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Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, September 26, 1914, Night Extra, Image 13

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045211/1914-09-26/ed-3/seq-13/

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HiVEa t:P.HTBLM SAOTBflAY, SEttTBB 28.
1014.
13
STtTThiiAY F.VF.N1NC KRvTEV OF THE WEEK'S EVENTS HERE, THERE AND EMSKYyHEBg
IN COMMERCE
AND FINANCE
Happenings That Throw Light on
Present and Prospective Busi
ness Conditions.
Of paramount Importance In th6 com
mercial and financial news of the week
are the preliminary steps toward r $100,
000,000 gold pool for the relief of the
foreign exchange situation, the success
ful placing of the $100,000,000 loan of tho
clty of Now Ydrk and tho decision of
the Interstate Commerco Commission to
reopen tho 5 per cent, freight rato case.
These favorable omens In the business
world wero further augmented by the
lifting of the ban on trading in Now
York, Boston, Baltimore and Philadel
phia, providing that salesmen may bo
sent out to solicit business for listed and
unlisted stocks and bonds.
Following tho sanction of tho Federal
Reserve Board of tho plan that the
$100,000,000 bo raised to place tho foreign
exchango market on a firm basis, banks
throughout tho country camo forward
with the announcement that they stood
ready to advance, whatever nmount it
v'as considered thoy should. This
amount. It Is believed, will onty total
About $25,000,000. which will bo placed In
the Bank of England's Ottawa branch.
Tho $100,000,000 loan In New York nnd
the rapidity -with which It was placid Is
one of tho best Indications of a gradual
return to normal conditions. Tho loan
was more than five times oversubscribed,
nnd It Is understood that foreigners, par
ticularly British Investors, put In bids
for as largo allotments as they could get.
Keferrlng to tho threat mado by Secre
tary of the Treasury McAdoo that he
would publish tho names of batiks hoard
ing emergency currency and would with
draw Government deposits from any banks
found to bo doing so, the new York
World asserts: "Secretary McAdoo s
warning to the national banks against
the extortionate uso of emergency cur
rency Is a warranted Intcrforcnco by tho
Government In their practice."
On Monday Postmaster General Bur
leson announced that ho had under con
nlderntlon a plan to mako the 2-cctJt
rate for letter postage effective through
out the Western Hemisphere. This an
nouncement is hailed with satisfaction
among business men, who are now work
ing to build up a South American trade.
Without a doubt this proposal should
become operative. The plan, of course,
would result In smaller revenue for the
Government, but It undoubtedly would
Increase our trade with the entire South
America. ...
Tho New Y'ork Times says on this
subject: "Postal treaties and conventions
looking to tho establishment of an ef
ficient money order business with all
Central and South American countries,
Including the British, Danish. French
ml Dutch West Indies, should follow
the measures nlready taken to extend
banking facilities to merchants of this
country In South American cities.
Further to Increase the trade or the
United States with South America steps
are being taken In Chicago for the or
ganization of a $3,000,000 banking and
trading corporation. Trade experts dur
ing the week took a trip on a special train
of tho Lehigh Valley, telling the needs
and advantages of Latin America. Tho
New Y'ork Sun holds that Americans nt
the present time are not adapted to
trade relations in South America as the
Germans and the French are, because of
the fact that the latter "become In lan
guage, manners, etiquette, both social
and commercial, often in law by naturali
zation, Brizillans or Perdvlans. Longer
credit is another condition precedent to
American trade in South America."
It is estimated that the totRl wheat
production In the European war zone this
car will be about 2,001,000,000 bushels, or
12.S pf-r cent, of Inst year's crop. This
fhould be encouraging to the American
grain man, consldcilng that this country
will have a largo surplus of wheat over
her needs this year.
The cotton situation assumed a brighter
aspect this week. Five Cotton Exchanges
in the South, at Dallas. Memphis, Mont
gomery, New Orleans nnd Savannah
opened. This should lead to considerable
buvlng of cotton throughout the country.
New warehouses are now under construc
tion to caro for the cotton bought, and
there Is every Indication that there will
be ample room to store the cotton where
It can be held until tho price advances
end there Is a demand for it. Tho South
ern Cotton Association will meet In New
Orleans next Tuesday, and It will prob
ably name a minimum price at which
cotton can be sold. The price now being
held to Is 10 cents a pound.
WATERWAYS AND PORK
On Mondav evening, after a. week of
continuous fighting, the allied filibustering
forces In tho Senate overwhelmed tho ad
vocates of the rivers nnd harbors bill and
forced them to nn unconditional surrender.
The motion of Senator Bankhead, of Ala
bama, Democrat, to recommit the bill to
the Commerce Committee with Instructions
to report a new bill carrying a total ap
propriation not exceeding $20,000,000, was
debated eight and a half hours. The
motion prevailed by a vote of 27 to 22,
exactly a quorum. Sixteen Democrats
and eleven Republicans voted to recommit
the bill. Seventeen Democrats, four Re
publlcans and one Democrat legl-stercd
themselves as In favor of It as It stood.
Tho success of the filibuster, which was
d by Senators nurton, of Ohio; Ken
yon, of Iowa, and Norrls, of Nebraska,
was warmly applauded by administration
newspapers ns well os by the press gen
erally. Tho New Y'ork World and tho
Brooklyn Eagle, which have been con
spicuous In support of the Wilson ad
ministration, Joined with the New York
Bun, the Buffalo Commercial and other
papers In declaring that tho filibusters
had done a real nnd lasting service to
the country. There seems to be what
approaches unanimity of opinion on the
ethics of "pork bills." The new maxi
mum of $20,000,000 was set by President
Wilson, but, says tho World, "It Is great
ly to be regretted that he did not take
earlier a definite stand on this' out
rageous measure." The Springfield I'nlon
harks back to the Democratic national
f'latform In theso words: "It must seem
to all fair-minded critics that the recora
of tho Senate Democrats Is a flagrant
abandonment of the party's professed de
otIon to economy."
The compromise plan for tho remakln;
of the bill calls for the reduction of tho
total appropriation from $53,000,000 after
It had been cut from one original $9J.
KiO.000, and authorizes expenditures only
for projects that have already received
the approval of Congress. The Wash
ington Times comments: "Tho heretofore
authorized' clause makes It possible that
pork heretofore apportioned may continue
to be paid for from tho new appropria
tion. Nobody knows Just what projects
are needed and righteous. A step
has been taken in the right dhectlon.
but a longer one Is needed. There should
be b. general and sweeping overhauling of
the whole system" of apportioning money
for purposes that come under the head
of rivers and harbors improvements. Tho
reduced sum, by the terms of the com
promise, Is to be spent "on existing water
Way projects In the discretion of the Sec
retary of War and the Board of Army
i-ngineers."
Rivers and harbors bills are not all of
tho character of the one now under dis
cussion, we are reminded by the Detroit
free Press, "indeed, they have inaugu
rated many' of the most advantageous In
ternal lmDroVpmpnta Mint wa haVfl todav
in the. United States." Seeing some good
IIWJWWWIUilll.lWl,lHIUHlHWlH'WWlil'HP.'V
I
y
- : : '
1 ' X -
"WHO, ME?"
fit. Louis Post Dispatch.
Is not a time for reckless squandering of
money when that money must be raised
by extraordinary means, but It Is not n
time to abandon all Its Improvement
work." Besides, "there are millions of
men out of work. In times of depression,
who can be made self-supporting It they
can find employment In these public
works."
At the traveling convention of the Atlan
tic Deeper Waterways Association, the
rivers and harbors bill was discussed.
Mayor Mitchell, of New York, as well as
tho speakers who followed him, deplored
the successful filibuster nnd declared that
It would work against the beat Interests
of the country, especially at the time
when the United States wns reaching out
for her share of the world's trade. While
favcrliifj economy in municipal nnd na
tional government, he decried this move
ment to kill new waterway projects, and
termed It unwise economy. Continuous
inland waterway routes connecting Phila
delphia, New York. Capo Cod Cannl and
Southern points by the moans of a uhlp
canal across the State of New Jersey
were advocated.
EMERGENCY TAXATION
The war tax revenue bill, agreed upon
bv tho Democrats of the Ways and Means
Committee and frnmed In accordance
wth the President's suggestion that "such
sources of revenue be chosen as will be
gin to yield nt once and yield with a
certain nnd constant flow," was Intro
duced Into the House of Representative.!
Monday. On the following day the com
mittee presented its report, saying that
"the necessity for this legislation grows
out of tho reduction of revenues derived
from customs receipts, caused by the
disturbed conditions resulting from 'the
war In Europe."
It Is estimated that the now taxe3 will
bring $103,000,000 Into the Tteasury In a
year. In geneial, the measute follows
the lines of the Internal revenue law's of
the Civil and Spanish Wars, but while It
imposes many of the old nnd some new
stamp taxes. It omits altogether bank
checks, some other kinds of commercial
paper, also medicines and perfumes. In
place of these are taxes upon gasoline,
parlor car and sleeping car tickets nnd
vatlous kinds of wine. Beer pays less
than heretofore, whisky Is Ignored and
tobacco's burden Is not much changed.
Bankers, brokers and amusement pio
prletors are levied upon, nnd Insurance
pollrles and telegraph and telephone mes
sages ate Included among sources of rev
enue. Republican opposition to the bill has
been manifest In Congress and In tho
press since It was first proposed. Tho
Boston Herald calls attention to tho
fact that Canada, which Is a partici
pant In the European struggle, Is Im
posing a war tax no larger In proportion
to our own. The Chicago Herald objects
strenuously to the provision concerning
Insurance policies: "A tax on life and
casualty Insurance policies Is a tax on
small savings. Why don't the lawmakers
put a tax on savings bank deposits and
bo done with It? They aro doing about
the same thing." Limited praise for
the bill is gtcn In the Now York
World, In tho remark that It does not
Increase the exactions upon incomes and
omits wholly tho mischievous Idea of
taxing domestic freight bills. Support
and opposition, both In Congress and
out of It, Is divided on strictly partisan
lines.
The principal criticism of the war tax
moasuro Is that It is wholly uuncccs-tary-
'(The new tax 3 not a war tux,"
Bays the Brooklyn Citizen, 'it is a tribute
to Democratic Incompetence and extrava
gance." The Albany Journal calls It "a
war tax In tlmo of peace," and declares
that Congress framed It In tho hope of
concealing the effects of "Its free-trade-ward
policy," The proposal for tho es
tablishment of a taxation commission,
to which would be committed the entire
subject of revenues by the Government,
is seconded by the Ohio State Journal
as tho way out of such muddles ns that
which now exists: "It will ba a forward
step when Congress yields Its right to
legisluto for revenues, for then such
laws will be based upon principle and
not upon selfishness, which characterizes
the field today."
Yesterday the war tax bill came up
tinder a iule limiting debute to seven
hours. This rule, reported from com
mittee on Thursday, was denounced by
the opposition as a "gag" rule.
The bill passed the House by a vote of
233 to 136.
re-employ nil striking miners not found
guilty of violence, rejected tho scheme
for nn Impartial grievance committee, and
claimed thnt they had never violated tho
"constitutional" mining laws of tho State.
Tho New York Evening Post, which,
like practically all otgans of opinion, had
urged the acceptance of the truce, regret
ted that tho rejection "makes tho pros
pect of a return to normal conditions less
promising" and that tho companies
should show a lack of a "hearty nnd sin
cere desire to bring about a settlement."
At the same time It felt that ns the truce
terms wero only "tentatively" submitted,
the President might be able to adjust
them to the desires of the operators.
The New York AVorld wrote editorially:
"There Is nothing In the plea of Mr. Wel
born which changes in the slightest dc-
FOREIGN RELATIONS
The steamship Robert Dollar sailed
from RIo do Janeiro, Wednesday, flying
tho British colors. Two weeks ago the
Robert Dollar made nrpllcallon .at RIo
for a transfer or. Canadian registry to
Amerdcarj, under tho registry law of
August 18. Tho British Consul protested
and the' transfer was refused. The Inci
dent derives Its Importanco from. Its ex
pression ot the British attitude toward
President Wilson's plan for tho purchase
of foreign steamers to bo operated by a
government-controlled corporation. The
President, on Thursday, said 'thaf the
ship purchase bill would not be taken
from the Administration's legislative cal
endar. It wns announced In Washington that
President Wilson had determined to toler
ato no longer (ho offensive public com
ments of foreign diplomatic representa
tives concerning matters of domestic con
cern. This announcement relates particu
larly to tho alleged statements of Sir
Lionel Carden, former British Minister to
Mexico, criticising our Government's Mex
lean policy: of Baron Wllhelm von
Schoen, of tho German diplomatic serv
ice, who Is said to have declared thnt
Japan wants war with this country! nnd
of A. Rustcm Bey, tho Turkish Ambas
sador to the United States, whoso refer
ences to lynchlngs In the Southern Stales
nnd "water cures" In the Philippines
wore not kindly received nt tho White
House. It is believed that tho American
Government has asked for Rustem, Bey's
recall, or will do so, nnd thnt It will
tnko official action with reference to tho
von Schoen and Cnrden Interviews.
Russia nnd Sweden this week Informed
Washington of their Intention to sign
peaco commission treaties with tho United
Stntes. These treaties will bo like tlios-s
which havo been negotiated with Great
Britain, France, Spain, China nnd 22 other
nations of tho world, and which provide
thnt nil dispute which cannot be set
tled through tho ordinary diplomatic
channels shall be referred to a perma
nent commission, nnd that hostilities
shall not begin within a year nftor such
reference of the questions at Issue.
PERTINENT PARAGRAPHS
Tho way Wilson maintains peace sug
gests thnt ho would have been a holy
terror on tho firing line. Columbia
State.
Mrs. Young wants peace taught In the
public schools. Incidentally, the school
board might note that Chicago wants
tho public schools taught In peace. Chi
cago Herald.
The German Emperor has conferred 18
Iron crosses on his soldiers, nnd no telling
how many of the other kind on the help
less ones at home. It Is tho way of war.
Nashville Banner.
And Colonel Cyartah, of Cynrtahsvllle.
strolling forth to gaze upon "the finest
mint-bed In V'glnla, suh," slowly shnkes
his head, too sad for utterance. New
Y'ork World.
The problems of politicians may be
""SfV- Vn'Q.
Now 1'urk Sun.
BORED
THE MEXICAN UNREST
Mexico's restlessness is manifest again,
and Indications point to nnothcr revolu
tion, unless It Is prevented through Frcs
i.i -u'ltmn's moral Intervention. Tho
Tho shifting lines of battle-torn armies
have advanced nnd been repulsed, first
one and then tho other, with tremendous
losses, on the whole 120-mllc fiont. On
rain-befogged fields they have fought,
each day being marked by carnage prob-
POLITICS
In politics tho wcok brought about ft
start In tho Investigation of the primary
cnmpnlgn "slush fund" of Senator Pen
rose by tlfo Senate Committee on Privi
leges and Elections, a stronger organi
zation of the opposition to tho Fllnn
Van Vnlkonburg machine in tho Wash
Ington party ns tho result of tho Washington-Democratic
fusion on tho Gov
ernorshlp, nnd the announcement that
Philander C. Knox will come to the aid
of Senator Penrose In the campaign and
that he Is planning to bo a candidate to
succeed Senator Oliver In 1916.
Tho Henato Committee, meeting In
Washington yesterday to decide whether
the Senate shall Investigate Senator Pen
rose's campaign fund, called before It
cetera! Phllmlelphlans, among them tlm
officials of tho Pennsylvania Protective
t'nlnn and the heads of the brewers and
liquor dealers' associations.
Talk of fusion on the Scnatorshlp was
slopped on Tuesday when Glfford Plnchot,
Washington party nominee for United
States Sennlor, and A. Mitchell Palmer,
Democratic nominee, each announced thnt
he would not withdraw to combine the
Democratic and Washington party right
against Penrose.
Washington potty leaders In Phlladel-
1 phia nnd several wemrn counties, In
! rinding Washington nnd Fayotte, on
( T 'osday anj Wednesday assured It. R.
I un, of Pittsburgh, who led the revolt
j ag.iln.'t the Fllnn-Vnn Vnlkenburg lead
1 crsMp following tho completion of fusion
I with tho Democrats on the Governorship,
thnt opposition to the Flinn clement Is
being well organized, nnd that Colonel
Rnoeetclt will be appealed to in an ef
fort to overthrow the present party lead
ership. ll during tlm week men of the stand
ing or Haiti- II. Clothier Hocked to tho
Htnndatd of iJr. Martin G, Brumbaugh.
Republican nominee for Governor, In
evetv county in the State. Doctor Brum
baugh continued his campaign through
tho centrnl counties of the State,
lie cnlWI upon the people to "stand tip
for Pennsylvania," nnd pledged the up
holding of moral standards In politics a
well ns n business administration.
Philander C. Knox, it wns announced
on Wednesday, will enter the campaign
on behalf of Senator Penrose by speak
ing at u Manufacturers' Club dinner on
October I", on the eve of Colonel Roosfl
velt's entry Into tho campaign. It be
came known on Tuesday that the former
Secretary of Stnte will soon po to Jitts-
, , of the breach between Carranza I ,, "ay oe ' marKCU u ror"IB1 ""T ! burgh to live Political leaders In Phllo
causes of the breach "" ably unparalleled In hlstorv. Neither the ,,el ha look lnN actlon to mcan thnt Mr.
nnd Villa date back to the latter uajs German forces nor the Allies, have gained Knox , preparing to be the Republican
of the revolt which gave Carranza con
trol of the Government nnd have to do
principally with conflicting ambitions,
perhaps not entirely personal and with
divergent conceptions of what form and
character should be given to the new
governmental system. According to ac
counts yesterday, Villa has massed from
40,000 to 50,000 seasoned troops In Chi
huahua and Sonora, many ot them cx
Federallsts. Tho attitude of the United States Gov-
THE CASE OF COLORADO
At the end of the first year of the Colo
rado coal and Iron strike, September 2,
the conference of operators virtually re
Jected the terms of truce drawn up by
Secretary Wilson, of the Department of
Labor, with the aid of a mine operator
and a miner, submitted by the President
to both parties In conflict, and accepted
by tho strikers. Mr. Wilson, represents
tlve of the mine owners, gave President
Wlllson an acceptance of only 'a nortlon
fcUhaJaUL the, yo Press pjmaUa; ''rOiAifit & &"13-. Xba-cerotaniva refused.!
1 decided advantage,
The great battle of the Alsne has te
solved Itself Into nn artillery duel, and
the result cannot be foreseen. A victory
for the Germans would enable them ngnin
to menace Paris. A victory for the
French virtually would n-iaute the re
tirement of the Invaders from France.
Out of the conflicting official state-
ments concerning the eastern field of 1
war, and weighing Vienna's geneial de-
nials against Petrograd'.s specific details,
advantage is indicated for tho Russians '
In Gallcla. Tho high point In the Gallclan j
campaign was the captuio of .Inroslnu. In '
tho North. This important fortification,
behind which the retreating Austrian !
army of DaukI found u protection while
its Investment occupied the Russians'
attention, opened the country west of the
1 San to the invading forces and gave them
control or many miles of railroad. Tho
Russians also occupied WIsIok. another
important railway centre on the Hun
garian border, and moved toward Tar
now, on the north, occupation of which
will afford complete mastery of communi
cations to Cracow. Next In importanco
Is the Russian advance on thin ancient
nnd strongly fortified city near the Junc
tion of the German, Austrian and Rus
sian borders. Cracow, affoiding a short
route to Berlin, is aheatly In peril, ac
cording to Petrograd official reports,
which state that troops have penetrated
to the outer fortifications. Tho f anion
university Horary has been removed to
Vienna. 210
many of the Inhabitants have fled.
Cracow Is of vnct mriteirie importance,
as its possessors control the road both
to the German and .j-uiiui , apuulii. Ttie
Russian plan of campaign contemplates
fulfilment of the Czar's threat of last
cnndldate to succeed Senator Oliver.
, Repretontatlve Palmer cnrrled his fight
aealnpt Ponroe and penroselsm Into the
anthracite regions. Starting on Tuesday,
, he iJallv took up new counts of his "In
dictment" against Penrose, nnd on
I Wednesday drew from Penrose a reply
In which Penrose called his attacks
"garbled, Inslncero and Intentionally misleading."
; POLITICAL BREVITIES
i The voters of Virginia this week de
cided to put the State with the nine
1 others In the "dry" eolumn. State-wide
i prohibition, which will go Into effect
I November 1. 191fi, won by a majority ot
Xj.OdO. The Issue was decided by the
' country districts, though only four lm
! portant cities voted In opposition to tho
constitutional amendment on which It
hinged.
In the New Jersey primaries nenrly all
of the present congressional delegation
of Wllcon men wete renominated. There
were few contests on any ticket. The
Progressive vote was verv light.
Hardly one-thiid of the fiOO.000 registered
voiers In Mnssachust-tts went to the polls
on primarv day. Ex-Consiessmun Sam
uel AV. McCiill was nominnted for Gov
ernor by the Republicans, Governor David
I. WalMh wns renominated by the Demo
crats and Joseph Walker, formerly Re
publican speaker of the Massachusetts
miles fcouthwest. whither ! House of Representatives, was the choice
Wl LUU l iUftlnj.,c.-., . vii,iv"iiiiii, -i.wu
ncr. In the Sixth District, wns renomi
nated by a narrow margin over A. Piatt
Andrew.
At the Progressive eonventlon in Dela
ware the Hov. George Edward Reed, for-
week to enter Berlin ut the head of his ' mer president ot Dlrklnson i.otlege ana
troops. Possession opens the way to nt present pastor or mo urace .Memoatsi
IT'S GOING TO BE AN INTERESTING WINTER
'hlcago News.
grce the upiniun whiih most men have
formed an to the true situation in Colo
rado. He Is pleading a bad case. He
represents absentee owners. Tho Rocke
feller family is behind him, and if the
lssuo of civil war In Colorado must be
mot by the National Government the peo
ple of the United States should know nt
once who Is making tho war and for what
purpose."
In answer to the operators, the Presi
dent summarily refused o change his at
titude and Indicated that they must ac
cept the truce or stand responsible before
tho country for tho result. Supporting the
President, the New York Tribune said:
"The mlno operatois will have to show
stronger objections to it than they have
If they expect the public to sympathize
with them In their refusal of its terms."
grouped under two general heads: How
to get money Into the public treasury and
how to get It out. Life.
Cutting tho pork out of the rivers and
harbots bill seems almost like cutting a
pound of flesh from next to the heart of
many a statesman. Indianapolis News.
There Is one consolation. New York
will not have uny worry about ticket
speculation at the world's championship
series. New York Sun.
Senator Burton won his great fight
against tho liveis and harbors bill with
out making n single humorous speech
and should guide his future conduct ac
cordingly. Ohio Journal.
I I i't A'fil '? "S. Vi- fli .'
. Nw York World.
' . SHE-JSIEGEJ - 1.
1 ' - - .. ,: , -j. 1 .... ,u....
ernment Is known to be strictly neutral.
It is reported from Washington that the
evacuation of Vera Cruz b the troops
under General Funston will proceed an
ordered.
In discussing this newest phase of the
Mexican trouble, tho New York Sun,
which has been consistently antl-adminlfl-tratlnn,
savs: "On no battlefield where
Villa triumphed was Governor Carranza
evee seen; the way to a new capital was
alwuys hewed for him, as It were, by the
Illiterate man sprung fiom the people for
whom he had a pemonal dislike, which
was reciprocated with Interest." The
Boston Transcript declares: "The decla
ration of Villa that he will not Siibmlt
to the rule of Carranza Is a most lu
minous commentary on the failure of
ot'f administration cither to keep out of
Mexico or get out of Mexico"
It Is a somewhat different view that Is
tnken by the New York World: "Tho
President Is to be commended for his
1 refusal to change his Mexican rollcy as
la result of the teportcd quarrel between
Carranza and Villa. So far as the I'nltcd
States Is concerned theso men represent
the same Idea. It is the principle of self
rule. If they mubt tight In order to
settle the personal Issue, the fact Is to
be regretted, but ttie principle remains
the same."
That the revolt will be less serious
Breslau, which Is 100 mile from Berlin,
i to which the Russians aio preparing a .
j winter march. The Investment of Prze
j mysl, still under heavy bombardment, has .
been left to a surriclcut force, while the
main Russian army replaces bridges
across the San in order to move through I
the marshy territory nn tho south,
where the Austrian, under von Auffen
beig. are endeavoring to shnpo their
shatteicd forces for a last stand before
falling back on Cracow. Occupation of
I'rzemysl Is no longer essential to the
main Russian ohjectlo, Cracow, but af
fords passage Into Hungary through the
Carpathians. More than a million Rus
sians are now nctlve In Gnlicia, whore
the third great battle of tho campaign Is
e tpected shortly. Fighting In Gallcla
during the week has been confined to
skirmishes, with the exception of the
successful storming of Jaroslau. The
Austrian War Office minimizes nil re
ports of Russian progress nnd says that
the Austrian armies have united between
the San and tho Vistula and uro prepared
to take tho offensive.
Paiallellng tho great conflict on the
AlMie in point of numbers cngnged and
sttatfgle importance. Is an Impending bat
tle on the Poland-East Prussia border,
where Russia has massed a force of
l.KO.OOO n'ons n ISO-mile front. Vlctoiy
In this contest wilt mean the cheeking of
ttie German campaign against Warsaw,
which wns announced iarlv In the week
to be General Hlndenburg'a objective.
The Russians under Rcnnenknmpf lurej
thn enemy south to the Polish frontier,
but on receiving heavy reinforcenuuts
fiom the Inteilor have taken the agrei.
sive, as dewrlbed. success In this move
ment will upen another road for the Czat
Into llerlln.
The chief naval engagement of the week
was the destruction in the Nauh Sea of
three Iirltlsh cruisers by German sub
rrprlne.v It was stnted In Berlin that a
single submarine had wrought the havoc
but other reports said five. The Brit
ish lost nvro than 10 men. including
many officers. The disaster fallowed im
mediately a. statement trom Winston
imirciiiii, first joru or the Admlralti
Episcopal Chur.h at Wilmington,
nominated for Congress.
IN PHILADELPHIA
l IIUIL 1U1I11UI ilii;.a N HtU ULIIII1UII ML LIIU . . rf-a . . ... '- t
Washington Times, which remark, that hi and s win,. , I Si In n wi J
there will bo no foreign pressure this ftH ' "l f" Tjfo rl "U '" " h-
time. The New York Times Intimates ,iiram i-i ? overcome
hat financial Interests are behind Villa. u'fl'lU ow.. ?ort uiaMnrTn?1 "
,nd that In all probability tho "angel." "r ,J1' 2j , r , . ... o "'
u- the principal backer is called, Is the "T '! Wk 1 fvlao.0 ,4ti. On rldy
.ame who financed Carranza . revolution l'Y.X !'
..u.. ..........w .;..( .ituiuuil', aillMtt
strong,
i that an American oil syndicate Is
1 ,mc-nting the new revolt.
Declaring that it l not too late for
th- I nited States to Intervene "psycho
logically ' the Baltimore Sim advocates
tht tendering of tho good ofllces of our
government to avoid bloodshed. Two
opposite opinions o' the President' '
Mexican pone, as j
ii iir i-vi-iua, niv IUU80 or me Now
lork Trmune and the New Huven
1 niun-Journal The Tribune usfer's
that It has utterly collapsed, while tho
I nion-Journal thinks that the outlook
is reassuring and hopes for the con
fuunding of the opponents of "watchful
waiting "
in the barb r about Tsln-To evidentiv
have kept the Jo pane lltet at a ,4(4,
tamv Kuring the ve, liowrwr, Japa
nese aii.hlps have passed over Hid forts
and inttutvil minor damauu 10 the u-okk
Phlna continues In a fvrnuat beiauc
of the neiivitles of nir propug&niiitit,
and It is lliev!d in tome quarters thu'l
udged In the iibIii I lllc "m"'r' "'" 'et b Pluiwwl Into tb , tiany's Wind
hose of ,hB Now I ?"' J?
A fclgnlficant event was the beginning
of work on the new shlpways at the
Philadelphia Navy Yard, at which
Secretary of the Navy Daniels broke
ground early In tho week. The work Is
now going forward.
It has been announced that ships from
New Oi leans, Seattle and San Francisco
are being inrefull watched bv Dr
Hu 1 to. director of the Health Depaitment.
In his effort to prevent nn outbreak of
bubonic plague here. The disease Is car
ried by rats.
In the textile trade, conditions wero
considerably Improved by tho reopenlnjr
of the Dobsou mills to fill large blanket
11 nil cloth orders from the Canadian and
r nited States Governments
Tile at tii n of tl.e 'ojnt Commissioners
In preparing an order requiring that thn
weight be stamped on euch loaf of bread
sold in this city wns hailed o a victory
for the local civic organizations
Councils, at a speclui meeting, passed
the tll.:tO0 0OO loan bill, including desplto
the Maor"8 veto, the Item for a new
Municipal Court building
Frederick A. Fenton, sccretar of the
luvedlment lUnlierw' Association wan
here this week planning fur the Kather
lug of bankers to be held in this cit at 1
date to be name,) later. It was an
nounced that Philadelphia' share in the
tlOO.000.000 void pool being formed to re
lieve 1 lc fori-lisn ex. lnn, JiluuUon will
be JS, 000.000. the first pavmenl of u Inch
will he ?.i.00o. National banks ure to
contribute.
Two prm asked for lecoivuis thl
week, and in "no iu.se. that of Meiritt
d. Co., a Cftmden lion toncern, the rea
son given was the Kuiupean wni Thn
other firm In Irish Brothers, cool dealers
of this city, the reii.-Mui ndshrued being'
a de.lie to protect the onsets of the firm.
I'i'l.ir t'oittial - to tullil ll.nr.' M
Flasler'n dream of dirtet rail conmttlon
Ik tween the t'nlted st.ite and I'uKi was
lituiichfd ut Cramps this wwk. Slipping
(Ircles also were inUresttd in In news
that Collector of the I'ort l:rr has heen
authoriMKl to reetlve applicitlons from
; steamship owners for war r.sk insur
j ttt tor vrsscls sat'.init under the 1 mted
ante. Ha.
j A pluu for a farmers' market tn
MMh stul elevated unuinjl w.t ,ul
vanint till Heck, The Phlladelpln 1 an 1
Wist in Had Mm lhigh Valley Tianslt
Comii.iiiy ore expected to io-optrate in
the routement
IMiectur of Publio Works Cooke wan
noilfltil that ttui Publi,' l'tllities comini
sion Mill bar ,iid lomplaint oxulnst the
I'liiiiuUiphUt Elect tie Company November
IT The complaint (trew out of the coin-
tor eieclrlu lltjriting in
has ktlrretf Hie cuuntn On Frldav m.
noiini'tnicnt was made that the Japanese
uonlil tunstruct a railroad on Chinese
you to transport troops . ,r the si iru ..f
1 Tuirw-Tao Drastic m.asuies wtie tak.n ! by lie Mui and now
1 ,- . iwkiui 01 ' lima 10 Mop ar- ' voted
Th !.:;u'.i l"n bill vomainlnu pro
Vision for IJi). for eti hoik pre
lluunatj to subwav extension was passed
this week by Select Council unit sinned
Is iniilv to be
uenctal com
un by the people
111... lit? mririitt r.itlnnL H.t a ...,. ..a ... ' .....
( tutors b.lng ordered fu , ptt!tmn. the lu,.W item f.o a ew
ltumanla trembles on the brink of war. Mimical Cuuit iw r the Mdw,r et
and should that country take up arm. Lo.al .oiiim. 1. ul 11111 were i..irtM
in the Allltk iaiw- otlieii, ,,r ih. u.-iiu,,,, 1 ... .1... ,.!.,, f, m, ,1 ... ,unl. ...... ...
States would be precipitated into the .on- ' II It curl,,, 'oinp.u, 11" gnat hew
fcWM tta Unc. now ,. ,. Mth Uy. 1 them to a comVou c """ WM XT." J
THE WEEK IIS THE WAR
This week has seen the continuation.
with unremitting vigor, of the fierce bat-
U
l,l
3.
I
t
! X
(
111
S1
cjgra.'?f.--,-aJ.
iiijut "1

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