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EVENING d&& LEDGER
ruLIG LEDGER COMPANY
' CTnUS II K CUItTlS. Ismidiuit.
Ceo. W. Ochs, Secretary; John C. Martin, Treasurers
Charles II. Ludlngton, Philip S. Collin, John H. Wll
Ctnus II. K. Curtis, Chairman.
f. II. WIIAtiEr Executive Miter
JOHN C. itAHTIN Ocnrnl Iluslne Manager
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rmLUi.uim,Tti;nAY,t(:ioiiEii n, i"u
Trying to Outflank Brumbaugh
IONG ago his opponents realized Hint
J frontal attacks upon Doctor Brumbaugh
were worse thnn useless tho Doctor's record
and platform were Invulnerable. Hence the
chnngo In tactics "Brumbaugh an ally of.
Penrose"; "DrumbaiiKh not clear on the
liquor Issue"; "Brumbaugh mortgaging his
future Independence for boss support".
"Brumbaugh academical." Hut the Doctor
pushes serenely and sturdily forward alone,
asking no favors, making no clandestine al
liances, oponly scorning the bosses, Implicitly
trusting the common sense and honor of the
people. Ho Is a new type In the politics of
our Commonwealth, and he will win by the
wheer force of his sane, vigorous and unim
Patient, Tubclcss Philadelphia
MANHATTAN starts work on two new
tunnels under the Hudson, while It
numbers 15 tubes beneath Its two rivers. But
what about Philadelphia and tho Delaware?
The tremendous traffic toward Atlantic City
and across tho Market Rtreet ferry goes on
in the antiquated, crowded old ways of a
dorcn years ago. "Watching the strides of
Js'ew York, can our patience last forever?
THC bulk of the voters of Pennsylvania are
clean and straightforward men. Further
more, they are much moro Intelligent than
the Republican Organlratlon Is willing to
concede. The ballot Is the precious symbol
and badge of free citizenship, and there are
few men willing to be cheated or robbed
of their Inalienable American rights.
Therefore, A. Mltcholl Palmer has rendered
a great service to the citizen body In unmask
ing the plot of the Penrose conspirators. If
the thug and bandit methods, once so suc
cessful in certain wards of Philadelphia, are
tried in the small town and rural dlFtrlcts.
Penrose- will find that he is up against a
No moro Independent and sturdy race of
men exist in any country than the rural
voters of this Commonwealth. They read,
they think, they support the public schools
and reverence their churches; they rear chil
dren of virile character; they earn a com
petent livelihood from farms that have been
brought to a pitch of productivity not sur
passed by the new nnd rich lands of the
"West, and, above everything, these men re
sent tho domination of big or little bosses
as on Impertinence.
Every effort of the Organization to de
moralize the election or to debauch tho elec
torate will be met this year by a fierce
resentment. Pennsylvanlans are thinking
clearly and feeling deeply on the liquor usur
pation of government, upon the blundering
building of highways, upon the pource and
distribution of slush funds, upon the moral
standards nnd records of the men who are
seeking public office Pennsylvania cannot
be bought, buncoed or bludgeoned this year.
Heaven's Germicide, Frch Air
RIGHT living rather than medicine; fresh
air as the best of germicides. That Is
the new therapy. Every day It becomes moro
generally recognized In the medical profes
sion and more widely spread by the official
agents of health.
Director Harte. of the Department of Pub
lic Health, contributes Philadelphia's mite to
the propaganda with a weekly bulletin urging
fresh air as a preventive of all the "colds" of
winter. Not only tuberculosis falls before
that cheapest of medicines. Grip, bronchitis
and pneumonia can all be staved off through
the winter months If only people will sleep
and work with the windows open They can
have the health of Fummertlme if only they
will defy Jack Frost.
THEY are carrying the war into Harvard
instead of Africa. Professor Muenster
burg long ago left psychology for the verbal
battlefields of the Fathrland President
Eliot's "Five Foot" howitzer answered him,
while the spitting fire of Professor Wiener's
Russian gatllng gun spattered all over the
place. And now another Wiener, one Clar
ence, has bequeathed $10,000 to the university
If only It will "cast out the Hun," In other
words. Are Muensterburg. HarvarJ is bold-
ng Itself neutral all right. If only by the,
ass of divergent opinion it is manufactur
But perhaps it is nil a roero rru of th
disgruntled professors to squeeze themselves
back into the baseball-ridden dispatches from
Civilized Warfare at Antwerp
ANTWERP retrieves Rhelms, Whatever
l the truth about the destruction of the
rench cathedral, the latest bombardment ia
j-nest enough of Germany's determination
wage a civilized war. According to a, dis
patch from Berlin, the attackers asked and.
raflolved a map showing the pnnolpal archi
tectural features of the city to enablo artil
lery Are to be directed against spots lees
sanctified by centuries of human art. Ger
many will not suffer by such enlightened
methods of war.
Character Is an Asset
THE Remedial Loan Company opened Its
oXtlota yesterday to do a philanthropic
work Modeled after a similar Institution
f the Russell Sage Foundation and directed
by responsible and public-spirited citizens
of Philadelphia, Its principal purpose is to
aid deserving fam lies whp And themselves!
la financial straits. In the examination of
EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 13, Xd'M.
applicants, character Is rated at 75 per cent,
and security at 25. So there Is nono of that
puttering over character which Miss Octavla.
Hill condemned In misguided efforts to help
tho poor of London. This Is no mollycod
dling philanthropy. It will save many from
tho Seylla and Charybdls of poverty's
clutches on the one hand nnd the loan
shark's thievery on tho other; and the em
phasis will bo placed where It Is found In all
truly philanthropic work, on pcrsonnl char
acter. One Is reminded of the late Mr. Mor
gan's remark that he regarded character as
ample security for tho largest loans. In
stead of a nursery for weaklings, this new In
stitution Is nn example of practical Idealism.
Women on Their Own Rights ami Duties
THK Pennsylvania Federation of Women,
now opening Its sessions in PltLsburgh, Is
face to face with vital problems. In discuss
ing the enfranchisement of women and pro
posed social legislation In Pennsylvania they
should not flinch or compromise.
Moral questions can never be settled with
out the unerring application of women's
moral Instincts. History Is strewn thick
with the debris of men's futllo efforts. Men
acknowledge that they have failed to control
or eliminate the ancient evils such as Intem
perance, Impurity and chronic poverty.
Probably they have failed chiefly through
applying economic methods to nchlcvo
Tho question for the women of the Fed
eration to settle Is not whether the majority
of women want to take a constructive part
in the government of their country, but
whether they ought to take such a part.
Female suffrago In a civilization as complex
ns ours, Involving directly tho conditions of
living for multitudes of women. Is a moral
Imperative. To treat It on any other or
lower level Is to palter with private con
science and public duty.
Athletics Continue Strategic Retreat
THE War Office at Shlbo Park gives out
the following official account of yester
day's engagement; "Tho situation continue
much as heretofore. General Mack's forces
successfully maintain tho strategic retreat
inaugurated lost Friday with the purposo of
interesting the fickle fans of Philadelphia
and stirring popular enthusiasm. Thore Is
no change to report In the rolntlvo position
of the contending forces."
Tho following dispatch from tho front has
been passed by tho Philadelphia censor:
" , Mass., October . Tho foroes of
General Mack woro (deleted by censor)
yesterday at Park for the
time since the beginning of hostilities. Col
onel seemed unable to hold tho ene
my's attack In check, while the Redskins'
battery did execution. The situation
looks . General Mack will never be
(remainder of dispatch deleted
by the censor.)"
For the Good of the Community
IN THE benefits derived under the will of
the late Francis T. 6. Darley the whole
community shares. The Pennsylvania School
of Industrial Art receives substantial aid in
its splendid work, which goes beyond holp
fulness to Individuals to what Is really civic
service; a number of hospitals and other
public or semi-public Institutions are bone
flclarles. Through bequests of such spirit
and purpose, and the far-reaching uses to
which they are put, the lives of tho givers
are prolonged in this world through tho years
cut oft by death.
Reserve Board Makes Good Start
LL of the Government directors of the
twelve regional reserve banks have been
appointed and tho organization of these In
stitutions should undoubtedly proceed rapid
ly. Subscriptions to the capital of tho new
banks scattered throughout the country will
be put through In the money markot with a
mlnlmim of friction. It looks as If the new
system would bo In operation about the mid
dle of November and, with this accomplished,
the ability of the national banks to caro for
future monetary' developments will be ma
terially strengthened. The banks are al
ready feeling the benefit of having the Fed
eral Reserve Board In existence, for while
It still can act only In an advisory capacity,
Its Influence will be exercised toward pro
ducing hearty co-operation among the mul
titudinous Institutions composing the na
tional banking system. When the new
scheme of bank control has become a reality,
there will develop a flexibility in our cur
rency system which will make altogether un
likely the creation of a stringent situation
similar to that which has overwhelmed the
country since Europe's war began.
Old Home Week in Wilmington
THIS Is commencement week In the city of
Wilmington. As alumni returning to
alma mater to renew old acquaintance and
early inspiration and bringing a tribute of
praise and praiseworthy deeds, the sons of
Delaware have come back home to remem
bered thresholds to pledge again their faith
fulness to friendship nnd their loyalty to
hearthstone, city and State. Delaware has
good reason to be proud on this occasion,
proud of the people she has kept with her
and proud of those she has sent out to do
their work In other places. Wilmington's
Old Home Week la rightly a time of Joyous
reciprocity, and Its more serious meanings
extend not only into the past but also Into
America For Universal Peace
WHEN men can move a multitude of their
fwUowmen by a direct appeal to eternal
principles there Is warrant for the hope that
the end they seek la possible of realisation.
Not less phenomenal than the vast crowd at
the peace meeting last night was the passion
ate logto of Secretary Bryan and Mr. Btraue.
The failure of treaties' In the past has been
due to their nature: they were chiefly armed
truces for economical or political reasons. If
America can lead the way In making treaties
a binding ethical obligation, there Is no doubt
whatever that universal peace will ensue.
Philadelphia may well be proud of the re
markable response given to that principle In
tho Convention Hall last evenrng.
Emerson and Evers again I
Training girls to be good housewives la a
step that more academic Institutions than
the College Settlement might profitably have
taken long ago.
In congress assembled, the Philadelphia
Orchestra decided yesterday to remain neu
tral among themselves. It should be noted,
bowever. that no representative of Servta
Today began like yesterday's game. Rain
or shine, cloudy or fajr, the outcome might
be anything. But, iike typical October
weather, by o'clock; u j, com8 around to
one of those crysty cIear skUg that makn
-rld's series ganMg a pracUcai certainty,
The WihonJIarvcy-Wattcrson Incident Reveals Kcntttckinn as n Prophet Wilson
Sure of a Second Nomination Some Typical Failures of the Primary System.
Special Wathlnpton Correapondence.
WOODROW WILSON, Henry Watterson
nnd George Hnrvoy have been friends
for a good many years. Mr. Watterson Is a
family connection of tho President. Thoro was
an Intellectual friendship ntnong these three.
They thought ntlko on most subjects, and, ns
they say In Virginia, "they spoko tho lan
guage of tho trlbo." A little more than two
years ago thero was a misunderstanding
among them; but, happily, It has passed
away. It Is a very Interesting story and I
shall toll It one of theso days, perhaps, but
this Is not the tlmo nor tho place. It Is
onough to know Just now that tho status
quo anto has been restored, and nil tho
rpWO Sundays ago Colonel George Harvey
jl went to tho White House on tho Invitation
of the President. It was Peace Sunday.
Next Sundny, the same being tho second
Sunday after Harvey, Mr. Watterson Is ex
pected nt tho Whlto House on the Invitation
of the President, nnd tho three friends will
go on ns If nothing had happened. This Is
as It ought to be.
It was Harvoy who "found" Woodrow
Wilson, that Is to say picked him out as the
soundest presidential timber tho Democrats
could find for the great struggle of 1912, and
early and late, week In and week out, In his
"Journal of Civilization" nnd in his monthly
magazine, to the Hibernians In Savannah nnd
tho Scots In Charleston, to college nnd uni
versity teachers nnd students, to social and
political clubs, to the poor nnd the rich up
and down the land he prenched Woodrow
Wilson with true missionary fervor, nnd
wherever ho went ho gathered recruits to his
standard. Henry Watterson and at least ono
of his other friends backed him for all they
were worth, and the predestinated came to
pass. It could not have been otherwise,
manifestly, nnd tho work of the Jersey
schoolmaster, as he used to be called, In tho
laot two years has proved the wisdom of
TO HIS many other gifts, Mr. Wntterson
adds the gift of prophecy, and Is, In fnct, a
far older and better prophet than his disciple
from Poacham, Vermont, now residing at
Jornlama on the Jersoy coast. Mr. Watter
son was Samuel Tllden's voice 38 years ago.
To his brilliant and picturesquo work in 188
Democratlo success was largely due. His
handwriting was on all the platforms of tho
party for a quarter of a century, and In tho
last supremo contest he kept the old flro
burning. Not long ago I found In a mass of
papers a characteristic letter from Mr. Wat
terson. It was written at the Manhattan
Club, New York, Juno 30, 1910. It was not
written for publication, but, in' view of tho
present happy Issuo out of an unhnppy epi
sode, ho will pardon me, I am sure, a quota
tion which establishes the claim that he Is,
indeed, a prophet. Here It is:
"Georgo Harvey and I talked of you con
sumlngly; wept over your tendency to cynical
mirth; swore at your tendency to unpatri
otic levity; and mourned your absence.
Woodrow Wilson was with us. They are
going to nominate and elect him Governor of
New Jersey. Would that not subject him to
suspicion, If not put him In the running for
1912? Brace up," etc., etc.
Does not that put Mr. Wnterson among the
ALL the prophets now agreo that Mr.
.Wilson will be nominated by his party for
a second term as President. No other Is
The Arabs have a superstition that when a
man is murdered a bird Is formed from the
dead man's blood. They call It "hameh." It
sits near the body crying "Iskoonee" (give me
a drink of the victim's blood) until the crime
is avenged, when It files awa".
Christopher Columbus was known as
Iberia's Pilot. Spain Is called Iberia and the
Spaniards Iberl. Campbell In "The Pleasures
of Hope" says:
"Launched with Iberia's pilot froi.i the steep.
To worlds unknown nnd Isles beyond the
The Jackknlfe had Its origin, or rather the
name did, from the fine French cutlery made
by Jacques le Coultre, who lived In the 16th
"Abandannad" was a slang sobriquet for
a boy who stole handkerchiefs, an amuse
ment much In vogue In other days. It Is sup
posed to have been a contraction of "ban
"Catching a crab" is of Italian origin.
"Chlappar un grachlo" Is used even as
"catching a crab" is. "Plgllare un grachlo"
Is to "commit a blunder." "Plgliare un
grachlo a secco" (catching a crab on dry
land) Is used when a person pinches his
"Damning with faint praise" originated
with Pope, who first used the expression in
his epistle to Doctor Arbuthnot:
"Damn with faint praise, assent with civil
And, without sneering, teach the rest to
Senator Owen's Good Courage.
From the Kansu City Star.
Senator Owen places his greatest emphasis on
the assertion that Sullivan belongs to the group
of bipartisan politicians who may be labeled
Democrats in one place and Republicans in
another; but who are special-Interest rnsn
everywhere Ho finds no difference between
Sullivan and Murphy, Democrats, and renrose
and Sherman (of Illinois) Republicans.
Against the bipartisanship or nonpartlsanship
of machine politicians Senator Owen would have
the people place a popular disregard of party
labels In order to advance the right public prin
ciples. Senator Owen has the moral courage and the
sens of publlo duty sufficient to fight It.
The daisy like a Quaker alts
Among the grasses,
The while the vagrant sunshine flits.
The shadow passes;
She does not flirt upon the wind.
Like blossoms of a lighter mind.
Bluebells and buttercups, they try
The cowslips, too
To smile at every passer-by
As panstes do;
The daisy scorns those aire and graces,
She does not care for such grimaces.
Her simple gown is starched and white.
And frilled precisely;
She keeps It clean by day and night.
And holds It nicely;
She does not flaunt her frills around.
Nor let them draggle on the ground.
She has a wide and limpid eye.
But all her glances
Are given to the distant sky,
And no one chances
To find her nodding 'gainst her wllL
Like primrose or like daffodil.
She is. Indeed, a dame discreet
A Quaker lady;
Not knowing any walled retreat.
Nor corner shady;
But living on a common earth"
Not all unconscious of her worth.
Aenes Or "'' H'rbtrt a, la the IVu'lmr Msgulnt.
thought of. Speaker Clark, who was his
principal opponent nt the Baltimore conven
tion nnd whose nomination was defeated by
Mr. Bryan, has said several times that tho
President can havo a second term If ho
makes good In hln first, ami that If ho does
not mnlio good tho nomination will not be
worlh having. Mr. Bryan thought and said
during tho campaign that tho one-term "prin
ciple" lnld down In the Baltimore plat
form meant that It would be effective at
once; but ns tho plank only makes tho Presi
dent Ineligible for re-oloctlon after tho adop
tion of a constitutional amendment prescrib
ing a single presidential term, even Mr.
Bryan, who has been a stickler for this
"principle," Is believed to have yielded to
tho popular demand In this ense. At any
rate, ho has spoken many times with high
approval of Mr. Wilson's conduct of public
affairs, and it wan said yesterday by ono of
his admirers and longtlmo supporters that
Mr. Bryan would not bo a candidate himself.
Thero Is nobody else In sight or In tho bushes.
If tho Democrats cannot win with Wilson
they cannot win with anybody.
JUST now there Is much criticism of tho
primary plan of making nominations for
public ofTlce. The system is not what It was
"cracked up to be." Senator Owen, of Okla
homa, will not mipport Roger Sullivan, who
has been nominated for United States Sen
ator In Illinois by tllo primary plan, and Mr,
Bryan, who Is nut cnrnpnlgnlHg for tho party,
will skip that Stnto to keep clear from In
dorsing Sullivan. It Is snld thnt Sullivan
got his majority In the city of Chicago, and
does not represent tho Democratic party In
his Stnto; but It would bo hard sailing for
the party In Illinois with Cook County voting
the other way. Besides, it Is said with somo
asperity and a good deal of truth that
the Oklahoma Senator Is straying from the
reservation In attempting to mix up w)th the
politics of another State. With Penrose
nominated in Pennsylvania and Sullivan
nominated in Illinois and Martlno holding
from New Jersey as spoclmen selections
mndo by this system, thero Is a growing dis
position to question tho primary ns the best
means of getting tho best men for public
ofTlce. Possibly tho failure of the primary
in the smaller places will save tho country
from tho peril of presidential primaries.
OSBORN, editor of the Now Haven
Journal-Courier, when he was hero Boms
months ngo, went to Ynlo University with
Mr. Dlmmlck nnd expressed tho hopo that
he would bo nominated for Senator by tho
Republicans of Pennsylvania at their pri
maries becauso of his high character, his
freedom from entangling alliances with the
grafters In the State and his eminent fitness
for the office ; but tho primaries failed and
for tho reason, It is said, that the machlno
Is stronger than tho people. It was said
last night by a somewhat careful student of
political affairs that "the primary system
docs ono thing surely It brings tho scum
to the top almost lnvnrlably. Thero nre, of
courso, exceptions there Is Underwood, of
Alabama, for example; thero Is Manning In
South Carolina; but In the main the-system
Is bad, very bad, as It doubles the expense
of elections, opens tho way for corruption
wherever there Is a purchasable electorate,
nnd makes it impossible for tho poor man of
character and ability but without means to
share in tho nffnlrs of government."
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
Chicago is making plans to deal with tho
problem of unemployment this winter. It
evidently does not care for a local repetition
of the Tannenbaum Incident in New York.
One proposal called for the use of the police
stations as employment agancles. Another In
vited organized Inbor to recommend a cure.
A meeting of tho Municipal Markets Com
mission has also brought out soma Ideas on
Several city officials signified readiness to
supply work for tho unemployed In their de
partments. The president of the Board of
Education said that three school houses could
bo built during tho winter. The Commis
sioner of Public Works nnnounced that he
was considering a plan to keep nil the men In
the street department employed solidly
through tho winter.
Considerable objection nroBe over the sug
gestion of Prof. Graham Taylor that the city
should provide work for the unemployed,
much as England is now doing, by the carry
ing on of extensive public improvements. It
was argued that, while tho city might be
willing to care in this way for Its own needy,
such extenslvo supplies of work would call
In from all over the United States the casual
laborers' of other cities. Chicago could not
be expected to do every one'B charitable work.
Miss Amelia Sears. Director of Publlo Wel
fare, made the following points concerning
unemployment in a recent report;
Unemployment cannot he cured by re
The necessity of relief marks the break
down of tho social order.
Disaster alone follows when an effort to
deal with the unemployed is confused
with the problem of caring for the de
pendent group of the city.
Ab long as society permits" some forms
of Industry to so nrgnnize ns to create
homeless men, so long must society pay
the hill by supporting them during periods
The "sine qua non" of the problem Is
that public work be provided for heads
of families out of employment.
An editorial comment on this; report runs:
"These are the conclusions of a woman who
has had muoh experience and thought much
upon the subject of benevolence. Of course,
the true way out of tho charity obligations la
to have none, by having such a social status
as will enablo all to earn their living. But
there is no way to escape the misfortunes of
life, and stranded men are always found
along the shores of human destiny Wo
cannot let them starve, even If they don't
care If they do. The only ways out that
present themselves Is the one suggested by
Miss Sears, in the last paragraph, nnd tha
other Is to choose a reliable agenoy llko the
Associated Charities and let it do your giving
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
"Where Is the strike In Colorado and the In
dustrial Relations Commission?" And much
more to like effeot. This is either a tremendous
price to pay for the arbitration of war or else
the Ideas we have, developed and the work we
have undertaken in days of peace are worthless
In themselves. To have these things brought
to our attention and challenge our consideration
may be counted as one of the Important com
pensations of press censorship. Hartford Post.
Roger Sullivan's candidacy for United States
Senator from Illinois Is getting precious little
aid from Democrats outside the State. Penrose
and Sullivan are on the same level in political
practices and Ideals. Sprlngfled Republican.
In a time of common disaster like this co
operation and mutual helpfulness should be the
ruling spirit Let us all keep on buying, then,
with wisdom and careful economy, but without
miserliness. So may we all prosper and hasten
the return of a season of abundance. Inde
pendent. But If Antwerp be held to tha end o the war
its possession will be of Immense value as a
basis for peace negotiations to be retained and
annexed If CJermany is vKtT!"us to be bartered
l"r easier Iprms K she, ji beaten. F"r strl-tly
military reasons Its capture therefore was
worth the heavy cost New fork World.
The new sovereign of Rumania Is confronted
with a decision which must make his reign
or maf It. If he follows his uncle's example he
will elect to be a mere obstruction to the na
tional aspirations of his people. If he aligns
himself with popular sentiment and braves the
risks of war lie may go down to history as
the creator of a new and greater Rumania
New York Tribune.
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State and Nation.
J t Edtttr tit the Evening tedoeri
Blr Single taxers and Christian ministers are
engaged in the soma work, with this difference
The single taxers aim to destroy false economics
nt the root, while churches have ncceptcd the
trco os represented by our laws, Including the
root nnd growth of false economics. Their
theology having been long since conformed to
tho evil at the root, and the education of minis
ters based on It, they can only fight the
branches of Injustice or the air, until they have
unlearned the false economics that their edu
cation has been based on. This Is not a small
task. In tho Evening Lcnonn of October 10.
Professor Walter naiichcnbusch, of the Roches
ter Theological Scmlnnry, says, "What the
church needs Is a slnccro nnd scientific compre
hension nt the social causes of sin nnd misery.
I wish tho Professor and the ministers would
rend Henry George's great mastcrplese, "Prog
ress and Poverty," for tho Christian minister
holds a very unenviable position as tne ngni
advances. They must either advocate Chris
tian economics or be held responsible by the
sufferers for tacitly sanctioning a robbery In
violation of their religion by their silence.
Again, as teachers of morals they laoor at
fearful disadvantage by oven tacitly sanc
tioning the false economics In our laws by
which the rich can npproprlato the earnings of
labor lo ns grcnt an extent as If they owned
the laborers ns slaves. Chilstlan economics nre
"simple Justice" applied to the production and
distribution of wealth, nnd any violation of
them for private gain Is ns much a violation
of the moral law as stealing, and In the last
analysis degrades those who practice and advo
cate It to the moral leval of robbers. This Is
not a pleasant truth, but none tho less true
for being unpleasant or for the class It de
grades being "what Is called the highest class
whan measured by wealth, Intelligence nnd re
fined manners. It Is true many of them are un
conscious of wrong, mistaking what la legal
for right, while legal rights nre assumed where
no primary right Is possible, and becomes a
system of robbery whloh, howover disguised,
will havo the moral effect of robbery both In
practice and example. It is this robbery that
corrupts our politicians and drives organized
labor to strikes nnd vlolonce because they lose
hope of legal Justice, and makes the preaching
of Christianity to tho sufferers appear a mock
ery because the suffering Is the result of deny
ing Christian economics In our laws.
T. W. KNAPP.
Philadelphia, October 12.
IN BEHALF OF THE FIREMEN
To Ike Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Having rend In the papers last week of
Councils' Intention of helping the unemployed
of this city through tho help of the various
charitable Institutions, I would suggest that
charity begins at home, and that Councils
should themselves open their hearts nnd pro
vide money for 300 extra firemen for tho Phila
delphia Fire Department. If there ever was a
time to help the firemen In the present obsolete,
slavish working houses, now is the time, and
past political differences should be burled and
each fellow pull together for a reasonable set of
working conditions for us men.
While others are walking the streets looking
for work, we fellows are walklug and moping
around wnltlng for that sixth day to slip
around, that we may have the pleasure of a
day with our families.
Now. what I want to emphasize Is, why not
put these 300 men on the Department, and by
so doing not only brighten their homes through
their employment, but It will have a tendency
to brighten up the whole Department because
each and every man could be home 12 hours
The efficiency of the Department would be In
creased, men would have a cleaner nnd more
moral conception of life, and their minds would
be lifted from depression to vigorous energy
through their contact with the Boclal and re
ligious atmosphere of their fellow crentures, all
of which Is denied to them at the present time.
I hope the EvK.NlNO T.r.noEn will do Its part
In trying to creatp a sentiment among Its rend
ers for favorable nnd Just working conditions
for the Philadelphia firemen.
Philadelphia. October 12.
AS TO MILITARY NECESSITY
To thr Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir The cdltorlnl In today's Punuc LEnonn,
"The Frightful Martyrdom In Belgium," states
the case against Germnny ns clearly ns It can
be made. Murder Is not murder nor falsifica
tion lying when the act Is performed by a State.
It is, on tho contrary, policy. If It were other
wise, then every time the State of Pennsylvania
or city of Philadelphia hangs a man It Is guilty
of a crime punishable by the wrnth of Ood.
The case against Germany Is therefore to be
decided upon the answer to the question: Was
Invasion of Belgium a military necessity to the
success of Germany? If It was, then the sacri
ficing of I.ouvaln, the blackened fields and the
ruined homes, the unmerited Buffering of the
people of Belgium, nre to be laid at the door
of the Belgian Government in not realizing the
necessity, and recognizing that necessity cannot
be bound by law. In the argument, Germany's
effort to preserve itself from destruction must
be presupposed to be righteous. The argument
must also Include the dilemma that It Is quite
possible that the German Government honestly
believed the Invasion to be a military necessity,
while the Belgian Government, with equal hon
esty, did not believe this. Treaties, In time of
war, must also be construed by the same factor,
necessity, transcending either law or agreement.
The acts of a nation cannot be judged by the
same standards that apply to Individuals. A
government's obligations must give greater heed
to type rather than to Individuals. It to some
extent fills the place of the "ultimate law"
careful of the type, "careless of the single life."
HORACE T. TOMPKINS.
Philadelphia, October 11.
THANKS EVENING LEDGER
To th Editor of the Evtnlng Ledger:
Sir At a recent meeting of our Church Coun
cil I was Instructed to express to you our
thanks for the splendid manner In which you
gave our church publicity at the time of our
dedication. We are grateful to you.
WILLIAM J. MILLEB, Jr.
Pihladelphla, October B.
"Jones," said the manager of a large manu
facturing concern, "please find out for me
when we sent that last shipment to Boston."
In a few minutes Jones returned and gave his
superior the required date.
"Now, Jones," the boss, continued, "please
advise mo what tho shipment consisted of."
And Jones trotted away to return in a few
moments with the information.
Again the manager spoke to Jones. This
time he desired to know who receipted for
the shipment at Its destination. And again
Jones returned to his records. But unex
pectedly some one called htm on the 'phone.
As he talked over the 'phone, the boss sat
But he waited only till a spirit of Im
patience smote him. Then he sent for Brown.
"Brown," ho said, "please find out for me
who receipted for our last shipment to Bos
ton " In a moment Brown was back.
"It was receipted for by John Doe. on the
21st of April and consisted of 30 bales of
"Thank you." said the boss.
And yet some people wonder why Brown's
salary la double that of Jones.
A few years ago a much needed word crept
Into the vocabulary of business. The word
is service. It means to deliver a little moro
than you're paid for; to Inject the personal
element into every transaction. You antic
ipate a personal process your customer's
unexpressed wants and strive hard to fulfill
them. Many glgantlo firms have trebled their
profits by this method and this spirit.
Many a disgruntled emolove is nauim. kv
an opportunjty in not following this very I
IN A SPIRIT OF HUMOR
A More or Less Grand Operatic Outburst in
Three Buttles am! One Skirmish.
NOT by w S. GILBERT
William Rex, the Imperial joker.
Britannia, n perfect lntly, addicted lo water.
Bryan, a stalely secretary.
Trouble, a brewer; necessary to every plot.
The International Curtain Rises
TROUBLE I'm browing;
WILLIAM Behold the Teuton Ajnx defy
ing myself deifying, I menn. But thoro'B a
reason, ns I read In somo neutral American
If you want a receipt for that popular mys-
Known to the world ns a Kaiser att fait,
Tako all disreputable things known to
history, , '
Shake 'em up well, without much dolay.
Tnko of these elementn all that Is fuslblo
Melt 'em all down In a pippin or crucible;
Set 'cm to simmer nnd mix 'em with rum
And a Kaiser nu fait is tho residuum!
BRITANNIA (by wireless) I dare hlo navy
to como out of Its hole I dare him to. (Sud
denly) Ouch! Something's bitten mo on tho
stnrbnnrd side. (Weeps)
WILLIAM I enmo out of my hole, eh? But
let us transgress for the nonce, Ja? Who
comes here, arrayed In a crown of silver nnd
a Chnutntiqua contract In his hand?
BRITANNIA Tho 'ero of my dreams! MY
npostlo of penco!
BRYAN (enters via tho Whlto House,
carrying a jug of llmeado) Who calls for
help? Permit mo to lecture
WILLIAM Help! Hllfel Donnerwclter
nochoinmal! BRYAN Then I'll sing. (Sings)
When first I heenmo head of tho state
I said us I looked In the glass
"It's one In a million
Thnt any civilian
My figure nnd form will surpass."
A nnmo with a hnndlo
My fame will cxpandto
A Cabinet member, en masse!
BRITANNIA You coward! Gilbert la dead
and can't defend hlmselfl But to tho point.
Will you Intervene for peace or not?
BRYAN Did you vote for mo in '38, '00
BRITANNIA What has that got to do with
Rhelms and Lou vain? Just for that I, too,
will sing, for everybody's doing It. (sings)
Prithee, Mister Bryan, prltheo toll me true
(Hey, but I'm restive, willow, willow, wally)
Have you ne'er a penco dove working now
(Hey, willow wnlly. Oh!)
I would fain discover If William's run to
Hoy, willow wnlly. Oh!
WILLIAM No, I haven't run to cover and I
won't till I get tho centro of tho stngo and
the spotlight nnd the receipts. (Sings)
If you're anxious for to shlno In tho military
line ns a man of talents raro
You must try by grim court-martial, any
stranger who's too partial to a Bel
You must He to beat tho dickens, when tho
charge of plund'rlng thickens, or
you'll get the blame;
The excuse, It doesn't matter, so you talk
sufficient chatter, you can bent the
OMNES Lot's fight for peace.
WILLIAM No, let's sing.
THE READER Heavens! Again?
OMNES (sing ngaln, for the last tlmo on
The Innd of the free!
Where movies take battles
You can't even see.
We love thy fair skies
Thy vlct'rles on paper.
Thy thund'rlng big lies!
TROUBLE I'm through brewing.
Rush curtain for final edition.
A Rummy Joke
With State after State going dry, bottle
senrred veterans will become less and less.
News From the Rear Front
Richard Harding Davis (censored):
The British army, having lost most of its
officers. Is expected to call on Kentucky for
a few dozen colonels.
The battle of the Alsne appears to ba the
San Juan Hill of tho war.
Mme. do Thebes predicts peace within nine
He had his say.
He's gone away
For now and aye.
So ends this lay
Of Rustem Bey.
The prince discovered that his vounsr hrlde
had deceived him about her riches.
"A sorry hand thou gavest me." he ex
postulated. "Glad hand," she corrected, correctly.
"What kind of binding will ybu have?"
asked tho bookbinder of a customer who
wanted new covers put on his dictionary.
"I think spellbinding would be very ap
propriate," was the reply.
She Where have you been?
He Clever wives don't nsk questions.
She Clever men cross-examine their wives.
He Clever men don't have wives.
The German regiment which retreated be
fore a charge of Irishmen simply couldn't
now the War Started
She (sighingly) I wish I had been born
He (gloomily) So do I.
THE BABBLING FOOL
"If a man Is unhappy, this must be his
own fault; for God made all men to be
happy." While I do not believe a word ot
what Eprctetus says, it gives me the oppor
tunity of remarking that more sentimental
nonsense is written by men, and read by
rxc?ptn,iovne. tha" anyother subject
Happiness Is Incidental to life, and not an
to be S .CMV",re than ioy- a" " I better
Inv Jin'Jl! H happv- What business has
fhB7 hennfltrJ'!,ehaP,Py '" a WOrld BWl't with
the hell fires of misery and suffering? Tha
HaPDPD!lnen..nuURfVt t0 "e "seamed of fiimself
SS iSrinJ".Vfr8e ratl to success. The
successful are not happy. Discontent is the
price of power. The head covered with a
crown Is a nest of worries The VelfSh are
Ke0brrietn3erhaPP,y',bUt ma who bllleJS
Jrhl m. th rhood of man cannot be content.
tea Th0ee th httPPe PPle In Amerl
i-a. The Negro minister who said If tho
InDarr?iif.lh" rt "houl.1 nail him up in
the bunlhoVVf'Uld V0?1 hillelujah through
It wo.f.H L6' ,S iypl,oal ot tnat race.
r,ii W Ui'f .H? a dlst'nct shock to some peo
tn.m TheV"? haV0 haPP'ness thrust Vpon
inem. rhey announce their miseries as a
hen cackles the fact that a new egg has
arou'ndas StiLt"? the" PaJnVanTachea
urouna as things to be proud of
but" Hmali10t expect evcry '"a" t be happy,
master of if.t eXpeC uVery man t0
Consistent w.ihn "" Laughter Is not
BTnlTTiU0 niZ."W The n,ttnsa.e
strong" Betm.a.n,..fln5S. ,n. th0 8tor he Is
ii Si, T.. ter flln' to the paddles tran
lve up. strength U nore than bapptae;