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f,i .j i r
EVENING- PUBLIC' LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA; EKEDAY, NOVEMBER 19,: 1920
Euenmej public ?5etiaei:
TUBLIC LEDGER COMPANY
CrnUS H. K. Ct'rtTtS. rnrsiDKNT
' .Charlen 1! Ludlivtnn, Mce l'rps.uvnt; Jehn C.
5tttlii. Secretary anil Treasurer! Philip H. Cellins,
Jehn II Williams. J 'hn .1 Soa-erren. Ulrxt'im.
CiEn It. K. Ccnns, Chairman
PAVID n. BMIHW Editor
JOHN C. MAltTINf.. .Qcncral Hualnesi Manager
fuUlshcsl dally at Pcur.le Lmxini Building
InJprwndcnce Square, PhlladPlphla,
ATtAVTie Cm J'tmj-t men Uullalng
New ena OiTI Mtdlsen Ave.
JDnrneiT 701 Kenl llulldlnB
T, Leus 1113 aintic-D'mecral 'lul -Iuik
Clll. 4(ir I.",n2 Trtlrunt uullJiDC
is' '!. C r Pennsylvania Ave. nnd H"i St.
JjBTt Yehk Htnr.iu Tlie Sii nul'dln
Londen ntmi've Indcn Timet
v The, Crrs'ise I'riu.te LEtxira la serves! te nub nub
rrlbers In I' it' eel- Iphla nnd surreuniVnn tewnn
at tie ra'e of twtHe (12) cents r week, payable
te the carrier,
Jly ma'l te point outrlde of rhlHdtphla, In
tlie t'nltpet Hiafea Cnndi, or t'rlt d HItIph res-
i salon, posin.-e frw. fifty "iO) rents per minth.
Sir (10) dollars t" r nr. p'n-'Me li O'Imcppp
Te 'l fnrlim countries en (tl) dollar a month.
Xetipe SuSncrlberi rl-hlne address rhanssj
Inuit che old a h ll at ri' w address.
tltLL, 3000 TAtM T KYSTONP, MAIN JOOO
tSrA&dms a'l com m-c-tee ','erit te Krrxlna J'uWfe
lxducr, eiifppc.id' nee Square, I'htlaJclvhia,
Member of the Associated Press
run Aiien.irr'n rnrts e txchaivtiv en
titled te the u for revubUcailen of all nrus
dltjinfclira creditttt fj If or tint elhprulie. crrrHttd
In this taper, ami u,se the local cus ruO uln.l
.1 ' rights nf rrruli'lfitlen e apcclel dispatches
herein are also rvs rt.d.
I'luladflphlj, frldiv, .eimbrr 17, K0
a rocue t:rt rnnr.nM reit
Thine" en hlrh the iwenle pert the new
ailmliiHr tlnn te renrrntrate It" atlrntlem
3'he UneiLcin. nvtr brulee,
lif '.ch , b'a """' u accommodate tht
?r-'?m" t '!" rau transit svstem.
. r ,.1 ' ' "C '
;4 tulldtne te the Free Library,
An Art .ttMPum.
Anlnr0rmr.1i 0 fee tcnfpr rIi.
"mf 'e ocremriodul If, pnuu.atliTI
MR. SKOYER'S GENEROSITY
rpiIE clerks ia the city treasurer's office
nre blos-ed with nn emplejer who rrceC.
Bkes their merits. Mr. Sliejer would like
te sec the members of his- staff better paid.
His solicitude for them has even moved him
te ndmit that the $s000 in commissions
which he received from the stnte last venr
vraa actually for work performed chiefly by
his unci' rlingi, who get no additional com
pensation. This confession about citra fees mlpht be
dJnVd morally damncin? were net the
wnsitlvene-s of Mr. Sliejcr se evident.
Having pocketed the money, he is net in the
least opposed te an increase of the staff
payroll by the city; nay, he is eager te en
In refu.s'ng te increase the budget for the
city treasurer Council does net ee the mat
ter as he does. The public's view is differ
ent also The Impression has prevailed that
pcrrju'sltrs in addit.en te the regular salaries
Jn this brnne' ,t rw municipal government
had been forbidden.
Neither the ueil: that Mr. Sheyer d'dn't
de nor that which his suberd'nates d'd per
form warrants the extra remuneration by
the state. If the law en this subject is im
perfectly framed, clarification Icad'ug te
Strict enforcement Is In order. The fee
atstem is nntlfpiated. preposterous.
HIE regulation of meter traffic in cities
is a di'leult and evaet'ng business that
Is still be ng attempted with the crudest of
devices. Chief McLaughlin, of the lc
.trlcal ISnreau. when he rlgjpd up 11 spot
light nnd turned its beam en the traffic man
at Bread and Tilbert streets was resorting
te a method that has been tried with some
success In ether cities where the authorities
rcal'ze the necessity of making the police
man nnd his tennis easilv visible in the
dark, nut if the Electrical R-reau and the
police had mnny te work with they would
be able te de far better than that.
What thev need and what they would
devise is a sirt of signal that would be visi
ble above all traffic in the daytime and at
eight clearly distinguishable nmid the crowd
ing lights of busy thoroughfares. The near-
. est approach te an efficient svstem of traffic
regulat en hns been made pxperimentallv in
New Yerk, where powerful lights, controlled
from a central tower and used in davlight as
Well as after dark, krep the tide of vehicle
traffic en one of the busiest streets in the
world mev.ng evenly and without confusion.
In this in nance the tratli" engineers wisely
nse lights, of a sort winch, bet high ubeve
tlie street, stand out cltirly and distinc
tively even where the ether lights of the
' avenue are brightest.
PRESSURE FOR SCHOOL REFORM
lITiZU.N't)' committees designed te exert
pressure en legislative or administrative
bodies ere often mere pretentious futilities
but net alwajs.
A atimulnt ng exception were the public
eplr'ted Philadelphiaus who vigoreusl urged
better pay for the pchoel teachers of tins
city. It is tindctrnhle that the IWihI of
Education was forced tu take eeguiz.ince of
Similar happy results are conceivable in
connection with a 'tute committee, the pur
pose of which will be te back the educa
tional program te be presented te the Legis
lature in its coming sessions. Pr, Kinegan,
who is te out! ne In a eh tailed report the
needs of tlie l'cnnjjlvnniu schools and the
steps necessary te render them wet thy of
the ellgii'ty and power nf this common
wealth, lias Miggesteel (leerge Wharten I'ep.
per te head the new organisatien of citizens.
A II' t eif pp. s iinp'ive numbers from this
and ether itics is being compiled,
II. u) Nti.ii an organ. utien be 1 u In itlst
ence two j ears age the school njsem of
rennslnnin mig'it have escaped many of
its pros, nt I'mlcirrnssrncnts As It Is, a
comprehensive, forward-looking reform is
Ah an e-ffs.-t te the chronic laxity of legis
lators, the nlertci'hs of 11 representative cltl
ens' committee mnv prove decidedly worth
while. Pr rineg.m's expert knowledge of
the case inspire the' b lief that lie will select
Uieient wcrke '.
SOMETHING NEW ABOUT COAL
ANY pert will de in a sten.i Anil jet It
Is somewhat startling te find the an
thracite operators moving hurriedly te shel
ter under the wings of government official
whose duty It Is te regulate ami br ng dewu
tlie cost of hard coal in the rerrhil murkets.
A fair price committee has been formed
by the anthracite producing g uup which is
dominant In the l'ennsvhunhi Old, nnd it
in this committee that has Ik 11 li'.leiing
friendly ccinferi nce-s with 11 Lewnv Humes,
special assistant te the I'liited States dis
trict attorney, nnd Special Agent Campbell,
of the Department of Justice.
' The coal men say with every appearance
of earnestness anil candor that they are
about te make n special effort te reduce the
retail price of coal by eliminating some of
a tbw tremendous overhead costs of distribu
tion. Are these tlie name coal men who,
1ms than n year age, sat in a cloned room at
the lcilfvue-Htratferd nnd informed the
V''fierld,tiat ceaJ prices were their business
V -. .M - L l-'fr !.. CIH&AK'WjMMk AvSmb1aM
i AmmmJw' m"&rmvm ewrp y.Muvu
Celder have been looking Inte the affairs of
the coal distributors and talking heatedly of
government control. The two senators were
thinking of bituminous, but. as every one
knows, a great many of the abuses common
in the bituminous trade are te be found In
the anthracite trade as well.
The army of brokers, middlemen, specu
lators and hoarders which has been formed
between the mine mouth and the ultlmate
consumer Is responsible for pyramided costs.
It Is this army which is nid te take mere
than $10 out of every $lf paid by the
householder for a ten of anthracite. The
coal operators themselves are beginning te
see that a sjstem which they helped largely
te create Is beginning te have the appear
ance of a Frankenstein monster. V, Jctt
Lnuck, a student of the coal situation, is
ready with n let of tlamnglng evidence for
Congress. The prospect of co-operation be
tween men like Mr. Lnuck, the United
States district attorney's office nnd Senators
Edge nnd Celder Is something which the
anthracite men cannot be expected te view
with entire calm.
THE MAYOR WITH A WORD
RENDS THE VEIL OF SECRECY
He Puts an End te the Sinking Fund
Controversy by Ordering the Open
ing of the Commission's Meet
ings te the Public
mill: controversy ever the sinking fund has
net arisen because there is any suspicion
of the honesty with which It has been man
nged, The sinking fund commissioners are
men of unquestioned financial Integrity. The
controversy has arisen because there is rea
son te believe that the commissioners have
a surplus of three or four million dollars
above their proper requirements, and be
cause the commissioners have thus far re
frained from taking the public into their
confidence nnd lett'ng it knew the exact
truth. The corum'ssienors have net even
taken the City Council into their confidence.
Te unelerstand the situation it is necessary
te knew what the sinking fund Is. The
bankers nnd the councilmen knew, but te
the most of the rest of us its meaning is as
hazy as the meaning of the phrase "un
earned increment" used by economists.
Ter these who wish te knew it may be
said that the sinking fund commissioners
administer the city debt. The sink'ug fund
is a fund created out of the tat levy for the
redemption of city bends when they fall due.
The amount required for redeeming an Issue
of bends is apportioned ever the period of
years for which the bends nre te run, nnd
the proper nmeunt is raised by taxation each
year and paid ever te the sinking fund com
missioners. This money is Invested in vari
ous securities until it is needed for the pur
poses for which it Is raised. Included
nmeng the securities in which the commis
sioners invest arc city bends. A few weeks
age they bought $'-'.000,000 of a new bend
Issue which had been sold te the highest
bichler. They had the money and they in
vested it according te their discretion. The
commissioners also pay the interest en out
standing bends of the city.
In the budget for next year there is an
item of $12,000,000 for the sinking fund
commlssiene-rs. This sum must be raised by
tax in addition te the sums needed for pay
ing tlie current expenses of the citv. In
cluded in it Is $.". 000 000 for installments
en the debt and $7,000,000 for interest.
New the' point of the desire cpp'Nscd for
a revelation of the state of the funds in the
hands of the commissiene'rs lies in its rela
tion te the nmeunt nsked for. If the com
mission has a surplus of $1000 000 above
its needs, why net reduce the amount te be
raised by taxes next jear?
That the commission has accumulated
funds In excess of its needs In tlie past Is
notorious, That surplus was exhibited in
its reports, and three or four years age
Councilman (laffney. then chairman of the
finance cemnrttee, succeeded in having mere
thnn S1.000 000 transferred from the com
mission te the city treasurer te be used for
current city expenses. It bad come from
the taxpayers in the first place and belonged
Hut since Councilman Gnffney compelled
the commission te give up this considerable
sum of money the form of tlie reports of
the commissioners has ln'cn changed se that
It is impossible for nn1' one te find out from
the figures given whether there is a surplus
or net. The Council asked for information en
this Mibjcet last summer, but it has net jet
bien supplied. Controller Iladlcy told tlie
Council this week that it would take a year
for his empleyes te assemble the Informa
tion. He disputed the statements of a
representative of the Bureau of Municipal
Research that there was a surplus of $4.
000. 000. The bureau's representative of
fered te get the Information for him within
three weeks if he was allowed access te the
There is no defensible reason for conceal
ing the facts. Tlie sinking fund commis
sioners arc public officials. The money they
handle is public meni'V. The busine-ss they
de Is tlie business of the pub! c. Their
accounts should be open tu tlie public. Ne
geed end enn be serve'd by srerecy. Secrecy
can i ugender busplclen and lack of confi
dence, a result against which every effort
should be directed.
That the commission has a surplus Is net
denied. It may be that It desires te retain
it in order te invest It In the next city lean
provided the bids offered are net sufficient te
absorb the whole Ismm'. If se, no harm
would be done by sajing se franklv. It Is
a defe ns ble purpose, much mere defensible
than the present lack of frankness.
The demand for information is net made
feir the purpose of crltic'zlng nnv Individual,
but because the Council and the pub'le nre
preperlj entitled te the knowledge sought.
It Is the right of the Council, which has te
approve the- budget and fix the fax rate, te
have all financial facts at its tUspewil. It
has a right te knew whether its appropria
tions te the sink ng fund are in excess nf the
needs of that fund Te guid" it in its duties
it lias a right te knew the earnings of the
fund nnel their relation te the appropria
It is net the function of the sinking fund
commUsleners te make n preit for the city
out of the money in its hands. It Is legiti
mate! entitled te only se much ns Is needed
te meet its obligations as they ni'crue. Its
prefi's If nnv. should go into the general
fund of the city te reduce the nmeunt te be
raised by the general tax.
The inquiry Inte the state; of tlie fund
might ven well go further than the state
of the Hiirplus. The new charter has a
prevision intended te bring about a reduction
uf the city debt In ndvance of Its maturity.
In Sections S nnd 0 of Article XVII it Is
provided that when there shnll be money In
the sinking fund In excess of tlie amount
needed for the payments en a given debt,
that money shall be used for the purchnsei
and cancellation of the debt; nnel, further,
that the Council may nt uny tlni" authorize
the purchase by the city of any of its out
standing debt and eruVr Its cancellation.
These previsions! contemplate the closest re
lations of confidence bftween the Council
and tte tUaklBg7''qH( euommunien, con
dltien which docs net seem te exist at the
The attitude the Mayer has nssumed Is
unimpeachable. Ills announcement yester
day afternoon that he will order the meet
ings of the commission te be thrown open te
the public was expected from these who
knew his conception of the duty of a public
official. He has been aware that there was
nothing te be concealed and he Is con
vinced thnt the people have a right te knew
exactly what is being done with their funds.
Ills order ought te be followed by nn
enrly disclosure of the state of the surplus
and by the formal communication te the
Council of the information which It seucht
last summer. The conclusion of the Mayer's
statement summarizes the situation very
well. He said that when the commission
met in the open there would no longer be
any excuse for any one "stirring up n spirit
of mystery with regard te perfectly proper
transactions where no mystery exists."
RENTS AND HOUSES
TT IS always better te act late thnn net te
net nt all when action Is necessary. And
once In a lifetime there will be an occasion
In which It is better te be late than early.
The state Legislature will realize the truth
of this assertion when, nt the session In
January. It will be asked by the mayors of
Pennsylvania, acting with Mr. Ueper, chnlr
man of the welfare committee of the Phila
delphia Council, te consider means for the
relief of the house shortage In the various
The experiences of the Legislature of New
Tork, which nttacked this general problem
months age, ought te be useful te the folk
nt Harrlshurg. The question of housing was
viewed from every angle at Albany, nnd
some new laws were finally written down In
the statute books of New Yerk.
One lnw, of which a grcnt deal was ex
pected, limited the right of landlords te
control their own property nnd left rent de
cisions and questions of forced eviction te
the courts. The result was what cynics
expected. It was shown that human nature
Is the same In landlords and tenants. Rent
ers took many unfair advantages of rules
mnde for their protection, and a burden of
Injustice thnt they had borne for a long
period was deftly shifted te the shoulders
of the owners of property in which they
oed results may fellow the ether law
which the governor has Just signed. It is
n law which will exempt all new dwelling
houses from taxation i for a period of ten
-cars. It remains te be seen whether such
legislation Is practicable or wise in this
state, which has constitutional previsions
rigidly drawn te insure equal taxation te nil
people under all circumstnnees.
While the legislatures have been talking
nnd dodging, a mentis of actual relief is be be
cem'ng actually visible. Prices of building
materials arc falling rapidly and men in the
building trades are showing n greater will
ingness te de n fair day's work for a fair
day's pay. Better conditions had te be
made for heuebuildcrs if the material men
want te continue in business nnd If nrtlsans
want te continue in their jobs. The paraly
sis In the bu'Id'ng trades was se general as
te be destructive te the interests of every
body concerned. A gradual return of nor
mal conditions In the build'ng world prob preb
ably will bring relief te home seekers before
the Leg'slature nt Ilarrlsburg can de mere
than listen te speeches.
efT II-'H," observes Pr. Frederick L. Heff-
-' man, who has been making a survey
of recent crime statistics in the United
States, "was never se insecure in this coun
try ns it is today." After a read'ng of
yesterdny's news reports in this city cine
might say ns much about pearls, securities,
money nnd ether valuables stored in bureau
drawers or even carried in the pockets of
Dr. Heffman found that crimes of violence
nre increasing in all parts of the country,
nnd he confesses nn inability te understand
nn inereas ng tendency te homicide In re
gions that were supposed te have been hard
est hit by the prohibition laws.
What he may find. If be continues his
search for causes nnd origins, is thnt pro
hibition is by no means the simple aud easy
matter that its mere anient ndvecatcs
dreamed about. There has been a great
falling off in the whisky traffic, despite the
bootleggers. But there has been u great
increase in moeushlniiig and a new traffic
In the products of hidden Htills has been
Moonshine is dangerous stuff nnd its ef
fects en people unaccustomed te It nre often
violent. Yet nt its worst, moonshine is net
se greatly te be feared as the deadly nar
cotic drugs that are being peddled in in
creasing quantities almost under the noses
of the police. There nre net sufficient re
strictions upon the manufacturers of cocaine
nnd herein, yet these devastating drugs are
unquestionably the direct cause of most of
the crimes that new puzzle observers like
Cocaine is the courage of the weakling
turned momentarily into a burglar or u
highwayman. It is a substance that will
give the veriest coward a short Interval of
Imng ned might. With many underworld
wanderers It has become the substitute for
alcohol. The demand and the supply are
large and Increasing. It Is gradually be
coming clenr that no scheme of prohibition
thnt does net regulate the distribution of
dangerous drugs at the source can be called
complete or, in a final analysis, even rea
sonable or safe.
CONSTITUTION OR PATCHWORK?
TIinUH is nothing new In tlie objections
rnised by Alba Jehnsen ngainst tinker
ing with the state constitution by n com
mission. This newspaper has repeatedly
pointed out the difficulty of rewriting the
document In n string of amendments.
A patchwork revision is endangered by
patchwork acceptance by the people. If
some clauses are rejected nnd some approved
of, the prospects of confusion and vexatious
debate nre plain.
Furthermore, the proper way te mnke n
constitution Is by n convention composed of
elected delegates of the people, The present
ceurse Is net only clumsy, but unrepresen
tative. That Mr. Jehnsen views the situation
clearly; that the Chamber of Commerce, of
which he Is pre sident, formally supports
him; that (loverner Sproul nnd Attorney
General Schaffer are rumored te be recent
converts, are Indications that the constitu
tional revision commission method may
eventually be abandoned.
But while this is desirable, the time al
ready wasted Is regrettable. If the consti
tution of Pcniisjlvanin is out of date, a new
one framed In accordance with the popular
will should be substituted. If the old In
strument will serve, It Is foolish te over
whelm It with amendments.
The work should be done completely and
In a way In which the people will have some
voice at the outset or net at all.
There is no use trying te mince matters.
If the Thanksgiving lile this year is going
te have less than half of 1 per cent kick,
le'ss than half of 1 per cent of tlie popula
tes, Im gelnj te notice it . A ,
AS ONE WOMAN SEES IT
Scarcity of Nurses Suggests Search
for Reasons Sem6 Peeple Are
Interviewed and Seme Rem
By SABAII I). LOWIUE
THREE persons in one day last month
talked te me about the scarcity of nurses
in our hospitals, about the reasons for the
scarcity nnd about the cure. Each person
had a different reason and a different Cure.
Since thou It has rained theories. The
whole wer'd seems te knew thnt there nre
net enough nurses, or else I nm obstacle
struck nnd run into the subject nnd chnllenge
persons te produce theories unconsciously
nnd with no predetermination te be a col
lector. I am told that some of the hospitals can
no longer depend upon their pupil nurses,
but have te pay their graduates the regular
outside price per week; that the Ited Cress
plnn for establishing health centers nnd
rural nurses in the country districts cannot
own be tried out in some cases where there
is money and local enthusiasm because there
nre net enough nurses for the city, let alone
the ceuntrjKFiIe; thnt In many hospitals the
nurses complain of the feed and the qunrtcrs
and the hours thnt their predecessors used
te take for granted; thnt fewer women of
wide education go into the profession, se
thnt it is difficult te fill certain responsible
positions thnt require administrative ability
and experience as we'l ns technique.
FIIOM nurses themselves, pupil nnd grad
uate, the ether side of the dllcmmn Is
aired, net ns a giicvnncc, but ns a perplex
ing problem. They snv that highly paid as
they are. the nmeunt they must pay out for
clothes, for storage rooms for their belong
ings, for their rest plnce between cases, for
their very necessary vacations nnd for sav
ings te help their families leaves almost
nothing toward savings for old age ; that the
hospital hours arc tee long and in many
hospitals the feed Is poorly served and net
tempting nnd In some very peer nnd un
varied ; that in most hospitals the sitting
rooms set aside for the nurses nre formal,
tincomfertab'e. poorly or glaringly lighted
nnd very public; thnt in their own small
bedrooms they are net ghen the Independ
ence thnt college girls linve, but are treated
te the kind of surveillance that protects
bearding school girls; and that their ceurse
of training is stretched ever a period of thrce
jenrs te satisfy the exigencies of the hos hes
pltn's rather thnn their own technique. They
claim tint much of the work that Is re
quired of them is net technicnl training nnd
could be ncqulrcel by a shorter experience,
whereas the technical training suffers be
cause neither they nor their tenchers have
time from the strenuous duties of hospital
cleaning and regimen te devote unladed
minds te tlie real cs.-entials of the profes
sion. They are doubtful, tee, or te tlie
fairness of the Indiscriminate power all
hospitals have te grant diplomas te their
irse who hnd studied here nnd
and who rntikeil verr Mcli In Imp
ciiiss in one en tne Dig tNew leik hospitals
was of tlie opinion Hint only certain large
hospitals with n mnMnium of experience te
offer a student nurse should be allowed te
give a dip envi of the first grade which would
command a a'ary of the first grade or pos.
tlens of the first grade. Her theory was
that if every place of learning was given thi
power te give a degree of B. A. or M. A.
tlie- whole position of graduates of colleges
anil universities would slump.
She believed thnt se many pupil nurses
would then throng te the hospitals that
could give them the best training that the
hospital could afford te give shorter hours
and a mere intensive training in technique,
nnd receive and turn out a better grade of
She said thnt she knew the little hospitals
would probably have te emplev paid grad
uate nurse. But her contention was thnt
the patients would profit by the change, and
she added thnt one trained nurse who had n
steady position in n little hospital could de
mere work and better work In shorter time
than three pupil nurses, especially if certain
parts of the routine work new done by the
pupil nurses as part of thcli geneinl train
ing were undertaken by ether and less highly
ANOTIIEU nurse assured me that there
was nothing lonelier than the let of n
pupil nurse who comes for training te n
large town and who has newhete te go but
out during her hours of reeicatien.
Her re'at'ens with the hcud nurse of her
ward or with the head nur.se of the hospital
cannot, in the nature of the case, be inti
mate when she is en or off duty. As a con
se iiience, with nil the geed will in the world,
she may verj much tack the kind of un
critical motherly background she needs most.
Ip csinpc the smells and the sounds e'
tlie hospital nnd the irk of institutional rules
she seeks her kind iu ether places. But
since there is no club nvai'nble or some such
Ht'inlprivnte place, she gees te public places,
winch K efti'u u peer exchange mentiilly or
iihjsienllj. because ns u matter of fact she
is gene ral y tee tired te respond healthily te
the strcnueiiMiesii of public pleasures,
A nurse who hns long been n private nurse
confided te me that she was nwful'y put te
it te Miewjust where te go for her recrea
tion time each day except u public place.
THE Ited Cress people have the hope, they
tell me thnt these classes in home nurs
ing that they are holding in the rural dis
tr lets will eventua ly turn the tide in the
ether direction and bring In recruits from
the villages. Girls who have had a high
school education and who de net want te
teach will be inspired by their work In these
classes and l;v the general enthusiasm of
tlulr home neigiibei heeds for the whole sub
ject te take up the career, especially If they
can regaid it us another kind of college.
THE superintendent nurses nssure me that
the higher the grade of nurse the mere
comforts alie has been used te at home the
less she complains nbeut the plainness of her
fnre or the hm-cMi.ps of her training In the
hospital; in fnet, the mere she regards the
whole experience ns part of tlie edu. atlen
Seme nf the war workers have told me that
the status of the American nurses in Europe
during the war, their anomalous position as
neither officers nor prltes, has bun at the
bottom of the iinceiiccrtctl strike1.
One thing is sine, nurses aie necessary te
modem caic of the sick, they are necessary
te modem docteis and they ure necessarv te
It girls who are glad te work and need te
earn money unci wish a career tut n their
backs en the great career of helping the sick
there must be beme real reason. '
Possibly, us some one suggested, they de
net mind helping the sick, but they de mind
helping the well!
'I hey mnv mind, In ether words i,,. ..,.i.
the well have laid upon them In tlie wav
iliU 11-11 tilU I if-' lilJIlMlltll.
or even tin. wn
tiic wen run tut? iriu
houses where they
muht t'tcniuuii.) wen;
Tiieie is a great deal in n life I. ,,.,!.,..
that makes jeu jour own master between
the hours of 5 :..() p. m. ami i) n. m,, which
Is why women go into business.
'ihe only iiiteiesled person, whose opinions
I did net get were the patients!
Heirs en Their Geed Behavior
Frem tlie l.tbunur., Ky., Unuriirlse,
Lee Adams, coleied, leaves his property
both ii ul and personal, te his wife during
her life. At her death the fnim Is te be held
ami used us n home ler the he.rs of his
tuther, .Sum Adams, as long as they clcslie.
te lie upejn it, with tlie iindei standing that
the j keep the iinpieeinents up and "con
duct mill behave Ihciiicches as lespeetuble
ami law-abiding citizens, nnd the minute any
one teases te be conduct himself or herself
they uhall forfeit their right te live en thu
property. Hie estitte is valued at between
jaUOO and $10,UQO. "-iwuu
The Steady Hand
Frem the New Yerk Herald,
In most of the stetlcs of mortal conflict
between irehiUtipn ngent and bootlegger
it In the lawbreaker that U killed. Titer Im
j a geeu uiriu iw p huh i.us t Bn-uuj jjaua.
- -t i
,-i e t ...I
NOW MY IDEA IS THIS!
Daily Talks With Thinking Philadclphians en Subjects They
MISS BLANCHE DILLAYE
On Modern Tendency in Art
THIS year seems te have developed a
change In the methods of artists, a
breaking away from the old traditions and
conventions In painting, thnt is quite strik
ing, necerdlng te Miss Blanche DSUnve,
well-known nrt'st of this citv and n member
of many Important juries en art exhibitions,
"In the salons of Paris. If one is te judge
b; reports," said Miss Dillaye, "the change
is quite apparent. Revolutionary things nre
being done. In the words of several young
women nrtlsts who viewed the exhibits, the
things being shown are 'wild.'
"The same holds true of work being done
in New Yerk and this city. It is net con
fined te one class of nrtlsts, nor is it de
voted te the younger people. Artists of nil
ranks, nil nges nnd from nil parts of the
country seem simultaneously te hnve been
moved by the central thought that they must
strike out for themselves.
Exhibitions Shew Change
"This note was particularly striking at
the unnual exhibition of water-color point peint
ings new in progress nt the Academy of the
Fine Arts, where I happened te be a member
of the jury. It seemed that nothing that
was conventional had a chance with' the
members of that body, nnd everything that
was unusual had an excellent chance. And
most of the paintings submitted were of the
"It scciiis ns though there is mere per
sonality, mere of individua'ity In btyle of
cxpiessien, mere of a tendency te break
away from tiadttien nnd rules and regula
tions. And, btrauge te pay, these methods
Bcem te have justified themselves iu the
present exhibition at the academy. There is
real Interest In the exhibition nnd a vitality
and dash that is reassuring. It is in many
respects one of the most important and in
teresting exhibitions iu years.
"In the exhibition, for instance, you will
notice a variety of lines of thought and ex
pression. Contrasted alongside of each
ether jeu will netice n quiet piece of work,
almost tender in its conception, of a flower
In a Jnpanese backgieund and painted after
the stjlc of a Japanese print. Then you
will discover nnetlier nrtlst who has chosen
te bring out a new thought in color. He
hns a number of trees ugalnst a light sky
and background, done lu a bright, vivid
DUSK OF THE YEAR
CTOBEIF3 sunBet tinta have vnnlshed
Scarlet nnd bronze nnd geld thnt met the
llnve slew!) faded ; the November skies
Are gray with clouds, nnd grny the still, laks
As if It locked Us heart in Keep It own
The mirrored gleam and glory it had known.
Celer is spent, and melody is sped ;
Jey's voice is of the dny ; te night belongs
Ne flush of golden wings, no biivcr songs ;
Forests that enee knew the ecstitic throngs
Of cheiring binls are still as cloister ntsles,
Where monks slew pace, forgoing speech
The crystalline stilettos of the frost
Have found the flowers' hearts; from nil thj
The browning hillsides nnd the sodden lanes,
Tneir breath and bloom nre gene; alenu
In tcndul gardens, the brave Flower of
That gleets unnwed the coming of the cold.
But through the lenf-shurn trees the un-
Gleam with n clearer splendor ns thev swing.
Bright phn'anxcd at thu autumn's mnr-
And signal the stark earth, for rnmfe rtlng;
"In cycling life old leaf, old blossom dies,
But Ilenutv Is Immortal as the skies."
Leis Whittlesey, iu New Yerk Times.
Profitable Days Oft
Frem tleei Memphis Commercial-Appeal.
Trey Trimble, a young farmer who liyes
nenr Lead Hill. Ark., makes an avcrage of
$0 n day net Ul'llng crews en days thnt nre
net fit te work en the farm. Marlen county
fiays a nouniy,ei U" rmis ier men, ira n
ieed, Trimble is a dead shot nrrckjfnewif the
ways of. these cern-catlnjf bitddtt
im turned' In lWinsj
blue, that seem te radiate dash and vitality.
"Cubist art, tee, is net unrepresented,
whereas net se long nge It would have been
n difficult matter for it te have received an,
assured p'ace at a big exhibit.
"Of course, water-colors ere nn eliisl"1
thing. Many artists give them up in dis
gust, because they find themselves unable te
de the things thev want with them. Until
recently water-colors were consigned te an
artistic hick room us 'young 'ndies' work'
nnd 'wishy-washy.' But results speak for
themselves, and the fact that men nnd
women, big nnel little, nrtlsts of all kinds,
arc represented, rather effectually disposes
of this charge.
"I fancy that much the snmc movement
is going en In oils ns in water-colors. It
seems as if the war must have played a part
and unconsciously affected nrtists. Just as
in ether phases of life, it seemed te show
It up as being tee slew, nnd automobiles be
came the rage as airplanes may de in the
future. Se art seems te have been tee slew
for some, nnd the general reaction seems te
hnve been n universal tendency te dash Iu
nnd Just de things ns they feel them, rather
thnn ns the result of a deal of conscious
study, ns they might hnve clone had they
followed some of tlie great masters. Where
such n tendency will lead it would be diffi
cult te say.
Hcsult Hard te Predict
"It might seem reasonable te believe that
the movement is a healthy one and thnt we
shall get something new In art. But en the
ether hand, peeple have been pnlntlng for
a great ninny years, nnd it Is doubtful
whether nnj thing reallv new can be added.
"Incidentally, I don't believe people gen
erally appreciate hew important a part in
art Philadelphia really plays In the art
world. The present exhibition, for Instance,
reflects the work of nrtlsts from all parts of
the country. Together with the annual oils
exhibit, wc hnve two of the most Important
exhibitions of the year from uny part of
"The Academy of the Fine Arts is prob
ably the largest and most impeitant place of
the kind in the country. Many of our lead
ing artists are representatives of the city
and mucli of the Impnitnnt weik of the coun
try is done by I'hilndelpliians. One diffi
culty lies iu the market. Buyers will go te
ether places aud pcihaps buy the work of
Philadelphiaus, wheiu they would net de it
What De Yeu Knew?
1. Who Is president of the rusembly of the
League of Nutlens?
2. What Is the name of the republic Inhab
ited by the Lettish peeple?
3. 'What Is tlie secretary bird and why is it
. What Is nutatien?
C. What famous mountain was regarded eh
the source of poctle inspiration and
sacred te the muses?
0. What Is meant by hedonism?
7. What Is a fnrthlngale?
8 WhI?im5nta7th COlrS f ,he Ua et
' Winnd?dll t'' Mexlcan Wnr ''"i-'ln and
10. What Is nn ingle?
Answers te Yesterday's Quiz
1. Sebantope! Is n seaport In the former
government of Tuuridn, Seuth UusTla
theWnua. ,h BOUthlern 'cowt'ef
2. The. great slcge. of the place, fasted from
3. Ipecac Is n contraction of Ipecacuanha
u1,ir?,,?tm0efec.nSe?Ulh Amw,c" Z
J. G. Whlttler wrote "Uarhnra Krletchle "
Itussla was Invaded by the Mongols and
nioei .,, un country cmne under their
dominion about 1210 A I). Moscow
me. U'0 Aslall y' in
6. The greatest number of electoral votes
.ever cast for a presidential candfelatu
Tn'mi: VeU by Woedw WlUen
7. King Lear in Shakespeare's Piay of thnt
nanieEdescrlbed himself a8P"eve?y in'ch
8. Deciduous trees nre these which shed
their leaves periodically, " B"eu
9. Gavicherle Is tactless or awkward man.
Traffic cep3 will seen be in the spot-
The Brindell bull new has a rliig la
Well, anyhow, Paris helped te make it
the talk of the town.
Utile IB will always remain a puzile te
the first of the Fourteen Points.
The census has net been kind te Pacific
coast people who sense a yellow peril.
Why anybody should want Censtantlm
te rule them is all Greek te most of us.
A spotlight will cnnble everybody te seu
the traffic cop, but will it enable the cop te
It is the wish of one well-known jurist
that critics would quit Dcvtiin the Munici
The Federation of Laber, like Con
gress, seems te be Buffering from IJerahl
All that is needed te prove the treachery
nnd duplicity of the Bolshevists is mi attack
en the Poles.
There hns been n general let-up slncu
the war. Even the householder's coal Is
And new ceniecture is rife in New Yerk
ns te who wrote the letter .Mayer Iljlan
wrote te rnterniyer.
Wc cannot believe thnt ngriculture U
declining with an Increase of fiO per cent In
the number of tractors in use.
Luther Burbnnk's lntest creations In
clude a beardless barley. We suspect Hint
kind of barley won't care whut Mr. Vol Vel
There is growing agreement with the
Mayer that a clean-up in the detective bu
reau is n necessary preliminary te n clean
up of crime.
Adversity is a great promoter of plnln
living; but clear thinking, while common
with we tins nnd you tins, is seldom indulged
in by 'tetlier uns.
The lnndleiel of the Peace Palace In
Geneva has raised the rent. 'Irust a prof
iteering landlord te cheese the psjciioleglrsl
moment for a held-up.
The Hozleten. Pa., weather prophet
snjs we shall have tweuty-secu snow
storms this winter. Who wants te trude tt
snow shovel for u lawn mower?
Every time he scans his fuel bills or
longs for n fuel bill te scan, tlie consumer
or would-be consumer believes the coal inen
are trying te scuttle the ship of btute with
a coal scuttle.
One of the serious objections te the
propesnl of Sennter Kenvon thnt the gov
ernment tnke held of the housing problem H
the testimony in the investigation of the
Complaint Is made that the e!ilprj.n
benrd lias no record of hew it spent $-,Ci00.
000,000. This shows one that one should
make note of every trilling thing, for one
never knows when eue may be called upeu
A new mouth disease which loosens th
teeth Is dlsceui-aglng kissing in Paris, says
n dispatch. If the wrong girl Is kissed and
the girl has husky mole relatives the loosen
ing of the teeth Is very far from being any
thing new. It is old stuff.
Frem Mllwnukee comes the news that
two bottles of beer, ene dark and one light,
with a plate of pretzels, liave been plneed In
u glass case iu the local museum. If tlie
exhibit were placed In the mumlnv depart
ment it might luelude a sllee of llmburgcf
Western farmers are still "going te'
burn corn Instead of coal for fuel. One
reason they will never get beyond the coins
te" stage Is Instanced by the New ler
Evening Pest. Cern Is selling In Chicago
from eighty-four te eighty-eight cents
bushel, roughly about one nnd a tenth crnw
.. ...1 . ... - son n hn. Net
II liuuiiii iui vui, ,-veee, " V"ri . i lj 1
much, perhaps: but ns Illinois cea J 1
.-.I -I- f-... tin i ie n inn. there ln t I
.L.pl, left nf !, (l,p,.,,t lint will that kill
Yt" I1Y.: viL :.i tmi' hnfi iifi saint
m n rni-v r iwnv. nnv . i .. 11 uuw -.,
. -- - z ,. 1.- .- . .i....r..ii
,J.hliii...A ' i ' . jft'jfit i,.
JM. . .
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