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VOL. 1-NO. 3D
PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 5, 114.
PRICE ONE CENT
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PENROSE BEFORE '
Asks Privileges and Elec
tions Committee to Summon
Officials of Liquor Dealers'
Charges Largo Contributions in
interest of Boss of Machine
and Says "Protection" Label
is a Blind.
(FROM OUR BTArr CORnKM'OMhKST,
WASHINGTON, Oct. S.-Rcprescnta-live
A. Mitchell Palmer, Democratic
nominee for the Senate In Pennsylvania,
appeared tills morning before the execu
tive session of the Senate Privileges and
Elections Commutes and repeated the
charges that he hn made in his
tpecclica In Pennsylvania of the large
expenditures mnde In the primary elec
tion In the Intel est of the candidacy of
his Republican opponent, Boles Penrose.
Mr. Palmer charged that the liquor
dealers of Pennsylvania contributed
large sums to the campaign of Penrose.
He asked the committee to summon to
Washington the officials of the Penn
sylvania Protective t'nlon and the Penn
sylvania Liquor Dealers' Association.
Representative Palmer made a state
rrent In relation to ccndltluns surround
ing the Republican campaign fund,
which occupied nearly two hours of tlif.
tommlttee's time. He declared that tin
Pennsylvania corrupt practices act and
the Federal law worn both being vio
lated In Pennsylvania, and if the spirit
and Intent of those laws would b" ac
complished the only way it could be
done would bo by an investigation. Po
litical committees In Pennsylvania have
lefused to make public their receipts
and disbursements and publicity can
row only be gained by calling before a
Senate committee the men who arc thus
violating the law.
PROTECTION USED AS BUND.
Mr. Palmer produced letters from the
Pennsylvania Protective Union and Its
published literature, all of which showed
that It Is a purely political committee or
ganized for the purpose of promoting the
candidacy of Senator Penrose. While It
makes an appeal In the name of a pro
tective tariff, It frankly declares that" It
le operating for the purpose of re-electing
Senator Penrose to the Senate.
Mr. Palmer gave to the Committee the
names of witnesses who would show that
C W. Hill, ex-Collector of the Port at
Philadelphia, had held himself out as the
political campaign manager of Senator
Penrose; that he was In constant con
ference with Senator Penrose, both In
Philadelphia and in Washington, and
that the expenditures made by the Penn
sylvania Protective TJnlon, under the
direction of Hill and Richard Campion,
as treasurer, were made by and with the
advice and consent of Penrose himself.
This being so, he said, Penrose, under the
Federal law, should havo filed an account
of the receipts and disbursements of his
Mr, Palmer also pioduced letters to
manufacturers, showing what amounted
to nn asfcssmont for campaign purposes
and declared that Ills Information at
Pittsburgh was that tho manufacturers
of that city had been assessed at $150,000.
He also produced letters from tne
Pennsylvania Retail Liquor Dealers' As
sociation, sent to the saloonkeepers an
over the State, urging their co-operation
In the plan to elect Penrose.
PALMER NAMES WITNESSES.
He urged the committee to call the
Chester W. Hill, secretary Pennsyl
vania Protective Union, Philadelphia;
Richard Campion, treasurer Pennsylvania
Protective Union, Philadelphia;; Joseph
R Grundy, chief promoter Pennsylvania
Protective Union, Bristol, Pa.; John
Gardner, president Pennsylvania Brewers'
Association, 1501 Land Title building,
Philadelphia; Beaumont A. Mason, secre
tary Brcweis' Association of western
Pennsjlvanla, Mader building, Pitts
burgh; Neil Bonner, president Pennsyl
anla Federation of Liquor Dealers, 2d
'and Carpenter streets, Philadelphia.
The committee has been Informed that
rlnco the Norrls resolution was Introduced
the books of tho Pennsylvania Protective
Villon have ditjappciued, but It Is believed
that thse can bo traced and that an Inves
tigation will disclose the activities of both
these special Interests on behalf of Pen
Mr Palmer strongly urged the Senate
committee to adopt an amendment to the
corrupt practices , act which would make
It Impossible for great special Interests
like the protected tralff manufacturers and
the liquor Interests which have a large
Make in legislation, to make any contri
butions to the campaign funds of candi
dates for either the Senate or the House.
Vt hile tho commute meeting was not
public. It Is understood that all of the
Senators present, after hearing Mr. Palm
er's statement, agreed that tho situation
was such as to call for an investigation.
The committee adjourned until 3 o'clock.
Senators Walsh, of Montana; Reed, of
Missouri, and Pomerene, of Ohio, an
nounced their intention of voting for an
immediate Investigation. Senator Clapp,
of Minnesota, will also vote for a favor
able report on the resolution.
Representative Palmer is confident that
the Inquiry will be oidered by the com
mittee this afternoon. This belief does
not prevail, however, among the friends
Discussing the situation in Pennsyl
vanla, Representative Palmer said:
"I am confident that I will be elected
to the Senate. It Is now simply a ques
tion of counting the votes. Penrose Is
For Philadelphia and vicinity Un
tettled this afternoon; generally
cloudy tonight and Tuesday: con
tinued mild temperature; gentle east
For details, see last page.
CONTROL OF NEXT
BY BOTH PARTIES
o . ii: . ra.. j i " ri
rvepuDiicans .rreuici vjain 01
87 Representatives Chair
man Doremus Declares
Democrats Will Maintain
mom oon statt connrspoNtiE.iT.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 5. Republican
lenders, appear to bo confident that their
party will control the next House of
Representatives by a safe margin. Their
calculations are based upon reports re
ceived from many congressional districts
which were carried In 1310 and 1912 by
the Democrats by pluralities of from
101 to 500 votes.
On the other hand, Chairman Doremus.
of the Democratic Congressional Commit
tee, is 'quite optimistic as to the result
of the November election. While he is
prepared for a material reduction In tla
present Democratic majority In the
House, lie Is certaJn that his party will
control the body by a Bafe working ma
jority. It Is admitted by the leaders of both
of the old political parties that the re
sult "Will, to a large extent, depend upon
the vote of the Progressive party. Dem
ocrats aro begii.nlng to look upon Theo
dore Roosevelt as second only to Presi
dent Wilson as an asset of Democracy.
Republicans contend, however, that the
Progressives are returning to the Repub
lican party, and as proof of their claim
they point to the great reduction In the
Bull Moose vote In Maine and to the
fnct that the combined vote of the two
candidates for the Progressive guber
natorial nomination In New York, Daven
port and Sulzer, was only 15.000, ns com
pared with the vote of 390.000 received by
Mr. Roosevelt in New York State in 1911.
Republicans expect to make a gain of
ST Representatives In the next House.
Districts which are now Democratic or
Progiesslve, but which the Republicans
are counting upon carrying are as follows:
California, three districts; Colorado,
three; Delaware, one; Illinois, ten; Indi
ana, four; Jowa, three; Kansas, live;
Maryland, two; Massachusetts, four,
Michigan, two; Minnesota, one; Missouri,
one; Montana, two; Nebraska, two; New
Hampshire, two; New Jersey, three; New
York, fourteen: Ohio, nine; Pennsylva
nia, nine; Rhode Island, two; Washing
ton, two; west Virginia, one; Wiscon
Seventy-two districts would give the
Republicans a majority In the next
House, provided, of course, that they
hold the districts now represented by Re
publicans. Even the Democrats admit
that the Republicans elected two years
ago are pretty certain to come back to
Republicans In every doubtful congres
sional district In tho United States will
use the emeigeney revenue measure as
their chief campaign Issue. This legis
lation, which already has passed the
House, hub awakened a vigorous protest
from all parts of the country, and the
Stnute minority is prepared to light the
meusure buth In the Finance Committee
and on the floor of the Senate.
Thieo candidates are already In the
ileld,for the Republican presidential nom
ination in 1916. The ale James R. Mann,
of Illinois, minority leader In the House:
Swiator W'llmiii E. lloruli. ol Idaho, and
senator Robert M. J.Ji Follcttc. of Wis
miurin llanj of the pan Itudera be
lieve ili4t Charles S. Whitman, of New
York, If lie U successful in the guber
natorial contest In that State, will also
enter the race lor the presidential nomination.
THE MAIN BATTERY
"THE HANDS OF ESAU"
The first of a remarkable series
of articles on Philadelphia's eco
nomic and political conditions is
printed on the editorial page of this
issue of the Evening Ledger.
FOR THE TAXPAYER
no more instructive commentary
on his own burdens and the meth
ods necessary for his relief has
ever been written. These articles
will appear on alternate days in
THE EVENING LEDGER
FOR IRISH UNITY AID
HOME RULE CAUSE
Conciliatory Attitude Be
lieved to Pave the Way for
Peaceful Ending of Con
BELFAST, Ireland, Oct. 5. As a re
sult of the conciliatory attitude taken by
John Redmond, leader of the Irish Na
tionalists, In his recruiting speeches
throughout Ireland, it is believed that
after the war the Issue raised by home
rule for Lreland will be settled without
any armed conflict.
Redmond In his speeches has appealed
for a unity of nil parties on the home
rule question. Speaking nt Wexford
Sunday, he said:
"I will meet Andrew Bonar Law (leader
of the opposition in Parliament) by gen
tleness and by reason. I pray with all
my heart and soul that out of this tenl
ble warne blessed result will come for
Ireland, and that is that, as Irishmen go
on fighting. Catholics alongside of Prot
estants, the north of Ireland alongside
the south of Ireland, it may prove to be
a sign of the tutme unity of our Irish
"German domination would mean tho
loss of all tho liberties we have won. I
will put it quite plainly, as did General
Botha, the South African Premier, in his
I speech. Aro ou for Britain and her
colonies, or are jou on tho side of Ger
many? "Behove me, we cannot remain aloof.
Tho war has come upon us and we must
make our choice. The only choice of
honor, of safety and of statesmanship,
is to defend the empire's liberties against
their declared enemy."
GAS KILLS NINE IN MINE
Twelve Others Injured in Explosion
at Mulga, Ala.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Oct. 5. Nine dead
and 12 Injured men have been taken out
of the Mulga mine, at Mulga, Ala., where
an explosion of gas occurred this morn
ing, according to reports received heie.
$122,359 Paid Out to Firemen
September warrants for the pay of
members of the Bureau of Fire, aggre
gating l!2.359, were countersigned today
by City Controller Walton and paid at
the City Treasurer's oOioe.
YILLA TROOPS MAKE
FUTILE ATTACKS ON
Driven Back Three Times
With Heavy Losses in an
Effort to Capture Posi
tion. NACO, Ariz., Oct. 5. Fighting was in
progress all night at Naco, Sonora, be
tween Carranzalstas and Villlstas and
continued today. Tho Villa troops sent by
Governor Maytorcna, of Sonora, to cap
ture tht forces led by General Benjamin
Hill were repulsed In two attacks late
In the night, with heavy losses, and were
compellod to retire. They reformed again,
however, and shortly before dawn began
another advance under cover of machine
The third attack also was repulaed,
and then the VUIaistas withdrew to a
distance, still maintaining their artillery
flrp. General Hill reported that six of
his men had been killed and eight
American officers watching1 the battle
from the west said that the Carranzlstas'
artillery fire was very effective and the
TnquI Indians lost heavily.
The Villalstls ulmed poorly and dropped
shrapnel on their own lines, killing at
least one man.
At 10 o'clock General Hill's scouts re
potted that Maytorena's troops were
forming for a frontal attack, which would
endanger the American town. In antlcl
pation of such an attack Hill had planted
Two American civilians who had ap
pioaohed too close to the firing line were
struck bv bullets that were fired Into
United States territory.
Private Wilson. Troop G. Tenth Cav
alry, who was wounded, was taken td
Fort Huachuaca. The Mexican bullet
lodged in his thoraN.
None of the injuries, it is believed, will
General Hill's agents on this side of
Jhe border declared today that Car
rnmsistas. led by Captain J. A. Camp
bell, captured 25 V.ujuls last night and
executed all of thc-m.
Colonel C. A. P. Hatfield arrived at
midnight from Douglas and took chnrge
of tho American cavaliy guarding the
border. He had orders to stop the fight
ing If either side showed a disposition
tn fire directly upon American territory.
Most of the Americans tied from here,
though a few venturesome ones remained.
Tho greater paTt of the Mnstorena
forces is composed of Vaqul Indians, who
showed great bravery last night, charg
ing directly In the face of the Carranzlsta
machine gun fire. It is reported that
more than 30) of them were killed, but
Colonel Hatfield forbade correspondents
to cross the border to ascertain the cas
ualties. DUTCH FLAG ON GERMAN
SHIPS BRINGS PROTEST
State of Siege for Rotterdam May
Follow, Figaro Says.
PARIS. Oct. 5. The Figaro sas that
Franca has protested to Holland that
German merchant ships are using the
Dutch flag in carrying contraband, and
that Holland, after Investigating, has an
nounced that the complaints are Justified
It Is believed. sas the Figaro, that a
tate of ilege will be proclaimed In Rot
terdam to stop the practice.
TO STRENGTHEN GRIP
ON CITY COUNCILS
Penrose - McNichol - Vare -Liquor
Combine Fears It
Will Lose Its Hold on
Organization Hopes to Bolster
Its Vote to Pass Ordinances
Over the Mayor's Vetoes.
Dual Officeholders' Fat Pay.
The Pcnrosf-McNIchol-Vnre Republican
Organization it planning to Juni handy
machine constituents, who will vote nt the
dictates of their leaders, Into eight va
cancies In City Councils at the coming
It Is the opinion of the bossed that
the Organization foices must be bolstered
In Select Council, where live vacancies
exist, if further measures nio to be passed
over Mayor Blnnkenburg's vetoes.
That was demonsttated ten days ago,
when the bare 2D votes worn with dlfil
culty muttered by McNichol and the
Vares In tho Select branch to open thp
Municipal Court's land-condemning
scheme nt 21st and Race streets.
The three vacancies In Common Council
are not causing the Pcnro'c-McNIchol-Vnre
triumvirate the came apprehension
ns those In the Select chamber, but the
offort to till them with machine hench
men will be vigorously made.
Although this is not a regular Councll
mantc election year, the committees of
tho various parties in the wards whero
vncanclcs exist will name their respective
candidate, In lieu of the customary
Republican machine leaders havo al
ready chosen "safo" representatives to be
named by the ward committees for plaees
on the ballot
Select Council vacancies nre In the First
and Fifth Wards, where Vare influence
rules; In McNIchol's own Tenth Ward,
where the Tenderloin count looms large;
In tho Eleventh Ward of McNIchol's man,
John P. Connelly, chairman of the Fi
nance Committee of Councils, and In tho
In those wards, where pictures of Pen
rose hang In tho saloon and where his
campaign literature prates of "personal
liberty," the workers for the organiza
tion on election day will work Jointly for
Penrose and for Select Councllmen to
support his policies.
The Common Council vacancies are in
the 2lst, 27th and 2Sth Wards.
HOPE TO BEAT VETOES.
An especially pleasing phase of the
coming election, from tho Organization
vlowpoint. Is that the successful candi
dates -will take their scats In Councils
Immediately after the courts pass on
the election and will not be required to
wait until the first of the year, as In
ether elections. Tho Organization hopes
to fatten Its votes In Select Council to
make It possible to pass other Munici
pal Court ordinances over the Mayor's
veto this fall.
One of the vacancies In Select Coun
cil is due to the death of William If.
Cooper, of the 32th Ward. The othor
four vacancies were caused by resigna
tions of dual ofilceholders, denounced by
the Mayor and disapproved by the
Judges of tho county courts.
Objecting to anything like a landilide
of resignations from the other dual office
holders In Councils the organization
leaders called a halt and ten members
of the State and County payroll brigade
remain In Select Council and seven are
still In the Common branch. Two of the
vacancies In Common Council were by
resignation of dual office holders.
SELECTMEN WHO RESIGNED.
The four resignations In Select Council
First Ward: Charles J. Pommer re
signed at the request of Judge John M.
Patterson when Pommer was appointed
a tlpfltaff in Common Pleas Court No. 1.
Fifth Ward: John J. Harrigan resign
ed upon being appointed magistrate by
Governor Tener to succeed Magistrate
Tenth Ward: Dennis F. Fitzgerald re
signed because of his appointment as
stlpstaff In Municipal Court.
Eleventh Ward: David F. Murphy re
signed also because of appointment as
tipstaff in Municipal Court.
A vacancy will be caused in the C7th
Ward, after election, if Edward W. Pat
ton, of Select Council Is elected tn the
State Senate In tho Fourth Dlstiict.
Resignation'! In Common Council causing
the three vacancies aro:
Tenty-flrst Ward Levi C. Hart, re
signed because of his position with the
Twenty-seventh Ward George J. Van
Houten. resigned because of his post of
tlpstave in Orphans' Court.
Twenty-eighth Ward James Simmlng
ton, resigned to become a candidate for
Other vacancies will occur In Common
Council after election if George P. Par
row, of the 2Id Ward, is elected to Con.
gress In the Sixth district, and if Petor
H- Costello Is elected to Congress In the
In spite of the resignations of the dual
o'llceholders from Councils, the ten mem
bers stilt in the Select branch receive
Ii3,5',0 annually from State and County
payrolls. Tho seven dual Jobholders in
Common Council receive JIS.IOO ach year.
Presidents Ransley, of Select Council,
end McCurdy of Common Council, are In.
eluded among the dual Jobholders. A total
of 115.700 Is dumped into the pockets of
Councllmen each year for services to the
State and County.
GUARDING AGAINST CHOLERA
Officials at Marcus Hook Ordered to
Watch Incoming Passengers
Fear that cholera and othe- deadly
disease? v. hich have broken out among
the troops engaged In the European war
ma enter this country through the port
of Philadelphia, has led Dr. Harry D.
Heller. State quarantine physician, to
order the officers at Marcus Hook that
they exercise the utmost caution In
searching for these diseases among the
passengers of Incoming ships.
Dr Heller feels that although cholera
lus been confined in the main to German
and Austrian troop, and no ship from
those countries are entering this port,
that reports of the spread of the dlcaa
are alarming and that ever, precau
tionary step possible should be taken by
the quarantine officers of this country to
protect the nation from th horrors of a
ALLIES AND RESCUE
Invaders Force Foe to Retreat at Points
on Western End of Line Von Kluk's
Means of Communication Temporarily
Are Safe Says Report
Paris Official Statement Admits Reverse
Along Oise The Battle Increases in
Violence, With Result of Struggle
Undetermined Berlin Claims Success.
The War Today
French and British forces havo mot
with reverses In their attacks on tho
German right wing, but it is stated this
development merely delays the success
of the enveloping movement. The bat
tle north of the OIsc Is increasing in
Antwerp Boon must surrender, Lon
don believes, unless the Allies succeed
In raising the siege. Tho Germans
have mada a breast In tho outer chain
of forts on the south, it is thought cer
tain, although tho Belgian General Staff
insists all defenses arc Intact. British
artillery Is reported posted tn the be
Germans, defeated last week on the
River Nlemen, reformed and took the
offensive. Russian forces defeated
them on the forest of Augustow. Along
the northern Polish frontier the Rus
slans have been continuously success
ful In skirmishes.
In Galicla the Austro-German army
Ik on the defensive. Russians have cap
tured the heights near Przemysl.
In Hungary the Cossacks have
moved forward and by cutting railway
lines isolated a great part of the coun
try. Austrian gunboats shelled Serb city
of Shabats on the Save, but were re
pulsed with loss. Servian-Montenegrin
forces have taken outposts of Sarajevo,
capital of Bosnia. Austrian bombard
ment of Belgrade has ceased. Austria
announces the complete expulsion of
Servians and Montenegrins from Bos
nia. Germans were foiled in a surprise
sortie from Tslng-Tao. Fires within
nnd bombardment without forecast
early fall of Kaiser's leasehold town.
Italy has not modified Its neutral
policy, though antl-Auatrian demon
strations continue. Eight hundred
thousand men are mobilized but un
prepared for action on account of de
RENOUNCES GERMAN NAME
Dowager Duchess, Cousin of Czar,
Takes Russian Title.
PARIS, "lt; 5.
The Echo de Paris states that the
Dowager Duchess of Mecklenburg
Schwenn, mother-in-law of Crown Prince
Frederick William of Uermany, has re
nounced her German nationality and
taken the name of Grand Duchess
Mikailoviteh. She is a sister of the Czar
and has numerous friends in the Amer
ican colony of Paris ami the Riviera,
The same newspaper says that, accord
ins to the Wolff agency, General on
Voirrhts.ReitK has been made head of the
German General Staff, succeeding Gen
eral .on Moltke.
BIG COTTON OPERATOR DEAD
W, P. Brown Was Indicted in 1910
for "Cornering" Market,
NEW onijEAN'S, l-a., Ott. 5-William
P. Crown, one of the most prominent
cotton operators in the I nited States,
died heio this morning after an Illness
of jeveral weeks Mr. Hrown was a itiem
ber of the New Orleans and New York
Cotton Exchanges. He was one of the
men indicted as a rvsult of the alleged
"Cotton Corner" of 1910.
Mr Hrown leaves an estate estimated
at fJ0.0uO.000. Hrown y,on his tttle. In 1908,
when for several days he made JH a sec
ond on th New York Cotton Exchange
in the bio'gest corner history records in
the great Southern staple. Hrown vas
credited with handling 6X.000 bales of cot
ton with his own money, in addition to
bringing tn friends who controlled the
entire crop. He forced the price un to
BRITISH SEIZE GRAIN SHIPS
Capture Two Austrian Cargoes Near
Pola in Adriatic.
CiHASSO. Sw.UerUnd. Oct 5
Two Austrian hij uromj cargo
of grain for the Auttro-Hungaran armies
have been captured,
They were taken by BruUh warhipa
in the Adriatic near Pola, according to
advices received here.
PARIS, Oct. 5.
German armies under Generals von
Kluk and von Boehn have driven back
the Allies In terrific fighting north of
the OHe, according to the French offi
The Germans for tho time being have
lifted the danger to their line of com
munication. They have driven the Al
lies hack at the points where
French and British had strlved des
perately to roach the railway line over
which the German reinforcements and
supplies are rushed. This line, ex
tending northeast from Compeigne,
through Tergnler, St. Quentin, Mau
bougc, Liege to the German army cen
tres at Aix-la-Chappelle nnd Cologne,
Is the Germans' main artery in their
If the Allies could have cut It they
would have delivered a death blow to
Von Kluk and Von Boehn. But they
have been forced back in the neighbor
hood of St. Quentin and frc there
south to the beginning of the "fish
hook" curve of the German line
The Allies, however, havo had one
advantage in their movoment, which
still remains with thctn and whlchTa"
aiding In the general turning move
ment. This is the railway line which
parallels that held by the Germans and
extending from Amions to Arras, at
which point it turns to the east and
finally pierces the German line at
Valenciennes and Mons. The extreme
French left is operating along this line
in the direction of the last two named
The official statement follows:
On our left wing north of tho Oise
the battle continues with the ut
most violence, the enemy having
again been heavily reinforced. The
result of the action continues unde
cided. We have been compelled to
give ground at certain points.
Along the remainder of the battle
line there has been no change In the
ge in tna
he East ,
In Russia In a battle which
six days the German army.
was operating betwt n the
Prussian frontier and ' ho Nlemen
River, has been defeated along its
full line and forced to retreat,
abandoning large quantities of sup
plies. It has completely evacuated
the governments of Sulwaki and
The Germans continue to drain their
other fighting units to pour reinforce
ments into the lines of Generals von
Boehn and von Kluk. They are fight
ing here to keep their offensive alive.
When they are forced to retreat and
every military official here from Gen
eral Galllenl down declares that they
eventually must give way or be an
nihilatedthey will have to retire en
tirely from France.
If Von Boehn and Von Kluk have to
give way tho absolutely Impregnable
intrenched German centre immediately
would be open to an attack from ths
rear, and it must fall back along with
the German right.
Near Solssons, where the Allies got
their first firm foothold on the north
s.ldo of the Aisne River, the French
and British are making vigorous ef
forts to drive, a wedge between the
German right and German centre, The
Allies already havo captured se'I-erU.
strong position, here, together with
number of lines of trenches, '
The French are making violent
counter attacks south of Roya and
near Poual, and the French reaervea
under General D'Amade are battling
hard to smaah General von Kluk'a line
The centra from the Oise to the Ar
gonne has witnessed no change for
more than a week. Here both armies
remal'j in strong Intrenebments, their
fate depending on the battles In the
wMt and east.
The army of the Crown Prince tl'l
is being pressed backward in tht
Woevre region while the French col
jwUx .. .-,l .,... - --