EVENING LEDGEB-PHILADELPIIIA, MONDAY. JANUARY 25, 191S.
LABOR AND CAPITAL
EACH MAY ORGANIZE,
ENGLISH BATTLE CRUISER SQUADRON RANGED IN BATTLE LINE TO MEET GERMANS
SHIP PURCHASE BILL
FIGHT MAY RESULT
IN EXTRA SESSION!
One Has Same Right as
Other, He Tells U. S.
republican Leaders in (V
Against President's Mea
ure Will Be Continued.
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NEW TfOHK, Jan. SS.-John D. Rocke
feller, Jr., espoused the cause of "good
unions" today beforo the Federal Com
mission on Industrial Relations, but
limited his approval strictly to those
unions Which permit the open shop,
"I believe It to bo Just as proper and
advantageous for labor to associate Itself
Into organized groups for the advance
ment of Its legitimate Interests as for
capital to comblno for the samo object"
Bald Rockefeller. "Such associations of
labor manifest themselves In promoting
collective bargaining, In an effort to obtain
better working and living conditions, In
providing machinery whoroby grievances
to the Individual may bo" taken up with
the management easily and without pro
Judlco. "Whatever their specific purpose,
so long as It Is to promoto the well
being of, the cmp.oyos, having duo regard
for tho Just Interests of tho employer and
the public, leaving every worker freo to
associate himself with such groups or to
work independently, as he may choose 1
favor them most heartily.
"Combinations of capital some times arc
conducted In an unworthy manner, con
trary t6 law and In disregard for the In
terest both of labor and the public," n
said. "Such combinations cannot bo con
demned too strongly or dealt with too
vigorously. Although combinations of thin
kind are the exception, such publicity gen
erally Is given to their unsocial acts that
all combinations of capital, however right
ly managed, or broadly beneficent, nro
thereby brought under suspicion. Like
wise It sometimes happens that combina
tions of labor are conducted without Just
regard for the rights of the employer or
tho public, and methods and practices
adopted which, because unworthy or un
lawful, are deserving of public censure."
Referring to tho Colorado strike. Rocke
feller asserted that the hiring and dis
charging of men and tho framing of
agreements as respects the same aro
functions which he regarded as rightfully
belonging to tho management, and not
to tho stockholders or directors.
"I had no knowledge of the managers'
decision untjl after the strllto had been
declared," he said.
HELD LITTLE COLORADO STOCK.
Rockefeller asserted his company, the
Colorado Fuet and Iron, controlled only
B. small percentage of the mines Involved
In the strike, and could not have dlc-
.ted their policies.
His company's earnings, Including
bonds neld by the Rockefellers, never
exceeded 3 per cent, per annum, he
"Doufitless mistakes have been mndc
and conditions are still Imperfect," Rock
efeller declared. "I have no desire to de
fend any conditions that are justly sub
ject to criticism; I only ask that the
responsibility for them be apportioned
His efforts are being devoted, he testi
fied, to develop increasing good will and
to Improve existing conditions as far as
possible. "Frankly," he said, "I confess
I felt there was. something wrong In a
condition of affairs which rendered pos
sible the loss of human lives, engendered
hatred and bitterness and brought suf
fering and privation upon hundreds of
To relievo this condition, he said, he
had recommended the study of labor
problems by the Rockefeller Foundation.
Co-operation between tho Colorado min
ers and the company management already
has reached a highly satisfactory state,
Mr. Rockefeller testified that Ivy L. Lee
received a salary of $2000 a month when
he Joined tho "personal staff" of John D. !
Rockefeller, Jr. His chief duty was to
attend to the publicity work for tho Colo
rado Fuel and Iron Company.
FAIRNESS TO WORKERS.
"The welfare of employes constantly
should be In mi ml," he said, "and pioflts
at times should be subordinate to this.
If fair wages and reasbnablo living con
ditions cannot otherwise be provided, div
idends must be deferred or the Industry
abandoned. Neither labor nor capital can
prosper unless the Just rights of both
"I believe further," he said, "that, in
matters of Industrial relations, the public
Is entitled to confidence and consideration.
Sly appreciation of conditions surround
ing wage-earners and my sympathies
with every endeavor to better these con
ditions are as strong as those of any
man. If, with the responsibilities I havo
and the opportunities given me, I am able
to contribute toward promoting the well
being of my fellowman, through the less
ening of Injustice and the alleviation of
human suffering, I shall feel that It has
been possible to realize tho highest pur
pose of jny life."
In a statement submitted to the com
mission Rockefeller gave a report of the
foundation's funds. On December 1, 19H,
tho total on hand was $103,1)50,817, of which
?:.921,5J7 was unexpended Income,
Plain-clothes men and central office de
tectives were much In evidence when
Rockefeller took tile stand. They were
scattered through the corridors of the
Municipal Building, where the hearing la
being held, throughout the audience In the
room and particularly In the first rows
of seats near the witness stand.
PINED FOR POISONING DOO
Director of Kensington Kennel Club
Arraigned Before Magistrate.
A. C. Quell. J203 North Warnock street,
member of the Board of Directors of
the Kensington Kennel Club, was fined
110 mid costs by Magistrate Emely today
pn a charge of poisoning Black Boy, a
valuable Pomeranian belonging to Jo
seph Kayser, 718 East Olrard avenue.
The prosecution was brought at the In
stance, of the Society for the Prevention
cf Cruelty to Animals.
TODAY'S MABBIAOB MCENSES
TwilS!liS?u BUvl "' ' n,J Mar,a Kovay'
Raymond nulir 2111 S. Lambert ft., tnd
Julia. Michel SOW 8. Croakey st. '
55ymant nurskl. M7 Creuou at., and Mary-
ann Zablenskl. 27X0 Thompson at,
Abraham Btdner, Mu N 6th St.. and Either
Kaufman. 039 N. Cth at. wur
Lewis U Stumscher, 3113 Montgomery av..
find Elisabeth. Rosenthal. 3019 Buclld ave.
Jrtanlt Imbo IKS S. 2flth at., and Katharine
SI Murray ltttl 8. Taney at. T
IViUUia II Roach 203.1 Oxford at., and IMIth
11 firoMn, 8023 Oxford at.
Hllllam K. Ifurlbert, 1023 Falrmouot ave.. and
I ur C BUrldn S N. 17th at. " " ""
rwrld Wtliirmn, 2033 N Franklin at, and
HinI Brodssy, mi a. 8tb at.
rtmrlwi V. Brhelt 32a N. eat at , and KaU-
erlna C Waters BJftQ Haverrord ate.
MUrk KUnshaaiBwr, U N Ortanaa at., and
Wf!Hjjs Pola W3I N Ilthgow at.
Air T vajl. gZI Amber ,t.. and KatsMlne
1, hix, sow v id t
MsAert A. WPtstrfmn B41t Cdar ave , and
jcis Anderson SIM Wyalutlnx ava.
ywiilBj, T y-juorukr 1JT Saw at, and Johanna
talsnskit 111 IJalnbrldte at
'la PrtwBn taw Wallace at. and Helen
""l rtH K Nwkrk at
fU-xiiiitt F'wilowt!,!, Ml Uvldxtttn t nd
' x,M KatMtrtpok Ml I.Ulneiton t.
F?wi VMLtm. jsw ftanran at . and Ansa if.
wt4 rut ,i,b i
M- x K'V WHkea-HMM Pa, and
w ,- , if rtwiorty SWI H. Ortasa at
-. jt 1fttn KgBIU1 ftd MsFJ"
m 9 fTn Kw si ss4 Sen Hlfl-
1, (( - - p tt WOml Star-
Right to left the five leading
naval review, held at Spithead,
MAYOR SIGNS BILL
TO 'MAKE DIRT FLY';
FOR ELECTION SOON
Appropriation of $500,000
Now Can Be Used for
Sewer Relocation to Fa
cilitate Subway Work."
Mayor Blankenburg today signed tho
general appropriation bill, carrying with
It $500,000 for the relocation of sewers In
tho proposed transit loop. Work on sowf.r
relocation will start March 20 This bill
was passed by Councils on Thursday.
The Mayor signed tho bill In the presonco
of Director Taylor und tho newspaper
men bofore opening his mall and his
action places at tho Director's disposal
tho money to start tho worlt.
After afllxlng his signature, the Mayor
said, "We want to see the dirt fly on
March 20." Handing Director Taylor the
pen with which he wroto his name, Mr.
Blankenburg said, "I give this to you as
a souvenir. I wish It were a gold pen.
b--t the city 1b not rich enough to afford
In Jocular vein, the Mayor said:
"On March M Director Taylor will give
mo a silver shovel to turn out the first
shovelful of earth and I will give him a
Tho Mayor appeared greatly Improved
by his brief vacation at Ashevlllc, N. C,
where ho had been since January 8.
"I gained live pounds," he said, "and
my sore throat Is entirely cured. In fact
I don't feel sore toward any one. I have
the kindest feeling for all mankind. We
hud bad weather at Ashevllle, but I went
for a rest and got It."
FOR ELECTION IN MARCH.
Mr. Blankenburg declared himself em
phatically In favor of a special election
In March that tho people might vote to
obtain funds for transit development. In
this connection he said:
"I am very much In favor of an election
early In Maich, as I havo said In my mes
sage to tho town-meeting held in tho
Academy a few days ago. I have no doubt
but that tho vote will be overwhelmingly
In favor of borrowing the money to be
gin tho work. In business I have al
ways found It wise to provide funds be
fore entering upon any new enterprise
and that is what we want to do now."
In commenting upon tho selection of
Francis Shunk Drown as Attorney Gen
eral by Governor Brumbaugh, the Mayor
"The appointment of Mr. Brown came
to me as a distinct surprise. I have
known him a number of years and per
sonally like him very much. Everybody
must give him credit for the fact that ho
has always been true to his clients and
always given to them the best that is In
"I havo no doubt whatever that Mr.
Brown will do the samo thing for his
new client, Governor Brumbaugh and tho
State of Pcnsylvanla. If ho serves them
as well ns has been his reputntlon for
serving his former clients much good will
bo accomplished during his term of ofllce
My confidence in Governor Brumbaugh
Is so absoluto that I nm sure he knew
what he was doing when he appointed
Francis Shunk Brown attorney general."
HOPES FOH CONVENTION.
The Mayor expressed the hope that the
present Legislature would approve a Con
stitutional Convention. Ho said that he
had advocated such action for a long
time and asserted that he had assur
ances from Governor Brumbaugh that
his list of suggestions for changes In
legislation for the benefit of the city
would be carefully considered.
Regarding the quick Bale of J5,000,000 in
city bonds over the counter last week, tht
Mayor Bald: "Tne news of the unprece
dented success of the sale was one of
the most gratifying pieces of Information
I ever received. I was sure that there
would be no trouble In disposing of the
Issue In a single day. The success of
the sale shows that the credit of the
city Is not only unimpaired, but Is better
today than ever before."
BUTLER THIEF AND "PAL"
HELD UNDER HEAVY BAIL
Colored Assailant nnd Companion
Must Face Trial.
Joseph A. Davis, until a short time ago
a butler In tho employ of Mrs. John Tur
ner, wfe of the president of the Hires
Turner Glass Company, and a companion,
Charles Christopher, were arraigned for
breaking Into the Turner home at St.
David's and held in $1500 ball today for
court, Davis was captured after Mrs.
Turner had come to the assistance of her
husband, who was being overpowered by
the butler who had turned housebreaker.
It was brought out In court today that
Davis, who, like his companion. Is colored,
was known to the police as Harry Gor
don and James Davis. This the Turners
did not know when they engaged his ser
vices and they twice forgave him when
he came under suspicion for petty thefts
In the house.
On December a he disappeared with a
pockrttbook, a valuable ring and a suit
case, and early yesterday returned and
gained entrance at the front door. A
roald whom he knocked down screamed
for help, but when Mr. Turner tried to
ca,teh the Intruder, Christopher, having
com In from the rear, leaped on the busi
ness man's back. The latter was getting
the worst of It until his wife came to hi
assistance, when they managed to capture
a. A, B. MAN APPOINTED
James F. Morrison, 0J1U clelk In the
olliee of the Receiver of Taxes and promi
nent In Grand Army circles, ha been re
appointed to the Stat Commlalion on
!iuliti-' Orphan Schools by Governor
Brumbaugh 00 recommendation of John
A fr'atrnian. department commander of
ti flnwl Aniiy vt thr Republic
ships are the Indomitable, New Zealand, Princess Royal, Lion and Tiger.
shortly before the declaration of war. It has been hinted since that these
DECISION COSTLY TO U. S.
Decree of Supreme Court Affects
92,000,000 In Claims.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.-The sum of
approximately 12,000,000 will havo to be
refunded by the United States Treasury
Department hb a result of n decision of
tho United States Supremo Court today
In an appeal from the Court of Claims
brought by tho United States against
Benjamin F. Jones, Jr., as solo adminis
trator of the estate of Adelaide P. Dal
sell, deseused, a former resident of Pitts
Mrs. Dalzcll died Intestate possessed of
personal property valued at a26,llR, and
on October 2), 190.", tho Collector of In
ternal Rcvonue nt Pittsburgh collected
tho sum of $3200 as an Inheritance) tax.
Tho Court of Claims ordered the refund
ing of this tax. Similar claims amounting
approximately to the sum of 52,000,000
hinge upon this caso.
BILL FOR PROTECTION OF
Legislator Would Absolve Compa
nies From Prosecution In Accidents.
DOVER. Del., Jan. 25. A proposed law,
which would protect employers from
prosecution for accidents caused by neg
lect, caused a sensation when Introduced
tho ITmise tndnv liv nnnr.npntnvn
Williams. Under Its provision a trolley
car motorman whoso negligence resulted
in a fatality, could bo fined from $10 to
$23 in a municipal court. The bill re
moves him from any criminal responsi
bility. It also applies to operators of
Representative Williams Is an employo
of tho Peoples Railway Company In Wil
mington. Tho Democratic members of tho House
held a caucus this morning and delayed
the opening of tho session until noon.
Tho Democrats conforred over their atti
tude toward the Republican leglslatlvo
program and It was announced thoy
would not block any measures except
Senator Gormley nnd Representative
Downward recelveil bills drafted bv the
Wilmington High School Alumni Asocla
tlon, providing for the re-organlzatlon of
the Board of Education by reducing Its
membership from 13 to 7, the latter to bo
elected at large and not from each repre
sentative district, as at present.
The Democrats appointed Senators Hart
and Furnlss nnd Representatives Hall,
Elliott nnd Allen as a committee to watch
Republican legislation. Tho Democrats
also denounced n bill offered by Repre
sentative Rash, Republican, In which they
say is hidden a "snake" to destroy the ob
ject of the bill to protect the purity of tho
SMITH EXONERATES FRIENDS
Eemoves Blame Prom Club Membelis
for Brother's Death.
Charles Smith, of 231 Ashmead street,
whoso brother, George Smith, 22 years
old, fell to his death from an Ice-coated
window ledge at the 22d Ward Demo
cratic Club In Germantown, exonerated
six other members of the organization
from blame today, at a hearing in
Central Station. George Smith fractured
his skull while attempting to go to his
uruuiero rescue Dy cuniDing irom one
window sill to another on the outside or
the club headquarters, yesteiday.
According to tho dead man's brother,
he and George Feasey had gotten Into
an altercation on an upper floor of the
club. The window of the apartment
where the fight occurred is divided In
half by a partition nnd George Smith at
tempted to go to aid his brother by
climbing around the dividing wall. Ho
lost his footing owing to the frozen sleet
and pitched to the ground on his head.
Charles Smith, the brothers Feasey
nnd Harry Connors, all members of tho
club, were held on their own recogniz
ance to await the action of the Coroner.
LICHT AND SHADOW OF DAY
IN THE CITY POLICE COURTS
Culprits Arraigned for Varied Offenses Meet Rewards and
Punishments According to Deserts.
Four Negroes saw a man throw knives
around a girl at a vaudeville show. Then
they went to the home of John Miller, 407
South 12th street, and tried the trick on
Miller's picture, which hung on the wall.
In a few minutes his portrait looked like
a sieve. Miller procured a revolver and
shot up the house. His friends used his
furniture for trenches. Miller was still
shooting when Sergeant McGown and Po
liceman Lyford arrived. Magistrate Hag
gerty, at the )Jth and Pine streets sta
tion, made Miller declare an armistice
for SO days, which period he will rest In
Harry Eniely, of Reading, appeared be
fore Magistrate Eniely at the Park and
Lehigh avenue station hungry and broke.
'It's the first time I ever had an Emely
before me," said the Judge. "What were
you arrested for?"
"I Just came in because I was hungry,"
said the prisoner.
"It's against the law for an Emely to
be hungry. Go get your breakfast."
And the Magistrate tossed his namesake
a half dollar.
When Joseph Duffy isn't whitewashing
h does a little paperhanglng or helps
undertakers to l&y out the dead. Oc
casionally he plays the piano for caba
rets, and If business Is slow at this be
acts as chauffeur for a brewery wagon
or works In a cut-price grocery. All of
these trades were suck, o he fought to
drown bin ssrraws. He was found asImp
nr tot car traclt on front stmt by a
LOBBIES ARE READY
ASFLOODS OF BILLS'
RISE AT HARRISBURG
Liquor Men's Representa
tives at Capital and Rail
road Employes' Agents
Also Open Headquarters.
IrnoM A STArr conmuiroNDENT.
HARRISBURG. Jan. 25. Tho Legis
lature will sottlo down to tho actual work
of tho session when It reconvenes at 9
o'clock tonight. Both houses nro now
completely organized, and "ready for
business." This Is tho first week for the
consideration of legislation, and a flood
of bills will begin to pour Into tho Scnato
nnd House during the thrco days tho two
branches will bo In session this week.
Governor Brumbaugh's plea for less
legislation will havo some effect on the
number of measures passed by tho Legis
lature, but It Is not expected to greatly
reduce In number tho hundreds of bills
that members havo planned to Introduce.
By far the majority of those proposed
measures aro for sectional legislation.
Local option, child labor, employers' lia
bility, workmen's compensation, good
roads, agriculture, education and tho
other measures urged by the Govornor
aro being drafted by Attorney General
Brown, so that tho formor Inconvenience
of dozens of bills being Introduced for
each of the State-wide problems will
probably be avoided. 1
The first of the Brumbaugh Administra
tion measures are expected to be Intro
duced this week. ThcBo Include child
labor, which will come up In tho Senate
first, and agricultural legislation. Local
option, "slated" to be disposed of eirly
In the session, may also bo introduced
in the House this week.
With the Legislature settling down ti
actual work, two powerful lobbies are
already at work here. Neil Bonner, sec
retary of tho Pennsylvania Retail Dealers'
Association, Is hero with a corps of as
sistants, fighting for tho liquor Interests.
The railroad employes of the State liava
opened headquarters, from which to di
rect activities In behalf or railroad men's
They will make a vigorous effort to
prevent tho repeal of the so-called full
crew net, pnBsed by the Legislature In
1913, and will urge the enactment of sev
ernl measures which they will have Intro
duced later In tho session.
According to the railroad men, an ef
fort will bo made by tho railroads to
bring about tho repeal of the full-crew
act, and the railroad men's lobby Is
making a canvas of the House and Scnato
In an effort to prevent the repeal of
The full-crew act was bitterly opposed
In 1913 by the railroads, as It required
t'no railroad companies to keep a certain
number of men on each train. The rail
roads, In their fight to repeal tho act, are
contending that on trains of a certain
size a full crew Is unnecessary.
A bill providing that an electric head
light be placed on each locomotive will
soon be Introduced by the locomotive en
gineers. The trainmen also have a meas
ure requiring that obstructions located
near railroad tracks be removed.
The bill requiring that a man must
serve a certain term of service with a
railroad before he can be promoted to
the position of engineer, which was de
feated after a bitter contest In tho last
seealon, will again be Introduced, and
another bitter contest Is anticipated when
tne measure comes beforo the present
Legislature. The trainmen contend that
In the event of a strlko, any one, whether
he has had experience or not, can now
1)0 placed In charge of a. locomotive.
policeman, and taken to the Front and
Westmoreland streets' station,
"Do you drink?"' asked Magistrate
"That's my business," replied Duffy.
"Better get nnother," said the Magis
trate, The prisoner was thinking so deeply he
didn't hear the Judge say "discharged."
"Brighten tho Corner Where You Are."
This refrain, which Is popular at the
"Billy" Sunday jneetings,echoed through
the hallway of the 12th and Pine streets
police station this mornings Sergeant
Clarke found a poorly dressed man play
ing It on a mouthorgan. There was a
trace 01 tears in the eyes of the musi
cian, although he tried to smile.
"I'd like to stay here for the night," he
said, "even If I can stand up somewhere.
I want to get out of the cold,"
Sergeant Clarke gave him a bed and
took up a collection for the stranger, who
said he was Charles Bower, of Reading.
Magistrate Haggerty helped the good
work along with a liberal donation.
Sixty-year-old Thomas Foley was seen
struggling along the street wth a heavy
shutter on his shoulder by Sergeant Hirst.
When taken to the Germantown police
station, Foley admitted that ha stole the
shutter from a nearby house. "My son
and me are out of work," he said, "and
my wife Is taking In washing to help
things along. We- had po money for fire
wood, so I took the abutter."
"Do you want work?" asked Magistrate
"J'll take It without wsJUns for break
fast," said Foley.
Sfforts will b madt to get the man
This picture was taken last summer
ships were assembled at the time
TAX PAYMENTS BEGIN
City Receives Taxes on Realty nnd
Heavy payments on realty nnd school
taxes were mndo by cltlzons today at tho
ofllco of tho Receiver of Taxes nt City
Hall nnd at tho eight branch tax oftlccs
throughout tho city, following t'no open
ing of tho tax books this morning for
151B. Books for payment of water rents
for 1015 will bo opened February 1.
Tho now dopullcato tax bill that elimi
nates tho long 'dolay nt tho receiver's' of
flvo was put Into service todny.
A discount of 1 per cent, on nil taxes
for payments made In January, Fobruary
and Mnrch Is allowed by ordinance; dis
counts of of 1 per cent are allowed for
payments In April, M of 1 per cent In
May and U of 1 per cent. In Juno. No
discount Is nllowcd in July and August
and penalties begin In Soptomber.
OCEAN FREIGHT RATES
BLOW TO U. S. TRADE
Continued from Fngo Ono
steamship owners on tho ono hand and
by what the traffic can Btund on tho
"Tho Government has no povcr to con
trol or regulate ocean freight rates, nor
can It, under existing law, protect our
foreign trado against tho extortionate and
hurtful charges. The steamship owners
can uicreaso rates without notlco and
upon tho Instant, and our business men
aro helpless. Tho steamship companies
are their own masters and do as they
plcaso with tho transportation of our ex
ports. As already shown, they are ser
iously checking our foreign trado nnd In
Bomo cases, such as lumber and coal, aro
stopping It altogether."
The report today was supplemental to
tho statement made on December 2G last,
and was made In response to the resolu
tion passed December 18, calling for in
formation regarding tho ocean freight
Some of the striking Increases which
wero reported to tho departments by
American business men and shippers,
From Now York to Rotterdam on grain
000 per cent.; nnd on flour, COO per cent.
From New York to Liverpool tho rates
on tho samo commolltles havo Increased
from 300 to BOO per cent.
From Baltlmoro to European ports (ex
cept German) on grain, 000 per cent.; on
Hour, 354 per cent.; on cotton, Gil per cent.
From Norfolk to Liverpool Grain, from
157 to 200 per cent.; cotton, ISO per cent.
From Norfolk to Rotterdam Cotton, 471
per cent.; to Bremen, on cotton, 1100
per cent , or from $1.25 per balo to $15
From Galveston to Liverpool Grain, 174
per cent.; cotton, 361 per cent.
To Bremen Cotton, 10G1 to 1154 por cent.
Tho report finds these ocean freight
charges, "arbitrarily Imposed upon our
farmers and business men," meant an In
crease for the month of December alone
of 518.01S.700, and if the exports continuu
at this rate, It Is estimated that the
ship owners, principally foreign, will col
lect for the year 1915 Incieused freight
charges above tho normal rates of J21G,
221,400. RESULT OF INCREASES.
"High ratos are not only restricting
the general volume of our export trade,"
soys the report, "but aro actually stop
ping cxportations In some lines. Ship
owners In somo Instances are taking only
those goods or commodities which will
pay tho highest ratos of freight and are
caBlly unloaded, nnd aro declining to ac
cept shipments of other commodities,
such, for Instance, as lumber, because
the character of the shipment and rates
obtainable thereon make it more to tho
Interest of tho steamship ownor to ac
cept one class of goods than another.
These discriminations agalnBt different
clnsses of American products and against
certain lines of American business are
both arbitrary and hurtful."
The report calls attention to a letter re
ceived January 15, 1915, from the Panama
Ruth oart Company, showing the Inability
to get coal to the canal zone for tho UBe
of the Pannma Canal, and adds:
"The direct charge Is that tho Holland
America Line has repudiated written
calls with American shippers and has In
creased fi eight charges without regard to
BUSINESS M.EN PROTEST.
Many of the letters from business men
and exporters, on which the report Is
based, aro attached to It, and they ahow
clearly the difficulties under which tho
foreign trado Is conducted at present.
A big commission Iioubo In San Fran
cisco wrote that 600 tons' of dried fruit
shipped through the Panama Canal to
New York for export to Holland via Scan
dinavian ports were held up a long time
In Now York because no ships were avail
able, Tho rates on this product Increased
800 per cent., following the war, up to the
first of the year, and 100 per cent, has been
udded since then,
A New York manufacturer of Portland
cement reported that before the war ship
ments of this commodity were possible to
Argentina and' Uruguay at $2.45 per ton.
and to Brazil at J3.60 a ton, Early In
August these rates were boosted 50 per
cent, and further raised since September,
until now they are 19 per ton to Rio Ja
neiro by some lnes and 8.W a ton by
others, and (3 to Argentina.
DXT PONTS BUSINESS
APFECTED BY NEW BATES
WILMINGTON. Del, Jan- 25.-At tho
traffic department of the du Pont Powder
Company, It was stated that the Increased
ocean rates would affect that concern be
cause few ship owners are anxious to
carry explosives at any time. It will have
the effect of Increasing the price of goods
to tho purchaser abroad because he will
be compelled to pay the freight.
Members of the firm of the Charles
Balrd Company, morocco manufacturers,
made similar statements.
DISCUSSION OF HOUSING
Housing conditions In Toronto, Canada,
will be discussed today by D. Frank
Beer, president of the Toronto Housing
Company, at the annual meeting of the
Octavla Hill Association, In the audi
torium of the Curtis Building. A report
of the year's work by the Octavla Hill
Association, which has helped to change
unsanitary houses Into modern model
dwellings, will be read. Directors for the
year of 115 will be elected.
in the course of the great British
because it was foreseen that war
2 DEAD, MAM HURT
AS RESULT OF ICE
AND BAD WEATHER
One Victim Killed When
Slipping From Top of
Car Other Dies of Ex
posure. JANUARY PROMISES
TO SET RAIN RECORD
A few more rainstorms In the next
tccek urtll give to the first month of
1015 the distinction of breaking all
records for January rains. The rec
ord to data is 0.28 Inches this month.
This figure has teen exceeded only
three times in the history of the
The greatest precipitation ever re
corded in the month was in 18fl,
when 7.8 inches of rain fell. The
nearest approaches to this were in
1B3G, when the record was 7.62, and
1850, when the fall was 6.G8 inches.
Ono man is dead and scores aro injured
today a3 the result of the thin coating of
lco on tho streets of the city, caused by
tho rain and hall storm. Another victim
of tho weather was foupd dead In a va
cant lot at 2Uh and Mifflin streetB. Ho
died from exposure. Tho man killed was
H. D. Jones, 33 years old. of 1167 Oxford
street. He slipped from the top of a
freight car In tho 52d street yard of tho
Pennsylvania Rnllrood, and was ground
to death beneath tho wheels. Tho man
found dead In the lot was Jacob Mink, 48
years old, of 25th and McKean streets.
Higher tempcraturo after midnight
melted tho lco, turning it Into slush. Tho
streets nnd aldowalks wero still extremely
dangerous this morning, however, and
numerous accidents havo been reported.
Nearly every hospital In tho city has
been called upon to treat one Or more In
juries as a result of the slippery side
walks and somo of the Injured aro In a
.Flvo porsons wero severely shaken up
when the autdmobllo In which they were
riding skidded and collided with n
crowded trolley car at 81th street and
Allegheny avenue shortly beforo mid
night. Tho auto passengers wero hurled
Into the street and badly bruised, and
the passengers of the trolley car became
Mrs. Everett Green, of 220 Carson street.
Manayunk, tho most seriously Injured,
was tnken to St. Timothy's Hospital suf
fering from bruises and shock. She later
went home. Tho others, Mr. and Mrs.
William Groome, of 4133 Baker street, and
Mr. and Mrs. John Cotter, of Ritchie
street above Green lane, were treated nt
their homes. Both tho trolley car and
tho automobile wero going west when the
nccldent occurred. Tho front of the
motorcar was demolished.
The list of Injured follows:
JOSEPH LETISKI, 1014 South Water street,
concussion of the brain; at. Agnes' Hospital.
IIOUCHT Sl'IiVU. UO years old, 1233 South
28th street, fractured hip; University Hon.
JOHBl'H WIQOINS. BOth street and Xrfincaiter
acnue, rractureu ami; West Philadelphia
LOUIS OIN8HERO, 743 South street, frac
tured urlst: Pennsylvania. Hmmltnl.
AURAM GOTLOII, 220 Catharine street, frac
tured left shoulder; Penrmylvnnla Hospital.
FnANK RAOE.Il, 2S25 Imtt street, dislocated
arm, Episcopal Hospital.
WHS. EVEIttJTT artEE.V, 220 Caraon street.
Manayunk, hurt when auto skidded at 34th
street and 'Allegheny avenue; St. Timothy's
MRS. ANNA WEAVER, 4075 Thompson street,
fractured arm; West Philadelphia Homeo
OSCAU SHERMAN, 841 Main street. Darby,
fractured right shoulder; Women's Southern
WILLIAM HRADLKY, 15 years old, 1410
South Hanson street, broken left leg; Uni
MRS. MARY TA8PEL. 28 years old. 1411
North Broad street, felt In front of her home,
broken arm; t Joseph's Hospital,
HARRY MORRIS. 1017 Falrmount avenue,
fell at Jeasup and Stiles streets, broken arm;
Ht Jo?oph's Hospital
MRS. A. At. FLETCHER, 2224 Qrnts atreet.
(ell In front of homo, broken arm; Women's
MARY THOMAS, 2130 Christian street,
sprained left arm: Polyclinic Hospital,
JOHN PINK, 2101 Balnbrldge atreet; Toly.
a. BALLON, 1721 Mlrflln atreet, sprained back:
SI .Annas' Hospital
JOSEl'H CUMMINQS. 1427 North Bath street,
broken arm; West Philadelphia Homeopathic
JAMES WILLIAMS, 50th street and Lancaster
avenue, broken arm; West Philadelphia
Hospitals and police also reported numerous
caaes of sprained wrists and other minor hurts
ilua to falls,
A parcel post automobile collided with light
carriage while the streets were at their worst
at Chelten avenue and Morton atreet, and Ar
thur Wllkle, of 100 West Harvey afreet, and
Ml.-hael McCorvllle, of 5020 Helskell street.
Oermantown, were thrown to the atreet. They
escaped with slight cuta anrt. bruises.
Autotruck Driver; Hurt
Albert Baker, driver for a parcel nnat
delivery auto, lost control of his machine
on the slippery street today at Chelten
avenue and Morton street and crashed
Into a carriage driven by Michael McCon
ncl, of :0 Helskell street. Baker was
thrown out and badly Injured. McConnel
escaped Injury. Baker, who Is 23 years
old, and resides at 915 Bartram avenue,
Colllngsdale, was taken to the German
MABRIED AT EWCTON
Usual Monday Morning Rush nt
Maryland's Gretpa Green.
ELKTON. Md., Jan, 25.Elk.ton experi
enced Its usual Monday morning rush for
marriage licenses today. The followlna
Pennsylvanla couples were wedded:
James n. Gowan and Madeline M. Burk,
Walter I Bradley and Maria Morris. Wil
liam Mohr and Viola B. Sllmm, Lewis A.
jMapleton nnd Anna It, Thlel, Earl W.
Clark and Mary Kurts. all of Philadel
phia; Kdward Q- Lewis and, Marie Jones,
Wilkea-Barre; Anthony Wesotoskl and
Edith Fessler, Shamokln; Otto E. Gueu
ther and Catherine llttUniback, Reading.
Joseph W. Rouse and Annie r. Jones,
Elm, N. J . nnd Edgar 6 MoPouiraJ, Port
with this wek.,Artmini..t7-l3?lnn,,!l
In hnlh hnnm.. t .... "WWI
both houses of Congress
efforts to prevent, if possible, ,, 1
session which Is bccomlnir mo-. i.-.;?!l
each leglslatlvo day. With It,. S,.S
making steady progress on tho aDomnVT
lion hill. , o. -. . "WwprltU ;
llcan filibuster on tho Qov.1 I!'.1
purchase bill, which has called the lr.iT-
- -- ..., iu a. suaaen halt
Bo lone as Prrnlilonf tvii- ,. ,
the nnsBnffn , . "r""",
hn nm,,,.,. ".".": P I,urcha W'
bo continued. Republican leaders oWi.51
Tim nrtlnn of r .. "rat.E
. .lyumucrnuo caucus St!
tho Bonato has bound the party to WW
tho shipping bill toforo tho Sen.,. M
tho exclusion of tho appropriation hln
which Is 0, challenge to the neouhZM
HO flir !- Rftnnln tan- . .
.bUUlFU (K, itujsea tvn . "
prlation bills, an urgent deficiency bill ttH
tho District ot Columbia, supply bill, W 4
minor measures. If tho Republican, imr "i
.......1 , , .. ... . uC, ,
" "' I'ruvuimng uispositlon of the shlD-
pmg bin in tho Senate before March Y. J
, wilt . ,1., ,-. - 1
u.w. .., U uummif ion xor the Preil.-i
dent to do but call an extra seislm '
Houso leaders are waiting dlsoo.itin- ..
the shipping bill in tho Senate beior."
APPROPRIATION BILLS DELATEn
Hopo of obtaining tho passage of rura$
credits legislation ly tho Sonato at thli
session practically has been abandoned,1
though tho bill will bo brought up Imme.'s
dlatoly after tho disposition of the shin i
purchase measure. Appropriation bills In "8?
mo aenato must await action on both
these pieces of legislation, according to
mu inub'iui uuuiucu ujr lno uemocratla u
Work on tho appropriation bills will bt'.1
tuiiuuucu in uio jiuuso in tne comlna
week. So far seven supply bills have
been passed by the House and sent to '
tho Senate. They aro tho District of j
Loiumora, ino urgoni uouciency, tho Leg- i
lslatlve. Executive and Judicial, the Post
office, tho Indian, the river and harbor,
and tho army bills. Tho next bills to ben
taken up by tho Houso aro the naval and
the diplomatic nnd consular measures.
TCn irnnnrnl ln-talnttnn n.111 t. v .. .
Into the House until more of the sd-SS
K.uF.iaiiuu unit, uiu uui ul uio way. iRti
u.ouHo leaaers navo uociuea that If the,
shipping bills cannot bo pushed througbj
tho Senate there Is no use to bring th1
measure into tho House, where a strongs
ngnt is HKCiy 10 uevoiop against It.
DISCUSS XINSEY'S SUCCESSOR
Assistant District Attorney Taulanjl
Among Those Mentioned.
There was considerable discussion In poj
llttcal circles today over the probablsl
successor of Judge Klnsey. Asslsttntil
District Attorney Joseph H. Taulanoiifl
among those prominently mentloned'fa
th vnnnnov. M&J
Judge Klnsey's term would not have ex
plred until 1918, and Governor BrumbaughlS
will namo his successor to servo until nextB
November, when a Judge will bo elected'M
ror a now term. ij
Others mentioned for tho vacancy arui
William II. Shoemaker, of the Board of.8
Viewers, and former member of the Boarlfl
of Education; Assistant District Attorney. j
Joseph P. Rogers, Thomas D. FInlettr,j
Jr., William m. Stewart ana Josepn e.:
The funoral of Judge Klnsey will b
held from 1022 Spruco street at 2 o'clock
tomorrow afternoon. Tho Rev. Marculj
A. Brownson, pastor of tho Tenth Prts-1
byterlan Church, 17th and Spruce streeUja
Tho pallbearers, connected with Court!
of Common Pleas No. 1, will be Horacsl
Gaw, Oscar West, Frank Scrlcber, poIl
Lylo. Hiram Horter. Oscar Borneman!!
William Grober, Charles Pommer anlH
Judge Klnsey's secretary. Robert Black.'
Interment will be In South Laurel HUH
HARRY X. SHELLENBERGEB
Harry K. Shcllenberger. for eight years!
n clerk In the Federal Naturalization
Bureau, died last night In the. Norths!
western Hospital, where he had been n
natlent for two weeks. Mr. Snellen-
berger was 33 years old and a native of.
Mount Joy, Lancaster county Ills father,
a brother and two sisters survive hlm,j
Interment will take placo In the fam!ljr2
lot at nt, joy.
WASHINGTON. Jan. tt.
For eastern Pennsylvania: Local enowa
and colder tonight; Tuesday pawl
cloudy and colder: moderate shifting!
wltirln hrnmlni? nnrthwpHt.
Tfnr Now Jeraev: Partly cloudy laj
south; snow or rain In north portion to-;
night; colder; Tuesday cojaer ana geu-
A disturbance appeared over Oeorsfej
vaatttrav mnrnfni linvlnc TTlQVtd III ifOS
the Gulf, and has passed rapidly up Oul
coast during the last it Hours, ino :a
tral depression Is oft the New JrI
coast this morning, while a cona'ij
disturbance Is apparently forming In tM
i...n t .I., Hoinn Tin northeaJtenl!
., inH ...minriu hn checked of ?i
high barometer over the Gulf of w J
Lawrence. It has caused general p
clpitation over Its entire course, the raw'
nll h1nfr h,nw nlnna the middle Al ;
lantlo coast, while sleet Is reported from j
II d Wtl,nr Riii-mm Bulletin
Observations msl at 8 a. m.. Eastern time. M
last Italn- Veloc- ... J
8a.ro. n't. fall, wlni Ur"a
Abilene. Te., K8 ,. my
,. av Y"." -J
........ ,(., ,. . -; .- .; i
Buffalo. H, Y... 20 m.20 g,
Chicago. Ill 18 18 ,. NUT 8
18 18 .. NIr 8 ;"
nv:. .. s .. bq i pqp'i
"h V LH .'J H A buwo ,
weaver, uui.,.,. -?v .
ffi?,ffi""Ulahr.-5.iI .04 NW 8 Snow
Duluth JIlnn,..UOUi .01 W I
anaa City. Mo- W i JJ
Memphis. Tuna,. aU'jM ,. N
New Orleans. SO U ,, NW
New Tfork. N f.U" E
North Platte,... 8 S g
Oklahoma., Okla. gj ,v f
Pittsburgh. Pa 31 . I &
PortUnd. ? sy1,4 S3
Portland. Ore. . fg ,
4 6no '
&ue?!S;l."'&v:: n i ... m.
8! Paul. Mian . 08 N
W 18 J
& IS"'.."?"- IS i hi fiB
ESJK5-f:: 35 Z H n
m 31 NW
t J2Sm wra- M.
. m 4 '
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