Newspaper Page Text
I . '
Washington, Sept. 19. Fair tonight,
probabfy followed by rain Friday;
gentle southerly winds.
TEMFKnATVRE AT EACfl IIOCTI
I 8 0 IIP 111 12 I 1 2 1
58 I S9 161 173 174 I
VOL. V. NO. 5
WORK OR QUIT,
IS PIEZ ORDER
FOR HOG ISLAND
Fleet Officer Bids Yard
Foremen "Get Rid of
lit MUST GIVE FULL TIME
'No More Justified , in Partial
.Service Than Soldiers in
Trenches, He' Says
C ., irsi steps to DreaK up BiacKerism
g T among shipyard workmen nt Hob Island
.ij were taken by tlic Emergency Fleet
If, Corporation today, when Charles rlez.
ripe president and general manager. In
structed the yard foremen to "get rid
"tari nmnlnirAit In (hit -1.1...... cl.,
... .. ... ,.u ,. u Ill kill; OIIIJJ ni HCIf
8ld .Air. Plez this afternoon, "arc really
K engaged In a military' operation, and arc
?& no more justified In working only part
35' (tlme than soldlerB In the trenches would
f be Justified in taldng a holiday when-
, ever they felt like it.
r "These men come to the yards under
,111 agreement to work forty-four hours
a week, on a basis of eight hours a
'day for five days and four hours on
Saturdays. Those men who hereafter
-. refuse to put In full time will be cllm-
Under the new man-power law, which
was so drawn as to reach shipyard
workers, every man exempted from
t military duty because of employment
In the shipyards, will automatically lose
that classification when discharged from
the yards and immediately become liable
to the draft.
Regulations laid down by Provost
Marshal General Crowder also will pre
vent Buch men, after November 1, frorii
'. obtaining employment In other ship
, yards. The same regulations prescribe
'" the number of days a shipyard worker
may be absent from his work In a
Mr. Plez expressed the opinion today
f. that, If all shipyard labor were put on
a' piece rate basis, it would be an In
centive to sustained errort nnu greater
The fleet corporation, he said, favored
a piece rate scale, but some of the unions
represented in the yards would not no
cept It. Skilled workmen now on a
viIam rain haMtu Tin dnpljirpd. nftwn nrit
t3$KBttilKI7.ti l'.J5 nn hour.
. "''These men, Instead of demanding
., higher; wages, can earn more by stick-
.. Ing t6,tho Job and Increasing produc--jjri
T5iV' Hr. Flez salu last Friday's record-
, . i Itfiiii trine !( I no rrlorl PArnTiarn r CI.
Hie unity jmcvui u.uiu-i uir inj jhiu, m
conclusive evidence that "all Is not well"
and that tne men can dp better work i
than they have been doing.
u. :,. mJi,. f .i,. J
uwfc -"v ...-. ft"" a...'jM.ua
throughout the country similarly affected
by the ' slackciv workmen wjll be ready
and willing to co-operate in a campaign
for the elimination of the lagging mem
bers of the for:e was the assertion of
Labor leaders agree that slackerlsm
Is In vogue at the island. Men seeking
to evade military service are gaining
employment In some minor capacity,
using the yard as a hiding place, and are
"unabje to perfoim any decent work for
their'pay," it was stated.
DENY EX-BALL PLAYERS
ENJOY SHIPYARD FAVOR
Fans at Hog Island resent assertions
that some of the ballplayers now work-
nging tnere and playing on the island
nine got their Jobs at the shipyard with
the deliberate intention of evading the
draft. They also deny the baseball men
have soft Jobs and big pay.
"That's foolish talk." Bald Johnny Cas.
tie this afternoon. Castle Is manager
of the ball team at Hog island, where
he has other duties also. Formerly he
was an outnemer tor tne rmiiies. .More
recently he managed teams In the Middle
, "You take Hans Lobert. and 'Big
Chief Bender, for Instance." Castle
said. "They're bolter-up foremen, and
there are no better men In their line on
the Island." Lobert played third for the
FhlllleH for a while, and later went to
the Giants. Bender, the Indian, played
with the Athletics, where he reached tho
pinnacle of his diamond fame, and aft
erward ne was on me i-miues payroll.
Caatle went on to cite other ballplay
ers who, he says, have made good as
shlpworkers. There Is Young, former
-Detroit 'second baseman, now a bolter-
up foreman. There Is Joe O'Rourke,
who- played with the St. .Louis Nation
als and managed Pacific boast teams.
"Don't tell me that lad doesn't know
bjs business' as a xhlpworker," Castle
napped. "Ho served twelvo years at
Cramp's before he became a profes
Blonatf ballplayer, and he's some ship-
worker. Believe me 1"
'NAhd there are others. Take Buckles,
formerly of the Kansas City team, and
of 'the New York Americans. When he
la not a pitcher he Is a riveter. "And
sky, as a riveter he's real, that boy," ap.
" Swlgler, formerly a pitcher at Penn, Is
now dentist at the Island, and a mighty
.K1 good, dentist, too, says uasue. naipn
if Hauls, who shone on the diamond for
j&i. the Pittsburgh Federals, is a derrick
fji 'foreman. Ersklne Mayer, who pitched the
Y't, .rniiiicn 10 many v, viuiuiy, mm wchi iu
jsj .rutsDurgn. is anomer oi me oouer-up
II K '"Now there's a man for you," ei'
ca claimed Castle. "He's had a technical
.r senooi. training, ana is a smpworKer irom
the ground up. And yet they talk about
lacker ball players down here J .Foolish
Ulk, I tell you."
ilCaatle desires the ball-players receive
"" swollen salaries. "Aa foreman, they start
In at aViniit S4A." hn Raid. "ThAr..
4 .rienea iur u. sum mey Buy mens uan
' Wavers ride to work In automobiles. Sure
r -ti. A.1 .1... n.. ai - t-i.
' they do. Didn't they run automobiles
-'vMfcnre they quit baseball7"
For a change there'll be rain,
And it's coming on Friday.
Though It gives me a pain,
For a change ther&ll be rain.
r Cfentle Kinds mag ordain
v' avioi xoaag s a ary aag.
ItFpf a change there'll be rain
Sf tnd IPs' cotilng on Friday?
'V7.Y .' . ,
IIM.I' . ....' .. . . '...'. JB
r ' s ' .
3 4 i Bl
Published Sally Exctpt Sunday. Subsctlrtlon Price! 0 a Tear by MalL
CoOyrlght, 1D1K. by the Public ledger Company.
', JaWaBalSaato-. s x.
x- " wmw -
"fe : ,..s
MRS. EDWARD DIDDLE
Named by Mayor Smith as a mem-
ber of the BoartJ of Recreation
MRS. BIDDLE ON
NEW PLAY BODY
Smith Chooses Civic Club Head,
and Social Worker for Rec
Mrs. Kdn-nrrt W. Piddle, widely known
in educational nnd Foclal work and pres
ident of the Civic Club, was appointed
a member of the Ponrd of Recreation
today by Mayor Smith.
Mrs. Diddle takes the place on the
board made vacant by Miss Sophia
P.oss who, with several other members
of the board was forced to resign sev
eral weeks ago by the Mayor for re
of refusal ' to vote for the nppolnt
Kdward It. Gudehus, secretary to Sena
tor Varc, as supervisor of school play
grounds. Just what stand Mrs. Piddle will
take regarding Gudehus Is a matter of
conjecture. It was reported at City Hall
that Robert Smith, one of the present
members of the board, would resign If
tho Mayor appointed another wrann
to tho board.
Mrs. Piddle Is associated with the
Playgrounds and Reel cation Association
of America, Public Charities Associa
tion of Pennsylvania, American Cllc
Association, State Charities Arbitration
and Peace Society of Pennsylvania,
ChlM Labor Association and sccral
FOG JARS EARLY TRAFFIC
Gloucester Ferry Service Sus
pended and Trolleys Bump
Dense fog that spread over the Phila
delphia district early this morning,
traces of which llnrcred until noon,
stopped Delaware river tratllc, and was
the cause of several collisions in tho
'sTrecr.$."4Th6f6'govcred a wide area,
and was densest from 1 o'clock until
shortly before 7.
Several thousand workers at Hog
Island and other shlpyatds in the dis
trict were late because of the fog-lm-
I'edeu transportation service.
, Oloucester ferry boats discontinued at
o'clock, and no boats ran for more
mail Ilvn linllrn
Two ciowded trolley cars collided
rear-on In the fog nt Gyrmantown and
Hunting Park avenues, and several pas
sengers were cut by flying glass and
bruised. All were badly shaken up.
Peter Peterson, 2768 North Hcmberger
street, was taken to St. Luke's Hospital
with a dislocated ankle, und he may
have internal Injuries. Ho Is twenty
ono years old.
CHAPItjWAiNTS DEATH SHOCK
Wife Murderer Says He Is Sane
and Eager for Electric Chair
New York, Sept. 10 (Dy I. N. S.).
"I wnnt to go to the electric chair,"
Charles K. Chapln, former city editor
of the Evening World, Is quoted as say
ing bv Assistant District Attorney Mr
Gee, during a conference at the arraign
ment of the editor today on a charge of
murdprlng his wife.
"I am perfectly sane," the editor Is
said to hae added. "I don't want any
sanity commission appointed. I want to
pay the price."
' Chapln's counsel entered a formal plea
of apt guilty for hts client at the ar
raignment. The court announced that it
would allow ten days In which to change
the plea and remanded the editor to the
It was nnnounced by tho District At
torney's oltlce that any effort on the
part or cuapin or his mends to have
a lunacy commission appointed for him,
wouio. oe opposea Dy tne aistrict at
FUND PUT UNDER
PROBE OF SENATE
Investigation Ordered of Charges
Following Attack on Bris
By the Associated Press
Waalilnitmi, Sept, 10,
Investigation of the recent charge
of Allen Property Custodian Palmer that
a group of brewers bought a Washing'
ton newspaper to further the publicity
Interests of brewers was authorized to
day by tho Senate. Arthur Brisbane.
owner and editor of the Washington
Times, announced yesterday that he
bought the Times with money lent by
A resolution ordering the Inquiry by
the Judiciary- Committee or n sub-committee
.was Introduced by Senator Jones,
of New Mexico, and was adopted by the
Senate with little debate. It sets forth
allegations that the brewers have exact
ed pledges from candidates, "Including
Congressmen and United States Sena
tors"; that to Influence public opinion
the brewing Interests have subsidized the
press; that In order to suppress hostile
expressions of opinion they "have set In
operation an extensive system of boy
cotting of American manufacturers! mer
chants, railroads and. other Interests,"
and that a political 'organization has
been erected to carry out their pur
poses. It is alleged that the brewers were
allied to suborga"nzatlons, such as
the German-American Alliance, the
National Association of Commerce
and Labor, and the Manufacturers' and
Dealers' Association, and "have paid
laice sums of money to citizens of the
United States 'to advocate, their cause
Including some )n,th Government era-I
n". rH. jst...!iiiaaiu
I NURSE FROM HERE'
ON CASUALTY LIST;
TEN MEN CAPTIVE
Pneumonia Caused Death
of Philadelphia Woman
4 SOLDIERS WOUNDED
Another Is Reported to Bee
Victim of Gas j
Roll of Honor of City
Contains Woman's Name
nn:n of disease
.M'fl'.n NKI.I.IE J. WARD. 228 North
PRIVATE KRWIN '. OARRETT. -131
Went .stRfTonl Btri"t.
PRIVATE WII.t.IAM CALLAHAN. 231 1
South Carlisle street.
PRIVATE VUI.I.IAM C. SMITH. 117
Xorth SKtr-thlnl street.
PRIVATE EDWARD Y. SMITH, 117
?sorth Sixty-third street.
PRIVATE JOHN JOSEPH Ml'RPIIY,
1313 South Tnlor street.
PRIVATE JAMES PETER IIIOniNS. 310
.North Thlrty-etuhth street.
PRIVATE WII.T.IAM II. CONI.EY. 3012
PRIVATE Rl'SKEl.ti W. MII.T.ER. 8227
PRISONERS IN GERMANY
nrni.ER j. j. heney. .iois North
PRIVATE F. (I. WADI.K, 2039 Kenslne
PRIVATE ANTONIO HEI.ENIAK. 3233
PRIVATE EDWARD VOELMLE. 44!)
PRIVATE KDWI.V OOODIIEART AN
DERSON, 3330 North Potter street.
PRIVATE RALPH ACOSTA, 1727 North
PRIVATE EDWARD S. OASTROCK.
2010 SenUva street.
PRIVATE JOHN II. DOMINICK,
South Ninth street.
PRIVATE JAMES II. fiREEI.Y. Jr.
FROM NE.RIIY POINTS
PRIVATE E. KELAFOS. of ItUerslde.
N. J., killed.
September 19, 1918
The foregoing list Is compiled
from the official casually records
and from unofficial reports received
by relatives and friends of men
The complete list of rasunltlen an
nounced today by the War Department
la printed on page 11,
The first Philadelphia woman with the
American army In Franco to die in the
service of her country Is named today
In tho official casualty list Issued by
the War Department.
She is Miss Nelllo J. Ward, 228 North
Paxon street. West Philadelphia. Pneu
monla caused her death July 14.
Four moro Philadelphia soldiers are
listed as wounded, and three are miss
Ing, according to today's reports.
confirmation of the death of three
others who were killed In action has
Ten I'niiaueipmans are reported
Two army casualty lists and one of
the marines made public today contain
In all 272 names. Twenty-five Pennsyl
vanlans are Included In the records for
the day. Tho list made public In tho
morning newspapers Is mado up of 142
names, and tho army and marine lists
published In the afternoon newspapers
contain 130 names.
Two army officers whose homes ore In
this city have returned from the battle
front to act as Instructors at Camp Dlx,
NJ. They are Lieutenant John F. No
Ian, tho first American officer to enter
Chateau-Thierry when tho Germans
were beaten back at the Marne, and
Captain Henry P. Brown, Jr., of Chest
nut Hill, who was wounded In action.
Lieutenant Nolan, who was formerly a
member of the Public Ledger reportorlal
stafT. arrived at his home. In German
town yesterday on a short furlough.
Captain Brown Is already n Camp
Dlx. In France he was promoted from
the ranks of first lieutenant to that of
captain for bravery in action, for which
he received the croIx de guerre.
During the week ended September 13,
the War Department announces, 884 sick
Continued on race Two, Column Flie
GERMAN TROOPS DESPONDENT
Letters on Prisoners Reveal
Weakening of Morale
By the Associated Press
With the Amerlean Army on the I.or
ralne Front, Sept. 10. Fear lest the
Americans would advance and over
whelm them, bitter complaint at bad
food and general despondency at the
prospects of the war are the keynotes
or letters written heme Dy uerman sol
diers and found on their persons when
thev were cantured.
A certain American division which
took more than Its quota of prisoners
has made ari exhaustive examination of
these letters and round that tne morale,
even of the men in the Tenth German
Regiment conceded to be the best op-
r losing the Americans Is decidedly low,
f It can be Judged from private letters
never Intended for American consump
tion. TUNGSTEN POOL FORMED
Inter-Allied Munitions Council at
Paris Reaches Agreement
By the Associated Press
Washington, Sept. 10. An interna
tional agreement for the pooling of all
available tungsten among the United
States and the Allies, reached through
the Inter-AUIed Munitions Council at
Paris, was announced today by Chair
man Baruch, of the war Industries
board. Us terms will be made public
If the arrangement Is finally approved by
President Wilson. ... , ,
Tungsten Is produced largely In Col
orado, but some comes from South Amer-'
ca and Sweden and other European
,.,! Distribution of the aunnlv
probably wilt be directed by jh war Tn
aboard. --( -ft ag ,.,.
r r and
PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1918
$2000 Earnings Likely
to Be Taxed $10 a Year
liy the Associated Prcji
Washington, Sept. 10.
Kxtenslon of the proposed special
war tax of $10 a year on business
or occupations so as to Include all
persons In professions and trades
earning $2000 or moic nnnunlly,
was approved today by the House
Ways nnd Means Committee.
A redrafted clause to cover this
tux was ready when the House met
to resume consideration of the war
levenue bill, with only relatively
minor sections to bo disposed of
before .t final vote.
Tho committee, by divided vote,
also decided to recommend suspen
sion during tho war of tho 4 per
cent tux and regulations on manu
facture of mixed flour. Flour maim
faeturo would be left to tho food
administration us requested by Ad.
A GREATER TAX
Unwise to Go Beyond the
$8,000,000,000 Now Pro
posed, He Declares
ENOUGH FOR PRESENT
Washington, Sept. 19.
Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo
today put the qiletus on fears that the
nalton must bear a greater tax than
$8,000,000,000 for the fiscal jear to
carry on the war.
In an olllclal announcement issued
as congressional leaders were flounder
ing in confusion as to how best to meet
the added J7.000, 000,000 demand thl
week by the War Department, McAdoo
declared, "It would bo unwise to go
further In taxation nt tho present time."
"Conditions which might develop in
the future," he ndded, "will determine
tho question of further Increases In tax
ation. For the present fiscal year It
Is our plan to nsk for $8,000,000,000 In
aicAaoos announcement gave great
relief In congressional circles. Leaders
were all at sea as to how the extra
$7,000,000,000 was to bo raised. ito
puzzling had the problem become that
benator Simmons, chairman of the Sen
ate Finance Committee ; Senator Martin,
chairman of the Senate Appropriations
committee, and Itcpresentatlve Shirley,
chairman of the House Appropriations,
Committee, had planned to have a heart-
to-heart talk with McAdoo about It. So
the Secretary's announcement clarifies
the situation so far as extra taxation
Is concerned. But Congress wants to
know, nevertheless, whether the depart
ments can spend nil the vast sums pro
posed. To this end. Representative J
Hampton Mooro will offer an amend
ment to the revenue bill for creation ot
a congressional committee on war ex
penditures. This same plan caused
great dissension last session nnd was
rejected upon demand of President
Wilson. It probably will be beaten
but discussion of It Is to be made the
opportunity for asking some pointed
questions of Administration leaders con.
cernlng the country's war finance policy.
McAdoo probably will announce tho
amount of the fourth Liberty Loan this
week. Final determination of the
amount may bo mado before Congress
disposes of the pending bill to extend
tax exemptions on Liberty Bonds.
Treasury officials today were specu
lating on the probability of there be
ing four loans this fiscal jear.
It was hinted that the size of the
coming loan might approach $7,000,000,
000. This, however, was not officially
discussed by high Treasury officials.
But unless the German Government
Is crushed before the predicted time
the n-itlon must certainly prepare Itself
to take care of four loans In fourteen
months, it was stated semiofficially.
Small amounts of bond3 of the fourth
loan will be In tho hands of tho district
committees on the opening day of tho
loan. The Bureau of Hngravlng and
Printing Is ready to begin turning out
finished bonds within an hour after a
decision on the terms Is reached.
HOUSE DEFEATS MOORE'S
sismmmii miir n m r i ct m r I States after the war. The United !
COTTON TAX MEASURElnot only needs the British uhlps
Washington, Sept. 19. The House to
day derented ny a vote ot 100 to 28 tne
Moore cotton tax amendment to tho
reenun bill providing a tax of $3 a bale
on cotton used In certain textiles. Mooro
warned he would orrer later anotner
amendment putting a tax of $3 a bale
on every bale of cotton sold.
Another amendment disapproved was
that or itepreseniative wopn, or inaiana,
to specifically exempt traveling sales
men from the $100 brokers' tax. Mr.
Wood contended the tax would work a
great hardship upon thousands of trav
eling salesmen. Members of the com
mittee said- todav thev had been assured
that treasury regulations In administer
ing the law would meet tne situation.
MISTOOK MAN FOR HUSBAND
Woman Charged Desertion and
Then Discovered Lrror
Forethought of Municipal Court De
tective Greaves prevented the arrest of
an Innocent man on the charge of wife
desertion. It developed In court today.
Greaves revealed the case In explain
ing why he had not served a warrant
sworn out by Mrs. Mary Pullinger.
Mrs. I'uuinger, wanting in Wyoming
avenuo n few nights ago. saw a man
she thought her missing husband. She
Immediately swore out a warrant.
Greaves decided to Investigate before
serving It. He first ascertained that the
man In question was named Dilltngs
worth. Instead of Pullinger, and that
he had been living with his wife for
several years. Mrs. Pullinger took a
"closer look." ana decided Dilllnesworth
BUSINESS MEN FflR ARMY
War Department Asks Employers
To obtain men who have demonstrate
their ability In commercial life for work
in tne array, me war department has
appealed to manufacturers and business
men to submit names of their employes
with such qualifications who come In
the early qraft classifications.
The general staff plans to nlaee th
men In positions similar to those which
tney now in civil uie, xpereoy increasing
thr efficiency of the various branches nr
th-Wu ntiarlanBt. t . -.
XTTivT 7'A?:x. . y. """le s-w -i
j Representatives Now Co-
I operating Toward Unity
1 of Aerial Control
j POOL OF ALL INTERESTS
i C !.... Tll: 1 . T- T
ouncinu utnuiai ui UK in JJIS-
Tavor.by U. S. Some
ny CLINTON "w. C.ILHERT
Staff Corrfronifriit .'iriifno Public I.cdocr
Ccpyrtohtmif, by Pnh'.c Uiloer Co.
WnoliliiRlnii, Sept. 19.
Tho news fiom Paris that John D.
Ryan is co-operating there with
Winston Chin chill nnd the French nir
war nuthorltles Indicates that a pool
of tho aviation resources of the Allies
will he tho next pool to he effected.
Since a large number of representa
tives ot this Government went nbroad
in July to organize what was called in
advance the "great inteinllled muni
tions executive," a number of pools of
war materials lias been effected. But
it Is apparent that the big centtnl
authority superior to these separate
pools which tho Allies wished to create
has not yet been set up. Lord Robert
Cecil referred to it tho other day in
a speech ns the greatest present need
of the Allies. His speech suggested
that difficulties were being encoun
tered In forming such nn organization.
There Is reason to believe that these
difficulties have much to do with Lord
Reading's present trip to Europe.
That there should be difficulties was
perfectly obvious. They were foiesecn
in administration circles from the out
set. The project of sending repre
sentatives abroad to form tho great
International pool was debated a long
time beforo any one was sent, and
when the names of this country's rep
resentatives beenmo known It was evi
dent that tho American policy looked
rather toward the formation of sepa
rate pools than tho creation of one
single authority over all the materials
of war and means of transporting
them. Secretary Baker's lato trip
suggests that the Idea of a more intl
mate combination among the Allies Is
wui ine implications ot such a com
bination as Lord Robert Cecil appar
ently nad in mind are too vast for any
one to say yet .hat an lntcr-AUIed unity
or command over materials or war,
food and shipping Is to be expected. This
country naturally is slowest to accede
such a unity of command, because this
country has most to surrender Into the
control or otners. The material re
sources are for the most part hers. The
supply )f shipping will, before the end
of the war or soon thereafter, be largely
The Shipping Question
The shipping question which has arisen
between this country and Kngland Illus
trates one of the difficulties In the way
of forming nn Interallied executive
which in Its Important effect upon the
future, Is a big step toward forming the
league of nations, which everyone talks
about, but no one creates. It Is Impos
sible to see this Interallied control of
materials and shipping lasting during
the war. and then suddenly stopping.
This is in the minds of the elements
In Kngland called the Liverpool school,
who are demanding the return of some
British ships to foreign trade now that
tho greatest danger from tho Germans
is passed, what, they ask, Is going to
happen after tho war? What will be
come of our foreign trade then, when
America has the Immense supply of
shipping she Is now building set free
from carrying troops and war ma
terial, to enter Into competition with us
for foreign trade?
Important to Iloth Natlona
This would be a question for an In-ter-Allled
executive to deal with. It Is
a question of ltal importance to the
successful prosecution of the war and
to the British Kmplre and the United
The United States
lent to her for carrying her men over,
but It has been officially Intimated that
she wants and expects to have 1,000,000
tons more of them In order to get her
eighty divisions neros the water.
England's shipping Is pressing for the
return of some of tho shipping now lent
on the plea that tho future of the em
pire Is Imperiled. An International ex
ecutive might solve the whole difficulty
by saying, "Kngland, you lond the ships
now feu the duration of tho war and
America you lend to Kngland ships
for a certain period after the war, so
that she shall not sacrifice her commer
cial future by the step we are compell
ing her now to take.'1
Some such way out of the present
dispute Is sure to be found, for It Is
understood that this country is willing
to guaranteo Kngland's foreign trade
for a certain number of years alter the
war from any raiding by American
But does the thing stop there?
From this illustration It Is apparent
that nn International executive In order
to act with authority during the war.
must also have authority for a number
ot years after the war.
ONLY TWO MINES IDLE
Men at These Are Expected Back
By the Associated Press
PottiTllle, Tn., Efept. 19. With the
exception of the Blackwood colliery, of
the Lehigh Valley Coal Company, and
the Buck Run, an Individual colliery,
all the mines In the anthracite region
were working this morning. It Is ex
pected that the men will return to work
ex these two collieries tomorrow morn
ing The Blackwood had been working
steadily throughout tho week until this
Five U. S. Planes Fall to Return
Washington, Sept. 19. Five American
planes are missing as a result, of an
attack by a, superior German force dur
ing a bombing expedition in, Lorraine,
General Pershing reported tn.hls com
munique, received last night by the war
Rbnro.t. , l - -
Entered as Second-Clan Matter at the Poetofflre at Philadelphia. Pa.
Under the Act cl March 8, 1879.
Retrograde Movement Under
Way on Both the Northern
and Southern Fronts
London, Sept. 19.
Bolshevik forces nre retreating on
both the northern nnd southern fronts.
nccordlng to n Stockholm dispatch to the
Dally Mall. The Dispatch says that a
telegram had been recelxed In Stock
holm from Moscow stntlng that the;
Czecho-S-Iovaks still hold the city of1
Samara which the Bolshcvlkl recently
claimed to hae retaken.
A dispatch from Vladivostok an
nounces tho t'zecho-Slovak forces have
Tho same dispatch says the Go em
inent of Samara has been transferred to
Ufa. In the government of the same
name, 280 miles northeast and much
nearer the Siberian border.
Possible Retirement as Re
sult of Breakdown, Hint
ed in London Rumor
MAY BE GREAT RETREAT
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Conrloht, 191S. hv Xrw York Times Co.
The llnRiie, Sept 19 The grand
committee of tho Reichstag has been
summoned for a meeting on Sept. 24.
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Copyright. 1918, hu .Vnr Vorl: Tfmes Co.
London, Sept 19.
The view that the Austrian new peace
note was Issued under urgent pressure
of conditions within the Central Em
pires Is supported by all Information
that leaks acro.ss the frontiers. Re
sponsible opinion In this country has
always protested against any undue
hopes being founded on the economic
stress in Germany and Austria, and the
British public has been urged to re
member the extraordinary power of the
German race to adapt themselves to a
much lower scale of ll ing. and the hope
lessness of nn nttempt at revolution by
old 'men, women, nnd children In these
days of machine guns.
But In the last few days rumors have
taken on a new complexion. They are
unconfirmed, but they point tn some
sensational happening behind the scenes
In Germany. The Kaiser's recent speech
to the Krupp workmen proves how over
wrought ho is. nnd certain passages In lt
censored aH they were, ns the German
press has complained, hardly read like
that of a sane man. There may con- i River Orodeshnitza and the villago of
sequently be some ground for the story 'Gradeshnltza, which was stubbornly de
that he is suffering from a severe fended by the enemy who had orders to
nervous breakdown. hold It at any cost. In tho center they
Another rumor has It that the Kaiser,
foreseeing the utter ruin of his house.
Is contemplating one of those dramatic
moves so characteristic of his tempera
ment. One of his most renowned prede-I the Perez nnd occupied the massif of
cessors. it Is remembered, Charles V, In'Topolcs. The booty captured was con
the sixteenth century, left the world for slderable. More than fifty cannon, of
a monastery; and if he really may be1 "'"' twenty were heavy pieces, fell
thinking of some spectacular act of re- '1 h"d";.l.Ih "S" f "'I';
nunclatlon, It Is remarked here, the
Allies would easily provide n suitable
place of retreat, which the Lutheran
Church might find It difficult to offer.
May Foreennt Ureal Itetrent
Setting aside these reports, however,
another view of the Austrian note,
widely nccepted In London, is that It
was issued to prepare the German peo
ple for a great retreat. That would
rfiake It out to be Inspired hv the mill
tnry chiefs. They, It Is contended, sec
that they must relinquish Belgium In
order to shorten the lino on account of
their destroyed divisions; and they wish
to prepare the German people for this
practical acknowledgement of military
Moreover, with characteristic mis
understanding of the psychology of their
enemies, the Germans still believe they
could dutach France from her Allies by
the return of tho occupied French terri
tory and somo concessions about Alsace
Lorraine ; and for this reason they
Continued on Tage Two, Column Mi
WOMAN CONFESSES STARTING NUNNERY FIRE
MONTREAL, Sept. 10. The disastrous Giey Nunnery fire
of Februavy 14 Inst, in which sixty-five babies were burned to
death, was purposely caused by a female orderly of the institu
tion, Berthe Courtmnnche. who is said to have periodical attacks,
of five mania. She confessed to the crime when accused by
detectives, who todny arrested her at the nunnery, where she
was still employed. The woman signed her confession.
SAILORS TO AID FIGHT AGAINST INFLUENZA
All sailors who have been assigned to l'hiladelpnia ".os.
pitnls to study hospital work weie iccalled today and sent to
naval hospitals to aid in the fight against Spanish intlucusy.
TURKS TAKE BAKU, IS REPORT
Bre9t Treaty Left City in Pos
session of Russians
By the Associated Press
rarla, Sept. 19. Turkish troops have
taken Baku, according to a Basel dis
patch quoting a tolegram from Con
stantinople under date of September 17.
It Is pointed out by the Temps that the
treaty of Brest-Lltovsk left Baku to the
Russians, but that this does not prevent
the Turks from continuing their ad.
This report from Constantinople
would seem to Indicate that the British
have suffered a reverse In the Baku re
gion. It was reported on August It
that British forces had entered Baku,
having reached that city from their base
by the way of Persia. No fighting tn
the Baku region has been reported re
cently,, - " ; ,- ,'
imm winn iimumm kit -
OUTPOST LINE IN DRIVE;
BULGARIANS IN FLIGHT
Enemy Retreating in Mace
donia Applies Torch
GAINS TWELVE MILES
Foes Rc-enforccments Leading
Stampede Serbs Pursue
Day and Night
45 VILLAGES CAPTURED1
French, Greeks and Serbians
Smash Through on 23
77y the Atsocialed Pre
I-omlon, Sept. 19.
The Bulgarians nre In flight. In Mace
donia nnd ore burning stores and vil
lages, nccotdlng to n Serbian official
statement received here.
The Allied troops now have ad
vanced moie than twelve miles and
their pt ogress Is so rnpld that they
have not been able to count the pris
oners nnd war material taken. New
regiments thrown In by the Bulgari
ans have been forced to retreat with
The Biilgailnns have been defeated
completely nnd the Serbian troops are
pursuing them day and night.
The Serbian nnd French troops have
taken the towns of Topolets, Tot
shishta. Reshlshta, Melynltsa, Vlto.
llshta and Raslmbey. They have also
it. it.. 1. IK nf T.'iirtUInt iromon I
ln!E" i"S L '"m, 7, ,en enr'deai:
ing vrtth operations on the Macedonian
front has been Issued by the French
War Office from Paris:
"Despite Important re-enforcements
hastily brought forward by tho enemy
who defended his new positions stub
bornly, the offensive of the Allied armies
continued successfully on tho 17th. All
objectives fixed for the day were reached.
Attacks developed on a front of nbout
thirty-five kilometers nnd progress wad
made to a depth of fifteen kilometers at
certain points. '
"Serbian troops, operating with French
nnd Greek detachments took after a
violent assault;- 46. villages. Including
Zovlk nnd Stravlna and the heights of
Polehlc'ite and Bechlchte north of the
progressed on the hill which Is situated
near Kozlak, advanced northeast of
Kozlnk and took a foothold on the hills
of Kuchkov. To the cast they crossed
Oilers I" nuinininh unwioiiihij! ..ic
Allied uvlalors dominated completely
over tho enemy and greatly aided In the
battle by attacking enemy troops.
URGES U. S. MAKE WAR
ON BULGARS AND TURKS
Special Cable to Evening Public Ledger
Covurloht. 1118. by New York Times Co.
I'arU. Sept. 19. Perhaps tho most en
thusiastic man In Paris today over the
successful attnek of the French and
Serbian troops on the Bulgarians In
Macedonia Is Mllenko Vesnltch. Serbian
minister to Paris.
"This Is the successful beginning of
an offensive by the French army and
the troops of my own country against
the enemy In Dohropolje," he said, at
the Serbian legntlon this morning. "It
is tho last finishing touch to the evi
dence needed to prove that ut last we
have unity ot front as well aa unity of
"There Is only one thing left to bu
Continued on I'UEe 1'lve. Column Three
33 RAID CAPTIVES FINED
Striking Painters Were Gambling
at Union Rooms, Police Allege
Thirty-three men were fined ft and
costs at the Kleventh and Winter streets
police station today as the result of a
raid on the Painters' Local Union, H2
North Kleventh street, last night. The
men are alleged to have been gambling.
Three others were discharged upon the
plea that, although they were In the
:oom, they were not gambling.
According to police, the men arrested
are painters who recently went on a
strike' for a wage Increase of from
seventy to eighty cents' an hour. Several
nunurea aoiiars ana consiaerame ganv
fling paraphernalia were confiscated to
ti raid. '- - - . ".?,.?.
B....1 ....i. n..a
&OSINO STOCK PRICES,
PRICE TWO CENTS- 3l
British Smash Furious At-. rM
tacks and Press
TAKE 8000 CAPTIVES,
CAPTURE 40 GUNS
More Strongholds Wrested
From Foe in Encircling
-of St. Qucntin
FRENCH STILL GAINING
Poilus Pierce Teuton Position
at Contescourt, in
By the Associated Press
With tho riritlsh Forces in France.
Field Marshal Halg's forces up to
midnight last night had captured a
total of more than 8000 Germans and
forty guns as the result of their drive
of yesterday on tho Cambral front. In
tho prisoners taken twenty-three Ger
man regiments- in eleven divisions
Several thousand yards of the Htn
denburg outpost line were In British
hands this- morning In tho Vllleret
sector, southwest of Lc Catelet.
By the Associated Press
London, Sept. 19.
The British have made further prog-
less In their drive into the Hlndenburg
lino in the St. Quentln region, aimed
i inu encirclement or that town, ac-
commS to th ottlcM .statement Issued
toaay by Field Marshal Halg. In a
continued advance north of Pontruet
they icached the outpost positions of
the Hlndenburg line. N
Tho Australians renewed their at.
tacks and carried the Hlndenburg out
posts. Many prisoners nnd a number ' H
at machine suns were taken by them. S-,
The town of Lemplre was captured,?Ji
ns was Gauche wood. (Lemplre is ftrar
miles direetlv west nt T. r-atolotv f.
German Kirc Heavy
ine Germans late-yesterday started i&
a ucitvj uumuarameni on tne nortnera try
part of the battlefront Kniithwe.t k - &
Cambral, between Gouzcaucourt arid
the Arras-Cambrni rtoad (a distance of "
twelvo miles). The fire was of ex
The enemy followed his bombard
ment by a strong Infantry attack on
a wide front northward from the vicin
ity of Trescault (three miles north of
Gouzeacourt). He was completely re
pulsed at nil points with great loss to
the guards and the Third and Thirty-
seventh divisions. "
Teuton Losses Heavy i
He was likewise driven off with. 'Kfl
heavy casualties shortly afterward -f4"
north of Mouevres (west of Cambral)
Some German parties that succeeded
at points in entering the British
trenches were entirely disposed of by
In opening their drive yesterday the
British and French advanced on a
twenty-tvvo-mlle front, pierced the
Hlndenburg line at two points and
captured thirteen villages and" other
By the Associated Press
Paris, Sept. 19. French troops last
ntenL coniinuea ineir nrogress in iiva . ja
region of St. Quentln and penetrated Viil
the German positions at Contescourt,
three miles southwest of St. Quentln.
By the Associated Press
With the French Army in Picardy,
Sept, 19. The troops of the French
army under General Debeney who pur.- ?
sued the Germans from the region of
Montdldler have, after a few days of
comparative Inactivity, successfully re
sumed their attacks In the region of
St. Quentln in conjunction with the
In spite of the long pursuit from
the Avre to tho Somme with almost
constant fighting since August S, Gen
eral Debcney's men are pressing the
enemy with the same vigor with which
they began the offensive In Picardy.
The French nave aavancea close to
Dallon, less than two miles from the
iveslprn outskirts of St. Ouentln. TT.ri.
tVir nro flcViMntr tna Hprmnna nn thek'
TItnJi.nt.ii. 1 1 . a A.a.p I..a1 .. .1. P
f llliuciiuui t ..lie aim ctcij ,u.u vi. uta rati
ground is ueing uispuicu siouuy Dy tne i" 'i3"
enemy. Apparently the Germans aret. '.$l
II on -In at wi-st nf Rt- Otipnttn amttfe
of FrancUly, east of Savy and north
r.9 Tnnn "
General Debeney's troops have been. V
obliged to attack it piecemeal and to
a to WW
advance by little bounds, slipping
iwe K iiiat.iiiiic-k.uii ciiliuaijciliciivs ficrtj rl:
ana mere ana sometimes maicing iron- eM Tt
tal attacks. Everywhere the Frenchiws
bnvn hpen obliged to flcht thpir -w-ivs&Sp
around or through obstacles that iie-tKkh
fore this war would have been -rfK?vy v
garded as Impregnable. The GerraM.'j
infantry here is supported by artillery,";;-::
which puts down heavy barrages lim ,rm
front of the advancing waves IM n
maintains a harassing Are against U.X -i
rear and the lines of communication?
Progress under these conditions
essarily Is slow, but the Allied Hi
are none the less sureiy advancing
ward the outskirts of Bt. Quentln
kthe south and west as well as
MANG1N CLOSING IN
' i .S'i
... .. wv.-.l ,,,
With the French Army In Fn
Sept. 19. General Mangln's army
tackea along tne rront northvaat
Solssons yesterday and capturtd.
ColombeS farm cm' the nlataait
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