After attracting the attention of the
train rrtfn she fainted Khe was taken to
the Pols clinic Hospital, where the phjsl
clatia sn that hhoiild the woman jecover
it will be due entirely to her nerve.
PARK SPRINGS KEEPER DIES
Joseph Crosby, for several ye.us In
chargu of the springs at Fall mount
I'ark. died from neuritis yesterday at
his home. 721 Hast Allegheny avenue
lie was - yt.ird old and hail been ill
fm th, pant "it months His widow, one
son. Robe it James a cleik at the post'
uUlce, and three daughters survive.
SERBS LOSE GROUND,
' VIENNA DECLARES
Servian War Office Contra
dicts Austrian Claims to
Victory and Reports Win
ning Nine Days' Battle at
VIENNA, by way of Rome. Sept. 2.1.
Tho War Office today denied positively
the Servian-Montenegrin claims of the
taking of Sarajevo and of a disaster to
the Austrian army near Loznitza. The
official statement sajs:
"We are Invading Servia successfully.
Sarajevo not only has not been taken
by tho enemy, but the cncm's forces
who havo attempted the Invasion of
Bosnia have been repulsed with hcavj
loss and are now -citrine before our vic
"There have been a number of cases of
cholera nnd dysenteiy ut tho front,
necessitating the Isolation of the suf
tcieis, but conditions uro not alarming."
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RHEIMS AFIRE AND HOPE
OF TEMPLE'S SAFETY WANES
Famous Glass Windows Ruined and
LONlJON. Sept. 23.
Neatly all of the thirteenth century
stained Blass, and moru especially the
amber bIumi of the into winduiv In the
main facade of the Cathedral at Rhelms
is irruimiahl) ruined, utcoidlnK to tin.
Paris correspondent of the Mall. The
treasures of the Cathedral who saved,
however. Wlilnf? under jrsterdaj'g date,
"The shelllnc of Ithelms and the smok
ing of tho ruins continue. Parts of the
wiills and towerfl of the Cathedral aie
falling continually, und the little hope
entertained ye'sterday that the main
fabric Itself mlKht remain is rapidly van
ishing. The town hall, museum and other
historic bulldliiBs are sharing the fato of
the Cathedral "
KIPLING'S SON IN ARMY
LONDON Sept. 23 John Kipling, son
of Rudyard Klpllns, lias received a
commission as second lieutenant In the
HENRY PHIPPS RESCUES
KIN FROIVI ELLIS ISLAND
Held ns Possible Public Charges by
NEW YORK. Sept. 23. Henry Phlpps,
Pittsburgh steel magnate, prevented
three of his Krandchlldrtn from belnp
sent to Ellis Island today for further
examination by a board of Immigrant In
spectors when ho assured tho government
officials that each child was worth $100,000
In his own name.
They arrived here today aboard the
steamship Olympic. Jlr. and Mrs. Phlpps
had been visiting their daughter, and
brought the children with them. All
minors coming to this country wthout
their parents must appear before a board
of Inuulry nt Kills Island to determine
If they are likely to become public
SENATOR BORAH ACCUSES
RAILWAY MAIL CHIEF
Says Stephens Threatened to Dis
charge Clerks Who Signed Petition.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 23 -A charge that
Superintendent Alexander H. Stephens
of the Railway Mall Service, had thteat
oned to discharge employes of the Rail
way Mail Service who signed a petition
In support of the Borah stop-watch bill
was made in the Senate today by Sen
ator Borah, of Idaho. The Borah bill
prevents tho use of stop-watches or other
time-measuring devices In keeping track
of tho movements of employes.
Senator "Chamberlain, of Oregon, called
attention to tho fact that these emploves
are under civil service and that Stephens
could not make good his threat, evwi if
he did make such a threat.
Senator Borah presented letters from
clerks asking to have their names
Btrleken fiom petitions in favor of the
stop-watch bill, because of tho fcai the
would bo discharged if their suppnit of
the bill came to the attention of Stephens
Slcpheni was quoted as saving that he
would punish any emploje "who Hid
about the hcrvlee."
GERMANS RE0CCUPY TOWNS,
FRENCH EMBASSY HEARS
Three Taken, Instead of One, ns An
nounced in Paris.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 23.
That the Germans have reoccupled
three towns opposite tho French right
wing In Lorraine was mado clear when
the full text of tho official statement
from the French War Offlco was read at
tho French Embassy hero today. The
official statement as glvon out In Paris
set forth that Domevre, south of Bra
mont, had been reoccupled by tho enemy.
Tho nmbaBsy received a statement,
however, which contains this phrasot
"On our right wing In Lorraine tlta
enemy has again passed the frontier with
several small columns. Ho has reoccu
pled Domevre, south of Bramont, and
Nomeny and Dllme, north of Nancy."
Further additional Information In the
Paris statement vvns that Germans In
tho Wocvro district havo directed their
movements toward Saint Botissant and
"In Scrvln," tho dispatch stnted," a
general battlo has been In progress for
a week In the region of KrupanJ."
BRITISH CAPTURE GERMAN
SUPPLIES IN NORTH ATLANTIC
Reconverted Liner Spreowald and
Two Colliers Make Seizures 02.
LONDON, Sept. 23.
Tho Hamburg-American liner Spree
wald has been captured by the British
cruiser Berwick, Captain Lewis C. Baker,
In tho North Atlantic, tho Admiralty an
nounced tonight. Two colliers nlso wero
Tho Sprcewnld was fitted out a an
armed cruiser. Tho two colliers carried
2i00 tons of coal und 1R0 tons of provi
sions for the German cruisers In Atlantic
Tho total number of German vessels
which, according to lntest reports, havo
been captured by British vessels at sea
or by British port authorities Is 91.
Nlnety-flvo German vessels wero de
tained In Biltlsh ports at tho outbreak
of tho war.
Seventy British vessels were held In
German ports at the commencement of
hostilities, and since then twelve ves
sels out of tho nearly 4000 carrying on
oversea trade have been captured nnd
sunk nt sea.
Tho Spiecvvald palled from Antwerp,
In command of Captain Hlntzc, on July
12, for San Juan. She is reported to have
sailed for Kuiopo on Septombor 4.
Tho vessel was built at ,Wcst Hartle
pool, Hngland, In 1907. She Is of 3S9D
tons, 332 feet long, 15 feet beam and 2j
ENGLISH TRAWLER SUNK
Mine Sends Kilmarnock to Bottom.
All But Two of Crew Drown.
LONDON. Sept. S5.
It Is announced that tho big steam
trawler Kilmarnock, from Grimsby, has
been destroyed by a mine In the North
Sea, nnd that all of the crew but two
have been lost.
PEACE TREATY WITH RUSSIA
Secretnry Bryan Hopes Other Bellig
eients Also Will Agree to Sign.
WASHINGTON. Sept 23.
Secirtary of State Bryan announced
this afternoon that Russia has agiced to
sign one ot his peace treaties, and that
he Is hopeful that nil the other belli
geients will do likewise.
TO AID AISNE ARMIES::
General Staff, in Many
With Allies by Checking
Westward Moving Rein- '
s - -
ANTWERP, Sept. 23. '
Sharp fighting Is going on In North- '"
eastern Uclglum between King Albert's '
army nnd tho Germans.
Tho Bdlglnns nnd Germani are reported "
to be In contact near Mechlin, arouml
Tcrmonde, and In tho vicinity of Auder- '
mnrde, some 15 miles west of Ghent.
The obvious Intention of tho Belgian
army Is to co-operate with the Allies la
France by engaging the Germans over '
ns large an area as posslblo In Belgium,
so ns to prevent reinforcements from
being sent west.
King Albert's forces are also worklnj ,
southward toward Brussels to menace
tho German lines of communication. It
la reported that the advanoo guard of
ono Belgian force engaged tho German
outposts only 13 miles from Brussels.
Another report describes a lively jidt
mlsh between Belgian civic guards and
Gcrmuns near Audormarde, about IS
miles southwest of Ghent, on Tuesday
Tho Belgians captured an automobile and
flvo prisoners, without any losses. Thj
Get mans had thrco men killed and two
wounded. South of Mechlin tho Belgians
advanced and gave battle to a German '
The Belgian forces nro composed of In
fantiy, cavaliy and light artillery, and
nro lighting vigorously to prevent th
Germans from establishing lines south
west of Antwerp.
Refugees from about tho district of St.
Glles-Wnes, who havo Just come Into Ant.
wcrp, report tho presence of Uhlans In
Information given by tho Belgian War
Ofllce glvcB the impression that the Ger
mans are being forced back from their
advanced positions south and west of
The inclination brought by tho refu.
gees from St. Glles-Wnes, however, pun
a different fnco on tho situation, as St.
Glles-Wnes Is only about 12 miles west
In their panicky stnte the fugitive
may have mistaken other troops for
Uhlans, but If they are correct it would
Indicate that tho advance guard of the
Germans Is pressing close to the tem
porary Belgian capital.
It Is apparent that the small detach
monts of Belgian troops aro acting In
dependent of King Albert's main com
mand. This would explnln the skir
mishes between membors of tho Belgian
civic guards and Germans nt scattered
points in Northeastern Belgium. It li
undoubtedly the policy of the Belgian
General Statf to harass the German ad
vance to the fullest extent with flyln
squadrons which enn move quickly over
thp country, attacking then with
The main Belgian army evidently li
not far from Antwerp.
LOCAL FIRE RECORD
PIKE FRIGHT KILLS WOMAN
LANCASTER, Pa, Sept. -o.-Tho resi
dence of Henry Wolgomuth, near Kliza
nethtown, was destroyed last night by
fire. Mrs. Wolgomuth, suffering from
heart disease, was so piostratcd by fright
that sho could not leave her bed and
while her husband nnd daughter were
carrying her from the house she died.
FATALLY KICKED BY MULE
LANCASTER, Pa., Sept. 2.1,-Bantered
to catch a young muje, Jeiomc Rhoads, a
joung farmer, of Coleralnc township,
mado the attempt and was kicked on tho
head. Thislclans say his Injuries are
50,000 GERMANS WOUNDED
Homeward Passage Reported of That
Number Through Liege.
AMSTERDAM, Sept 23
A telegram from Maestrlcht says that
fifty thousand wounded Germans have
been conveyed from the battlefields in
France to the Interior of Germany by
way of Liege.
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