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title: 'Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, November 11, 1914, Night Extra, Page 8, Image 10',
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EVENING LEDGER-tHlLADELPH!A WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1914.
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OST idilrru oil eommunlcoHon to Evening
' Ltip'T, tmlepenttcnco BQuarr, Philadelphia.
y 1 xstmkd iT Tnn ritn.ADti ritu rosTornca s second-
I CLASS JIAIt MATTER.
' ' ' .
aj, rillLADELriHA, VEDNESUW, OVtSintU 11, 1!14..
f T-, ,
Union Traction's Opportunity
UNION TRACTION atockholdcrs owo
aomethltiB to the citizens of Philadelphia.
fcf. They aro receiving 17.15 per cent, dividends
1 on their stock, an excellent return. But thcro
Is no captious criticism because the yield Is
Wr bo Urge. Philadelphia Is not objecting
j( Philadelphia, however, does expect that a
s company which has prospered so greatly
through Its franchises should bo kindly dls
i posod toward tho extension of transit facili
ties. It asks no sacrifice from tho Union
-v Traction Company. On tho contrary, it
, merely urges the company to reinvest, for a
limited number of years, a half of Us largo
r dividends In tho extension of surface lines,
v and 6 per cent. Interest on thonioncy so to
1 invested is assured. In addition, it protects
the Union Traction Company in Its present
lucrative contract with tho Philadelphia
Itapld Transit Company, for It insures tho
u latter against competition and practically
grants it a continuing monopoly of transit
., 4 ...e,.... ... a..... ..u.,.....
4j The union Traction Company, on tho other
hand, haa certain vested rights. Its o'.ock
, holders cannot bo compelled to Invest their
a. money against their will. It is t.icir privilege
. to say yes or no. It Is Just as certainly their
L! ... duty to mako their answer ono way or tho
r other In tho lnimcdlato future. They havo
had ample opportunity fo.' consideration. Tho
urgency of tho now system is too great to
permit Indefinite delay.
! u- - m .1.. . n n
F. XL 111D CX.1ES.VC1 lO ililltlllUi.VC, VUUIIUIIB ltlll
bind tho city, and tho approbation of tho
K Public Service Commission alono will bo a
preliminary to actual const uction. If the
answer is negative, Councils can go ahead
' none tho less, authorize tho building of tho
now lines and mako other arrangements for
their operation. A splendid high-speed sys
tem, serving all parts of tho city, would not
'" havo to wait long for an operator. American
! capital 13 not neglecting opportunities of that
'7'' The best solution, both for the ctty and tho
' Union Traction Company, will bo participa
tion by tho letter in tho program. There is
some reason to believe t a this view Is mak
r lag headway among tho stockholders.
" Philadelphia's Great Heart
WITH splendid enthusiasm Philadelphia is
meeting the demand laid upon her. All
little conceptions have been broken up, all
selfishness has been abandoned, and the city
Is doing more than sho was asked to do, and
f doing it Joyously and proudly. Tho hungry
aro to bo fed and the naked clothed. "Who
la my neighbor?" TVo aro answering tho
'" Scriptural question not In words but In
" deeds, not with mero sentiments but with sil
ver and gold. Loaded to tho gunwale the
"- Thelma, symbol of Philadelphia's sympathy,
'will sail forth on her mission of mercy. She
Is but a samplo of tho big, fine soul of our
T American city, and in her wak-s another and
' perhaps many others will follow.
"War's Toll of Creative Genius
1 ft- "QROFES80R CRET may or may not He
fr JTamong the dead. The distinguished archi
tect of the University of Pennsylvania may
i otlll be at his provincial post in southern
. -France, from which he last wrote to AmerU
; can friends. Or his body may be rotting In
shrapnel-swept trenches and 'he genius of
, tils mind a thing departed forever.
' If Professor Cret's fate Is death, he Is only
' added to the list hardly guessed at as yet of
' the men of exceptional genius from whom this
war takes Us toll. Early In the conflict the
- composer Magnartl died defending his little
garden from the first a-r ep of the Germans
v upon Paris. Rumor has laid low the bari
tone Marcoux and many another singer.
"War Is no respecter of persons t is not
satisfied with mere "cannon fodder." It takes
the greatest that atand In its path as quickly
as the least. The waste of creative genius,
blown out of the world on the winds of these
battlefields, will be one of the blackest para-
graphs in the indictment of the war.
China vs. South America as a Borrower
THIS question of a Chinese loan seems to
be up to Washington again. Tuan Bhlh
JCal needs mpney to keep his new Govern
ment alive, and the United States U the only
hanker left, r
From the point of view or the Administra
tes, however, things are no Better off than
they were when America's share In the "six
Power loan" was turned down. Indeed, they
are worse, Tuan Shin-Sal, according to ru
mors' brought by dissatisfied Chinese, and
youched for by Professor Beard, of Colum
bia, hi threatened by more revolutionary dis
content. And the European war baa vastly
altered the epmmercial and financial rela
tive of toe whole world.
Jftven It President Wilson does not Inter
ve, American capital la more than likely
keitate at the risks In China, whw South
lea now 114 open to investment. Buenos
, opening its first Americas bank, holds
& brighter prwawe jtau Feion.
Wa v U Not Abate
MMpQUI to not iS t tft? step that augers
JLm rty fKHHHiywt. C war, Wi
tfe rwpamtut Ml i th BtilUfc Cov.
,xnt&t uaH te 4UUag tjtat t4 very
i nssiurcue at h Milled
iMtlMM smm Wil no muKiesa bem tee
existence. Perhaps tho conclusion Is wrong;
It is conceivable that tho war might end
without tho obliteration of any nation as ft
nation, but with limited armaments for the
future and a territorial adjustment that
would lessen tho racial problem of Europe.
But not one of the participants would
nccede to such nn arrangement at the present
time. Each combatant Is Invoking the aid of
tho Almighty, each believes tha.. his case
rests squarely upon Immutable Justice, each
U willing to stake everything opon the out
come. Months of desperalo strife He ahead;
how many no one can nzard.
Supremacy in the Making
NOTHING but n chronic grouch can keep
an American citizen from Joining in tho
jubilation Justified by tho Government crop
report. A country blessed with such n boun
tiful yield of corn and wheat and potatoes,
nnd other products of a kindly soil, has
reason for thanksgiving, for the time has not
gono by, even in an age of widespread indus
trial development, when agriculture has lost
its Important function of protecting the
Agriculture not only furnishes food sup
plies; In many cases manufacturing Itself
depends upon It for raw material. The prin
cipal grain crops this year wore greater In
altio than tho predictions Indicated, and
more valuable than over before grown In tho
United States; In quantity many of them
wero record breakers, alul In yield per aero
somo exceeded nil previous marks.
All this In good news. It comes when the
feeling In businoss circles Is increasingly op
timistic; when manufacturers and trnders nre
casting off their lethargy and their gloomy
faces and making good their declaration of
'commercial and Industrial Independence;
when tho financial skies are clearing; when
courage nnd confidence havo joined forces
for now conquests; when activity has taken
tho plnco of moro or less watchful waiting,
and when prosperity Is not only in the air
but In the factory and tho market place
This is tho ono great nation whose re
sources of wealth creation ato virtually
unimpaired; tho ono great nation which Is
actually accumulating wealth. It Is entering
upon tho greatest era of prosperity In Its his
tory, perhaps in tho history of tho world.
Tho opportunity Is hero nnd now; wo are Just
beginning to take advantage of it, and when
tha war is over tho nations of Europe will
need our products both of field nnd factory.
Their industries will bo prostrated; ours will
Labor Federation anil Peace
EVERY lover of peace will welcome tho firm
and statesmanlike uttcranco concerning
tho futility and immorality of war given out
by the American Federation of Labor, now
deliberating In this city. War is unnecessary,
and whatever good may accrue from It Is ob
tained at far too high a price. If tho work
ingmen of all nations were to set themselves
deliberately against warfaro thoy could un
doubtedly establish an era of peace. Vast as
such a project may seem It is not impossible.
Tho movement must bo universal in order to
bo effective. Perhaps it has been left for
laboring men to accomplish what kings,
statesmen, churches nnd multl-milllonalres
have failed to bring about.
The Paradise of Brigands
THE situation in Mexico has grown Into a
disreputable squabble of Jealous generals.
All tho fine patriotism of tho men who called
themselves Constitutionalists Is bedraggled
and befouled, if it ever existed. Not one of
the leaders of tho antl-Hucrta revolution,
upon which President Wilson pinned such
high hopes, is willing to subordinate himself
to tho welfare of tho nation. ,
Everything is patent now; indeed, it might
have been guessed, for it Is nothing but tho
threadbare story of Mexico's past the ex
ploiting of tho gjvomment for the benoflt of
tho governor. The country Is sick of it.
There is never a thought for the sufferings of
tho millions of peoplo who have no part In
tho imbroglio, and never a care for tho future
of a land naturally rich and productive.
Nothing matters except that Villa, or Car
ranza, or Zapata, or somo other semi-outlaw
or habitual brigand shall hold the reins of
power at the expense of tho rost. And the
ones who nre Bhut out will form an alllanco
to fight the one who gets in; then another
chapter of blood, rapine and anarchy.
WHAT Is the youth of America coming
to? Over in Illinois a student who edits
the dally paper of Chicago University Is hav
ing a scrap with the faculty over cheating In
a course. Oh, they did that in the old days,
did they? Boys will be tax-dodgers when It
comes to lessons? But the trouble over the
present situation is that the boy In the case
is the prosecutor. He accuses the teacher of
cheating, not vice versa.
There have been plenty of professors who
were ready to give good marks for no work
at all, if it meant a little ease for them
selves and plenty of pupils to take them. But
here la a boy who objects strenuously to
getting cheated out of work. He has made
the astounding dlsoovery that he wants his
money's worth. He went to college to learn
something, and he won't have a mere pro
fessor preventing it. What it is the only
question worthy of the occasion what U
the youth of America coming to?
The first thing we know, some college
fellow will be reporting a cash balance in his
The boy who broke his ankle trying to put
his toe In his mouth la evidently a crying sub
ject for the cattle quarantine.
Ten thousand dollars an hour for the re
lief of the Belgians. One shin ready to sail
and another to be chartered. Who say
Philadelphia is siowr
The high cost xof living has not been ma
terially decreased by the announcement of
the Massachusetts prison, executioner that,
on account of hard times, he will reduce his
prlee for electrocutions.
Today dqea not seem likely to descend to
the atmospheric depths of yesterday, which
registered two degrees below freezing. All
the same. It le cold enough for violent exer
cise like football or catelilng cars.
The English manufacturer who presented
M90 alarm sleeks tp his employes has at least
shown bis mental superiority to the Ameri
can factory owner who still thinks U his
bueine&e to wake up the whole neighborhood
every moretag with his ateam whistle.
Tto? 0finan ship India, 10 days out from
CfclH, nd net he eeatMt with the ro
bulbUo tale of it escape frem the eruUers
qf th AittM. Its earge f Mtmtes, which
Mt fimm AMift wottlt wly 1136,649,
WIi W Yoark with a vafaae of ttwi-
I $MKMCf pttn ftftfw Another wteftde
FOOD FOR INNOCENTS
Random Thoughts Concerning War and Its Toll Belgians, Being Without
Guilt, Challenge the Sympathy of Mankind Tho German's Love
for Germany Possible Future of the Belgian People.
DOWN in Georgia tho farmer whom you
casualty meet on the roadside will tell
you that Sherman's army waa composed of
thousands of barbarians, who wero happy
only when burning houses or ravaging fields.
"Ilannlbnl will get you If you don't watch
out," was a set phrase used by Roman nurses
to frighten patrician children years and
yenrs after tho great Carthaginian general
had died. So, too, tho Persians for genera
tions handed down tales of the atrocities
committed by Alexander's Greeks, and the
outrages of British troops during our own
Revolution havo passed Into tho folklore of
America. Possibly tlnsre was never a coun
try Invaded that the inhabitants did not con
sider tho Invaders tho most ruthless and
merciless soldiers in tho history of tho
THE horrors in Belgium arc the greater, of
course, on account of tho high civilization
of tho people. When Caesar sent his Roman
legions through Germany they found a peoplo
used to living In tho open. If their villages
wero destroyed they could move on nnd build
others. They wero accustomed to cxposuro
and they know how to enduro tho bitterness
of famlno and cold. But tho Belgians of
today aro a peoplo nccustomed to tho sub
stantial living that comes from thrift and
energy. They nro as skilled In manufac
turing as in farming and dairying. The revo
cation of tho Edict of Nantes drove from
Franco the flower of its productive popula
tion, many of whom cvontunlly cumc to tho
United States and took a foremost part In
tho upbuilding of tho nation. But that was
tho case of a Government driving out Its own
citizens and deliberately pauperizing itself.
In Belgium, on the contrary, a wholo nation
Is being expelled from Its soil. Tho sceno
Is being laid for another Acadia nnd an
other Evangeline. In fact, the only good that
possibly can como from tho catastrophe in
Belgium is a great poem, a tragedy, a paint
ing or some majestic sculpture, as that
carved In tho side of tho mountain at Lu
cerne In honor of tho Swiss Guards, vic
tims of tho bullets of tho Marseillaise and
tho pikes of the mob that August day in
1792. "The Lion of Lucerne," of course, was
not carved by Thorwaldacn himself. It was
the Swiss Ahorn who actually changed tho
rugged mountalnsldo Into tho majestic
beauty of Thorwaldsen's model. If out of
tho suffering, tho turmoil nnd tho grief of
Belgium should como tho inspiration for
now Immortalities in art, they may In part
rcconcllo the world to the loss of Its oldor
treasures. But thcro is nothing, naturally,
that can rccompenso civilization for tho
tragedy of Belgium.
THE wells of human sympathy nover run
dry. Thcro was a kind mistress in tho
South who used to smuggle slaves into her
own house, after thoy had been whipped by
tho overseer, and apply balm to their wounds.
Tho unique claim which tho Belgians havo
on tho charity of tho world is their utter
guiltlessness of any offense. They are not
starving as tho result of a malicious attempt
to gain territory. Tholr sole crlmo was that
the territory thoy inhabited lay in tho route
of a giant enemy who wished to got to France
and get there quick. Tho Belgians did what
any self-respecting people would do they
tried to protect tholr homes. How well they
tried will bo the subjeot of song and story
for ages to come, but Just now the Important
thing is the prlco they are called on to pay
THERE are degrees of want in tho world.
A family with an Income of $5000 in a big
city may bo in very desperate straits. But
the refinement of suffering 'is when men,
women and children, who aro accustomed to
plenty, find It almost Impossible to obtain
oven dry bread. Want is then real, tho only
real thing in the world. It throws caste
aside, confuses ordinary conventions, brings
humanity down through universal .sorrow to
an absolute level. When Clara Barton vis
ited the Atlantic sea Islands on her errand of
mercy, after one of the great storms, she
found scores of destitute Negroes being cared
Argan was a miserly hypochondriac, who
reduced himself to this dilemma: If his
apothecary would not charge less, he could
not afford to be Hi; but if he swallowed fewer
drugs, he would suffer In health.
In former days the owl was known as
"Billy Wlx." "Billy" was a word-play upon
the beak or bill and "Wlx" Is the German
"week" or wig, In allusion to the Judge-like
appearance of the wise bird.
Thomas Topham, son of a London car
penter (1710-1753), was known as the British
Samson. He lifted three hogsheads of water
weighing 1836 pounds In the presence of
thousands of spectators assembled in Bath
Rtreet, Cold Bath Fields, London, on May 28,
1741. He committed suicide for a faithless
The Roman general Qutntus Fablus Maxl
mus Verrucosus (died 203 B. C.) was nick
named the "Delayer" because of his cautious
but effective tactics In opposing the progress
The phrase, "don't care a fig." probably
was originally "don't care a flco," the latter
word meaning a contemptuous snapping of
the fingers. Shakespeare uses the expression,
"A flco for the phrase."
The word "dun," when used In the sense
of entreating a person for the payment of
a debt, is said to refer to one Joe Dun, a
famous bailiff of Lincoln in the reign of
Henry VII. The "British Apollo" says he
was so active and dexterous In collecting bad
debts that when any one became "slow to
pay," the neighbors used to say to creditors,
"Dun him," meaning send Dun after him.
"To be In the dumps." According to ety
mological fable this expression la derived
from Dumops, a king of Egypt. He was a
very unhappy, sullen person. After building
a pyramid he died of melancholy,
I Went to Pluck a Flow'r
I went to pluck a flowr,
To Send it to my love,
But no bloom could I find
Perfect enough and fair
To tet among her hair,
Or where the laces bind
Her bosom, or above
Her heart to lie an hour.
And so my choice prefers
An unpretentious bloern,
A simple meadow weed,
A humble, blue-eyad thing:
Like the weak praise I sing.
It is to intercede
For one whose sighs preounw
Ta beauties sueb. as here.
And when my offering
She setts, and rsd my rim
She'll gently put it by.
SUe'll ponder far a wnltai
Then as-ie a UtUe statu.
And gf k a M-te atelfc
A4 Mr that rfd Ttew
Hm riu a toPn wis.
Wtttr t4fMr. -- Wu.lw GrMU.
for In tho houses' of tho almost equally des
titute white planters. Barriers dissolve In tho
presenco of universal destruction. A picture
recently published showed tho wlfo and
daughter of ono of tho richest of Belgians
rich three mottths ago huddled together In
a ditch, weary and hungry, snatching what
rest they could during tho long walk to Hol
land and food. It Is not the peasants only
who havo been stricken. Tho devotion of
Belgium Is tho devotion of nil classes. Troop
ers and guns havo spread over tho ontlro
countryside, llko an Invasion of the army
worm, which last summer occasioned so
much destruction In tho vicinity of Phila
delphia, IN ONE of tho German restaurants Satur
day a former Berliner glanced at tho full
pago advertisement for Belgian jollef, throw
tho pnper down on tho table nnd exclaimed:
"It's nil a He. That shipload of goods Is go
ing to tho English. " That was a natural
view. A German, In fact. Is a human being,
Just as filled with soul ns any of tho rost of
us, nnd it was Hale, In "Tho Man Without a
Country," who so eloquently pictured tho
utter desolation of tho nationless human
"My country, right or wrong," has been a
toast theso many years. Spain felt that
American Interference In Cuba was not only
unjustified, but was an actual Impertinence.
Somo Americans felt tho same way, but that
did not prevent them from volunteering to
tun n raco with yellow fovor. A German who
did not sympathize with tho millions of other
Germans who, whether thoy wished It or not,
aro in fact engaged in a deat't strugglo,
would not bo much of a German; and tho
Fatherland, It Is safe to say, would be rather
glad of his absence. No, militarism or no
militarism, the Rhine still Hows, tho Germans
still lovo It, ns they ought to lovo it and ns
thoy must lovo It if tho romanco of childhood
nnd the dreams of early manhood mean any
thing. AMERICANS who consider only the grim
. vlsogo of tho military machine, denounce
militarism and expect Germans in this coun
try to seo tho strugglo Just ns thoy sco It nro
really Inconsiderate Ame.lcans. History Is a
point of view, nothing much moro than that.
Thcro are a thousand different histories of
tho Civil War, with a thousand facts stated
In a thousand different ways Until recently,
for instance. It was a common fallacy that
Massachusetts won tho Revolution and that
tho announcement of tho Declaration in Bos
ton was of vastly moro Importance than tho
adoption nnd signing of it In Philadelphia.
But tho vehement German In the restaurant,
whoso heart is probably "back homo" in a
cottago by tho Rhine, need not worry. Tho
cargo of tho Thclma is not going to tho Eng
lish troops, or to tho French troops.
It Is going Into tho hungry mouths of inno
cents, Innocent children and Innocent adults,
to non-combatantn who have been thrust
upon tho charity of tho world which means,
in this awful moment, tho charity of the
I MIGRATION laws aro excellent things.
Tho protection which our factories In
somo cases require, labor also finds neces
sary. A trip from Philadelphia to Washing
ton, howover, is sufficient evidence of tho
vast acreage In this country yet uncultivated.
If tho Thclma could bring back a cargo of
Belgians, families skilled in dairying nnd in
tensive farming, there would bo a place for
them in this nation, and they would not
intorfere with tho living of a slnglo family.
They would bo likely, on the other hand, to
prove a leaven to increase greatly tho agri
cultural values of the United States. So
excellent a citizenship, in bulk or otherwise,
would be worth moro to tho United States
than the direct importation of millions In
gold. Gold Itself is valueless unless there is
population to mako use of it. It may be tho
part of wisdom, beforo many months have
passed, to bring tho Belgians to the food
after taking the food to the Belgians.
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
The Cleveland Foundation, a new depart
ure in community welfare, has been organ
ized and is ready to begin its activities. It
is a sort of community trust designed to se
cure efficiency in philanthropic public wel
fare work that will Invite the Bupport of men
and women who wish to seo their money
UBed to the best advantage.
The central Idea of the foundation Is that
it shall be an organization such that men of
means will leave bequests in their wills for
the genernl welfare of Cleveland. There is
to be a central fund, administered by five
trustees, two chosen by tho Cleveland Trust
Company and one each by the Mayor of the
city, tho Probato Judge and the United
States District Judge. It Is said that already
$30,000,000 has been written into wills, the
income from theso bequests to te used by
Cleveland is starting the work In compre
hensive manner. There aro to be painstak
ing surveys of social conditions and agencies
both private and public. Everything having
relation to the city's philanthropic neeis Is
to be carefully studied, the purpose being to
arrive at the people's necessities before or
ganizing the work that will come later.
There has been complaint in Cleveland and
other cities that efficiency was lacking In
charitable and philanthropic work. Ontf
charge Is that too much money is spent in
overhead charges, due largely to duplication
of effort by many similar organizations. The
Cleveland Foundation Is designed to cure
many of the dafects of present-day efforts by
The Ohio city's effort to make charity and
philanthropy more efficient, comments the
Portland (Ore.) Journal, will bo watched
with keen Interest by other cities. Com
munity welfare will be promoted as it should
be when the people who furnish the money
ore assured that none of it Is -'asted.
CRISES IN GREAT LIVES
Hannibal is the most pathetic figure among
the great generals of the world's history,
and It is not surprising that the great crisis
of bis life should have come while he was
unconscious of It and that it should havo
ended disastrously for him.
It was In the year S07 B. C, when he haa
spent eight years away from Carthage, rav
ishing the Roman countryside, striking ter
ror into all Rome. Consul after consul had
ggne down to defeat before him, army alter
army bad been destroyed, and now, braving
the same Alps he had crossed, his brother
Hasdrubal was coming from Spain to Join
is &' last desperate attack on Rome,
Hasdrubal entered Italy and encamped by
the Metaurus River, faced by tho Consul
Maroua Llvlus. To effect a Junction with his
brother, Hasdrubal sent word that be would
join Wra lo lower Umbrta, but the letter fell
Int? the hands of the other Roman consul
CUudliw Nero. Without hesitation. Nero
st oft a attachment to engage Hannibal,
and tar the greatest march of Roman history
JeteMt Uvtw a4 otttred battle to HaadruboL
SH-nbal retrwaed, was betrayed at the
IMaarus and laft wandering through the
MiM. Tb nt dj the Rosuwas att.ckad
tu t mo iuvi trisumti ttutlu ul
Carthaginian wars. Then they turned to
Hannibal. In all this tlmo Hannibal know
nothing of tho battle which had been fought?
ho still confidently awaited word that his
brother had como to meet him. Suddenly
tho Romans came upon htm.
With a refinement of cruelty tho consuls
had preserved tho head of Hasdrubal, and
as they advanced to tho conflict they flung
tno liorrfblo trophy, with its glazed eyes,
info the tent of Hannibal, In that momont
the commander who had weathered tho perils
of years of warfaro wilted and collapsed. It
was tho real crisis of his career, because,
although he fought and won many battles
thereafter, tho spirit was brokon, and tho
future of tho world lay with Rome.
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State and Nation.
To the lidllar of the Evening Ledger!
Sir Philadelphia beats any city I've ever bcon
In. This nftcrnoon I gyrated for a full hour try
ing to get out of Falrmount Park Into tho sub
urbs. There were statues and monuments as
thick as sea gulls in a harbor, but never n sign
post to tell n stranger how to get out of tho
maze. I took threo months of wenr out of the
gears asking ono policeman how to guldo mo
to tho next policeman. At Inst, b following a
car that looked as If It had an objective, be
cnupc It had a box at tho back full of tools and
was not likely to mako Itself dizzy cutting cir
cles for fun through shrubbery, I got by the
last cop and over a bridge onto tho City line.
Then I ran on Into tho suburbs, whero the
houses looked llko pages from tho flossy maga
zines that tell you how to turn the country Into
the city or the city Into tho country. They looked
all right, too, and made n fellow think either of
honeymooning or retiring from business. But
what put tho kink Into my lino of thought was
tho toll-gato hold-up. I meandered ahead for
n few miles and only got mad. It seemed as If
they had ono coining and going. I paid to get
onto a road and then paid to get off, nnd they
havo It systematized so that they vqucczc you
every fow hundred yards, whether you detour
down dinky little lanes or not. It didn't mattor
which sldo of tho railroad you went they nab
bed jou. And most of tho tlmo I would run
past tho seat of custom nnd have to back up
and rIioII out. It wnsn't really much at any
plnco; 2 cents, 7 cents, 12 cents, but I must
havo Invested a couplo of dollars beforo I got
onto tho game. I'd always heard, of course, that
fcnnsshnnla Is tho most corrunt State, nolltl-
cally, In the Union, but I didn't know that any
fellow who couldn't got a regular office by elec
tion or appointment could haul a sentry box out
onto tho highway nnd mako the public cash In
for tho prlvllego of using It. It may seem nil
right to peoplo who haven't known nnythlng ox
cept Pennsylvania, but It's tho funniest thing
I've run Into In theso parts, except that string
of gilmy pergolas that aro on tho city sldo of
tho park. But that Isn't rcnlly funny; it's too
grotesque. NELSON BURKE.
Philadelphia, Novombcr 10.
REAL CAUSE OF THE WAK
To the Vdltor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir What Is the real cause of the warT
Well, we all have our Ideas upon that, prob
ably, but tho writer's, for certain reasons, may
bo a little different from tho ordinary view be
canso of a little out of tho ordinary view of
somo factors of the matter. Tho autoc
racy of Germany felt themselves confronted
with some very matter-of-fact facts: First,
Germany could hardly ever be better prepared
fiom a military or naval point of view; sec
ondly, the opening of the Panama Canal must
cortnlnly change trade routes throughout the
world; thirdly, within tho Germanic peoples
was a stir and unrest and discontent with an
archaic form of government every line of
human effort was modernizing but the line of
government. "Let us throw down the gauntlot
to our neighbors, seize tho control of the Pan
ama routes throueh our victorious navy, as a
fruit of our last victories, make this an object
lesson to the masses that autocracy has proved
Its superiority over democracy, and thereby
save for ourselves our position." That Is my
Interpretation of the matter, yet I do not wish
to appear dogmatic about it. SHON REA.
Philadelphia, November 0.
WOMEN WILL GET BUSY
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Thank God, at last we havo a Philadel
phia paper not afraid to print th truth about
the Inhabitants of our City Hall. The Ignorance
of actual conditions there is appalling.
"Why la Councils?" Is a question I have
thought many times since spending a morning
sitting among them when thoy were fighting an
attempt to make them appropriate money for
the Division of Housing and Sanitation. Al
though Judge Sulzberger told them "to do their
duty," I came home that day nnd called up the
chief worker for woman suffrage in this part
of Germantown, saying, "Put me to work. If
a whole city full of men have to fold their
hands and let a set of men like that run this
city it's time tho women got busy."
Educate the people through your paper, and
at leaBt the women will wake up. G. B. M.
Germantown, November 6.
A TAX ON CHAIIITY
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Str With an excuse that hardly seems to
Justify their action, the Germans have Imposed
another heavy tax upon tho Belgian people.
Brussels must pay a fine of (1,250,000. While
Germany continues to Impoverish Belgium and
reduce the people to the point of starvation,
America, great In charity. Is sending relief
ships, laden with food. But the situation Is sug
gestive of the bottomless barrel. We are sup
plying necessities while Germany Is continually
creating need. There Is no doubt of our duty
to Belgium In her dire distress. But how can
we fall to take Into account the conduct which
leaves to a stricken people nothing moro than
the charity of a neutral world? F. O, It.
Philadelphia, November 10.
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir I have just finished the delightful essay,
"McQIlllgan on the Middle Class," published In
today's Evening Ledobr. In Its humor, In its
truth and in its stylo It Is literature. I llko
IXcGllllgan himself. G. H. BRENNAN,
Philadelphia, November 9.
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
Perhaps there have been no worse hindrances
to the sane study and use of eugenics in this
country than some of those who have been Its
most vociferous champions. A great task of
sensible eugenlsts today Is to protect the prop
aganda from fool friends. Detroit Free Press.
Taking the greed and graft out of the tariff
and financial absolutism out of Wall street has
not necessarily closed a single factory, It has
not necessarily deprived a single man of work.
It haa Interfered with the business otfno one
whose trade has not been bottomed on extor
tion and plunder. We have not been flooded with
"pauper goods" from abroad. We are disturbed
only as all civilisation la disturbed. Such com
mercial and industrial difficulties as appear aro
due to war, and nothing but war, Plutocraoy,
showing some symptoms of recovery, cannot
belle the facts. St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
The country has not yet made up it mind
to be fully pleased with the new banking sys
temnot yet put In operation. It begins to
look like a cumbersome piece of machinery
wholly unnecessary. It was gotten up to de
naturixo Wall street, but when the country
was In distress the President was compelled to
tall the bankers In for a consultation Des
Moines Capital, ""
The reason that the Republicans are making
so much of their gains In the recent elections
is that they are laying a foundation for their
campaign In 1318, They are trying to get the
voters to thinking that they ere pretty M 0f
winning the Presidency then. If they can ret
that Impression abroad they believe that they
will get the bulk of the independent voter
White American exporter hesitate, Arfentlaa
eomw urging u to supply it need. There
shovld be no more, htaltatien, ns more dilly
dallying. The footoriea theuld. be worklna full
Mae, the YeJU should he teadad, Aug same
aluM be e their way U th4 ftwth-a ConU
nwu T rte lit. ithould fee ttW. secured.
u-fcL-Jpy Tv Matt, ""
World Scries Football
Without waiting for tho whistle the boys
Jumped Into tho game, and It was clear to tho
spectators that a great gamo was going
to bo put up. The Knlser took out some of
his best players to send them in ngainst
Russia In tho other match ho was play
ing. This weakened the team considerably.
At the same tlmo French, tho plucky Httlo
captain of tho Allies, took out somo of his
men and sent fresh substitutes. In a series
of clover formations, engineered by Joffre,
quarterback for the Allies, tho toam ad
vanced slowly but surely to tho mlddlo of
tho field. Thero tho Teuton lino braced, and
It seemed for a moment an If tho Allies would
buckle. Instead of trying another plunge,
Joffre called for a punt.
French lifted a long spiral, which was
caught by von Kluk at Antwerp, tho Ger
mans' 48-ynrd lino. Tho Allies tried to send
Italy, tho fullback, Into tho game, but ho was
protested. Both sides took tlmo out to band
ago up, and tho next formation was a fako
kick to Dunkirk on tho Allies' 40-yard lino.
Instead of kicking, Kluk tried tho doublo
pass, but only got nwny with tho first part,
as ho was tackled at Ostend and thrown
heavily, keeping possession of tho ball. Tha
Knlser protested that tho refcreo was coach
ing from tho sidelines, and that tho Allies
weren't playing fair, spilling buckets of wator
all over tho field. Protest overruled. The
half ended with Germany's ball on tho Allies
40-yard line. Score, 0-0.
Third period still on. No scoro yet.
Juit a Suggestion
Now that a bigger warship's blast
Has finished up tho Emdon scrappy,
Now that her wondrous deeds nro past
And every Englishman is happy;
Tho Germans, cro thoy start to raise
A statuo of enduring granlto
To keep their names allvo nnd praiso
Tho daring sailor men who ran it,
Should find, in that sho found the rango,
A good and qulto BUfllcIont omen,
And mnko a certain Httlo chango
Of letters in tho ship's cognomen.
Full many ships tho Emdcn fought
And to tho bottom sho did send 'emj
Wo really think the Germans ought
To chango tho vessel's namo to Endem.
Ono Tiling After Another
Tho Crown Prince of Germany, who was
killed last week, has been seriously wounded.
Shopper Arc theso eggs frCsh7
Grocer Fresh? Why, thoy wouldn't havo
been laid until tomorrow If I hadn't torn
a pngo too many off tho calendar by mis
take. Very Singular
It seems odd that scats on tho Now York
Stock Exchange should be selling at tho low
est prlco in years. Just nt tho tlmo whon
brokers havo moro leisure for sitting in them
than they over had before.
Scientists discover moisture on Mars. News Item.
Now prohibition spacoward takes its way.
And comets nil surrender to its rush;
Tho movement spreads nnd gains, and soon
Shall bo no moro of him who loves to lush.
For, having found this world of ours too
It has Invaded space and o'on tho stars;
Lo, comes tho news our senses to appal,
Thoy'vo found there's molsturo, somo of it,
"They say a criminal always returns to tho
sceno of his crlmo." s
"Yes, I've noticed our best authors hanging
around tho bookstores."
"The Silent Drama." Tho life of tho Oya-
The stage luncheon.
One who needs it.
Obsolete seo die
Horrors of Peace
Wo'd really like to trounso '
That man, and make him lame
Who thinks ho can pronounce
Each European name.
He says it makes us sore
It fills him full of bliss
To read about tho war
As it Is fought at Lys.
At that, ho may be right,
But we believe he lies,
When talking of the fight
Reported as at Lys.
But that wo could endure;
We would not wish to brawl;
Wo'd hope for tlmo to cure
The breach if that were all.
O'erlook our salty tjara.
Our woe will not behave,
He says the Kaiser fears
The onrush of the Slav.
'Tm glad to see that grafter caught with
the goods. He's a failure at everything he
"You're premature. His fine may not ba
more than half what he grafted."
"I saw no evidence of refinement at that
"Did you expect to?"
"Well, relations there are somewhat
IFrom KamWng Recipes for Robuit Ru-uIom.
Take the Juice of four fair to middling alsecj
scissors, making sure that they are ripe, and
let stand in the open air. If the air la not
open enough, pry it This will give a rich
brown taste to the cake. Fry over a slow
oven, while you discuss the causes of tho
downfall of the Roman Empire with your
neighbor. When you have arrived at tho
assassination of Julius Caesar, add in quick: J
succession one cake of Bonehead Soap and a
When cold, heat. Lay the frosting on gently
and open the window wide when you throw
it ou. t
Encouraged, as It Were
Havo you ever noticed that the man who
tells a funny story never laughs at yours?
It isn't that he's jealous; he's simply trytm?
to think up another ono as you talk.
The Babbling Fool
Thero are .till places in New England
where it Is a high crime and misdemeanor
to suggest, ever so mildly, that Ralph Waldo
Emerson was not quite the greatest thinker
who ever lived. This same Emerson was. a
few generations back, the stock argument
for everything slipshod and foolish that came
into the minds of men If one ventured to
protest the answer was always, "Well, what
does Emerson say?" ' '
And Just what did he say?
.iIn hUs nwt celebrated essay, "Self-Reliance."
he said two words of the greatest
iroportancei Trust thyself. In thwe two
words are concentrated more of the essenee
? SLtaX2,t,?aff ,n a"y othe'- two known
to thl cheerful human race, ""
Truetlng yourself Is giving credit to a
tankrupt-or to a charlatan. It U bulldln-
on the flimsiest foundation because that
foundation happens to he thr n . v V
Tmst thy8elf,PFndeed uJt'ot'E wouldt
expect any one else to trust ua. Amii!?il
othose who trust oure. "nVerr.
wT-a-1. 5i Uv la.