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EVENING LEDGEB:PHILADELPHIA THUESDAY, OCTOBER 22, 191.
, in 1 j - , '
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
crnrs h ic crnTts, rnMinisT.
Geo. W. Ochs, Secretary , .John C Martin. Treasurers
Charles II. Luillngtan. Philip S Collin, John B. Wil
t'Tnts It. K. ft iitts, Chnlrman.
T. It WIIAMiY t'Aerutli IMIlor
.Oneral ItiislneiH Manager
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EC Address oil eoritmciifrnffons Jo iVenCittf
Ledger, Independence Siunrr, Philadelphia
s.ttritED ATTitEriiu.Pr.ifitti rosTorrtcE is second
chsi Mm nTtrn.
riiii.Ai)i.iriii.A, tiil'ii'iia, iirroiir.it 22, 1014,
Mn. PE.VHOSR, tr eleued to the fulled
States Semite on the face of tho returns,
will never tnkc his seat without nn Investiga
tion that will be humiliating to Pennsylvania,
disastrous) to the Republican party and lltltl
ous to himself.
Brumbaugh Platform in a Parnpraph
HAPPY the man who knows the disease,
knows the cure and has tho courage to
apply the lemcdy to the 111 even If he lma to
use the surgeon's knife. Speaking at Ches
ter, Doctor Brumbaugh compressed his en
tire campaign Into a clear-cut paragraph:
What we neeil In Pctins.vlvnnln Is Jut a
few plain, moral, straightforward rcmedlnl
nets that will In log to the people or this
Commonwealth the thlims which tliev need
In order to bo happy In their homes, hnppv
in their industry. lnppv In their social life
these are tho things thnt 1 tun Intetestod
In first mid foiemut In Pennsylvania.
Unemployment in Prison
1VCK of employment fur the prisoners In
J the county Jails, of this State results In
an annual economic loss of $500,000, says a
report of the Pennsylvania Prison Society.
Tho attitude of free laborers and free manu
facturers toward convict competition litis imf
changed in recent years: but Ohio, with its
"State-use system," In which the State plays
the part of consumer, and Kentucky, with its
broom-making, which dues no harm to "out
side" Industries, niford suggestions of pos
sible ways out of tho difficulty, though com
petition can never bo entirely eliminated from
the problem. Unemployment In penal insti
tutions is more than a question of economic
waste. The issue Is humanitarian. Prisoners
Opportunity vs. Charity
PRIDE and telf-respect are not the exclu
sive quulltios of the rich and fortunate.
One of tho unemployed when recently offered
a. quarter said: "I can work like a mnti, I
can starve like a man, but I won't beg.'
The plan that Is outlining itself to Councils
for using the projected loan to provide work
for tho unemployed and to avoid even tho
Eemblanco of charity is to be heartily com
mended. Indeed, there is no real alternative. To de
vote vast sums of tho taxpayers' money to
temporary philanthropy is simply to pave the
way tor worse Ills, licsldes, the Inst thing
tho American workingman wants is to bo
pauperized, he holds his self-respect as an
Integral part of his free citizenship.
Cars Even for the Fastidious
TTU'ERY man his own taxi-cabbj.
J-J last it may be realized. The assault is
Coins forward briskly on the last stronghold
of the unniotnred: the olfartorlally fusy gen
tlemen who object to srasolltip. yr those few
whose senso of smell has stood between them
and the Sunday afternoon ruad, tho conven
tion of electrical vehicle men brings hope.
There is still debate over the matter. Stein
metr, who knows enough about everything
else electrical to carry weight, snys "J300, 100
miles, upkeep negligible." Some other gen
tlemen disagree; but their objection seems to
be an earnest desiro to keep the electric a
machine of luxury, with S5 per cent, of tho
sales still above J3000. it won't be any easier,
however, than in the case of the gusollno
car. Don't worry, gentlemen. That's De
President Praises Palmar
NO CANDIDATE for office could ask for a
more cordial and explicit indorsement
than that given to A. Mitchell Palmer by
JIr. Wilson indorses Palmer as a man, as a
constructive legislator and as an instrument
for the political redemption of Pennsylvania,
So far from being a ague and blanket
commendation, the words of the President
show that he has taken particular palm to
study tho situation that exists in this Com
rnonwealth. "Pennsylvania," nays, the Chief
Magistrate, "ought to accept and trust him
and through him plav her proper part in the
constructive policies nt a new- generation."
It Is evident that President Wilson regard
Tenrose as a relic of that barbre political
jiast in which the spoils of victory wera the
only motives that animated politicians. And
Indeed ho Is the last of the piratical and
Pllatlcal band left in ofllee. Palmer belongs
to the new order- He looks foruard rather
than backward: he considers that the mark
of a statesman is what he ran do fur his
country rather than what he ean set for him-
Advice Fropi an Artful Dodger
SWEET are the rewards of fame! Cigars
arc named after statesmen, perfumes
after actresses, but the biggest of German
shells are called "Jack Johnsons."
A veteran Hrltish fcoldier says h can dodge
Jack Johnsons." The smaller shells are
harder to ektape. Hut he has figured out tlfl
German sjstem of tiring, one shell is
dropped the second falls to the right, the
third to the left and the fourth to tha rear.
"$ry simple to keep out of the way by means
of earefui and constant mental bookkeeping.
The British soldier who has discovered, this
"safety first" method is at present In a Jon
don Ual recovering from wounds.
Kot to Be Starved Out
'K CANNOT be started into submis
sion," says Gcrman s Herreiary for
the InteriT and he U pn'uWv riglit The
fpokesmen of the natlf n -sC'-rt that they did
not want this war, but they nro quite frank
In admitting thnt they have been malting
piepnratlrms for It these many years.
With precisely the expedition and efficiency
with which the Herman army was mobilized,
German commerce and Industry were mo
bilized. So Important a matter as the com
missary cnttld not have been neglected In all
these carefully made plan and preparations.
Germany has within her own boundaries
food iesouroes which are ample both for the
army In the field and for the population at
home. A superlative kind nf war strategy
has mndo tho nation commercially. Indus
trially ttnd ngt culturally autonomous, sulll
clent unit) Its own domestic needs.
Penrose Victory a Democratic Triumph
' "D-iNNKVt.VANMA manufacturers may In-
,(-'., ,..,,. .. . , ,, , ,
I "1st nil Identifying themselves una their In-
tcrests With Ponrtvclsm. They may lRnoro
i the piotrsls of the Hepubllcan press from one
J end of tho t'lilon to the oilier. They may be
blind to the fact thnt not one single Ilepub
llcnn newspaper of any Importance whatever
outside of Pennsylvania dares to speak a
word for Ponroselsni. They may delude them
selves Into believing that pulling the wool
over their own eyes will blind the United
Ptfites. They tnav gamble with prosperity by
confiding their Interests to an utterly dis
credited personality. Utit It is tho duty of a
newspaper which believes In Republican prin
ciples; to wntn these men of the disaster they
nre courting and tn Interpret for them the
unvarying signs of ultimate failure Involved
In such a oiirse.
The Uvr.vtN'o LEpnr.n speaks the hopes of
young Republicans and far-seeing Kepubli
wtns the nation over. It nppcals to Pennsyl
vania not to paittlyzc new and virile Repub
licanism by fastening on It the old parasite
which ate tho heatt out of tho Tnft Admin
istration and changed a triumphant majority
Into a meaningless minority.
The one sure way to keep a Democratic
tariff law on the slatuto books Is to send Jlr.
Penrose back to Washington.
A Penrose victory In Pennsylvania means
another Democrat In the. White House.
Pennsylvania the Football Capital
THIS Is the season when the Keystone
Ptato comes Into her own as a purveyor of
public sport. There Is but one god, Football,
and Pennulvanla Is his prophet.
Pennsylvania, tl- State, it must be re
peated: for, though tho University that also
bcais the name has a team of much, If lnter
mlttnt, prowess, It Is the smaller colleges
that hav sptentl the name and fame broad
cast since tho open game triumphed over
the Utiles Committee.
Carlisle was not without Its reputation
even In the days when the sport was only a
pushing match. Hut it Is Washington and
Jefferson, Lafayette. Lehigh, Pcnn State,
Huokiioii, Pwnrthniore, Pittsburgh. Kranklln
and Marshall thnt have Jumped Into pretty
steady prominence with the opening up of the
game, llardb another State has such a list
not to mention the "prep." schools.
''Easy Mark "
THU Vares slaved the Organization in 1010.
Horry came to their strongholds with a
majority. They seated Tener, gave him tho
("Inventorship, turned defeat Into victory. Mr.
Penrose cannot win without them this year.
It Is not likely that bo can win with them,
but let the Vares merely waver In their sin
cere support nnd the Penrose candidacy will
crumple up. Theie will be nothing left but
Yet these same Vares arc the ones whom
Penrose, In secret conference, Is accused of
betraying. These aie the men on whom. It Is
charged, he "squealed." These aie his asso
ciates whom he was tendy, so the story goes,
to hand over to the criminal prosecutors, and
he himself, the nicusntion runs, was ready
with the evidence ti convict.
The Vnres are merely politicians. They ex
pect to be betrayed nnd Insulted now and
then. That is part of their business. They
must give and take. Hut what sort of guar
antee are they now going to get from tho
Hlg Hoss? A promise or a contract? There
ought to be some unbreaknblo agreement by
which Mr. Penrose will bo bound not to tell
Carnegie on Profits
ANDUEW CAUXUmn la quoted as saying
.that fur one nf bis companies to earn
more than flflv million dollars a year Is evil.
Jlathematlcal morality seems to bo tho bano
of the Laird's mind. Xo ono need worry
about tho ethics of excessive profits, because
these can be easily limited by reducing tho
cost of the products to the consumer. Social
Ism, syndicalism, nnarchlsm can only thrive
where the margin of profit Is excesshely
Inaction Always Ends in Atrophy
P.VdAXIXl'S old violin Is losing Its melody-producing
power. Tho strings once
vibrant with a music which charmed Europe
are growing mute if recent reports are to be
Xature U wreaking vengeance on tho long
silrme of an Instrument that tho great mas-
!ter filled with laughter and tears. Xature re
bukes the silent and useless. She takes tho
sight and hearing from tho Crustacea In the
Mammoth Cave of Kentucky and removes the
1 sight from the mole that persists in burrow.
ing in the earth. "Eyes they have but see
It is the old story of inaction resulting
in atropnj The redemption of the violin is
possible only through use. Instead of hang
ing it In a glass cusemont It ought to be
played, and then Its power of expression
might be recovered.
Tho tragedy of Paganlnl's violin Involves
a lesson which he who runs may read.
"Ein Muensterberg 1st
Buy a botilB of olive oil ana heln the
southern cotton planter.
Tit railroads are- perfectly risUt In object.
ing to the operation of their trains by "full"
BanWMng SJaetertJaeK from (Uo mental
life of Ciermany may not be go easy nj cer
tain ardent patriots imagine.
The Russians seem to have a special weak
ness for changing geographical names; and It
would U 99 simple to change Prussia to
A nip in the morning air and the smell of
burnt teai'e at evening are two pleasant
factor of jierfett fall weather. Today given
promise of both, provided little Willie's
matches hold out.
When the final 1 urtam f.dls on the tragedy
being enactfd w Kuropo then will be
neither applause in,r curtain calls, and per
haps the gallery of neutrals will hiss the
author of It all.
Masterly Leadership of Underwood Rcsponsihlo for Most Legislation of Value.
President Receives Visitors "Standing Up," to Their Great Annoyance
Original Wilson Men Get Few "Pickings" From the Administration.
Special IPflSiiitjftm CorreapoMffciiec.
COXGRE3S will finish Its Work this week.
It has been In session slnco tho memory
of man runneth not to tho contrary. It Is too
early to Judge tho merits nnd defects of what
It has done; but It may bo said that the good
It has accomplished must bo credited to tho
masterly leadership of Underwood, who
seems to have had the confidence of both
houses, nnd the evil must bo charged against
those In both the legislative nnd Judicial
branches who have Interfered with his sane
nnd conservative view of public questions.
WASHINGTON' Is filled this week with
lawyers from all parts of the country,
nnd among them nro many eminent men who
have mixed nt times In partisan politics. They
ccbew politics In tho business meetings of
the American Dar Association, but many of
them talk politics during recess, nnd the most
of them speak wpll of the President, however
they may differ from his opinions on political
Issues. A member of Congress from West
Virginia, who Is also a lawyer of distinction
In his own home town, nnd who claims to
have been among the first at least of the
"original Wilson men," does not quite under
stand his status at the White House. Talk
ing the other night nbout tho situation he ad
mitted that he had found some difficulty In
making himself felt at the presidential man
sion. "I know Mr. Taft very well when ho was
over there," he said. "Although I did not bo
long to his party and was opposed to him In
politics, I used to go over there and could
see blm almost any time. He would sit down
and talk to mo about tho little matters In
which I was Interested: but it is not tho same
now, exactly. The President is glad to see
me, of course, nnd he always looks It; but ho
Invariably talks to me standing up, and I
never could talk to anybody nbout serious
matteis standing up, nnd before I am able to
tell him what I want I find that I am through
nnd out In tho entrywny without having been
able to make myself undei stood. Of course,
nothing could bo plcasanter. In a way, than
my reception; but somebody 1 invariably won
der whether or not the President really
knows after It Is over who It Is that ho has
seen nnd what It was about, anyway. This
Is a new method of 'dispatching business,'
and It is nil right, but I haven't got used to it,
that's all. And after 1 have got through,
another man goes in, and It Is generally the
same way with him. I tell you I have never
been able to talk to a man standing up."
XOTHKH man nnd a lawyer, also from
est Virginia, gave an account of his ex
periences, or experience, rather, as ho tried
It only once, last night. "When the fight
wns on at Baltimore, I was one of tho orig
inals, and worked all I knew- how for the man
who won. My delegation wns against me and
stood out almost to the very last In favor of
tho other mnn. I couldn't budge them; but
I worked on and on, nnd after It was all over
and my mnn bad won and there were pros
pects of rewards for the truly loyal, and as
Judge Goff had been shuffled Into tho Senate,
I got nn Idea that, as strange things wero
hnppenlng nil the time, It might be possible
for me to make some piogicss toward a judi
cial career. I repaired to tho White House
with hope In mv heart, and prepared with
documentary evidence to show that I had
been on tho firing lino nt Baltimoie. When
I got there I ran into a sort of barbed wiro
entanglement on the outer line. Tho Presi
dent's secretary had never heard of me. and
did not know how I had met the opposition
over in th" Maryland town. I told him that
the President would be glad to see me; that
I could not see why he would rcfuso to
see a friend after the election, a friend ho
would have welcomed before the election, nnd
that I would like to go in. Hut tho President
was very busy; would I not como back in a
day or so? I told him that I wns a long way
from home, that I must see him then or I
could not see him nt all. It was then sug
gested that I come back In a couple of hours;
but this was not possible, ns my train left
before the two hours would pass, and by
gradual approaches, and being llrm in my le-
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
California is strangely onamoied of
municipal ownership. City after city is ex
perimenting with some form of it, while ono
of tho larger towns, Sacramento, pleads that
the city collect nnd dispose of garbage. Tho
"Tho shameful condition of the garbage
wagons In this community again calls atten
tion to the necessity for municipal collection
of garbage. This reform Is pleaded for by
City Health Officer Norman E. Williamson,
and was ono of the campaign issues of City
Commissioner E. M. Wilder. Health Officer
Williamson shows the public nt present Is
at tho mercy of the garbage collectors, who 1
will not enforce the ordinary rules of sanl- 1
tation and health, cleanliness nnd even I
common decency. The ordinance providing
for covering of garbage wagons and various ,
other things has never been enforced, bo
cause the garbage collectors refused to obey
It and went on a strike, and tho Health
Board having no other way of collecting the
garbage, simply let these arrogant employes
of the city do Just as they please and they
are doing It today."
Meanwhile the Sacramento Union reports
that another California City, Lodl, is having
success with a municipal water and light
plant: "Lodi has shown an economy and
efficiency In tho operation of its municipal
water and light plant which deserve atten
tion. The grapo centre has a clear profit of
19200 for the year, in addition to $7900 spent
in additions and Improvemnta which could
not bo charged to maintenance. This means
that the total profit for tho year was In
excess of $17,000. Tho electric service was
furnished to the people at 4 cents, while a
Hat rate of 51.50 a month was charged for
"There Is no reason why public utilities
operated by the cities themselves should not
prove profitable, but it is unfortunately true
that In too many instances there is not
efficiency in the management of any branch
of municipal affairs. .Municipalities aro not
loaded up with excessUe bond Issues and
there Is no watered stock which must be
made to pay dividends, as 13 the case In many
of the private corporations.
"But the money saed on this account finds
its way out through many other lenka. BiisU
nesa methods applied to city affairs should
render municipalities independent of private
corporations in the provision of water, light
and probably transportation."
Theory and War
From th New York Evening Pot.
Kents do not Jibe with Bernhardt require,
ments. By this time it Is plain that the war
will not be decided by a succession of lightning
strokes. By this time it Is safe to say that one
thiid of tho standing forces at the outbreak of
the wjr are out of commission, and no decUlun
M in sight. The great advantage which llcrn
haidi claimed as against Gernun's enemies has
Ur ;tl vanished The war will be decided, not
by the first Hue, but by the reserve stiensth of
the nations But if that Is the case, if Uerman),
like her opponents, nust draw upon her second
and third lines, there is obviously granted to
England the necessary respite for giving her
new armies adecjuat preparaUon.
solve to get In then or not at all, I got In,
nnd then 1 came out nnd hero I nm and still
engaged In the practice of tho law with my
Judicial longings still unsatlsdctj. I may add
that I was received standing up, nnd I never
could talk on matters In which I nm deeply
Interested except when I nm seated com
fortably and have the undivided attention of
tho person with whom I am conversing."
DO YOU seo thnt man over there on thnt
side of the table?" said a very prominent
lawyer from old Virginia nt n dinner sev
eral nights ogo, "Thero Is no bettor man In '
tho world, and I like him very much because
I know him ns a man of the highest Integrity
of character and very conspicuous ability as
a lawyer. He holds a high position In the
Government today and Is worthy of the honor
that has come to him; but I lomember that
I appealed to him over nnd over again at
the convention In Haltlmore to como out for
Wilson. He could not be moved by anything
I could say to him, nnd absolutely refused to
move from It Is position, however hard I tried
to change his determination. Look at him
now, nnd then look nt me. He is worthy of
his high ofllee, there's no doubt about that,
and would adorn tho highest court In tho
land; but look nt me, hero I nm. T hoped
that through the President wo should bo able
to break up machine domination In my Stnto,
and I believed that such would be the result
If wo gave him our support. I did all I could
for him nnd did It ns a patriotic duty, and
not In any selfish Interest. I contributed al
together out of my scant means $1500 to Tho
Cause, and so It hnppens that here I am with
not Influence enough to sccuro tho appoint
ment of oven a single fourth-class postmaster
In my State or district."
TH13 cave of West Virginia, when It comes
to the distribution of "patronage," Is re
garded by many confiding souls as a some
what horrible example of what can happen In
politico. It is said that not a single original
Wilson mnn has been appointed to any posi
tion In that State, and thnt the only men
who have gotten anything from tho Admin
istration have been those who opposed tho
nomination of Mr. Wilson. They do not
quite understand It, and they are not wholly
reconciled to It.
Ri:CRNTLY a story was printed (I think
It was told by Representative Bartboldt,
of Missouri) that the Japanese wero dis
tinctly unfriendly to the United States and
that soon or late this country would be In
volved In war with Japan. Congressman
Alney, of Pennsylvania, who has mode a trip
around the woild as .1 delegate to tho Inter
parliamentary Union, visited Japan and ob
tained nn Inside view of conditions there and
of the true Jnpnneso sentiment toward the
United States. "It Is exceedingly unfortu
nate," ho said yesterday to me, "that articles
nre published nnd statements mado that the
Japanese people nre persistently evidencing
Ill-will toward Atnetlca nnd Americans. Let
me say with considerable emphasis that
thero Is no country In the world for which
Japan has higher regard or friendlier feel
ings than for tho United States. They have
more confidence in our disinterestedness than
In that of any other people. What I say Is
not limited to official Japan, but follows
along tho entire line. It Is the attitude of
tho man of nffnlrs In State; it is the ex
pression of the business mnn; It manifests
Itself In the peasantry and people. They nil
ate kindly disposed toward Americans. Prom
rickshaw man, through all gradations of so
ciety, a citizen of the United States Is greeted
nnd treated with iju'tiwl consideration and
attention which speaks undisguised friend
liness. This to my mind evidences the real
attitude of ono people toward another. Tho
Japanese hnvo their .lingoes what country
has not? Hut that th."se do not represent
any appreciable sentiment is ns evident to
the traveler in Japan as the demarcations of
day and night. Tho Japanese like us. It Is
easily within our power to retain their
In 17SC W. II. Ireland made public several
manuscripts, tho authorship of which ho ns
scrlbed to Shakespeare. Ono of these, n play,
"Vortlgern." wns produced at Dritry Lane,
London, on April 2, 1700. In 1805 ho acknowl
edged the manuscripts to bo forgeries. Ho
died In 1S35.
The Friends obtained the name of Quakers
In JC30. George Fox, a Friend chronicler,
snys that It originated with Justice Hennet,
of Derby, England: "I bade him quake and
tremble at tho word of the Lord." Butler,
in "Hudlbras," says:
"Quakers (that, llko lanterns, bear
Their lights within them) will not swear."
Tbn letter "V" was rnllpil tlio Rnmln,, !
ter by Pythagoras as nn emblem of the path
of virtue and vice. I'ope, in tho "Dunciad,"
niiuiies 10 it:
"When reason, doubtful like the Snmlan
Points him two ways, the narrower the
"Tho guard dies but never surrenders," at
tributed to Cnmbronne, who was made a
prisoner at Waterloo, was really Invented
two days after tho battle by Rougemont, a
prolific author of mots.
Professional mourners date back to tho
Romans, who hired women, known as car
Inae, to weep at funerals.
Thero were three "founders of Rome," tho
first, Romulus, U. C. 752; tho second, Cam!!
Ins, who saved tho city from tho Gauls,
II. C. 365; the third. Ualus Marlus, who saved
the city from the Teutones and C'imbri,
li. C, 101.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
Railroads operating out or Chicago repurt
that substantial increases la coal and grain
shipments bao brought the volume of traffic
for the last week up to tho standard of a year
ago. Whatever happens abroad, people still
Insist on being fed nnd warmed and the wheels
of Industry continue to turn. Having touched
low water mark, American business has out
lived the shock of war and Is surely making a
turn for the better Urand Rapids Press.
It Js better for a city to clean up by (Us and
starts, to "be clean by spasms," as It were,
than liMer to he clean at all. Even once a
year is better than to revel in filth until filth
comes to be one of the necessaries of life.
Prof. Sidney L. Oullck, of Doshlsha Univer
sity, Kyoto, Japan, correctly characterizes the
movement for wot Id peace as "superficial." It
hae teen and is Just that. Doctor CiulIcK. might
have gone further and have said that it also
is in considerable decree hypocritical, because
many of thote who have approved the move
ment Dcc-iiro u nas geemeu etnically correct
have In fact bad very little sympathy with
it, Detroit Free I'ress.
Mr, Wilson's panegyric of the work of the
democrats in Censt-ss is instinct with the
force nnd charm habitual to his spoken and
written speech. Ho Is not only the ablest ad
vocate, but tho most substantial achievement
and chief good fortune of bis party. Ills In
fluence, his authority, his chnracter, tho unl
vcrsal respect which he has won; that Is the
Democratic campaign; thnt Is the rock on
which a good many tottering and feeblo Dem
ocratic candidates for Congress will have to
knn. Ncv York Sun.
Out of the war has como at least one good
result In this country, the realization that the
American public does not sufficiently appreciate
one of its own great agricultural productions,
which has a most Important use cotton. Wash
With duo respect for Doctor Eliot and his
opinions, tho business of tho United State."!, so
far ns the Europenn wnr Is concerned, Is to
mind Its own business, now nnd hereafter, no
mutter which way the tide of battle turns. This
country In no more tho ally of Unglnnd nnd
Frnuco than of Oermnnv nnd Austria, It Is
tho friend of all nnd tho partner of none.
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
Stale and Nation.
To the Editor of the tlvcntna Ledger!
Sir Having lived thteo years In South Africa,
knowing tho country and Its peoples, rcnllzlng
tho futility of attempting to merge tho Uoor,
the Afrikander nnd tho Urlton, I can speak
with some degree of authority on tho Boor
"revolt" In tho South Afrlcnn Union.
Lot me first go back a way In history. Every
Briton will tell you thnt Britain conquered tho
Transvaal and tho Orange Preo State, because
foreigners were denied the rights of franchise.
This Is not true. What the Doer Oovcrninent
did deny the Ultlnndor wns tho right of fran
cblso without renunciation of the mother coun
try. In other wotds, the Briton wanted equal
rights with the Boer and yet retain his nllc
glnnce to Britain,
Tho real cause of tho Boer wnr wns the amass
ing mineral resources of the Boer republics. Tho
Wltwntersrand (Edge of the White Wnteis)
gold fields nro the richest In the world. The
nuilferotts roof extends for some 40 miles, at
either end being enormous coal deposits. In
old Orlqualnnd West Is tho gteatest asbestos
deposit on earth. Iron and copper abound. And
In Cape Colony nro diamond mines surpassed
only by those discovered subsequently In tho
Ornngo Preo State and the Transvaal.
But leaving asldo tho excuse for an unright
eous wnr, In which 2,",000 Boers kept Great
Britain nt bay for threo enrs nnd cost her a
billion dollars thero can bo no fusion of races
In South Afilcn. Religious, upright, decent
living, pastoral, shntpcr, shrewder, the Boer
is unused to the civilization of the Briton, He
bus strong likes nnd dislikes, nnd he dislikes
the roolnek, ns tho Briton 1ms been dubbed for
n century, with nn nrdor of singular Intensity.
The Afrikander, or native-born white, sides
with tho Boer in nine cases nut of ten. He, too,
scents to take nn Inherent dislike to the over-
lordly Britisher. It Is the undiplomatic quality
Inherent In most Britnns tho amazing faculty
of rubbing the wrong way which has mndo It
Impossible to melt tho various races Into a
In so far as tho revolt Is concerned, tho future
nlono will tell. But let Ormnny scote a de
cided success and then watch for piccipltnto
developments. They miy never come, but If
they do, Hie richest of British possessions will
pass fioin her and the life dream of Cecil
itiiixius, a United Statc3 of South Africa, will
come to pass.
EX-EDlTOIl OF THE JOHANNESBURG
Philadelphia, October IB.
PHZEMYSL OR PSIIEMISHYL
To the Editor of the VvcnUw I.edpcr:
Sir .Vow that It has fallen or been relieved
or something. Isn't It In order to sitKgest thnt
the Ameiicnn newspapers pi hit Its nmne prop
erly. I iffor to the notorious foi tress whoso
name Is Pshemlshyl, but which all tho papeia
have persisted In calling an unpionouncoablo
f-et of lettcis, Pijscmysl. If we ate going to bo
neutral, why In the name of tho Muses can't
wi hnvo neutral American spelling? Tho fnct
thnt the letter "r" occurs In Polish nnd in
English (nnd lint a totally different sound In
each) shotidn't lurco lis to btcnk our tongues,
or afford tho liumoilstH so much amusement
The Russian, French, Yiddish and, for all I
know, the Tiiikis.li and Hindustan press, spell
the nnmo as It Is pionounccd. Why not civil
And by the way. what a howl we put up
about the simple.st names. My daughter, a
child of four, can pmuouncc Ekntcrlnoslav or
Pohcdlonoxti-ofir without a tremor. That K
when occasion nrlses, which, fnitunitcly lor
the peaco of tho family. Isn't often.
West Philadelphia, October 16.
CHRISTMAS OF A CHRISTIAN WAR
To tho Editor of the hxmlng Ledger:
Sir Half .1 dozen Chilstt.iu nations aie nt
war. Half it dozen Christian nations nre pray
ing to the Mini of i'e.ice to give them bloody
victory over their Christian enemies. Thnt Is
all thnt the faith nf Christ, tho Pacific, hns
como to mean to them.
And It Is pioposed that Christmas Day bo
celebrated by an mmlstlce! Is it n miserable
attempt to savo the face of Christ-professing
nnd war-making nations with lip-service? Or
)a It a ludicrous sntlre on the theological skele
ton In Europe?
It Is neither. It Is merely a reproof, a sting
ing, ciushlng reproof. For ono nf Christ's own
people, n Jew, a rabbi, calls for this armistice.
Philadelphia, October 17.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir As a reader of the Hvtjnino Lunonn, I
have been -very much pleased to oc tho excel
lent editorials on the subject of woman's suf
frage that have appeared recently in your paper.
Those of October and 13 contained especially
good arguments In which It would be hnicl to
find nn flaw. Thej must appeal to nil Intelll
gent peifeons. ESTHER JI. HELVHAUDT.
Philadelphia, October :o.
THE BABBLING FOOL
Tolerance Is a modern Invention. It Is not
a vlitue. It is n Mn.
Tolerant people aro cowards. They are tol
erant of everything of everything they tol
erate. Kven theoretical "tolerators" will not tol
erate intolerance. Yet nun cannot tolerate
what is right, ono can tolerato only what Is
wrong. That is tho definition of quiet sin
ning. Better to do what Js wrong than to
It Is said thnt this Is an ago of "broad
mindedness " Possibly. Rut even that is no
excuse for fatty degeneration of the brain
The Individual who cannot reject has no
light to accept.
"To understand all Is to forgive all," said
a French weakling. Hut "If thero is home,
thing to forgive in everything, there is aim
something to condemn." lepllecl u German
hero. To tolerate everything is to drop the
paddle. Drifting is good enough for a bum
mer"s afternoon It Is a fool's paradise.
So is tolerance.
Fierce hatred of what Is wrong In the world
is the beginning of all that is right. Fierce
hatred of the ugly is tho beginning of art.
Fierce intolerance of barbarism is tho be
ginning of civilization.
Hatred and intolemnce are tho springs
from which humanity takes its leap into the
future. Tolerance is tho quicksand of men
Love Is a selfish passion, jt demands a
return. Hatred is unselfish. Properly di
rected. It is as pure and nubje n passion ns
love. It is only when our hate goes out. In
stead of turning inward upon ourselves,
that hate becomes debased.
Tolerate nothing. Toleration is an im
pertinence. The weak man prays for tolerance. The
strong man prays, "Help me if I am riglit
Destroy me if I am wrong But in the name
of Heaven, save me from jour toleration ' '
A Prospective Harcy
From tat Boacon Herald
Thin, fur fliami) Clark bravely res'sts the
'trrec. WWte "0US ""
The New Father
Caller How old Is your baby?
....?' .h i"""" """ "a l,,rec ua old
The tare Free
I don't know much about Verdun:
I don't know who has lost or won; W
T dnn't knntv who In Vnmlnl. n ..!.-
- - ' " "nu tiuti
The Perfect Lover
"Does he make lovo nicely?"
"Does he 7 He can kiss In Maxlxe time,"
The saddest days of all the year
Set my broad chest a-heavlng,
For we must say a last farewell
Tho autumn trees arc leaving.
Seeking Information '
"This Is the hatchway," continued mf
nautical sharp, who was showing his friends
over tho vessel. -J
"And where are tho hens?" asked tho land-!
lubber, with deep Interest.
Tho James Boys m
Boston Is sure to feel a bitter sense of di
Uluslonmcnt pretty soon when it realizes that!
it was inn james anu noc iienry wno won
the world's series. Grand Rapid Press. 5
This Henry person could not be found In!
Spalding, but tho literary editor came lal
and explained ho wna a novelist and in thil
big league at that. fl
Incidentally, Mr. Henry James has Just"'
Issued a now book, "Notes on Novelists,"!
which contains more sense about novels andg
novelists than anything published since Mr. 1
James wroto tho Introductions to his own;f
works a few years ago. And those Introduc--
tlons, by tho way, were tho richest com-3
montary on tho art of tho novel since Mr.J
James wiotc "Tho Art of Fiction."
For nil that, If some one were to ask
"What Malslo Knew," It couldn't bo ex
plained In words of one syllable.
Whereas Mr. Bill James' pitching average'
in the world's series is Known 1,000 per?
Ballad in the Old Manner
(To Miss Gertrude Stein, the futurist poet 't
who asks, "Why Is thero no oyster closer?"',
WJl tl 1-l.llWIU l'(t)Vi fc 114 JJJlt J.V.UUC1 4
I know, dear heart, that with the shadows
Upon the day, when night's disasters crowd,'
You sit nnd listen to the oysters calling, I
Now soft, now loud. U
Their voices como to you, the white and .'
Shades of the deep Irrevocable past. H
To you their Inmost thoughts serene anl
Aro passed. (i
couiu 1 uui isnow me answer 10 your query, j
Could I but set your aching soul at rest,
I should rejoice na ono who sinned and,
And yet, my dear, your question Is a poser, ,
Or yet my brain to futuro-verse Is slow.
You ask me, why is there no oyster closer?
I don't know.
"How is It," they asked tho eminent author,
"that you no longer write tales of tho great'
"I paid a visit there recently," ho said,
"nnd It ruined my Imagination."
The Hero ".
Wo know a hero of unshaken gall:
A MTiall and slender man, but brave withaL
His Is a heart that never thinks of odds;
Tho most forbidding foe he thrusts and prods".
Ho never hesitates to .speak his mind,
E'en though the words are brtitul and unkind.
Alike 'nenth bitter maledictions and
Most dire threats his attitude Is bland.
He does not have to figure out tho cost!
His plan Is such thnt ho has never lost.
He wages war unaided and alone,
Ho is tho man who lights by telephone.
First Burglar Bill, did you get thosV
trousers In tho bedroom?
Second Burglnr Naw; didn't you see nil
wlfo had been nt them? Tho pockets were
turned Inside out.
An nlllng young mnn of Seville
Obtained from his doctor a pllle;
Ho was well for a while,
(Though the capsule was vile),
Until ho was given tho Utile.
"Why do they call those loud-striped crea
tions 'rainbow gowns'?"
"I presumo it Is because they are worn
by tho reigning belleB."
"Tho law of gravity operates to the ad
vantage of many a jokesmlth."
"Without It no one would full for their
An employer, who wns plainly and sadly,
wanting In tho element of tact, wildly berated
ono of his woman employes. The procedure,
In Itself, may have had full justification.
The meie fact of the scolding Is not Im
portant. Hut that which wns Important nnd de
plorablo was the condition under which he
carried on his tirade. He was doing it pub
licly before numerous; other employes. The
sting was. deep; tho young lady stood there
In abject horror and ahume.
One condition of tho situation, however,
fccrved as a sort of consolation. This was
thut tho excited gentleman who was Indulg'
lng In venting his spleen upon a defenseless
underling was himself a very special sort of
"small fry" tho sort that believes kingship
tn bo un excuse for tyranny. This man Is
not what we term successful.
If you want to tako the loyalty out of
your employes, tho quickest way to accom
plish It Is to criticise them publiclj. This
makes the gap between jou and them stand
on a personal basis rather than a business
Almost any employe will respect the gap
that separates the employer's business stand
ing from his or her own business standlnff.
Rut when this difference Is twisted into one
of pcibuuaiiticH, then the spirit of democ
racy asserts itself.
I know a man who patterns his aits after
those of a very domineering gentleman for
whom he formerly worked. When his
methods nre questioned by observing ac
quaintances he offers! the policies and habits
of his former emploer ns justification.
Tho sorry fact ubout his argument is that
his former emplojer Is not a success and
probably never will be
A big man worries about big tilings Dis
ciplining an emplojo public! und engender
ing shame and degradation is too small an
act for him to commit. He Is big enough to
see that un unloyal employe is u weak UnK
in nis ousiness cnaiti. inioyal empi-
wnrk r,ir vttt T r., I .. tn... ..mrl 'with;
-. -... v vm. -,, cl-'tUJCJ9 v J
juti. un nvc en me two there is a va
..ateamiiBiiiiirrriljfi i iny