Newspaper Page Text
PKICE ONJE CENT
PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1914.
COPTIKMT. 1014, ST mit PCBMO LlPOBI COHMItT.
VOL. I-NO. 37
i mil $LX2zf "wCW-sfiMc-waF- (q&gJi
' - . - .. -.
Pressure on Left in Bel
gium Causes French to
Push New Assaults in
Woevre and Argonne
German Bombardment on
St. Mihiel Communications
Is Met by French, Who
Take Thann in Vosges
Kaiser's Forces Meet Strong
Opposition by Intrenched De
fenders and Are Checked After
Successful Drive Across River
The Allies replied to the Gorman
assault on their Belgian lines today
by counter attacks in the Wocvrc and
Following their successful drive
across the River Yser, the Germans
have hecn unable to advance further
in the face of the firm stand taken by
V the Allies, according to the French
official communique issued today.
Though the Germans have succeed
ed in bringing up their heavy artillery
with which they arc shelling the en
trenchments of the defenders, it is
asserted the Allied front has been
It is stated that the battle line now
extends from a point near Nicuport,
between Dixmudc and Roulers, in Bel
gium, across the French border be
tween Arnicnticrcs and Lille, to the
west of La Basscc and Lens and to
the east of Arras.
Ostcnd, Nicuport and Dixmudc
have suffered severely from shell fire,
and the last-named city is in flames
after a terrific bombardment by the
In an effort to check the German
advance, the Belgians have flooded
the country around Di.xmude and
Nicuport by cutting the dykes.
Fire from the British fleet has
forced the Germans to abandon the
roadway between Ostend and Nieu
port. In what is apparently an effort to
divert the attention of the Germans
from the Belgians, the Allies have be
gun offensive movements in the cen
tre and against the German left wing.
In the Vosges district the French have
penetrated as far as Thann and have
taken possession of that town.
In the Argonne region the French
have taken the village of Mclzicourt,
commanding the valley of the Aisne.
In the Wovre district, on the
French right, the Germans are using
heavy guns in an attempt to break
the French line of communication to
ward St. Mihiel through the Thiau-court-Nousard
The Germans have been forced back
50 miles from the Vistula, thus check
ing the invasion of Poland, with War
saw and thence Petrograd as objec
tives. Austrian troops have been used
to cover the general German retreat
to its bases near the Silesia-Poland
frontier. These, according to Petro
grad War Office, are some 50 miles
in their rear.
On the San River in the southern
field of operations the Austrian ad
ance has been stopped, Petrograd
Russians are at a standstill in Ga-
Concluded ou I'age Four
for Philadelphia and vieinity
Generally cjoudy, unsettled and
'lightly cooler tonight and Tuesday;
Moderate southwest winds, changing
for details see last page.
A STRAP OR A SEAT?
Tho EvENtNa Ledger printed on
Saturday, October 24, a notable
article In which were set forth tho
transit problems of Philadelphia and
the progress of the plana for their
nolutton, together with the obstacles
encountered In the attempt to put
these plans Into speedy operation.
The Evening Ledger will begin the
publication of a scries of articles
dealing with tho peculiar problems
of each Important geographical sec
tion of tho city. The first of these
nrtlcles will deal with
And the northeast, whom nearly
125,000 riders dally are obliged to
uso tho present Inadequate transit
facilities. It Is a Journey of at least
49 minutes from FranUford to the
city's business centre.
Tho Evening Lnoonn will also
reprint, by request of a largo num
ber of readers, tho authoritative ar
ticle of lost Saturday, In which tho
present status of rapid transit In
Philadelphia Is so admirably re
viewed and explained.
GERMANS EVACUATE LODZ,
IMPORTANT BASE IN POLAND
Flight Is Precipitate 75 MileB From
PETROGRAD, Oct. 26.
Tho following official statement has boen
given out here:
"Tho precipitate (light of Germans con
"They arc evacuating Lodz, 75 mlteB
west southwest of Warsaw.
"They made an unsuccessful attempt to
arrest an offensive Russian movement by
clinging to positions at Sokhatchoff, 'frox
which, however, they were dislodged with
Lodz is ono of tho Important German
bases In tho invasion of Poland.
BRITAIN ASSURES AMERICA
COTTON IS NOT CONTRABAND
Ambassador Promises That Ship
ments Will Not Be Halted.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 26. Sir Cecil
Spring-Rice, Tlrltlsh Ambassador, today
officially notified Acting Secretary of State
Lansing that Great Britain had no In
tention of placing cotton on the contra
band list, and that American shipments
of cotton to Germany or Austria would
not be Interfered with.
This statement of the Brtltsh Ambassa
dor dispels a fear entertained by this
Government that American cargoes of cot
ton would bo detained or prevented from
reaching their destination.
In order to prevent possible delay in
the receipt of American cargoes sent
abroad the Ambassador requested tho
State Department to Instruct American
shippers plainly to Indicate the nature
and destination of their cargoes on the
accompanying bills of lading. Such a
procedure, the British Ambassador point
ed out, would greatly facilitate their de
livery. At the conference between Acting Sec
letary Lansing and tho Ambassador the
former stated that ho had been officially
notified by the Danish Government that
Denmark had established an embargo on
the exportation of all kinds of oil, and
that tho other neutral European coun
tries had done likewise.
JAPANESE SINK AUSTRIAN
CRUISER IN KIAO-CHAU BAY
Interned Warship Destroyed by
Shells From the Hills.
PEICIN, Oct. 26.
neports reaching the Japanese Lega
tion here declare that an Austrian cruiser,
which took refuge in the harbor at Klao
Chau at tho outbreak of the war, has
been sunk by the Japanese.
Heavy artillery posted on the hills, near
the hurbor mouth, destroyed the Austrian
AIRMAN AIMS BOMB AT
GERMAN CROWN PRINCE
Missile Kills Fifteen and Injures
Twenty-two at Revigiiy.
PARIS, Oct. 26. The Excelsior corre
spondent at Vitry-le-Francois, Depart
ment of Murne. has sent the following
dispatch to his paper:
"The town- of Revigny, 12 miles from
here, where Crown Prince Frederick
William of Germany had his headquar
ters several weeks ago, at that time
received a visit from a French aero
plane. The operators of the atrshlp
dropped a bomb which killed 15 people
and Injured 22 others, but the Crown
Prlnco was uninjured "
A Havas Agency dispatch from Pet
rograd says that the French aviator, M.
I'olrtt, who is serving with the Rus
sian army, outwitted and escaped three
German aeroplanes through flying at a
louer level. He brought back to the
Russian lines Important Information of
tho movements of the enemy along the
ENGLAND ORDERS 200 TRUCKS
Syracuse Auto Company Will Rush
Work on Motors.
SYRACUSE, N. Y., Oct. 26.-An order
for 00 three-ton motor trucks has been
received from England by a local auto
moolle company at an aggregate cost of
(720.O0O. Some of the machines are to be
shipped to England and the others to
France for use In tho war It Is the
largest order et received here from any
of the warring nations and camu from
Arthur M. Laycock, of Loudon, who
has obtained the exclusive contract of
supplying the Allies with motorcars.
The company already has Increased Its
force and will rush the order The cars
are to be of the same type as those used
by the New York National Guard, hav
ing an eipreaa body and tarpaulin top.
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MRS. CARMAN FREE ON BAIL
FOLLOWING JURY DEADLOCK
Gives $25,000 Bond Glad to Bo
Home, But Boen't Know What to Do.
NEW TORK, Oct. 26. Mrs. Florence
Carman, whose trial for the murder of
Mrs. Louise Bailey ended in a disagree
ment of the Jury yesterday, was admitted
to $5,000 ball this afternoon in tho Su
preme Court in Brooklyn. Tho proceed
ings were conducted In chambers before
Judge Kelby, who presided at the murder
trial in Mlneola last week. Mrs. Car
man, accompanied by one of her lawyers,
George M. Levy, and by District Attorney
Lewis J. Smith, of Nassau County, spent
ten minutes In conference with Judge
L'pon an agreement as to the amount
tho ball bond was hastily signed and
Mrs. Carman loft for her Freeport home
In nn automobile.
Mr. Carman's ball bond was signed
by Smith Cox and Ernest Randall, two
friends of the Carman family in Free
port. Upon her arrival at her home in Free
port Mrs. Carman was welcomed by her
husband and daughter.
"I am glad to get home, but I don't
know what 'todo," declared Mrs. Car
Upon his return from Judge Kelby's
court at Brooklyn, where tho bail pro
ceedings took pluce. District Attorney
Smith said it was his intention to go
befora tho appellate division of the Su
premo Court and request that a justice
bo assigned to come hero for the purposo
of trying Mrs. Carman a second time.
"I am ready to go to trial as soon as
tho necessary details canNbe orranged.
"I did oppose. Mrs. Carman's application
for bail fortho reason that there is no
doubt in nfr mind that she will be Just
as available for trial while she is In nor
home as she would be If she were con
fined In a cell."
TWO INJURED IN CAR CRASH
AT EIGHTH AND SPRUCE STS.
Other Passengers Narrowly Escape
Injury From Flylnff Glass.
Two persons weie hurt nnd many mhers
narrowly escaped Injury today when a
south-bound car on Sth street ran Into
an east-bound Spruce street car. at Sth
and Spruce streets. The rear of the
Spruce street car was battered In, nnd
the forward platform of tho 8th street
car was badly dented.
Mrs. Anna Murphy, 7SS Moyamenslng
avenue, and Phillip Black, IH3 North
2d street, both passengers on the Spruce
street car were Injured. Black's head was
cut by flying glass, and Mrs. Murphy
was stunned. Both were taken to the
VON MOLTKE RUMORED DYING
Failure of Staff Chief's Plans Ag
THE HAGUE. Oct. 26.
It Is learned from a seml-ofnclal source
that Count Helmuth von Moltke, Chief
of the German General Staff, Is at
He has been seriously III for a fort
night! his sickness being aggravated by
the failure of the General Staff's mili
tary plans in France and the displeasure
of the Kaiser.
General von Falkenhayn Is acting
Chief of the General Staff.
JAPAN OBJECTS TO U. S.
HAVEN FOR GERMAN SHIPS
Contention Is Made That Repairs to
Geier Ate Finished.
TOKIO, Oct 4.-The Japanese Gov
ernment has lodged a. protest with the
United SUtes Government against the
German warship Qeier twins allowed to
staj an longer In the port of Honolulu
The Grler put Into Honolulu for re
pairs, which, th protest asserts, haya
already been made,
"THE HANDS OFESATJ"
Today's instalment of thli remark
able series of articles on political con
ditions in Philadelphia deals with the
INFLUENCE OF RUM
... "IN CITY COUNCILS,
It discusses tho methods of the po
litical ring, working through the llauor
Interests, to accomplish Its sinister
purposes. In the editorial page of this
17,000 IN STRONG
Great Crowds Cheer as
Colonel on Tour of State
Flays Senator as Dominant
rsou oca STArr coiuiusrosnE.sT.
POTTSVILLK, Ta., Oct. 26. Theodore
Roosevelt, displaying his old-time punch
nnd vigor, unmercifully Hayed Penrose
and Penroselsm In his swing from Easton
across Northampton, Lehigh and Schuyl
kill Counties to Pottsvtlle this morning.
When he had finished the first half day
of his Invasion of Pennsylvania he had
addressed about 17,000 men, women and
children., nnd It Is estimated that fully
50,000 will have heard the Bull Moose
leader by night. Although the Colonel is
getting the crowds, he is encountering
little Progressive enthusiasm except In
.Schuylkill County, which is still n Pro
In Palmer's district his broadsides
against Penrose stirred the throngs to
wild enthusiasm, but when he udvocated
the election of the entire local Wash
ington party ticket, as he did at every
stop, the crowds became Bllent.
Tho Itooscvelt special left Jersey City
at 7:63 this morning. tAt Ludlow, N. J
12 miles east of Easton, a delegation of
Progressives from northeastern Pennsyl
vania hoarded the train nnd greeted tho
All three candidates to succeed A.
Mitchell Palmer as Congressman from
the Northampton, Monroe, Carbon and
Pike District were in tho party. Bdwoid
Post, of Easton, Id the Washington party
nomineo; H. G Steele, of Easton. (s the
Demociatic nominee, and John D. Hoff.
man. of Rethlehem, Is the Itepuhllcan
DUTY OF PENNSYLVANIA.
"Pennsylvania must stay In tho van of
the great movement, and keep the place it
held two jears ago," he said. "The one
controllns Interest In this fight is to get
rid of Senator Penrose and everything
that appertains to him There is on
man and one onl who can bsat Senator
Penrose, and that Is GifTord Pinchot. If
you don't vote for Glfford Pinchot. you
give elthr a whole vote or half a vote
"Stand by Gifford Plnohot. Stand by
McCormlck, too, to get rid of the whole
He spoke for the entire local ticket ana
In favor of Progressive bills.
"Lust ir. although the Progressives
did not have complete control of the
Legislature. the put through thre Pro
grevlvo bills in the House." continued the
I'olonel "They were a corrupt practices,
act, child labor bill mid a workmen's
' Then Penrose Senata knifed all three.
Concluded ou Vso Two.
GIRL AND HER SWEETHEART
FOUND LIFELESS IN GARAGE
Police Believe Couple Carried Out
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Oct. 25. Beside a,
truck in the garage of the Milwaukee
Cusket Company, Alma Leopold, 17-year-old
girl, and Fred Oehler, her sweet
heart, carried out what tho police be
lieve was a suicide pact early today.
Employes broke down the locked doors
of the garage and found the girl's body,
a bullet wound In her head, lying beside
the truck. Sitting in tho front scat of
the truck, one lifeless hand still gripping
tho wheel, they found Oehler, who was
an employe of the company. There was a
powder-scarred bullet wound on tho right
side of his head. A revolver and a bottle
of poison lay at his feet.
Two notes. In different handwriting,
were found on an order blank of the
company. They read:
Kindly notify EdwarJ Htraua. Phone coroner.
Thinks for this favor and for all past favors.
Kindly notify Mrs. II Leopold Alma Leo-
The girl's body was cold, showing she
had ben dead several hours. Oehler'i
body was uarm, Indicating he had killed
hinuelf hut a few minutes before the
bodies wero iound.
BULLET TAKES EYESIGHT
University Student, in 111 Health,
James W. Fryer, the University of
Pennsylvania student who shot himself
while visiting his hrothcr-ln-law in
Germantown, hnjs lost the sight of both
eyes ns a result. There Is little hope
for his recovery. He Is In the German
Fryer Is an honor graduate of the
Central High School and entered the
University with the Intention of com
pleting the four-year course in three
years. Realizing that his health was
failing, lie became melancholy. He had
suffered a nervous breakdown and en- I
tered a sanitarium. He went to the
home of his brother-in-law, George K.
Boger, 303 Seymour street, Germantown,
last week, apparently In mucli better
health. Yesterday morning ho shot him
self In the head. The bullet entered
near the ee
Three students committed suicide at
the Unlvujslty last year. In each case
overstudy was given as the cause.
MIXED WEATHEB, IN OCTOBER
Snow and Sunshine Alternate in the
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Oct. 2.-Mllwau-kee
saw its first snow of the year today,
when the weatherman delivered weather
direct from Medicine Hat or Wyoming.
For a few minutes during the morning
there was sleet, then for half an hour
bright sunshine, followed by a light snow.
Sunshine and fine snow flakes, driven
before a strong wind, alternately held
the upper hand during the morning.
MARQUETTE. Mich. Oct. ; -a near
bllzzard today brought northern Michigan
Its first snowstorm of the season. High
seas are rolling on Lake Superior and
shipping U tU'it up.
I.OGUE IN SWIFT CAMPAIGN
Congressman J. Washington Logue. of
the Sth District, starts tonight on a
whirlwind tour of the wards included In
his district He will hold open-air meet
ings t points deemed the most important
and will endeuvor to cover them all in a
fiual rauvaM before Election Day
Having bn kept busy in I'ougress un
til last Saturday. Congressman l.ogue re
turned to thU city to Dud little attention
has been given hU Hgtll for re election
Ha wtU take personal ..li.uKt of tho
wninwina campaign. His Jisin-t in.
SENATE HAS PROOF
TO LINK PENROSE
WITH. "SLUSH FUND"
Collections Twice the Size of Lorimer's
Indicated in Testimony That Was
Prepared for Committee, Making Case
Darker Than That Against Illinois Man.
Senator's Re-election Would Be Signal
for Immediate Investigation The
Evening Ledger Obtains Much of the
Evidence for Publication.
Tho Evening LlSDOEr. has obtained for
publication much of the evidence which
was to have been presented to tho Sen
ate Committee on Privileges and Elec
tions had that body voted to investigate
the methods employed to gain the Ite
publlcan senatorial nomination in Penn
sylvania for Boies Penrose.
Parts of this evidence, Including the
reproduction of letters, outlining the en
tiro Investigation, naming witnesses and
what Is expected to be proved by each,
ns well as making public the recent ac
tivity of the liquor bipartisan combine
to re-elect Penrose, nre available for
publication In the Evening Ledoeh.
It has been learned from an authorl
tatlvo source that. In the event of the
election of Penrose, the Investigation,
backed by the power of the Administra
tion, will begin Immediately.
Republican and Democratic members of
the Senate who have examined the docu
mentary evidence and the statements of
witnesses, maintain that Penrose will
never take his seat In the Senate should
he be elected.
Several Senators have gone so far as
to state that the case against Penrose
will be far easier to prove than was the
one against William Lorimer. of Illinois,
who lost his sent by a vote of 55 to 2S.
"SLUSH FUND" EXCEEDS LORI
MER'8. Following a resolution presented In thj
Senate by Sonator George W. Norrls, of
Nebraska, calling for an Investigation of
the methods employed to effect the Sena
torial nominations of Boles Penrose, Re
publican, and Roger C. Sullivan, Demo
crat, of Illinois, the Committee on Priv
ileges and Elections conducted a cursory
Investigation to determine whether a sub
committee should Investigate the nomina
tions nnd report to the Senate.
Convincing testimony was presented
showing that a "slush fund," twice as
large as that used to elect Lorimer to
the Senate, had been raised in the in
terests of Penrose. It was also testi
fied, to the satisfaction of the majority
of tho committee, that enormous sums
had been obtained by a direct assess
ment on manufacturers throughout the
State, that Old Guarn Democrats were
financially supporting Penrose, and that
no mention of this money was found in
the primary expense account filed by
The committee decided, after hearing
the testimony, that nn Investigation
should be made after election.
LIQUOR MEN'S INFLUENCE SEEN.
It Is known that a sufficient number of
Senators privately promised to force the
Investigation before the November elec
tion. Within a week after the promises
had been given several mysterious calls
were made. A prominent politician from
Indiana, a close friend of Mr. Sullivan,
EXTRA SESSION NOT IN PLAN I
OF THE PRESIDENT NOW
To Call Conference of Senators After
Election to Map Out Program.
WASHINGTON. Oct SS.-Presldant Wil
son Is not now thinking of calling an
extra session of Congress in November,
or after March 4. He said that shortly
after election he would call Into confer
enct pome leading Senators to map out
the legislative program of the winter ses
slnn. Ills belief today was that It would
take until Februarj to dispose of ap.
Then bills already passed by one House,
or demanding early attention by reason
of their importance, will be considered,
in the order of their Importance.
The President fcald he expected to go
ahead with the Government ship pur
chase bill unless matters of greater Im
portance demanded attention. Conserva
tion bills will be the chief consideration
of the wlntr session.
The President was inclined to ,' il tnat
no cotton legislation need be attempted,
as he felt recent relief measures were
clearing up the situation. Cessation of
hostilities abroad, however, he believed
would be the only real remedy for the
South' condition. He expected consider
able relief from the fact that this Gov
ernment has assurance that all ports
will be open to cotton cargoes.
SEVEN-TON CHEESE READY
Largest on Record Made for Panama
UT1CA. N. Y. Oct. 35 -The largest
cwe on record, weighing uearly svven
tons, has just ben completed at Wejt
Martioeburg. LewU County Ta cbeM
has ben made for exhibition at tli Pan-ama-Paciflc
Exposition in San Francisco
nex. ear. and its munufa, inn. ro.,,ruH
ltW.000 pounds of milk It measures fi.ur
feet la circumference.
together with an ofTlcl.il who holds
of tho most Important posts in the co
try, exerted Influence to call off tho
.;oiiniiuii uiun ancr election. . , t
There Is much speculation in thl,lc1'Ket
ital as to the arguments advanced Sjtiful
turned the tide in the committee.
generally believed, however, and, in e i.
open' stated by many In Congress 1 .aejf
tho national liquor interests wor' No
through this prominent Washington -jue.
flclal. ' for
To gain a postponement was the at
of the Penrose workers, while not a fei'ag
of tho Democrats believed this a wist
course to pursue, as the Pcnnsylvnnlalt
Senator would become one of the greatenem
assets of the Democratic party In 1916. lal
should he be expelled from the Senate. in
In short, a postponement, so eagerly &
sought by tho liquor Interests and old-line A
Republican Senators, dovetailed with such e
a nicety Into many of tho Democratic
plans that no specific date for tho proba
was set. Tho committee returned a re-lnB
port that a sufficient number of Senators to.
could not find time to conduct the in- to
vestlgatlon before election. bit
VAST AMOUNT OF EVIDENCE. iAl
Since the presentation of documentary '"
evidence to the Senators a vast amount
of new evidence has been disclosed. Thli.
like the former, has been obtained by in-r5'
ternal revenue collectors, detectives em-"
ployed by several Democratic county
committeemen, and a mass of evldenco
has been procured from brewers, retail
liquor dealers and manufacturers who
have refused to pay tho political assess
ments and will name on the witness stand
In addition, the registration In Fayette
County, where the machine of State Sena
tor Crow, Rppubllcan State Chairman,
has perpetrated registration frauds sur
passing tho halcyon gang days In this
city, will come under the scope of tho
Senator Crow is listed as a witness ,n
tho event of the Penrose probe to explain
tho registration frauds, and to account
for expenditures alleged to havo been
made during the campaign.
In brief tho evidence gathered indicates
the following facts:
First. That a "slush fund" was gath
ered by direct assessment of saloon
keepers, browers and distillers.
Second That the bipartisan liquor
combine worked nnd Is working for Pen
rose and is disregarding the Brumbaugh
Third. That the Old Guard Democrats
are supporting Penrose.
Fourth. That there has been a general
"hold-up" of manufacturers In Pennsyl
vania, through the elforts of the Penn
sylvania Protective Union and a finance
committee In Pittsburgh.
Fifth. That the Penrose machine has
enrolled thousands of fraudulent votes to
make sure tho election
PENROSE-UQUOR MEN TRAIN
GUNS ON LOCAL OPTION
Final Battle Now On to Elect Rum's
List of Candidates.
Liquor interests today brought into play
their heaviest campaign siege guns to
batter down local option forts and send
Boles Penrose buck to the United States
Senate The final battle is now on to
elect candidates formally indorse! by the
Pennsj lvanin State Brewers' Association
the Pennsylvania Wholesale Liquor Dea.
ers' League and the Pannsylvania Retail
Liquor Dealert,' Ashnclatlon.
Shortly before tho primaries a list of
candidates favored by liquor men for
nomination was Issued Compared with
the list of candidates published by the
Secretary of the Commonwealth, tho
other shows that purveyors of rum haw
in the field a candidate for United Statts
Senator, three for Congressmen-at-Larg,
K for District Congressmen, 30 for the
State Senate and 1S7 for Representatives
tn the General Astembh
Boles Penroc. whose picture has formed
so prominent a part in the deeoratf.o
scheme of saloons, heads the list of can
didates approved by liquor dealers JI
Is the only man for the post of United
States Senator favored by them.
One of the bet-knuwn Penrose work
ers in the State Is also supported by tli
rum seller. He is William E. Crow. Re
publican Slate chairman, manager of tin
Penrose campaign and candidate for ths
State Snate from Kaytte County.
Prohibition candidates for the Houst
of Repnwntaties who hav been n
dorsed by the liquor dealers are Josei J
II McArdie. of the Uth I'hlladelpli a
District. Robert Smith and Laopold I
Glass, of tbe 1st Philadelphia D4trf t
and Hontce W Crutuer. of lb ttk Pti
"There U oer helming Mutinunt m
favor of a local option bill Friends
the movement all over the Stat are r
thuniasTic as to tba outlook. Th slti.a-.
tun today is more favofablo than It w
two years ago."