Newspaper Page Text
EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPni4.fPESPAY, SEPTEM6EB 29, 1D14'-
ITALY SPEEDS FORCE
REPORT FROM ROME
Interests Endangered by
Turk's Election as Prince
May Break Neutral Pol
icy. GEN'EVA, Sept. .
Italian troops have embarked on trans
ports nt Brlmllsl for Avlon.i. tho capital
of Albania, according to an unconfirmed
report from Home.
"In view of tho grave situation now
existing throughout Europe, Italy docs
not consider the offer of tho Albanian
crown to a son of Abdul Humid, ex
Sultan of Turkey, Is stifllclcntly lm
poitant to Justify Intervention." sajs the
Tribuna of Home, In an editorial on the
Government's nnn ncutrallt.
Turkey will reopen the Dardanelles tr
navigation In a da or two, according to
a dispatch from Constantinople. The
European Powers have brought pres
sure to bear on the Turkish Government
since Its notification of the various
diplomatic representatives that the
straits would bo closed to It-attic,
Tho pot is boiling over onco more in
Albania. The situation In that artificial
principality became so serious today that
Intervention by Italy is not unlikely.
There Is no doubt that such Intervention
would mean a declaration of war by
Necessity for "protecting Italian inter
ests in Albania" may furnish the pie
text Italy openly desires for taking sides
In the war of the nations. There Is inoro
than vague surmiJo to Justify this con
elusion. It Is learned from re table sources
that tho new crisis in Albania Is ex
ercising the Italian Government and that
positive action is contemplated.
Simultaneous with the meeting of the
Cabinet to consider the Turkish situa
tion a proclamation was Issued forbid
ding Italians to enlist as volunteers In
the armies of belligerents. The prohibi
tion was due to a movement for forming
a corps of "Garibaldians" to serve with
Essad Pasha in Albania and In Dalmatta.
An Italian naval demonstration in the
Aegean Sea Is being considered The
English Mediterranean fleet and several
French war vessels are now concentrated
there, near tho Islands which belong to
SENATE ELECTS TURKISH PRINCE.
In Durazzo the Senate of Albania, dcf
Ing all of the Powers, elected Prince Bur-han-Eddln,
a son of Abdul Hamld, de
posed Sultan of Turkey, as Prince of
Albania. The Senate appointed a commie
eion to go to Constantinople and deliver
the Invitation to the Turkish Prince.
Simultaneously Essad Pasha, the great
popular leader In Albania, prepared to
march on Durazzo with an army of 12,000.
He has arrived at Dibra with a force
and Is collecting an army for the over
throw of the Interregnum.
Essad Is popular in Italy and has en
Joyed the favor and protection of tho
Italian Government. When Austria dis
persed his forces and took him prisoner,
virtually, at the time Essad was pre
paring to overthrow Prince 'William of
Wled, Italy interposed, placed Essad on
an Italian warship, guarded him and
later welcomed him in Italian territory.
ITALY TO PROTECT INTERESTS.
The Italian Torelgn Office has Ignored
the action of the Albanian Senate. It
n. ill neither confirm nor deny the news
that Princo Burhan-Eddin has been of
fered the throne. There is cause for
stating that Italy's attitude depends
upon events and that Italian interests
will be defended at any cost. Excluding
the greatest of those imprests, which is
the permanent veto of Italian territorial
aggrandizement In Albania with tho con
trol of harbors, such as Valona, that as
sure dominance in the Adriatic, there 13
the necessity of protecting Italian prop
erty and citizens ugaiti imperiled by civil
The pressure of public opinion In Italy
Increases Every day finds the Govern
ment's position more delicate. Every day
the comments of influential citizens and
writers, is bolder, more aggressive Italj'a
armv and navv are read All that is
needed is a respectable pretext This
Albanian affairs may now furnish.
Italy Id informed of Austrian piepara
tloni in the fnla district. whre T'XOOO
troops are believed to be assembled
MINOR TERRORS OF WAR;
ITS COMfiDY AND PATHOS
An eloquent commentary on tho feel
ing that exists between British officers
and men. nnd a reason why the list of
casualties among tha British commis
sioned officers lins been so lalge Is fur
nished In the following letter written
hv n noncommissioned officer of the Buffs:
"No regiment fought harder than we
did, nnd no regiment has better officers,
who wont shoulder to shoulder with their
men, hut vou can't expect absolute Im
possibilities to be accomplished. Mo mat
ter how brave tho boys nre, when you
nre fighting a force 20 to 30 times as
strong. If some of .vou nt home who
have sp-iken snceringly of British officers
could have seen how they handled their
men nnd shirked nothing you would bs
ashamed of yourselves. We nre all de
trmlnel when It Is fit again to return
und get our own back."
Hundreds of men from the Salvation
Army missions have answered the call of
Lord Kitchener for services loyally und
promptly, stories of the gallantry and
braver.v of the Salvationists nie now
coming back from the front.
One of the wounded served ns a motor
driver In the io.vnl field artillery. He
was a bandsman In the Salvation Army
before war was declared nnd told of
hearing other former Salvationists sing
ing the favorite songs of the army on
the battlefields at night.
Tolling of the fighting, the former
"Shells were bursting all around us and
I was struck by a splinter. It was only
a flesh wound, however, so I bound It
up and went ahead with my work. First
It seemed the enemy was getting the bet
ter of us, then he would letreat and so
the battle went nil da v. Comtarie- were
falling all around me. The Germans
wore falling In hundreds. So thick were
the dead of the enemy that when the
order to advance was given ve slmpb
had to force the motor over heaps of
bodies. While following the ret! eating
Germans six of us got lost Tor four
Hon Is so clean one soldier did not know
ho had been hit for three hours, nnd an
other bullet went through two soldiers
and lodged In a cavalryman's saddle.
"If oLndon were to follow the example
of the Russian capital and change Us
name," says the London Times, "Cos
mopolls might he a suitable title. For six
weeks citizens of other nations have been
pouring into England until London has
become n vast hostel. Belgians whoso
I homes have become smoking ruins,
Frenchmen on whose lands the soldiers of
three nations nre now fighting, Russians
whom the outbreak of war surprised In
some alien country nil have sought these
shuies. Here, too, are many of our ene
mies' subjects Germans nnd AustrlanB
who. were In England when war broko
out, And have chosen to prolong their so
lotirn. At the hint of war, uermnns wno
wore In Paris flowed over to England
This Invasion has turned London Into h
city where alien tongues may be heard
pverywhere. In omnibuses und trains, In
the shops and theatres one sees foreign
ers and listens to foreign speech. One
might almost suggest that London's new
motto should be 'tel on parte Francal3,'
for In certain parts of the city tho lan
guage of our Allies Is heard almost as
frequently as our own."
Some of the privates at least In the
Gcrmnn rinks arc under the Impression
that Japan and the t'nltcd States are
taking part In the war on the German
side, acoidlng to a letter lecelved in Lon
don from an oificer of a Highland icgl
ment now nt the front.
In every camp where Britain's new
armies are being trained the regular drill
Instructors are sweating over their com-
pnn rolls at night, desperately trying to
rem'embei the pronunciation of the n imes
of aristocratic recruits who do not rec
ognize Cholmondley when pronounced as
FIRED ON COMRADES
IN NIGHT ASSAULTS
Infantry Made Fatal Mistake
During Advance, Says Re
port From English Head
quarters at the Front.
vjt-i m.uia oiA tn ua kul iush i ur juui i soelt
eatrdrt.Ml",PoV,Ve0,!hl;'!rrfnlvSn,t,r A sergeant calling the roll for a rom
Z dur''- , .. C'rl aytf," Pan of the new "sportsmen" batUlion
tongues vi ere hanging out from thirst
and two of the men went mad. It was
on the fourth night that we fell In with
the British ambulance sections, nnd one
of the first sounds I heard was a wound
ed man In one of tho wagons singing:
" 'I'm a child of a king,
I'm a child of a king,
With Jesus my saviour,
I'm a child of a king.'
"I learned that he was a Salvationist
nnd later In the stillness of the night 1
heard a clear voice in another purt of
the camp singing:
" 'Then we'll roll the old chariot nlolig.
And we won't drag on behind.'
"The song was taken up in other parts
of the camp until it swelled Into a chorus
of voices that marie the air ring with
the old Salvation Army song."
Reports Indicate It sometimes takes a
lot to kill a modern soldier. Sergeant
Fougere, of France, received eight bul
let wounds, a broken arm and other In
juries, and although shot In the calf,
thigh and ankle, escaped being captured
by Germans, and limped ten miles to his
regiment. Another JYench soldier re
ceived six bullet and three baonet
wounds and Is recovering. The French
War Office estimates only two men are
killed out of every 100 hit The penetra-
lor the first time had a terrible expert
enco recently. Having disposed success
fully of a few "Harpers," "Mitchells,"
etc., he came to the name "Montague."
"Private Montalg," shouted tho ser
geant. There was no reply, but when the name
ms repeated a hnlf-heartcd "Here, sir,"
came from the ranks.
"Why didn't you answer before?" de
manded the sergeant. "Because my name
is Mcn-tn-guo." replied the recruit.
"Well," mapped the sergeant, "you'll
do seven days' fatlgew."
The next name on the list, Majorlbanks,
brought no response, for tho sergeant
pronounced "MaJore banks."
A second call brought the mild response,
"I expect you mean me, sir. My name Is
The sergeant almost reeled, but pro
ceeded bravely with "Colquhoun."
"Private Col-kcw-houn," he called.
"Coohoon, sir, that's me," came a brisk
reply from the front rank.
The drill Instructor gave up and. clos
ing his book, he weailly gave the order
"number." When this was completed he
"One hundred and twenty-one. That's
right. Now, It there are any more of you
with fancy names just come to me after
drill and tell me how you would like to
REST TIRED BODIES
ON BEDS OF ROYALTY
Unawed by Splendors of
Compiegne Palace They
Seek "Nature's Sweet Re
storer" in Marie Antoin
Gabriel Mourey, curator of the ancient
roal palace at Compiegne, reports that
the Germans when they occupied the
town laid straw upon the palace floors,
where their soldiers Mnoked and slept.
readv to meet an Italian attack. It can , -rh m. aM ,,.,, v .h, hitinri,
bo stated, therefore that the compllca- , . . , , , ,
tlons a-.. i f. utmost importance owing roval bds. but th'y tk '" mattresses
to Hi bil tj of Italian intervention. I and other equipment trom the beds,
notably that which was once the bed of
P.AMAniAN PI AM Tfl FrMD Marin Antoinette, and slept on them on
DIRE FATE THREATENED
GERMAN ENVOYS IN U. S.
Western Millvrorker Accused of Writ
ing Letter to Bernstorff.
RAYMOND, Wash.. Sept., C3.-Edwln R.
Scott, a mlllworker, who says he formerly
was a lieutenant in the Dublin fusiliers,
is under arrest here today on a charge
of having threatened the "extermination"
of the German diplomatic corps In the
United States In a letter addressed to
Count Johann von Bernstorff, German
Ambassador at Washington.
The envoy was to be the first victim.
The arrest vvas made by secret service
operatives. The letter was dated Port
land. August SO and postmarked Raymond.
It was traced thiough a damaged letter
of a typewriter which, it is alleged. Scott
used. The police saj he confessed, but
refused to explain his action
EXHAUSTED FRENCH TROOPS
CAPTURED HILL BY CHARGE
Regiment Fought 72 Hours and Then
Begged to Finish Work.
PARIS, Sept. )
As an Illustration of the bplrit that
animates, the French regiments the story
is told of an incident at Solssons, where.
MORE MEN TO CONTINENT
Soldiers, Supplies and Money Will Be
Rushed to England's Aid
after three dava' lnnHnl flehtlni- a
. .. . ... . ..... . l. . . ------ ... ..0.. ...., w
tne uoors ot me ancient royai Decroom". i single Infantry regiment that had as
Thc invaluable Beauvais tapestries had 1 saulted tho enem.v's position time and
been remowd to a safe place before the I n,eain as compelled to retire. At the
r. , j .u . I elo!se of the th rd dav, by a bavonet
Germans arrived, tho curator report. .charge, thev i,..h r,inJ u-ii, , Z,.i
covered tne German position, but the
LONDON, Sept. 29.
The British Official Press Buicatt has
Issued a description of the operations of
tho British force In France and the
French armies In Immediate touch with
It, communicated by an eyewitneso nt
the headquarters of Field Marshal Sir
John French. This account supplements
thnt Issued September 21. It says:
"September 25, 1914. For four days
there has been a comparative lull nil
nlong our front. This hns been accom
panied by a spell of lino weather, though
the nights arc now much colder. Ono
cannot have everything, however, nnd
enc evil result of the sunshine has been
the release of files, which were torpid
during the wet dnys.
"Advantage has been taken of the ar
rival of reinforcements to relieve bv
fresh troops the men who have been In
the firing line for some time Several
units, therefore, have received their
baptism of fire during tho week.
ATTACK IN DARK.
"Since the last lutlcr left general
headquarters, evidence hns been ic-
celved which points to the fact tha'
during counter attacks on the night oT
Sunday, the 20th. the German Infnntrv
fired Into each other as the lesult of an
attempt to carry out the d'ingerous ex
pedient of a converging aihanco In the
"Opposite one portion of our position
a considerable massing of hostile forces
was observed before dark, and some hours
later a furious fusillado was heard In
front of our line, though no bullets came
over our trenches.
"This narrative begins with September
21 and covers only two day.s. On Monday,
the 21st, there was but little rain, and
the weather took a turn for the better,
which hns been maintained. The action
was practically confined to the nitlllery,
our guns at ono point shelling and driv
ing away the enemy, who were endeav
oring to construct a redoubt The Ger
mans, for their part, expended a large
number of heavy shells in a long range
bombardment of a village.
FOUND TRENCHES DESERTED.
"Reconnoitring parties sent out during
the night of the 21st-22d discovered some
deserted trenches, and in them, or neat
them In the woods, over 100 dead ond
wounded were picked up. A number
of rifles, ammunition and equipment were
also found. There wcie other signs that
portions of the enemy's foices had with
drawn for some distance.
"Tuesday, the 2.d, was also fine, with
less wind, and was one of the most un
eventful days that has passed since we
reached the Aisno uneventful, that is,
for the British. There vvas less artllleiy
work on cither side, the Germans never
theless giving another village a taste of
the 'Jack Johnsons '
"The spot thus honored was not far
from the ridge where some of the most
severe clos-e fighting In which we have
taken part has occurred. All over this
No Man's Land, between the lines, the
bodies of German Infantry are still lying
In heaps, where they have fallen at dif
"E.-cnts have moved so quickly during
tho last two months that anything con
nected with tho mobilization of tho
British expeditionary force Is now an
cient history. Nevertheless, the follow
ing extract of a German order is evi
dence of the mystification of tho enemy
and Is a tribute to the value of seciecy,
well and loyally maintained at the time
" 'Tenth Reserve Army Headquarters,
Mont St. Guibert, August 20, 19U.
" 'Tho French troops in front of the
Tenth army corps have retreated south
across the Sambre, part of the Belgian
army has withdrawn to Antwerp. It Is
leported that an English armv has dis
embarked at Calais and Boulogne, en
route for Brussels." "
Nothing was i (.moved from the palace.
TORONTO, Ont. Sept. 29 as; a"d ," ma ud,"e- txcPl tu latter were on a neighboring hill, where
Havln; d-spatched the flrt Canadian SO,,"Vf, m S-'rh. ehes'ia ,," lhw were busy digging entrench nents !
war contingent of 32.000 men on It vov- R'g,-!?'1? . s necessary to carry the position
., to Em op, well warded bj British ' S r fl,l,h ffirthf,rM ' ?'V thf J,ffS,nff Was ,inlshcd' ,f ll ttJS
men-of-war the Canadian Government :p? J' bu h."h' ,hesS were taken ? bo taKen .1 a"' so the "landing
Is xi.ened in a few dajs to Issu a sec , not lla.r"!1 but tne L"essrnen wn officer, recognizing the exhausted ion-
14,000 Sq. Feet
As we are removing our Print
ing Department to the Curtis
Building, we have this space for
rent, ready October 1. Robert
Morris Bldg., 919 Walnut St.,
2d floor, light four sides, steam
heat, 1 passenger and 2 freight
elevators, low insurance rate.
The Beck Engraving Co.
G20 Sansom St.
Pioie, Walnut 1073
Referring to the reported German viola
tion of the Polr.eare vault, the Figaro sas
"There is ceitainlv some profound de
raneenient in the brains of those capable
of such on art. which i a form of
monstrous dementia Forty years ago
Insolent triumphs and a kind of satura
tion in the vulgaietst satisfactions have
unhinged thi race to its very marrow "
Thr newspaper goes on to recommend
the exc'immunlcatlon of all Otrman
from rivilizatlon There should be io
nv're German maids or governeses. im
plovcd nnd the language should be elim
inated from courses at universities and
no nmre Germ in music or plas at the
opera or the theatres
ond all f c im-n to Join their comrades
at the f'-ont Although it is intimated
thit onlv lft oocrt TOen will be asked for
on this occasion. It is estimated ?hat
fully 100 0u0 will volunteer, of whleh 16.
vff will be fnm Toronto and Montreal
Kver iinee the war began the militia
regiments throughout the countiy have
been increasing their establishments to
a war footing and adding so many re.
emits that the -upply of the service
khaki uniforms has been ehauted, and
companies are again seen parading with
the older uniforms uf the British army.
Owing to the valuable service rendered
by mounted Infantry in the South African
war it was said tod" by a prominent
headnuaitera otttcr that tha iscond con
tribution of men by the Dominion would
be particulars trone In this arm.
Coupled with a itrong demand that
has arisen that this country should send
at jeast iu.iiu men and maintain them , , -. ., . ,, S
In th field, a decided and spontaneous Turkey Closes Straits to All Classes ;:
movement ror tna formation of rifle club
has started everywheio In tha countrj.
As the work of gettlna mm ready tut
the war prugieseg it b being uvealvd
that tho Dominion Government had been
giadujllv making preparation for the
great strugyle for the last tbiee veart.
This has been done mainly through th
provision or rme ranees ana other fscill- By agreement among the great Powers
ties for practice in markmamship the Dardanelles, heavily fortified, are
A spontaneous movement whlih begun I closed always to war vessels other than
soma time ago to provide for the de. i Turkish-
pendents of soldiers at th front has now ' , - -
assumd large pioportions Toronto and ITAIjIAJJ- JIINISTER ILL
?hh.BlSo"rk V IZt-l V ,bee'" BOMB. Sept. -Dp Pescaraloeo. of
him vV U,.&-V m.versi.y of Tu.ln. ha, ,,,.,,.
tbe to miw t nm ianin . Siim ;h i monta nere to con-uit witn Pr Ett.,re
en to ralve t om f'QUD to (SMiuOMCh, . Marehtafava reardine tha conditio,, r.t
anion or his troops, sent for i enforce
ments, whom he ordered to charge
The regirrent telt humiliated at the call
for r-inforcementd, and petitioned their
colonel to bu allowed to finish the work
themselvtu. permission was reluctantly
given, nnd, despite their previous li noius
of arduous fighting, the remains of the
regiment charged up the hill and carried
it l.v ah-.ault Thev lost heavilv in the
iffort, but their pride had been satisfied ,
Itemanufjf turl machines all Mand
nnl makes - I nderwooiU Kminston
ulUers, I- f Smiths Mimr lis eti , at
TMie rltera rented and repaired
MARCUS & CO. Vi.iitejnsr.
Snl fnr r itnloc N'n 0
ilil I I IIIIU
IXJHSJLMJLM.W lllimillUlll llJllllXlj.
LONDON, eiept 29 -Turkey has rlosed
the lardanel'es, the narrow ktralt be
tttttn Kuf ", and Asia, to all naviga
tion, acoording to a dispatch from t'on.
stantinople The duration of the .loBiir:
U not given, not is its purpose explained.
The House that Heppe built
3 FOUNDED IN 1865APOPTED ONE-PRICE SYSTEM IN lfi
C. J. Heppe & Son, 1U7-1U9 Chestnut Street 6th & Thompson Streets
and when al! thst hi been promlkrd has
been gatheird In J15 uno.ooo to fl,iOu,U!Xi will
be on h nil fop nlief.
A romarkab'e feature for the present
war so far ns Canada is concerned is
the strong suppoit of the cause of the
Allies b the many fore.gn residents of
the countrj Hundreds of Germans have
Btiriira tor naturalization papers, amoni;
whom is Profcasor Mueller, pt the Uni
versity of Toumto. At Berlin, Ontario,
a city composed ulmo.U wholly of men
Olid onion of German descent and of
naturalized Unmans, a large patriotic
fund is boms' raised, a new regiment io
belnj revruiud and ptominent citizens
Including ntany manufacturers have held
publi meetings forswr-rn t'o Kai'-er
nd pledged tnclr ttlteDune to the Brit
Marquis Antonio d ban Oiuliano ti e
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, who
is affected with souty dvspejJala Al
though confined to his bed. the Forelg i
Ministtr continues to receive foieign
diplomats at hit. bedside and direct the
aftalrs of N office.
RCIIOOI.H AND COI.I.EGKS
I'KN.NNW.VWIl SCHOOL IOII
1 Mill VI. M-.UIll K
1 418 buuth Hftffiitli Mrrtt
CIa irurk in' lui!e In l arm and Hie i
lon on the ilevel .pmetit 'it the , lit Ideal
nul the yrottih ot il Ilbii' 4'iw pregei i
Ua primiples f ceiief rsanlsion at J
mandsement of tut us-n i and con
tructlve prosra -i tir to fil reform
ricld vurk affords an 'PPTtunlty for
prarthai experl'o e ami tralrl-s unJr the
upr Ulon of eip-r'a SnU for catalog
j Optnirg uai, o , i tr jo.
Vi-i rtPW i
! m !
. LUW'fte : sik :
i ' m -s tm ..m; -
NOW ON SALE
DISPOSITION OF PRISONERS
IS PROBLEM TO PETROG'RAP
800,000 Austrians tTnken Is Report.
To Bo Distributed In Muscovy.
I'ETnOOnAD, Sept. 29.
The ttusslnn reffards tha Austrian as
a gentlemanly opponent, with whom It la
n pleasure to fight. .
Not thnt the Austrian docs not fight
well. Tho struggle In 1'oland nnd fjallcla
hns been as bloody ns that on the Meuse,
nnd the Austrian, though beaten, has
fotnjht gallantly ngalnst overwhelming
numbers, better generals and better
Tho Austrians have never levied nny
contribution on occupied towns, and have
treated Russian prisoners and wounded
with reasonable humanity.'
It Is not easy to arrive nt a correct
entlmato of the number of Austrian pris
oners Interned In various parts of Rus
sin. The Bourse Gazette, ono of the
leadlni? evening newspnpers of I'etrograd,
sets the llguro at StJO.OuO. Among tho
Inrge contingent of prisoners nt Kiev Is
Hip former Austrian commatfdant of
The Austrian prlsoneis arriving In Pe
trogrnd nre a decidedly mixed crowd.
Tho first thing thnt strikes one nnoui
them Is the extraordinary number ot
Kiev Is overflowing with prisoners. They
nro also streaming Into Pettogrml. They
are becoming a national problem.
"What shall wo do with our Austrian
ptlsoners?" Is the cry of the moment.
As a matter of fact, they nre being di
rected to Vologda and other remote In
tel nal Governments of Muscovy, where
they will be ns peaceful for the next
six months ns If they wero snowed up
at the North Pole.
To give tho Austrian officer his due,
he does not often, when captured pes
ter his captors for favois. Some Aus
trian otllceis do not seem, however, to
take the war setlousl. The best Aus
trian troops are those from the Tyrol.
They have had not qunirel with tho
Slavs, and know nothing about them,
while tho troops from eastern Austiln
are iilther half Slav themselves or aro
easygoing und not serious.
This lack ol seriousness constitutes the
great moral defect of the Austro-Hun-garlan
armv. It explains the readiness
of the Austrians to surrender nnd letreat.
CORPS NEW BURDEN
TO NATIONS AT WAR
Plague and Minor Ills
Among Soldiers in Rain
besogged Fields Cause
Concern to British.
LONDON, Sept. 29.
Tho British army ofllclala admittedly
are gravely concerned over the sanitary
situation lit tho field. Constantly re
curring reports which can hardly bo
overlooked, Insist that real Asiatic
cholera Is present, not only In Austria
nmong tho wounded In Vienna and
Budapest and nmong the troops on the
llrlng line In Oallcla, but that It actually
has dovclopcd In cortnln parts of Russia.
In ntldltlon typhoid and typhus, as well
as dysentery, aro said to bo raging In
tho lanks of somo of tho German armies
and navy, French and British soldiers
suffering from milder disease.
As a result of these developments ex
traordinary activity is In evidence nt all
of the hospital cases. To the troops at
the front have been sent enormous quan
tities of quicklime, which Io being used
wherever It Is necessary to clean up
hattlcflolds In the rear of the troops.
In nddltlon, the most extraordinary pre
cautions nro being taken to Insure that
no water used by tho army In the field
Is taken from contaminated sources. In
this tespect tho British army la much
better oft than any of tho other forces
In the Held.
Fiom tho first landing on French soil
the commanders of the troops have been
active In safeguarding tho water supply.
Whenever the Held kitchens are not en
gjged In supplying food for the men they
have been kept In operation boiling
water. Consequently up to tho present
tlmo the British expeditionary forces have
been rcinurkably free from disease.
The heavy, cold rains that continued
for more than m. eek, howeve7TiTT; ,1
r VerUble epldcmlo of rhVumatW ,
mo boiuicib in ino lie a. Comtwtt.i ." 11
stand hip deep In waterfilled PfS-ij1 II
iv nam u.j a.nu iiihiii in clot i n "
which water actually dripped, th "
tending forces naturally sufterM ?n:
since then tha percentage of sick u A"
as large as the percentage of wobmiJi '
In addition the weather condition, t'.
severe toll of the wounded .i Is JM
from all of the hospitals, both her. 1". '1
In France, show a high percenlni "i I
pneumonia cases at tho present tlrne
FRENCH HOLD GRAIN CROPS I
dovornment May Be Forced to ji
PARIS, Sept !9.-Tho action of farm..
In wlthholdlhg their supplies awah,"
further advance In prices Is causlne i.
lety In ofllclal circles. Little grain i.'
being offered to tho markets. "
It Is proposed that tho government .
a maximum prlco at which grain tna.
be sold. '
35,000 REFUGEES' FLOCK
TO HAVEN IN GHENT 1
Peasants Flee Scenes of Fighting 0
AMSTERDAM, Sept, a
Thirty-flvo thousand refugees havo a'r.
rived nt Ghent, according to advices re.
eclved from private sources In northern
Tho refugees nro peasants and rest,
dents of smnller towns In the part of th
country west ot Brussels, In the vicinity
of Alost nnd Tcrmonde, where the fight'
lng has been going on for several day,
and from West Flanders, whero the pto.
pie expect comncio uctween me uermani
nnd a force of French and British which
Is now said to bo marching cast towart
Belgium In northern France.
Stupidity of London
A teacher asked her class to write in
essay on London.
Later sho vvas surprised, says tha
Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph, to
rend tho following in one attempt:
"Tho peoplo of London aro noted for
their stupidity." Tho young author
vvas asked how ho got that idea.
"Please, miss," was the reDlv. "it
says In tho textbook the population oj i
T nnrlnn Id 1'flfU HaMCA m !
iJWIIUWit J w j uwww
j&TmZi-- ' .rSJTrS
If HP n tnTWyiyif f TfJ'' tWiWI IT,S 1 VlO mmmxi4 .... I ., i rma M
Car News Right from
The high-sounding claims of many car
builders fill the air. But don't buy any car
on the conversational powers of its sales
man or the lure of its printed advertisement.
You are interested in performances not
promises. You want to know what the car
really is what it will actually do, both
under ordinary conditions of service and
when it has to meet extraordinary conditions.
It is the ability of the 1915 "Light Six"
to stand up in extraordinary service that has
made it the fastest selling Chalmers car
We know how carefully this car is built
we know the quality of the ma
terials used and we know that
in beauty, ruggedness, power,
speed, comfort, convenience, and
strength to meet any and every
emergency of the road the 1915
Chalmers "Light Six" is a
better car than any other "light
six" selling within several hun
dred dollars of its price.
its construction, and its greater smoothness
and ease in riding.
This proof positive test is daily convincing
scores of motor-wise buyers of Chalmers
Put this Car Under Fire
You don't want to make a bad investment
of your money you don't want to buy a car
that will prove itself a weakling when it
has to meet a real road trial.
The only sure way to protect yourself is
to buy a car that has proved its stamina
under the hardest demands of
It is under rigorous conditions
that the Chalmers 1915 "Light
Six" most clearly reveals its
great superiority over others in
its price class. It is doing it
right now for thousands of own
And what is more, thousands
of owners the country over will tell you the
Pay No Heed to Pavement
There's many a car bought on its pave
ment performance that would never have
been considered could the purchaser have
seen it perform over rough roads.
Simply skimming over a boulevard is not
a test of a car in any sense of the word.
That is why we urge you to take this Chal
mers "Light Six" for a long trip over every
kind of roads you can find. For it's then
that the real quality of a motor car asserts
itself. It's then you'll appreciate the higher
quality of the Chalmers "Light Six," the
greater power and flexibility of its master
motor, the greater solidity and firmness of
Of all "light sixes" the 1915
Chalmers "Light Six" is the car
that can most successfully meet such serv
ice because it is a "light six" built on the
basis of "Quality First."
A few big features of the 1915 "Light
Six": a different kind of automobile beauty;
unusually handsome finish; Pullman-like
comfort; a 48 H. P. long stroke non-stall-able
motor which "stays put"; graceful
molded oval fenders of both strength and
beauty; 4y3.inch tires "Nobby" tread on
rear wheels; unusually complete equipment
including Chalmers-made one-man top of
silk mohair, quick acting storm curtains, five
demountable rims, one-motion Chalmers
Entz electric starter which makes the motor
non-stallable, Klaxon horn, electric lights,
etc. And perhaps the greatest feature of
all, the unusually high quality in a car at
such a price.
We are anxious lo take you on this
Chalmers "Real Test" Ride. Come in to
day and arrange for it.
Chalmers Motor Company of Philadelphia
252-254 North Broad St., Philadelphia