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EVENING LKDGEB-PHILADELPHlft, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1914.
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riULADELrillA, MONDAY, MOVEMntn 33, 1914.
Wlint's the Use Hnuging Back?
""' fTUtB new currency system Is In operation.
.Tho war has contracted productive In-
V duslry In Europo to tho vanishing- point, and
by So doing has practically established a
protective system for the United States. Wo
have no real competition at homo and little
1 elsewhere In the world. Wo nnd wo only are
tho makers of wealth, tho people who aro
' Converting raw material Into the finished
products that civilized beings must havo.
Our own markets havo been opened to us
i and with them tho markets of tho entire
world. Wo are granary and workshop, mid
dleman and retailer for the earth. Tho com-
i Ing era casts before It shadows of a pros
perity Incomparably greater,than any which
wo havo hoictoforc enjoyed. There Is a
whisper of It In the hugo orders which Eu
rope has placed hero within tho last few
It Is a tlmo for building and preparation.
. There Ahould bo no unemployed In America.
.New plants should bo In tho making and tho
ring of the hammer should bo In old ones
getting ready for tho expansion which Is
sure to come. Thcro Is no reason to bo
timid; there Is every reason to bo energetic,
optimistic and bold. Tho trado of tho world
f - is offered on a platter and wo must take It.
We aro going to take it,, every bit of it that
. we can handle, and we must be ready to
handle the vast bulk of It.
Tho Presldont is right to anticipate an
' era of good times, even If his Admlnlstra-
i- tlon can claim little credit for It. Only n
blind man could fall to grasp tho signifi
cance of passing events. They, all of them,
1 point to Inevitable prosperity. And the
largest pa,rt of It will be gathered up by the
' men who have vision and courage enough
now not to hesitate, the men who push ahead
V, -with their preparations and seize the present
" period of twilight before oawn to have
f verythlng In readiness.
Gompcrs on Statesmanship
"TT IS not a political organization, not po
illtlcal statesmanship that labor needs to
day," said Mr. Gompcrs on Saturday last.
"We need Industrial statesmanship, human
If all voters In municipal, State and national
elections grasped the significance of those
sentences there would be fewer men eating
up the taxes as a machine reward for political
Mexico Abandoned to Its Fate
TODA.T is the time appointed for the evac
uation of Vera Cruz. Thero are buzzards
In Mexico who will rejoice when they see
out forces retiring. The one haven of civ
ilization and Justice left in the whole coun
try U being abandoned and made a football
for the factions -which havo fastened on
Mexico with bo firm a clutch that It seems
Impossible to tear them loose.
Three Governments have protested to the
"United States against tho evacuatio .. They
aro apprehensive, aa they have every right
to be, lest their own nationals be outraged
, when the sole force that stands for law and
order anywjiero in the country is withdrawn.
. The situation la no better than It was when
the marines landed. In many respects It
Is worse. The ostensible champions of free
dom have become tho blatant advocates of
loot. There Is no responsible authority any
where In the republic, nor Is there one lead
. er In whom this country or his own could
repose any confidence.
We want no more to do with the several
Tiandit clans of Mexico. But we did hold
until today a strategic point, the moral In
fluence of which was very great. It assured
aome moderation among the chiefs. It fur
nished & haven of refuge for the pillaged.
For the United States holding Vera Cruz
was & pistol held at the head of the Mexican
buccaneers. Good fortune may prevent the
translation of this event Into a great catas
trophe, but all the omens are the other way.
The. average citizen cannot share the opti
pilsm of the Administration. He fears the
The Idea of a free Mexico seems to
have been definitely abandoned. Villa Is
belnr looked to as a man strong enough to
establish a real dictatorship, after the man
ner of Diaz. The hope of universal suffrage, '
freely exercised, is seen pow to be futile. For
Mexico Is the Mexleo of a hundred years ago,
patient and stupid, tolerant and suffering
Jt la a. fit prize for the man wpo can take
t, and the. evacuation of Vera Ctub by our
forces gives such a man a free hand.
TJbwmgb Pensions to Bankruptcy
'ITtHB cost of the war U great day by day,
X but tle rreatest cost of Jt will come after
peaea has been declared. The newspapers
, Ib lendon nd Mr. Shaw are urging the
I 'qjyet to be qulek and liberal in Us
r.a.-iWW'Q Ior pensions, xnore must be ade-
ttts pension for wounded sailors' and sol.
4Mcc ud adequate pensions for the wives
utti ffeHdreti oC these killed during the cam
!. If the mertajity is one-tenth as
gpMyt s the diapauses Judicata, this xii&lbm
that posterity will be taxed n vast sums
(me dsttds t om to recompense Individ
Wto fer Uw saerlflaec tbty offered to at
f Uafted Statu barf paid more than
4MWMeMK in pousleoa on &ecamt of the
f.'ivli War- It l paying mar w wery
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ttnentat nations be able to survive 80 enor
mous an Increase of their normal expenses
tn time of peace? The answer Is that they
won't. There wilt be more than one debt
and more than one contract repudiated when
peace ha been declared, nnd there are civic
disturbances foreboded that will shake more
than one Government Into pieces.
Public Service Commission Must Give
Citizens nn Immediate Hearing
THINGS are In a pretty pickle when Intelli
gent citizens aro In grave doubt as to
whether tho Public Scrvlco Commission of
Pennsylvania or tho interstate Commerco
Commission at Washington Is the proper body
to give relief from the exorbitant ndvancos In
commutation rates which tho railroads are
about to make. Hut tho Interstate Commerce
Commission has been usurping authority at
such a rapid rale that few lawyers would bo
willing to deny lis control of anything.
It I remarkable that commuters on a rule
arejiot objecting to an advance, but they do
object nnd ought to object to an Increase
which doubles cost. The railroads made nn
Implied contract with every commuter. Tho
Issuance of BO nnd 100 trip tickets for a great
number of years constituted a promise that
they would be continued, although thero
might bo some fluctuations In cost. But tho
railroads, proposo to discontinue them en
tirely. It Is as If a man who had granted a
public right of way over his land for half a
century should suddenly close the highway.
Tho law would prevent him and tho law
should prevent the railroad from taking simi
lar action now.
The Public Sorvlce Commission Is without
power, It seems, to suspend tho proposed new
rateB. But it has full authority to act after a
hearing. It behooves It, therefore, In faco
of tho present exigency to provldo for an Im
mediate hearing. There should ho ho delay
whatovor. Tho Importance of tho Interests
Involved requires most prompt action This
commission is tho Instrument provided by tho
peopta for their protection and It must not
bo hesitant or dilatory In considering the Just
ness of tho burden they nrc nsked to shoulder.
Meantime, a wise public opinion, actuated
by sound common sense, should manifest It
Relf In demanding tho repeal of tho extra-crow
law and any other measures which have in
creased the cost of railroad operation un
necessarily. Thero Bhould be a balancing of
accounts. But It will be an impossible under
taking for tho railroads to excite sympathy
on tho ground that the extra-crow law Is a
highwayman's measure when they themselves
aro endeavoring to make up for It by doing
a Utllo highwayman's work on their own ac
count. Everybody's Automobile
WHEN motor fuel can really bo sold at 2
ct'nts a gallon, when tires can bo mado
that will neither puncture nor blow nut, when
carburetors can be built that will always
carburato and magnetos Installed that will
never fall to spark, when cylinders can be con
structed that will not leak nor clog, when
tho cost of advertising and marketing can bo
taken off tho letail price of machines, when
bodies can be enameled with a substance that
will never wear off, when toll gates aro abol
ished apd garages are free, then every one of
us can own a car.
Suffragists Have One Paramount Duty
A JURY has no power to render a verdict
until It is empaneled. In deciding not
to define tho attitude of women toward pro
hibition until they are formally granted their
right to tho franchise, the Pennsylvania
Woman Suffrage Association Is acting with
wisdom and foresight, a,
For the present tho suffragists have one
duty and ono only to claim that to which
nature, education and their stake in civil
ized society entitlo them. Nothing must
swerve them. Politically, their opinions, or
even their convictions, can play but little
part until they possess the legal power to
enforce them by tho ballot.
As soon aa their fight for their inherent
rights is won they can champion any cause
and their championship will count.
America, the Entertainers1 Refuge
BRIEUX lectures tho American Academy.
Barrle, Davles, and sundry other play
wilghts, with JeromoK. Jerome to boot, visit
New York In the midst of what would or
dinarily bo a rushing London winter. Cecil
Chesterton, brother to the mastodontlc G. K.
C, announces a lecture tour In January,
whllo any number of 'smaller fry are Invad
ing America for purposes more or less vocal.
The fact that Brieux planned his trip be
fore the war broke out doesn't alter the fact
that America has now become the only coun
try where lecturing Is a possible occupation
for men of letters. It Is Just the same In
the concert field. Our cities are the only
open hunting grounds for hundreds of publlo
entertainers who used to be spread thinly
over two continents.
So far as the lecturers go, America Is going
to benefit greatly by closer acquaintance with
the men and the literature of other nations.
It should bind us a little more firmly In
friendship to all the world.
Another New Haven wreck!
Now for the Army and Navy!
And yet the Tinker who left a fortune be
hind him had never been In baseball.
Everybody knows who put the punch In"
the Yale bowl,
"Buy an ounce of cotton and save a sol
dier's life," s the way Austria steps forward
to help the South,
Neutrality Is an easy matter In regard to
Mexico. It's impossible to separate the con
testants. Unionizing the workers In the hop fields
has nothing whatever to do with the high
cost of modern dancing lessons.
The Atlantic City beach combers who
picked up stickpins, rings and necklaces cast
up by waves now know the meaning of that
frequent phrase, "the Jeweled sea."
A Hartford company which has received
an order for 100,000 rifles announces that a.
missionary ordered them one wishing to
convert the Germans Into corpses, no doubt.
There, -may be little puddles of lee hero
and. there in the streets these mornings, but
now that Philadelphia has got used to the
Idea, of winter, It seems , little diffleult to
pick out cheerier weather.
The National League of Compulsory Edu
cation speaks ot for punishing the parents
instead of the truant chudrw But what
ahftlt a ttttte reproof for tk teacher who
pax't auk aabMrt htrKlar taMgfc t JwW
"TWILIGHT SLEEP" EXPERIMENTS v
New Treatment Tried With Success by Dr. Heller in Brooklyn Birth
Without Pain in Ninety Per Cent, of the Gases Memory
IF THERE Is one man In New York whose
opinion on the "Twilight Sleep" Is worth
having, that man Is Dr. Jacob Heller, of the
Jewish Maternity Hospital In Brooklyn. So
I did not nsk Dr. Jacob Heller his opinion
on the ''Twilight Sleep.'
1 know that Doctor Heller had seen an
nrliclo In a lay magazine, dealing with the
subject and that ho had stated that the
article In the lay magazine had "brought
down upon Itself tho Just criticism of the
What was the use? I don't want any Just
As a matter of fact tho physicians of the
tranquil parts of tho world havo pretty well
pronounced their definite Judgment on tho
mother-sleep, it Is by no means so new a,
thing as the lay readers of newspapers might
fancy. Ever since tho discovery of anes
thetics drugs have been used to still the
pains of childbirth. Anything that deadens
tho nerves does that much.
What Doctor Gauss, of Freiburg, did' was
to get tho degree of anesthesia ho wanted
by administering scopolamine - morphine.
Tho result was to smother tho pain of child
bearing In a pleasant kind of druggedjialf
sleep. The point at Issue was whether this
treatment was without danger for the
mother without injury to tho child. For
nine years tho medical men havo been fight
ing over this question in their magazines
In Paris a few months ago tho chief phy
sician of the maternity hospital told mo
that tho defect of the scopolamlne-ntorphlne
anesthesia was that It not only deadened
tho nerves, but the muscles as well that
It checked the natural and rhythmic mus
cular action on which a snfo birth depended.
Results of the Tests
At last, however and In New York tho
Gauss method has been tested under con
ditions which permitted a physician of tho
highest standing nnd tho most conservative
Judgment (I havo u'amed Dr. Jacob Heller)
to pronounce strongly, almost Irrevocably,
In favor of tho "Twilight Sleep." And the
"Twilight Sleep" ho has experimented with
Is precisely that of Doctor Gauss, of Koe
nlg's Kllnlk, In Freiburg. His report, ex
tremely technical of course It was not
meant for a lay mind but perfectly clear
In Its statement of fact, has Just been pub
lished In tho Medical Review.
Doctor Heller did not believe that the
method had over been tried with any scien
tific degree of. thoroughness, save, of course,
at Freiburg, where It had become a routine
matter; and he determined to give it a
thorough trial at the Jewish Maternity Hos
pital In Brooklyn. Ho had the co-oporatlan
of Dr. Kurt Schlocssingk, who had worked
with Doctor Gauss at Freiburg and was
familiar with tho technique of tho method.
Now be it understood that his report Is
based on 150 cases, taken from the charity
and private service of 'the Jewish Mater
nity Hospital in Brooklyn. Before touching
upon the details of the multiple experiment
I shall give you In a .sentence the as
tounding result; It should send a wave of
hope and courage through the woman world
Judiciously used, and with proper pre
caution, tho method Is capable of re
lieving pain In 90 per cent, of cases; and
It Is free from any danger to life or
health of mother or child.
In that plain and careful statement there
are wonderful hidden things Intimations of
a new strange day when only 10 women out
of 100 shall be left waiting under the an
The abbreviation "Ps," to signify pesos,
was the origin of the America dollar mark,
according to a Spanish-American scientist.
When America was first settled, tho Dutch
and the Spanish were strong competitors for
the trade of the world. The word dollar Is
but a corruption of the Dutch "thaler" or
"thaller," a coin much used In commerce at
that period, and which superseded the
"plecea-of-elght" of Spanish coinage. The
peso or plaster, which was the Spanish name
for "pleces-of-elght," was worth approxi
mately the same as the thaler, and as the
Dutch name was easier to say, It found a
place Jn our language In the corrupted form,
while the abbreviation for the peso remained
as the sole reminder of the Spanish mintage
In our financial records.
"Sparse" Is not an American Idiom, as is
generally supposed, having been used in
1611 in "Sternhold and Hopkins Psalms":
Thou mad'st us fly before our foes
And so were over-trod,
Our enemies rob'd and spoyl'd our goods
When we were spars't abroad.
This evidently points to tho word "dis
perse" (which In country places Is usually
pronounced as though written "dlsparse") aa
the origin of "sparse." Anything dispersed
or scattered would, of course, be "sparsely"
A Tocky emlnenee on the outskirts of
Granada. Spain, Is known aa "El ultimo
aosplrp del Moro" (the last sigh of the Moor),
because, according to the legend, Boabdll,
the last Moorish monarch, took leave there
ot the. land of his birth.
Friar's Heel is the name given to a large
stone at Stonehenge, England. An Interest
ing tale surrounds the placing of this stone
in Its present upright position. It Is re
lated that Geoffrey ot Monmouth said the
devil bought some stones ot an old woman
In Ireland, wrapped them up tn withies and
brought them to Salisbury plain. Just be
fore he got to Mount Ambre the withies
broke and one of tho stones fell Into the
Avon; tho rest were carried to the plain.
After the fiend had fixed them In the
ground he pried out, "No man will ever find
out how thsse stones came here." A-frlar
replied, "That's moro than thee can tell,"
whereupon the fiend threw one of the stones
at him and struck; him on the heel. The
stone stuck In the ground and U said to
remain thero tp tho present hour,
TE GREAT LAKES
By agreement between the United States
and Oreat Britain, these waters are free frorn
warships and other hostile activities by both
No eamion-brlMltnr squadrons r4e at rut
Within Kun.htlterd harbor on thus takes!
Here but the urgeney pf Commerce wake
The cloven waves to oo, with kasls dssp-.
Into their bosomst hurrying east and west,
Trade's myri4-Asfed Armada, ne'er tor
The at Desolation's best, but makts
A fruitful highway ot t!lr neutral brt.
O Shore and Oceans of th fort-ttsJntd Etrtb,
Whit will the triussph of th Ftfur b
When bird bU4 $AJto l ?r orry gum
1 TCfkAM all 1- alilaji taaUA tsat Kirta
I Tour abiniBv vs4a lHtr tn mlKlatry I nrr1. It wu an aHi ifi,C T-
i Of P awl Qftmm em ruju AUUn mta4 notWiyg ocmWUm un" Aw itJ(,f mm Mr MmlSLS1
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As to details: Of tho 160 eases 131 wero
spontaneous deliveries and 19 were arti
ficially terminated, The drug seemed, to
shorten the duration of labor In the "first
stage," but prolonged it notably In tho second
stage, slnco the patient, .being In a semi
conscious state, could not be taught to
use the muscles to ndvantage. Usually, It
Is not until after tho third Injection that
tho patient loses her memory. She can
isllll answer questions, but the vmemory
seems obliterated. This drowsy, painless
sbxte lasts until the birth of tho child. Then
the mother falls Into a quiet and natural
sleep, lasting, on tho average, three hours.
And she "awakens rested and cheerful, freo
from any shock or sign of exhaustion, no
matter how long tho labor has lasted." In
deed, often tho patient woko and asked:
"How soon will It bo over7" It was hard
lo convince her sho had already borne her
child. They had to show her tho baby.
And tho effect on tho child?
Take once more tho 150 cases. As two
of the births wero twins,, 152 children wero
born. And not ono was still born that Is,
failed of resuscitation. Three of tho children
died a short tlmo after birth only three,
which compares moro thnn favorably with
the ordinary child mortality. Ono hundred
and twenty of the children cried out Im
mediately; In 29 thero was an average delay
of flvo minutes; nnd In only ono case
whero It had been necessary to glvo tho
mother repeated Injections of tho drug
was It necessary to resort to artificial res
piration. For a week this child was fccblo
and drowsy; but It made a good recovery.
To Reduce Number of Failures
Tho results may bo summarized thus: In
122 cases thero was completo amnesia and
analgesia that Is, an unconscious and pain
less state. Everything that happened was
blotted out of the mother's mind. She had
no momory of birth or pnln It was serene
mother-sleep. In' 13 cases thcro was pain
lessness, but not unconsciousness. In IB
coses tho physicians failed to obtain
any marked results. And It is possible,
Doctor Heller believes, to reduce tho num
ber of failures to a smaller flgurq, though
thero may always be cases whcio it would
bo unsafe to administer tho drug in quanti
ties that would Insure a painless birth
Thero remains 90 per cent, of cases In which
tho hideous and meaningless birth-pangs
may bo stilled or banished quite.
You can foresee tho faintly swarming
consequences when nature's llcrco check
of pain Is taken off the birth of humanity.
It is not for mo (unblouscd layman that I
ami) to point them out. They open llko
branching roads theso formidable conse
quences nnd you may send your imagina
tion down any road you please. To a densoly
populated world, If you will; or to that
quiet room whero mother-love wakes from
a happy sleep and kisses a little, diowsy,
new-born mouth; as you please.
But what seems plain Is this:
Clearly, dogmatically, sclonco vouches for
the "Twilight Sleep." Doctor Heller nfllrms
Its potency nnd Its harmlcssness in 90
cases out of 100 its complete success. 13(11-
caclous and safe. I havo not touched upon
the technique, of tho method, nor tho de
tails which would carry conviction to a
scientific mind. What seemed Important
was to state the fact that in Now York
careful experiments havo substantiated
every claim made for tho "Dammerschlaf"
of Frelbuig. And if It bo not perfect (If
10 women out of every 100 aro left outside
this sleepy paiadlse) thero lo no reason to
believe It may not bo -perfected.
HUM OF HUMAN CITIES
In co-operation with the fire chief, the
city Fire Department of Spokane has been
transformed Into a living constructive force,
having a part In many tusks undertaken
by the city go'ernmcnt. Theretofore it was,
as Is so generally tho case, merely an ag
gregation of men and uppaiatus for fight
ing fires, and doing nothing else except oc
casionally flushing streets. Tho Importanco
of the new departure, as set out In an article
In the American City Magazine, is that It Is
a part of a great co-operation with the Pub
llo Works, the Publlo Utilities and tho
Health and Sanitary Departments, making
all a working body for the city's bettermont.
Last year It was organized on the two pla
toon basis, which meant more firemen, and
there were fears that this meant only In
creased expense. But tho result has so
Justified the change that it Is popular.
There is an inspection system by which
firemen personally visit every building In
Spokane. Careful examination as to flro
conditions Is made, and advice given to every
one now iu ijui inings in snnpo ana what
to do in case of fire. A card system was
Installed by which every structure In the
city had Its record, so that firemen should
know Just what to expect In case of fire.
Sanitary Inspectors report bad conditions.
Firemen Inspect alleys, streets, sidewalks
and sewers and report to the proper de
partment. In addition to this a construction shop was
started for repairing the fire equipment, and
this has developed Into independent con
struction. There have already been built
an auto hook and ladder truck, a combina
tion auto hose wagon and chemical, and
three automobile hose wagons. Some of the
equipment has been In service for a year
without expense for repairs. This shop
work la so popular Among the men that there
Is keen competition to get a turn at It. The
shop Is fitted out aa a fire station, so that
the men at work are Immediately available
as part of the flre-flghtlng force. The com
petition ot the men for place In It Is be
cause they thus learn to be machinists, and
so not only put in otherwise Idle time, but
acquire a useful trade. The shop Is now
building two trucks for the water depart
ment and 20 auto sprinklers for the. Street
Department. Next year the sjipp plans to
build five pieces of fire apparatus. The
work saves the department ubout one-half
the cost. '
CRISES IN GREAT LIVES
The position of Pericles at Athens was per
ilous In the extreme at the time of the La
cedemonlan War. He had been assailed by
enemies for theft or ntrugtd to him:
bis friend Phidias, the sculptor, had been
thrown into, prison: his beloved Astasia, was
accused ot sacrilege, and the appearance of a
likeness of himself In a frieze had bea held
as evidence that he wished to make' Huneelt
god, In war the Spartans bad .jErrJ-l
everything before them, cooping up tbMiuar
relome Athenians within their walls. Finally
the disastrous plague broke out awrtbe mis
ery and desolation ot the city made Perlelss
the apparent enemy of tho people's happiness
In that situation Pericles determined to
end an expedition to ravage tho Patnnnn.
nesus. One hundred and fifty galleys were
made ready to sail with horse and foot Peri
ods himself Uad gone aboard and given the
Jgnal t Urt wlwn a omhtatu fulwg o
errd. It was n MpM of ify mul To tha
jptgtriMt, g Oh -t M $ 8S ,
start, certainly disaster would come upon the
Whether Pericles wfts really an unbe"IS
as was charged, or, simply a brave man wno
would dare the very anger of the gods to ac
complish his purpose, canndt be told. But it
Is eertalb that In this moment of threatened
disaster and peril he acled with swift and
sure determination. ,
Seizing his cloak ho threw it about the
helmsman's face. Smothering him so, he cried
out, asking tlio helmsman whether he im
agined thero was any great disaster on ac
count of the clonk.
"Nol" came the muffled answer.
Pericles removed tho cloak. "Why, then, oh
coward," ho exclaimed, "should you Imaglno
thero Is any danger If a larger cloak Is spread
over the sun?" ,
The trick saved the day, and the fleet de
parted. VIEWS OF READERS
ON TIMELY TOPICS
Contributions That Reflect Public Opin
ion on Subjects Important to City,
Stale and Nation.
To Ihe Xdttor of the Eientnp ledger:
Sir Mr. Harry Lauder 1ms sung us a Utile
song about the comparative advantages of get
ting up bright ond early In tho morning, and
Ijlng abed. To reverse the sentiment, It Is
very, very unpleasant to sit behind a cocked
bat at the theatre, but It's much more very
unpleasant to havo jour eye suddenly dis
tracted from the orchestra at a concert by the
steady come and go of knitting needles, when
1 should havo been listening to Beethoven J
was nctimlly counting sixteen, seventeen,
eighteen, that ends tho side, back to one, two,
there. By Apollo and the nine Muses! This Is
not music, it Is torture. The Belgians need
woolens, but they don't Insist upon nrtlstle ac
compaiilinant, any moro thnn they care about
music With their mcsls. As Hatnlct was fond
ot saying, "Reform It altogether!"
Philadelphia, November 21.
A SENSE OF IIUMOIt
Jo I7ib Editor of the Evening Ledger!
Sir That even friends may disagree Is evi
dent from the commentaries of a recent article
by (leorgq Bcrnnrd Hhaw by two zealous sup
porters ot Germanic policies, namely, our old
ncriuauunnccs, ilerr itiuuer nnd lierr ltup
precht. The latter gentleman, in his communi
cation of November 16, assures us that ho rend
tho article In question with a "great deal of
amusement." Indeed, It Is this sense of humor,
evidently characteristic of Ilerr Rupprccht,
which saves him from too severe censure, for
wo aro then enabled to laugh with him at
nomo of his own droll assertions. For Instance,
ho assures us qulto gravely that thero aro
"from 6,000,000 to 8,000,000 of Germans yet ready
to go to tlio front on both frontiers. Ha! ha!
Yet who would deny that oven tho babies are
in arms In Germany? ZElrt).
Philadelphia, November 21.
THINKS PHONE SERVICE POOR
'Jo UoJ2dUor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Of all tho six American cities with which
I havo had any experience, Philadelphia has
tlio worst telephone service Imaginable. To be
gin with. It Is an effort to get nn answer from
Central It takes anywhere from one minute to
ten to KCt a connection. Two times out of three
you have to repeat tho number, because the
opeiator of your own exchange falls to relay
It properly to the exchange you are seeking.
Thcro seems to be no reneon, unless It Is falsa
economy m regard to stnff, why Philadelphia
should not get as good service as New York
und Boston from the same company.
H. L. AMES.
Philadelphia, November 21.
T. It. TINDER RESTRAINT
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir In your Issue of today you print n lotter
from Mr. F. l. Jones, in which appears tlio
keen observation that "among thinkers, men
who are progicsslvo In a conservative age aro
usually conservative In a progressive age." I
admit this Is keen, but it is not universally nor
oven usually, as jour correspondent says, true.
And Jufit till nk what wo havo missed in not
being born in an age of progresslvlsm. Then
wo should see a certain great naturalist-hunter
nnd party-founder, not to mention private citi
zen and ex-President, chawing manfully at the
bit, straining his every effort to drag the world
back, back, back to My Policies.
Philadelphia, November 20.
EIGHT OR EIGHT-FIFTEEN.
to the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Phlladelphlans find It dKHcult to learn
tho hours at which different plays begin. Some
papers of other cities overcome the careless
ness of press agents by printing a little index
to dally amusements on the first page, Irre
spective of advertisements. These notices give
accurate time for tho opening of each theatre.
The Hvknino LtiDoina would take a wise step
nnd endear Itself to theatregoers If It fol
lowed this advice. DANE HEBEIt.
Germantown, Pu., November 19.
COMING OUT AHEAD
To the Editor of the Evening Ledger:
Sir Roosevelt took off "In God We Trust"
from the silver dollar (worth 0 cents), but Con
gress put It back because, said Sancho Panza,
"It Is better to trust God than each other,"
We might now substitute Wilson.
Thanks to the Wilson Democracy, Americans
are now one big family like the farmers' boys,
who spent all Sunday matching half dollars and
each boy camo out a dollar ahead. '
Atlantic City, November 21,
STRIKES OR LAWS, WHICH?
To the Editor of the Evening Eedger:
Sir Isn't this a rather remarkable state
ment? Says Mr. Gompere: "I would much
rather the eight-hour law be won by strikes
thnn by law." What a preference!
G. S. B.
Philadelphia, November 81.
The Petering Progressives
From the Chlcaso Journal.
The Democratic party must make up Its mind
to face a united opposition In 1318. The Pro
gressives are petering out. In two years more
they will have vanished altogether, and the
old guard will have reformed its linea for an.
other assault on th citadels of office and
1 P !
The ladles, they Is very kind In comln' round to
And helpln' till the money comes, an' askln' how
I tells 'em of the rent an' clubs, an' all I got
But oh. my thoughts they Isn't 'r, my
thought is far away.
They, ses, "So you're a gunner' wife, an' aren't
yer proud tn" glad,
And ain't it fire as baby 'as a soldier for Ms
But gone three week tho postcard came, aa sea
"Alive an' well";
And If 'e got them things I lent, ther's nothln'
I takes the paper every day, I tries to make It
I studies down the 'avy fights, th 'op o"
There's all the Russian mean to do, but never
Of "ow the gunners get their meals, an1 wher
' they lay their 'eid. ' ler
The pictures Is fair 'orrlble; of nights I Uya gji'
Them stlnkln" trenehe on th '111, tha ehaDa
upon tlpdr knees, , "
Th uatt'ry somewhere 'ldden near, b sun
an' team an' all; " ' "un
And than I sets the buratln ihell I aaca
gunner fall. "
If only I could know tha pU wher 'e must
take 'I chanee.
But there' a wort o' towns an' thing tetoai
th map o' FrBg. Ioa
In ou o' than) "is Job nay fee, la 9, ,. km
- . X -
France has been too bu-y tor "m "f
to remember much about General . Oeorgo
Ernst Jean Jlarle iloulanger. Yet he was a
man who would have got fn
tlon out of the , -ar with Germany than
any other living ircniii...v- ..--
.. . ....-i i.irm fnr vfcars.
many was his politico; ""-"'" .,- .- ,.
Intense and deep-seated desire to
the fatherland Into a colleeUon or
and his Inlonse ana aeep-watou ;..-
inch tlio ini'ienanu .iiiy - --"-.
writhing remains came jery nea. ....., -emporor
of him In 1889. ,firh.ne0l -ho
swenednntu Into" Napoleonic so for a few
Cand'explodcd with ,a loud repor abo"
25 years ago, leaving nothing but an oio man
with a shady personal reputation and unHm
Itcd regrets. Ho way "" VShlhw tor
his youth was a biaVe soldier. ."B"""""
Kmnco with sword, fists, -hotilden. tonguo
Slrcc'torstp S'lfflr?. fc'feS
made reforms und Improvements and yelled
for vengeance until Franco began to Bra
him as tho biggest man In tho .world and
clamored for the privilege of folio wing mm
over tho Rhine, tho Cologne Cathedral and
other obstacles to Berlin. -ii,i
Botilanger got Into tho Cabinet and yelled
so fiercely for blood that ho waa l".
tho "bravo general." and those pollt clans
who opposed him rotlrcd from ofTlco unde r
carloads of vptes. The Royalists swung In
behind him and began to lay plans to lnstnl
another emperor In Paris, when Dm danger
should havo tipped over tho republic ana
wiped out Gormany. The anxious Bv"n
ment fired him from the army and an indig
nant people elected him to the Assembly by
a tremendous majority. Ho res tened " '
In an eruption of hectic patriotism and the
peoplo re-elected him so emphatically that
the Cabinet became worried and tho Presi
dent of Franco began to look up the tlmo
tables for elsewhere. It looked wry much
like tho United States ot Boulanger In 1888
'"BBMlanger hesitated. Weeks passed
nnd ho did not kick over the Government
and eradicate the Constitution. Tho Gov
ernment plucked up courage and Issued a
warrant for his arrest. To tho Intense sur
prise of ovorybody Boulanger fled, nnd as his
coat tails receded In the dim horizon a great
man dwindled into an ..adventurer and
Franco's last danger from tho Royalists dls-
aPBoulaf.8er blow his brains out In Bruwela
In 1891 at the grave of a woman to whom lio
ad been only partially married, and so great
was his obscurity that not even tho students
In tho Latin Quarter started a riot about It.
He Was Wise
Tho man who invented tho protzel may
not havo understooa Trisoiiu"'"j. - y
linew how to reach the human stomach In
tho most direct way.
Blinks on tlio Subway
Blinks Is yielding to his wife,
But a fury on tho trolley.
In their dally mortal strife,
Blinks' Is yielding to his wife.
But it isn't worth your lifo
To repel him It Is folly,
Blinks is yielding to his wifo,
But a fury on the trolley.
When ho sees an empty scat
Twenty feet or moro away,
Blinks has mothods suro and neat
When ho sees nn empty tfeat.
Blinks will trample women's feet,
Stamp on mon wh,o bar the way,
When he soes an empty seat
Twenty feet or more away.
"What makes humorists such a mournful
lot of men7" ..,,, . .
"The suggestions of their friends for funny
stories, I guess."
Hostess I want you to sing, Mr. Basso,
but It's such a pleasant party I hate to
break It up. 'Boston Transcript.
"Havo you been kissing that young man
ngaln?" demanded her mother.
"No," sho quavered, "I his coat's rough,
that's how I scratched my face."
There's honor among thieves, 'tis said;
I 'sometimes doubt It.
In some, all trace of honor's dead;
Theytseem to flout It.
I find, 'tis strange beyond belief,
In all my searches,
No sign of honor In the thief
Who preys In churches.
Stout Wife How do you like my mas
querade costume? I'm a page. '
Husband Pago? You look more like a
That Neutrality Business
Loyal Britons no longer exclaim "Save tho
mark." They say "Save the shilling."
When Talk Begins
Hostess People are very dull tonight,
Adolph. I really can't get them to talk.
Host Play something, dearest. Judy.
One man went to business! schools,
Learned to do each thing by book,
Another never studied rules,
What he liked he went and took.
The first man should have fallen through.
The second knew no word like "fall."
The -first had brains he's In "Who's Who."
The second had nope he Is In Jail.
"Isn't lie somewhat of a big game hunter?"
"Oh. yes, he kills a grizzly every month In
one ot the magazines."
The Actor' Balm
"I've spoiled three films trying to produce
this drama." said the moving picture director,
despairingly, "but I can't seem to get any
life Into the actors."
"That's easy," replied his assistant, "Hire
half a hundred men to applaud and they'll run
It off In fine style."
Doctor I have to report, sir, that you aro
the father of triplets.
Politician Impossible! I'll demand a re
Senator Tillman was arguing the tariff
with an opponent.
be aiU knW l "eVer boaat" the opponent
"Never boast? Splendid!" said Senator
Tillman, and he added quietly. "No wonder
you brag about lt."-Washlngton Stan
1 From the Cub's Note Book
There is an enterprising young gentleman
(name unknown) who will be rich and fm"
011s before he is 30. but who is "now engaed
SpESr., r coTner0 B
of today's cort" o5??pIrt? Wgram
Urn to yVne-up0of jte wpsctea
wfcfc Mr. BUtowaU f Ld hS J ""
apwai -T-v. " W - atsfct not
--W f i U. r- -
?. ".".'. " feeaus.
away Bui rv " 4ue n "W.
.way, jm ., W4, u, ,73J
i " ft?