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LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1914;.
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PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CTP.U9 . K, CUItTIS, Pbesipest.
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PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, OCTODER 26, 1914.
Coming Events Cast Their Shadows
THE Evening LEnocn, Is able to nnnoun.ee
In Us new columns tho lines which would
hnvo been followed In tho senatorial investi
gation of tho Penrose campaign had not the
Investigation ii&elt been sidetracked and post
poned. If Mr. Penrose Is elocted on tho faco
of the returns, tho Investigation will bo held.
Tho mouths of Democrats are watering for
It. In that case. It will follow substantially
the evidence as outlined In the Evenino
IiEdobr, although, of course, somo corrobo
ratory documents and testimony will bo
The methods by which the enormous cam-
line u palgn fund of Mr. Penrose has been and Is
ThoL.i .i j, ..,., .... ., ,..
band s11" tticciiuruu cun uo vunaiuercu oy cne aen-
On' ate without regard to tho rules of evidence
Th i0r othcr technical objections. Tho recital in
han? )tne Evening Lnnonn will bo sufficient to
befr convince any open-minded citizen that thero
" flu no possibility of the seating in the United
Sup; 'states Senate of any man whoso campaign
surfer nafl cost so much in actual currency as that
TiiviA' engineered by and for Mr. Penrose.
Suffrage Seed Sowing
THERE Is no immediate way of estimat
ing what waa achieved hv thn snffrntrlsts
Ttmi' 'n tnelr vigorous city-wide campaign of last
nnd pveek. But no advocacy of a cause that is
made with directness, sincerity and enthu
siasm can fall to bring results. Becauso we
rannot poll the Jury In this case there need
illje no regrets or thoughts of failure.
By slow Impregnation, by tho diffusion of
cogent reasons, by tho calm and persistent
"claiming of rights, tho causo of equality will
ie won. If the advocates continue to keep
so'fi A" lhcmse'vcs free 'rom excesses of speech or
fnt."c,Tex j iced and confine themselves to nppeallng to
rUllldls ,urelv wln-
COMPREHENSIVE analyses of the politi
cal situation throughout the Union, con
lucted by each newspaper in its special ter
i Itory, convince the San Francisco Chronicle,
'be Denver Post, tho Minneapolis Tribune,
the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, the Chicago
Tribune, the Cincinnati Enquirer, the Boston
filobe and the New York "World that the Re
ubllcans are sure to make substantial gains
n the lower house and the Democrats just as
ertaln to increase their majority in the
Senate. They will gain at least three scats
nd probably four.
An Independent Investigation, conducted by
'he New York Sun, Indicates that the present
Democratic majority of 10 In tho Senate "will
'io Increased to 12, and It may go considerably
What an opportunity for good citizens!
hey have at last their chance to overwhelm
."enroselsm without Imperiling to any degree
hatever the principles for which they sln
rely and he politically stands They aro
Iready caught In a Democratic majority:
ithout loss of prestige they can rid them
lves of the Incumbrance which drove them
.to this political innocuousness.
It is a good thing to strike at Pcnroselsm;
t Is a better thing to be able to overwhelm
t with no accompanying sacrifice whatever.
Testimony by Converts
WHEN several hundred men Journey the
length of the State to speak to the peo
le of Philadelphia concerning the benefits
ney received personally from the "Billy"
'unday revival, their testimony Is worthy of
' respectful hearing. If It Is still truo that
by their fruits ye shall know them,'" the
visitors from Northeastern Pennsylvania
who spoke In our churches yesterday pre
onted evidence impossible to refute.
Men may be deluded by their emotions, as
the history of religion amply proves, but any
Irunkard who has become sober, any thief
who has ceased to steal, any blasphemer
vhose lips have become clean, cannot pos
Ibly be under an illusion as to what has
'aken placo In his life. His opinion of the
how and why may be of little value except to
i psychologist; ho himself Is visible and
tangible evidence of his faith.
" On Velvet"
THE boom in velvet, say those who are In
terested in such things, has failed to come
Itrough. It is seen chiefly In hats. What a
ity! It Is a fine, generous and 6elf-respect'
.ig "stuff," a raiment unassuming yet proud,
nd our lady In velvet need not blush "when
a In silks my Julia goes." "Rich but not
tudy," said old Polonias, in the days when
n wore velvet. Serge, even for men, Is a
lal and a provocation. That women should
rsake velvet for it, or for any other ma-
rial unhallowed by tradition and unen
. .wed with the velvet touch of splendor. Is a
iiockery to maicmline taste. Chestnut street
ay be gayer this winter. But the esthete
. 11 shake his head.
What Law Means
pvOCTOR BRUMBAUQH penetrates to the
'J ery heart of things when he defines the
aningof legislation. After reading or hear-
- his speeches the special interests need
- i)ct no favors.
The Doctor pledgee himself to the service of
entire Commonwealth and to th passage
only such laws as will minister to the
ll-belnr of all tho people "The chif asset
cb, the law should eonserva, since the law
.he expression of the will of the people, is
i welfare of the people A law that Is
med for the purpose of promoting some
.vate interwt or some privileged class la
vicious law, and I would oppose It with all
my strength. A law that is framed In tho In
terest of any partisan concern Is a vicious
law, nnd I would resent its enactment and
veto It If It came to mo for consideration."
In these words Doctor Brumbaugh has em
phasized another plank In his platform. "With
local option, workmen's compensation, antl
chlld labor and good roads promised, I
needed only this pledge against special class
legislation to make him the embodiment of
tho best thought and highest Ideals of the
Lies, More Lies, and Guilt
CONGRESSMAN VARE has been held up
to tho scorn of tho community. It Is
Penrose who is alleged to havo furnished tho
evidence on which the accusation against
Vare Is based.
Mr. Penrose Is held up to the execration of
the nation, the charge being his alleged con
fession that he personally assisted In de
bauching the Reyburn administration, fur
nishing $66,000 of a corruption fund which
amounted in tho gross to J10S.000.
The editors of n dally newspaper which
has long preached righteousness and honor
able conduct aro charged by a United States
Senator with malicious prevarication.
Somebody is lying. Rascality is at last In
tho open. And to clear the ntmosphcro Sen
ator Penrose must act. Ho must know that
ho cannot go back to Washington unwashed
of the stain of that J66.O00, which Is dally
being branded deeper and deeper Into his
He Is either the "ictlm of as mischievous
a sot of llbelors as over deluded a credulous
public or ho Is himself as merry a buccaneer
as ever drovo decent men overboard from
A Large World Yet
GOOD advice was given by speakers who
addressed tho Philadelphia Association
of Credit Men. This is no time for pes
simism In business; it Is time for action.
Dependence on Latin America for com
mercial salvation Is neither wlso nor neces
sary when so many other markets aro open
England, Franco, Spain, Italy, Russia, South
Africa nnd tho Far East.
Philadelphia shares largely In tho great
opportunity, for this port is tho natural out
lot of Pennsylvania coal and of tho textiles
and Iron and steel manufactures which
havo helped to mako tho city and the State
famous and prosperous.
Woman's Part in War
REPROVING Mrs. Pankhurst and, through
her, nil suffragists, a newspaper opposed
to votes for women" makes tho remarkable
statement that "this is a time above all other
times when the world belongs to men." The
editor Is respectfully referred to suffering
Why America Is IS'ot At War
MEN dying untondrtl nnd uncomforted
where they fell pierced by bullets or
torn by shrapnel, women widowed, little
children fatherless and hungry, homes re
duced to ruins, cltifs ravished and left a
desolation, blood-lust like tho flames of eter
nity coursing through tho eins. taxes piled
high for many years upon an exhausted l.ind
to pay the bill that is war.
Boles Penrose wanted the United States
to go to war with Mexico. He chided and
derided and commanded the Government to
send an army of occupation into the Southern
Republic. Such a nr would have meant
500,000 men. four years nf guerrilla campaign
ing. $:50,000,000 of immediate taxation and a
heavy pension list for another half century.
President Wilson stood firmly for peace.
Thank God for that! Now that America is
the only really great nation not freighted
with sorrow and crazed with horror, every
American can see that tho Administration
was right. If Penrose had possessed the de
ciding vote crape would be very common on
our streets today.
A Day of Keystone Football Triumph
KEYSTONE football made a clean sweep
Saturday. "When the Stato's teams
weren't engaged In internecine strife, such
as Philadelphia witnessed between Penn and
Carlisle, they wero busy walloping what used
to bo the first olevens in America. Washing
ton and Jefferson gave Yale a decisive de
feat. Penn State did almost as much for
Cripples won't account for It. As the sea
pon has advanced the "big" colleges that
began overwhelmingly with the old tactics
have made a poorer showing each week;
while their opponents, who used to stand
around to be trampled on, havo developed
steadily with each week of practice into
swift, sure victors.
The answer, of course, is open play. Three
ply passes have made the light teams three
times as powerful and the game three times
IOSSES estimated at 200,000." The war
J correspondents should buy rubber
stamps and save labor. The battle of the
Vistula Is the latest case, but It Is only ono
of many. Those figures have a fatal fascina
tion. Every light since the war began has
resulted In losses on one side or both of
that precise number.
Added together, the casualties have long
ago exceeded the total forces of all the war
ring nations. Tho Allies havo captured the
entire Gorman army by now. At least a week
ago the Kaiser lassoed and branded all the
fighting men of the enemy. And tho war still
goes on. The positions of the troops are re
versedthat Is all.
But what Is the effect on the popular Im
agination of these "record-breaking" slaugh
ters? Is it anything but hrutallzlng?
The war Is not without its uses. It has
brought Pattl one mora farewell.
It Is now up to the mechanics of the State
to demonstrate that alcohol Is not the right
lubricant for a machine.
The Vtlla-Carranza verbal mix-up has now
reached the manifesto stage, The end Is In
"Partly cloudy" Is, after all, a very eu
phemtstlo description of the lowering sort
of weather which greeted the forecaster this
In view of the shortage of friendly po.
tentatea, the Kaiser and the King of Sax
ony take out their decorating mania on
A flve-line dispatch from Petrograd sums
up better than olums th& cjmo of Russia
lack of education. It sets forth that the Czar
has called out "all students of high schools "
This will Increase the Russian army b" 200.
000. A half dozen largo cities in this country
would provide that number of high school
THE HANDS OF ESAU
Presence of Eleven Liquor Dealers in Councils Rivets Attention on Their Business.
Control of Rum Selling One of the Strongest Assets of the Organization. Tho
Gothenburg System. Stalking Into the Gutter of Practical Politics.
"The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands arc the hands of Esau."
And lately, by the tavern door agape,
Came shining through the dusk an angel shape
Bearing, a vessel on his shoulder! and
He bid me taste of it; and 'twas the grape.
Better government in Philadelphia is being stowlu strangled. The Blankenburg
Administration of a few city offices expresses better government just as completely as an
anti-Tammany Administration does hi New York. The cold fingers of "The Organiza
tion," Philadelphia's Tammany, twisting dexterously through a pliable majority rt
Councils and officials under control, are pressing hard on its windpipe. Unless pried
off by the people themselves strangutation of belter government must ensue. In the
modest palaces behind the myriad two-story red-brick fronts of working Philadelphia
dwell the real beneficiaries of better government. Their support alone means better
government. The worst that can be said of people who toil is that they are sometimes
too tired to study a public subject SOMETIMES, NOT ALWAYS.
NO. X-LOCAL OPTION
TV VA.V.Vi.ti milk dealers forcea tncmseivra
1 at one tlmp into Councils the rest of the
community would very properly speculate
aro thoy planning to havo municipal pumps
established along their milk routes? Their
very number would suggest that mischief of
somo sort was on foot. But no 11 milk
dealers of Philadelphia have projected them
selves Into Councils; nor havo 11 grocers
done so; nor 11 coal merchants, nor 11 bank
ers, nor 11 representatives of any occupation
except one liquor selling. Yes, thero are 11
liquor dcalcts in Councils.
You exclaim that If these 11 liquor dealers
were milk dealers, citizens would demand
explanation of their presence In Councils;
why thoy were put there, by whom, and for
what purposo? Grnntcd! But remember,
they are not milk dealers. Thoy nro liquor
dealers. One is expected to always hnndle
liquor dealers as gently as possible, for thoy
nre widely reputed to be extremely touchy
about their business.
Considering that Councils is the municipal
authority which not only fixes tho cost of
government, but determines how tho city's
revenues shall he raised, tho facts for onco
will havo to pass rough-shod over this sensi
tiveness. Tho names of our 11 Councilmanlc
liquor dealers and the wards they represent
Ward. Member. Place of Business.
3. Henry J. Trainer, S00 South Front St.
9 James N. Neeiy, 21st and Arch Stn.
14. Harry F. Kennedy, 1300 Wood St.
Charles A. Schwarz, Front and Raco sts.
Timothy D. McCarthy, 1001 Falrmount
Harry Kecne, 144 "West Cumberland St.
Bernard J. McGulgan, 2S01 Kensington
John Ii. Dougherty, 3000 "Rorer St.
Frank J. Ryan, 1412 South ISth St.
A3. John Haney. 2800 North 5th St.
43. Fred Schwarz. Jr., 4744 Richmond St.
Tho mere presence of these 11 men in
Councils rivets attention upon their busi
ness; the rositivo proof of the partnership
between rum and "Tho Organization." It
Is tho smoke that curling into the sky re
veals the location of the hidden campflre.
Denials of the existence of a compact be
tween tho naloon and the urban operations
of Jim McNichol and the Varcs nro futllo
In the faco of such Irrefutable evidence.
Liquor dealers anyway nre natural poli
ticians: their very saloons being places where
men aro wont to nsscmblc and grow loqua
cious. They sec in the pursuit of polities
(business politics) a moving stairway Into
tho world of largo public influence, as shown
in the careers of Charles I Murphy, leader
of Tammany Hall, and the late Anthony N.
Brady, financier, both ex-b.irkeeps.
Besides, "Welcome" is always written in
letters largo on tho mat under tho swing
doors of the saloon. Who ever hoard of a
saloonkeeper with n mean disposition? They
are "hall follows" and often "well met."
Their general friendly attitude to tho foot
loose public might even be cited as an object
lesson of point to tho pastor of tho church
who has his sexton turn the key in tho outer
door at the close of the Sunday night song
service, with the nearby park filled with shiv
Instances are known where genial saloon
keeper Councilmen gladly havo had streets
paved and electric or gas lights established
or relocated at tho request of bitter foes of
tho saloon. Liquor dealers aro seldom found
lacking in tact. They also possess a grim
sense of humor.
But it Is the utility of the entire liquor
business In politics, and not the man with
the smile In tho white apron who has becomo
a Councilman that concerns the public. For
our saloonkeeper Councilmen aro no worso
as men than their fellows of higher business
station who vote Just as badly upon public
Let us turn our attention to an anonymous
liquor dealer, not a Councilman, but an active
worker for "The Organization." There aro
about 2000 retail liquor dealers In Philadel
phia. This particular saloonkeeper Is an Im
portant cog In the political machine. As a
centre of election day activity his placo of
business, closed for the salo of liquor, is an
annual menace to better government. Here
rendezvous tho repeaters or "tln-soldlers,"
thugs, strong-arm men and other super
numeraries, hired to assist In tho theft of
Observe the picture: Through the gray
dawn, before the polls aro opened, we enter
tho saloon. In whispered converse, standing
along the polished rail of the bar, or seated
at the beer-stained tables, aro groups of
unkempt, shifty-eyed election workers. No
drinks are sold. The men are there for an
other purpose. They are of mixed slzo. dress,
nationality and degrees of assurance. Some
carry In their presence suggestions of New
ark, Jersey City and the lodging houses of
the Bowery; others call to the mind memo
ries of Atlantic City and various resorts on
the South Jersey coast.
We havo stalked Into the gutter of prac
tical politics before us are tho poor Wretches
who fill the trenches Far to the rear, away
from Immediate danger, are the members of
the General Staff, ensconced in bomb-proof
headquarters downtown. Orders travel to
the front via trusted adjutants First to get
tho orders ure the ward leaders at thR ward
headquarters, and after them the division
leaders at tho division luadquaxters.
Listen! "Wo can hear the shuffling of feet
"The boys" are moving out from the aoylum
provided for them by the liquor dealer.
Thus we place the saloonkeeper in bis im
portance on Election Day. He is the non
commissioned offlwr on the tiring 11ns, the
last link In the chain that connects the cast
ing of an Illegal ballot or the slugging of a
reformer with the long frock coat and silk
hat of the well-born candidate for high office
put up by tho contractor overlords.
As for tho other week days or the, year, th
, suiuuu nus unucumuie puiiiitjii """w
medium through which to distribute small
favors, and clrculato matter calculated to
create a public opinion favorablo to tha con
tractor overloids. Supremo Court Justice
Charles E. Hughes once said that next to
printers' Ink the saloon had tho largest audl
enco that voted. Ho put tho church Jn third
In the light of the little band of liquor
dealers In Councils ono must consider the
organized business of rum selling In Philadel
phia as ono of tho strongest assets of Jim
McNichol and the Vares. Ethics should deny
thU business a placo in government, for It
Is tho one business that fills our prisons with
criminals, our hospitals with cripples, our
sldowalks with madness and our homes with
sorrow. But ethics to exist must havo popu
Ever slnco man In some early age discov
ered that process of fermentation by which
sugar Is converted Into alcohol and carbonic
acid, there has been a temperance question.
Tho archives of tho ancient civilization con
tain many references to tho efforts of priests,
sngea and rulers of tho Orient to combat
rum-selling and tho evil of drunkenness.
Yet the forces of John Barleycorn aro none
the less powerful today.
In 1804 Dr. Benjamin Rush, a distinguished
physician of this city, and a signer of tho
Declaration of Independence, wrote a treatise
on tho evils of Intemperance that marked tho
Inauguration of the temperance movement in
America. It seems remarkablo that tho city
which furnished tho torch for temperance
should provo to bo the stumbling block for
If Pennsylvania were cut Into two sections
with the Susquehanna Rivor as a dividing
line, tho vote In tho present Legislature west
of the river would be 58 for local option and
39 against it. In the eastern section thero
aro 25 votes for local option and 82 against It.
This makes It clear that tho western section
of the State Is overwhelmingly for local op.
tlon, while the eastern section is made to
appear equally strong ngainst local option;
and were it not for Philadelphia the Stato of
Pennsylvania would probably long ago have
secured a modification of tho Brooks High
Licenso Law granting the people tho right of
local option. No mistake about It.
Which is Interesting as showing the value
to the saloon of the alliance with "The Or
ganization." Thero aro 11,500 square miles,
representing 18 per cent, of tho population,
of Pennsylvania already under no-license.
Tho fight for local option is in the remaining
42,832 square miles, representing tho 82 per
cent, of tho population which is under high
license. But for Jim McNichol and the
Vares, and tho political bosses in the eastern
coal fields, tho people of Pennsylvania would
bo permitted to determine for themselves
whether they also wanted saloons.
"Wo elect all of our Representatives and
half of our Senate this fall, which fact alon
makes the coming election ono of special con
cern to liquor dealers. They fear local op
tion as tho entering wedge of prohibition,
nnd nro concentrating their strength to hold
the Senate. Hence tho heavy assessments
laid against all branches of tho liquor trade.
It Is not nlways temperanco that kills tho
licensing of liquor. In a German-American
township of Missouri that recently went dry
to the amazement of tho temperance people,
a resident made this surprising explanation:
"Vo simply got tired getting up nt midnight
and putting avay the boys' horses. So vo
yuht voted the town dry so ve could sleep
In Philadelphia besides the 2000 retail liquor
dealers thero aro 400 wholesalers nnd bottlers,
and 50 breweries. Tho retailers pay a license
of $1200 a year and wholesalers nnd bottlers
a licenso ranging from J500 to $1000 yearly.
Breweries aro taxod on each barrel of beer,
porter nnd ale. Originally high licenso was
created to check tho evils arising from indis
criminate selling, and secondly, (o raise a
revenuo from the traffic. That it annually
provides the State with nearly $2,000,000 nnd
tho city with $3,500,000 Is well known, but
tho moral advantages resulting are open to
Because of the tax they pay, liquor deal
ers now assert they are actual partners In
government, sharing their profits with every
body. Ono of their friends, D. Clarence Gib.
boney, of local fame, Is advocating the pas
sage of a constitutional amendment to appro
priate enough money to compensate the booze
merchants for losses they might sustain in
the event communities went dry, following
the establishment of local option. Mr. Gib
boney has not proposed any recompense for
near relatives of habitual drunkards cover
ing their losses.
Briefly scanning the liquor legislation of
the United States, Instead of a single homo
geneous system, like those In the European
countries, we find it embraces a wide variety
of systems based on the most diverse prin
ciples. The Federal Government first exacts
$25 from every person engaged In the busi
ness. Thus no State can keep out liquor or
prevent Its consumption, but any State can
prohibit the manufacture and sale within its
In New York, by the Raines law of 1896,
the administration of the liquor traffic passed
under a Stato commissioner appointed by the
Governor with the consent of tho Senate. In
Boston the licensing Is In the hands of a
police boarYJ appointed by tho Governor; also
In Baltimore and St. Louts. In Washington
the licensing commissioners are appointed by
In Pennsylvania the authority to sell liquor
Is vested in the court, a practice dating back
to 1678, and It bears the stamp of English in
flaenco. In Philadelphia and Pittsburgh the
judicial granting of licenses was for a time
given up In favor of commissioners, but the
change was declared a great failure and waa
abandoned In 1233 Charges are made that
tho Judges, through the licenso power, be-
como local political autocrats. This Is &
matter of opinion.
Enforcement of any law rests with the
local authorities. Generally speaking, It
must be admitted that tho Brooks high li
censo statute Is as good a liquor law as ex
ists anywhere. Discretion to refuse or revoke
a license Is absolute. Tho saloon owner Is
under pledge not to sell to drunken men and
minors, and on Election Day and Sundays
to sell to no one.
In nlno States absolute prohibition caught
tho popular fancy Alalne, West Virginia,
North Dakota, Kansas, North Carolina, Okla
homa, Georgia, Tennessee and Mississippi,
In 17 other States B0 per cent, of tho popula
tion Is under no licenso, while In tho re
mainder, Including Pennsylvania, various
percentages of tho population less than 50
per cent, have no licenso. Truly we are a
people of variable tastes.
But curiously enough, no Slate has ac yet
tried tho famous Gothenburg or company
system of No'rwny and Sweden, under which
there havo been noticeable advantages, in
cluding: (1) Reduction In the, consumption
of spirits: (2) fewer bars, Improved In their
character and conduct; (3) discontinuance
of drinking on credit; (4) shortening of tho
hours of sole; (5) ndded eating rooms wher
good and cheap meals nro served, and (6)
lowering tho strength of tho liquors.
Tho entire rotall trado is handed ovor to
company, consisting of a numbor of disin
terested citizens, who manago the sales.
Proflls above tho Interest charges on the In
vestment are divided between tho local au
thorities and tho Government. Only spirits
are sold, beer being vended In tho ordinary
way undor a licensing plan. Tho Gothenburg
system has had half a century trial, and,
while tho BUbjoot of somo criticism, has been
accorded much oulogy.
Philadelphia In every line of public interest
but tho selling of llqu,or appears to have
gone andor the contract system. How docs
It happen our distinguished contractor over
lords missed tho Gothenburg system? It has
decldod benefits for tho public. Oh, well
that explains it.
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subject Important to City,
State and Nation.
To the Editor of the Evening htAgtr:
Sir Truo democracy Is of the kind that recog
nizes distinction both in wealth and in mental
endowment, and Is socially indifferent to both.
Tho colleges cannot and should not reform tho
social system of our lives. They should only
Insplro Ideals which will mako our petty com
mercial Ideals humble and insignificant In their
The duty of tho colleges In this matter Is
really very simple. It Is not to force rich A
and poor B to llvo together, or to Join In a com
munion distasteful to both. It Is certainly not
to pamper the poor and to despise the rich. It
Is, simply and certainly, to give rich nnd poor
alike so wldo a varloty of interests that they
will forget distinctions of wealth nnd meet in a
truo fraternity of mutual Interest So long as
ono man's Interests aro summed up in parties
and football, nnd nnother's In honors nnd paying
his tuition, no amount of artificial democracy
will help them to llko each other. When they
have common Interests truo democracy will
spring up nnd the nrtlflccs so carefully culti
vated will show forth ns superfluous Impor
tlncnces. GEORGE B. HASWELL.
Philadelphia, October 24.
To the Editor o! the Evening I.edaer:
Sir It appears to my neutral mind a bit high
handed that Great Britain should selzo an
American ship, flying tho American flag, simply
becauso Great Britain suspects that her cargo of
oil, consigned to Danish importers, Is meant
for German consumption. Denmark is a neu
tral country, whoso commerce with tho United
States is her own business nnd not Great
Britain's. What the Danish owners of Ameri
can oil do with It nfter it reaches them is none
of Great Britain's affair.
Britnin is anxious to maintain the goodwill
of this country, yet rhe polices our harbors and
seemingly does as she pleases with our oom
mercc. It la true that the John D. Rockefeller
hns been released, but that does not excuse
what seems to me a flngrant abuse of sea
power. CHARLES M. VERNON.
Philadelphia, October 22.
WAR'S EFFECT ON SOCIALISM
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir It hns often been pointed out that some of
the most Inhuman Institutions have sprung from
nn nrdent desire to do humanity good In a way
which humanity saw fit to repudiate. Thus with
socialism. With tho noblest of Ideals it hns
conceived nn inhuman state, tho factitious
brotherhood of man, which strikes at the root
jf pnttiotism, nnd so nt the instinct which pro
duced great men, great art and grcnt Stntes.
The present war will expel this monstrous me-ch.-inlc.il
illusion. It will. In nil probability, do
official socialism Brent harm. But In Inspiring
Socialists with a human nnd Inudable sentiment,
It will do them great good, nnd make socialism
neither so much to be feared nor so unlikely of
achievement. WILLARD ROSS.
Philadelphia, October 24.
Next to tho "Marseillaise," the most popu
lar French folk song Is tho "Chant du De
part," written by Chenler for a festival held
Juno 11, 1794, to commemorate tho fall of
tho Bastille. The music is by Mohul. A
mother, nn old man, a child, a wlfo and
three warriors sing a verso In turn.
The "debt of nature" Ib original with
Quarles, who, In his "Emblems," says:
'Tho slender debt to nature's quickly paid.
Discharged perchance with greater ease than
"Good wine needs no bush" camo into be
ing through a sprig of Ivy which formerly
adorned tho doors of wlnesellers. Lily, In
his "English Parnassus," says:
"I hang no ivle out to sell my wine;
The nectar of good wits will sell itself."
There ore a number of "Last of the Ro
mans" recorded In history. The first was
Marcus Junius' Brutus, ono of Caesar's as
sassins; tho others, Calus Casslus Longinus
(d. B. C. 42); General Aetlus, who defeated
Attlla In 451; Francois Joseph Terrasse Des
billons. In allusion to his attainments as a
great Latin scholar; Congreve, so named by
Pope; Rlenzi; Charles James Fox and Horace
Brumbaugh's Record on Rum Iasue
From tho Huntingdon Globe.
We recall distinctly the special election of
June IS. ISM, when the people of the State
voted on nn amendment to the Constitution
prohibiting the manufacture and sale of in
tnxtcutiiig liquor In Pennsylvania. We recall,
also, that M. G. Brumbaugh, then county su
perintendent of scIiooIb, was secretary of the
Temperance Committee In this county, and
made speeches In favor of the amendment In
niore than a dozen boroughs, villages and town
ships of Huntingdon County. J R Simpson,
Esq . one of tho leading temperance men of
Huntingdon, an eldrr In the Presbyterian
church for more than 3H years, was chairman.
Tlu burden of that great campaign rested on
the shoulders of these to men. and the car
ried It to a successful Is3ue, winning the fight
by a majorlt of 705 votes In that contest th
Globe donated to the committee two columns of
Its space In every issue for over three months,
and II- G Brumbaugh furnished most of the
Penrose Must Answer
From tho Hoaton Tramcrtpt.
If tlwee allegations of political depravity are
untrue. Senator Penrose owes it to the Repub
lican party, whose head In Pennsylvania he Is.
to take Immediate step to clear himself . If they
axe true, he owes it to his party and to the
United Elates Senate to withdraw as a candi
date, and to resign the ie&t he now holds.
Thoto Cabaret Dinners
He What Is tho orchestra pl&yins-t
She (looking at tho menu
''Number t ,
time o iromago uo one.
A Serious Cain
"What am de matter wld Brtrtder Em.
Till III I f-
"HO' got aat inclination b n s. '
Cause and Effect
Her hat was perched atop her tf
Ho did not llko to grumble, '
But thero ho stood In trembllnr f
That it would toko a tumble.
Ho marveled greatly how she keot
Upon her head tho bonnet;
Ho did not know that she had went
Before sho learned to don it -
He could not flguro why, at an.
It did not tumblo off her;
Ho know that long before this fall
Sho changed her stylo of coiffure, -
And ho had noticed that her hat
Had not a hatpin in It,
And, with tho new halrdress, that
Sho had no way to pin It
But ero he had a chance to prate
Or with harsh words to paint it'
Sho asked him, "la my hat on stralrttr
And then, of course, he fainted.
An Extra -Territorial Horror
A Boston man has lnventod & way of luni
lng to play tho cornot for 25 cents. Wo ihiii
plooo ourselves under his tootolnge and J
MVAn with mil nnlplihni. n t. t.f, . t. SEC
a small boy and a drum.
"That now play, 'A Pair of Silk StooklnM.
Justiproduced In Now Tork, seems likely ta
"1 heard it was a success."
"But It's on its last legs already."
Tho farmer marveled greatly when he reii
about his son.
And of the football battle that the stalwiri
"I guess," ho said, "he's learned to work,'
that lazy boy o' mlno;
Ho never did at homo, but now he's plowln'
through tho lino."
On the Firing Line
Schell, B, Preston 5189 D.
Sword, J. Gormantown 2779.
Bulllt, L. Spruce 2170.
Death, H Woodland 1116 D.
"A week ago my wlfo eloped with my
chauffeur and last night "
"Sho returned broken-hearted?"
"No, he did." ",
The censor always gots tho blame,
Tho correspondents cry "for shame!"
But Bend dispatches Just the same
And mark upon them "name deleted."
Tho truth of It we do not know;
We'll take their word; It may be so;
Wc haven't anything to show
Tho writers' minds have been deplete!
Suggested by the New$
The father of the $100,000,000 bab
Sought to raco with Jome other hlgh-cl
foreign automobile, and $ma$hed up hit ma
chine Jo completely that hl$ car wa$ demoi
Uhed. It 15 jaid that tho car 11 beyond re
pair. HI? $on wa$ not hurt even Jlishtlr,
Tired business men. i
Bargain sales. I
"I'll pay you next Thursday, sure." '
LONDON, Oct. 16. Tho police have found
at Willcsdcn, a suburb of tho northwest of
London, a building occupied by Germans with
foundations and roof of heavy concrete
Associated Press Dispatch.
"Why do you hunt for pearls," we asked,
"In all tho seas and seasons?"
And then, as in tho sun ho basked,
Ho said, "for divers reasons."
They Are Poor
"Tho greatest favor Kipling could do tbl
world would bo to quit writing." ,,
"nnn't vnn llkn his stuff?"
"Intensely, but I can't stand the parodiei."
Ho had the bluecoats clear the street
Of all tho yollimr boys,
"Because." ha said, "their racketing ,
Is frightful and annoys."
"I think he Is foolish to start buying I
TvintnT nnp nn his snlnrv
"He's not half so foolish as the agent."'.
Just like LIFE, isn't it?.
Even if you don't know what it meani
It's a grand thinn to think about.
While tho typesetters' boycott of Miss Ger
trude Stein's pluperfect verao hangs heavy,
the waiting world must lie content H
page 23 of Mr. Allen Notion's "Saloon Son
nets''; Here where the Jumping stars shine dovn
Tho vegetables sit themselves at ease.
Thinking themselves quite worthy of oodi
And making armchairs of moralities
Here comes the powder-puff with gown M
To show the gems that nature neer SM
And there's Religion In her ruby wrap.
Poison, If properly applied, could save tier.
We havo no wills to make, and poets' wall!
Aro pictureless; but when tho genie cam
And paints our dragons with his golden geM
He gives us gods that never were in greaw.
And so we pluck tho purse-strings ol tci
Interested only In ourselves and art
THE BABBLING FOOL
It Is the easiest thing In tho world to '
tack war; so old is It, but It is so ceneraP"
that It should not need defense
Warriors do not sit around In their cluM
and tell how they aro going to do It. w
dlers do not go to tho boss and tell him no
to run his business. They strike first, '
Why not? War Is wasteful' So Its naturt.
War Is cruel! So is humanltj. War Is M'
barous! So Is Industry. War Is brut
lng! Of what? Of a civilisation which "M
established? Nonsense. .
War Is not wasteful. It kills thousand
but It does so with a minimum of
Every man counts. War Is not cruel, ea
to the weak. War Is not barbarous ;"
age of refinement and of the highest cuiiu"
has followed after var time. All ".;"
literature, all high Ideals and noble asput
tions are the result of war
"War is the father of all things,'' w J
Greek. Of good and el alike, because eu
war, the chlefest of blessings, has in "
of evil. It has its cowards and Its traiw
ana us juuia.
Obedience, discipline, unselfishness
thti pnnmiPRr nt nrtuprthnHB &f3 in iw ,
of war. As tho world grows W. nJt
crrows civilized, wars will stop. Lei u
We live In au ungrateful age. an u,,fll'.
fill country. Here, without expense V
the world's greatest drama 1 being P' ,
our emotions are stirred more tnau w
play, and for a penny! Eah day w q
thrill. And yet we cry for peace, inw "rf
fight cry for war. We who look on .on j
peace. For shame- Who wants your pe"
Let us havo war, bloody warl