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VOL. I 3StO. 33
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1914.
COJTKMITT, Id. T WI PPM.tO tWflfS CoMIT.
PRICE ONE CENT
ALLIES TRY FLANK
OVE IN BELGIUM;
ADVANCE ON LILLE
Germans Again on Defensive After Fierce
Assaults Are Repulsed British Fleet
Aids Land Force and Naval Brigade
Co-operates With King Albert's Troops.
Berlin States Slow Advance Is Being
Made in General Direction of Dunkirk.
Violent Fighting Continues Along
Meuse River and in Alsace.
' The Allies are believed to be attempting a flanking move in' Belgium
and to be advancing against Lille.
Berlin announces German forces arc gaining gradually in the direction
of Dunkirk, and the German right still is advancing from Lille.
It is believed the fire of British warships has compelled the Kaiser's
forces to abandon Nicuport. The British fleet has shelled the German posi
tions between Nicuport and Ostcnd, compelling the Germans to withdraw.
Reports of disaster to tlc invaders in Belgium have made Great Britain
optimistic on the anniversary of Nelson's victory at Trafalgar.
German headquarters in Belgium is reported removed from Oostcamp,
three miles south of Bruges, probably to Ghent.
Violent fighting continues along the Meuse and in Alsace.
Germans have been driven back 45 miles from the Vistula, according to
latest Pctrograd reports. This report, if accurate, returns the Kaiser's
army to its bases.
Cannonading continued near Warsaw, but the city is tranquil, according
to Pctrograd reports, after the repulse of the Germans early in the week.
The invaders were thrust back in the three directions from which they
adxanccd on the Polish capital. Fighting has continued vigorously in the
west of the city with constant forcing back of the Germans. The Kaiser
is reported at Czcntochow, on the southern line.
Przemysl still withstands the Russians' attack by storm, but the War
Office claims defeat for the Austrian army of relief in several engagements
south of the fortress. This claim, however, is denied by the Austrians,
who assert that the Czar's forces have been defeated on the heights cast
of the place and have "withdrawn toward the" Polish' line.
Warsaw is in immediate peril, the German War Department says, and
civilians already have commenced to flee acting on advice of the Russian
In East Prussia both Berlin and Petrograd are emphatic in claims of
continuous success in skirmishes.
Austrians have resumed the offensive in Bukovina, which the Russians
had occupied with little resistance. In central Galicia the Austrian army
has regained several posts taken by the Russians, and has repelled by a
forceful new offensive all attempts at a fresh Russian advance. " One Rus
sian General and many other prisoners have been "captured in the actions.
The Anglo-French fleet has destroyed one of the outer forts of Cattaro,
which is under heavy bombardment from the sea and from Mount Lovchen,
which commands its land defenses. The Austrian fleet has been compelled
to retire into the Gulf of Cattaro under the vigorous shelling of the Allies'
Reports have been received in Copenhagen that British submarines have
made a raid on German destroyers in the Baltic. Such a daring invasion of
German waters, however, is not believed probable.
A British freight steamship was sunk by a German submarine off
the coast of Norway.
Anarchy prevails in Albania, whither Italy has dispatched a fleet to
protect its interests. Riots have hroken out in Avlona on account of famine
threatened by the overflow of refugees Italy has declared its intention of
policing the Adriatic.
LILLE MENACED AS ALLIES
MAKING A MONKEY OF HIM
"TRUST'S CONTROL -ONLY
45.7 PER CENT.
IN IRON AND STEEL"
RUSH ON FOE'S LINES
tajus, Oct. :i.
That important events are developing
In tbe lmin'lte theatre of war was In
dicated by a sudden tightening of the
censorship today. Only yesterday's events
were discussed In the official declara
tion But It 1b understood that today the
Allies are making a determined effort to
retake Lille, where the general German
headquarters for the entire right wine
are understood to have been established.
At headquarters here there Is an air of
great expectancy. It U generally believed
the Germans are again retiring Inside
of the Belgian frontier, although there ia
no confirmation of the report that they
have been compelled to relinquish their
hold on Ostend.
neports are current here, and gener
ally credited, that the German attempt
to mount their heavy artillery along the
coast for offensive operations against the
British gunboats which are supporting
the extreme left of the allied line has
The guns have been dismounted by
Wonderfully accurate shooting from the
fleet and from the guns of the naval
brigade now n action along the coast.
The Germans attempted a submarine
raid, but according to the reports re
ceived here failed to make any headway,
of their torpedoes going wide of the
Both the Allies and the Germans have
sun to fortify their positions in the
extreme north. The AJlles are evidently
"rowing up entrenchments for protec-VOi-
against the German artillery which
" reached the front so the Germans
Pribably hope to use .their defensive
ork for a haven if they are forced to
ieat after gaining ground in future
Allies have strengthened their
l.'iici with heavy detachments of French
and Iiritish marines.
Following the ofllcl.il announcement of
a vigorous offensive movement by the
Germans, with attacks at seven different
points, some French military experts
have come to the conclusion that the Ger
man General Staff ordered an offensive
all along the front to cloak an important
strategic move behind the firing line.
They argue that a vigorous attack may
now be looked for In some unexpected
Official Information from the French
War Office seems more optimistic than
usual. Not only were the Germans re
pulsed at every point where they at
tacked, it Is announced, but In some
quarters the Allies gained ground.
The French "War Office Is confident the
main forts at Verdun can hold out, owing
to the co-operation of the French army
in that region which la opposing the Ger
mans. From southern Alsace to the Meuse,
fighting is violent and continuous; from
the Meuse to the Olse, there Is little If
Concluded on race Four
Lindabury Declares Corpora
lion on Trial as Monopoly
has Decreased Its Hold on
"THE WANDS OF ESAU"
The eighth article of this notable
series on the political problems of
Philadelphia deals with
as this city knows it. Plans to im
prove transportation facilities,
which, when effective, will relieve
Philadelphia of the characteriza
tion "slow," are described; and the
obstacles now standing in the way
of this greatly-to-be-desired reform
are pointed out.
On the editorial page of this
For Philadelphia and vicinity
Fair tonight and Thursday; not viuch
change in temperature; gentle vari
For details, see last nag.
Richard V. Lindabury, recognized a3
the denn of the corporation lawyers of
the State of Now Jersey, mado the open
ing speech for the defense In the Govern
ment's suit to dissolve the "Steel Trust"
Just as Mr. Lindabury faced tho four
Judges to make his address, nt the con
clusion of Special Assistant Attorney
General Dickinson's speech for the prose
cution. Judge Elbert H. Gary entered the
He was recognlied by some of the spec
tators, who craned their necks to get a
glimpse of the rnuch-dlacussed corpora
Mr. I.lndabury reviewed the law briefly
as it has been established by the deci
sions of the United Stutes Supreme Court,
especially In tho Standard OH and To
bacco cases. The attorney for the Steel
Corporation quoted the opinion of Justico
Holmes In Nash vs. the United States,
where he says of the Standard Oil and
Tobacco cases: '
"Thosu enses may be taken to have
established that only such contracts and
combinations are within the act. or by
reason of intent in the Inherent nature
of the contemplated acts, prejudice tne
public Interests by unduly restricting
competition or unduly obstructing tho
courte of trade."
SAYS "TRUST'S" CONTROL DE
CREASKS. As to the extent of control of the busi
ness acquired by the United States Bteol
Corporation's proportion of the country's
total production of all finished products
of Iron and steel In 1W1, the attorney de
clared It was only 50.1 per cent., and that
it has since been reduced to 15.7 per cent,
of the country's production for all the
markets of the world, and to -J0.9 per cent,
of the total production for the domestlo
Mr. Lindabury. in his argument, con
tended that one of the preliminary ques
tions for the Judges to decide was whethur
or not the United States Steel Corporation
had merged together other companies for
the purpose of restraint of trade.
"There was no getting together of the
Morgans, Carnegie and others for the
purpose of combination," said the lawyer.
"There was no Rockefeller group or
Morgan group which was described yes
letda) in an eloquent way by tho Govern
'The arious companies were bought
up at prices which were high and satis
factory to the persons who sold them."
PEW SPECTATORS IN COURT.
Confining his argument to the forma
tion of pools by captains of finance. Spe
cial Assistant Attorney General Dickin
son continued his arguments this morn
ing to show the existence of a conspiracy
lo. restraint of trade among directors of
the "Steel Trust" and other consolidated
Today's hearing attracted about BO spec
tators, among whom was a minister from
Pike count Pa He remarked that he
Concluded on Pao Tw,
FOR ANOTHER YEAR
WAR TRADE BOOM
OF OUR FACTORIES
CARRY WAR TAX DISPUTE
TO PRESIDENT WILSON
Simmons and Underwood Seek Com
promise on Levy on Beer and Gasoline
WASHINGTON, Oct. 21.-In nn effort
to get together on the sections of the
war tax bill In dispute between tho Sen
ate and House, Senator Simmons and
Representative Underwood had a long
conference with tho President today.
Mr. Underwood told the President that
the House would not stand for an In
creased tax on beer, as proposed by the
Senate bill, from $1.60 to U.7S ft barrel.
Anil Senator Simmons told the President
that tho Senate would not agree to strike
out the higher tax on beer nnd to re
instate tho tax on gasoline proposed by
the House bill.
It was unofficially reported that an at
tempt would be made to strike out the
Increased tax on beer and place a tax of
one cent or a hllf cent a gallon on gaso
line. Should the conferees report back the
bill to tho Senate carrying a tax on garo
llno, there would be a strong effort maJe
to reject tho report.
When the Senate met. Democratic
Leader Kern announced that ho had been
requested by the conferees on tho war
tax bill to move that a reces3 bo taken,
when the Senate had completed the work
before it, until 8 o'clock tonight, so that
the conference report on the tax bill
might be considered.
BY BRITISH WARSHIP
OFF BELGIAN COAST
TO DENY HIS PLAN IS
ARREST OF PENROSE
Many Expect Warrants Also
for McNichol and W. S.
V a r e on Debauching
Charge, But North Ameri
can Editor Will Not Show
Taube Aeroplane Also De
stroyed by Shots From Ship
Guarding English Chan-
Era of Prosperity Follows
Flood of Orders From
Host of Agents Represent
ing Warring Nations.
Women Lawyers Fail to
Gain Admission Com
mittee Reports Denounce
the Judicial Recall.
WASHINGTON, Oct. M.-Admlsslon of
women lawyers to the American Har
Association was a question postponed to
day for another year. A special com
mittee of five was appointed to consider
the question and report to the 1315 con
vention. The issue was raised by application
of three "Portias" Marlon L. Tyler, of
Boston: Margaret C. Wlch, of Illinois,
and Eva s. Bean, of Maine, for mem
bership. Tho question of admitting Negroes to
the association will be debated tomon-ow.
All committee reports submitted today
were formally adopted.
Rome G. Brown, of Minneapolis, chair
man of the committee opposing judicial
recall, amplified the committee report by
declaring the recall antl-Republlcan,
antl-Democratlc, antl-Progressive and
The lawyers made their pilgrimage this
afternoon to Mt. Vernon. Ex-President
Taft, president of the organization,
planted a treo near Washington's tomb.
Condemnation In the moat Wgorous
language of the Judicial recall and the
labor exemption clause in the recent anti
trust legislation was made in committee
reports submitted today.
Of Judicial recall advocates, one com
They would substitute, in the place of
tho careful Judgment of a tribunal of
triers experienced In the trial of facts
and learned In the law, the arbitrary and
capricious prejudgment of comparatively
incapable arbiters declared at a mass
meeting or at a referendum election."
"The new legislation discriminates
against the successful man." another
committee said of the Clayton antl-trujt
"It snatches the prize from the hopeful
and energetic And by legallitng weap
ons of offense on the part of labor unions
it encourages lawless labor leaders
There are some who love the excitement
and notonel of strikes and profit by
The committee to oppose the Judicial re
call delivered a vigorous denun-iatloa of
Concluded ea rue Two.
NEW YORK, Oct. 21,-StImulated by an
extraordinary demnnd for clothing, medi
cal supplies, guns and ammunition, auto
mobiles, blankets nnd other military re
quhements for the warring nations In
Europe, mnnufnctureri, dealers and sup
ply agents In New York. Philadelphia,
Chicago, SL Louis, Cincinnati. New Or
leans, Baltimore, Boston. Dallas, Cleve
land, Pittsburgh, Reading. Pa., Indianap
olis, San Antonio, Tex., and Charlotte,
S. C, have more orders on hand now
than they have had In several years.
Those cities report a war trade boom,
and expect to bo kept busy filling orders
until after the hostilities have beii ended.
More than 100 agents are In this country
giving orders for the British, French.
Russian, Belgian. Italian and Greek
Governments for war supplies. It Is alio
understood that agents of the German
Government have also been buying va
rious articles for shipment to German
cruisers In South Atlantic waters.
Frederick Stoddard, purchasing agent
for the British War Ofltce. Is expected
hero from Ottawa this week to place
orders for army gloves, socks, under
wear. uniform doth and virtually every
thing an army In the Meld requires. C.
Vnssardakts, Greek Consul General here.
Is at the Waldorf.
TEXTILE INDUSTRY THRIVING.
The war boom has been under way
more than a month and Is beginning to
ehow Itself by an expansion of this
country's foreign commerce. War orders
placed by French. Russian and British
agents with textile and steel munufac
turers in Philadelphia have already re
sulted In Increased activity in those In
dustrles. A mill In Pittsburgh let turning out
SOfiO tons of. steel to be used In making
bayonets for French troops. Another
steel company there has received an in
quiry from England for plate for armored
A firm in Reading. Pa., received an or
der yesterday from the British Govern
ment for KMA stretcheis for wounded
fcoldiers. The stretchers are Jo be de
livered at the rate of luM a week.
Largu quantities of barbed wire, cloth
ing, woolen goods, hardware and auto
mobile trucks are being bought in Cleve
land. Big erdus for machine tools, cmr
stoves and uniforms have been placed In
Cincinnati for the Britilh, French and
Russian governments. Shoe and leather
houses thero also report lively demand
LONDON, Oct. 51.
One German Tnubo aeroplane and a
Zeppelin airship were destroyed by shots
from a British warship off the Belgian
coast on Sunday and Monday, according
to Information from a fiTnl-otllcial source.
Referring to operations of British war
ships In that locality, the Press Asso
"It Is learned from a semi-official
fourco thnt a German aeroplano of tho
Taube type was destroyed oft tho Belgian
const by British warships on Sunday,
and thnt on Monday a Zeppelin was de
stroyed. British men-of-war also de
stroved al batteries of German artillery
nnd killed and wounded 1500 German sol
diers. "Thre German torpedoes were launched
at British warships In one day, all of
them missing the mark."
E. A. Van Valkenburg, editor of thi
North American, declined today to deny
thnt he contemplated tho IsBtinnce of
warrants for the arrest of United States
Senator Holes Penrose, State Senator
James P. McNichol nnd Congressman
William S. Vare.
RumnrH that would not down despite
the various denials were rife In political
circles today that a warrant would bi
swnrn out for Penrose In connection with
the North American's charge that he ad
mitted having1 debauched former Mayor
John E. Reyburn. This report followed
close on the rumor circulated yesterday
that McNichol and Vnre were to be ar
rested on the same charges.
Former Judgo James Gay Gordon, coun
sel for Van Valkenburg, gave the follow
ing statement to Uie Evening Ledobu on
"No such action Is contemplated so far
as I know, and ns counsel for the paper
I would ho In a position to know If sucn
action was Intended."
Prior to the l?sunnce of this statement,
MT. Van Valkenburg was questioned at
his home in Merlon.
"It Is reported," he was told, "that you
will cause the arrest of Penrose. Mc
Nichol and Vare. Is that correct?"
"I will not sny," was Mr. Van Valken
WILL NOT DENY OR
"Will you deny tho report?"
"I will neither deny nor affirm It," ho
"Did you have n dictograph record of
your conversations with Senator Pen
rose?" was tho next question put to the
"No," he replied, "I have no dictagraph
record, but I have sufficient witnesses "
"Is It because you do not wish to let
Penrose, McNichol and Vare get advance
notlcu of your Intentions, that vou will
not discuss the rumors?"
"No, they're sewed up," said Mr. Van
Valkenburg. "They won't expect to get
"Are you contemplating any action to
day?" "I cannot tell until T get Into town and
jeo the papers and look over the situa
tion." The consensus of opinion among poli
ticians today was that the statute of
limitation? would not hold up arrests If
such are planned. The accused might
rlepd that the ease was outlawed by tho
statute, but naturally not until after tho
arrest had been made.
BRITISH SUBMARINE RAID
IN BALTIC SEA REPORTED
Attacks on German Destroyers in
Foe's Wnters Is Rumor,
COPENHAGEN. Ort 21
Reports have reached here of an at
tempt by British submarines to sink Ger
man destroyers off the Island of Rugcn.
No d'talls of the encounter nave been
That British submarines would be op
trntmg so far from their baso seems
Improbable. The Island of Rugen is In
the Baltic, off the coast of Germany,
and Is the largest of all tha German
Islands If It develops that British sub
marines actually are operating In tho
Baltic It likely will be found that they
are accompanied by a British fleet of
considerable strength sent to engage the
German Baltic squadron.
Two Killed in Auto Accident
CHICAGO, Oct. 21 -Two mm wcr.
killed a woman was hurl probably
fatally, and four men injures toda .
when their automobile cashed Into a.
steel trolley pole in South. Chicago.
776 LABORERS, SUCCESSFUL
-IN-TESTS, STILL UNEMPLOYED
Await Municipal Work After Passing
Civil Service Examination.
Records of the Civil Seriec Commis
sion show today that "7(5 laborers of Phil
adelphia aro on eligible lists awaiting
employment in municipal work
A proposition was advanced in jester.
da's meeting of tho Joint Committee of
Ccuineils, appointed to devise plans for
relief of the city's unemployed during the
tcnilns winter, that the rules of civil
service governing the employment of
Kboters be suspended to exempt appli
cants from examination.
Included in tho !76 men who await em
ployment In city work are J50 men who
will receive first employment because
they havo been laid off, due to sickness
or lach of funds to complete the pro
jects on which they were employed.
Mayor Blankcnburg has asserted that
Ci unclts have blocked employment of
men on city projects by restricting funds
that would otherwise be available.
It was stated by Peter Bolder, secre
tary of the Civil Service Commission,
today, that the rnles governing tho em
ployment of laborers would not retard
the employment of men even by thou
sands In an emergent. The legislation
affecting that condition would make pos
sible the civil service .lamination of
laborers after they had been employed-
BURNED TO DEATH AT HOME
Father and Son Perish Jn Flames,
Woman Terribly Injured..
HCNTINGDON. Pa.. Oct ;'l -,Two lug,
were lost in a. fire near Orbteonia, this
i"unty. this morning
Dead-John (ienringer. S3: Qsorge Gear
ineer. m. son of John Gea nngr.
lujur4-Mrs. Joba qnnger, terribly
burned on fce and fcody, condition
The Hrc Vs blieved to have started from
a tamp explosion Flania quickly en-eK,p-4
the Gearing.r home and Gear
mgrr and hu son weie trapped in their
room wml Mrs bearing,, ehp, rt ,,,
.U...J... , .i. a eet -na storv wit.dnw
hanred bodies were found , , m
VARE MEN ITCH FOR REPRISAL.
Smith Philadelphia is unsheathing tho
knife for Senator Penrose. It Is being
dono qulotly nnd without any clanking
steel, but the wound that has hurt since
William S. Vara lost his fight to become
Mayor of Philadelphia In 19U has been
rubbed raw by the disclosure of Senator
Penrose's willingness to injure tho Vnres.
and election day will be a "massacre,"
according to Vare men Itching for re
prisal. It Is not on 'orders," they say. "Why,
Ed Vare and Our Bill wouldn't dnro
desert tho Organization and Penrose,"
thoy ?ald today. "They have the bnlanca
of power, but It Is not enough to swing
anything with Penrose against them.
Penroflo heads tho ticket, Is the order,
but where Penroee will he on election
day is not for us to say "
"I am going to stick," said Senator Ed
win H Vare, leader of the powerful Var
organization downtown, when he was
asked whether he would revenge himself
"Sure, he's going to stick," his heneh.
men snld. "Hns going to stick and ther
won't be any orders against Penrose
But it will come all the same. The knifa
will b out and Penrose will get It."
South Philadelphia, and the Vare wards
parth ularly. are as peaceful as a volcano
just Lefore an eruption Since 1311 Sen
ntor Penurose has been hated there. Th.
loynlt to "ur Bill" and Edwin II. Var
i surpasses evon their loyalty to "orders
! and tho Organization. And the wound of
J Our Pill's" beating Is still aching.
! Orders or no orders, the Vare men say,
j th Unite is out for Penrose.
Feeling is at white lieat It has gath.
ered force each day blnre the Nortli
; American gave them the Inside of tho
Penrose perndy That ho was willli s
to have tho Catlln Commission hear
charges against Mayor Reyburn In order
to discredit Vare's candidacy and defeat
him is something they had long wtshed
to verify. The North American's disclo
sure is tha verification they sought.
PENROSE PL'TTONS D1SAPPEAR.
Ropoits of an upheaval against Pen
roeo wete current before It was revealed
how Penrose knifed the Vares. Two
WteHs ago. according to South Phtlade -phlans,
thu wblspsr Bnt rotjnd that
Penrose was ti "get it." Lately the
whispers died down. But with ths rub.
livatloit ef tnp inside story of haw Vara
was defeated revived thn whispers, and
now they are transformed Into outspoken
"Where are alt the Penrose- buttonsr'
una man asked "You saw plent of
them a mouth ftgo, but you must look,
hard for them mm Men who w them
aio bviiig cursed as renegades So Pen
rose buon are disappearing '
(ns man who runs a pool room In tha
heart of the lb Ward. "Vare's own
as they iU it, Just listened around, a,
"I saw the Penrose buttons sowing ony
be said. 'But you ought to have beni
around lre Monday night- Are they
going to cut PenrossT l gus they are,
t sjw three men tear the buttoju out ut
their Upels and throw them on tbe Hor r.
Thy weie all ready to light about it '
Tilk iu the po.itroom that night showed
tbe ie-5ipr of th- Vare waids admitit
to houMj the inters wtio can beat Ve -rose
r el. I hlru Why thos fell.
wrie fii ii rir tnrougn toe nooin it.
. m ' Proprietor
" in were