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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURN^gT)
PRICE TWO CENTS.
Hanna Agrees to Abide by
AVOID A PARTY SPLIT
Caucus Will Also Discuss Isthmian
ALLISON WILL STOP FILIBUSTER
If It la Tried on His Appropriation
' Bill He Will Give Way to
From 77i« Journal Bureau, Room AS, Fast
Washington, Jan. 17.—Senator , Hanna's
threat to withdraw the subsidy bill from
consideration in the senate, referred to
several days ago in these dispatches, was
the chief reason for calling a senatorial
caucus : to-morrow. Senator Hanna had
begun to "get his mad up." Even his re- ;
publican colleagues who favor subsidy leg
islation could not control him in his de
nunciation :of certain other republican
colleagues who, in his opinion, ought to
be outspoken for the bill, and of democrat
ic members who are openly opposing it
against what he says is the best interests
of the country. A breach was forming
■which threatened serious damage to re
publican interests, and hence the caucus
Senator Hanan has agreed to submit the
whole subsidy question to caucus judg
ment, to abide by the result, provided
discussion is free and fair, and this is all
that either side could ask.
Incidentally as long as there is to be
a caucus, various other matters will come
before U, notably the isthmian canal, but
the subsidy tangle is what caused it to be
Provisionally assuming that he will get
the caucus indorsement . Senator: Allison,
chairman of the finance committee, has
announced that he will permit no filibus
tering on the legislative appropriation bill
now about to be reported, g* He • has been
deeply disgusted at the tactics of Petti
grew and his associates concerning the :
army reorganization bill and. he says that
if he even suspicions a filibuster when the
legislative appropriation bill comes up he
•will withdraw the bill, which would bring
the subsidy question squarely before the
senate. Senator Allison thinks the subsidy
should be fought fairly and directly and
not over the head of other legislation.
If the caucus indorses Senator Allison's
policy the minority will be • held respon
sible should its factious delay defeat sev
eral appropriation, bills and make an extra
session necessary. '■--:-"•' >■•"■.-.""'
/':'■■*■'■"■ —W. W. . Jermane.
NEBRASKANS CAN'T AGREE
DEADLOCK OS CAUCUS RILES
Edward Koaetvater la Charged "With
Violating: the Corrupt
-* 1 ■ ■•. - - ,
.' * . '■""— ~ . ■ - '
ttmw York Sun Special SarvJom
Lincoln, Neb., Jan. 17. —A prolonged
deadlock is the outlook in the Nebraska
senatorial fight. "A committee to prepare
rules for a senatorial caucus is hopelessly
divided over whether the nominations
shall be made one' at a time or upon the
same ballot, no nomination: to be binding
unless both are I accepted on that ballot.
This..: Is-a* condition imposed upon the
strong men by the weaker ones, who con
trol enough votes among them to block a
The fiercest fight ,Is on .^Thompson, the
" leading candidate, by a coterie of Lincoln
' men. r . .
Edward .Rosewater, one of the candi
dates, was to . have been taken to Omaha J
to answer to a f charge of violating the
corrupt practices act, but it was arranged
by telephone that he should appear later.
. To-day's vote for United States, sena
tor in the legislature was as -''* follows:
Senator*Allen, 57j Gilbert M. ■ Hitchcock,
(fuslonist), 57; D. E. Thompson, .32; Cur
rie, 22; Crounse, 10; Hainer, 6; Hinshaw,
17; Meikeljohi, 24; Rosewater, 15; Kin
caid, 4; scattering, 12. ;? - -
Little » haii««- in Delaware.
Dover, Del., Jan. 12.—The vote on joint
ballot to-day for two United States senators
showed but little change.
STATE "U" NEEDS
Bill* for Nearly $800,000 Are Intro
duced at Madison.
Special to The Journal.
Madison, Wls., Jan. 17.—A bill fixing the
appropriations for the state university
was Introduced in the assembly this morn
ing by Frost. It asks an increase of $36,
--000 in Income, making the total $316,000,
and in addition $240,000 for new buildings;
$175,000 for a central agricultural college,
and $65,000 for equipping the new en
gineering building, machine shop, etc.
In the senate a bill to legalize the prac
ticeof osteopathy in the state was intro
duced by Senator Roeher of Milwaukee.
It provides for a state board of five exam
iners o? osteopathic physicians whose cer
tificates shaW be necessary in v order to
practice the science. They are not to pass
a medical examination and the law pro
vides that they shall' not be entitled to
BOERS GET AWAY
Prisoners at Ceylon Reported to
London, Jan. IT. —The Evening Standard
says it hears a number of Boer prisoners
have escaped from Ceylon.
BEEKEEPERS TO MEET AT YAXKTOX.
Special to The Journal.
Yankton. S. D., Jan. IT.—The annual con
vention of the South Dakota Beekeepers as
sociation will be held iv Yankton Jan. 25.
There will be an afternoon and evening ses
sion. A splendid program has been arranged.
This session was advertised for Sioux Falls,
but as most of the bee fanciers live nearer to
Yankton the change was made.—Yankton's
local dramatic company has accepted an of
fer to play "Charley's Aunt" and "Boston
Dip" at Pierre and expects to present them
iv the capital city on Jan. 2-1.
INJURED BY AMERICA.
Washington, Jan. IT.—United States Consul
Mason at Berlin reports that thirty-two cities
of Germany have more than 100,000 inhabi
tants. Only Crefeld shows a decrease since
1595. It is a city of textile industries, which
have suffered from American competition.
fort Louis, Island of Maritlus, Jan. 17.—
The British steamer Kaisari, which sailed
from Pangoon Nov. 23 for Reunion, has been
■wrecked at Reunion. Twenty-five lost their
Nelson's Friends Are Not
A WASHINGTON WIRE
It Leaves Republicans No Excuse
for Skipping the Caucus.
WANT TO AGREE ON A CHAIRMAN
Evans, Clapp and Tawney-Managers
—Cancan Will Mean. :
Senator Xeluon expects his friends to go
into the Davis senatorial caucus to-morrow
night and vote their perferences. He has
taken the republican portion of the legis
lature at its word when it nominated him
for the full term to succeed himself. He
has no desire to keep his friends from do
ing their duty as republicans in respect to
the other senatorship.
This information was conveyed in brief
in a telegram which a seventh district
member received from the senator.
United States Marshal '-Bill" Grimshaw—We
federal officeholders are keeping out of this
fight. (The bystanders grin cynically.)
It jiuts at rest ail talk about the sev
enth district members staying away from
"the caucus or demanding a -ecret ballot
for Nelson's protection if they attend.
The telegram has been shown to sev
eral members and its contents are to-day
pretty well known by the whole seventh
On acocunt of imperative personal rea
sons, such as sickness, some republicans
will not be able to attend the caucus. Some
other may stay away on account of timidity
and some few who go may decline to vote
on a roll call. There is every reason to
believe that the roll call method of vot
ing will prevail.
"Who for Chairman?
An effort to unite upon a chairman by
mutual consent and thus do away with a
contest for the position after the caucus
convenes is being made this afternoon
by the Clapp, Evans and Tawney mana
gers. All three of these candidates are
anxious to choose the chairman in that
| way if possible.
Among those who have been mentioned
as good material for the place is ex-Gov
ernor McGill. He is a Clapp man, of
course, but no one would question his
fairness. Others who have been men
tioned are Senators Lord and Thompson,
Tawney men, and Senator Young, an
The Cauf iin Will Settle It.
Those who emphatically insist that the
caucus must name the senator are talk-
w If* 7
Senator Ripley Brower, St. Cloud—l wonder
if it is true, as the papers say, that I'm the
ing to-day of doing business rapidly and
seriously. They propose that the prelim
inaries shall be disposed of just as soon
as possible and that then the balloting
shall be begun and kept up as rapidly as
possible. They favor a long and late ses
sion, and in the event of a failure to nom
inate the first night, adjournment to Sat
urday night and the resumption of the
If adjournment Saturday night finds no
nomination made they desire to have the
program repeated Monday night.
So strong is now the determination to
settle the senatorial succession in cau
cus that many who have been skeptical
of such result are beginning to think it
possible, even probable.
A "Hen on" Somewhere,
There have been some secret develop-
THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY IT, 1901.
THE POLITICAL HARE AND THE TORTOISE.
Candidate Bryan—Well, how did you come here? I thought I left you at the Kansas City
ments in the situation in the last twenty
four hours. All who know of them main
tain silence, but intimate that the story
may be told after^jthe senatorial nomina
tion has been matfe. While there is no
way of ascertaining what these develop
ments are, it is noticeable that there is
more cheerful confidence in the Evans
camp to-day than in any of the others.
Some of the more sanguine Evans sup
porters even talk of his nomination on
the third ballot, but this is hardly to be
expected by the observer who has to
make his conclusions on surface indica
There is much vagueness as to the cau
cus arrangements. The members of the
Joint committee seem to think as the
i meeting is to bs held in the house cham
j ber, Speaker Bowling must make the rules
regarding admission. Mr. Dowling says
| that if it is up to him, the public will be
Representative Dr. Babcock of Wadena tells
Representative Harden of Leroy that
Clapp's candidacy is the only real thing,
and Mr. Harden replies that Tawney's can
didacy completely shuts out the rest of the
state from his view.
admitted to the galleries without ticket to
the full extent of the seating capacity and
no more, and that none but members, em
ployes and representatives of the press
shall be permitted on the floor. As the
gallery has room for hardly more than a
hundred people there will be a great rush
for admittance if the open door policy pre
Bixby All Balled Up.
Tarns Bixby is "all balled.up" over his
senatorial candidacy. He said this after
noon that be did not know whether he
was a candidate or not. The three house
members from his own county have agreed
to look upon him as a candidate 'and vote
that way if : he insists. ■ ; Senator - Dickey
stayed out. ", But so far as the other can
didates are concerned, Bixby is as good
as out of it. They are reckoning him "a
dead one." > . -
New. St. Paul Candidates.
There is some little revival of talk ?in
favor of dark hourse candidates from St.
Paul. W. B. Dean and Hiram F. Stevens
are, mentioned. Mr. Stevens is said to be
awaiting a good opening. \lf« the Clapp
following : should, for any • reason, go •* to
pieces, Mr. Stevens may ■ come to the
Dough Sends Dough. •»,;
-The financial stringency, in ;, the treasury
of * the Liowry campaign committee has
been relieved. John ; Dough of / Benson
yesterday sent the storytelling magnate
510 on account. " Mr. .: Lowry} immediately
bought two boxes of cigars, and i now all
who visit his haunts can smoke. : -
Congressman Tawney is greatly en
couraged. A Minneapolis seer of the
seventh daughter variety threw a fit the
other day and predicted his election. All
the harrowing particulars have been for
warded *> \Jv. Tawney.
Lowry a Good Mixer.
It is agreed on all sides that Mr. Lowry
makes a good campaigner. When the rep
resentative of so much wealth and influ
ence as he has 1 conies out of his private
room and puts his arm around the neck
of the country legislator and draws him
into the inner recesses it is easy to see
the blushes of delight chasing themselves
over the favored one's facial epidermis.
Nevertheless very few unprejudiced ob
servers of tbe situation.can see where Mr.
Lowry is going to connect in this contest.
The opposition managers know every vote
he has in sight and the number they give
him is so small that it would hardly do to
print it. These managers regard him as
purely an opportunist candidate. He
hopes to build up something from the
coming wrecks of other candidates. •
The interviews in the Tribune this
morning favoring Mr. Lowry were ana
lyzed early in the day and attention called
to the fact that five or six of the thirteen
persons quoted are democrats, one is the
general manager of Mr. Lowry'e railroad,
another is put down as a shipper, two
are democratic aldermen, and one is not in
the city directory.
Democratic Senatorial ('auciix.
The democratic senatorial caucus will
be held to-morrow noon at the capitol,
room 16. Charles A. Towne -will probably
be nominated for the short term and Ru
dolph Schiffman or ex-United States Judge
Nelson for the long term.
—Theodore M. Knappen.
Grondahl In Withdrawn.
t: - Tarns Bixby is reported to have with
drawn Jens K. Grondahl from the race for
state librarian. It is said that he told the
governor yesterday that the Red Wing re
publicans- already, had enough patronage.
J. A. Folsom of-i|tSUj^^lift: has; been in*,
dorsed 4by the Hetrnepm delegation for ap-~
pointment as depaty boiler inspector «at
Minneapolis. -.; .
HOPE FOR FREEDOM
Prisoners in Paterson Murder Case
Are Very Confident.
THE CLOSING ARGUMENTS TO-DAY
General Opinion la That a Verdict
Will Be Reached Before
Paterson, N. J., Jan. 17.—1t is thought
that a verdict will be reached before even
ing in the case of Walter C. McAlister,
William A. Death and Andrew J.Campbell,
charged with the murder of Jennie Boss
chieter. a mill girl.
The accused men were apparently more
hopeful this morning. They seemed to
think that their testimony yesterday had
a favorable effect on the jury and that
to-night or to-morrow at the latest would
see them at liberty.
Assistant Prosecutor Ralph Shaw, in his
address to the jury, said that a killing in
the perpetration o"f a felony constituted
murder in the first degree.
Judge Francis Scott, for the defense, as
serted the case of the state was not sup
ported by legal proof and that the state
charged an impossible crime. The com
mon law, he declared, was superior to the
statute, which provides murder if death
results in an attempt to commit a felony.
The testimony of the three accused yes
terday was a good deal less ensational
terday was a good deal less sensational
smooth and glib, and dovetailed the one
within the other with" a care and elabora
tion of detail that left few creviceß for the
insertion of wedges. Death.was the least
successful of the three on the stand. He
told his story in direct examination glibly
enough. They all did that.
It was a story that caused many a head
in the courtroom to shake dubiously, both"
when it was outlined in the opening of the
defense by Mr. Dunn and told in detail by
the witnesses on the stand. It was all a
case of pure disinterested benevolence, it
seems, the association of these four men
with Jennie Bosschieter that evening.
They acted the part of good Samaritans.
Jennie, it appears from their story, had
the misfortune to become suddenly hope
lessly and helplessly drunk after sitting
for a few minutes in a saloon with Death
OPPOSES THE GROUT BILL
STOCKMEN'S ASSOCIATION ACTS
Favor* a Law to Compel All Food
Product* to Be Sold for What
Salt Lake, Utah, Jan. 17.—The National
Live Stock association to-day adopted
resolutions opposing the Grout oleomar
garine bill. Mr. Harris of lowa said:
"What we need is a pure food law."
President Springer denounced the Grout
bill in the strongest terms. He favored
the Wadsworth substitute and said every
live stock man would indorse it.
Mr. Wilson of Illinois offered the fol
lowing resolution, which was adopted by
a rising vote:
Be It resolved that the National Live Stock
association will unanimously indorse a pure
food law that shall compel all food products
to be sold for exactly what they are.
A resolution was adopted calling atten
tion to the active use of cotton and shoddy
in what was put into so-called "woolen
goods" and asking legislation to prevent
fraud in marketing the manufactured ar
ticles as wholly of wool.
Mr. Stickney of Wyoming offered a reso
lution that a petition be sent to Washing
ton for the establishment of an additional
Eignal service in the Rocky mountains.
IN A SAD TANGLE
Party Leaders Badly Mixed on Re
'•" apportionment. •
NINE .DISTRICTS .- OR SEVEN?
As a Matter of '; Party Policy, Some
*^'"!*. Favor Two Conirreaameii- •:
*j*fa—: —,-■■■, ,l lr ,w.
In ■ view ; the acute phase of the sena- >
torial fight there was nothing done .in. the
upper house of the Minnesota■ legislature
to-day towards disposing of .the joint . res
olution for a : committee on reapportion
ment. ■-.. . ■ -
Lieutenant Governor Smith, said this
morning that in making out the senate
committees under the rules he had no
thought other than of complying with the
usages. It is a well recognized principle
( that the minority is entitled to represen
tation, and particularly on standing com
mittees, v In . this . instance, the committee
was :of that ; description, and Lieutenant
Governor Smith' did not consider; himself
justified in disregarding the minority.
The concensus of opinion in the upper
chamber inclines toward;, the carving out
of two additional congressional districts
from the • seven existing. Some very em
phatic utterances upon this point: have
recently been made. A Hennepin senator
said. this ] morning: •. . ;'jjj3j|B|
"Do not mistake the intention of the ma
jority. There has already been a canvass
made upon the subject of reapportionment
and it has been determined with substan
tial accuracy that' more than half the sen
ators will oppose any scheme that looks
toward two congressmen-at-large. The
same sentiment, so *we understand, obtains
in the house, although I am not free to say
that any considerable number of represen
tatives have been interviewed."
The majority in the senate await some
word from Chairman Jones of the com
mittee on rules, before proceeding. Sen
ator Jonei was so occupied this morning
that no opportunity offered for a consul
tation, and he was obliged to defer the
suggestion of any program until to-mor
Some Favor Two at Large.
Notwithstanding the declaration that a
majority favor nine congressional dis
tricts, there are senators who have firmly
grounded opinions that more advantages
would be derived by the party if the pres
ent districts remained undisturbed, and
the state convention was left to nominate
It is not even intimated that Lieutenant
Governor Smith acted with this faction
■when he assigned two democrats to the
committee on reapportionment. If the
presiding officer of the senate possesses
one characteristic more marked than an
other, it is his love of fairness. There is
nothing in this state of facts however
which precludes the opponents of a con
gressional reapportionment from undertak
ing to use the lieutenant governor's ap
pointments in an effort for the furtherance
of their own ends. It is not improbable
that the opoprtunity will present itself.
There must be some skilful steering
done if the parliamentary shoals are to be
aifclded by the republican majority. To
leave the house resolution on the table
will mean a discourtesy, to say the least,
towar s the co-ordinate branch. To ap
point anew committee is not only an in
direct means of arriving at an end. but
may possibly give offense to the members
of the existing committee. Furthermore,
there would be an imputation that the
lieutenant governor had not exhibited po
litical astuteness in giving preferment to
two democrats. If the resolution is taken
off the table and the present senate com
mittee acts, the minority, in the opinion
of many, will have been accorded a recog
nition to which it Is not in any sense en
titled. Wh»n J. D. Jones, the present
chairman of the committee on rules in
the senate, was speaker of the house,
there was occasion for making a commit
tee on reapportionment. Mr. Jones, in his
selection of material, disregarded the mi
nority absolutely. This fact was cited as a
precedent this morning.
OPENED BY CROWN PRINCE
Normal Business CondillonH Aig-aiii
PreTa.ll in Norway.
.. Stockholm,. .Sweden; Jan. 17.—Crown
Prince I Oscar, for the first -time, I to-day
opened the i rigsdag )in ? his j capacity :r: as
regent. :He ' made' a good impression with
the] new army proposals. "
The bank ;of * Norway ? has 'i lowered its
rate of : discount fro 6% to « per cent ■ in"
dicating that ;jßorntal "■• business conditions
10 PAGES-FIVE OCLOCK.
Formal Address Next Week
in the Senate.
HIS GREATEST EFFORT
Minnesota Delegation Confers on
SOCIAL FUNCTIONS GIVEN UP
While the Presidents Health Haa
Improved He Is Savins His
Strength for Work.
From Th« Journal Bureau. Room. 48, Pott
Washington.Jan. 17.—Senator Towns has
finally concluded to make a formal ad
dress in the senate. It will corns late
next week unless the Minnesota legisla
ture should elect Davis' successor more
quickly than is anticipated, and thus dis
place him. The address will fill at least
an hour, and will cover the whole range
of larger politics in which the United
States is now interested. It will be care
fully written out in advance, and it will
be perhaps the most ambitious oratorical
effort in Towne's career thus far.
The Minnesota volunteer officers who
are to remain in the reorganized army
will be decided on by the delegation in
the next ten days. Under the provisions
of the act now under consideration in the
senate, the officers now in the volunteer
service are to be given preference in fill
ing vacancies In the larger army. Vol
unteer line officers who want to stay and
are indorsed, can get commissions to the
grades of first and second lieutenants. In
the staff departments they can go as high
Senator Nelson and the members of the
house have had frequent informal con
ferences lately with a view to deciding
upon the list to be mad*e up. Nothing
has been settled, however. Should the
short-term senator be elected next Tues
day, he will be consulted regarding these
appointments. If not, Senator Towne will
be asked to join in the indorsement of the
other members of the delegation.
Minnesota will get about twenty ap
pointments. There are few applicants for
army commissions in South Dakota. An
ton J. Urich of Lead City has been in
dorsed for a second lieutenancy and Rev.
J. D. Scaggs of the same place is gen
erally indorsed for a chaplancy. Repre
sentative Burke said to-day that he had
hopes of landing both men.
President and Mrs. McKinley will re
mit a part, at least, of their official social
duties this winter, although not ail, as
reported in some quarters. The reception
on the 23d has been definitely given up,
and notice to that effect will be made pub
lic. It is also probable that the dinners
by members of the cabinet to the president
will be dropped for the season. The presi
dent may give one or two dinners a little
later, in part to take the place of these,
and to dispel the impression that social
festivities have been entirely abandoned.
The probabilities are that this will be the
quietest season in the official world since
that of 1^93, when on acocunt of the death
of Mrs. Harrison, there was little enter
taining in administration circles.
The president is still confined to "the
private part" of the White House and will
remain there for the rest of this week,
although he is rapidly improving in health
and gaining in strength. In addition to
the routine work before him, he must pre
pare his inaugural address, as well as de
cide, with the passage of the army bill,
upon a large number of military promo
tions and transfers. In these circum
stances the lessening of the social pressure
Is felt to be wise. The members of the
cabinet are all so busy in the closing
months of an administration that they are
heartily in favor of this quieter program.
Representative McCleary has spent a
good deal of time lately trying to find out
the probable fate of the Grout bill. He
had a conference to-day with several
members of the senate agricultural com
mittee and he is satisfied the bill will be
favorably reported as soon as the testi
mony taken at the hearing can be pub
lished. Friends of the bill are quite sure
it is possible to pass the bill this session.
It is evident that the advocates of re
funding the legacy taxes under the war
revenue act that were taken from religious,
educational and charitable institutions
must organize more effectively if they get
their worthy project through. Senator
Aldrich, in whose committee the war rev
enue act now rests, insists that it should
go to the committee on claims, in which
case diligent efforts will be necessary, as
that is a slow moving body at either end
of the capitol. Straflge as it may seem,
there is some opposition to the idea, one
member of the ways and means committee
even opposing the repeal, saying these
were rich institutions and ought to pay.
The probabilities are that some western
member, in whose district there are insti
tutions adversely affected, probably Taw
ney of Minnesota, will be asked to intro
duce ia the house a new bill to go to the
committee on claims and then all inter
ested institutions will apply pressure upon
Pillsbury academy at Owatonna, Minn.,
has $25,000 of its $250,000 legacy from the
late George Pillsbury at stake in this leg
—W. W. Jermane.
Washington Small Talk.
Additional rural free delivery service has
been ordered established at Livingston, Grant
county. Wis., Feb. 1, with J. A. Warn© as
Senator Nelson to-day made a favorable re
port on his amendment to the sundry civil
appropriation bill to make the salaries of
superintendents of life-saving districts on the
great lakes $2,500 a year each, an increase of
Representative Morris has settled the trou
ble in the Anoka postofflce so far as he is
able by filing a recommendation for the ap
pointment of I. A. Catle as postmaster. The
appointment is not to take effect, however,
until some time in February, whea Postmis
tress Ryan's commission expires.
:;; Postmasters » were appointed ■; to-day as fol
lows: - Minnesota — ; < Meeker <■ county,
C. H. Duckerlng; Neblsh,' Beltrami county,
C. A. Woods. •■* ■ > lowa-^Hoskins, Woodbury
county, J. A. Smith;; Kames, ; Plymouth ; coun
ty, C. W. Harrison.*;; Montana — Radersburg,'
Broadwater ; county, W. E. Spangler. -■: North
Dakota—Starkweather. Ramsey county, A. M.
Wisconsin—-Beaumont, Racine coua
ty, W. L. Cocroft; i Swing, Oeoato couuty, J.
Situation Is Considered to Be
UNITED STATES DEFIED
Steamers Seized for Use Against
CASTRO BLAMED FOR THE TROUBLE
C»u»e« ol the Present Difficulty—
Caatro'N Rise to Power-Need*
Mow York Sun SpmclmS Smrvlom
Washington, Jan. 17.—Just as the state
department suspected the purpose of the
Venezuelan government in seizing two
steamers of the Oronoco Shipping and
Loading company was to use them in oper
ations against the New York & Bermudez
company, an American corporation which
has refused to obey the order of the au
thorities of the republic to vacate its aa
phalt bed possessions in the department of
Sucre. Information has reached the state
department that the government waß at
tempting to get possession of the arms of
the New York & Bermudez company under
the prepense of using them against revolu
As the United States has informed Vene
zuela that the use of force to dispossess
the company will not be tolerated, or
words to that effect, the action of the
administration at Caracas is a direct defi
ance of this government and hostilities be
tween the two countries may result.
Ships Are Ready.
Orders have been telegraphed by Secre
tary Long to Lieutenant Commander Na
than Sargent, commanding the gunboat
Scorpion at. La Guayra, to proceed to Gu
anoco, the port nearest to the asphalt
beds held by the New York & Bermudes
company. The naval authorities say that
a strong squadron can be concentrated in
Venezulan waters at short notice and that
the battleships Kearsarge and Massachus
setts, now at Mobile, will be ordered to
the scene of the trouble whenever the
state department says the word.
The instruction to Lieutenant Comman
der Sargent are to avoid bloodshed and th»
destruction of property by bombardment
"as far as possible," and the natural in
ference Is that the officials' expect a clash
to occur. It was admitted that marines
and blue jackets might be landed at Gua
noco to protect the interests of the New
York & Bermudez company, but it could
not be learned- that authority had been
given to Lieutenant* Commander Sargent
to adopt 6uch a radical course as that. At
any rate that this* government means busi
ness is evident.
There is no feeling here that the dis
regard shown by the Venezuelan govern
ment for the expressed wishes of the
United States comes from any hatred of
America and American citizens. As a
matter of fact, the people of Venezuela
are believed to have a very friendly feel
ing for this country and its citizens, prin
cipally on account of the stand taken by
President Cleveland in the boundary dis
pute with Great Britain. The* present
attitude of the Venezuelan authorities is
attributed to desires in which the people
haye no share and with which they have
General Castro, the president of the
republic, is bent on attaining the end
he desires without regard for the cost.
He secured his present high office by force
of arms. Since he has been president ha
has shown a disregard for the rights of
nations, which is likely to involve him
In serious trouble and perhaps result la
his overthrow. Already an uprising ap
pears to be imminent, and Castro evident
ly expects the light of-his life, otherwise
he would not resort to such a desperate
aim as seizing two steamers sailing under
I'antro'n Rise to Power.
Castro first became known as the un
successful candidate for election as gov
ernor of one of the Venezuelan states. He
organized a force of armed men and
marched against the capital of the state,
determined to oust his successful com
At that time General Hernandez, the
noted revolutionist, was in revolt. H#
wanted to be president. It is said 'that
Andrade, the chief executive of Vene
zuela, made a bargain with Castro that if
Castro would net use his forces against
the federal troops, Andrade would not
send any soldiers to help the provincial
government, whose place Castro covetlt.
But when Castro overthrew the go\ •
eminent, he moved his forces towai
Caracas. He refused to Join issue witi
Hernandez, and proceeded alone. An
drade, suspecting that Castro was not
satisfied with mere provincial honors and
aspired to the presidency, sent his troop*
to meet the insurgents. Castro defeated
these troops, marched Into Caracas and
proclaimed himself president. Andrade
fled into exile.
Trouble Over Aapbalt.
When Castro assumed the reins of gov
ernment he found the country in a bad
plight. The treasury had been depleted
by war and for private purposes. As
phalt beds in the departments of Sucr*
were valuable. They were being exploited
by the New York and Bermudez company
under a concession granted in 1883. Cas
tro declared these concessions forfeited,
but the Venezuela supreme court decided
that the executive had no authority to
do this, as it was a matter for judicial de
Then Castro declared that the Bermudez
company (as it is popularly known) had no
right to the territory it occupied. Th»
company's, concession was described in the
official papers as beginning twenty kilo
metres from a certain point, and the com
pany in tracing the twenty kilometres, fol
lowed a meandering path through a forest.
Castro said the line should be straight,
thus placing the concession beyond' the
asphalt lake district.
Then be sold the right to exploit one
of the lakes to Warner, & Quintan of
Syracuse, N. V., and ordered the Bermudez
company %( to quit. The Bermudez company
declined to vacate and appealed to the
American government for protection. The
state department instructed Minister
Loomis at Caracas to insist that no action
should be taken until it had been passed
on by the Venezuelan courts. A protest
against the contemplated action was made
by the state department but no answer by
returned by Venezuela.
When toe state department learned from
Minister Looruis that the Venezuelan au
tßßritie^oßd seized two steamers of tv«