Newspaper Page Text
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EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 23, lOTI!.,
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, PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
" crttua w. k. ctmns,
' $, W, Oct)t. Htcratafy i Jofcn d. Martin, Trtaeartri
Ftl It lAjdlnilim, Philip 0. Collins, John B. Wlt
iir ! Ctacs II. K. Cuius, Chairman.
ffJSG .ftttALBT Buttra Editor
'ipiIN tt MAtlfm . . . General Bnalnees Maet ter
iU i ,1 I i , i i I i r ii i hi
PubtlaheA dally at rcatid Lxixiei Dulldlnr,
I' Independence Squara, Philadelphia.
tteat CinMt, .Bread Anil Chestnut Streata
AxtaMTO Citt. rrtti-Vnton Bulldlnc
NW Toax UO-A, Metropolitan Tower
CntcUde SIT Home Ineurane Bulldlnt
IflXDOK.. . ,..,.... Waterloo Place, Tail Mall, 8. W.
NEWS BUREAUS t
iaattscio Bcatac ...The Patriot Buildlna
ManiFSToi uuaiau , . .ids 'oir Huuainc
kw-rdiuc JlonKiU The Tjmea Bulldlnr
riEJM )ttaLltt nn Frt(1r!helr.aa
onron ubimb r. ..n ran tiaii ratal, B. w.
ftia Bcasau 38 nua Louis I Grand
C By earrifr, 0lt.T o.ilr, atx eente. By mall, peitpald
anitala ef Philadelphia, uctpt nher ferelrn poefaie
U r4ulrd. Otiti O.iti. ona month, twtnty-Av cnti
JQitLT O.ilt, on year, thre dollar. All mall ub
niptioni payable In .advance.
XKLL, 8000 WALMTT
keystom:, main aooo
S JE' " Aiimt nil communication (a tvirtng
IIgjtcyVny Klepiwe B quart, rMladttpMa.
. '.ii . . . 1 1, ... , ... L
I HMtcazD it nt rnrusixtHU fonoinoi t aaooxa
f.' ouii nut Mitita,
PIULADWllIA, WKD.TESDAV, UECEMDER 2S, 1914.
auii'L'i - i
lt:teiU le n happier Christmas for you if
1ou tnakt U a happier ahrUtmas
j,j for lomebody eUe.
rii in n rtn. r ti..... t
V w- " "" "- " """
l7fyrAX with serlou discussion. Frivolity
' XaciU It mellow shadow before it. Half
MjeVklory of material Christmas Is In tho
preparation. There Is Joy In the purchasing
"'ft arid lov in the sendlnr. Pnlnrn muM nemp
y for tho lovo burled In that package, and
jitls .carries a burden of comradeship beyond
jraeairureniont by the scales. Mako ready for
The romping. Tlie drums will boat before tho
4awn find trumpets blow, all out of tunc, the
prweetest muslo In the world, as If In mockery
qt their thunderous counterparts on older
Wake way for the children! These aro tholr
days, granted to them by Santa Claus, the
jie king who Joins all nations In a parlia
ment of charity. No crossness, mind yout
' The kiddles' will not tolerate It Be pleasant,
very one of you old fellows, or tho goblins
wilt come and tho Imps of blucness fasten on
-, you. That's It, a amllo and a, laugh. Broken
Iready? Never mind, dear, mother w'H
j Biend it. Bend for the glue man. My, what
ftThouBo little brother haa bulltl He'll bo an
architect so mo day, and build real hospitals
for real people. And Jack Frost, too, full of
htlschtef Is out for a holiday. He la peeping
In through the windows. Perhaps he Is Jeal
ous of that new sled of Jack's.
The children's days! Of course thpy are,
days for big children and Httlo children, days
Of mirth, golden day to bo looked back to
through tho vista of tho years and the sad
, shadows of the wilderness.
God bless the little fellows, rich and poor,
whoso hearts are light and. spirits trustful.
(5h, to bo pne of them again! Tou can If you
'-try hard enough.
So Much Per. !
IUBJa.very simple to tho man on a salary;
Jit consists of dally, weekly and monthly
fcpnomtzlng In tho face of a constant and
Inexorable risp In the cost of living. "We
must cut our Christmas presents this year
to nave necessities, things to wear, that wo
ahould hava to buy anyway," he says to his
ifa,. "All right, dear," she responds, "I
think I can make It clear to the children."
Then ho ,gpes to his work with something
of tbfl ftprightllnesB missing from his step
amd (V little self-respect absent from tho poise
Of his head. How, where, when It will end
JlO does not know; but the average Ameri
can, working on a wage or salary. Is a
k SMent and courageous man, and he fronts
tho fact of life without flinching.
Wha,t ho would like to know ' whether
all these Government commissions and In
vestigations and prosecutions will really
help In the long run. Time after time he
lias thrilled to such rhetorical phrases as,
ft. Bq,uwre Deal," "The Full Dinner Paji." and
"arbs JVsw Freedom," but the pet results In
aliped monthly bills or Increased monthly
ajilfry hayo certainly nofc imbstantlated the
flowing propheoy. The maglo power of gov
ernment Is getting to be a myth, and the
yily thing that saves our boasted democratic
ISfltltutions from reprisals Is the genuine
Sno of humor possessed by American clt
ieens. "it cost thft Administration millions to
listen for a salute of 2t guns at Vera Crui,
pad, ncne ever heard it. The man on a
alarTttust Pay that bill In some form of
taxation. Increased commutation rates for
Snijejf and family will pot only mean the
Ipplns off of some pleasures for the family,
But" a deereeiatlon in hln llttta auburtan
Tiowe that he s buying by- instalments. If
- tlje freight rate on coal is really reduced It
ought to mean a saving of a million dollars
4 yar to Philadelphia householders, but
ho optjmlatit whp really belleTe that the
-gansuratr will actually proflt by the ruling
nr vary few.
KiMM wf8p lllmw "fwea or palaries are In an
pntHBung mwoniy, ana tney are grow
rlBlPatlent of the rainbow.husd nmmlui
l Wag no r al relief to the strain of Uv-
They txp not rejoicing over the 6 per
Hunt, freight Ipprease became they will foot
the- bill. What they want Is a strong, con
sistent and workable theory of government
that will bring them some tangible benefit,
Ridiculous Stories About Germona
CTlHHns are 70.000,000 Germans and they
irs not, uaroarjana. ine status of the
f will better be understood when that fact
SJBwed. Cpnsernlng the events whtsh
.,to the catastrophe, the subsequent
Belgium and other matters connected
its, there ta evldeaee that Oeruian
fin everatepiitd Itself, but Jt Is rldlu-
KIU to assuma that tlw Oerwan awjy Is
tjftBjffdttUijr atrocities wherever it ge. It
I attcabte that similar reports about the
JUUaw apjMar Is Qermaay. It is a har-
- ptar(sla of war that eaoli balMgerent ptp!
j TtHifTs iu ocnex a oe weesa iq naroarutp.
, Tff average Qtmurn soldier is Just as co-
that $ U flshtJug for the rlgbt as is
.iWWlar of the AUt. U Is Jst as
tu hie Uk aad dWtfca, Just as gp-
JwK and iw aw eru as stJt
(ones and itM&Wjm, as grtat a !vr
ft pte. If a is rswn4ft) at British aarc
p8iu it weft. Uaa ajpi jr-sdt n
ft. K love ike EMinm. aa b eught to leva
ii, Hl WBtt eod h4 paxu.lc, ad tkwo Is Just
04 mucii goe4 Is tOw tits im la y otsr
mkm, vnaV wlisre er iar what He Is
gtffuuM: ttt lIMtr1s-n ims lmm:
' f fT HWi t JAl f ttf.
S 1 "sSJ
mistake than to accept at their face value
tho utterly foolish stories about Germany as
a nation gone mnd In blood. There In another
side to tho story. Few Americana hav6 seen
It, for we are on this" sldo of tho battlellne.
but the history of the Clerman peopjo Is
sufflclertt proof that they take tho field wljih
out becoming' savages and aro doubtless aa
civilized as their opponents.
" -Autl on Earth Pence, Good Will
""PEACE on earth to mon of good wlllI"
" "My peace I leave with you; not as tha
world glveth glvo I unto you," "His name
shall bo called tho Prince of Pcacol" Twenty
centuries, and those words of the Man of
Galilee grew clearer and dearer to tho hearts
of men; yet how faint and strange they
sound this Chrlstmastlde, ljeard to tho awful
obllgato of belching cannon, spitting rifle,
bursting shell and tho moans of dying, men
and the sobs of widowed women. Can It
be all unreal, untrue and unbelievable? Are
lovo and brotherhood only myths that held
their sway awhile and are now fading out
of the race? Can it be true that all tho
prayers end hymns and sacrifices of sixty
generations wero but the heart-hunger Illu
sions of -mon who desired what humanity
might never possess? And the sublime
cathedrals and chasto churches and sacred
eltars were they but glorious symbols of a
futllo hope and a phantom faith?
No, It cannot be so. The capacity to rise
Involves the liability to fall. Mankind has
forgotten for the moment. In a parenthesis
of unreasoning passion wo havo harked back
to the primeval. Surprised and stampeded,
the nations have broken from their acknowl
edged Ideals, trampled upon their creeds and
reversed tho habits of mind and heart long
oultlvatod with Infinite care. But it is mo
mentary, the doltrium of a day, the horrible
unreason of the dream that comes on the
threshold of the dawn. It will pass nnd tho
world will awake to a new faith, a new love,
a new peace.
Burely tho Irrationality of the hour will
not obliterate the accumulated wisdom of
the centuries. The face of the Prince 61
Peace may bo veiled in grief today; tomor
row It will smile upon the world with a new
and sweeter benediction, for all men will be
wiser and kinder and more brotherly1 after
the awful baptism of this frightful war.
No National Prohibition
MORE than 6,000,000 Americans petitioned
Congress to pass tho resolution submit
ting a constitutional amendment to the peo
ple with a view to forbidding tho manufac
ture, exportation or Importation of Intoxicat
ing liquors. Never before has tho temperance
question emerged formally as a national Is
sue. It does not follow that those who voted
against the submission of the amendment are
the friends and sponsors of liquor. There Is
a very serious question of governmental
method Involved In tho question. Very many
of those who nro Inflexibly opposed to tho
use of Intoxicating liquors, and who nro fully
awaro qf the evils that flow from Intemperate
habits, still feel that tho only right and
proper way of regulating or eliminating tho
traflla Is through local option within tho
bounds of the several States.
But It Is significant that tho liquor question
should be the most vital Issue in tho country.
Except on the plea of personal liberty, It has
few defenders. On economic. Industrial,
physiological, penological, social and moral
grounds liquor drinking Is without defense.
How to eradicate it from tho life of the na
tion is now the paramount problem. The
Evenino LnDaER believes firmly in local op
tion by counties. It Is obvious that when all
the counties of a State go "dry" that Stato
will be In the temperance column, and when
all tho States go dry national prohibition will
be accomplished automatically. One thing la
certain: that the debate and voto in- Con
gress mark the real beginning of the and of
the liquor business as it used to be in
Sharpen the Tool Again
iT SMASHING the anthracite rates Into
Philadelphia, tho Publlo Service Com
mission has amply demonstrated Its utility
as an Instrument of government. It has
achijved what no other government tool pre
viously in the employ of the people has
been able to accomplish. It has remedied
a vested Injustice and has proved beyond
peradventure the wisdom of Its creation.
It Is more than ordinarily unfortunate,
therefore, that the commission should be
caught In the quicksands in reference to
the commutation situation. There is no one,
wo surmise, who imagines for a mlnuto that
the commission had any ulterior purposes In
view or was tampered with. The Issue, is
simply one of gullibility, of a failure on the
part pf the commission to appreciate the
peculiar conditions under which It operates
end tho necessity that It be above suspicion.
A reputation for absolute and undeviatlng
fairness must bo to suoh a body Jhat virtue
la to a woman.
The commission owes It to the State, as
well as to Itself, to get back on solid ground.
Its unseating would be a harsh measure, of
doubtful desirability and wisdom. Certainly,
however, the Commonwealth is entitled to a
further explanation and substantial guar
anties for the future.
Four million egga hava been shipped to
England. Thus does' the great' American
hen contribute her unpoetlcal lay.
Great Britain's anxiety to obey the laws
of neutrality at the Isthmus needs only to be
carried Into effect to be appreciated,
1 " an ii lapwiietpiiseaiii-ie
When It comes down to army qwta all
that Missouri asks Is to be shewn the coin
to pay fer tfeeip.
Any ess who has seen the piles f Qttrist
mas mall at Broad Street Station, Reading
Terminal sad tjie Postofllee in past years
should net have to be reminded that early
I seeding la early dsHvsry.
Oseer gtrau. wtsKleg to do hij b4t by
tee relief funds ef JBunww, sts a tytftdf avc
aHHite ef teaavway by re4geiB freai aecteWes
aed etaJae than do tfee ee we out (farwe
teste txfieeditiires en tjw preduets eeet tea
Tfcs UsJtftd tt aa,??, seya Admiral
jfiakf, wlU a v years ef m rattan u
yt in seepe te ) auffiefefwtbi a first -Hitim
Bwrep nvy It 4xw4a u, ) tmi,
we mrffileft, m whet bepins i ti Stee
, . , jJay
rt-irrrwrmrrr'rr .jinTlrTrorrr-riiag''"i---' iimin iy Miipiiiiiinii i iiiiilMiiiffinr,CTi",TnATf tsBsmMosmmmiimmfsx
NO SENTIMENT IN VOTE
ON liOBSON RESOLUTION
Many Members of House Who Daily
Take n "Wee Nippy" Supported
Measure Wliilo Ardent "DrysFought
. , ... -
By E. W TOWNSEND
TJlOUn Congressmen we're, on .their, way to
X tho Columbia golf links, three of one po
litical fattli, one of another; therefore they
could not divide for their proposed foursome
on party lines,
Then it was disclosed that two purposed
voting for Hobson'a prohibition measure, twb
against, so the division for the foursome was
made on that line.
"Vhat will there, be on the game besides
a ball a hole?" one asked.
"Tho drinks, of cdu'rse," the other three
nnswored as one.
And the point of that observation also lies
In tho application of it. "When this long
dreaded trial of faith came upon members
there were men who dally take their more
or less weo nippy conspicuous In tho op
posing ranks of those fighting with Hob
son, nnd equally conspicuous in tho oppos
ing ranks wero some of the most determined
.advocates of prohibition In tho House. In
deed, tho Hobeon resolution foiled becauso
It lacked the solid support of members from
Westerners Were 'Worried
That fine and clcar-thlnWng man, Judge
Adamson, of Georgia, who, perhaps as much
as any man In his State, helped to make
Georgia "dry," opposed tho Hobson resolu
tion because ho bolloves and so stated on the
floor recontly that prohibition cannot be en
forced except by local self-government.
Many Southerners voted against Hobson be
causo of their general objection to the ex
ercise of Federal police power in tho States.
But it has not been among our Southern
brethren that earthquakes of doubts and vol
canoes of perturbation have created mental
agonies of late. It is the "Western brothor
from a State already dry or rapidly de
veloping signs of an early Intention to come
In out of the wot who haa been shaking with
the miseries. Truly rural districts do not
causo these sinking spells, but the member
with a mixed district, partly urban, partly
rural (with mahy foreigners in tho towns,
perlmpa) his., visible sorrow is nuch that
Btrong men turn asldo rather than face him.
Those who cannot avoid meeting him In
variably, after the rude manner of man try
ing to console, aak him to take a drink. I
wonder why that Is. "Why do wo not, ob
serving that our friend Is unhappy, offer to
buy him some ham and eggs 7 A soul Is na
likely to bo hungry as thirsty; thcro is com
fort in apples as well as In nlo.
Uncle Sam's Double
Judge Wltherspeon, who. flounced 'out of
tho toival Affairs Committee room becauso
tho committee chairman allowed Gus Gard
ner to spice" his speech with much sauclness,
could draw wages as irfi artist's model of
Uncle Sam. Ho looks so much like tho late
Homer Davenport's Uncle Sam that I sus
pect "Davvy" caught him in his notebook.
WItherspoon, who comes from Mississippi,
had .been in the House a year before he ever
"rose .in hfs place.," There waa an item in the
navy appropriation bill for the restoration
and care of the Annapolis collection of navy
battlo flags. Some question was nsked about
the Item and .WItherspoon rose to explain.
Presently, with that Southern drawl, which
comes in its drawllngest condition out of
Mississippi, he was saying things about tho
glory of the navy, the deeds its heroes had
done under those old battle-flags, the peculiar
divinity of the Stars and Stripes, which made
members sit up and take notice almost
No doubt about it, that was a beautiful
speech and the House on all sides cheered
it. Fancy our amazement, then, when this
Bame man turned out to be the most in
tense, bitter little-navy member in tho whole
House. WItherspoon, upon all possible . oc
casions, smokes a deep-dyed corncob pipe.
One wonders why a corncob his district Is
safe for him. .
"John Sharp" Fought a Duel
Senator John Sharp Williams passed his
young manhood as a student in Heidelberg,
Germany, "John Sharp," as he is called by
his friends to Identify him. Is tho gentlest
and most affable of men; Intellectually one
of the most powerful Senators, but physically
almost feminine in his delicacy. That is
why you are amazed to learn that in his stu
dent days he fought a duel with pistols.
He was walking one winter night In
Heidelberg- with another student, a big
Scotchman, when they approached a couple
of young officers, who plainly intended to
make the civilians turn out of the narrow
sidewalk Into the deep snow upon passing
"This thing has got to stop, so far as I
am concerned," Williams said to his com
panion. "I am not strong enough to knock
either of them down, but perhaps by a sur
prise attack I can tumblo one of them Into
"To'U have a dool on yer hands, ye little
dlvll," the Scot commented.
"That's what I'm looking for," Williams
The surprise was a beautiful success, a
quick, sharp trip and one officer tumbled
head first Into a snowdrift.
"And even as he waa struggling out of
the drift," the Senator says, "he was flahln
L his card out pf his pocket. I refused to
apologise ana cnaijengea. wo all exchanged
cards, according to Hoyle, and J designr.ted
pistols -as -the weapon, the code duellj In
Germany giving the challenger tb choice of
Why tho American ma-5e that cholee may
never be known. YHnms admits that he
teuWB't hit , barn door wjth a pistol at
10 yards, yet tbi legend even unto this day
In Heidelberg 1 1 that when, upon tha mow
ing after the jhalleBge, the two youngsters
faeed eaeh Hixr upon a popular dueling
BTOjesAi tbe American "laughed as he looked
into tfea. jptsaje of Ws opponent's pistol."
Why Ho laughed
The offleer was ahead of the amtt with
Ms shot, and Williams, stlU laughing, fifed
tatjO the air. "
J'U tell you a sestet," the Senator
f he bee beoueiu fate stamr Utua
I ji'sMi nfthrit
, . 91 m m:hMm m
vmm; I lawrw eeeaese I
eeuMet $flk lew tee sewwle. mmt
bey vrJ ajnOog so badly oeuMe't ae lb
maaeie ef tee statol. Tkt teed see taatgh.
WL sfcoeJf heeds jui Uvsd beppfly evr
4ciu Mv "We mr tut the flor t tlMe
Wmm we Wie Mcoe -
fused to adopt a rule to permit some legis
lation In his postofflco appropriation bill to
bo considered. He was probably Justified In
saying that unless tha legislation, designed
to effect -certain economics, was carried as
a rider in nn appropriation bill It would never
pass the Senate, but ho was not Justified In
questioning the motives, as he did, of those
who voted against him. The incident waa
Instructive In showing how suddenly- the
fnco of things changes in the House, some
times. Two days before Moon's defeat, Martin
Madden, a member of Moon's committee, gave
a dinner at tho Army and Navy Club In
honor of Tuttle, of New Jersey, who retires
from the commltteo at the end of this session.
Chairman Moon was congratulated all
around on having the assurance of passing
a bill which would effect savings amounting
to $10,000,000 or more.
The point Is, that alt those experienced
legislators assumed, as a fact accomplished,
that tho postofflco bill would slide through
without friction and to the greater glory' of
John Moon. Then, blngt two" days later
the bill was torn to pieces in rag time. What
had happened? Nobody knows. A sort of
brain wave, a tempest of mental distemper
swept over tho House both sides, mind you
and tho beautiful structure, of tho Moon
bill was pcnttere;d.
THE MODERN BETHtEHEM
America Should Bo tho Birthplace' -"of a
Era in the Brotherhood of Man
By WILLIAM RADER
CHRISTMAS cannot be despoiled. Some
things aro fixed' and forever fastened In
memory and devotion. Despite tho contra
dictions of tho Christmas of 10U, tho dear
old traditions of the past will be remem
bered and respected.
The men who are fighting each other on
tho battlefields of Europe once listened' as
children to tho merry music of Christmas,
They played by glpwing yule-logs and under
Christmas trees and enjoyed the festivities
of tho day set apart as the birthday of Peace
Christmas, like every great Ideal, unites
mankind. Tho Babe of Bethlehem draws all
men to Himself. He Is the Aurora, the birth
of dawn frescoed on tho Imagination 'of the
race, the golden dream of universal Joy, Long
must wo wait for that day, but It will come,
as day follows the night.
The French soldier in tho trenches will
hear again the "Adesto FIdeles," sung for
centuries on Christmas morning at the
Madeleine. Noel will drown the guns'
thunder. Tho British soldier will 'not forget
tho English fireside the red berries' and
sweetmeats, and the faces of father and
mother, who see in the fiery pictures of the
roaring hearth the destiny of the boy far
away on Christmas Eve. German -soldiers
will unlto In their emotions with all other
soldiers on Christmas Day.
In tha Baptistery of Pisa the sounds on the
marble floor below are transmuted Into
muslo above In the perfect dome. Not
otherwise is It with the transmuting, trans
forming and transfiguring power of Christ
mas. Blfte shots aro changed to notes of
peace, and deadly cannon to Joyous chimes.
Such Is the Influence of n world Ideal.
The Belgians may not havo an old-fash-toned
Christmas. There will be little corn
In the stocking and few sparks will be
struck . from the log of Christmas wishes,
but a sustaining Influence will be tho mem
ory of "tho days that are no more,"
In America we rejoice. Tha ships of love
sent across the seas will malte It easier for
ua to sing and pray and give. In a sense,
the people of the United States will observe
Christmas for all tho world. Here is the
Bethlehem of the modern world. Here, If
anywhere, will be nurtured those, lasting
principles which wjll bring peace, .to all
mankind. There is personality in Christmas,
but th day stands, too,, os,. tha cradle 'of
great ideals- Bethlehem marks, Ui turn of
the tide, the beginning of new and greater
Christmas in the United States, In this
year 1914, should be a focal point of celes
tial and earthly light. America should be
the nation of the manger, the birthplace of
a, new epoah, the solemn Inaugural of a. new
era In the brotherhood of man. Surely, with
the awful' shadow of Burope our our Christ
mastide the American people should ba abl
to pereelvo as never before the tmo aig
nlfiwwre ef the natal day of civilisation.
He wbjtt reverently hears, the overture of
aegejs throusb the roar of eemraeree atid
the djjsasrd, of nations Will we ew an
twaclfjtee of the words, "Te us a get Is
If tee world le to be (mule better the
forces that wttl ijaejce H better are found la
the eternal feet of (4m axtlvHy.
ti ley! Cfe leosntue's wtec
ad to seeg of stwm fbrnmt
Umi jjjuoj. ut e iasw
trtw eKtut b mil
EARTH PEACE, GOOD WILL
OUR NAVAL POLICY
In Building Her New Monster Warships,
She Adopts the American Theory
That the Submarine Cannot Replace
By J. MURRAY WATTS
Sealer Member Seelely ef Navel Architect.
THE building by Great Britain of a num
ber of monster warships 'of a new type,
carrying ten IB to 16.5-Inch guns, follows tho
naval practtco of tho United States, only on
a larger scale.
Although the great superdrcadnoughts of
the United States, bult on the lines along
which Great Britain Intends to build her new
seapghters, aa far is heavy armor Plate,
steaming radius and speed are concerned,
carry only H-lnch guns, the largest at tho
present time, tho construction of such mon
sters with lf-lnoh guns Is possible, asi ex
periments are now being made with the pos
sibility of using a 16-Inch gun In our navy.
a dlroct comparison of our
ships with those' of England and other for
eign countries It has always been our pellcy
to mount the heaviest possible guns and give
the greatest amount of protection, to those
"guns ,and the vital Parts of the ship, com
Inod "wltha VeryTarge coal capacity and
steaming radius. In ithla respect the war
ships' which Great'- Britain now proposes to
build, like tho WarspU.e, which will bo ready
for action within six months, will follow our
own naval policy.
This policy was first estahllshod in the War
or 1812, when- our frigates and sloops-of-war1,
by tho superior weight of metal carried, were
almost universally successful against Eng
lish skips of the same size. In modern times
tho same theory Is shown In our 82,000-ton
battleships, with their 14-lnch guns aa op
posed to the 11 and 12-Jnch guna of Germany,
12-inch gunB of France nnd lSJi-Inch guns of
'England, which are the largest used so far.
These heavy" ships also carry a more com
plete and heavier armor belt than existing
foreign- ships, and have, generally speaking,
a substantially greater radius of action ov'ing
to the large fuel supply of coal or oil, accord
ing to type.
High Price Paid for Speed
This preponderance of offensive and defen
sive power (which Great Britain Is pow striv
ing to exceed) is gained by being content
with moderate speed 21 to 21 knots being
considered satisfactory for capital ships. The
English of late years have laid great stress
on speed, owing to tha Influence of Lord
Fisher. Their latest battle cruiser, the Tiger,
has a sea speed equal to that of a torpedQ
boat destroyer, namely, so knots, or 34H
miles. But to get this terrific speed they
have to be high powered. The turbine engines
on the Tiger develop 110,000 horsepower. This
shows what a terrific price has to be'paid for
I suppose that the new battleships to be
built by England, a,nd which are to have a
speed of 28 to 2S knots, will have to be
planned with a still greater allowance fop
horsepower. Tha Tiger, being only two
knots greater In speed than tbe battle cruiser
Lion, necessitates an Increase of about 50,000
horsepower. The weight which has to go Into
this machinery Is taken away from (he armor
and fuel capacity, as compared with United
States battleships of equal tonnage.
-.ine opinion in tn,s country is mat ngnting
efficiency le greatly Increased by tho Increase
In sice of the Individual Bhlp. Not .only is a
larger ship a better gun platform,, hut owing
to tha modern, system of fire control the elgfct
or tenil.lnch gijns of one of our latest super
dreadnoiights. can be sighted from the lire
control station with far greater chances of
accuracy than a larger number of 11 and 1S-"
Inch guns oh a couplo of smaller ships of
about 18,000 tons apiece. Oreat Britain Is
now trying to carry out this, theory on a still
Owing to tlie constant training wblch our
range-finders and gun-paUiters have had In
maneuvers under battle conditions eur gun
nery rdeers are surpassed' by that of ho
other country. But the fact remain that to
efllB(efley n firing It is advisable to add tho
most" efflelejit ahlps tor e glvtsn totaj of ton
nage, This means large units apd the h4Y
est possible guns te,"our ships of ,th? firsi
lighting line. a. standard whleh. the United
States ajane, up until today, lias been able
to attaR, but vjjiloh Qreat Britain Is bow try,
ins" t flarry further. j !,
Where the SuWartce js Helplaaa
-PH, fAiwaartae. le Ms jrt stag ef 0.
ijgfeeajLt; jennet b fIA t f tl0d,
tee ttattfesMp le wttfvtnel g tb W$ wee,
end the proper poUey t Kkeu U to keep o
Imitdjueg etsU el ijb the mexlqauns
yeigitt ef cue M vmm end crtitautg
In f tk iMPitael rwertt m4. by
9ejsjMUi estawitase, it is the opiuWr. of
ttevat ajwgiweteitti in ate cuimu-y t ;-..
eAwrtl we - Jlteg AckR-, Mfl
build only submarines, but, oa the contrary;
should keep up our presont scheduto of
building two or thrco capital ships cachN
year, as well ns continue to croato an efflj
clont fleot of submarines, using our defl
gtroyor fleet moro as scouts than torpedo-
It Is not generally realized how helpless af
submarine is, unless It is working under fa!
vorable conditions. At night it 1? almost lm-sj
possible to locato the enemy through thij
periscope, and tho submarino must rise to?
the surface laying Itself opon to discovery byS
hostile searchlights. Nothinc can bo seen inl
daytime under wator a fow feet away, ands
a submarine must project Its periscope above
tho surface before attack. It tho periscopo Is
shot away tho submarine must como, to the
surface. Once detected in that way the sub
marine may bo riddled to bits or so seri
ously damaged as to become useless. In
other words, p,t tho present stage of tho de
velopment of tho submarine It docs not look
as though It would replaco 'the battleship,
but It would be of great value ns an addition
to tho fleet in Its own special field of action.
One type cannot replaco tho other, but must
bo supplementary to the other. Tho building
of 'the new British sea monsters exemplifies
this very well.
MAKING LII-E WORTH UVING
From tha Kansas City Btox,
"Why I don't break down under, the strain ,
Is a. myoteryjtQ..m9;."I have. -so, much. tovcoAT.i"1!
tend with." , ,.. ,''.'
it was a woman who said that And It was', "
another woman, her companion on a street'.'-'
car, who answered soothingly; - -.-; VJij
"Don't worry; life Is worth living If you take j''
It that way." , , s
Tho first woman had a worried look.- Her. .
face waa drawn. She was old before ler , ',
time. ' ' " . -
The second woman had a Jolly, cheerful,-"'.,'
hopeful, inspiring air about her. She seemed ;-
10 years younsor than tho flrBt one, and yef
they were about tho name ago. ',
The misfortunes of tho first woman were as
nothing compared with thoso of the second
one; her troubles wero Just the ordinary vexi
atlons of life: the trivial Laxities of the ser
vant; tho trifling worries of the household; a
child with the sort throat; Johnny sent home
from school for misconduct little things not
wprth worrying about and yet -she did worry
until her life was mado miserable. r,
Tho other woman's misfortunes were real
ones; a husband who could not seem to get
alone: poverty that made scrimping necessary;
on afflicted child but to all of her troubles- ".
she had applied her philosophy.- 4,
"Mfe Is worth living If you take it that way."- , .;
She wasn't a highly educated woman and , . '
she didn't, know she had worked out the phi- '
tosophy of the great religionists and Bages In . t
her own way. ' . . - ;
She had never read the saying of Eplctetuo: . '
".Externals are not In my power: will is in my , .1
power" Or of Marcus Aurellus: "All that Is A.
harmony for thee, O Universo, Is in harmony fcjP'
with me ns well." Perhaps she never had Jfr
connected her philosophy even with that of they . '. ,
great apoue. wno ueuevea mw an inings
worked together for good to them, that love
But she had made the great discovery out of
her own experience that she was the captain
of her soul In finding life worth living, Happi
ness had come to her when she forgot her
troubles in the activities of, a useful lfe that
was lived courageously and with sympathy
for those about her. In this way she had kebt
, young In heart '
m v. p.,i - . ?rx
From tha Naw Tork Bventne Sun, ' LTw
Hitherto, in short, the submarine, though H ;
has proved an exceedingly useful auxiliary, has Pfi
hardly fulfill the prophecies of those who b'ei -&Jk
Hayed that it would dispose of the battleshp 4 '. .
forever. . '&
THE CHRISTMAS SniP
Wbep the signal chimes have sounded and the M
dawn begins to oreaK, . ,yMi
Ana wove caugiu ins wnnsimas giaaness rrora 1J5
Ilia Duuiiua cuq wMiurwi mane;
When we've said our "Merry Christmas,' ekoti
In his peculiar war. ' u
And exohatigfd the many wlshea that are proper, j
Let us pack our little bundle with the rarest
of our store. - "
AnA -a Hnlrlf still vnnrA pi
known before. '
I have rigged a worthy vessel staunch as ever
craft could be.
That vrltl weather any tempest on the bilowa C
f Oft tie BCila
it is reaojr, rnanged nd taounted-wa shall '
naver have to ,walt-. - -
it is taeored within the barber. Just inside euc
natlaa'u irate. - ,
You sj'wr8' th4t
-i-eaee uate the warring hetlons. haarkan d
the Glutei at last" """"" n,19;a
Ye who ours tha brawny Salon, ye who eu '
w SeTSlSf ,H,t?n wUh - nwt-
I?B0,altheeelR,tf, 'UbteX" w" MtaA.
TftMU ? ' - Wr ft
'oirXr utu tuuu, " -
2 alH. - C" tM
'JS&'ZUr neg b, e e.'V
Tb-a te Crlstn gM,, ta mt,nm
""" UC TtUHSft. te lM
itS' ia I't.fe, 9