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JIM! HWJH AvJw-JML'l,
EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA MONDAY, DEOEMBEB 7, 191.
GIVE MANY INMATES
TO INSANE ASYLUM
Neurasthenia, Leading to
Loss of Reason, Caused by
Conditions of Life in Win
dowless Rooms, Says Professor.
Nourasthcnlni a nervous mntady which
frequently develops Into Insanity, pro
lessors on mental discuses today declared
Is often caused by had housing conditions.
Many women nnd men now awaiting
observation In the psychopathic ward of
the Philadelphia Hospital for the Insane,
! according to a professor attached to the
Jefferson Hospital, nro products of the
$ncestcd tenement quarter.
In many Instances persons suffering
from Insanity nrst displayed their mental
aliments nhlle living In filthy rooms,
which sociologists, ministers, physicians,
manufacturers and judges refer to as
"Unemtnt caves" or "living vaults."
Social service workers attached to the
Philadelphia Hospital for the Insano
stated today that many patients In that
Institution first become victims of
neurasthenia while sleeping and catlnfc
In wlndowless rooms.
It Is In the wlndowless room, where
thore Is no air or light, that depression
sets In. Nervousness follows. Thon
comes neurasthenia. A noted professor
rf mental diseases explained often tho
next chapter finds tho patient awaiting
owerntlon In some Insane asylum.
"Living: conditions," continued the pro
fessor, who for years has been looked
wpon as nn authority on mental diseases,
frequently is responsible for Insanity.
"Tho homo Is nn Important factor In
IlfO. To plaCQ a womnn. mnn nr rhllrl In
n houso which Is nithy, unheated, with no
Windows or sunshine, nnd with evil sur
roundings, asually will not set tho Indi
vidual in a happy frame of mind. In
seven cases out of ten. In certain sec
tions, tho person will become nervous. If
no attention. Is trlvcn to tlio malady neu
rasthenia sets In. Further Ignoring of
till ailment results In n form of insanity.
"I have discussed this problem with
many of tho social workers who do splen
did work at tho Philadelphia Hospital for
tho Insane These workers visit the
homes of the aflllctcd nftcr they arc
'brought to the hospital for observation.
"Tho Imeallsntors luivo come to mc
mid described what they saw In the pa
tient's home. The usual picture was of a
little room with n little window or no
window ut all. An nllcy barclv wide
enough for two poisons to stand. No
stovo or bathtub Kerosene lights burn
ing oil day nnd other evidences of tene
ment house evils.
"I personally liave observed hundreds of
cases of po dents with various forms of
Insanity who lived for yenrs In tho 'cellar
rooms which have been described."
Tho health records show that 5G5 deaths
occurred In this city last week. Of the
EG; persons who died, tho records show
that 106 persons died of tuberculosis. The
vfctlms lived In various parts of tho city
as well as In tho tenement section.
Common Councilman John I Connolly,
who is chairman of the Finance Commit
tee of Councils, and who is opposed to the
new Division of Housing nnd Sanitation,
recently stated that ho did not believe
that any deaths from consumption oc
'curred as a direct result of present living
"With tho present agitation going on for
better housing conditions for the poof
of Philadelphia, marly pcrsonq today re
called tho writings of Jacob A. Ill Is, who
exposed tho tenement houso evil In "Mul
beny Bend" in New York city. Shortly
before Mr. Itlss died he wrote a history
of the tenements, which ho entitled "War
Has Just Begun."
Discussing tho conditions In Philadel
phia and a visit to I'm congested sec
tions here, Mr. nils wrote:
"The Phlladelphlun took them straight
to the old quarters, where nasty alleys
abound,? and showed them tumbledown
tenements, malodorous cesspools, un
drained yards and passageways, cellars
full of water, and when they stood aghast
he told them there wcro thirty or forty
thousand vaults and cesspools In the
city, whereas on Manhattan Jsland thero
Is scarce one left."
The Philadelphia Housing Commission,
, of which Bernard J, Now man Is secre
tary, today made the statement that
, about 3000 I'hlladelphlans die dt tuber-
: iul03is of the lungs because the disease
Els permitted to spread. Often this dls
Isease Is developed In tho "cellar rooms"
Band the "living vaults."
Many members of the Joint Committee
on Flnanca have already come cut In
strong words as being against the new
Division of Housing and Sanitation. This
act was passed by the Legislature more
than a year ago and was signed by Gov
ernor Tener, Every effdrt to get Councils
to grant the necessary appropriations hss
One of the Councllmen who are opposed
J to the granting of the appropriations is
'Select Councilman Charles Seger. of the
7th Ward, He Is chairman of the Sub
Lommlttee of riuauco In his ward thero
are hundreds of "cellar rooms." Ilecently
a negro1 child died In Setter's ward. The
attending physician declared that the
Uilld died of erasmus directly brought on
by living conditions In the 7th Ward.
LEWIS J. LEVICK'S $1,q0,000
ESTATE WILLED TO FAMILY
Left in Trust to Widow Executors
to Distribute if Advisable.
Letters testamentary were granted to
day by the Register of Wills In the
estate of Lewis. J. Levlck, of the Crew
Levlck Oil Company, who died Novembtr
77 at Belmont and Conshohocken avenues.
According to the petition of the execu
tors accompanying the will, the personal
property of the testator amounted to
$1(0,000 and real estate $500. The executors
me tho widow, Mary d'L. Levlck; a son,
Henry d'L, Levlck, and Wlnthrop C
The entire estate Is placed in trust by
the terms of the will, -with the lncom
to bo paid the widow during her life, but
it Is further stipulated that If tho
executors and trusties deem It advisable
to dUsolve the trust they are to devise
one-third of the principal to tho widow
nnd divide the remaining two-thirds
among the four children of the testator
and the Issue of deeeased children.
The will of Charles C. Herllnger, late
of SAM North Hancock street. ulreU
tbat S10QO from the 1107.000 estate be paid
Mar) K Vollmur and the entire residue
be distributed among Frederick C Ber
lloger, a. sun, and the children of Charles
C Bellinger a, deceased ,
Otnsi wills probated today u Jam
ghertocb, late of 5706 ChMUr avsaue.
Vhoee UU amounts to tiOOO. David
1'ricc. UU North Htb Street. J7AC0.
Jeauette , Bun Ijlt North htta street.
tmu. Ch4ia y heater. 804 Pe Laaey
treat 14808 Jowhine Transom, late of
PhiladilphU w'tu died in Washington.
U .' felOO fuuu D Fairy Pramiag
Jia.u, Uuu . tWD. Jutes T. Mic. &
Lvri(uton avenue. Htt. S&reh Thomp
son 710 North 43d street 11180, u4 Jo
Lh M FrU, JUW Nuith till street.
2luu P.:ioiml property of AUitba. W
(buikiil fcaa beca spiMsieed at t&
U j Wutia- UMO.
DEALERS TO FIGHT CITY
CONTROL OF MILK TRADE
Suggestion for Municipal Pasteuriza
tion nnd Distribution Resented.
Philadelphia milk dealers are frightened
lest the advocacy of municipal pasteuriza
tion and distribution of milk by Nathan
Straus, at Jacksonville, Fla., create an
ngltatlon for such n move hero. Dealers
and dairymen aro making, efforts to stop
agitation along this line1, saving they nre
well satisfied that Philadelphia Is get
ting purer milk than any other city In
the United States.
Mr. Straus In a recent address de
clared that the only way to get 100 per
cent, pure milk Is for cities to take over
the distribution of this necessity. This
would compel a rigid test for nil milk
before It Is dispensed to the consumers,
Local dealers say the present milk regu
lations for Philadelphia nro adequate. The
Bureau of Health, nlded by the Milk Com
mission, Is doing all thnt can be done
along this line by Insisting that no milk
bo sold In the city without pasteurization
NO WORD SPOKEN
IN MUTES' ODD '
Pastor "Preaches," Choir
Sings" and Congregation
"Responds" in Sign Language.
Men nnd women members of the con
gregation of a beautiful Episcopal church
In TloJgn braved the nor'castcr ypstordrty
afternoon to attend tho quietest service
In the city.
Not a word wns spoken during the re
sponsive reading, which opened tho serv
ice, tho making of announcements, tho
sermon by the rector nnd taking of tho
collection. Hmns wcro "sung" and tho
Communion administered, but the silence
wus not broken.
When the outside door of the church
opened with a squeok, none of tho congre
gation seemed Irratcd by tho weird sound
A baby carried by Its mother cried al
most continually, through tho service. At
Intervals the child pounded with a prayer
book on the back of a pow. But tho
parents, tho other worshipers or the
rector were not disturbed
This strango church, tho All Souls'
Protestant Episcopal Church for the Deuf,
I located at 3220 North lfith street, above
Allegheny avenue, nnd, with Its beautiful
parish house, was finished a jenr ago.
Tho edifice was built by an unknown
donor. The parish house was the gift
of deaf nnd dumb workers
Owing to tho storm esterday less than
100 persons attended the service. Although
most of the worshlpera live In this city,
ouicr come rrom otner cities In renn
sjhnnta, Dclnwnre and New Jersey. The
church Is the only one In the city de
voted exclusively to use of tho deaf and
Yesterday the Bev. C. O, Dantzcr, tho
rector, translated wurds from tho praer
book Into tho sign language so that his
congregation might follow. When he
had ended the worthlpcrs spread their
prajer books out btforo them nnd In
the sign language repeated their pnit
of tho service.
Announcements then were made In tho
sign lunguasre. A bazaar will be held
In the church for the benefit of the aged
nnd Infirm deaf at tho home In Doyles
town, tho pastor said. Ho also told that
tho first anniversary of the new church,
which formerly was located nt Frnnklln
and Green streets, would be held on De
cember 1, when n Bible with raised let
tots, In mcmoiy of the Bev. Henry W.
Sylc, M. A., organizer and first pastor
of the church, will bo presented tho
church and the first muto to be conse
crated to the ministry.
Four verses of a hymn were "sung"
by the choir vvhllo the 'collection was
being taken Swaying back and for
ward, tho "singers" Indicated the words
with their lingers.
STUDENTS INSPECT VESSEL
boarded tho School Schlp Delaware Satur
day and were shown over the giant ves
sel. They comprised the mechanical
engineering class at the Institute, and
the trip was supplementary to their
studies. The party was conducted by L.
S. Shuman, of the United States Engineer
Those making the trip were H. C. At
kinson, J. C. Lear, B. W. Pressey, A. C.
Ollphant, L. Q. Slgafoo, T. S Ingham,
U Ollphant, J. J. Coogan. T. P. Blck
ards and George G. Stewart.
HOME BAKING OF
NOW OF THE PAST
Confectioners' Products Re
place Kind Mother Used
to Make Odors of Sea
son a Memory.
The Philadelphia housewife. If the busy
attitude of the local Confectioners may be
taken ns nn Indication, no longer marks
off a week on the December leaf of her
calendar for baking time. Instead, sho
does her baking over the wire, ns It
"Send me five pounds of fruit cake,
please, and six dozen spice and ginger
cakes, nn equal number of sugnr cookies
and two plum ruddlngs." And, lol n
performance vhlch usually toox six whole
flour-smudged spicy, aromatic, delicious
days Is now put Into effect In tho space
of ilvo cold practical minutes over tho
Tho tlmo was when baking the Christ
mas goodies was n family affair. Little
Bobby begged earnestly to be allowed
to Btay nt homo from school for the oc
casion, ostensibly to help, but In reality
to lick tho spoon! Even father managed
to slip away from the ofllcc an hour or
bo earlier, so as to be In nt tho finish.
Nuts had to bo shelled,' raisins to be
seeded nnd currants to be washed, and no
member of a family was too dignified to
bo pressed Into service.
But nowndnjs nil that Is changed, nnd
Incidentally, the little Bobbles nre miss
ing one of tho most gorgeous childhood
ovents thn Christmas bnklng time In
tho homo kitchen. The rolling-pin, the
dough board nnd the cooklo mould. In
nll'of Its fascinating animal shapes, have
been laid away nnd the telephone Is work
ing over time.
According to one excellent housekeep
er there's a reason.
"Homo baking." said she, "docs not
represent the roal economy that It used
to, nor hns 'the kind thnt mother used
to make' such a superior ndvantnge over
tho kind that the professional baker
"The rich Ingredients which Chrlstmna
goodies require, nre becoming more nnd
n ore expensive every j car, nnd there
fore the baker who buys wholesale enn
afford to sell for SO cents n pound frult
c.ikc which the homo cook cannot dupli
cate In qunllty nt the same price, even
If she Is nn expert baker. Moreover, tho
avernge modern womnn Is not nn expert
cook, nnd rather than run the risk of
spoiling her cakes, sho orders from tho
confectioner who really In man) cases
turns out cakes and cookies Infinitely
better than the homo products
Many of tho bnkeshops are already
taking orders. Splco, ginger ond sugar
cakes ran) bo bought at prices rnnglng
from 30 to 00 cents per pound. The best
cortfcctlouciB charge SO cents a pound for
their fruit cako, but a less rich grade
may be purchased mcVre cheaply. Balslns
and dates nre bringing 25 cents for two
pounds, currants, 15 cents n pound, cit
ron, 20 nnd 25 cents; unshclled walnuts,
21, HO nnd KS cents n pound: almonds, 33
cento; pecans, 23. 00 nnd 90 cents, nnd
layer flgu, 20 and 23 cents.
Slippery Pave Delays Funeral
A long funeral procession on Grab's
Kerry road at Ellsworth street was hold
up for half an hour today when two
horses attached to the first carriage fell
on the slippery paving. Freight traffic
on tho I'ennsjlvnnla Bullrond at this
point also was held up for some time.
Tho animals wcro not hurt.
The Delights of Getting Well
You can combine the enjoyments of a
magnificent resort Iwtel with ALL the
TKKA1MEN1S clven M AU, Vichy,
Old Point Comfott
bytbirabcilla MethodMtntua rcqucu. Aildieu
CEO. F. ADAMS. Hxr.. Fntrtn Murra , Vi.
Wi JatsS. k -.wi533ca
aMKMm mtfl Xolandnrd JJJ
Upon late advices from the factory, Tho
Automobile Sales Corporation U pleased
to be able to aanounea
Immediate delivery of
Patrons may therefore enjoy AT ONCE
the euper-luxyry of motoring In a Cadillac
tJmouslise propelled by tlje incompajwSe .
CadUiaelBight.Oyllnder V.Type Bagine, "
This happy condition is due to the fora
tight of the Cadillac Company fa prepar
ing early and liberally for the unusual de
mand it believed to be assured by the sur
passing exMne of the Cadillac Enclosed
BxiUs of Type 61.
0F?tyTw Nartk Broad $&
Store Opens 8!S0 A M.
Store Closes 6 P. AL
THE CHRISTMAS RALLY
Whatever the people have had to bear and
suffer in this old, long year, 1914, it is not to go out
An Old-Fashioncd Christmas
It is the children's and old people's day of
surprises,-songs, romps, tender thankfulnesses and
Let no man or woman hurt the little people by
AH of us of kin with the Fatherlands and mother
countries have been for months on the rack in
suffering and sympathy with the war-swept nations.
However much we may do for the Red Cross
and for the homeless and starving Belgians and
elsewhere, rest assured we will never forget the
needy at our own doors and the
Robbing Them of Christmas
Children and Old People Shall
Have Their Usual Christmas
A few over-sentimentalists have appeared who
think it inconsistent to have the Christmas festivals
while the clouds of war are in the horizon.
Lord Kitchener is reported to have said the war
may last three years.
Their burdens will come soon enough. Repeat
for them all the happy times we had in our younger
The first real touch of Christmas buyers came
The cheerful crowds were very large, and they
thoroughly tested and proved the roominess and
readiness of this bjg place to supply everything
suitable forthe big and little people's presents.
Shall We Cross Off Christmas
for three years 1914, 1915, 1916 ? Never ! Not even
for one year.
December 7, 19H
The beauty of this gem depends on its unrivaled
luster; there is no substance, natural or artificial, that
can sustain any comparison with it in this respect.
The vivid and various refractions of the opal, the
refreshing tint of the emerald, the singular and beau
tiful light that streams from the star sapphire, the
various colors combined with high luster that dis
tinguish the ruby and the topaz, beautiful as they are
upon a near inspection, are almost entirely lost to the
distant beholders; whereas the diamond, without any
essential color of its own, drinks the pure solar ray
and then reflects it either with undiminished intensity,
too white and too vivid to be sustained for more than
an instant by the most insensible eye, or decomposed
by refraction into those prismatic colors of the
As an ornament it is without an equal. It will
never wear or deteriorate. It will retain its luster
through countless ages.
As an investment it is constantly increasing in
value. Our blue-white diamonds mounted in platinum
settings make an appropriate holiday gift, and the
prices are moderate when quality is considered.
Torpedo-shaped bar pins paved with diamonds $130.00
All-diamond, hand-wrought, pierced, platinum
bar pin $135.00
La Vnlliere, 9 diamonds mounted in dew-drop
platinum setting $125.00
Reticulated platinum ring with diamonds $75.00
Diamond nnd pearl circle brooch $78.00
Diamond and sapphire pierced platinum bar pin $05.00
Diamond nnd onyx appliqued on crystal pendant $75.00
(Jewclrr Store, Main Floor, Chcitnut)
Long White Gloves $2 and
$2.50 a Pair
Each little glove is of very soft kidskin genuine
French kidskin, too!
It is a little special capture which is particularly timely
just now when they are wanted for Christmas gifts, even
ing wear and the opera.
12-button length, $2 a pair. lG-button length, $2.50 a pair.
(Statu Floor, Central)
For evening wear generally the appropriate style is
large, round lenses, in gold frames held by a black ribbon
round the neck.
14-karat gold frames are $14.50. Lenses made accord
ing to description are extra. (M.in c.iierr, c..uut)
Our Greatest Christmas
Showing of French China
Last Spring we placed the largest orders for French
dinner sets (for Fall nnd yinter delivery) in our history.
For the last two months these goods have been arriving
shipments coming in almost every day. The assortment is
now at its fullest, and that means the greatest we have
ever had and, undoubtedly, the greatest in Philadelphia.
That is just one point in which the stock has no equal.
Another is the fact that our prices are probably lower than
any others, grades and qualities considered. Not only that,
Vint, wft hnvp rifr n rrfmtfr I . r
number of "open stock"
patterns than can be found
anywhere else in Philadel
phia. Considering that we stand
ready to prove all these
statements, surely, if you
want a dinner set either to
keep or to give to a friend,
this is the store in which to
Of Special Rfote
The first twelve people
to get here will find 98
piece French China Din
ner Sets in a delicate pink
spray decoration, all han
dles treated with coin gold
remarkable at $16.50 a
(Fourth Floor, Central)
The glistening fine nainsook, knownfor some mysteri
ous reasgn as Japanese, is $2.65 for ten yards in a QhrisTtmas
Cswt severs, half made, are 6c.
Corset cover embroidery is 26e to $1.2fi a yard.
fhwte, too, will bo boxed if desired, ivutt Fleer; ct.ut)
A Christmas Sale of Brass Beds,
Springs and Mattresses
At $14.50 each Brass beds with 2-inch posts, 1-inch
top rail and five -inch fillers.
At $15 each Brass beds with 2-inch round continuous
posts and seven 1-inch fillers.
At $19.75 each Brass beds with 2-inch round posts,
lV-inch square top rail and five l'i-inch fillers.
Any bed in the collection can be had in either the satin
or polished finish.
$19.50 each for fine hair mattresses in double-bed size.
$17 each for fine hair mattresses' in three-quarter-bed
$14.75 each for fine hair mattresses in large single-bed
$12.25 each for fine hair mattresses in small single-bed
$7.50 each for fine hair mattresses in crib size.
$20 each for still better hair mattresses in double-bed
$17.50 each for still better hair mattresses in three-quarter-bed
$15 each for still better hair mattresses in large single
$12.50 each for still better hair mattresses in small
$7.50 each for still better hair mattresses in crib size.
$3.75 for bed springs finished with a net fabric or of
Box Springs made by ourselves, and in tickings to
match mattresses, are now $10 and $13.50 in the double
(Sixth Floor, Chestnut)
Great New Lots of Warm
Blankets Just Unwrapped
From probably the greatest mill in the country comes
a shipment of all California wool blankets woven on a
jacquard loom, in pink and blue, size 72x90 inches, bound
all around with silk, all boxed separately and specially priced
at $12 each, because the designs are to be changed.
Another new lot is made up of Australian wool
blankets. Some with cotton warps, in four different grades,
bring our assortment of these goods to completion. All are
2Yi yards long, cut and bound separately, and each pair sold
in a box. Prices for the all-wool kinds
$12 a pair in single-bed size.
$15 a pair in double-bed size.
$18 a pair in extra large size.
Blankets woven of California wool with cotton warps
are $9, $10 and $12 a pair for double and extra large size
Another grade of all-Australian wool blankets not cut
and bound separately sell for $10, $12 and $14,50 a pair
in double and extra large sizes,
(Firth Floor, Market)
New Bales of Oriental Rugs in
Good Time for Christmas
1 Beluchistans at $12, $15, $17.50; size 2 ft. 6 x 6
Shirvans, $12, $15 and $17.50; size 3 ft 6 x 5 ft
Anatolian Mats, $6 each ; size 2 f t. x 8 ft.
All shown newly in the special "downstairs" majt
(Slain Floor, Cuentuut)
Have You Seen the
Good-looking books jnade especially for the pranp
tion of little things with cherished asscwjiatioMS a fjagiijw
program, a bit of ribbon, a picture of one's old rwm&B-mwd
all the thousand and one articles which have vh fop thfmf
owners and perhaps for ho h else.
75e to $8.50 In the Camera Shop.
(Uala Floor, JuBierj
iiiiijMi 1 1 ,BiritrTrirnitTgflWitiarrrninn wirmtfriitmrammflwnmtBt-frriitMu$m