Newspaper Page Text
"pv Wfrrr t
CZAR LOSES 150,000,
j BROWNED IN TRAPS
Aged and Invalid General
, Turns Tide of Victory in
East Prussia, Returned
m NEW TOIIK. Oct. IS.-A talc of ad
ventures within tlio German war lines
nai told jestorday by Henry Ulhlcln, Jr ,
vho arrived from Europo Saturday on
th notterdam. Mr. Ulhlcln said that he
, fled from Cologno In a military auto
mobile with German officers going to the
front Ho reached Mego Just after It had
,, fallen, then went to Antwerp, but escaped
. fiom the horrors of the Blcgo and finally
reached Holland nnd safety.
Americans, ho said, will bo thrilled
and horrified when the full details of tho
present struggle are mado known.
While staying at a. hotel In Frankfurt
"" en-Main Mr. TJIhleln wa.s given tha
protection of Major General V. Drat of
" the Seventeenth Army Corps, and from
1 "him he learned that tho Kaiser mado his
- hurried flight from Mots to Eastern
Prussia In order to stem tho tide of de
feat that then threatened tha German
"The Kaiser placed General von Hlnden-
, fcurg In supreme charge of both tho Ger-
..man and Austrian armies In tho east,"
said Mr Ulhlcln. "Although this general
IV Is old and Is such a helpless Invalid that
he hss to bo carried about In a chair
Germany's battle fortunes changed from
the hour of nil appointment, until now
,, not another Russian Is loft on German
territory. Tho Kaiser later visited Em
' " peror Franz Joseph and had this appoint
ment, tho greatest honor that has been
conferred In tho present war, confirmed.
DROWNS 1SO.0OO rtUSSIANS.
"General von Hlndenburg's first achieve
ment waa to drown loO.OOO Russians In
the swamps around Rastonburg and cap-
" ture 80,000 prisoners. Troops were landed
at Koenlgsberg and sent south: another
army forced Its way north from Poscn,
until the Invading Russians were caught
" at Barlen. There a. throe-day battle was
fought, with tha result that tho Russian"?
were forced Into swamps. They drowned
f there by tho thousands Reports later
described how tho vast chorus of cries
of the drowning soldlors filled tha gloomy
, countryside at night For this deed Gon
' eral von Illndenburg was awarded tho
honor pour la merlte."
"All tho deeds dona by tho Germans."
said Mr. Ulhleln, "wcro resorted to be
cause of somo military necessity. Every
man found In a house from which a shot
had been fired on tho German victorious
troops was taken out and shot. In tho
little Belgian town of DIest, 13) Belgians
. ere taken from one house, lined up In
the street and 119 of them Immediately
' killed. One escaped. By a freak of fate
I not a bullet hit him. If a condemned
' soldier is not killed" at tho first volley
the Germans allow him to go free.
1 ANTWERP SIEGE "FBARFUU"
I 'The siege of Antwerp was too fearful,
' too awful to describe. As I fled with
thousands of othors on the night before
Antwerp fell, like thousands of others, I
; crouched along the sides of the buildings,
as one will during a rain, to avoid being
' struck by tho falling splinters of bursting
! shells. Nona of tho descriptions of that
; awful night have been exaggerated. Tha
cries of sobbing, fainting women strug
! sling In the boats as they tried to cross
! the Schelt wrung one's soul. They
1 drowned each other. I wan prostrated
'. when Anally I reached Amsterdam In a
. HEROIC BELGIANS
: SACRIFICED SQUAD
. TO SAVE MAIN ARMY
Small Band of Soldirs Held
Back German Onrush at
Mullem While Antwerp
r" IONDON, Oct M.
"All the Allies must take' off their hats
to the Belgian army, which, for several
days, has been holding in check two en
tire Get man corps near Dlxmude, frus
trating tha German .designs on the strip
of territory between Dunkirk and Calais,"
eajs a despatch to the Times from one of
Us correspondents in Northern France.
The message continues:
"It Is now permitted to explain how tha
Belgian army was able to take up a po
sition on tha Tser Canal; in other words,
how it was able to make a successful
retreat from Antwerp in faca of the elab
orate plans of the Germans.
"The Belgian army escaped what might
be felt amounted to annihilation by a.
magnificent feat of nrms. It sent a force
of a few thousand men to the neighbor
hood of Mullem (In East Flanders, 13
miles southwest of Ghent), with orders to
hold back the pursuing enemy at all
rests for a sufficient period to cover tha
retreat of the main army, which hugged
the Dutch frontier on Its seaward march
The battle of Mullem eventually resulted
In the virtual annihilation of tho gallant
little body of Belgian fighters, but it
meant the salvation of tha Belgian army
nd their Allies.
"The situaUon of the Belgians and
French at Dlxmude has undergone a
change for the better in the last few
Js This does not mean, however,
that the Germans arc on tho run. Much
ter will run through tha Yser before
the Germans will definitely abandon
their design upon the northern coast.
"The reports of a German retreat to
ward Bruges are anticipatory and exag
gerated. Tha retreat up to the present
a mtter of a mile or two, made in
oraer to get further away from the guns
eooard tha warships The Germans are
now Intrenched a, mile or more inland
ana consequently are able to pay less
V'ntlon to sea attacks
,..i ,caua.ltles in tha Belgian army
auring (6 fighting about Dlxmude have
jen tremendously heavy. 'but the spirit
the troops u still wonderful."
Unemployment and War
ni?l2f,r''8 ttdJ'd by tha British
niV . Trad t0 "' all the principal
.,!? .-cturr how that eraplojers cov
." " rer rent of ttn n Irpfrp- ,-,.
frM n tha returns receive 1 have not
BclaJy affected by the war
BAN LIFTED FROM CODE
ADDRESSES TO WAR ZONE
Messages, However, Must Be in Plain
English or French Text,
NEW YORK, Oct. 2G.-The Western
Union Telegraph Company announces it
has been advised by tho European au
thorities that, beginning today, coda ad
dresses, which had been registered be
fore July 1, 1914, may be used In mes
sages to the United Kingdom, France,
Russia, Japan, Egypt nnd Belgium
(when communication has been restored),
and also to the possessions of those
Tho text of all messages must be writ
ten, as before. In plain English or
French, nnd are to bo signed by the
sender. Cqdo addresses as signature are
r.ot permitted, however. Incoming mes
sage1) bearing code addresses registered
before that date will bo delivered as
usual, but messages bearing code ad
dresses registered after June 20 will not
TAKEN BY GERMANS
UP TO OCTOBER 21
Among 5401 Officers
Held, Says Announcement.
Food for Captives of War.
BERLIN, Oct. 26.
Up to October 21 the Gorman armies
In tho eastern nnd western theatres of
war had taken 208,563 prisoners of war,
It was announced today. These Included
5101 officers, of whom 27 aro generals.
In nddltlon to those enumerated many
moro prisoners are on their way to
detention camps, nnd their numbers
have not yet been officially compiled.
German military men predict that by
tho end of this month there will bo
moro than 325,000 prisoners of war In
terned in Germany. Tho prisoners
taken up to October 21 aro classified in
the report ns follows:
French Offlcors, 2472: prlvatos, 146,697.
Russians Officers, 2164; privates, 104,521.
Belgians Oftlcors, 647; privates, 31,378.
English Officers 21S; privates, S669.
Of the 27 generals In Gorman fortresses,
IS aro Russian, six French and three
The official German army organ, n
copy of which has beon received here,
states that the German wounded receive
the same food from tho Allies that Is
given to the sound prisoners of war. On
tho other hand, wounded soldiers of the
allied armies, who are taken prisoner, re
ceive tho samo food that tho German
POSITION IN POLAND,
Aggression Constant and
Fierce Against Reinforced
Russians, War Office Says.
Success in Carpathians.
VIENNA, Oct 26.
Russia has sent strong reinforcements
to tha army opposing tha Austro-German
forces in Gallcla and southwestern
Poland, according to an official announce
ment by the War Offica today. Tha state
"Austrian and German forces have
taken up a position In a nearly uninter
rupted line from the northern spurs of tho
Carpathians, by tha way of Stary and
Bambor, beforo the fortress of Przemysl,
to tha Polish part of tho Vistula River
and to tha district of Plock. This force
is opposing tha main army of the Rus
sians, which has been heavily reinforced
by troops from tho Caucasus, Siberia and
"The Austrian offensive movement
across the Carpathians attracted strong
"In tho middle of Gallcla. where both
armies occupy fortified positions, the bat
tle is stagnant.
"Northeast of Przemysl. and on tha
lower San, the Austrians have had sev
"In Russian Poland strong forces are
facing each other, and since Saturday
there has been fighting north of the Vis
tula between Ivangorod and Warsaw "
DREADNOUGHT OF AIR LANES
SEIZED; USED BY RUSSIANS
Manunonth Machine Turned Against
Fob in Warsaw Battle,
PARIS. Oct. 2
A remarkable new aerial dreadnought
has been captured by the Russians In
Transylvania, with her pilot, the famous
aviator, Blatche, according to a Petro
grad dispatch to tha Temps.
The machine measures 60 feet between
the wings, is S5 feet long, carries two men,
has an automatic engine and ample ac
commodation for a quick firing gun and
The Russians are using it with wonder
ful results near Warsaw They ara also
repairing a captured Zeppelin to use it
against the enemy.
GERMANY TO HOLD SUGAR
Government Will Curb Present Un
LONDON. Oct 26.-A dispatch from
Berlin says that It Is semi-ofnclally an
nounced there that the Government will
regulate the exportation of sugar so that
tha larger part of the crop will be kept
The Government announced at tha be
ginning of the war that it would per
mit the free exportation of sugar, and
its change, of course, has been made on
tho advice of leading agriculturists.
MONARCH'S EXCHANGE CROSSES
Kaiser and King of Saxony Bestow
LONDON. Oct M -A wireless dispatch
received here tonight from Berlin saa
"The King of Saxony has bestowed
upon the Emperor the Rltter Cross and
the Grand Cross of the Military Order
of St Helnrlch Emperor William, In
return, has bestowed on the King tho
Order of the Iron Cross, first and r
EVENING T.-RTGEH-PHILAPELPHIA-, MONDAY, OCTOBER
BOER REBELS AGAIN
ROUTED IN CHARGE
BY UNION SOLDIERS
Commander Reports Sur
render of 91 Men and Two
Maxims Belonging to
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa, Oct. 26.
Another defeat for tho South African
rebels Is officially communicated In a
statement given out by tho Government
The statement relates that a telegram
received from Colonel VnnDerventer In
Cnlvlnla, about 200 miles north of Cnpe
Town and 100 miles Inland from the At
lantic coast, asserts he Is engaging a por
tion of the rebel forces and a number
of Germans with them. Nlncty-one rebels,
Including four officers, have surrendered
to tho Nandes scouts.
Ho liqn captured two Maxim guns and
a number of rifles. The Maxims belonged
to the union defense forces. Their crows,
who had refused to serve against the
union, had been made prisoners by tho
At tho time of telegraphing, Colonol Van
Derventer waa still engaging tho enemy.
It Is officially announced that Colonel
Maritz, leader of the rebels, tried to
induce Colonel Brits to rebel also, writ
ing to htm as "My Dear Old Brits, who
fought with me in tho South African
War.;' In a long letter, he says: "I
have declared South Africa Independ
ent." Colonel MarlU, In this letter, men
tions the torms under which the Ger
man Government will treat with South
Africa, including Independence for It,
for Germans nt Walftsh Bay and of
Islands opposite Southwest Africa. It
is mentioned also that South Africa may
annex Dclagoa Bay.
"If tho rebellion falls the rebels en
tering German t6rrltory will bo treated
as German subjects," It says.
BRITISH SUBJECTS DRIVEN
FROM BELGIAN COAST TOWNS
Germann Assert Spies Are Directing
Firo of Warships.
PARIS, Oct 26. All British subjects
living in Belgian coast towns between
Mariarkcrke and Knocke-sur-Mnr have
beon expelled and ordered Into Holland.
This Is the result of tho Issuance of a
German proclamation at Ostcnd assert;
Ing that British spies were directing tho
fire of the British warships.
A tralnload of British residents left
Ostend Saturday afternoon, mostly old
men and boys. They were warned not
to return to German territory under se
vere penalty. The entire staff of tho
Hotel Majele In Ostend waa arrested
on suspicion. One of tho first shots fired
into Ostend by a British warship wrecked
the dining room of tho Majestic, killing
several German officers dining there.
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Egg . . $7.00 Nut . . $7.50
Stove . $7.25 Pea . . $5.50
25c Extra if Carried.
GEO. B. NEWTON COAL CO.
IOZI UHESTJNUT STHEET
I l III1 II I 'I ! mi
General Rennenkampf, who Is leading
the Russian army Into East Prussia-, was
a cavalry general during tho Russo
Japanese war. He took a conspicuous
part in the battle of Mukden and In other
great conflicts, and camo out of tho war
with a great reputation, although ho was
charged with needlessly sacrificing largo
bodies of troops in order to achieve bril
liant exploits. He Is noted ns a scvoro
disciplinarian. During tho war General
Rennenkampf disgraced and sent to tho
rear 85 officers for lying. '
Moro than 300 Germans who were cither
born In Groat Britain or are naturalized
citizens hae had their names changed
by duo process of law since war was de
clared. Following aro a few of tho Ger
man tinmen nnd the names that displaced
them, ns shown In court records:
'ttlussmnn, Maclaren; Rosenthal, Rod
ncflfeolsch, Bathurst: Howltz, Howard;
SqpKaack, May man;
An English soldier ehot four times, once
In tho stomach, twice In one leg and once
In his thigh, was taken to the Red Cross
hospital nt Poitiers In nn ambulance. Ho
crawled out of the ambulanco unaided,
although with some difficulty. Then ho
hobbled Into n barber Bhop next doonjtp
tho hospital. 7.
It was explained to him that ho made
a mistake that he was In the barber
shop, not tho hospital.
"I know that!" ha exclaimed, rather
petulantly. "But I want a shavo first
and want it right away."
He got It
Caught weaponless whll digging
trenches, a British forco In Belgium, con-'
slstlng of n Middlesex company, put up a
stubborn fight against a party of Ger
mans, using only their baro fists, accord
ing to Private William Court, who has
gono homo wounded.
"Tho Middlesex company was digging
a trench," he said, "and was not
equipped for fighting. All of a sudden a
hordo of Germans rushed on them. I
never saw such a display of grit in my
life. Those Middlesex men, with their
baro hands, wont after those Gcrnnns,
who wore charging with bayonets. One
big Middlesex sergeant downed two Ger
mans with his fists before a German
bayonot got him. Tho bos fought brave
ly, but tho odds were too great, and most
of them were bayoneted."
Ixjndon finds a cheap amusement theso
days by watching tho searchlight's play.
Persons residing In the southern 'part of
tho city can seo tho huge white streamers j
of light sweep tno skics. .NecK-craning
crowds watch for hours tho operations
of the searchlight on tho top of Charing
An exhibition will open In a few days
In London of n histnilcnl collection 'if
"Punch" cartoons, which will lllustrato
tho Issues between Germany and the
Kuropcan Powers from 1S37 down to the
war now raging.
Wealthy women In Germany aro giving
their Jewelry to the war fund, receiving
In return on iron ring on which is in
scribed "Gold I Gave for Iron."
The London Dally Mall publishes this
Some of our soldiers, it seems, have
GREAT WAR DRAMA
taken the regimental mascots with them
to the front. This Is no new departure,
for In the Boer War most regiments
took their pets with them-by permission
or without it Among the most notable
of them was Blllle, the brindled bulldog
of tho Second Royal Irish Rifles, who
had come unscathed through previous
campaigns, ns his medals testified. There
were also two monkey mascots which at
tracted attention, belonging, respectively,
to Strathcona's Horse and tho C. I. V.,
both of which rode In procession through
London at the close of the war.
The most famous of' regimental pets
Is tho goat of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers,
but Ihe r'ecord for service with the colors
belongs to the late and much-lamented
Bob, of the Roval Berkshire Regiment.
Bob a dog was at Malwand when his
regiment made Its gallant stand to cover
the guns, and he figures In tho group of
heroes pictured In "The Last Eleven nt
Malwand." He camo oft with a bullet
wound In tho back, and on returning to
England had the honor of being decorated
by Queen Victoria.
A peasant of Qulevy fell Into the hands
of a British patrol and was found In pos
session of 3H marks, which he admitted
having taken from a wounded Death's
Head Hussar. As the troops wero off to
tho firing lino they did not know what
to do with the prisoner. H solved tha
difficulty by asking for a rifle, and for
four days fought courageously besldo the
British. At Compeigne he was handed
over to the Mayor, tried for theft and
How Britain can still cheer itself by
song is revealed In a letter;
"In one of the comportments of the
Folkestone boat train we worn discussing
conflicting Information ns to tho war,
when a burst of uproarious song came
from the platform. Every woman nnd
girl pressed to the window with shining
" 'What's that? "Long, long way to Tlp
pcrary"? Pong they sing on tho battle
field? Oh, do tell mo the words! And
that? "I saw yer. I saw ycr"? Grand'
Grand!' Then ns the train wns steaming
out the soldiers stood at attontlon and
sang 'God Save tho King,' and every
woman nnd girl in tho train Joined In "
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WAR MEASURES MEAN
Belligerent Nations Have
Adopted Socialistic The
ories of "Direct .Control,'
Says U. S. Immigration
NEW YORK. Oct. 26 An enormous
Impetus to Socialism and a world-wide
spread of the revolutionary spirit will be
tho result of the European war. In the
oplnlun of Immigration Commissioner
"Europe has already taken tremendous
strides towards socialization," said tho
commissioner today. "In every country
Involved In the war the Government haB
taken control of transportation, telegraph
and tolephono facilities and la exercising
a direct control over business and food
"Because war exists nobody seems to
regard this as remarkable or to realise
its extreme significance. It effect, how
ever, will be felt long after the war has
That the United States will t pro
foundly affected by this change In Euro
pean social conditions, Is the opinion of
"Tho close of the war," he said, "will
turn loose an enormous army of men
made restless and discontented by their
withdrawal from farms and mills Their
experience on the battlefield will have
changed vltallv their character and upset
their old habits of life and thought. A
largo number of these men will come to
this country and are bound to exercise
a very marked Influence upon us "
The Commissioner was nsked If a large
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-I1L OR I'HOVBOIIDniS FIMED
immigration of this character would h&T
any decisive effect upon tho struggle bs
tween labor and capital In this country!
especially In view of tho assertion that
the labor war In Colorado was said to
bo due to tho fact that a considerable
number of tho minors wore ex-soldlera
from tho Balkans.
"That Is a difficult question to Answer,"
he said. "It would depend entirely on
what proportions this after-war Immigra
tion takes. Outbreaks such as that in
Colorado might take place, but I think
that they would bo sporadic"
One effect of the war on Immigration,
according to Mr. Howe, will be a very
large Increaso In tho number of women
"Tho war will leave ft vast number of
women In dcstltulo circumstances," he
said. "Many of these will be brought
hero by their relatives and friends In this
country. Others will not bo wanted at
hom becausa of tho difficulty of pro
Mdlng for them, and will bo sent hern
by their men folks. However, this may
be modified bv one circumstance. After
the war the European countries will be
devoting all their energies to repair its
ravages Work will probably bo plentiful
nnd wages will necessarily, high This
may Induce a considerable number of
possible immigrants to remain In their
natlvo countries. ' ......
Since tho outbreak of Hip war there hns
been a verv great falling off In Immigra
tion which hns virtually erased from
Germany, France, Russia nnd Austria
Curiously enough the immigration from
England, Commissioner Howe says hn
remained normal, ns has that from south
east and southern Europe
CZAR PRAISES BALTIC FLEET
FOR PROTECTING LITTORAL
Hussion Sailors' Support of Land
PETROGRAD, Oct 28
The following telegram has been sent
by the Russian Minister of Marine to the
commander of the Russlnn Bnltle fleet
"Tho Czar charges mo to express o
ou and the fleet his gratitude for M.
actlvltv this autumn season In keeping -j
the sra despite tho dangers of mines nn
submarines. , -.,
"With skill and endurance the Bait "t
fleet has fulfilled the task of guardl' Mf,
the littoral and supporting the nrmles
land. Despite the enemy's numerical '
perlorlty and temerity, ho has obtal the ,
no definite successes The Czar bell'.t. J
that God will bless with ultimate vle
tho Russian sailors who are struggling
tho glory of their dear country ' -"ui
By shopping here. No
before noon you gctumue.
Double ,e f,r
Yellow Trading Uag.
with each 10c worth lt
of the Country,
This Is the Lamest Individual '
Purchase of Hats Ever Made.
Lyons Silk Velvet $1 AJZ
You Could Choose Nothing More
Eleaant for Dressy IJ'iiifcr Wear
Thse are the best and latest shapes'
copies or importer nail
WE TRIM ALL HATS FREE
FIRST FLOOR. NORTH
IN THE SUBWAY
75c Velveteen OC
.Sen sailor slnpp also small
anil medium t les Thev in
clude black, blown and nn
$1.00 Ready-for- $1 70
Wear Hats !&
Scicn of the Very Latest
Styles Our Own Clever De
signers Have Copied Them
From Costlier Hats.
Iiirludnl aro larsre ultra-i-ni u I
silk lci-t sailors, ilik J.iuntv
turbins nml mure consprvatw
in. ilium Uo h.its tinnineil witl
ostiiih llover ribbon J t, it
i:crj lint Ik n Kooil SI ; ln-
non S1.7I .si n A
CARPETS. RUGS AT VERY
THE REGULAR PRICES
Plan : s senate stove, $ 75Q
top, full size ocen and flrebujc
..(, -ui.u i-i.un trimmed
Same siie with blKh .lirll, I.IO rxtru.
UT ill 1 1 I il i imii r
98c Curtain 7 c
Centre brarwl rx
ir rirav a d ra
P'Vi'il n n 1 ustai -LLL2