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EVEHING LEDOER-PHILABBLPlilA, MONDAY, MAY 15, 1916.
Euttrtn0 nAj&n te&ijcr
PUBLIC LEDGER C(
crfcua n k. cunns,
tCTrtn It. LuAlngtan, Vie
JBftrtln. Secretary, and Tr
iHn. John 11 Williams. Dlr
'"' . -r
PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CTfcUfl M K. CUltMS, PMtBiT.
HMUKri PhlllD H
Crab II K. Conns, Chairman,
H. WHAtTsy Editor
JOHN C. MAhTlN. general Business Manager1
2BbIUhea dally at Pnsuo t.Kwisa pulMIng,
MncirBuuQni;o otjuarc, j-nuaaeipnia
12"I,UL--,3roal nd ChMtnul Btret
JtrtANTln cm, ,,,., ...rrM.tnln nulldln
. gy , loax.. ...... .....200 Metropolitan Tower
vE??ri'L;,",",'!ii'v.'j K0 'orc' nuiidinit
S LOCTSt..,v,. 400 atobe-Demoerat nulldlnit
t CB1CAOO,, ........ ,,v.i202 Tribune Building
' NEWS JJUhpAUSi
SiinK?KI0,"!io niirgs nulldlnu
??? M"""" ........ ..(10 Frledrlchitrasse
fc7. n"""' .......Marfonl House. Strand
Fabis BCBEiO. i ,33 Ilua Louis le Grand
' 5LH,rt'"f,...l,,x wnti per week ny mall,
estpnld ouutda of Philadelphia, except where
roreign postage la required, ono month, tnenty
SJ?:.1" m" war, three dollars. All mall
. subscriptions payable In advance
NoTicsSiibscrlbera ulshlnir nnMres changed
. taust giro old aa well oa new address.
' jjjj-t. 3ooo yAL?nrrKEYSTor. miin smo
3A'Mri"s. " communications to Eirntno
Leaptr, Independence Square, PMlaMnMa.
SXTEBH) AT THE MIUDM PUIA rniTOrFICB AS
ptwtlUBB MAIU MATTHr
ytw AVBnAan net paid dahv cm.
CULATION OP TUB EVKNI.N'a I.UPCIEn
ron APitiii was 117,310.
Fhltadtlplili, Mondij, Miy H, 1916
vMAKE Youti Verdict ring
! , THE BELL
" thlladelphln, big or little, mclropoll-
tan or provincial, hog-tled or free, Inert
', r mllltnnt, backward or fornnrilt that
la the Issue.
, fpHIS newspaper was launched to servo
" ' J- tho pcoplo of Philadelphia. Its most
conspicuous public eorvlco up to this
tlmo has consisted In fighting "with every
"ounce of brain and'brawn that Is in It for
It comprohcnslvo transit system.
' It entered on this fight only after nn
( haustlvo study and analyst of tho Tay
lor plan. It took. Into account tho thou-
sands of inritjcejit , investors who. hpld
fitock in the P. R. T and it reached tho
' 'doilberato conclusion that tho P. It, T.
was bolng offered as fair, and square a
deal as anyt municipality, not coerced,
ever offorcd a publlp servlco corporatlcm.
X year ago tho""' Philadelphia Electric
, Company, wasburo thaf a roductjon' In
( rates would ruin it, yet it voluntarily
agreed to that reduction a few "weeks'
Hgp. Tho Taylor-transit system will help,-
i fcot ruin, tho P, B. T. " "
"'"Tho EvEjjiNOI33fflOER",rinaIyzeo: "the
terms of tho. Taylor" plan with duo con
sideration for the thousands upon thou
sands of owners of small houses, men
Who from their .eftrnlngs, by the sweat of
their brows, havo managed buy their
own homes and on whom tho imposition
ef. new taxes would bo a. real burden. It
r " was quickly apparent tha): tho Taylor
plan, Instead of penalizing- theso citizens,
TYOuJd make, them its particular benell
claries. Tot.tho least valuable featuro of tho
iTaylor plan is tho method pf financing
proposed. For not ono dollar of Interest
shall tho city,, bo liable, until tho par-
.tlcular lines havo-been completed and In
, .actual operation for'orto year. No man
4oubts that tho twomaln aric'rls to bo
fcullt, tho Brqa' street and Frankford
rf lines, will bo rovenue-eafners from tho
r teginnins. Any, doflcit from tho other
t , lines will be moro than compensated for
by new sources of revenue!
The present elevated-subway lino has
proved its earning; power; it Is an augury
,ff. tvhat the- others will do. '
Were tho proposed lines about to bo
built with private capltat, the estimates
of cost would doubtless bo far in excess
k of present estimates,- for leaks through
"Whlch to let water in would somehow be
found. Under tho. present plan of city
ownership the peoplo aro to bo given
Its worth for every, dollar spent. They
Will pay no taxes, direct or Indirect, on
!rater that has been engraved lato stock.
3 Get that point clear, citizens, you
'lend your credit only, for what you aro
i Oefeat tho 16an, let private capital
!ulld even ono of tho Jlnes, and you
th giant sinews and mtghty muscles and
Splendid bodies of mature power. We
ant tho facilities to which as dwellers
In this great metropolis wo are entitled.
Wo will hot bo choked and strangled and
starved arid beaten down.
There can be no period of watchful
waiting for Philadelphia. It must go for
Ward or it must go back. Wo aro not
misers. Wc aro tho greatest builders In
tho world, tho greatest creators of
wealth, nnd wo know that we must spend
money to make money, that we must
havo tho machinery of distribution, the
facilities for growth, or stagnation will
crUmplo us up.
This Is not n party contest and there
in no personality Involved in It. The
well being of Philadelphia Is tho sole Is
sues at stake. Were this transit loan not
a good loan, were this transit plan not n
good plan, tho Cvenino IXDOElt would
bo first and foremost In oppoiltlon. But
tho loan is a good loan and tho transit
plan is a good plan. Engineers, finan
ciers, experts of all sorts and conditions
havo Indorsed both. There Is no open
nnd nboveboard opposition to tho loan
as such; tho only open opposition Is an
opposition of delay, of postponement, of
shunting transit off on a side-track.
Tomorrow Is your day In court, citi
zens. Tomorrow, at last, after a long
fight of months and years, you have the
wholo question of exchango tlcketB, of
excess fares, of Intolerable transit condi
tions In your own handr.
Jlako your verdict ring the boll.
Tom Daly's Column
WHEN the editorial page was en
larged to seven columns we were
pushed back to the seventh trerch.
Whereupon, we Issued this defiant note:
IN THEIR ELEMENT
In this Issuo a cartoon by Sykcs
takes tho place of tho usual full back
page of pictures. The Evening LEDOEa
considers tho transit question to bo tho
most Important which tho citizens of this
community havo faced in years. It has
taken special pains, thoreforc, to visual
ize tho situation for tho bonoflt of any
citizens who may yet bo in doubt as to
tho full meaning of tho Issuo. The
threats of obstructionists and factlonal
ists to defeat tho loan make it all tho
more imperative that the people flock
In overwhelming numbers to tho polls to
make coitaln that tho verdict shall bo
In their favor.
THE LABT BTAXD
They've pushed us back rt trench or two,
And this one's pretty tight,
Much tighter than the one we Knew
When we began to fight.
But, goshallhcmlockl watch us splell
Borne scrapping now you'll see,
For if they drive us further, we'll
Be in society!
Our preparedness discomfited the
enemy and wo promptly regained our
You had to stand up In the crowded
trolley car going to work today, did you?
Well, one can stand up in a polling booth,
Tho Colonel, after all, Is not to be
summoned to dam tho River of Doubt as
to tho expediency of nominating him
'which scorns to bo running through the
Tho younger generation would
seem to bo pressing unusually hard for
recognition, with moro than half tho girls
seeking mairlage licenses in ono city
still In their 'teens.
It would bo looked upon as Joy
fully significant In Lpndon and Paris if
the German War Minister resigned. But
If is probably Just as significant that the
German Food Minister has reslgnod.
Yesterday was called Mother's
Day, but no mother was beguiled into
thinking that sho could get off so easily.
She know that Saturday and Tuesday
vvero her clays also, together with Mon
day, Friday, Thursday and Wednesday.
At tho Commercial Museum thero
was opened today a civic exposition,
showing tho great possibilities of the
Philadelphia of the future. Before they
can be realized there Is work to be done
Immediately to realize the great possibili
ties of today and tomorrow.
will pay In fares, for dividends on wa-
teted stock, many times the losses your
" " amernles In friends' garb tell j ou may ap-
. iua from city ownership. They are not
"afraid that you will lose; they hato to
ea slipping from them a plum they want
When tho gang stood together thero
iwos no talk of voting against loans be
cause publlq money would be squandered.
kShea there were no watchdogs of the
'treasury, for both factions dipped their
"hands Into It together. Now, as if Prov
idenca wore guarding the interests of the
people, the factions aro at each other's
"throats. They ar$ so nearly matched in
strength that each holds the, veto power
""lffir tbB otner Tere hi8 not been a
vme-m years wnen tne vcter could favor
.7i-,loan with so great certainty of expend-
res being .watched.
.We will not hobble this city because
la'boss. does not like another. Wa will
. . .,,
H seu our Heritage to serve the
- ektlcal, ambltipna of one or another
lMwiy obstructionist Wo will not, by our
Vt?9, push Philadelphia back Into the
xnlta of second-class, unprpgressive cit-
Wf are done will the vision that ends
jHiaterday, We are done with the men
would draw a- circle about thhf cfty
oHL t iri. We want no Chinese bar
W ft want tba. breath of ,Jlf.
Ajb4 trtwrtwKb p. jpr r4
am thud jwjr Kfgfe Into
GovernoV Brumbaugh Is the only
presidential candidate on the ballot for
whom the Republicans are asked to ox
press a preference tomorrow, but does
any one think that tho vote for him on
Tuesday will indicate that he is the
choice of Pennsylvania for tho Presi
dency? The farcical nature of the whole
proceeding was made apparent when the
Governor denied that he was a candidate
for any office.
The peoplo would have more faith
in Attorney General Brown's anxiety to
get rid of Penroselsm if his zeal had
been exhibited at a time when his co
operation would havo amounted to some
thing. It Is not recorded that Mr. Brown
did anything to keep Mr, Penrose from
being sent back to the Senate, and It is
not apparent that Mr. Brown desires
anything now except to step into the
Penrose shoes, substituting piggeries
for boozo Joints and Varelsm for Pen
roselsm. Thero Is ne room for decent,
forward looking Republicans in either
camp. A man can play politics and be
Attorney General, but the more playing
there is in the first cose the more play
ing there is likely to be in the Becond.
An Intelligent woman Indulges In
a reasonable discussion, in, another colT
umn on this page, of the causes for au
tomobile accidents in the streets. Other
mothers, the city fathers and the police
ought to read it and profit by the sug
gestion. There Is no doubt that many
persona are killed every year by auto
mobiles and other vehicles because of
their neglect of the warning against
Bteallng rides. They Jump off the dray
or truck at tho rear in the path of an
approaching street car or auto or horse
drawn wagon, the driver of which la
unable to stop in time to prevent an ac
cident. The police have power to put
an end to this dangerous practice of
stealing rides. The mothers can do some
thing toward preventing their children
from playing n the street. The high,
ways of a crowded city are not intended
to be used for young people's games.
They are as unsafe for such uses as a
railroad track. But the children have a
right to play. If no open places are pro
vided for them they are forced to the
streets, and the most careful mother has
to yield to the Importunities of youth.
When more playgrounds are opened there
vytU be fewer accidents to children. But
the adults will continue to fall victims to
their own carelessness and to the reck
umess of the chauffeurs so Ions as the
pllcs are IndUIsrent about the tnforce
IfMt ?f the tmJBs riltWiw,
Here's a Mystery
T THIRTY minutes past high noon
Friday, May 12, we took possession
of Room 30S in the Slnton Hotel, Cin
cinnati. Tho room had Just been vacated,
the otttgoer passing us In tho hall, Thero
woro threo pictures In tho room, but their
faces had been turned to the wall. Wo
assisted the chambermaid to right them.
They wcro "Haying Time," an etching, by
Hmllo Muzollo; ft popular plcturo of
Dante grieving for Beatrice, and a photo
gravure, unfamiliar to us, of tho heads
of two ypung belles of tho early Georgian
period.' "What on earth did he turn
theso for?" wo asked. "Folks often do,"
said the chambermaid. Wo wonder why.
Hard luckl I found a dollar bill
In my last summer's suit.
For Joy, I went and blew it in
With several more to boot.
Nifty Nicknames for Ball Tosscrs
SIR Noticing that certain of our na
tional gamesters were nlcknamclcss
or, If not utterly so, at least wearing 111
flttlng monickers, I havo manufactured
a tow, thus:
This last, of course, would be much
more clover If this here Kauff was catch
ing Instead of c. f., and If It wasn't pro
nounced "Kowf." Oh, well, perhaps somo
of your young men may suggest better
ones. Fowle Bunt.
DATELINES ON THE NEWB
Towns, as well as men,
Like to do their stint
That will, note and then,
Get their names in print'.
Borne, of course, there are
Many we might name
Try to go too far'
In their greed for fame.
On the other hand,
There are many score
Places in the land
We would hear from more.
"Washington, D. C."
Daily stares at us;
Never will it be
"Berlin," "London," "Home"
Seek the primal page.
Where they'll ,- at home
While these battles wage.
Ahl but less we'll see
In the public eye
"Oyster Bay (N. TJ."
The high cost of gasoline concerns us
not at all, but- we would like to know
why John D., adding insult to Injury,
should be permitted to knock its "1" out.
Many of his ads call it "gasclene."
IT SEEMS to us tho ice-cream Industry
is freezing right en to the heels of tho
munition millionaires. It may be that
since we heard of tho brewery that blew
when West Virginia went dry several
years ago and started in making more
money out of ice cream than it ever did
out of beer it may bo that we've been
looking for the Ice-cream delivery wagons,
as our train files through the country;
but we know we see them, at any rate,
and they're surely multiplying.
With many hostelrles the words "ho
tel" and "house" are Interchangeable, but
that wouldn't do In the case of the Alms,
In Cincinnati. pete.
Wishes: For My Son
BORN ON SAINT CECILIA'S DAT. 1012
(The following verses, by Thomas Uae
Donagh, who teas executed May s, an.
peared in May, 1913, in the literary mag.
atlne of Bt, Enda's College, P. B, Pearse's
Now, my son. Is Ufa for you.
And I wish you Joy to It -Joy
of power In alt you do.
Deeper passions, better wit
Than I had, who had enough;
Quicker life and length thereof,
More of every Joy but love.
For I wish you more than I
Ever knew of glqrlous deed,
Though no rapture passed me by
That an eager heart could heed,
Though I followed heights and sought '
Things the sequel never brought.
Wild and perilous holy things.
Flaming with a martyr's blood
And the Joy that laughs and sings
Where a foe must be withstood.
Joy of headlong, happy chance
Leading on the battle dance.
But I found no enemy,
No man In a world of wrong
That Christ's words of charity
Did not render clean and strpnr
Who was I to Judge my kind,
Blindest groper of the blind?
But for you. so small and young,
Born on Saint Cecilia's day,
I In more harmonious song
Now for nearer Joys should pray
Simple leys: th natural growth
Of your childhood end your youth.
Courage, Innocence and truh;
These for you, so small and young,
In your hand and heart and tongue.
To pld P"t T,ayor, who Js pleased to
call this column our "spire of spaghetti"
ws at indebted for the verses glveri
' nfinii FATr-iHiEm i-i-iJiJiLPii-.'y . f jwTtmi"? n,..,, r. -. - ifyMtjj- rf i-'ifT rr 11 i '?i yl'il4iWMIiirHTll li1! HUi Jim " bIIJbiTmwI ' "riffi'tif'r'r'rTiiii n
MsWHrWli111'. "'Ui'i'iH 1 1 1 1 ' h 1 1 nn in i , 'i i'1" ' 1 1 ' i
si ifflliiliiB y&S&
w " """
(Reprinted by Request)
SPEAKING THE PUBLIC MIND
Demand for a National Leader Who'Shall Be a "Psycho
logic Purge" Roosevelt's Popularity Disputed.
A Mother on Automobile Accidents
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir Your editorials, "A Nation of Vil
lagers" nnd "Better a Panic," Bum up the
situation In the United Stntes In an accu
rate nnd mnslorful mnnner. and It Is to be
regretted that tho Indictment cannot re
ceive nation-wide publicity.
It would seem that the country Is poorly
represented In Congress, and that the
people's representatives aro outrageously
Inefficient Such Inefficiency In any private
business organization would bo thrown out
bodily. Unfortunately for the country, It
cannot dlschnrge at will its servant In
Washington It would seem that nothing
short of an nrmed uprising would, or
could, bring nbout any change or tho sub
stitution of efficient legislators for those
In placo nt present; but a mere editorial
will not bring about a change. A national
concerted movemont on tho part of Influ
ential newspapers might be a great step In
tho right direction.
What the country needa Is a great leader
and a psychologic purge. If It requires
a forco of nrms to put In proper condition,
I do not believe these would be lacking.
Tho tlmo Is ripe for the man who has
the Idcn, tho power and the will to Btnrt
a movement which will clean out the dry
rot In Congress and Install businesslike ad
ministrators who will work for the coun
try's good. W. I.
Philadelphia," May 13.
A MOTHER'S POINT OF VIEW
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir I am a dally reader of your paper,
and last night read the nrtlclo In reference
to the terrible toll of lives which the nyto
moblle has been tho cause of. But I won
der if the writer of this nrtlclo ever looked
at the question from the motorist's point of
view I am a woman drler of two aml.pne
hnlf years' experience, nlso a mother of two
.i.nr unin nlrla of 10 and 111 jenrs. I
drive four days a week every week, rain
or shine, summor or winter, always drive
through the city, and I wonder, when I
think of it. that there are not more chil
dren killed. They never in the majority of
cases look right or left, but dash ahead,
many times escaping Injury by the narrow
est margin. I myself came very year In
juring two children about 4 years of age;
only that I was running slowly and had my
car under perfect control saved them. Now
will you tell me what kind of a mother they
had to allow such young children to play In
the street? This occurred not on some side
street, but on Venango street near Broad
The majority of accidents occur on main
streets, where children should be kept from
playing On little side streets they have to
play In the streets, as pavements are nar
row. How many are killed or injured steal
ing rides? A gentleman, also a father,
killed a little boy with his car. The boy
was stealing a ride and he fell from tho
wagon directly In front of the car. That
mrin was a wreck for months after Whoso
fault was It? There are, I admit, reckless
drivers, but children especially should be
made to understand that tho street is for
vehicles, and every child caught stealing
rides should be arrested. There must bo
provision for Increase of traffic. Therefore,
let the city furnish more playgrounds where
the children can play In safety, for I never
yet found the street the place for a child
to play. It Is up to the city to provldo for
the children In every section some placa
where they can have freedom without dan
ger. There Is more than one side to this
question and each should have a fair
MRS. LILLIAN E. PINKERTON.
Philadelphia. May 11.
DISPUTES T. R.'S POPULARITY
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir S. V. S. writes his fine opinion of T,
R. In tonight's Issue, and we will give htm
the satisfaction to say there are considers
ble others who have Irrevocable opinions
as to him being the only pebble on the
beach to run this country. However, just
as he has such ardent followers who would
"follow Teddy anywhere," so hns he the
opposition, and every person who Is In
opposition to him Is as strongly bo as his
followers are for him, It seems natural
that such Is the case. In other words,
with some It Is nobody but T. R., while
with others It Is anybody but T. R. All
T. R. followers make an awful noise and
engender In the opposition the desire to
fight, hence the commotion he speaks of.
He says T, It. Is known as the war lord
of America by the "peace at any-prlce men."
ThaVIs known by everybody, not only the
extreme pacifists He Is the leading ex
ponent this country has of the Ideas of
But, foregoing any further description of
the "man who put the I in It," who prom
ised us he would "under no circumstances
be a candidate for or accept another nom
ination," I want to call 3. V, S.'s attention
to something I have been "watchfully wait
ing" for for some time, viz., the senti
ment of the voters of the one single State
In the Union at this time which remained
loyal to T. R- after every other State threw
down the still-born Progressiva party since
his great popularity In 1912. This descrip
tion tels any ono familiar with political
current events since that time to what
State I refer, which Is California, the
strongest Roosevelt State In 1S12, so much
so that "III" Johnson was made "best
man" beside the terrible Teddy. Th Gov
ernor of California, I suppose, thought he
was going to slide Into the Vice Presidency.
"Hi" had a good machine, and therefore it
lasted the longest of any. The point Is
that the spring primaries In California
went 6ol for tbe regular Republican
ticket, as against 47.68? for the "United"
Republicans, for whom Governor Johnson
was sponsor, and a Wgarly 6803 votes for
the Progressive ticket This is more signi
ficant and more emphatic against any re
vival of the Roosevelt candidacy than the
way X R was "bottled up"' by the Massa
chusetts primary, especially as the contest
was reversed In respect to the machine,
Ths MassacfcUsstts ''little, four" bad the
rcrular ReoubUcan organization . to com
bat sgalnst. with Lodge. Wek Cran and A
McCall to reckon with na tho "big four,"
whereas the regular Republicans beat the
Johnson machine, thought to be unbeat
able. The rcasorl lies In the fact that
Johnson's "united" party ticket was out
for a "straight-out" Roosevelt slate for
Chlcngo, California finally having awnk
cned In conformity with nil tho rest of tho
country's return to conservatism, which
was tho solo reasori William Howard Tnft
remained In, the way of tho ambition of
the dangerous revenge seeker, who would
havo made sorry, work of tho sound prin
ciples of the Republican party with his
obnotlous progressiva nostrums of 1912,
With his now pet, "heroic" Americanism,
so easy to shout theso days, ho has for
gotten (apparently) his former pots, such as
tho recall of Judicial decisions, presidential
preference primaries, which ho rofuscs to
uso (there's n reaBon), Initiative, referendum
and recall, nnd so on. He is not simply
Ignoring all his "Armageddon" policies of
1912 now Just because "Americanism"
needs all his energy, but also because he
saw the reaction set In Immediately after
1912, as admitted by him to the State
chairman of tho Progressive party In Wash
ington In these words, "Tho pcoplo are
tired of hearing' of reforms, of hearing
reformers nnd especially about me." That's
tho reason he was nfrdld of tho primaries
So I would say to S. V. S. there are more
against T. R In tho Republican party,than
there nre for him; tho "rank and file" he
"loved" so well have gat his number.
Philadelphia, May 11. H. M. B.
What Do You Know?
Queries of general interest will bo an
swered in this column. Ten questions, the
answers to which every well-informed
person should know, are asked daily.
1. Why has a milking stool three lets?
3. What la a shot tower?
8. What nre the four hinds of cloud?
i. What In the correct pronunciation of
5. Is li nafer for on aviator to fly nt n
height of 200 feet above land or 1000
feet, nnd why?
6. Why Is n piano so called?
7. Why d6es smoke nscend more readily
In dry weather than In dnmp
8. Who Is supposed to hare lnrented the
0. Name two Umperors resident In America
In the nineteenth century?
10. Are nny plants carnivorous?
THE MEXICAN SITUATION
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir General Carranza's proposition that
the United States agree to withdraw the
punitive expedition from Mexico shows
'two things 'conclusively: First, that Car
TtinixsaoHcy:never harta footing In Mexico
'exdopt wlthl tho 'eloment that could dictate
"tb hlmjSo lohg ab Carranza danced to
thelrmtlslcand was thelrUool they tolorated
'hlmiThat ils the power that ils backing
Villa against the United States today and
caused tho"powcr of the Carranza army
being transferred from Carranza's hands to
the mora willing tool, Obrcgon. This Is
virtually what has happened since tho puni
tive expedition went into Mexico, nnd the
Incident of Pnrrnl and the Big Bend raid
have proved that Carranza Is only a figure
head In the Mexican affairs. Second, It
never was Intended by nny faction of Mex
ico that the United States forces should
meet with success. They have been a hin
drance Instead of a help since the expedi
tion started. The biggest help the Obregon
nrmy could havo given .would have been to
disband and go home. Instead of doing so,
Obregon raises an army of about 35,000
men nnd says "Stop." Now. what Is the
next move? From all Indication the border
conference has been a waBte of time and
the expedition has been marking time In the
mountains of Mexico. According to reports.
President Wison has come to the end of
his patience, and no matter what the Mexico
official attitude, the expedition will go on;
and Carranza, In order to hold his figure
head position, will plunge In as Villa's
champion, virtually committing suicide and
taking his country with him
WILLIAM H. GUTHRIE.
Philadelphia. May 13,
WAR AND THE BISHOP
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir I read the article headed "Episco
palians Hear War Talk by Rhlnelander."
Of all the ambiguous talk I have ever tried
to wade through, this was the limit The
statement that the war "Is In our behalf"
is ridiculous. What have we to do1 with
the European war? AVho Is Interested in
prolonging It outside of a few millionaires,
and whom do they represent?
Do they believe In "right against might"?
It these European nations want to tear
each other to pieces like a lot of wild ani
mals, why should we emulate them?
We have a "little bit of Heaven" In
these United States, and I say damn any
man, or set of men, that wants to plunge
us Into war unnecesarlly I The uneducated
people are not the ones who are responsible
for the European war, or for the senseless
Intervention talk In this article you print
today. Any attempt at Intervention would
be almost sura to meet with tremendous
opposition In fact, I believe It would cause
a civil war and any man who would ad
vocate it should be placed under restraint
as a dangerous character to be at large,
JOHN J. FLEMING.
Philadelphia, May 9.
A PRAYER FOR EDITORS
To the Editor of Evening Ledger:
Sir For a long time I have been con
templating the suggestion of putting Into
the litany of the Episcopal Church a spe
cial prayer for the editors of newspapers.
It' seems to me they nil one of the most
Important places for the guidance and In
struction and upbuilding of the masses.
Boston. May 13. J, M. II,
But the Washington Administration
played Into the hands of Villa, who was
exalted as a great "constitutionalist"
When it was discovered Villa was g, crciok.
President Wilson coddled Carranza, and
now Washington is avyaklng to the fs,ct
that the "First Chief" also is a deqever
Carranza never co-operated with the United
States except on paper. After betraying
our troops at Parral, ha demanded tive
withdrawal f the American army from
Mexico. Recent raids, however, have de
termined President Wilson to continue the
chase after Villa and to hold the Held until
border banditry has been stamped out.r
j , ,
ffiey claim (o have discovered tjjat the
foutidatlpns of the Philadelphia municipal
building are made'of rubble But what Ala
thi taxpayer axptct Italia nmafrf
(jUVtuna j-iain 4Jaj
Answers to Saturday's, Quiz
Midshipmen receive the rank of ensign
For quartered onk the log Is cut longi
tudinally In quarters and then Into
boards In order to show the light
mnrklnsa of the grain.
Black lend pencils nre made of graphite
or plumbago, which contnlns no lend.
The diagnosis Is determining the nntnre
of np Illness, the prognosis the nature
of Its course.
"German silver" Is an alloy of copper,
zlno nnd nickel.
The Speaker receives 112,000) other
Representatives get S7S00.
The Conscience Fund wns established In
1811. Itt Is made up of sums which
persons who have cheated the Gov
A traveler Journeyed about the world In
35 days 21 hours 43 minutes In 1013.
This Is the record.
Splicing n rope 1 the Joining of two
ends by Intertwining their strands.
A ship Is square. rigged. A schooner Is
rigged fore and aft.
Editor of "What Do You Know" Can
you tell me who wrote "Coming events cast
their shadows before"? W. H.
The line occurs In "Lochlel's Warning,"
by Thomas Campbell.
Duties of a Consul
Editor of "What Do You Know" Can
you till mo what aro tho duties of a consul?
A consul has for his mission in the coun
try to which he Is assigned the supervision
and protection, within certain lines, of the
commercial and national interests of his
country and countrymen. In accordance with
the treaties existing between the two coun
tries, the principles of International law,
tho regulations of his own Government and
the usages of his consular Jurisdiction.
The Father of Henry James
Editor of "What Do You Know" Will
you kindly tell me who was the father of
Henry James, the novellBt. who recently
died? Was William James, the philosopher,
related to them? Wha was tho occupation
of the elder James and what was his re
ligious belief? MILES.
Henry James, born 1811, died 1882. was
the father' of William nnd Henry James.
He was an American Swedenborgian theo
logian, lecturer and author. He was born
In Albany, N. Y.. was graduated from
Union College In 1830, studied at Princeton
Theological Seminary until 1835 and then
traveled abroad,, where ho met Sandeman.
whose "Letters on Theron and Aspasla" he
had edited in 1839.
"Police" and "Politics"
Editor of "What Do Yout Know" I sea so
much in the paper these days about getting
the police out of politics. The words seem
so much alike and yet have such different
meanings that It occurs to me I would like
to know If there is any similarity In their
derivation. " SOL.
The words are both derived from the
Greek word 'polls," a city., In their his
tdry they are closely related; and, Indeed,
the policing of a civilized community and
the 'politicizing" of It are really closely re
lated Ideas. It must be remembered that
the word 'politics" Is often ijsed In the de
based sense, quite contrary to Its original
sense, of unpatrlotla rather than patrlotio
Editor of "lVnae Do Yau Know." Could
you Inform me If there Is ary place In this
city Where 1 can OlSpdSe of Newspaper dip.
pings? Several persons, whom I have asked
tell me there Is a market for Uhe'm, hut they
dp ppt know Jyst whpre inimy own coun
try (Norway), also In Paris nnd Stockholm,
I hava sold three, collections of clippings,
repelYlPB for them on an average for each
a sum equivalent to j:$0. These clippings
are classified, fronv four leading New York
and Philadelphia papers, and though I have
been advised to keep them till the war en
hances their value, would Ilka to dispose
of them at once. THELMA.
It Is Interesting to note that such a sum
s you meptlon cart be obtained abroad for
a private collection pf contemporary clip
pings. In this country there! are a number
of clipping bureauj-. whichever the ground
fairly thoroughly, and, of coWae, all pewi
papers keep complete flies of their back
numbers You might consult some person
Interested In the subject to vyhich ypur clip
pings refer. y -
"I Miss You, My Darlini"
Edlfor o "What Do Yt u ffnoto-Can
you tell me In whose works I can find lines
that gcJ something like this
I miss, you, my doling, , ny darling.
he.fJP,ir?J,ur?, ,ow h hearth;
A.S,8fi?J?u tt'r "' ' le toehold.
And hushed Is the vol? 0f its mirth.
,L0m u u kww 4" " othr
vers e are. I f L.
r,?r' !" will 4 bi to fur.
i n I, I, i .
AS A MILITARY Mi
With Other Philn..,.,
-" " viuwyStjUrg
TT IB tumpfed that when joh n
X son went to n0ttv.w , nn Q-
delphia from th v.( '? wv Wl
his law books with ' r? ? h
tlously studlod m. .. ". n
during the str. nt ai ta"Mni
thosp stressful days.
It la prdbably untrue,
but tho story is val
uabie becauso near. EHP" "
ly every storv hn IfV L
lasts GO years or fT Yt
moro has some basis
of truth. Few bare
faced lies havo a
standing in tho torn
muntty for moro than
a decado or so. So,
..UI1 li . .
i..iu l limy noi liavo J, o. JOIKeoJM
been tho ereat Inumnn .t. t... ..
books In camp, it is n pretty SSll
that manv nthnp aiMn.. . .. " '".
had two Ideas of preparedness " Z1
and carried to tho battle front verTSi
rpllnnf nrann....!....,... - .. i
their futuro Incomes along with v
poor preparedness for the battle f or S
Today it is tho thing to say thaif
Is equivalent to Bonding youmr .. .S
to bo murdered to send them but witW
six or eight months in a training ca3
And It Is true; but In tho Civil w.VT5
was not ono soldier In ten that had i$1
a '- i"i'i6 ui. xney w
sent to tho front llko Iambs to be butiff
erod, and if they woro not butcl s1
was becauso tho other side was an eqiitV
jy mn Bui. u& luinos.
The Home Guard
Philadelphia was a mighty scared tiff
tho Bummer day that it learned U
rebels had crossed tho Maryland llsj.1
Thero was gold in tho banks which tai"
mon in gray could uso very welL Shua?
woro boarded up, families sat tremhftji
In their parlors, awaiting doom. TVoMd
ui uii, mo muuairiai mo ot we city tadii
section, whlqh had gono on peacettiljX!
in splto of tho war; would besnMealrH
wined out for heaven know Vm ..i ' il
years. Promissory notes, contractffc
abyss of worthlessnesB over night lt
seemed porfoctly absurd that youtta lft ,
xur. jonnson snouia arop their stndls-i
as absurd as it seemed to the L4n
clorlc who went to work as usual W
day to find that a Zeppelin bomb fctt
eradicated his offlco nnd the placid ro
tlno of existence
Tho youth of tho city were not alt?
rether unnreDorad. Thero wera mi;
gency regiments that used to pauijfi:
about tho streets now and then; but yd
rathor Innocent of target practice. la
ono of these woro tho lato Chief taitta
Mitchell, tho lato David W. Belle:?
Frank H. Kosengarton and Mr. Jotam
These Homo. Guard mon wero ordirtd
tne ironi, wnicn naa unexpectedly w
brought so near homo. They thousW,
they wero going to bo massacred.
For wo read history backward. lh
aro taught that tho Union army won I
Gettysburg beforo wo nre taught
it looked as if tho Union army was go!
to be beaten at Gettysburg. We pufitj
to be taught history tho other way rotml
In tho sequence In which it happem
It is so easy to talk about the mlstUue
of leaders in the past, seeing that
have tho advantage of knowing whatssj,
going to happen. But wo wouldn't haw
known what was going to happen U m'4
been In their shoes.
Tho Homo Guard wasn't slaughter!.'
Tho Union lino held at Gettysborjg
Fate said that others, who would 1
been famous men, should do cei
things which saved Philadelphia; sb
then get burled. Tho young PhHade
phlans saw hardly any action; it leead
that they did little more than exctanrt;
a few hazy shots with the foe. WaU
in the field they received their daily
from this city regularly, and one of thea.
bo the story goes, got a letter from
mother every day. Ono day his comraSei
heard a bull bellowing. They loot
around for the bull. There was no to$,
It was their comrade bellowing. What
was the matter with him? He Man
gotten a letter from his mother
A Digression on Penmanship
They returned to the city and Ti,
back to work. In tho case of tns re
lnwvnp- who. na so few neraons seen
know, has had a military career, tht Uffl
cldent must have been a rather weicouij
diversion. For he had some dismal ia
to perform in his apprenticeship. S
.Tohtmnn waa a "tvnewrlter" before W
a., nt ivn.w,Hnn Wnwadays S l&wysr.
tells the younK lady at the machine W
make five copies of a brief one wr ?-
lrtA nnrl lhnn for the Judges, Sb i0i
so. with ease and with carbon pP
She has to write it only once, pui ,
the '60s (and '70s and '80s, too), it all eft
to be written In long hand yerjr Hj
nana, at mar. ino wwjrw ..v-.- -j,-j
in .mi atrtbA Vi vnunir amanuensis oBj,
by tossing down a 30-page brief kA o.
dering five copies by s ociocs -",
. mt-- ......1.1 mn RitttPg W'
morning. xai wuu. ...... , . g i
all night long, writing with pen and V
and in Spencerlan handwriting
thing over and over again.
m-, ...I.. nM wnnrfAr Mr. J0'
son lost his Interest In penmansblo. S
wrote a beautiful hand. It sua,,
have been a perfect hand by thoss v
j . tt .tin writes a beso
ful hand, but it Is not a perfect band, iw
beauty is the beauty of tne wi vu
of bared boughs and twigs ln! "l
winter sky, It has the stamp
Mr. Johnson is the most modest p
in the Unltetl States. He wmtr
.. . i , i- Mir it la not laup
est to know one's capabllltles-4ndll
tiir,n And. hv the by. hhi pre
nence Is of long standing, for aa Wrffl
iB79 vi Judee recently reavu
there was- no lawyer better ""
Philadelphia. But he is reaw -
In proof of which, read n w
.,w i,. MWhn'a Who." Most men
to All a rage In that volume vrUi i tt
Importance, Here Is his repo -