Newspaper Page Text
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EVENING LEDGERPHIL"ADELHIA .MONDAY, OCTOBER 1'9, 1914.
ALLIES DRIVE BACK
ENEMY AND BLOCK RUSH
Conttnufd from rnite One
tacking Bolfort with their big slse
, lUimora have been In the nlr during the
lust 38 hour that the Germans have
been preparing to deliver a master
Btroke, but the nature of this contem
plated move was not Indicated, The
greatest optimism pervades the ranks of
the French and Hrltlsli, and It Is felt
here that any German operations along
the main line must henceforth be chiefly
of a defensive nature.
Fighting Is reported west of Ostend.
A war correspondent In Flushing, Hol
land) has sent out the following account:
"The passage of the German forces
westward from Oitend ceaped on Sunday
nfternoon. Fighting has begun botwecn
them and the Allies. Three wagonloads
of the German Injured have been feen
returning from the front. An oyewltnes-i
reported that he had seen a number of
dead and wounded Germans.
"Guns were heard nt sea on Sunday. It
was presumed that they were tho'o of a
British cruiser tiring tipon Germans on
"The Uruges garrison has been re
duced." tf, as till correspondent believes,
Urltlsh warship liavo bombarded tlu
Germans on the tlelglnn coast, tho opera
tions of this mlghtv engagement will have
extended to both sea tihd land.
High prale ts being given to the French
army oprntlng In t.orrnlne. This forco
Is reported to be almost within cannon
range of the outworks of Met.
AS GERMANS SHIFT
MOVE ON WARSAW
Vigorous Russian Defense
Sweeps Kaisers Forces
Southward With Heavy
Losses to Invaders at Fords'
WAR OPERATIONS OF DAY
FIND CRISIS ON IN FRANCE
Germans Must Take Dunkirk or Suffer Loss of Much
' French Territory, Says Expert Allies Straighten
Lines From Arras to Ostend Region.
ALLIES' ARMIES BLOCKADE
GERMANS' ROAD TO DUNKIRK
LONDON. Oct. 19.
That the British forces again have
straightened out the line of battle In
Kmnce by hard lighting Is admitted to
day. That, it ts stated, Is tho real mean
ing of last night's announcement that
the Germans had been driven back 3i)
miles. The British, by a scries of heavy
engagements In which the lighting was
continuous, have prevented General von
Boehn's army from attacking Dunkirk
from the south.
The Germans, following the arrival of
their fresh reserves a week ago, pushed
their line steadily westward from Lllllo
to St. Omer. Because of the weight of
numbers It was necessary for the British
to fall back. When St. Omer was reach
ed, however, they were reinforced by two
French armies and another driving move
ment was begun which only ended after
Armcntlercs, CO miles to the eastward,
had been occupied In force.
The Allies are now back to their origi
nal line, extending almost due north and
south from the vicinity of Ostend south
through Armentleres to Arras. This will
compel the Germans, who are operating
from Ostend and moving against Dun
kirk, to make oil of their movements
direct frontal assaults against a line that
Is reported to be well entrenched In
-,...,. !.. f- I,,,. t, ... ..... !-!. ... . -"'" "flllllCI 111
m.ni ...i:u 8tend,. improving conditions
Ie?...i. .,..,, . operation of submarines and
."',1. 0 .,UW, flldtl.v.'.l VAllia-.VU III
military- circles today over the success
that has been attained by the British
forces In this movement. While no of
ficial Information is obtainable. It Is re
ported here that the Indian forces saw
their first service In this maneuver and
that they covered themselves with glory
in their Initial performance.
The general situation Is described at
headquarters as "constantly Improving."
At every point where the Brltlih have
been engaged thrv lme succeeded In
g lining ground and thej are co-upevntlng
nt all times with their French suppoits.
which Include the best of tile nctlve
French first line troops.
Humors that the Germans ore only n
few miles from Dunkirk, however, have
been given considerable credence.
This report enme In n Hoiterdam dis
patch from n correspondent of the Dally
Mull, who said:
"A message Just received from a Ger
man source reports that tho Germans
have crossed tho Belgian border onto tho
roast of France, and are now about
eight miles from Dunkirk. Fort Dei
Dunes, tlrst of Dunkirk's outer forts, Is
In their rath."
Xus of the arrival of Admiral von
Tirpltz, head of the German navy, nt
Antwerp, Is taken here as confirmation
of the theory that Germany Intend to
make nn attack on Knslnml as soon ns
practicable. There arc rumors that Gcr
mnn submarines havo been transported
bv rail to Belgium and that theso will
bo put Into the waters of the channel ns
soon ns the Germans are In undisputed
possession of the coast. A news agency
dispatch from Berlin says:
The shortening days and the thick
ening earner in inn -North Sea are
boats. Marine experts expect that hence
forth there wll be Intense activity
throughout the entire Xorth Sen.
The Belgian lightship olT Zecbrugge,
the port of Krugeo, hns been shelled hv
a German hattpry from shore and the
crew has been forced to flee This also
Is confirmatory of the belief that the Ger
mans intend to be active at the south
ern end of the Xorth Sea.
NEW MOVEMENT ANNOUNCED
IN BERLIN STATEMENT
BERLIN. Oct. 19.
The official War Office statement today
characterizes the general situation In
Franco and Belgium as unchanged.
Troops are being reassigned to new posi
tions, It Is stated, but. naturally, details
of these movements are withheld. "While
there has been continuous fighting on the
right wing, and especially at points south
from Oslend, it Is announced that at no
In Ostend. the report sas. the remainder
of the troops moving southward.
The official statement says;
"In the western nrena fighting goes on
dPsplte heavy rains. There are indica
tions of snow at several points, but our
troops are well equipped for tho cold
weather that threaten!.. The conflict Is
less severe now, however, than It has
been for some time.
"In geneial, the situation remains al-
in net itnAHVAl rfiL- .a- i ,... .
point have there been decisive rsults. , ,se 7esUthus fZhut condlUons r"
Only a necessary garrison has been left main favorable to our operation"."
ptvrnoanAD, net. 19.
The owning of the third week of tho
great battle between tho Kusslnns and
tho Auslro-Clcrmnn forces ntong the Vis
tula and Han Illvera found tho opposing
forces locked In a .death grapple. The
attacks on tho Russians' defensive posi
tions, It Is staled nt the War Office, are
malntnlncil with great vigor, nlthougli
every nssault has been repulsed with
heavy losses to the nssnllants.
Tho main German attack Is being di
rected aenlnst tho Btisslan army south of
Warsaw, chiefly In the vicinity of Ivan
gorod nnd .losefow. For ftvo days In suc
cession the Germans and their allies have
striven to cross tho Vistula between theso
German prisoners nnd wounded are re
potted arriving In grent numbers nt War
saw. There Is great rejoicing among tho
Poles In the belief that "that capital Ii
now safe from the German Invaders, who
are harassed on tho front by aggressive
tiunslnn movements and Impeded In the
rear by :i country of mornsses on ac
count of tho recent heavy rnlns.
It Is ngreed here that tho rapidly con
ceived nnu executed attack from the Cfa-cow-Czenstochow-
line upon Warsaw was
primarily political and not a strategic
It was decided upon nt a council of
German commanders at Czenstochow, to
whom an aide to the Government nt Ber
lin had made plain that unless Kussla
could be put on the defensive- somewhere
within tho Cracow zone, Austria-would
be fiinlly eliminated from the war before
winter. This argument prevailed, nnd
four columns wcro speedily sent to secure
a crossing of the Vistula ns near as pos
sible below Waiaw. They were heavily
defeated In the attempt on Ivangorod,
where n strong permanent brldgo crosses
the river. During the assault thev lost
TO.OOO men nnd had great difficulty in
extricating their elaborate pohtoon equip
ment from the fire of the Ilusslan field
The Germans' have fallen far bnck upon
their previously prepared defensive,
whither their' generals have had to hurry
their rear reserves, Including a large por
tion of the garrison of Thorn. It was
not- expected that theso reserves would
be wanted until tho German program of
successive cavalry nnd artillery raids had
achieved tho capture of Warsaw,
It is believed nt tho War Office that
tho attack on Warsaw will not be re
sumed until the conflict nbout lvangoi-n.1
Is decided. Though tho German advance
guards at one time arrled within live
milc3 of Warsaw, they weio unable to
bring up their artillery because of heavy
rains. The railway from Lowlcz to W-.r-b.iw
was destrojed by tho Russians ne
fnro the Germans reached that region.
I and it will have to bo rebuilt before the
Germans can bilng up their heavy gum
AUSTRIAN SUCCESS GENERAL.
LOCAL CONSUL REPORTS
Husslans Repulsed at Przemysl and
Driven From Carpathian Passes,
Wireless messages received today by
Consul General George von Grlvlnlc, at
the local Austro-Hungarian Consulate,
state that the Austrian army Is conduct
ing an aggressive campaign against tho
Russians, and has met with success In
recent engagements. The reports re
ceived here from the foreign office In
Vienna, mate that the Austrlans have
reianen jaromja in uie iarpainians uier i
iour uo-ya ugniing. ana mat iney are
pursuing the retreating Husslar,! toward
WyBkow. The Czars fortes ar reported
fleeing in other parts of Carpathla.
Fighting Is reported In progress on th
banks of the San HI er to the north of
Tho American Bed Cross detachment is
expected to arrive in Vienna today or
tomorrow, whera they will take charge
of a special hospital with 150 beds for
the caro of the wounded.
The wireless message follows:
"Austrian troops occupied tho fortified
heights of Starasol, east of Chlrow. Our
attack against Stary and Sambor gained
extension Xorth of Strwlas nivcr Aus
trian forces occupied the range heights up
to the northenst front of Przemysl. Fight
ing Is also taking place on the banks of
the San River, north of Przemysl.
"Delegates of tho Anw-riran-I'ollsh Com
mittee arrived at Cracow from the L'nited
States and announced to the chairman
of the Supreme Xntlonal Committee their
Intention to Join the organization. Herr
Gluchowskl. editor of the Kurjer Cov
zenny, of Cleveland, has been appointed
deputy of the Supreme National Com
mittee. "The American Bed Cross detachment
will arrive tomorrow to take charge of
n, special hospital with 150 beds and
modern appliances. American physicians
and nurses ara guests of Austrian lied
"Councilor of the Foreign Office, Baron
Franckensteln, and Mrs. von Schotler are
attached as delegates of the Austrian So
ciety. The second American detachment
travels from here to Hungary.
"Our forces on march towards Przem
ysl defeated parts of the Russian in
vesting army and were supported by
the garrison, which made a sortie. No
more Russians are left around the for
tress except on the eastern side. Dur
ing retreat of Tiussians several bridges
broke down near Sosnlca, and many Rus
sians were drowned In San River. The
fight east of Chlrow continued. A di
vision of Cossacks was driven towards
Drohobycs by our cavalry. Austrian
forces attacked fortified positions of Rus
filans south of Przemysl. Our troops re
took Tarmoja In Carpathians after four
days' fighting and are now pursuing Rus
nians towards Wyskow. In other places
In the Carpathians several successful en
gagements took place with retreating
THE UNDAUNTED CAPTURES
GERMAN MINE-LAYING CRAFT
Prise Eeported Disguised as Hospital
Ship in North Sea.
LONDON", Oct. 19.
A Central News dispatch from Har
wich says that It correspondent there
has learned on good authority that the
British cruiser Undaunted, accompanied
by two torpedoboat destroyers, captured
a German rain layer In the North Sea.
The mine Iaver, the dispatch says, was
duurulaed a a hospital h. The ln
Uoatd U bringing hex priut Into Har- .
U. S. PUZZLED REGARDING
SEIZURE OF BRINDILLA
State Department Reticent Until De-
WASHINGTON, Oct. 19. -Official word
reached tho State Department todny of
the seizure of tho Standard Oil tanker
Brindllla by the Kngllsh vossel Croonla
No details of tho seizure accompanied
the message, and In the nbsonco of such
Information Acting Secretary of State
Lansing declined to discuss the situa
tion further than to say that thero Is
apparently In the situation considerable
which has not been divulged.
He was the more fciirprised over tho
seiuiv by reason of th fact thnt the
Brindllla was destined for the Ungllsh
protected port of Alexnndrla. Hgypt. He
was not inclined to believe that tho
selzufi) was a result of any doubt on
tho part of tho Kngllsh captain as to
the American registry of tho Brindllla,
which was formerly tho German tanker
HALIFAX, N S Oct. 19 -The Stand-
nrn uii tanK steamer Brindllla lay nt
anchor here today with tho American
flarc Hying from her mast, while Captain
Ptttersen, her commander, awaited tho
session of the Admiralty Court thnt was
to decide her disposition following cap
ture by a British cruiser off Now York.
Three members of tho crew were taken
ashore early today and lodged In the
military prison. They are belteed to bo
Germans. The officers and other mem
bers of the crew are all naturalized
When the war broke out the Brindllla
was the Washington and wan under Ger
man register. A few weeks uia her regis
tcr was changed to American. It is
expected that the arreit of this ship will
be used by tho British Government as a
test case to establish its position In rola
tlon to the transfer of Gvrnwn ships to
the American flag.
Captain Peitersen refused to navigate
the tanker to Halifax because he was
refused permission to communicate with
his employers In New York. The last
part of her Journey here nas made un
der tow by the Caronia. because a mem
ber of the steamers 'it.-w had tried to
GERMAN OFFENSIVE FIERCE
ON EAST PRUSSIA BORDER
BY W, T. MASON
NEW YO'lttt, Oct. 19. Intimations from
both llerlln and Paris thnt tho Franco
Belgian fighting Is approaching a crisis
reflect jtho extremely tense situation pre
vailing In Iho northern battle area. Tho
lines of the rival forces nro so extended
that a serious set-back along the Belgian
bimlcr would require a readjustment all
along tho western front to the centre.
In the event of a French defeat, tho
coast ports would becomo endangered
and a wldo German sweeping movement
threatening tho rear of tho Allies' west
ern battle. fro'nt would becomo posslbto.
To counteract this, the Allies- would
havo to glvo grodnd for a considerable
distance along their northwestern posi
tions. In order to swing toward tho Eng
lish Channel, This would be tho most
efficacious way of checking tho southern
sweep of thp Germans.
Tho fortified positions at Dunkirk, If
captured by the Germans, would provide
nn admirable channel baso for a new
southern advance. So long as Dunkirk
icmnlns in possession of the Allies n
Goiman attempt to movo southward on
a wide front would be precarious unless
thu Mnubcugc precedent were followed
nnd Dunkirk were ln"ostedi That suf
ficient troops can ho spared for this Is
German offensive strategy along the
Belgian boundary, therefore, must wait
upon the occupation of Dunkirk. If It
falls, It will register an Important Gor
man success. The possibility of Its cap
ture, nfter tho capitulation of tho fftr
stronger entrenched enmp at Antwerp, Is
probably tho Immediate cause of Berlin's
belief that the French operations nre ap
proaching a crisis,
A far larger forco of the Allies Is be
tween Dunkirk. nnd tho Gcrmans,than was
used for- the defense of Antwerp. This
fact explains tho confidenco prevailing
In Paris. The Germans, too, havo bcon
checked since their occupation of Ostend,
whU-h suggests n more rapid nrrlval of
French reinforcements than tho Germans
have been able to bring up. It is apparent
that General von Boehn has not risked
weakening his main defensive line' south
of lii'Iglbi by rclntorolng his troops thnt
had been sent toward Dunkirk.
This oxpcdltlon has been-compelled to
retire beyond Armentleres, where tho
Allies arc now resting. The. allied front
in northern Franco and Belgium appar
ently has become perpendicular with Its
entire western line. This means the
Allies havo straightened tho bend they
were compelled to make when their ad
vance forces reached Arrns. The Ger
man pressure, which turned the Allies to
ward the Channel, with Arra3 ns a .pivot,
seems to havo been lessened. The Allies
au- now-trying to bend their lino In tho
other direction townrd the German communications-
If this strategy succeeds,
tho Germans must relinquish muoh of tho
French territory they now occupy.
BY A MILITARY ANALYST
PARIS, Oct. 19.
A crisis Is near in northwestern France,
and this week probably will see the great
battle decided., , , -.';?'
The Allies'' have made strong progress.
The German army hns not et been .de
feated, but In the western theatre of war,
at least, It is In peril.
The Allies' success hns not been In lo-
tho front, Parisians have como lo tho
realization thnt the battles have been
transformed Into veritable sieges with
(heir comparatively slow operations.
Even after the battle from Dunkirk to
Bolfort In decided army ofllcers nro look
ing forward to still another siege.
It will bo In tho extreme north that Im
portant 6vcnts in all probability will b
In the eastern theatre of war the Rus
sians' liavo nbamlonod 133 miles of ter
ritory nnd taken up a position at War
saw. Apparently tho Russians are will
ing for tho Germans to nssume the risks
of Inefficient railway facilities and Im
practicable marshes of the Polish plains.
Tho retreat to Warsaw may prove a cun
IXJNDON, Oct. 19.
It Is evident that Germany has 3,000,000
men In the field. Tho mass of armies
now consist chiefly of second nnd third
grade troops. As wo havo plenty of
euch troops, we must see whether wo
should not use them earlier than we hod
Intended. There Is a difference between
our second-class troops and those of Ger
many. All tho German reservists have
received more or less military training.
Tho landnchr may bo 3314 years old
and members of the tnndsturm from 41
sup to 45 years old.
Our second raters, the special reserve
territorials, will not be all highly trained,
but they will have a great pull over
Germany from a standpoint of ages.
We do not always notice any par
ticular principle followed by Germany in
the uso of her second-lino troops. Her
dlro need compelled her to throw in
troopa ns they came, regardless of
General von Hlndenburg In his first nt
Tannenborg seems to havo held his front
with londsturm and used his flrst-llno
troops on the wing for decisive strokes
against tho Russians.
Tho extraordinary line of battle which
stretches across France Is something new
In history. No one knows quite what
to make or to think of It Tho advantage
may rest with the commander who first
dominates a new situation and refuses
any longer to be dominated. He who
can use first nnd second grade troops
lo tho best advantage may gain much.
I believe that the British operations
at Antwerp were practicable. They did
not fall through any fault of ours. It
was a natural disappointment.
RATHER THAN YIELD
REFUGEE TRAINS CRASH
IN FOG NEAR BOULOGNE
Thirty-two Women Reported Killed
HAVRE, France, Oct. 19.
Twa. trains carrying refugees south from
lated districts, It has been scoicd all
n ti -M- -iir n'"" 'no lctt nnnk- Tno IUU will un-
Battle Near Warsaw Assuming Te- . ,,..,, iat .,, .,, horn or the crcs.
AUSTRIAN SUBMARINE SUNK
BY FRENCH IN ADRIATIC
Cruiser Wrecks Foe'a Craft and Bom
CETTINJE, QCt, i9.
It Is officially amwuaeed by the Monte
negrin War Ofe that the French cruiser
Waldeck-Reuswau has sunk an Austrian
submarine off the Dalmatian coast 8B4 U
now bombarding Cattaro.
The official statement fellqwsj
"Two Austrian ubjMarine left the
Bocche dl Cattaru today and attacked
the French fleet which was preceding
from Antivart to the Dalmatian' oeast.
The French cruleer Waldeolc.Rouweau
sank one of the subnwrlMs aad then the
fleet afterward bombarded the fort at
"An Austrian aeroplane frc-n r3t
nuovo dropped several biirbs w-f-x rr -
vrarh!p convyVj t-onsj?rts, but t-
clsive Stnge, Berlin Also Asserts.
BERLIN. Oct. 1!.
German troops have again taken th of
fensive on the East Prussian fiontltr, It
was announced nt thu War Office nt
midnight. The fighting Is described as
fierce. Tho official statement follows:
"The Russian movement against Enit
Prussia has been renewed, but a fresh
German offensive has held the onomy in
check. Fighting has boon flerco In the
vicinity of Lck.
"The Russians have vainly essayed to
resume tho ofienslvo in the east, but
rowliere with success. Tho bad condition
of thi innds and the heavy rnlns aro
aetinv ns nnturol checks against uny
i'iy -p-idy movement in Russian I'o
'and 'nit It is Mated that stendv slow
,. ii ; riess it being made Fighting i in
pr' gross just wist of Warsaw."
It Is stated hero that tho conflict along
tin- Vistula Is fast assuming the form
of a decisive battle, despite tho hard
ships under which tho Germans are ef
fecting their advance. Their guns aro
sinking in the morasses, over which It
Is necessary for them to proceed and
at various points of roads havo to be
hewed through tho forests. It is stated,
however, that the morale of the troops
Is excellent, despite tho suffering they
DESTROYER OF THE HAWKE
IS LOST, GERMANS FEAR
No Word Received From Submarine
That Sank British Ship.
BERLIN, Oct. 10. Fear was expressed
hero today that the German submarine
which sank the British iruiser Hawko
had herself been lost. So far ns can bo
learned, no report from the submarine
has been received at the Admiralty since
cent- moves. Tho encircling force which
Is responsible for the movement has a
deep nnd enduring effect on tho rett of
official roports tell of the Allies gaining
Lavontlo and Estalres, both Important.
The winning back of Estalres has made
the Germans hurriedly vacate the plain
between Hazcbrouck and Lille.
Ono need not assume In consequence
thnt the Germans will be out of France
In tho next five mlnutra. They aie a
very formidable enemy, but one may cer
tainly nssume that the superior general
ship nf the Allifs nnd far better quality
of our men havo nt last mumuvered the
German into a position fiom which tho
eneinv will have enormous difficulty in
c-xtritMtlpg. himself, and If ho Is unable
to do so it may possibly rwiult in his
All this need rot lend us to be unduly
cheerful about any speedy end to the
war. Ono hears little stories concerning
preparations, done In a thorough Gor
man wny, covering every contingency for
tho reception of the Allies when thoy are
t the gntes of Germany, but the next
phaso of the war 1b opening with ur-
prises ns nasty as their now famous 16
Inch howitzers. There Is being got ready
for us a great variety of devilish ma
rhlncs that will disappoint a Berlin ex
curalonlst considerably, but the French
are set on going all tho some.
BY AN ARMY EXPERT
PARIS, Oct, 13.
Germans nre fighting desperately to
keep their lines of retreat open. Their
battlos In Franco now are for that pur
pose, the only advance by the Invaders
being along the coast toward Dunkirk.
Whllo occasional impatience is mani
fested at the lack of decisive news from
tho rone of fighting along the coast col
lided In a heavy fog near Boulogne early
today. The first report of the disaster
received here stated that 32 women nnd
children had been killed and more thnn
LONDON, Oct. 19. According to the
Mall's Boulogne correspondent, 30 were
killed and 100 Injured In the wreck near
that city early today.
Admiralty Reports Loss of
Men Probably 193 in Ad
dition to 31 Prisoners
Taken by British.
BERLIN, Oct. 19.
Preferring wreck and death to capturo
by tho British, the commanders of tho
German torpedo destroyers S-115, S-117,
8-118 and S-119 drove their vessels upon
the coast of the North Sea on Saturday
when cornered by tho English cruiser Un
daunted, according to a statement issued
at the Admiralty today. The four de
stroyers wcro completely wrecked.
The crows of tho vessels numbered S2I
men and nearly nil of them are believed
to have been lost.
(The British Admiralty nnnounccd on
Saturday that Iho Undaunted had sunk
four German destroyers, nnd that 31
members of their crews had been taken
prisoners. This announcement nnd tho
Berlin statement would Indicate that 193
Germans lost their lives.)
It Is stated that tho action of tho Gcr
man commanders In dashing their boats
upon tho rocks was complying with or
ders that under no circumstances should
they permit tho enemy to tako their
The four lost destroyers wcro built In
1D02-1903 In naval yards on tho Baltic Sea.
They were all of the same class, helng
210 feet long and having a displacement
of 413 tons, a beam of 23 feet, a draugnt
of 7.6 feet and a speed of 28 knots.
Each destroyer carried a complement
of 60 men nnd an armnment consisting of
thrco 4-pounders and two machine guns.
VON MOLTKE'S SON DEAD
aerman Field Marshal's Relative
Was Wounded in Franco.
PARIS, Oct. 19. Tho death of the son
of Field Marshal Count von Moltke, head
of the German General Staff, In the
Military Hospital at Fecamp Is announced
by the' Matin. Ho wns wounded during
the early fighting In France.
ITALY WILL HOLD
TO NEUTRAL POLICY
OF DEAD MINISTER
New Foreign Secretary De
clares for Maintenance of
Triple Alliance, But Will
Be Ready for Action.
ROME, Oct. If.
Holy's policy of neutrality, maintained
absolutely since the beginning of the war,
will not bo changed ns the result of the
death of Foreign Minister Ban Qlullane
and the appointment of algnor Salandra
as Secretary of the Foreign Office, In
assuming his office, Slgnor Snlandra said:
"The supremo tendencies of our Inter
national policy wilt be the same tomor
row as yesterday. There must be un
shakable firmness of mind, serene per
ception of the country's real Interests and
matured reflection not excluding from
tho case tho need for rapidity of action."
Italy's relation both to France and Aus
tria Is explained by a prominent states
man, as follows:
"Italy stands on a rock basis con
stituted by Its right. Its reputation before
the world nnd Its vltnl interests. It is
known that neutrality was proclaimed
because no clause In the Triple Alliance
treaty required Italy to assist Germany
nnd Austria in the present war. This
neutrality will not be abandoned for ad
vantageoua promises coming from either
side, slnco It would bo dishonorable te
sell our participation In tho conflict as
did the armed bands of the Middle Ages.
Besides, the country -would not stand ag
gression against France, -which now hat
Its Italian frontier entirely unprotected,
nor against Austria without serious rea
son, ns that would be treason.
"This docs not mean that Italy Is not
arming or will not eventually Join In the
wnr If circumstances arise endangering
somo of Its most vital Interests. That
was the policy pursued by Marquis dl
San Gluliano, and the same policy will
be followed by his successor."
Porcelains and Faience
for fe elding Gifts
"Wonderfully beautiful folk-life figures, Animals and
Plates in the most famous art porcelain in the world,
and in trie new Faience, Vases, Candlesticks, Table
Centrepieces, Fruit Bowls, Plates, Honey Jars, etc., etc.
TLese exquisite wares can be seen in Philadelphia only
Kerr, where we constantly have on band tbe latest
productions of tbe artists of this world famous pottery.
Wriglit, lyndale (& vanRoaen,Inc.
1212 CHESTNUT STREET
men's and Misses' Soils, Coats and Dresses
In fashionable fabrics and distinctive styles are on display in
ready-to-wear department, Second Floor, North.
Foreign end American Designers Both Contribute to This Display
BEAUTIFULLY TAILORED SUITS of Gabar
dine, Cheviot and Broadcloth.
MORE DRESSY TRIMMED SUITS of Chiffon
Velvet, Velveteen and Broadcloth in the fash
AFTERNOON. THEATRE AND DINNER
GOWNS of Satin, Moire, Chiffon, Velvet and
DANCING FROCKS Chiffon. Crepe de Chine,
Crepe Meteor, Lace and Net.
MOTOR COATS of Irish Frieze and English
STREET COATS of Broadcloth. Gabardine,
Epongc, Duvetyne, Velour and Zibeline.
ELEGANT EVENING WRAPS of Faille. Ben
galine and Velvet.
SMART BLOUSES of dainty materials in
TAILORED WAISTS in new models, adapted to
C1iirAeir.'i a,n,l Younfr Gir,s' DRESSES AND
COATS of Serges, Checks and Plaids, also in
New Cotton and Woolen Materials, including
the new designs in Ginghams. The assortment
lor bchool Wear is especially complete.
Rich and Reliable Furs
THE NEWEST CREATIONS in Coats, Scarfs, Muffs, Sets and Fur-lined M
Kde.&e ir$lalSP' Furs' icl(lie Ermine, Blue and
- .-..., -.v...,,.j,vj, ..mm mm I1HU3UII oem.
A NEW IMPORTATION
JUST RECEIVED OF
AT LONDON PRICES
Sheffield trays, candlesticks,
tea sets, casseroles, meat plat
terS; lamps, flower vases, etc.
The Rosenbacli Galleries
1320 Walnut Street
New Fall Suitings
A complete line of the fashionable weaves Is
now displayed, including Austrian and German
Broadcloths, Peau de Soie, Gabardines, Serges and
Poplins, new and popular colors are Tete de Negre,
Beet Root, Graphite, Dregs o' Wine, Mysterious
Green, Egg Plant. Midnight Blue, Pansy, Raisin.
New Dress Trimmings
JET SHOULDER ORNAMENTS, Flouncings,
Bandings, Tassels, Buckles, Pendants and Fes
toons in large variety of the newest effects.
Beaded and Tinsel Flouncings for Afternoon and
Evening Costumes, Pearl Trimmings, including
Tassels, Pendants, Garnitures, All-Overs and
NEW IMPORTED BUTTONS in great variety.
OSTRICH FEATHER TRIMMINGS AND
EDGES for Evening Costumes.
MARABOUT TRIMMINGS for Negligees and
NEW FUR TRIMMINGS French Seal, Black
and Mole Coney. Skunk, Marmot, Ermine, Genet
and Monkey. , 'i, H and 1-in. widths.
New Silks and Velvets
The best of new weaves for Autumn and Winter
arc in this collection. ucr
PEKIN CHIFFON VELVET BBY IAMB
SCOTCH PLAIDS. PRINTED TAFFETAS
TALIA ffilW PREMEf?ME:
FAiiICnrR.fAnDEi'tREPE E CHINE,
PUAU DL CHAT. SATIN D'AMURE RA
DIUM VELVET, CHIFFON TAFFETA.
n,Tn ffliionable shades for Evening Wear are
Orchid. Breath of Rose, Salmon, Mysterious Green
Black Chiffon, Velvet, soft qualities for Street
New Laces and Chiffons
NEW IMPORTED LACES in Flouncing., all
wanted widths. Edges, Bands and All-Overs.
FRENCH METAL LACES in the correct designs
for Fall and Winter.
NEW SPANGLED TUNICS in all Black and
Opalescent; Spangles on White, Rose and Ceil
NEW NETS in White. Paris, Ecru, Ivory, Silver
a"'J.u Jn ,rA,s? new line of Novelty Nets,
widths 40, 45 and 72 inches.
Dressmaking and Millinery Salons
Third Floor, North
A" ,nK!i? hats ,nVltfd f, thB NEW SPORTED MODEL SUITS, DRESSES
AND HATS on view, from which orders will be executed promptly
lnJhe best manner, at moderate prices.
.ski ,- -t ..-. k
mbs did. na feanp,"
U26-U28 C>mit Street