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, VOL. I-NO. 288
LEO FRANK LYNCHED BY MOB
AFTER SWIFT RIDE TO HOME
OF MURDERED MARY PHAGAN
Masked Automobilists Drag Convicted
Manuiacturer Torn Cell at Georgia
Prison Farm and Hang Him to
Avenore 14-Year-Old ttirl
I ..Struggles t utile tor Victim, Weakened From Recent Stab
,'' binir by Fellow Prisoner Posses' Plans T.nirl WifU
Grim Sureness Telephone and Telegraph Wires
Cut to Prevent Knowledge of Night .Riders'
Work State Seeks Assailants
M. Frank, whose sentence
Phagan mat commuted to life imprisonment by Governor Staton, Wat taken
'ftem the priton at Milledgevllle, Ga., by a masked mob and hanged early
today within -a thort distance of the home of hit victim.
. tyhen the body Wat cut down from the tree, eeveral men from Marietta
jampe upon the dead man' face. Judge Morris had to spirit the body
eway to Atlanta in hit automobile to tave it from the mob.
Governor Harris, of Georgia, it personally conducting the efforts of
three therlfft' posset and a tcore of volunteer bands to round up the kid
Hoppers. He is holding three companlet of militia in readiness to dispatch
to" the scene in case the murderers of Frank are cornered.
,. There it no rioting or stent of iubilatian in Atlanta. To the confmrv.
t . -' ' - - .
-t.lht city which once clamored for Frank't life is tad and it taking ttept to
. hbve Jthe officials at MiUedgevtlle removed. Conntvance with the lynchers
' iw it v
"l, i.'lt' openly charged.
W Frankt wife collapsed when site
' time it was feared she Would die. His mother said she was glad he was
. dtad, for he might have suffered worse torture if he had been permitted
to live. '
. MARIETTA, On.. -Aug. 17. Leo M. Frank was lynched early today after ho
bad' been kidnapped from the State prison farm at Mlllodgovlllo and rushed
111 an automobile almost to Marietta, On., whero Is burled the body of Mary
. Fhagan, tho girl whom Frank was convicted of hilling In a pencil factory at
Frank's body was found hanging by tho nock to a tree two miles from
Marietta,, on the Roswoll road, at 8:20 o'clock- this morning, many hours after
he had been' carried away from tho prison farm by a band that apparently
had boerl carefully organized toroYcrcomo nny resistance.
Tbe.afead; tnari'a wrists, were loaded with handcuffs, fastened behind' him.
' . '!- '' ' ' lr
ss or mood from unwound, inflicted by a fellow convict at tne prison larm.
fuiA TOvotviI wnt, 'fftbnn ftAt lila, anrn,t tn'rtflrVl tinrl hnf.11 rnmmiitll in
.'.'.lu Imcrlsonment bv" Governor Slaton.
ItP-liM&Xhe. Ivnchlnir nartV that killed Frank wont to the. Mllledgevlllo prison
f&ri;ln eight automqbllcs and 'disappeared as soon as they had secured
!' jv5ssi6n oj the man thoy sought. They were noxt reported on tho Roswell
si;H was tnougnt tno prisoner noa ocen
?ito the river was Instituted and tho Atlanta authorities shortly after 7 ociock
STSceivcd word that the body had been found In tho stream, but this report
REM 'later learned to bo untrue. Nor won any bullet wound found In tho body.
S- Owing to the" fact that they had cut tho telephone and telegraph wires Into
Ullltdgevllle, the lynchers wero enabled to
&-..' . .. . . ...
iuacK on tne prison farm reacnea nere.
JOTcners scattered to their homes. The
7. .. 7 ... . .,
;jpparenuy as near to mu gravo oi n-yeur-oiu murj rnbau a .., .j..w..
jftHought It safe to go.
iV' -T-.jf n m rr.Hrn11
Zi juuge juorria i uciiicb lunmum
U Tho body was not finally cut down until after speeches had been made
thy a number of persons In the crowd.
aam to have slapped Detective w. J. Hums- xaco wnen isurnu -vvuo nub,iii,
,the Frank case here. Ho urged that the body be mutilated. Judge Morris
poke In opposition to this, urging that order bo maintained.
, . After the entire crowd had voted against mutilation, the body was lowered
'... .i.. . , ....... , i ,.. - ,nnn mhlrh started for Marietta,
If f fi it was announced an Inquest would begin at noon.
Lf j" During the progress of this, mutterlngs In favor of mutilation began to
KM-neard again, so JUge Morris ran nis.
fSttempted to lift the corpse Into the car.
Men Stamp Heels Into Dead Man's Face
m .. a. . -.ni. i txm. v.tA ntiAiit tIia rft vhen
j nere were inep several inousunu v"uj"o " vr. .......... ... i.
i.13t body was cut. down. Despite Judge Morris' pleadings, several men in the
ihmn. i.nn.i -nnvo n th. hnrtv was laid on the ground and stamped on
the face with their heels.
mi.- ...- ..i ..
' ino wagon inio wnicn mo tuiijoo to .... , --
L Undertaker, made the start tor the town at. top speed, but the crowd tooK
;4r it pellmell. In several hundred automobiles and buggies and on foot. It
F. . .... , - - . ..li -i- Mn.1.fti. nlnncrfllHR. took thfl DOdy
.wa then that Judge Morris, speeams mo ....- o ,
: Wo hi, own charge and rushed to Atlanta wlih ; oreenbur
Frank's body was brought to tne
rBond. in Atitl hv JudEe Morris.
plef of Detectives Word and a
"(Governor Will Search for Lynchers
t. . -. ... . i i.. hn fnund. but Governor Harris an-
Wed todnv that he would use every
" law"p extreme penalty upon the band.
- ' . . . .- ...... ,- hi. nirMrtv been set Into operation In an
VSd0.y:rr poS;;8 wh,ch , . . r
;f had been Kidnapped : . now ?nU rr Z made to
a- no ciues nave ueen jouiiu i "
prebend them." the Chief of Police
' The police have been unaDie to lean v.. . " ' " " . th
W Superintendent Burke. They have tried several times to get him over
ttltStam, but cannot locate mm.
l.! zrjr; s.. Dody of .
Ks a tng'at onc hurried
tuj hanging to a tree.
f. At Teast 20 men recognized tne w"" "'"' " ,, by the scar of the
SL-SfJS'!S23 r SSWS "" -
IWa, a few weeks ago at the prison
Plans Relentlessly Made,,
1 ... ,.... .k. t i rnhh
n grave of Mary ruwn- lum'"'' T" w eVel.y telegraph and tele
Itmuption of their plans W offlo or '.wnr ' 8eJdom
wire out of MHiadsevi .-
t This one wire. eomrounii.HM
to tn the .arly rnor.lr t fJ-J
jm vengeance he ha4 flra-Bej -o
TL ?!!!!?.,., the news
iNcher. froi brtWKing tblr pUr.
in eouthwn urgia bad beea
of death for the murder of Afm-y
Was told of the traaedv and for a
snoi io aeam. oeurcn ior r run, a uuu,
gain a good Btart beforo nowu of their
... - .---l l 1 n 1 !.
Aiier jranis una ocen iuuiseu ma
tree tney cnoso ror ino execunon
-u -r . YiUMn na 1.a 1vni.finni
One address was by a Marietta man
. - n .A iniiAattrvntlnrr
auiiiiu 4..w..K.. -
m , . .
.o iiioH jh TirnnBrtv of a Marietta
unuernm.b ,.-........-..--- .-
The body was escorted Into Atlanta by
souad of detectives, arrlvmg nere v
possible effort to opprehend and Innlct
of Marietta said
..,,.,, lhat neoole In Marl-
men the news reac.r..
to the ml... near Wh.ch ,W uoay w-
. deDiBted , papers
County, where Mary rnagan wW8 uu,..
- - 7-t. ,oid the news to th
" -- f. - na.ada of the men
J ' JJjllmr
it toW pr.vwted th. purple of th.
M. f v.ry
onlerea w y m -
" i; c- rrn i ' . . . . . . a
t8ffflBgMmkiii$i. . -'" r rxStMsW
L , tv.-it'"' i x . ' .1 -J i
FRANK'S MOTHER GLAD HE IS DEAD
NEW YORK, Aug. 17. "Thank God, he is dead and through
with troubles," said Mrs. Rudolph Frank, mother of Leo M. Frank,,
when informed at her home, 1S2 Underhill avenue, here, today that
her son's body had been found. "If he had lived, his life would have
been a torture, to him, and they might have killed him in a worse Way."
Mrs.' Frank said she had received no messages from Georgia re'
garding the kidnapping of Leo from the prison farm.
TO FIX FRYE INDEMNITY
ACCEPTED BY AMERICA
United States Requests, How
ever, That Question of Le
gality Be Submitted to
INSISTS ON RIGHTS
WASHINGTON. Aug. 17.
In accepting the German proposal that
two experts, representing the two Gov
ernments, flic tho amount of Indemnity
for the loss of the American sailing ship
William P. Frye, and any American prop
erty that may havo been sunk with her,
the United States retains all of her legal
rights under International law. In tho
note to Germany, mado publlo here to
day, this Government further asks that
"an arrangement be agreed upon for tho
Immediate submission to arbitration of
the question of legal justification for tho
sinking of the Frye, In so far that It
'"vojves the interpretation of UUn
iy Germany. Which Is expected, will re-
suit In a compieio imciini
Prussian treaty and also Hear up the
case of the steamship Leelanaw, another
American vessel sunk by a German sub.
The Frye note "regre s" that Germany
cannot accept the objections of this
Government to the contention that the
case was not one for a prize court. It
U then suggested that the two alterna,
tlva suggestions made by Germany be
Coymbrd8eand.ccepted. They are that
SS. CtSroVunt of damages- and
Sinulatlons. Arbltratlpn la to be had
undfr he provlslbn. of article S3 of The
HaVue convention. The question of pro
"dm! Ending the arbitration award
declared "mpSrtant and Germany U
asked whether her interpretation or that
of the United States . to rule her nvy
"VheUyUoped for further communl
caUwabY the following statement:
"Ifour propaeel P"ve acceptable, it
will be nWary also to determine
whether the Imperial German Government
hall govern 1U naval operations In ae
Srdiiw" Twlth Its own Interpretation or
in accordance wun me wm)im
InVlnUuwaby the United State, and the
LTd havV an 7rl of the
Z?-J:r the Imperial German Govern
meat oa this point.
The Kensingtonian Says:
Davtd Meier Mi Mf .
ted that poor Bmve woe
ptti4d to return tfft a emjtfy .
PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 17, 191G.
RYAN MOVES BEFORE
JUDGE TO KILL LAST
Applies for Definitive Decree in
Injunction Suit Brought
by David- E.
DECISION IN FEW DAYS
City Solicitor Ryan uppcared before
Judge Ferguson, sitting In chambers to
day, and mado appllcaUon for a dellnltlve
decree In the Injunction suit brought by
David E. Dallam before Judge Sulzberger
last month to hold up the transit program.
Ruby R. Vole, attorney for Mr. Dallam,
appeared with Mr. Ryan and gave his con
sent, as legally required, to the granting
of the decree, although he was not a
party to thp application,
Tho purpose of tho definitive deem
would be to establish the case on some
definite basis, so that tho application for
the preliminary Injunction to hold up tho
transit work could either be dismissed or
granted. At the present time the preoau
tlonary order Issued by Judge Sulzberger
on July 18 Is operative, and the Rapid
Transit work cannot cannot continue until
the legal tangle la solved.
In giving his decision on July 16, Judge
Sulzberger ruled that the case should re-
Conllnued on Pure Two, Column Four
MRS. It. K. CASSATT POISONED
Closes Newport Residence and, With
Husband, Leaves for Season
it. n Mra Tinhort K. Cauatt. of 1W3
Locust street, have closed their Newport
residence and gone to White Sulphur
Springs. . because of the Illness, of Mrs.
Cassatt. It Is said she was poisoned by
something she ate recently.
Invitations to a dinner-dance, which Mr.
and Mrs. Caseatt were to have given
at the Newport Golf Club on Saturday,
havo been canceled. About 100 person
had been Invited to the affair, whloh was
to have been one of the prettiest of the
summer. The dinner was to have been
served uder-a test, with lundsoroe floral
and Bight erteets and two orcheetras.
It is. believed Mr. and Mia- Cassatt will
not return this summer to the Newport
For Philadelahia and viemto
Shwa towgkt, fottomd by wbr;
Weantwde, partiv efettdy ana cowr;
wWFct northerly winds.
Germans Capture 4500 Pris
oners Novo Georgievsk
ENTIRE FRONT IN DANGER
Grand Duke Ready to Abnndon
Brest Litovsk Salient Bie-
BEIU.IN, Aug. 17.
Capture of the forts of Kovno, between
tho Nlcmcn and Goela, is announced In
today's ofllclal report from tho general
atitff. Tho Germans captured 450O prison
ers and "I cannon.
It Is behoved that the fall of tho main
Kovno fortifications cannot bo long de
layed. Tho general staff also reports the cop
turo of a largo fort on tho northeastern
defonso lino nt Novo acorgtovsk, together
with two Intermediate forts. Theso three
i forts wero taken by storm,
Tho QormanB captured "00 Russian prls-
oners and 13 cannon at Novo Qcorglevsk.
Tho forces of General von Schoii and
General von GallwIU havo driven tho
Hussions back, taking 1TC0 prisoners, ono
cannon and 10 machine guns, while Prlneo
Leopold of Bavaria and Field Marshal
von Mockcnscn have mado further vic
PETUOGHAD. Aug. 17.
Grand Duko Nicholas has accomplished
his nlm of holding tho railways Into the
Interior necessary for tho orderly retire
ment of his troops before the advancing
Gorman hosts. Ab tho Russians retlro
they destroy the lines and wreck the
Government railway officials estimated
today that moro than COW miles of
lines, built In Poland at enormous cost,
had been wrecked. As tho railway lines
constltuto tho only routo of advance In
many parts of Poland, tho Germans will
bo materially delayed after they have
taken the second lino of Hutulan defense.
With the cities virtually denuded of
their civil Inhabitants, who wero In
structed to lcavo beforo tho German on
rush became a menaco to tho Russian
positions In Poland, and the factories re
moved to tho Interior, tho Kaiser's troopi
will bo disappointed In their hopes of.
taking property of great valuo.
It was announced today that tho evacua
tion" of Blelostok was progressing satis
factorily. The banks and other Important
institutions havo been taken to thi .n-
The evacuation of Riga, continues. Tho
famous church .bells at ,tmit'Tatyh?iye'
been taken0 Hopcow. ,. " v ,
VERSO MVA E PLEZZ0
Le Truppe Alpine Scalano Roc-
-cie e Si Aprpno la Strada
Con la Baionetta
Dispaccl da Roma dlcono che le trupne
.Alpine Itallano opcrantl nell'alta vnlle
dell'Isonzo, o preclsamente nella dif
ficile reglone montana che'e' dlfesa dalle
opero fortlficate austrlache dl Plezzo, si
vanno sempro plu' strlngendo nttorno alia
fortezza, superando cnorml dimcolta' o
spesso scalando rocclo scendentl quasi a
plcco o qulndl attaccando 11 nemlco alia
baionetta per costrlngerlo ad abbandonaro
le sue poslzlonl. Lo opero fortlflcato dl
Plezzo dlfendono gll accesst da! sud at
centra ferrovlarlo o stradalo Importantls
slmo dl Tarvls o sbarrano la strnda che
da Caporotto per Tcrnova o riezo (cho
gll austriact chlamano Flltsch) porta a
Tarvls lungo la valle della Corlnlza. E'
noto che gll Itallant bombardana anche le
opero fortlflcato dl Maworgnetio cne ai
fendono gll access! a Tarvls dall-oveBt,
cloe" dalla strada dl Pontebba.
Le forze Itallane operant! nella conca
dl Ampezxo hanno soetnuto parecch! at
tacchl austrlachl ed hanno conqulstato
'nuovo trlncee nelle valll del Bodenbach
o del Bacherbach.
Anche nella Val d'AmpoIa si combatte
accanltamente e le truppe Itallane avan
zano, sobbene lentamente a causa del
maltempo cho Imperversa In quella re
gionc. Si sono avute intattl grandlnate e
fortl ploggle, e gll Itallanl hanno trovato
pleno d'acqua le trlncee austrlache nello
quail gallegglavuno cadaverl dl austriacl
uccIbI. Lo forze itallane che operano In
qutsta reglone hanno per oblettlvo quello
dl rlsallre Val dl Ledro e II corso della
b'arca o attaccare Rlva alls apalle,
(Leggere n 4a paglna le ultlme e plu
dettagllato notlzle nulla guerro, in Hall,
Huge Robbery Plot Discovered
PARIS, Aug. 17. A plot to burn the
French pavilion at tho San Francisco
Exposition and an exhibit of pearls and
other jewels, owned by Leonard Rosen
thal,, known as the "Pearl King," has
been discovered, according to reports re
ceived here by Rosenthal's agents. Ro
senthal Is one of tho richest men In
France, and the jewels exhibited by him
at San Francisco are valued at more
LOST AND ffOUND
WIMT DID YOU LOSBT
WUAT DID TOU FIND
All lost article advertlud Id tb
Vstitr will b IUtd la Mimn;ol
W. It LdMr Control, tJw
Sod? o loeat th. owntr t sat
time. If you n 1"?, r "JI
ihit h not bo 4vUi 1m
JSr LaSser will lw rrtl you
tO ' . .a.j J ...Ut In firtA
KIc.iln touch with jeu. TM.
i touch with you. U. Uk
i itrvlc at ldtr cootni
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ttoS lUtuTn USs weontrel
rraHTTSATHBB CABD CAM lt e
ESSSfto UlT Jgwoa.
l'Turr-ss rowan! ( (ceveru utkl Ukoa
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TTBVTiAT K DOQ DU ff"-"- vtn, JJ, IW
gjejgr Toai rx
QUitr (HomM A4trttom4U e fag it
1015, t Tin Prima Ltran Covrihr.
GEORGIA PRISON BOARD ON SCENE M'
WHEN LEO FRANK WAS KIDNAPPED
K. E. Davison, E. L. llaney ami T. E. Patterson, the full per
sonnel of the Georgia Prison Board, which refused to rccommand
clemency for Frank when he was under sentence of death nt Atlanta,
were on tno Mlllcdgoville farm when Leo ,M. Frank was lynchotl last
night. Tliey weit untouched by the kidunppers, nnd claimed to
know' nothing of tho nffair until tills morning.
TODAY'S BASEBALL SCORES
CHICAGO, 1st g 00020000 0-2 6 0
MTTSBuitGH 00003000 x 3 5 2
Humphreys and Brcsuahnn; Benton and Gibson.
DETKOIT, 1st g 3 o 1 4 0 2
CLEVELAND 0 10 0 10
Dubuc nbd Stallage; Hnrstad and Egan.
GERMANS CAPTURK HRITISH AEROPLANE
TjERLIN, Aug. 17. Tlio War Ofllcc this afternoon roportcd that
it British ticroplitno was captured nt Bnpaumu. German batteries at
Ostund UlovtJ oil' two hostile destroyers.
CITY FARMS PRODUCE VALUE INCREASES
Tho yield of marketable produco from tho 900 acres of tho city's farms at
Bybcrry - for thp first seven months of 1915 represents a cash valuo of
J20.752.39, or $2852.17 moro than tho value of tho yield for tho first seven
months) of Inst year. ' ,
DANIELS PROBES CHARGE OP NEUTRALITY VIOLATION
WASHINGTON, Aug. 17. Secretory of, the Navy pnnlels'today ordered
a searching Investigation into the report that armored motorboats .are lacing
manufactured In this country for shipment, tp, Russia., Jladecarisjl,, that. such
3T practice' Is' plainly a violation of .neutrality '"T-iio booTsv'Jt vas reported.
wero fot. usb ngalnst German submarines In tho paltlc, ;
BUSINESS MEN WORK FOR FREE TRANSFERS
Tho Northwest Business Men's Association ns empowered Us Transit
'Committee to appeal to tho Superior Court from tho recent decision of tho
Public Service Commission refusing to compol tho'-Rttpla Transit Company to
Issuo frio transfers on Intersecting routes. This action followed a. meeting of
tho association held last night. Tho committee's stand ngalnst tho granting of
a certificate of public convoyance for tho building of a Broad street subway
and elovatcd until frco transfers aro granted was also Indorsed.
400-YEAR-OLD RUG UNDER LIBERTY BELL
A Persian rug. said to bo 400 years old, lies beneath tho Liberty Bell In
tho Pennsylvania Building nt tho Panama-Pacific Exposition. Tlio rug was
mado In Teheran by Persian women and girls, who worked day and night for
15 yenrs to complete It. Tho rug, following Its completion, graced tho palace
of tho Shah In Teheran. The present Shah, through his friendship for Morgan
Shustcr. ordered tho rug to bq sent to tho fair.
RUSSIA SAID TO PAYOR ALLIANCE WITH JAPAN
MILAN, Italy, Aug. 17. A long dispatch from Pctrogrnd outlining the
situation In Russia, which gives the Impression of being inspired by Serglus
Sazanoff, Russian Foreign Minister, Is published by the Corrlero della Sera.
Tho article says In conclusion: "Tho proposal for a Russo-Japancde alliance
finds no opposition, on condition that It bo not nggresslvo ngalnst China and
oven less so ngalnst America, whose friendship Is necessary to Russia."
ITALIAN INVENTS TORPEDO CHASER
PARIS, Aug. 17. A dovlce Invented by tho Italian' Engineer Quarlnl which
makes It possible to drive torpedoes out of their course and explode them baa
satisfied tests, says a special dispatch from Rome, and arrangements are being
made to supply the dovlce to the allied fleets.
"BIGGER GERMANY" IS DEMAND OF LIBERALS
BEnLIN, Aug. 17. Resolutions calling for the extension of German
frontiers as the result of the war woro adopted by tho Executive Committee of
the National Liberal party. Tho resolutions made the following declaration;
"The outcome of tho present wnr can only bo a peace which, by expanding our
frontiers east, west and overseas, will protect us militarily, politically and
economically ngalnst new attneks and compensate us for the enormous sacrifices
which the (Jerman nation already has made and Is determined to continue until
a, victorious conclusion."
2000 AMERICANS FIGHT IN CANADIAN RANKS
LONDONt Aug. 17. "There are 2000 Americans la the ranks of the Cana
dian military contingent." said Major General Sam Hughes, Canadian Minister
of Militia, at a meeting of Americans held here. "I have already written letters
of gratitude and sympathy," General Hughes continued, "to mothers of more
than 100 American boys who have fallen while fighting In Flanders alongside
of Canadlun cohirades. More than 2000 enlisted, and we could have many more
If we wished. Any number of Weet Pointers offered their services as ofllcsra,
and some ure now with us,"
MUST CLEAN BOATHOUSES AT GLOUCESTER
Tho Gloucester Board of Health has ordered the owners of about 300 boat'
houses along, the Delaware River front at Market street, Gloucester, to either
clean up their places or get out. The order went Into effect today. According
tp the health, pfleals, many complaints have been made about th,a menacing
conditions af the'boathouses because llttte attentlon(ts psld to the laws regulat
lng sewage and other sanitary arrangements. Some of the houses aro eo old
nnd out of repair that they are almost falling to pieces,
STATE'S COAL OUTPUT AT HIQJI MARK
WASHINGTON. Aug. IT. Pennsylvania pro4nW 91JM.631 long tone W.
821.507 short tons) of anthriclte In 1914. according fo figure made public today
by the United States Geological Survey, the value of the stttput at the mines
being WMSLW, This represents but a sltght decrease as pqfnpared with Urt
previous year. In whleh the recvd output of anthracite was attained.
li I JJJI I Pi !"" " V " Wl """"" "
GERMANS PAYING HUGE PRICES FOR FOODSTUFFS
PARI8. Aug. 17. A Havan dispatch says that Auetrien and GerattjA
at' points along the Rumanian frontier are paying three tlmee the normal
for wheat, corn, hay, flax. pM ad beans exported from that country- TM
the reault of heavy export taxes jSa:ed on Kumm.tan agrlculturdi gtvetacu
Saturday, following the action at the Government on the previous 4y in re
moving the prohibition against eending certaj tood supplm out of th country
The export tax amount to 40 to 1W trance (W to IMA m e '
from JW w W0 frevnea on a (arm wagvm kmu.
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