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riin.iiF.i.tiii., Monday, si:i'n;.Miti:n ait. phi
Look Out For Red llerrliip
TAXPAYERS arc determined to have rapid
transit. They will not br euchred put of
It. Any schemes, therefore, Involving tho
expenditure of large sums of city money
should bo viowed with the gravest suspicion.
It Is an old trick for obstructionist politicians
to defeat a transit project by dedicating a
largo part of a municipality's funds to other
plausible enterprises. There arc few contem
plated public Improvements of so great Im
portance os the bulldltiff of the new subway
elevated system. As a choice between It and
any other Improvement, transit would come
first. It Is a good time to be on tho lookout
for red herring.
"Safety First' for Ponrorcism
THE Old Guard is out for halos, or any
thing at all that looks well and oo.ts
nothing a little stolen altur fire to blind the
public eye to facts. John P. Connelly dons
the mantle of Judge Lindsay, drops a sob
over tho delinquent child and negotiates the
Municipal Court grab. But, as always, tho
master outdoes the man. Penrose has found
the perfect halo. It encircles his classic brow
on his newest campaign button "Safety
First." The best advertised phrase of the
year, appealing, reassuring, yet gloriously
abstract; how well it goes with Penrose,
"fe'afety First."' But whose?
Mexico Labors in Iraniliou
WHETHER or not Muerta and his gov
ernment would have brought order out
of chaos in Ales leu if the ex-dictator had re
ceived the aid and recognition of the United
States Is no longer a question in the minds
of serious students of Mexican history and
affairs. The struggle of tho Constitutional
ists has not been a bandit raid upon their
country in the name of revolution It is the
same struggle which inspired Hidalgo and
Morelos and Guerero and Juarez and a hoit
of other patriots in their fight against the
tyranny of Spain and the oppression of tho
privileged cluss in their own country. It its
the same struggle which sounded the death
knell of feudalism iu Europe before the ad
vent of the modern industrial era, and it Is
the same struggle which inspired tho Ameri
can colonists in their battle for political and
economic independence. Mexico, the country
of early Spanish superstition and despotism,
and, later, private exploitation and betrayal,
is just waking up to the fact that feudalism
is not the last stage of human pn gres3. At
last she stands upon the threshold of a new
era. The transition, because of Its long de
lay, is being accompanied with unusual bard
labor and suffering. It will be accomplished
in the end.
Music Teachers Come to Their Own
THE laying of the cornerstone of a homo
for retired music teachers in German town
is only another sign that the American peda
gogue of music is at last coming into his
own. TIip biggest portent of all is the war
cloud over Europe. Hitherto the foreign
teacher has had everything his own wuy. The
prestige of tho Continent led every Ameri
can pupil who could afford u to take the
long journey overseas Now it will be a reck
less parent, indeed, that will trust a s.n or
daughter to the chances of Italian neutrality,
while it is doubtful if either conservatories
or private teachers will be doing business in
Germany, France or England. Our Ameri
can teachers may not be the equals of the
European: they have never had the material
with which to prove their abilities!. Now is
their chance. If they know their art, what
they call tho myth of Continental training
will bo exploded for all time.
Stapo Set for UquililicauUni
AREBOPND toward conservatism is np.
.paront throughout the United States. The
war has sobered pu..li opinion. In fact, even
before the war sentiment was veering away
from the experimenters who imagined that
the only sure way to further morality win
to change the form of government. But thi
return to common sense does not mean u. re
turn to Penroselsm and the other kind of
"Jams" which were so emphatically repu
diated, first In 1910 and later In 191J. The
people have learned th4t they can have sim
ple honesty without fanaticism, and they are
going to insist on having it.
The stage is set for a triumphant revival
of militant Republicanism Everywhere men
are asking themselves if it is worth while to
think moro of foreigners' trade with than
of our own trade with foreigners. They ar
more determined than ever to make thin na
tion absolutely independent in a manufac
turing way. They are ready to so forward
In constructive enterprise; they are anxious
to begin again the upbuilding which ha
temporarily lagged. They will not hesitate
to vote their convictions at the polls if as.
uured of honest and faithful leadership, of
capable Instruments to carry out their
If Pennsylvania Indorses Penroselsm It
will merely convince the nation that there is
more cleaning to be done before the Republi
can party can be entrusted with the conduct
of the Government. The defeat of Penrose
lsm. on the other hand, will convince good
Republicans everywhere that their oppor
tunity Is at last at hand
to bo characteristic of American met .ners. It
Is largely through this natural disposition of
tho public that tho political boss has climbed
Into power and, In many cases, remained
there. What he has secured for his con
stituents has been appreciated and thanks
have been duly rendered. "Pork" In a rivers
and harbors bill, a bank check for charity, a
barrel of Hour for n worklcss ntid wngelcss
voter by such means the corruptlonlst In
politics retains popularity with that "good
fellow," the public.
But even 111 a "good fellow" the spirit of
rebellion is not dead. There, may come to
him a recognition of the fact that he has
been Imposed upon, that lite other "good
fellow" has gone too fur. It Is humiliating,
nmililplilnsr. In bo inlttle it mentis to (til end.
j In polities tho rebuke can bo administered
nt the polls. ,
Dnyliplit "Kills a Grab
ORDINARY citizens may be in doubt con
cerning the plans of the Organization
"to make .1 killing" through the acquisition
of land ntid palaces for tho Municipal Court,
but the Organisation Itself knows what It
wants. Tho architects were not asked to
draw plans for one building on a corner lot.
The project Involves an entire city block.
Not only will the building of the one structuro
provided for In the loan bill Increase Imme
diately the cost of the laud which the city
will have to acquire later, but it will enhance
greatly the value of alt property in the
vicinity. This docs not Imply real estate
speculation, for it Is not speculation when
men gamble on n "sure thing."
Tho light of day has put an end to the
illegitimate prollt In the transaction, how
ever. The small houseowners now under
stand the scheme, and they will neither sell
nor give options. They wilt take the profits
themsehes, os Is proper, If the extravagant
plan Is llnall consummated. But the whole
adventure hns given the city a clear view of
the methods by which Penroselsm In Phila
delphia nourishes and retains Its power.
Oltl Issues iu cv Primaries
NEW VOIIK holds its first primaries today,
tt will doubtless afford some relief to
the voters of that State to use the oppor
tunity of thinning out the number of can
didates for the Governorship and certain other
oinrcs. There have been so much brawling
and billingsgate and general confusion that
the voters will be lucky If they can see any
issue at all except the old ones of Tammany
and Barnesism. But these old ones still need
attention, and today the principal issue at
the polls is good citizenship.
Shocks From Ice Cream Plunges
ICK CUEAM has won ottlclal standing as
a food. It used to be considered a sort of
thermal debauch; you expended untold
pounds of energy in melting It. The cream
value was nothing compared with the waste
in bringing it up to tho temperature of the
human interior. But some of the doctors
have changed all that. Ice cream is now tho
best number on the program, the perfect
close to the alimentary entertainment. And
It is that same chilliness which does tho
trick. The Ice acts like a cold plunge in the
morning, a shock which leaves tho stomach
In a glow of renction. Such is the new theory
that has made triumphant progress among
the young. Yet a doubt remains. A bath
is a shock, but it is sudden, brief. You don't
have to i-lt In the water until you've raised
it to your own temperature. Ice cream Is
Children Point the "Way to Health
rpHE publii- schools are the big Held for
1 social sanitation. Proper treatment of
the school child brings us clos-o to the source
There disease can lie discovered and cured
before it has wrecked life. Scientific school
hygiene means finding the best environment
for the physical and mental growth of tho
child. It means correcting physical defects
while they are still remediable. It is useful
in bringing standards of right living into
homes without them, homes whore diseiihe
otherwise breeds and spreads. Tho child is
the easiest and most fruitful avenue to pub
Peace Earned. Tol Bestowed
REWARDS are promised peacemakers In
the future, but here they have their own
troubles. Various are the peace theories in
these days of war. Some would enter Into
compacts of fellowship and enforce thorn with
soldiers. Others would make treaties by
signing a paper which in times of trouble Is
likely to be trampled under the feet of armies.
Another peace party would cultivate public
opinion against the horrors of war. All these
theories are good whllo the nations keop
sweet, but once they grow angry ideals of
federation disappear like frost before fire.
Peacemakers, however, look forward to the
realisation of a golden dream, and deserve
encouragement. In the meantime. let us re
member that peace Is something earned, not
bestowed; that tho fighting blood of the
animal cannot b changed by resolutions or
Peace Is ono of the ripe fruits of the eternal
The "Good Fellow" Has a Smashing Fist
THE American publii-. it has been said, is
a '"good fellow " Whether or not Kipling
was right when he asserted ihat our people
are Indifferent to liberty and equality, but
Insist on fraternity, good fellowship seems
"Ten Cents a Pound." Po you cotton to it?
"It's a Jong. Ions way to Tlpperary" for
Horn Rule, ,p
It looks as if Carransa Intended to set out
and get under.
The baseball situation may bo described as
beans and more beans.
"Prosperous" France ostenda tho mora
torium, while Germany subscribes $10,000,000
The capital slum bill 1ms been eignod by
the President. Nothing remains to be dono
but get rid of tho slums.
Housewives are blamed for tho high cost
of sugar, it having been proved that they
continue to use It.
--ill .mnpi niwwWPIWW
There has been too much confusion about
a simple thing. Przemysl is pronounced as
If it were not spelled that way.
The events of the last week In Ruropo have
proved that the German and Allies are
tied for flrst lae ta Antt-Clyllteation.
Iau9. , .
It roust causa aeorgo Fred Williams a
sharp I'ans to view A. iinstem Bey and sss
just how much Indiscreet talk a diplomat
...M. -i -.n --I
The President did right to stop the plan
of New Jersey Democrats to indorse him for
a second term, but it may be noticed that
there is nothing in Mr Tumulty's letter to
indicate that the. President will not be a can
didate to bucieed himself.
PASSED BY THE CENSOR
THE HON. JOHN V. FITZGERALD, bet
ter known ns "Honey KHz," the man who
made Boston famous and placed the b'acrod
Codfish on the map. or vice versa. Is a fight
ing Irlshmnn, who does what Is exactly op
posite to accepted standards. Himself a
Democratic boss, ho whipped his fellow
bosses. Defeated for Mayor he "came back"
and was re-elected. In fact, ho Is akin to
Gilbert K. Chesterton, the English Hit, of
whom some ono wrote In tho American
When plain folk such ns you and I
Heo the nun sotting In the sky.
We think It lfl the setting ""li
mit Mr. Gilbert Chesterton
Is not so easily inHlcd.
Ho calmly stands upon his bend
And upside down obtains a new
And Cliesteftoiilan point of view.
Observing thus bow from his toes
The mm crreps nearer to bis nose,
He cries with wonder and delight,
"How good the sunrise Is loiilfihtl"
It N so with "Honey Fits." Retired from
the office of Mayor, ho sought new Holds to
conquer, and found them In a clothing piop
near Scollay Square, whore Kits', now fits
MPf-JROlt FRANZ JOSEPH. whoso
trotibleo are no the sands of tho sea, once
had an experience which ho recounted with
zest for many years. Ho hnd been visiting
the villa of a friend In tho outskirts of
Vienna, and had played cards until 2 in tho
morning. Not desiring to disturb the house
hold, he started for the front door In the
dark, promptly upsetting a chair. Tho old
cook, awakened by tho noise and thinking
that It was a thief, rushed Into tho hall. She
recognised tho Emperor at once, and. not
knowing how to entertain a ruler on negligee,
she dropped on her knees and nt the lop of
her voice started to sing the national anthem,
"Oott erhnlto Fruna den Kaiser."
IT HAPPENED long ago, so there an be no
good reason why this story should not
be told, although It concerns on esteemed
coiiteiiipora'.v. Its owner established an
American dally In Londou and promptly en
gaged nine English Journalists atfd one Ameri
can reporter, nnmed Haverley. Then Lon
don was placarded from end to end with a
request that Britain buy "next Sunday's
issue."' in which could be rend a beautifully
Illustrated and well-written description of
"Historic Hnmpstead Heath." The pictures
wore In the oillce and an Engtlsh journnllst
was sent toith to get tho reading matter,
with Instinct ions to report not later than
Filday. Friday noon came and no journalist.
Evening came and no sign of the missing
genius. Then the editor called on Haverley
with Instructions to t,et the desired matter,
if ho had to die for it after ho was success
ful, of course.
Now, Haverley knew as much of Uamp
steail Heath as a cat does of the calculus,
but ho was an American. So ho hied himself
to Hnmpstead Heath, where ho found tho
Three Spaniards, an inn owned by the samo
family for 300 .-.ears. To the proprietor ho
told his troubles.
"I can help you." said the innkeeper. "My
grandfather, father and myst-If have kept a
scrapbook of everything written about tho
'Eath most of it is by Thackeray, Scott,
Dickens and Georpe Augustus Henry Sain."
Haverley swore by all that was holy to
return the book, and departed In' triumph.
At home, knowing tho need of speed, ho
scissored and clipped tho precious pages
right and left, wrote an Introduction and
rushed It to the composing room, where it
was put into typo.
The Wednesday after this concoction, tho
mental emanations of Dickens, Scott, Thack
eray and Sain, had seen tho light of day, tho
managing editor of the London dally received
a letter from the proprietor in PnrU. rending:
"Please congratulate tho gentleman who
wrote the story of Hampstead Heath. It
was a masterpiece of English."
THE proprietor of a Chinese restaurant in
Race street bought a phonograph not long
ago and with it a dozen records of Chinese
music. Then ho tried it on his patrons. From
the horn issued a conglomeration of cacoph
ony beyond tho power of mero words to
describe. Shrill trebles', male falsettos pre
dominated, punctuated by spooky tenors. In
terspersed was tho din of tom-toms and tho
plunk-a-plunk of celestial banjos. It was a
sextet, tho pioud owner averred, but not
For a full minute tho nolso continued: thon
it assumed tangible hhapo emblematic of
tho topsy-turvy charactor of tho Chinese.
Throughout was a lelt motif, repeated and
reiterated tlmo and again. Then cume a
crescendo, tremendous in Its sharp shrill
ness, accentuated by hysteric beating of
drums and thumping of stringed instrument)
of torture. Then followed a dismal wail,
more haunting than that of tho banshee, and
the sextet was a thing of musical memory.
A PAIR of stout pajamas saved Sir John
JoJHcoo, commander-in-chief of Britain's
navy, from a damp and watery grave. In
Juno, 1S93, when still a mero commander.
Jelltcoo lay desperately HI from fever In his
bunk aboard the buttleship Victoria when
she was rammed by the Camperdown. The
alarm was given and Jelllcoo rushed to tho
bridge, though delirious. A moment later,
with tho sailors standing in proud lino, ns
befits seamen, singing their national anthem,
the great ship gave a heave and plunged Into
the depths off Tripoli. Jellltoe was drawn
down by the suction and would have been
drowned but for the presence of mind of an
unknown hero. Seeing on expanse of
pajamas going down into the waves, tho un
known modo a wild grasp, managed to get
a hold, and swam toward the rescuing boats
not knowing whom he had saved. That is
why Jelllcoo lives to have this tale told about
The Mazda Incandescent lamps now In
common use are named after Mazda, god
nesa of light, the deity of the Zorasiriuns. or
Mazdaists. Tho character of Zoroaster fur
nishes the theme for an ubHorbliiK and es
nulsitely poetU' romance by V. Marlon Craw
ford, the American author, who spent many
years in Eastern ontrls.
The skeptical phraso, "Toll that to the
marines," originated in England, where the
sailors poked fun at the luck of sea knowl
edge on tho part of the marines. Lord
Biron In his poem, "The Island," makes usq
of tho phruse:
"I'm thin, whatever intervenes,"
"Right," quoth Ben, "that will do for the ma
rines" In the early part of the last century, some
wise men of Southampton, England, cut a
, lil 11 lor oarges neiween men nj am
, Redbndge. Hut be ause of tho high dues,
i the (..rial v.ii n.ver u ' andthe wisdom
, of the buildir- v , , i.ri, .red to that of l
1 Bi,m wIkj t.ut uw led i in iho walli of his
house, one for tho mother cat and the other
for the kittens.
Tho "Lttllo aontleman In Velvet," who ap
pears occasionally In print, was ti molq
which raised a hilt ngnlnst which stumbled
tho horso which William 111. of England,
was riding, throwing iho monarch over Its
head. William broke his collar bono, and
other complications ensuing ho died in 1702.
"Half seas over." meaning Intoxicated, Is
traced to the Dutch phrase, "ob-zeo-zober
oversea beer a strong beverngo Introduc
ed Into England from Holland.
TN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
If thosr, Moxlcnn belligerents aren't care
ful, somebody will havo them ariosted for
disturbing tho peace.
To iea or tint to tea, that Is tho tango'.
Whether 'Us better 111 tho maxlxo to suffer
Tim slings and whirlings of tho Texas
To in my,
Or to pi ess arms ngnlnst n sea of chiffon,
And by opposing rend It. To dance, to dip
And by that dip to say wo end
Thu two-step, waltz, and thousand nntural
That dance Is heir to? To dip. to slip.
To slip! l'eichanco' to fall aye, llicro's the
For In that fall what steps may como
When wo have shultled oil our mortal feet
Makes us give pause
And rather dance those steps we'vo learned
Than rush to olliois that wo know not of.
I'lxlcuil the Possibilities
The "tUiy.-ii-hale-iif-cutlon" movement can
be extended indefinitely. It Is not merely tho
South that needs nsslstmu-c. For example:
Buy a freight car and help tho railway
Buy a tank of petroleum and help John
Buy a stool rail and help Andrew Carne
gie. Buy a haystack and help Iho Indigent
Wo were about to add something about
buying n ton of coal to help tho coal cor
porations, but tho subject la too sacred.
"There Is quite a change In tho weather,"
remarked the Optimistic Individual.
"There always Is," added tho Cheerful Pes
simist. The Secret Out
ralrmotint rafter a few puffs) I thought
you said those wore choice cigars,
Wlssahlckon That's what I said my
"A mad dog ran Into tho smithy today,"
said the village blacksmith casually.
"Ileavons!" ejaculated his wife, "what did
"Aw we shooed him.
Tills wo may say for Mexico's
Ono tlmo first chief whose sway Is sliding;
Who now Is weighted down With woes
And with the end may be colliding;
This may wo s-ny that ono miulit mention
Him of course, wp mean Carranza
I'nllhe his fellow countrymen
And get him in a single stanza.
And likewise him who soon mnv bllla.
First chief; referring now to Villa.
Villa Is pronounced Ve-ya.
A la Sherman
Night Watchman fin any European,-town)
Eight oVlock nnd all's hell. Life.
(ullnr Is your daughter an cqueMtrinn?
Proud Mother Either Hint or valedictor
ian. These class olilcers are so confusing,
don't you know. Buffalo Express.
Tl All Depends
Examiner Now, "William, If a man can
do one-fourth of n. pleco of work in two
days, how long will ho take to finish it?
William Is It a contrnc" job or is ho
worktu' by tho day? Life.
Score Ono for Ta
Willie Paw. what in a monologue?
,aw. a conversation between n man and
bis wife, my sou,
Maw Willie, you go do your lessons.
"Isn't there u proverb about thoso who
hesitate being lost?"
"Yes," replied the frivolous youth. "But
I never hesltnto. The one-step is good
enough for me." Washington Stur.
A Rondeau of Rahic
As you must know, some men thero bo
Who itnunt the fact that they nro free
From nurs'ry thraldom: oft they cry
(As though H prove nu alibi),
"All babies look alike to mo!"
To such a innn. the fates decree
The storks shall conv in groups of tlueo.
It docs no good to hide or fly,
As you must know.
All babies look ullke' All, mo!
When they urrlve. I woll foresee
He'll gain a moro discerning oyc,
Or elso ho will dlscrootly try
Wltn wiser persons 10 uk'"--.
As you mujit know.
Burges Johnson in Judge.
MuptrIiis I feel so sorry for BJons. llo's
as deaf as a post.
Buggins fib, thero nro worso afflictions
thon jm-ro deofnoBs,
Muggins Yes, but ho has always boon
so fond of hearing himself talk. Now York
Mall. . ,
Examiner Now, speak UP, boy. Do you
know what nasal organ means?
Boy No, sir,
Examiner Correct ! London Opinion,
Tho Myitoroua Keats
Tli little agricultural villugo had been
hilled with "Lectin e on Keutt." for over a
fortnight. The evening arrived ut length,
bringing the lecturer ready to discount on
tho poet. The advt rtisf d chairman, taken ill
at the last moment, was replaced by a local
furmer This worthy introduced the lecturer
and termlnattd his remarks by saying:
"And now. my friends, we shall soon nil
know what I personally havo often wondered
what are Ktats-."" Pittsburgh Chiontclo
Telegraph. Th Uaellll Crazo
"W are truing to eivo up having Johnny
got an education."
"For what reason?'
"Well, wu on't get him sterilized every
morning In time to go to school,". Puck.
Ho Knew iho Car
"You are charged with giving assistance
to the enemy."
'They have your automobile."
They took It forcibly. Besides, it won't
assist them any." Louisville Courier-Journal.
TO THK I'EACK I-AI4CB AT THU HAOUU
UuUded of I0"" umJ -,oy aml Fnliu and Hope.
Thou siandest Ann beyond Hie tides of war
That dash in gloom and fear and tempest-
Beacon of Europe! though wise pilots grope
Where trusted lights aro lost; though tho
Of storm Is wider, deadlier than before:
Ay, though he very Hoods that strew the
Seem to obey some power turned misanthrope.
Tor thou art witness to a world's desire,
And when "b, happlost of days! shall
The throes by which our Age dotii bring to
The fairest of ht r daughters, heaienly
Win n M'ni h red folly has been purged In fire,
Tl" 11 'It "P l 'I ""I tI "ll ill' j-anu.
I - I'm Un'icr i09l J hDS'ta, la the Independt-t,
DONE IN PHILADELPHIA
FOR tho last fivo years thero has been an
agitation for tho restoration of tho
carrying tratlo of Philadelphia, and already
tho movement Is displaying signs of bearing
fruit. It Is a problem that will only be
solved by the years to como, whother tho
port over will regain Its proud placo as tho
foremost In the United States.
Tho other day wo considered tho causes
that led to tho flight of tho American llag
from tho seas during tho period of tho Civil
War, and now wo might tnko a glanco at
the nllcgcd reasons why Philadelphia, in
1820 tho leading port of this country,, should
surrender her plnco on the list.
OUR recent agitation wns anticipated ns
far back as the middle of tho last cen
tury. Great expectations from tho comple
tion of tho Pennsylvania Railroad wore com
mon. It war bellovcd tho trans-Alloghcnlan
lino would pave tho way for this Increase of
commerce and attempts were mado to In
terest capital in the establishment of now
steamship Hues between Philadelphia ami
Liverpool and London!
Tho movement accomplished something!
now lines wcro established, but they did not
preent Now York from forging consider
I REMEMBER reading the very pointed
reasons for this diversion of our trade
written by Richard Rush, who hud been our
Minister to London and to Paris and wns a
patriotic and loyal Phlladelphlan. However,
ho did not spare hln compatriots" in his ex
planation ut our loss of trade. His chief
reason was what ho called tho prevalence of
"Rip Van Wlnklelsm" hero.
"Now York," ho wroto to Job It. Tyson,
who was .sending letters to the newspapers
lu his enthusiastic attempt to nrouso In
terest in thu plan, "Is awake to It all. Most
wisely has she kept awako over sli.co Do Witt
Clinton, tho Livingstons and Gouverneur
Morris planned her first groat canal, which
others railed at as visionary. Boston is
awake. All mankind aro awake. A now
existence lias boon sprung upon tho world.
Wo bleep on sleep on sloop on, content,
delighted, at being the second American city
after having long been the first, and when
wo could havo become tho first again, bo
causo nature and geography havo written it
"Wo quietly nnd complacently turn away
from that decree. London Is 00 miles or
moro from the sea, and for a thousand years
had fourfold the difficulties of navigation In
reaching It through the Thames that Phila
delphia had over had in being reached
through tho Delawate. Tho worst thought
of all Is that wo shall, in tho end, find our- 1
selves In a worso place than to bo only tho
second city, if we go to sleep; since to be
falling back, relatively, In this ago of prog
ress, is, in effect, to sink."
THE man who warned President Monroo
of tho workings of tho European nllianco
that caused the enunciation of tho now his
toric Monroo Doctrine did not minco matters
when calling his fellow townsmen to account
for their weakness,
in the courso of tho same movement, Wil
liam Potcr, the British Consul here, who had
been approached on tho subject with the idea
of having him interest British capital In.
steamship lines, wrote much tho same thing,
but, of course, tempered his pen a little. Ho
put down tho advance of New York to "su
perior pluck and energy." "Whllo Pennsyl
vania has placed her chief reliance on legis
lation," ho added, "New York has placed
hers on .self-exertion."
This taking account of stock could not havo
been very agreoablo to tho Philadclphlans of
1S50, but tho course of treatment did them a
groat deal of good. Job R. Tyson attributed
tho decline of our trade to quite other causes.
He declared that the State and private capi
tal had frittered away many millions of dol
lars In numerous canal schemes; that the
Erie Canal had diverted tho Western trade
from Philadelphia by reason of its continuous
routo to tho sou, whllo our Western connec
tion of part rait and part canal was a dis
tinct disadvantage to the commerce It had
been designed to assist.
HE DECLARED that a too cautious Leg
islature had prevented banking capital
from being moro than one-fourth what
It was In Now York, and that although tho
Bank of the United States was located in
Philadelphia It "did not render such accom
modations to tho business community hero
as woro favorablo to '.ho growth of the for
eign and tho enlargement of tho coasting
With tho oompletlon of tho Erie Canal
muny of tho most enterprising Philadelphia
merchants transferred their business and
their capital to New York, and it was shown
that one-third of tho investments in Now
York shipping in 1S30 was owned by Phlla-delphinns.
HOWEVER, oven in thoso days this city
was tho chief manufacturing city In
tho country, nnd it was believed that
when the Pennsylvania Railroad was com
pleted and the primitive inclined planes nnd
canals woro replaced by a continuous road
bed, commerce would return to this city.
The Pennsylvania Railroad was completed
in 1851, and Its advent did prove a factor in
bettering the comnicrco of tho port for a
quarter of a century, and thon tho carrying
trade began to fall off again.
The outlook, however, is far brighter now
tlinn it was when Richard Rush and others
were trying to arouso the civlo pride, of Phil
adelphia capitalists CO years ago.
Reviving Personal Combat
from, the St. Louis Post-nUpatch.
Wo obsorvo that Cloneruls Villa and Gbrogon
came near to a personal encounter a day or
two ago. They had words and rushed at each
other and wcro "with difficulty restrained."
Why in tho name of humanity cilil anybody
restrain them? Two generals in personally eon
ducted warfaio would bo a spectacle to cheer up
all tho piivates everywhere.
When troublo conies a very peculiar per
sonal truit asserts itself. This trait is born
of tho fulling from which nearly all fallings
spring the failing of keeping tho mind on
One thinks that his or her troubles aro the
worst in tho world. The tendency is to losso
sight of the fact that other folks havo tum
bles just us serious. When thu troubled
mind accepts this truth its own burden be
An old Philadelphia mlnlstor frequently
told his congregation. "Friends, no matter
how liadly jou ft el about something, just ro
meniber that there ure other soula, whoso
troubles ure astly deiper than youts."
No mutter how serious your trouble. It Is
only a simple mentul proi es to omeive
of it bung wol-he. The thliiK to do is tu
(hunk jour im ky stars that it does not reach
tho limit or near tho limit of your own,
A young girl lay on a bed of u4a. liar
temperament was of tho worrying type, a04
of course, this heightened her pain. Tha oM
family physician noted this. As ho left hei
room on ono of his dally visits ho casual?
offered tho Information thnt "this afternoon
I have to amputate h boy's log." "
No. Tho young lady did not launch Into
a tlrndo against tho countless sorrows of th
world. Bho just grow less selfish, In gym.
pathetic contemplation of tho lad's sufferings
sho took her mind away from self. In dolne
which sho hnd discovered tho real secret of
lightening her burdens.
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Cqntrihulions That Reflect Public Opin.
ion on Subjects Important to City,
Stntc and Nation.
To the Editor of the livening ledger!
Sir Tho splendid work of tho Evenino
Leihieu In calling attention to tho child labor
evil at this tlmo should result In great good
for tho working boys nnd girls of Pennsylvania,
This Is a most opportune tlmo nnd I feel keenly
tho necessity for every voter ascertaining ex
actly bow tho candidates for the State Scnato
nnd House of Representatives In the district
In which bo lives stand upon tho question of
an eight-hour, day and tho abolition of nlRlit
work for children under Id. Tlio Association
feels that every man who Is running for oftlco
nnd Is not willing to plcdgo himself to vote for
thoso .two provisions should bo defeated.
It Is a favorlto contention of tho manufac
turers nnd other employers of children that thoy
cannot work their older employes moro than
eight hours a day and their children under 16
only eight hours. This Is not truo. If nny
manufacturer will only show a willingness no
to nrratiKO his schedule, as to keep tho children
busy eight hours and tho machines and other
employes a longer time, he will find that It Is a
conipaiatlvcly sltnplo matter. This was very
clearly proven In Massachusetts. In that Stats
thoy passed a child labor law which went Into
effect last HeptcmbcV, containing much tho
same provisions as I havo outlined for the
proposed legislation In Pennsylvania. At onco
thoro was a grent cry on tho part of tho manu
factures that they would havo to discharge all
children under lfi. Tho law went Into effect
on tho first of last September, and on that data
thero were .10,000 children nt work under 16 In
tho Industries of Massachusetts nnd Now Jer
sey. Child labor is nt once tho cheapest and dear
est form of labor. Manufacturers nnd others
employ children becauso thoy can get thorn at
n small price. But when ono considers their
wastefulness and Inattention, there Is a con
siderable financial offset, and by sapping thu
strength of tho young manhood and young
womanhood of tho State, through working tho
children long hours, a prlco Is paid In tho de
teriorating standard of humanity which makes,
child labor tho very dearest form of labor that
nny ono can employ.
DR. J. LYNN BANNARD,
Chairman Educational Commlttco Pennsylvania
Child Labor Association.
To the 7,''lfor of tho Evening Ledger:
Bottcr let tho soldiers stay
Down In McxIcVi, whllo they
Need a wise pfotectorate
Over thoso who rulo tho State:
A queer bunch; most any day
Thpy may break out In a fray.
Somo old Chapeau In tho ring
Down thero Is a common thing.
Fact is they don't want war cease;
No place for a dove of pcaco
Anywhere In Mexico:
It would bo unwise, Woodrow,
To call homo the soldiers now,
At the outbreak of a row,
'Twlxt Carranza and bis mate
Villa, 'bout ruling the State.
If It need bo let them stay
'Til tho break of judgment day.
Or maybe we'll have to take
Foi the common people's sake
Llko wo 'did tho Isles from Spain,
And not kIvo them back again.
The old land until our light
Shows them how to rule aright.
D. If. KENNET,
Philadelphia, September "IS, 1914.
SPARE PRISONERS HUMILIATION
To the Editor of tha I'.cenlng Ledger:
Sir Fiom a window of u New York train o
few days ago 1 saw a dozen or moro men in
striped uniforms working In the Holds which
bordered on tho liiilroad tracks. They weia
plowinK and doliiR the lato harvesting They
were of tho county prison at Holmesburg.
Some of tho men undoubtedly were thieve,
but among thorn also were men whose worst
offense was dilnkint; too much or lighting. In
my opinion a piisou or a hou-.n of collection Is
a placo to rofonn a man, not to humiliate him.
Why not do away with this kind of labor for
the samo reasons that mado the ducking stool
and tho stocks unpopular generations iiko"
Philadelphia, September 2G, 1911.
THE HEEDLESS SHOPPER
To the Editor of tha Evintng Ledger:
Sir I was veiy glad to seo tho letter of
"A Dlsheai toiiPd Salesgirl" lu the Evbnixo
Lnii'inn Saturday. It hit at a blr evil, blwr
than It seems. I know, becauso I have offended.
Thoughtlessly, Inconsiderately, I havo caught
myself treating shopulils with just the in
civility that alio complains of, and troubling
them with a hundred needlesa eriands. Too
often wo purchasers are thinking only of sav
ing a cent or two or Retting away In time for
tea. When I hear other women talk of cross,
unobliging phopglrls, I think of how miuli t
havo unconsciously contributed to tlnir
"noi ves" and their troubles. M. L. f.
Newark, N. J.. September :'7, 1014.
THE AGONY COLUMN
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sli I wns much Interested to read In Sat
urday's Evening Ludocii of the present state
of tho "pcisonal" or "agony" columns of tho
Ioiidin papers. Has nny reader, I wonder, any
expeilenco of such a curious Institution In our
press? Sherlock llolmos spoke of It In ona
of Couan Doylo's stories as a medium of com
munication between criminals. Perhaps that U
why our pupura havo not cultivated It.
J. H. PEARS
Philadelphia, September 27, 191 i.
Sfaittl-,-s1-ffiririTrffiii Tiin itMtjrg;
, NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
It Is an excellent thing to find bankers In all
parts of tho country explaining, excusing and
defending their position. They never wero
undor any such compulsion before. New Yoik
We naturally regret tho now rupturo between
Cairam-a and Villa, but wo do not regard it us
a defeat of American diplomacy or as ovldcmsi
that l'rcsldrjit Wilson's policy toward Mexho
wus wrong lu priuciplo or In application -Richmond
It Is important tiiat tho business men of fie
United States should "go after" the Souih
American trade, but something should bo done
nlso ubout tho Mexican tradoC Commcice ha
been almost at a standstill In that unlmiipv
country for several years. Louisville EveuinS
It begins to look as If tho scheme of Be-in
Lewis and other Progressive leaders In Penn
sylvania to turn over the Progressive party
hand and foot to tho Democratic maililiio in
that State will result In incalculable benefit to
.Senator Ieiiroe, tho man of all men W"n
whom the Progressives have lavished their bit
terest denunciation. Sprhigtield, Mass., I'niuii-
Colonel Roosevelt's Wichita speech revealed
one of tho reasons for his loiitlnulng inllu-me
In the country. A man who stands Intelligently
and effectively for Justlte to employe und u
ployer alike, who has tho cuiirugo to speak eat
when either tldo takes a wioiik position. 1U
Is dazzled neither by the millionaire nor Hi"
powerful pulitni.ni, must alu.iya be u powei
ful factor in affairs. Kansas City Star.
Since it has not always been the fortune of
the Sun to approve the work of Mr. lioun in
the State Iiijuirtmeiit, we lmvu tho greater
pK'u.suru In giving cordial praUo to the cuurto)'.
the itiem- and the aUtceKd with vvhiih tht
department lias helped many tUousuiuU '
Americans to trace their friends In Eciope. 1"
In the tangle of mobilization and war. Ne
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