Newspaper Page Text
- VOL. I NO. 83
PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1914.
OonnonT. 18H.M ins rostra Lcnata Commmt.
PRICE ONE CENT
flS I I i II I II I I SmKnitk ww I III wr w
BACK BY FOE
i, OF WARSAW
Legions Press Ad
vantage by Vigorous
. Offensive Toward Ob
jective Petrograd Ad
mits Defenders' Retire
ment Within Ten Miles
of Polish Capital.
Berlin Confirms Report
" Great Setback to Foe in
Heavy Battle South of
- ' Vistula Austrian Sweep
' , of Galicia Drives Russians
. Nearer Their Own Fron
tiers. The third mighty drive of the Ger
mans on Warsaw has carried them
within a. few miles of their objective.
,The Russian semi-official Army Mes
senger admits that the Czar's forces
' have been forced to withdraw to a
line running from Kazunpolski to
Skiernieuice. The first town is across
the Vistula from Novo Gcorgievsk,
one of" Russia's strongest fortresses,
situated1 at the conflucnccof the Bug
irtd Vistula and only. lOmilcs from
the IJolish capital ThV qther town Is
about 27,' inie.s Jrojn Va'rgaw. .Field
.itYTtAa t-afegtfmtg&jtu. y-t.'j--iLi-
ti 'IS irqmcnqoys uaiuc auuui -ur uic
4! Vistula and the btatcn? Russian armv
is. regrouping for defense 'virtually at
the gates of the Polish capital.
'The Austrians continue to sweep
the foe through Galicia toward their
Petrograd virtually admits defeat
along the Vistula in the statement of
Concluded on 1'are Four
Yes, It's Mill quite cold today, but It
will bo warmer tomorrow. However,
what la tho use of talking about auch a
matter-of-fact thing as weather, with
Christmas only a week away. Christmas
la'-Christmas, rain, hall, anow, or what
not) and alongside df that great, big,
,. cheerful, hippy fact, these busy, busy,
days, little else really matters. Most peo
jftle' ch,lef worry at present Is tp set the
jf "bulky packages under lock and Jcy In tho
f third-floor closet without being; accosted
' by those little two-legged Interrogation
marks pn tho way up from the front door.
Do you. hang up your stocking?
r forward .after his creat victory in
,- For. Philadelphia, and vicinity
! Tar and continued cold tonight; Sat.
urday increasing cloudiness and
' jslftdili rising temperature; gentle
yariabU winds becoming southerly. '
J-J-iEwr.,dtailst see page t,
I . x Observations at Philadelphia
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t itltlmum tnuperttur , .
i lufiwum ttmptj-ature H,
Almanac of the: Day
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iMjurtw 4u4 GtMtiae tn Fau-
OFFICIAL WAR REPORTS
The day of December 17 wnsmnrked,
ns wo nnnounccd yesterday, by pros
rcss on our pnrt In Belgium, whoro
nil counter nltncks by the enemy
In the region of Arrnn n vlgorotln
offensive made us mnslcrs of several
trenches beforo Aucliy, La Bassco,
Loos, St. Laurent nml Illnngy. At
the Inst point we have enptured on
n front of more than one kllomctro
(nbout half a mile), almost nil tho
trenches of tho first line of tho enemy.
In tho region of Trnoy-le-Vnl. on tho
Alsne nml In the Chnmpagno district
oui' heavy nrtlllory has easily gained
In the ArKontic the Germans have
succeeded In blowing up one of our
trenches to the north of Four-tic-1'arls
nnd mvo tried lo debouch with
three battalions. ,
That nttack of )o enemy's Infantry
and nnother attack made ngalnst St.
Hubert hnvo been repulsed. To the
enst of the Meuse nnd In the Vosges
there Is nothing lo report
W hnvo made mnrked progress be
tween tho North Sea nnd the Rlvcw
Lys. Wo have renewed the Lorn
bnertbyxlo load, capturing somo of
tho enemy's trenches. East of Htcon
strnnt wo advanced 8J0 yards, tnklng
100 prisoners and three quick-firing
guns. In the neighborhood of Blx
schooto wo ndvnnccrt DOO yards, cap
turing 80 prisoners nnd thrco quick
firers. On the Yprcs-Mcnln road wc
ndvaucud 100 yards,
The enemy's counter attacks have
been repulsed nnd our booty has In
cluded n number of ammunition onses.
The battle nenr Nlouport Is fnvor
nblo to us, but Is not yet ended.
French attacks between La Bnsseo
nnd Arras, ulso on both sides of tha
Somme River, failed, with heavy
losses to tho enemy.
On tho Hommo alono the Ficnch
lost 2200 prisoners nnd at least 1000
killed. Our losses will not amount to
Our attacks in tho Argonne resulted
In tho capture by us of "DO prisoners
and war material.
On tho Prussian frontiers the situ
ation Is unchnnged. In Poland we are
continuing our pursuit of the weaken
The latest news permits of 119 fur
ther doubt that the icslstanco of the
Ilusslnn main forco has been shat
tered. After tho defeat of tho south
ern wing In tho battlo of I.lmanovo,
which lasted several days, our allies
also gained a victory near Lodz.
Tho Russians arc now completely
rrutod on tho Itlvcr Bzura.
Threatened by our advance across
tho Cnrpaihlans from tho south, tho
enemy began n gcneial roficat, which
they aro trying to cover by stubborn
lighting dn tho regions beforo tho Car-.
. pathlans. '
Oiir troops are attacking on tho llpo
'Alorigi.tho other parts of tho front
tho, pirsul has hogut. , .
In Cameroon (German possession In
Africa an advArico has -peon made "
along thq railway nortrjwjtrd from
IJonabcrl as fnr as tho Important na
tive town of Bare, Just beyond tho
terminus of the railroad. The town
surrendered. Five locomotives, a
quantity of rolling stock, two aero
planes and 60 European prisoners were
Tn the direction of itlrtwa our cav
alry nnd vunguard troops aro ener
getically chasing tho beaten Germans.
Several of their corps havo already
crossed tho frontier. During the chase
wo have enptured prisoners, guns and
DRESDEN REPORTED SUNK
British Cruiser Overhauls Fleeing1
German, Is Report.
A'ALPARAISO, Chill. Dec. 18. The Ger
man cruiser Dresden Is reported In a wire
less dispatch received hero last night
to havo been sunk off Cambridge Island
In tho Paclfla by the British cruiser Bris
tol. The dispatch says that when tho Dres
den was overtaken by the British ahlp an
engagement lasting 40 minutes took place
and that tho Bristol was badly damaged,
but succeeded In sending tho Dresden to
BUENOS AIRES, Dec. 18.-Brltlah
steamships In raclflo pojts today canceled
all saltings because of tho danger of meet
ing the German cruiser Dresden.
Despite rumors that tho Dresden had
been sunk, it la evident that English au
thorities are far from being satisfied that
the German warship has been accounted
40,000 RUSSIANS TRAPPED
IN POLAND, BERLIN SAYS
Evacuation of Warsaw Ordered, Same
BER.UN. Dec. IS.
Forty thousand Russians are reported
to ave been cut off from, their main
army and surrounded by Germans be
tween Jezow and Skjernlewlce, northeast
of VoUt, Poland. These forces are said
to have been trapped, by a' daring flank
Ins movement conducted by the German
eavlry. who prevented. tbir retreat until
4ufBHtry could be brought up.
Warsaw Is said to lw JMuU-strIekari.
A rumor lioarwieMd tha German coro
wandera to Poland that tlwc Pollen cap
ital la to be eviieuAjed and that the
guns of the forte there have already
btn taken away to prevent their falW
IrS into the bends ot the Grrtiaru, '
EMDEN SURVIVORS' CAREER
Forty Who Bap4 Er Geos Is
. laie Piiutlly Konded Up.
TOKIO Uc U.
Forty iailors from the Qeruiajj crateer
SiDOcn who ei..iped ft hen Uleli shlpwas
detioed eud but lu n. 111 a. email
cbetwt, tv U.ui utuitKd to a tiulWo
warship, it u auriounced to4ey
i:c InJimids. Mt4 After the d-txu(loa
fivnUE , 1IIM& OH & h.ti'iJiei.rinf ..n.ta I
. r ,--, ' ''. -.".W .W.
wwi urn v eMjumve,
FALLS PREY TO
Fifth Steamship Sunk Off
East Coast of England
Since German Squadron
v SCARBOROUGH, Kng., Dec. 18,-An-other
steamship was blown up and sunk
off the const early today by a mlno be
lieved to havo been dropped by the Ger
man warships that bombarded the coast
This vessel, tho fifth to be sunk slnco
Wednesday morning's raid, was the Nor
wegian steamship-Vaaren. Advices re
ceived by I.loyds frum Grimsby today
state that 12 members of the crew of
the Vaaren and the English pilot who
was on board wero drowned. Four of
tho crow were rescued and wero brought
to Grimsby today.
Mlno sweepers aro today combing tho
waters along the coast between Newcastle-
and Klamborough Head.
Newspapers express tho opinion that
the United States should protest to Ger
many against a repetition af such at
tacks aa were mado against tho three
, Refugees who fled from Scarborough,
Whitby and Hartlepool when the Ger
mans opened fire are now returning to
their homes. Many came back and found
their houses reduced to a mass tit ruins.
Hereafter a constant watch will be kept
on tho const for hostllo warships.
At present there aro no Indications that
tho Admiralty intends to change Its plans
for tha disposition of the Bittlsh dread
noughts and battle cruisers. The coast
patrol will bo left to destroyers and
light cruisers as beforo.
One of tho German vessels engaged In
tho raid two days ago Is declared to
havo been the Von Moltke, a sister ship
ot tho Uocbcn, nov a part of the Turkish
TWO BRITISH DESTROYERS
SUNK BY GERMANS, IS REPORT
BERLIN (by wireless to London), Dec. 1H.
Two British destroyers wero sunk during
the running fight In, the North Sea be
tween the English patrol ships and Ger
man cruisei-B, following the bombardment
of Hartlepool, Scarborough nnd Whitby
toy the Germans, nn official statement Is
sued note today asserts.
In addition to tho two destroyers which
tho Germans say were sunk, tho stute-
, Concluded op Pane Four
BROKER-FIUES-PETITION- - -
AS VOLUNTARY BANKRUPT
i 1 '
Moreau Lleber's Liabilities S00,
004.00; Assets 323,406.38.
Jlortau I.leber, member of tho Phila
delphia Stock Kxchange, having offices In
the new Block Kxchange Building, filed
a voluntary petition In bankruptcy In the
United States District Court today.
Lleber's petition shows that his liabilities
amount to $96,064 90, while his assets total
but $3,406.38. Edward F. Hoffman was
The principal creditors named In the
petition are Julia G. Arnold, of Jenkln
town, whose claim la for $63,231, and F. A.
Lleber, also of Jcnklntown, to whom the
bankrupt owes (19,678. Lleber's assets
consist of $18,:67 worth of book accounts,
n scat In the stock exchange, gold watch
and chain and a second-hnnd automo
bile. Furth, Singer & Bortln represent tho
bankrupt ns attorneys.
AUTOTRUCK KILLS WOMAN
She Is Run Down "While on Way to
Hail Christmas Package.
Mrs. Georglana Burton, 61 years old,
was crossing Oermantown avenue near
Dounton street today when she was
struck by an autotiuck belonging to the
Commercial Truck Company. Her skull
was fractured and ahe died while being
taken to the Samaritan Hospital.
Mrs. Burton, the wife of John Burton,
a retired Germantown business man, was
on the way to dispatch a Christmas
package to her sister, Mrs. Anna Collie,
of Morris PaIna, N, J., when the acci
dent happened. She failed to notice the
approach of the truck, -
Roland Harwell, driver of the truck, waa
arrested. He was arraigned this after
noon at the Central Station,
Mrs. Burton is survived by three sons
and two daughters. Ope of her sons.
"William Burton, of this city.
400,000 LOSSES IN POLAND
Russia's Casualties Alone 125,000
Killed and Wounded,
BBflUN, Dec. JJ.
Casualties suffered by the German,
Austrian and Russian armies n Poland
number more than 400,000, according to
a seml-ottlclal dispatch. It states that In
the Poland battles alone the Russians
have lost 13 .000 In killed and wounded,
besides enormous numbers of prisoners,
"Further heavy losses are being In
fllsted upon tho Russlana as they re
treat." the dispatch adds. "Our troops
are rapidly pursuing the enemy, who has
been completely routed."
Just Back From War
Second-hand pews and "official" 1
reports tram governmental sup
press bureaus are plentiful. The
"real stuff" from th'e ma who saw
it is scarce.. &f,aior Patterson, of
the Unlte4iSutjs Army, went with
the American Red Cross into the
very midst of the war. He has re
turned to WajkinKtoM, a miae of
Majqr J, C Hemphill
ha rotw4f4 Wf tiri waforuwtion
and ensho4t im a rwrkablc
arnde to f pcmtcd tomorrow on
(he editorial page of UK
If ou are intern ted in the war
AS tlfit tAl tit FSaii SfcLM eMla
1 Orcitr the Evening Ledger from
jw. munwr vl
DR. RICHMOND'S CHARGE
AGAINST LAYMAN FAILS
Magistrate Scores Minister in Dis
charging William T, Hamilton.
William T. Hamilton. 602 Richmond
street, deposed lay reader of Old St.
John's Protestant Episcopal Church, 3d
nnd Brown streets, waa dtsc,linrf?cd by
MnRlstrato ItcnshaW at Central Station
today when ho was arrnlfrned on a charge
of larceny, preferred by the ItcV. Dr.
Oeonre Chalmers Itlchmond, rector of the
Hamilton was charted with removing
from Its place In the church bulletin
board a statement containing tho names
of persons who wero In nrrears In their
church dues, anion them belni? two of
the defendnnt'a sisters. Ho was arrested
yestcrdny on a wnrrnnt sworn out at the
Instance nf Doctor Itlchmond following a
mcetlnR of the vestry of the church held
on Wednesday nislil to consider charges
to which Doctor Rlbhmond must answer
beforo the ISccleslastlcat Court of the
Kplscopal Church early In Janunry
Tho hcnrlng was not without Its Inter
esting sidelights, which had for climax
a verbal altercation In the corridors out
side the hearing room between Doctor
Itlchmond and Joseph J. Comegys, of
Moylon, Pa who walked up to the
cleigyman and shouted, "If I wero Hamil
ton I would knock your head oft."
Doctor Itlchmond's supporters, who were
present In largo numbers, crowded nbout
and culled for the police, who placed
Comegys under arrest. After n brief
hvnrlng on a disorderly conduct chnigo
he signed his own ball to keep tho peace.
POLICE CHAUFFEUR TAKES
BANDIT AFTER HOT CHASE
Heads Him Off in Kansas City's Main
KANSAS CITY. Mo.. Dec. lS.-Aibert
Koys, a police chauffeur, who hnppcncd
to bo passing In n department motor car,
caught ono of tho daylight "bandits nfter
a chase ot scleral blocks through tho
main business section of tho city today.
Tho prisoner, who gavo tho namo ot
Charles Morton, !U3 Ollvo street, SU
Louis, rnn down nn alley nfter aiding
In tho holdup In a diamond pawnshop at
813W Main street.
Keys saw tho man running nnd heard
the shots exchanged bctweon pursues
nnd pursued. He ran tho motor car
around two entire blocks and cut off tho
fleeing burglar at tho mouth of the
alley. Tho latter had dropped his over
coat, In which o $100 diamond ring, be
longing to tho pawnshop, uua touiid.
Jack Owen, a private detective who also
happened to bo lu tho neighborhood at
the time, caught one of the other two
POLICE SAID TO HAVE NAMES
OF THE ASSASSINS OF BAFF
Hooro Implicates Several in Murder
Plot, It is Reported.
- NBVV--VOIIIC. -Deo, .18-Quetl oiled- for-
hours by tho police and assistant district
attorneys, James .Moore. V suspect taken
In d. general round-up in connection -yCltli
the murder of Barnett Barf, foe of tho
"poultry truat," la reported to have made
a statement which the police says gives
the names of cveryono concerned In the
plot that resulted In the murder of the
Ucvldcs Moore three brothers Joe. Jake
and Harry Cohen have been taken Into
custody. Whether or not fhoj; are di
rectly Implicated In the killing the police
refuse to say. Police Commissioner Woods
said that an "Important announcement"
would bo made later today.
FO'URTH RELIEF SHIP LOADING
Industry Arrives nnd Is Being
Stocked Simultaneously With Ferrona
The 'fourth vessel to load supplies at
this port for the relief of the starving
Belgians, the British steamship Industry,
arrived here today, while tho loudlng ot
the third craft, the British steamship
Ferronn, wag being rushed. The cargo
of this city's first relief ship, the Thelma,
Is being distributed to the hungry mouths
In stricken Flanders, and In a day or so
the steamship Orn will reach Rotterdam
with another cargo to aid the distressed,
shipped through the generosity of citi
zens of the municipality and Common
wealth. The Forrona nnd the Industry aro being
loaded by the American Belgian Belief
Commission, a branch of which Is at 1M1
Chestnut street. The former, it Is ex
pected, will leave here early next week,
and It Is planned to get the other off
before Christmas Eve. The Industry is
called the Pennsylvania ship, aa Its cargo
has been secured from residents of the
$800 LAMP SMASHED
Damage Wrought by Collision of
A lamp valued at JSU0 was smashed
when an automobile delivery car of the
J. 12. Caldwell Company, 9th and Chest
nut streets, was overturned late this aft
ernoon after it had collided with a light
automobile driven by J, V,'. derringer,
8223 Oermantown avenue, at McCallum
and Westvlew street.
No one waa Injured, hut the police were
called out to standguaril over the Jew
elry delivery car until It could be re
paired. Charles Gross, of 1133 Sllyer street, and
Kdward Simpson, oj lilt North Camao
street, who were on the delivery oar, ea
capyd by Jumping before the car over
turned. DRIVER WII. OAINST ROAD
A Nerd let of tSG0 .oages waa awarded
to Ilemy Sage against the We Jersey
and Seashore Railway by a Jury tn the
Clroult Court ot Oamden County, beforo
Judge Lloyd. tUU afternoon.
8ag's team waa aiewlc by a train of the
railway at the Liberty street crossing.
September K. I'M. lie sued for JW.098.
The Jury OeMberatwl three hour before
aniwura-iu Ue vMlpt
Aged Wemaj Sent to Hpspital
Jane Brown. Sgytarq eld. of tth and De
LajMAy street. wui teat to the Philadel
phia llMpUal teday after her WW.
ciweed with haecteg. Patentee of tha
U aul De Lancer Mreeu V-mikm told
MasUtreUt I'twck a tfe Ceutrel eW
ttea tbt the veou had no meat of
support and that her wrest u nude
iOAly to reltete hajr coodUlou
V. S. Accu Man of Perjury
Max Marshall MtTuket utt j
ret4 let tlus ftruoon by the Federal
tttfenntUe iii tbie .H on .h.it of
prju,t Ue In tuttd to haVa made talea
euwuuenu beftue K4wad V liuauu.
relets Ut kmikjattn. the bauktujiu-y
tem f Iajvw Hftrry Vntil,
UmAiag u v'juda Apotaw.
EASTERN RAILROADS GET
INCREASE OF 5 PER CENT.
Commission's Freight Rate Decision in Brief
Five per cent, advance in freight rates by Eastern railroads granted.
Exceptions made in case of rates on bituminous coal and coke,' anthra
cite coal, iron ore and lake-and-rall and rail-lake-and-rail shipments.
Findings of original report modified "in the light of the changed
Decision explained on ground that the war is a "calamity without
precedent," and that "if we are to set rates to afford reasonable remunera
tion we must give consideration to the increased hire of capital as well
tas to other Increases in costs."
Increases on cement, starch, brick, tile, clay and plaster, formerly
denied, now granted under certain limitations.
WAY INTO GARAGE
TO EFFECT LEVY
Long Struggle Ends Success
fully Guard Watches
Forcing of Barricade
Raised by Proprietor.
With tho assistance of writs of replevin
nnd writs ot possession, two constnblea
and n hammer, Louis J. Kolb lato this
afternoon took over tho garage of tho
S. and P. Automobile Company for an
unpaid rent bill.
The nttack was tho second of tho day.
The door was bnttorcd open onco before,
but tho constables were afraid to enter
It Is up now to Sir. Kolb to chooso a
car which belongs to tho proprietor of
tho place to levy upon. Ho has not yet
found tho car.
Gcorgo F. Snttlcr, proprietor of tho
automobile company, when tho door wns
first battered down, replaced tho barri
cade ngulnst thorn after the deputies had
forced entrance. They wero nrmed with
a writ of replevin, calling for an auto
mobile that had been left In Sattlcr's
enre. He stood by and smiled whllo they
tried to flguro out a way of removing
Saltier pointed out to tho deputies that
the nutomoblle wns on tho second floor,
that the elevator was not running, as
tho fires had been drawn from tho boiler
supplying tho power for it, and suggested
that the only way they could get tho
car out of tho building would bo to take
It apart and carry It out piece by piece.
CROWD "VyATQIIES BIEOB.
A crowd of more .than COO men saw
the deputy sheriffs, Bottenberg and 811
"VersTelnVforco 'trrelr-wroylnto-the bnlld
Ing. Before tho arrival of these men
Constable William J. Elsenhower had
besieged the place for five or sir hours,
waiting for a chance to levy' on the
automobiles to meet a rent bill of JltOS
turned ' over tn him by Lodls Jt Kolb,
head of the Kolb Baking Company.
TBIBS TO ABREST COLLEAGUE.
Another constable, Lleber, from Mag
istral MacParland'a ofllce, enlivened tho
Bccno by trying to arrpst his fellow con
stable on a warrant charging assault and
battery In trying to force his nay Into
tho building. Eisenhower resisted arrest.
The two constables were struggling about
the sidewalk when Lieutenant Htringer
arrived with a dozen policemen from the
10th and Buttonwood streets station and
put an end to the fight.
When Mr. Kolb learned today that
Elsenhower had been waiting for more
than five hours with two deputies to get
Into the building, he and hli attorney
went to City Hall with Charles Bchwarz,
a motion picture man of 13 Vine street,
who had entrusted a car to Battler to
sell. Schwarz obtained a writ of replevin,
calling for the car, and Rottenberg and
Silversteln went to serve the writ. t
OWNERS FLOCK TO SCENE.
Owners of automobiles who had sent
their cars to Battler's place to be sold
learped ot the disturbance, and, fearing
that their machines would be seized, tried
to get Into the building to protect them.
Battler, however, refused to open the
building for any one.
A large number of young men who
said they had paid Battler money for
instructions In running automobiles also
gathered and tried to get into the building.-
Postal Inspector Furness Is work
ing on complaints made by some of these
.men against Battler, they declared.
PARTNERS ADD TO TROUBLE,
i While the excitement was at its height
two men who said they had large claims
against Battler appeared and also clam
ored for admittance to the building, but
were refused. One of them, C. 11.
Frejer, said he had a Hen on the auto
mobiles tn the place for ?1J80, represent
ing an Interest he formerly held In the
business, which he sold to Battler. The
other, Edward MacWmen, of 1136 Qlrard
avenue, said he paid Battler J1300 for a
share In the business, but never got his
papers and could not get his money baok,
NO INJURY TO BOY'S HEAD
Court Ordered Examination Because
An X-ray examination of tlie head of
H-yar-aM J. Wtllard Borton failed to
reveal any sign of injury that might have
caused the" boy to be wayward, according
to a, report of phyelotaaa In charge of
the psychopathic ward of the Philadelphia
Hospital, made today to Judge Qorman
U the JuvanUe Court. Clarke L. Barton,
a Germantown contractor and builder,
thought the boy bad been Injured by a
UuryUad farmer with whom he was liv
ing when he was -f years od.
Bortan akd Judge Qorman to have an
examination made of the bey's head.
Wtllard was committed some time go
for rebeisg store la GernaMiowB. It
aU ether boys told him to etoaj. JA
Ourwan reconualtted him tu tfcp (Me
Qe fireman Btwugh for Fire
Qa fctfipit ot truck No 13. Xh street
4 gaSNwiB a-vecuu. queiuhed a blaze
4b the mlW of J. T. Uul as
outh eW street- tat raoroiag. after ex
cited neighbors had telephoned for eixt
uuhuates aud all ule,bls nn apcmiatu.
The nruiJi, lb.u.uas Uuoahuc ran Into
toe luul hoar u baud extia
gtlWeav od aoaJMd curtaius m rumat
on tb sosouo Boor UUe4 fer M ewcc
! turned ?i .
PROMISED AS GIFT
OFRATEDECISIOH Leaders of Industry and
Railroad Officials United
in Predicting Change Will
Bring Boom Times.
Tho decision of thclnterstnto Commcrco
Commission granting Eastern railroads
tho long-contested S per cent, freight In
crease was received with satisfaction In
Philadelphia by railroad cfllcials, bankers,
brokers, financiers and all who represent
big business Interests.
An era of unprecedented prosperity for
Philadelphia and for Pennsylvania was
forecast ns tho direct result of tho de
cision. The policy of retrenchment which
tho railroads havo been maintaining for
somo months. It Is confidently prophesied,
will bo supplemented by an unequaled
period of expansion and development in
nil linos of business.
The decision wns particularly gratify
ing to tho largo Industrial Interests hero
to whom It will mean Increased orders and
a revival of business after months of de
pression nnd stagnation. Baldwin's Loco
motive Works, Brills' Cnr Works, the
Mldvalo Steel Works and the Tencoyd
Iron Works expect to benefit nlmost Im
mediately The decision caused a sudden flurry In
the Btock Exchanges, both hero and In
Now York. Railroad stocks took a sud-d-jn
Jump and reached higher point than
they havo slnco the Exchanges teonened
jovnd.wftokn..agQ.--o ..- i - , i- .
News of the rnto Increase created an
appreciable effect upon Tteadlmr and
Pennsylvania stocks. At tho Stock Ex
change It waa reported Reading had gone
up from 7 to 48, but afterward went
down to 47H. Pennsylvania, went unXrom
107U, In .New York to lOSJi and later fell
to 103VS. still showing an appreciable In
Baltimore and Ohio went down from
63H to 6?K. but later rose to C3. At tho
close of the market lust night Baltimore
and Ohio was at C3J. The Increase, It
was declared, was due to the fuct that
the Increase granted by tho Interstate
Commerce Commission does not effect
carriers of bituminous coal. Westorn rail
roads were weak.
When the announcement appeared on
tho llcker shorts rushed to cover, and
there followed a rapid upward movement
which rttrrled prices up sharply to about
a parity with last night's closing quota
tions. Southern Pacific rose l' from Its low
point, and other railroad shares followed
a. similar course. The list then quieted,
down, losing much of the midday bulge.
The wording of the decision waa such
that brokers were not quite certain Just
how much the railroads had been bene
fited, but the consensus of opinion was
that they had received pretty much all
they had sought. "v
Olllclals of the Pennsylvania, tho Phila
delphia and Reading and the Baltimore
nnd Ohio Railroads, the three roads enter
ing this city, declared they needed time
to digest the decision of the Commlsilon
before it would be possible to make a
publto statement. All, however, expressed
gratification at tho Increase.
The exception made by the Commis
sion, excluding coal, coke and Iron from
the Increase, It waa Intimated at th
railroad olllcea. would seriously offset
much of the gain made by the general
ruling. This, It Is aald, will be paMlfU
larly true of the Philadelphia unclTnead.
Ing Company, which hauls many mllllaAa
of tona of coal annually.
To tha consumer, however, the excep
tions, partlcyarly that affecting coal,
comes as a blessing. Hail the thcrease
been granted on coat It is generally be
lieved that a decided Increase In the price
ot coal to the ultimate consumer wnubi
have followed Immediately.
Attorneys for the commuters, who have
Concluded on Paxe Two
MKS. CROKER BAGS -WILDCAT
Bride of ex-Tammany Chief in San
ger Prom Animal. .
VMM BBACH, VU., Do. 15.-MM.
Xlchard Croker, youthful BrWe of the i
Tammany bos and direct daaeabdajit of
a great Cherokee chief, shot and (IQed
a. wildcat yhtch waa Just in tUe ot ot
atiacklug her while on a busting trip
near the Croher bom here
Tnt animal waa perched on the lnnh of I
a tree and was' brought down a second '
before It would ae sprung on the youn
WTLMHO B?ENQER SOB PANAH
President Wlhjoii tuday named Wluiwf
Spencer, of this CHy. to be secretary of
the Amertcao legation at Panama. M
ttpeiuer u the aun of Mr and Mr. John
TsfimpMiii ot 1 .u spruce etrevt. tie a ,
teroteriy eirei of the Untied dtats
Enibaaey at Ueiiiu Uut recentl) ae n '
u. attache of the United States JLmbaa '
it Cri.. V'iel
Roum Piuwm Supy BiU
laHIXUTON. Dec 1. -After etlaei
UAtiu the tteiu tor u tti UuHuinl ten
tus lu WS. the Uwee todu pawd tim
ltAiaii, tiBwuii-. e end jMOUtal ,;;.
ljfitisuj biiL v-4Tiu apiiruiiiiwtiiy
Findings of Original
Report Are Modified
in Light of Changed
Effect on Rate of Inter
est Factor in Decision.
Exceptions Are Made in the
Cases of Rates on Bitu
minous Coal and Coke,
Anthracite Coal, Iron Ore
and Rail and Lake Ship
ments. "WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.-The four
years fight of the Eastern railroads for
a general advance of 5 per cant In
freight rates waa won today, when the
Interstate Comrnerca ojhmlsBlon allowed
the Increase, with a few exceptions.
The commission made It plain that It
action waa taken to relieve the com
mercial crisis brought on by the war
Commissioner Clements filed a dissenting
opinion, declaring the action of the com
mission "out of harmony with the splrft
nnd purpose of the law."
Although It was first reported that
Commissioner Harlan wrote the commis
sion's opinion. It was stated officially
later that he also disagreed with the de
cision to give o. flat S per cent -increase.
The exceptions from tho increase in
clude rates on bituminous coot and coUe,
anhrnclto oal.Jron oro and,- rall-lalte-
and-rall, lake-and-rall and rau-anu-i.iKS
A flat 5 per cent Increase Is allowed on
Joint rates between "ofllclal classification
territory" the East on ope hand, and
Southeastern territory, the Southwest and
jjnints on or east ot the Missouri River,
on the other; op Interstate rates to and
from New England, from and to points
In trunk line or central freight associa
tion mid-West territory; on rates to and
from New York, and throughout "official
classification," or Eastern, territory.
1 REVENUES GAIN JM.0O0.O0O.
The increase will affect practically
every railroad In the United Btatea by
adding approximately 150,600.000 annually
to their combined revenues. The rail
roada have) stated that auch additional
levenuea vjbuld strengthen their credit
and give stability to their securities suf
ficient to enable them to "weather the
financial gale of the war.
The commission criticised the railroads
for misrepresenting conditions In their
previous applications for Increases. The
representations of the carriers In the
1910 cases that, without the Increases
their credit must vanish, "proved
strangely at variance with their subse
quent experience In the borrowing o!
hundreds of millions," the commission
It did not doubt, howtver. that the
financial problems of the carriers had
been mode uh more aeute by reason
of the war.' and that If rates were to be
set to 9-JtSJfi reasonable remuneration, to
these carriers consideration must its.
given to the increased hire of capital a
we) as to other increased ooets.
VummlsBlww Harlan and i.'IeuKpU
SJr, ClemenU taok the view of liouH I.
Brandels. counsel fer the CoinfataekM.
that tP-e advance rate waa ebaply "a war
tax for the exclusive Ueneat ut the r4
Ceotludcd on Vase TbM
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