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id &SHc licdaer
fc PUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
A- .' . r , .
m CTRUS H. K. CURTIS. PmtmnEM
If H. r.urilnston, Vic Prrnldrnt; Jnhn C.
muo si. fv ijuniioi i uri-i,'., .
pcrretarr ana irea
, Willi. At. John J
iccrctarr ana Tceasurcr: Philip Colllna.
I crktiMiff at twin.
i ; Giaea II. K. CcitiI. Chairman
tf in E. SMII.BT Editor
tit C. MARTIN... '.Otntral pualnm llana.tr
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VkPM!aelplila. day. s.pt'il" 5. 11
1&.3QCT HID OF THE CHAIR PADS IN THE
tt&ffl . CITY HALL
I iQCORES it not hundreds of clerks In the
K.. ",CUy Hall are performing the functions
3 ior-chalr pads and nothing more.
K'Tet there Is grave danger that the tax
g. ,miB Win nae to oe increaacu mis mi
!)jihir that the monej mav be found to
fp&y'them for coerlnB the seat of a swhel
ttg"Silr In n public offlce
. ikflBl.-.. r. n. ltVAltni. n Un cite I Vl 1 t
-yV I"!""' """, r.111. n...- ... .
wwim proper economies a tux rate inuirrta.-i.ttfitinnecesar-.
hopes that thove ccono
, ml'es can be effected b the abandonment
4WatH unnecessar public work
p.'? JBometblnB could be accomplished In this
r 'anVi hii nnf wi r miirh Thi ("Intern
E-,"--. ... . ...
S"Hieni in wasmngton nns pi-eiuru ui
,$,' from borrow Ins monet to cam on pio-
& JCted work. It has had to be stopped
eK . . .... ... . V... ..-. 1
uv-ne real economies ore to uc cutuieu
1 byi lifting the chulr pads from their com.
?Va. iortable places and putting them to work
i Where they can do something that Is worth
Z's while. There Is a labor shortage In all
A "Veal Industries. The men ought to go to
" rnitr Tf an atlnmnl la mnrln tn list. nn.
?!. "r: "" ; . ".
!,"JWC1,. influence to transfer tnem 10 sou
jriJob In war Industries some l'iez will get
mMtmt. tham a Ihn roal Tlnv la nfiar mn.
OtHigerers at Hog Island.
3f the popularity of a country be meas-
iit T - . .
nw ureq(Dy tne numoer 01 persons uesiring 10
fvSpTktjt It, Germanj hurpasses all competitors
0f AMERICAN LABOR AGREES
fflHB peace pioposltlons submitted bj the
Sjfc f;;Amerlcan delegatea to the Interallied
KilJaDOr and Socialist conference In I.omlon
KjgMr-vlrtually Identical with l'resident WU-
pmi fourteen peace conauiong.
feTttSirlcafi labor with the President will
py1ot be overlooked In 'Europe. It Is a
Ky demonstration that this is a real democ-
A,racy and that Mr. Wilson is its spokes-
Jj'tiTne Interest which labor Is taking In the
'.:-matter artnuld also be an Indication to the
PjMMnceileries that peace cannot be made
M f!laa arrt. hut thnt It muat hf. mnrlp in
EU, ihe'preSence of he whole world and In
ii'rt anfch a, way as the peoples can 'approve
VS?' In a way the Hog Island slacker stew
FS t the general manager's Indignation sug-
Hss )" case oi fiez porriage not
mc$8? THE GUN KICKED
KXfllHE most important developments thus
EKv'T''"' from the "ring of the Austrian
tffnafie gun are seen in Berlin and In
t s reported from Vienna that because
'It .Baron Burlan is likely to be forced-
Cot the foreign secretarjshlp, and from
cljh that Chancellor on Hertllng and
ilam. Secretary ton Hlntze are finding
hold on their offices insecure.
ggijt'looka ery much as if the gun kicked
r. Kicncu prviiy jiuru.
to(' In striking for a raise it needn't worr
C 'at aaai!a. Kll hn Ufa ln 4 J V. u Jln.J t
Ktje'ayblt that Mr.
t$")s to go bey
mvAUUU t4tt uruiaicu 11
beyond 18,000.000,000 '
;' ISLAND'S FIRST ANNIVERSARY
t6a ISLAND is a .'ear old today. It Is
'Jthe eighth wonder of the world. A
ago It didn't exist.
Nothing yet achieved in the way of war
poration," not even the organization of
ny itself, represents such an extraor-
kry1 triumph of American energj and
fVjMaeurcefulnesi. The slackers, the delays,
Vf'Jiii'waate. the profit-ers that edged In
are Incidentals of little general lm-
i.yard is built It has launched ships
lilmposslble has been achieved. That
tJMequate praise for the men of the or
atton. Borne large tribute is due, too,
DMtose w)io worked during the bitterest
iter of recent years, with frozen con-
.and iron-hard earth, and laid the
lations for the greatest shipyard In
li .will the government have the
grace to name a ship or two after
"men who did so much and are
I io little?
A reports of the Kaiser's "possible" re.
at Indicate that he may favor his
''with the sincere flattery of Imitation
t THERE IS NO ANSWER-YET
BOtt waft the charge that the Bo!-
Vlkl pressed against General Souk-
whj has just been shot because
mlr the TliiRslan flrmv tn thf. fler-
in the early days of the war.
ihenalinoff was found by the Oer-
tebe merchant with armies, forts.
is. borders, defense lines and
S lives and national honor for sale.
jwricrca uniy m divisions mm tiic
iwil! the world charge against
vTroUky, ,hli. axecutloners,
.1.. . - .. T. ' U.' -1A -
aaaa vu aii
Bullying the Public Into Doing Its Duty Is a
Betrayal of American Liberty
rpiIE Pennsylvania Woman's Liberty
'Loan Committee's prompt repudiation
of bond bullying may properly be con
strued ns a wholesome rebuke to the
whole noisy and "nosey" crew of prying
and inquisitorial "patfiotccts," for
tunately small in number even if large
A pica was made for the adoption here
of the so-called Minneapolis plan, In
volving a registration or census of all
the inhabitants of Philadelphia County
and estimates of the proportionate finan
cial "responsibility" of each badgered in
dividual, coupled with the threat of pub
lishing the names of those persons fail
ing to buy bonds.
The clear-headed patriotism and alert
common sense of tho committee which
hos turned down this insolent and tyran
nical scheme richly warrant applause.
The mere fact, however, that a proposat
of such effrontery was made .and thnt
it is even to be put through in several
counties of the Third Federal Reserve
District is emphatically ularming.
Sulh tactics are painfully reflective of
n spirit of contempt for personal liber
ties. Such tactics lire altogether too
persistently being manifested in waves
of inquisitive hysteria insidiously rising
in n land which hits dedicated its life to
The meie implictition tliut Americans
hate o be bullied into patriotism is ns
iniulting ns it is fnhe. The right to be
lesentful of methods thinly veneered
with meretricious 7eal, vet inheiently
Prussian in their despotic chaiacter, is
unqualified nnd clear.
The pty of it is that hundreds of
thousand? of men and women mho leally
loxe their count iy hnie been toatli to
protest. They have been gagged by the
very natural feeling that resistance to
the multiplicity of professional "patnot
cei ing mov ements" movements on which
paid officials often throve might be con
strued as disloyalty. Such fears nie
Every American of common intelli
gence knows that the heart of his coun
try boats in tune with its great ideal
and unalterable purpose. Bureaucratic
inquisitions, organized pestiferous prose
lytizing arc incapable of accelerating
those throbs. And even if they were not,
n country which ha to be browbeaten
into saving itself ts untvoithy of free ex
istence. Antidotes for the spasms of the
strident campaigner who shamelessly in
the name of liberty abuses the privi
leges of freemen, intrudes on their pri
vacy, lines them up in classes, tickets
their resources, cross-indexes their con
fessions of proclivities, tastes, habits,
origins and bank accounts are seriously
New Yolk has just missed being vic
timised by nn impertinent "question
naire" for potential loan purchasers.
The promoters of this dictatorial scheme
had contemplated using the police as
distributing agents. The Kaiser may
thus intimidate his hapless subjects, but
any imitation of his methods by us is a
kind of flattery of which we have a right
to be deeply ashamed.
Fortunately, it was reali7ed in Man
hattan that application of the draft ma
chinery, approved by the countiy only as
a necessary insttument in a crisis, is an
exceptional prerogative of the Fedeial
Government. Questionnaires circulated
by private individuals organized in
patrioteering bands come under the head
of unreasonable interference with the
rights of citizens.
E. Pusey Passmore, governor of the
Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia,
has stated that no such inquisitionary
sheets would be utilized in the forthcom
ing loan campaign heie. That the idea
was even hinted is disquietingly blood
heating. America is performing her
colossal war task with such enthusiasm
and efficiency, the tone of genuine
patriotism is o high, the public is so
eager and willing to help to the last
increment of its ability that it needs
neither to be patronized by the well
meaning propagandists nor threatened
by those of more dubious intent.
Everybody knows that the vaiious
humanitarian and welfare organizations
would be generously supported if the
whole cargo of theatrical campaigning
devices were thrown overboard. Every
body knows that the fourth Liberty
Loan will soar over the top. And some
of us have a notion that even with fewer
"folders," with less speechifying and
fewer threatening fingers we would still
do our duty.
One way to keep the noble and volun
tary patriotism of the nation intact is
to modulate the temper of the nrodding.
On the eve of a great campaign which
will enrich the war treasury, it is well
to remember that Prussianism can never
be spiritually conquered by Prussian
tactics. Sane Americanism will do the
The Germans took $150 In tribute from
each Belgian family. Invest sour surplus
In Liberty Bonds and keep It safe.
MUST THE MILLS CLOSE?
TTNDER ordinary circumstances
- closing of a number of mills making
carpets, rugs and woo v cloths, wl Ich It
is announced Is Imminent, would be an
Industrial disaster. It v uld throw h "
sands of hands out of work ana te fol
lowed by much suffering.
But one of the rea cms for the closing
is the difficulty of getting hands. , They
have been . ?tctJd fi w' work, n
pther reason U hu ihorMnct of wool The
I dftsaestic supply , 'Is fajsfrtwtitufci.Utths
are no ships to bring wool here from
South America and Australia.
So' long as these conditions exist it la
difficult to understand how the mills can
be kept open. Yet -if the Federal dhector
of railroads would give a little attention
to the "needs of the local mills he might
be iblc to assist them In geHlrh wool that
Is In pther parts of the countrj. The
new1 clip will be on the market soon If It
Is not already there. No factory should
be compelled to shut down until every
effort has beep mt keep It open
With all that bunch of newlv nniioli ted
kinglets on his hands and trie possibility of
demands for real wages for hothetli.al
Jobs, no wonder the Kaiser's nerves are
FROM THE HEART OF IT
ANY OSH who wishes to trace tho
sotnees of literary Inspiration nnd
benefit bv lessons In the uses of the writ
ten word might well read some of the let
ters which men In the service send from
the midst of their battles letters, for In
stance, such ns William H Clare, a Phlla
delphlan, sent to his friends here a few
Private Clare's letter was printed In this
newspaper jesterdav Like othern of Its
sort, It is without affectations of style and
vet intompnrahl more vivid than much
that Is cabled b trained writers who ob
serve battles but do not participate In
The soldier has lived the story that he
tells He writes from his heart. He Is
without pretense "I take off m hat to
mv men" writes an ofllcer "They may
swetr and go absent and kick up trouble,
hut onte In the line they sit tight, put up
with everj thing and go through hell with
out a word It's the daj's work There
aie no brass bands, no cheering Thev tan
outlive, outswoar, outfight -and outlaugh
anv armj In the war"
"It's costing us blood i nd men to drive
through," wrote Private Clare, 'but damn
them, the can't stop us I've had
wounded men kl!kd In raj arms In shell
flie If it takes u rond of American dead
from here to the Rhine we are willing to
In the soldiers' letters It Is common to
find a woid of slang gleaming pictur
esquely here nnd there In a grim setting,
and through1 all their writing runs a ml
tuie of good humored pit and profound
contempt for the enemv. The know of
what thej write They are of the stuff of
Kven the most rigid rhetoricians ought
to grant us ptrmisslon to describe some of
the weird (ond prices as ' profit-eerie "
TO THE nRAVEI
MtlAR one of the Fiench battlefields the
' other dav a firing squad of American
soldiers sent a rifle vollej over the grave
of Mis Nellie J Ward, of this city, a
nurse at one of the bases, who was thus
formallv honored as one who died In battle
The girl died of pneumonia, the result of
service hardship She died at her post.
Women can sav truthfully that the.v had
nothing to do with the war's beginning,
et the have served In it and shared In
much of the buffering It entails with a
wonderful ddellt to theh instincts of ten
ilerness Their hands have comforted most
of those who fell In the wild adventure
Thev share their strength with everj lad
when he battles at last with an enemy
more relentless even than the Hun They
serve In silence for the most part and sel
dom let an) one know what thej think
Suiel the honors of the field should be
given freel to those who go tranqulll to
the death of warriors, asking no glory
meanwhile and onlv the right to be kind'
Careful thought has
been given to the
letter of a correspond
ent who demands to
be informed about the uses to which he can
put asless Sumlajs If he Is the ordln irv
type of fanatical devllnagoiier he might put
In the da Inquiring mto the purposes of the
Imposing structure with a tall spire that lie
will find in everv communllj. And bj going
to and fro without mechanical aid he might
learn, too, that feet were made for other
purposes than kicking
t Notwithstanding the
o Vlv.terj refusal of the Dart
About Thin One mouth student train
ing corps to recognize
college societv Interests, it remains Inher
ently favorable to the preservation of the
largest fraternltj the world has even seen
the International armed brotherhood of free
dom Correspondents abroad
Or lloth Feet continue to cable that
the Germans had a
hand In the Vienna pence offer Sooner or
later these same correspondents w 111 ptr
celve that they are telling onl half truths
about the peace scare It was their foot that
the Germans put In It.
Advertisements In the
hclioea of ar Washington (D. C)
newspapers show that
when ou wish to rent a house there jou
often have to pay an agent's bonus of about
(ISO before ou can find sheltrr. Life in
Washington might be summarized In three
words. Patriots, patrloteers, patriotears
The scientists have
llrlnif ul of Woe urged electricians
workifrg In the neigh
borhood of live wires to wear straw hats as
a means of avoiding shock But what about
the feelings of the other persons confronted
w ith the spectral lids of last summer or yes
teryear? There is an uncanny
Their rowder'a Wet! silence in the Demo,
cratlc sector held b
Judge Bonnlwell and hia friends Have they
used up all their ammunition or are the)
preparing for a further retirement In ac
cordance with plans previously prepared?
The dollar haircut has
arrived in Brooklyn.
Now prepare for, the
two-dollar shoe shine.
And the Threa
When Germany is being made over will
they change Its name?
It's a cinch to detect the prusslc acid In
the Austrian gas mask. ,
(Serbia seems to hava become ( glor'ouslv
I . .r 1 . ..1.' Tl .. h . -f J 7 r
ld ' '
AT THREE o'clock In the afternoon
On a hot September day
I.begnn to dream of a highland stream
And a frostbit russet tree,
Of the swashing dip of a clipper ship
(White canvas wot with spray)
And the swirling green and milk-foam
Along her canted lee.
T HE.ARD the quick staccato click
Of the typist's pounding keys,
And I had to brood of a wind more rude
Than that by a motor farmed
And I lay inert in a flannel shirt
To watch the rhyming seas
Deploy and bend in a silver end
t)n a beach of sun-blanched sand.
'TWERE is no desk shall tame my lust
For hills and windy skies;
My secret hope of the sea's blue slope
No clerkly task shall dull;
And though I print no echoed hint
Of adventures I devise,
My eyes still pine for the comely line
Of an outbound vessel's hull.
117HEN I elope with an autumn day
And make my green escape,
I'll leave my pen to tamer men
Who have more docile souls;
For forest aisles and offlce files
Have a very different shape,
And it's hard to woo the ocean blue
In a row of pigeon holes!
Of course we would not want, publicly,
to utter nn lamentation about the decline
and fall of the Empire of Hum, but we
do hope that -ome one will be foreslghted
enough to tuck away a few beakers of the
hard stuff so that when the Kaiser Is ultl
mnteU canned there will be something left
to irrigate the celebration.
Considcrlnu how doggedly most men arc
opposed to doing any uork, it isleally sur
prising how much gels done on the sly.
The equinox doesn't mean an thing
about equal knocks It means, us far as
the All Damnedest is concerned, harder
knocks than ever.
Some people mioht think that Stcfansson
was wasting his time spending five years
in the Aictic, but uhen tec learn that he
discoieied some new coal deposits tie
Jiasfpii font aid tilth joyous wreaths. We
only wish the explorer had brought some
home in his binnacle.
Besides the coal deposits, Stefansson is
,sald to have found a new Ireland some
where up north We don't believe that
those Arctic regions are as cold as they
have been reported
Lenine Is said to be practically recov
ered fiom hLi recent murder. Another in
stance of small assassinations denied their
Lenine was wounded in the chest nnd
Russia In the Brest-Litovsk. He has re
covered from his wounds more quickly
than she will
Stout-hearted saloonkeepers say theyxctfl
heep on selling the stuff until the last
bottle is dialncd. Their motto is, Don't
Give Up the Sip
Would It be fair to call booze the Fal
staff of llfcf
A Chestnut street bookshop dltplays In
, Its window a volume called "The Private
Life of William II and His Consort"
The private life of Wllhelm does not
bother us at nil It Is his public life as
Imported Into Belgium, France, Russia and
Serbia that the world finds annoying.
Opera lotcis ulll admit that when the
Grimans utthdiaw to the Siegfried Line
they approach thiii Goettcidacmmeiung.
We aren't moved to
A Speech ecstasy by the re
with which John E Rovcnsky, a Xew York
financier, proved to the American bankers'
convention at Denver esterday that our
allies will owe us nine billion dollars after
the war. One cannot but devote a moment
to wondering how much we owe the nations
that fought our battles for three jears while
we piled uii most of this fabulous credit.
It will be time enough
to make peace when
the Kaiser stands up
civilization and oajs
before the bar of
"Wilson for mine "
A Joke on the Germans
In Le Figaro a recently returned French
prisoner of war tells of an amusing trick
that he and his comrades played on their
After two particularly trjlng captivities,
he was transferred to a little village in
Schleswlg, without garrison, where they lived
In specially constructed barracks The work
was light, not particular urgent and the
Germans, both officers and soldiers, who were
old men, seemed anxious above all for tran
quillity. The Frenchmen, to the number of
about fifty, profited by this, and as they gave
little trouble to their keepers they were re
garded by them with a certain benevolence,
and from living together In the, barracks
there were even established somewhat nelgh
The Germans were from that region, from
the very old classes, and were totally ignorant
of French. To relieve the monotony. In mix
ing with the Frenchmen In the hours of
repose they sought to pick up a little of the
language. Many of the prisoners had fine
voices, and tojiass the time they had organ
ized as best they could a little choral, which
they called the "Voice of the Galley Slaves'"
And In the evening, accompanied by an ord
harmonium:- they spent hours 'in singing
whatever they could remember often can
ticles The guards listened religiously and
often Joined In theT choruses. One day one of
th nrlsoners. who had a beautiful voice.
announced a bold project: As the Germans
repeated the phrases without understanding
them, why not teach them something
elaborate? Then, as a treat for the Ger
mans, he sang a celebrated canticle on the
Sacred Heart, the air of which is very beau
tiful. After an explanation as to what It was
all about the boches gravely listened, found
the music to their liking and learned the
canticle word for word without, however,
understanding a single word of It And many
evenings, when the day's work was done,
after being assured that no Intruding chief
was spying around, the prisoners would
encourage the German soldiers to sing, often
all alone, and naturally to the great delight
of the Frenchmen, this refrain:
Mauvez, ssuvex la franca.
Au nom du Saere-Coeur,
(Save." oh, save France!
of Uu Bcred-H?t.)P .
' ' 1 1
, fiVJ&St '..-: J.J-IUL- , - -Z&teSC-S'. aei'.i , - - TEtt. ftF
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...1LJ3CTT3 ..r .a --ML 1 - I 1 , "3r-I.-fci- . .' '.Z '.... -i-r- . . "I . I " '-.I
THIS IS ITALY'S GREAT DAY
SEPTEMBER 20 is the Fourth of July
of Italv, the day when the Italians of
all creeds and classes celebrate the com
pletion of the work of unification begun
bv Cavour under Victor Emmanuel In the
middle of the last centurj.
It is the annlversarj of the day in 1870
wild l.ie 11KUI.I. u. .11.111. .-...,............ -..
General Raffelll Cadorna mnde a breach
In the vyalls o Rome at the Porta Pta
against the brief resistance of the papal
troops and took the Eternal Citj. So de
lighted were the Romans with the success
of the venture that when a plebiscite was
taken on October 2 only 1507 votes were
cast against union to 133,(j81 for It.
There Is no day which the Italians cele
brate with greater joj or with more sin
cere gratification, because It Is the annl
versor of the day on which the were
restored to the position of a great nation
in the world. with an opportunity to re
cover to mien an extent as might be
granted them some of the glories with
which their land had been associated
Italians in all parts of the world, where
they aie gathered In sufficient numbers.
Join with the Italians at home in observ
ing the anniversary, just as Americans
celebrate the Fourth of July wherever they
may be found on that date.
THE story of the making of modern
Italy is one of the great romances of
history. In 1850 the country was divided
into two kingdoms that of Sardinia, ruled
over by Victor Emmanuel of the House of
Savoy, and that of the Two Sicilies, ruled
over by Ferdinand of the House of Bour
bon. There Were also three duchies and
the Papa'l States, while Lombardy and
Venice belonged to Austria. Undci the
advice of Cavour, Victor- Emmanuel tent
a small army to aid the French and the
English in the Crlmein War and thus se
cured the right to sit In the peace confer
ence. At that confeience he protested
against Austrian, mlsiule in the Italian
provinces of Lombardy and Venice and
laid the foundation fqr the ultimate recov
ery of this territory.
THEN followed the war between France
and Austria, which was preceded by a
secret agreement that the ItaJJan provinces
should be given to. Italy after they had
been- won by France. After the battle of
Solferlno, when the Austrians were de
feated, Lombardy was 'ceded ,to the King
dom of Sardinia, but Venice remained Aus
trian This was In 1869. As spon as it
was evident that the Austrian power was
weakened revolution broke out In the
duchies of Modena, Parma' and Tuscany
and In the Papal State of"Romagna, their
dukes and papal legates were sent flying
and annexation to Sardinia was asked. It
was accomplished In 1860. Thus all north,
em Italy, with the exception -of Venice
and the Papal States, was brought under
the rule of Victor Emmanuel.
IN THE same year the kingdom of the
Two Sicilies was .captured bjj. Gari
baldi, with the secret countenance of
Cavour and his king, and it, too, was ah
nexed to the growing Italian kingdom.
There remained only Venice and the Papal
States,' with the city of' Rome, to be
brought into the union (o complete the
work which Cavour had undertaken. But
Napoleon, Who was acting as "a sort of
patron of Italy and also as a protector of
the Pope, was not willing to displease the
Church partyt by- consenting to the de
struction of the Pope's temporal power.
Venice cam to Italy as a result of that
vfbtwen-Prui-i.and. Austria in-IW,
'. . . .Ja. ar- m; irffRTIwo' &? s i ,. mlr ii iTf Mr
when Prussia needed an ally and secured
Jio help of Victor Emmanuel.
The King attempted to come to an ami
cable understanding with the Pope for
the t-ntrance of frhe Papal States Into the
le-cstabllshed kingdom of Italv, but failed
ATJL . P,,n.l,,..ln W.r hrnb.
.,.. , .... ,.
U - rmcU Uoops umch had been kept , the
Statts of the Church for the protection
of the Pope Yet Italy was ready to go
to Napoleon's assistance If she were
needed The offer of 100,000 troops was
not thought of enough Importance to be
acknowledged. Victor Emmanuel then de
cided that his hands were free. After 'n
foimlng France what he was about to do
he oidered his own troops to movo on
Rome. They were commanded by General
Cadorna, the father of tho General Ca
dorna who has won fame in the present
war as tho commander of the Italian
troops fighting the Austriais The attack
was ordered at 5 30 o'clock on the morn
lnp of September 20, 1870, and continued
until 10:30 o'clock. At 10:10 the white
flag was displajed by the order of the Pope
and a messenger was sent out to General
Cadorna. It was quickly agreed that Rpme
should surrender' all but the Leonine Cit,
which should remain under the jurisdiction
of the Pope. At the Pope's request, how
ever, the Italian troops soon after took
possession of the city on both banks of
the Tiber, leaving only the Vatican and its
grounds, the Lateran Palace and th'e. villa
of Caste! Uandolfo to the undisputed' pos
session of the Church.
THIJS ended the work which Cavour' had
begun, but which he did not live to1
see fully completed. When he died In
1861, however. It had progressed so far as
to make him content with the prospect of
its ultimate, consummation. .
The new Italy, by a law dated Iay 13,
18JL guaranteed to the Pope a early' pay
ment t 9645,000 in compensation for the
loss of revenues from the terrltoiics which
it had seized, but this sumrhas"hever been
tlalfiied,' and with the arrears and Interest
there Is now due about 930,000,000. But
Italy Is united Under one king and the
Church accepts the situation with phll-'
1 . Gavrocbe in the Air
Each pilot has his own mechanic, who
dots nothing but look, after his bus, and f Is
usually 'a .finished comedian In addition to
being1 a, crack mechanic , In truth, I 'never1
ran across a more comical, likable, hard
working crew than the Freift-h" av latlon ime
chanics , They' are mostly, pure Parisian
'gamins' speaking the most extraordinary
largon, In which everything but the verbs
(nnd half of them) are slang, of the most
picturesque sort. Quick-witted, enormously
interested In, their work, .Intelligent and good-'
natured.i, the) are the aristocrats of their
trade, .and know"'!).' You should see them
when .they go on leave Jean or Chariot,
ordinarily the most oily and undignified of
men, steps out of the squadron. offlce. arrajed
In a superb blue uniform, grange tabs on his
collar, a mlrrorltke tan belt about his wplst
shaven, shorn, shining with cleanliness, puf
fing an expensive-looking, gilt-banded cigar.
Is it fancy or Is there a slight condescen
sion in his greeting? Well, It Is natural
ou-ean never hope to look" so" superbly like
a field marshal Atlantic Monthly.
i ' French. '
Halg , i
KIMsW U.a " -" -- - J - r. -
t ...t. -. ct?U .r-u tu.. I .'
rf.-4-.v- -i-rf ;-? ?-fSiWrZlVi-cv
XSTVIHS. A. a
THE READER'S VIEWPOINT
To the Editor of the Evening Public Ledger
Sir I am sure It would bo a matter of
verj great Interest to many were they to
know when this disgusting, petty and un
American profiteering on the part of certain
restaurants Is to be put t stop to It will
certainlv not ston until forced to do so It
Is unnecessary to go Into details a to the
transparent devices used to gull the public
Thev are too well known Thej are camou
flaged 'behind pitrlotlc placards, which are
thus used to deceive and to abuse their pur
pose Thej arc certainly not Intended to cut
down the portions to a starvation size The
situation Is patadoxlcal In nlles behind
man of thtse places examples of waste may
It Is time something drastic Is done I,
travel about a good deal and I notice ths
pnfljeerlng Is rife where the enlisted men
of the army and navy are more or less mobil
ized These men cannot sav an thing, but
I know whit the think ' I do not think
that the deal we are being handed is fair,
and If a strong, matter-of-fact Inqulrv,
minus "whitewash" and disinterested mo
tives, he established, I am sure the result
would be startling Prices elsewhere are at
direct variance with this and some other
centers not necessary to mention, as they
arc too well known, and many of the prof
iteers are also' remembered for future refer
ence. We have to buy bonds, and the more
we are robbed the less' we can buy, and I
am sure the other fellow is not satisfied with
a small per cent. REASON.
Philadelphia, September 19.
i Lunch for Fifty Cents
To the Editor' of he VvcningJ'ublic' Ledger:
Sir P irhanced to read your editorial In
oun paper entitled, "Is-Lunch a Luxury?"
Some good polpts In it, but let me give you
a pointer I am a stranger n, Philadelphia,
but I chanced to happen in (Sunday) to
what I call a good,, clean and 'respectable
restaurant here In your city, where I was
srrved'vvith siup," plenty of bread and but
ter, mashed potatoes, a good large piece of
blueflsh. dish of peas and a cup of tea Total
amount of bill 6Q cents and there were jlnon'
napkins and good' service.
No tip was asked or given If a stranger
can discover such a place, and price surely
a native need not pay a dollar or more, and
be foolish 'enough to pay-a waiter -35 centa
for a tin. . . T. T. JACKSON.
Philadelphia, Sf ptembe't-t 7.
"Jtlss Marguerite Duplevy and brother
Ross enteftairied a company of friends ona
evening decently. -Gnleaburg (III ) Mali.
Wlfat Do You Know?
I. Wbst ate the; nwallfd "aauanrni" naed oa
the hattltfront? , '
i. vthat la a aundonnrr and how did the word
a. Wrrela (he. Kremlin?
4. VVbut la an aquarrlfe?
5, Trrm vthat ronntrr n the territory ef
Alsaka pnndiaaed b the United htntea?
, Why are 'putrh v8outh Afrlrana called Doertf
1. Mho U. "Bread la the ataff ef life"?
t. What rountrr rliltns control of1 moat of th
' Mahara Heacrt? t i
'. Who was Dick TJiirnUit ',
IP. In what rear. and month was" the I.usltanls
. ' 1 1
Answer to Yesterday's Quiz
1, General t D'Exwrey la commander of tha
Allied frrcra now conductlns an offensive la
t. Aittartnore la n fcotrh two-handed award.
S. A raff la a bnrbed fWhlnr ancar. a ataff with
an Iron hook for .landing tarte Kah, ana
t also a spar for a fore-and-aft sail.
4, The 'honac" flak of n merchant or pasaanter
ahln la flown to Igcntlfr tho lino to which
tho vraact petunia, and. Mara the emklant
or dcalan of the comnaar,
V ii. Herodatua Is calif, tho "Father at HlaUrr,"
6. The patato la native to the continent af
'America and was Drat Imoortca to KorOM
. from Fern.
Srr;i '73T. aWWWaSml, t
7, The einresalon "cabbaica and kn-a" la from '
I-atrla armll'a 'The Malrua and the Car
8, Horace flreelef, on of. the meo.4 imal e v
American ooiiara. ran., lar-, ina pi aiiaiaaaa,
ml aaa.acfoilcd. h (Irant.la llV ?
JtiXm- 41$ ... fcJ.5frV
J .. -ms WLffAV 5, i ',
;- KSt - , .w
.A'Wlfl' Srii,.-' , i.. --!
t'iVl '. JEtfSuUHatBM"? lV..
'.'7. : K3.
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