Newspaper Page Text
pmppumaiipp injiiini I-.
EVENING LEDGERPHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1914.
'l I i
ALLIES ADVANCE AT THREE
POINTS ON VAST BATTLE LINE
Continued from Pace On
the Germans in tlicir advance and
used as a base, is now the scene of
fighting, and in prospect of immediate
inoccupation by the Russians. For
ests west of the Vistula, which served
as a cover for the German artillery
early in the week, have been com
pletely cleared of the foe.
Petrogr.id acknowledges that the
PARIS REPORTS GAINS NEAR
YPRES, ARRAS AND CENTRE
PA HIS, Oct.
Gains by the Allies nt throe points on
the battle front, particularly around
Ypres, In llclglum, and south of Arm
In Frame, nit" announced In the olllclal
statement lmicd here this afternoon. The
statement follow i
Yesterdn (Wednesday) e inndo
proBro't at secral points on the lino
of linttte. In particular around Ypres
and to tho Fouth of Arras.
There Is nothing new on the front
from Nlouport to Dlxmude.
Between the Alsne and tho Arsonne
tto have captured some of the enemy's
trenches and none of the partial at
tacks attempted by the Germans
Wo have Ilkewlss advanced In the
forest of ApremonL
Today's statement covers the line of
conflict from the Belgian coast to tho
German frontier. Like that of yesterday,
It Is optimistic throughout
Among the reinforcements received by
the Allies are reported to be detachments
of Indian troops.
Tho French artillery has at last suc
ceeded In Kettlnp to the front over tho
rain-soaked roads o number of bit; iruns
to combat the heay cannon of the Ger
mans More French and British warships aro
GERMANS ARE NOW ACROSS
RIVER YSER, LONDON SAYS
IyONDON. Oct 29 I
The Germans have again affected n
crossing of the Yser River, north of DU- i
mude, and heavy fighting occurred last i
night on Its west bank.
Immense reinforcements, believed to be
drafted from other parts of the German I
line, have boon sent to the scene of tho
A correspondent of the Times at Flush
ing advises that the Germans now have !
K0.(0 soldiers In the battle between Dlx-
BERLIN ADMITS CHECK ON
rCRLlX Oct 29
Because of heavy lostes, Belgian forces
In Nleuport have been compelled to re
tire, according to a statement Issued at
the War Ofllce early today. The Bel
gians have been replaced by Trench
troops and the Belgian town Is stlh held
bj the Allies, but German military ex
perts believe It will be evacuated bo
cause of the success of the German
troops to tho southeast.
"Our troops continue to make gains In
the western theatre of war," says the
statement, "though no decisive result
has been attained on the Franco-Belgian
"Fierce fighting continues on the front
near Dlxmude. whore both sides con
tinue attacks and counter attacks, both
night and day The Germans hold all
positions they have taken.
CZAR'S LEFT CLOSES
OH AUSTRIAN ARMY
MOVING IN GALICIA
Przemysl's Stubborn Resist
ance Only Obstacle to Rus
sian Advance Artillery
Battle on East Prussian
PCTROGItAD. Oct. Z3
Advices from the front Indicate that
the Austrian troops In Galicia are being
enveloped by the rtusslan left, while tho
Russian centre and right are driving tho
Germans back upon their advanced lines
of defense Inside the East Prussia fron
tier In the coinnnlen the battle lines are in
virtually the name poltlon an they held
.Iter tho Kaiser's soldiers were driven
out of Buwalki and Augustouo. The
rnmy has intently boipbarded positions
In the region of Dakalargewo Repeat
ed assaults have been repulsed-
The Germans in East Prussia are
plainly depending on their artillery to
check the Russian advance while their
demoralised fortes an re-form and re
fit Large quantities of ammunition and
supplies of i very sort, as well as a num
ber of pieces of artillery, had to be
abandoned because of becoming bogged
In the retreat from tho vicinity of War
saw. An enormous number of prisoners
Jia-i been taken.
After mim thsn n wek of fight along
the San River the Austrian? have now
commenced to retreat from the southern
section The oul thing which Is inter
fering with the advance of the entire
Russian left wing is the stuoborn re
sistance being maintained by the fortress
of Ireni.vl Energetic efforts are being
made to reduce it. and it is believed
that it will nut be able to resist more
than a few days longer. Already
breaches have been made In the outer
walls. Prisoners, who were captured
following an unsuccessful sortie, state
that the medital supplies are running
tery short and that there is also a
scarcity of food
ANTWERP AND BRUSSELS
NEW BASES FOR ZEPPELINS
"Fall Migration" of German Airships
to Belgian Cities.
LONDON i"-t 39 Eight alrshlpe
rasseo, over Hasselt on the German-Belgian
border headed westward and evi
dently making for Brussels and Antwerp,
where it has been stated that Zeppelin
sheds are being constructed, says a dU
btch from Bettcrdunta tho Pally UaU.
Germans have taken strong positions
on their intrenched line from Thorn,
in Silesia. The Germans are silent
concerning operations in this 2onc.
The Russian left wing has envel
oped the Austrian army advancing
toward Poland in Galicia. Przcmysl
continues stubborn resistance, but
this is the only point where the Rus
sians arc at a disadvantage, according
to the Pctrograd War Office.
reported to be on tho way to tho French
and HolRlnn eonsts to form nn unbroken
line ftom Dunkirk to ZeobruRge, n dis
tance of more than 10 miles along tho
On the line between Cambrln and Arras,
where the Allies have been engaged In
night and da attacks against the Ger
mans, there hive been tierce ass-iults In
the region of Vlltm and Souchs. Both
these places hve been damaged by
artillery tire. righting has been In
progress along this mighty battle lino
for 4" das and still the main lines
of both armies are Intact
In the vicinity of St Mlhlol, tha French
are attacking with more vigor thnn over
to dislodge the Germane from the posi
tion which thev took up on the Meuse.
Although outnumbered by tho French, the
Germans nro putting up a gallant de
fense. It Is asserted by some military oxperts
In Paris that the second big Issue of tho
war the attempted seizure of the North
Pea coast by the Kaiser has been frus
trated. The first was the attempted cap
ture of Purls.
However, the outcome In the western
theatre of war. especially In the north
ern sphere of opeiatlons Is still In doubt,
tartlcularly o on account of the fresh
troops with which both armies have
mude and Nlctiport, and aie bringing
HO.'OO more to the front. They have
brought up urtillorj
The rumor of esterday that the Allies
had penetrated from the soutliwest past
Routers to the region of Thourout Is par
tially confirmed this morning by a dis
patch from Holland which says refugees
from Btuges and Ostend nt riving there
report fierce fighting last night between
Nleuport and Ostend, which ended when
the Germans retreated toward Mlddcl
kerke. "The 3ltuatlon in the centre Is un
changed, but nlong the Verdun-Toul
front wr arc Pteadll forcing the enemv
back. The French losses In this region
uro the heaviest they hao suffered since
the conflict opened
"In the eastern theatre of war, heavy
fighting continues In Galicia. On the
Vistula front our troops have taken up
new positions, having withdrawn success
fully from superior Russian forces
brought up to reinforce the enemy's line
"The situation about Lyck and along
the East Prussian frontier Is unchanged."
Tho number of casualties among the
German troops recorded by the first 50
lists totals 231.218, divided as follows:
The dead include 2K3 officers This
shows that the German officers are lead
ing troops with great bravery
300.000 MEN GUARD DUTCH
BORDER, AS GERMANS MASS
Holland Uneasy at Large Forcea on
ROOSE.VDAAU Ilolland. Oct 29
Holland Is feeling the pressure of the
war almost as much as If engaged In It
The report that the Germans are massing
large numbers of troops on the eastern
border Is causing great unenslness
A Dutch army of more than 300.000
trained men Is scattered at strategic
point", along the Belgian and German
border". Uoosendaal Is the principal troop
centre, as It is the only railway gate
to Belgium that Is now open. Hundreds
of military automobiles leave here dally
with messages and suppl'es for the border
The mouth of the River Scheldt and
all the canals are heavily guarded. A
large garrison at. Flushing Is guarding
the docks and the railway station to pre
vent any attempt to violate the neutral
Itv of the Scheldt The river Is heavlty
mined, and Duch cruisers and torpedo
boat destroyers are llng at Its mouth
to gie any necessar co-operation to
tho land forces The Dutch army Is In
Tho horrors of war have been forced
on lrtualiy all the cities, towns and
country districts by the Belgian refugees,
who are estimated at fW.CO). The strain
of properly attending to the refugees
presses hard upon Roosendaal with Its
15,000 population. Flushing "1th 'Of), and
other towns with lesser numbers. In
these pUoes there are mure refugees than
Holland depends on the United States.
and Canada for wheat. At present the
supply Is very short. It la said that
Great Britain Is delaying food cargoes
to Holland, and there is much adverse
criticism of this alleged action Holland
Is willingly feeding the refugees within
Its borders but fears are expressed that
famine conditions wll prevail unless the
embargo is slackened
by the doz
e n s and
spring flowers that we all look
for so eagerly.
Crocus and Snowdrop first
their purple, white and gold
blossoms will tell you much
more accurately than the al
manac when spring has come.
Following in quick succession
come the Hyacinths, Daffodils.
Jonquils and Tulips.
Dreers Autumn Catalogue,
lists every dependable tested
kind, as well as the best of (he
Call or write for coprVllUlS.
foci . :' : v , :i v?.:' i I ' & &titM
U? - ? ; Hit U,- -s f ;flU!,)!v,i
t -s.a.4iffl-rT . ' ' s'"!. TLN . "' -
- - X . I
s '. 'W' . vWVSs-. -A, ' ( 4'j
usiv-.TT .'- .. j. c. . . r . .
.,v 'w? mlj;
hK-it,'" - J- "- .r. iVr - -
T." y ' . .yv wf " t . - w'
. . . . i ' .
'. .. .
- - v , KiWI, .
, j4JU a j wSTT. . ..
Two more ships just destroyed by the German cruiser Emden bring the total accounted for by this comparatively
small cruiser up to 35 since the outbreak of the war. At the start the Emdcn confined herself to the destruction
of commerce. Her two latest victims arc the Jemtchug, a Russian cruiser, and a French torpedoboat destroyer.
Speed and facility of gun movement are the two outstanding features of the Emden. The cruiser has a high
speed mark of 25.1 knots, although she is rated at but 24.5 knots an hour. She is equipped with ten 4.1-inch guns.
These guns are so placed that four may be fired at the same time from stem or stern, and five broadside from port
or starboard. In addition the cruiser has eight 5-pounders. four machine guns and two submerged torpedo tubes.
With her high speed she is a formidable fighting craft, although prior to the opening of the war many naval men
might have called her obsolete because of her age.
The keel of the Emdcn was laid in June, 1906, and she was put into service in the German navy in May, of
1908. Her length is 387 feet, beam 43 1-3 feet, maximum draught 1754 feet and length over all 395 feet. The
normal displacement of the Emden is 3600 tons. She has a crew of 321 men. Her reciprocating engines give her
a horsepower of 13,500. The normal coal carrying capacity is 400 tons, and maximum 900 tons. The Emden was
built at the Dantzig yard.
GERMANS IN MIGHTY
INVASION OF POLAND
Wedge Driven by Rein
forcements Cuts Kaiser's
Front in Two Berlin Ad
PETROGRAD, Oct. 23.
The German front In Russian Poland
hns been broken In two by the Russian
advance up tho Plliza River, and each
portion Is In dnnger of being outflanked
b the fresh Russian troops which are
constantly being brought up from the
The Germans are being pushed back at
every point where they still offer resist
ance, A report from the General Staff says
that the Germans have been driven In
flight back to their man trenches along
the front, extending from Thorn south
ward through Klodawa, Ozorkow nnd
Petrokoff. They have taken up strong
positions upon the hills along the Ner
Rler i-outh of Klodawa.
"To remove the Germans from these
positions," tho report continues, "It will
be necessarj to bring up heavy artillery.
This will require considerable tlmo he.
cause of the condition of the ground The
Germans destroyed every bridge as they
retreated from the Vistula and these will
hae to be replaced by pontoon struct
Details of the week's fighting clear up
conflctlng reports of the past seven days.
The entire German centre and right be
DROPS IN HIS
lnrj Small Patient's Heart and
Brain Terribly Overstlmulated.
son of fj irnniT ii t'mr """ of
BSa Spruce street, Is rapidly recovering
from one of the strangest attacks of atro
pine poisoning In
Tour drops of atropine placed In the
boy'a eyes In the course of an ordinary
ophthalmic examination were communi
cated to the brain and heart through the
nn blood vessels and nerves of the eyes,
and muscles of the heart and brains -were
overstlmulated to such an extent that for
several hours the bay's life was In dan
ger. The lad had been under the treatment of
an oculist only two days and a half, and
the ordinary atropine solution used by all
oculists had been administered only twice
in each eyo when the patient's condition
hA,.m, flliMnlnr. Tl h"1M wim
professor at tho Medlco-Chlrurxlcal Col
lege, whs then called In. lie found the
iw delirious and livsterlcal. Strong nnil.
dotes were administered hypodennlcally,
and after ten hours of heroic treatment the
boy wan nnuuy oeciireu out or Ganger.
MORAL Don't allow "drops" to be uied when having your eyes exam?
Ined for glasses.
Always consult a competent Optometrist (Eyesight Specialist), who uses
the most scientific methods and who dews not use "drops."
We are Optometrists, duly qualified by State's license to examine eyes,
prescribe and fit glauses.
Our price for Glasses, which includes a esreful and thorough examination
of the eyes, from 11 to 6 and upwards.
1728 CHESTNUT STREET
GERMAN TERROR OF
. . . .ih.."., jai ..fanAiura. . - m -. -" -wnnD.i
&rWK&Zi3IKfiMti!7nts " ,i-.f v;xjSX3
v " :.? j.i&!8.
Jri" - 'ISr
' ",, ' T-S ..
- . .. ' .
f. v " if 4' .?-
V fc "'
"T - .' "VSESt!,. , v
rt,.A. - ,wrfA. ,f,''.)lvsAA a- ,' A.
fore TVarsaw was routed and driven back
in the four days' battle which cndid Tues
day, and fresh Russian troops are now
being hurled against the left wing be
tween the Plliza and Hsura Rivers, In
the region between Nonomlasto and Ez
hofT. I The reports Indicate that the heaviest
' lighting there Is about 20 miles east of
I Ixidz, and that further retreat by tho
I Germans there will put Lodz Into Rus
i slan hands.
I Tho decisive blow against the centro of
tho line was struck Tucsnav and mat
nlgilit the Uermans retreated up the
lljanka River, past Radom and Ilzha The
forests Immediately west of tho Vistula
and south of the lljanka, where the
Germans threatened Ivangorod and Novn
Alexandria ten days ago. Is now com
pletely cleared of the enemy.
BERLIN, Oct. 23.
The German and Austrian troops In Po
land, according to an official announce
ment Issued In Berlin, have been forced
to withdraw before fresh Russian forces
ad.-mcing from ivangorod. Warsaw and
Novogeorgiscvak, after having repulsed
all former Russian nttacks.
The ofllcial statement continues:
"At first tho Russians did not follow,
and the withdrawal of our troops took
place without dllllculty. The reserve
troops will change their formation ac
cording to the situation."
GERMAN SHIP K0MET
SEIZED BY AUSTRALIANS
New Guinea Governor Among Fr!n
SYDNET, Oct. 23 Australian warships
captured the crman ship Komet off
New Guinea and she woa brought In here
today. Among those on board made
prisoners, was the Governor General of
Gennnn New Guinea.
LIFE IN PERIL
of Atropine Poison-
the medical records.
tew"i'!j'vTO?w.. . wrsfttwjis.v, t . . - s'.ww"
? ' ' .r-taBrirJLjiv, jrsdfesRwrtg
a wr . ' ma, ? "r?s&a.-sss6i
axv." ..... ... -:X';c,T.'r.7-HrasiJ.. .v .
&.:$ t " v .vf . " .. .! y. v. fti-nwws-iiiw,:
GREAT BRITAIN MOILING
FOR BATTENBURG PRINCE
First Member of. Royal Family Killed
LONDON. Oct. 2D. Beginning today
the Riltlsh couit goes Into mourning for
thiee weeks for Prince Maurice of Uat
tenburg, a cousin of King Gtorgo nnd n
brother of Queen Victoria of Spain, who
died ns it result of wounds receled nt
IVIncc Maurice Is tho fltst member of
tho British roynl family to be killed at
the front. Ho held a commission In tho
King's Rojal Rifle Corps
NAMES BOY FOR TWO KINGS
"George Albert," Son of Canadian
PARIS, Oct. 23 Madame Philip Roy,
wife of the I'anndlan Commissioner Gen
eral in Paris, to whom a son was born on
I Octob. r C has christened him George
I Albert, for tho Kings of England and
i of l.iUlum.
STEAMSHIP SUNK BY MINE
LONDON, Oct. 29. A dispatch from
Fleetwood reports that a steamship has
ticen blown up liy a mlno laid by tho
Germans off Tory Island, on the north
west roast of Ireland. Tho Information
was taken to Fleetwood by n trawler.
Eighteen Years On the Bench.
His Ability and Integrity Have
Stood the Test.
HON, ROBERT S, FRAZER
Presiding Judge of the Court of
Common Pleas of Allegheny Coun
To Vote For Judge Frazer
Mark a cross (X) after his nam
In the NONPARTISAN Column,
A cross (X) In party square Is not
The Reason For
WAR MOVES SHOW GERMANS
PLAN DRIVE TO BOULOGNE
Advance on Calais and Dunkirk Apparently Abandoned
for Present Kaiser's Forces Struggle in
Net of Canals.
By A MILITARY EXPERT
The drive of the Germans In Belgium,
now under tho Duko of Wurttcmberg,
toward Calais nnd Dunkirk apparently
has been diverted nnd It now seems to
be their Intention to push directly on
to Boulogne, further to tho south. In
stead. They will probably throw their
main weight on the Dlxmudc-Yprca line.
The Duke's order that the army under
his command must hack its way through
to tho Straits of Dover at all costs will
stands, but the objective haa been some
Tho Germans discovered they have In
front of them on the coast route a
stretch of countr every Inch of which
thoy would have to carry by assault,
oud their plan to hack their way across
It to got two very ntrongly fortified
titles apparently has been abnndoned.
The proposed line of advance now seems
to be further to the south-oouthwcstwnrd
alone: between the River Yser nnd
Ypres llaiebrouok-Bt Omer road and
the first objective is Boulogne and the
open undefended town.
On the Dlxmudo-Ypres front It Is stat
ed that the Germans are preparing to
throw JJ0.000 men, and It Is certain that
whon tho attack is made a concerted
notion In support will tnko place from
tho Llllo district.
It was at Boulogno that Napoleon
waited for an opportunity which nover
came to Invado Englnnd and tho ad
nnco on nnd the tnklng of that town Is
the scheme which naturally appeals to
The Duko of Wurttomberg therefore
nlll attempt to push back tha allies and
thus, no ho hopes, bo able to walk Into
Boulogne nnd later Into CaTVs and Dun
kirk, lie will nttompt to i educe those
strongholds with heavy artillery and
with the army flushed with the triumph
of having reached tho Straits of Dover, j
BERLIN REPORTS RESUMING
OF OFFENSIVE IN POLAND
Previous Withdrawal Caused by Rus
sians' Superior Numbers.
BERLIN, Oct. 29.-Admlttlng that the
Germans operating In Russian Poland
were forced to retreat becauso of tho
Immense superiority of rilimbors of tho
Russians, the War Ofllce, In a laconic
statement, supplementing the original de
claration. Issued today, says:
"We are again resuming the offensive"
It Is understood that strong additional
reinforcements have been sent to tho
east to aid this movement.
GERMANS SACRIFICE 80,000
IN ASSAULTS ALONG YSER
Tremendous Losses Suffered In Ob
jective Against Proncb. Ports.
BORDEAUX, Oct. 29.
According to Information given out at
tho French Wnr Office today, tho Ger
mans sacrifloed between 75,000 and SO.00O
men In their attacks along the Yser with
the French ports as their objective. No
information is given as to the losses
suffered by tho Allies, but It is stated
that their casualties were only a frac
tion of thoso suffered by tho Germans
As a. result of French successes north
and east of Ypres, the French war of
ficials believe that the German attacks
on the Nleuport-Dlxmude line will be
halted for a time at least.
Of' Moire Silk
For evening slippers
ana the needed
J. E. CALDWELL & CO.
902 CHESTNUT STREET
Saturday Jf)70 lit Oct. 31
A merry medley of music and mirth
at Philadelphia's most attractive cafe.
W)t $eto $$ottl 5tanot)er
12th and Arch Entrance on 12th St.
ajHd Traimt at fA DoorTrolley or Steam.
By ANBRE BEAUMONT
PAnifl, Oct. 29. A email contingent of
Germans have succeeded, attar terrible
devastation In their ranks, In crossing the
Yser, but Instead of being an advantago
to them It is rather a danger, ae may bo
shown before long.
It Is not sulllclent In such ground to
have crossed ft river, stream or canal, for
tho country li nothing but a network of
these. An army must avoid having lu
back up ngalnit ono of theso streams.
As It now Is, tho Germans everywhere
are In dnnger of being driven Into the
cnnaH or waterways, nnd losing all their
men and guns. If they expect to be ablo
to carry on a warfare of trenches there,
hh thoy did for a month In the valley of
the Alsne, they will again bo mistaken
as In tho Ftench nnd Belgian Flandcri
tho ground la so wet that trenches threo
feet deep have n foot and a half of water
In them during the night.
To dig deep trenches, therefore, is Im
possible. Tho Germans apparently have
already realized It, and In a part of the
country have had recourse to a new line
nf turtles, which In in nhlta. ft,.....,.
behind houses. In some places long,
BirniEin rows oi wornmcn a cottagos, c.
poclally near coal mines, havo beon favor
able, to this plan.
On several occasions throughout thes
critical days It looked as If tho Allies
must fall back and abnndon the line of
tho Ysor. Fighting along the whole line
hnn bnpn nf thn meat nnVAfn .t.nMnM..
and lossca nro very heavy.
Monday afternoon events took a much
moro favorable turn. The nermann ...
tlrelv failed tn fnlintv nn tlinl. .........
successes, and havo been again driven
back ncrosB tho Yser. Their furious at
tacks on the contrc of tho lino at
Pervyso, between Nlctiport and Dlxmude
also failed. Sunday night ono German
regiment did succeed In passing through
uotimut troop, in liont of Dlxmude .fid
nctually entered tho town. Hero they
were caught In close formation by ma
chine guns and wiped out.
RUSSIA ORDERS GERMAN
SUBJECTS OUT OF COUNTRY
Activity of Kniser'o Spies Causes
PETROGRAD, Oct. Z).
Becauso of the activities of Gorman
nnd Austrian spies In Russia, the Gov
ernment has ordered that all subjects of
Austria and Germany must leave this
city and other districts within two week.
It Is known thnt many secrets relating
to the mllltnry establishment havo been
revealed to Germany since tho war began,
nnd In many "instances tho German com
manders havo known what Russian
troops wcro at the front before that
knowledge has been given to the people
German claims that cholera and dysen
tery havo broken out In the Russian army
are officially denied. It Is stated that the
arrangements for carlns for the Russian
soldiers are unsurpassed.
j. franklin Miller
L626 Chestnut St.
For the Butler
""The IIonsrfurnlnhlliB Store" "