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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1014.
WANT A JOB? NEED
A MAN? CONSULT
Expert There Gives Advice
to Seekers and Relieves
Employer of Burden of
WHEN THE CITY STRIVES TO GIVE WAYWARD YOUTH USEFUL HABITS WELFARE WORKERS' GRAVEST PROBLEM
'A y .
Qvt$tltM$ tMbmlttti to "Mtnr Otn'
tral," tituatid in O.r Rol Kilal Tnui
tlulldtncr, at Bread and Chetfitui itrnit,
will b aiunctnd In (Ml column.
Thoro la n man In our town and lie.
like tho Individual In tlio nursery Jingle.
I.i wohdrotis wise. Ho stands behind a
counter up at Ledger Contrat and his
note business Is to doviso ways and means
for getting good men who aro out of
Jobs back Into the niche which best suits
thcin, nnd to And expert help for em
ployers who havo not tho time to glvo
to pick such help themselves.
Ho works on the theory that there
never was an" able man who couldn't get
a Job If he tried hard enough.
There aro many men who have bottled
up within them the kind of emclcncy that
a far-seeing employer would bo only
too glad to pay for, but tho cork Is
shoved Into tho bottle so tight that no
ono evor knows Just what the bottle
Tho mail up at Ledger Central has
made a specialty of prying open these
corks. He Is an employment specialist,
and If t'hero's oi. thing ho knows above
all others It Is how to market ability.
He'B a firm believer in the psychology
of advertising. Two men may havo an
equal amount of oxpertenco and an equal
amount of gray matter, and yet onp of
them In seeking to sell his ability wilt
present his proposition In such an attrac
tive way as to be irresistible. The other,
who knows that he la Just as efllclent an
the first man, but hasn't his gift of
saying so, "gets lost In the shuffle."
The man behind the counter at Ledger
Central Is (here to help Just this person.
He knows Just the sort of Information
n advertisement oucht to contain In
rdcr io bring results; he kno Just
ftw It ought to be worded, what It
si.juld say and what It should leave un
said. And his knowledge Is free to all
TAKES BURDEN FROM EMPLOYERS.
Ho Is a friend of tho employer also.
,Ho has helped him out In many a con
tingency. For Instance, a man came to
Ledger Central not so very Ions' ago and
Placed an advertisement In tho paper
for a clerk. Soventy-flvo dollars a.
month was the remuneration offered and
six hundred letters from applicants de
siring; tho Job were received.
Obviously to have given each one of
theso letters Individual attention would
have meant the consuming of much tlmo
and yet tho advertiser felt that he
wanted to get tho best applicant. So
tho employment specialist helped htm In
the weeding out process and that facili
tated things greatly.
In many cases the Ledger Central ex
pert takes the entire burden from the
business man's shoulders and actually
employs tho kind of man wanted with-,
out the employer being so much' as
bothered with a single letter or appli
cant. The whole affair is handled for
him. He simply signifies the sort of man
ho wants and Ledger Central gets that
sort for htm.
Tho employment specialist up there
has had u wldo experience. Tho next
time you want a Job or a man for a Job,
put him to tho test.
COLLEGE SAFETY METHODS
Demonstration Will Be Part of State
STATE COLLEGE. Pa., Nov. 11.
"Safety first" methods, as taught at the
Pennsylvania State College, will be dem
onstrated by the school of mining and
engineering at the exhibit of the Penn
sylvania Industrial Welfare and Effi
ciency conference to be herd In the Stato
capltol at Harrlsburg, beginning on Mon
day next. The conference will be under
the Joint auspices of the Department of
Labor and Industry, and the engineering
societies of Pennsylvania.
The basio idea of the exhibition Is the
maintenance of interest by manufacturers
in tno taiesi ana Best methods of Dre-
venting accidents In their shops.
TYPHOID IN CHATHAM
Origin of Epldemlo Near West
WEST CHESTER, Nov. 12, -An epl
demla of typhoid fever has developed at
Chatham, this county. Dr. Joseph
Scattergood. a. representative of the State
Health Department, Is in charge of the
outbreak, but hopes It wll not spread.
The origin of the disease has not been
The first cases developed In the family
of Charles Lee, a -Negro, where several
cases soon were found when a physician
was called to attend the first one.
BEFORE THE SANDMAN COMES
OF COURSE, you remember how
the kind east breeze took the
belated butterfly on his back and
helped him to fly. The sun by this
time was way up in the sky, and the
ar was warm and pleasant.
I like earth much better than I
thHAi?ht. x would." the butterfly said.
"That's good," replied the east
&" '"'tolly! "and you'll like it
ftili better after you've been seen
The butterfly held on tight, and
they flew over the fields and meadows.
But he couldn't help a feeling of dis
appointment as he looked at the earth.
"Oh, dear," he sighed. "I thought
the meadow would be green 1"
"It is in summer time," explained
the east breeze? "but this is fall I"
i cvfrything fall?" asked the but
terfly. "Won't I see any summer?"
The east breeze thought a minute.
M, '3r.a can sec 'ust now" he
replied kindly, "everything has on
winter clothes. Can't you sleep some
place for the winter and wake up next
summer? That would be a fine
The butterfly shook hist head.
"Trunk you very much for your sug
gestion," he sfd, politely, "but you
see a butterfly has but one day to
hveI cannot wait for another sum
Th east b was very much.
Impr4ei with what the butterfly
KM M he trk4 Us Wt SmSw
ef something fa tit buttwiyto
. At Mm Uw ttfwek him.
"I know the vry ttttsf for yo !'
a i .
GIRLS. ONCE W7YW&?0. PI7Y CCC?S ON
Methods of Juvenile Court
in Caring for Youthful
Delinquents Here Attract
Attention of Welfare
There Is a work being done In this
city which has attracted tho attention of
child wclfaro workers not only through
out tho State, but also In such big Juvo
nllo roform work centres as Chicago,
Denver and Los Angeles. This work Is
being done at tho House of Detention,
22d nnd Arch streets, where H. P.
Richardson Is tho director and where
Judgo James E. Gorman presides In tho
Tho work of tho JIouso of Detention re
ceived a great Impetus with the organiza
tion of tho Juvenllo division of the Mu
nicipal Court last January. With the
coming of Judgo Gorman as tho head of
the Juvenllo Court, tho establishment of
the now probation system, composed of a
largo corps of probation ofllccrs. The
organization of the medical and psy
chologic clinic upon a broader basis,
under the management of Dr. Walter S.
Cornell, aiid the general system of co
operation between these departments, all
dono with tho one purpose In view of
helping the poor, homeless, delinquent
and dependent boys and girls of tho city,
may be said to be making history as for
as Juvenile reform work in Pennsylvania
Good results are being accomplished on
tho principle that the child Is but the
product of environment and hcrodlty and,
In most cases, poverty, bad surroundings
and lack of opportunity do more to mako
a naturally good boy "bad" than any
THE PSYCHOLOGIC TESTS.
In order to differentiate between these
two classes of children, the psychologlo
clinic of the House of Detention, super
vised by Doctor Cornell, does some re
markable work. There, In the course of
one day, as many as 20 children will be
brought and will receive tho Blnet test,
administered by Jean D. Model!, psychol
ogist of the clinic. '
Under the careful analysis and observa
tion of this young woman, the boy or
girl Is subjected to a careful, kind and
yet rigid examination, the results of
which aro forwarded to Judge Gorman,
who Is thereby guided scientifically In
his disposal of the case.
Sometimes Miss Modell will observe a
child as long as two weeks before giving
her decision as to the mental capacity
of the yotfng offender. In certain cases
Doctor Cornell and Miss Modell may keep
a boy or girl under .observation for two
months. Great care Is taken that no
child may be wronged by failure to de
termine the proper cause for the offense
It may have committed.
At the same time a probation officer is
assigned to make a close investigation of
the home surroundings of the child, the
economic status of the family, the physi
cal aspects of Its parents and Immediate
relatives. All this Is taken Into consld.
eratlo'n'by the authorities In question In
giving their decision. When one remem
bers that some DO0O cases were brought
up at the House of Detention since last
seel" he explained. "Why didn't I
think of it before? I will blow you
over to the lake it is just the same
summer and winter. It is always
blue and beautiful. I am sure you
will like to see it."
The butterfly was sure he would
like it. too, so, quickly as possible,
they blew over to the great blue
"Oh, isn't it beautiful," cried the
delighted butterfly. "It's bigger than
my dreams 1 Can't we go out on it?"
Now the east breeze hadn't thought
of going out on the take, but the
butterfly was so interested and hap
py he hated to refuse him anything.
So he blew out over the water way
out over the water out onto the great
And then Just when they were way
out and the butterfly needed him the
rriost of all the east breeze suddenly
remembered some other dutiesl
Without saying a word, he slipped
away and the poor little butterfly was
left all alone on) the great lakel
He looked around in dismay. What
should he do? And just then he spied
a boat. Of course, he knew nothing
ahettt boats; he only thought it leak
ed solid and comfortable and safe.
So he flew over to it and rested on
the smooth deck. And there he stay
ed until the shore was reached.
And you may be sure that was the
lost exploring He did. He snent the
Met f his day looking at The ssfe I
SWg he fi-uld riil c!
H l-i tvu4 tif iMi .
January It In easy to conceive the amount
of work that has been done.
ML'ST SOLVE PltOniBM.
"There Is no use trying to fool our
selves In treating tho question of child
deficiency and delinquency superficially,
as wo havo been doing and nro still do
ing In many cases. Tho trouble Is that
hitherto wo havo been simply disposing
of the bad boy or girl by sending them
to a private Institution or Into the
country to be exploited by soino sclllsh
farmer. This way of treating tho prob
lem will not do If wo want to wavo tho
children and prevent tho creation of ad
ditional criminals to (111 our Jails,
prisons nnd penitentiaries."
This Is tho Inevitable reply that Is
given by Judgo Gorman when ap.
proached on tho subject of juvenllo re
form work. Judgo Gorman has nb
forbed all tho good things learned by
long years of observation nnd experi
ence In this field and has added a' few
theories of his own.
For example, ho Is so Interested In tho
work of establishing In Philadelphia a
number of parental schools, where chil
dren whoso mothers must go out to work
or whoso home surroundings aro detri
mental to their health and character
could bo sent, that ho has often re
pented: "I will send the children to the
Bellevuo-Stratford, It necessary, and
make tho county pay for their support,
as long us Philadelphia persists In
keeping Its eyes closed to tho Interests
and the Immediate needs of the depend
Judgo Gorman maintains that It Is
neither right nor Just that tho city
should throw tho work of providing for
the homeless, dependent p.nd deficient
children upon tho shoulders of private
Individuals and Institutions.
"It is a crimo that a city as big as
Philadelphia should neglect tho estab
lishment of parental schools," ho says. ,
"At tho House of Dotcntlon we have a
special school for the children," con
talnued the Judge. "Miss Irma Schlichter
and Mrs. Grace Condon, the two, teach
ers, ara doing their best In teaching the
children during their brief stay at tho
house. But the facilities are Inadequate.
We must havo more room and we must
have a regular parental school where
many of theso children should reside for
certain definite periods of time. Why can
not wo use tho same money that the
county pays to private Institutions for
keeping the children In keeping them our
selves and teaching and training them
along constructive and scientific lines in
stead of permitting the care and educa
tion of these children, It It may be said
that they aro getting any education at
all, to go on in a slipshod manner?"
AGAINST COUNTRY HOMES.
Judge Gorman is a strong opponent of
sending children Into tho country. Ho
thinks that they are mistreated there,
are given scant opportunities to go to
school and do not receive the care and
attention which their condition and the
safety of society demand.
He would like to see the House of Ref
uge entirely abolished as far as it Is be
ing used In keeping Incorrigible and un
"Very often," said Judge Gorman, "we
send children to the House of Refuge
who have no business to be there, In
company with children of distinctly vic
ious traits. But we cannot help ourselves.
We have no other place to send them
and until the city wakts up to this fact
wo will be compelled to' continue the
' The work of the Houso of Detention.
Judge Gorman believes, would be in
finitely more valuable and productive of
far greater results if It should be given
Ibetter facilities In disposing, of the .hun
dreds of children which are brought to
CHILDREN ONL.T CONCERN.
"Nothing Is too good for the children,"
he said. "No matter how much we do
for them we cannot do teo much. The
child problem Is perhaps the most im
portant problem before us In dealing with
criminology. The mqre we do for the
child now the less we have to do far the
man. We muBt give our children all the
opportunities in the world to tread the
straight path. Those of them who go
astray do so through no fault of their
own. They are but victims of forces
they cannot control. But we can control
them and we must try to do so. For we
must ever remember that It is the child
of today that will lead us Into tho life
TJve Btoek Day Postponed
8TATE COULEGB, Nov. ll.-I.lve Stock
Day, scheduled for next Saturday at
Pennsylvania State College, has been ln
definitely postponed because of the prev.
-alency of the ''foot and mouth" disease.
Though no Infection has been reported
among the eattle of Centre County, au
thorttlea have taken the precaution to
protect the valuable herd of prlie stock
here, worth J30.000.
legislative Committee Hearing
TRBWTON. Nov. Jt-The Joint appro.
prlatloRs commutes of the Legislature
will hold Us first public hearing In the
Senate chamber at the State House at 11
o'clock on the morning of Navewber is.
The committee will Inquire Into the busi
ness methods and expenditures , of the
various departments and luiUtutlens wlttj
the Idea, of recommending economies and
leforau to the next Legislature.
PMIa. Orchestra Aids Hospital
A varied program of eeleUe froM
&ehwbet. Haadal and &H was give
last nlsht by the FhUadtls&l OrektMra
at the Stetson Auditorium. 4th rtrt s.d
HtsiHty avue, at tfee stacta aaaua
Mat for UK tot ( tfev MtM
Hoetiisl Vor, than 3M perfflBI SjtltNvi-
A I I $.. , - r 1 i a . iiu nif rksi (JWaat Oka
(.h.uu mil ge Tins "r twt) fr?
RICH WOMAN WHO WED
CHAUFFEUR LOSES HOME
Brothers Order Oates Barred to
Former Miss Coppell,
ENGLEWOOD, N. J., Nov. 11. -The
homo of Mrs. Itobert Douglass Connors,
the former Elizabeth C. Coppell, who
married her chauffeur, Is now barred
Two policemen stand on guard at the
gates to the Towers, the beautiful rest
denco In Tenally. They 01 e under orders
to kep out Mrs. Connors or her husband.
Now that the wealthy wctaan, who Is
51 years old, while her husband is ,
After careful deliberation at the meeting
yesterday at noon of the Newspaper Publishers
and. Editors of the morning and evening news
papers, at which the Consul of Belgium at
Philadelphia and F. B. Reeves, Esq., Treasurer
of the American Red Cross Society, were pres
ent, on the report then presented that sufficient
contributions had been reported to load the
"Thelma," and that there was a continuous
flow of givers and gifts at the places open to
receive moneys and goods, it was resolved that
inasmuch as the destitution and want is likely
to continue, that it was the duty of the present
B,lamitt'G. Wells. . .Philadelphia Przss
Jbhn J . Collier, ..t .Evening Telegraph
M. F, Hanson Philadelphia Record
. Jfrnm Bfatrson, Jr,,. Philadelphia Inquirer
has taken a husband, the Towers, by tho
wording of tho will of her father, tho
lato George Coppell, wealthy railroad
financier, Is no longer hers.
The bride's two brothers, Herbert and
Arthur Coppell, who are connected with
the banking firm of Maltland, Cdppell &
Co., apparently are Incensed over the
secret marrlago of their sister, which took
place last April.
The Coppell brothers appealed to the
Tenafly authorities yesterday on hearing
rumors of their sister's marriage, and
bolng Informed that their sister, who was
at that tlmo with .her husband in Atlantlo
City, had acknowledged tho wedding, they
asked that a guard bo placed at the gates.
They Immediately discharged all the
servants and locked tho doors.
Another Philadelphia Food Ship
to Go to the Starving Belgians
LE7PA5 ATUCi r?OA7
THANKED BY MISS WIXSON
Philadelphia Woman Sends Gift for
Miss Cara. Nichols, of 1405 South 49th
street, received a personal letter yesterday
from Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of
tho President, thanking her for her work
In aid of Belgian sufferers.
Miss Nichols sent 14 pairs of wrist
warmers to Miss Wilson and asked that
they be forwarded to Belgium. The Presl
dent's daughter sent them to Miss Mabel
Boardman, of the Red Cross Relief Fund,
and wroto her appreciation to Miss
'Nichols, who has been a cripple for It
organization to act as recipients of the gener
ous offerings of the Philadelphia people, and
to provide some way to ship them to Belgium.
It was then announced that one or two
ships were to be had; and a citizen present
agreed to supply a ship at the earliest possible
moment, that the loading might go on and the
sailing made with as little delay as possible.
The headquarters in the Lincoln Build
ing, Broad Street and South Penn Square, will
remain open; and the newspapers also will
continue to receive funds.
2456 and Filbert 2457
Cyrus H. K. Curtis. , , .
Cyrus H. K. Curtis. , . ,
E, A, Van Vaikmburg.
W h, McLean
i'i iMjWjim ,rMnilitlliaiihiw!
Q. tk Whet will ktep water from trlnf
on windows whll wMhliitr thtm In winter T
(h) Pin tire the orlftfn and tetanies' ef
the name "chrl." (c) Where Is the ner
tt night school to Cth snd Venenso trttJ
i, a. Ni
A. (a) It would be a good plan, when
your windows need washing In freeiln
cold weather, to do It with n soft cloth
dipped In Alcohol. fb) The tiamo
"Charles" was originally derived from,
an old Teuton word meaning man. manly
or noble spirited, and was first applied
morn generally among rulers, kings and
princes, (n) The nearest elementary
night school for boys to Eth and Venango
streets Is located at Ontario and Howard
streets, or York and Memphis streets.
Tho nearest night high school would bm
Northeast High School) at Sth and Le
Q. Please Utn If It Is ilttrxl to chance a
peTHon m name wunoui any inieniiQn o a
fraud, my object being to comply with the
pernati'a name without any Intention to d-
way poile pronounce m
iv name. I do not
t It must tx dons'
cure lor ine puoucuy 1
larccgn me courts.
A. I A.
A. In order to change a name merely
to comply with tho pronunciation, such
as Louis to Lewis, or Smytlio to Smith,
It Ib not necessary to petition tho courts.
The entlro changing of a surname, how
ever, Is an entirely different matter, and
the law makes various provisions accord
ing to the conditions existing.
Q. Can ou tell mi about hor larce a ere
tlin supply ship Thelma wilt carry when h
alls Wednesday? TX. C. B.
A. We understand she will carry a,
crow of about 23.
Q I nouM like to know the dato when
Benjamin Franklin was born. T.T.J.
A. Benjamin Franklin was born on
January 17, 1706.
Q. We often hear the Charing Croes Rail-
road Ftatlnn In London spohen of and would
Ilk tn know If thorn Is any historical sig
nificant' attached to the name. 13, D. L.
A. At tho village of Charing, London,
stood tho last of the memorial crosses '
erected In memory of Eleanor, Queen of
Edward I of England, In conformity with,
her will. She died November 28, 1200, but
the cross remained until the year 1S4T,
when It was destroyed as a monument of
popish superstition. The present cross
was erected for the Southeastern Rail
way Company In 1863 by E. M. Barry, and
tho houses at Charing Cross were built
I about 1573 and altered about 1829. Thef
first stone of Charing Cross Hospital was
laid by the Duko of Sussex, September
15, 1S31. Hungcrfordbrldge of Charing;
Cross Bridge, was opened May 1, IStS,
and taken down in July, 1S62, and the ma
terials were employed In erecting Clifton
suspension bridge, beginning March, 1S8J.
CLTJSTEB, OF CONVENTIONS
Wilmington Entertains Two Besides
WILMINGTON, Nov. U.-In addition to
the convention of tho National Grange In
this city tomorrow, Wilmington will en
tertain two others.
One will be the convention of the Home
Missionary Society of the' Wilmington;
Methodist Episcopal Conference, which
Includes Delaware, the Eastern shore of
Maryland and two counties in Virginia.
The other will bo the annual meeting of
tho Homeopathic State Medical Society.
Tuberculosis Day In New Jersey
TRENTON, Nov. 11. November 23 will
be tuberculosis day In New Jersey, ac
cording to the proclamation of Governor
Fielder, In which he calls upon the peo
ple to observe the day In conjunction with
the National Association for the Study
and Prevention of Tuberculosis.
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