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EVENING LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 28, 1915.
tmAtiniii urn I i hi .1 k w i
REVIVED TURKS IN
Fierce Fighting Since Tues
day in Olti Region.
Czar's Campaign Resumed
on Persian Frontier.
TETROGIIAD, Jan. 28.-Thc Hussion
nrmy staff In the Caucasus admits In an
official report telegraphed here today
that the Turks have losumcd tho often
elvo fcoth In Transcaucasia and In Persia,
although It denies tho Ottoman claims of
victory In the Oltl region.
"In tho Tachorokh territory, In tho re
gion of Sultan Sellm, the Turks havo en
ergetically attacked the Russian troops
since Tuesday morning," says tho report.
"They were "repulsed, however. In the
region of Oltl the Turks have continued
the offensive which they havo assumed In
the last few days, moving forward In an
attempt to flank the Russian column, but
this movement haB also been repulsed
With heavy loss to tho enemy. (This di
rectly contradicts Turkish claims of vic
tory.) "In the region of Ascrbctdjan CTcrsIa)
the enemy's activities have Increased.
Numerous tribal detachments there are
upported lay Turkish regulars. Tho Turks
attempted, an offensive In the region of
Choi (70 milts northwest of Tabriz), hut
Tfere everywhere repulsed. In other dis
tricts there have been rlflo duelB."
RUSSIA DEMANDS DEATH
FOR CAPTURED AVIATORS
Attacko on "Unprotected Cities May
Be Adjudged Murder.
LONDON, Jan. 28.
Drautle treatment ot Gorman airmen who
hurl bomba upon unfortified cities was
proposed here today. It was suggested
that Germans captured In attempted air
raids upon unprotected places bo treated
as criminals and formally tried on mur
der charges, Instead of receiving tho
treatment usually accorded prisoners of
The proposal came from Petrograd.
Russian officials, Incensed over the lutcst
German attempt to bombard Llbau from a
Zeppelin dirigible, have recommended that
tho crew of the Zeppelin bo brought be
fore n military court on tho charge of at
Tho Novoe Vremya, a Petrograd news
paper, urged England and France to
adopt tho samo method, declaring this
wao tho only satisfactory means of fight
ing "German savagery."
BERLIN REPORTS FURTHER
GAINS ON CRAONNE HEIGHTS
More, Than n Mile of Field "Works
Taken From French.
BERLIN, Jan. 23.
German troops In France celebrated
Emperor "William's birthday by making
further gains on tho heights of Craonno.
An official report from tho General Staff
Issued this afternoon reports the cap
ture of 600 yards more of French trenches
near Craonne. With tho 1E0O yardB cap
tured Tuesday the Germans have now
taken more than a mile of the French
field workB In that region.
Hard fighting has been In progress on
the Craonne heights since Monday. The
official German report says that from
Mdnflay to "Vednesday 1500 dead French
men were found on the battlofleld and
that the Germans took 1100 prisoners.
GERMANS LOSE HEAVILY
AS CRAONNE ATTACKS FAIL
Paris Beports Xost Ground Begained
PARIS, Jan. 28.
The complete repulse of further Ger
man attacks in tho neighborhood of
Craonne and the recapture of lost posi
tions are claimed in the War Office's of
ficial report today.
In the three days of fierce battling for
possession of tha heights near Craonne
the Germans lost between 7000 and 10,000
In killed and wounded, according to of
ficial dispatches. Tho French total losses
rre not more than 800, it was stated.
Equally disastrous were the German ef
forts to Betze strong positions held by the
English west of La Bassee. The Ger
mans attacked at least a dozen times
under murderous fire and lost from 2000
to 1000 in killed and wounded.
PILGRIMS TO HONOR "BOBS"
Shaft Will Be Erected In Honor of
Late Field Marshal.
NOTV" YORK, Jan. 28. The Pilgrims'
Club plan to erect a shaft In this city
in honor of the late Lord Roberts, and
will co-operate -with the Pilgrims of Eng
land for the, erection of another shaft
It la probable thatelther a bust or me
dallion win be placed in Trinity Church.
PORT OF PHILADELPHIA
Vessels Arriving Today
Btr, Adolfo (Span,), Huelva. ore, I TV5ter
arj A Co.
Btr. P.rrtin. Jacksonville, puteneers and
merchandlio, Merchants and Ulcers' Transpor
air. Tuican, Boiton. ;aueniers and mer
chandlit. Merchant! and Miners' Transporta
6tr, Faratuay, Sabin Pais, crude all, San
Sir. Vtntmora (Dr.), Burr, ballut, L. Weil.
Vessels Sailing Today
Btr. Charlola (Dutch), Emit, Rotterdam, Jo
MPh C. Gabriel.
Btr Btorfond (Nor,), TVaaje, Havana, Mun-
Sir Bekaiocl (Br,),
Munion 8tomihlp Una,
ntr Hopemoor (Hr.),
Munion Steamship Line.
Btr Dakolan, Parse,
New York, W. F.
Btr Or eat Northern, Ahman, San Francisco.
tu. Ban Dleico and San Pedro, Charlea T.
Megee t Co,
Btr Mexican. Keen. New York, W. F,
Ilauar tc Co (cleared January 26).
Btr Indian, Rosen, Savannah and Jackson
ville. Merchants and Miners' Transportation
Sir. Lexington, Boston, Merchants and
Minira' Transportation Company,
lik Belhelm (Nor.), Lsraen, New York,
Weiinbtn & Co.
Bchr Frances M. Hasan, Norfolk, A. P.
Curomlne & Co.
Steamships to Arrive
Nama, From. Date.
W&ddon Bombay ,.,...Nov. 16
TntmUto RetlerJam I)e. 18
Flcscn Christian! . . . Dec. 38
Auchencras; ....Crux Grande . .Jan. 3
Jomebors Ardreosan Jan. 6
Kprrbotten Narvik ......Jan. 9
Bkjuldborg .COMflhageo ...Jen. 11
Kiorentlne Itdelya , Jan. 12
Wco nsra Jan. IS
Btlkeatad. , .Saajfago Jan. IB
I-an-lllae Okrant Jan. IT
Mackinaw ,..Cadon Jan. IT
fUturfa ...ShfeUi Jan SO
Nike Cardiff Jan. 88
Mancnuter Milter Manchester , .,.Jsn,i!3
Ham Bbielda Jan. a
Manchester Mariner... Bt. John's Jan. 2T
Port Antonio Port Antonio ...Jan. 27
Steamships to leave
MuuiolUa Qt$tmr ..
IMmlnlun uvtrpoel .
rJtlioa .f pUk
' jieda jjiaihn , ..
SsigjtKfi aeter Warlrtef ... iMiirfiteTtir
. Jan 38
Ju SO i
OFFICIAL WAR REPORTS
January 2J was the date ot tho an
niversary of the Emperor of Gcr
raanv's birth. Our adversaries had
nnnonnrcrt thnt on that occasion A
ilcspprutp effort would be made. It
wna rhadp, It slid not turn to tlielr
ndvnnlnge. Tho day was a fortunate
one for us on the entire extent of the
front. All the German attacks wero
repulsed. All the French attacks were
In Belgium tho positions of tho en
emy were bombarded and many of his
To the south of tho Lys the Eng.
tlsh artillery bomlmtdcd tho roads and
tho points of concentration of tho Ger
man troops. In tho sectors of Arrps.
Albert, Itnye, Noyon and Solssons
them wero Intermittent cannonades
and rlflo engagements. At Beveral
points tho enemy's Infantry attempted
to lcavo the trenches to attack. Theso
forces were Immediately repulsed by a
In tho region of Craonne the total
losses suffered by the Germans on
January 2." ond Jnnuary 28 certainly
reach' d the effective of a brigade
(about (MO men). Tho Herman pris
oners havo the Impression that they
havo BUlfcied a severe check. Our
losses, In killed, wounded or missing,
for these two days, are In tho neigh
borhood of 800 men. Our counter at
tacks refrained for us all of tho ground
Threo attacks In the Argnnnu at
Fontnlnc Madame at (1 n. ni., 10 a,
m., and 1 p. m. wero completely rolled
Three German attacks In the forest
Allly, southeast of St. Mlhlel, re
sulted In tho same way. Some detach
ments of the enemy wero repulsed at
I'arroy and at nures,
In tho Vosges we linvc mado ap
preciable progress to the north of
Senones on the slope.-! of signal Do La
Mcro Henri. Our Rain was In the
neighborhood of 400 yards. It wan
the samo to tho southwest of Senones
and In tho region of Ban Do Sapt.
Wo havo Ilkewlso mado progress In
Alsace. In tho region of Ammcrtz
vlller and Hurnhaupt-Lc-Bas tho
ground gained has been held. Near
Cernay an attack of a German bat
talion was repulsed.
Judging from tho number of dead
found on the ground on January 23,
26 and 27 to tho east of Yprcs at La
Bassee, at Craonne, in tho Argonno,
in tho Woovre region and In tho
Vosgcs, tho losses of tho enemy In
theso three days seem to exceed 20,
On tho right bank of tho lower Vis
tula (In Northern Poland) thero has
recently been heavy artillery firing
and conflicts between advance parties
of troops. From tho front along tho
river to the district around Skempe
we have harried rear guards of Bev
eral German battalions.
Last night (January 26) and today
Baw no important change on tho left
bank of the Vistula. The Germans de
livered repeated blows ngalnst our
fiont In the vicinity of Borjlmow, but
wero In every cose driven back.
Attacks made by tho enemy In the
vicinity of the villages of Itabskehudy
and Kamlon also resulted In failure.
In tho course of January 25 our ar
tillery bombarded with succesB tho
lines of the enemy ond reduced to
silence a German battery at the vil
lage of Atlanka, which Is near Sochac
zew. In East Prussia fighting has con
tinued In the region of Jlalwlschken
In Gallcla tho fighting Is on a more
extended scalo on all the front from
Dukla Pass to Wyszkow.
Last evening file Russians had been
driven back In the upper Ung valley
from their positions on both sides of
In tho wpstern theatre of war the
enemy's artillery bombarded Mlddle
kerke and Slype on tho coast of Flan
"We took on the heights of Craonno
ECO yards of trenches adjoining thoio
captured on Tuesday. Tho French at
tacks hero wero repulsed without dif
ficulty. Tho enemy suffered heavy
losses. From Monday to "Wednesday
1E00 dead Frenchmen were found on
tho battlefield and we took 1100 prison
ers, Including those reported yester
day. In the Vosges we repulsed several
French attacks in the neighborhood
of Senones and Ban-de-Sapl, with con
siderable loss to the enemy. We took
one officer and CO men. Our losses
In upper Alsace, on tho front of tho
line through lower Aspach and Hold
wleller and the Wurzbacher forest,
the French attacked our positions at
Aspach, Ammertsweillers, Heldwelller
and In the Wurzbacher forest. Tho
attacks were repulsed everywhere,
with heavy losses to the enemy. The
French retreated In disorder. Their
losses were specially heavy south of
Heldwelller and Ammertawelller. We
took Ave machine guns.
In the eastern theatro of war we re
pelled unimportant attacks north and
east of Gumblnnen. A Russian divi
sion was repulsed near Blevun, north
east of Serpez. The situation Is other
wise unchanged In Poland.
Our Caucasion troops have taken
the offensive and advanced In the di
rection of Oltl. They have repulsed
all counter-attacks of tho Russians,
who are In full retreat In that dis
trict. We havo taken considerable
The Russians In their retreat burned
the village of Narman to prevent
their stores there from falling Into
AUSTRIAN AVIATOR DROPS
SIX BOMBS ON CETTINJE
Three "Women Killed, 10 Civilians
Hurt, in Montenegrin Capital.
CETTINJE, Jan. SS.
This city, the capita of Montenegro,
was bombarded by an Austrian aeroplane
today. The aviator dropped six bombs,
killing three women and Injuring 10 other
The aviator apparently planned to
wreck the Government buildings and tha
royal palace, but no damage was done
to these structures,
Austrian warships have resumed their
bombardment of the Montenegrin coast.
From their positions off the Bocohe de
Cattaro they shelled the Montenegrin
positions at Mt. Lovtchen all day Mon
day and today. Their fire was Ineffactlve
and tho Montenegrin artillery replied
Water in the World
Pli BO t K W AT RU IW-20JPr rtta St.'m
TURKS, IN THREE DRIVES, MARCH ON SUEZ'
(f mfcLKAsrfARA V4jffif
pnAILIA A Sf
. jiL tv it tamsan . rv
WFfl) s. v i
viaStrJ C )
i. dp n f TT A
Turkish armies, numbering probably 120,000, are advancing upon
the Suez Canal from three directions: (1) along the Mediterranean,
(2) from El Akaba to Suez, (3) and from the east of Ismallia.
The fighting so far has been merely outpost skirmishes.
BRITISH ALONG SUEZ
READY TO STRIKE AT
THREE TURK FORCES
Skirmishes Prelude to Big
Battle in Egypt as 120,
000 Ottoman Troops In
CAIRO, Egypt, Jan. :& Whllo the light
ing cast of tho Suez Canal has thus far
been confined to skirmishes between tho
British forces and Turkish troops. It Is.
believed here that tho main armies will
soon bo In contact. Tho British com
mander has selected tho position In which
he will give battle to tho advancing
Traffic In tho Suez Canal Is now Rolng
on under restrictions fixed by the British
military authorities. Vessela nre allowed
to enter only nt stated hours and they
are convoyed the full length of the canal.
Utmost precautions are being taken to
prevent efforts to destroy tho canal. The
authorities havo been advised that, with
the Turkish troops, aro German engi
neers detached from service with the
Kaiser's army for that purpose.
The Turks, variously reported as num
bering 80,000 and 120,000, aro said to bo
approaching tho canal from threo direc
tions, one largo forco coming over the
caravan route along the Mediterranean
coast and another along tho route from
El-Akaba to Suez, while tribesmen nre
crossing tho region to the east of Ismallia.
Tho skirmish at El-Kantara, reported
yesterday, was between tho Turkish
troops coming over the coast route and
the British forces sent to oppose them.
Tho Turks coming from El-Akaba are
sold to have reached Nakhl, southeast of
Suez. Strong British forces have occupied
positions along tho route from Suez to
Nakhl, where there Is a small Turkish
Among the British troops concentrated
to resist the Turks are several regiments
of Australian troops, who have been held
here instead of being sent to the western
theatre. Hindu troops form a large part
of the defending force.
RUMANIAN ASSEMBLY MEETS
Parliament Expects Announcement
of War Policy.
BUCHAREST, Jan. 2S.
Tho Rumanian Parliament reassembled
today for what was expected to be ono ot
the most critical sessions In the nation's
As tho members gathered It was report
ed that the Government would make an
Important statement on the position of
Rumania as regards the war, and probt
ably would submit for ratification a rec
ommendation to align the country with
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THREE NATIONS BALK
AT U.S. PLAN TO BDY
SHIPS NOW INTERNED
Democrats Learn of Diplo
matic Issues Involved in
Purchase Bill Where to
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2S.-Hellable Infor
mation here Is that purchase of ships now
Interned In American ports under pro
lsIons of the Administration ship pur
chase bill will Involve the United States
In serious diplomatic controversy with
Great Britain, France and RusBla.
Although tho Administration Is refusing
to dlscloso Just what It Intends to do If
It succeeds In having the ship purchase
bill passed, thero Is no mystery nt all
about what tho allied Governments In tho
European war will do In case tho pro
posed Government-owned corporation
buys and puts Into trado with Germany
and Austria vessels now owned by their
enomles. Positive end nuthorltatlve state
ments that these vessels under such cir
cumstances will be treated as enemy ves
sels aro now obtalnablo In Washington
and leave no doubt as to whero the allied
Governments Btand on tho Issue.
Tho Democrats succeeded In forcing
night sessions In the Senate to rush
through tho ship purchaso bill. But the
Republican members led them n merry
chase before they wero able to do so.
When tho Democrats sought to bring
up the bill tho minority hurried to the
cloakroom and a point of no quorum was
raised. Then tho members returned and
answered the rollcall. Finally n ruling
of Vice President Sherman was Invoked,
and when the rollcall mado previous to a
motion showed a quorum tho motion was
Realization of tho stand of the allied
Governments on this Issue has In the last
few doys begun to dawn more fully upon
those In Washington Interested In the pro
posed legislation. This realization has
come with startling force to many Demo
crats who wero proceeding under tho Im
pression that tho Administration had re
ceded assurances In advance that thero
would be no objection to the plan of pur
chasing belligerents' ships for the pro
posed steamship line, or nt least that such
assurances would be obtained before any
thing was done.
BOUKSE SENDS WILSON"
SHIPPING BILL PROTEST
The ship purchase bill Is condemned
by members of tho Philadelphia Bourse,
who havo sent a memorial of protest to
President Wilson and the members of
Tho memorial bears tho signatures of
President George F. Bartol and Secretary
Emll P. Albrecht. Copies have been sent
to leading commercial organizations,
newspapers and trade Journals throughout
AiiDOMiNAT, BurroitTuns, KTO
Lady attendant. Purchase rI AVI?ire
direct irom the factory, -" V iliLiLi a
1011 sritiNO a,nKN bt.
ITALY, BESET, READY
FOR WAR AS TURKS
GAIN IN EGYPT RAID
German Troops in Tyrol,
Menace to Suez and Av
lona Moves May Decide
Italy In watching tho Turkish advnnco
upon the Suez Canal. i
Italy Is watching tho German troops
that continue to pour Into Tyrol, on tho
Italy Is waiting for Turkey to mako
amends for tho Hodcldah Insult.
Italy Is preparing to tako definite steps
to sccuro Its foothold nt Avlona.
Italy, It Is predicted, will entor tho
war within two weeks.
Probably the advance of the Turkish
army under German oltlcors toward tho
Suez Cannl furnishes tho gravest crisis
and tho Intervention Justification that
Italy has boon waiting for. Months ago
tho Italian Government let It bo known
that Interruption of British control of
the Suez Canal would bo regarded as an
act of hostility to Itnlv, since tho secur
ity of tho canal Is Ir.dlsponsnblo to Italy's
communication with Its Red Sea prov
inces. With tho canal In Turkish hands,
Alivsilnl.T. and Eritrea would bo cut oif.
If tho Turks defeat the British and solzo
the canal, Italy, It Is expected, will go to
As an nctlvo Irritant tho Hodoldah Inci
dent has taken on new lmpoitancc. The
Cabinet Council Is discussing what mens
urcs should be taken to enforce respect
for the Italian flag on the pait of the
Turkish authorities at Hodeldnh. There l
ground for belief thnt the Porte, under
Germnn suasion, Is attempting Its ancient
practices of evasion and diplomatic shuf
fling. At nil ovents. Its alleged older to
the Vall of tho Yemen to release the 111 It
Ish Consul, to hoist tho Italian ling and
to salute It was followed bv nn Insolent
refusal from tho Turkish official. It Is
certain that Italy will not permit the In
cident to rest where It Is.
Of scarcely less Inteiest Is the news
that custom houses and branches of tho
State bank aro to bo established In Av
lonn. The Importance of tho Italian oc
cupation of the Austrian port which com
mands tho Adriatic Is not underestimated
hero. From a protective measure, almost
apologized for by the Qulrlnal, tho occu
pation has become a political and military
stroke which Is certain to bo permanent.
Austria's resentment Is known Declin
ing to ncqulesco In tho landing ot Italian
forces, Austria notified tho woild that
the matter would be dealt with "after the
war." Italy has replied by measures
which cannot help but further Inflame
According to ndvlces from Chlasso, Aus
tria and Germany nre growing dally moro
alarmed at tho Italian war preparations
and are augmenting their troops along the
Germany especially Is pouring regiments
Johann Schmidt Private
By Irvin X Cobb
TOHANN SCHMIDT is a first-class fighting man. He
3 is a specialist in doing as he is told ; he knows no fear ; he
never reasons why but he keeps his thinking apparatus
under the helmet of his lieutenant. Through Mr. Cobb's
eyes one gets a close-up view of a sharp composite portrait
of millions of the Kaiser's ultimate fighting units. This is a
remarkable article the sort that might be expected from a
trained observer and a picturesque writer with almost unique
opportunities for observation along the fighting line.
By Col. Melville E. Stone
THE fate of nations hung on cobweb threads. All hope
of peace had been abandoned. In a few tense, dramatic
hours, the President, the Kaiser and Colonel Stone, in the
role of peacemakers, shifted the winds of destiny, and the
clouds of war were dissipated. In this article the head of the
Associated Press tells, for the first time, the secret history of
the events that led up to the Peace of Portsmouth.
Other Features in This Number
Striking stories and articles by Charles E. Van Loan, Peter
B. Kyne, George Pattullo, Arthur Stringer, Harry Leon
Wilson and Roger W. Babson.
Five Cents the Copy of all Newsdealers
THE CURTIS PUBLISHING COMPANY
INDEPENDENCE SQUARE, PHILADELPHIA
from Bavaria Into tie Tyrol, It being
Understood that tho German General Start
Is controlling alt tha Austrian military
QEIIMANY DENIES THIIEAT
TO ITALY AND BUMANIA
BERLIN, Jan. 28. An official denial
was Issued hero today of reports pub
lished In the Swiss and English press
that Germany had protested to Rome
against tho concentration of Italian
troops on tho Austrian frontier.
The opinion of German officialdom Is
that Italy has no Intention of entering
the war. Reports of a German ultimatum
to Rumania wero also denied.
RUSSIANS FIGHT TO HOLD
POSITIONS NEAR GUMBINNEN
Battle Develops In East
PETROGRAD, Jan. 28.
Fighting In tho region of Gunrblnnen
and PUlkalon, Eas Prussia, has devel
oped Into a genera hattlo as a result of
tho Germans' efforts to rcenpturo positions
taken by the Russians. Tho Czar's troops
aro maintaining their front, howovcr, and
aro repulsing all tho attacks, tho War
An official communication Issued today
Indicates a new offensive on tho part of
tho Russians In East Prussia. There they
have occupied PUlkalon, between Tilsit
and Btnlluponen. Karller In tho war
General Renncnkampff took possession of
Plllkalen. This was followed by tho Gor
man invasion of a pait of tho Russian
province of tCovno In September. Since
September there has hcen llttlo activity
In PUlkalon region.
AUSTRIANS DRIVE ENEMY
OUT OF UZSOK PASS
Gains In Carpathians Announced by
Vienna and Petrograd.
VIENNA, Jnn. IS.
Tho ofllclal statement Issued hero re
ports tho recapture of Uzsok Pass, In the
Carpathians, which has been In Russian
possession since Jnnuary 1.
This pass Is about SO miles south of
Przeinysl nnd nearly 200 miles In direct
lino from the scene of tho hard lighting
south of the Klmpolung region.
PETROGRAD, Jan. 2S.
Tho Austrian offonslvo has now de
veloped Into a general engagement nil
along thu front In Gallcla, It Is admitted
hoie, tho enemy attempting to recupturo
positions along the Carpathians.
Fighting In the Dukla Pass region re
sulted In the cipture of ICO Austrlans and
two machlno guns.
GEKMAN TRADE DECREASES
Exports to TJ. S. in 1014 Pall
BEltLIN, Jan. 2S. Exports from Ger
many to the United States In 1911, accord
ing to statistics compiled by Julius G.
Lay, American Consul General hero,
amounted to $159,051,230. This shows a
falling oh" of $31,552,185, as compared with
the previous year.
DENIED BY BELGIANS
IN BRITISH HAVENS
Canvass of Refugees Ifails
to Substantiate Press
Charges of English, Stale
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.-or m. ....
lands of Belgian refuse. -,u "" 1
nd not ono has been .ubl.ct 1
lies by German soldiers. i
to atrocities ny German soldlfr.
This, In effect, Is tho substanc . ..
port received nt tho State DtPattmI
from tho American Embassy U
Tho report states that tho Hrltlih Oovirn'
mont thoroughly had Inveatlgated th"
sandB of reports to the effect that or
man soldiers had perpetrated outra., n
tho fleeing Belgians. 0n
During the early period of the war mi
umns ot British newspapers A
with tho accusations. " mi
Agents ot the British Governing ...
cording to tho report from the Amh."
Embassy nt London, care ully invi,?!1
gated al of these charges ; they lni.i
viewed tho alleged victims and 3ft S .,
tho evidence. lta
A,H, a ?" of tho Investigations th.
British Foreign Office notified the i in,.,
lean Embassy that thn i,.. .e"1,r!
to bo based upon hysteria and TttSS '
proludlco. The report added that n...
of tho Belgians had suffered ,eVero K ;
shlpi, hut they should h ..I,..!::-';14 'J
against the cxleencles of war lather th.? 1
tho brutality of tho Individual ruS
CASTRO HEADS CABINET
LISBON, Jan. 2S-The new Cabinet, tht
formation cf which was lntrniri , r...
oral Pimento Castro, former Minister of i
"ll'nn linn !.. ,.-. t.1 ... v I
u, ,, u tuinpiciea with caitro
head of tho Cabinet and holding the port.
folios of war nnd foreign affairs.
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Certainly! Florida strawberries
that arrive daily are used In our
strawberry Ice cream.
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