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EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1914
WARSAW HEARS THUNDER OF GERMAN GUNS AS INVADING HOST MASSES FOR.BLOW
AS GUNS OF KAISER
BATTER CZAR'S LINE
Fierce Battle Rages Along
Bsura River as- Germans
Drive at Russian Centre.
PETItOCmAD, Dec. 21.
.Great German columns are trylnir to
. batter a. way through lit rtusslan de
fensive petitions west of Warsaw to open
a root (or an advance upon the capital
' The sound of the cannonado tan be
'heard In Warsaw, but It Is officially as
kiierted. hera that the Germans' advance
" toward mat city has been so seriously
' checked that It cannot be resumed for
. The capture of Lwl puts the army of
Invasion In a strenstnenea position direct
ly west of Warsaw, and gives partial con
trot nf tho Bsnira lllvor along which a
fierce buttle now Is rnRlnir. To the south
first encounters are under way on tho
'The Russian army defondlrur Warsay
haa oomploted the formation of Its new
line before tho Polbih Capital. Only a
battle' of enormous proportions will per-
mlt tilt Germans to break through. Tho
force of flrand Duko Nicholas are rte
dared to number more than t$00,0 men
and the entire Russian line' has been
Reinforcements which- have been hurried
Into' l'oland have enabled, Grand' Duke
.- Nicholas tr lengthen this lino defending
Warsaw Into a continuous battle from
the Vistula to the rillzc river.
The people of Warsaw are suffering ns
a result 'of the battle raging- almost at
their doom. German aviators In aero
planes and Zeppelins have bombarded
,the city three times within a week, kill
ing 42 persons and Injuring many more
Supplies of food In "Warsaw aro giving
out and hundreds are leaving tho city.
All the available trains lire being used
to transport Russian troops to the front
beyond Warsaw, ana mis nas mane u
Impossible to replenish the dwindling
food supplies there.
GERMANS SEIZE RAILWAY .KEY
TO WARSAW, IS REPORT
' Capture of Sklernlowlco Closes Itouto
to Czar's Belnforcements.
BERLIN, Dec. 21.
The capture of 8k!orn!owice. an Im
portant railroad centre of Poland, 40 miles
from' Warsaw, by German troops Is re
ported In a dispatch received from Brcs
lau today. Thla town la a Junction point
for three railroads, the lines running to
Warsaw, Lodz and Lowicz. Its capture
hows that the Germans have "advanced
SO miles since taking Lodz, Sklernlewlc
being that dlstanco from the Polish man
ON FOE'S RIGHT
Continued from I'age One
artillery, assaults so heavy that the
cannonading is audible ,n Warsaw,
.the strongly reinforced German army
pf invasion .is actively battering its
.'way through the lines of defense.
These have be,en constantly strength
ened by fresh troops .from the in
terior, and both along the Bzura and
Rava Rivers arc stemming the Ger
man tidal wave.
Capture of Lowicz, announced at
the German army headquarters jn
Posen and admitted in Petrograd dis
patches, affords Von Hindenburg a
vantage point for driving his wedge
upon the Polish capital.
From Breslau is reported the cap
ture of Skierniewice, an important
railway junction for Varsaw. Lodz
and Lowicr. German possession of
the latter two cities and the strategic
junction point of Skierniewice, ef
fectually closes the route for Russian
reinforcements from the south.
In South Poland the Austro-Ger-mn
continpent has pnshe'd beyond
Pfofrkow, while in Galicia their an
nounced pursuit of the retreating Rus
sian column is reported by Vienna as
Fierce onslaughts on the Czar's
t'-'Hrmy engaged in the siege of Przem
1 1..1 rffiiJ Alia Jrtnha. An tlmf
beleaguered fortress. For three days
two Russian corps have been hammer
ed by a force of Austrian s coming
across the Carpathians at Lupkow
Pass near Sanok V'enna announces
that the force besieging Przemysl is
at a low ebb of fighting efficiency on
account of a lack of supplies and men.
Petrograd reports a halt of the Ger
man advance and fierce fighting for
possession of the Bsura River, and. as
well, that the Germans have failed in
all attempts to pass the Vistula.
Turkish attacks in the Van region,
Caucasia, were repulsed by the Rus
sian forces, infliqtinp heavy losses.
Bombardment of the Dardanelles
forts has begun. The allied fleet,
probably 40 vessels, is engaged in the
?ocn!iiK, which commenced Saturday.
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CZAR'S NEW BATTLE FRONT
FOR DEFENSE OF WARSAW
Lcnczica J&M&'i , ir V" ftwccrmt
j" '.:r.',-'.'!''"y!t"".i'V'V-"v' n'AttV'
Some Idea of what has really happened in the eastern battle front can
now be obtained from the guarded official statements of Petrograd,
Berlin and Vienna. It appears that there Has not been such a great
German victory as Berlin went wild over on Thursday, but there has
been an important Russian reverse and retirement to a new line of
defense. Petrograd frankly fold Tuesday how the Czar's troops had
been forced back along the line from Kiernosia to Sochazew (1), to
within about 30 miles of Warsaw. Other reports told of a great
German concentration south of the Vistula which evidently proved
too strong for the Russians In this vicinity. Petrograd also said that
a realignment of the Czar's armies was under way. On Friday the
Germans supplied the information that they had occupied Lowicz (2),
and the Austrians on Thursday said that Plotrkow (3) had been taken
by storm. These announcements fitted in well with the claim of a
general Russian retreat, but they also showed the Russians had left
sufficient rearguards to hold back pursuers for from two to three
days. The shaded portion of the map shows the German advances.
Now Berlin and Petrograd together tell of the new line. Tho
Russians hold the lower Bsura River past Sochazew. There is no
evidence that they have given up Skierniewice. Then their line runs
in front of Rawa where, the Germans say, they are taking up a strong
position. German and Austrian reports then carry the Russian line
on almost a straight line south along the Nheida and Dunajec" Rivers
to the foothills of the Carpathians. It is on this line that the new
battle Is now developing. Other features of the recent fighting are
shown by the letters. (A) represents the German attempts to descend
on Warsaw from the north which was beaten west by the Russians
and then across the Prussian frontier. (B) shows a fresh German
attempt In this territory by way of Wiozlawski. The Russians have
foiled an attempt to cross the Vistula and may launch an attack
against the rear of the German forces facing Warsaw. (C) shows
the nearest point of German approach to Warsaw not In this cam
paign, but In that of October and November.
ITALIANS DENOUNCE AUSTRIA
AS KING HONORS VON BUELOW
Restoration of Adriatic Forts De
manded by Blotors.
ROME, Dec. 21. Tropps subdued riotous
patriots who tried to turn the anniver
sary of the death of the Irrodentlst lead
er, Oberdank, yesterday Into a violent
demonstration against Austria.
The rioters vociferously demanded res
toration to Itnly of Trieste and the other
In contrast, King Victor Emmanuel re
ceived' with high honors. Prlrice von Rue
low, formerly German Chancellor, the new
German Ambassador here, whose mission.
It la supposed. Is to Induce Italy to Join
her former allies In the war.
Obeidank was executed for his plot
to assassinate Emperor Franz Jawt of
Austria. In Trieste, 1SS3.
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1 ' '
ALLIES SHELL OTTOMAN
FORTS ON DARDANELLES
Forty Warships Pound at Acgean
LONDON, Dec. 2t.
An Athens dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company reports that, the
allied (let bombarded tho Interior forts of
the Dardanelles en Saturday.
"Forty British and French warships
are gathered outside (name deleted by
cantor), with the evident Intention of
forcing their way throuch.
"This, however, will be Impossible as
the fortifications have been greatly
strengthened and the water is thickly
strewn with mines."
The fact that French warships were
part of the fleet, mentioned In this dis
patch, was regarded as strong evidence
that the point off which the warships
Vera gathersd was tho Dardanelles.
KAISER OFF FOR THE FRONT
Spend Christmas Say
I"orces In Field.
BEltMN, Dec. 21.
Kaiser "Wllhelpi has returned to tho
front. Ah omdftt statement today de
clares that his Majesty has been com
pletely restored to health and has left
Uerlln to Join his army In .tho field.
Reports state that tho Kaiser was ac
companied to tho front by the Ministers
of War, Marine and Foreign Affairs. The
return of the heads of the Government
departments to the field headquarters
suggests that the Kaiser Intends to re
main at the front for some time after
spending Christmas with hla forces.
LONDON, Deo. 21. "Despite the omdal
announcement, thero aro null doubts that
the Kaiser has completely recovered,"
says an Exchango Telegraph dispatch
"The doctors strongly opposed his de
parture from Berlin, but the chief of the
military department insisted that ho
must spend Christmas at the front and
encourage tho troops.
"The Kaiser acquiesced and' left the
capital pale and 111 amid ittsoluto silence
and without any demonstrations."
CZAR HONORS AERIAX HAIDER
PETROOnAD, Dec. 21. Emperor Nicho
las has conferred a military decoration
upon a Russian aviation officer, who mado
a daring Might over Stallupoencn, East
VriisJlH, and deatiayed, with bombs tho
railroad station there and a large section
of the railroad used for transporting Ger
' - -ft
BRITISH TARS BREAKFASTED
BEFORE ENGAGING ENEMY
Went Into Action With Full Stom
achs and Clean Faces,
BUENOS A111E3, Dec, 21.
Prospect of a fight to the death with
Admiral von Spee's fleet didn't stop
British tars from washing tip their faces
and hands and getting a hearty break
fast before they stood by their guns.
They sighted the Germans-and then
breakfast. What happened to the Ger
mans Is now history.
Admiral Sturdee told the Intimate lit
tle details of his famous sea. fight In a
"We were grimy from cdallng when
tho Germans were sighted approaching,"
he said. "1 made the signal to get up
steam. Then we had breakfast. Every
body washed up. The British were fresh
and clean and ready for the fight by the
time wo began to get close. Wo divided
our squadron. Then the pursuit began.
It was a pursuit, because when the enemy
found they were up against It they made
off. We steamed away after, them at 20
knots. It was six hours before we came
within range. Then the Germans saw
there was- no escape. They-'turned and
accepted thb inevitable. We sunk tlio
flagship Sehamhorst. at 1 o'clock, and
the Inst of their squadron to participate
In the engagement at 6 o'clock. This
was tho I.elpslg. The Glasgow sank hor.
The Dresden got away."
"Providence gave us the opportunity,"
tho Admiral concluded. "Wo had only a
Bmall fleet and had beon In tho Fntk-
lands only 24 hours. Tho Germans went
down bravely with their colors flying."
Admiral Sturdeo explained that the
Nurnberg, which flod when the battlo
rtnrted, was overtaken and sunk by tho
The flagship Invincible cleared lato last
night for Chilean waters. Cables today
nay that' the Glasgow and Cornwall aro
now searching tho Chilean coast for the
RUSSIANS WIN IN CAUCASUS
Turk Attack Near Van Repulsed
With Heavy Loss,
PETROOnAD, Dec. 21. "An engage
ment with considerable Turkish forces
near Van Is taking a courso favorable to
our troops," says a dispatch received
from tho Russian commander In the
"A night attack by Turks near tho vil
lage of Alagcuze was repulsed with groat
Ii Gbmtmmjugijfestiom m
(l , '.iiwimmMffi'ii "J
li ' n
JEW E L E D
C H A.I N S '
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' WTCSH .CHAINS
Jeweled and Enameled Bracelet: and Pendant Watches
J. E. CALDWELL &S.
SDM, SAYS REPORT
Thunderer Wrecked in
North Sea by Torpedo or
Mine, According to Word
Brought to New York.
NEW YORK. Dec. 21. A report that
the British dreadnought Thunderer was
sunk In the North Sea on November 1,
by coming into contact "with a mine or
being hit by a torpedo, was brought hero
by Georgo Rottweiler, of Chicago, a pas
senger on the steamship St. Louis from
According to Rottweiler, the sinking of
the dreadnought was witnessed by eight
men, members of the crew of a smalt
Swedish sailing ship catted tho Sccfjord,
that put Into Liverpool with survivors
from tho dreadnought on board.
"Theso men were taken In charge by
British officers and wero kept under sur
vcllinnco at an out-of-the-way sailors'
mission," said -Mr. Rottweiler. "I heard
of the report In a round-about way, and,
through a friend, I managed to talk with
one of tho crew. Ho told mo that tho
Thunderer blew up and sank In full view
of himself and his mates on the Ecefjord.
Tho crew hastened to tho scene, and a
dozen of tho men were picked up from
Another passenger stated that It was
thought to be the German submarine
U-SG that sank the Thunderer, as welt
as the Audacious.
Regarding tho latter vessel, he said that '
the U-2C, subsequently sunk, by British
destroyers, discharged two torpedoes Into
tho "Audacious, one beforo the Olymplo
took her in tow, and later tho second,
Which struck the Audacious In tho stern,
while tho Olymplo was trying to tow her.
The Olympic, he stated, then cast off.
abdominal BurronTWia. nTo.
I.sdy'atttndant. Purchu PT.AVRTT'C
direct from th fuctory. iiV , V XjLiLi
1011 SPIUNO OAIWKN ST.
,V. ,, . .
i' s.SV i '
ft' f- t
i ii mi 1
xuo inunuorer wan muncnea In Jan. V
uarr. Mil. She has a displacement of i
22.600 tons. Is M feet long and has a eetnM
plement of DM men. Her armament cWxB
Slats 6f JO 13.6-Inch, It 4-Inch and 4 ound-$fi
guns and three torpedo tubes. ,-.'?
Anotner rumor nrougnt bacK by the tttS-K
x,uuid nna iimi. ma xjiiunu Bkeumsnip E4fp
oi siucruccn, ueiwceu uunuee and llula
had blunderingly sunk a British subM.fi
rine, and that tho captain of the Esil tti
iinerueen naa uccn iinpnsonea. Thel
Maritime Register falls td record thai
namo oi ino iirmsn sieamsmp mentlOnei
BALKAN ALLIES INVADE
AUSTRIA FROM THE S0UTF
Serbs and Montenegrins, Refitted by!
Spoils, March on Sarajevo.
LONDON, Dee. 21,'J
The Servian and Montenegrin &rmlJf
again havo joined hands after the defeat!
of the Austrians who Invaded Servla, anal
aro now making their second advanci
toward Barojevo, capital of Bosnia.
Tho two armies, the supplies of w'htcS
have been replenished by captures fron
the Austrians, have formed a Junction
near Vlshegrad, which the Montenegrin!!
have occupied. They expect to be beforil
Sarajevo within three or four days.
$200,000,000 ITALIAN X0AN
ROME, Dec. 2t A royal decree author-
lies the Issue of a loan of 1,000,009,000 lira
(1200,000,000) at i'.i per cent The Usui
will bo redeemable In 25 years ahd will!
be Issued at D7. Subscriptions will bj
opened In January.
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