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iiiiiii I - us J ora jtoi a ni
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..I, .... .1.1.1202 THtPUM liulidlnc
M lWS BTOBAUSl . ,
Cor. Pennsylvania Ave. ana latirst.
niUD. :..i.Thi Sun Dutldlne-
MUV..M...iMMant Houat. Strand
... ........ .;2 An Louis It Orand
r ' WTMCntPTIOM TERMS
fiMH muo Liuoxm li aarred to tub
M at FblliMjilphla and surrounding town
t raw eriwtiva u.l
I ctnU ptr WMki pajrablo
td -mint MiaCd. of Phtladelbhla. In
fltatea. Ctiu'li or United Statu poa-
Hun irto. nriy tool nu per monut.
WWlin per year, jwjaoio in anr. v
ailforeltn countries one ($1) dollar ptr
RidiBerIbn within addreaa chanred
(t old u well at new addreae.
AUWr XETSTOKt, MAIN IMS
aM ..Hiimimii-nfi'mf fn Stottnfnff PuMlO
intfcpontifnca tfgwarc. i'sUcdc-lBMa.
MrfMaDaT tub rnrUDn.rnu rofr arrica xi
., . Vty ttco.xp cutis mail mmn,
' V?. 5 i'rlWtlali. Taond.r. Mirth H, 1911
r ..Si. jd '
, ((. -
b ' tJHJUfll 1SINUUU11 JTUH ALiLi liaiur.
17 - rrWV..nM fnrTnuln nf "rofnrm within the
.kll, Pfrty" is by no means nntlquatod, no
fl rtAlM hnn.'Aftn If la tt.rnnrwrl hv nnrtl.
i4J . "" "v - "
fry ' i .laariacuonauiaui.
rK formal statement by Pennsylvania
-.ni-y liVZI ic.fica wic Biutio.il v ..v
lajorlty of those whq were membtrs of
I' f1 K' ..haWashlnuton party are again enrolled
filial memCvrs or me itepuoiican party, ii is
ihx hTunanImous opinion that the way of
F1 r luPmffMttlvM this vpnr 11p Tvtthln fh
rl, itpubllcan ranks," Is the substance. This
F.& ' f.enlbi. 'it Is practical arl It Is party
SJ ojltlca of a high order. Furthermore, It
'. 1r . UlVMlkf 11 A..O null IITO Vlljr w lM. -
rjan nays, new neaa oi me itopuuiican
'at!onal Committee, not only to get Itcpub-
i cans who wandered from the reservation
incic, but to make the reservation a place
where real Republicans will want to s.ay.
,', s 'The Progressives are no Ipneer a sen-
W' nratfttiriwery In nnlltlea. hut thev have left
f. heritage of worthwhile lnlluenco. They
've put many of their Ideals Into the
!itO, P. and for the matter of thai Into the
Jtomocr&cy. Enlisted again under the
UnJard of Itcpubllcanlsm they have a
Idepiportunlty to enforce such of these
Usals as are acceptable.
Bread riots lA Austria need not be
l""red here If each ono does his bit by saving
,.!s bit. A slice a meal will do It.
DISTRAINING AND DISTRESS
fe? 'tl1 reR"y owners are not so grasping
EV . ?JL 'as the 'squires In the "B'cosh" drama
Jid'Some tenants are not bevond the ensv.
Kl, t ring Micawber philosophy that It Is per
Wi -wUy legitimate to take advantage of
Er ''$ ndlorda If you can get away with It.
" .,.T.rBut this is nn exetiA fnr thn rnllnna
!v gynouncenent of a constable sent to dls
I yn:c tnB effects of a woman whose 1
K .goaMiia Is In the servlco and to evict her
H& id twa small children Into the streets.
it" v ,C 'don't rare who thev nre-a-gnliHem nr
Jlors or any one else If they don't pay
f j rent in go my men and out they go,"
J'to quoted as saying. It is a question
iur i, constaDies acting on uns theory are
ot spinning, a legal net In which they
V til be badlv tancled. alniA nn net nf An.
fKj, irably of 1915 provides, that "No civil
BP.a 'ocesa shall bo brought against any per
P$. 'n'mustered into the service of the Com-
iS'-r lorrwaaitn" under certain conditions.
. , i,The Federal District Attorney Is per-
ctljr within his rights in trying to cor-
jct'hardshlps that bring not only a con-
'.abbe's distress warrant, but distress in
-.more, poignant sense on the dependents
Bread may be the staff of life, but any
BiS8, . 'Can hobble alone pretty Jhely on corn
E'fS ai'iauiDsa wncaiHans URys.
?HJtGOMPEKS SCORES AGAIN
Z- . . ...
-'li'illr inumpns ot war Deiong
'..i-'la Baaauel Oomnera. he -id nf thn inuH.
7' '.'U.lV.Mtlnn n. T.k ...I .... .1
WuJtMi-ot'A highly intelligent and timely
9iasrvaUm, has added new dignity to
r :-tT.1jl tradition Of his oreanlzatlnn. fr.
rfBwra'bas been one of the sanest Inter.
if, .raaajfg oi labor opinion in this country
, iit''ji.Uie war came on to confuse and dls-
-K Biany earlier theories.
"'JBrfT latest triumph of the federation
i" mC1 in the complete reversal from
St. .-.' irtJ;.. ..... ..i.. .j. .....
''"fv T "m" vium jusi announceu
-fXtoa, United Hebrew Trades, a series of
'iUV1'""?" fliutea with the Federation of
., "- ' """ urcw 'xraaes was
S.'i. (Id? that it would- hava tn liml,m n
V "?1'' "rt and cease pacifist propa
, ,J3b or quit, the federation. The decision
and 'the Hehr-aw Tntiu mi.i.t.
fryed for a time by the radical
'aatjof event Jn Russia, has achieved a
W; -American viewpoint and elected to
aXaln'to'the Federation of Labor.
K'tkaaa'chan arrested for nm.fm.in
!':wf,I'to:bir "" .there- are plenty
. JMTinmit .recruiting stations.
" j' : .
R, USEFUL' RICH .
g't; .:? danger that Mr. John
wr wr ar. a. w. JITICK WJ1I
jZ?-f.-" -" w.'jr
b1?.,axef' Bnd, thera
pt-hM bn the evolution-
C.pttbllolHlon, .a good
WauldifheWfuilv fel sorrv
llr. HUefeMer' mutt paytap-
ma be jcttted in any
etajr.trca..iu M (tie.
law WC ; or inaiHiir
I. tmrju W.
tnu tat art ttaafef'te
Hofhfeflar aaii mJmw
At hi. .r
' HOW'Dlb if STRIKE Y0V1
rNCE yesterday's newspapers were, as
'the saying jroes, on tho street, the
time had passed for n space, at least
when men needed "to turn to books or
prophecies or pulpits for sermons of
guidance. The front pago of any paper
will servo that ancient need for the pres
ent The staccato paragraphs cabled
from the French sector whero the Amer
icans have been making their first lunges
at the astonished Germans cry out to
every one, epic and Imperative. And
they firing Intimations that shoud numb
the heart of any man with a touch of
the slacker remaining in his mind or his
The casualty lists have been growing a
little longer, but they have not been ade
quate, apparently, to concentrate general
attention upon tho inevitable fact. Tho
first war photographs came through on
Tuesday and they were adequate. Thero
they stood, the first of our own men over
whom the flro had passed. Tiiero were
half a doscn of them. Those pictures
were a sobering experience. So hard
ened have wo become to the sight of
French and Dritish soldiers hurt nnd
maimed that it was necessary to look
twice to be sure that the young man with
one foot shot away and nn odd touch of
sorrow in his eyes actually wore the
familiar blouso and tho wide-brimmed
hat of our own service. They stood re
vealed, these first serious disunities, as
if by tho hand of nn ironic destiny in a
land where there are men still grumbling
and bullying restaurant waiters because
their bread is not white or because they
are denied their accustomed chops on ono
day of the week.
The types of these soldiers were easily
recognizable. We had seen them in tho
war pictures of a few months ago march
ing up from tho quays, swinging along
in the pride of strength, waving cheerful
hands to tho welcoming French. They
shall march no more. And yet it was
not for comforts or pride or possessions
or for any of the lesser passions that
they delivered themselves up. They werp,
in that final experience of theirs, the
compassionato heart of their own far
country. So it was pity that drove them
on; a wish that tho little nnd the weak
as yet unborn shall live free from ter
rors; that homes may be established and
kept in green peace; that the mothers of
France may smile again in years to come
and sing above their cradles.
For these things they went these
children of tho light, who looked out
from printed pages into the eyes of mil
lions of Americans as they stood, some
of them broken forever, against the side
of ono of tho French baso hospitals. High
causes surelyl Yet it is for little else that
these soldiers and the ethers who kept
the wires busy with their blithe attacks
.yesterday and tho day before have been
listeners at tho bellowing gates of a very
real and actual hell or cheerful adven
turers into the fires from which so many
have to be carried back. High causes,
indeed, and far remove", from tho dis
comforts of war bread and taxes and
fuelless day3 and lightless nights.
Well, it had to come, this Intimate real
ization of what is actually going on. The
news from France and the pictures that
have already arrived have had something
of the warning quality of a gun shot.
There were, in the faces of the men pho
tographed, intimations that should touch
and stir a sensitive min ' like a blast of
music. They had suffered greatly, but
you never would have known itl Euro
peans have always said this sort of spirit
ual experiences would wake us from
lethargy. Perhaps It will. Perhaps we
shall hear less, as the casualties grow,
of kicks and complaints; less about
dodgers of the food regulations. And
from this on at least every man whose
routine and habits of life arc not read
justed to the common purpose must con
tinue to realize with a deadening cer
tainty how unutterably far he is in com
mon decency below tho vast majority of
OUR LITTLE BROTHERS' KEEPERS
MEN", ufter all, are their brothers'
keepers. So it is gratifying to witness
the general extension of the Big Brother
movement, by which business men share
their busy-ness with lads who are the
better for such interest, represented In
guidance and counsel and sometimes In
more substantial ways.
The PhUopatrlan Club Is doing a good
work in bringing to tho attention of tho
Cathollo laity one of the civic "good
works" already developed In their fields'
by the Y. M. C. A. and the T. M. H. A.,
a work as broad as tho universal brotbtr
llness cf man and one too fine to be con
fined within denominational areas.
Trotsky must know, If h Is reading the
news from Petrograd, about how Nero felt
when he did the violin solo so much talked
Baktr driven to wind cellar by air bombs.
But the War Secretary Is not setting an
example to the men In the Benlcel
The opening of Old York road suggests
again how Invariably progress lags behind
human aspirations. Before the last tollgate
Is abolished we shall have no use for roads.
Speeders will have acquired the air machines
of their dreams.
If a general vote were cast to deter
mine the class first to be elected to compul
sory farm service there are a good many
who jvouldn't have to hesitate before desig
nating a source at which Incalculable human
energy Is consistently wasted. They would
name the Jan bands at the restaurants.
, No stigma attaches to the generals who
have been transferred from active field com
mands to other duties on account ot physical
and other disabilities. Their bravery Is not
questioned. .That they have to make way
for .younger commanders is merely one ot
the fortunes of war. Vigor In. their generals
"means "victory for our troops.
"We go'to-prets gladly with the news that
s,' congressional committee has" "vindicated"
the navy after .an inquiry Into the part
clayed by, the' navy in the present war. We
may sleep peacefully after this in the assur
'ansa thatoWchtrlahed .ConsTHs will 'not
j have to go out upon 'the deep and troubled
waters to ..take' Up the dUHeult job. on It
own aoeount' "W
,' - t ' -i r -
,ir "BuHog, .HWerWootirow Hapa; ,'of
iTHicnyiw. n.' 4., nrwijine. time consumma
te) tt the proposes! Merger" pt.tsd Freaby-
CtaMt Marti) ao4 MMrTyWyUrta
Itv Ua with
EVENING Iffij -E
WU TING FANG AND
Chinese Statesman Had Sense of
Humor Pen Sketches of Gen.
Pearson and James Brycc
r-ENNYr-ACKEn AtJTOniOGKAt'ItV NO. 100
(CopvrtgM, lilt, iu ruWc Lttotr Compami)
THIS bright Chinaman when Minister
from his country to tho United States
made a very agreeable Impression upon
Americans. Ho had much of the American
trend o.' thought nnd was keen as a brlnr.
When tho University of Pennsylvania dedi
cated Its law building he was present. A
baronet named nowo had been sent to rep
resent tho University of Oxford and ho
made on address nf the Academy of Music.
A poorer speaker never appeared In public.
He had no voice and no manner. He read
from a manuscript and his slsht was de
fective. Ho turned his back to the au
dlenco and rapidly emptied the hall. Wu
leaned over to me and whimpered:
"I wish ho would shut up."
Again with un air of relief from weari
ness, lie said:
"I did see your wlfo today. I did make
a Joke ot her. I told her ,she could pack
GENERAL SAMUEL. PEARSON
I had an Interview today, February 17,
1911, with Ocnernl Samuel Pearson, of tho
Boer army, a short, thick-net man, rugged
nnd brown In comploxlon, with an earnest
and emotional manner and rapidity of ut
terance, which reminded mo much of Mr.
Itoosovelt, nnd I am sure that In tempera
ment they are quite alike. When carried
along with a rapid flow of words, and with
tho bloci flowing to his head, he oc
casionally lost control of tho nerves of
speech and stammered. He was born In the
Transvaal. Ills people, on the elde of his
father, came from Dernmrk, and on the
side of his mother, from Holland. Kruger,
to whom ho says he was opposed nnd
who, In his opinion, was a most remark
able personage, sent him with a message to
Mr. Roosevelt, at that time President of
the United States.' He took with him a
letter of Introduction fromRobeit Roose
velt, of New York, the uncle of the Presi
dent, The President grcetod him with:
"What can I do for you?"
"There Is nothing you can do for me
personally. Mr. Kruger has sent me to
see whether something cannot be done to
prevent the English from getting horses
In America. If they cannot get horses
here they cannot win In the war. sir. Mc
KInley Issued a proclamation on neutral
lty; this is not being neutral. It Is aiding
one side In thowar, and that side an em-.
plro against a democracy."
"That question has been settled," said
tho President. "It was decided by the
Judge In Louisiana."
"What the Judge In Louisiana decided
was that he had no right to Interfere and
that If thero was to be Interference It
must como front tho Go eminent of the
United States. It Is, therefore, a matter
"It is all settled," was the reply. "Your
people ought to stop fighting. They ought
This statement angered the General, and
"I did not come here to ask your advlco
about military matters :.nd I do not think
you nro competent to give It, General Louis
Botha Is the man to say whether or not the
cause ought to be surrendered."
"I shall not Interfere," said the Presi
dent. "I will compel you to take some action,"
replied the General, who says that Mrs.
Van Rensselaer, who wrote the history of
New York, told him that the Roosevelts
were not Dutchmen but Jews. He then
went to Louisiana with the determination
of gathering a lot of men together and
killing the Englishmen there buying and
shipping horse-j. There were about a
hundred and fifty of them. He was per
suaded to tho contrary by the Judge and
by tho fact that ho was entirely without
money to defend his cause In the Amer
"I made a great mistake," he added. "If
I had killed those Englishmen tho Ameri
can people would 'have been .aroused and
our cause would have been won. How
ever, the Dutch have control of the Gov
ernment in the Transvaal, and as soon as
England gets into trouble they will be in
dependent. It is the greatest war in his
tory and we ruined the prestige of Eng
land." Some time later the saw John Hay, who
told him that tho Dutch in the Transvaal
were the vassals ot the English.
October 15 and 16, 1912, the American
Antiquarian Society celebrated at Worces
ter, Massachusetts, tho hundredth anniver
sary of Its foundation and assembled many
distinguished men, including President
Taft. Waldo Lincoln, the president of the
society, gave us a luncheon in his house
and I sat at a little square table, which
could accommodate four persons, with
Charles Francis Adams, of Massachusetts,
and James Bryce, author of the "American
Commonwealth," and then Ambassador
from England to the United States, A
thin, little marf, with a bright eye and
long whiskers, he Is utterly Incapable of
dressing himself and his shirt bulged out
in a iiump before him, but alert, knowing
"I have all the works of Voltaire in my
library, a hundred volumes or so," said
Adams, "but nobody reads Voltaire any
"I-could read the works of Jacob Boehm
with interest," added Bryce, "but nc: 'La
"I have read 'La Henriade,' " I ventured
'"ft is a pleasure to'meet a man in Amer
lea who ha really read 'La1 Henriade,' " re
plIedBryce fn a tono which d not quite
disclose whether it meant surprise or sar
casm. "Rabelais can no longer be read," again
"It is too. coarse,'' said I.
"It is stupid," aided' Bryce.
"So -1 J la with Hudibras. Its wit is mere
dullnea." aald A'dams. "
v Tak such line oa .
" Thara'wie an anolent sage, philosopher
TgURSflAX ' AiROH ' lV
which wo found acceptable In the In
goldsby Legends," I genOy suggested, but
It met with no response.
Bryce mado many" queries Tn regard to
existing conditions In America, but always
stopped short at the point of danger and
never ventured an opinion, tThe effect
of tho blending of races nnd the result of
tho coming presidential election Interested
him, but he had no views, '
"What will Pennsylvania do7" he in
"Voto for.Taft," iVeplled, and there the
subject was dropped.
Ho listened to the address ot .Henry
Cabot Lodge, which contained many stric
tures upon England, wltnout the Indication
of any emotion whatever. At the dlnnei
the President, Bryce, Adams, Paget. the
Minister from Peru to the United States
and myself all made speeches.
mrlb-TffiTa'Wa'Sl Ob0,,i h"
The Californian Said to Be a Bet
ter Vote-Getter Than Roosevelt,
' Hughes or Taft
Sir Will jou pica! eliminate Taft. Rooe
y?" Jnd Hughe ns ncpuhllcan ennd'dates In
19.07 All are "hnck numbers." None repre
sents any definite Is'ue In tho crisis of today.
There Is to be only one Impartnnt Issue be
Tore the American people In 1920. and the
political party which makes Itself the chant
p.on of the right fcldo of th.it Issue will sweep
The Issue Is Americanism ersus Hjphen
Ism. It Is nn issue by which every righteous
force In this nation Is to bo utilized In driv
ing out the many-headed hjphen that the
I.uropein war unfbrlunately has develaneS In
Taft. Roosevelt and Hughes c ch represents
a species of hphenletn. All are tainted with
It, but Taft the least of all. However, Taft
could not win, ns the Roosevelt element un
doubtedly would practice sabotage. Roose
elt would be given a crushing defeat the
reason Is apparent. Hughes Is believed to
hae behind him a pollt'cil alliance, the
mere suspicion of which will defeat him.
Hut In Hiram Johnson, of California, tho Re
publican party has n candldato whose Amer
icanism Is beyond doubt, whoso progressive
ncss Is conceded and who has boldly cham
ploned the very essence of a political pro
gram which Is necessary to defeat the pres
tlgo of Wilson.
The nation Is demanding public ownership
of the railroads. 'Johnson also demands It.
The nation Is demanding a creitlon of hys
terlcal pntrlotlrm. Johnson also demands It.
Tho nation is demanding that tho Mippres
slon of free speech, with the connhance of
an alleged Democratic Administration, cease.
Johnson also demands It. Tho nation Is de
manding that that Invisible economic ln
lluenco Btandlng between the farmer and the
consumer be drawn Into tho light and
crushed. Johnson also demands It. The
nation Is demanding industrial justice. John.
-son nlso demands It. Tho nation Is demand
ing universal suffrage, regardless of sex or
other previous condition of servitude. John
son not only demands It. but was elected to
the Senate with the aid of women's votes.
The sphere of lnlluenco has drifted from
.ew England, tho East and tho Eastern Mld
dlo est to the Middle West nnd the Far
West. No political cand.datc can win the
presidency unless ho Is supported by the In.
Ilucnces west of Illinois, whero the shackles of
ui ,m iorK city monejbund and the New
I.ngland tariff clique have been thrown off.
Woodrow Wilson owes hlj second term to
those Influences. lift tvnnif. .. i. .i.
Lclslvely beaten had the Republicans sensed
... cm ui o. iimng irom uughes to Johnson,
yet the latter was comparatively unknown as
a ote-gotter In 1915. It required the elec
tion. It required the words. "Walt for the
returns from the West," to force the conclu
sion that nn eastern candidate, without n
western spirit, had no chance In the political
market. Johnson Is all that the West re
quires, and that In Itself Mould elect him.
Hut In the East, as well, he Is strong, for
oven here, even In cynical New York and en
slaved Pennsylvania, the throbs of a new
democracy, shaming the present quackoeracy.
are being felt. In two more years, by the
time that everything Is rlpo for tho picking
the new democracy not written or under
stood by Wilson will have come to Its
majority; and, unless both Republicans and
Democrats want to send hundreds of thou
sands of antl-Soclalists to otlng'tho Socialist
ticket, tho former, at least, ought to prewnt
Johnson for the sake of a pure Americanism
. , tl , CECIL MONTAGUE.
Philadelphia, March 13.
FAVORS MUNICIPAL STREET
To the Editor of the Evening Pnbltc Leader
Sir The tendency of tho times Is for gov
ernmental ounerMilp and control of utilities
The war has quickly nationalised the rall
im The rederal railway administration
officially Intimates that the express com
panies will be taken over. Philadelphia has
reached the point of municipal financing of
Its new subway system. In view of these
patent signs of the times I wish to commend
heartily your editorial articles proposing an
end of dirty streets, neglected by the paid
contractors, through the simple, efficient
method of municipal operation of street
cleaning. There are some disadvantages to
this system and It ought to be kept out of
politics. But I have noticed in cities so
cleaned that they ARE clean and are KEPT
clean. No Bystem could be worse than thu
present Philadelphia system. u t n.
Philadelphia, March 13.
GEORGE OR JOHN LAW?
To the Editor of the Evening PubUo Ledger:
Sir Who was George Law? In the install
ment of Qovemor Pennypacker's autobi
ography printed In the Evenino Public
LEDann on March 12 the author expresses
doubt whether Theodore Roosevelt should
be "put In (he class with Richard Coeur de
Lion and Henri Quatre, or In that other
class with Mahomet and George Law."
Perhaps this was a slip of the pen, and
for 'leorgo" we should read "John." Ad
mirers of the former President, however
are not likely to see any resemblance, either
In character or achievements, between the
Colonel ahd that hare-brained, Scotchman.
John Law, whose "Mississippi Scheme" bcgl
gared thousands and all but plunged France
Into utter bankruptcy back In the days of
the Tegency, TROJAN
Philadelphia, March 13.
OAN'T ESCAPE POLITICS
To thedttor of the Evening PuoUe Ledger:
Slf-Are you able to see any further than
the length of your editorial nose? In big type
you inveigh against the dirty streets under
the contractor system. To clean up the
streets of Philadelphia you advocate munici
pal operation of th ttreet-cleanlng system.
I'm -sure the Vares don't care whether they
"clean" the streets as contractors - or as
political bosses, Probably, though, they
would prefer the latter method.
Philadelphia, March-45. TAXPAYER.
EDITORIAL Er-JflRAMS ,
Will imm returned traveler Wnalyt tell' us If
the KUer.hof,rm of Chlnso'n plitll hoi.li
H-.IUI oin traaineu under ht natntT Bir
mingham An.lUrald. . ,
"Frohlnltlonjlhlp.on Keef of .Dlention.", aara
a headllna. To mueh irlna ' aha 'fwatar, eJf
DuUalo Comnwrclaj. R , , jU
I!. V. ''" B' meat la another BiaVs
.", .J" ''5 w PolwnleM iter.
foaataa Time, l .. At$, . .
ww-wmnmfHjms-fw "li.W" ".'V lv lvwHhfsT-.rr-; ww&YirT -t yyffp yl '"WHIM
THE PERISCOPE . . ' fr-
- . r-si Ws as. 1 1' ts'
jr,Ttrj3 .- vjsfrf '" f'-'.z--'-- lM
IT WILL bo Interesting to follow tho effect
of the present method of enrolling work
men nnd leading men In the Emergency
Fleet so as to save thcra from conscription
or save them from going until they so de
sire. It Is quite possible that this present
arrangement so quietly carried on may solve
many of tho labor problems and may cventu
nliy bo the backbone of safety In all labor
The original proposition, as far as tho
navy Is concerned, was by far the best one,
but that was killed by labor. The proposi
tion was to enroll as members of tho naval
reserve all Important members of nny plant
doing work for tho navy'. Tho presidents of
the companies were io have tho rank of
lieutenant commander, the next officials that
of lieutenant and so on down through thol
grades of petty ofllccrs until the gicat mass
of workmen would" have tho ranks of the
enlisted men. It was not a question of pay,
but of being enrolled In tho naval service
so that valuable men would not leave posts
whero they were so valuable to be pawns
In the nrmy, where their especial abilities
would not be used. The Idea was promul
gated and orders given to so enroll, but
before tho practical details were worked out
the labor leaders of tho country killed the
proposition. The argument was that the
Idea uoutd precnt men from changing their
places of work as they chose and that the
men would bo subject to being sent to any
placo whero more needed. Really there
should be no reason why the labor forces
should not be under control Just as the other
kind of lighting forces arc under control,
but the moguls of labor thought differently
and the older was revoked.
It would seem that the country is hotter
prepared now for such an Idea and It cer
tainly will bo still more prepared beforo
tho war Is over and labor must come to
time eventually Just as all the Test of us are
HOWEVER, the present scheme, that is ap
parently known to few, or that has caused
little stir, at least. Is along'the same lines
and may be accomplishing the same re
sult without upsetting the leaders who
may fear to lose control of those under
them. The bare working of the Emergency
Fleet seems to Imply only those who aro
nrtuallv working on ships or In shipyards,
whereas the enrollingof labor under that
heading Is going Into all manner of trades
and occupations. From tho raw materials
of the mines and Including all the various
steps along the line to the finished product,
all workmen are able to get on the lists
of the Emergency Fleet Some of those aro
miners, foundry workers, sheet-steel .work
ers, puddlers, forgers, tinners, galvanized
Iron workers, electricians, asbestos workers,
linen and cotton-cloth makers, sewing-machine
.operators. This Is the merest begin
ning of the list which carries Into all trades
supplying tho various materials that go Into
the building of a ship. It goes Into virtu
ally every Industry where material Ms han
dled. It la further reachingten to one, than
anybody oyer dreamed.
In these plants not all may be, registered.
Those left out by theNavy Department are
clerks, laborers and watchmen. AH the rest
may be placed on the list. Including the offi
cials of the companies under their ratings
wltbA the .firms, the sales agents, the special
rrien -of all kinds, tpe Idea Is to keep all
Industries going to their best, capacities.
It Is 'understood that those on these lists
are'thoite of conscription age only.
MANUFACTURERS are sending In these
lists rapidly fin facVall are virtually in
now, and they are following up with great care
the necessary notifications each month. If a
change is desired In the list the new names
must be suomittea to wasmngton and the
authorisation obtained. If a man is dis
charged or leaves on) his own. account his
name must be at once sent In so the lists
.may be correct It a marl leaves or Is dls-'
charged "and notice be not sent the manu
facturers may lose their right to the exemp
tion of their men,
The men on these lists are exempt from
conscription' as long, as they a stay on the
aama.llst, but the" moment a man leaves his
place. of employment! or a discharged that
"tnsnla liable V'be called. toahe colors. ''His
name " at once sent to the local, board
and they are after htm. Unless he gets on'
.another llsti within a month he l liable'' to
oi to! the, front, 'Tkfr five fety to, the'
FOR WAR WORK
Is ready to go and will not be retained longer.
And there are more of theso men than many
From the point of view of the manufac
turer the evidence obtainable so far Is that
It Is a good workable scheme and that the
manufacturers are In favor of It, as Is shown
by. tho quickness with which they have sent
In the lists. These lists they must take affi
davit to that these men are necessary to
carry on work) for the Government and that
these men are paramountly employed In Qov
THE Ideas of the workmen are harder to
obtain, as they are many and scattered,
while. It Is easy to consult Ith heads of
firms, who can at onco tell tho results from
their experience. It has been found, how-.
ever, that the Ideas have been clearly ex
plained to the workmen and that'thelr names
may not- be used without their consent. At
any rate, it has not been possible to find
one workman who did not favor the Idea
and who did not want his name down.
What Is the result to date? Men on the
lists feel that they are settled for the war
and can carry on with some degree of cer
tainty. They are not so prone to hunt an
other Job and shift about with whatever
wind tells them they may- get a little more
somewhere else. They are more stable, and
the shop foremen are not fretted so much by
finding half their men gone on a Monday
morning. Also those on the lists are con
sidered desirable men and they realize that
they may be left off tho ilst at any time at
the desire of the employer. Hence they keep
up their good work so as to retain their
safety of certainty.
And the man who finds he Is not put on
the list when those about him are there at
once gets busy and makes himself more val
uable so as to be added to the list, the next
month. And he tries to get there as soon
as possible, so as not to be called. He goes
to his foreman and Inquires why he Is left
off and Is told why and Immediately prom
ises a betterment
ALL this applies to men from the ages of
"twenty-ono to thirty nnd these constitute
the vast mass of the drifters who are up
setting tho labor market today. After thirty
most men are settled somewhere and have
attachments that they do not like to leave
and are not Inclined to change place of
It all sounds good and It will be Interesting
to watch how It turns out and whether, with
out the workman knowing how It came about
labor will be quieted -and will do Its war
work as It really wishes to do If only It
could get quiescent and satisfied that It la
getting a fair deal. ,
IN TRAISE OF OlRDENg
Ttm.klia of tha aim for pardon.
The aons of thi blrda for mffih.
"" I" nearer O0.1 'a heart In a aardet.
Than anywhara ! on earth.
What Do You Know?
1. Where are the'Ttaka oil field.?'
t. Name 'the author of "InJMemorlam "
' "M tJ.tn;rVr,,y """''"' ' "en-
4, now ranch waa a lerrt '
8. Where la the llola de DonlosnoT
. What Is the symbolic meaning ( ermln.T
7. What la a trope In rhetorlet ermln,T
8. What Is a cenatellatlonT -,
. Who, Is Major General Oeorr, T, BarfleMT
10. Whore U LnaeriUef ' ""'""
Answers to Yesterday'i Qui
.. "T. nisoii- la baaed an VW..
jlnsy's i drama "Lo Hoi B'.UJoa," (&!
2, Tlltla Is the capital or tho Cantatas "
I," William Makepraro. Tllarkrrar. Knrll.l. .
f.ai;Be.?U "H,W -"5 'll&eSell
i. A-eoD.ld.rjl)!. .jUnt of the reston'raUr.a
8. HeiwwMatlTe J. Itamnton Moore, of p....
exploits or a-l.tlnruUlied aVAlee. mnllrr
S. Bnwtti a ismmtjafeji fcdreheW an cffl'rar h
' i - i f ' 2h
Little Polly's Pome
IP I WAS A QUEEN
Thero Is so much news of Kings -
Far across tie wave
And of wars and other things
Whenthey misbehave .'
I can't help believing too
That their wives are mean
And I've wondered what I'd do
If I was a queen.
I believe that I would say
George or John or Will
Be the King's name what it may
"You are doing-ill." s
Then he'd know right off ho was"
Planning something mean
I would do as Mother 'does
If I was a queen. ' ..
A Few More Words About .the FamouiJ
TTEItE'S some fish warmed oer from--iTL
Jtldear! dear! was It two weeks'ago thstftl
wo had the finnan haddle? Well, anywHr,kjl
here's some of that fish warmed oer. .J
Herbert Vanderhoof, of Chicago, has tskiajj
the trouble to asK mil uoraon, oi mo r'M
...-l. -r . -m ..... l... ....... .U. t7..tfltl. lA
wjuib iieciur b ul wmi lliy, iiv.y mu ., ...
. n .. ..- .a, tt.jji. i. t"aA.VM
ram lioyaie, now k uiuaii xiuuuio .. .-
tnr" la nr.nfir. ef'W
"It's a very simple dish." said Dill. "Juia
take a thick piece of finnan haddle of tin i
best quality and boll r steam It for nw
or twenty. minutes. Then remove the fJ
Cut It In lengths of six or eight wen
Place It on a platter und pour cream ,Y
It and put boiled potatoes sliced In. 1J
around the edgo of the haddle. Butter MJj
potatoes well and also put a little but'!
on the fish. Then put the platter contain! J
the fish and the potatoes under., -uroitj
onrf lot It remain thcr until brown. Tal
out the platter and put It on a silver servWi
and serve." p
"I asked Bill." continues the obliging W,.
Vanderhoof. "If It was Important to use j
silver server, and he raid If I didn't' I ,f71
SWISS unilill uvj (oaap-a f , M
Now comes James T). Law, of "Clovsf'j
nook," Roxborough, to add a word to wj
nl.nniltt Kaon 4lfsT aKnllt Mfhfl rOltl
morsel and choicest titbit that eer trseMIl
a poor man's table and a fitting leasi im,j,
1.1m.... ...1.4 n.OAMa ' 01
VW'AP ...... HU1-I1D. . p
. "Cnnm nn h iM lV.nl t-rtflfl. LondOII.
says Mr. Law. "I cdunted over thirty pUh3
carts and donkey carts piled high wiw
finnan haddles all Imported from Aberden,J
v He holds forth with tho sure voice m,i
expert upon the comparative merits 'ot '
eral brands of the nsh orrcrea in oqr
markets, and while vhathe says about V-
is interesting anu vaiuame, u eaimvi,
ohvloua reaaona. bn auoted here. But fl
Mr. Law's book, "Here and There InT
HemlsDheres." now out of print, we tl
thts comment upon the Aberdeen fish nw
kef. ' .
"The Aberdeen docks cover thirty-six
of land, and aa large a body of water as
alns-l tingle in tho klna-dnm. Tha fish msrl
Is considered the best In Great Brits!
Sometimes as many aa ofly steam trawlj
and fifty line boats will arrive in a im
....1 J.tl... Unit . a nn ihat Will
nuu uciivci luvu luiio ui -", - &
ntiBnrh.it hv trndi.ra In n few hours. A.
"When Dr. Samuel Johnson was" touru
Scot and with Boswell. the lexieogra
much tn hla hlnTnher'a dlsaDDOlntl
could not be prevailed upon to enjoy-
finnan haddle (even then more famous W
thu nrinl. hlmnolf II hut in amimlng it-
only cut off his nose to spile his fcej
ala better in ADeraeen witn me oww
nfnvlnA,1'Vtv Tr flnrAnn 'TtOKaV WaS J
he might not care "for It ('them' woula
locauy correct )(,iano wnen ni notiw
him wolfing, down a plate'Vl !n hta''
liiiAvn atvlA Vi vvntttr.il in aaV. Toti t
to like' our broth, doctor?? 'Good enough
hogs I' he grunted. Then,' quietly saw
Cordon, "pray let me' help you to some
of It.' Tho faaViful James did not put
In hit book, anymore thanhe, told u
Li. ... ... 1.1-1. .1. In m hi
pia own latnor nv vuuiiiiiiova y
argument wined ud the floor with the
Englishman- or, how .he' met j,hls ,matV
Adam8mlth,' whose Wfealth of . Natlonr
said to hay a' circulation next in ex(aV
said to hay a'clrcujatlon next
the Bible." t f'
But.-.to et"back'to our haddle I lW
grarid .fish even, the poorest Imitation ')U
iii,.jitai.Mi.i.'ii..i-luuui n nnr maraal
an4 w haveno.doulH Kr.'.'tawlllb I
,Mui'lirMiiMf war he, If jaf y vlina.
' a i 'p m i&. rir
huaaa Asm akr a sal aaa - - , :. " II
IC you MMUM JUK It, tO JV you uw
SL.'WJ"'" "'' t! .Mi
K-sANf ftt afKfWfMlT
. .Mr. U.....M1 'W...
.T .L"a 9 KmF
m. -. i