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EVENING LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1914.
I the o
I held t
f Oth Hi
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
cvnvs ii. k curtis. rcsiM9NT.
Gee. "Mf. Ochu, Secretary , John C. Martin, Treasurer ;
Chart it. I.ttulngton. Philip B Celllns, Jfehn B. Wil
bditoiual aoAnu :
CTires It. K. Conns, Chairman.
I H tVJIALBY Esrecullfe BJItor
SOllH C. M AllTIN.
General lWalnees Manager
PttJ1liiha ilally at Pcntio LsWWS BulMInf,
Independence Square, Phltedtlphl.
litmus CictTRiL , .Broad amt Chfstnut Street
AiMxttc t'lti . PrewVntoH BuilillnR
New Tftntt . 170A, Metropolitan Toner
CitioAno .. . . .017 Home Innrntice nultdlng
Losbo: ..... 8 Waterloo Plate, Tall Mall, S. W.
tUnntntifiBO BmtKJC Thp ri!Ho( ThilllW
WASiMsfltoJi ntinsAP .Th Toit IlnlldlnK
Kiftr T0K llrnBAt) The Tlm'l Htillillnc
' Pnll Mall Hast. H. W.
.12 ltuo I,oui la araml
1 Br eKrrler. DaW.t 0t,t. lx renin. Bv mall, oostnalj
ft , ntttaltla pf rhllndelnhln, except where (orckn postage
Ifl irquirru, uaii t ui.t, ono monui, incmi'inp ceninj
1)0 I.t Oii.t, one year, thre dollars
All mall eub-
teription pnyamo in navnnee.
BELL, 3000 WALNUT
MA STOM MAIN 3000
W Aditrtas oil communications to Eventng
Ledger, Independence Square, Philadelphia.
ttrtTJtT.0 AT TUB HltLAtlELrill V I OSTOl FICB AS Sl-COND-
class Mtn. mrrrn.
l'lUMUKU'IIlA, TtlUnSBAY, IMOVL.MI11II 12. 1914.
t- ,; : . -,:, . .'
A Modern Aladdin's Lamp
ELSEWHERE In tho Evening Ledokii
aro puTjllJihed pictures which offer con
vincing testimony of tho value of rapid
transit, Whcro In West Philadelphia ten
years ago there wero a few cheap houses
of wootl.-tlieto aro today splendid rows of
modern buildings. Rapid transit Is tho
modern Aladdin's lamp. It multiplies the
alue of every section that It serves. It in
uplrcs. Investment and improvement. It Is
tho signal for magnificent development. It
attracts population. More wonderful still, It
costs nothing, It pays for Itself, yielding In
Increased tax roceipts alono a sum progres
sively ntlqquato to meet all charges. Phila
delphia cattnot afford tho extravagance of
doing without rapid transit. Tho Union
Traction Company -Is offered the opportunity
of joining In this enterprise and sharing In
Organization: "Wise and Otherwise
FOR Senator Crow or any other Penrose
Republican to tell the Commonwealth
that what Pennsylvania needs Is more organ
ization Is to play to a credulity that does not
exist. Every ono knows that Pcnroso won his
light this your because he Is the head of one
of tho most cinclent political machines or
organizations that was ever created. If it Is
meant that all Republicans, Independent and
Progressive alike, must bo fitted into the Pen
rose machtno as an Integral part, tho authors
of thp naive suggestion:' have reckoned with
out their host.
Penrose Is the Senator from Pennsylvania
on a minority vote, tho combined votes of
Palmer and Plnchot exceeding his. Also mul
titudes of Republicans voted tho straight Re
publican ticket in splto of Pcnroso because
they believed that Republicanism Is essential
to the prosperity of the country. What Penn
sylvania needs is not more of the kind of or
ganization that Penroso and Crow represent,
but a ro-creatlon of tho Republican party
of tho State under new leadership and with
higher Ideals. If tho Legislature at Harrls
liurfr carries out tho Brumbaugh program In
' good faith and demonstrates Its responsive
ness to the undoubtod will of tho peoplo, tho
Republican party can have an easy majority
of 300,000 In 1910, and 00 per cent, of tho Pro
gressives will bo happy to count themselves
In that total.
More History-making in Philadelphia
THE calendar conflrrns tho right of Phila
delphia to tho title of "convention city."
Meeting here this week aro tho American
Federation of Labor, tho Investment Bankers'
Association of America and tho members of
tho Confere,nce of Mayors.
Each of these bodies is composed of men
who aro doing Important work In tho nation,
men whoso thought and effort nre part and
parcel of tho Hfo of tho country. Each repre
sents a vital aspect of national development
nn.d wolfaro: labor, finance and municipal
government. Each will discuss subjects which J
nre nlso tho concern of both other groups.
Much wilt bo added to tho general knowl
edge on- topics pf public Interest. History will
bo made by these conventions, for whenever
men come together to compare notes and ex
change Ideas, future eventB nre in process of
' Rudy," Immortal Fire Horse
BUCEPHALUS, get over! Pegasus and
Roslnante, pull your' heads out of tho
oats-trough of reputation. Here comes old
Rudy, fire horse.
Portland mourned not long ago the demise
of Prince, Are horse, retired at 26. Now
Philadelphia celebrates as sincerely, but with
-what a merry air, the good old beast who
awoke from his years on the shelf and gal
loped off with his seed and bulb wagon when
the old Are bell came clanging by with tho
memories of other years.
. These Are horses what a noble race!
Strong, fine, with a singleness of mind that
Sy mortals ever achieve, must they all fall
Ultimately before the motor-driven engines?
Rudy, at least, has registered a projest.
Professor Bryan's Patent Plowshare
PROFESSOR BRYAN, of the Chautauqua
circuit, has at luaf avenged -himself on
old Clncinnatus. When a war came along,
the Roman deserted the plow and pitched
xixht In. The professor, on the contrary,
has invested a little of the gate receipts In
living sorae war awords beaten lato plow
etutres for the Cabinet.
There are possibilities in this. Before the
year la out there will be any number of
biooS -stained felahtoiM selling for a song on
th battlefields of Europe. What's to hinder
th management from giving away & hand
txwUM plowwoare ta every lady attending the
rofMor' on thousandth appearance next
KYHimer? It would b a pretty UUIe token
p( pnielati0a for the thoughtful way in
-arfatett tM pfofOMor get the Chantauquas
extMl4 tram the ammmBt victims of the
" . jumiiiuLiuj ' a. u ii, ii
- IfcllMadieBa Saves No DoQtor8.Bills
tuvhnt ia4linas are tbe toll imposed
r-TMoa the oroduMty t tenoraiw toy
4Bjart l" liuackMT. advwrtiolB of the
tto feualuM RM A Mat r
ir.r""rv lu buA tor &w ta
mY woc4 up f tworoeUaH C tho
two H c. rt, ii Uu.
itaifr 1 gomtm tmmtkm m$m
anHltaiA im&mirm Swmmko & abort fc
or-mlss fashion; second, If the remedies
could have effected tho cures so lavishly
promised, disease would have been stamped
out of the world by now, judging by tho vast
fortunes built upon proprietary medicines.
Health Is the Indispensable foundation of
efficiency. Health Is wealth; health la Imp
plnosa; health Is power. Money Is a super
fluity, knowledge Is a mockery and oppor
tunity la a futility without the possession of
good health. Patont medlctnO not only does
not save doctors' bllls.lt materially Increases
them. No patient Is able to diagnose his
own ailment, and In 99 Instances out of 100
ho only aggravates Ms 111 by seizing tho first
ready-mado cure-alt that attracts his eye by
superlatively worded promises.
Except In the cases requiring surglcnl
treatment and In contagious diseases, prac
tically all ailments are nothing more than
temporary friction felt In some part of tho
human machine. To attempt to lubricate or
readjust the purt by throwing In a handful of
sand or muck that happens to bo nearest Is
tho height of Insanity. General good health
Is based upon tho exercise of common sense,
ntul Its continuance calls for moio common
First ol n Glinritublc Caravan
THE Thctma, loaded to capacity with ma
terial evidence of the love and charity of
Philadelphia, puts to sea today. Jew and
Gentile, Catholic and Protestant, all alike
have contributed, and the gifts of moicy will
bo distributed to Protestant and Catholic,
Gentile and Jew.
Tho miracle of achievement which has boon
revealed In tho last few days has ac
complished much for tho spiritual well-being
of this city. Tho good of charity beurs back
on giver and receiver. Community-giving
brings all elements Into a common ground,
and through all elements blesses the com
As tho first of a fleet of ships destined to
bear to stricken Belgium America's tribute of
sympathy for a great people's suffering, the
Thclma carries also tho fervent hopo of nil
Philadelphia for a quick return to normal
conditions In Europe. Wo nio ouiselvcs en
gaged In a grcat.war, a magnificent battle to
relievo tho stricken innocents of the old
Trying to Fool Isaac
THE hands of Lsau aro always busy. It
Is petty politics, of course, for Mr. Con
nelly to spread the Impression about that tho
Mayor and the directors are holding buck
funds which might profitably bo spent at
this time In tho relief of tho unemployed.
Thero may even bo some guileless citizens In
tho community who believe that tho splendid
reform Administration of Mayor Blankcn
burg likes streets with holes in them and la
conscientiously opposed to public Improve
ment. Isaac thought Jacob was Esau. But
peoplo who aro not blind know the facts.
Tho Blankcnburg Administration Is making
uso of what funds aro avallablo; it can make
uso of other amounts when Councils, by
proper legislation, give3 permission. Tho
Finance Committco, over which Mr. Con
nelly presides with some dignity and great
authority, might profitably cease reminding
tho Mayor of his duty by attending to Its
Votes for Working "Women
ON TOP of an election that added two suf
frage States to tho women's nine comes
tho convention of tho Federation of Labor,
with 25 women delegates and another 25
women In les3 formal attendance.
Tho lesson, so far aa industrial organiza
tion goes, Is clear enough, but the political
lesson Is even sharper. If worklngmcn need
the vote to havo a voice in tho making of
Industrial legislation and to chooso tho pub
lic men whoso actions will so affect their
Interests ns producers, tho working women
need tho vote oven more. For It Is a very
small proportion of them that get even tho
public representation that union labor brings.
Tho woman In Industry needs the ballot far
more, in fact, than she needs tho union.
Unity of Welfare
tttilmINGTON is tho host this week of
YY tho National Grange of Fattons of Hus
bandry. Hospitality Is a primary virtue, but
in this day, when city nnd country are com
ing closer together In mutual understanding
and in recognition of their economic Inter
dependence, its warmth In tho present In
stance has a specially noteworthy and hope
ful meaning. To the Grango belongs great
credit, not only for Its influence In tho
socialization of rural life and for its service
In providing a forum for tho discussion of
country problems, but also for Its share In
having stirred public opinion to action in
matters of direct, vital and equal concern to
city and country.
THE joy of giving Is priceless. When ono
no longer can feel It, character has already
withered and Hfo has become a sorry thing.
It la a possession to cherish. It Is a flower
that purely blooms In childhood, and blesses
all to whom its fragrance comes. It Is most
beautiful when the giving is made possible by
service to other3, when the privilege of giving
Is won by helpfulness. A missive which ac
companied a contribution to the Thelma fund
teaches the lesson of the everlasting beauty
of human nature and the loving kindness of
the human heart. It was written in a child
ish scrawl; "Brother and I earned this money
last week helping mother. Rachel and Jack."
Of such is the hope of the world,
' ' i "
"Berlin by Christmas" supPosen they get
When Carranza gets through with "Villa
there won't be much left of Carranza.
Only 81 fejelgn-bullt vessels admlttod to
American registry isn't exactly what we ex
. peeted. -
it tha railroads will clve fre farms to Bel.
glan patrons, what will the steamship lines
do to get a little more business?
If Gurmany really gave Turkey J16,(WO,00
for oomlng Into the war, the Turks have the
Swiss baeked into a corner as niwcenarjw.
The nan who tried to ljrja,K into a Camden
jail jnunt have feeon horrified at thp aruelty of
tfte Judge who soot him ta another lockup.
The peaoe people ought to preoenfa medal
ta the manufacturer of war blankta who la
aoauMo of using shoddy. Hvery addition to
the borrorjt of Var weans law af it.
And yt a thaatro box Is not the ban pjaee
tor WaWgtBH tadios J piek out if tbay
want ta katt tar U B&rUn rugM. Fr
one thlotr, tM aren't enough to ga rowad.
Tna aklfift a ao bright thaso days wiu the
blua of ftJi that, a tba it-yTfliatar
aupw taw ajjpjv aajflgaa- BBay4pfBBaB BV"VMaPpMBjfr
uit Ir written m too ieya of la
tlla wanner. laatead, ta ky recall; ta
tttvB.ie f. im. mm if Ng fetfc
Reflections on the Philosophy of Accepting Things as They Come Sunny
Courage Takes the Sting Out of the Inevitable Mental
Depression Paralyzes Helpful Endeavor.
BLESSED la the man or woman who has
the knack of accepting thlnRfl as they arel
Those who, like tho frog In tho fable when
he fell Into tho mllkcan managed, neverthe
less, to kick enough cicnm from his liquid
environment to make a good-ilzcd pat of
butter on which he could float comfortably
till tho can wm emptied, can mnke the host
of the Inevitable nre the ones who nre going
to llo longest and mnko this old world most
endurable for their world-mate.
Not long ago a rector In one of our sub
uibnn Sunday schools wni propounding tho
letii.n wlii-n ho was suddenly Interrupted by
n curious mite of B with the query: "Say.
mlMer, do you wear pants under that black
curtain?" Do you think that the genial rec
tor was nonplussed that tho minds of his
nudlenco were so summarily led away from
the moral point up to which ho had been
so logically leading them? Do you think he
considered that tho Inquisitive youngster had
nrfronted the Church or his personal dig
nity? Not at nil! Smiling good-humorcdly
upon the Ind, he teplled. "Indeed I do, sonny!
ScoV" lifting his robe slightly that the child
mlgnt bo satisfied ns to tho truth of his an
swer. Supposo ho lmd administered a sharp
rebuke would It have letrloved tho situation
or havo silenced the Inevitable chuckle that
followed tho awkward question? By satisfy
ing ThoinnM. then going right on from tho
point of Intel ruptlnn. tho rector gained an
even stronger personal gilp on the attention
of those whom ho wui trying to Influence.
EEX mnie strenuous was the experience
of a vi ry tall clergyman who undertook to
fill the pulpit of nn invalid friend whoc suc
cessor ho would become provided tho con
gregation approved of him. Ho arrived hap
pily at his destination, but was soon In great
consternation when ho learned that his trunk
had not yet arrived. This trunk hnd been
packed and shipped with special care, for the
tall candidate had not forgotten how he and
his chum had nt college been dubbed "The
long and short of it!" And now It hadn't
As tho preparatory bell rang ho was obliged
to accept tho offer of 'ic lector's "Wfc and
try to struggle Into her husband's canonical
robes; tho surpllco was baiely manageable,
making- him look like an overgiown, aproned,
orphan boy ; but the cassock hardly reached
his knees, making his ttousers simply Impos
sible! Ruefully ho looked down upon thoo
broad-.stiiped tiouscrs In which he had trav
eled. Too had! but he Just had to wear them,
even though they seemed to extend a vard or
so below the abbreviated cassock. He man
nged to get through the first part of the scrv
lco fairly well, but when It came time for tho
offertory he was nearly overwhelmed by a
wave of self-consciousness. His keen senso
of humor told him what a conspicuously
ludicrous appearanco ho must present ns ho
held aloft the plates while the choir merrily
chanted: "How beautiful arc tho feet how
beautiful aro tho feet of them that preach
the gospel of peace and bring glad tidings of
good things!" Fortunately his happy apti
tude for taking things ns ho found them cn
abled him so to master his painful nclf-con-sclousness
of his unpleasantly unbeautlful
feet that he lost himself In an earnest sermon
which brought him a unanimous call from an
IN THESE days wo need tho Invincible op
timism of Mrs. Wlggs, who conceals her
disappointment over tho Increasing severity
of tho weather by cheerfully remarking as
sho glances nt the sinking mercury: "My,
tho thermometer has fell up to zero!" ac
cepting things as they aro and again pursu-
In other days, Germany had another name,
Almuin. An old English medieval ballad
"I have seen Almaln's proud champions
Tho Thlity Tyrants of Rome numbered
only 19 so far as Is known. In tho rolgns of
Valerian and Gnlllenus (253-268) they en
deavored to make themselves Independent
princes. They wero:
In the East. Illyricum.
(1) Cjrladcs. (11) Ingenuus.
(2) Macrlanus. (12) Ilegllltanus.
(3) Dallsta. . (3) Aureolus.
(4) Odennthus. Promiscuous.
(5) Zenobla. (U) Saturnlnus in
In tho "West. Tontus.
6) Posthumua. (15) Trehelllnnus in
(?) Lolliunus. Ieaurln.
(8) Vlctorlnus and his (IC) Plso in Thessaly.
mother Victoria. (17) Valens in Achata
(9) Marlus. (18) Aemllinnua in
(10) Tetrlcus. Egypt.
(19) Celsus in Africa.
"Old Q'a Balcony" was on Piccadilly, Lon
don, and was tho haunt of tho wicked, worn
out roue, tho Duke of Queensbury Old Q.
There ho leered at passing women.
"From Primrose Balcony, long ages ago,
Old Q sat at gaze; who now passes
To march "Newgate Fashion" meant to
walk In lockstep like prisoners, Shakespeare,
in "Henry IV," says:
Falstaff Must we all march?
Bardolph Yea, two and two, Newgato
The origin of the expression, "higher than
Gllderoy'a kite," Ib shrouded in mystery.
Gllderoy, a notorious Scotch robber of Queen
Mary's time, was hanged, A second Gll
deroy, who robbed Cardinal Richelieu and
Oliver Cromwell, shared a similar fate,
A curious peasant qustom prevails In Hun
gary on the birth of the first-born of a
newly married couple. The grandmother of
the bride calls at her house with an Immense
bundle of cakes and bread on her back, a
gift to the flrst-born. The family then have
a feast. But the newly born Infant, to whom
the present was made, gets none. He does
not participate in the feast.
"Nun, Gott mit mir!" cries mighty Thor,
Great Wotuu'd son and god pf war,
And hurU him in the whirling: hell
And lights It long and fights it well.
So doth the lone and mighty Thor,
The dauntless old gray god of war.
Now round him roars the awful tide
Of battling beasts from far and wide;
For out the west us black as night
The grizzled Oaa tears hts riyht
And sks to slay the tobjhtr Thor,
The dauntlu old gray arod of war.
In front old Taura grimly roare
As with his homed brow he gores
And flares his eyes and smokes bis breath
With rage to bury Thor in death
With rage to slay the mighty Thor,
The dauntless old gray god of war.
Upon tho left the.flery Gaul
la wild to see the hero fall,
While Taura bellows 'otoas ths m&la
.And oalta hU beasts from mount and plain
And aeta the mighty neb en Thar,
The dauntless old f say no of war.
But yesterday lie taught tBt all. -
A wealth of pauato in hU bH.
Vroai Bacii, trom Betova, Meaart,
And octette, njodtotao aa
Ho tnM theco, too, dsd woodrou ?ojv
Tho fad ei nerve VW M W.
-Arthur :'"- ivm, tst Mkttaott -
Ing her wonted task of making strap and
bucklo meet. How often we meet her counter
part! I recall now a faithful retainer who
told mo casually how sho had taken her four
giandchltdrcn Into her small house when the
fifth camo clown with scarlet fever. "Where
did you ever put them nil?" I exclaimed. "O,
that was easy onought I just tumbled them
nil Into my bed, threw nn e.tra mattress
Into the bathtub1 anil slept there myself tlll
the Board of Health let 'cm go back!
"Twnn't nothln'I" she added, turning
lightly nsldo my Implied sympathy. "Llfe'd
be pretty easy If I never had nothln
linrdcr'n that to do!" At another time sho
trudged out to help mo make tho house shlp
sluujs on my return from a delightful sum
mer vacation. I was sitting on tho porch, too
dispirited by tho muggy pall of closo air
with which dear old Philadelphia Is only too
prono to greet her returning cltlv.cna to ven
ture inside. Searching vainly for a brcczo
among tho many flno, old trees on tho lawn,
I discovered my Mrs. Wlggs coming nlong
with her dogged bog-trot, her face ono vast,
To my languid Inquiry ns to hor summer,
sho said; "Oh, I can't complain! My grand
children all got through tho whoopln' cough
Just fine, except tho baby, who had It-some-thin'
fierce! The doctor said only fresh nlr'd
save him, so wo kept him out nil night. His
mother wheeled tho carriage tilt midnight,
then, nftcr I'd lcstcd a bit from my day's
si-rubbln', I lolled him till sun-up! 'Twnn't
bad," she nildcd hastily, as sho noticed my
commiserating expression. "Yon seo wo'vo
got n big tree on our block, 'most as big as
thot ono o' yours and I toll you the breezes
we'd sometimes get wna somethln' grand!"
Keeling oddly rebuked, I humbly sot myself
to tho day's tnsk, and despite tho humidity,
restored tho house to Its accustomed, shining,
homcllko trim. As I oversaw tho work, my
thoughts ran something llko this: "If sho
can so stimulate mo to take life as it cornea,
why shouldn't I oxert the same lnflucnco on
my environment?" Emerson put it another
wny when ho said:
Nor knowest thou what argument
Thy Hfo unto thy neighbor's creed hath lent.
Slnco wo enn nil count our Mrs. Wlggses
on our fingers, why shouldn't wo bo a Wlggs
for others? Of course, I do not mean that
we should supinely accept conditions .that
might bo improved or auffeiings that might
bo alleviated, but that by accepting the Inev
itable with sunny courage wo may escapo
being submerged In a welter of self-pity and
actually provo tho rescue plank for somo
THE need of this grace of adaptability
seems to bo unusually pressing this win
ter, when, becauso of tho uncertainty of
tho money market duo to tho European
war, tho llch nro cutting down their
forcea of servants and remaining in tho
country and tho poor aro facing tho
winter with tho possibility of losing tholr
Jobs. Much as our hearts aro wrung by tho
sufferings abroad and grievous as tho winter
outlook Is, now moro than over before wo
need to cultivate an unquenchablo antl
pesslmlsm. Whilo wo cannot help the
appalling war conditions, wo can, after giv
ing whnt wo can personally afford toward
amelloiatlng Individual suffering, do our
utmost toward overcoming that mental do-,
presslon which paralyzea helpful endeavor.
Wo can also throw nil our influenco against
everything which could make for tho pos
sibility of such conditions In our land. As
our good friend in "Dombey and Son" so
pertinently remarks: "The bearings of this
observation lays In tho application on It."
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
Louisville is going a-gardcnlng. Eight
hundred und fifty citizens havo entered the
back yard garden contest of tho Garden
Club this year. Tho Courier-Journal, much
emboldened, reflects: Tho Garden Club held
Its Hist contest Inst year, and whllo tho
results wero encouraging tho entiles this
yeur havo been considerably moro numer
ous. The peoplo of every section of tho city
have manifested interest and there Is every
reuson to hopo that the number of back
yard gatdena 'will contlnuo to increase from
year to year.
It is possible to enlargo the household food
supply materially by tho judicious uso of
only a small plot of ground. Thero aro many
residents of Louisville who accomplish re
markable results In this way and yet do
not regard their work as anything extraor
dinary. Some of them cultivate email gar
dens at Buch sparo hours as are available
outsldo of a regular dally occupation. All
In all the labor Is not great, but the prod
ucts of the garden go a long way toward
the reduction of household expenses, and
the vegetables which go to enlargo tho fam
ily menu aro better as a rule than thoso pur
chased In the city markets.
Tho city garden la less often a sourco of
revenue than an economic help, but thero
aro somo backyard gardeners who sell their
surplus products at tcmuneratlve prices.
There Is money In saving, however, ns well
as In selling, and from whatever viewpoint
the successful city garden Is considered It
is a valuablo and praiseworthy Institution.
CRISES IN GREAT LIVES
Crises In the lives of great men are Im
portant In so far as they are crises In the
life of the world. Judged by this standard,
the decisive moment In the career of Themla
tocles makes him the savior of western
civilization. Themlstocles was a general, an
admiral and a statesman. The turning point
Jn his career, however, came when he was
acting In none of these capacities, but when
ho was simply a ward politician.
Athens in 482 B, C. was a small State, with
omall-State Ideas, opposed to the imperial
istic policy which Themlstocles was bent on
pursuing. Against Themlstocles was Arls
tldes, a man so honest that he was surnumed
"the Just." Honesty was, it seems, an un
common virtue among the Athenians.
Themlstocles saw to it that it became an
unpopular virtue. Actually the decisive mo
ment in the career of this extraordinary
man of affairs was when he decided on the
way to get Arlstldes out of Athens. By
skillful lies, slanders, misrepresentations and
by a boat of trlckB, some of which a word
heeler would scorn to use, Themlstocles
made the name of Arlstldes hated in Athens.
At the nest meeting of the popple Arlstldes
was ostracised. ,
The importance of this move becomes clear
whwi ono teallMS that with Arlstldes out of
the "way ThemUtoclOB was free to build the
grftai Vmi which luter mef and defeated the
UOWVW ?rbtn flotilla at SalamU, finally
BlwcfeaA Persian invasions of the West, and
8as4T Uuropo for lt own civilization. It
was,. of oaurno, a mere trifle, the world's fate
lHalS a - ' But " (8 Pt oI the
grSQivooo of groat men that they turn trifles
to such aecount.
A Now National Figure
Freat the Oprtasfteld Uulos.
While Penusylvania is not a promising field
tor the nourieluueut of a presidential boom
Brumbaugh la receiving aome mention in that
regard in his Uuiue State, and it is being binteil
that the pohtitUiui will endeavor to have their
way in adioLiUwtittiiuu ooiiciea by baUijur out
anemUw of cuiwort Jo.- hi national honor.
Oa the other hand, too aaecrtioa to made that iu
Mo reUtiou toward tho Philadelphia, eehoo!
at a.W4a tnilMt4 evanewaat ueert-
Ivo nnd pugnacious nttltude, and showed more
Inclination to boss thnh to bo bossed. The very
fact that ho Is n new figure In political affairs,
apparently endowed with a rather unusual
degree of personal force, but having to reckon
with conditions of more than ordinary dif
ficulty, will cause his administration to be fol
lowed with a good deal of Interest.
Prom the Kannfts City Star.
President Wilson nnd the national Adminis
tration nro the victims of what may fairly ho
called "hard luck," The Huropean war has
seriously Interfered with foreign trade nnd with
business conditions gcnernlly In the East. It
has closed the Stock Exchange and cut oft tho
demand for the pioducts of many factories. The
depression, as nlways happens, was blamed on
the party In power. "See," tho campaign ora
tors hno exclaimed, "how the Democratic party
has thrown men out of work.- Voto for Repub
licans and prosperity." The nrgument vvas
cfTcctlto with hundreds of thousands of voters
who were dissatisfied with conditions.
VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
State nnd Nation.
To the Editor of the Ricntng Ledger:
Sir That the rise In prices is a natural thins
enn bo Illustrated by n study of egg production.
Poultry raising Is a business engaged In prob
ahlv by more people than any other business.
Illch, Well-to-do and poor peoplo nil ralso
chickens und have for generations. There is
no string attached to It. Alt classes of people
have a chance to do It.
With the high cont of living a subject of uni
versal complaint and tho avcrago man laying
tho blame for It on the trusts and various
linnglnniy cnuscs, tho fact remains that ho
himself (ns a producer of poultry and eggs)
cannot mnke good and produce enough to hin
der the price of eggs from llBlng.
If the prlco of eggs (or otljer things) were
too high, and theic was very much money In
the business (for tho avcrago man who en
gages In It) moie people would engage In it,
but tho fact Is that In many sections of tho
countiy It Is a standing Jolco that many people
keep poultry whoso eggs cost moro to produco
than they lecelvc for them, and, In consequence,
many give It up every year.
Philadelphia, November 10.
"DAY OF NEW CLOTHES"
To the Editor af the Evening Ledger:
Sir In your "Curiosity Shop" I find refer
ence to tho fact that Christmas day was for
merly called tho "Day of New Clothes," from
the old French custom of giving new cloaks
to those who belonged to the court.
The sentiment and the application of It mUBt
hnvo filtered Into the South through the early
French Bettlcrs. It Is a well-known tradition
among tho plain people and tho Negroes that
for luck some new nrtlcle of clothing must be
worn on Christmas day. The feeling is ex
"Ef you rtoan war' somepen new on Christ
mas Day dc buzzards '111 git you 'foro do end
of do year."
To bo a victim of tho buzzard3 Is tho final
slioko to an unfortunate career.
F. N. BAItKSDALD.
Philadelphia, November 11.
CHARITY AT HOME
To the Editor of the Eiening E'dgcr:
Sir I contributed my mite to tho Belgian
relief fund, for I believe that Belgium repre
sents tho tragedy of the ages. While I re
nllzo full well that Belgians need food and
clothing, yet It seems to my benighted mind
that tho girls right nt home who are getting
$4, $5 and $6 a week are entitled to first con
sideration. Why not let somo of our charity
begin at home? Of course, aiding your own
employes docs not result In newspaper pub
licity. If Mr. Jones aids ono of his employes
no one knows anything about It. If Mr.
Jones gives $10 to a relief fund he is balled as
n philanthropist. ARTHUR G. YATBS.
Philadelphia, November 11.
WANTS THE CljTY TO DO IT
To the Editor of the Eiening Ledger:
Sir "Union Traction stockholders." you say,
"owe something to the citizens of Philadel
phia. They are receiving 17.15 ner cent, div
idends." Owe something? Yes, millions of
three-cent exchange tlcketB. But In the light
of the amount that the company has drained
out of Philadelphia it seems rather absurd to
ask them to spend anything to give us better
servico. Anyway, why pay a private corpora
tion 17.15 poi cent, when the city can borrow
money nt four per cent.? Why not municipal
ownership? Unless, of course, the Investment
could be made to yield 13.15 per cent, graft.
H. K. VENNBL.
Philadelphia, November 11.
STAND BY THE MAYOR
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir There Is a great lack of local patriotism
In Philadelphia and I cannot understand why
some people are always knocking Mayor
Blankenburg. nnther, i did not understand it
until I read the Hands of Esau. The Kvenino
Ledger deserves big credit for giving ub such
a treat, and our Councilman has not got over
the laughs we gave him yet. He says he la
going to stand by the Mayor now. Wo hops
so, for if he don't we will get a new Council
nian sure. HENRY. T. BANNARD.
Philadelphia, November 11.
From the KnoxWIle Sentinel.
England Is In a grateful mood toward the
statesmen who put the country In a condition to
meet the war danger. Lord Sclborne, Lord
Fisher, Arthur Balfour, Reginald McKenna
and Winston Churchill are the men that have
had most to do with the reconstruction ot
the navy. Lord Haldane reorganized the
army. Sir Edward Grey directed British diplo
macy in the traditions of Lord Salisbury.
Lloyd George provided the financial structure
needed to sustain the foreign nnd domestic poli
cies of tha Empire. Sir Henry Campbeli-Ban-norman
conciliated South Africa, Lord Har
dingo won the love of India. Lord Salisbury
made the Japanese alliance possible by steering
a cautious course In China. Tremler Herbert
Henry Asquith has steadied the boat In the
Irish crisis and William Redmond and Sir
Edward Carson contributed to the patriotic con
cert at tho right moment by striking harmo
nious chords. The list is not complete, but It
NATIONAL POINT OF VIEW
The reason 'for the satisfaction In financial
circles over the .elections last week is to be
found In the feeling that the Republican gains
have been sufficient to check the radical ten
dencies of the party which still controls all
branches of the Government. It is a deduction
from election returns that is well founded!
The success of the nation-wide movement for
the relief of tho cotton growers Is a most pleas
ing evidence of the Increase in American busi
ness of the co-operative spirit and the decay
of the opposing spirit of competitive indiffer
ence and hostility which has produced such un
desirable situations in the past. Americana have
never been indifferent to the ory of physical dis
tress In any part ot their common country.
This was not that kind of a situation. Neither
flood nor fire nor pestilence afllleted the South
nor was famine threatened. It was e, ise of
financial paralysis ot a great industry. Ctucaeo
Now that the election Is over it la to be
hoped tha( the voices of the calamity howlers
will be heard no more in the land. It is Im
possible to estimate the damage to the country
that haa resulted from the persistant and
malevolent campaign of depression, hard
times, poor buslnea, slaok work and finan
cial distrust that has been conducted purely
for political purposes. Hartford Post.
Colonel Roosevelt himself must now realize
the absurdity of hla theory that the Repub
lican party is a decayed and moribund poUtioal
forcos whose only hope of salvation was In
dropping its historic name and "coming over"
Xo the 'Progreaa've parly the porfect 00
vluiu faot Uiag that tho Hepuhbcan party
is overwnouuiafiy the winner to taaae aloe
Uona, wotta the Colonel's little otcoutp ol Adul
1 unite- wfi ooweHneo even tor Ooa-lo-t--
Mg mjmu-tmxm ftNMto4
War According to Gulliver
He asked mo what wero the usual causes
or motives that mado ono country go to war
with another. I answered they wero In
numerable, but I should only mention a
few of tho chief. Sometimes tho ambitions
of princes, who never think thoy havo land
or peoplo enough to govern ( sometimes tho
corruption of Ministers, who onjjngo their
master in a war in order to stifle or divert
tho clamour of tho subjects against their
Sometimes tho quarrels bctweon two
princes Is to dccldo which of them ahnll
dispossess a third of his dominions, whcro
neither of them pretend to nny right. Some
times ono prlnco quarrelcth with another,
for fear tho other should quarrel with him.
Sometimes a war Is entered upon becauso
tho enemy is too strong, and sometimes be
cause ho Is too weak. Sometimes our neigh
bors wnnt tho things which wo have, or havo
tho things wo want; nnd wo both light
till they tnko otirs or glvo us theirs.
Alliance by blood or mnrrlngo Is n fre
quent cause of war between princes, and
tho nearer the kindred la the grcator Is
their disposition to quarrel. Poor nations
nro hungry nnd rich nations are proud; and
prldo and hunger will over be nt variance.
For thoso reasons tho trade of a soldier Is
held tho most honorablo of all others, be
causo a soldier Is hired to kill In cold blood
ns many of his own species, who hnd never
offended him, ns possibly ho can. Gulliver's
Travels to tho Houyhnlinms.
The Fatal Lack
Tho paper was a wondrous ono; It bristled
with tho news ,
That camo from every part of ovcry na
tion; It did not stoop to crooked ads, nor thoso
of dope nnd booze.
And frequently It boasted of Its station.
And ao Its circulation grow to n tremendous
Eclipsing that of any other journal;
Its nttltudo was lofty nnd Its editors wero
Its strength nnd power seemed to ho
It stood, a famed Gibraltar of the journalistic
No big typo filled Its pages, only minion;
Without tho boost, tho faint pralso stuff, or
o'en tho wordy roast.
It helped the public mind td form opinion.
Of dolly paper good things It becamo a
But prlnting'a risky. Just na throwing
Ono day tho noted Journal camo to an un
When Its headlines made no mention of
Tho military capo will bo much worn
abroad this winter.
Uncle Si Says
Thero's a inventor in Philadelphia who has
Invented a mouso trap that hcat3 ovcrythlng
all holler. All ho has to do Is get a hoso
and lay It on tho floor and then put a pleco
of cheese In tho farthest end. Tho mlco
smell tho cheeso and they crawl in tho hoso
to get It. Then when tho hoso gets full, ho
Just puts n cork in tho nearest end and all
tho mlco Is caught. Ho knows when tho
hoso gits full by hcarln' tho mlco squcalln',
an' thoy can't back out, for most of 'cm Is In
Our Own War Lexicographer
Now let mo once for all assert,
My war pronunciation's thero;
You never yet havo heard mo blurt
Albert, when I should say Al-bare.
Folks never know that I was wlso
Until tho war, when I mado known
That I was not llko other guys;
I call Apremont, Ap-ray-moan.
I'vo got tho right dope, you can bet,
No matter what thoy say.
you never heard mo say Glvet;
I know tho name's Gee-vay.
On tho Job
A locomotlvo had Just struck nn automo
bile, and tho Injured were lying among the
debris nlong tho tracks.
"Has tho insurauco man been hero yet?"
asked a stranger breathlessly ot a policeman.
"No," answered tho cop bluntly.
"Fine," continued tho stranger. "If t,hero'a
no objection I'll just He down with tho rest
of tho injured."
We Have With Us the Hobble
Damo Fashion owo3 oxlstonco to tho fem
In this sho finds her only claim to reason
From this most ilnul of remarks Damo
Fashion gets her lows,
Regardless of tho weather or the season.
And that "becauso" Is qulto onough Is proved
In that no lady
Is over noticed further proof demanding
Be sho a wealthy Vandervelt or merely Miss
Of Fashion explanation of her standing.
Yes, Fashion's rulo Is certain and she knows
no halt or stopping;
Her say is final, as wo may have stated;
Just now, for Instance, many girls to pro
gress tako to hopping,
Since the hobblo skirt has been reincar
nated. Just to His Taste
Poots of old timo used to sigh
To be the scarf their lady's waist was in.
New times, new fashions, now would I
Cling llho tho fur about my lady's chin.
Tho Gen"11' Navy team will feel keenly
the loss of Enulen, the fleet halfback, whq
waa permanently disabled In Tuesday's
game with tho British second team. Emden,
whose irresistible rushes have mado him
tho terror of the aquatlo fields in the East,
met his match in Sydney, the heavy Aus
tralian guard, who, after a. long run, made
a flying tackle which brought Emden down
in the shadows ot tho goal.
Emden was unable to rise after he was
thrown, and a hasty examination Bhowed
him to be so seriously Injured that he will
be out of tho game permanently.
During the early contests, Emden was a
tower of strength in the German backfleld
On the offense his line plunging has beeii
good, but it was in the open style of at
tack that he excelled. On end run3 he was
without a peer. Once across the line of
scrimmage the fleet halfback would zlczae
down the field, making his own Interfer
ence and using the straight arm freely to
smash his way through the opposing teairi
w R. o. a
The French of It
The Husband-Walter, what is it that the
orehwtra is playing?
3X.a,,-S5r,t"ir'-,.,ine B3UBon d' Amour
The Wifewhat did he say it was George
The Husband-He said jt waa the Soup
Song, by Mr. Armour.
From tho Cub's Notebook
Utter lack of a sense of humor frequently
results in turning an ordinary Joko into
good ono-on the reviser. Recently a hotel
reporter covering his rounds overheard
conversation between, two olaUd Repub
llcaaa that ran something like this.
.Sdtna-r What tlW B9Pubu- are
"They're goins to tvlt tho Progreaatw-
Tho reportor wokod tho wbT,
tory and turned it in to ta citHdi d, ? V"
ltt tujuod it ovor to lao.k ThJ
jpyor. mtnu a aa, oWmo? ,o
Tfeoy'ro going to invite t in-, ,i
ttiftjW !& jmwwswm s-
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