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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA", TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 3912.
wtw Us '
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
craOS II. K CUnTIS. r4BS!t!T.
Oeo. W. Oehs. Secretary; John C. Martin, Treasure"!:)
jthsries It. liUdtngtcm, Philip 8. Collins, John n. WIN
BDtTORIAI, BOARD !
Cities It. K. Conns, Chslrnwn.
J IT. WItAt,BY RvctolM! Rdltor
JOHN O. MAMHN General uInMniser
i Hi i i .M -
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CI.ABI HAH, M ITTBn.
I'lIlLAUELPIllA, TULSIUY, riOVmnr.lt 10, 1'Jl .
Plain Speaking on Transit
DIRECTOR A. MERRtTT TAYLOR went
sheer to the core o Philadelphia's tran
sit problem last night when he laid down the
nttcrnatlvo of prompt action hy tho Union
Traction Company or clty-bullt and clty
oporatcd high-speed lines on a competitive
basis. Tho alternative Is lnovitable and
cannot bo avoided. 1'lilhulclpllla will toler
dto no evasion, no dalliance.
"This Is tho' will of the people," declared
tho Director. "Tho city has tho legal au
thority to build theso lines, and there Is no
question whatever of tho ability of the mu
nicipality to do so. Tho tlmo has now nr
rlved to start tho work. The question for
tho existing companies to answer Is: Will
thoy force tho city to establish them and
opcrato them as an Independent competitor,
or will they welcome tho protection accorded
them under tho transit program? The city
Is going to establish subway and elevated
transit lines. A street railway company
which controls all the facilities Is a monop
oly, and cannot decline to extend Its sur
face lines when necessity requires.
"Tho Union Traction Company," continued
.the Director, "has been given plenty of tlmo
for consideration, and now If Its stock
holders should fall to Indorse tho transit
program the proposed Frankford and Wood
land elevated lines may bo connected with
a subway under Chestnut street, operated
by tho city In competition -with tho present
Market street subway."
Now that tho issuo is clearly defined and
tho air cleared of all technicalities, tho trav
eling public of this city can expect that
tho question will bo settled promptly and
Spasmodic Relief Not Enough
IT IS not within tho power of Imagination
to concelvo how the Belgian need of relief
can bo changed for many months to come.
Practically all of tho Industries of the coun
try are closed and there is no food in tho
jnarkota, even wero there money to purchase
it. Tho sufferers are congested at points out
side of tho theatro of actual war and thoy
are literally starving. Little children aro
fading away to skeletons, women are faint
ing with hunger and men aro fighting for
scraps of offal.
The heart of all America Is melted to sym
pathy as the terrible story Is being retold
with a thousand pathetic variations. But a
spasm of charity will not meet tho situa
tion. Belief must be continuous and system
atic. Each month $5,000,000 must bo sub
scribed until the scourge Is passed. AS a
mere thank-offering that wo aro spared tho
horrors of this sanguinary war, America
Bhould supply what Is needed. Let every
one set aside a monthly amount In tho name
of humanity and forward It promptly to tho
Philadelphia, City of Sport
IT WOULD probably astonish the rest of
the country It the truth of Philadelphia's
attitude toward sport wero brought home.
Philadelphia, which passes with many me
tropolises as a synonym for tho slow and
Bleepy, is easily the most live of American
cities In true sport.
Tho season centres attention on the foot
ball teams of the many colleges and "prep"
schools tributary to Philadelphia; but
there are other fields of sport In
which the city leads. Soccer has coma forg-
Ing to the front of late. Boxing clean, true
boxing has always had Its stronghold here.
Of Philadelphia's two baseball teams, one
is of admittedly remarkable calibre. Gover
nor Tener, head of the National League, will
shortly make his headquarters here. Pox
bunting' and cricket have long nourished in
this neighborhood as nowhere else In the
country. The motorboat races to Bermuda
start In tho Delaware. For many years
XTather Fenn has rejoiced In the Army-Navy
. ' All this has never had the recognition over
- the country that It deserves doubtless be
' cause It has been so little sensational, so
true to the better things In sport.
Sermons That Were Not Preached
JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER, JR., millionaire
by birth, and Charles F. Murphy, Sachem
of Tammany by stealth, were sojourning In
the same hotel at Virginia Hot Springs last
Sunday. They rrere both Invited to preach In
th colored church on that day, and both de
clined. s If the invitations had been accepted It
wpuW have been edifying to hear Mr. Rocke
feller discoursing from the text, "It Is easier
lar a camel to pass through the eye of a
nsdl8 than for a xlch roan to enter Into the
Kingdom of Heaven," and Mr. Murphy hold
ptB forth on, "Hew are the mighty falln."
Making Cities Successful
"VfOTABLE us a gathering of men of Ideas
JN ad aeMOTwnent, tbe am "Cwferenoe
t' American Mayors cm Public Policies ad
fl tiHBleilwI UMU" will b chlafly lrnpor
jtt by reason of tfee opportunity which it
Witt aJtord tat th InterabaBse of tried opln
fgfta mA of su&ssttona reMilttag fttim ex
wyyteitea. It should b Qs productive and
IttiMiuI a fc conference of Governors
: ihfc opei-s at Mdion today; and thr
"xsq tacsaUent raaaoaa for MtUg an vn
jparjut vsue as tt. Bauopattji crttic of
Awartpftc dentWaraUc iaaUtuUoas m-
our cities, govornmonlally, are failures. Cer
tainly tho municipal problem Is both Impor
tant and urgent, and no part of It Is more
vitally pressing than that which concerns
public Utilities. The widespread nnd ever
Increasing Interest In tho general subject
nnd In Its particular phases Is full of prom
Ise. Already there has been not only much
experimentation, but much achievement, and
the Mayors and ftther municipal officials who
are coming to Philadelphia this week will
ench ho nblo to contribute largely to tho gen
eral fund of knowledge by which, eventually,
tho organization and methods of municipal
government will bo standardized so far as
tho variations of local conditions will permit.
Pciiroso for President!
SENATOR OI.MU JAMISH, of Kentucky,
npsoits that Holes Penrose la tho logical
Republican candidate for the Presidency In
1916. Doubtless there will bo ninny who will
accept tho statement as n form of Southern
humor, with a touch of delicate prophetic
Irony to give It point.
Tliuio Is no disposition to discount tho Vote
that Penrose lccelvod In Pennsylvania, but It
was a patty rather than a personal tribute.
Aiiy other man at tho bond of the Republican
tlckot would certainly have had a still larger
plurality. Looked at from any standpoint, tho
Republican resurgence of this Commonwealth
can bo construed as nothing but a severe re
buke to tho Administration for Its fiscal and
If Penrose but It li not within tho range
of practical politics If Penrose should run
for tho Presidency In 1310 It would give tho
country at largo an opportunity to ratify or
rcpttdlato the Pcnnsylvanlan verdict of lust
week. This Commnnwcalth has been Jeered
and castigated for Its political Incorrigibility
for somo years; wo wonder whether the coun
try as a whole would sco moro clearly and act
more decisively. It Is very easy to feel virtu
ous when no temptations assail. No doubt
Senator James and his fellow Dcmoctats
would like to pick tho Republican candidate-)
for tho next campaign, but tho Republicans
know better how to guard the future of their
Forest Fires and Careless Hunters
THIS is tho season of forest fires, and for
est fires are costly. Dcsplto tho olllclency
of preventive methods nnd ifforts, thou
sands of acres of woodland havo been ruined
in this Stato during the last week. Pennsyl
vania cannot afford tho loss. Individuals
cannot nfford tho loss. Many of theso de
structive llres havo been duo to tho careless
ness of hunters'. Such negligence 13 criminal.
Tho great company of sportsmen who lovo
tho woods nnd enjoy the cbase aro not re
sponsible. But tho careless few may leave
such a trail of blackened, ruined forest be
hind them that it may become tho courso of
wisdom for tho Legislature to restrict the
freedom of tho hunting season. Tho guilty
will suffer with tho rest.
, America's "Busy Berthas"
DURING the Spanish War America wad
rather proud of her gunnery. But It
provod nothing to what tho navy has slnco
accomplished In range and accuracy.
In tho same way evon tho excellent show
ing made by tho now siege guns which have
Just been given their trial at Fort duPont
will, of course, be outdistanced ultimately.
At prosont, howover, It Is very satisfactory.
Thesa four-ton guns are not quite "Busy
Berthas," but they are a big advanco over
present army -ordnance in this country.
America will probably never need such
guns as the Germans built to batter the great
forts of the Allies. Tho army authorities
are putting emphasis on something that will
be moro Important In any battles America
may fight marksmanship. Without that
oven the latest siege guns aro useless.
No Place for Quarreling
WHILE Congress was moro or less vio
lently discussing the question of Filipino
Independence, disagreement and discord In
our Phlllpplno Commission was growing In
seriousness. After our notable educational
and administration achievements In the
islands, this squabble among our overseas
representatives Is exceedingly regrettable. It
sets our wards a bad example and makes
them suspicious of our claims to superior
self-restraint. We havo told them that they
can have self-government only when they
have proven themselves capable of bearing Its
burdens with Intelligence and harmony. It Is
to be hoped, both In the Interest of adminis
trative efBclenoy and on account of the
threatened moral effect on the Island people,
that the quarrel wilt be short-lived.
Martyrs of Science
ONE more name has been added to the
long honor roll of the martyrsl of science.
G. R. Mines, a professor of physiology In
McGlll University, lost his life while making
experiments on his own heart. Like Doctor
Lazear, the American army surgeon, whose
life was sacrificed to the conquest of tropical
fevers', and like many another hero of the
battles of peace, ha belonged to that great
army of men who, In the laboratory or out
on tho firing line, have been waging relent
less war against disease and against the Ig
norance which Is always the ally of disease.
TLslr unthinking bravery and unselfish de
votion to science place their heroism on
the highest plane, for theirs Is the service
of humanity, and to lose In such a cause la
to gain Ufo for their fellowmen.
A man has not the foot and mouth dis
ease Just because he puts one In the other.
About 1,000,000 dead Germans are making
dally attacks on the commissary and the
"Philadelphia has only begun to give" and
the boat Is full already. Pipe all hands for
the second cargo I
The neutrality of the American shoes
shipped to Europe depends a great deal on
how they are pointed.
"P.ockefeller sketch sold." A study In oils
by John D.T Oh, no; nowadays the millionaire
subject, not the impecunious artist, gives his
name to the stature.
"Another day of drought" la what the fire
wardens and the fanners call It. but Phila
delphia's are apt to emphasize another side
of the weather today.
Fourteen miles a day may be the swiftest
marching sines Napoleon's time, but In this
age of ralle-a-rolnute railroads la sounds like
Philadelphia rapid transit
!' I ' 'HI I I'
There la relief la the report of the Fed
eral Pubitc Health Service that pellagra Is
not a omsaunicaWe disease, that Vt S sim
ply a product of an lll-balaiupS diet fiat
tba taak Af ,ya tnfartatlnn mb wim -
aMttty kf isftftake t efcetoe of aada
sbHMbt AaBMIa& dUk)Uut
What's a Billion Dollars Among Friends? Proposals to Spend Vast Sinus
for Public Roads Augur a Fight in Congress Ahou Ben Pennsyl
vania Does Not Lead All the Rest in Road Construction.
IN SPITE of the fact that the expense of
conducting tho departments of tho Na
tional Government this year exceeds tho ex
pense of running tho name departments dur
ing the Inst year of tho Republican adminis
tration by $3,000,000 u month, or $36,000,000
annually (the figures are Senator Borah's),
the Democratic majority did not get It all at
the long session, nnd will doubtless como
back next month hungrier than ever for
spoils. What's a billion dollars among Demo
crats In an ago of simplicity when compared
with tho rapacity of tho Republicans when I
inoy wero in control
AT LEAST two considerable financial prop
.osltlons got away from the predatory
politicians nt tho late session Jonathan
Bourne's very modest plan or securing tho
credit of tho United States to tho extent of
$3,000,000,000 In aid of the construction of good
ronds, and Representative Shackelford's bill
appropriating $25,000,000 annually for a term
of years for the samo vary good purpose Tho
Shackelford bill wns an Improvement on tho
Bourne proposition, every grafter will think,
slnco It proposed In effect to shovel out $2G,
000,000 n year to bo expended by tho County
Commissioners In tho States at their pleasure
nnd without Federal supervision. It was not
even provided In his bill that tho money
should bo expended for road construction,
although that would havo beon tho decision
of tho courts within "tho rulo of reason." It
was n sloppy, grafting. Ill-considered effort
to break Into tho Treasury, and It failed.
Fnlli'd at the lato session, along with soino
B0 or 60 other road propositions of greater or
less merit; but It will come up again nt tho
noxt session with nnothcr brood of probably
oven moro brazen-faced attempts at public
robbery under tho label of public service.
Those propositions will probably be discussed,
at least they ought to bo, at tho convention
of tho American Highway Association and
affiliated bodies In Atlanta, now in session,
and by experts In highway work from every
Stato In tho Union, by men who know tho
subject, and not by politicians bent upon
gaining somo political advantage for them
selves In their States and districts.
IT IS a crying shame that In tho State of
Pennsylvania In 1909 only 3.84 per centum
of tho 87,386.79 miles of public roads wero
Improved. Down to tho year 1911, tho roads
Improved by Stato aid In Pennsylvania wero
only 83G mllos. In 1912 and 1913 tho Stato
roads, survcyod and mapped, covered 8828
miles. This Is a sorry showing for really
tho richest and greatest State in tho Union.
If tho political ways in Pennsylvania had
not beon so crooked doubtless tho public
roads would havo been stralghter and better.
Naturally, It could not bo expected that even
so great a Stato as Pennsylvania could build
good roads and tako caro of tho pigpen3 at
Lcnguo Island at the samo time, and what
ever might bo sold about roads, tho pigs
must bo protectedl
AT THE recent mooting of tho American
jCX Bankers' Association, Dr. Logan Waller
Pago, director of tho "Unltod States Office of
Public Roads, gave much lnvnluablo Informa
tion showing tho magnitude of the subject
and arguing that as the building of good
roads Is a strictly business matter It should
be saved from tho corrupting touch of poli
tics. Tho total length of public roads In tho
Unltod States outside of Incorporated cities
and towns la a little more than 2,250,000
miles, or 1C times tho road mileage of Eng
land. This comparison, howover, Is not alto
gether In point, as tho area of tho United
States Is more than 65 times tho size of
England, Including Wales. It Is not how
many mllos of roads wo have, but how many
miles of Improved roads; and. In proportion
to our size, wo hnve everything to lose by
comparison with any of the highly civilized
countries in tho world.
THE opponents of adequate road Improve
ment protest that the development of all
the public roads In the United States would
cost $11,000,000,000, at $6000 per mile, and
tho expenditure of that enormous sum Is not
to be considered seriously. It Is not neces
sary that It should be, as Doctor Pago has
pointed out that "for all practical purposes
the hard-surfacing of from 20 to 25 per cent,
of our total road mileage Is all that Is nec
essary." This conclusion Is based on the
Both Britain and Germany have been
known as "Aaron's Serpents," the former be
cause she absorbed the petty States of India,
and the latter because she did likewise with
the minor States of the present Germany.
In 1798. when "Gracchus" Babeuf was editor
of the "Tribune du Peuple," In Paris, he
plotted against the Directory. His abortive
attempt was known as "Babeuf's Conspir
acy." Condemned to death, he killed himself
on May 27 of the following year,
A "lettre de cachet" was a warrant for ar
rest or execution with the name In blank, to
be filled In at pleasure. During the adminis
tration of Cardinal Fleury 80,000 of these
cachets were Issued, the larger number being
against the Jansenlsts. In the reigns of
Louis XV and XVI 59 were obtained against
the family of Mlrabeau, This scandal was
abolished In 1790.
There are a number of daylight darknesses
recorded In history, among them being those
In B, C. 295, A. D. 25, 746 and 775. There was
a dark day In England In January, 1807, and
another on October 21, 1816, There was also
a dark day In Detroit on October 19, 1762. On
May 19, 1780, there was such atmospheric
gloom over Hartford, Conn., that the Legis
lature adjourned for the day.
The phrase "man of straw" has an In
teresting history. It UBed to be the custom
for a number of worthless fellows to loiter
about the law courts, to become false wlt
nes or surety for any one who would buy
their services; their badge was a straw in
Another Czar takes council grave
With Ministers In gray;
In leash he holds his channg bounds
All eager for the fray;
Yet nearer, ever nearer
Comes the day
When, from their Icy barracks loosed,
The north wind boreal bands.
Sent forward to the combat line.
Will sweep o'er Europe's lands
To strike roan's wavrlnff hosts
With loy hand,
They'll war on Slav and Teuton,
On Briton and on Gaul,
And spread a shroud o'er quick and dtad,
And ahritl their busies' call
As 'fore their loy musketry
The tbevsanda fall.
Across the snow-hid wintry waste,
Across war's frozen zone.
The Arctic's sang, triumphantly,
WW arewn d41Va jdtsaus noaa.
AJW. at mm uonc, t-w &res
Way Ofltwu Tt-P4Er)f.
fact, brought out by n very careful Investi
gation of conditions In the average rural
district, that 20 per cent, of tho roads carry
80 per cent, of the traffic. Tho present prob
lem of tho American peoplo is to Improvo
and properly surface something llko 250,000
miles of road, and this can bo done, under
proper direction and freed from tho blight
ing offects of political management, nt a
comparatively low cost.
IN 1904 tho cost of road construction In tho
United States amounted to $79,000,000;
last year something over $205,000,000 was ex-'
ponded In money and labor on tho public
roads of tho country. Tho causo Ih making
great headway, and tho moro It Is preached
tho faster 11 grows. "Our chief troubles,''
said Doctor Page, "nro not lack of zeal or
excess of pcuurlousncss, but rather n dofec
tlvo system, a widespread Ignorance of
proper methods, a good-natured disregard of
tho dictates of economy, nnd a very general
practlco of playing politics with road funds.
Tho roads aro absolute economic necessities
and cannot for a moment bo considered as
lcgttlmnto spoils of tho politician," To tako
them out of politics, Doctor Pago would placo
tho management of tho public roads of Stato
ltnportanco under tho control of a non
partisan, non-paid commission, holding odlco
partly cx-ofllclo nnd partly through appoint
ment. Ho would rcqulro this commission to
chooso u competent engineer, responsible to
no political party, as oxccutlvo head of tho
work of construction, nil of his subordinates
to bo selected through competitive examina
tions to prove their fitness for tho service.
In tho handling of the county roads tho samo
policy should bo followed, and Instead of ''tho
present many-headed, loosely constructed,
politically dominated county organizations,"
there should bo a small and compact body
of compotont mon. With such an organiza
tion nt least $50,000,000 would bo saved
annually on tho basis of tho present outlay.
TO MAKE any plan of general road Im
provement effectlvo within reasonable
expenditures, tho roads should bo classified
according to tralllc requirements, and such
classification would do much to neutralize
tho effects of petty politics. Under such
classification from B to 10 per cent, of tho
main trunk lino roads, or roads used heavily
for traffic between county and Stato and na
tional systems, would tnko caro of tho trafllc;
from 10 to 20 per cent, of secondary road3
would caro for tho business of local markets,
and the rost would provide for unimportant
fecdors and neighborhood roads. Tho ex
penditures on road construction should bo
determined by tho trafllc Importance of tho
roads, which element would also determine
tho classification of tho roads.
THE question of financing tho roads Is of
prlmo Importance. What la needed first
Is "suitable legislation, an adequato system,
amplo funds, competont men, and let tho rest
of tho work alone." Appropriating money for
tho building of roads without making pro
vision for tho maintenance of tho roads after
construction Is waste. Tho issuing of "long
term bonds for short-term Improvements" Is
unsound business. To Ibsuo a 40-year bond
to build a road, the surface of which will
wear out In 10 years Is folly. Tho "life of tho
bond should never exceed moro than doublo
the life of the perishable part of the Im
provement"; proper provision should bo
made for the payment of the bonds and of
the Interest due; adequato malntonanco from
the completion of the road should bo com
pulsory and revenues bo provided accord
ingly. To assure tho malntenanco of tho
roads there must bo constant and capable
supervision, and such supervision would not
bo posslblo under political control.
ENCOURAGING progress has been made
in road construction during tho last fow
years in somo of the States; but Abou Bon
Pennsylvania does not lead all tho rest,
moro'o the pity. Tho convention In Atlanta
will give fresh Impetus to tho cause. Tho
convention will be composed of men, gen
erally, who havo experience and knowledge,
and It Is expected that plans will bo formed
which will contribute to the building of a
coiiBlBtont system for tho Improvement of the
highways of the continent. Tho subject con
cerns every household In tho country and
every business man In town.
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
Many are tho problems of the water supply
of a great city. East St. Louis, however. Is
one of the few large cities faced with tho
problem of private ownership. There the
service has proved unsatisfactory and costly.
According to the St. Louis Post-Dispatch,
"East St. Louis taxpayers have shown tho
taxpayers of other Illinois cities how to pro
tect themselves from being sold Into bondage
to public utility companies by unintelligent
or unfaithful city officials.
"Through their People's Protective League,
they have thrust Mayor Chamberlln and his
legal advisers aside, have got from the City
Water Company an agreement granting all
the people asked for, and have had this
agreement approved by Chairman Thomp
son, of the Illinois Public Utility Commis
sion. Concessions granted are; Minimum flat
rate of $1 a month for water In houses Is re
duced to from 41 to 75 cents a month, accord
ing to size of house, and four other financial
concessions leading to a sixth provision that
the ordinance granting the company a new
30-year franchise is to be amended to enable
the city to buy the plant at the end of any
five-year period Instead of at the end of any
ten-year period, and at Us physical valuation
instead of on the basis of Its earning ca
pacity." The trouble In Grand Rapids, says the
Grand Rapids Press, is; "Water to wastel
Grand Rapids has It, and Is wasting it, ac
cording to the survey of the New York
experts. Thirty per cent, of the flow Is
unaccounted for, uncharged and lost outright.
To cure this condition tho survey recom
mends that all services be metered at the
flat rate of 6 cents per 100 feet. This would
make the water system profitable and per
mit the retirement of bonds Instead of their
indefinite extension and mounting Interest
charges. It has long been known that the
meter system la the only safe way of selling
water. Flat rates make straight for waste.
"The report Is In no sense an argument
against municipal ownership of such baste
necessities as a water supply. On the con
trary It Is a triumph of municipal owner
ship that the system has survived and pros
pered in the face of the sort of mismanage
ment the experts accuse the city of bud.
CRISES IN GREAT UVES
From the time of Xerxes and Marathon,
490 B. &, to the fall of Constantinople.
1453 A. P., the West and the East were al
ways at each other's throats. Many of the
separate battlen are of great Importance,
but one of them, Arbala, 331 B. C, la of soe
otttl Interest because it marks the decisive
moment la the career of Alexander the Great
Already at Isaua and the Graalcus Alex
ander bad defeated Dartus and hto PeraUn
IWfd.T. gt the final blow of Maoedon
&Kalld AbIO. VIMM Still In lu. tininlr tVltk an
HSr nu'fcvUy far later lor to that of
jjBjifu, th u.ng: 4d daring Aiaer al
lowed his enemy to chocse the battlefield on
tho left of tho Tigris River. If Aloxander
was defeated thoro could bo no retreat. 83
the river Would cut him off, But Alexander
would not consider the prospect of defeat.
When tho battlo began Alexander flung
himself at tho head of his cavalry against
tho Persian line. Reckless of his person, no
charged, and only tho tremendously superior
number of his enemy kept him back. Sud
denly ho noticed a movement on tho Persian
front. Tho centre had charged, but S'm
mlas, commander of one brigade, had held
back. Now Slmmlas, seeing that tho left
wing of Alexander's army could bo envel
oped, dashed out across tho plain.
It Is Impossible to overestimate the critical
position In which Alexander found himself.
Once enveloped his army would bo cut to
pieces, because numerically thoy could not
cope with tho Persians In a hand-to-hand
light. Altendy a large column of Indian and
Persian horso was destroying Alexanders
Tlirnclan camp guards. Ho himself was mo
inonlarlly In danger of being cut down.
In tho emergency It was his personal cour
age which saved him and turned tho tldo
of battlo In his favor. Tlio ciiarge oi mo
legion under Slmmlns had left a hugo gap
In tho Persian front. Onco ho had noticed
It, Alexander could not banish tho Idea from
his mind that there wns tho point to attack.
Ho hurled his smnll band of cnvalry straight
Into tho very heart of tho Persian army.
Cutting right nnd left, ho dug his way
deeper nnd deeper Into the hugo mass of sol
. dlors. Nearer nnd nearer to tho person of
Dnrlus ho came, until, unablo to stand It
longer, tho Persian rommandor turned and
fled, leaving Asia In tho hands of Alexander.
THE PRESS ON ELECTIONS
Comment on the Results in Pennsylvania and
in tho Nation.
Trom Iho St. Tnul Dlpntch.
It will bo Interesting to observe, In tho course
of political events, whether the lesson which
was enforced with stern severity upon tho Re
publicans In 1912 will bo remembered and profit
ed by. Tho grand old party of past fine sorvlco
and moro recent special privilege Is apt to bo
mlBlcd by the largo majority given by Pennsyl
vania to a man like Boles Penrose nnd to behove
that Its sins nro forgiven nnd It Is ready to
return to the methods of 1912 and "put them
across." It Will bo a fatal mistake.
Tho sweeping victory of Whitman In Now
York, the congressional gains In Ohio and Illi
nois nnd tho loss of tho ponderous Democratic
mnlorlty In tho House must not bo taken ns
ovltlcnco of tho restoration of public confident
In tho Republican party. Now York merely took
a merited blow at Tammany; Boss Penrose Is
Just tho snmo bos3 ho was when Pennsylvania
rebuked his methods by swinging Into tho Pro
gressive column two years ago; tho congres
sional overturning In Illinois and Ohio Is only
tho restoration of tho equilibrium. To view
theso events In other light Is to Invite political
"Corrupt nnd Contented"
Trom tho Knnsns City Slnr.
Tho voto for Penrose in Philadelphia reminds
one of Lincoln Stcffcns' description of that city
as "corrupt and contented."
Illinois nnd Pennsylvania
Trom the Cleveland Plnln Denier.
So far as tho United States Senate Is con
coined, Illinois did better than Pennsylvania.
Roger Sulllvnn wns defeated In splto of the
tremendous majority piled up for him In Chi
cago. Boles Penrose was re-elected by a
greatly Increased majority In tho fnco of a bitter
Domocratlc and Progressive fight waged against
Sullivan and Pcnroso belong to the same
school In politics. Wero parties more logically
formed, both would belong to the same organi
zation. The election of either could mean noth
ing else than a local victory for reaction. Tho
re-election of Senator Sherman can certainly not
bo callod a triumph for progress, but sending
him back to tho Senate was the best method
available for keeping Sullivan at home. Had
Pennsylvania been equally alert to distinguish
between the lit nnd the unfit, Ponroso would
have received an even more decisive Invita
tion to stay away from AVashlngton.
Ono consoling reflection Is that. In the new
Congress elected this week, Penrose will have
no largo offices to perform. Tho Senate mlnoi lty,
of which ho Is a conspicuous member, will havo
no moro power In tho now Congress than In the
Murphy Wants to Know
From the Kansas City Times.
Hon. Charlie Murphy Is a good loser, but he
would like to know why the jinx Is on hhn If
Pennsylvania can stand for Hon. Penrose.
Penrose the Issue
From tho Houston Post.
Penrose was tho Issue In Pennsylvania and
Penrose won. The opposition to the Senator
was widespread and deep-seated, but It was
divided and therefore powerless to bring about
his defeat. Penrose has the support of the
whisky ring, tho disaffected Democrats and
Republicans whose fortunes and aspirations are
built upon the foundation of protective tariff.
Direct Primary Vindicated?
From the Springfield Union.
Mr. Penrose may or may not be as politically
undesirablo as he has been pictured, but
whether he Is or Is not, his re-election to the
United States Senate has demonstrated the fact
that ha Is, If anything, far stronger politically
underO the direct primary plan of purifying
elections than he was under the old convention
system. He Is the same Penrose now that he
was in his previous candidacies, If his election
on former occasions consUtuted a horrible ex
ample of the evils of the old methods, what
does, his re-election by popular vote represent 7
Is It a vindication of the direct primary and
From the Nashville Banner.
The uncertainties, Inconsistencies and vicissi
tudes of politics have been Illustrated In the
case of Senator Boles Penrose, of Pennsylvania,
as compared with that of former Senator Joel
Benson Foraker, of Ohio. Both men are Re
publicans of the class known as reactionaries,
and both were Involved In what were known as
the Standard OH letters made publlo through
the agency of William, Randolph Hearst Beveral
years ago. The effect of this publication ap
pears to have been fatal to Mr, Foraker's po
litical ambitions, whllo Penrose continues to
thrive, and was recently elected to a new term
In tho Federal Senate. Foraker is much the
brighter man of the two and personally more
attractive. And outside of the Standard Oil
matter h record Is clean, while that of Mr,
Penrose is besmirched with all the crookedness
of the old Quay machine in Pennsylvania.
Of all the old guard of reactionary Repub
licans, those of tho "stalwart" breed, like Aid-,
rich. Crane et al., prominent in the Senate a
few years ago, Penrose is a remarkable sur
vival. He was the least able and least person
ally attractive of them all. It Is a sad commen
tary on the effect of the Seventeenth Amend
ment, providing for the election of Senators by
popular vote, that Penrose was one of the first
to profit by it.
A Trio of Isms
From th St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
, In spite of Democratic reverses In many
States, there la absolutely no reason tq believe
that the country is committed anew to McKln
leylsra, Hannalsro and Aldrlohiara.
ProgressivUm Goe On
From the Cblcajo Brenlss Post.
It was the country's rebuke to the business
policy of the Democratic party. It was not a
protest against "watchful waiting" in Mex
ico, nor anything- more than an acceptance of
our peutraUty in foreign war as the plain,
tnatter-ot-courae policy that any President
would bae followed. The dissatisfaction was
with the DemocraUo tariff, against the par
alyzing hand whleu the anti-trust action lias
laid upon business; even, wo believe, against
the long period of depressing Inaction which
has preceded the aeUve life of tb? new our
rency plan. The war tax added final fuel to
the flames. All along the line men who were
out of work, men whoee boslneaa Buffered,
man who eaw eeooomlo perils surrounding
them, voted against the Democratic party
Upon the euwttUU tblag In aM this leag bat
tle our faith is UU sun. We know that the
rgresslv movement will g forward, vs
Out Pi-o$prv jHiy, as- a party, 4bH
saver eosytret t-e eovM4t,
World Series Football
When the big Red, White and Black team
came on the field It was loudly cheered by its
adherents, led by Cheer-General von Born
hardl. Tho Kaiser won tho toss nnd decided
to attack tho western goal. On the kick-off
tho ball went to Bclg'lum on her own 8-ynrd
lino. England protested to U. Sam the ref
eree, accusing the Knlscr of ofTsldo play, but
the protest was overruled. Liege was unable
to gain and the ball went to tho Kaiser.
Threo rushes through centro failed to Ri"n
but on tho fourth down Kluk, for the Teu
tons, made a wild dash nround end and
brought tho ball Into French territory.
From this tlmo to the end of tho first Period
tho Kaiser's advanco was Irresistible. The
Allies played gamely, forcing their opponents
to go to the fourth down for each gain, but
they lacked the dcfcnslvo power to Tegaln the
ball. On Franco's 30-yard lino the Kaiser was
penalized 10 yards for slugging Louvaln. A
quick forward pass, Kluk to Wurtemberg,
brought tho bnll to France's 3-yard lino. Tho
light players of the Allies' team seemed to bo
no match for the big boys from across tho
Rhine. Spectators In tho Paris grand stands
wero already prcpnrlng to leave the field
when tho Allies braced nnd hold tho Kaiser's
huskies down after down, until they recovered
tho ball. Joffre then sent French around
right end for a 15-yard gain.
Tho period ended with tho ball on France a
18-yard line. Score, 0-0. In this period both
teams used tho old-style offensive nnd defen
sive game, Kink's one pass, 27 yards, being
tho only cxamplo of tho open style. Tho Kai
ser rushed 280 yards, was held onco for downs
and wns penalized 10 yards. Tho Allies rushed
15 yards forward, but most of their rushing
backward was purely tactical, bringing their
grand total to 295 yards. Rhclms nnd Lou
vnln wero badly hurt In two of the Tougher
plays, and had to rotlto.
Advice to tho Combatants
How to trap Germans: Build breweries
along tho firing line.
So people sot.
Is where to plot
And to bo got.
When night nwot
lias chased tho (let;
Till dawn, so gret
And Old Sol's rot
Onco moro gains swcl
And night's nt bet.
Then so thoy sot
Tho lights that blots
Aro dimmed and pet-
Trons havo to pot.
Abbreviation's Artful Aid
Nothing hotter. Nothing cheaper. Temnto
Course. Saturday evening. 11-4 It.
Mlllvllle Dally Republican.
If the redoubtablo Germans decide to ln
vado tho United States thoy will not attack
Boston, In tho opinion of military strategists.
"Tho Kaiser would bo foolish If ho did,"
said Connto Mack.
"I agree with Mr. Mack's statement," said
"Hurry-Up" Yost, of Michigan.
To Herman Ridder
Say, Herm, If you would bother all tho Rus
sians And mortify the soldiers In their ranks.
If you would plcaso your countrymen, the
And start a chortlo oven from tho cranks.
Why don't you tnko a letter from their city
And add two others. If you're not afraid,
And call tholr capital It would bo witty
Not Potrograd, but make It Rotrogrado7
Truth Is Stranger Than Scrapple
Divorces were granted to Mrs. Albert Sinn
and Mrs. Alfred Hell In a St. Louis court
the other day.
Dipping Into the Future
from the Bajou Ba&fcJr, July 10, 10H (Editorial).
There Is but ono consolation In this war of
China nnd Peru. It Is certain to bo tho last.
War has become too terrible and too expensive
for civilized nations. Once peace Is concluded,
all wars will bo over, etc., etc.
From the Bllnkville Bunk, April 11, toti.
Let us not despair. This tltanla struggle
between Ecuador and Beluchlstan must bring
one great good In Its disastrous train. The
horror of the, world nt the spectacle of great
nations at war must speedily result In the
abolition of all wars, etc., etc.
(And so on, every CO years or oftener, ad
O Fashion, goddess of tho fair.
The blizzard on the north wind borne,
Unto thy faithful, nearly bare.
Is nothing but a thing of scorn.
The laws of man thou dost Ignore .'
Or change to suit thy fickle will;
And e'en to much of nature's lore
Thy back Is turned, they answer nil.
O Goddess, In thy favor bask
The rich, the jocular and grave;
Deign thou to grant the boon I ask
And I shall ever be thy slave.
Decree thou, then, that taking food
In any form Is out of date.
And all the versifying brood
Will honor thee and call thee great.
"Most Americans cannot see the point of
"Is there a point?"
"Sure, tho point Is there Isn't any."
M. Brumbaugh will probably retire from
his educational activities for good now. M.
has another job.
A number of young boys from 34th street
and Woodland avenue traveled to Ann Ar
bor, Mich., the other day and were enter
tained. All voted that a good time was had.
C. Mathewson Is not Jumping this win
ter. O. says he don't care for the sport.
R. N. Williams, of here and the tennis
courts, says that the Kaiser has a smash
ing serve, but his lobs are weak, R. ought
T. Roosevelt and friends will spend a
A young man at a loss for a, word,
Once fell for some French he had heard:
He said "apropos"
With an "a" on tho "o"
Then he wondered how far he had erred.
The waiter essayed hard to still It
The smile Bpread before he could kill 1L
When the girl in pink satin
Said "potatoes au gratia,"
And asked blm to bring her a "fillet.' '
A girl from the north of the State
Arrivcu -jmajra minutes late;
When asked why she dallied
She carelessly sallied,
"I think It's so much more au fait."
Through tho Field Glasses
Richard Harding Davie, well-known" cor.
respondent. Just back from Europe nviii
S?11 J?ow ,6?idle8 ana Civilian Act' Undei
the Fire of the Enemy." News Item. oucr
From the CuVe Notebook
,i.An.ewl7lpe,r man ln tha western part of
the State is singularly absent-mlndei On
night one of his fellow reporters was sent
out to cover a fire. He "fell down" m thl
assignment and left town in disgrace with,
out returning- to the ojkee " wun.
"j"?" wwiBar oi, . looked n?