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EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, SATTTBDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1914.
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Be& i. -9'.a.lkaiiiaatiff SaHaA
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CrnuS K. CURTIS, Patstraftt.
fi . . Ceo. W Och Secretary) John O Martin, Treaiurerj
SfJ"narl II LuJIngton. Philip S Colllni, John B. WIN
'& Ilarnt, Plretter.
Pi 5A,' EDITORIAL BOAnDt
3.'. - .. . .., WixioiK
,Ia H. WHALEY .Executive Editor
JOHN O MAnTlN dcneral Dullness Manner
&' ' ' ' ' ' '
. a tnATM.ntlnA Rntiara. rMlai1lnhla.
I.Kotn CcTTtit .....Broad and Chestnut BtreeU
ATLANTIC Cur 4 Frem-Vnton Building
Nstt Tons.. .. 1T0-A, Metropolitan Tower
Cniomo 81T Iloma Insurance nultdlne
London 8 Waterloo riaie, rail Mall, S. W.
mws minimum i
5?TT7lMisBa Bciiud The ratrtot nulldlnir
1 lyjjinioTON iicanin ..... in roll Jimmin
'Knur Touit noatin. , ., ..t.?h Tlmu UulMlnr
IfBeaLtM Ilcaatfl .. ... flO !Tf-fArlfh.fi-a..A
.a.k ?W)V DcrD ... ....3 rail Mall Bant, 8 w.
.? i'au aiaii mam, e w,
.32 Hue Louis le Grand
'- run -uoatiu. .
Br, carrlr. DAIlt Onti, alx cent. Br mall, pontpatd
rnitaMe of Philadelphia, except where, forelrn poitati
l required, Dut-T Onlt. one month, twentv.nve cental
IftT ONLT. ona Year, thraa doltara.
All mall iub-
eerlptlona payable In adranei.
BKLt, 3000 WAtrfW
KEYSTONE, MAIN 3000
SV Addmi alt edmmuntcatlont te Xitninp
I.tiotT, Independent Square, rhltadetfhta.
amnio at ma miiicti-i'iiu roitornci a troOHD-
CLAII Halt, VaTXB.
rniLADELTIlIA, SATURDAY, DECEMDEH 19, 1914.
- Charter of Faith
" To ttit Editor ef th Evening Ledger:
in T3EriIBVB In Philadelphia. I lake my In-
!T Jj .mlMMnn wtn-i It-a. V. I aei ..a. . I la ....-
Stf ..a . -rtItHfl T 1t a..la.nnlH T Innlr
. "" """" """ .iii. -
tb lta future trlth unqURllfled conddenca nnd
2op. I measure back over the years to the
-'charter of peaoo that illumined Its begln-
' bJurs. I balance Its good and Its bad, In the
t t brlsht days and In the dnrk days, nnd the
(i0 lever of roodnoss sinks through the full arc.
,. , X count the landmarks on the upward march,
, - c&oh' surer, better- than the one before. I
Rl ivlew the rising tide of prosperity andcontent;
''the lonjr line of artisans, from the far-back
, aires down; the uplift of industry; the sturdy
I manhood and the skill of hand. I add the
,.; -emoklng- chimneys and the outroaphlnR rails
ttkt that meet on the horizon. A great city, and,
''"more than that, a home consecrated by fam
WT Hy traditions reaching back to tho first sct-
uemenis ana me graauai enricnmeni in-
., hercnt in thrift and courage.
PitttfT I believe In Philadelphia. I believe In Its
homes, in its Ideals, in its principles, in its
Dui-Tjose. In Its leadership. I bellevo in its ln-
' BnlMillnM in AtM..tnn T t.tlat.A In tta wrwAt T
leges, its libraries and Its culture. I bellevo
a In its destiny. I believe in the conscience of
4J its people, in their ability to distinguish be
tween right and wrong, In their civic pride,
In their capacity for
kYittiA,wl"lr laiui, znnienai n-nu apiriiuai
n. Jj. tn lhnA nrnl fnntrtrlaa hr.lrlilnir ramnlrn nrrl
ffiw ' "'"" i.'- .i,w..w-, -.. ...o . -
tho ability of the men in them to lead tho
eWorld In their art. I believe that tho greatest
"prpductlvo city In America will become the
greatest productive city In tho world. I be
lieve that here the whole paraphernalia of
SS ..... .. .. .....
metropolitan development win reacn ilb iiiku-
Ai.i est point. I believe in the port, In the neces-
pi'jc aity for It and the surcness of its growth.
! I believe In service, the service of every
citizen In behalf of the great civic entity of
stele which he Is a part. I believe that graft and
-"V Its lntlmato errors will be eliminated, that
!!, Tinti!ftnnl rflaflBa mWpli ritmnln nmonc
i' .... . . .
tts will be anven out. i Dcneve in tne uputt
of the tenements, the snreadlnc of our edu-
parks, playgrounds, efficient police protec-
rfcjt tlpn, excellent fire service, fair rents, taxes
pot onerous, and a spirit of helpfulness.
',, .. . All these things r believe, and moat of all
gf, do I believe in the citizens of Philadelphia.
JThalrs is the character that makes the city,
Bm4 -what they are, tho city Is. What their
nwblldren are. the city will be. a
fJVt Philadelphia, December 18.
4V ,, ' ,
a ' Tha Snantinn Not in Pnnnmn
i-iECItETARY GARRISON'S statement that
trt'i rO he "cannot too strongly emphasize the
li.act that there has been nothing whatever
sensational ' In the .Panama atroir, refers, of
i' ., course, to the situation which led up to
F2 Co'?15'! Goethala' request for ships. The
' " aa' arguing yhother the judgment of
"" h man who bull the Panama Canal could
.ii relied on or no .
S- i7rAi ' mrtytr KnAvrc TTim
rt, v . . :. ' .
i you c j see mm on me suoway any time.
JHe la da agent of the chiropodist, weight
jmjMS jnd. brogans number 10. The greater
fcr vwn mw fvkb, . vrf..uu)tji v
ge, a. plunge and then the misery of ten-
toes! Tes, he can do more damage in ten
ntci ttlnn -tlpflt alin4 An In m rnh
"Eke way I The heavywela-ht toa cnuhot- la
Rf workl And finally, when he has done all
J"' the damage that can be donf, he becomes the
eat bog, takidg a dime's worth of seat,
although he has paid but a nickel. If there
'" -vre but one of him the Injured public might
fr well afford to buy him an automobile and
H11Tay tot its upkeep, but of bis tribe there are
fany. Probably lie la not selfish and does
sat mean to be dangerous, but his intentions
have nothing- to do with his depredations
Be-ware! He may be on yur car.
England Annexes the Phaiaolis
"rnOTPT of the far-away Hybso, of Uwej.
XU yf SJateJin. ef Ilarun-aURaJhld, has now
ky formal decree pas4 under tb Proteo
tyratfc of Ofat Britain. Bver sJnee tt Beg
tasd ha had paramount InSoe-nee ta Hgypt,
ahul Turfaey ojainiad isralnty and ths
)Ot4.ve Wft allowed to owtduot atjalxs of
fa4 wits eui OriMtal display. The
,ajy eouotry that oaight have objeoied to
;a awtJon 1 Franoe; buf under
0Ouwsta' Frane le all too wllUng to
toOw dh oa.
bly of ait th QMuitrie involved tu
WW Krypt b4 m I 8Mn by rwto
aUelilely amOnl Aul oltn(nJy Bryit
IH4 try joaaott to k loyal U RngUimi
Ailar oanj tofay 0cd fc JfegMa
twoujrli! i.-i e to Jyyt fraa ta aelta uf tav
2K Hit a .. fartser rooW u( the
,;(jitii- MUlw i, ,f Ootl&ra w sut ui
tl. lvj 1 f Jva.glnj CrW'Oi! Jlii la
htmt'' i a J .lt ! iM4lB
te- -jjs i. , 8 j. jAi, ita, lu t ii.i
ifwwit tht txi
I T" ' "'laallafMaWattlSaaataWaat hiiF MllTjiMlaWaffilirnlllaaBVilit limHi illl liaaWMMfflllkllf laaM laaMa aaaaWMfw'laWH
from bankruptcy and made It nflluent And
yet England's attitude wns only advisory and
Tho Khedive, Influenced by the Sultan of
Turkoy ai ox'orlord and head of the Moslems,
made n falso move when ho consented to tho
Holy War. It Is difficult to sco how Great
Britain could do other than depose hint and
nnnex his ancient kingdom. As a strategic
move tho action was necessary, and consider''
lug all tlint England has Invested In Kgypt,
the annexation will appear to the world as
measure of Justice.
The Ilalc Decision
Tltn rate decision Is certain to ntlmutnlo
prosperity. Railroading Is second In Im
portance only to agriculture In the United
States. The sums invested In It nro so vast
that their status sympathetically n fleets all
money markets and almost all of tho great
productive Industrie?. Unless the railroads
are prosperous tho country cannot bo pros
perous. Even bumper crops cannot over
come the depression thnt results from lean
ness In tho railroad world, and this has been
abundantly proved In tho last few years.
Of all the States In tho Union, no other is
so much affected by tho decision an Pcnn
sj'lvanln. Tho grcnt Iron nnd steel Indus
tries havo beon dormant during the stag
nation In railroad progrers. There have
been signs hero nnd thero of rovlvnl, es
pecially slnco the war began, but It has been
renllzed fully that until the railroads could
again becomo heavy buyors thero would be
no rebound to normal conditions. So far
as unemployment In this State In concerned,
the decision Is likely to havo nulck ond
Tho exceptions In tho general advnnco al
lowed aro well taken. Tho coal-carrying
roads have not been able to show starva
tion. On tho contrary, their earnings havo
been amply sufficient, nnd there Is no dis
interested rato export who would feel that
the traffic was not paying Its way and pay
ing It handsomely. It may bo doubted If
tho roads seriously expected advances In
this class of freight. The exception, never
theless, reduces tho estimated yield from
the Increases, nnd Instead of an increased
revenue of $50,000,000 not more than $30,000,
000 will be received-
It Is not usual for higher rates to stimu
late shipments. The economics of railroad
ing Is peculiar, however, and thero need be
no fear that the R per cent, advance will
reduce tho volume of freight. Instead, there
Is likely to be nn Increase, due to a number
of factors, not the least Important of which
will be tho general Improvement In nil lines
of business Induced by the greater purchas
ing power of tho roads.
It Is difficult to follow Commissioner
Clement's argument that the need of tho
roads for money is no reason whatever why
they should get it. It Is a very vital reason,
for tho wholo theory of rate-making be
comes worthless when onco tho fact Is
established that In practice the resulting,
revenue is Insufficient. Tho Government does
not guaranteo profits, but It certainly does
guarantee not to legislate profit out of quasi
public business by arbitrary exaotlons.
The roads find themselves faced with a
new responsibility to tho public. They must
mako good In service nnd management
They must rid tho country of the kind of
administration which has sent two or throe
systems Into bankruptcy amid clouds of
scandnl. The better ronds have been tho
vicarious- 'victims- of moral delinquency tn
the conduct of other roads
In tho matter of economics, the public Is
likely to Insist that tho Postpfflco hereafter
pay tho roads for services rendered, and
do not. In order to mako a good showing,
shunt onto the shoulders' of commuters and
others tho burden of paying to compensate
for the refusal of a Government department
to play fair. The general opinion will be.
too, that tho decision Introduces a now factor
into tho commutation situation, though not
Into general passenger rate conditions, of
Huch Importance that a ro'hearing by the
Publlo Service Commission, now set for early
In January, Is more than ever necessary.
Unless nil signs fall nnd the reasoning of
commercial leaders Is grievously at fault, the
first big shove to the prosperity car has
Jews Coming Into Their Own
DR. RICHARD GOTTJIEIL Is probably
correct in predicting that tho war will
eolve the Jewish problem In Europe and
Asia. For one thing, it has proved that the
essential element of Judaism is not distinc
tively racial, but religious. Tho Jews living
Jn America, for Instance, aro as genuinely
and patriotically American as the New Eng
enders or Virginians, their distinguishing
feature being their religion and the habits of
thought and oustom that belong to their
religion. And they havo as much right to
practice that as have tho Catholics or Prot
estants to enjoy and live their respective
There are as many as 150,000 Jews In the
Ruiilan army, and the Jews of Germany,
Austria, France and Bervia are proportion
ately loyal and patriotic. The antl-Semltlc
prejudice must die away In the face of such
facts. And when the war is over it ought to
be comparatively easy to give back to the
Jews their shrine and to allow them once
more to feel the pride of poeston In a land
that means more to them in historic and
religious association than any other land
does to any other people, rnertean Chris
tians will be the first to rejeloe if Palestine
can once again belong to the children of
It was nothing hut a raid, but England
wants no more of tljem.
The cost of the modern submarine has
reached tl.S60.OM, but a modern dreadnought
costs from lli.090.0-W to 6J6aVW.
Ultimatums at Naao will do no goodthe
Mexicans are too used to them. What Is
needed la discipline. .
It the RuaslAW foght as wall as thalr
writers imagljw the war would have been
over long ag-
The rtr6BiatlvM of toe wwwjuUrs have
asked 16 enibarrawlBg questions, not to
oouat the- sukdivlsl.0113.
How RjoeveU, Mtr tb ttcttun "th
Hag shall ttur pot raw gnash his taetb
over the rfrt it 4M "Vic) Governor of tb
PMHpBhass' that tar island are not worth
pwaaps in reason why the PAitolo Ds
iMrtmsne ia & aiatovs to attafc tr
gajttsa is that it hasn't paid th. 0444. HNiM
cojaigtfap) it sJriwtr m. Tfc i ttw gW
of BpxwMPiavtire JgJtPapp'a efca:.
Th tntwstaw i -oBmirf GaMRaJaate hs
SilSpefded lb lrupov4 lAMBat IB -um
the rtaitiuwrx ami nat Ajrm ii i.
, - .-..-T ,,, i fcs vnw ysffinaa , " ?psa t"s vj " a.. wetfj, ,aaaasBBr
hjk.m . mj f. ,.,.. , hushf smfc8Ui, (?, aw up t -. ta ,mi. . Till nig iiffli " m 'fff aLASEA. msJiria2 mamraamaaBf
3- .-ire i mi oTiiiF3 'T-FiTr-rT i nMwiinifliiiiiiiiii iraranniT. mi im'i i m laiatfir ., aaa -&rniBti -.aaaaaBKaaHaaaaaaaEuHaBHaHUasaasnaaaaaBawBssaaBBLv a a tu iiim nuMMWiaa - -flEssaaaaaaK
esiaaasasaaasaiaHMaasHHi a i1 " i mm .... . m -. - i& si-ewX. . .nMiinH i imMMUMn nn"i mnMfiniiiniTift aiiiiif m.. iiiiniwMhu"fflasBa .-aa&eiataMsaaiaHHBi&aHa r-.. snsasac
FOIL IS THE LAW
' 0F SUCCESSFUL LIFE
When Nature Ordained That Man Must
Acliievo'Ilfs Miracles by Hard Work
Sho Gave Him the Key of the World's
' By JOSEPH it. ODELL
"milANK GOD every morning when you
JL got up," wrote Charles Klngsley, novel
ist, scientist and historian, "that you havo
something to do that day which must bo
done, whether you tike It or not. Being forced
to work, and forced to do your best, will
breed In you temperance, self-control,
strength of will, content and a hundred other
virtues which tho idje never know." Tho
world owes no man a, living. Just to pay
one's debt for tho benefits of civilization will
tax every power that the strongest man pos
sesses. To throw oneself upon tho charity of
the community or upon the bounty of rich
ancestors Is the act of a qownrd or a thief.
The dlfferenco between tho weekly wage
earner nnd the man who Inherits money Is
only a difference of when the wago Is paid;
tho lowly worker la paid after his work Is
done, tho one who Inherits wealth Is paid .In
a lump before he begins his task; It Is
doubly dishonorable for tho born-rich to be
lazy, becauso ho steals his wages and breaks
tho code of honor to hoot.
Sir Joshua Reynolds, tho artist, said: "If
you havo great talents, Industry will Improve
them; If you havo but moderate talents, In
dustry will supply their deficiency. Nothing
Is denied to well-directed labor; nothing Is
to bo obtained without It." Thalborg, tho
musician, said that he never played a selec
tion In public until he had rehearsed It
1500 times. When some one was talking
nbout a certain person as being a mlraclo of
genius, Sydney Smith broko In upon the
speaker, saying, "Yes, he Is a mlraclo of
genius because he is a mlraclo of labor; be
causo. Instead of trusting to tho reources of
his own single mind, ho has ransacked a
thousand minds; because ho makes use of tho
accumulated wisdom of the ages, and takes
as his departure tho very last lino and boun
dary to which science has advanced; because
It has nlways been the object of his llfo to
assist every Intellectual gift of Nature, how
over munificent and however splendid, with
every resource that art could suggest and
every attention that diligence could bestow."
The Promise of Youth
Lord Macaulay somottmes wrote for 12
hours nt a stretch. "I have made myself
what I am by Intense labor," ho Bald. John
Ruskln onco remarked, "When I hear a
young man spoken of as giving promlso of
high genius, the first question I ask about
him Is, 'Does he work7' " Byron declared,
"Tho only genius I know anything about Is
to work IB hours a day." Speaking of him
self, Alexander Hamilton said' "People some
times attrlbuto my success to genius. AH the
genius I know anything about Is hard work."
Daniel Webstor testified; "Work mado mo
what I am. I never atp a bit of Idle bread
In my llfo."
At tho age of 47 Edison could say: "Judg
ing by tho standards of tho ordinary man's
working day, I am muoh older than I look.
Tho average working day Is eight hours long.
For 21 years I havo averaged 19 hours per
day. That makes me 82 years old. I con
tlnuo to And my greatest pleasure, and no my
reward. In tho work that precedes what the
world calls success."
Nowhere Is It more truo than In business
that the foundation of all prosperity and suc
cess Is hard work. The young man who
gives the minimum of time to his occupation
or profession in order to give tho maximum
to pleasure is headed straight for disaster.
Between tho ages of 20 and 40 It Is almost
Impossible for a man to work too hard; un
less something has perverted his nature, any
man will glory In tho amount of work ho can
do. All big fortunes rest upon hard labor.
It took Johns Hopkins seven years of the
itinst drudging toil to make his first $800;
Andrew Carnegie spent the first 18 years of
his business life in tolling like a slave to
accumulate J1000; Cecil Rhodes got hold of
his first mine only after 15 years of unremit
ting effort; Peter Cooper, working 16 hours a
day, was earning only 9 a week after 10
years; Adolph Sutro spent nine years of the
most terrific labor in driving his tunnel to
drain the abandoned "Comstock" mine;
Charles Broadway Rouss always rose at 4
a. m. and worked for 14 hours without inter
mission. Killing Time Is Suicide
These examples aro sufficient to prove that
hard, steady and well-directed work is the
key to progress. The easiest way to spoil to
morrow Is to waste today. Killing timo is
tho surest way of committing business sui
cide. Nature makes few mistakes. Han was
made for work. Every faculty, every sense,
every nerve and every muscle Is planned for
a definite purpose and fitted for specific use.
The physical system Is a set of skilful and
highly tempered tools, and the will Is the
master workman who uses them. They may
wear out in course of time, but tho will rust
out much more quickly. Non-use Is misuse
and misuse is abuse. "If you want knowl
edge," said Ruskin, "you must toll for it; if
food, you must toll for It; and If pleasure,
you must toll for It; toll Is the law." The
man who shirks or slurs his work because it
does not Immediately pay large wages will
end by having neither work nor wages, be
cause ho will have become a poor workman.
Idleness spells inefficiency. The very worst
result of the habit of carelessness or Indiffer
ence Is not felt by the employer, hilt by the
worker himself, for by not doing everything
to the best of his ability he soon loses the
ability to do anything well.
Colonal Coethal Job
Ffj the Waahlmton Tlmu.
it to be demonstrated whether Colonel
is as good a dlpJonwt as he lsren
ihether he knows his International law
It IS yet
glneer. whether he knows his International law
as well as he doa the butkUng of a canal But
It Is to be tahJ. on the evidwwe at hand, that
be tutelar the same energy and detanoiaa.
lien about managing nd protecting hi canal
that he did in building it
Colosei Qoethala' demand for sons destroyers
te do seout work in the effort to enforce neu
trality iguU.t!oa does not by any neaps in
ttteata that einbarraislns complication with
HT s ths warring eountrlas ar la sight; but
It dMS suggest that tbla country needs to be
atriet and insistent in exercising it authority.
Vttuu th Mllwaulna Joiu-ual.
Tk liMtaslnx Haws af the war, Its reUat
lc (KoaMMftioa, aBjbstttr how areat the aaort.
taea, maaa that mtOlm of aureptans are wo,
Iny ta r frM iht Htuatt as soon as the
oftMaBS ef fc var wW arBtt
'WmA at slHiog hardUg in altl and
vwnt ' Bsar-starratlon waaM, (hey aiut h
.takajft ts Um unjt4 sMk oi Um wat
VuHm4 nasniryiax tha housing, hlth and
toot lirve o( tb Utlca iby ahvrtiid uo
trIUut cnl(rtn.j lo tha (M-oducuos of tow)
With iba lll(4i,i uabiu ef lEwroeaajss u tL
umm -H- 'it- h Jl-srt) j;;ded iitiltit of
tj.il' tua mta tii. uliaba wvudtj-iijj! ,
' taa blp oi ib iaff mWtlMtiea: g
TO HIM WHO HATH - ?
. y mi
, ? I ti f-rM 5tS!iSfwr at 4w-"ifJi?l5BITrra JJS!vC?5SElir H lMHroMf i a -- i!j
Increasing number after the war. Europe
will then be much less tolerable to them. These
also should be distributed under tho beneficent
hand of Uncle Sam, whenever their lack of
financial resources or lack of information fall
to place them in the right spot.
Tho representatives of Uncle Sam should
know Just where places are open In every city
nnd farm nook of the country and see that
tho newcomers reach them.
Our coming Immigrant problem should be
studied now and remedies found before tho
human flood engulfs us at the close of tho war,
AMERICAN HEN A SACRED BIRD
The Pot of Gold at the End of the Egg-Rainbow,
and the Way Thither.
1ET us admit as tho first premise that tho
J Amorlcan hen is both a sacred and an
imperishable Institution. Sho produces a
half billion or so of wealth a year, more
than 200 eggs per capita for our entire popu
lation, and nn immense total of broilers,
roasters and casserolo and frlcasseo by
products. What part of this fabulous wealth aro jou
getting? Havo you a llttlo poultry-yard
back of our house? For jou, If jou want
to, can mako that Oregon hen that estab
lished a world's record by averaging an
egg a day for a year look sick and measly,
anemia and Inefficient. It will mako you
tired to contemplate how boastful were the
faculty of tho Oregon Agricultural College
over the achievement of that pampered hen.
That. Is always tho trouble with scientific
tests. They are perpetually at varianco with
your own proven equations. They rob the
poultry Journals, circulars and catalogs of
their romance, glvo the lie to your success
ful egg-producing neighbor and genernllyi
upset tho happy balances of the universe.
Why, everi' day you are reading advertise
ments of guaranteed layers, guaranteed set
tings, guaranteed egg foods. Everywhere
you go In the country the landscape Is
speckled with poultry, and then there Is
that half-bllllon a year. Somebody Is get
ting It, and why not dig In for your share?
It Is my aim and design to encourage
rainbows. Without rainbows this llttlo old
cosmos of ours would be a sad and dismal
sphere. The American egg-rainbow Is In
deed of incalculable Intrinsic worth. It has
a far greater effect In keeping down the
price of eggs than any cold-storage con
spiracy you ever read of. I know that from
my own brother's experience, backed up by
the experience of three aunts and one
coustn. Thoy all raise eggs and sell some
of them. They have fresh eggs on their
table and now and then they kill a rooster
and stew It. They rarely kill a hen until It
has lapsed six months In tts functions as
a layer. My brother Is a sentimentalist and
chloroforms them. He built a box for this
purpose at considerable cost.
That, of course, la aside from the rainbow.
This is pertinent. I have been over their
books with all these blood relations and find
that It costs none of them more than SO
cents a dozen as a yearly average to pro
duce fresh eggs. When egs were down to
30 cents a dozen fresh eggs they held up
this average finely. We were forced Into
algebraic equations to unravel the cost of
these home-raised table delicacies. The
stew chickens did not top 40 cents a pound,
excluding necks and feet, but including
bones. There had been enough broilers sac
rificedboth pullets and cockerels during
visits of rich relatives to take care of an
Insignificant deficit, keeping the net cost
down to a little less than l a pound.
My brother hsd not trenched deep enough
with his wire entanglements to repel wea
sels, and when he had added this safeguard
he suffered slightly, from an invasion of
ellrn rats. Ha oheertully met this exigency
by providing a wire of finer mesh, and had
practically rebuilt his flock when they all
came down with the roup. He fought roup,
pip and hen-bronohltts with great skill, and
today I am sure he Is qualified to take the
pulse of and nreserlba for every breed of
chicken, known upon the first appearance of
any gup of 704 or so symptoms of record.
It has always bean a profound mystery
to me why John D. Rockefeller did not buy
a sure-tWBg agg-produclng fleck after ha
had saved that first thousand dollars. He
njgfet have eorftM-Mi tfi American sea
KHBaftow, and I 4wbt If Ms oil wea are
producing qnlU batf bqilan a ys,
Tbla km rainbow tauat aevar be allowed
to grow Atnv It la a national assat. It pro
duces at leaat flWtMOW in wealth a year
at the eest of not aore tnau tsO6,0,9i tu
the proauvra But U.te 1 aa ttaoneaaa
trufit In ibis Ks tr iie ttr almpl.9 r
mQh th" tr ' leant tuf.-.dQmv worth
WITH THE RED
American Society's Snlcndid Work
By J. C.
SINCE tho beginning of the war the Ameri
can National Red Cross has expended ap
proximately $500,000 in Europo. By tho end
of tho present year the expenditures' will
amount to moro than J760.00O.
The offer of tho Red Cross to send doctors
and nurses and supplies was accepted by all
the countries' affected by tho war, and In
August It was determined to send a ship
loaded with relief supplies for tho stricken
people. At flfst tho Intention was to secure
one of tho army transports of the United
States for this service; but this was found
to be Impracticable, as theso ships were em
ployed In bringing American refugees out
of tho war zone. Tito Hamburg-American
Lino thon offered one of Its' finest vessels for
tho Bum of $1, and the offer was accepted.
Thero wns delay in dispatching the ship be
cause of tho protests mado by tho Ambassa
dors of Franco nnd Germany on acount of
tho nationality of tho crew, and these protests
imposed a very considerable expense, as un
necessary as It was unexpected, upon tho
Red Cross, which was compelled to organize
a new crow and pay the discharged crew a
full month's wages. Tho fault-finders, with
out any knowlodge of tho facts, severely
criticised tho Red Cross for this unavoidable
Whon tho ship, which had beon rechrlsten
ed "Red Cross," got away on September 13,
It was loaded to tho gunwales with supplies,
and carried doctors and nurses. To know
how thoroughly the expedition had been lit
fitted, this manifest of the cargo is worth
11J.SC0 pounds (CCS bales) absorbent cotton.
198.450 pounds (2103 bales) non-absorbent cotton,
19,400 pounds (140 cases) bandages.
431,000 yards ,(9S cases) gauze.
4000 cans chloroform and ether.
6 cases vaseline.
3 cnaes adhesive plaster.
21 gallon iodine.
6 cases surgical supplies,
17 cases miscellaneous supplies,
Hospital Once a Gambling Palace
The Bhlp carried; 10 units of surgeens and
nurses. A unit Is an arbitrary term, and
means 3 surgeons and 12 nurses, so that
there were 30 surgeons nnd 12Q nurses' on the
Red Cross. The first landing was made
at Falmouth, Englnnd, whence the two units
Intended for Russia were dispatched by devi
ous routes' to their destination at Kiev, 450
miles east of the southern Russian army,
where they are attending a military hospital
supplied with 800 beds. On tbelr arrival In
Russia the surgeons were required to
change their uniforms to the Russian gray
or slate.colored habits, and were made
officers in the Russian Red Cross,
Tha two English units were dispatched to
the hospital at Paignton, South Devonshire,
established by the American wives of Eng
lishmen. From Falmouth the ship went to
Paulllac, the port of Bordeaux, where 100
tons of supplies were discharged for the
French Red Cross! and for the American Em,,
basijy at Paris, Six surgeons and 24 nurses
.were sent to Paris, where they were assigned
to a hospital which wasformerly a gambling
At Rotterdam the units and supplies for
Austria, Germany and Belgium were landed.
The Belgian supplies were sent to Ghent, and
were, probably captured by the Germans four
days later. The units for Austria and Ger
many wars ant to Berlin, where they di
vided Qne of the Austrian units is at the
Imperial and Itoyal Rwervo Heepjtal, No. 8,
in "Vienna, arid the other is at Budapest. Qne
of the German units Is a( Glerloitr. la Qer
ipan Silesia, and' the other Is at Oosei. The
hospital at the former place was formerly a
There are 43 American surgeon and 1G
American nurses now engaged kj the sarvloa
of the Aawiean Red Cross U tfce slaropean
hiwpUaV. The surgaans wlfo. jtttie4 M the
first bp raprsaaat M of th Aiwicaj guui
Ths smrs-eona sail this vyfc te Join those
alraady W th SeJA. J latmhw tr
unit sonsictiiig f wew4 and W Bunas,
wr Mot to ttarrlit, sod found their way to
Bejgr&da The obier units, atauuiuig Q( a
ujrgtiona and 13 aunt war am to aWtl
on Ho ember H
"'bwi h fai ay faliicg - i it-m t
l-jUt-i wf lam Aai9fui WO'
Surgeons and Nurses Into Midst of War Tells Experiences. "iy
CROSS IN EUROPE
Army Officer Who Conducted
geons, trained in tho host schools c-fc th m
United States, havo offered themselves tath,
Ameilcan Red Cross for service In the fioid,-'
In addition, 6500 American -women, who atei
trained nurses, have volunteered. It has fcen '
determined by tho authorities that rig more 3
surgeons and nurses will be sent except on
tne application of tho Red Cross In the coun
tries at war, or with their approval. lnci
September S medical equipment and hospital';
supplies have been forwarded to Europa by "
20 ships that have been dispatched from thp
In the Mitht of War
Tho Red Cross ship was In command of
Captain Armlstead Rust, U. S. fc., retired,
and the Red Cros3 personnel was under tho
speclallcaro of Major Robert U. Patterson,
of the United States Army, who haa toon de
tached for service with the Red Cross. Major
Patterson's professional attainments and his
most acceptable work with thu army in thai
Philippines and elsewhere in the field have
eminently qualified him for the great Tork !
which ho is now engaged. Ho tells a moving
story of the Red Cross expedition to Eija
rope tho tense excitement of the doctors I
tho nurses on their way to tho relief
wounded and dying mop In Europe, tho de
tlon of the nurses going to the hospital
without thought of themselves and the!'
privations, but only of .their opportunity
help savo tho unfortunate.
When the Red Cross ship reached
mouth, Admiral Ward, U. S. N took genet
charge of the ship, nnd rendered most
ceptablo service, his gifts as a linguist, lit
long service at sea and his knowledge
mon and -emotions especially fitting him 1
the part he played In connection with t!
cruise of charity.
Major Patterson says that wherever th!
Red Cross people went they werq recetvelj
witn outstretched arms. In England th
whole body of surgeons and nurses were most
handsomely entertained, and in the countrUy
which, so to say, were under fire, they i
Major Patterson saw a great many of
wounded in English, French, German and
Dutch hospitals, He wns Impressed by
number of men who had been wounded It
tho back, not because they had been i
ning from the enemy, but because they
been ntruck by tho fragments of shells whl
in tho trenches. Nearly all the wounds it
celved were Infected, because unlike the lo?
dlera In the United States service, the mis
had not been equipped with the little pafkfl
wnicn every American soldier must have
his equipment a sort of first aid ;o tha in
jurea. e could not speak the qerman
guage ana converse with the Gerrai
wounded, whom he saw In the hospitals,
he found among th English, Scotch
Irish with whom he talked a unanimous v
for recovery, that they might return tp tli
firing line. So far as he could dtrmin thl
was the wish nearest their hearts, and It 5
courageq, or course, a disposition wh
neipea towarq recovery.
"War ana Other News
From th Nrw Terk Tim..
Tt would be Interesting- if some pychol(iie
utkfvan puuiu lurura out juti wnat prci
age of International Irritation. Ja)ouy, etll
and mtaunderatandlna- la uraataA hv tha ec
taut tabling from ona country to anethtr
,.i(imiBuii vmg a important.
THE CRICKET AND THE M00?('
unoe m a country far aoro tha op Ma,
AttU 9!y year ago.
!IA.WM. ?. "troI"9 niaitri boy with ealy
HI violin and bow.
Clad In a suit Qf rusty Waak ha wanAerad
Frora town to town hv div.
And slept beneath the tra ta ojn w4j
Oa as fu lira f0 4aamAa 1 19
-. W 4iee)tuii, no-y.
lLVrcd b,i WrMwwn lar vti
m uviv wtaj 9B IRA i,
Ha diad for lav of h.
suu ia a emt or rusty Waok h wx4
In mofcy fc-s-rdana old,
Au4 plavi bjith soma dara 4t4 ! t "
" hi tr.altj tvtaa u,l
T5f tut, r " vUid ao4 ita ( j
ms ,tjaa 8J o.i at I.
a ai ia AJxi js la
. . i