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SERBS Iff VALIANT ASSAULTS DRIVE AUSTRIANS
DMVES FOE FROM
German Artillery Forcccf to
Retreat From Strategic
Position South of Ypres
After, Stubborn Fighting.
PAIU8, Dee. 1R.
British troop have captured a small
forest In Slanders, wist of Wytschaete
ftv Wilts oulh of Tpres), over whloh
harp fighting has been In progress for
ever! days, This woodland had been
ttsedliy lbs aermans to better their artll
1(17, but has now been occupied by the
Offldtt announcement of He capture wu
Btsda In . statement Issued her this ait-
Tb SVaooh troops have rained ground
npwA of IZoUebafc (four mtlos southeast
f Tprss), and hvs tietd this despite A
Ttgotw oounter-attnak by the Gorroatis.
Tho SfrtxuCi hare tin mad lome progress
ia & Arajrmne and har held tho abound
Slod; in th Vcagea.
Cteftth of JJt Die the Germans hare
tabarflid Qm atatlon of I. Leonard at
fee taoffev Hi Alsxcs the German artll.
Ury IS showing great aotirity.
Gsnsral Ttm BelmlmK, the German
acmtnajvUr entrusted. It th Kaiser with
IS etpeeSal task of breaking the English
Unas at Trren. now ha his hands full
to keep W own lines intact under the
Iterant blows of the ITrenoh and British.
the German are In Imminent danger of
being forced eastward across the Veer
Canal eonth of Ypres. The French troop
lying btwen 'Wameton and St Klol oro
jTrssstng home vigorous attacks, but It
Must be Bald for the invaders that they
are deallnsr hard blows In return. These
attacks are taking place over a battle
field alrad7 soaked with Triood and
strewn with the carnage of former at
tacks south of the Tpres-Monln road. The
territory In this district over which tho
fighting is taking place forms almost a
perfect quadrangle with Tpres, Armen
tleres. Courtral and Boulra at tho
On the heights of the Ileus e there are
further Indications' of an Impending Ger
man retirement from St Mlhlel. The
German artillery has been shifted north
ward along the Meuee, because of the
dangerous Increase of pressure- on tho
part of tho French. s
In .Alsace, particularly near Altktrch,
ajsevero artillery" duel la progressing.
Tno FrencIT have succeeded In getting
an enormous number of heavy guns
through tho snow-titled passes of the
Vosges, their object being to get as
much artillery Into Alsace as possible be
fore midwinter storms block the passes
ntlrelv. It Is indicated that thero has
been nq appreciable change In the posi
tion jof the French, troops lying to the
west of Meti, Strassburg and Muelhauaen
during the last 24 hours.
ISLAM MENACED. CAUSE
OF WAR, DECLARES SULTAN
Turks Forced to Proteqt Religion,
CONSTANTINOPLE, Dec. IS.
Turkey entered the war because It was
menaced. This was tho explanation
vouchsafed by Sultan Mohammed V, in
his speech from the throne opening the
WhIIe our Government bad firmly re
lieved on the strictest neutrality," he
asserted, "our fleet was suddenly at
tacked by Russian vessels In the Black
Sa. England and France then opened
hostilities on our frontUr. We were there
fore compelled, to resist the policy of
dtatructton whloh these Powers have at
all times pursued against the Islamltlo
world, s, polkry "which has assumed the
character of a religious persecution. Be
cause of this fact I nailed all Moslems
Into a holy war,"
KAISER BRAVE AT LOSS
OF VON SPEE'S SQUADRON
Stella? Peopla to Star SUsfortuno ens
They So Fortune.
BERLIN, Sao. 1& In response to a mes
aags front the President or the Reichstag
ttxpfestins sorrow over the loss of the
squadron of Admiral Oraf von Spee, Em
para? William sent this reply;
May the heavy ofTers whloh we are
fOToaa to make In this battle for our crx
litano be torne by all of us as a single
nn. Supported by unahaken hope in
God. oar Lord, from whose gracious
hands w humbly receive fortune or mis
tferttnUTloy or sorrow, -wo will turn th
most duacult hour Into a blesainr for the
nation and. Sutherland."
TWO STEAMSHIPS WRECKED
trhlrty-ioar lost In Sinking- of Dutch
LISBON Dec IS. The British steam
ship Slluroln and a Dutch Royal Mall
Steamship have been wrecked near
Oporto, according to a wireless dispatch
received here today.
Tblrtv-four men of the Dutch ahln'a
U IdHBV .di.wa ai a rf.AnniBif
M WestKp . 1 -
! SMlburg Asraia Attacked
X AISTBRDAM, Dec. U.-Frenh avla-
j, ts- again new over a-reiourg, uaaen,
dropping bombs upon the city yesterday,
adviees received here today -state. This
it the fourth time Freiburg has been "a t-
""tstf.s4: by aeroplants.
o Better Than This-
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CZAR BEATS BACK
. m i
Contlnurcl from l'ft(t( One
lebeke (four mile
The French claim further progress
in the Argonne, but the 1'aris official
statement shows little change clsc-
hwhere along the, line.
The German official statement de
clares lhat the Allies' attacks south
east of YpHj., failed, being repulsed
with heavy loss. pthcC attacks north
east of Suippcs, northeast of Oiiics
and northeast of Vcrdutl were also re
pulsed and repeated attempts to take
the German positions southeast tf St.
Michiel were frustrated.
Scbastapol, on the JJIack Sea. has
been bombarded by n Turkish cruiser.
Italy has set a time limit, it is report
ed, for Turkey's apology for the seiz
ure of the British Consul at Ho
dcidah Rout of Turkish forces south of
Erzerum is announced by Russia.
The Turks were driven across the
SERBS WREST BELGRADE
FROM AUSTRIAN GARRISON
Conquerors' accent Occupation
Capital Proves Short-lived.
, LONDON, Dec. 15.
The Bel-vians, after a florce battle, hae
reoccupled Belgrade, according to a
Nlsh dispatch to neuter's Telegram
Th Austrlans occupied Belgrade De
cember I, after having besieged It since
July 19, bombarding from batteries near
Bemlln, and from monitors on the Dan
ube. A large portion of the city was
said to have been destrojed by the Are
of tho Austrlans. When war was de
clared, the Servian Government moved
from Bofgrade to Kragurycvalz and later
went further south to Nlsh, where It re
mains A striking feature of the day's ofllclat
news Is the candid admission by tho Aus
trian Government of the defeat of the
Austrian army In Servla and apparently
of the abandonment of Its third attemnt
to Invade the territory of Its small Slav
While- attributing the failure to the en
emy's superior forco, as all Government
bullotlns explain failure the Austrian
War Olllce announces plainly an extend
ed retirement and heavy losses
"Now decisions and measures conse
quently will bo taken to repel the en
enys tho Austrian statement Ad-
parently this means that the Austrian
"Urm5r, IrccteU against Servla will assume
a defensive line.
The Servians claim to be pressing home
their victory with more captures of pris
oners and to have driven part of tho
Invading army across the Drlna Itlvor
Moreover, they express confidence that
they are about to expel the Invaders from
WARSHIPS LIE IN WAIT
FOR DRESDEN IN STRAITS
Humored British Will Attack Cruiser
In Neutral Zone.
BUENOS AIRES, Dec. 15
Two Biltlsh crulser3 are today reported
In the Straits of Magellan, off Punta
Arenas, where they are watting for the
German cruiser Dresden, solo survivor of
the squadron of Admiral von Spee which
engaged tho British licet of Vice Admiral
Sir Frederick Sturdee off the Falkland
Reports reaching here are mostly from
pro-German sources, since the British
have cut off wireless communication with
the Falklan.ds These pro-German re
ports declare the two British vessels have
indicated their Intention not to respect
the neutrality laws In regard to the
Dresden. The vessel, the British ships
are sold to have asserted, must either
coma out and fight, or surrender
The Chilian Oovernment Is leported to
have taken action to maintain Its neu
trality In the situation growing out of
the arrival of the Dresden at Punta
AUSTRIANS MOVE ON CZAR
ALONG CARPATHIAN SLOPES
Follow -Russian Hetreat Prom Hun-
grury; to Believe Przeiuysl.
PETROGRAD, Dec. 15
It la officially admitted here that the
Austrlans are .descending the northern
slopes of the Carpathians Into Gallcla
through tho Dukla pass. This movement,
It Is declared, may be easily controlled,
however. Owing to snow and Ice the
mountain passes are extremely difficult
for army operations. The Austrlans will
be forced to enter the valleys from the
mountains In small detached commands.
It is asserted here, and this means they
will be attacked by the Russians before
Uiey have a chance to re-form.
This movement, which follows the re
treat of the Itusslans from Hungary, la
tnken as being directed toward the re
lief of Przemysl, This will fall, as have
the operations toward the relief of Cra
cow, It Is asserted here. The Russians
south and southeast of Cracow bold
their lines after driving back Austro
German farces during engagements last
Stylish Black and White
Jlth and Chestnut Sts.
Iuiirata Fete MsWRit.
Ckrita Ba A Sab.Ututss,
at A Laading $tors.
Csy. "3 sWoaJwajr, .
SERVIANS DEAL CRUSHING
BLOW TO AUSTRIAN ARMS
pr : 1
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Austria now admits a retirement of its big army in Servia, and a report
from Nish that Belgrade has been retaken by the Servians indicates
that the Austrlans have been driven from practically all of the little
kingdom after a crushing defeat. Paris gives official sanction to the
Servian claim of the capture of 28,000 prisoners, 74 cannon and 44
machine guns up to Saturday. The loss of Belgrade by the Austrians
was determined in the mountains near UBhitza, 75 miles away, as
previous loss of the city by the Servians on December 2 had been
caused by an Austrian victory in this region. It was In this region
that the Austrian right wing, supposed to have a strength of about
150,000 men, was operating. This wing In a month of hard fighting
forced its way across the Drina River and through 30 miles of rougn
country until it struck past Ushitza and established Itself at the head
of the great Geliska Morava Valley, leading down toward Nish.
Apparently a large Servian army was secretly gathered to meet these
victors, for the Austrians lay stress on the ''strong forces." The
Servians here broke away through the invaders and compelled them to
give up not only Ushitza, but Valjevo and the Upper Kolubara
Valley, and finally forcing them to make a ha'sty retreat through the ,
30 miles of wilds from Ushitza and recross the Drina. Their defeat'
is so severe that the Montenegrins have again been able to cross the
Bosnian frontier and take Vishegrad. The shaded portion of the map
shows the territory involved in these operations. In an attempt to
save their right wing the Austrians sent a column from Belgrade to
Milanoyatz in an effort to swing in behind the Servians. This force
was defeated In turn and driven back on Belgrade, and it seems now
to have been defeated again at that city. Short -arrows show the
direction of the Servian advance.
AUSTRIA HURLS RUSSIANS
FIFTY MILES FROM CRACOW
Czar's Army Hotly Pursued in West
VIENNA, Dec. 15.
Russian forces that tried to reach Cra
cow from tlits southeast have been
driven back nearly CO miles, according to
an official statement Issued hero today
saying that they havo been pursued ns
far as the plain of Allenthal The Aus
trlans nre taking many prisoners nnd
Inflicting heavy losses In killed and
wounded upon the enemj
"The pursuit of the Russians In western
Gallcla is being continued," sajs the
statement "It has already reached the
plain of Allenthal, with alternately more
or less important engagements.
"We are taking many prisoners and the
Itusslans are losing heavily In killed and
wounded as they retreat."
The recent reverses of the Austrlans in
Servla aro nttrlbuted to the withdrawal
of troops from that war to reinforce the
western Gallcla forces The offensive will
be resumed m Servia B0(m ns the
ballclan camnalim Is .lri,i,i r,, ,..
J that Austria had attempted to arrange
M fL RUntrnt nnn. milt, a . ...
i 1 1 j i , J . 1 """ DC'"i were om
clally denied today. It was declared that
the campaign against the Servians would
be carried out to a successful conclu
slon GOEBEN AGAIN CRIPPLED
COPENHAGEN, Dec. 15 -The battle
cruiser Goeben was se.erely damaged In
the action at Batum. ivhen the Turks
shelled that Russian port In the Black
Sea and met the answering fire of the
Russians, says a dispatch from Berlin
,he rPrt declares that It will be a
difficult matter to effect the repairs neces.
sary In Turkey.
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" Brand and
MONTENEGRINS CUT OFF
AUSTRIAN RETREAT IN SERVIA
Capture Vishegrad nnd Occupy Hnll
road to Sarajevo.
ROME, Dec. 15
The Montenegrin army, Which has
seized nt Vlsbograd the railway lino from
Vishegrad to Sernjcvo, has cut oft the
retreat of tho Austrian army, which Is
being driven from western Servla, says
a dispatch to tho Trlbuna from Cettlnje.
DELAY OPERATION ON KAISEB
LONDON. Dec 15 -A dispatch from
Munich to the Central News sajs that
It has been finally decided to operate on
Kaiser Wllhelm's throat, but that the
operation Is being deferred owing to the
feverish condition of the Kaiser.
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PREPARE FOR HARD
Troops Settling Down for
Cold Weather Fighting in
Flanders Trenches, "Eye
witness' " Report Shows.
LONDON. Deo 1",
"everything has been prepared to meet
the winter campaign which Is tcforo us,"
was tho statement of the stafT of Held
Marshal. Sir John Krencti, commander of
tho British troops on Hie Continent In
another "eyewitness" imrrntlxe which
was made public by the Clovernment
Press Bureau today.
"The number of communicating trenches
has been Increased, dralnago systems
have been Installed, provisions have been
made for heating npparntus to keep tho
men warm and. In short, everything pos
sible to make llvlng.condltlons more com
fortable In tho trenches has been ar
ranged The organization 'of our supply
and tho present transport service has
been brought to a much higher stato of
The narrathc. which is ilato.i rwm.
i ber 10, covers the clays of December 6
i s anu v It states that tho weather has
becomo warmer In west rianders and
northern France, nccompanled by more
rnln and that the British guns havo
silenced a number of German guns. Tho
ouriMAN TnnNcin:s shkllhd.
"From tho 6th to 9th the operations
were of tho same chnracter as those of
the previous three weeks On tho Cth,
on our right, our howitzers obtained
direct hits on two German gun emplace
ments. Other guns shelled some of tho
enemy's trendies with good results. The
nights am continually broken by spas
modic outbursts of musketry from tho
German trenches and the frequent firing
of star or Illuminating shells. This pre
cautionary measure Is not altogether un
justified, for In many places tho trenches
of the Germans nnd the Indians nro only
a few yards apart.
"On the centre ono of our batteries
fired on a German working party (sap
pers) and caused considerable loss.
"Civilians In plain clothes are frequent
ly observed In the hostile trenches, point
ing out our positions.
"A German aviator drnnneil oiv iitih.
.1 on Hnzebrouck, but did Ilttlo damairp
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No Tradmg Stamp With Vu-troUu or JUcohU
mans on this day fired rlflo grenades
against our central trenches for the first
time, but our artillery stopped this Inno
vation. On our right nothing Importaht.
"Dee. 8.-Our artillery put two German
field guns out of action and also set
fire to a railway station, burning some
rolling Stock. An observation chimney
of the enemy was destroyed.
GERMANS CHEER LODZ VICTOIIT.
"Dec. .-More rain fell. The Germans
In tho trenches opposite our left could
bo heard cheering. We presumed that
the German official version of tho battle
of Lodz was being read to them. The
weather during tho last four dajs has
been foggy and much warmer. Our avia
tors succeeded In making valuablo recon
naissances, nnd, despite tho absence of
active operations, wo hae made further
titi rrodfl "
Concerning living conditions In the'1
timclies, the "eyewitness" tells of sol
diers listening to grnphophone concerts
eight miles away through a telephone
The writer devotes about 000 words ex
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In Ignorance, ho says, but to prevent tin
Germans from getting gratis information
which would otherwise cost them much
money and trouble.
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PETROGRAD WATER CUT OFF
BY ICE JAM; FIRE FEARED
Government Soles Out Limited Gup
ply to Inhabitants,
PETnOORAD, Dec, 15.
Petrograd was without water supply to
day. There are grave fears of & possible
disaster In case ofvflro and the danger
of blazes being started by spies who may
be In the .Russian capital Is believed to
This Is the first time In 39 years that
Petrograd has suffered from a lack of
water. Tho supply has been cut off by
Ice blocking tho conduits from the Neva,
from which the city's water Is taken. All
factories, tea shops, public baths and
othor Institutions wero closed today.
Horses used In drawing carts and cabs
In tho city, as well as other animals, were
forced to go without water. Clovernment
employes went from house to house dis
tributing limited supplies of water for
consumption by) the people of the city.
The railway stations wero In darkness last
night except for feeble candle light.
Troops are being hold In readiness to
fight any flro that may be started.
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