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EVENING LEDGEB--PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1914.
WRECK AND RUIN NOV IS THE FATE OF THE BLOOD-STAINED COUNTRIES OF EUROPE
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- ' llIPbW GERMANS CUT THEIR WAY
11 TOWARD ENGLISH CHANNEL
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-r . i callffiat! fi- ' mi MBI 1 1 MfiW i lwilBI:&'fi "o ofUclal news of the fi.U of Ant-
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K??OS5- THE 7?IV CUffCY BLOW iP WWLF TPAJN GffffYAf3 IYOUA0jE Wf?S GOSS7S
FORTY &a0SffS &? aTOWAFO
werp has been published, and it Is not
expected that any announcement on
that subject will bo mRdc. The Gov
ernment is doing its utmost to meet the
problems facing It here."
CZAR'S FORCES WIN
TWO VICTORIES IN
GERMANS CAPTURE LILLE,
FRANCE OFFICIALLY STATES
TYPC-71 SFLGJAT FSFL'&rES'
BACK ON WARSAW,
FRENCH EMBASSY HEARS
OF VICTORIES NEAR LYS
Kaiser Master of South
western Poland Czar's
Troops Flee From Galicia
and Abandon Przemysl
BEUUX, Oct. 13.
Th Russians are retreating from
Galicia to the north side of trie Vistula,
pursued by tha Au&trians and Germans,
according to a dispatch from Vienna
which has reached here. In the Southern
end they occupy only Warsaw.
That the German armies are masters
of all of Russian Poland west of the
Vistula Itlver Is the declaration made in
an official statement issued at the War
Office shortly after midnlBht. The state
ment admits that the Germans lost a
little ground in Russian territory near
the East Trussian frontier, but declares
this Is of no consequence, as they had
never planned to occupy tho Government
(The territory that the Hermans say
they have conauercd west of the Vistula
mav be roj;rhi' estimated at 7100 square
iiiUob. It contains a number of important
The official ktatemeut follows:
"After their expulsion from East Prus-.
pla, the Russian arnitcs were pursued
across the frontier. Th- centre of Ger
man military operations is now Poland.
The whole ot Poland wmt of tha Vistula
is now In possession of the Germans. The
Itusslans occupy only Warsaw."
If Poland, west of the Vistula, has been
cleared of Russian troops, the Indira,
tlons are that the portion of the C?ar"s
army which has been proceeding against
Cracow will have to retreat, or eUe face
the possibility of the Germans cutting oif
their lines of communication.
In Galiola many towns held a few days
ago by the Russians have been reoc
cupled by the Auatriang.
Przemysl, according to the consesus of
dispatches, has been relieved by the ad
vanclns Austro.Geiman forces.
TUB HAGUE. Get. IS,
The following official communication has
been issued by the Austrian Legation
"The rapid advance of the Au3tro-Hun-garlan
troops along the River San r
kulted on October 11 in the entire with,
drawal of the Russian Investing fare
from Przemyil. which was lmmdttly
occupied by Austrian relief troops,
"The rstrwMtUu Russians were every.
where strongly attacked. An attempt oa
their part to cross tlte river near
tSieneawa and Lezajsk nave the Austro.
Hungarian troops au opportunity to make
a large number of prisoners. Tbe, as
yet, bare not been counted."
J Decisive Gains at St. Mihiel Also
i Are Reported.
I WASHINGTON'. Oct. 13.-N'ews of
I French victories over the German cav
alry north of the River I.ys, today was
received at the French Embassy. The
"The 4th corps of German Cavalry has
been thrown back to the north of the
I.ys toward Armentleres. Two other
corps were stopped between the Lys and
the Canal La Basse at noon.
"Before Llllo, which Is occupied by our
troops, there were no Germans, other
than those in the vicinity of Ltlle-Seclin,
Carvin and Doual.
"Roye Is still occupied by the enemy.
"On the 11th we decisively repulsed
the fiermnn attacks on Hislee, four kilo
metres southwest of rft. Mlhlel."
GERMANS FREE RUSSIANS
BERLIN, 0t 13 -Trough the interven
tion, of King Uustaf Y t( Sweden 13i
Russians who have beu detained 1 Ger
many since the dUtbrraK ot the war
tav Uva released.
BOTH SIDES MASS
FOR FIERCE FIGHT
ON BELGIAN FIELD
Reinforcements Hurried to
Allies and Germans for
Next Important Engage
ment Across French Line.
AT AIRSHIPS' DUEL
6000 FEET IN AIR
French Monoplane Combats
Two German Machines,
Driving One Back and
Sending Other to Ground.
PARIS. Oct. 1J.
General d'Araade, commanding the
French foioea on the extreme left, has
been sent reinforcements In the belief
that the nest biff general conflict of the
war will be staged on Belgian soil. The
Allied forces In this theatre of the war
are said to be well situated. Cavalry en
counters continue without cessation.
The rehabilitated French aeronautical
division is showing unusual activity ln
serial pqtrol work In guarding against
repetitions of the German bomb-dropping
over Paris during the last two days.
LONDON. Oct. 13.
"Information gleaned from the Dutch
Press and from travelers In Germany and
other sources point to the conclusion that
during the last ten days the German
armies, ln France have been heavily re
inforced," says the Time.
"There has beeen a steady flow of
trains to the western front, mainly
through Alx-la-Chapplle and some ten
or more laadwebr and Undsturm divi
sions must now be added to the estimates
of the nuwber of German troops acting
in Belgium and Fraaee.
"By one expedient or another the Ger
mans have contrived to mass between
feo and 'A divisions in the west, if we add
the marine fusileers' atnij, and the car
airy divisions, the agregace German
forces In the western theatre of war may
PARIS. Oct. 13.
An aerial victory for the French, fought
thousands of feet In the air, In the pres
ence of troops of both armies. Is re
ported by Lieutenant de Lalns, of the
French Aerial Corps. The air duel was
ono of the most thrilling since the war
benan. Lieutenant de Lalns' account of
the combat follows:
"I had been ordered to fly over the
German lines with an observer, who was
to drop pamphlets. These pamphlets con
tained the following Inscription: 'German
soldiers, attention. German officers say
that the French maltreat prisoners. This
Is a 11a. German prisoners are as well
treated as unfortunate adversaries should
"We had no sooner taken wing than
the aeroplane was sighted by German
observers lu captive balloons anchored
about six miles distant Immediately two
Albatross machines rose from the Ger
man camp and came forward.
"We continued to advance, meanwhile
sending the aeroplano higher and higher
until the barograph showed we were
6000 feet above the ground. Our machine
was speedier than the German aeroplane,
which was constructed of steel and was
so heavy it could not work up the speed
of the French army monoplane.
"We wero able to get over the German
lines and my companion began hurling
thousands of the pamphlets in every dl
recllon. It was like a snowstorm.
"In the meantime the German artillery
got their lung-range anti-air guns In action
and were hurling volley after volley
against us. The shells were of special
type, designed to create violent air waves
when they burst. We were too high to be
reached, but we had to turn our attention
to the two areoplanes which were rush
ing toward us. As they approached the
German artillery lire stopped. Wo were
too high to distinguish what was going on
beneath us, but I could imagine the thou
sands of soldiers staring skyward In won
der at the strange spectacle above them.
"We kupt swinging In wide circles over
the German lines, and I kept getting
higher and higher ln order to out
maneuver tho German plane and to pre
vent it from getting above us so that
bombs could be thrown at us.
"The machines were all equipped with
rapid-tire guns, and when we r,ot within
140 yards of each other both sides opened
lire. The bullets went wide. Itnally, we
began to swing back" aid. getting lower
and lower One of the German machines
was thus lurvd over the Flench lines and
our land artillery opened against it. One
of the wings was shattered and it dropped,
but the other escaped."
PARIS, Oct. 13.
Llllo lias been captured by the Ger
mans. This Is tho outstanding feuture
of an offlclnl statement issued here tills
afternoon nfter tho usual hour. Tho
fighting has centred about Llllo for
nearly two weeks. The ndmlssion by
tho French that It has been lost Indi
cates that tho Germans are gaining
ln their counter-flanking movement
against tho Allies' left wing and that
tho Kaiser's troops now will sweep
quickly to the coast.
The capture of Lille was effected by
a German urray corps, says the official
statement. A German corps numbers
40,000 men. It Is stntcd that tho French
force In tho city consisted of only a
detachment of Territorials.
To offset the loss of Lille, the French
state they have gained ground between
Arras and Albert, southwest of Llllo,
and also at tho centre of tho battle
front In the region of Bcrry-au-Bac.
Tho completo ottlcial statement fol
lows On our left wing, our forces have
retaken the offensive in the regions
of Hazenhrock and Uetliunc against
some forces of tho enemy composed
for the greater part of cavalry com
ing from the front along tha lino
of Batlleul, Kstalrcs and La Bassee.
The city of Llllo, hold by a de
tachment of Territorials, has been
attacked and occupied by a corps
of the German army.
Between Arras and Albert we
have made some marked progress.
At tha centre we have made equal
progress In the region of Barry-Au-Bao
and have advanced slightly to
ward Soualn, to the east of tho
Argonne and to the north of Malan
court, between tho Argonne and the
On the right bank of the Meuse
our troops, who hold tho heights of ,
the Meuse to the east of Verdun,
have advanced to tho south of the
road from Verdun to Metz. In tho
region of Apremont we have gained
a little ground on our right and
have repulsed a German attack on
On our right win CVosgea and Al
sace) there I3 no change.
Summing up, yesterdt-y was
marked by an appreciable progress
by our forces at divers points.
In a letter of yesterday General
Joffre recommends that the cross of
the Legion of Honor be conferred
on the flag of tho 21th Colonial
Regiment for having taken from the
enemy a flag under the following
On September J6, at 5 o'clock ln
the morning, the Germans succeed
ed in taking the trenches occupied
by a battalion of the 31th Colonial
Regiment. Tho 110th and l!0th
companies of that regiment made a
counter attack ln their turn. They
forced ono company to yield, which
was made prisoner, and In ransack
ing the trench discovered the flag
of the 16th Regiment of the German
The fighting is getting nearer and
nearer to the English Channel littoral
as the German cavalry Is pushed for
ward In. advance o the Jnfaulry and.
Held artillery. It undoubtedly Is ono
object of German strategy to establish
a line from the channel coast south
ward, thus cutting off the French, Brit
ish and Belgian troops in Belgium
from the main force of Allies in
Furious fighting Is going on along
tho Verdun-Toul line, where tho In
vaders nro struggling to mako a
breach. Many military experts regard
Verdun as tho key to the situation.
There have now beon 31 days of fight
ing. The battlo line has beon still fur
ther extendod. If tho fighting In Bel
glum Is considered a part of the gen
eral engagement, tho battlo front Is
now approximately 250 miles long.
Almost every unoillclal message from
the front dwells on tho fierceness of tho
fighting around Arrna last week. Lens,
which is less than ten miles from Arrns,
chnnged hands three times ln two
Tho vlllago of Vlllleres-aux-Vonts,
near Verdun, which has been the scene
of bloody fighting, Is a heap of smok
ing rulus. Th French commander
thero Bends an Interesting sidelight.
From tho headquarters of the German
Crown Prince, ho says, an elaborate
trench flvo feet deep and 100 feet long
has been dug to a neighboring forest.
This has been lined with straw, and
Is intended as a means of escape for
tho Crown Princo and his staff.
Austro-Germans Are Routed
Near Sandomierz and
Pushed Back in Fierce Bat
tle on River San.
AGAIN IS SHIFTED
TO ESCAPE ENEMY
Temporary Quarters Pro
vided at Havre for Dis
tressed Government King
Albert Remains With
BORDEAUX, Oct. 13.
Official announcement was made today
that tho Belgian Government would be
transferred from Ostend, which Is men
aced by the Germans, to Havre, France.
Some members of the Cabinet of King
Albert have already arrived at Havre,
where temporary quarters have been pro
vided by the French Government for
their use. It Is understood King Albert
will remain with his army.
This announcement Indicates that the
Allies have little hope of being able to
keep Ostend out of the Germans' hands.
The announcement of the flight of the
Belgian Government to Havre, after being
successively driven from Brussels and
Antwerp. Is explained thus:
"The Belgian Government desires full
liberty of action, and for that reason it
was decided that It should come to
I i mi 'i 1 ifl
PETROGRAD, Oct. 13.
The General Staff announced today the
defeat of tho Austro-German forces In
Galicia near tho River San. The exact
location was withheld In accordance with
the now policy of secrecy regarding this
campaign. It was declared, however, that
the enemy suffered greatly, losing a num
ber of guns and many transport wagons.
The attack was begun by cavalry charges
on either flank, supported by Infantry and
artillery to tho centre.
Defeat of tho Austro-German army ad
vanclng on Sandomierz. a town of Rus
sian Poland on the Vistula about miles
northeast of Cracow, Is announced In a
statement Issued by tho Government
News Bureau today. It declares that the
Germans lost an entire division. While
the statement does not give the exact
location of the battle, It Is believed to
have occurred south of the Vistula In
(This apparently confirms the statement
Issued at Vienna that the Austrian army
had taken the offensive cast of Cracow).
"Tho Russian advance column," says
the statement, "delivered another defeat
on tha Austro-German nrmy advancing
on Sandomlens. The Russian cavalry
took the offensive before tho Germans
had taken advantagous positions. Cos
sacks Bwept down on the flanks of the
enemy and captured some guns.
"When the Germans retreated they had
lost one entire division with its etmin.
ment. ( A German division numbers 20,-
"In Poland, tlln n.rm.n. , .
. -.- .....4 u,u otujir
drawn Into a position where their heavy
cavalry artillery, and sometimes, com
plete divisions of foot artillery are
placed In such positions that they lmve
to accept battle where they find their
adversaries not only better lighters and
better shots, but also commanded by morn
efficient officers. y mora
"The scope of the present camnalcn
has fully justified the Russian .truteS
ln thaLlnvth? Province of Klelce and
along the banks of the Wark, the Ger-
M?.,M.vmhav! to suffor 5UCM "laughter
that tho Russians can advance n full
force on the banks of the Oder before
the opening of the winter campaign "
It Is stated at the War Office that re
ports from the front show the German,
are short of clothing and that the com
manders have ordered that the dead h
burled only in their shirts, the iinlforms
SISTER SHIP EXACTS
QUICK REVENGE FOR
SINKING OF PALLADA
Disaster to Russian Cruiser in
Baltic Followed by Crip
pling of German Subma-
PETROGRAD, Oct It
The belief persisted hero in official cir
cles today that at least one of tho raiding
German submarines responsible for tin
sinking Sunday of tho Russian cruiser
Pallada In the Baltic Sea had been dis
abled. Tho Naval Office hod only bare details
of tho Pallada's torpedoing. The exict
location was not ascertainable. At lesst
573 all aboard tho Pallada went down
with the ship,
The cruiser Bayan, scouting with th
Pallada nt the time. Is believed to havt
hit one of the submarines.
An official bulletin admits that the Rui
slan armored cruiser Pallada was tor
pedoed Sunday In the Baltic Sea by 1
German submarine, and sank with ll
Tho text of tho bulletin follows:
"On October 10 German submarines wen
sighted In the Baltic Sea. The same dy,
early In the morning, tha submarines it
tacked the cruiser Admiral MakaroS,
which was searching a suspected bark
flying the commercial flag of the Nethir
lands, "A submarine of tho enemy launchtl
several torpedoes, which, luckily, missel
the maik and caused no damage what
soever to the cruiser.
"On October 11, at 2 o'clock In tk
afternoon, the submarines of the enemr
again attacked our cruisers Bayan sal
Pallada, which were patrolling UV
"Although the cruisers onened a verr
strong fire, one of the submarines suc
ceeded In launching torpedoes agakut
tho Pallada, whereupon an explosion re
sulted and the cruiser sank with all her
The Pallada, Bayan and Admiral Malta
roff are sister ships, nil of 413 feet
length, 7T7G tons displacement, with a
speed of 21 knots. The Pallada's arma
ment Included two 8-inch and eight Mnes
guns In the primary battery and 2! H
pounders and four 3-pounders In addition
to torpedo tubes.
NEWEST NOTES OF SCIENCE
Three out of every four German nona
genarians are women.
Sheepskin U used as a substitute W
almost every other kind of leather.
Tungsten deposits hava been discovert!
in Korea and mines are being developed.
i ---- umi.ui.ie. tnat woras auw
niatlcally has been Invented for stufflnf ,
The Italian Government uses Americas
machinery to manufacture shoes for 1"
Walnut at Thirteenth St.
to n?f hiiudeIphians th,s hotel has come
SfMtaSr of comfort' refinement
att"actioTeniCnt l0CaUn !S an Bdded
reVi9 "cel'ence ' ow "bine sug-
thea?w.1Unch' dlne or for an after