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FIRMS EXPECT WAR
OVER NEW SYSTEM
Cheaper Supply by Saving
in Cost of Insulation and
The possibility of the general adoption
f inw1 method of Interior wiring for
' Tctrlc lighting, known as the Btanli
concentrle single-wire system, Is causing
widespread concern among smaller elec
trio supply and Installation companies In
Should the Slants system receive the
approval of the national electric bodies
by means of Its authorisation In the
wiring code, what Is now tho highest fac
tor' of expense In electric lighting, that Is,
the Cost of Insulation and Installation of
wiring, will bo so greatly reduced that tho
dream of electric-lighted tenements and
even the smallest and humblest of houses
may become a reality.
The keynote of the new system Is sim
plicity. The current Is transmitted
through an ordinary Insulated wire, en
cased in a thin coating of copper, making
two wires In one It may with perfect
safety be set up along a wall or celling
with no .more elaborate equipment than
a hammer and ordinary Iron staples. It
la because of this simplicity of Installa
tion that those whose business Is the
manufacture of tho expensive Insulation
fixtures now In voguo are concerned.
CALLS SYSTEM UNSAI-D.
"I do not believe," said Gilbert Smith,
of tho J, F. Buchanan Company, "that
the system Is practicable. I attended a
meeting In Now York a few days agu
called for the discussion of tho Slants
system. Two hundred electrical men at
tended, some of them tho most prominent
In tho country. Committees were ap
pointed to Investigate the proposed In
novation thoroughly and If they report
favorably It may bo Installed In the wir
ing code, but not without a tremendous
fight. In this country we have devel
oped electric wiring to a very high de
gree of safety arid I do not think we
Should Jeopardise that standard now."
P. H. Bartlett, pt tho Philadelphia Elec
Irlo Company, spoke favorably of tho
now method. "It has been In use In Ger
many for years," he sold. "Over thero
some sUteh system was made necossary
by the substantial way the majority of
the houses are built. Many of thorn nro
built of stone. Interior walls as well
as exterior. Moreover they antedate tho
Introduction of electricity. It waa not
possible to flsh through stone walls to
install the wires, with the result that
the system in question has been univer
"It Is not adapted to any but a very
limited class of work. I do not think
that in the wiring of buildings under
course of construction there would
be any appreciable difference In the ex
pense, but for buildings standing where
to insulate under the system now In
vogue would require the tearing out of
wails, etc., there is no question but that
there can be a great saving."
"OBJECTIONS ARE SHORT-SIGHTED."
Howard IC Mohr, also of the Philadel
phia Electric Company, explained that
the same objections wore raised when
tho Tungsten lamps were first talked
"Less current consumed," he said, "and
brighter lights, which would obtain
If the new bulbs became adopted, It was
believed at that time, would ruin tho
business. Look at it now. More elec
tricity than ever Is being used and more
money being made all around. Those
who are objecting to the new system are.
proving themselves shortsighted, it will
mean, if it la generally adopted and ap
proved by the Fire Underwriters, more
lectrtclty will be used, and although it
may affect some few adversely at first, it
cannot but benefit the trade as a whole.
'Wiring Is now tho most expensive,
factor in the use of electricity. The
underwriters have been catered to to
such an extent that the present Insula
tions required are far above a fair aver
age; that is, we could take fewer pre
cautions and be safe enough. The Stanls
ystcm Is not as safe as the present one,
but that does not mean that It Is not
safe enough by a fair margin, and the
cheapness of It more than offsets that
"WAR HITS WOO XUOCK TOPERS
Devotees of JToo Knap, Etc, Also
t Hust Pay Tax.
Sam young, sam bean, bark nolr et aL
are to bo taxed at the rate of ti cents
a gallon. What the Sam Hill does this
These are Chlrieso compounds classed as
liquors and cordials by the Internal Rev
enue Department and therefore coming
under the emergency war tax. Notice to
this effect was received by Internal Rev
enue Collector lderer today from Com
missioner Osborne, of Washington."
Besides these drinks, Chinatown also
' will pay a tax on such mixtures as woo
knock, bok suty. foo knap, kop kal, dom
quar and hook noyr.
Follow the Billy Sunday
Campaign Every Day
Eweiring &$ Hanger
Special reporters will cover every phase of the campaign.
Men who have been with Sunday in his previous cam
paigns will contribute special articles almost dally. You'll
get complete news of Sunday's entire campaign In the
Fill out this coupon and mail It to the Evening Ledger,
Independence Square, Philadelphia TODAY.
Imfepeadsftce Square, Philadelphia, Pa.
Mail hs thedally Evening
Enclosed find ,.,.,,,....,.
TWHtlH Bf SHWQBirTION
tMettf l?t of owit.
Jfe- -uftt a PssssttiaissBsAlsUfe
feasSM A "S ssssssa AsssssssssssssL.
MAYOR WILL AUTHORIZE
FLOATING OF $2,500,000
Executive Will Blgn Loan Measure
as Soon as Passed.
Mayor Blankenburg wilt take action
Within the next few dava to authorise the
floating of about 12,600,000 of the $11,300,000
municipal loan passed at the last election
The loan ordinance has been advertised
the required SO days. It has been passed
by Common Council nnd will bo passed by
the Select branch January 7.
The Mayor will sign the measura as
soon as It Is placed before him, and he
then may authorise the negotiation of
any part of the total loan. Sale of the
bonds will be made over the counter for
the benefit of the small Investor.
Immediate action toward floating a part
of tho loan was decided on At a confer
ence today between tho Mayor nnd City
Controller Walton. The Imperative need
for paying accumulated mandamuses,
which are costing the city 8 per cent, per
year In interest charges, Is ono of tho
reasons for the Mayor's early action In
tho matter. It Is also his purpose to have
funds available to start the relocation of
sewers, preliminary to work on the cen
tral city transit loop, and for other big
projects In the loan as soon aa the weath
er conditions permit.
There Is an Item of $800,000 In the loan
for payment of mandamuses. Councils
have made no provision for their pay
ment In tho ISIS budget. The Finance
Commltteo obviously has taken the atti
tude that the loan Item will meet all
mandamuses, for tho first half of 1915 at
Early last May the IBM mandamus fund
was exhausted. Then $325,000 of loon
moneys was made available from the
$7,000,000 loan, but since last June the
writs of mandamus have reached $395,000,
nnd aro likely to total $UO,O0O before the
close of January.
Tho Finance Committee of Councils has
appropriated to tho various city and coun
ty departments nil but about $1000 of the
total estimated revenue.
IN STATE BUREAUS
Economy and Efficiency
Changes in Administration
of Many Departments.
HARRIHUURQ, Dec. 28. Reorganiza
tion In tho administration of many de
partments of iho State Government will
result If recommendations of the Penn
sylvania Eionomy and Efficiency Com
mission are adopted.
The report of tho commission advocates
the merging of several branches of gov
ernment and tho abolition of others.
The committee uld also radically
change tho fiscal system and enhance
tho power and service of the legal do
A striking recommendation, which Is
likely to cause much debate, Is that
which would relieve the Governor of the
responsibility far approving the bills and
accounts of various State departments.
Tho vouchers In these cases may aggre
gato millions annually. It has been
thought It was best for the Governor to
bo the responsible Indorser of these bills,
so that, whether necessary or not, there
would be a check upon possibly undue
expenditures. In this way, It has been
argued. It would be harder for unlawful
sums to be expended by any depart
ments. For tho Governor has to approve
The Importance of tho port of Phila
delphia is referred to and suggestions
for Its development are made in the re
port, which also makes the following
Civil service for departments of the
State government, with a pension system
for employes in the service of tho Com
monwealth for 25 years.
Creation of a board of public property
to handle all building projects and to
purchase supplies for the State.
Rerouting of the State's main highway
Consolidation or reorganization of cer
tain departments of tho Stato govern
ments. Creation of all positions by legislation
Instead of by appropriation.
Uniform hours and bookkeeping for alt
An office building to care for State de
partments Instead of an addition to the
Systematic Improvement of waterways.
Important changes In the duties of the
Governor and Auditor General, relieving
one of fiscal details and confining the
other to auditing.
ALLIES SEEK AMMUNITION
65,000 Tons of Steel Asked From
PITTSBURGH. Dec. 28,-With thou
sands of tons of barbed and plain wire
orders, a new demand has been made on
the steel works of the Pittsburgh dis
trict the last few days for 65,000 tons of
high carbonized steel rounds for tho
manufacture of small ammunition, and
France is seeking for early delivery
69,000 tons of steel rounds 3V1 inches In
diameter, and Russia Is Inquiring for 13,
000 tons of thq same.
Ledger for weeks.
to cover same.
Cy sji State.
2a&jRz3s JlESlr ffl?s
EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA; MONPAT, DTEEMBEB
DAUGHTER OF SPEAKER OF HOUSE TO WED
By ejWL JBhiIssssssP
The engagement of Miss Genevieve Clark to James M. Thomson,
a newspaper publisher of New Orleans, has been announced. The
wedding is to take place in the summer at Bowling Green, Mo.
"TOO BAD I'M NOT A BELGIAN,"
WROTE WOULD-BE SUICIDE
Cuts "Wrist In Waiting' Boom of
Broad Street' Station.
Too bad I am not a Belgian so that
tho Emercgncy Aid Commltteo would
not turn me down. I would llko to
havo tho fountain pen put In my suit
case. Give my body to tho University
of Pennsylvania if thoy want It.
This note was found In tho pockat of a
man who attomptod suicide In Broad
street station this morning.
Ho cut the artery In his loft wrist and
sank to a bench In tho waiting room to
await death. Several persons noticed
blood on the floor, which Porter was at
tempting to hide with his handkerchief
At the Hahnemann Hospital physlciano
said ho would recover. The man said
ho waB Harry Porter, 33 years old, of
1(05 Summer street.
JERSEY SWAIN'S FANCY TURNS
TO THOUGHTS OF WOOING
It Hob to, With tho Threat of a 850
rino Confronting Bachelors.
The Jersey swain Is sad today, lie trembles In
His heart is soft and soggy 'neath a woeful
weight of dread:
lie rears he may be Jilted cold, and so he has
It may cost fifty dollars If the girl declines
Camden bachelors suddenly stopped
boasting of the Joys of slnglo blessedness
today. Wooing became the established
order. Old lovers' quarrels are being
patched up at a remarkably rapid rato
and the girls nro making all the terms,
Chnrles W. Ostron, of Jersey City, Is
responsible. Mr. Ostron Is a recently
elected member of tho State Assembly.
Formerly ho was a bachelor. Ho believes
Jerscymen should not be bachelors, and
accordingly ho has Issued fair warning
he Intends to Introduce a bill Into the
Legislature Imposing a tax of about ?50
on all men who do not marry.
"Matrimony means responsibility," says
Mr. Ostron, "and I think It very often
means prosperity also. I haven't a bit of
use for those vacillating Individuals who
dodge responsibility, and I mean to Im
press this fact upon them If the Legis
lature will consider my bill favorably."
DYNAMITERS WRECK SALOON
Meat Market Also Demolished at
HYMERA. Ind , Dec. IS. Dynamiters
wrecked three buildings and damaged a
fourth early today. The police at once
began hunting enemies of Walter Wilson,
a saloonkeeper, who owned one of the
Annthnr saloon and a meat market wero
demolished and -windows were blown from
a store across the street. The damage ex
P0ST0FFICE SAFE ROBBED
Thieves Get $75 in Cash and $250 in
EMAUS, Pa., Deo. . TeBgmen blew
the safe In the postoffice at this place
last night and secured (T5 In cash and
(360 In stamps. The clock had stopped
at 1:45 a. ra., probably time of tho ex
plosion. Tha tools used by the robbers wero
stolen from tho Philadelphia and Read
Ins tool house.
FBENCH BRIO IN DISTHESS
Amedee Helpless and Steamship
Maine Goes to Rescue.
HALIFAX, N. 8,, Dec 88,-In a hln.
less condition and sending- up distress slg-.
nals, the French brie Amedee, bound
from St, Malo. France, with a cargo pt
wine for St Pierre, Mlquelon, Is reported
wallowing In the trough of a heavy sea
about (00 miles east of Capo Bo.ee.
A wireless message was received at the
Cape Race station early today from the
British stoamfhlp Haverford. stating; that
sh was lu communication with the
steamship Maine, from Philadelphia to
London, and that the latteA vessel had
hm to the assistance of the Frenoh brig.
Tha Maine, was reported to be standing;
BTgCTBAQISTS AyTEB A BEOOED
They Mean to Have Their EnemiM in
Congress Make It,
WABIUNOTOH. Dss, 38. - ' Wa shall
make tur n4i3 U record" is tte
stegan of tfea wejMm bumjm Uadsr ar-
rtvwif nk to rayy for ooututio4
amsi4ntnt gtv&s -wM a right to vats,
TfceM reMfg fc Uiy wr only Um
aAreuaee guard of thaw to corns, and
wtu dtU tlu eat tt ssfcttc U, the
hams ibs gllrtsj wtll be erowiUd.
fka KiKraatsw ar mahtajr so dsiuw
of viBtotY. sut Uny hslfsjini Um will flat
SMf oMris to UMtf sjMW. w&bsh Oajur 1
iSk Lava ii nn rnwosf sS I sssssi Is ft Mi aaasl I is II fc laeti f
ls? S'lfaTO " JSjr4lsls"Sf'ja J"BjajssagsBS(HSjsS4 FSisWPSqpBaw
IM (!! WUfhMC Mt.
COMMUTERS WILL MARCH
ON "CAPITOL AT HARRISBURG
Demonstration Intended to Show
State Board Public Sentiment.
Edward B. Martin, chairman of tho
Joint Suburban and Transportation Com
mittee of tho United Business Men's As
sociation, today announced plans for a
great public demonstration by commuters
nt Harrlsburg on January 8, when tho
Pennsylvania Public Service Commission
will conduct a rehearing of tho railroad
passenger rato Increase case. Instead of
merely having tho attorneys for the
commuters prosent their arguments be
fore tho Commission, It Is tho plan of
tho United Business Men to havo dele
gations from Philadelphia and all nearby
suburban towns march on tho Capitol In
n body to urge that tho railroad bo forced
to discontinue tho Increases which bo
camo effective December 15.
Pledges of co-operation in tho plan, Mr.
Mnrtln said, already havo been received
from a number of civic, Improvement and
business associations along tho Main
Lines of both the Pennsylvania and tho
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Com
panies. It is the Intention of tho commuters to
charter a special train, provided a suf
ficient number of porsons can be prevailed
upon to go to Harrlsburg In person. Tho
train will leave Philadelphia tho morn
ing of January 8, arriving In Harrlsburg
boforo the commission convenes. The
commuters then will march In a body
from the station to tho Capitol, where the
hearing will bo conducted.
The attorneys for the commuters will
leave January 7 In order to have op
portunity to review their lines of argu
ment the morning of the hearing. Al
though Edwin M. Abbott, one of the at
torneys 'for the commuters, last week
petitioned the Commission to hold the
hearing In Philadelphia Instead of Har
rlsburg, as announced, it has been reason
ably assured tho Commission will not
consider the change.
WILMINGTON FORESEES BOOM
Business Men Believe New Year Will
Bring- Improved Conditions.
WILMINGTON, Del., Dec. 23 -With tho
advent of the now year a considerable
Improvement In business Is expected In
Wilmington and Immedtato vicinity. Tho
Harlan & Holllngaworth Corporation
will start work on the largest ship ever
built In Wilmington, and this Is expected
to bo followed by other contracts. Tho
yards of the plant have boen remodeled.
Improved machinery put In and are splen
didly equipped for the construction of
The Pennsylvania Railroad shops are
now on full time and employing the usual
force. Numerous laborers have also been
taken on and It Is expected that more will
be taken on as the weather moderates.
Announcement that England was to lift
the embargo on Australian and other
hides may result In the morocco manufac
turers In this city getting a supply, and
If this Is possible it will not be long be
fore the morocco Industry, one of tho
principal ones of the city, will bo active
and a largo number of men will bo em
ployed. Work on the new projectile plant
of the Dethlehem Steel Company at New
Castle probably will begin this week. Tha
city will start considerable grading and
street work aa soon as the weather per
mits. That the situation In Wilmington Is Im
proving was shown by the volume of
Christmas trade. The merchants found
trade practically as good, in roost lines,
as It was In the previous year, and in
some respeota was considerably better,
PRISONER AS PROSECUTOR
Woman Sentenced for Arson Sues
yjre Insurance Company,
TRENTON, Deo. 21 Tho Supreme
Court today granted permission to Sophia
Sks.Ha, of Washington Borough, Warren
County, a convict In tho New Jersey
State Prison, serving from two to soven
years, to appear In person to prosecute
her suit for flOdO against tho Williamsburg
City Firs Insurance Company at Belvl
She was sentenced on tho charge of
burning an amusement place owned by
her and valued at fnj.10.
" ' ' , ii', , " .
MARRIED IN ELKTON
Fhlladelphfans Have Knot Tied in
Maryland's Gretna Green.
HLKTON, Mi. Deo. IBThe following
Phllsdelphlans wer married (n Elbton
today: George W. Btarr and Sadie O.
Brown, Bdward Kckert and Brama
Etrunk. George B. Oergtly sad FlortEoa
II. Greene. Joseph W. Anell and Dorothy
C. gnartK, William A Qulgley and Mad
eline V. FohrlDKer, Joseph A Hart and
SHsto JUsVey. Wilfcert A. Cole and Uyrtl
Park, Thowas F. O'Xoefe and Sidney V,
'" , ' ,
Reeds? Receives Saving; Bids
8W4 wt rivd today by AsUtajit
DUMnAof dC at tlM DHarUBt f
PuUlo Works, grcaiag HW..W for
grading ad pavlns Uts, bvudiag
briuu-kt hhm a4 galntLgg amww
bridg- Xfc ?Unau Puk Camads
tan rMMttvial bid tor cuL lumbar, haid-
. rat eUwr mtvOim ttw
s w w SM4. is)
ii - - -
Advices From Constitutional
Agent at Galveston Tell
of Accessions to "First
WASHINGTON, Dec SS.-Provlslonnl
President Gutierrez has resigned and has
pledged his support to Carranza, accord
ing to advices to tho Carranza agency
hero today from the Constitutionalist
representative at Galveston. Tho agency
had no confirmation of this report from
other sources. Tho whereabouts of Gu
tierrez is not known to the agency, but
tho last advices stated that ho was mak
ing his way toward San Luis Potest.
Tim nironxv nlun hurt renorts from the
War Department In Vera Cruz that half
or tho Torreon garrison or viiusioo nau
revolted and Joined tho Carranzlatas, who
are said to bo surrounding that city.
The mysterious disappearance of Gen-
oral Eduardo Iturblde, nuerta Governor
of Mexico City, gave tho Administra
tion considerable concern today. Mes
sages to the Stato Department re
ported that Iturbldo's life was de
manded by Zapata. It was also re
ported that Villa was temporizing In his
professions to this Government that Itur
bide would be released nnd given safo
conduct to tho United States. Villa was
said to have gono no further than to
promise Iturbido a fair trial If captured.
Since Iturbido left Mexico City, osten
sibly for El Paso, following demands by
the Stato Department for his release, no
traco of the missing Huerta general has
A sensational report was received by
tho Constitutionalist agency from tho
Carronzi agent at Galveston. The lat
ter said that "unofficial and unconfirmed"
reports there wero to the effect that
Provisional Prcsldont Gutierrez had re
signed and enlisted under Carranza. An
other similar report transmitted was that
Villa and his army havo evacuated Mex
All Administration officials wero satis
fied today that General Scott, chief of
staff, had Insured permanent cessation
of firing upon American soil at Naco.
Neutralization of a zono on the Arizona
border from Nogales to Agua Prleta Is
understood to bo Scott's plan.
Villa Force AttaekB Tuxpam
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2S.-A heavy force
of Villa troops has begun an attack on
Tuxpam, an Important seaport between
Vera Cruz and Tamplco, the State Depart
ment today was advised officially. It Is
believed hero that after Villa takes Tux
pam his northorn army will begin a
southward movement and Join other divi
sions of his forces now advancing from
Pueblo toward Vera Cruz.
PRESIDENT WILSON 58 TODAY
Messages of Congratulation From
All Farts of the World.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 23 Messages of
congratulation from all parts of tha
world were received today by President
Wilson on tho 58th anniversary of his
birth. He was born at Staunton, Va.,
December 23, 1853. Miss 'Margaret Wilson
and Mrs. Francis B. Sayre, his daughters,
spent the day with him, and several other
relatives visited the White House, but the
anniversary was in no other way ob
served. The President spent the morning hours
In his office transacting routine business.
The members of the cabinet will go to
the White House in a body at 6 o'clock
tonight, pay their respects and felicitate
tho president on the event
ON TRAIL OF BURGLAR BAND
Now York Police Arrest Two Men
for Wholesale Robberies,
NEW yOIUC, Dec. 2S.-By tho arrest
today of two men giving tho names of
Isldor Jacobs and David Brothers, the
police bellove they havo captured mem
bers of a band of burglars who have
stolen between $30,000 and $60,000 worth of
goods tha last two months from small
stores and lofts, "When arrested the men
were loading an express wagon with shoes
stolen from an East Side store.
It was the practice of the gang to break
Into a storo by cutting through the wall
and then boldly haul their loot away from
tho front door in daylight before the
Members of the league at this term are
confining their activity to fighting new
applications and bottling establishments.
The sessions of the court are not ex
pected to contlnuo more than three days.
Applications for licenses which were
passed today were those of James T,
Noden, hotel, 3d Ward, Chester; Charles
Hobsrger, hotel, 8th Ward, Chester: Wil
liam Warren Webb. Bert Lee, Edward
S. Fry, James P. Nicholson, Francis M.
Sheridan, Simon Bruner, Emory F.
Wright, Howard T. Chandler, hotels,
9th Ward. Chester; Francis D, Sharkey,
hotel, Clifton Heights; Andrew J, Mc
Clure, hotel, party; Clement J, Sharkey,
Charles A. Borgdoll, hotels. Upper Darby;
Albert L. Tweltridgo, bottler, 5th Ward,
Chester; Frank K. Williams, bottler, 10th
Ward, Chester; Joseph J, McLaughlin,
store, Bldley township; John F, Maher,
store, Upper Darby township.
WOULD Jg NEUTRALITY LAW
Venezuela Proposes Conference of
Non-belllgerents to Clarify Rules.
WASHINGTON, Dee. JS Venezuela for
mally has proposed to all tha neutral
Governments of Europe, Asia and the
two Americas that a conference bo held
In Washington to revise or supplement
tha rulss of International law respecting
tha rights of neutrals in the present war.
The plan provides that tha governing
board of the Pan-American Union, con
sisting of the dlDlomatio reoresentativea
of all the Amerioan republics, should
aran m program tor me conference and
that tho rules finally agreed upon by all
the neutrals should In turn be submitted
to the belligerents.
WILL PROBE JOHN D.'S PLAN
100,OOQ,000 Endowment of Rocke
feller Foundation to Be Investigated
WASHiaTON. Deo. 8s-IuvUgaUoa
of the Rockefeller Foundation will begin
in Now York city January J. it wan.
nounced at the federal industrial Bala,
ttoea Cenunissloa today The Commls
slon will sk the. raota concerning the
The Investigation is to be undertaken, n
U said, because some labor tjidera ooc.
tend th FeuadaUoa 4 one of tfay cauaea
for strain4 relations utweoo mkeyer
, i i i in i
Taft Will Testify as to PWllpoJaea
WASHINGTON, S. W.-Jte-PnuUMit
Ts via uuy I th suiMWup
Om ?iwIUm mu twdy to Ur
fac b im PaUijaHB Indanoamsaaa Wtt
Dm C. Wf cwsjtt. ou-Ust member
lh PttMtWijft &MM8MStta. vll
Wiataeeiey to v Us rUw es Uw
A niF WHEN WOMAN'S DRY
OF FIRE IS CALLED "CRAZY"
Time lost In Cambridge Home
lAughlnff at Inmato, "False Alarm
CAMBRIDGE!, Mass., Dee. .-Fouir
aged women wero burned to death, mora
than half a dozen other persons wero in
jured, and three policemen were overcome
by smoke, when flames, ''" ft mid
night, swept the Cambridge City Home In
Tannery Bireet, now ,"""',"" w.
All tho reserve police of Cambridge
responded to tho first alarm and worked
desperately to rescue the women, ine
building lacked adequate flro escapes and
lives wero saved only by tho prompt
and herolo action of tho firemen and
police, who took the aged people, many
of them Infirm and crippled, and others
feeble-minded, out into tho bitter cold.
Ono of the women ran madly through
tho halls, knocking on doors and crying
that tho place was on flro. Inmates
said sho was Insane and sent for an at
tendant to care for her. Then some one
looked Into the assembly room and found
smoke and flames pouring up from be
low. Ten precious minutes had boen
wasted In laughing at the "orasy
CAROLS ADMIRABLY SUNG
Christmas Treat Enjoyed by Em
ployes of Curtis Publishing Company.
The choir of tho Protestant Episcopal
Church of St. Luko and tho Epiphany
and members' of tho Philadelphia Orches
tra rendered a concert of famous old
Christmas carols in the auditorium of
n. Curtis Bulldrmr. before the employes
of tho Curtis Publishing Company at
The choir excelled Itself In all of tho
pieces. The rendition of "Silent Nlgnt
Holy Night." a bass solo by Mr. Wizla,
and tho old carol, "Nool, Nool," by tho
choir and the orchestra, wero truly beau
tiful. Mrs. Helen Yarnall sang a soprano
solo of Franck'a "Panls Angellcus," ac
companied by Louis Angeloty, of the
Philadelphia Orchestra, on tho violin.
Harp obllgatos were played by Dorothy
The program follows:
1 Selections from "Parsifal" Wagner
S-(a) "Silent Night, Holy Night,"
Bass solo, Mr. Wlsla
(b) "Good Neighbors, All"
iTrench Carol (1T00)
Tho choir of tha Church of St, Luke and the
8 Ave Maria Bach-aounod
Tenor solo. Dr. Charles Zullck
Violin Obllgato, Louis Angeloty
4 (aj "uome Anxnony, uinn u"v
Noels of Eabolr (1870)
(c) "Oh, Holy Night" Adolph Adam
Haas eoto, Air. tizm
The choir of the Church of St. Luko and the
6-"Ponls Angellcus1''' Cesar Franck
Soprano solo, Mrs. Helen Yarnall
Violin Obllgato. louts Angeloty
6 (a) "Noel Savdlslen" ...French Carol (ISM)
(b) Ave Maria Brahms
The choir of the Church of St. Luke and tho
T Selections from "Dlo Melaterslnger,"
, The orchestra.
Tho Hep Obllgatos played by Dorothy John
EX-G0V. STUART 61 TODAY
Celebrates Anniversary fcy Working
and Being Optimistic.
Ex-Governor Edwin S. Stuart is cele
brating the 61st anniversary of his birth
today by doing hard work and being op
timistic. Ho was besieged all morning
with congratulations from friends.
Mr. Stuart says he is In tho best of
health and spirits, haB plenty of work
to keep him busy and is exceedingly
thankful. A family reception will bo held
in hfs honor at his homo tonight
BRAIN WORK KILLS,
Continued from Pago One
adjourned to the University gymnasium
Among the scientists attending the
meetlni? aro two who have traveled more
than COCO miles to bo present. They are
Prof. J, C. Boso, of Presidency College,
Calcutta, India, and his assistant, Prof.
B. Ben. Professor Boso is a student of
floriculture. Ho -will deliver a address on
The establishment of a "People's Col
lege" for the purpose of formulating
means for safeguarding workers against
accidents, Impressing upon them tho
necessity of conforming to the laws of
hygiene In their dally work and life,
to warn against the deadly effect of
drugs on the human system and to in
fuse a wider knowledge of the methods
and processes by which nature's products
can best bo prepared for use was advo
cated today by Judson G. Wall, vice
president of the American Association for
tho Advancement of Bclence.
"Prof. Irving Fisher, the eminent politi
cal economist," said Mr. Wall, "has esti
mated the, value of the human or vital
resources of the United States at the co
lossal sum of 1250,000,000,000. This esti
mate would place the question of the con
servation of our human resources para
mount to that of our natural resources,
and it would appear to be the duty of the
Government to Jealously guard, conserve
and enhance, if possible, these vital as
sets." A "People's Museum." Mr. Wall said,
would offer an opening Into a wider and
happier field of usefulness to those who
find themselves in narrow, constricted
"More than SS years ago General Fran
els A, Walker, then president of the Mas
sachusetts Institute of Techonology, de
clared that the need of vocational train
ing at that time was so urgent and this
country was so far behind other coun
tries', that we ought to go ahead, even if
mistakes were made, as no mistake could
possibly be so costly as delay.
"Since that time publlo sentiment has
grown so rapidly that tho country Is to
day almost unanimous as to the desira
bility, or, aa many of us oonsider it, tho
actual necessity, of conserving our vital
resources by providing vocational schools
iur uw woraera oi tomorrow."
That the European war might have
been prevented by an adequate system of
education for workers, was the statement
of Dr. George F, Kuns, president of the
Now York Academy of Bclence,
Desperate efforts on the part of Eng
land to provide work tor the unemployed
was tho Indirect cause of the war. ac
cording to Dr. Kuns.
"It is tho discontent of the hungry and
homeless that spur rulers and statesmen
to efforts to provide for them," continued
Pr. Kunr, '
"In this Instance it wae one of the
principal causes of the war. If, during
the last years. England had Pat the
Income of the vast sum sha U now
squandering for purposes of destruction
m furnishing higher technical education.
Germany would not have been la the pr
1wp unduly prosperous condition she is
"BngUnd would have a greater share
of the world's commerce, the present
fearful eenfitat having ita deepest roots In
u.,mh mmojcfuH rivalry, would
not have been necessary, and all this
without depriving Germany of 'her place
in the sun.
The success achieved by Germany ta
the production of a sreat numh. JT
etally manufaotured preparations has
been brought home to the rest of tha
world by the meonvealeoce sauted il
other lands whp. thrwirt the warVtht
rum waaufaetorew, fes tbWta
iy"f"S WMHrt prosit, wueh
is jK to nave exceeded 39 pWlent
wow js. sutMatuHM. of New York w.
etet4 Vice projMeat rf tT,toM IIS
Eoouomlc Scianes $Bean. """"" "
Fr4ri W vina WB tb4
i4e L TTErSS ?
IjMriat&jgi, """ TSSsssMsssHBgfJ
ABOLITION OF TOLL
Amendment to Constitutionl
Authorizing Loan Will
Be Introduced at Coming
Session of Legislature.
A constitutional amendment authorising "J
a $50,000,000 loan for the abolition of
toll roads and for the completion of the.
State highway system will be introduced 4
in the next session of the Legislature.
Tho Republican leaders behind tha plan Jf
want to have the amendment come be-'
fore tho two Legislatures during Gov-
ernor Brumbaugh's administration, so'
that It could bo .submitted to the voters'
Tho amendment will bo framed on en
(tr.lv riirrrant lines from the one !
feated at the polls In 1913. It will be
drafted with a view to entirely 611m-.
Inntlng tho opposition that was advanced !
nrninnt the 1812 bond amendment. .
The "Weeks plan," for regulating the J
expenditure or all etaio uignway us
nartment funds, will bo Incorporated In
tho new amendment so as to do away 'I
wltn ODjecuons 10 a -porn, carroi ap,M
nnrtlanment that were raised when the A
first 50,000,000 roaas- loan carno oeiors
tho voters. Tho Weeks plan provides for"
an equitable distribution of tho money on
tho oasis or tho Btate nignways in cacn
county, of county and township roads '
In each county and of population, omitting4!
cities ot tho first nnd second class. J
The mcasuro that is botng drafted wllij
also provide n maximum limit or ins"
bonds which any session of the Legisla
ture con Issue. Engineers who havo been
conferred with by tho authors of the -
new amendment havo asserted that It
would require at least Z,000.000 a year"
to keop tho State highways in Fenhsyl- ft;
vanla In good repair and that little ln,j
the way of building new roods could be j
done for less than $3,000,000 a year.
Tho tentative plans that have been dls.'ifa
cussed by tho authors of the amend.vj;
ment nrovlde that tho first session of the ,-1
Legislature to bo held after the ratldca-'li
tlon of the bond Issuo by tno voters snail j
Issue 16,000,000 of the bonds each year for$
three years and tnat the succeeding Leg
Islaturo shall Issuo a similar amount each
year for two years. Ono million of the1
amount Issued each year would be suf
ficient for the Stato gradually to purchase 4
all of tho toll roads that form parts et
the State highway system, while the;
rcmnlnder would keep all the State roads'
In good repair and provide suniclent funds,
for tho irradual construction of per-'1
manent roads on the entire State highway1
system, said the authors or the amend
Under the dan of having tho first Leg-'
Islaturo thnt meets after tho bond Issue!
hns been ratified nrovlde for floating" HI
stated amount for three years Instead oW
for two, thoy said tho State would save
enough monoy to pay tho Interest on the '
loan. . '
Thev nolnted out that the Stato High-'.
way Department is now virtually at a
standstill for six months out of every4
two years. State appropriations now pro-j
vide most of tho funds for tho State ,
highways and each Legislature can make 2
appropriations for only two years. The
appropriations run out at tho end of the "
year preceding the convening of each
Legislature and new appropriations aro
not available until about six months'"
later. During these months the organ-
1 ration of tho department has to be kept ,
intact, nlthomrh no funds aro available,
for road building.
Tho amendment will be Introduced In
the Sonnte probably by Senator William -A
Sproul, of Delaware County, who prob- 4
ably will sponsor the measure in the Leg- -islature.
It Is belnjr drafted by the Au.
tomoblle Club, of Delaware County, In-fin
dependently of the Pennsylvania motor
PELLAGRA HAS VICTIM HERE
Railroad 'Watchman, 55 Years Old,
Hies of Hare Disease.
Pellagra, the rare and mysterious dis
ease which has puzzled the medical world
since Its discovery, claimed one victim
In Philadelphia last week.
David Curtain, 55 years old, a railroad ?
crossing watchman, was the victim. Its'!
died In the Philadelphia General Hos
pital last Monday, He had been In the
hospital since July, when he was taken'
from his home at Ann and Welkel streets.
Ho was burled the day before Christmas. 1
Curtain, who was big and strong. 1
wasted away until his weight at the times
of his death was tittle more than that.
of a skeleton.
QIEIi TERRIBLY BCAIiDED
Falls Into Tub of Bjot "Water While
Plavlnsr "With Ball.
A' rubber ball which Santa Claus
brought her caused $.year-o!d Bessie
Into a tub of scalding water today. The M
ball bounced Into the tub and the girl M
followed It She Is In a serious condition 2J
In the Children's Homeopathla Hospital,
The girl's mother, Mrs, Rachel Goldi
baum, who pulled her out of the tub, was
scalded about the hands.
Officlsl Forecast m
WASHINGTON, Dec. Si. M
For eastern Pennsylvania and New Jeri "W
seyj Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday: 1
somewhat -warmer tonight; moderate q
variable winds. ,l
The eastern area of high barometer Is 1 1
central over Chesapeake Bay this mora M
ins unu leavers au districts as iar wb"
as the MIsslssiDDl River. It has appar
ently lost energy to some extent during 1
the last ;i hours and the temperatures
have risen arenerally within Ita ar. '-s
inougn tney are still below the norma
at most places. At Philadelphia tha tem
perature has risen it degrees during tha
last It hours and is still alrtit deirrees
batow the normal. This fairly represents
the conditions throughout the northeast
ern portion of the country. Llsrht rains
are general along the southern border anJ
me miaaie Auanua slope.
U. S. Weather Bureau Bulletin
Obssrvatlens mJ. t Ss.hl pattern tho T
Afifftel. "-frUWV.rwMth.r 7i
Abilene. Tm 41 M .SB 8 Rato 4.
iuiuh un , w u .. nw dear
BMt,.M U, B'll .. H 4 dear
Bftt, N, Tf .
ralana, O, ,,
B Heists, la.
W B Claw
,03 BW a Cloudr
., B S ClUtAY
, a ti vieaaw.
ew s p
Uiuyo, B 0..,, i 6
MatSTU), -K, SS SB 4
MWMU, TMS. H S4 8S S
.;" ;""' ii Nt is ywax
aii.'T'El' M U .U if II Raja '