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EVENING- LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, RATTTRDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 19TJL
rUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
crntja it. k ccrtis, pseshiskt.
Geo. fa. Oehs. 8eretArt: John C. Martin, Treasurer!
OntlestM Liidlneton, Ehlllp-S. Collins, John B. Wll
, u i i i l i I if i i
KOlTOniAb BOARD t
"Ciiifc It K. Croatia, Chairman.
P. It. WlfAtiEY i Executive Editor
ii nam ;l i mi hi '
JtiitN 0. MAftTW acnfcrnf Business Maner
..tin , i ,,. -
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PHILADELPHIA, SATUIIDAY, NOYEJinUl 7, 1914.
- In the Name of Humanity
TENS Of" thousands of men, women ami
little children must dlo of slow starvation
In Yar-ravlshcd Belgium this winter unices
the people of the neutral nations spring
Instantly to their aid. Their harvests were
tramplcd'down by marching armies, the mills
and- factories are closed, their homes havo
been "shattered by shot and shell, and they
wander, Ill-dad- and hungry, on the verge of
winter, -tho wards of the world's pity.
Airibassador Pago cabled yesterday that
$5,000,000 a month will bo necessary for food
alone. .This amount, largo as It may seem
In cold' figures, will provide only tho barest
necessities'. Food W needed, not money. In
the w'ords of- Mr. Page, "There never has been
ouch, dire want In any land in our time."
Philadelphia Is the City of Brothorly Lovo.
In splto tit depression of business In America
for tho past' few months', there are many
thousands of, our,,cltli:ens who are fortunato
enough "to possess the -luxuries of life. Wo
can' hardly poso as generous when Phila
delphia 'has subscribed only J33.000 In tho
face, of the heart-breaking call. Let all
racial distinctions fade away at this time
and 'each glvo' according to his ability. Tho
nations now at war Cannot help Belgium;
V thejr will havo as much as they can do to feed
and clothe their own. If we fall, the heart
of- the world has failed.
IF THE word "psychological" was needed
tri explain the business depression of the
past few months there Is no necessity to
multiply syllables to prove tho boom now
setting In. Tho election has cleared tho
alrr confidence Is being folt and talked; but
the proof Is In the facts.
Orders aro coming Into the factories;
chimneys are beginning to belch forth
smoke; machinery long silent la being oiled
and put In motion; the ranks of the unem
ployed aro thinning.
The upward surge )s being folt In all
.parts .of the country. Chicago, Pittsburgh,
New Tork, St Louis and Philadelphia are
flashing the first words of hope to other
cities. The soft coal, Iron and steol and the
textile districts are the first to respond.
Good times are ahead of us. Many causes
contribute to the certainty: our Increasing
exports, the assurance that the tariff will
be readjusted, the huge harvest, and. not
least, the feeling people have that tho era
of Government's tinkering with business Is
' s Music Testing the Public Streets
THE Musicians' Union Is In a hole sev
eral of, them. The holes aro In our
streets. , Walking along at tho head of pro
ceaslpns, with eyes fixed on their music
sheets, our bands encounter not a little
danger of sprained ankles from the wretched
condition of many of our highways.
It seems a little thing, almost ridiculous,
this plea. And yet how clearly It shows the
connection of good streets -with all the city's
activities and the far-reaching effect of
. neglected thoroughfares! Councils face a
rfnew and original claim for the appropria
tion that It has been holding back from the
, Highway Bureau.
FOR centuries Turkey" has played a sin
ister part In the affairs of Europe. Wily,
barbaric and obstinate, the Ottoman Em
pire hn held Its own on the Bosporus,
even when the whole of Europe wanted to
be rirf of the Intruder;
It it bad not been for England's fear of
'Russian designs on India the unspeakable
Turk would hsvve been obliterated three
quarters of a. century ago. Gratitude for
continued existence ought to have kept
Turkey out of this war, even had there
. been no other motive. As It Is, with Russia,
Frnae and Oreat -Britain arrayed against
it, tb Turkish Empire Is bound to fall.
There- was a time when the soldiers of
, the Sultan were mighty warriors, but that
day has gone by. And Germany has too
Jars a. i contract on her hands In other di
rections to be able to save her latest ally,
Cattle Disease and Meat Prices
THIS Government quarantine of cattle,
with the object of limiting- the spread of
tvfuotand mouth disease, may have a serious
effect upon the price of meat. Experts say
pV that Fbiladolphia will not feel It, but It the
Markets " the country are already regis-
t tujf a higher level it Is hard to discover
fyjW v &r to be the exception. Already
tim quarantine covers several States and
GitftHda to FennsyJvanlB, Of course. If busl
ilfts esatfnuM to brighten, as. everything
iatileatee it will, there can be no serious
-igfAUrtWlnK if the price of only one. com
flir-Hti' rises. Or, we say economize on
jffi-;,'; and rib roast
" I ColQTuiLcth Cdlorada'a Problem
fTUaW uee4m has been asked, "Why is it,
Xht tit ftuM r preuHrt aitd vigerpua aatloa
j Jllf wmn tkttt Ute Fdrat Government
ijiiisflsi vtHM the strike sttuatlos 1b
Inert Incapacity to handlo definite problems,
no better example can be found than tho one
which has called even tho virtue of de
mocracy into question. Colorado disgraced
Itself by making Federal Intervention neces
sary. President Wilson shows his good sense In
his reluctance to exercise at this time the
fullest powers at his command. Colorado
should scttlo Colorado's problem. Tho State
lins elected a new Governor. Maybe he Is
strong and courageous enough to faco the
situation squarely and conquer It.
Public Playcrouuds ami Citizenship
IN PLEDGING a continuance of his sym
pathy and aid to the playground mox-o-ment,
Mayor Blankenburg confirms the be
lief that organized recreation has won a
permanent plaeo In modern city life. Many
who wcro hostile to the movement havo
been converted by tho results demonstrated,
and those who looked leniently upon it as
anothor but harmless fad of humanitarian
dreamers are now enthusiastic In Its sup
port. Tho point of valuo In tho public play
ground Is that tho natural Instinct of chil
dren for recreation Is organized and guided
by experts. Boys especially benefit by such
direction, because It gives them a rational
and healthy exercise of their pent-up spirits
and saves them from the gang associations
that thoy Inevitably form whon left to them
selves. Theso gangs aro too often the
breeding places for ruffians and law
breakers. There Is still In the City Treasury the sum
of $231,687.47, balanco appropriated for tho
Improvement of recreation centres, and no
money. If wisely spent, will bring larger
returns of future good citizenship.
Submarines for the Navy
THAT tho Navy Department has designed
a now and distinct submarine, superior in
size, speed and cruising radius to any similar
craft now afloat, is a matter of national
gratulation. Tho present warfare on tho
seas' has amply demonstrated that any navy
must bo hopelessly weak which Is not strong
In Its submarine fleet. American effort to
keep ahead of tho times In tho science of
naval design and construction Is the promise
of futuro supremacy.
To urge preparedness for war Is not Incon
sistent with condemning militarism. Mili
tarism Is a state of mind. Newer Ideals of
peace prevail In this country, but thoy will
not save us from tho International madness)
of which even the 20th century can bo guilty.
Since wo must have a navy, and a strong
navy, let it be so superior In power and
economy of cost as It ! possible to make It.
Two Good Games This Afternoon
WITH today's football games post-mortem
comparisons begin. Penn meets
Michigan In tho West. Princeton tries con
clusions up at Harvard. On the basis of
these results, all four contestants and Dart
mouth and half a dozen Western colleges
will figure out comparative football prowess
that will land half of them in tho Eastern
championship verbally, at any rato.
This year, however, such deductions will
bo worth as much as any attempts to say,
on past performances, Just how the two
big games today will come out, for the
teams of tho Enst are not so woll Inter
locked In early season games as they used
to be. Strong as Michigan has proved,
Ponn may down tho Wolverines. With
Brickloy bnck In tho gamo, for a time, at
least, thoro Is no telling what will happen
In Cambridge. But thoro will bo some good
sport this afternoon. That much la certain.
Memorizing the Constitution
DANIEL WEBSTER attributed the birth
of his patriotism and the bent of his
public life to the fact that ho learned the
Constitution of tho United States from a
copy printed on a pocket handkerchief
which he bought when a boy. It Is hard
to bcllevo that tho commitment to memory
of the greatest Instrument of government
ever written can rlghUy be called a bur
den. If more of our citizens know Its pro
visions and had caught the Bplrlt of lib
erty with which It Is saturated, we should
have far less lawlessness, practically no
anarchy and a widespread enthusiasm for
WellesleyAfter the Fire
TO EARN money for the collego rebuild
ing fund, Wellesley studentB are taking
In washing and performing other labors of
love In the perspiration of their brows.
"Sweet are tho uses of adversity." Each
now occasion breathes new meaning Into
the old phrase. Consecrating themselves to
Alma Mater In such fashion, these young
women are consecrating also the very stones
of the now Wellesley with their toll. May
hap for this they will be the better wives,
and at least It Is true, as Seneca put It "The
good things which belong to prosperity are
to be wlBhed, but the good things that belong
to adversity are to be admired."
Hail to the Posture League !
THE American Posture League" could
anything, so far as name goes, seem a fit
ter subject for Jibe than this latest addition
to the Interminable Hat of America's official
busybodles7 But satirist and poragrapher
must sheathe their pencils. This particular
league has performed a remarkable publlo
service, accomplished an eighth labor of
Working with the engineers of a rapid
transit company, It has evolved a car seat
that does what seats are supposed to do
rest a person. Be you square-backed or
round-shouldered, tall or short slouching or
ramrod-llke. you will fit the new seat.
Street cars aside, there Is a future for that
miraculous chair, even In the best of sit
ting rooms. '
This Is the day Pennsylvania carries the
victory to Michigan.
And now the warring nations are mo
bilizing American shoes.
If Organized Baseball goes any farther
with peaeo plans It will be decidedly out of
The quarantine fad Is becoming quite
popular. They are going to put one on New
The Republican landslide is the more inex
plicable because Mr. Bryan took so little part
In the campaign.
The Belgians helped themselves first; the
first thing for the rest of the peaceful world
Is to help the Belgians.
It 1 good to know that the Russians aban
doned the siege ot Frsemysl because of
far ot aholera. sot lockjaw.
Tfc lnteraatteoaiiy mixed but tborojHly
f sUHttml PJ)-4leWa OrefeMtf m nutdered
tfui 'mum J srf--t H Oiseerd,
George Harvey Slipping Bnck Into Prominence But for the Election He
Might Ilnvc Succeeded Gerard as Ambassador to Germany He is
Already Equipped With Suitable Uniforms and Information.
(Bpeelal V'aihtngton Correspondence )
GEOHGE HARVEY Is becoming a familiar
and very welcome figure In Washington,
because, whllo ho rarely talks for publication,
he nlwnys says something that is Interesting
and original. Ho Is, In fact an unusual man.
His full name Is Geoigo Brlnton McClellan
Harvey, because his people thought a great
deal of General McClellan and he was bnp
tlzod, or christened as ho would say now
sinco ho got away from tho Westminster
Standards, that way; but llko other great
men ho has only kept as much of hla real
name as he found convenient to handlo and
Is now simply "George." That Is what
Henry Watterson calls him. Mr. Cleveland's
name was Stephen Grover, but he cut oft
tho "Stephen." President Wilson's name was
"Thomas Woodrow," and some of his old In
timates still speak of him ns "Tommy," and
nt least ono of his father's old parishioners
In Augusta asked him, when ho was down
thoro after ho had entered the race for the
high honors which ho wears so worthily,
"Woll, Is this Tommy, and what are you do
ing for yourself. Tommy?" Nono of theso
men could bo very much blamed for getting
rid of a part of tho baggage with which their
parents loaded them, nnd every ono of them
suffered no Inconvenience by tho amputation.
Theso tin co wore Presbyterians and Stephen
and Thomas held on, while tho other lot go,
In a sense Oro of tho many notnblo things
about them Is that, granted their premises,
thero was and is no way to escape their con
clusions. It was tho same way with Andy
Jackson's "By tho Eternal." It IS logic,
logic, logic. That was how It happened Mr.
Cloveland established tho gold standard, how
Mr. Wilson repealed tho Canal tolls exemp
tion and dispersed the lobby, and how Har
vey guessed the name of the next President
before ho had been even thought of In tho
ALL of which makes Harvey's visits to
. Washington tho occasion of much nnd
various comment. One of tho stories that
persisted before election was that It
Gerard went to tho Senato as the successor
of Senator Root, Harvey would go to Ber
lin as the successor of Ambassador Gerard.
Had tho election gone differently, tho Presi
dent couldn't have done better; In fact,
many of his sinccrost admirers, even If thoy
were not "Original Wilson men" nt Balti
more, have thought that ho would havo done
a very good thing lind ho named his old
friend for one of the big diplomatic places
In the first Instance. Harvey Is fully equip
ped for tho service. Ho Is a. highly trained
newspaper man, to begin with tho late Jo
seph Pulitzer thought ho was a wonder, and
he Is; ho has money In the bank, he can
"read English" (tho test applied to Mr. Taft
when ho. wont up to register at Now Havon
for the election this week); he can converso
in French, knows German and can speak
Russian as well ai PIndell, of Peoria. Be
sides, ho has traveled extensively and Is
familiar with all the ways of Europe among
tho higher classes. Being Ambassador to
Germany would bo ns easy to him as win
ning a game of golf, for Instance, from tho
President himself, that Ib to say unless ho
should "foozle," whatever that Is. Moreover,
Harvey Is a soldier, nnd if it should become
necessary to shoot any American In Berlin
for the sake of peace, he would doubtless bo
willing to bare his breast to the dum-dum
or any other sort of missile Just for the sake
of old Peacham In the State of Vermont.
Up there thoy would put up a memorial
stone to him down near the postofllco on
the village green and for generations chance
CRISES IN GREAT LIVES
"Garibaldi," said Cavour, "Is not only a
general. Ho is a banner." True ns this say
ing was, It becomes almost a Joke In view of
tho fact that at tho great crisis of Garibaldi's
military career tho banner was at the head
of a retreating column.
Tho retreat, however, was strategic. It
occurred before tho battle of Solferino, In
1859, when Garibaldi aided the Italian King
with tho French against the Austrlans. In
accordance with his usual mode of fighting.
Garibaldi had occupied all tho farmhouses
In the neighborhood of Castelnedolo. Noth
ing like a regular battle wns attempted, tho
leader knowing too well how his soldiers
fought. A corps of shnrpshootors was pushed
forward, ostensibly to harry the Austrlans
on their line of march. Suddenly a bloody
engagement began. The Austrlans realized
that they could not gain by a frontal attack
and decided on a turning movement Out
from the farmhouses poured tho Gnrlbaldlnl,
flanking the Austrian turning corps, fighting
Irregularly In the open. Additional Austrlans
appeared. Back went tho straggling Garl
baldlni Into tho farmhouses. Hour after hour
Garabaldl continued these tactics, his men
now pouring helter-skelter from the flimsy
barricades, now rushing pell-mell back.
At the end of the day Garibaldi found him
self In a critical position. Ho could not go
on fighting, because sheer exhaustion was
telling on his soldiers. To stay where ho was
would lay him open to nil sorts of danger.
With the calm carelessness of a gentleman
of leisure he began a retreat. There was not
even the suggestion of a defeated army. He
had Blmply done a day's work and left the
Job. It turned out later that by deciding to
retreat Instead of risking battle Garibaldi
had made possible the victory of Solferino,
which made a nation out of Italy.
A MOOD OF AUTUMN
Ah. Autumn, now that you and I must part
You linger, goldenly. your footstep slow,
Even as a friend, beloved of the heart
Seems doubly dear Just ere he turn to go.
You pause by noon, deep sighing thru the trees
And in the spangled sunset hold your breath,
That I may note your splendid symphonies
Of color, that the night shuts In to death,
Your leaves rain down and prank the forest
With tapestries of yellow, red and brown.
And thru the glooming glory of your hate
I gllmp the dreaming towers of the town.
October odors between sod and eky
Remind roe or me laiin or eariniy mings,
As If you murmured, "Surely, by and by
I shall come back, with birds and errant
The sweet and strong communion 'twlxt us two
Is more than all the mouthlnga among mtn;
You are not beautiful alone, but true;
I bide the season till you come again.
And O, be sure of one fond heart that waits,
Loving and longing, midst of wintry fear,
Until, once more aglow, you ope the gates
Ot harvest and fulfil tho fruitful year.
Hlchard, Burton, In the Independent.
War Losses Equal Emigration
From th Washington Times,
Immigration from Europe and this mean
from the soun tries at peace a well as those At
war fell off sharply with the beginning of the
war- During September, for example, there
were received only 1SS9 Immigrants at the port
of Philadelphia, while during the same month
of last year the figure was, ST. If Immigra
tion from Europe should be praotieally dlscoa
Uaued by the war-7-aad that Is txaeUy what
pretest eo-olttoas sufgett It would e&a that
HufOP would save rather over a tnllUoa flltl
z a year T t I to say. if the wars shouM
klU or l&cap-ciUte M0.WO peepl BMBtfely. tbf
loss would statsst be offset by ts mt t$M
tt itT-toii ha4 ?ldl Iterope eas kill
mjm sees a -wnth. 4 hv as laa
B leH, U s oalr Mm eiU9a,
visitors would say on public days, "Look,
AS SHAKESPEARE says In "Macbeth":
. "A soldier, nnd af eared?" Not much in
the case of this valiant knight, without other
decorations than those conferred upon him
by the Governors of two States Colonel by
appointment of two of the Governors of Now
Jorsoy. but ' Honorary Colonol also by ap
pointment of two of the Governors of South
Carolina. Of course, Colonels aro as plenty In
Now Jersey as blackberries In Virginia In tho
month of June; but so far aa tho record
shows Harvey Is tho first and only Honorary
Colonol bearing a commission from South
Carolina. Governor Duncan Clinch Hoy
ward, a descendant of ono of tho Signers at
Philadelphia, found him about 12 years ago
and immediately attached him to his staff,
and after four yenr3 under Hoyward, Harvey
was again honored with the samo tltlo by
Governor Ansel, tho son of a German Immi
grant (another and convincing reason urged
by thoso who would see Harvey In Berlin),
nnd for four years Harvey again rendered
his adopting State distinguished service.
When Coloy Bleono succeeded Ansel, Har
vey's commission died; but It Is hoped that
he will bo rocommisflloned by Richard Man
ning, tho gentleman who Is to como Into
office next January. "It would bo nuts" for
a man llko that to dlo for his country or
for any other country if need be.
IT IS a fact not generally known, but worth
recording, that Harvoy has a Colonol'?
uniform. Ho bought It paid J1B0 for It
when ho wns commissioned by Governor Hoy
ward, expecting to wear It at a demonstra
tion in Washington or Now York; but the
Governor failed to appear and It wnS no part
of a well-trained Colonel, nor was It re
quired In tho regulations, to do the whole
thing himself; and, so far as present Informa
tion goes, that suit was only worn once
nnd then In tho family clrclo at Deal, N. J.;
but, preserved with moth balls or other foes
that corrupt, It Is supposed to bo "as good
as now," nnd tho Kaiser, nor any other man,
would have the better of Harvey arrayed
It Is not his uniforms or his bank deposits
or his guessing gifts, however, that would
havo qualified Colonel Harvoy for the dis
tinguished post of German Ambassador, but
his fitness for tho office, his knowledge of men,
his superior mental furnlturo, his largo ex
perience in big politics, not in holding office,
his accurato Information of tho trade nnd
business of tho United States, hiri knowledge
of tho world nnd tho ways of the world; in
fine, his gifts of diplomacy which have been
Illustrated on moro than one occasion in a
OF COURSE, nothing that has been said
explains why Colonel Harvey comes to
Washington, nor Is there any reason why It
should be explained this is a free country
and Harvoy is a freo man. Ho is an "Inde
pendent Democrat," as one of his biograph
ical sketches notes, and an Independent Dem
ocrat In theso times of caur i rule Is a man
to reckon with when majorities aro fading.
Nobody can say, "for sure." what tho Presi
dent will do with Harvey Harvey is not
looking for anything for himself, that much
Is cortaln; but Harvey is still on the firing
line for the Democratic party as a number
of his people In Vermont were when it cost
a good deal In the way of creature comforts
to be a Democrat. RANDALL.
The Jacobites used to assert that the rat
was brought to Britain by tho Hanoverians
when they succeeded to the crown. Tenny
son refers to this In "Maud":
"Curse me the British vermin, the rat;
I know not whether he came In tho Hanover
There are two Crystal Hills, the first on
the coast of the Caspian Sea, near Baku,
which sparkles like diamonds becauao of
the sea-glass and crystals with which It Is
studded; the second, tho old poetlo appella
tion for the Whlto Mountains.
The Fosse were four great Roman roads
which traversed England. Robert of Glou
cester says of them:
"The fourth Is most of all that tills from
From the ene end of Cornwall anon to
From the south to northeast Into Eng-
Fosse men calllth thlsk vlox
London hanBom cabs are known as "Gon
dolas of the London Slraets," the nickname
being coined by Lord .Beaconsfleld. It Is
thought however, that Beaconsfleld bor
rowed the phrase from Balzac, who applied
It to the Paris fiacres.
"He who steals my purse steals trash," was
not original with Shakespeare. In the time
of Edward VI there appeared "Homily
Against Convention," in which appears:
"And many times there cometh less hurt
of a thing than ot a railing tongue; for the
one taketh away a man's good name, the
other taketh away his riches, which Is of
much less value and estimation than Is his
The Black Sea was formerly known as
the Inhospitable Sea, this being a transla
tion of its most ancient name, Axenus, and
was considered to describe accurately the
character ot the tribes living on Its shores.
Peculiar circumstances prompted the be
quest to Philadelphia out of which the clock
and bell for Independence Hall were bought.
In 1876 Henry Selbert a wealthy Phlladel
phlan and prominent Spiritualist, was at
tending a meeting of Spiritualists in New
York. A materialization, believed to have
been the spirit of Mrs. Selbert appeared
during the seance. Mr, Selbert was told
that he must provide for the purchase of o.
clock and belt for the tower of Independence
Hall. At his death he left (20,000 for the
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
How great a part the newspaper plays In
city life la never realized until. In some rare
case like war-ridden Belgium, the dally paper
ceases to exist It Is better, however, to re
cord Its virtues while It still lives, as the
Washington Star does editorially concerning
a Connecticut papers
fThe Hartford Courant, which is the old
est living newspaper on this continent has
Just celebrated Its 150th anniversary by the
issue ot a birthday edition of 141 pages,
which Is notable among the special souvenir
issues of American Journals. The Courant
first appeared October 9, 176. and since that
date has been published regularly, and
always under the same name.
"It was not the first paper that was pub
lished In this country, but it is the oldest
survivor of all of the early Journals. It
was born a dozen years before the United
States, printing the Declaration of Inde
pendence as news the 16th of July, it having
required eleven days for the tidings to reach
Hartford from Philadelphia.
"The birthday edlUon of the Courant is a
jau-kable issue, sweeping the Held of
AMeneaR -evMsjnuiH w au. DraanaejL ana
is B-tiery or uv ooar-
ant Itself and sketching the e-eopmnto
American Journalism during the century and
a half of Its own existence. .
"Tho uninterrupted publication of tne
Courant from the first day of its Issue 1B0
years ago to tho present time Is not only in
Itself a remarkable performance, but tne
Courant Is today ono of tho strong news
papers of the United States, a JuaI l
Influence In Its community, Its editorial pol
icy having been from tho outset cstabllshoa
upon tho highest principles, and Its editors
Including men of eminence In national airairs.
The paper has always stood for the cost or
American citizenship, and It has well ae
served the large success that has attcnaea
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
ContrihutionsThnt Reflect Puhlic Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State and Nation.
To the EMtor of the Evening tedgeri
Sir-Certain Germans who become peevish
when criticised should consider that by tne
nironcy of their favorite Idol, the War Lord,
3,000,000 of pcoplo are reduced to starvation ior
no other reason than bocause thoy stood in
the way of hlB ambition and selfish disregard
of tho rights of others. He Is now oema"'"5
of the people he has ruined large sums, $9,000,000
from Brussels alone
Amorlcan generosity may do what It can for
thi!.e pcoplo In their Buffering, but we would
certainly hold these Germans In America in
higher regard If they demanded that the money
wrested Iv force from the Belglnn cities was
used to feed the needy rather than wasted in
further bloodshed. W. C. HALL.
Philadelphia, November z.
MUSICIANS IN HOLES
To the Editor of the Evening- Ledger!
Sir The musicians complain that they cannot
Dlnv good music when leading parades because
thoy have to keep their eyes on tho ground to
watch for holes. Thero were bands long before
there were paved streets and the members used
to march and play without great trouble. At
tho same time It Is very obvious that streets
without holes are better than streots with holes;
ind this rulo applies to tho toll roads as much
as to tho other highways. It Is a good thing to
have our streets at least on the level.
Germantown, November 8. Z. T. B.
ON SEA AND LAND
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir A groat many .Americans would bo Inter
ested to know If by any possibility Sir Lionel
Cardcn was aboard any of tho British ships
recently so badly beaten by tho Germans oft tho
coast of Chill. The English reputation on the
high seas Is apparently proving to be as much
of a myth as German Invincibility on tho land.
Battles aro not won, on sea or land, by the
gonlus ot men who died decados ago.
Atlantic City, November 6. NEUTRAL.
CONCERNING THE DOWN-ANDOUTER
To the Editor o; li Evening Ledger:
Sir Pessimistic business men should be in
terested In tho following bit of philosophy,
found in ono of tho current magazines: "Tho
man who says ha Is down and out Is either a
coward or a liar." EUGENE F. SWAN.
Philadelphia, November S.
WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE WINS
To the Editor 0 the Evening Ledger:
Sir Tho supporters of woman's suffrage have
reason for satisfaction In the results of Tues
day's elections. Of course, It would have been
better to have won seven States, but two more
are welcome; and the fight has JURt begun. Tho
campaign of education will continue and victory
will continue. G. A. R.
Philadelphia, November B.
EGGS VERSUS INCOME
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Shakespeare was a prophet. It was ho
who spoke of "tho winter of our discontent."
One cannot help wondering If tho egg market
acted In his day as It does In this. What Is
needed Is a Burbank in the poultry yards. Hens
should be broken of the Bummer habit.
Philadelphia, November 6.
STATUS OF THE UNEMPLOYED
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Among the unemployed there are somo
who have made unemployment their principal
business for manv years. There are others, of
courro, who want Jobs and are steady workmen.
Possibly when the city begins Its many Improve
merits It will find labor as scarce as it now
seems to be plentiful. OBSERVER.
Philadelphia, November 6.
THE PRESS ON ELECTIONS
Comment on the Results in Pennsylvania and
From the New Torlt Evening- Tost.
If the triumph of Penrose Is a blow for his
nnrty In the country at largo, the defeat of
Sullivan In Illinois Is a victory for the Demo
cratic party, despite the support he received
from the Administration. Sullivan Is forward-
looking In the sense that he can see which side
his bread Is buttered on, but tho damning event
In his career Is the part that the "Sullivan
Democrats" played In the election of the Re
publican Sullivan. Lorlmer. to Bay nothing of
their reputed willingness to repeat the act.
Steady Suffrage Gains
From the Ntw York Trlbun.
The Far West is now a unit In accepting votes
for women. That Is to say. where the change
has been thoroughly tested and observed Its
adoption comes naturally. To doubters thle
steady spread of the reform among neighboring
States carries far more conviction than all the
arguments In the world. That Is the Importance
of the example In Illinois, a State presenting all
the problems of New York. Aa the efficient
voting of women becomes clearly established In
that outpost of the cause suffragists throughout
the East can look forward to success.
The Victorious Voter
From th. New Tork Press.
Republican candidates for Governor, for
Senator and for Representative did not carry
their States and their Congress districts. Tho
American people carried them carried them not
so much for this or for that candidate, elected
often overwhelmingly, but against the policy and
program of Mr. Wilson's party In control of the
From the 8prlnflll Hepubllcmn.
The result of the elections, in the broadest
sense, was a triumph for conservatism over
radicalism the first one of any importance
since President McKlnley was re-elected in
1S0O. It had been In the air for a year or
more. Finally, the conditions became Ideal
for a reaction. In addition to the undoubted
business depression, due to a variety of causes,
the great world war cast its dark and chilling
shadow upon all the forces that make for un
settlement and change. In times like these,
reform withers. The popular InsUnct Is to
"sit tight," conserve what Is and make the
best of what Is established and tested by
Ume. The world today has no desire for Inno
vation and experimentation, because a large
part of it is in flames and the remaining part
Is thinking of its fire extinguishers.
Knife of Reform
From the Btltlmoro Sun.
Discontent in industrial centres wjth tariff
reform also helped the Republicans to "come
bs.k." The tariff always kleks hard when It
la touched, and Its friends and beneficiaries
rallied in all their strength yesterday to its
defense and vlndleaUon. The knife of reform
cut deeply Into the protected Interests; the
wound has not bad Ume ao heal; the patient
still feels the pain and he does not realise the
benefit to come.
Control of Congress
From the Portlind (Ms.) Arru
While a considerable Republican gain has been
made, it bad beea dUe-anted by a quite uni
versal expectation of sue- a ru!t on this og
year, ad the ft that the Democracy has re
tained control of the Congrese will be taken by
ffiews f the AlmlaietraUon as very saUXo
tery wuter all fc lrewataacs.
Are accountants always "export" T
Aro plumbers always "sanitary"?
Are tailors always "high-class"?
Aro styles always "exclusive"?
Is Broadway always the "day White
Aro dentists always "palnleBs"?
Aro football players always "husky"?
And why, no Miss Gertrttdo Stein has
asked, "Why Is there no oyster closer?"
(Johnnv Poe, ono of Princeton's famwi J00U
hall players, now fighting with tht Allies n
Ah, how woll do I remember, years ngo In
When John Harvard to dismember, I would
duck my head and boro;
For their weakness I was hunting, some
times plunging, sometimes punting
Whilst the black and orango bunting, flut
tered In tho air, galore; .....
And tho rootors' yells were frantic, frantlo
for tho Crimson gore.
That thoy crave, and nothing more
Now today again they're meeting, nnd the
Tiger's blood Is heating '
For ho's bent upon defeating Harvara'fl co
horts ns of yore.
See! against tho foo he batters and ho rends
tho lino to tntters . ...
Then straight down tho field ho clatters,
clatters, chasod by half n Bcorot
But his speed oftsffets their brawn, as It
often did before;
And It will forevermoro.
Although now I am In battle, where artil
lery's deadly rattle
Mows down mon llko herded cattle, from tho
loved ones they ndore;
Through this veil so wild, dismaying, I be
hold a scene portraying
Men upon the field obeying, heeding words
of football lore.
What remains to mo Is trifling, but nil this
I'd glvo and moro
Just to know tho Princeton score.
Mrs. Gotta-Gothali' You aro misinformed.
Society women do not tattoo tholr backs.
Elsie Whon you aro congratulated on
your playing, look the congrattor straight In
tho oyo. If ho means It, pity him. If not,
tho left-hook to tho Jaw Is very popular.
Hallroom No, no I Not pajamas.
(An apologu to mj friends who were disappoint'
ed at my wife's funeral.)
Tho reason the funeral was not hold, ns
first published at my brother Samuel Miller's
house on Goorgo street near Seventh, was
becauso of my brother's wife, Mrs. Henry
Miller, absolutely refusing to have tho
funeral held at hor house. Becauso of thli,
wo were forced to mako different arrange
ments and the funeral was hold from my
brother-in-law's houso Mr. John Jones of
South Market street and wife, to whom I am
William Miller and Family,
Miller's Cornor Item.
Now Is tho Time
Now Is the
time, you bards,
to write of
Of mating robin nnd of sunny skies,
And of the wondrous glory of hor eyes;
Now Is tho time to warblo and to sing
Toll now how from the Southland dally wing
The birds, and of tho music ot their cries;
Write now of how tho larks to heaven rise,
Of lowing herds in streamlets wallowing.
Today's tho time, tomorrow may bo late
If you would fatten up a slondnr purse
And would not miss your dally pork and
You know how editors rave and berate
When In the spring somo send them
Wrlto now, If you would make the maga
zines. Oh, Yes. Pronounced "Big Shoot"
"To tho south of "Dixmudo tho Germans
made an nttack last night In tho direction
of the Blxschoote bridge. They failed In
the attempt, and were forced to ovacuata
completely the village of Blxschooto to the
south of Zandoofdc. From tho Front.
Fishes Join Germans
German Flying Fish Wins Again. Sports
Yesterday It waB exclusively announced In
Scrapple that tho Molluscs have Joined tho
Allies. You remember: "Germans Attacked
by Land and Sea Shells." Tho above shows
that Nature plays no favorites. She's neu
tral. Llko Scrapplo.
Life is Just One etc.
World's series echoes have died out, but
grand opera will soon be hero with Its bnss
From the Front
According to Figaro, tho London Mall says
that tho neuter's Agency announces It Is
rumored that a dispatch from Dover de
clares the Russians are advancing.
BESIDE THE SEA.
(As Hossettl tconW wiite it )
Long and low the sea rolls wide.
(Ah, how sad Is the surging sen!)
And you nnd I, tho sea beside
Gaze at the sombro dlrging tide.
Love In our hearts burns pale with fear
(Hark to the sound of tho surging sea)
Over tho waves the moon shines clear
Shines on your yellow neck, my dear.
(And near the land Is still the sea,
The sea! Tho sombre surging sea!)
It Will Never Do
Unless we buy more bales of cotton, lots
of Christmas Santa Clauses will havo to
play their parts without whiskers.
Distance No Obstacle
When Vesuvius broke out there wasn't a
moving picture man -within a hundred miles
but we'll see moving pictures of the. erup
tion here next week, Just the same.
Try Again, Just'.
To the Chef:
Sir Nowspaper men, I believe, are noted
for their ability to crowd more information
In a given number of words than men in any
other walk of life. Therefore, Just to set
my mind at rest regarding the reason for all
the slaughtering of human beings In Europe
during tho last few months, won't you please
to write for me the cause jf the European
war In ZS words. Many thanks.
Philadelphia, Pa., Nov, 4.
Why such verbiage? Here It la In 13s
Servla, Austria, Russia, Germany, Luxem
bourg, France. Belgium. England, Portugal,
Montenegro, Japan, Tuikey, Next.
A Real Pessimist
"He's the most pessimistic person I've ever
"He's letting his house fall apart because
he's buying it on the Instalment plan. Says ha
won't risk a cent on repairs until he has U
From the CuVs Notebook
Out In West Philadelphia, the police of a
certain station house are still laughing over
an incident that occurred several weeks ago.
An old Negro, with the earmarks ot the
South, entered the station and asked tho
magistrate In charge for a warrant. Upon
asking the offender's name the Negro re
plied: "George Washington, Jedge. He's dat
powfut bad Nlggah, Jdge, what yo' told
three weeks ago to be eooii or vm .1 h...
send him to Jail, sah. lie's bad again, been
.l.niTuHn1 vnn unnnt.lt. .....,,.
"Huh," grunted the magistrate, who had a J
god sense erf humur rieero to me I hae
uwtf mm u. ui oeo-.g w&sningvon be
"Yassab.' ans wared the darky. "Three
-'U " w 1" ,
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